You are on page 1of 9

Instrumentation and Measurements

Fall 2012

Assignment 1 (Solution) Total Marks: 50 Due Date: Saturday, February 02, 2013 This assignment is related to Data Acquisition Systems. You can consult the material available for this assignment. This assignment is compulsory part of your final term course. All students will submit this assignment on A4/Assignment papers. There are total 6 questions.          Page 1 – 32 will be completely included. Page 33 – onwards, following circuit diagrams will be considered. Active Low Pass Filter Active High Pass Filter Active Band Pass Filter Digital to Analog Converter (DAC) Analog to Digital Converter (ADC) Ladder type Digital to Analog Converter Ramp type Analog to Digital Converter

After processing. transducer will be used to convert the any type of signal to electrical form. one difference amplifier. the information can be stored or can be sent back to real world. . In data aquisistion systems. This will send the information to computer whenever read signal will be high. Multiplexer This module is used to transfer the signals coming from different locations to single point. Instrumentation Amplifier This part is used to amplify the incoming signal with respect to a reference level. Low pass filter. A/D Converter This module of the systems is used to convert analog signal from real world to Digital signal suitable for processing through computer. Buffer This module is used to store the digital information for short period of time. This circuit contains two non-inverting amplifiers.Instrumentation and Measurements Fall 2012 Question #1 a) Draw the general block diagram of a Data Acquisition System (DAS) and then explain briefly the function of each module. High pass filter and Band pass filters can be used according to the requirements. In Data Acquisition systems. Computer This module will be used to process the signal coming from buffer. Filter This circuit is used to eliminate the noise present in the signals coming from different parts of the system. Signal Conditioning Circuit This circuit is used to make the signal suitable for the circuit where it will be used. Transducer This is a device which is used to convert one form of energy to other form.

So. Actuator This module will be used to activate any output device such as motors. VO(1) = -(R4/R3)(VO1) VO(1) = -(R4/R3)( 1+R2/RV) VI1 Now consider Input at inverting terminal is shorted to ground. valves . (from the computer to the real world) and then explain briefly the function of each module.Instrumentation and Measurements Fall 2012 b) Draw the general block diagram of the output side of a Data Acquisition System. Consider Input at noninverting terminal is shorted to ground. 1. we will have to use Super Position Theorem to find output voltage. Input at non-inverting terminal will be = (R4/R3 + R4) VO2 Now. DAS. After processing. Computer This part of the system is used to process the data available to it. So. Register Register is used to store the information coming from computer. So. It will send the stored information to DAC. perform the following: a) Derive expressions for the voltage gains Ad = V0 / (VI2 – VI1) In the circuit of instrumentation amplifier. VO(2) = (1+R4/R3)(VO2) VO(2) = (1+R4/R3)( 1+R2/RV) VI2 . and other type of outputs present in the system. Question #2 For the instrumentation amplifier circuit shown in Fig. we will solve this circuit by parts. D/A Converter This module will make the information coming from computer to information suitable for real world by converting the digital data to analog form. computer sends the signal to register for storage purpose. For A1: VO1 = (1+R2/RV) VI1 For A2: VO2 = (1+R2/RV) VI2 For A3: Input at inverting terminal will be VO1. we can see there are two non-inverting amplifiers and one difference amplifier.

VO(1) VO = (1+R4/R3)( 1+R2/RV) VI2 + (-R4/R3)( 1+R2/RV) VI1 As (1+R4/R3) ≈ (R4/R3). R3 = 1 kΩ. Fall 2012 c) Calculate the corresponding output voltage Vo if VI1 = 10 mV and VI2 = 60 mV. so VO = (R4/R3)[( 1+R2/RV) VI2 .VI1) (VI2 .VI1) = VID So.(R4/R3)( 1+R2/RV) VI1 VO = (R4/R3)[( 1+R2/RV) (VI2 . Figure 1 . R4 = 20 kΩ and Rv varies from 1 kΩ to 2 kΩ. VO = (R4/R3)[( 1+R2/RV) VID Now Ad = VO/VID = (R4/R3)[( 1+R2/RV) b) Calculate the minimum and maximum values of Ad when R2 = 10 kΩ.Instrumentation and Measurements Now the output of difference amplifier will be VO = VO(2) .

Instrumentation and Measurements Fall 2012 Question #3 For the active filter circuit shown in Fig.2 kΩ.02 µF. RG =1 kΩ and RF = 10 kΩ. 2. b) If R1 = 1. Figure 2 It is a low pass filter. determine the type of this filter. . C1 = 0. perform the following: a) Derive the transfer function h= Vo / Vi This part has been eliminated from assignment. and then calculate its gain and cutoff frequency (frequencies).

RG =10 kΩ and RF = 50 kΩ. perform the following: a) Derive the transfer function h= Vo / Vi This part has been eliminated from assignment. determine the type of this filter.Instrumentation and Measurements Fall 2012 Question #4 For the active filter circuit shown in Fig. b) If R1 = 2. 3. and then calculate its gain and cutoff frequency (frequencies). .1 kΩ.05 µF. Figure 3 This is a High Pass Filter. C1 = 0.

Instrumentation and Measurements Fall 2012 Question #5 For the active filter circuit shown in Fig. determine the type of this filter. RG =1 kΩ and RF = 5 kΩ.1 µF.002 µF. . R1 = 10 kΩ. perform the following: a) Derive the transfer function h= Vo / Vi This part has been eliminated from assignment. and then calculate its gain and cutoff frequency (frequencies). C1 = 0. b) If R1 = 10 kΩ. 4. C1 = 0. Figure 4 This is a Band Pass Filter.

Instrumentation and Measurements Question #6 Draw circuit diagram for the followings: Fall 2012  Digital to Analog Converter (DAC)  Analog to Digital Converter (ADC)  Ladder type Digital to Analog Converter .

Instrumentation and Measurements  Ramp type Analog to Digital Converter Fall 2012 .