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LITERATURE REVIEW

Zenk, S. et al. “Neighborhood Racial Composition, Neighborhood Poverty and the special Accessibility of Fast Food Stores in Metropolitan Detroit”. American Journal of Public (2005); 95(4)
(1) Examined:- Residential environment is clearly related to health,

specifically dietary health. In fact, many of the most serious chronic illness in the United States are associated with dietary deficiencies. Proper access to nutritious foods is essential to decreasing dietary related chronic illness. Supermarkets provide dietary health resources through higher and lower costs of nutritious food. The spatial accessibility of supermarkets for 869 neighborhoods within Metropolitan Detroit with relation to community’s poverty and racial composition. The percentage of residents below the poverty line serves as the measure of neighborhoods poverty for the study. Supermarkets are defined as either a super center such as super Kmart or a full-line grocery store associated with a national or regional grocery chain such as Kroger. Spatial accessibility is equivalent to a Manhattan block. The study found that the distance to the nearest Supermarkets increased with increasing level of neighborhood poverty. While the distance to the nearest Supermarkets was similar among the most impoverished neighborhoods, African American communities averaged 1.1 mile greater distance to the nearest supermarkets than predominately white neighborhoods. (2) Relevant Data:Literature now associate residence in economically disadvantaged neighborhoods, after controlling for socioeconomic status, with a

American life style(2007 Mar). Disparities in supermarkets accessibility on the basis of race were evident among the most impoverished neighborhood: the most impoverished neighborhood. finding various statistics about the availability of grocery stores in accordance to neighborhood descriptions and demographics.1 mile farther from the nearest supermarkets than the most impoverished white neighborhoods. Linked zip cods to census data. . Inadequate accessibility to supermarkets may contribute to less nutritious diets and hence to greater risk for chronic diet related disease. Americans resided. Affordable public transportation needs t be improved integrating routes with supermarkets locations. “Food store availability and neighborhood characteristics in the United States”. There are distinct disparities between the access of blank. white and Hispanic too supermarkets with a definite correlation in location.variety of adverse diet-related health outcomes. socioeconomics status and race. Lisa M. in which African. were on average were 1. Powel. et al.44(3):189-195. Means distance to the nearest supermarkets increase with each successive tertile of percentage poor for neighborhood with a high proportion of African Americans but remained approximately the same across all tertiles of percentage poor for neighborhood with a low proportion for African Americans (Predominantly white).

Once can also define research as a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic. In fact. OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH The purpose of research is the discover answer to questions through the application of scientific procedures.” 2 Some people consider as a movement. . This inquisitiveness is the mother of all knowledge and the method.RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Meaning of research Research in common parlance refers to search for knowledge. The main aim of research is to find out the truth which is hidden and which has it own specific purpose. can be termed as research. we may think or research objectives a falling into a number of following broad grouping.” I Redman and Mory research as a “systematized effort to gain new knowledge. research is an art of scientific investigation. when the unknown confronts us. we wonder and our inquisitiveness make us probe and attain full and fuller understanding of the unknown. The Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of current English lays down the meaning of research as “a careful investigation or inquiry specially through search for new facts in any branch knowledge. It is actually a voyage of discovery. which man employs for obtaining the knowledge of whatever the unknown. a movement from the known to the unknown. We all possess the vital instinct of inquisitiveness for.