Post Graduate School Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi

Examination for Admission to PL.D. Programme 2011-2012




: Water Science and Technology
~ o lNO. l

Discipline Code : 22



(ii) There shall be NEGATIVE

PART- I(General Agriculture)

Multiple choice questions (No. 1 to 30). Choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d) and enter your choice in the circle (by shading with a pencil) on the OMR answer sheet as per the instructions given on the answer sheet.


1. Which of the following crops havk been approved for commercial cultivation in lndia? a) Bt cotton and Bt brinjal b) Bt cotton and Golden Rice c) Bt maize and Bt cotton ,d) -- Bt cotton only 2. This year (2010-11) the expected food grain production in lndia is a) 212 million tonnes b) 220 million tonnes 235 million tonnes 250 million tonnes 3. The genome of which of the following crops is still qot completely sequenced? Rice b) Soybean c) Sorghum. Whe$

5. To address the problems of sustainable and holistic development of r a i n f e d . areas, including appropriate farming and livelih,o.od system approaches; 'the Government of India has set up the a) National Rabfed Area Authority b) National Watershed,Development Project for Rainfed Areas c) National Mission on Rainfed Areas d) Command Area Development and Water Management Authority
i +



i i



Extending the Green Revolution to eastern j ; India b) Development of 60,000 pulses and oilseeds villages in identified watersheds : c) National Mission on Saffron d) National Mission on Bamboo

whichof the following sub-schemes are not covered under the &shtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana? . 4




7. ~he'minimum support price for the common variety of y d $ y announced by theGovernment o India for the year 2010-11 was &"? 1030 ,by? 1000 c) 7980 d) t 950
8. According to the Human Development Report 2010 of the United Nations. India's rank in terms of the human development




4. According to the Approach Paper to the 12" Five Year Plan, ttie basio object,"ve of ttie 12Ihplan is , . a) Inclusive growth b) Sustainable growth c) Faster, more inclusive and sustainable growth d) Inclusive and sustainable growth

A :
b) 134 is
169 182

c) d)

Subject :PhD - Water Science and T
9. Which of the following does not apply to SRI

17. Which of the following is commonly referred to as muriate of potash? a) Potassium nitrate ~ ~ o t a s s i chloride u m c) Potassium sulphate d) Potassium sllicate 18 Inbred lines that have same genetic constitution but differ only at one locus are called a) Multi lhnes b) Monohybnd c) lsogenlc lines d) Pure lines ,
19. For applying 100 kg of nitrogen, how much

metliad of paddy cultivation? a) Reduced water application b) Reduced plant density &Increased application of chem~cal fertilizers d) Rqduced age of seedlings 10. Which organic acid, often used as a preservative, occurs naturally in cranberries, prunes, cinnamon and cloves? $Citric ac~d Benzo~c acid c) Tartaric acid d) Lactic acid 11. Cotton belongs to the family a) Cruciferae b) Anacardiaceae -I?$" Malvaceae d) Solanaceae 12. Photoperiodism is Bendlng of shoot towards source of light C E f f e c ; of lighlark durations on physiological processes C) Movement of chloroplast in cell in response to light d) Effect of light on chlorophyll synthesis 13. Ergot disease is caused by which pathogen on which host? Claviceps purpurea on rye b) Puccinia recondita on wheat c) Drechlera sorokiniana on wheat d) Albugo candlda on mustard

urea would one use? a) 45 kg ' b) Illkg 222 kg d) 333 kg 20. The devastating impact of plant disease on human suffering and survival was first realized by epidemic of Brown spot of rice in Bengal b) Late blight of potato in USA c) Late blight of potato in Europe d) Rust of wheat in lndia 21. The species of rice (Oryza) other than 0. sativa that is cultivated is a) 0 . rufipugon b) 0. longisteminata p) 0. glaberrima d) 0. nivara 22. The enzyme responsible for the fixation of C02 in mesophyil cells of C-4 plants is a) Malic enzyme X P h o s p h o e n o l pyruvate carboxylase c) Phosphoenoi pyruvate carboxykinase d) RuBP carboxylase 23. Which one of the following is a 'Vertisoi'? #Black cotton soil b) Red sandy loam soil c) Sandy loam sodic soil d) Submontahe (Tarai) soil is 24.What is the most visible physical haracteristic of cells in metaphase? a Elongated chromosomes ? b) Nucleus visible but chromosomes not c) Fragile double stranded loose chromosomes d) Condensed paired chromosomes on the cell plate


14. Rocks are the chief sources of parent materials over which soils are developed. Granite, an important rock, is classified as Igneous rock b) Metamorphic rock c) Sedimentary rock d) Hybrid rock

af Pearl millet
b) Lentil c) Mustard d) WV7.t

15. Which one of the following is a Kharif crop?

16.The coefficient of variation $alculated by the formula Mean1S.D.) x 100 (S.D.IMean) x 100 c), S.D./Mean d) Mean1S.D.



Subject : P ~ D w 25. All weather phenomen mist occur in ri/~ropos~here b) Mesosphere c) Ionosphere d) Ozonosphere 26. Which of the following elements is common to all proteins and nucleic acids? a) Sulphur b) Magnesium & Nitrogen ' d) Phosphorous 27. a) b) c) Silt has intermediate characteristics between Sand and loam Clay and loam Loam and gravel Sand and clay

33. The most commonly used formula for, m d is computing r a) California f o r m u l v b) Hazen's fo'imula" c) Weibul's f o r @ i F d) Beard's formula 34. The subsurface runoff is also known as Interflow b Storm seepage , ) +) Secondary base flow -rYf All of the above ,

35 Soil structure refers to which of the following? a ,' ) Arrangements of soil part~cles b) Proportion,of sand, silt, clay c) Organic composition d) Profile depth e w oftenl&ss.fban-soil 36. Why is s eroson in a glven d& - ? r &i n ,a) Because streams usually cannot carry all of the sediment that is eroded A)- Because sediment yield is totally unrelated to soil erosion C) Because streams naturally evolve towards a graded condition ) Because a stream's bed load usually exceeds its suspended load 37. What psentage ar_ea in India is drought prone? a) 40 b) 50 c) 60 d) 70 38. The volume of water passing by-pxrunit time is called the vol,um.g.flow rate. Wllaf happens to the volume flow rat6 of <he water as it passes from thick section to the thin section? -a) It will decrease J.)- It will increase c) It won't change d) Cannot know 39. Isotherm is a line which joins the points of equal a) Rainfall depth @ Temperature c) Humidity d) Atmospheric pressure 40. Which of the following constituents found in ground water is m ~ s likely associated w~th t agriculture b c j - u s ~ ? a) Nitrate b) Sulfate )gc) AZ_s?io d) Chromium.

28. Certified seed is produced from a) Nucleus seed b) Breeder seed A $ Foundation seed d) Truthful seed

4 Autotriploid

29. Seedless banana is an b) Autotetraploid c) Ailotriploid d) Allotetraploid


30. Which one of the following is used to test the goodness-of-fit of a distributi~n? a) Normal test b) t-test H h i - s q u a r e test d) F-test
A -

PART- I1 (Subject Paper)

Multiple choice questions (No.31 to 130). Choose the correct answer (a, b c or d) , and enter your choice in the circle (by shading with a pencil) on the OMR answer sheet as per the instructions given on the answer sheet.



31 Thd~sciencewhich deals with snow and ice IS known as ??a) Cryology b) Glaciology ?c) Limnology d) Potamology 32. a) b) c) d) Which is the odd one of the following? Snow Sleet Rain Hail

Subject : PhD - Water Science and Technology -2011 ,
41. Soil having highest infiltration capacity a) Sandy clay loam b) Clay loam .&~oam d) Silty clay 42. A piezometer is inserted into the ground to a depth of 15 m. The ground elevation at the point of insertion is 880 m above the mean sea level (MSL). The distance from the ground surface to the water table in the piezometer is 5 .m. What is the elevation head measured by the piezometer? a) 875 m b) 865 m \+m c) 860 m 4"n d) 855 m

48. A 6 hour storm of uniform intensity and a total rainfall of 8 cm produced a runoff of 6 cm. What is the runoff produced by a _ l Z b ~ u r storm of uniform intensity afid a total rainfall of ! . cm assuming bindex to' be same A during both the storme? a) 5 cm b) 8 cm c) 9 cm I d) I cm 49. Which of the following has the highest infiltration capacity? d/ +&'Forest land .b) Grazed pasture y c ) Concrete pavement in airport cd) R o ~ k y land 50. a) b) c) d), The salinityk water Reduces the e!.!apo~a$on Does not affecte@poration lncrea.s~the~qw~tion Difficult to's3) : ~~ ~.
:. >



43. During which of the following does water move in direction different from others? a) Percolation \ &Tnpo +r sritn 'a a i C) Infiltration d) Precipitation
. A

44. Climate is influenced by 4 The amount of incoming solar radiation rb) Earth's rotation C) The tilt of earth's axis j d ) The moon's gravity 45. Which of the following statements is false? a) Recharging of water is a slow process b) The water table moves down in a dry weather c) Water in a confined aquifer is under pressure Groundwater is stationary and does not move

51. How is&&wtored in an aquifer? a) In an open underground,l a k ~ &t In clacks and rocks y ) In impermeable rock ycl) In wells and springs 52. For drinking water, the . World - ~ e a l t h Organization recommends a level of coiiform b_a~te~ia~.colonies-per o . _ l , x > .( .mi@r; ll .ofwatdr s a ~ l e ? . a) o b) 5 c) 10 d) 100



46. The main difference between a s ~ e n s i o n and a cgllaid,is that Insusl3ension, the particles e ~ e g b settle y to-the bottp'm b) In suspension, the solute is permanently dissolved in the solvent )oc) In colloids, the particles eventually settle to the bottom is d) In colloids, the ~ & e . ~ o ! ~ e n t

53. Evaporation 'through plants and surrounding soil together is called a) Evaporation b)Jranspiration @ Evapotranspiration d) Ail of the above



47. In the case of a water table well, the piezometer surface 7" a) is above the ground level pb) is below thewater level in the well &between the groad.Jgvel and the water surface9 thewdl ?d) \below the water zrface in the.,w~ll

54. The permeability of an aquifer <Increases with 'increase in temperature b) Increaseswith decrease in temperature c) is independent of temperature d) Decreases with decrease in temperature

55. The problem of df o :l routing _through a .reservoir may, be a_pp;$ache_dd using i . & The law ofL ... conservat~on m a 3 of *?-. +)Newton's &ond law &: --" b c) , The law of conservation of energy Darcy's law


Subject : PhD - Water Science And ~ e c l i n 6 ~ - g ~ o 2011


. ..


.. i < ,


56. A formula at^..& terminc?ethe~,d~~trib,~ti6h63. <minfallqver an,area , t h e e e r a g e depth of\ For:a,,given storm, , ! .. ... .. * ( orbZacjthrough an .aquifer is I ., - , *---. a) Decreases with increase:in area a) Dar-quaxon b) Increases fiith'increase in area b) Poiseuilie's equation ,~c)-has no relatjon witharea c) Laplace's equation d) Richard's equation d) Decreases with decrease in area



- ~.


57. How much of earth's water is fresh watel? a) 97% b) 50% 6 . 3% )


58. What is the best definition of rfererrcihg? \.ap he process of assigning co_or.d.inates from a&n~~afere.ace system to.spatial data b) The process of matching address locations .. . with street'data c ) , The process of assigning datum and. spheroid to the data . ~ d The process of transferring geographic ) coordinates from one projection to another 59. All the feature classes in a feature dataset must have a) Same source datab) Same projectionv c) Same field types? d) a) and b) of the above 60. In standard False Colour Composite (FCC), some water bodies appear in colpur which could be because of a) Large depth only b) Shallowness only c) Turbidityonly d) Shallowness or turbidity

64. The average equivalent ratio ofLCa+Mg).Jp HCOs is a), Lower in the high-land river waters than that in the low-land river waters , b) +Higher in the high-land river waters than that in the low-land river waters c) Double in the low-land river waters as compared with that in the high-land river waters d) Mofe thdndouble in the low-land river waters as compared with that in the high-land river waters

65. Based on PET, available water holding capacity of soils and both moisture and the thermal classifications, the climate of India has been divided into how many zones? a) 10 b) 8 -c) 6 d) 4 66. The areas covering northern Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and northern part of Andhra Pradesh fall under a) Humid climate b)- Sub-humid climate c) Pre-humid climate d) Semi sub-humid climate 67. The cereal- production on account of climate V F change ~sllkely decline to a) Every where in the world b) Only in the developed countries Only in thedeveloping countries d) Both in the developed and developing countries


61. What will happen to the-jtyof wateras it passes from a relatively t e5 h - xn .of pipe to a relatively ~~inmection. of,pipe? It will increase^ b) It will slow down c) The velocity won't change d) Can't say


62. Thy probability that a T, year flood occurs in any, year is

68. Meteorological drought in the area is dejine_d as a situation where the actual rainfall decreases by more than a) 40 percent of the normal rainfall b) 30 percent of the normal rainfall ,cp 25 percent of the normal rainfall d) 20 percent of the normal rainfall 69. The evaporation from the &emi:dr.y"-.soil, which occurs-16 days after an,,irriga!ion, depends on a) Climatic factors b) Type of the soil c) Characteristics of the crop &Hydraulic conductivity of the soil

Subject : PhD - Water Sc
70. The ~ e a k period evapotranspiration ,IS required for a), Determining irrigation water supply b) Evaluating the performance of an irrigation project &,--Planning an lrrigation system schedules d) Developing ~rrigation 71. Stokes' law is valid only when the Reynold number is a) Between 1 and 10 b) Does not considerably exceed 1 C) Considerably less than 1 d) Does not exceed 1 77. The major reason f o r the gap between ,the created,and the..utilied irrigation potential under the medium and , major irrigation projects as reported by the Committee set up by the Ministry of lrrigation and Power in 1972 was XNon-availability of field channels b) Use of unreliable data for designing and constructing irrigation network C) Excessive seepage losses in the canal network d) Absence of water users' associations 78.0ne of the several limitations of the @@O~>s eduation used for determining infiltraf~on rate of water into soil iethat it does not fit weJl;for a) Small values of elapsed time & ' Large values of elapsed time ) c) Coarse-texturedsoil d) Fine-textured soil n 79. If the depth o [ , w ~ e ~ j n - a ~ + r t h echannel it? in$re%c$, the .perceni seepage loss ii'ih5: ich$nnel.wil! iocrease a) ~ p ~ f i i ~ ~ a U y ~ - w i t k ~ - , t h e - - i n c r e a ~ e - ~ e cagycQg capacity of thechannel &-Proportlonally less than the increase in the depth Proportionally more than the increase in the ) depth ' d) Proportionally with the increase in the depth 80. The applicability of the Darcy's law in any soil *Depends upon soil texture b) Depends on soil structure c) Depends both on soil texture and soil ' structure d) is independent of soil texture and soil structure
81. The total flow r a g saturated, soil is~ortlon~~t~fbe Radius of the pores Square of the radius of the pores &c) Third power of the radius of the pores , @ Fourth power of the radius of the pores


72. The major role of water user's association in a canal irrigated command at present is to a) Decide on season's water allocation b) Consult and look to the irrigations departments for water supply c) Ensure that outlets and structures are not ' tempered with dpDistribute water below outlets

73. The eficiency of ~ e G ~ u ~ pSystem o r t IDSS) is fhe a) ~ e a s u r e the skill of the.decision makes of ' b) Degree to which goals are achieved c) Success in developing the linkages between ' the objects 4 Measure of the use of inputs , 74. The main difflcuity in developing an expert system for planning an$Foper.Eat'iOg. .@ate< resource systems is associated with-the ) Effective maqip-UL~W tilarge<. kpjwledge bases - . . . -b) Effective ma~ipulation large databases of c) Complexities of the changes on the programmes d) Lack of availability of input data 75. Remote sensing may be used to carry out ground water investigations by performing a) GeohydromorphologicaI maps b) Hydrogeomorphologicaimaps c) Geo orphol gic maps A ,) Ge&drolp&caI maps


Zb B j

76. MJQ~ irrigation projects includes a) Odfsurface, water based schemes irrigating more than 10,000 ha area b) Only surface water based schemes irrigating more than 20.000 ha area c) Both the surface and ground water based schemes irrigating more than 10,000 ha area d) Both the surface and ground based schemes irrigating more than 20,000 ha area

82. The initial weight of a 25z-m:~, afler irrigafing' a crop was measured as 6.35 tonnes and its weight 10 day after irrigation was found to be 6.15 tonnes. If the volume of the drainage water collected was 100 litres, the average value of the daily evapotranspirationof the crop will be a) 2.75 mm Jal 2.50 mm c) 2.25 mm d) 2.00 mm

Subject : PhD Water sde


83. A water sample with a CaC03 concentration of 150 mgllitre may be classified as a) Sofl b) Moderately soft c) Hard ~f~oderatel~ hard 84. The spacing between tiles for sub-surface drainage in agty-clsy loam is Less than that in a clay soil b) Greater than that in a clay-loam c) Greater than that in a sandy-loam d) Less than that in a clay-loam 85. If the field capacity of a soil is 30 per~ent, moisture before irrigation is 20 percent, apparent.specific gravity of the soil is 1.6, root zone depth 1 m and daily consumptive use is 8 m, the irrigation interval is a) 25 days ' o I & + 0 days 3 .6 c\ 15 davs h

90. Water storage efficiency is the ratio between a) Water stored in the root zone and the water applied to the field b) Water used by the plant and water stored in the root zone &-Water stored in the root zone and the water holding capacity ?f the root zone d) Water released from the root zone and water stored in the root zone 91. The friction loss, per,unit length in a lateral same size as, pipe with the . .-.... .*......, .. thaLof!he,.mein liipe of a pressutjzed irogatjonsystem a) is more than that in the main pipe b) Remains the same as that in the main pipe c) Increasqs with the number of the cutlets in the lateral pipe is less than that in the main pipe

-r$p ,



86. The water availability to the plants-hasoil a) Remains the same over-the .entire range of . wat8r.availabiltty . b) Depends upon the table leve1,depth c) Remains the same upto the critical soil moisture level @/Becreases with the water potential

92. The groundwater flow into a well-is governed by a Dupuit assumption which states that the TfoG:ziEEy K'proportional to the a) Sine of the hydraulic gradient b) Cosine of the hydraulic gradient .ej- Tangent of the hydraulic gradient d) Cotangent of the hydraulic gradient 93. Out of the four sutface geophysical methods, fhe most widely qpiied method for groundwater investigation is the a) Gravity method b) Seismic reflection method c) Seismic refraction method yvs tiR & its 'e i method 94. One of the most widely-qepted $o,il and water conse~ation practices for watersheds witfi~slopping, a-gricuitura! lands is a) Contoui.and graded bundirig b) Buffer strip cropping & Contour cultivation d) Land leveling to be 95. The moisture coctent in. afi&..has. thmugh raised from 1_2p~r~n~.fp,2Q,pe.rceent irrigation. If the apparent specific gravity of the soil is 1.5 and the root zone depth is 50 of cm. the d e ~ t h water to be added would be

87. If surface irrigation system is designed such that the advapce phase of water front takes only 25 percent of the total irrigation time in a soil, the infiltration rate of which is inversely proportional to the square root of the elapsed time, the water application efficiency of the system can be expected to be more than - ) 90 percent a b) 80 percent c) 70 percent d) 60 percent 88. The desian and management studies~in surface irzgation systems,ak carried out to increase ..... . . . a) Water use efficiency & AoDlication efficiencv k c j storage efficiency . d) Distribution efficiency 89. In a ~erfectlvdesianed check basin svstem of irrigation . a) Recessihn phase is more important than the depletion phase &)- Depletion phase is more important than the recession phase c) Either of the two phases are equally important d) None of the two phases are important



c) 7 cm d) 8cm water 96. The velocity of a particle through a sediment basin is Lnvers~ly proprtional to the a) Flow rate b) Length of the basin 4 Depth of the basin d) Concentration of the sediment


Subject : PbD Water Science and Technology 97. Hydraul~c ram is an --impulse pump* and is specially suitable for a) Coastal areas b) Humid areasH,$)F)"Hilly areas ' d) Alluvial areas ' 1 0 5 . ~ h e velocity distribution across a pipe flawing full is a) Triangular Parabolic c) Uniform d) Semi-circular




(&)During puddling, the soil i&-S&jeri( stress-,in by&:[ang.e, th~.~~a_~J!lary.,p.QLe space IS destroyed. In-Lhjs,._ajfuafj.on, the apparent Specific volume of soil is a) a) Increased b) Reduced c) Homogenized d) Same as before puddling 99. Water &.mmeI, occ.urs in a pipe when ?he .a.sudden~ducfisnin flowing fluid ezp_reesees a) Pressure b) Pipe diameter @) V~locity d) Pipe roughness ,100. A typical. small watershed. conce$ratesis~o~'~ a, .*.6Ki.6 fvaafiaTi

ln a season, 15O.g.p. of irrigation wqterol an eiectrical.~co~d~~!ivity 1.4 d 8 was of applied on one h e c t a ~ l a ~ lThe salt added d. to the !rea.wouid 1318


107 A oractical me!hod of determinatiq" of CrQP ~f _,-, is thtbugh e$mndalj.W?n a) Small.pots &-Field ,plot , c Non weiohina lvsimeter



G $


b) ,c) d)

Water harvesting Land treatment Forest cover;



For a small watershed, the_runoffis f?ugd!C!. be k w . r l y , . ~ ~ a ~ $ ~ g @ ( b o t h in ~ 4 ) with *slopi? of 6,5 n n intercept &LQ) For this waters %d to produce runbffr-th6 rainfall must exceed,,, 10bfi*.-

101. lsohyets are gawn by a) Joining rain gauge stations & Drawing lines of equal rainfall for a given $ duration Orthogonal lines joining rain gauge stations C) d) ~ i n e s oequal elevations f


of 102. Flood routing is the copp!!!$ip!l a) Direction of {he floornow b) Inflow hydrograph, when the outflow hydrograph is kiiown . s OuMow hydrograph, when the inflow .p hydrograph and stocage propertie* are known Storage, when the outflow hydrograph is ) known
103, It is a thumb rule that for eveq(<2~c9 d\,scharge, the bee~,,width,,.ca~, .$$@ approximately a) l . d m b) 1.5m C) 2.0 m dj 2.5 m

109. Saline lands are m o g y found which are a) ~ e m p e d t e Arid and semi-arid 9) vnirrigated .d) Humid

'h ground water recharge through a tubewgjLt?e.,rechaIge.,I;ate d ) =ease= with time. ~ b) Increases with time c) Remains constant d) Fluctuates around a mean
I I. Centrifugal pumps are used when suction I lifl is Less than 9 m b) Equal to 15 m c) Equal to 20 m d) Greater than 20 m


104. Flow in an irrigation channel is assumed as Gradually varied Spatially varied c) Uniform d) Rapidly varied

112. An average discharge of a pump 2x!ltKes per minute irrigates 100,,? x ,100 m wheat , crop in 2 days and 2 Foyrs, then what is the 29 average depth of irrigation7h Q . a) 0.030 m b) 0.040 m C) 0.049 m g y 0.069 m I 1 t 3c ... ~$ ~ 9 ~ J

. ... . . .. '?. , _ . Subject :PhD- Water Science and ~ e c h n o l -2011 o~~


unconfined aquifer of porosity 3 - 3 % 3 9 specific yieldsL5,,has an area of?@k.g , The water table fails by 0 . 2 0 m d u r i n g drought. The volume' of water lost from storaae in M m3 is

113, Water year in India starts from the first day of a) January b) March C) Aoril





114. The horizontal distance between the center of the pumping well and the point of zero 1 draw down is Radius of influence ---C---, R) Effective length c Y L e n a t h of aauifer / ) : diaGeter ofinfiuence hydraulic gradient line indicates the variation 04 ..Velocity head in the flow direction Piezometric head in the flow direction Total energy head inthe flow direction Elevation head in the flow direction


, >h @ >e a) b) c) d)


122. The commoniy used,.ra~& is groundwater development is a) Urariium ' b) Thorium fl Tritium d) Germanium 123. Rising limb of hydrograph is dependent on a) Storm and basin characteristics Storm characteristics only &Basin characteristics only +) Land use characteristics only


ps d)

I A i~~,.~minag~~_den.~jty~p!,.an 16. a~ajndicaies High permeability-of.fhe.terrain & LG b) Low permeability of the terrain A/?+) Dense network of streams pA~,Number of First order streams are more

cap1 is ~ m a n with an average g @urf?c.e width of l r ~ , ~ : a - ~ ~ i j.~ a , p i i i 125. Which of the followingAesjgns you. would evaporation is 0.5 cmld, volume of 3%ater adopt for an epe~ipent.t,.w]?h..,soil..saiinity evaporated in a motith of 30 days in m is levels as main reatment and drip irrigation -2 , a) 1,75,000 .b amount levels as sub treatment? b) 1.26.000 %% ~ \ o % 1 5 , ~ Y ' O F ~ y ~ ' a) Completely randomized design &p Randomized block design C) Factorial randomized block design d) Split plot design 118. What size of electric motor is required for pumping 300 L./min against a head of 50 m, @or,assegsme"t of soil m q j g r e in taking up assuming a pump efficiency of 66%? rabl sowing in a dy!a?dayea of large extent, which of ihe followin< remot'e sensing:data you would use? Far infrared (FIR)' -b) Near infrared (NIR) 119. The cgncept used to.eya!uate the sprinkler .c) Microwave irrigation system i s a) Uniform intensify &)-+ ( i f o r m i coefficient ~ t~ c) Coefficient of variation L L I d) Un~formity index

124. All watershed development works should start from a) Lower reaches of the watershed b) middle reaches of the watershed fl Upper reaches of the watershed d) From anywhere in the watershed


A '

a . . . ... . ~ . .120. ~ ~ d ~ u l i cthel i most..~efficient irrigation chanhel section is Semi-circular b) Trapezoidal c) Rectangular d) Elliptical

c) d)

40 100

128. In rational method for computing. the peak rate of runoff of w ter8fi6ds,7he 'iacfoi"l'

a) b)


iniplies the ' ?, lntensity of rainfall for 30 min duration lntensity of rainfall for 1 hour duration lntensity of rainfall for the duration equal to the time of concentration lntensity of rainfall for the duration equal to half the time of concentration

134,Match the objective with the soil conservation practlce i) Contour farming a,) To prevent sheet and rill erosion XIJ To perform soil manipulation ii) Strip farming e iii) conservation Illage c) To provide the ponding of water iv) Contour trenching, d) To filter soil out of rain Water v) Terracing q e)(To held water and prevent




rllnnff? ,

-..- ..

7 1 2 9 . A droug~~e.vent~;~~$u~s:when. the.,$$ar.d prec~ptat!,oa ~ndeq(SPi a) is-continuously nega lve and reaches a value of -1 b) Reaches a value of zero c) is continuously positive and reaches a value of e l d) is continuously negative and reaches a value of -0.5






a) Pidzometer


b) Water table aquifer inldEAtq e ' MA water existence leve)hyb)- ~hreatic real surface @An imagina6,pressure line a d) Well loss . ) &Difference between in the well e Piezometric surface and outside the well 4 136. i) Coshuton whee~ilt.samp!ero(a) Hydraulic jump b) Surface drainage ii) Drop structure e c) Sub-surface iii) Mole plough c. drainage d) H-flume iv) Chute structure q v) Bedding ' b e) Apron 137. i) Leakage factor e ii) Hydraulic resistance C iii) Discharge 4 iv) Water diffusivity b v) Infiltration q a) b) C ) d) e)

130. For conducting a drip irrigation experiment rn/!li.!Ym. hew with si&~e,yek..,~f.,ir,rigation, many replications have to be taken-vp for successful~,~~ti~tical design7

Matching type questions (No. 131 to 140); all question* carry equal marks. Choose the correct answer (a, b, c, d or e) for each sub-question (i, ii, iii, iv and v) and enter your choice in the circle (by shading with a pencil) on the OMR answer sheet as per the instructions given on the answer sheet.


L/T L'/T L3 L /T T

131. i) Groundwater dating L a) Ground water movement b) Plant growth ii) Rational method e c) Carbon-14 ~ii) Thiessen polygon 4 d) Rainfall iv) Well hydraulics G e) Flood v) Crop coeffic~entb 132. i) Hyetograph t ii) Capillary zone C capacity 4 iii) F~eld iv) Land uselLand coverb v) Duty 4 a) b) c) d) e) Infiltration Remote sensing Rainfall Irrigation Above water table

138. .,...., . i) Darcy's equa!ion C t a). Con,geeyat!onof,?a?S, @sewatlon of energ9 ii) Ma~ning's equation4 keynolds9s number <0.2 iii) Continuity equation4 iv) Bernoulli's equationh @Apparent velocity of flow 9-Dimensionally nonv) Stokes' law ) c homogeneous equation 139. i) Unconfined aquifer La &Ward rock area b) Screen welL ii) Confined aquifer C iii) Perched aquifer,, I g, G Piezometric surface ) d) Phreatic surface iv) Open well c( @ False aquifer , v) Bore well & 140. I) Remote sensing & i~) GIS C , iii) GPS d iv) Contour bunding b v) Graded bunding q a) Rainfall > 600 mm b) Ramfall < 600 mm c) Thematic integration d ) m farming e) POT

133. i) Infrared e, .a) Agronomical measure b) Drought ii) Contour byndjng a iii)-Reverse osmosis 4. c) Evaporation d)-Water.quality iv) Aridity index b v): Lysimeter- c a)Surface water body
~ ~ ~







s FIVE marks. Write answers, including computation I'mathematical calculations if each question on therquestion piper itself.
141. Describe how global warming is affecting the'envikonment?


142. Determine IrngaMn time of a check basinhth 12 m j 50 m size which is irrigate0 wrrn a auea,,, x size of 25 ips to achieve an irrigation depth of 8 cm at the tail end of the basin in a soil with cumulative infiltration of Y = l . l to' ', where Y is the depth ofinfiltration in centimeters and t is the lapsed time in minu\ep The advance function of the water front for the given stream size is ,..~ isthe time of advance in represented by C7.5 t , where I is the advance length in metres and~t, minutes. ,z. \ ,; e = 2 s h n " , 1


144. Discuss in brief, 'waraband~' a canal command areas for water allocation. in


Subject : PhD - Water. Sc
. .




145. What is conjunctive use of water in canal command areas?

? Why is conjunctive water use advocated for adoption

146. Convert Poiseuille's law for capi!a~~f!ow~o@rcylaw. <* ..., ....-



Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.