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. The idea of analyzing individual components of a production system becomes possible because pressure measurements-either direct. or downhole. All individual pressure differences depend on well-understood variables but whose values in certain cases may be unknown. The system and the corresponding pressure drops describe the path of a petroleum fluid beginning in the reservoir. this rate. resulting from the pressure difference between the reservoir and bottomhole pressures. By deducing the corresponding pressure difference. is decomposed into individual parts. across a choke. shown schematically in Fig. Well deliverability is one use of system analysis. such as at the surface. equipped with gravel packs and screens or perforations). and remedial action may be taken. 1-6. up the tubing. each representing a pressure difference in series. The individual components of the system are interdependent. determining average reservoir pressure from a buildup test)-can be readily available. or indirect (e.C H A P T E R 21 Systems Analysis In this textbook the petroleum production system. where appropriate flow performance relationships (IPR-describing what the reservoir can deliver) are combined with the well vertical lift performance for a given wellhead pressure (as shown inchapter 7). through the wellhead. and finally along the horizontal lines into separators or other surface facilities. This concept is demonstrated amply in Chapter 8. . through the completion zone (which can be damaged. is equal to the flow rate that would result in a pressure difference in the tubing equal to the determined flowing bottomhole pressure minus the given wellhead pressure. The combination of the two is the expected production rate at exactly the expected flowing bottomhole pressure. the value of an unknown or group of variables may be determined. Thus. At any point along the system the rate that the upstream pressure drop may deliver must coincide with the rate that the downstream pressure drop may allow.g.

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