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ऋ"#द म&' | ṛgveda mantra
Viśvāmitra Ṛṣi, Gāyatrī Chhand, Bṛhaspati
वषभ चषणीनï lव~"पमदा-यम्। बह¯पlतव¯¯यम्॥ ३।६२।६
vṛṣabhaṁ carṣaṇīnāṁ viśvarūpamadābhyam|
Translation: O Great Men! We sing the praise of
Bṛhaspati (the preceptor of the Gods) for the joy
of learning and for success in all our good
actions. He is the most respectable and the
greatest. His wishes are inviolable and we gain in
(spiritual) strength by following in His footsteps.
Maharishi Viśvāmitra gives the highest lesson on spirituality in the Rig Veda
(Mandala III, Chapter 62). This lesson forms the basis of the satya sanātana dharma
(popularly known as Hinduism). After explaining the virtues of spiritual discipline,
Viśvāmitra extols the virtuous Bṛhaspati addressing Him as the Lord of the
inviolable, non-injurious sacriﬁce as well as that of the sky/air (ākāśa tattva) in the
following rik (mantra Rig Veda 3-62-5).
शिचमकबह¯पlतम·व¯ष नम¯यत। अना¯योज आ च+॥
śucimarkairbṛhaspatimadhvareṣu namasyata| anāmyoja ā cake||
sucimarka refers to good thoughts that form the seed for all good karma that do
not violate the laws of nature and dharma.
arka refers to the Sun God as in Koṇārka [koṇa + arka i.e. the Sun in a trine where
the trines of the horoscope/zodiac are the houses of worship at home (ﬁfth house)
or temple (ninth house)]. Here the speciﬁc reference to the Sun God as arka is to
indicate its power as the Ātmakāraka to illumine the mind with thoughts that cause
action. All thoughts do not cause action, but all actions must have a thought as the
seed that causes it.
For example, in jurisprudence, this is the ‘motive’ behind a crime where the bad
thought caused the crime to occur. In dharma, whereas the action is the cause for
punishment, the nature and quantum of punishment is dependent on the ‘thought
that went into the crime’ or the motive behind the crime. A classic example is the
decision of Yudhiṣṭhira (eldest Pāṇḍava brother) when for a murder, he pronounced
diferent punishment for the four accused. The Brahmin was given the death
penalty, the Kṣatriya was incarcerated, the Vaiśya was ﬁned and the Śūdra was let
of with a light punishment. The reason was the relative ability of the four to
distinguish between the result of their action as a sin.
Since the thought is the seed for the action, Viśvāmitra extols Bṛhaspati to illumine
the intelligence (Bṛhaspati is the governor of the dhī śaktī and medhā) with good
thoughts that cause excellent karma and lead us to a successful life.
adhvara means non injurious and is totally opposite to all the animal sacriﬁces or
any violent action. It also refers to a Vasu (enlightener) and the lord of the sky/air
(ākāśa tattva). The adhvara have been explained in detail in the Satapatha
Brāhmaṇa (adhvara kanda).
Isa means lord or God as in Iśvara. Thus, advareshu refers to the lordship of
Bṛhaspati over the non injurious, non violent sacriﬁces that are based on an
inviolable principle that runs the entire created universe. It is the part of the
spiritual being, the path of ahimsa or non-violence.
anamaya means not pernicious, free from disease, healthy, salubrious; (as) Shiva;
anamayat means not causing pain, in good health; anamayitnu means salubrious
oja means to be strong or able, to increase, to have vital powers; ojas bodily
strength, vigor, vitality (principle of vital warmth and action throughout the body)
acake means to emulate in action and speech like acara. This has two implications
(1) the performance of the acamanyam before the prayers and japa (repetition) and
(2) the advise to emulate the Guru in good thoughts and karma.
The Bṛhaspati Gāyatrī follows this advise of Viśvāmitra in the Ṛk mantra 3-62-6.
Thereafter, Viśvāmitra explains the role of the Sun God and Param Ātmā in creation
and sustenance which is followed by the Dharma Gāyatrī or the famous Gāyatrī
mantra (Rk 3-62-10).
In the Bhagavat Gītā, Krishna teaches that among priests He is Bṛhaspati. So,
worship of Bṛhaspati is the worship of Bhagavan. If you have a desire to be a priest,
astrologer, spiritualist or one who is a karma yogi, recite this mantra and sincerely
try to emulate Bṛhaspati.
Note of Caution:
Some other mantras are often mistaken as Bṛhaspati Gāyatrī. One such mantra
reads something like “..vidmahe ..Dhimahi…tanno Guru Prachodayat” and is
framed based on the Mantra Mahodadhih of Mahidhara. In that book, Mahidhara
also admits that some of the mantra are his own creation (referring to the
Gāyatrī’s) and requests the elders to accept them. When we have the Rig Veda etc.
where the Gāyatrī Mantra’s have been expounded by the Maharishi’s, I fail to see
the need to modify or replace them.
The Gāyatrī Chandas is a very technical aspect of the mantra. In the words of Sri
Achyuta Dasa, one pada (foot) consists of eight phonemes sa-sa’-va-da’-pa-
ra’-ra-ja’ and the gāyatrī chandas (metre) is tri-pada or having three feet of 8
phonemes each. Thus, ANY MANTRA in gāyatrī chandas has to be composed of
exactly 24 phonemes. Any change or alteration in this by the addition or
subtraction of phonemes being preﬁxed or sufxed to the mantra shall alter it and
the potency of the gāyatrī chandas shall be lost. Some mantra are purposely in
nicrit gāyatrī chandas to enable the addition of monosyllable bīja like ‘om’ etc.
2) Others have advised the addition of preﬁx’s and sufxes like “Om Bhur Bhuva
Svaḥ” or “Om Haum Jum Saḥ” with some of the Rig-Veda Mantra like the Savitur
Gāyatrī and Mritunjaya Mantra, but this is only for the initiated. It is advised 
that unless otherwise instructed, ONLY the monosyllable “OM” be added to a
Gāyatrī Mantra as per the directions contained in the Gaṇeśa Gāyatrī . By
adding other syllables and phonemes, we alter the sound vibration or frequency of
the mantra and its efects. Such an addition/preﬁx should be silent in recitation i.e.
the OM should be recited mentally while breathing in so that the prāṇa vāyu
accumulates in the body. The gāyatrī is recited when the air is expelled.
3) In the words of Sri Aurobindo Ghose  “To translate the Veda is to
border upon an attempt at the impossible.” In fact every interpretation seems to
be apt from the angle and depth of understanding of the translator, yet is grossly
deﬁcient in the higher spiritual thought that is impersonal, universal and full of
Frequently Asked Questions
Subject: Bṛhaspati Gāyatrī Experience
Q1: Narasimha: Pranaam Sanjay, Apart from “charshaninaam”, I was reading
Bṛhaspati Gāyatrī with a mistake earlier. I was reading “adaabhyam” as
“adaabhyaam” (note the long “aa” after “bhy”). I noticed the correct version
yesterday. Short “a” must be correct and I have so far read it incorrectly. Luckily, I
read this mantra very sparingly. I made both the changes and read it. I was having
some bad thoughts as I read it. For example, I thought Jupiter in reality gives
passion and lust and not Venus. Such undesirable thoughts crossed my mind.
Based on this, I am inclined to read it with short “i” in “charshaninaam” and short
“a” after “bhy” in “adaabhyam” (i.e. make one change and ignore the other). Do you
approve this decision? Should I believe the signals like good and bad thoughts
when reading a mantra or should I just dismiss them? I did not have this
experience with any other mantra. So I don’t know what this experience means.
Reply: Sanjay: Your fears are unwarranted. The Gāyatrī are perfect Mala Mantra
and do not have any negative impact what-so-ever. Even a child can recite these
without fear, but only what is given in the Rig Veda. Any additions or alterations
changes the note and frequency and the complete power of the mantra. You will
ﬁnd all these details in my books . Thus even if you recite this by mistake, it is
self correcting like the name of Vishnu. In Oriya we do not have “V” akshara and
pronounce it as “B”. “Bisnu” or as a kid “Bistu”…it is self correcting and is a very
compassionate name of the Lord. Thus we need not have any fears. Similarly, other
languages may not have other phonemes and this does not mean that Vishnu does
not exist for them. It only indicates the gradual movement from the lesser perfect
towards the perfect Sanskrit.
In your chart, Bṛhaspati is the Lord of the seventh house and thus you had the
strange feeling of passion associated with the Bṛhaspati Gāyatrī. Fact remains that
it gives the efect of Jupiter and this is the greatest blessing in any chart. This
initial feeling also tells you about your own level of sattva at a point of time and
helps you to overcome your weaknesses and become more sattvika.
Q2: Narasimha: Should I read it only in my Pooja after bath? Currently, I read it
whenever I have time. I go for a walk for a couple of miles and I read it then. I read
it when driving. Is this acceptable or a bad approach? On one hand, cleanliness and
asana suddhi are required for mantras. On the other hand, it is a sattvika mantra. I
want your honest guidance.
Reply: Sanjay: There is no restriction like this. The Gāyatrī Mantra is a form of
Bhagavan Himself as is clearly stated in the Bhagavat Gita. Since there is no
restriction to remembering Him at any place or any time, there can also be no
restrictions about reciting the mantra anywhere or at any time.
However Bhagavan also adds (in the Gita) that He is to be remembered or
meditated with the monosyllable “OM”  and the question of How to remember
Him has been explained in detail in the Srimad Bhagavatam. This is the method of
Mantra Siddhi. Thus any mantra Siddhi can be achieved by adding OM to the
beginning of the mantra and reciting it. Secondly all errors or ﬂaws in any mantra
can be removed by adding OM at the beginning (preﬁx) and end (sufx) of the
mantra thereby enclosing it. This has been explained in the Rig Veda (Ganesha
Gāyatrī as explained at footnote-2).
Thus we can conclude that the Mantra, if recited with OM has to be repeated in
Pooja and with asana Suddhi etc, whereas it can be recited as given in the Rig Veda
(without Om etc) at any place and time.
Q3: Narasimha: You told me to read the mantras after getting up, before my feet
touch the ground. I don’t clearly remember if this is for both Janaka Shadakshari
and Bṛhaspati Gāyatrī or only for Janaka Shadakshari. Currently I read both after
getting up. But is that what you said or did I remember it wrong?
Reply: Sanjay: All depends on what you associate your Guru with. I am honored to
see that you associate me (Giver of the Bṛhaspati Gāyatrī) so closely with the other
Guru’s of the Parampara (Achyuta dasa, the ardent disciple of Sri Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu – Giver of the Janaka Shadakshari). It maybe noted that the Gāyatrī has
to be given personally. Being a Mantra of the Rig Veda or a Śruti , it has to be
physically heard from the Guru or transmitted by his Icchā Śaktī.
Thus, there is nothing wrong in doing both in the morning before alighting from
the bed. It is better in a way as it ensures your primary duty as the ﬁrst karma of
Q4: Narasimha: Can I read a Gāyatrī without at least washing mouth?
Reply: Sanjay: Washing mouth is still a cleaner proposition. What about reciting
this in the Graveyard or Burning ghats? Yes you can do this at any place and at any
time. Don’t add OM in such a situation. My father would say that as a child he had
to cross the Smasan (Graveyard) in the night while returning from school and
would recite the Gāyatrī whenever he felt afraid. The fear would vanish and in a few
minutes he would become very happy. He never had any bad experiences during
For other questions refer to the Appendix in my book “Vedic remedies in Astrology
HARI OM  TAT SAT
  I was initiated into the Gāyatrī Mantra (Savitur). When the chief Purohit
(Priest) recited this in my ears, I requested clariﬁcation as to why “om bhur-bhuva
svaḥ” had been omitted. In his quiet and stern manner, he advised me to stick to
the Rig-Veda and to recite “OM” mentally while breathing in and the rest of the
Gāyatrī Mantra while breathing out. This incident proved to be the beginning of my
quest for Para-Vidyā (Divine knowledge).
  Gaṇeśa Mantra (Rig Veda)
गणान% &वा गणप)त हवाम- क)व कवीनाम0पम1व2तमम्।
567राज: ;<ण% ;<ण2पत आ नः ष@AवBनCDतिभः सीद सादनम्॥
gaṇānāṁ tvā gaṇapatiṁ havāmahe kaviṁ kavīnāmupamaśravastamam|
jyeṣṭharājaṁ brahmaṇāṁ brahmaṇaspata ā naḥ ṣṛṇvannūtibhiḥ sīda sādanam||
Translation: O Ganesha, Lord of all seers, praise be to Thee; Thou art Omniscient
and the unmatched wisdom of the wise. Thou art the precursor (OM) of all prayers
and the Lord of all souls; we pray for Thy guidance for success in all good actions.
Comments: This mantra clearly advises the preﬁxing of the monosyllable “OM”
before all mantra.
  The Secret of the Veda by Sri Aurobindo, Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust,
  Literally, heard from God
  oṁ ity ekākṣaraṁ brahma; vyāharan mām anusmaran.
yaḥ prayāti tyajan dehaṁ; sa yāti paramāṁ gatim (Gita 8.13) (Translation by Srila
Prabhupada: Bhagavat Gita As it is)
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