Session 177 Purposeful Assessments for Optimal Results By: Greg Roskopf, MA

Assessments for Muscular Imbalances ● Postural Assessment: Static ● “Functional” Assessment: Dynamic ● Overhead squat ● Functional Threshold ● 1 Leg squat ● 2 leg Squat ● Gait Analysis: Dynamic ● Cardiovascular Assessment ● Muscular Strength/Endurance Assessment ● Flexibility Assessment*** Types of Assessments ● Postural Assessment: What are we looking for?? ● Must Break Down the components of Motion ● Looking for Deviations in All 3 planes ● SAGITTAL PLANE DEVIATIONS ● FRONTAL PLANE DEVIATIONS ● TRANSVERSE PLANE DEVIATIONS

The Dynamic Evaluations ● Posture is the position where all movement starts from ● If we start from a bad position, we can NEVER, move properly ● What happens at these joints when we move?? ● The same thing: Just magnified ● Abnormal stress will be placed on joints and tissues ● Dynamic Evaluations are a continuation of the static (postural) evaluation ● Gait Analysis ● Functional Analysis ● Overhead squat ● Functional threshold testing ● 1 leg & 2 leg squat

Forward shoulder caused by foot pronating ● We are only as strong as our weakest link .When the Foot Hits The Ground ● Ground reaction forces ● Forces moving back through body ● Changes our understanding of anatomy and kinesiology ● Muscles alter their function to become more integrated ● Muscles become more dependent on the function of other muscles ● A muscle does not have to cross a joint to produce motion at the joint ● The primary component of muscle function occurs in the eccentric phase of contraction HUMAN MECHANICS 101 ● All joints are interrelated ● All movement is based upon the concepts of pronation and supination ● Pronation and supination occur at each joint THE TRANSFORMATION ● Pronation is good ● Supination is good ● Required: the TRANSFORMATION from pronation to supination ● Muscles control this transformation ● Emphasis on the eccentric phase of contraction ● Storage of elastic energy ● Mini Plyometrics ● A timing relationship: all joints must transform together (lunge) ● Can the muscles control pronation at all joints at the same time? ● A weakness at one joint can affect the whole kinetic chain Must Have A Follow-up Approach To Our Subjective Evaluations ● What we think we see -vs.what really is!! ● Need to appreciate the integrated system ● We must confirm what we think that we know ● Any Isolated weakness can lead to dysfunction throughout the body ● We must differentiate between the cause and the symptom ● Ie.

Consider Isolated Muscle Function How Does It Affect The Integrated System MAT: Assess The Neurological Integrity Of Each Muscle ROM Exam Becomes The Indicator ● Joint stress can come from anywhere ● Must look at the relationship that each muscle has at each joint ● Must consider the muscles role in joints that it does not cross ● The ROM exam tells where the problem originates ● What is the body protecting from?? ● We are only as strong as our weakest link Tightness is a neural issue as opposed to a soft tissue issue ● All based on the Law Of Reciprocal Inhibition THE ROM EXAM ● The most important tool that we can have as trainers ● Allows Trainers to Find The “Weakest Links” ● All based on the Law of Reciprocal Inhibition ● Limitations of ROM are a n indication of the body protecting from instability ● Allows us to “Prove” what we think that we see ● Where is the problem??? .

Greg Roskopf. MA Muscle Activation Techniques (303)745-4270 .

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