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Before you operate a machine, ensure that the dangerous part of the machine has been installed with a guard. Avoid going to any area with insufficient lighting as there may be some

We are committed towards protecting the health and safety of all people working at or visiting our site We plan, manage, conduct and supervise all our work in compliance with legislation and best practice We want to ensure that all workers have a clear understanding of their responsibilities along with that of the company

dangerous places which have not been provided with fencing. Keep vigilant all the time and watch out for moving cranes, hooks or other lifting equipment. Before you use any electrical installation or tool, check the condition of its electric cables. Avoid dragging electric cables on the ground or allowing the cables to come into contact with water.


Tidy up construction sites Keep passages clear all the time. Sort out materials and pile them up safely. The stacks should not be too high. Beware of floor openings and ensure that they are fenced or covered. Remove refuse as soon as possible. Provide sufficient lighting. Familiarize with the location and the operation of fire-fighting equipment.

Use electrical tools installed with an earth leakage circuit breaker. Use and handle chemicals with care.

Personal Safety Wear protective equipment. Do not drink or take drugs while working. Pay attention to personal hygiene. Do not play in the workplace. Report to your supervisor immediately if you notice any unsafe condition.

Safety measures


Tidy up construction sites Keep passages clear all the time. Sort out materials and pile them up safely. The stacks should not be too high. Beware of floor openings and ensure that they are fenced or covered. Remove refuse as soon as possible. Provide sufficient lighting. Familiarize with the location and the operation of fire-fighting equipment.

Put out the fire with a fire extinguisher if it is a small fire. If the blaze is out of control, do not try to extinguish the fire on your own. Call the Fire Services Department right away. Emergency telephone numbers: Always pay attention to the emergency telephone numbers posted on the notice board in the site office FALSE WORK , SCAFFOLDING , FENCE WORK AND LADDER FALSEWORK

When someone is found seriously injured, you should: Keep calm. Seek help immediately. Accompany the injured person. Assist in the immediate rescue work as far as possible. Call the site safety staff. Do not try to move the injured person unless it is really necessary to do so. Do not tamper with the accident scene while waiting for the arrival of the investigation team.

If you are engaged in falsework operation, you should: Check whether the falsework is erected in accordance with the design. Make sure that the falsework is securely erected. Check whether the struts of the falsework are secure. Ensure that the props are erected vertically and arranged at a suitable distance in a row. Report to your supervisor when

When a fire breaks out, you should remember:

any unsafe situation is found.

fencing or the fencing has been SCAFFOLD Do not use scaffolds unless they have been erected by trained workmen and under the supervision of a competent person. Do not use a scaffold unless it has been inspected and certified safe by a competent person before use. Strictly follow the instructions of a competent person. Do not alter the scaffold unless authorized to do so. Do not work on an unfinished scaffold. When it is necessary to work on a mobile scaffold, lock the wheels of the scaffold before you start working. Do not work on a scaffold unless it has been provided with a suitable working platform. Ladder Use a ladder which is of good construction, sound material and adequate strength. Examine the ladder before using it and inspect it at regular intervals. Place the ladder on a level and firm footing. Place the ladder at an appropriate angle. Ensure that the ladder has a sufficient length. The upper end of the ladder should be at least FENCING Do not work in a dangerous place unless its floor edges and openings have been installed with secure fencing. If you notice any dangerous places that have not been installed with 1 metre above the landing against which the ladder leans. Do not use a ladder unless its upper or lower end has been securely fixed or secured by another worker. If there are electrical installations damaged, reinstall or repair the fencing. If this is beyond your capability, inform your supervisor at once.

nearby, do not use metal ladders. If work is carried out 2 metres or more above the floor, use a suitable working platform

of the manufacturer of a lifting appliance. Do not work beneath any suspended load.

Material Hoist Do not ride on a material hoist.

Equipment and Electricity

Do not operate a material hoist without prior proper training. Do not exceed the safe working load of a material hoist. Do not use a material hoist unless it has been examined and certified safe by a competent examiner. Do not use a material hoist unless its gates have been installed with an effective interlocking safety system. The hoist is only operable after all the gates have been closed. Do not use a material hoist unless it has been repaired and maintained by a competent person. No unauthorized repair is allowed. Do not put loose materials into receptacles unless properly secured.

Lifting Appliance and Gear Do not operate a lifting appliance unless trained. In the case of a crane, a certificate is required. Before using lifting gear such as hook, shackle or chain sling, check whether there is any wear and tear. Check the weight of the load to be lifted. Do not exceed the safe working load of a lifting appliance or lifting gear. Adopt the correct lifting method. Do not use a lifting appliance or lifting gear unless it has been examined and certified safe by a competent examiner. Do not use a lifting appliance unless it has been regularly repaired and maintained by a competent person. No unauthorized repair is allowed. Follow the safe working instructions

Ensure good communication with the operator of a material hoist. All signals should be understood and followed.

Portable Power Tool Do not use a portable power tool (such as saw, grinder and drill) unless its dangerous parts have

Loadshifting Machinery Unless you are a worker concerned, do not work in an area where a loader, an excavator, etc. is in operation. Do not operate any loadshifting machinery without training and approval. Operators of forklift trucks, bulldozers, loaders, excavators, trucks or lorries should possess appropriate certificates.

been effectively guarded. Place the electric cable and hose of a tool at an appropriate position to avoid tripping

Compressed Air Use compressed air only for specified purposes. Do not use any compressed air equipment, pipes and relevant devices unless they are of good construction and have been examined and certified safe

Cartridge-operated Fixing Tool Do not operate a cartridgeoperated fixing tool unless you have possessed a valid certificate. Wear suitable eye and ear protectors while operating a cartridge-operated fixing tool. Use a cartridge-operated fixing tool with great care.

by a competent examiner before use. Fix the connectors properly. Do not twist the pipes. Do not abuse the use of compressed air for cleaning purpose. Use a brush or a vacuum cleaner to remove dust from clothing and skin.

Electric Tool

Before using an electric tool, check the tool and its plug and connecting cable. Do not use a damaged tool. Do not use an electric tool unless its connecting cable is well protected. Do not use an electric tool unless its metal casing is earthed and its power supply is provided with an earth leakage circuit breaker. Do not repair or alter any electrical installation unless competent to do so. If you meet any fault or problem, report it to your supervisor immediately.

working in it.

Gas Welding and Flame Cutting Do not use the equipment for gas welding or flame cutting unless you have attained the age of 18 years and hold a valid certificate. Do not use any gas cylinder unless it has been fitted with flashback arrestors. Wear personal protective equipment. Keep the workplace clean. Place fire extinguishers within reach. Keep gas cylinders in an upright position and secure it properly to avoid overturning.

Excavations Keep the fence on all sides of an excavation intact. Use safe access for ingress and egress. Do not pile soil or any other materials at the edge of an excavation. Make sure that a trench is securely shored before

If gas leakage is detected, report it to your supervisor immediately. Fire Risk There is always a fire risk. However, the chances of fire can be reduced, and you will know what to do when a fire breaks out if you: Always keep the workplace clean and tidy.

Handle machinery and tools that may generate sparks or heat carefully. Do not smoke or use naked flames in any area where flammable and explosive substances are stored. Know where fire extinguishers are located and how they are used. Know the place of assembly for fire evacuation

Dispose all wastes, and unwanted materials must be disposed of at a designated place. Notify your supervisor of the requirement for the separate disposal of chemical or inflammable wastes. Do not leave planks with nails on passageways.

Safety Supervisors Their responsibility is to assist

Public Safety Pay attention to public safety. Members of the public are often unaware of or do not understand the work carried out on construction sites and the risks involved. Take great care to prevent the fall of materials from height. Do not stack materials on floor edges or on scaffolds

others to work smoothly and safely. They have received specific safety training and are important members of the construction team. They have legal responsibility or liability for the overall safety of the construction site. You should get to know your safety supervisor.

Waste Disposal

Eye Protection

A wise worker will certainly take good care of his eyesight. A small fragment may cause serious consequences if it enters one's eyes. When there is a risk of eye injury, such as in concrete breaking or using abrasive wheels, you should wear suitable eye protectors. Take proper care of the eye protectors provided to you. Replace damaged or defective eye protectors immediately. Ensure that eye protectors are comfortable to wear, and keep clean. Use eye protectors for eye protection do not put it on your head or hang it on your neck. Bear in mind that eye protectors are replaceable, but not your eyes.

instructions. Do not reuse disposable ear plugs. Clean ear protectors regularly

Personal Protective Equipment For your own safety and interest, use the personal protective equipment provided by your employer. Wear gloves when handling or contacting chemicals. Remember to wear a mask when working in a dusty environment. Wear eye and ear protectors whenever necessary. Wear a safety harness and secure it to a safe anchorage point when working at height. A bamboo scaffold is not a safe anchorage point, so do not fasten the safety harness to it. Wear safety shoes to prevent foot injury.

Noise Wear ear protectors in areas with high noise levels. Properly wear ear protectors according to the manufacturer's

Consult your supervisor if in doubt.

Safety Helmet Wear a safety helmet on a

construction site. Keep the harness of the helmet clean and make sure that it fits well. Do not drill any holes on the helmet or use it for pounding.

and wear safety boots or shoes to prevent injury to toes by heavy falling objects. Seek assistance from someone in lifting a load if necessary.

Personal Hygiene First Aid If you sustain an injury or feel not well while at work, even if it is minor, go to the first aid room right away for medical treatment and notify your supervisor. Put the case on record. clothing. Alcohol and Drugs Do not drink alcohol, or take drugs, while at work. Manual Handling Operations Avoid manual handling operations as far as possible to minimize the risk of injury. Estimate the weight of the load. Lift an object with a correct posture. Wear suitable protective equipment. Put on gloves as far as possible to protect your hands from any cut, scratch or puncture, If you need to take drugs due to illness, report it to your supervisor. Keep yourself clean. Wash hands before meals and after using the toilet. Dress tidily and in protective

SAFETY MANUAL PROJECT HSE PLAN EFFECTIVE SAFETY COMMITTEES Purpose of safety committee Help protects employee by providing knowledge of safety Helps protect employee by providing a solution to issues Bring together labor and management for health and safety Help the employee give training to manager , supervision and workers for better hazard identification and control and health and safety performance Roles of safety committee Know the feelings and thinking of employee by survey and interview Analyze the behavior of employee by observing Do safety inspections at workplace Do safety audits Control measures and safety improvements measure should be monitored Evaluate quality of safety culture in long terms Develop and submit the written recommendations Functions of safety committee To have knowledge Skills Abilities

Of health and safety Benefits of safety committee Consultant Identify hazards protect employee and employer Communication between labor and management Duties of safety committee members Receive concerns , reports and suggestions by employees and give them to manager level and give the management level response to employees Workplace inspection Receiving training Attending meetings Control measures and safety improvement progress Monitoring Hazard identification communication Benfits of training the safety committee Know their purpose of job Know the role Know the function Know the responsibility Know the skills Know the abilities

Know the information on health and safety Hazard identification profit for company Competition leading Effective audit Lower injury and illness rates Three areas for effective safety committee training Safety committee operations Hazard identification and control Accident investigation procedures Hierarchy of controls Engineering controls Administrative controls Personal protective equipment Accident investigation procedures Write data of accident Know the surface and root causes Make the report Suggest safety measures

Causes of majority injuries Inadequate supervision ,education , accountability , and resources Hazardous conditions

Material Equipment Environment People system System design and implementation Objectives Policy Plan Procedures Processes Budget Report Rules Safety inspection

Causes of accident report failures Surface causes are uncovered but , root causes are not uncovered Hazardous conditions are uncovered Unsafe work practices uncovered Failure in safety management uncovered

In safety inspection we give time to know for a thorough inspection to be conducted to know what is happening Job hazard analysis Employee , managers together solve the problems Problem solving techniques

Understand the problem Discuss causes Target solutions Sell solutions Implement solutions 5 wh analysis Who is getting hurt ? What actually caused the injury ? When workers are getting hurt ? Where workers are getting hurt ? how workers are getting hurt ? How to conduct a survey Gather a team of trained employees Determine who you are going to sample Decide how will you conduct the survey ? Tell everyone why you are going to conduct survey ? Conduct the survey Summarize result Discuss the result with CEO Characteristics of an effective safety committee Organized meeting Good communication Roles and purposes are understood Standard of behavior

Objectives and completion dates are set Members trained

EFFECTIVE SAFETY COMMITTEE MEETINGS How often do safety committees meet Some once a month and some more often When committee meeting should be held Its most effective if the safety committee conducts a meeting immediately after the inspection What happens in an effective safety committee meeting Discuss findings Ensure identified hazards are reported to responsible supervisors or managers Analyze findings and discuss their possible rootcause Make recommendations to improve safety programs Purpose of safety committee meeting To bring management and labor together Preparing for the meeting Chairperson preparation Recorder must be trained Prepare the agenda and keep it brief Prepare the meeting room

Thank every one for coming

Handle problem situations Disagreement

Call the meeting to order

conflict Evaluate

Note attendence

Meeting process and outcomes Improve

Introduce visitors

Meeting process OSH TRAINING

Review ground rules

SAFETY EDUCATION We become educated in safety in many ways including : personal experience

Review meeting minutes

Review agenda topics

Formal classroom training On the job training

Discuss unfinished business

Effective safety education must tell learners why it is important to use safe procedures and practices Natural consequences Natural consequences are those that naturally occur as a result of what an employee or organization does System consequences System consequences are those actions taken by another person in response to an employees choice and behaviours Technical safety training How to safety training is actually the most common type of safety education

Review observations of conditions and behaviors

Evaluate incident and accident report

Receive safety committee status reports

Conduct safety committee training / education

Conduct a safety inspection

General safety instruction

Is usually conducted using the lecture or discussion method Purpose of training program To provide training professionals for effective safety education Criterea for accepted practices in safety , Health and environmental training Program development Delivery evaluation Program management Suggested training plan core elements Training facility Training director Instructors Course materials Students Ratios Proficiency assessment Course certificate Record keeping Program quality control Safety trainer perform many roles Evaluator Facilitator Counselor Writer Instructors

Manager Marketer Media specialist Analyst Program administrator Designer Strategies Task analysis Theoretician Transfer agent Guidelines for instructor competency Certified person Designated Authorized Competent Qualified Purpose of training evaluation To know the amount of learning achieved by training Whether an employees performance has improved on the job as a result of training RKSAI Evaluate students : Reaction Learning Application

result Guidelines for evaluating training programs How training program is managed Quality of training processes The result of training Suggested program quality control criterea training plan Program management , training director , staff and consultants training facilities and resources Quality control and evaluation Students Institutional environment and administrative support SAFETY MANAGEMENT Top management commitment You should know the benefits of your commitment towards safety You must develop programs , policies , plans and procedures Do commitment to safety because it saves lives , money and you stay out of trouble Safety leadership increases companys potential Coercive ,controlling and caring are the three leadership models out of which caring model is the real commitment approach You must have a vision and mission statement There are two safety strategies: reactive and pro active

In reactive strategy you react after the accident has happened In pro active strategy you make sure that no accident should occur in workplace Labor and management accountability Employees should believe that they are going to be held accountable for their decisions and actions Six elements of effective accountability system : 1.formal standard of performance 2.adequate resources and psychosocial support 3.a system of performance measurement 4.application of effective consequences 5.appropriate application of consequences 6.continous evaluation of accountability system Points to remember: The more Regularly you Recognize and Reward , the more Rarely you will have to Reprimand Training , resources , enforcement , supervision and leadership are 5 obligations of safety Employee involvement Employee is held accountable by the employer for complying with the safety rules , reporting workplace injuries immediately and reporting hazards Rewards are great but , recognition is better Effective communications Its a responsibility to communicate effectively Its not what you say its about how you say it

Hazard identification and control Hazard is state of being leading to illness or injury of a person What can control hazards : 1. Eliminate and substitute hazards 2.Engineering controls 3.administrative controls 4.personal protective equipment Material , people , environment ,system , equipment may be hazardous Do a walk around inspection to see hazards Employee may use his own procedure if not directly supervised Unsafe behaviors lead to 95% cause of accidents Incident and accident investigation Dont go for blame but fix the system You cant afford to relax or be content in safety Incident causes property damage and accident causes life damage too You must know the plan and how to work the plan If accident occurs you must know : 1. background information 2.surface causes and root causes You have to make a report of accident in which you write about findings , recommendations and summary Safety education and training Be trained

We educate to show why We train to show how A simple seven step on the job training includes: 1.introduction 2.trainer shows and tells 3. learner tells trainer shows 4 . Learner shows and tells 5 . Conclusion 6.documentation 7. validate Total quality safety management

Quality and safety are partners in productivity

TQM means to improve performance and process by using coorporate resources

DEMING says about total quality safety management that have a purpose for improvement , adopt a new philosophy , cease dependence on mass inspection , dont go for price tag- go for reducing total cost , improve constantly , give training on job , drive out fear , break down barriers between departments , dont pressurize workforce , give self improvement education and act for transformation PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT THE REQUIREMENT FOR PPE To ensure the greatest possible protection for employees in workplace EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY To wear and maintain PPE

Chemical hazards


Radiological hazards


Mechanical hazards WHAT SHOULD NOT BE WORN?



The PPE rules requires that rings , wristwatches , earnings , bracelets and other jewelery must not be worn if its possible for it to come into contact with power driven machinery or electric circuitry HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CONTROL BASIC EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITY



The employer should see that workers are properly instructed and supervised in the safe operation of any machinery tools , equipment , process or practice which they are authorized to use or apply BASIC EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY All employees should conduct their work in compliance with their employers safety policies and rules. Employees should report all injuries immediately to the person in charge or other responsible representative of the employer .employees should make full use of safeguards provided for their protection SAFETY INSPECTIONS


RESTRAINTS WHEN AND WHERE PPE IS REQUIRED? Whenever following conditions are encountered :

Process hazards

Environmental hazards

Employers should make sure their workplace are inspected by a qualified person as often as the type of operation or the character of the equipment requires. HAZARDS

Raw materials Toxic chemicals Stationary machinery equipment may not be properly guarded / or in poor working order Tools may not be properly maintained Extreme noise in work environment Poor work station designs Flammable or combustible atmospheres Floors may be slippery and aisles cluttered Guard rails , ladders or floor hole covers may be missing or damage Employees might be fatigued , distracted in some way , or other wise lack the physical / mental way , or working safely HAZARD Unsafe work conditions or practices that could cause injuries or illness to employees Recognized hazards Industry recognition Employee recognition Common sense recognition Exposure Physical Environmental potential Six steps hazard control process

Identifying workplace hazards Analyzing the workplace Developing solution Writing solution Writing recommendations Taking action Evaluating the results Five general hazards Material Equipment Environment People system 13 hazard categories Acceleration Biological Chemical reactions Electrical Ergonomics Explosives and explosions Flammability and fires Temprature Mechanical Pressure Radiation

Toxics Vibration / noise Identifying hazards informal and formal observation programs Comprehensive wide surveys Individual interviews Walk around inspection Documentation review A written record will help ensure Assignment of responsibility for hazard correction Tracking of correction to completion Identification of problems in the control system Identification of problems in the accountability system Identifcation of hazards for which no prevention or control has been planned 4 analysis Job hazard analysis change analysis Process hazard analysis Phase hazard analysis Hierarchy of control Elimination Substitution Engineering controls Administrative controls

Personal protective equipment Solving safety problems-two key strategies Eliminate or reduce the surface cause Eliminate or reduce he root cause Cause effect analysis Every effect is the result of a cause Key steps to develop effective recommendations Write the problem statement Describe the history of problem State the solution options that would correct the problem Describe the consequences as a cost. Vs . Benefit analysis EFFECTIVE ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION What is an accident An accident is the final event in an unplanned process that result in injury or illness to an employee and possibly property damage Accident types STRUCK BY STRUCK AGAINST CONTACT BY CONTACT WITH CAUGHT ON CAUGHT BETWEEN FALL TO SURFACE

FALL TO BELOW OVER EXERTION BODILY REACTION OVER EXPOSURE CAUSE OF ACCIDENT Old theory-worker error :says worker makes a choice to work in an unsafe manner New theory-system approach : says accidents occur due to multiple causes and due to defects in the systems Characteristics of effective incident investigation program Clearly assigned responsibility for accident investigation All accident investigations will be formally trained on accident investigation techniques The purpose is to find fact not fault Dig deep to know hazardous conditions that caused accidents report will make the recommendations to correct the hazardous conditions and work practices Corrective actions must be completed

Determine the solutions Write the report DOCUMENTING THE ACCIDENT SCENE Make personal observations Take photos of accident scene Take video clips of the scene sketch the accident scene Interview records Steves seven rights of interview process Be sure you ask the Right people the Right question at the Right time in the Right place in the Right way for the Right reason to uncover the Right facts WHO NEEDS TO BE INTERVIEWED The victim Co workers

An annual review of accident reports Direct supervisors Six steps for conducting accident investigation Manager Secure the accident scene Training department Conduct interview Personnel department Develop the sequence of events Maintenance department Conduct cause analysis

Emergency responders Medical personal Coroner Police The victims spouse and family Effective interviewing techniques Keep the purpose of investigation in the mind Approach the investigation with an open mind Go to the scene Express concern regarding the accident and desire to prevent a similar occurrence Tell the interviewee that the information they give is important Be friendly , understanding and open minded Be calm and unhurried Single event theory An accident is thought to be the result of a single , one time easily identifiable , unusual , unexpected occurrence that result in injury or illness The domino theory This describes as a series of related occurences which lead to a final event that results in injury or illness Multiple cause theory Accidents are a result of a series of random related and / or unrelated actions that somehow interact to cause the accident Four categories of events

Actual events Assumed events Non events Simultaneous events Developing the sequence of events Once the sequence of events is developed we will study each event to know: Hazardous condition Unsafe behaviors System weaknesses Components of an event Actor: the actor is an individual or object that directly influenced the flow of the sequence of events Action is something that is done by the actor Hazardous conditions Materials Machinery Equipment Tools Chemicals Environment Workstations Facilities People workload Levels of cause analysis

Injury analysis Event analysis System analysis Higher priority strategies that control hazards Elimination Substitution Engineering controls

Evacuation procedures Emergency escape route assignments Procedures to account for all employee after an emergency evacuation has been completed Name or job titles of personas who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan. NATURAL DISASTERS Avalanche

Lower priority strategies to control exposure and behavior WARNINGS ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT WRITING THE REPORT Background Description Findings Recommendations Summary EMERGENCY ACTION PLANS

Biological Drought Sand storms Earth quakes Extreme heat / cold Fire Flood Hurricane Landslide / Madslide Lightning Snow / Ice / hail Tornando Volcanic eruption

WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN An action plan to organize employee and employer action during workplace emergencies COMPONENTS OF AN EFFECTIVE EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN Ways to report fires and other emergencies

Tsunami TECHNOLOGICAL EMERGENCIES Aircraft crash Structural collapse Business interruption

Communication Levee failure Explosion/fire Extreme air pollution Financial collapse Fuel .resource shortage Hazardous material release Power / utility failure Radiological / nuclear accidents Transportation accidents WHAT ARE THE STEPS IN DEVELOPING EAP Development of emergency action plan Establish authority Conduct employee training and plan review Review , coordinate and update the plan Determine specific evacuation routes and exits Make sure EAP meets specific needs Designate someone who will stay to shut down critical operations during an evacuation One policy doesnt fit all situations Address how and when drills and retraining will be conducted Identify how and when the employees will be trained Identify methods to alert employees Develop methods to alert employees

Consider and list potential natural or man made emergencies

Designate evacuation coordinates and workdens

Develop resue and medical assistance strategies Conduct EAP employee training Consider communication Update the EAP regularly Identify methods for reporting fires


Warning and caution signs Fire detectors

What does the fire prevention plan do for your ORGANIZATION

Pull stations Agent storage containers Purpose of an alarm system The purpose of and employee alarm system is to reduce the severity of work place accidents and injuries by ensuring that alarm systems operate properly and procedures are in place to alert employees to workplace emergencies The fire triangle Enough oxygen to sustain combustion Enough heat to rise the material to its ignition temperature and Some sort of fuel or combustible material Fire extinguisher ratings Class a ordinary combustible Class b flammable liquids Class c electrical equipment Class d combustible metals Class k restaurant kitchens Types of fire extinguishers Dry chemical extinguishers Halon extinguishers Water extinguishers Carbon dioxide extinguishers HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHER

Serves to reduce the risk of fires at your workplace Causes of fire Electrical hazards Portable heaters Office fire hazards Cutting , welding and open flame work Flammable and combustible material Smoking in the wrokplace Fixed extinguished system Fixed fire extinguishing systems are commonly used to protect areas containing value able or critical equipment such as data processing rooms , telecommunication switches and process control rooms Components of a fixed system Discharge nozzle Piping Control panel Warning alarm


A significant injury or illness diagnosed by a physician or other licensed health care professional

OSHA 300 form is the log of work related injuries and illnesses All managers should be trained and make sure employees are also trained to understand their FFP responsibility.

OSHA 300 A is the summary of work related injuries and illnesses

OSH RECORD KEEPING OSHA FORM 301 or equipment is the workers and employers report of occupational injury or disease The record keeping and reporting rule requires employers to record and report work related fatalities , injuries and illnesses . Its important to record or report a work related injury , illness or fatality

You must involve your employees and their representatives in the record keeping system

An injury or illness meets the general recording criteria and is recordable , if it results in any one of following six conditions :


Death Days away from work Restricted work or job transfer Medical treatment beyond first aid Loss of consciousness HAZARD COMMUNICATION

The hazard communication rule applies to any chemical which is known to be present in the workplace in such a manner that employees may be exposed under normal conditions of use or in a foreseeable emergency Responsibility Chemical manufacturers and importers must evaluate chemicals produced in their workplaces or imported by them to determine if they are hazardous Employers must assess the hazards of chemicals and develop a written hazard communication plan along with training and information Material safety data sheet Chemical manufacturers and importers must obtain and develop a material safety data sheet for each hazardous chemical they produce or import and must develop appropriate labels that provide hazard warning information Employee training How to Reference the chemical test or hazards Use material data safety sheets Use protective practices including PPE Recognize a release of chemicals Detect over exposure to chemicals Write secondary container labels Hazard communication plan Employers must develop, implement and maintain a written hazard communication plan that contains a list of hazardous chemicals

being used in the workplace, assign responsibilities and describes procedures for: Labeling containers Maintaining and using material safety data sheets Information and training Pipe labeling Non routine tsk procedures Contractor procedures

Hazardous substance Is any chemical which poses a physical or a health hazard? Physical hazards Are chemical reactions that could result in a fire, explosion and/ or toxic gas release which cause physical trauma if chemicals are handled or stored improperly? Health hazards Is health effects caused directly by the chemicals themselves, not an injury resulting from a reaction

Dusts, fumes. Fibres . Mists . Vapors , gases , solids , liquids Chemical effects On various organs of the human body depend on several important factors : solid , liquid or gas ? Ingested , inhaled , absorbed or injected ?

How much chemical makes its ways into the body? How poisonous is the chemical?

HAZWOPER Hazardous waste operations and emergency response covers response to uncontrollable releases CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS

Routes of entry Routes of entry of chemicals may take must be known when assessing the workplace for chemical hazards. Alternative labeling methods HMIS ( hazardous material information system) NFPA (national fire protection association ) Material safety data sheet Used to communicate chemical hazard information from the manufacturer to the employee to train and inform on safe use of hazardous chemicals Employers must obtain a MSDS from the chemical manufacturer or import as soon as possible Employers must maintain in the workplace copies of required material safety data sheets Employee must know The hazard communication program The measures to protect themselves Detect the release or presence of hazardous chemical Physical and health hazards When new hazardous chemical is used in organization


It focuses on the relationship between the worker , task tools and environment .after you identify uncontrolled hazards , you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level . You can prevent workplace injuries and illnesses.


Get together with your employees and talk about the actual and potential hazards and unsafe behaviors they believe might exist in their current work and surroundings .Discuss the possible accident that might result from the hazards and behaviors . Next come up with ideas to eliminate or control those hazards and behaviors.


Material safety data sheets Experienced workers Accident and incident reports

First aid statistical record Behavior based safety reports Safety committee meeting minutes Safety inspection reports Previous JHAs Existing work procedures Equipment manuals Preventive /corrective maintenance records

Basic job step Hazard present Preventive measures GOALS WHILE CONDUCTING A JHA What can go wrong What are the consequences ? How could the hazard arise ? What are the other contributing factors ? How likely is that hazard will occur ?

HIGH RISK BEHAVIOURS Working at evaluation , no matter what job is Lifting , lowering , pushing , pulling and other manual handling operations Other working above or below the work area Use of bridge cranes man lifts , or other heavy equipment Working on or near energized equipment /components Working alone or in isolated workplaces Operating vehicles Working within a confined space or under temp extremes RISK ANALYSIS Risk = probability*severity JHA FORMAT JHA includes three columns:

TIPS Write safe job procedure Hire professionals to conduct JHA Improve the JHA process by taking a team approach RISK ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEEMNT


HOW TO ASSESS THE RISK The risk score is determined by multiplying the consequence and likelihood scores you have recorded for each hazard To assess the risk associated with hazards you have identified, ask the following questions:

How likely is the hazard to cause harm to someone?

What is the worst possible damage the hazard could cause in terms of human suffering and cost if you don't resolve the problem? How many people are exposed to the risk? Sometimes it may be the amount of time workers spend on an activity that creates the safety risk, rather than the nature of the work task itself. Everyone is different. A hazard may also pose more risk to some people more than others because of differences in physical strength, experience, training etc. HOW TO MANAGE THE RISK The risk score is determined by multiplying the consequence and likelihood scores you have recorded for each hazard To assess the risk associated with hazards you have identified, ask the following questions: How likely is the hazard to cause harm to someone? What is the worst possible damage the hazard could cause in terms of human suffering and cost if you don't resolve the problem? How many people are exposed to the risk? Sometimes it may be the amount of time workers spend on an activity that creates the safety risk, rather than the nature of the work task itself.

Everyone is different. A hazard may also pose more risk to some people more than others because of differences in physical strength, experience, training etc.