Algebra 2 Honors Notes

Name: _________________________

Properties of the Real Number System

Algebra 2 Honors Notes

Name: _________________________

The Real Number System (Venn Diagram)
Fill in the names of the number types in the appropriate locations. Also, include any notes about those numbers that will be useful to you. Then, write each of the following numbers in the innermost location 2 12   possible: −3, , 5, 1.75, 0.333..., 0, 9, 6, − 2.4, π , −  3 3  

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Real Number System Practice Problems
Summary: Property Closure Commutative Associative Identity Inverse Distributive Addition a + b is a real number a+b=b+a (a + b) + c = a + (b + c) a+0=a a + (-a) = 0 (opposite) Multiplication ab is a real number ab = ba (ab)c = a(bc) a× 1=a

1 = 1, a ≠ 0 (reciprocal) a

a(b + c) = ab + ac

1) Identify which properties are being used in the following equations:
a) 5 + 2 = 2 + 5 b) 6 + -6 = 0 c) 24 × 1 = 24 d)

2 3 × =1 3 2

e) 3 + (5 + 9) + 6 = 5 + (9 + 6) + 3

f) 3 x 4 + 3 x 9 = 3(4 + 9)

g) 0 + 12 = 12

h) (3a)b = 3(ab)

i) 3 x 4 x 5 = 4 x 3 x 5

2) Perform operations on real numbers, using the terms sum, difference, product, and quotient. Pay attention to the order of numbers – when rewriting as a math expression, the first number always goes first. For example, the quotient of 8 and ¼ is written as 8 ÷ ¼.
a) What is the difference of –4 and 8? b) What is the product of 6 and 2/3? c) What is the quotient of 10 and ½? d) What is the sum of 3/5 and 4/6?

3) a. c.

What is the… opposite of -7 additive inverse of − 3 4 b. reciprocal of 2 3

d. multiplicative inverse of 5

More Questions…
4) Which a. b. c. of the following is false? Explain:________________________________________ No integer is an irrational number. Every integer is a rational number. Every integer is a whole number.

5) Which of the numbers in this set {-4, 0, 2.5, π , 22 ,
d. Natural numbers e. Whole numbers f. Integers

25 , 11/2, 7} are also:

g. Rational numbers h. Irrational numbers i. Real numbers

6)
j.

For each equation, what is the most basic (innermost on the Venn diagram) type of number that is needed for the solution to exist? x+5=2

k. l. m. n. o.

3x – 8 = 5 5x + 3 = 33 12 – 6x = 12 2x2 + 1 = 51 2x2 – 1 = 21
properties of addition and multiplication. a + (a + 2) = (a + a) + 2 = (1 x a + 1 x a) + 2 = (1 + 1)a + 2 = 2a + 2 x 1 = 2(a + 1)

7) Show that a + (a + 2) = 2(a + 1) for all values of a, by justifying the steps using the
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Algebra 2 Honors Homework #1-2

Name: _______________________

Real Numbers and Properties Homework
2. True or false? Explain your answer. If it is false, include a counter-example. a. All integers are rational. b. If a number is rational, then it is a whole number. c. Some irrational numbers are also integers. d. All counting numbers are whole numbers. e. All real numbers are irrational. 3. Identify which properties are being demonstrated in each equation. a. 7 + (4 + 9) = 7 + (9 + 4) b. (2 × 8) × 6 = 2 × (8 × 6) 1 c. d. − × −4 = 1 3 2 ×5=5×3 2 4 4. What is the… a. d. opposite of -7 additive inverse of − 3 4 b. reciprocal of 2 3

d. multiplicative inverse of 5

5. For each equation, what is the most basic type of number needed to solve it? (Your answer should be: natural, whole, integer, rational, or irrational. Make sure you solve the equation first to help you figure it out.) a. 4x – 3 = 7 b. 2 + 6x = -16 c. 5x2 = 30 d. 2 + 4x2 = 102 6. a. b. c. d. e. f. What is the difference of -2 and -9? What is the product of 8 and ¾ ? What is the quotient of 12 and ¾ ? 5 3 What is the sum of and ? 6 8 What is the product of 5 and its multiplicative inverse? 5 3 What is the quotient of and ? 6 8
properties of addition and multiplication. x+ 2(5 + x) = x + 10 + 2x = x + 2x + 10 = 1x + 2x + 10 = x(1 + 2) + 10 = 3x + 10

7. Show that x + 2(5 + x) = 3x + 10 for all values of x, by justifying the steps using the
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