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1a

ANTONOV AN-2
Check-list

Normal procedures
Unusual procedures
Emergency procedures
Figures, numbers & facts

N82AN

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1b Courtesy of Dr. Phil Clarke & Revised by John Webster 2 .

. Tires condition & pressure (40 PSI )………...…. Main landing gear: 1........TIGHT & NONE MISSING 6........ Tie downs & Control locks................... Parking brake...................550 lbs 12....... Shock absorber....................... Cockpit check: 1.................................................... flight doc........70 litres) 3....UNDAMAGED 6................ & legal forms.....................................................................................REMOVED 7..ALL CLOSED & LOCKED 3....... Lower surface of upper wing.................................SECURED 4. arrangement & mounting.REMOVED 3.............. Control lock...................OK 2.OK 2................... Tire pressure......... Fabric skin of control surfaces........ Propeller... Doors..................... All switches.....NO DEFECTS 5.... Oil purge.....................CLEAN 4.....NOT TOO WEAK 4................... Oil quantity. Oil cooler............. Left & right wings: 1.............NO OIL LEAKS 3........….................. Engine group: 1............................ Cargo loading.... Shock absorber compression..OFF 5.CLEAN 3..…..... Pax ..REMOVED & COUNT=8 PREFLIGHT 3 ................CHECKED (50 ............ Rear section loading. Carrying tapes holding & tighting..SET 3.....................................(bottle stowed)............ Magneto switch.............................. Side fuselage............................................DONE 6.......REMOVED 7... Navigation light........................................................ (50-70 mm) 2.......... Check shock absorber compression according to scale:      90  9 mm when airplane weight is 3600 Kg 117  17 " " " " 4200 Kg 135  14 " " " " 4800 Kg 148 15 " " " " 5250 Kg 154  15 " " " " 5500 Kg 7920 lbs 9240 lbs 10.OK 3.......NORMAL....NO DEFECTS 2.CLEAN 2..... Dust filter (if installed)..100 lbs 4...................." 0 " (OFF) 6................ Brakes...........NO CRACKS. All "remove before flight" flags......... Log book..... Pitot cover...... OAT probe cover......ON BOARD 4........................ Windows.................. Tie downs & Control locks..................................................…......... TURNED CCW 15 ... Engine cowling latches..............CLEAN............560 lbs 11...........NORMAL 4.....................……...CHECK POSITION 5....................…........... Fabric skin.............NO GASOLINE LEAKS 5.20 times 2......... Navigation & landing lights glasses........ Fairing mounting screws................. Tail section: 1.............Cargo cabin: 1.................2a PREFLIGHT INSPECTION: 1.........REMOVED 6.........CLEAN 8...REMOVED & STOWED 2... NO DEFORMATIONS 5...........

. 22....................................... 5.................................................. 9............. CHECK > 30 Parking brake..................... Propeller…(within 10 minutes) PULLED CCW 15 ............................ 21....................... 2...6 injections MAX in the summer (or soon after stop)  6 ................................. switch ON: 10 fuel tank meter engine unit gages flap position & oil cooler shutters indicators OAT + mixt....... 9.......... Propeller…(within 10 minutes) PULLED CCW 15 ..............ON Bus voltage.............BACKWARD (Full Rich) Fuel master lever........... 15........... 3....................................... 11....20 times Propeller control.........CHECK DEFLECTION Fuel selector valve.....................CHECKED (yellow indicator ON) "Chip Monitoring" button.............................................................. 6......." BOTH " Fire Extinguisher.......... 28....................................20 times Oil collector can............................................OPEN Air pressure......FREEDOM OF MOVEMENTS Air system charging valve..10 injections MAX in the winter 10. .......if CHT < 80° :  2 ................REMOVED & STOWED Doorstep... 17................... 4..... 14...REMOVED & SECURED Emergency manhole.25 ............... 2....SET Brake pressure system...........OFF Oil cooler shutter.....0............set to neutral....... 13......................... (3 GREEN INDICATORS LIT) Oil coolers shutters & cowl flaps........ 8..0........... 20.. 24................................. 7...........PRESS TO TEST ENGINE START: if CHT & Oil T° > 05° (if not: oil dilution) 1............................. 23..CLOSED & SECURED Magneto switch..... 19. ......................................................FORWARD (Low Pitch) Mixture control... 27..... 10..................... 16..CHECK QUANTITY Trim tabs........START 4 ...35 Primer pump to cylinders....." 0 " (OFF) Flight controls...... 6........................ 3..............................CHECK > 6 Battery switch... 4.2b BEFORE STARTING: 1..................... T° oil cooler shutters cowl flaps fire ext..... > 24 V On control desk....................... 25....CLOSED Cowl flaps.......... warning bell f Rotating Beacon Left & Right fuel gages.... 8............. 12.CLOSED Fuel pressure (with manual pump)................... 7..................... 26......... 18. 5..................................... Primer pump lever...................... .......OPEN = FORWARD Carburetor heater......................LOCKED BEFORE STARTING ......

......................CHT >120° & Oil T° >50° ENGINE TEST: ....................... WARM UP ............................4 ..... if not: STOP 20........TEST 5 ..... Establish max..........ON 22....700 ........ Throttle 1600 RPM until................ " Starting seqence " switch...."fine pitch"..35  Oil T°...................70°  CHT....................ON. After start: fuel pressure with manual pump.................................... Then toggle the switch to interconnect engine shaft 16....................result = 1900 RPM by itself Rem: repeat 2 or 3 times in cold weather 8.............................................< 215° 3..........800 RPM 19........................ ...........................0.... Propeller.. Magneto switch. 2000 RPM 4..... ........3 a 11........"coarse pitch"............. Throttle 1000 RPM until....BOTH " 1+2 " 17............................. Generator...... 2100 RPM 9......35 Rem: if engine fires back into carburetor.............................................. Oil T° rises.................... .5  Fuel pressure.................... Throttle.........25 ..... A/C Converter................ without touching the throttle 18..................................025 .....2050 but stabilize to 1900 in 3-5 sec.....CHT >100° & Oil T° >30° 3.............Until 8 ON AMPMETER 15....................... each). do a few smooth injections with the primer pump.......... .... ........ .......................................... Set with propeller gov..................................... Magnetos check (15 sec.........OFF " 0 " 13.....................result = 1450 .......1550 RPM 7....... Propeller................... AREA IS............ Magneto switch......to be done in 4 minutes MAX (insufficient cooling) ................ Starter...........900 RPM....................................................1900 RPM 6........ CLEAR 12........... Throttle.......... 1900 RPM & then with throttle 10-15: engine speed as a result must remain constant 10.....within 10 sec...LOCKED ENGINE WARM UP: 1. Normal (> 3)......... "Starting sequence" switch........... Throttle.......... Primer pump lever................ON 23............................. drop < 60 RPM 5............ Throttle. Check "in the green":  Oil pressure................0.... continuous rated power..2100 / 9 2....then swiftly back to 1900: Rem: engine may increase to 2000 ..........0................ Throttle 1200 RPM until..........control wheel in backward position all-through the test 1....OFF 21........ MAKE SURE PROP.60° ..... but in less than 3 minutes 2.ON 14...... Throttle (when engine runs smoothly).................. Check oil pressure...................

.............. > 75................... Pax & cargo doors.....ON 9..............ON 3...... Engine control lever positions.. Tail wheel .....................................5  Fuel pressure.......UNLOCKED 16.....250 RPM drop... Flaps upper & lower.. ............IDLE (< 20sec) :  Engine speed.CHECKED 7..............................….3 sec).....................................2200 RPM  M.... ............................... Wheel chocks......P: 10............ IDLE <-> 2100 RPM (in 2 ...... "Artificial horizon." STDBY "..................... must have:  Engine speed: 2150 .….....75°  Generator OFF: check Gen warning ON & note the negative deviation (to the left) of the ampmeter pointer  Generator: ON 4.......... Add throttle: Gen warning should go OFF at 900-1100 RPM 5.......1........... 60° ......................... Set throttle to............ Block time............ Transponder.................. A/C Converter..(1200)...........................................................NORMAL "All in the green" 6...... > 40 14...... GPS.........................................ON 13.................. All necessary switches...........SLAVED 10........1850 RPM :  A/C voltage.......5 (if more............CHECKED & SET 11................... Throttle........ON 12.................................... do not set max throttle for take-off) 3...............& 2 switches…....... Indications of engine gages.............. ..550 RPM  Oil pressure..............................CLOSED & LOCKED 2..................................... ........ 0.......... CHT must be > 120° BEFORE TAXI: 1....... Warning: backfire should not occur this moment 2.......... course indic. 1.......... Navigation instruments...............15 sec.........................CHECK REMOVED 15.... Gyro instruments...... Set take-off power for 10 .................OPERATIVE 8.............OPERATIVE 4........CORRECT 5..... & gyro compass" switches......................... Air pressure in pneumatic system...............15  Oil T°........5 V  mixture check : 1-2 cm from extreme forward position  carburetor heater check (10-15 sec): 150 .....................................RECORDED Note : Tail wheel locking has been disabled on this aircraft.. 2 or 3 engine transitions.. BEFORE TAXI 6 3b .... Fuel quantity in each tank.......................................

............ gyro indications.... Transponder.............................…....................... < 0°  pitot heat....………ON BEFORE TAKE-OFF: 1............  Rudder..........CHECK NORMAL INDICATION 12.................... Flaps......................................................RECORDED 18.......FULL RICH Fuel selector valve........................SLAVED & SET TO RUNWAY HEADING Set trim tabs:  Elevator........................OPEN 15....................normal indications: " ALL IN THE GREEN " 14....…..........RELEASED TAXI ..............................................DOWN: If heavy for 10 sec........................... Brakes.....................................................................................AS REQUIRED 2...................... Flight controls.............................. ROTATING BEACON ………………………………...................................................4a TAXI : 1...... If snow or OAT.... Lights...............................FREEDOM OF MOVEMENTS 11................ 4.................FASTENED 17.. Take-off time.......ON 4........ 2....... Cowl flaps & Oil cooler shutters...............SET FOR TAKE-OFF (usually 15°) 10................... Artificial horizon.5 sec................... Engine gages................RIGHT for 3 seconds 9....... ...AS REQUIRED 16....CHECKED 5....... Lights.... Voltage & Load meter.CORRECT 6................…....... Parking brake.... 7............................................... 8....................... if not 3 ............................. 6...." BOTH " Altimeters.........ON  keep mixture T° > 8° with carburetor heater.................... In turns. Pax seat belts....................................................CONFIRM SET Carburetor heater...SET Gyro compass......…............................................OFF Mixture................ 5... 3..........BEFORE TAKE OFF 7 ..... All necessary switches.................CHECK Navigation instruments & Com's ........................ON 3........................................................................set on "Alt " 13............... .......... ...

................45 ......... Check :  Oil T°............. Check :  Oil T°.......... 4 .....................................................................75°  CHT: 120° ................. 0.... Establish initially............................9 / 2100  If 25°: engine.............................150 Km/h 78 Kts Rem: if max....................... P..........215° (recommended: 150° .............).....50  Voltages.............10.90 Km/h 48 Kts  Speed-up to . < 70°  CHT ... Flaps.8........ keep 5° of flaps until passing 1500 Ft before retracting.. Lights............. Without flaps:  Engine parameters....................25 ...if < 0°an................................35  Compressor pressure.....AS REQUIRED (Max CHT: 215°) 4.....5 / 1850 3........................140 Km/h 75 Kts  then resume climb 2.........< 215° 5........................................................9 / 2100  Speed up to....... Engine parameters (RPM ................................................ Speed....120 Km/h 65 Kts  Flaps over 150 Ft..9 / 2050 (9 / 2100 if urgent) 2.. Check mixture T° for carburetor heater need................ ....TAKE-OFF: 1........... rate of climb required...5  Fuel Pressure...................................5 / 2200  rotation speed..............> 28............. 0° ? TAKE OFF ........CRUISE 8 4b ..........140 Km/h 75 Kts  then resume climb CLIMB: 1.0......140 ....................85 ............... 4.9 / 2100  If 30° (max weight)..............................gradually drawn-in  Full drawing of flaps at.........5 V & > 75 V 3............215°)  Oil Pressure..................................CLIMB ........ When altitude > 150 Ft........ With flaps (wind < 20 Kts): reduces take-off distance by 35 %  If 15°: engine...M......... 60° ..CONSIDERED CRUISE: 1....CHECK TABLE 2...................

............. Speed..." STBY " Cowl flaps & Oil cooler shutters..……………………...............................................................................................................5a a a a a a a a DESCENT : 1.............................< 140 Km/h 75 Kts Flaps............................................................................................................................. 7..... 4.CHT > 120° & Oil T° > 50° Rem: if necessary close cowl flaps & oil cooler or descent by steps 4............................ 7........OPEN DESCENT .... Maintain ...FULL PITCH : CLEAR OF RUNWAY: 1.... Carburetor heater ON If...... .......... 5...........................................................CONSIDERED Pitot heat..... Tail wheel..............220 Km/h 119 Kts  Turbulent air.......................... Establish...................................... 7. 4...........................FINAL .......... 8.....CLR 9 .......190 Km/h 102 Kts 3...............................................CHOOSE SETTING (usually 15°) Landing lights.. 5..............................................CONFIRM OFF & PRESSURE IN BRAKES "0" Air pressure ......... Propeller...................................UNLOCKED Landing lights.…...............................as required 3....... 9.................. Maximum speed for descent:  Quiet air........................... 6.0° Transponder.............................CONSIDERED D E S C E FINAL: N T 1...... 5........................check > 40 Flaps............ Throttle........ 3. 6..................................................... 6.................................RESYNCHRONISED Flaps………………………………………………..CONSIDERED CROSS WIND……………......." BOTH " Parking break...ON Tail wheel locking...................................................................2 / 1500 (= 180 Km/h 97 Kts) 2......... OAT < -15° Fuel selector......................................< 5 2........OFF Flaps. 2.................OFF Taxi light.......................................... 5............. .............

. Cowl flaps & Oil cooler shutters.......CLOSED 8......PROGRESSIVELY INCREASED DURING SHUT-OFF 9........................... Flight Plan Closed ? COOLING DOWN & SHUTDOWN 10 ....< 120° 5.............CLOSED 10................1700 RPM...........if T° < 100°.........................DONE If parked outside..... Fuel master valve..................... Set throttle................. Let CHT cool down......... then. Throttle........ Controls & ailerons..CLOSED 11.......AIRCRAFT MUST BE TIED-DOWN And Control Locks installed..................... Electrical switches & radios.........................OFF 2.OPEN 4.... Avionics & XPDR switches...................................... Cowl flaps & Oil cooler shutters........800 RPM 7.....................800 RPM 3..............700 ...............................LOCKED 12............OFF 6............................. For a few seconds: throttle.................... Oil & Air system purges.......................... ................5b COOLING DOWN & SHUT DOWN: 1............. Air system charging valve..................................................................

6a ENGINE TEST GRAPHIC 11 .

400 ft.ACCEPTABLE AIRSPEEDS (Km/h)       In turbulent air: < 190 Diving (2200 RPM) = VNE = 300 To extend flaps: < 150 With 30° flaps: < 150 With 40° flaps: < 130 Minimum in horizontal flight: 120 (Kts) 102 160 85 85 70 65 WIND LIMITATIONS (in Kts): Take-off & Landings: Head wind 45° Cross wind 90° Cross wind. flaps Taxiing: Normal airstrip Slippery airstrip 32 14 14 8 32 16 8 6 6 16 AIRSPEED INDICATOR (Km/h) (Kts)     160 121-160 54 -121 54-70 VNE: Yellow zone: Green arc: Flaps white arc: 300 225 – 300 100 – 225 100 – 130 RATE OF CLIMB at Max. at 11.550 lbs. Landing Weight (5250 Kg) With 8.5 / 1850 @ 140 Km/h 75 Kts:     FL 0 to FL 65 : 600 Ft/min FL 65 to FL 90 : > 400 Ft/min FL 90 to FL 120 : > 200 Ft/min FL 120 to FL 150 : > 100 Ft/min Rem: service ceiling = 4400 metres at 5250 Kg =14. OPERATIONAL SPEEDS 12 6b . no flaps 90° Cross wind.

. to LDG): FUEL SEQUENCE: 1. then: RIGHT for 120 .FUEL CONSUMPTION (From T.150 litres 4. 5. then: LEFT for 120 . & Climb: BOTH 2.O.150 litres. Before leveling: RIGHT for 120 .. T. When total remaining fuel is about 300 litres: BOTH Notes:  Fuel alarm = less than 110 litres remain (55 litres in each tank)  Continuous use of BOTH: more fuel used from the LEFT tank FUEL 13 .150 litres 3.O.

.............CARGO vs FUEL .................................5 Starter: max consecutive startings...60 ...........28.......7b CARGO WEIGHT versus FUEL QUANTITY IN TANKS: It is possible to take-off with a crew of two + 75 litres of oil taking .....0. litres of oil X 1 = .............. mini..... crew X 80 = PAYLOAD = 2120 Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg 4660 lbs ENGINE & ACCESSORY UNITS DATA: CHT...............................5 V loading current.15 Oil pressure......... fuel) MAXIMUM PAYLOAD CALCULATION: ......... OAT for starting +5° Oil T°.......................110 ° time of max filling from 0............. fuel) 1150=2530 lbs 1000=264 gal 1300=2860 lbs 800=211 gal 1450=3190 lbs 600=160 gal 1600=3520 lbs 400=106 gal 1750=3850 lbs 200 =53 gal (min..................... T.......5 .............215°..45 –50 Kg/sq......................100 A max loading.......DATA 14 ...0....................20 sec time of switching ON the electric motor...........11 min Converter: voltage. with …litres of fuel on board 1000=2200 lbs 1200=317 gal (max..cm max temp...... Kg of cargo...150 A in max 2 min PAYLOAD .72 = ...............0........13 sec time of turning it manually.......4 min breaks between startings sequences..............................25 .........O.......35 at idle.........6 min Compressor: pressure.150 ..4 . litres of fuel X 0...... " Fuel Pressure: at power..75°......................

...(1+2)................P......... Primer pump to cylinders:  2 ... ........... ........................................ Magnetos.............................FORWARD (Low –fine pitch) 2................................................ON 14....... ............................ Cowl flaps.... " Starter sequence " switch.......0..OFF 13..................... Primer pump lever............8a ENGINE MANUAL START (Low batteries....... Manually turn the prop.......................OFF 6............... Manual crank:  inserted into the special sleeve behind the copilot  turned clockwise gradually increasing speed 'till 80 RPM 15........... Generator.................... have had the manual starting Crank disabled.. Starter....................... Oil cooler shutters.....OFF 9.................................. Magnetos...S..................LOCKED Note : Most An-2 aircraft in U..................................within 10 sec.......ON 16.25 .........Normal (>3)..................... Battery. MANUAL START 15 ............." BOTH " 17.......6 REVOLUTIONS 10....................): 1.........CLOSED 7.....U..........0....5 . Fuel Pressure (with manual pump).......... Check oil pressure...............................FORWARD (Full rich) ...700 .............................................8 injections MAX in the winter 12................FORWARD 5........... Propeller control...... Throttle..................... Fuel master lever.......... Primer pump lever............................. IF NOT: STOP 18. Carburetor heater..........................................CLOSED 8.............................. .................ON 20........."OFF " 19... 4..............................................800 RPM Position 3..............35 11.............................................. no G...3 injections MAX in the summer  5 .................... Mixture control..........

........... Magnetos.................................................. 3.................... ................ 2..............CLOSED Magnetos & Converter........... 4....CLOSED Fuel selector...................................... If flames do not go out: "FIRE EXTING......" OFF " Cowl flaps..............................".....................ON ENGINE FIRE: 1..............CLOSED " FIRE EXTING.......... Starter control....... 5........" OFF " 2.. BACKFIRE -ENGINE FIRE 16 ..................................... " button............ Fuel master lever.......8b AT ENGINE START IF FUEL BURNS WHEN CARBURETOR BACKFIRES: 1.......PRESSED CARB................ON Rem: Do not touch throttle at this time 3.

. Fuel tanks...................9a AIR START:  Cure the problem first: 1....FEATHERED Any turn .......800 RPM 3......." BOTH " 5.......................................................FORWARD 4...... Fuel shut-off valve..................................................150 ..............MANUAL PUMP 3...0... Fuel Selector………………………………… BOTH 2..STOPPED Propeller....CARB..FULL RICH 7.................................................. Low fuel pressure (<0............................35 6........0... ‘’2-1’’.............GLIDING 17 ...... Set speed.. use the starter for a few seconds...................= 60 metres loss in altitude FLY THE AIRPLANE AIR START .. Magnetos.. Fuel Pressure with manual pump.....25 ..........160 Km/h 80-85 Kts 2.... Engine should restart at this point Rem: if engine has been stopped for a long time.......................70 Kts 100 m 800 m Engine........ GLIDING: 130 Km/h ............................. Mixture............." BOTH " 4.....25)....... HEATER ON  Air start: Rem: propeller will always keep turning 1... icing (mixture T° low)... Throtlle.FULL RICH 5. Carb......……........................ Too much lean..

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