White paper

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Guide to open source solutions

“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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PREAMBLE

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SMILE
Smile is a company of engineers specialising in the implementing of open source solutions and the integrating of systems relying on open source. Smile is member of APRIL, the association for the promotion and defence of free software, Alliance Libre, PLOSS, and PLOSS RA, which are regional cluster associations of free software companies. Smile has 600 throughout the World which makes it the largest company in Europe specialising in open source. Since approximately 2000, Smile has been actively supervising developments in technology which enables it to discover the most promising open source products, to qualify and assess them so as to offer its clients the most accomplished, robust and sustainable products. This approach has led to a range of white papers covering various fields of application: Content management (2004), portals (2005), business intelligence (2006), PHP frameworks (2007), virtualisation (2007), and electronic document management (2008), as well as PGIs/ERPs (2008). Among the works published in 2009, we would also cite “open source VPN’s”, “Firewall open source flow control”, and “Middleware”, within the framework of the “System and Infrastructure” collection. Each of these works presents a selection of best open source solutions for the domain in question, their respective qualities as well as operational feedback. As open source solutions continue to acquire new domains, Smile will be there to help its clients benefit from these in a risk-free way. Smile is present in the European IT landscape as the integration architect of choice to support the largest companies in the adoption of the best open source solutions. Over recent years, Smile has also extended the range of services it offers. Since 2005, a consulting department has been supporting our clients both in the preproject phases and in project guidance. Smile has had a graphics studio since 2000 which in 2007 became an Interactive agency which, in addition to graphics creation also offered emarketing expertise, publishing and rich interfaces. Smile also has an agency which specialises in Third Party Application Management, support and operating of applications. Finally, Smile is based in Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Grenoble, Nantes, Bordeaux and Montpellier. It is also present in Spain, Benelux, Switzerland, Ukraine and Morocco.

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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THIS WHITE PAPER
The studies agree: open source solutions are used by the majority of companies, both large and small, whether or not it was a conscious decision. This comes as no surprise given the rich and varied range of open source solutions available today. Smile has been regularly publishing white papers presenting the extraordinary depth of these solutions since 2004: content management in 2004, portals in 2005, business intelligence in 2006, virtualisation in 2007, electronic document management and ERPs in 2008, open source VPNs and firewalls in 2009, e-commerce and corporate social networks in 2010, and so on. A total of 22 documents have thus been produced and are available for free to download. Each text presents a selection of the best open source solutions for the domain in question, outlining their respective strengths and providing feedback on real life experiences in using these tools. Yet one thing was missing: a central repository containing the best open source solutions on the market, which could be used to guide and orientate decision makers toward benchmark solutions. We have received many requests for such a guide, particularly from IT Departments. The gap has now been filled with this white paper, which presents more than 170 products in 40 enterprise software domains. All product types are included, or nearly all - this paper does not, for example, look at workstation or “office automation” applications like Firefox, Gimp and LibreOffice - with a summary presentation (creation date, licensing, technologies, etc.) and an assessment of each based on six standard criteria. This document was developed by more than 30 of our top technical, functional and business specialists. We hope that this white paper will be of use to you. Before launching into the following 200+ pages, we recommend you read through the next section, which describes our analytical methodology and lists our suggestions for deriving maximum value from the guide. Enjoy!

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Please feel free to share your opinions and assessments of the products presented in this white paper with us. Likewise, do let us know if there is a solution you would like to see included, which we have omitted. One address for both: info@smile-iberia.com

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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CONTENTS PREAMBLE .................................................................................................. 2
SMILE ................................................................................................................................................................... 2 THIS WHITE PAPER ................................................................................................................................................... 3 CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

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ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY...................................................................... 6
PRESENTATION ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE ................................................................................................................. 12

BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS ............................................................... 13
INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION .................................................................................................................................. 13 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL ........................................................................................................................ 14 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT .......................................................................................................... 18 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS .............................................................................................................................. 23 HIGH AVAILABILITY ....................................................................................................................................... 27 SECURITY .................................................................................................................................................... 32 VPNS ........................................................................................................................................................ 39 FIREWALLS .................................................................................................................................................. 42 SUPERVISION AND METRICS ........................................................................................................................... 47 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................. 55 VIRTUALISATION .......................................................................................................................................... 64 VOIP / TELEPHONY....................................................................................................................................... 70 MESSAGING, EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE ............................................................................................... 75 HTTP ACCELERATORS ................................................................................................................................... 85 OTHER ....................................................................................................................................................... 89 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION ................................................................................................ 94 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES............................................................................................................................... 95 DATABASES ................................................................................................................................................. 99 BPM / WORKFLOW ................................................................................................................................... 106 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS ................................................................................................................................. 110 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION .......................................................................................................... 121 ESBS ....................................................................................................................................................... 127 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES ........................................................................................... 132 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS ....................................................................................................... 146 PKIS ........................................................................................................................................................ 150 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION, FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT ............................................................................. 155 LOAD TESTING TOOLS .................................................................................................................................. 162

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SEARCH ENGINES ........................................................................................................................................ 166 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS.................................................................................................................. 173 MOM & EAI ............................................................................................................................................ 179 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 184 APPLICATIONS DIMENSION ....................................................................................................................................187

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CRMS ..................................................................................................................................................... 188 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS...................................................................................................................... 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING ............................................................................................................. 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES ................................................................................................................... 200 E-COMMERCE............................................................................................................................................ 205 ERPS ....................................................................................................................................................... 213 CMSS ...................................................................................................................................................... 219 EDM & ECM ........................................................................................................................................... 230 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION..................................................................................................................... 236 PORTALS................................................................................................................................................... 239 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS).......................................................................................................... 244 BLOGS, WIKIS AND FORUMS ........................................................................................................................ 250 E-LEARNING .............................................................................................................................................. 258 VISITOR TRACKING ...................................................................................................................................... 262 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 265

CONCLUSION .......................................................................................... 268 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................... 269 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS ............................................................................. 270

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We assigned each of these forty-some categories to the following dimensions:    Infrastructure: IT asset management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. Choice of solutions For each category. EDM tools. ecommerce solutions. with the primary objective of creating a broad. Only primary tools were including in our selection and our recommendations. those which any company could use with complete confidence as foundations for its most ambitious projects. HTTP accelerators.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 6 ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY WWW. ESBs. VPNs. we solicited our technical. firewalls. web and mobile frameworks. virtualisation. Applications: CRMs. databases. It was vital to group products in this way given the vastness of open source options available today. and in which Smile has previously implemented projects and has real expertise. In some cases. MOM and EAI. We have attempted to make this guide as comprehensive as possible. business intelligence tools. functional and business experts to select the best solutions. we selected only domains that make sense for corporate solutions. etc. etc. supervision. operating systems.COM PRESENTATION In preparing this white paper. functional and business experts.SMILE-OSS. there were so many products available that we had to differentiate between “primary” and “secondary” tools. practical reference guide to the best open source solutions on the market. Choice of categories We began by establishing a list of the categories that would be presented in this guide. portals. we asked our technical. offering you a broad choice for building the most appropriate architectures for your needs. Development and intermediate layers: corporate directories. More than 300 open source tools are presented here. In the end. search engines. CMSs.

For this criterion. its functional scope. we considered:       Number and importance of customer references Number and reputation of existing integrators (and are they independent? SMEs? large groups? is there only one integrator for the product?) References in the trade press Size of forum and mailing list archives Google PageRank for the site. it is not enough to make an informed decision. It will thus provide you with reliable indicators covering each tool’s reputation. its expandability and adaptability.SMILE-OSS. although the criterion of reputation is important. a reputation built on marketing investments will not last long if it is not accompanied by a dynamic community and basic technical quality.COM Because we did not want this white paper to be a mere reference file. such that the solution will remain a good one over at least the next three years. For this reason. and the availability of resources/profiles to support you through its integration with your environment. it is even more crucial for the indicators to all have the green light. linked to the number of high-ranked websites pointing to the product’s site Exchanges on social networks: Twitter. The six analytical criteria are as follows: Current reputation A solution’s current reputation is important. dynamics.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 7 Assessment criteria Our choice of tools was largely based on feedback from the field and our experience on hundreds of past projects. etc. but rather a real guide for decision makers. insofar as it can provide a sense of security or at least advance notice of potential issues. in particular. we decided to make our results public. an explanation of which you will find below. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . While it will be decisive to implement a solution that is strong at the time of installation. WWW. However. Google+. wherever relevant – we calculated the average score of all solutions in each category in order to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each specific tool. Wherever possible – and. Resource availability. Facebook. We also performed objective evaluations of six criteria applicable to all of our categories. the quality of its technical base. pricing and upgradability will be directly dependent on this.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 8 Dynamics This pertains to the solution’s dynamics. we considered:        Increases in forum and mailing list volumes IRC chat activity Governance: how often are integrators and users consulted and included as stakeholders in the product’s design and upgrades? Frequency of documentation updates. and alignment with the modelling standards at the core of an open source application. particularly in respect to its community. For this criterion. especially wikis CVS/SVN code submissions Frequency of releases References by independent players. a vendor’s investments are not particularly important in view of the patches. Along with technical quality. We believe that models in which the vendor is almost the sole integrator of its product are not favourable to the development of a community of partners contributing to the product’s dynamics.SMILE-OSS. this factor directly determines the position the solution will hold in the future. including occasional bloggers WWW. documentation and even marketing that an active community can produce.COM Technical base Investments and communities are still small potatoes compared with questions of coherence. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In the end. power.

and the cost of implementation of the same business function can easily vary from one to five times the price. even in the case of tremendous investments. Naturally. be expanded at a lesser cost.SMILE-OSS. on the contrary. otherwise you will be the one to pay the price of brutal migrations. depending on the technical quality of the base. a financially sound vendor can recode its solution – a common practice today – but once your implementation of a solution has been rendered. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Functionalities are just the top layer built on these foundations. whereas a well designed solution using clear and efficient concepts can. it is quite difficult or financially impractical to adapt it to a vendor’s new offering if it has fundamentally changed. further enhancements to a product’s functional side will cease to be possible beyond a certain point. Thus.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 9 WWW. if the application is based on abstractions at too low a level. The ideal foundation should permit continual enhancement.

Our thematic papers (open source CMSs. This is because it can be relatively simple to add functionalities when a tool is flexible.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 10 For this criterion. we considered:   Compliance with existing standards (a sign of maintainability and ease of handling) Power and canonicity of the abstractions utilised (sign of productivity. We would also like to note that. has as broad a scope as possible. anchors and interfaces for dedicated plug-ins Maturity and cover of web services Product learning curve: a flat curve receives a lower score Application modularity (Inversion Of Control pattern where possible. open source EDM. while this is an important criterion in terms of enjoying a tool that. etc. wherever possible. It provides a valuable indicator regarding the tool’s capacity. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . native web services. even if we do recommend. from the outset.SMILE-OSS.) can help with this type of comparison. here referring to ORM. etc.) Use of a framework Degree of code factoring (sign of reliability and easy handling) Strength of hooks. going down to the “macroscopic” level when comparing solutions for a given scope. such that the application comprises a small kernel and plug-ins that take account of one another) No obvious performance issues WWW. the criterion of “flexibility” has a greater impact in terms of cost. open source ERPs.COM        Functional scope This refers to the overall functional scope of the solution in relation to what is commonly found among tools of the same category.

and do metadata need to be imported or exported to or from the database? if so. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. Flexibility has many points in common with technology.SMILE-OSS. but it places its emphasis specifically on the tool’s modularity and on the efficiency of third party developments. because superior technology can easily compensate for more substantial initial adjustments. freely available for downloading.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 11 Flexibility / Expandability Businesses must sometimes go beyond their tool’s native functional scope. Is it easy to find resources to implement a project? Will I be dependent on a provider? Warning: Be careful not to misinterpret this indicator. This text explains the benefits afforded to IT departments by establishing an open source policy. Hw easy is this to do? This is a decisive criterion in terms of the total cost of ownership. For this criterion. In fact. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. given the cost of custom developments. we considered (among other points):      Possibility of adding plug-ins Ease of modifying data structures to add or alter business object storage Ease of modifying user interfaces to make them more ergonomic Ease of modifying the processing performed Speed and simplicity of development cycles: do classes need to be recompiled / redeployed. how are functional enhancements rolled out to a database in production? WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Resources Difficulty or ease of finding service providers on the market that are capable of performing advanced developments on the tool. it’s quite common.

functional presentation. WWW. date created. the dotted black line denotes the average score for the category. technical base and opinions. to simplify reading and comprehension. Assessment of the tool based on six criteria: the orange section (both light and dark) corresponds to the tool’s cover. and the dark orange section indicates the tool’s strengths (above average scoring).COM Presentation of the tool: name. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . type of distribution licence.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 12 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE This page explains how this document is organised. Description of the tool: type of tool. version studied and website.SMILE-OSS. All the solutions are presented in the same format. author. We have also specified whether the solution is community or vendor driven.

Many have reached such prominence that they are close to being household names.SMILE-OSS. and more than 90 are listed in total. These projects and the many others included in this dimension lay the foundation for a sound infrastructure capable of hosting the best applications under the most optimal conditions.COM INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION The “Infrastructure” dimension is certainly the best represented in the field of open source tools. tools such as the Apache HTTP server. with hundreds and even thousands of available solutions. Email marketing & Groupware HTTP accelerators Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 13 BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS WWW. the Nagios supervision tool. among the following categories:        Remote computer control IT asset and inventory management Roll-out and back-ups High availability Security VPNs Firewalls        Supervision and Metrics Linux & BSD operating systems Virtualisation VoIP / Telephony Messaging. And it is from this dimension that open source projects are born. or the Linux line of operating systems. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension.

They are used to respond to the different issues encountered at companies. These tools were initially created to meet user support and assistance needs. They can. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The latter is the favourite among systems administrators in the world of UNIX servers. including shared views of computers and file transfers.SMILE-OSS. be either localised or spread across some or all of a company’s client workstations. The open source range in this category includes tools like FreeNx. TightVNC and OpenSSH.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 14 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL WWW. and their technology has advanced impressively in recent years.COM More and more remote computer control solutions are becoming available. as needed.

Similar to Microsoft RDesktop. It is based on the X11 protocol. and its session and resource management are quite reliable. FreeNX performs well under compression. The firm continues to support it and even offers different editions of the product. FreeNX was developed by the company NoMachine in 2005.COM FreeNX is a set of components that implements the NX protocol. to be shared. sound cards. etc. it allows sessions to be stored and devices like printers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . FreeNX has been developed by a community since 2006 and is written in C/C++.berlios. including commercial editions. FreeNX is a protocol for remotely accessing UNIX systems..de Vendor driven solution (NoMachine) WWW.3 Website: http://freenx.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 15 FreeNx Version studied: 0.SMILE-OSS. although with a number of optimisations that simplify its use on low bandwidth networks.7. It is available under the GPL.

etc.tightvnc. TightVNC has been available since 2001 under the GPL v2. This protocol provides for remote graphic displays via another network protocol. It is written in C/C++.COM TightVNC is a set of tools that implements the VNC protocol.0. RFB (Remote Frame Buffer). user support.com Community driven solution WWW. It is a very widespread protocol used in graphical computer administration. irrespective of the operating system. TightVNC is therefore defined as a remote control and online administration programme that can be used on any computer.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 16 TightVNC Version studied: 2.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .4 Website: www.

it is the preferred software among systems administrators.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 17 OpenSSH Version studied: 5. OpenSSH has added numerous functionalities providing for much more than the traditional “network console” use.9 Website: http://www. which has a number of companies providing OpenSSH support. Since 1999. In particular. and great attention is given to the quality of its code. OpenSSH has been developed under the BSD License by the OpenBSD Foundation. Like most BSD projects.openssh.com Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW. Over the years. OpenSSH is written in C. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. In the world of UNIX servers. OpenSSH enables the set-up of simple VPNs and the remote display of graphics applications.COM OpenSSH is a software suite used for remote server administration.

IT asset and inventory management tools can also incorporate a financial dimension (cost tracking model. license management and more.).). printers. support functions (with or without user access. detailed user rights management. automated notifications with personalisable templates. network components. These solutions have a broad scope. including functions such as management of the company’s hardware assets. etc. consumables.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 18 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT WWW.SMILE-OSS. etc. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with references like GLPI and OCS Inventory NG used by many players in the CAC 40. SLAs.COM Open source IT asset and inventory management tools are becoming more and more popular in companies. calculation of depreciation. management of associated contracts (computers.). devices.

new inventory items.2 Website: www.org Community driven solution WWW. JeanMathieu Doléans and Bazile Lebeau. and SLAs.SMILE-OSS. substantial expandability thanks to its plug-ins: integration with supervision software. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It provides for: hardware management. including associated contracts: computers (with automated information feeds if combined with OCS-NG or Fusion Inventory). detailed user rights management. devices. project management. etc.COM GLPI is an IT inventory and helpdesk tool launched in 2003 and driven by Julien Dombre.glpi-project. GLPI is distributed under the GPL. automated notifications with personalisable templates. network components and consumables.80. support functions: with or without user access. GLPI is based on PHP/MySQL technologies. printers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 19 GLPI Version studied: 0.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 20 OCS Inventory NG Version studied: 2. Mac or Linux workstations. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM OCS Inventory NG is a French automated computer workstation inventory tool created in 2001. It is primarily based on Perl and MySQL technologies. OCS can manage software installs on Windows. OCS is available under the GPL v2. by means of packages created by administrators. In addition. Remote deployments are secure and can be scheduled.SMILE-OSS.ocsinventory-ng. as well as the software installed there. All these data can then be viewed on a web interface with export functions. Concerning remote deployment. the architecture of OCS servers can be divided so as to avoid network congestion during major remote roll-outs.org Community driven solution WWW.0 Website: www. Software dictionaries can also be defined for the purpose of groupings (such as for Windows Updates). OCS transmits information on both the hardware features of each workstation.

Remote roll-out is done in packages.1 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. MySQL and C++. Pulse 2 is distributed under the GPL.1. The agent is also used to allow administrators to remotely control computers via the VNC protocol on a secure channel (SSH). Thanks to an agent installed on each computer. workstation imaging and remote deployment.3. Windows. potentially on a decentralised basis.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 21 Pulse 2 Version studied: 1.mandriva. Mac and Linux platforms are supported. Workstation imaging makes it possible to create masters and to rapidly and remotely install them on computers without any intervention by the administrators (remote control / PXE). It is built on several technologies: Python.COM Pulse 2 is software created by Mandriva for IT inventory management.com/en/pro/pulse Vendor driven solution (Mandriva) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with reporting and scheduling functionalities. Pulse 2 transmits the workstations’ hardware and software characteristics.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name Fusion Inventory Linbox Rescue Server URL / Website http://fusioninventory.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://lrs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 22 Other Among the different products available in the field of asset and inventory management.linbox.

storage location.g. based on a series of highly advanced rules.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 23 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS WWW. Roll-out tools like Puppet can remotely prepare environments. etc. user back-ups.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Some tools go as far as to offer multi-streaming. calendars).COM Back-up tools like Bacula are used to save important data on different media. definition of back-up types (full. back-up pool management and more. All major companies use roll-out software to simplify the administration of their IT environment. incremental or differential). The functionalities included in back-up tools can include very detailed back-up scheduling (e. based on pre-defined rules or an expected end state. multi-plexing.

0. Bacula also implements advanced functionalities used in all effective back-up solutions. performing central coordination of the back-up processes.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 24 Bacula Version studied: 5. multi-plexing. in charge of performing the back-up under the Director’s control. back-up pool management and more. and now supported by Bacula Systems.3 Website: www.bacula. in terms of both its calendar and the back-up type (full. the File Daemon is the agent deployed on each client. such as multi-streaming. Bacula provides for highly detailed back-up scheduling. Bacula is distributed under the GPL and is developed in C/C++.SMILE-OSS. It uses a PostgreSQL or MySQL database.org Vendor driven solution (Bacula Systems) WWW. incremental or differential). and the Storage Daemon interfaces with the storage media. Bacula’s architecture is based on three key components: the Director is the conductor.COM Bacula is a highly flexible back-up and recovery system developed in 2000 by Kern Sibbald. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . user back-ups.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .6 Website: http://puppetlabs. files and software installed. configurations applied.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 25 Puppet Version studied: 2. Rather than describing a series of actions to be performed.com Vendor driven solution (Puppet Labs) WWW. It is distributed under the Apache License. Puppet boasts a community of enthusiastic and dynamic users. Puppet Labs. irrespective of the starting point. Puppet centrally administrates a large and heterogeneous environment. like with traditional admin tools.COM Puppet is an infrastructure automation tool. and Puppet automatically takes the system to the specified state. Puppet is written in Ruby. etc. In this way.). the administrator enters the desired end state (permissions needed. as well as professional support provided by its vendor.SMILE-OSS.

mandriva.sourceforge.net/ http://spacewalk. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.com/ http://cfengine.sourceforge.COM Name Kdump mkCDrec SIS CloneZilla Partimage Pulse 2 OCS Inventory NG Amanda BackupPC Spacewalk Cobbler CFengine URL / Website http://lse.org http://www.net/kdump http://mkcdrec.net http://sourceforge.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 26 Other Among the different products available in the field of roll-out and back-ups.net/projects/sisuite http://clonezilla.SMILE-OSS.amanda.redhat.sourceforge.org http://www.com/ http://cobbler.partimage.ocsinventory-ng.github.com/en/pro/pulse http://www.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www.org/ http://backuppc.

It is very important for companies to install high availability technologies for information systems that serve as the central nervous system of their organisation.SMILE-OSS. for example. allowing for the modification of configurations on the fly. ideally 100% of the time.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 27 HIGH AVAILABILITY WWW. based on the status of the other servers on the network. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . There are excellent open source tools designed to ensure that services are always responsive. They can be implemented in a number of different ways. operates like a router to guide queries based on service status. while Linux-HA enables communications between servers.COM ‘High availability’ is a term frequently used to designate a service or system architecture that must be available as continuously as possible. namely from either a physical or a logical point of view. Keepalived.

A very basic resource manager is supplied by Linux-HA. Its first components date back to 1999.0. Linux-HA is written in C and Python. whose role is to manage dependencies between services and to perform automated switching. which is quite often sufficient for companies’ needs.COM The Linux-HA project provides high availability components for UNIX type operating systems.org Community driven solution WWW. Heartbeat is typically used with a cluster resource manager like Pacemaker. making it possible to trigger actions in a concerted manner without requiring a third party server.SMILE-OSS.linux-ha. which informs a group of machines of their respective statuses. Heartbeat. The main component is the communication software. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The GPL v2 is most commonly used.4 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 28 Linux-HA Version studied: 3. Linux-HA is the most widespread high availability system and many service providers cover its support.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.COM LVS (Linux Virtual Server) is the load balancer included in the Linux kernel since 1998. It is merely one brick in a load balancing system.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 29 LVS Version studied: 1.org Community driven solution WWW. LVS is available under the GPL v2 and is supported by a large number of service providers. Third party software is used to test server statuses and update the LVS configuration in the event of a server failure. It routes incoming network connections to a set of machines by applying a number of traditional balancing policies (round robin.).linuxvirtualserver.2. Like all other Linux components. It was written by Wensong Zhang. given that it cannot configure itself. etc.1 Website: www. weighted round robin.

4.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 30 HAProxy Version studied: 1. HAProxy is distributed under the GPL v2 and is officially supported by a small number of companies.SMILE-OSS.eu Community driven solution WWW.1wt. It natively handles HTTP protocol. It has a number of status verification mechanisms used to detect any failed servers and to redirect their traffic to other servers.COM HAProxy is a reverse proxy used for load distribution.17 Website: http://haproxy. enabling the set-up of session affinity by means of cookies. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The project began in 2001 and was written by Willy Tarreau.

2.SMILE-OSS. As LVS is a relatively basic and static system.keepalived. etc.COM Keepalived is a component used to configure LVS. it needs software to maintain its configuration. It also manages an IP switch system based on VRRP.) and update the list of usable servers for LVS.1 Website: www. for its own redundancy. Keepalived can test the availability of a service (e.org Community driven solution WWW. TCP connections. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The project was launched in 2001.g. HTTP queries. Keepalived is supplied under the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 31 Keepalived Version studied: 1.

virus detectors. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the graphs below do not display the average scores. Email marketing & Groupware category. we will present integrity verifiers. In this section. with products ranging from antiviruses to intrusion detection systems.COM The field of security is very vast. intrusion detectors. Anti-spam tools like Spam Assassin and DSPAM are included in the Messaging. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. network analysers and security testers. for which there are many open source options.SMILE-OSS. All these tools are invaluable aids that help systems and network administrators to ensure the integrity of their IT environment.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 32 SECURITY WWW.

and now by Hannes von Haugwitz. Rami Lehti and Pablo Virolainen launched the development.15.net Community driven solution WWW.COM AIDE is a UNIX systems integrity checker. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . developed beginning in 1999. AIDE is available under the GPL. This allows the administrator to identify any suspicious file alterations.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: http://aide. followed by Richard van den Berg from 2003 to 2010. Its goal is to establish a fingerprint of a system’s files at the time of installation and later to confirm the system’s alignment with that fingerprint.sourceforge.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 33 AIDE Version studied: 0. which are typically a sign of an intrusion on the system.

ClamAV is available under the GPL v2. ClamAV can detect a large number of threats on any operating system.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 34 ClamAV Version studied: 0.COM ClamAV is a virus detector created prior to 2005.clamav. Signature updates. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Unlike its equivalents in the Windows world. The antivirus engine is the library libclamav. but rather to scan the files stored on it. it is often used on web servers.2 Website: www. For example. it is not used to protect the machine on which it is installed. can be accessed free of charge. sustained by a very involved community.97.net Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW. written in C. file servers and mail servers.SMILE-OSS.

In other words.1 Website: www.snort. it is a Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) that performs real-time traffic analyses on a given network segment. Although the engine is distributed under the GPL. Nonetheless. the rules are available free of charge after a period of 30 days. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which does entail a paid subscription with the vendor. it is of no use without a rule base.org Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW.SMILE-OSS. Often used as a probe.COM Snort is a network intrusion detector created in 1998 by Martin Roesch.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 35 Snort Version studied: 2. it also has an active mode that allows it to block any suspicious traffic when installed on routing equipment.9.

Greenbone.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 36 OpenVAS Version studied: 4. Unlike Nessus.openvas. the first version of which dates back to 1998. Paid updates. whose availability is guaranteed.SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (Greenbone) WWW. and a graphical administration interface can be obtained through the vendor.COM OpenVAS (Open Vulnerability Assessment System) is a spin-off of the famed Nessus scanner. with free updates provided by its community. OpenVAS is available under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenVAS is completely open source. It tests for any weak points in a scanned system’s security.0 Website: www.

COM Wireshark (formerly Ethereal. It is a member of the packet sniffer family. running on Windows.org Foundation driven solution (Wireshark) WWW. Wireshark is multi-platform. renamed for copyright reasons) is a network traffic analyser created in 1998.wireshark.6.SMILE-OSS. Linux. Available in the form of a large graphics application as well as a text mode interface. It recognises a total of 759 protocols.2 Website: www. Wireshark is available under the GPL. Mac OS X. including encrypted ones. It is used by numerous administrators to diagnose complex network problems. it can decode a very large number of protocols. Solaris and FreeBSD.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 37 Wireshark Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

sourceforge.sourceforge.net http://opensims.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 38 Other Among the different products available in the field of security.radical-spam.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Bastille OpenSIMS RadicalSpam URL / Website http://bastille-linux.net http://www.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . preserved confidentiality in the case of compromised encryption secrets. presented below. including OpenVPN and Openswan.SMILE-OSS.COM A VPN. VPN solutions generally provide the following benefits: public key authentication.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 39 VPNS WWW. or Virtual Private Network. In the world of open source solutions there are many quality products. can be broadly defined as referring to the different technologies used to extend a company’s network while preserving data confidentiality and overcoming the physical barriers of traditional networks. and packet transfers to private networks via public ones. confidential exchanges.

OpenVPN is based on the product OpenSSL. It has been around since 2002 and was written by James Yonan.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 40 OpenVPN Version studied: 2. NetBSD. SSL VPNs reuse SSL encryption mechanisms to authenticate and encrypt their connections.net Vendor driven solution (OpenVPN Technologies) WWW.1 Website: http://openvpn. OpenBSD. and utilises its encryption and identity verification routines to provide excellent data security.SMILE-OSS. OpenVPN is distributed under the GPL v2. the main open source implementation of the SSL protocol in terms of both quality and usage levels. Vista and 7.COM OpenVPN is the spearhead for a fairly recent category of VPN: SSL VPNs. Linux. FreeBSD. it also offers a good number of additional security and control functions. Available for Solaris. Windows 2000.2. XP. Mac OS X. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

both between corporate networks and for mobile clients.openswan. Openswan is available under the GPL.35 Website: www.6. Openswan enables the set-up of IPsec links between machines. as well as VPN tunnels.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 41 Openswan Version studied: 2.COM Openswan is an implementation of IPsec for Linux and a continuation of the FreeS/WAN project (dating back to 1999).SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is compatible with a large number of operating systems and proprietary solutions.

firewalls are usually installed on routing equipment.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 42 FIREWALLS WWW. netfilter and pfSense. such as determining the bandwidth authorised for a particular application in a particular context. Firewalls can also be used in a more qualitative. more refined role. This means that routing can be modified by a firewall decision. i. of which they are an integral part. This is the firewall’s main function. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the transiting of network flows between different machines.e.SMILE-OSS.COM The concept of the firewall is often linked to the notion of routing. The open source firewall market is very complete. with products like Packet Filter. As a result. and that the firewall will apply different filtering rules depending on the origin and destination of the traffic.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 43 PF (Packet Filter) Version studied: 4. This system has the advantage of using a simple configuration language and of integrating NAT and QoS functionalities. PF is distributed under the BSD License. It can also be used for load balancing and to handle network traffic on open source BSD UNIX machines.). NetBSD. Packet Filter has become the most powerful open source tool to act as a firewall.openbsd. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM PF (Packet Filter) is the filtering layer integrated with BSD UNIX legacy open source solutions (FreeBSD.org/faq/pf Community driven solution WWW.9 (aligned with OpenBSD versions) Website: www.SMILE-OSS. OpenBSD. PF was created in 2001 by Daniel Hartmeier as a replacement for IPFilter. etc.

is the filtering layer integrated with the Linux kernel. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . SIP and H323). netfilter is distributed under the GPL v2. etc. However.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 44 netfilter Version studied: 1.COM netfilter.) and connection tracking modules for complex protocols (like FTP.netfilter.4. and includes its own NAT functions.). It is an extremely flexible system that integrates with the kernel’s routing and QoS functionalities.SMILE-OSS. it is complicated to configure. ferm. It has many filtering criteria (time. so a third party tool is often used to generate its configuration (Shorewall. sometimes referred to as iptables.org Community driven solution WWW. etc. It was created by Rusty Russell in 1998. data volume.12 Website: www.

pfSense is available under the BSD License. web proxy. monitoring. Official support is provided by BSD Perimeter. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Very commonly used in SMEs and other small organisations.COM pfSense is a software distribution used to create a network gateway from an x86 server. filtering.0 Website: www. and more.org Vendor driven solution (BSD Perimeter) WWW. It is based on PF and incorporates a large number of third party components: DHCP/DNS server. It was originally created in 2004 from a fork of m0n0wall by Chris Buechler and Scott Ullrich.pfsense.SMILE-OSS. pfSense offers a complete routing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 45 pfSense Version studied: 2. time server. Configuration is done exclusively via a web interface. VPN and connection sharing solution.

org https://launchpad. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.foo-projects.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name NuFW Uncomplicated Firewall Firewall Builder ferm Shorewall Vyatta URL / Website http://www.nufw.net/ufw http://www.fwbuilder.org http://shorewall.SMILE-OSS.org http://ferm.net http://cfengine.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 46 Other Among the different products available in the field of firewalls.

SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . metrics. and advanced user and ACL management. Nagios in particular enjoys a very strong reputation. reporting. machines. but also dependencies. active and passive monitoring support. access to supervision events. the graphs below do not display the average scores. Six open source solutions have been evaluated for this category. Supervision tools are used to monitor networks. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. service and host templates.COM Supervision and metrics are quite well covered by open source solutions. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 47 SUPERVISION AND METRICS WWW. The functionalities they provide include views of the status of supervised services and machines. with many quality products available. escalations. services and more.

SMILE-OSS. Cacti is distributed under the GPL v2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 48 Cacti Version studied: 0. PHP.net Community driven solution WWW.8. It operates from a web server equipped with a database and uses the PHP language. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in cases where there is heavy. Its highly advanced configuration capabilities mean that it is often used as a complement to supervision solutions like Nagios. It is considered the worthy successor of MRTG and provides a real interface with RRDTool by enabling changes to every aspect of the graphs it generates. Perl.) to perform more complex measurements. particularly for the metrics side. in some cases beyond mere metrics.7 Website: www.COM Cacti is based on the metrics solution. The community has developed many plug-ins that extend Cacti’s functionalities.cacti. etc. It can create a graphic representation of any quantifiable data collected either via network protocols like SNMP or scripts personalised by the user. specialised demand. RRDTool. VBs. Cacti also uses a system of scripts (Bash.

service and host templates. It is considered to be the benchmark for open source supervision solutions. Its modularity and the strong community revolving around Nagios (250. ksh.). Python.COM Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a network supervision application created in 1999 by Ethan Galstad. escalation notices.org Vendor driven solution (Nagios Enterprises) WWW. etc. Ruby. with extremely advanced configuration options.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: www. Nagios includes a multitude of functionalities such as multiple legacy management. PHP. C#. active and passive monitoring support and more.nagios. dependencies. etc.3.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 49 Nagios Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .000+ members participating in the development of numerous plug-ins and add-ons) offer supervision possibilities that now make it possible supervise almost any resource whatsoever. This makes it a very comprehensive tool that can adapt to any type of use. Perl. C++. The plug-ins are written in the programming language best suited to their task: shell scripts (Bash.

used to configure supervision tools like Nagios. Centreon is distributed under the GPL v2. advanced user and ACL management. reporting. For its web interface. metrics.COM Centreon is a front-end web interface developed and supported by the French company Merethis. Centreon is based on Apache and PHP technologies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 50 Centreon Version studied: 2.2.com Vendor driven solution (Merethis) WWW. and more.2 Website: www.centreon. it uses MySQL. access to supervision events. In addition to its configuration capabilities. Inciga and Shinken. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. and for its configuration and supervision data storage functions. the sophisticated interface also offers numerous functionalities like views of the status of supervised services and machines.

Zabbix can also perform SNMP and IPMI monitoring.COM Zabbix is a complete monitoring solution with an embedded front-end web interface. as well as network discovery. etc). Solaris. one or more decentralised servers.zabbix. Web checks are also incorporated. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and pre-compiled multi-platform agents (Windows. Linux. allowing for the simulation of a visitor’s route on a web server while simultaneously verifying content and page response times.SMILE-OSS. Graphs and maps can be modelled directly in the front end for all the values supervised by Zabbix and its agents. Zabbix is available under the GPL. AIX.8 Website: www. It is based on C/C++/PHP for the front end and MySQL/PostgreSQL/Oracle for the DB.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 51 Zabbix Version studied: 1.com Vendor driven solution (ZABBIX SIA) WWW.

data collection and processing (in SNMP. OpenNMS was designed to meet the demands of large companies in terms of scalability.SMILE-OSS. report generation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . automation and flexibility. OpenNMS is developed in Java and is based on the Jetty web server and the PostgreSQL DBMS.opennms.13 Website: www. XML. OpenNMS is available under the GPL v3 and complies with FCAPS standards.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 52 OpenNMS Version studied: 1. thereby providing for outof-the-box management of tens of thousands of resources. supervision of user path simulations. From the outset of its creation in 1999.COM OpenNMS is to open source what HP OpenView and IBM Tivoli are to the proprietary world of network management. nrpe and others). alerts and notifications with escalation and an on-call schedule. etc. multi-site compatibility (remote polling).8. network graphics and cards. Its many functionalities include automated discovery and monitoring of equipment and services. JMX. advanced management of active and passive events.org Vendor driven solution (OpenNMS Group) WWW.

It is written in Perl.SMILE-OSS. created by the company Redpill Linpro and joined by numerous other developers soon thereafter. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Munin is distributed under the GPL. The plug-ins are executable files that can be written in any language. which makes the software wholly multi-platform (Linux / UNIX / Windows). Munin can monitor any server parameter and then transmit the information in the form of graphs on a web interface.COM The project was started in 2004. or whatever else you might imagine.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 53 Munin Version studied: 1. applications.4. The project continues to be very active today. Its main assets are its simplicity and the multitude of available plug-ins (numbering in the hundreds) for additional graphs. Munin is based on the excellent RRDTool.5 Website: http://munin-monitoring. networks.org Community driven solution WWW. It can also be used to evaluate any metrics: systems.

org http://www.SMILE-OSS.com/network-monitoring/op5-monitor/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .op5.icinga.org https://www.zenoss.ch/mrtg http://community.COM Name MRTG Zenoss Icinga op5 Monitor URL / Website http://oss. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 54 Other Among the different products available in the field of supervision and metrics.oetiker.

In the world of open source solutions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 55 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS WWW. each offers special features that make them better suited to a particular context.COM Operating systems are the foundation of any computer programme. They provide the base for the execution of thousands of applications. two major families of operating systems are represented: Linux based and BSD based OSs.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Despite the fact that they share a common base.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . community-based operating system using the Linux kernel and launched by Ian Murdock in 1993 with the support of the Free Software Foundation.0 Website: www. the Debian project is the most complete distribution available.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 56 Debian Version studied: 6.org Community driven solution WWW. open source. Debian is a non-commercial GNU/Linux distribution. The distribution is published in accordance with the community orientated philosophy that gave rise to open source software.000 packages in version 6. and is a benchmark in terms of its quality and stability. with close to 30. With one of the largest open source communities in the world (more than 1600 developers).COM Debian is a free.debian.

Many agreements with software companies and hardware manufacturers ensure solid integration for companies.SMILE-OSS. Based on the historical Red Hat Linux distribution (now Fedora).redhat.0 Website: www.COM Red Hat Enterprise Linux is an open source operating system published by Red Hat since 1995. RHEL is designed for corporate use and enjoys vendor support and extended stability.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 57 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Version studied: 6.com/rhel Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

with an emphasis on compatibility with Microsoft technologies. making SUSE the oldest commercial distribution still existing today. both of which make it possible to consistently administrate heterogeneous environments with hardware from competing suppliers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 58 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux Version studied: 11 Website: www. Based on the OpenSUSE distribution.suse. now published by Novell.com Vendor driven solution (Novell / Attachmate Group) WWW.COM SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is an open source operating system created in 1996. The first version of this distribution appeared in early 1994. Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux continues to privilege open standards like CIM (Common Information Model) and WS-Management (Web Service Management). In terms of systems administration. Two versions are available: one for servers (SLES or SLE for Server) and the other for client computers (SLED or SLE for Desktop).SMILE-OSS. it is designed for corporate use. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

ubuntu. One of Ubuntu’s great success stories is the fact that it is used on the computers of French Members of Parliament. It is a compact distribution (frequently distributed by CD) with a high level of software compatibility and numerous software programmes. Ubuntu tends to be orientated toward the general public thanks to its user-friendly handling and control. Ubuntu can be used on servers and individual workstations alike. Officially supported by Canonical.04 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 59 Ubuntu Version studied: 11. That being said. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Ubuntu is a community open source operating system based on Debian.com Vendor driven solution (Canonical) WWW. either embedded or available for installation.SMILE-OSS. The project was launched in 2004 by Mark Shuttleworth of South Africa.

the OpenBSD project is a complete operating system that focuses on quality and code security. The vast majority of its code is written in C.COM OpenBSD is a free. open source. OpenBSD is distributed under the BSD License.openbsd. from which it separated in 1996. community operating system based on BSD UNIX. It is often used on sensitive network equipment.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 60 OpenBSD Version studied: 4. Developed by the OpenBSD Foundation.SMILE-OSS. The project is a spin-off of NetBSD. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW.9 Website: www. which boasts more than a hundred developers. It was created in 1994 by Theo de Raadt.

The project saw the light of day in 1993. The majority of its code is written in C. FreeBSD emphasises performance and functionalities.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 61 FreeBSD Version studied: 8. Mac and BSM audit framework) functionalities.COM FreeBSD is a free. FreeBSD is distributed under the BSD License.e. incorporating advanced storage (ZFS). It is primarily used on the web and at the core of proprietary hardware (Juniper and NetApp. open source.org Community driven solution WWW. and security (i. etc.freebsd. network.2 Website: www.). community operating system based on BSD UNIX. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 62 NetBSD Version studied: 5. The majority of its code is in C. Its careful design and advanced functionalities make it an excellent solution for both production environments and research.netbsd. NetBSD is distributed under the BSD License. community operating system based on BSD UNIX.SMILE-OSS. The project was created in 1993.COM NetBSD is a free.org Community driven solution WWW. It emphasises portability and code quality. It should be noted that the entirety of its source code can be accessed. It offers multiple forms of user support. Many applications are readily available via the NetBSD packets system. as well as user-friendliness. open source. NetBSD is developed and supported by a large and active international community. It is primarily used in research and in embedded devices.1 Website: www.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com http://fedoraproject.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 63 Other Among the different products available in the field of Linux & BSD operating systems.SMILE-OSS.COM Name Mandriva Linux Fedora URL / Website http://www.mandriva. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

and even less so the applications installed on each one).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 64 VIRTUALISATION WWW. including Xen and KVM. four open source tools were selected. virtualisation must conform to two basic principles: compartmentalisation (each operating system runs independently and cannot interfere with the other(s) in any way) and transparency (the fact of operating in a virtualised mode in no way changes how the operating system runs. in which the different operating systems share the server’s resources. the best known in the business world.COM Server virtualisation is a set of techniques and tools used to run multiple operating systems on the same physical server.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . To be of operational use. In this category. This means that the principle of virtualisation involves the principle of sharing.

1. Xen is available under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . This makes virtual machines more efficient and easier to administrate. The project was created in 2003 in the form of a research project at Cambridge University in England.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 65 Xen Version studied: 4. Xen was derived from a university research project and is now a part of the Linux kernel.org Vendor driven solution (Citrix) WWW. Paravirtualisation refers to a virtualisation system’s ability to interact with virtualised systems.SMILE-OSS. Citrix offers an enterprise edition of the solution along with the associated support.1 Website: http://xen.COM Xen is a hypervisor that handles paravirtualisation.

particular for inputs/outputs. OpenVZ can only run Linux systems.25 Website: www. Like any simple virtualisation solution. OpenVZ is primarily used in development and test environments. where it is not uncommon to have dozens of systems installed on the same host.openvz. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and the solution also uses less memory. The code is available under the GPL v2.SMILE-OSS.COM OpenVZ is a lightweight virtualisation solution for Linux that was created in 2005.0. This handicap is however offset by performance levels much closer to native levels than any other type of virtualisation.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 66 OpenVZ Version studied: 3.

20 Website: www. In some cases. KVM is distributed under the GPL.org Community driven solution WWW.2.COM KVM is a complete Linux-based virtualisation solution launched in 2005.6. KVM is a fork of QEMU. and supports advanced functions like migration and detailed inspections of the VM’s status. the source code for the two products is resynchronised. Included in the mainline Linux kernel since version 2.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 67 KVM Version studied: 2.linux-kvm. KVM can run virtual systems under all the major OSs by simulating standardised hardware.6.

1. merging of the host and guest desktops. etc.COM VirtualBox is a virtualisation solution created in 2007 and designed for installation on individual computers.2 Website: www. VirtualBox is distributed under the GPL v2.SMILE-OSS. can be added via proprietary plugins. like USB device sharing. Some options. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . mouse pointer integration.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW.virtualbox.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 68 Oracle VirtualBox Version studied: 4. VirtualBox supports a large number of guest operating systems and has functionalities that interact with these systems: file sharing.

COM Name QEMU Red Hat Virtualization URL / Website http://wiki.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 69 Other Among the different products available in the field of virtualisation.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.com/products/virtualization/server/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.qemu.redhat.

G729ab. These can be private networks or the Internet. In particular. In terms of open source solutions. IAX. offering a wide range of functionalities and a good capacity for integration with existing environments. The top solutions provide for interoperability with proprietary IPBX systems (used to route all or part of a company’s communications) via existing protocols (H. etc. GSM. iLBC. ADSL or optical) or wireless (satellite.323. etc.SMILE-OSS.) and the most commonly used codecs (G711.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 70 VOIP / TELEPHONY WWW. MGCP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and either wired (cable. Asterisk is the most frequently used and the most complete. WiFi or GSM). Speex. SIP.). this technology is used to support Telephony over Internet Protocol (ToIP) services.COM VoIP (Voice over IP) is a technique that enables voice communications over IP compatible networks.

Asterisk is distributed under the GPL. Some operators use it as the core of their telephone network.320. When combined with SugarCRM or vtiger.8.0 Website: www. H.323 and SIP. the most popular being Elastix and trixbox. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Asterisk can also play the role of registrar and gateway in connection with public networks. an IHM that manages all its functionalities.6. In its traditional use as an IP telephony platform. hold music. given its interoperability and its scalability. enquiry calls.COM Asterisk is an open source private automatic branch exchange (PABX) for UNIX systems. Asterisk implements the protocols H.SMILE-OSS. as well as a custom protocol called IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange).org Vendor driven solution (Digium) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 71 Asterisk Version studied: 1. Asterisk and FreePBX can be found in many Appliance distributions.asterisk. it provides for voice messaging. hold queues. call agents. Asterisk is typically combined with FreePBX. call distribution and conference calls. it is often used as a call centre management tool. Among other uses.

It supports asynchronous TCP.kamailio. and in traditional corporate telephony solutions. MySQL and LDAP back ends or via XML-RCP transport.1. It is used both by telecoms operators. the two other heavyweights in this domain. communications encryptions via TLS. Kamailio is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 72 Kamailio Version studied: 3.COM Kamailio is an open source SIP server. UDP and SCTP transactions. as a VoIP platform.5 Website: www.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is an alternative to FreeSWITCH and Asterisk. authentication on Radius. load balancing. This fork of the OpenSER project (in 2005) is one of the most complete PBXs. a native failover mechanism.

Kannel is distributed under the Kannel Software License (based on the Apache License).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 73 Kannel Version studied: 1.COM Kannel was developed in 1998 by WAPit Ltd.kannel.0 Website: www. it provides secure access to operator resources while supplying reliable. SMPP. a company that no longer exists today. robust SMS and WAP support. Kannel is written in C. Kannel supplies a set of APIs that allow it to be used as a front end for middleware and web applications requiring outbound WAP or SMS messages. Kannel is a carrier grade. which includes major corporations.5. open source SMS and WAP gateway that supports the standard SMSC protocols: UCP/EMI. The project is now managed by members of the Kannel Group. Included as an infrastructure brick. HTTP and CIMD. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW.

ro/pmwiki http://www.org/ser http://www.callweaver.null.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .sipfoundry. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.iptel.com/trixbox http://yate.org http://fonality.SMILE-OSS.COM Name CallWeaver SER sipXecs trixbox Yate FreeSWITCH URL / Website http://www.org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 74 Other Among the different products available in the field of VoIP/telephony.freeswitch.

COM The field of “messaging” is extremely vast.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 75 MESSAGING.SMILE-OSS. Anti-viruses like CLAV are covered in the Security section. This category includes presentations of messaging servers (SMTP and IMAP). the graphs below do not display the average scores. all of which are covered by a multitude of open source solutions. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ranging from individual messages to grouped mailshots. anti-spam tools and in-box interfaces (groupware). All these tools are invaluable in the implementation of a complete messaging system. EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE WWW.

COM Postfix is a messaging server. It was developed by Wietse Venema and several other contributors. Postfix is distributed under the IBM Public License. Postfix is a flexible. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .5 Website: www. More and more frequently used to replace Sendmail in open source email infrastructures. Postfix was originally created in 1997. LDAP directories. scalable SMTP server. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 76 Postfix Version studied: 2. Postfix can prevent spam (based on a public antispam list. It can query a large number of external sources of information (databases.). In particular.postfix.8.org Community driven solution WWW. for example). Its scope is relatively broad and perfectly suited to professional use. Postfix was first known as VMailer and then as IBM Secure Mailer.SMILE-OSS.

server side filtering (sieves) and a large number of SASL authentication methods.cyrusimap. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Cyrus is based on many standards and offers two downloadable editions.SMILE-OSS.COM Cyrus is a scalable mail server available for both personal and professional use.10 Website: www. The project came from Carnegie Mellon University in the US and dates back to 1994. As for Cyrus IMAPd. it is an open source IMAP server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 77 Cyrus IMAPd Version studied: 2. quotas. shared folders.org Community driven solution WWW. It supports advanced functionalities such as push (IDLE).4. Cyrus IMAPd is distributed under the BSD License. ACLs.

COM SpamAssassin is an anti-spam solution that uses a wide range of different techniques. DNSBL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 78 SpamAssassin Version studied: 3.).2 Website: http://spamassassin. It is a very widespread tool among mail servers.SMILE-OSS. invalid originator. etc.3. content analysis (Razor and DCC) and a number of other message formatting criteria (image to text ratio. It was launched in 1997 and is led by the Apache Software Foundation. various blacklist systems (URIBL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. SpamAssassin is available under the Apache License.org Community driven solution WWW. the creator of the famous Web Apache HTTP Server.). The technologies used include Bayesian analysis based on learned keywords. It is written in Perl. no text version.apache. including in the infrastructures of major suppliers.

The main benefit of DSPAM in relation to its competitors lies in the depth of its analytical engine.1 Website: www. based on learned keywords.COM DSPAM is an anti-spam solution based on Bayesian filtering and written by Jonathan A.com Community driven solution WWW. as well as its user interactions. has proven particularly effective after an initial learning phase.SMILE-OSS. Zdziarski. providing users with a web interface used to manage quarantines and to explicitly designate email as desirable or undesirable.nuclearelephant. This type of filtering.10. DSPAM is distributed under the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 79 DSPAM Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . also known as the author of Ending Spam.

In its commercial edition. Its 100% online. Zimbra’s webmail is in fact compatible with all modern browsers.COM Zimbra is a collaborative messaging server. BlackBerry. iCal. IMAP. Ajax based user interface is famous for its ergonomics. It supplies a SOAP base enabling the development of plug-ins called “Zimlets” that provide for the free extension of its functional scope. Symbian OS and Palm OS).1 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 80 Zimbra Version studied: 7. a derivative of the MPL. LDAP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Zimbra can also synchronise with virtually all mobile platforms (iPhone OS. The Zimbra suite includes a Zimbra Desktop fat client but remains fully compatible with standard fat clients like Microsoft Outlook. Zimbra is published under the Zimbra Public License. The messaging tool is based on a rich and robust infrastructure base: WebDAV (XML). Zimbra has become an indispensable reference in collaborative enterprise messaging.zimbra. Mozilla Thunderbird.com Vendor driven solution (VMware) WWW. SMTP. etc. Eudora. POP3 and CalDAV.1.SMILE-OSS. All Zimbra’s functionalities can be accessed through a web browser or a fat client. Today. Android. This makes it possible to interface with a telephony solution like Asterisk or a CRM tool like SugarCRM. HTTP(S).

org Community driven solution WWW. contacts and tasks.horde. It is fully modulable groupware (collaborative software). and to organise and share their calendars. collaborative messaging solution.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 81 Horde Version studied: 4. It is written in PHP. It allows users to read.SMILE-OSS. exchange and organise their emails. Horde is distributed under the GPL. Horde is an ergonomic bundle of applications like INgo.COM Horde Groupware Webmail Edition is a professional. whose ergonomics make it a key.0.8 Website: www. More than a mere aggregate of technical bricks. Turba. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . IMP and Mnemo. reliable collaborative messaging tool.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Zarafa’s collaborative messaging software natively supports the MAPI protocol.zarafa.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 82 Zarafa Version studied: 7. Its data are stored in a MySQL database.1 Website: www. Its webmail (which uses Ajax and is fully accessible online) and its direct interfacing with Outlook makes it the functional open source alternative that is most similar to Microsoft Exchange. It was originally developed in the Netherlands. the engine for Zarafa’s enterprise edition has embedded the Z-Push protocol. providing nearly complete compatibility with all smartphones and Pocket PCs on the market.SMILE-OSS.com Vendor driven solution (Zarafa) WWW. The webmail is based on Ajax with PHP processing (with the MAPI PHP extension). Zarafa is distributed under the Affero GPL v3.0. Since 2007.

For example. the tool is relatively well equipped. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . bulk import and export modules. Its data are stored in a MySQL database. template management. Siemens and more. It is used to manage corporate newsletters and email marketing campaigns. thereby earning its place here in this guide.SMILE-OSS. OpenEMM is distributed under the Common Public Attribution License (CPAL) 1. and the possibility of using web services and bounce management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 83 OpenEMM Version studied: OpenEMM 2011 Website: www. From a functional standpoint.org Vendor driven solution (AGNITAS AG) WWW. OpenEMM is based on the languages C. Java and Python. OpenEMM is used by major groups the likes of BenQ. it offers a 100% web interface available in several languages. with targeting tools. There are few open source email marketing solutions today that can boast a broad scope.0.openemm.COM OpenEMM is an open source email marketing solution developed since 1999 by the German company AGNITAS. OpenEMM is one of these. real time statistics. strong documentation. including English and French.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 84 Other Among the different products available in the field of messaging.com/sm/open_source/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .egroupware.org http://obm.COM Name Roundcube EGroupware OBM Open-Xchange Sendmail URL / Website http://roundcube.com http://www. email marketing and groupware.sendmail.net http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.org http://www.open-xchange.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 85 HTTP ACCELERATORS WWW. Some HTTP accelerators can handle fragment caching.COM HTTP accelerators. irrespective of the language used. including security. SSL acceleration. Advanced caching policies can offload web application servers. also referred to as “reverse proxies”.SMILE-OSS. load distribution. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is this last point in particular that we will be assessing in this section. namely by supporting the ESI standard. Web users “transit” via the reverse proxies to access internal server applications. compression and caching. are implemented on servers. They have a variety of different uses.

Squid is distributed under the GPL. used to regulate web traffic and to cache frequently viewed content.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 86 Squid Version studied: 3.squid-cache. Its main function is as a direct proxy. In some cases it is also used as a reverse proxy in web architectures.COM Squid is an HTTP proxy server commonly used by businesses.1 Website: www. When used for access control. It has been compatible with IPv6 since version 3. blacklisted URLs can be procured from third party suppliers. Squid was inspired by the Harvest project.org Community driven solution WWW. The first version of Squid dates back to 1996.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

1 Website: www. Varnish supports ESI (Edge Side Includes) tags.varnish-cache. this enables the definition of extremely detailed management rules. Varnish is distributed under the BSD License.0. Used to improve the performance of high traffic websites. Varnish is used by Facebook. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . for example. The product’s architect is Poul-Henning Kamp of Denmark. The tool is configured via VCL (Varnish Configuration Language) files. Varnish stores a portion of its data in virtual memory. Lastly.COM Varnish is a high performance HTTP cache. The first stable version of Varnish was launched in 2006 for the Norwegian newspaper Verdens Gang.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 87 Varnish Version studied: 3. Varnish also includes load distribution functionalities and can be used to test the availability of servers producing web content.org Vendor driven solution (Varnish Software) WWW.

COM Name nginx URL / Website http://nginx.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 88 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP accelerators. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

COM In this last category in the “Infrastructure” dimension. In particular. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.SMILE-OSS. we will present additional open source tools that are particularly useful to system and network administrators. we will be presenting CUPS (a print server). the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Samba (for UNIX file exchanges on Windows workstations). ProFTPD (an FTP server) and BIND (a DNS server).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 89 OTHER WWW.

accountancy. It is used on both individual workstations and dedicated print servers. It was created in late 1999 by Michael Sweet and Andrew Senft. owners of Easy Software Products.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 90 CUPS Version studied: 1. LPD and SMB (Windows). AppSocket.COM CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System) is a popular print server for UNIX systems. etc.) and compatibility with the traditional printing protocols IPP.5. and offers administrative capacities (file management. CUPS is available under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (Apple Inc. It can support a very large number of printers.) WWW.0 Website: www.cups.

In Windows.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 91 Samba Version studied: 3. Its first version dates back to 1992. Samba enables the use of a UNIX server to make these resources available to Windows clients.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: www. Samba is distributed under the GPL v3.samba.COM Samba is an SMB server for Windows workstations. It was written by Andrew Tridgell at Australian National University. Samba can also function as a domain controller on smaller networks. thus establishing compatibility between the two environments.6. the SMB protocol is used for file and printer sharing. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW.

which has made it possible for extensions to be written for SSL/TLS encryption support (FTPS protocol) and authentication via RADIUS. virtual hosts and users. ProFTPD allows the use of a MySQL database to manage FTP accounts in lieu of management by the machine’s users. well documented open source FTP server. It includes advanced functionalities like chroot.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 92 ProFTPD Version studied: 1.proftpd. accountancy and quotas. ProFTPD is available under the GPL. LDAP and SQL databases.3.3 Website: www. ProFTPD uses access and configuration syntax that is similar to the syntax used by Apache HTTP Server. Its architecture is modular. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM ProFTPD is a very powerful.org Community driven solution WWW.

SMILE-OSS.org/software/bind Community driven solution WWW.COM BIND is the benchmark for DNS servers. BIND’s origins date back to four students at the University of California.1 Website: www. namely DNSSEC (since the rewriting of its code in the early 2000s). Published by the Internet Software Consortium. BIND is a DNS server providing for both name resolution via name servers and hosting of its own zone. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 93 BIND Version studied: 9.8. Berkeley.isc. in the 1980s. It supports all advanced functionalities. BIND is available under the BSD License. Version 10 is now in development.

etc. e-shops. there is a broad panel of open source development solutions. federation and management Load testing tools Search engines HTTP and application servers MOM & EAI Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . typically found between the Infrastructure and Application layers.COM As its name indicates. could have been classified in the Infrastructure dimension. such as Eclipse and frameworks like Symfony and Django. like directories and databases. It is also particularly well equipped with open source products.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 94 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION WWW. and nearly 110 are listed in total. It should be noted that some tools. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension. Beyond applications like CMSs.SMILE-OSS.. document management solutions. among the following categories:        Corporate directories Databases BPM / Workflow Development tools Testing & Continuous integration ESBs Web development frameworks and libraries         Cross-platform mobile frameworks PKIs Identity authentication. the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension covers all the solutions useful to development functions.

are a specialised type of database designed to contain hierarchically arranged information on a company’s organisation. There is a standard used in most corporate directors to perform queries (LDAP protocol). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . But the use of corporate directories is not limited to text searches.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 95 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES WWW. the data pertain to people (users) and/or resources (printers and the like). In the open source universe.COM Corporate directories.SMILE-OSS. they can also be used as address books. even if tools like 389 Directory Server also boast a strong functional scope. Most of the time. to define the company’s security policy and more. for user authentication. OpenLDAP has the best reputation. also referred to as “electronic directories”.

9 Website: http://directory.org Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. 389 Directory Server is distributed under the GPL.fedoraproject. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 96 389 Directory Server Version studied: 1. with some portions like the GUI in Java. which also gave rise to OpenLDAP. itself based on the original slapd code. even if the first version of Fedora Directory Server came out in 2005. thereby enabling read and write access redundancy. particularly useful given that SunONE appears to have been dropped since its acquisition by Oracle.SMILE-OSS. 389 Directory Server implements the LDAP v3 protocol and stands out from its rival solutions thanks to its graphical administration interface in Java and master-master replication support. This means its origins date back to 1996. formerly Fedora Directory Server.9.COM 389 Directory Server. It is based on the source code of the venerable Netscape Directory Server. is an LDAP server developed by Red Hat within the Fedora community. thanks to its very similar code base. It is mostly written in C. It should also be noted that 389 Directory Server can be used as a replacement for SunONE/JES Directory Server.2.

while providing a scalable architecture through an overlay system and back end.). HP-UX.4. query transfers to Perl or Shell scripts. In addition.). Solaris. password policy. OpenLDAP implements the most recent version of the LDAP protocol (v3).). with each one administrating its own branch. OpenLDAP is developed in C and runs on Linux. etc. as well as on Windows and Mac OS X. OpenLDAP was created in 1998 by Kurt Zeilenga. is compatible with the GPL and has been validated by the Free Software Foundation.openldap.SMILE-OSS. etc.26 Website: www. or a SQL database. directory data can be stored in different back ends (LDAP proxy. enabling for example the implementation of an LDAP directory distributed to multiple sites. access log. It is a sound alternative to commercial directories. OpenLDAP is distributed under the OpenLDAP Public License. AIX. OpenLDAP also incorporates replication and delegation mechanisms. on different BSD variants on UNIX based OSs (Android. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 97 OpenLDAP Version studied: 2. Each overlay provides additional functionalities (dynamic group. etc.COM OpenLDAP is an open source company directory.org Community driven solution WWW.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 98 Other Among the different products available in the field of corporate directories.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.apache.COM Name Apache Directory OpenDS URL / Website http://directory.opends. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

SMILE-OSS. Current technologies make it possible to organise and structure a database such as to be able to easily handle its content and efficiently store very large volumes of information. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . They are used to store a batch of information in a pre-defined structure. Databases like MySQL and PostgreSQL are relational DBs that use SQL to query their data. The major DBMSs today are open source solutions like MySQL and PostgreSQL.COM Databases have become key components of the IT landscape.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 99 DATABASES WWW. Since 2009 a new trend has appeared: NoSQL. which is an alternative to SQL and the relational model and which provides a high level of scalability (expandability).

which enables the use of client libraries in programmes not compatible with the GPL. MySQL is developed in C and C++ and can run on a very broad range of platforms.SMILE-OSS. triggers. Oracle. Solaris. etc. MySQL is widely used at companies the likes of Google and Facebook. Initially focusing primarily on speed and simplicity.15 Website: www. clustering and data recovery in the event of a system failure. asynchronous replication. An Enterprise edition is also available. providing a number of graphics tools and support from its vendor company. referential integrity.mysql. stored procedures.) or Windows based.com Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. deployed especially in Internet environments. BSD. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM MySQL is a fast. MySQL has gradually adopted new functionalities reserved for traditional “corporate” databases. MySQL was created by Michael “Monty” Widenius in 1995. MySQL supports transactions. and by major websites like Wikipedia.5. MySQL uses the GPL and comes with exception linking.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 100 MySQL Version studied: 5. whether UNIX (Linux. robust RDBMS.

The project was launched by Michael Stonebraker in 1985 and the first version built using the current architecture was released in 1995.0.4 Website: www. Its performance and stability allow it to be integrated with even the most demanding production platforms. Solaris. etc. custom rules to modify the query execution path. The functional scope of PostgreSQL is vast and comparable to other Enterprise databases on the market. a wide variety of data types. approved by the Open Source Initiative. transactions. custom functions. legacy tables. full text searches and more.postgresql. It supports stored procedures.SMILE-OSS. function indexes.) or Windows based. whether UNIX (Linux. PostgreSQL uses the PostgreSQL License.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 101 PostgreSQL Version studied: 9. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW. PostgreSQL is written in C and can run on a very broad range of platforms.COM PostgreSQL is the most complete open source RDBMS available today. triggers. BSD. PostgreSQL is a followup to Ingres.

mongodb.SMILE-OSS. MongoDB is distributed under the Affero GPL.org Vendor driven solution (10gen. Inc. MongoDB takes advantage of the sharp upturn in interest for document databases that are better aligned with modern environments that need to handle extremely heterogeneous data and for which relational DBMSs are not necessarily the most appropriate.COM MongoDB is a document orientated database that is part of the NoSQL movement and that allows for document storage in BSON format (a binary form of JSON). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Further.0 Website: http://www.) WWW. Inc. It is upgradable in decentralised environments via replication and sharding mechanisms. It is written in C++.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 102 MongoDB Version studied: 2. the database is supported by a commercial entity.0. 10gen. Its particularly successful integration with most programming languages and its quality documentation have earned MongoDB its great popularity.

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Redis
Version studied: 2.2.13 Website: http://redis.io Vendor driven solution (VMware)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Redis is a key-value data warehouse from the NoSQL movement. The project is sponsored by VMware. The first version was published by Salvatore Sanfilippo and Pieter Noordhuis in 2009. Like most key-value data stores, Redis offers a HTTP REST interface. Its originality in relation to other available solutions lies in the fact that Redis includes a set of data manipulation functions that are primarily orientated toward handling stored character strings, giving Redis the capacity to build queries that are slightly more complex than its competitors, traditionally limited to CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) operations. The strong performance of Redis in both read and write modes positions it as an excellent choice for the implementation of cache back ends and session managers. Redis is distributed under the BSD License. It is written in C.

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Cassandra
Version studied: 0.8.5 Website: http://cassandra.apache.org Foundation driven solution (Apache)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Cassandra is another NoSQL database. Initially developed by Facebook in 2008, it was later released and its development is now the work of the Apache Foundation. Cassandra is a column oriented database. Designed for massively distributed roll-outs (potentially across multiple datacentres), Cassandra is one of the most effective databases wherever there is a need to respond to massive data processing issues. Further, its completely decentralised architecture makes it highly resistant to failures. Like most column oriented databases, it is also particularly well suited to business intelligence functions. Cassandra is distributed under the Apache License. It is written in Java.

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Other
Among the different products available in the field of databases, the following tools can also be added to the list:

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Name Berkeley DB db4o Apache Derby Firebird HSQLDB Ingres SQLite CouchDB Neo4j Voldemort

URL / Website http://www.oracle.com/us/products/database/berkeley-db http://www.db4o.com http://db.apache.org/derby http://www.firebirdsql.org http://hsqldb.org http://www.ingres.com/products/ingres-database http://www.sqlite.org http://couchdb.apache.org http://neo4j.org http://www.project-voldemort.com

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BPM / WORKFLOW

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Leave requests, document validation and paperless customer relations: these processes are at the core of the information systems used by companies and government agencies. BPM (Business Process Management) solutions offer a modern approach in which users are largely released from technical constraints when modelling, deploying and optimising their processes. BPM solutions provide for graphic process modelling, form generation and adaptation, and online request monitoring. In the world of open source solutions, quality tools are available, such as Bonita, the flagship open source BPM product.

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Bonita
Version studied: 5.5.2 Website: http://www.bonitasoft.com Vendor driven solution (BonitaSoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

First developed by Bull in the early 2000s, the product has been driven by the open source vendor BonitaSoft since 2009. Bonita offers an extremely user-friendly graphic process modeller that makes it possible to deploy simple BPM applications (e.g. the publication of leave request forms on an Intranet site) in just a few clicks. The forms are automatically generated by the solution or can be configured in advance. Access to and processing of pending requests are intuitive, thanks to the “user XP” interface, which is very similar to a mail client. But Bonita’s real strength lies in its system of connectors, available in their default form or custom developed. A community edition of Bonita is available under the GPL v2. The SP (Subscription Pack) edition is subject to subscription and comes with additional functionalities, as well as support. Bonita is developed in JEE, the language also used to develop new connectors. Some advanced configurations are done in Groovy.

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jBPM is an excellent BPM engine. its simplicity. being both powerful and lightweight. the web interface is only available via Drools (a rule engine). Version 5 has been announced as BPMN 2. and the product remains a key technical BPM brick for projects.COM jBPM is developed by a community with the support of JBoss. which cancels out the tool’s chief advantage. many software companies have integrated jBPM with their solutions. When used as a software brick. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The product does currently suffer from a lack of community dynamics. particularly in open source environments. jBPM is published under the LGPL and is developed in Java.0 compatible. Eclipse (developer) and web (functional user) interfaces enable graphical workflow management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 108 jBPM Version studied: 5.jboss. In addition.SMILE-OSS. As the benchmark for open source BPM in recent years. The latest version is promising though.1 Website: www.org/jbpm Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW. it is easy to configure and enjoys a comprehensive API. but suffer from a degree of immaturity that makes them unsuited to management by non-technical users.

robust BPM engine.7 Website: www. Nonetheless. for example.COM Activiti is published by the producer of ECM.activiti. its actual implementation necessarily requires a solid technical background.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 109 Activiti Version studied: 5. Activiti is at the cutting edge and enjoys excellent dynamics thanks to the widespread popularity of its sponsor.SMILE-OSS. which wanted to develop an alternative to jBPM for its own purposes. as is the case at Alfresco. Alfresco. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Activiti is a lightweight. Technically.org Vendor driven solution (Alfresco) WWW. Activiti is published under the Apache License and is developed in Java. In electing to make it a stand-alone component. Its youth makes it better suited as a BPM brick integrated with more complex projects. Activiti does however boast user-friendly process design interfaces that allow functional and technical teams to work together on process modelling. Today. Alfresco is banking on the dynamic nature of open source (the product has been handed over to the Spring community) and aims to make it the benchmark for open source BPM.

there are also excellent open source development bricks that can be used to build ambitious projects under optimal conditions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 110 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS WWW. ticket managers like MantisBT. the graphs below do not display the average scores. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.SMILE-OSS. automation tools like Ant and Phing. development environments like Eclipse. particularly web applications. and collaboration and software engineering solutions like Tuleap.COM This section presents the tools useful in the development of applications. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . source code management tools like Subversion and Git. It includes project management tools like Redmine and Maven. As we will see.

Ant is distributed under the Apache License and is supported by the foundation of the same name.COM Ant (“Another Neat Tool”) is a task automation tool used throughout the software development cycle. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Ant allows for the automation of repetitive operations throughout a project.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 111 Ant Version studied: 1.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Ant is mainly used in Java projects. back-ups. The tasks most commonly entrusted to Ant include external tool execution (like Checkstyle and FindBugs).SMILE-OSS. archiving. etc.apache. similarly to Make commands.2 Website: http://ant. programme compilation. Ant is written in Java.8. although it can also be used in projects utilising other technologies. documentation generation (Javadoc). Ant was designed by James Duncan Davidson in 2000 (when the first version was released).

that can be launched from the command line. depending on needs. Phing is distributed under the LGPL (Lesser Public General License) v3. file handling. work with source code version managers. via the intermediary of new PHP classes. uses an XML file to define a list of actions (the “target”).phing. In particular.). code analysis tools and delivery management. Phing. like Ant.SMILE-OSS.7.1 Website: www. etc.info/trac Community driven solution WWW. such as the launch of unit testing. each containing one or more tasks (file copies. Linux and Mac OS X platforms. Distributed through the PEAR package manager. etc. code analysis with PHP CodeSniffer. it is used to automate recurring tasks during IT project developments.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 112 Phing Version studied: 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Phing is developed in PHP and is compatible with the Windows.) that is very easy to expand. command launches. Phing can use ancillary libraries like Xdebug and phpcs for some of its tasks. It incorporates a long list of native tasks (execution of PHPUnit testing. PHP Mess Detector.COM Phing is an IT project life cycle management tool inspired by Ant and originally developed by Andreas Aderhold.4.

eclipse. initiated by IBM in 2001. but not just in respect of software coding. The Eclipse Foundation is now the official sponsor.SMILE-OSS. Eclipse is written in Java. Designed around a shared platform coupled with spin-off components. test. The purpose of Eclipse is to provide tools that foster productivity. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the project is in fact a composite of many sub-projects specific to the underlying technologies.7 Website: www. modelling. reporting and other environments.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 113 Eclipse Version studied: 3. but also design. Although Eclipse is written in Java.COM Eclipse is a scalable. Eclipse is published under the EPL (Eclipse Public License). multi-functional development environment.org Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. It includes integrated development environments. it can be used for developments in any programming language.

Victor Boctor and Julian Fitzell in 2002. severity. PostgreSQL. MantisBT allows for project based ticket allocation.).mantisbt. MS SQL or DB2). the tool offers functionalities like a customisable status chaining workflow. a personalised page for each user that lists the tickets they opened and those assigned to them. who launched the project in November 2000. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . was soon joined by Jeroen Latour. public/private.SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. sub-project creation and more. Requests can also be classified using a variety of criteria (type. In particular. It has primarily been tested for Web Apache and IIS servers.2. category. etc. MantisBT is distributed under the GNU GPL v2. user rights management. an admin section for each project in which users can be added/deleted. service requests and more) that is suited to any type of project.8 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 114 MantisBT Version studied: 1. upgrade requests. MantisBT is developed in PHP and requires the use of a database (MySQL. priority.COM MantisBT is a very popular web based bug tracking tool (covering anomalies. a notification system. Kenzaburo Ito. a filtered ticket search form. the four now form the core development team for the product.

0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 115 Maven Version studied: 3. Maven was designed for Java projects in general and for Java EE projects in particular. Maven is distributed under the Apache License. PMD.COM Maven is a technical project management tool. etc.apache. NCSS. Maven was designed for project standardisation and use. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Maven also offers advanced integration of numerous reporting tools (Surefire. perform complete automated deliveries. deploy applications and simplify project roll-outs on a continuous integration platform.SMILE-OSS.). Its development is mainly performed by the Apache Foundation.3 Website: http://maven. Checkstyle. It can also manage a project’s dependencies. It is written in Java.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 116 Subversion Version studied: 1. Subversion is distributed under the Apache and BSD Licenses.17 Website: http://subversion.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. A popular standard. files can be renamed and/or moved without losing their histories. revision numbers are global across the entire data warehouse.6. etc. whose implementation (but not its concept) had been called into question. A spin-off of CVS.SMILE-OSS. It became an official Apache Foundation project in 2010. A number of additional functionalities have been included: directories and metadata are versioned. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . its development was initialised in 2000 by the company CollabNet. it has been selected by many open source software communities.apache. Apache Subversion was written to overcome the shortcomings of CVS. Numerous tools and resources are available to turn it to its best advantage. It is written in C.COM Subversion (SVN) is a centralised version control system.

COM Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS). Git’s ability to easily create and administrate branches makes it a top-grade tool for open source project development. It also enables the use of a development workflow. such as subjecting a code’s transmission to approval by one of the developers.1 Website: http://git-scm. It is written in C.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 117 Git Version studied: 1. Git is distributed under the GPL v2. then to push a set of local commits to other developers. Among other functions. It is an open source software solution created by Linus Torvalds in 2005.7.SMILE-OSS.6. In particular. Bourne Shell and Perl. it is used in the Linux kernel and for PHP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Community driven solution WWW. Git is used to “commit” locally.

classification by category. their status.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 118 Redmine Version studied: 1. etc. It was developed in Ruby on the basis of the Ruby on Rails framework.COM Redmine is a collaborative tool used to manage projects via a secure web interface.. and assignment of requests to the relevant project participants. email and RSS feed notifications. depending on the project. title. user.2.org Community driven solution WWW.redmine. profile and rights management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . date. management of requests.1 Website: www. their priority and their history. owner. etc. document management. It was created by Jean-Philippe Lang in 2006. Redmine offers the following functionalities: secure multi-project management. project status views in the form of a Gantt diagram. Redmine is distributed under the GPL v2.SMILE-OSS.

Enalean. document management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 119 Tuleap Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . providing bug.enalean.COM Tuleap is an open source software suite that provides the tools that companies need for software development and efficient collaboration. Tuleap’s vendor. Tuleap is a complete ALM suite.0. at major companies the likes of STMicroelectronics. based its economic model on the provision of professional services and support. Also referred to as a software forge or ALM (Application Lifecycle Management). Tuleap was developed by the company Enalean. version control. collaboration tools and more.SMILE-OSS.21 Website: http://www. continuous integration. test and risk tracking. Tuleap’s software is used by tens of thousands of users around the world for their professional developments. Tuleap is distributed under the GPL. Tuleap is primarily written in PHP.com/en/products/tuleap-suite/ Vendor driven solution (Enalean) WWW. ST-Ericsson and Orange.

the following can also be added to the list: WWW.nongnu.org/gf http://trac.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 120 Other Among the different products available in the field of development tools.selenic.org http://mercurial.org http://gforge.edgewall.SMILE-OSS.COM Name CVS GForge Trac Mercurial URL / Website http://cvs.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 121 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION WWW.e. To implement continuous integration platforms. the graphs below do not display the average scores.SMILE-OSS.COM Continuous integration is a set of practices designed to improve the quality of application deliveries by checking that the result of each source code change does not lead to any regressions (i. Graphics rendering (results display) solutions can also be found in connection with these tools. such as Continuum and Hudson. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. additional errors relating to the added code). many quality open source tools exist.

highly detailed rights management and integrated reporting on unit test results. Continuum is distributed under the Apache License.SMILE-OSS. but also build distributions to slaves. Within these groups.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.COM Continuum is the Apache Foundation’s continuous integration tool. configuration of different execution environments.7 Website: http://continuum. the various configurations and rights are pooled. It offers all the functionalities one might expect of such a tool: configurable automations. The functionality that makes Continuum stand out from the rest is the possibility of grouping modules/projects together in project groups. It is written in Java. which provides for simple management of a series of projects. of course. even for groups with rapidly increasing numbers.apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 122 Continuum Version studied: 1.3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

COM Jenkins is a continuous integration tool. intergenerational dependencies. Project generation can be initiated in various ways:planning mechanisms similar to cron. or queries on specific URLs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 123 Jenkins / Hudson Version studied: 2. Jenkins is a fork of Hudson.1 Website: http://hudson-ci. Jenkins is distributed under the MIT and Creative Commons Licenses. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . as well as its simpler. Hudson was the continuous integration tool developed by Oracle/Sun.1. Historically. Jenkins is chiefly used in the continuous integration solutions market. Here we look at both Jenkins and Hudson. less austere interface than Continuum’s. It is written in Java. which comprises hundreds of plug-ins. Jenkins can automate project building and can generate quality and testing reports. Jenkins’s major asset is its ecosystem.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW.SMILE-OSS.

Users can choose to utilise its recording capabilities or can modify the scripts manually. The project began in 2004 at ThoughtWorks in Chicago.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 124 Selenium IDE Version studied: 1.). etc.0. Selenium IDE can be used to record interface tests from Firefox and then to store them so that they can be played back with Selenium. Selenium is distributed under the Apache License. This tool is very useful in confirming that an interface conforms to expectations. In addition. Plone. thanks to Jason Huggins who wanted to test the response times of various applications (Python.org/projects/ide Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . it can be integrated with a continuous integration platform in order to automate interface testing.4 Website: http://seleniumhq.COM Selenium is an interface testing tool. Selenium IDE is not just a recording tool: it is in fact an integrated development environment (IDE).SMILE-OSS.

PMD is licensed under a BSD-style license. PHP Mess Detector).a. overcomplicated expressions and copied/pasted code (thanks to its CPD plug-in). a. an interesting indicator when assessing software quality.sourceforge. By using a system of scalable rules. dead code.k. also known as “Project Mess Detector” or “Project Meets Deadline”.SMILE-OSS.5 Website: http://pmd.COM PMD. is a static code analysis tool designed to detect the most common programming errors. PMD can detect empty try/catch statements. The rules can be written using XPath expressions or Java classes (or PHP for PHPMD).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 125 PMD Version studied: 4. PMD can also calculate cyclomatic source code complexity. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . PMD analyses Java source code.2. There is also a PHP equivalent (PHPMD.net Community driven solution WWW.

net http://cruisecontrol. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.sonarsource.sourceforge.com/sebastianbergmann/phpunit http://findbugs.net http://www.sourceforge.sourceforge.COM Name Sonar Checkstyles JUnit PHPUnit FindBugs CruiseControl URL / Website http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 126 Other Among the different products available in the field of testing and continuous integration.junit.org https://github.SMILE-OSS.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://checkstyle.

ESBs act as “mediators” between clients and service providers (applications). ESBs are often presented as a new architecture that uses different techniques like transformation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Mule and Petals. information transfers and routing. where these do not already include services or interfaces designed for that purpose.COM ESBs (Enterprise Service Buses) allow applications to communicate with one another. and web services. Benchmark solutions in the open source universe include the likes of Talend ESB.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 127 ESBS WWW.

The merger of the Talend Data Management and Sopera ASF solutions resulted in the creation of a high level integrated middleware tool that combines the flexibility of use of a corporate services management framework with the power of data manipulation tools.SMILE-OSS. has acquired Sopera. known in its home country for its prestigious clients the likes of Deutsche Post. Zurich Insurance and Landesbank Berlin. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the leader in open source data management. The key features that set this solution apart are a very well equipped mediation platform. This has made Talend ESB a first class tool that allows for work on both Data Quality and Service Quality. Talend ESB is distributed under the Apache License. high level centralised technical monitoring and integration of the Talend suite. a German SOA and middleware platform vendor.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 128 Talend ESB Version studied: 4.2.talend.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW.1 Website: http://www.COM Talend. It is a very solid product that merits exploration. service distribution capacity.

POP3 and XMPP. now CTO of MuleSoft (formerly MuleSource). protocols and technologies. Mule is distributed under the CPAL (Common Public Attribution License).org Vendor driven solution (MuleSoft.mulesoft. multicast.SMILE-OSS. including JMS. UDP. Mule is also an exchange platform with substantial routing capacity. email. JMS and more. SMTP. TCP. XML-RPC. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .) WWW. Mule is a platform that is conducive to multiple exchanges between different applications that use different technologies such as HTTP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 129 Mule Version studied: 3. HTTP. Inc.0 Website: www.2. Its architecture was designed to be scalable. Mule supports more than 50 standards. It is written in Java. In fact. servlets.COM Mule is both an ESB and an EAI tool. The open source project was developed in 2003 by Ross Mason. JDBC.

SOAP. JSR 181.3 Website: http://petals. Petals ESB is at the centre of a complete open source solution for SOA infrastructures. SMTP. EIP.ow2.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (Petals Link) driven solution WWW. XSD WSDL. IMAP and JSE Platform. SCA. Petals ESB is a response to the issues encountered with SOA: a flexible information system adapted to rapid IT developments. all of which with a real time system and openness to the outside world. POP. mediator and turntable for SOA infrastructures. BPEL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The project is coordinated by Petals Link and is developed based on the OW2 Consortium’s forges. Java. including JBI. Petals Master (SOA governance) and Petals Studio (SOA development environment).1. XSLT. Integrated with Petals View (business supervision).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 130 Petals Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS.COM Petals ESB is an open source enterprise service bus. Petals ESB is distributed under the LGPL. Petals supports and integrates many protocols and technologies. REST.

apache.jboss.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 131 Other Among the different products available in the field of ESBs.apache.org http://synapse.org/jbossesb http://servicemix. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name JBoss Enterprise Service Bus ServiceMix Synapse URL / Website http://www.

JavaScript. and use standard. Frameworks typically include a wide range of ready to use functionalities with well polished implementations.). The frameworks available on the market are generally of high quality. Python. well implemented design models. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The time saved on more general issues can then be devoted to the custom aspects of the application. Ruby. Frameworks can be found for any language (Java. with approaches than can vary widely. PHP.SMILE-OSS. etc.COM A framework can reduce application development times by effectively responding to the most common problems encountered by developers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 132 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES WWW. Most modern applications are based on web frameworks or libraries.

The developer has standardised access to the database (thanks to the ORM Doctrine).0.COM Symfony is an MVC web framework written in PHP.org Vendor driven solution (Sensio Labs) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Symfony also provides a set of command line tools used to manage the cache.SMILE-OSS.symfony-project. The framework also supplies a large library of utility functions. Symfony is a framework whose operating principles are similar to Django and Ruby on Rails. to generate the basic structure and the edit screens for declared objects (scaffolding). On the security end. the first version was released in 2005. Created by Fabien Potencier. controllers and views. which provides a complete development context. etc.0 came out in August 2011. symfony protects against traditional attacks on web applications (SQL injection.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 133 Symfony Version studied: 2. to automatically generate an administrative interface (admin generator). Adherence to the HTTP protocol and the MVC paradigm are the core of the framework. XSS. Symfony is developed by Sensio Labs and distributed under the MIT License. and the eagerly awaited version 2. CSRF and so on).0 Website: www.

which also publishes the Zend engine that is at the core of the PHP interpreter.COM Zend Framework is one of the duo of leaders in PHP frameworks. From a general point of view.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 134 Zend Framework Version studied: 1.zend.com Vendor driven solution (Zend Technologies) WWW.SMILE-OSS. Zend Framework is distributed under the New BSD License and is supported by Zend Technologies. and Zend_Captcha. Zend’s approach is quite different from symfony. but rather a lightweight table gateway interface. if not the most used. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Zend Framework offers a very broad range of components. used to communicate with Google services. with database abstraction. Nonetheless. It can also be seen as more of a component library than a complete framework. with a much lighter coupling of its components. alongside symfony. It should however be noted that Zend Framework does not include ORM. which integrates CAPTCHAs with the application.2 and supports all databases handled by PDO. it provides the components needed to create MVC applications. these include Zend_Gdata. It is one of the most commonly used PHP frameworks.11 Website: http://framework. Zend Framework requires PHP 5. Among others.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 135 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Spring MVC is an annotation based.COM Spring is a portfolio of tools and libraries.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 136 Spring Version studied: 3. making the tool a must in the Java ecosystem. Spring is built on a lightweight container.6 Website: www. Spring ORM is a data access abstraction library.0.springsource. It offers a complete stack as a sort of alternative to the standard Java EE stack. More simplistic that AspectJ. The classes that respond to user actions are annotated to indicate the method that should be used and the view that should be served. Spring AOP is an aspect oriented programming framework. which allows it to manage dependencies between the objects forming the application.org Vendor driven solution (SpringSource. Spring ORM and Spring AOP. It provides an abstraction for the usual persistence frameworks like Hibernate. Spring AOP nonetheless offers the usual AOP tools with different types of grafts and different ways of expressing pointcuts. The main components are Spring MVC. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Spring is distributed under the Apache License. a division of VMware) WWW. Spring is also used to load the application’s various configurations. for transaction management and for a whole series of utility tools. One of the portfolio’s many components can then be used on top of this lightweight container.SMILE-OSS. JDO and EclipseLink. full REST MVC framework.

which require the installation of a special plug-in on client workstations. paradoxically. manual integration that consists of a translation of the layout in XML and Java.com/webtoolkit Vendor driven solution (Google) WWW. GWT enables the development of elaborate applications in pure Java that is “compiled” in JavaScript and HTML. GWT can be used to create and maintain dynamic web applications that implement JavaScript. GWT is distributed under the terms of the Apache License. The result is an extensive application that adheres to web standards. However. using the Java language and tools.google. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . whose version 1. which requires time-consuming.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 137 GWT Version studied: 2. very difficult to integrate a HTML layout.4 Website: http://code.SMILE-OSS. unlike technologies such as Flex and Silverlight.COM Google Web Toolkit is an RIA framework developed by Google. it is. because GWT generates all its interface views using XML and Java.0 dates back to 17 May 2006. GWT’s XML format for interface descriptions allows for rapid development.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 138 WWW.

Implementation follows a strict object based logic and could benefit from call chaining to simplify the writing. jQuery simplifies multi-browser JavaScript developments by providing an API that is independent of the underlying platform.NET Ajax. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a multitude of plugins are available from the official website. It was created by John Resig in 2006. One of jQuery’s strong points is its simplified plug-in writing. including Microsoft ASP. jQuery also has a compatibility mode. event management. including Internet Explorer 6.3 Website: http://jquery. and animation and management of Ajax calls. jQuery has been integrated into numerous open source projects. The purpose of jQuery is to simplify the usual JavaScript manipulations: DOM manipulation.com Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 139 jQuery Version studied: 1. As the community is extremely responsive.SMILE-OSS. which allows its use at the same time as another JavaScript library.6. providing for virtually restriction-free integration.COM jQuery is one of the main JavaScript libraries. jQuery is compatible with the vast majority of browsers. which enables the reuse and functional encapsulation of behaviours. jQuery is distributed under the MIT License or the GPL. and Google supplies a CDN for the library’s files.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 140 WWW.

7 Website: www. It should however be noted that DOM expansion has raised a number of issues and is currently being withdrawn from the library. Prototype is distributed under the MIT License.prototypejs.). including Internet Explorer 6. legacy objects. etc. Prototype is written in JavaScript and is compatible with the vast majority of browsers. JavaScript development with Prototype brings in a number of traditional object oriented programming concepts that are absent from standard JavaScript (constructors. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. Prototype’s goal is to enrich the JavaScript language and the DOM by attaching additional components and functionalities. Over and above its simplification of cross-browser and Ajax oriented development.org Community driven solution WWW.COM Prototype is a JavaScript library created by Sam Stephenson in 2005 in order to add Ajax support to the Ruby on Rails framework.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 141 Prototype Version studied: 1. In this way.

Zenexity contributes to the project and performs product development and support.org Vendor driven solution (Zenexity) WWW. Play! also has its own technical project manager. which allows it.3 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. Don’t Repeat Yourself. It therefore includes the transposition to Java of the main concepts used in frameworks like RoR. Django and symfony: MVC. and its own application server (although it is also easy to deploy on a Tomcat server). Play! is distributed under the Apache License 2. to transparently reload the modified code on the fly. for example.2. used to create CRUD interfaces. The principle behind Play! is to reduce the Java development life cycle and to limit the complexity of applications often associated with Java projects.COM Play! is a web-oriented Java framework created by Guillaume Bort in 2007. Play! is written in Java. Convention over Configuration.0. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 142 Play! Version studied: 1.playframework. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . its templates in Groovy and the project manager in Python.

It is developed in Python.).SMILE-OSS. supplying as many pre-existing components as possible. CSRF.djangoproject. an infrastructure for form manipulation and data entry validation. such as a database abstraction layer.1 Website: https://www. Django is based on the MVC paradigm and on the principle of Don’t Repeat Yourself. CRUD interface creation tools and classic web attack prevention systems (XSS.COM Django is the benchmark for web frameworks in Python. Some of the more noteworthy websites that use Django include Disqus and Spotify.com Foundation driven solution (Django Software Foundation) WWW. a cache system.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 143 Django Version studied: 1. Django is distributed under the BSD License. SQL injection. It was created in 2005 by the company Lawrence Journal-World. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .3. etc. a templating engine. It should be noted that Django is available on the Google App Engine platform. an interface for the Python unit testing framework (PyUnit).

The first version. HTTP management and Ajax calls) are integrated with the framework and allow the developer to concentrate on the business logic rather than the technical aspects.org Community driven solution WWW. database access.SMILE-OSS. One of RoR’s success stories has been Twitter.1 Website: http://rubyonrails. in the name of which it supplies a number of code and interface generators (scaffolding). even if some parts (not linked to the front office) have been rewritten in Scala following load bearing issues with the Ruby interpreter. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The Ruby on Rails framework is characterised by the concept of Don’t Repeat Yourself. the classic lower layers (security. written by David Heinemeier Hansson. was released in 2004.COM Ruby on Rails is a web framework.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 144 Ruby on Rails Version studied: 3. These generators mean the developer does not have to perform the operations over again or recode similar standard functionalities. Ruby on Rails is distributed under the MIT License. It is developed in Ruby. In the same spirit.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 145 Other Among the different products available in the field of web development frameworks and libraries.SMILE-OSS.com http://incubator.org http://cxf.me http://www.com http://jelix.org/zetacomponents May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www.apache.com http://codeigniter.phpontrax.com http://www.COM Name CakePHP Lithium Prado PHPonTrax CodeIgniter Jelix CXF Yii Zeta Components URL / Website http://cakephp.org http://lithify. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.pradosoft.apache.yiiframework.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . mobile applications have increased exponentially in recent years.COM With the advent of the smartphone. three frameworks stand out far above the rest: PhoneGap. as mentioned above. Symbian and Palm. This is the case. engendering a corresponding increase in development work. These frameworks use different techniques to obtain relatively similar results. crossplatform open source mobile frameworks have been created. To avoid duplicating development work. as well as Rhodes and Titanium. In the world of open source solutions. Many mobile operating systems now exist. for example. BlackBerry. Android.SMILE-OSS. enabling porting to X operating systems from the same source code. among others. with PhoneGap.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 146 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS WWW. which runs on the iPhone.

7.0. Titanium’s JavaScript API provides for multi-platform development and its SDK generates native code from the JavaScript code.COM Titanium Mobile is a multi-platform framework that can generate native applications for iOS and Android. Titanium enables access to all smartphone and tablet PC functionalities.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 147 Titanium Version studied: 1. This product is available under the Apache License 2. etc. and a multitude of extensions are also available (PayPal.appcelerator. and Appcelerator offers a variety of support levels ranging from Indie to Professional.SMILE-OSS. barcode scanner. The databases manipulated are SQLite DBs. BlackBerry support is now in beta mode.com/products/titanium-mobile-application-development Vendor driven solution (Appcelerator) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .). The tool has been developed by Appcelerator since 2009.2 Website: http://www. An application can be developed with Titanium in JavaScript. Titanium currently supports iOS and Android. while its extensions are written in native code.

etc. accelerometer. video camera. packaged by the tool so that they can be launched by the target smartphone’s native browser.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: www.COM PhoneGap is a tool used to create multi-platform mobile applications that adhere to web standards. PhoneGap also offers an API that can call up the smartphone’s advanced functionalities (GPS.0. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Nitobi) WWW. Nitobi recently launched the service PhoneGap Build. PhoneGap is distributed under the MIT License.phonegap.). The applications produced using PhoneGap are web applications. It currently supports six platforms. which generates final applications from a web interface. making it a complete and technically relevant solution for the development of multi-platform mobile applications.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 148 PhoneGap Version studied: 1. It has been developed by Canadian company Nitobi since 2008.

including an online IDE and a marketplace. The tool has been developed by Rhomobile since 2009.COM Rhodes is a multi-platform. On the development side. The final.SMILE-OSS. open source framework dedicated to the development of mobile applications. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Rhomobile also offers an entire suite of tools for the development and distribution of Rhodes applications. Rhodes is available under the MIT License. generated application has an embedded Ruby VM and a web server. which allows Rhodes to support many different platforms.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 149 Rhodes Version studied: 3. by way of Symbian). in order to remain separate from the target platform.com/products/rhodes/ Vendor driven solution (Rhomobile) WWW. Its views are developed in HTML and the applications. in Ruby. Rhodes is a framework inspired by Ruby on Rails.0 Website: http://rhomobile. Rhodes supports a large number of platforms (ranging from Android to Windows Phone 7.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 150 PKIS WWW. OpenTrust and EJBCA. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenCA.SMILE-OSS.COM PKI-style solutions are used to make electronic relationships (i. PKI tools simplify the development of transactional activities. whether via signature certificates (email or web access) or encryption (using two keys). email) secure by guaranteeing their confidentiality.e. In making identity management secure. authentication. The available open source solutions include OpenSSL. integrity and nonrepudiation. whether external (contractual and commercial relationships) or internal (staff accountability).

testing. OpenCA PKI is the part dedicated to certificate management.COM OpenCA PKI is a component of a vast community project aiming to define standards for the development of PKI software. The solution is very heterogeneous but uses recognised current standards: the web server is based on Apache 2 and the interface is written in Perl. With its modular design. OpenCA PKI is currently covered by the BSD License. Combined with the other components of the PKI project.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.1 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 151 OpenCA Version studied: 1. it contributes to the establishment of a complete PKI solution.org Community driven solution WWW. Finally. It can also perform rights restrictions. Its encryption mechanisms are based on OpenSSL. etc. it provides a web interface that can easily perform the majority of common tasks (certificate issuing and revocation. like the OCSP responder.openca.1. The 100% community based development was initiated in 2001 and continues to be actively pursued today. certificate management is handled by OpenLDAP.

SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. The development of OpenSSL is old.openssl. AES. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . i. Blowfish.e. it remains the benchmark for Linux and BSD and is often used in all sorts of situations requiring encryption (ranging from 802. It can write and rewrite certificates in the most common formats on the market.). Developed in C.COM OpenSSL is the open source library that has virtually been raised to the rank of a standard for its cryptographic functions. etc. In particular. and many tools that are more advanced in terms of their usability are based on OpenSSL. In addition to providing for encryption and the hashing that is possible with any known algorithm (MD5.11 protocols to HTTPS communications. It is available under either the Apache or the BSD License. it can also issue and revoke certificates using X509 and is fully capable of handling the certification chain. by way of SSH and FTPS). it completely implements the standard for PKIs. X509.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 152 OpenSSL Version studied: 1. dating back to before 1998.0e Website: www.

enabling the very fast creation of certification authorities and client certificates. It can also manage revocations and offers export options for back-ups.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 153 easyCA Version studied: 0. Nonetheless. its development seems to have been broken off at present.COM easyCA can manage small scale PKIs very quickly and simply.SMILE-OSS.9 Website: http://sourceforge. the basic script has been adopted by many independent projects and has been supplemented with new functionalities (OCSP.).net/projects/easyca Community driven solution WWW. It is easy to edit and personalise to meet the needs of most system administrators. etc. It departs almost entirely from the relative complexity of OpenSSL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Covered by the GPL. It was developed by Ferry Kemps in 2005. easyCA is written in Bash and requires no dependencies other than OpenSSL.

It is currently driven and actively maintained by Swedish company PrimeKey. PrimeKey. and so forth). EJBCA is one of the most complete PKI management open source solutions there is. CMS. From a technical perspective. Its management of custom hardware such as HSMs is quite accurate. EJBCA can handle all aspects of standard X509 certification.SMILE-OSS.COM Developed since 2001. It also offers a complete admin interface with rights restrictions and a client portal. Commercial support can be subscribed to with the vendor. It is one of the rare products that fully comply with Java Beans specifications.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 154 EJBCA Version studied: 4. and it is one of the only products to implement a large number of the standards linked to specification X509 (OCSP responder. EJBCA is covered by the LGPL and has only one edition.ejbca. which could be either JBoss or GlassFish.3 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . from certificate issuing. EJBCA is entirely written in Java and is powered by a JEE application server. CRL revocations to certification chains.org Vendor driven solution (PrimeKey) WWW. Like other PKI solutions.0.

LemonLDAP and OpenAM are also described. FederID.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 155 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION. This is an OTP solution allowing for the use of passwords generated at a given time. we will present the various identity authentication. FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT WWW. LinOTP is also presented here. This makes it possible to include third party applications in its federated identity management system in order for users logging onto their unique identification system to gain access to the application in question. federation and management solutions now available. the Shibboleth system provides unique multi-domain authentication. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. the graphs below do not display the average scores.COM In this category.SMILE-OSS. Other open source solutions like CAS. These tools are relatively similar but their end goals may differ in some cases. For example. which are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

additional information can be transmitted at user login (groups. CAS also supplies a proxy system that allows an application to transfer the user’s identification to another back end application (whether web based or not). CAS provides for Single Sign On between multiple sites. such as an LDAP directory. CAS can use different types of back ends as the user database.jasig. It was created in the early 2000s at Yale University. in later versions of CAS. by means of one-time password tokens.SMILE-OSS. flat files and so on. CAS is distributed under the Jasig (BSD-style) License. etc. a relational database. An Apache module is also available. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . such as a web service or an IMAP server.org/cas Community driven solution WWW.).10 Website: www. CAS is written in Java and supplies CAS clients for SSO integration with applications.4. The applications themselves never have access to the user’s password. In 2004. including on different domains. CAS came under the banner of special interest group Jasig. The communication protocol used is SAML v2 and.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 156 CAS Version studied: 3. PHP and .COM Central Authentication Service is a web oriented Single Sign On system. in Java. full name.NET. but rather log in the user after querying CAS.

It can also serve as a CAS.SMILE-OSS. and LemonLDAP::NG provides for access traceability.). Tomcat. in terms of both its behaviour and its appearance. Access control can be defined by URL for each application in need of protection.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 157 LemonLDAP::NG Version studied: 1. databases and other systems such as OpenID and SAML. although its reverse proxy mode allows it to be used with applications running on a different server (IIS. LemonLDAP::NG is distributed under the GPL. but also on many other directories.1 Website: http://lemonldap-ng.org Consortium driven solution (OW2) WWW. via a template engine.1. It requires the use of an Apache server. and now taken over by the OW2 Consortium. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A web admin interface is also available. LemonLDAP::NG makes it possible to base web application authentication on a LDAP directory. etc. OpenID and SAML supplier. The product is developed in Perl and is easy to personalise.COM LemonLDAP::NG is a Web SSO authentication system initiated in 2004 by the company Linagora.

The company announced that it was going to pursue the release of new versions of OpenAM by following the original Sun Microsystems roadmap.com/openam.SMILE-OSS.3 Website: http://forgerock.5. OpenAM provides a solution that allows for simplified roll-outs of web access rights management projects: the universal gateway. OpenAM is developed in Java. an open source license created by Sun Microsystems and based on the Mozilla Public License.html Vendor driven solution (ForgeRock) WWW.1). After Sun’s decision to stop developing OpenSSO. ForgeRock initiated a fork called OpenAM that it has continued to develop and maintain ever since.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 158 OpenAM Version studied: 9. version 1. OpenAM is distributed under the CDDL (Common Development and Distribution License.COM OpenAM is a complete identity management solution. OpenAM is an infrastructure brick that transparently performs Single Sign On functions for both web applications and middleware. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 159 LinOTP Version studied: 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . From a technical standpoint. LinOTP is a server written in Python. This means it can be administrated using tools other than those provided as part of the distribution. professional solution that can be integrated with a heterogeneous infrastructure.linotp. as well as with hybrid solutions like MOTP devices. OTP stands for “One-Time Password”: OTPs are passwords generated at a given time. LinOTP interfaces with all types of tokens that support the HMAC-OTP protocol. It is a robust.org Vendor driven solution (LSE Leading Security Experts GmbH) WWW. For example.COM LinOTP is an open source OTP solution maintained by the German company LSE (Leading Security Experts) GmbH. LinOTP is distributed under the AGPL v3. a custom web interface could be developed and included in a special section of an Intranet site. like tokens and even smartphones. that are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. with which communications are possible via simple HTTP queries.SMILE-OSS. An Enterprise edition is also available.3 Website: www. These passwords are generated thanks to certain hardware.

SMILE-OSS.COM Shibboleth was developed by the consortium Internet2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . as well as the propagation of identities between these services.internet2. Shibboleth provides for the set-up of an authentication system centralised between multiple services. It is written in Java and C++.0.0 Website: http://shibboleth.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 160 Shibboleth Version studied: 2. Shibboleth is distributed under the Apache License 2. in order to simplify access to internal and external resources and to make such access more secure. The goal of identity propagation is twofold: to delegate authentication to the user’s original establishment and to retrieve certain user attributes (to manage access control or to personalise content). Version 1. which encompasses more than 200 universities and research centres.0 was published in 2003.edu Community driven solution WWW. Like the module for Apache HTTP Server. a number of extensions have been developed to allow various systems to interface with Shibboleth.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .ow2. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 161 Other Among the different products available in the field of identity authentication.net/projects/opensso http://federid.COM Name OpenSSO FederID URL / Website http://java.SMILE-OSS. federation and management.

The open source tools in this category include JMeter. extraction and reuse of variables. with loops. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. form submission. The possibilities are many. This could be a website. etc. conditions. These applications generally offer load testing output in the form of a large number of exportable graphs and statistics generated in reports.COM As the name suggests. completion of a particular form. A graphical interface is usually available for entry of the test scenarios: a path via a specific page. LDAP directory. etc.SMILE-OSS. clicks on a given menu. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex. Tsung and FunkLoad. but also a database. web service. load testing tools are applications that simulate heavy loads on a service. variable loading from an external file.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 162 LOAD TESTING TOOLS WWW.

written in Java.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 163 JMeter Version studied: 2. Its development started in 2001. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex. conditions.apache. and many types of graphs and statistics. extraction and reuse of variables.5 Website: http://jakarta. etc. LDAP. It is used to conduct load testing on multiple server types: web. with loops.org/jmeter Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. database.COM JMeter is a traffic injection tool published by the Apache Foundation. variable loading from an external file. JMeter is distributed under the Apache License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It has a graphical interface that simplifies the creation of user scenarios.SMILE-OSS.

It also includes an automated statistics generator. it is now developed by an independent community.COM Tsung is a traffic injection tool used for load testing of different types of servers.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Tsung is available under the GPL. Developed in Erlang. and XMPP.erlang-projects. MySQL and PostgreSQL databases.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 164 Tsung Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. it is not subject to the traditional limitations of this type of tool and can therefore simulate very heavy traffic.4.0 Website: http://tsung. a language that specialises in high performance applications. Initially created by the French company Idealx. It supports HTTP and a handful of spin-offs (SOAP and WebDAV).

nuxeo.COM Name CLIF OpenSTA FunkLoad URL / Website http://clif.org http://funkload.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 165 Other Among the different products available in the field of load testing tools.ow2.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://opensta.SMILE-OSS. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.

conjugations. the market is dominated by the search engines Lucene and Solr. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . phonetics. etc. are the cornerstones of our daily lives. They allow us to locate and access resources (in the broadest sense of the term – web pages. speed and relevance algorithm) and by their linguistic processing functions (plurals. videos. files. In the world of open source.SMILE-OSS.COM Search engines. etc. These two are quite often associated with the best web applications. They can generally be differentiated by their indexing capacity (format. Search engines usually consist of two services: indexing and searches.) indexed with a series of keywords.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 166 SEARCH ENGINES WWW.). images. like operating systems and databases.

most widely used and most dynamic search tool on the open source market. tenses. the most well known.4. the Lucene project is the solution selected by Wikipedia. On the functional side. etc. Lucene is based on the concept of automated indexing. Lucene is written in Java. It was released for free downloading by Doug Cutting in March 2000. Lucene is a content search and indexing library. Lucene supports searches for related forms of the same word (plural or singular. in other words.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.). It handles all of this with an exceptional level of performance. C++ and more. processing input data all at once and assigning them multiple links. configurable relevance and more. among others.COM Driven by the Apache Foundation. conjugations. First and foremost.0 Website: http://lucene. to index and perform searches on its content. It can be integrated with Java applications but also with applications in other languages like Ruby. Lucene is now available under the Apache License.apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 167 Lucene Version studied: 3. synonym management. Like most search engines. PHP. Lucene is. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Perl.SMILE-OSS. without a doubt. Initially distributed under the LGPL.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 168 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 169 Solr Version studied: 3.0 Website: http://lucene. One of Lucene’s major characteristics is its capacity to index the content by field or by attribute. Solr makes it possible to take full advantage of this functionality. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Its development was initiated by CNET Networks. which decided to publish their work in 2006. Solr is distributed under the Apache License. Solr can communicate with other applications via many protocols based on open standards. This allows for much more detailed management of relevance and advanced searches.org/solr Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.apache.4.COM Solr is an overlay of Lucene that adds functionalities and simplifies the roll-out of certain Lucene functions known to be excessively technical. rather it is made of fields. Solr is a corporate search server that centralises indexing and results serving operations.SMILE-OSS. with each field being a string of words (terms). meaning that a document is not analysed as a simple set of words. It also offers an admin interface in web mode.

spell-checking. As a result.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 170 mnoGoSearch Version studied: 3. A simple template system makes it possible to customise the search page. mnoGoSearch also supports the indexing of office documents by means of external utilities (catdoc. whereas Windows binaries are proprietary and available for a fee. For searches.3.). mnoGoSearch is distributed under the GPL for UNIX environments.mnogosearch. etc. pdf2text.COM mnoGoSearch is a search engine whose first open source version came out in 2000. as well as file system indexing without a HTTP server. mnoGoSearch natively supports numerous languages. it supplies an integratable CGI script on a web server. Boolean search operators and more.SMILE-OSS. mnoGoSearch is developed in C. mnoGoSearch specialises in indexing Internet and Intranet websites. its indexing method is primarily based on HTTP crawling. It can use a MySQL or PostgreSQL database as storage. synonyms.org Vendor driven solution (Lavtech. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .Com) WWW.11 Website: www.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . MS Office.com Vendor driven solution (OpenSearchServer) WWW. OpenSearchServer is easy to expand with custom modules that enhance its functionalities.).SMILE-OSS. etc.1 Website: www. In addition.open-search-server. it differs from Solr in its HTTP accessible graphical admin interface. OpenSearchServer also interfaces easily with any application by means of a REST interface. OpenSearchServer is distributed under the GPL.2.).COM OpenSearchServer is a search engine created by Emmanuel Keller. etc. Based on Lucene.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 171 OpenSearchServer Version studied: 1. based in Paris. OpenSearchServer is written in Java. a database indexing system and a file crawler. OpenSearchServer can also interpret the content of a number of file formats (OpenOffice. index programming. page exclusion. The first open source version was released in 2008. PDF. The company of the same name. does most of the development work and provides support for the tool. OpenSearchServer was developed internally for the website of Usine Nouvelle. its highly advanced site crawling capacity (thread management.

com/products/lucidworkssearch-platform May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .flax.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Nutch Sphinx Flax LucidWorks URL / Website http://nutch.uk http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 172 Other Among the different products available in the field of search engines.apache.org http://sphinxsearch.co.lucidimagination.com http://www.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Regarding application servers. In the world of HTTP servers.SMILE-OSS. HTTP servers (also referred to as HTTP daemons and web servers) serve web users’ queries (often pages or images) in accordance with HTTP protocol. we will present the open source HTTP and JEE application servers currently available on the market. thanks to its outstanding reputation. It will not be hard to find service providers to meet your consulting or integration needs.COM In this category. many other names have also cropped up on the scene. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. the Apache server is largely dominant. the graphs below do not display the average scores. namely GlassFish.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 173 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS WWW. although JBoss AS and Tomcat share the spotlight.

org/jbossas Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. With its Java EE 6 Web Profile certification. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In April 2006. It is written in Java.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 174 JBoss AS Version studied: 7. The product’s first designer was Marc Fleury.SMILE-OSS. quite complex. however. JBoss provides a clear and simple admin interface. Inc.jboss. it represents an excellent alternative to commercial application servers like WebSphere and WebLogic.COM JBoss AS is the global leader in application servers.1 Website: www. Its tree structure is. Red Hat acquired JBoss. JBoss is distributed under the LGPL. with more than one third of the market share.

Its admin interface is very succinct. It is written in Java. Tomcat is distributed under the Apache License. and delegates pages that use Java (servlets. This means it can run via the Java virtual machine on any operating system that supports it.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.) to Tomcat. Moreover.21 Website: http://tomcat.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 175 Tomcat Version studied: 7. It is the most widely used Java application server in the world. a software engineer at Sun. for example. In these cases. the web server serves HTML web pages.0. The Tomcat project was launched as the reference implementation of servlets by James Duncan Davidson. etc. Tomcat is often combined with a more “general” web server like Apache or even JBoss. JSP.COM Apache Tomcat is the Apache Foundation’s JEE servlets container.SMILE-OSS.apache. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 176 GlassFish Version studied: 3.1 Website: http://glassfish.1. JPA 2. JSF 2. JAX-RS 1.SMILE-OSS.0.0. GlassFish boasts a comprehensive admin interface and a complete shell allowing for command line administration of the server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . covering: EJB 3. etc. GlassFish is distributed under either the CDDL or the GPL v2. CDI 1. The first version of GlassFish (1.1. the project originated in 2005 with the opening of the Sun Application Server.0. Servlet 3.0.COM GlassFish is the reference implementation of Java EE developed by Oracle. GlassFish is a complete implementation of Java EE 6. In particular. In terms of standards. In fact.0) was released in 2006.0.net Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW.java. It is written in Java.

Apache was designed to be modular and to be able to host additional functionalities such as interpretation of Perl.2. It is distributed under the Apache License.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 177 Apache Version studied: 2.COM Apache is the most widely used web server in the world.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Its development began in 1995 as a mere collection of patches and additions for the NCSA HTTPd 1. and so on. Over and above its initial scope.20 Website: http://httpd. PHP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Version 2a namely added multi-platform support (including Windows). Python and Ruby.apache.SMILE-OSS. a new API and support for IPv6.3 server. support for SSI tags and CGIs. It offers tremendous flexibility in its configuration and a multitude of modules for functional cover that remains unparalleled today.

org http://www.lighttpd. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.ow2.apache.org http://geronimo.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name EasyBeans Geronimo JOnAS nginx lighttpd URL / Website http://wiki.jonas.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 178 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP and application servers.org http://nginx.SMILE-OSS.org http://wiki.easybeans.

Middleware is more than a mere protocol for calling the services offered by an application. and RPC. This interoperation can occur even when the applications are running on different servers. are usually considered to be real middleware. given that it provides its services to applications. so long as they are interconnected by a network. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. but the resulting exchanges are based on a whole stack of network protocols. Middleware is a high level tool. Middleware allows different applications to communicate and interoperate.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 179 MOM & EAI WWW.COM Message Oriented Middleware or “MOMs” are particularly invaluable tools in the implementation of exchanges between all types of applications. all of which are also asynchronous. RMI and SOAP.

ActiveMQ is the open source MOM published by the Apache Foundation. Ruby. ActiveMQ is developed in Java.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 180 ActiveMQ Version studied: 5. FreePascal. Thanks to the integrated Camel project. Pike.SMILE-OSS. The languages by which ActiveMQ can be accessed are: C. The diversity of languages and environments it supports is particularly impressive and is one of ActiveMQ’s greatest assets. . Ajax.apache.0. It is distributed under the Apache License 2. ActiveMQ in turn is used by several other major projects: Apache Service Mix. after its superior connectivity. RESTful and SOAP. PHP.5. Perl. C++.COM Released in 2004. Python. it can process messages according to enterprise integration patterns (EIPs). ActiveMQ relies on a handful of other Apache projects: Apache Camel (partial implementation of enterprise integration patterns) and Jetty (Java application server integrated with ActiveMQ).Net. ActiveMQ’s message processing is undoubtedly its most famous asset. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Delphi. etc. Mule and Geronimo (as the default JMS provider).0 Website: http://activemq.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 181 WWW.

JOnAS.COM JORAM (Java Open Reliable Asynchronous Messaging) is the middleware created by the consortium Object Web. In the case of JORAM.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (ScalAgent) driven solution WWW. which can then simulate a JMS environment). The languages by which JORAM can be accessed are: Java (via the JMS interface). Queues and topics are therefore represented by agents.7. C and C++ (using JNI. This approach offers a high level of flexibility because it allows for the creation and deletion of agents on the fly and on any broker whatsoever.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 182 JORAM Version studied: 5. JORAM has an elegant internal architecture based on the agent model. Object Web is also known for its Java application server. events take the form of messages. with which JORAM is integrated. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A user connected to the platform is also represented by an agent called a “proxy”.ow2.0 Website: http://joram. An agent is a software component the responds to certain events. released in 1999. JORAM has been distributed under the LGPL since May 2000.

jboss. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 183 Other Among the different products available in the field of MOM and EAI.COM Name JBoss Messaging URL / Website http://www.org/jbossmessaging May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 184 OTHER WWW. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them. the graphs below do not display the average scores. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In particular.COM In this final category of the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. we will be presenting Drools (an amazing rule engine) and ESIGate (which makes it possible to build pages on the fly from fragments taken from different technologies).

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 185 Drools Version studied: 5.jboss. The rules can be viewed technically.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2. Planner (automated planning engine) and Flow (workflow engine). but also thanks to a publisher that is very easy to access.0 Website: www. Expert (rule engine). The use of a tool like Drools allows for the evolution of rules and constraints without having to alter the associated computer programme.org/drools Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW. The benefits of this are clear.COM Drools (or JBoss Rules) is a system for managing business rules that uses a forward chaining inference engine. and automated rule deployment. rule hierarchies and categorisation. in the form of a business intelligence table that is perfectly understandable by functional users. Drools comprises multiple modules: Guvnor (web admin interface). Drools is distributed under the Apache License. Drools Guvnor offers the following services: version control and rule deployment. rule editing without development.

19 Website: www. ESIGate is distributed under the Apache License. capable of integrating any web application without requiring the slightest modification to existing set-up.SMILE-OSS. In this instance.org Community driven solution WWW. the leading European integrator of open source solutions.COM ESIGate is a web content aggregator. It was created by a number of specialist JEE engineers at Smile. ESIGate can also be configured to extract snatches of content from existing pages.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 186 ESIGate Version studied: 2. ESIGate is written in Java and accepts multiple syntaxes. HTML comments can then be inserted so as to perfectly delimit the blocks for extraction. either based on JSP taglibs or using the ESI standard tags defined by Akamai for its Content Delivery Network. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .esigate. The various bits of content obtained from different servers are then assembled on a single page and served to the user. from which it can retrieve HTML pages on the fly. ESIGate interfaces with existing servers. The major strength of this approach is the fact that it is technologically agnostic.

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APPLICATIONS DIMENSION
The “Applications” dimension includes all the solutions commonly used by companies’ end users. They typically offer carefully developed interfaces that are far removed from the command lines typically available in tools in the “Infrastructure” dimension.

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The vast majority of these tools are developed by vendors, unlike infrastructure tools, which are primarily community based. These vendors have chosen the open source model for publication of their solutions. Their economic models are mostly based on support, and even warranties, for the products in question. These tools have played a key role in the widespread adoption of open source technologies, by offering quality applications with very broad scopes. There are almost no categories now that do not include at least one open source option. Even in very specific domains like library management and business intelligence, open source solutions are available. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension, and nearly 100 are listed in total, among the following categories:

       

CRMs Business Intelligence: ETLs Business Intelligence: Reporting Business Intelligence: Suites E-commerce ERPs CMSs EDM & ECM

      

Libraries & Documentation Portals Corporate social networks Blogs, Wikis and Forums E-learning Visitor tracking Other

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CRMS

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CRM (customer relationship management) systems are tools designed to capture, process and analyse information on existing and prospective clients. The scope of these tools is therefore potentially very (very) broad, given that it pertains to all the actions developed to foster customer and prospect loyalty by offering the best possible service. CRM functionalities can include multi-entity management, customer service, case and groupware management, sales cycles, marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns, contact and account management, and more. Excellent products the likes of SugarCRM and vtiger are some of those available from the world of open source solutions.

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OpenCRX
Version studied: 2.8.5 Website: www.opencrx.org Community driven solution

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openCRX is an open source CRM solution chiefly designed for corporate use. It is currently developed and maintained by a small team of developers. The first version appeared in 2004 and has continued to improve since then. openCRX provides a multitude of functionalities including multi-entity CRM for companies with elevated sales automation needs, customer service, case and groupware management, etc. The functionalities offered in these domains exceed those provided by other CRMs on the market (whether open source or not). That being said, it is missing a number of functionalities in other important aspects of the life cycle, such as marketing. Some of the main developers work for companies that supply plug-ins and additional services, particularly CRIXP Corp., a German company. But openCRX itself is a purely community driven project. It is available under a BSD-style License. openCRX is a JEE application that supports most relational databases including Oracle, DB2, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

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SugarCRM
Version studied: 6.3.0 Website: www.sugarcrm.com Vendor driven solution (SugarCRM, Inc.)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SugarCRM is an open source customer relationship management suite. It was first distributed in 2004 and SugarCRM, Inc. has since continued to develop and maintain it. The vendor is based in Cupertino, California. SugarCRM has evolved to cover all the main features of customer management and the sales cycle. It boasts an impressive list of functionalities, ranging from marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns to leads, by way of contact and account management, and more. The latest versions (particularly since version 6) have emphasised mobile CRM (native applications) and the integration of a Social CRM dimension. SugarCRM comes in three types: a Community edition (free, open source), an Enterprise edition (with additional functionalities) and a SaaS edition (on demand). The Community edition (published under the Affero GNU Public License v3) has a much smaller scope than the other editions. The product is based on a LAMP platform, with a number of possible variants in respect to databases and web servers (so long as PHP can be run).

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VTiger
Version studied: 5.2.1 Website: www.vtiger.com Vendor driven solution (vtiger)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

vtiger is an open source CRM created from a fork of SugarCRM in 2004. The reason for this fork was to preserve a completely free and 100% open source product at a time when SugarCRM was beginning to diversify its business model by launching commercial editions. vtiger has been evolving continuously since then. The latest version (published in November 2010) offers a complete set of functionalities, including reports and dashboards, invoices and organisational (team) access control. vtiger also has connectors for the most common office automation suites and for messaging clients. More recently, vtiger has taken its first steps in the mobile universe with iPhone and Android apps. As a company, vtiger operates out of Bangalore, India, and Sunnyvale, California. It is responsible for managing the open source project. It offers technical support, training, migration and other services. The product is built on a LAMP/WAMP platform. vtiger On Demand (cloud based) is hosted on the Amazon EC2 platform. The source code from the SugarCRM fork is covered by the SugarCRM Public License and vtiger modifications are under the MPL.

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com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name CiviCRM OpenERP URL / Website http://civicrm. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.openerp.org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 192 Other Among the different products available in the field of CRMs.

SMILE-OSS. ETL stands for “Extract. Transform. They usually include connectors for data imports and exports to and from third party applications. Transformations can be performed by means of existing plug-ins or through programming. In practice. Load”. The term designates tools used to perform massive information synchronisations from one data source to another. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS WWW. ETL tools can be used for much simpler extraction.COM ETLs often serve as a business intelligence brick. Open source ETL solutions include Talend and Pentaho Data Integration (formerly Kettle). although they can also be used outside that context. transformation and/or loading scenarios.

The other editions are covered by commercial licenses sold as annual subscriptions. etc.COM Talend Open Studio is an open source ETL tool that appeared in 2005. then generate the corresponding executable file in the form of a Java or Perl programme.2. The MDM edition includes the above.3 Website: www. plus reference data management and a data quality module.). A very thorough list of components makes it possible to connect to any type of database or application (SAP. The scope of TIS includes process definition (jobs). Talend MDM. a MDM brick was released. and the MDM. is licensed under the GPL. SugarCRM. process roll-out. meaning that it can graphically create data manipulation and transformation processes. Talend’s basic brick. developed by French based vendor Talend. TIS (Talend Integration Suite). and roll-out administration. Two editions are available: the ETL. business models.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 194 Talend Version studied: 4. which only contains the ETL tool.talend. In 2010.SMILE-OSS. Talend Open Studio.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW. It is a code generator-style ETL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 195 Pentaho Data Integration Version studied: 4. A commercial module. Thanks to a step based graphical model.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. filtering and even the execution of JavaScript functions. along with various transformation operations like conversions. provides a graphical view of data transformation results beginning with the first steps in any development. the latest available version of Pentaho Data Integration was 4. A GPL edition of PDI is available.0 Website: http://kettle. joins.1.1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the Agile BI module is distributed under a commercial license. Agile BI. A planner is also available to schedule job execution.COM Pentaho Data Integration (PDI) is an open source ETL tool used to design and execute data manipulation and transformation operations. At the time when these lines were written.pentaho.SMILE-OSS. data import/export jobs can be created without additional programming.

they can also build dynamic pivot tables. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which make it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server. directly in a company’s reports. PDF.COM One of the key bricks in business intelligence is report preparation. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. reporting tools generally have plug-ins to allow them to attach easily to external sources and applications. DOC. Tools like JasperReports go as far as offering multidimensional analyses.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING WWW. PPT and other formats. Further. Reporting tools like BIRT not only generate reports (configured or unconfigured) in HTML. XLS.

containing multiple tables. The report designer is a plug-in that integrates with Eclipse (and can also be run as a stand-alone solution).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 197 BIRT Version studied: 3. BIRT is exclusively available under the GPL.COM BIRT (Business Intelligence and Reporting Tool) is an Eclipse community project that includes a graph generator. and images. BIRT is also able to create dynamic pivot tables. a report generator and a design environment. The BIRT engine can be integrated with any application developed in Java.org/birt Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW.SMILE-OSS. The BIRT engine is a library that generates configured and unconfigured reports in HTML. PDF.7 Website: www. XLS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The project was launched in 2005. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. advanced graphs. whether it’s a web application or a “fat client” style app. These reports can be complex.eclipse. DOC and PPT formats.

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JasperReports / iReport
Version studied: 4.0.2 Website: http://jasperforge.org/project/ireport Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JasperReports is a report engine developed by Jaspersoft and distributed under an open source license. iReport is Jaspersoft’s report designer. When this paper was written, JasperReports and iReport were available in version 4.0.2. These tools have been around since 2001 and are already widely used in the reporting segments of many business applications. The JasperReports engine can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF, XLS and TXT formats. It uses JFreeChart to generate graphs and can be integrated with any application developed in Java. In addition to the classic databases, it also supports multidimensional analytical servers, which makes it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server, directly in a JasperReports report. The report designer, iReport, is used to lay out the reports. JasperReports has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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Pentaho Report Designer
Version studied: 3.8 Website: http://reporting.pentaho.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JFreeReport joined the Pentaho project in early 2006. The name, JFreeReport, has gradually been abandoned in favour of Pentaho Report Designer (PRD). PRD allows for the development of complex reports and, when used with the Pentaho platform, can publish them directly on the decision server. At the time of writing, PRD was available in version 3.8. Pentaho Report Designer is an easy to use tool that is fully integrated with Pentaho’s BI suite for parameter management and online publication. It can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF and XLS formats and supports multiple data sources. However, the creation of dynamic pivot tables is not user-friendly (hidden functionality) but is expected to be improved in version 4. Pentaho Report Designer has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES

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Business intelligence suites generally cover the two categories presented above, i.e. ETLs and reporting. This means the scope of these suites is extremely broad: report execution, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, query assistance, ETL, publication workflow management module, etc. There is a wealth of open source business intelligence tools including four of very high quality: Jaspersoft, SpagoBI, Palo and Pentaho.

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SpagoBI
Version studied: 3.0 Website: http://www.spagoworld.org/ Vendor driven solution (Engineering Ingegneria Informatica)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SpagoBI is a business intelligence platform developed by Italian firm Engineering Ingegneria Informatica. The project was launched in 2007. At the time of writing, SpagoBI Server was available in version 3.0. Like Pentaho and JasperServer, the scope of SpagoBI’s functionalities includes the execution of JasperReports reports (created using iReport) and BIRT reports, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, a support component for query creation (Query by Example, QbE), etc. The default ETL tool is Talend. In addition, this suite also offers a publication workflow management module (draft reports not visible on the web portal). SpagoBI is available under the LGPL, i.e. only open source, no commercial edition.

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Jaspersoft
Version studied: 4.1 Website: www.jaspersoft.com Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JasperServer is the business intelligence platform published by Jaspersoft, the company that also develops the report generator JasperReports, available since 2001. This platform delivers reporting and analytical functionalities. The community edition offers report design and generation (using iReport). The commercial edition can create business domains, and semantic and technical layers over relational SQL databases, which can simultaneously define a business lexicon, separate the user from the technical side and from SQL, and easily add in data access security. Another major functionality is the creation of ad hoc reports, where the end user can create his or her own reports on a user-friendly web interface. In addition, like other BI platforms, Jasper can create OLAP cubes (Mondrian bricks) and integrates Talend for ETL. JasperServer comes in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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The differences are as follows: ad hoc reporting is available in the community edition. Like JasperServer. but is much less evolved there than in the commercial JasperServer.COM Pentaho is a software suite that distributes functionalities and business intelligence documents to a large number of people via the intermediary of a web interface. OLAP analysis (Mondrian). in which JasperServer offers very useful functionalities (domains. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the Pentaho suite is more complete than Jasper’s community edition. the reporting does not yet include dynamic pivot tables. Pentaho covers all the functionalities of a BI suite: ETL (Pentaho Data Integration).com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. a metadata layer and classic reporting (Pentaho Report Designer). but the opposite is true of the commercial edition. advanced ad hoc reporting and more). and data security control is more complicated to set up. ad hoc reporting.pentaho. Overall.SMILE-OSS. The project was launched in 2007. Pentaho has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 203 Pentaho Version studied: 4 Website: www.

This suite comprises the following: an OLAP server to manage multidimensional databases (in the form of cubes and dimensions). as well as various related components that combine to make it a complete business intelligence suite. an add-on for Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice. The commercial edition includes a web report manager. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . macros. graphs.com/en/products/Palo-Suite. a German company founded in 2002. an ETL tool for interfacing with operational databases in order to feed data to Palo’s DBs.COM Jedox. publishes the Palo Suite.SMILE-OSS. and an event observer (Supervision Server) that can also trigger events based on certain actions. Palo BI Suite is available in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition.org Calc (supports cube reading and writing). in addition to the functionalities of the community edition.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 204 Palo Version studied: 3.html Vendor driven solution (Palo) WWW. the Supervision Server and a tool for converting Excel files to web spreadsheets. an “Excel-like” web spreadsheet programme incorporating all the functions of Excel (formulas. etc.) that allows for online entry and access of data on the OLAP server.jedox.2 Website: www.

multishop management. inform customers about their products. management of configurable products. presenting the leading products including Magento and PrestaShop. provide customer service or perform any number of other actions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Whether e-merchants want to advertise their e-shops and increase their traffic. The scope of e-shops has been expanding. advanced currency and VAT rate management. conclude sales. the definition of product groups.COM The field of e-commerce is another very plentiful one. However.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 205 E-COMMERCE WWW. now encompassing functionalities like advanced categorisation. promotional engines. cross-selling and up-selling functions. give clients a terrific shopping experience. many solutions are available to them today.SMILE-OSS. and more. in this category we have nonetheless focused on open source e-shop solutions.

multi-shop management. etc.com Vendor driven solution (Magento Inc. It was clearly devised to support ambitious. large scale merchant sites with functionalities like advanced categorisation. this tool. In April 2009. management of configurable products. (formerly Varien).COM Beginning with its first beta versions in 2007.11 (Enterprise edition) Website: www. Magento’s great strength lies in its superior modularity and its robustness. which allowed it to bring together an extremely active community in record time. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. capturing a large share of the market.magentocommerce. cross-selling and up-selling functions. advanced currency and VAT rate management. Initially distributed exclusively under the OSL. the definition of product groups. Magento’s gamble paid off upon its release. The solution is based on the Zend PHP framework and boasts many innovations in terms of participatory functionalities. driven by US based Magento Inc.6 (Community edition) and 1. Magento announced the release of an Enterprise edition. In return for an annual fee. a powerful promotional engine.) WWW. this version provides a number of additional functionalities and a support contract.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 206 Magento Version studied: 1. generated tremendous buzz worldwide.

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PrestaShop
Version studied: 1.4.4.1 Website: www.prestashop.com Vendor driven solution (PrestaShop)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released a few months after Magento (in July 2008), PrestaShop is a French e-commerce solution that quickly won over a large number of users thanks to its easy implementation and its complete alignment with the needs of e-merchants, which have since established strong ties with the product (80,000 websites worldwide use the solution). From a functional perspective, PrestaShop has also proven to be quite complete: in terms of catalogues, account management, orders, logistics and reporting, all the functionalities of an e-commerce platform are covered. The tool even includes native management of functions like shop locators, SMS alerts and customer rewards programmes. And if that were not enough, nearly a thousand ready to use modules are also available. PrestaShop is distributed under the OSL. PrestaShop is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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OXID
Version studied: 4.5 Website: www.oxid-esales.com Vendor driven solution (OXID)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released in November 2008, German solution OXID quickly conquered the German-speaking market thanks to its great functional depth. After becoming the leading e-commerce solution in Germany in a very short period of time, OXID arrived in France in mid 2011, in an edition completely localised for the specific characteristics of the French market. Without a doubt, it offers the greatest functional depth of any solution, after Magento. OXID was devised for use as a multi-channel system: web, mobile, interactive kiosks, etc. Everything in it is designed to allow users to serve their catalogues to multiple devices. Although there is some room for improvement in its back office ergonomics, OXID remains suitable for even the most ambitious of merchant sites. OXID is distributed under the GPL v3. OXID is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It integrates jQuery’s Ajax framework, has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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RBS Change
Version studied: 3.0.4 Website: www.rbschange.com Vendor driven solution (Ready Business System)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

The open source model has attracted many different software companies. RBS joined their ranks when it released its Change CMS and e-commerce applications under an open source license in February 2010. The fruit of five years of development work and more than a hundred projects, this solution is very promising from both a technical and a functional perspective. The aspects that differentiate this solution are the following: fully integrated and joined CMS and e-commerce systems, a management back office that uses Ajax technology, an Enterprise edition with advanced functionalities (ability to preview a site as it will appear on a given date, automated management of promotions, etc.) and so on. RBS Change is published under the Affero GPL v3. Because of the newness of its turn toward open source, RBS Change has few members in its community, meaning it has not yet developed this key component to ensuring the longevity of its open source solution. RBS Change is written in PHP and is based on a PHP5 framework developed by the vendor and that offers an advanced development environment.

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Drupal Commerce
Version studied: 1.0 Website: www.drupalcommerce.org Vendor driven solution (Commerce Guys)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released in August 2011, Drupal Commerce is the e-commerce branch of the globally renowned CMS, Drupal. The successor to the Ubercart extension, Drupal Commerce enjoys the support of two companies: Commerce Guys for its roadmap management and community moderation, and Acquia (created by Drupal’s founder, Dries Buytaert) for its support services. Although the functional scope of Drupal Commerce remains slightly smaller than its elders, it is, along with RBSChange, the only solution to offer real content management functionalities, backed by the recognised efficiency of Drupal. Like the CMS, Drupal Commerce is also an extremely modular solution with a very active community. Drupal Commerce is licensed under the GPL v3. Drupal Commerce is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It is distributed as a Drupal 7 module.

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osCommerce
Version studied: 3.0.2 Website: www.oscommerce.com Community driven solution

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

It would be hard to omit osCommerce in a discussion of open source e-commerce solutions. This tool, first released in March 2000, was quickly established as the must-have e-commerce solution and the standard bearer for open source supply, which was only just beginning to blossom at the time. But in recent years, the community has begun to break apart from the development team, developing a multitude of forks. Development of the solution itself has slowed substantially since 2006. As the ageing code makes the application very difficult to maintain, the team embarked on a complete overhaul of the tool, whose third version was recently released after several years’ wait. Distributed under the GPL, osCommerce relies entirely on a once very large and very active community. Wholly developed in PHP/MySQL, osCommerce owes a great deal of its success to the lack of open source alternatives and to the explosion of e-business in the early 2000s. Today it remains the most commonly deployed webshop in the world.

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com http://www.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net http://ofbiz. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://spreecommerce.broadleafcommerce.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 212 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-commerce.apache.SMILE-OSS.COM Name Thelia OFBiz Spree Broadleaf Commerce URL / Website http://thelia.

SMILE-OSS. OpenERP. Because the playing field is so vast. Open source ERPs initially provided small SMEs with complete management tools at the lowest cost. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Openbravo and ERP5 set the bar for open source ERPs. differences in functional cover can turn a product more toward a particular sector of activities. currently targeting SMEs with staff of more than 1000. distribution and services sectors. But one of the most important selection criteria is flexibility/expandability. Products like Compiere. thereby rapidly stepping up their competitiveness. in the industrial.COM The world of enterprise resource planning (ERP) has in turn been overwhelmed by open source solutions that have now reached maturity. in other words the technological bases that will allow a given product to be adapted to a variety of different contexts with a limited number of custom developments. But these solutions are already climbing the ladder.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 213 ERPS WWW.

etc.SMILE-OSS.compiere. for example with sales management. thanks in particular to its support of the Oracle database and its Java base.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 214 Compiere Version studied: 3. purchasing functions. Unisys.com Vendor driven solution (Compiere Inc. particularly for SMEs/SMIs.) WWW. The latter has been extremely successful in recent years (especially in the distribution and services sectors). accountancy and financial management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . production management. backed by his 20 years of experience at SAP then Oracle and his proficiency in the products ADV/Orga. Compiere is distributed under the MPL and is written in Java. inventory and logistics functions. From a functional standpoint. Compiere is relatively comprehensive.COM Compiere was originally developed by Jorg Janke of Germany.2 (Community Edition) Website: www. R/2 and R/3. The concept of the application dictionary (a Compiere based meta-programming model used to align relational persistence with the structures of personalised business data and data interfaces) was prototyped in 1988 for SAP. then used in service of the Compiere open source project.

It boasts a relatively broad scope. sales and e-commerce. MRP. an open source vendor headquartered in Lille. by Nexedi.com Vendor driven solution (Nexedi) WWW.4.COM ERP5 is one of the new classes of ERPs whose more ambitious conceptual foundations have simplified the development of business solutions. supply chain management (SCM). and management of inventory.6 Website: www. Thus ERP5 is indeed an ERP. It is written in Python and based on the Zope Object Database which. does not rank among the top relational databases. customer relationship management (CRM). ERP5 was created. and is now primarily maintained. production data management (PDM). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . logistics and human resources. SCM and PDM system. namely including finance and accountancy. management of purchasing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 215 ERP5 Version studied: 5. France. ERP5 is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS. despite its qualities. but also a CRM.erp5.

in recent years the tool has focused particularly on ecommerce interfaces.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. It is written in Java. the project has been enhanced with numerous additional functional modules. Unlike Compiere and OpenERP. David Jones and Andrew Zenesky. Further. top level project. It is instead an ERP framework for the development of enterprise software.apache.SMILE-OSS.04 Website: http://ofbiz. It very quickly emerged from the process as an approved.COM The Open For Business (OFBiz) project was created in 2001 and concluded its first development phase around 2003 under the impetus of its two creators. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In 2006 it was even submitted to the Apache Foundation as an incubator project. Since then. OFBiz is distributed under the Apache License.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 216 OFBiz Version studied: 10. OFBiz was not designed as a turnkey ERP.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 217 Openbravo Version studied: 3. These interfaces are the product’s strong point.0 Website: www. as they are perhaps the most attractive and most ergonomic on the market. Openbravo targets the ERP market for SMEs and has quite a large scope.openbravo.com Vendor driven solution (Openbravo) WWW. and transposed it to a web interface set up on a Java server.1). based on the MPL (v1. The project. initially called Tecnicia. Despite major fund-raising activities in 2005. although smaller than that of OpenERP. went open source in 2005.SMILE-OSS. Openbravo forked all Compiere’s business PL/SQL source code. Openbravo is published under the Openbravo Public License. as well as its entity manager.COM Openbravo is a Spanish solution based on Compiere’s ERP (another open source product presented in this paper) and created in 2001. The vendor is solid and capable of supplying professional level support. Openbravo is based on web technologies including JEE and Ajax. the product’s dynamics are only moderate. particularly in terms of its client lists. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

such as sales. or by means of dashboards. logistics.0 (version 6 of the tool and onward). and its framework allows for rapid adaptation to unique contexts. All this is made possible by real technological innovation based on recognised standards in terms of databases and web services. HR. whether by configuring new workflows or new information. The PostgreSQL database is used.SMILE-OSS. production. resulting in the constantly increasing effectiveness of the ERP in a business setting.0.openerp. OpenERP is written in Python and is supported by a powerful object oriented framework.com Vendor driven solution (OpenERP) WWW. purchasing. billing and more. accountancy. OpenERP is distributed under the AGPL 3.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 218 OpenERP Version studied: 6. projects. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM OpenERP (formerly Tiny ERP) was founded in Belgium in 2005 by Fabien Pinckaers. particularly in the form of reusable modules. inventory.3 Website: www. OpenERP combines the strength of a vendor with that of a large community – including its integrators based around the world – that outline all the ways the tool is used and provide precious feedback. OpenERP covers all needs.

SPIP. there are a number of excellent open source solutions with very broad scopes like eZ Publish.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 219 CMSS WWW. To cover this scope. participatory intranets. modularity. corporate sites. given their domination as a result of their capacities. etc. Jahia. community spaces. and their functional and technical scopes. Over the years. service sites. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Content management now covers a wide range of needs: information sites. secure extranets. Joomla and Plone. TYPO3. InfoGlue. Hippo CMS. they have become more than serious alternatives in the field of enterprise content management: they now dominate the market.SMILE-OSS. Drupal. which have all become standards in the world of content management.

It can easily host numerous complementary modules (forums. chats. it has a wide variety of possible applications today: from the corporate website to the community portal. that make it particularly well suited to corporate social networks. it has well designed. photo galleries. Drupal is built around LAMP technologies (PHP and MySQL in particular).COM Drupal is a multi-faceted CMS. forms.org Community driven solution WWW. messaging.8 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .acquia. Originally designed as a collective blog. polls. newsletters. Drupal does it all! It was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success ever since. shared calendars and more). In particular. surveys. The main strength of this CMS lies in its expandability. highly appreciated modules developed by the community. online payments. Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source. An enormous community has formed around the product.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 220 Drupal Version studied: 7. Technically speaking.SMILE-OSS.com). Support is available from Acquia (www.drupal.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . versioning. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and a commercial Enterprise edition that provides stability. eZ Publish is written in PostGreSQL.COM eZ Publish was created in 1999 by eZ Systems.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 221 eZ Publish Version studied: 4. This makes it a highly configurable CMS. etc. making each content item an object and applying all available methods to each one: multiple positioning. access rights.SMILE-OSS. eZ Publish stands out from other open source CMSs for its possibilities in terms of configurations and extensions: it is presented as a ready to use tool. eZ Publish is one of the most powerful open source tools available today. multilingualism. eZ Publish is an open source software solution published under the GPL. but also as a development framework for the creation of business applications. runs on Apache and MySQL (PostgreSQL 8 and Oracle 11g are supported).5 Website: www. It pushes the object oriented approach to its full potential.ez. support and a warranty. workflows. manages three different file caches and separates content very distinctly from presentation. In terms of the fundamentals of content management.no Vendor driven solution (eZ Systems) WWW. links between content. Technically.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 222 WWW.

content creation. templating.SMILE-OSS. The designers of Hippo CMS endeavoured to comply with standards (JEE). Hippo CMS is distributed under the Apache License 2. direct content publishing. Hippo CMS offers real benefits for the integration of functional needs by developers. publication workflows. Jackrabbit and Maven.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 223 Hippo CMS Version studied: 7. The user interface is less extensive than in some of the other products.onehippo. These efforts make it easy for developers to take charge of the tool.6 Website: www. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and an Enterprise edition that provides stability.0. scalable architecture. etc. but it remains ergonomic and functional and includes most of the common functionalities expected of a good CMS. moreover.COM Hippo CMS is an open source CMS that is a member of the family of CMSs written in Java. to use proven tools like Spring. It includes most of the functionalities that one might expect of a CMS: document model publishing. The product’s roadmap is. It is heavily used in the Nordic countries and especially in the Netherlands. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . quality suite. particularly dynamic and promises a comprehensive. support and a warranty. content import/export. Technically well designed. It was created in 1999 by Dutch vendor OneHippo. and to define a clear. multilingualism. multiple sites.com Vendor driven solution (OneHippo) WWW.

etc. In functional terms.jahia. which occupies a place apart in the world of JEE portals and CMSs. perfectly integrated product. Jahia is one of the most compete CMS solutions. Apache Lucene search engine.COM Jahia is a Franco-Swiss product created in the 2000s. effective workflows. versioning. which is merged with the site itself. Jahia is one of only a few solutions to combine JEE portals with content management in a single. version 6. incorporating multi-site management. Jahia makes for an excellent alternative to the portal solutions available from the major proprietary vendors. support for JSR 168 portlet standards. Jahia is built on JEE technologies: persistence via Hibernate.SMILE-OSS.5 saw the arrival of a very user-friendly interface and a very complete template publisher. support and a warranty. with the possibility of viewing and modifying its source code (under the GPL for the Community edition). Jahia stands out from other CMSs thanks to its content administration interface. support for JSR 170 standards. highly detailed rights management.com Vendor driven solution (Jahia) WWW. Jahia also has an Enterprise version available under a commercial license that provides stability. In particular. etc. multilingualism. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Jahia’s finishing touches and packaging are impressive.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 224 Jahia Version studied: 6. thereby ensuring the tool’s longevity and alignment with real needs on the ground. structured data. In fact.5 Website: www.

joomla. Joomla is a 100% community based solution published under the GNU GPL. Page creation. This tool chiefly stands out for the user-friendliness of its admin interface.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 225 WWW.7 Website: www. This CMS is ideally suited to personal websites but could also satisfy the needs of certain professional sites. categorisation.org Community driven solution Joomla is a CMS developed from Mambo in 2005. The mantra is to “give full product control to non-technicians”. the majority of developers in the community devote their work to Joomla. particularly corporatestyle sites (requiring simple publication). It was created after a disagreement between the lead developers and the company coordinating the development.SMILE-OSS. access stats. searches. meaningful URLs and a multitude of modules are integrated directly and do not require any special knowledge for their implementation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Joomla Version studied: 1. which clearly tips the scales in its favour. Today. Joomla is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 226 WWW.

Version 2. SPIP is one of the few CMSs to be able to claim client references that number in the thousands worldwide.10 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. SPIP is a French open source project (licensed under the GPL) and its community can be described as active. SPIP’s software is written in PHP using a MySQL database. in terms of use as well as deployment and adaptation.9. content management.0 of SPIP was released nearly two years after version 1. a simplified. but SPIP has since grown and is now used by private and public organisations to manage their professional websites.spip.1.net Community driven solution WWW. private. as opposed to corporate oriented. The flip side of this simplicity is that SPIP has a number of limitations in respect of certain key content management functionalities. Ajax based interface. an API.2. which clearly restricts it to the world of web oriented. SPIP was primarily used by web surfers to manage their own personal websites and on associations’ websites. This new branch offers a multitude of new functionalities: possibility of installation on PostgreSQL and SQLite.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 227 SPIP Version studied: 2. a page for downloading and installing plug-ins. conflict management. with multiple versions released each year and hundreds – if not thousands – of members.COM Originally in 2001. This success can be attributed to the product’s simplicity. and new template development functions.

Rights and contribution management. since which time a very active community has developed. One of the functionalities available in TYPO3 is image manipulation. but it can also modify a previously integrated functionality without altering TYPO3’s source code.typo3.COM TYPO3 is the fruit of several years of labour by a Danish guru by the name of Kasper Skårhøj. It offers just about everything one might want. One of its major strengths lies in its modular expandability. thumbnails to be created and titles to be generated dynamically as images. TYPO3 is one of the richest tools we have encountered to date.5 LTS Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 228 TYPO3 Version studied: 4.SMILE-OSS. TYPO3 is a 100% community based solution published under the GPL. templates and more: it’s all there. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . TYPO3 is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database.org Community driven solution WWW. authorisations. The product was released late in 2000. In terms of ready to use functionalities. A module can add a series of functionalities to TYPO3. which allows images to be resized. all of which nicely polished. particularly in the Germanic countries. caching. with very few limitations. thus maintaining its compatibility with future versions of the tool.

org http://www.org http://www.cmsmadesimple.com http://umbraco.com http://centurion-project.com http://cahaya-project.zope.COM Name Plone InfoGlue Mambo Apache Lenya Zope SilverStripe MODX CMS Made Simple Sympal Apostrophe Cayaha Magnolia Silverpeas umbraco Centurion OpenCMS URL / Website http://plone.apache.SMILE-OSS.com http://modx.silverstripe.com http://www.mamboserver.com http://lenya.org http://apostrophenow. the following tools can also be added: WWW.org http://www.silverpeas.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . over and above the products presented above.org http://www.com http://www.opencms.infoglue.org http://www. By way of example.org http://www.org http://www.magnolia-cms.sympalphp. open source supply is particularly strong.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 229 Other In the world of content management.

providing unique benefits in terms of openness. Alfresco. Knowledge Tree.COM Enterprise content management (ECM) is characterised by a combination of electronic document management tools (EDM or DMS) and content management systems (CMS). Maarch.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 230 EDM & ECM WWW.SMILE-OSS. locating and using information – whether or not it is structured or included in a document. longevity and pricing. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . At present. ECM can increase an organisation’s efficiency by offering its personnel a practical and efficient solution for creating. open source EDM solutions have reached an extraordinary level of maturity and can compete on equal terms with the main commercial products. Jahia and more: the available supply of open source document management solutions is expanding every day. Nuxeo.

independent databases. collaboration tools.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 231 Alfresco Version studied: 3. document workflows and advanced workflows. searches. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . to RM and integrated clustering modules and to intermediate versions. The company now operates directly in England. with its wide variety of plug-ins. category management. web content management and more.com Vendor driven solution (Alfresco Software) WWW.4 Website: www. document types. itself founded the same year by former executives at Documentum and Business Object. Alfresco is written in JEE and has strong development dynamics as well as a large community of users and developers. Alfresco offers all the expected document management functionalities: metadata. France and the United States. management of multiple. The Alfresco Forge site is also worthy of note.alfresco.COM Alfresco is the ECM solution created in 2005 by British vendor Alfresco Software. Alfresco comes in two editions: a free Labs edition under the GPL and an Enterprise edition that gives access to the vendor’s warranty.

4. etc.COM Nuxeo is a French company founded by Stéfane Fermigier. Nuxeo is built on JEE technologies and uses open source components from the JBoss. advanced workflows.com Vendor driven solution (Nuxeo) WWW. complex content management (web. multiple database management and more. document types. Apache and Eclipse projects and from Sun’s open source projects. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .nuxeo.2 Website: www. category management. structured. the concept of the publication section. completely modular architecture. searches.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 232 Nuxeo Version studied: 5. The tool sets itself apart thanks to various special aspects: a theme editor.). that has been producing an open source EDM solution since 2001. collaboration functions. vocabulary management. Nuxeo Enterprise Platform is the result of the migration of the Zope based version in Python to Java. etc. The solution provides for complete enterprise content management. the concept of typed “relationships” between different contents. The company currently operates in France and the United States.SMILE-OSS. Nuxeo is published under the LGPL. multi-file. incorporating metadata.

a scanner management application. The open source edition of Knowledge Tree incorporates the majority of its functions. The vendor’s website posts a comparison of the different editions.COM Knowledge Tree is an EDM solution developed by the South African company Jam Warehouse. the admin functions. MS Office integration.com Vendor driven solution (Jam Warehouse) WWW. etc. Knowledge Tree is written in PHP and runs on a LAMP platform. We particularly appreciated the streamlined.knowledgetree. Knowledge Tree has a complete set of functionalities and multiple modules that provide for good integration with an office environment. the default virtual navigation modes and the ergonomics of the module when integrated with MS Office. although a number of modules. are distributed under a commercial license. The application is well crafted and provides for simple and efficient EDM. immediately operational standard interface. namely those concerning workstation integration (hot folder. the advanced search functionality that will meet the most demanding needs for complex searches.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 233 Knowledge Tree Version studied: 3.7 Website: www.). to name but a few aspects. navigation.

in particular. This orientation provides a solution for the design of corporate document applications.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 234 Maarch Version studied: 1. an application dedicated to mailroom management. Maarch Framework 3. This distribution also includes the functions needed for corporate EDM. It should be noted that the solution’s community is rather small. Finally. Its product line includes Maarch Entreprise and Letter Box. Maarch is build on an in-house PHP framework. It is delivered with a set of functions and an interface that is completely mailroom oriented.SMILE-OSS.2 Website: www. The solution is licensed under the GPL v3. Maarch Entreprise is dedicated to application design. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .maarch. Letter Box is a vertical application that can. response handling and archiving.com/en Vendor driven solution (Maerys) WWW.COM Maarch is an ECM solution developed by the French firm Maerys. interface with a scanner and can manage the life cycle of correspondence circulating within the company: receipt. revolving closely around the vendor.

jahia.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 235 Other In the world of document management. open source supply is particularly strong.quotero.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .exoplatform. By way of example.com http://www.org http://www.COM Name Jahia Freedom Quotero eXo DMS URL / Website http://www. the following tools can also be added: WWW.com http://www.SMILE-OSS. over and above the products presented above.dynacase.

DSI (interest based displays). OAI-PMH server. thesaurus management.SMILE-OSS. etc. The most notable examples of these are Koha and PMB. open source library and documentation management tools have emerged in recent years. OPAC (user search interface). borrower management. Z3950 Client and Server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The main functionalities of these tools include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing. management of periodicals and purchasing.COM Built upon the world of document management. lending/returns with fines. disk management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 236 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION WWW.

OPAC. but can also be installed on OpenBSD.SMILE-OSS. Mac OS X. Koha is chiefly designed for libraries that want to comply with the UNIMARC cataloguing standard. With the exception of thumbnail retrieval. and so on. Koha’s main functionalities include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing. disk management. lending/returns with fines.org Community driven solution WWW. periodicals and ordering. FreeBSD.2 Website: www. Distributed under the GNU GPL v2. etc. The databases it supports are MySQL and PostgreSQL. Two French companies have built their businesses around Koha. a Drupal connector already exists) for more user-friendly ergonomics. OAI-PMH server.COM This ILS (integrated library system) was created in 1999 by a consortium of four libraries in New Zealand. It is recommended that OPAC searches be replaced by a CMS (for example.koha. Koha does not offer any EDM functions. Koha is developed in Perl and runs on Debian Linux. Koha is maintained by its community. Windows. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Z3950 Client and Server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 237 Koha Version studied: 4.

pmbservices. borrower management. etc.SMILE-OSS. OPAC (user search interface). it had no established network of partners. web. thesaurus management. PMB is distributed under the CeCILL License. etc. and more. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . DSI (interest based displays).) that can therefore run on Linux.) with file attachments. PHP.COM Created in 2003 by French company PMB Services. Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows. management of periodicals and purchasing. MySQL. etc.4 Website: www. multimedia. PMB was developed around a LAMP/WAMP platform (Apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 238 PMB Version studied: 3. along with notice imports (UNIMARC. Fulltext indexing is provided for in its roadmap. CSV. Z3950 Client. PMB’s main functionalities include the cataloguing of all types of documents (text.fr Vendor driven solution (PMB Services) WWW. It should be noted that. this very complete ILS was chiefly designed for document resource centres and specialised libraries that do not require UNIMARC cataloguing. at the time of writing.).

) or with no specific subject. i. portals also incorporate a degree of more or less advanced personalisation. links to third party resources.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 239 PORTALS WWW. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . job offers. a general interest portal such as Yahoo!. A combination of content and service packaging. more recently. Finally. and personalisation: these are the aspects that typically define a portal. The top examples include Liferay.e. Silverpeas. A number of open source tools are available for the creation of this type of project.SMILE-OSS. and their own added value stems from the selection and compilation of these tools. either pertaining to the same subject (real estate. eXo Platform and. Portals provide access to resources that they do not necessarily own: they offer services from other websites.COM A portal is a website that brings together a variety of resources.

but the product’s functional collaboration and exchange tools make it a viable candidate for any project of this type.1). eXo Platform is distributed under a double licensing model.com Vendor driven solution (eXo) WWW.exoplatform.0 Website: www. Ukraine and Tunisia.1) and eXo Social (1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 240 eXo Platform Version studied: 3. the United States. It publishes a collaboration and content management software suite for businesses. The source code and a packaged edition are freely accessible via an open source license (Affero GPL).SMILE-OSS.1). eXo Platform is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286 and WSRP 1 and 2. whilst an enterprise edition is sold by subscription. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Vietnam. eXo WCM (2. It also integrates a content repository in alignment with JSR 170. The company has offices in France.COM eXo is an open source French vendor founded in 2003. The latest version of eXo Platform (3. eXo Knowledge (2.1). The solution’s ergonomics are slightly behind the competition.0) incorporates four open source projects in a single package: eXo Collaboration (2.

a CMS or a collaborative work tool. Silverpeas is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In reality. It is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286. because it can compile heterogeneous resources. It is a CMS. It is a portal. a blog and a common directory. a shared calendar. Silverpeas stands out for its significant functional depth and generally user-friendly ergonomics. Silverpeas is not just a portal. It is a collaborative tool.COM Silverpeas is a collaborative and social portal. it is at the crossroads of these three dimensions. because it includes project management tools with tasks and an integrated Gantt diagram. a forum. Although the product’s visibility remains chiefly national at present.SMILE-OSS. Developed between 2001 and 2003.com Vendor driven solution (Oevo Group) WWW.4 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 241 Silverpeas Version studied: 7. the solution first came to life as proprietary software before its recent transition to open source. Silverpeas is a very interesting option for quick builds of simple collaborative portals. because it provides for easy builds of mini-sites with a simple WYSIWYG interface.silverpeas.

Its open source edition (Liferay Portal Community Edition) is available under the LGPL. and it also provides a powerful staging solution. Liferay is highly flexible in terms of rights management and the adaptability of the graphical appearance of pages.). wikis. Liferay is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168. notifications.liferay. JSR 286 and JSR 170. Liferay is distributed under a double licensing model. forums. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . allowing for the standardised integration of any existing application. to share resources and for collaboration.) WWW. and intuitive management of communities of practice and of the hierarchical organisation of the entity using it. tasks centre. Liferay was originally created for an American church in 2000. among other functionalities.0 Website: www. to compile content and information.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay Inc. In addition. Liferay also offers more than 60 portlets including a full range of collaborative and social tools (blogs.COM Liferay is a good-level open source corporate portal solution that can be used.SMILE-OSS. Liferay is an excellent corporate portal solution. One of its strengths is the simplicity of personalisation by the end user.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 242 Liferay Version studied: 6. resource reservations. etc.

org/jetspeed-2 http://lutece. By way of example. over and above the products presented above.apache.org/pluto http://sakaiproject.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 243 Other In the world of portals.org/gatein http://portals.fr May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . open source supply is particularly strong.apache.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added: WWW.paris.org http://portals.jboss.COM Name JBoss / GateIn Apache Pluto Sakai Jetspeed-2 Lutece URL / Website http://www.

meeting new people. Twitter. Elgg and Liferay Social Office. more and more quality open source solutions have appeared on the market. speaks for itself (more than 400 million users are registered on Facebook to date)..SMILE-OSS. the likes of Drupal Commons.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 244 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . This shows the interest people have in connecting to one another. The use of social networks is now an established fact and as a result companies are encouraging their staff to use them to communicate. communicating and working together. This is how social networks are used by companies: to create wealth. LinkedIn.COM The success of social networking sites such as Facebook. In response to this need. etc. CSNs (corporate social networks) were born of the realisation that companies could also use this type of resource to generate value.

9 Website: http://buddypress. has enjoyed increasing use ever since. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .). BuddyPress is delivered standard with a number of functionalities which are very easy to activate. released in May 2009. profiles. etc. Apache and MySQL.SMILE-OSS. friends management.3) will consolidate the existing structure and functionalities (install interface.0 support. blogs. WordPress 3. BuddyPress enjoys an active community. messaging. groups. improvement of profile attributes. The next version (v1. etc.COM BuddyPress was designed in 2008 by Andy Peatling while he was working on adding networking functionalities to the famous WordPress blog engine.org Community driven solution WWW. BuddyPress has the special feature of being built on the Wordpress tool. forums. BuddyPress is published under the GNU GPL v2. It therefore has a similar architecture. A roadmap is available on the community website.2. such as activities feeds.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 245 BuddyPress Version studied: 1. The first official version (v1). using PHP.

Some relevant examples include Homebox (for personalised pages). will offer greater stability and a broader functional scope. In fact. Drupal is built on LAMP technologies (particularly PHP and MySQL). which we examined here. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Organic Group (groups management). Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source. Content Profile (profile data management). The Drupal Commons distribution has a broad native scope capable of rapidly implementing a real social network.com Vendor driven solution (Acquia) WWW.000 – although not all of them concern CSNs).acquia. v7. it was the full package configuration. Drupal Commons.0 Website: www. The latest version. Invite Friends (friend management).SMILE-OSS. A support option is available from Acquia. and more. The scope of the community portals that can be created using Drupal depends on the available modules (more than 10.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 246 Drupal Commons Version studied: 2. Privatemsg (private messaging). From a technical point of view. Drupal was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success since then.COM Drupal Commons is a Drupal oriented social networks distribution published by Acquia (a services company founded by Drupal’s creator) in 2010. FriendList (list of friends).

com Vendor driven solution (Curverider Ltd) WWW. making it possible to easily and rapidly extend product functionalities (more than 900 plug-ins). It was created in 2004 by Dave Tosh and Ben Werdmuller. groups management (with restricted access spaces).COM Elgg is one of the most well-known and most successful open source social networking solutions. a complete API. who subsequently went on to create Curverider Limited in order to maintain and enhance the product. On the support side.elgg. Elgg is published under the GPL v2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 247 Elgg Version studied: 1. Apache. rights management.0. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . activities feeds. MySQL and PHP) technologies. Elgg offers most of the functionalities expected of a social networking project. publisher Curverider offers a number of services such as bug fixes and hosting. blogging and microblogging. These include profile management (with the possibility of attribute definition). Its architecture is plug-in enabled.1 Website: www. and it has a very active community that produces a large number of interesting plug-ins (www.elgg. Its modular design provides for its expandability.SMILE-OSS. Elgg is written in PHP and runs on LAMP (Linux.org). etc.8.

0 Website: www. The Liferay portal was launched by Brian Chan in the early 2000s. Its functions are very business orientated: profiles/members. events. the embedded Liferay chat function is of high quality.SMILE-OSS. in other words JEE architecture.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 248 Liferay Social Office Version studied: Liferay SO 1.5. document management.5 is in beta) is distributed under the Affero GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Liferay launched a variation on its portal with specific packaging for cooperative work: Liferay Social Office. which includes vendor support. groups.liferay.COM Liferay Social Office is a product of Liferay.B (Beta) / Liferay P 6. Social Office is its corporate social cooperation solution. On the technology side. wiki. At the end of 2008. etc. The Community edition of Social Office (current version 1. However. It includes a number of project functionalities and very few conversational components. Social Office uses the Liferay portal. which already has the Liferay portal to its name. calendar. chat function. A corporate version also exists. It supports around a dozen databases and application servers.

open source supply is particularly strong.SMILE-OSS.ez.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com http://pligg.com http://mahara.org http://www. the following tools can also be added: WWW.com http://lovdbyless.exoplatform.askspree. over and above the products presented above.COM Name eZ Teamroom eXo Social LovdbyLess Mahara NoseRub Pligg Spree URL / Website http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 249 Other In the world of corporate social networks.com http://project.no http://www.noserub. By way of example.

we will present the best open source solutions available today: Dotclear. wikis and forums have ceased to truly be “presented” as such. in the interest of collaborative contributions.COM Blogs. WIKIS AND FORUMS WWW. notes that are accumulated over time and displayed in chronological order. phpBB. It is said that they are a component of Web 2. i. XWiki. etc. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A wiki can also be defined as a type of website. A blog is a type of website comprising posts. now that have become such a firmly integrated part of corporate life.SMILE-OSS. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.0 in their own right.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 250 BLOGS. In this category.e. although its unique feature is its openness to others: wiki pages are usually modifiable by visitors. A forum is (typically) a public discussion area in which exchanges are arranged by subject.

In addition. Dotclear is distributed under the GPL v2. Dotclear’s functional depth makes it a high quality publishing tool. equal and in some cases far superior to other tools of the same type. with its two step automated installation.3. Xavier Plantefève took over the project. It generates pages with a structure that optimises their natural referencing. who regularly contribute to its development. It is developed in PHP and supports PostgreSQL (8. many themes and plug-ins are available for easy personalisation.COM Dotclear is an open source web publishing solution created in 2002 by Olivier Meunier.1 Website: http://dotclear. MySQL (at least 4.org Community driven solution WWW.1 with InnoDB) and SQLite databases.0 and above). Dotclear was designed for maximum user comfort.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Dotclear’s software was designed first and foremost for its users. Over and above its functionalities.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 251 Dotclear Version studied: 2. In June 2009.

with the latter two locked at the top of the page for enhanced visibility. a private messaging system between users eliminates the need to publish personal email addresses. BBCode (similar to HTML code) can be used in these messages for an enhanced layout.COM phpBB is a tool in the forums family. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .phpbb. there is complete support for different visual themes: the graphics segment is completely separate from the software itself.SMILE-OSS. those posted since the last time the page was viewed) can quickly be accessed. In addition to the usual functions. It is built on LAMP architecture and is written in PHP.com Community driven solution WWW.0. adverts and post-its.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 252 phpBB Version studied: 3. phpBB also handles an optional email system that can send notifications whenever a reply is posted on a subject (or subjects) tracked by the user. new messages (i. phpBB can be used to create surveys.9 Website: www. Graphically. Where cookies are enabled.e. Emoticons are used to make the content more visible. and so can be personalised at will. Going a step further. phpBB is distributed under the GPL v2.

The software uses the principle of a wiki to provide a collaborative work platform.0 Website: http://twiki. TWiki is distributed under the GPL v2. It is a cgi-bin script written in Perl.SMILE-OSS.COM TWiki is programmed in Perl.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 253 TWiki Version studied: 5. Developers can expand TWiki’s content and functionalities by means of a variety of extensions. It can be used as a development area. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The information contained in TWiki is stored in text files and converted to HTML on the fly.1.org Vendor driven solution (TWiki) WWW. a document administration system or a personal administration system.

A second generation wiki application. In additional to standard wiki functionalities (simplified layout. collaborative publishing.e.1 Website: www. i.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 254 XWiki Version studied: 3. It is now primarily supported by the company XWiki SAS. It is developed in Java using a Hibernate database.org Vendor driven solution (XWiki SAS) WWW.xwiki. etc. its adaptability to user needs. XWiki is used for work collaboration. it offers the option of performing programming directly on the wiki’s pages. The programming languages used within the wiki itself are Velocity and Groovy. It is this possibility that makes it a wiki application.SMILE-OSS. It includes a number of APIs and a system of plug-ins and portlets.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . XWiki is distributed under the LGPL.COM XWiki was created by Ludovic Dubost in 2004. information sharing and online content publication (structured or unstructured). access rights management.

SMILE-OSS. It is among the most sophisticated blog tools. It is now supported by a very large community. for the greater part. that can also be used for building web sites.1 Website: http://wordpress. It is developped in PHP. that was released in june 2010. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Wordpress was created in 2003. Wordpress is released under a GPL licence. and has enjoyed a growing success through the years.3.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 255 Wordpress Version studied: 3. with new versions comming out every six months or so. through a fork from a tool called "B2". Wordpress was the work of Matt Mullenweg. Wordpress is a very comprehensive and feature-rich blog tool. on a MySQL database. The product roadmap is very active. Version 3. was the merger of Wordpress and Wordpress MU. offering native multi-blog management. It features many APIs and a sophisticated plugin mechanism. with thousands of available extensions.org Community driven solution WWW.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 256 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

mediawiki.dokuwiki.com http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 257 Other In the world of blogs.SMILE-OSS.COM Name DokuWiki FSB MediaWiki PunBB SMF URL / Website http://www. By way of example.org http://punbb.informer. over and above the products presented above.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .simplemachines. open source supply is particularly dynamic.fire-soft-board. wikis and forums.org/dokuwiki http://www.com http://www. the following tools can also be added: WWW.

students and classes.COM E-learning. forums and blogs).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 258 E-LEARNING WWW. creation of educational resource types. particularly web based ones. test their knowledge. also referred to as “online training”. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. SCORM compatibility. questionnaires. timetables. Moodle and Claroline enjoy an excellent reputation. Among the available open source solutions. consists in educational activities that occur via electronic solutions. The main functionalities of e-learning tools include management of teachers. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. E-learning solutions are used to create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. student supervision and more. collaborative tools (wikis.

timetables and student supervision.COM Created in 2002 by Australian Martin Dougiamas (who had previously worked on the proprietary solution WebTC). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Moodle is the mostly widely used online learning platform in the world. MySQL and PHP) application. Mac OS X. Apache. Authorised service companies offer various services such as hosting. Its modular approach responds to needs ranging from those of individual trainers to major institutions. module creation. Moodle is a LAMP (Linux. with PostgreSQL. forums and blogs). and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. creation of nine types of educational resources. It is distributed under the GPL. NetWare. Its main functionalities include management of teachers. and more. It can create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. FreeBSD. collaborative tools (wikis.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 259 Moodle Version studied: 2. test their knowledge.org Community driven solution WWW.1 Website: http://moodle. It also runs on UNIX. etc. Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server databases. Windows. SCORM compatibility. students and classes. Linux.SMILE-OSS. Moodle is supported by active communities of practice that contribute to its development. questionnaires.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 260 Claroline Version studied: 1.claroline. Claroline is written in PHP and runs on Linux. SCORM and IMS QTI 2 compatibility.6. which in turn gave rise to the promising fork of Dokeos 1. It should be noted that it gave rise to the Dokeos fork (now under corporate management). Chamilo. It is easy to use. Its main functionalities include management of teachers.10.SMILE-OSS. created in 2007 in the form of an international not-for-profit association. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . timetables and statistics on attendance and on students’ marks on different exercises. owing in part to its lesser functional depth in comparison to Moodle. coordinates the platform’s developments and promotes its use. creation of exercises and classes.net Consortium driven solution WWW. collaborative tools (wikis and forums). Mac OS and Microsoft Windows. students and classes. unites the Claroline community.COM Created in 2000 at the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL).8.5 Website: www. questionnaires. The consortium. Distributed under the GPL. It uses MySQL databases. Claroline’s development currently enjoys the support of the Walloon Region and of three other Belgian partners. Claroline is the second most commonly used online learning application in Europe.

org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 261 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-learning.ilias.dokeos.com http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.chamilo.COM Name Dokeos Chamilo Ilias URL / Website http://www.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In the world of open source solutions.COM There are two categories of tools that are external to applications (in the broadest sense of the term) and that are used to generate visitor statistics: log analysers.SMILE-OSS. and remote applications that collect their data using special tags inserted on the pages. tools like AWStats (log analyser) and Piwik (tag analysis) are commonly used.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 262 VISITOR TRACKING WWW. which work based on HTTP server log files.

pages.net Community driven solution WWW. AWStats provides a wide range of statistics. time.sourceforge. hits. IIS. AWStats can be installed and run on most systems. WebStar.SMILE-OSS. Written in Perl. It was written a number of years ago by Laurent Destailleur. host. One of the strengths of AWStats lies in the possibility of dynamically generating tables without losing out on performance.0 Website: http://awstats. browser. It is a highly mature supervision tool with packages on all Linux distributions. It can natively read the log files of most web servers such as Apache.COM AWStats is an audience tracking tool based on analyses of web logs. by domain/country. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . transfers. unique visitors. streaming and email). It is very popular among systems and network administrators. thanks in particular to an efficient caching policy. The AWStats open source software is available under the GPL. Its functionalities include measurements of the number of visits. graphs and reports generated from its analysis of web logs (as well as FTP. OS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 263 AWStats Version studied: 7. and so on.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 264 Piwik Version studied: 1. users can access graphs of the most recent visits. visit durations. under the direction of Matthieu Aubry. Piwik’s objective is to become a preferred alternative to Google Analytics.SMILE-OSS. In just a few clicks. visitor countries. but it must be said that its beginnings appear promising. geographic distribution and more. Piwik is distributed under the GPL v3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a distribution of visits by time zone.5. a list of keywords used. visitor browsers. This is a tall order. in fact.COM Piwik is the successor to phpMyVisites. The very young Piwik is already universally acclaimed.1 Website: http://piwik. a list of external sites. an API and an interface that is very user-friendly thanks to the combined use of Ajax and Flash.org Community driven solution WWW. objectives tracking. The solution was recently released. it received the award for the best SourceForge project for July 2010 – so we can only expect good times ahead for the solution. It is built on LAMP architecture and boasts a system of plug-ins. search engine rankings.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 265 OTHER WWW.COM In this final category of the “Applications” dimension. we will be presenting OpenX (an ad server solution) and LimeSurvey (an advanced tool for the creation of professional surveys and polls). Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.SMILE-OSS. the graphs below do not display the average scores. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them. In particular.

etc.SMILE-OSS. schedule based banner displays (with start and end dates). along with data on campaign results. etc. OpenX supports a wide variety of media. OpenX enjoys a relatively vast functional scope.com Vendor driven solution (OpenX) WWW.7 Site Internet de la solution : www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 266 OpenX Version studied: 2. Statistics can also be calculated by campaign. OpenX is distributed under the GPL v2. reports exported in Excel.COM OpenX is an open source advertising brokerage solution. HTML or CSV format. with tracking of displays. US based vendor OpenX publishes and supports the tool. limits on the number of clicks or displays per day. Atlas and Yahoo!). HTML. handling multiple sites and advertisers.openx. clicks and clicks by channel. DoubleClick. MySQL and a PHP accelerator. OpenX provides good control of advertising campaigns for one or more websites. multiple formats (IAB and more). JavaScript. It runs on an Apache (or HTTPd) web server with PHP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Flash. Google Ad Sense. management of priority campaigns. such as images. The application can handle hundred of millions of impressions per month.8. rotating displays in a single zone.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . by major corporations. PostgreSQL or Microsoft SQL Server database. LimeSurvey is used worldwide by a large number of private individuals. at universities and at government institutions.91 Website: www.org. LimeSurvey is a complete open source tool dedicated to the creation of all sorts of questionnaires. Its most noteworthy customer references include OpenOffice.SMILE-OSS. LimeSurvey is written in PHP.org Community driven solution WWW. LimeSurvey is distributed under the GPL. It was written by an Australian developer named Jason Cleeland.net on 20 February 2003 under the name of PHPSurveyor. rankings.COM LimeSurvey (formerly PHPSurveyor) is an open source online survey solution. scales. numerical input and more.limesurvey. Ubuntu and Gnome.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 267 LimeSurvey Version studied: 1. The software can produce questionnaires with an unlimited number of categories and questions. 20 styles of questions are available when creating a questionnaire: dates. in combination with a MySQL. It was registered on SourceForge. dropdown lists.

to name but a few. standards compliance.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 268 CONCLUSION WWW. This is a major task. acquisition and implementation processes. and is instead how to select the best tools that will integrate most smoothly with the existing environment. freedom of choice. developer instructions. All the studies have confirmed it: open source is everywhere in companies. opting for open source is no longer so much a question but rather a “no-brainer” for most companies.SMILE-OSS. The document explains the benefits afforded to IT Departments by establishing an open source policy. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. As a result. and so on. In 2009. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A corporate open source policy is a document that sets out the company’s rules for the deployment of open source software: selection criteria. for example. approved licenses. with products of very high quality boasting some of the best technical and functional bases on the software market today.COM As can be seen throughout this paper. or operating a database. and this percentage is undoubtedly even higher now in 2012. but a crucial one. development dynamics. the definition of an open source policy can be of benefit. Administrators and users are well aware that nothing is more reliable or effective than a Linux server when it comes to running a Java or PHP application server. a Gartner study estimated that 85% of companies were using open source solutions. We hope that this paper will serve to guide you toward the best products and will help you to build secure. The advantages of using open source solutions are so extensive: longevity. freely available for downloading. methods of contribution. de facto standards and cost. the range of open source solutions is particularly vast. lasting and innovative architectures. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. Thus the question has ceased to be whether or not to use or short-list open source tools for a given project. support requirements. For this reason.

We would like to take this opportunity to warmly thank all those who devoted their time and effort to it.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 269 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS WWW.SMILE-OSS. given the wide range of competencies and knowledge required. and the need to cover tools as varied as VPNs and elearning. for the curiosity and commitment they show each day to open source solutions.COM A paper like this one cannot be written by a single person. Benoît JACQUEMONT Maxime BESSON Patrick KOUASSI Alexandre NION Philippe DE OLIVERIA Frédéric DE GOMBERT Patrick NERDEN Thomas CHOPPY Jean-François BOSSARD Régis DAMONGEOT Thibaut DEMARET Julien BAGARIE Sébastien GIRAUD Alain ARDITI Patrice BERTRAND Barthélémy VESSEMONT Eric DRIER DE LA FORGE Guillaume MAISSA Eric PLAQUEVENT Allaedine EL BANNA Jérémy SUBTIL Marc GIBERT Sylvain TACQUET Badr CHENTOUF Hélène ZYSMAN Philippe BRIERE Sébastien MAULION Aurélien LEMAIRE Aurélien FOUCRET Marc MAURICE Sylvain BANNIER Jennifer LEROYER Jason YERGEAU … . And to our growing team at Smile. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

136 Kamailio. 108 AIDE. 217 JasperReports / iReport. 122 JMeter. 72 Keepalived. 80 Jahia. 92 BIRT. 66 LemonLDAP::NG. 135 HAProxy. 204 Drupal Commons. 128 Munin. 196 JBoss AS. 150 Elgg. 95 ActiveMQ. 216 Horde. 149 Eclipse. 18 GWT. 208 Continuum. 175 Activiti. 191 Bonita. 103 Centreon. 101 Moodle. 47 CAS. 251 Compiere. 163 LVS. 27 Lucene. 89 Cyrus IMAPd. 192 Jaspersoft.COM 389 Directory Server. 49 ClamAV. 112 EJBCA. 70 AWStats.SMILE-OSS. 238 DSPAM. 226 Magento. 209 ESIGate. 237 Cacti. 52 MySQL. 110 Apache. 240 LimeSurvey. 99 Nagios. 28 Maarch. 218 JORAM. 239 ERP5. 229 KVM. 223 Ant. 254 Bacula.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 270 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS WWW. 71 Kannel. 215 FreeBSD. 250 Mule. 243 Drools. 225 Koha. 30 Knowledge Tree. 121 CUPS. 180 eXo Platform. 153 Liferay. 179 Drupal. 159 Joomla. 48 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 232 eZ Publish. 116 GlassFish. 169 Jenkins / Hudson. 172 Asterisk. 200 MantisBT. 171 GLPI. 258 LinOTP. 214 Drupal Commerce. 14 Git. 33 Claroline. 29 Hippo CMS. 113 Maven. 234 Liferay Social Office. 155 Linux-HA. 114 mnoGoSearch. 165 MongoDB. 76 Debian. 139 Dotclear. 106 BuddyPress. 60 FreeNx. 176 jPBM. 78 easyCA. 32 Alfresco. 23 BIND. 107 jQuery. 152 Cassandra. 55 Django.

59 OpenCA. 198 Pentaho. 79 WWW. 195 SpamAssassin. 44 Phing. 154 Openbravo. 245 TYPO3. 42 pfSense. 35 OpenVPN. 67 osCommerce. 137 Pulse 2. 247 Xen. 85 Subversion. 138 PMB. 75 PostgreSQL. 183 OpenEMM. 61 netfilter. 257 Oracle VirtualBox. 127 TightVNC. 77 SPIP. 230 PMD. 81 Zend Framework. 210 OpenAM. 86 VTiger. 145 Ruby on Rails. 43 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux. 143 Tomcat. 34 Solr. 220 Ubuntu. 64 XWiki. 39 OpenVZ. 170 Tsung. 90 Selenium IDE. 202 Palo. 211 OpenBSD. 133 Zimbra. 160 Tuleap. 164 SpagoBI. 197 Pentaho Data Integration. 244 Piwik. 201 ProFTPD. 188 Talend ESB. 219 Spring. 50 Zarafa. 82 OpenERP. 233 Snort. 156 Silverpeas. 111 PhoneGap. 148 Openswan. 118 TWiki. 58 Varnish. 184 Symfony. 224 OCS Inventory NG. 166 OpenSSH. 96 OpenNMS. 140 Samba. 246 Zabbix.SMILE-OSS. 20 Puppet. 91 Prototype. 255 Play!. 15 Titanium. 16 OpenSSL. 24 RBS Change. 51 OpenSearchServer. 193 Petals. 124 Postfix. 212 OpenLDAP. 205 OXID. 36 Wordpress.COM Nuxeo. 123 Shibboleth. 185 Wireshark. 56 Redis. 132 Talend. 19 OFBiz. 134 Squid.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 271 NetBSD. 189 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 102 Redmine. 147 OpenCRX. 117 Rhodes. 40 OpenVAS. 57 Pentaho Report Designer. 100 PrestaShop. 129 PF (Packet Filter). 115 SugarCRM. 65 OpenX. 144 phpBB. 203 Red Hat Enterprise Linux.