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Human Genetic Disorder Mrs. Mente 1.

The genetic disorder shown in the diagram most likely resulted from

Name________________ March 04, 2013

1. crossing-over 2. nondisjunction

3. polyploidy 4. segregation

2. Select the genetic disorder best described by the following phrase: Inability of individuals to metabolize phenylalanine. 1. PKU 3. Sickle-cell anemia 2. Tay-Sachs

3. Select the genetic disorder best described by the following phrase: Directly affects cells involved in oxygen transport. 1. PKU 3. Sickle-cell anemia 2. Tay-Sachs

4. Which genetic disorder is characterized by a buildup of fatty tissue in the nervous system? 1. phenylketonuria 3. Down syndrome 2. sickle-cell anemia 4. Tay-Sachs

5. Select the genetic disorder, from the list , that is best described by the phrase: Accumulation of fatty material in the nervous system

6. Select the genetic disorder, from the list , that is best described by the phrase: Results from the formation of abnormal hemo- globin

7. Genetic disorder that produces changes in speech patterns and mental retardation due to the presence of an extra chromosome 1. Tay-Sachs 3. Sickle-cell anemia 2. Phenylketonuria 4. Down syndrome

8. Genetic disorder that produces a decrease in the ability of the blood to carry oxygen due to the presence of abnormal hemoglobin 1. Tay-Sachs 3. Sickle-cell anemia 2. Phenylketonuria 4. Down syndrome

9. Genetic disorder that produces an inability of the body to manufacture the enzyme needed to metabolize a specific amino acid 1. Tay-Sachs 3. Sickle-cell anemia 2. Phenylketonuria 4. Down syndrome

10. Identical twins were born with genes for a genetic disorder that can be controlled by diet. Both twins were placed on this diet, which excludes a certain amino acid. However, one twin chose not to follow the diet and developed the genetic disorder. The other twin followed the diet and did not develop the disorder. This difference between the twins illustrates that 1. gene expression is not influenced by biochemical 3. gene expression is influenced by the environment factors 2. identical twins do not always have the same 4. the genetic disorder is inherited by identical twins, genotype only

11. In some individuals, G-A-G, the codon for glutamic acid, is changed to G-U-G, the codon for valine. This error causes misshapen red blood cells. This genetic disorder is known as 1. albinism 3. Tay-Sachs 2. hemophilia 4. sickle-cell anemia

12. Oddly shaped red blood cells and severe pain are characteristics of a human genetic disorder known as 1. hemophilia 3. phenylketonuria 2. Tay-Sachs disease 4. sickle-cell anemia