White paper

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Guide to open source solutions

“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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PREAMBLE

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SMILE
Smile is a company of engineers specialising in the implementing of open source solutions and the integrating of systems relying on open source. Smile is member of APRIL, the association for the promotion and defence of free software, Alliance Libre, PLOSS, and PLOSS RA, which are regional cluster associations of free software companies. Smile has 600 throughout the World which makes it the largest company in Europe specialising in open source. Since approximately 2000, Smile has been actively supervising developments in technology which enables it to discover the most promising open source products, to qualify and assess them so as to offer its clients the most accomplished, robust and sustainable products. This approach has led to a range of white papers covering various fields of application: Content management (2004), portals (2005), business intelligence (2006), PHP frameworks (2007), virtualisation (2007), and electronic document management (2008), as well as PGIs/ERPs (2008). Among the works published in 2009, we would also cite “open source VPN’s”, “Firewall open source flow control”, and “Middleware”, within the framework of the “System and Infrastructure” collection. Each of these works presents a selection of best open source solutions for the domain in question, their respective qualities as well as operational feedback. As open source solutions continue to acquire new domains, Smile will be there to help its clients benefit from these in a risk-free way. Smile is present in the European IT landscape as the integration architect of choice to support the largest companies in the adoption of the best open source solutions. Over recent years, Smile has also extended the range of services it offers. Since 2005, a consulting department has been supporting our clients both in the preproject phases and in project guidance. Smile has had a graphics studio since 2000 which in 2007 became an Interactive agency which, in addition to graphics creation also offered emarketing expertise, publishing and rich interfaces. Smile also has an agency which specialises in Third Party Application Management, support and operating of applications. Finally, Smile is based in Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Grenoble, Nantes, Bordeaux and Montpellier. It is also present in Spain, Benelux, Switzerland, Ukraine and Morocco.

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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THIS WHITE PAPER
The studies agree: open source solutions are used by the majority of companies, both large and small, whether or not it was a conscious decision. This comes as no surprise given the rich and varied range of open source solutions available today. Smile has been regularly publishing white papers presenting the extraordinary depth of these solutions since 2004: content management in 2004, portals in 2005, business intelligence in 2006, virtualisation in 2007, electronic document management and ERPs in 2008, open source VPNs and firewalls in 2009, e-commerce and corporate social networks in 2010, and so on. A total of 22 documents have thus been produced and are available for free to download. Each text presents a selection of the best open source solutions for the domain in question, outlining their respective strengths and providing feedback on real life experiences in using these tools. Yet one thing was missing: a central repository containing the best open source solutions on the market, which could be used to guide and orientate decision makers toward benchmark solutions. We have received many requests for such a guide, particularly from IT Departments. The gap has now been filled with this white paper, which presents more than 170 products in 40 enterprise software domains. All product types are included, or nearly all - this paper does not, for example, look at workstation or “office automation” applications like Firefox, Gimp and LibreOffice - with a summary presentation (creation date, licensing, technologies, etc.) and an assessment of each based on six standard criteria. This document was developed by more than 30 of our top technical, functional and business specialists. We hope that this white paper will be of use to you. Before launching into the following 200+ pages, we recommend you read through the next section, which describes our analytical methodology and lists our suggestions for deriving maximum value from the guide. Enjoy!

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Please feel free to share your opinions and assessments of the products presented in this white paper with us. Likewise, do let us know if there is a solution you would like to see included, which we have omitted. One address for both: info@smile-iberia.com

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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CONTENTS PREAMBLE .................................................................................................. 2
SMILE ................................................................................................................................................................... 2 THIS WHITE PAPER ................................................................................................................................................... 3 CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

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ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY...................................................................... 6
PRESENTATION ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE ................................................................................................................. 12

BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS ............................................................... 13
INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION .................................................................................................................................. 13 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL ........................................................................................................................ 14 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT .......................................................................................................... 18 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS .............................................................................................................................. 23 HIGH AVAILABILITY ....................................................................................................................................... 27 SECURITY .................................................................................................................................................... 32 VPNS ........................................................................................................................................................ 39 FIREWALLS .................................................................................................................................................. 42 SUPERVISION AND METRICS ........................................................................................................................... 47 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................. 55 VIRTUALISATION .......................................................................................................................................... 64 VOIP / TELEPHONY....................................................................................................................................... 70 MESSAGING, EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE ............................................................................................... 75 HTTP ACCELERATORS ................................................................................................................................... 85 OTHER ....................................................................................................................................................... 89 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION ................................................................................................ 94 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES............................................................................................................................... 95 DATABASES ................................................................................................................................................. 99 BPM / WORKFLOW ................................................................................................................................... 106 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS ................................................................................................................................. 110 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION .......................................................................................................... 121 ESBS ....................................................................................................................................................... 127 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES ........................................................................................... 132 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS ....................................................................................................... 146 PKIS ........................................................................................................................................................ 150 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION, FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT ............................................................................. 155 LOAD TESTING TOOLS .................................................................................................................................. 162

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SEARCH ENGINES ........................................................................................................................................ 166 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS.................................................................................................................. 173 MOM & EAI ............................................................................................................................................ 179 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 184 APPLICATIONS DIMENSION ....................................................................................................................................187

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CRMS ..................................................................................................................................................... 188 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS...................................................................................................................... 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING ............................................................................................................. 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES ................................................................................................................... 200 E-COMMERCE............................................................................................................................................ 205 ERPS ....................................................................................................................................................... 213 CMSS ...................................................................................................................................................... 219 EDM & ECM ........................................................................................................................................... 230 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION..................................................................................................................... 236 PORTALS................................................................................................................................................... 239 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS).......................................................................................................... 244 BLOGS, WIKIS AND FORUMS ........................................................................................................................ 250 E-LEARNING .............................................................................................................................................. 258 VISITOR TRACKING ...................................................................................................................................... 262 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 265

CONCLUSION .......................................................................................... 268 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................... 269 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS ............................................................................. 270

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More than 300 open source tools are presented here. business intelligence tools. we selected only domains that make sense for corporate solutions. ESBs. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . functional and business experts to select the best solutions. portals. In some cases. search engines. Applications: CRMs.COM PRESENTATION In preparing this white paper. supervision. there were so many products available that we had to differentiate between “primary” and “secondary” tools. We have attempted to make this guide as comprehensive as possible. and in which Smile has previously implemented projects and has real expertise. virtualisation. Only primary tools were including in our selection and our recommendations. ecommerce solutions. we asked our technical. etc. functional and business experts. web and mobile frameworks. It was vital to group products in this way given the vastness of open source options available today. we solicited our technical. In the end. We assigned each of these forty-some categories to the following dimensions:    Infrastructure: IT asset management. Development and intermediate layers: corporate directories. etc. firewalls. etc. practical reference guide to the best open source solutions on the market. with the primary objective of creating a broad. Choice of solutions For each category. Choice of categories We began by establishing a list of the categories that would be presented in this guide. EDM tools. CMSs. operating systems. HTTP accelerators. VPNs.SMILE-OSS. those which any company could use with complete confidence as foundations for its most ambitious projects.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 6 ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY WWW. databases. MOM and EAI. offering you a broad choice for building the most appropriate architectures for your needs.

in particular. a reputation built on marketing investments will not last long if it is not accompanied by a dynamic community and basic technical quality. Google+. Facebook. we decided to make our results public. it is even more crucial for the indicators to all have the green light. For this criterion. The six analytical criteria are as follows: Current reputation A solution’s current reputation is important. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Because we did not want this white paper to be a mere reference file. However. such that the solution will remain a good one over at least the next three years. and the availability of resources/profiles to support you through its integration with your environment. We also performed objective evaluations of six criteria applicable to all of our categories.SMILE-OSS. an explanation of which you will find below. wherever relevant – we calculated the average score of all solutions in each category in order to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each specific tool. etc. Resource availability.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 7 Assessment criteria Our choice of tools was largely based on feedback from the field and our experience on hundreds of past projects. dynamics. but rather a real guide for decision makers. For this reason. It will thus provide you with reliable indicators covering each tool’s reputation. its expandability and adaptability. although the criterion of reputation is important. pricing and upgradability will be directly dependent on this. its functional scope. the quality of its technical base. linked to the number of high-ranked websites pointing to the product’s site Exchanges on social networks: Twitter. WWW. it is not enough to make an informed decision. insofar as it can provide a sense of security or at least advance notice of potential issues. Wherever possible – and. we considered:       Number and importance of customer references Number and reputation of existing integrators (and are they independent? SMEs? large groups? is there only one integrator for the product?) References in the trade press Size of forum and mailing list archives Google PageRank for the site. While it will be decisive to implement a solution that is strong at the time of installation.

a vendor’s investments are not particularly important in view of the patches. particularly in respect to its community. including occasional bloggers WWW. this factor directly determines the position the solution will hold in the future. documentation and even marketing that an active community can produce. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and alignment with the modelling standards at the core of an open source application.COM Technical base Investments and communities are still small potatoes compared with questions of coherence. In the end. power. We believe that models in which the vendor is almost the sole integrator of its product are not favourable to the development of a community of partners contributing to the product’s dynamics. For this criterion. we considered:        Increases in forum and mailing list volumes IRC chat activity Governance: how often are integrators and users consulted and included as stakeholders in the product’s design and upgrades? Frequency of documentation updates.SMILE-OSS. Along with technical quality. especially wikis CVS/SVN code submissions Frequency of releases References by independent players.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 8 Dynamics This pertains to the solution’s dynamics.

Naturally. and the cost of implementation of the same business function can easily vary from one to five times the price. depending on the technical quality of the base. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . be expanded at a lesser cost.COM Functionalities are just the top layer built on these foundations.SMILE-OSS. a financially sound vendor can recode its solution – a common practice today – but once your implementation of a solution has been rendered. even in the case of tremendous investments. on the contrary. The ideal foundation should permit continual enhancement. further enhancements to a product’s functional side will cease to be possible beyond a certain point.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 9 WWW. otherwise you will be the one to pay the price of brutal migrations. if the application is based on abstractions at too low a level. Thus. whereas a well designed solution using clear and efficient concepts can. it is quite difficult or financially impractical to adapt it to a vendor’s new offering if it has fundamentally changed.

open source EDM. even if we do recommend. while this is an important criterion in terms of enjoying a tool that. such that the application comprises a small kernel and plug-ins that take account of one another) No obvious performance issues WWW.) Use of a framework Degree of code factoring (sign of reliability and easy handling) Strength of hooks. we considered:   Compliance with existing standards (a sign of maintainability and ease of handling) Power and canonicity of the abstractions utilised (sign of productivity. open source ERPs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 10 For this criterion. going down to the “macroscopic” level when comparing solutions for a given scope. wherever possible.) can help with this type of comparison. the criterion of “flexibility” has a greater impact in terms of cost. native web services. anchors and interfaces for dedicated plug-ins Maturity and cover of web services Product learning curve: a flat curve receives a lower score Application modularity (Inversion Of Control pattern where possible. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. It provides a valuable indicator regarding the tool’s capacity. This is because it can be relatively simple to add functionalities when a tool is flexible. etc. has as broad a scope as possible. here referring to ORM. We would also like to note that. Our thematic papers (open source CMSs.SMILE-OSS. from the outset.COM        Functional scope This refers to the overall functional scope of the solution in relation to what is commonly found among tools of the same category.

COM Resources Difficulty or ease of finding service providers on the market that are capable of performing advanced developments on the tool. This text explains the benefits afforded to IT departments by establishing an open source policy. and do metadata need to be imported or exported to or from the database? if so. because superior technology can easily compensate for more substantial initial adjustments. we considered (among other points):      Possibility of adding plug-ins Ease of modifying data structures to add or alter business object storage Ease of modifying user interfaces to make them more ergonomic Ease of modifying the processing performed Speed and simplicity of development cycles: do classes need to be recompiled / redeployed. freely available for downloading. Is it easy to find resources to implement a project? Will I be dependent on a provider? Warning: Be careful not to misinterpret this indicator. In fact. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. For this criterion. Hw easy is this to do? This is a decisive criterion in terms of the total cost of ownership. it’s quite common.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 11 Flexibility / Expandability Businesses must sometimes go beyond their tool’s native functional scope. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . how are functional enhancements rolled out to a database in production? WWW.SMILE-OSS. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. Flexibility has many points in common with technology. given the cost of custom developments. but it places its emphasis specifically on the tool’s modularity and on the efficiency of third party developments.

We have also specified whether the solution is community or vendor driven. author. version studied and website.SMILE-OSS. WWW.COM Presentation of the tool: name. the dotted black line denotes the average score for the category. All the solutions are presented in the same format. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . to simplify reading and comprehension. and the dark orange section indicates the tool’s strengths (above average scoring). type of distribution licence. Assessment of the tool based on six criteria: the orange section (both light and dark) corresponds to the tool’s cover. functional presentation. date created. Description of the tool: type of tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 12 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE This page explains how this document is organised. technical base and opinions.

Many have reached such prominence that they are close to being household names. And it is from this dimension that open source projects are born.COM INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION The “Infrastructure” dimension is certainly the best represented in the field of open source tools. tools such as the Apache HTTP server. or the Linux line of operating systems. with hundreds and even thousands of available solutions. among the following categories:        Remote computer control IT asset and inventory management Roll-out and back-ups High availability Security VPNs Firewalls        Supervision and Metrics Linux & BSD operating systems Virtualisation VoIP / Telephony Messaging. the Nagios supervision tool. and more than 90 are listed in total. These projects and the many others included in this dimension lay the foundation for a sound infrastructure capable of hosting the best applications under the most optimal conditions.SMILE-OSS. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 13 BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS WWW. Email marketing & Groupware HTTP accelerators Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The latter is the favourite among systems administrators in the world of UNIX servers. and their technology has advanced impressively in recent years.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 14 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL WWW. as needed. They can.COM More and more remote computer control solutions are becoming available. The open source range in this category includes tools like FreeNx. be either localised or spread across some or all of a company’s client workstations.SMILE-OSS. including shared views of computers and file transfers. These tools were initially created to meet user support and assistance needs. TightVNC and OpenSSH. They are used to respond to the different issues encountered at companies.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 15 FreeNx Version studied: 0.. although with a number of optimisations that simplify its use on low bandwidth networks. to be shared. FreeNX was developed by the company NoMachine in 2005.COM FreeNX is a set of components that implements the NX protocol.3 Website: http://freenx. Similar to Microsoft RDesktop. FreeNX is a protocol for remotely accessing UNIX systems. and its session and resource management are quite reliable. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .de Vendor driven solution (NoMachine) WWW. sound cards. FreeNX performs well under compression. The firm continues to support it and even offers different editions of the product. FreeNX has been developed by a community since 2006 and is written in C/C++. etc. it allows sessions to be stored and devices like printers.berlios.7. It is available under the GPL.SMILE-OSS. It is based on the X11 protocol. including commercial editions.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Community driven solution WWW.0. etc. It is written in C/C++. It is a very widespread protocol used in graphical computer administration.4 Website: www. This protocol provides for remote graphic displays via another network protocol. user support.COM TightVNC is a set of tools that implements the VNC protocol. irrespective of the operating system. RFB (Remote Frame Buffer). TightVNC is therefore defined as a remote control and online administration programme that can be used on any computer.tightvnc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 16 TightVNC Version studied: 2.SMILE-OSS. TightVNC has been available since 2001 under the GPL v2.

openssh. Like most BSD projects. it is the preferred software among systems administrators.com Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW.COM OpenSSH is a software suite used for remote server administration. OpenSSH has added numerous functionalities providing for much more than the traditional “network console” use. In particular. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Over the years. OpenSSH has been developed under the BSD License by the OpenBSD Foundation. and great attention is given to the quality of its code. In the world of UNIX servers.SMILE-OSS. OpenSSH enables the set-up of simple VPNs and the remote display of graphics applications. Since 1999.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 17 OpenSSH Version studied: 5. OpenSSH is written in C.9 Website: http://www. which has a number of companies providing OpenSSH support.

SMILE-OSS. license management and more. calculation of depreciation. printers. management of associated contracts (computers. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 18 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT WWW. These solutions have a broad scope.). network components. support functions (with or without user access. including functions such as management of the company’s hardware assets. SLAs.). with references like GLPI and OCS Inventory NG used by many players in the CAC 40. consumables. etc.). IT asset and inventory management tools can also incorporate a financial dimension (cost tracking model. devices. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. detailed user rights management. automated notifications with personalisable templates.COM Open source IT asset and inventory management tools are becoming more and more popular in companies.

It provides for: hardware management.glpi-project. substantial expandability thanks to its plug-ins: integration with supervision software.SMILE-OSS. and SLAs. detailed user rights management. including associated contracts: computers (with automated information feeds if combined with OCS-NG or Fusion Inventory). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . printers. support functions: with or without user access. GLPI is based on PHP/MySQL technologies. etc. network components and consumables. new inventory items.80.COM GLPI is an IT inventory and helpdesk tool launched in 2003 and driven by Julien Dombre.org Community driven solution WWW. GLPI is distributed under the GPL.2 Website: www. devices.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 19 GLPI Version studied: 0. automated notifications with personalisable templates. JeanMathieu Doléans and Bazile Lebeau. project management.

Software dictionaries can also be defined for the purpose of groupings (such as for Windows Updates).COM OCS Inventory NG is a French automated computer workstation inventory tool created in 2001. OCS is available under the GPL v2.SMILE-OSS. In addition.0 Website: www. Mac or Linux workstations. It is primarily based on Perl and MySQL technologies.ocsinventory-ng. OCS can manage software installs on Windows.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 20 OCS Inventory NG Version studied: 2. Concerning remote deployment. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Remote deployments are secure and can be scheduled. OCS transmits information on both the hardware features of each workstation. All these data can then be viewed on a web interface with export functions. by means of packages created by administrators. as well as the software installed there. the architecture of OCS servers can be divided so as to avoid network congestion during major remote roll-outs.org Community driven solution WWW.

3. with reporting and scheduling functionalities. Workstation imaging makes it possible to create masters and to rapidly and remotely install them on computers without any intervention by the administrators (remote control / PXE).COM Pulse 2 is software created by Mandriva for IT inventory management.com/en/pro/pulse Vendor driven solution (Mandriva) WWW. Mac and Linux platforms are supported. Windows.SMILE-OSS. Pulse 2 transmits the workstations’ hardware and software characteristics.1 Website: www. workstation imaging and remote deployment. Thanks to an agent installed on each computer.1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .mandriva.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 21 Pulse 2 Version studied: 1. Pulse 2 is distributed under the GPL. MySQL and C++. potentially on a decentralised basis. The agent is also used to allow administrators to remotely control computers via the VNC protocol on a secure channel (SSH). It is built on several technologies: Python. Remote roll-out is done in packages.

org http://lrs.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 22 Other Among the different products available in the field of asset and inventory management.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.linbox.COM Name Fusion Inventory Linbox Rescue Server URL / Website http://fusioninventory.

Roll-out tools like Puppet can remotely prepare environments. Some tools go as far as to offer multi-streaming. storage location. calendars). based on pre-defined rules or an expected end state. based on a series of highly advanced rules.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 23 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS WWW. multi-plexing. etc.g.COM Back-up tools like Bacula are used to save important data on different media.SMILE-OSS. All major companies use roll-out software to simplify the administration of their IT environment. definition of back-up types (full. back-up pool management and more. user back-ups. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . incremental or differential). The functionalities included in back-up tools can include very detailed back-up scheduling (e.

It uses a PostgreSQL or MySQL database. the File Daemon is the agent deployed on each client.3 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. performing central coordination of the back-up processes. Bacula also implements advanced functionalities used in all effective back-up solutions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 24 Bacula Version studied: 5. Bacula’s architecture is based on three key components: the Director is the conductor. multi-plexing. back-up pool management and more.0.COM Bacula is a highly flexible back-up and recovery system developed in 2000 by Kern Sibbald.bacula. Bacula provides for highly detailed back-up scheduling. and the Storage Daemon interfaces with the storage media. in terms of both its calendar and the back-up type (full. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Bacula is distributed under the GPL and is developed in C/C++. such as multi-streaming.org Vendor driven solution (Bacula Systems) WWW. incremental or differential). and now supported by Bacula Systems. user back-ups. in charge of performing the back-up under the Director’s control.

Puppet centrally administrates a large and heterogeneous environment. Puppet Labs. irrespective of the starting point. In this way.).6 Website: http://puppetlabs. and Puppet automatically takes the system to the specified state. like with traditional admin tools. as well as professional support provided by its vendor. the administrator enters the desired end state (permissions needed. configurations applied.com Vendor driven solution (Puppet Labs) WWW. Rather than describing a series of actions to be performed. Puppet is written in Ruby.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 25 Puppet Version studied: 2. etc. Puppet boasts a community of enthusiastic and dynamic users.SMILE-OSS.COM Puppet is an infrastructure automation tool. It is distributed under the Apache License. files and software installed. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

org http://www.github.SMILE-OSS.partimage.com/ http://cobbler.redhat.amanda.sourceforge.com/en/pro/pulse http://www.mandriva.sourceforge.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net/ http://spacewalk.COM Name Kdump mkCDrec SIS CloneZilla Partimage Pulse 2 OCS Inventory NG Amanda BackupPC Spacewalk Cobbler CFengine URL / Website http://lse.org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 26 Other Among the different products available in the field of roll-out and back-ups.ocsinventory-ng.net/kdump http://mkcdrec.sourceforge. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.net http://sourceforge.org http://www.org/ http://backuppc.com/ http://cfengine.net/projects/sisuite http://clonezilla.

It is very important for companies to install high availability technologies for information systems that serve as the central nervous system of their organisation. based on the status of the other servers on the network. namely from either a physical or a logical point of view. ideally 100% of the time.COM ‘High availability’ is a term frequently used to designate a service or system architecture that must be available as continuously as possible. for example. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . while Linux-HA enables communications between servers. They can be implemented in a number of different ways.SMILE-OSS. There are excellent open source tools designed to ensure that services are always responsive.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 27 HIGH AVAILABILITY WWW. operates like a router to guide queries based on service status. allowing for the modification of configurations on the fly. Keepalived.

0. which informs a group of machines of their respective statuses. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A very basic resource manager is supplied by Linux-HA. The main component is the communication software.4 Website: www.COM The Linux-HA project provides high availability components for UNIX type operating systems. Heartbeat is typically used with a cluster resource manager like Pacemaker. Linux-HA is the most widespread high availability system and many service providers cover its support. which is quite often sufficient for companies’ needs. The GPL v2 is most commonly used. Heartbeat.SMILE-OSS. whose role is to manage dependencies between services and to perform automated switching. Its first components date back to 1999. Linux-HA is written in C and Python.linux-ha.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 28 Linux-HA Version studied: 3. making it possible to trigger actions in a concerted manner without requiring a third party server.

It is merely one brick in a load balancing system.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 29 LVS Version studied: 1. Like all other Linux components. etc.SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. Third party software is used to test server statuses and update the LVS configuration in the event of a server failure. weighted round robin.).linuxvirtualserver. given that it cannot configure itself. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2. It was written by Wensong Zhang. LVS is available under the GPL v2 and is supported by a large number of service providers.COM LVS (Linux Virtual Server) is the load balancer included in the Linux kernel since 1998. It routes incoming network connections to a set of machines by applying a number of traditional balancing policies (round robin.1 Website: www.

eu Community driven solution WWW.1wt.COM HAProxy is a reverse proxy used for load distribution.17 Website: http://haproxy.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 30 HAProxy Version studied: 1. HAProxy is distributed under the GPL v2 and is officially supported by a small number of companies.SMILE-OSS. It has a number of status verification mechanisms used to detect any failed servers and to redirect their traffic to other servers. The project began in 2001 and was written by Willy Tarreau. It natively handles HTTP protocol. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . enabling the set-up of session affinity by means of cookies.4.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 31 Keepalived Version studied: 1.2.org Community driven solution WWW.) and update the list of usable servers for LVS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . As LVS is a relatively basic and static system. Keepalived can test the availability of a service (e. for its own redundancy.1 Website: www. The project was launched in 2001.g. Keepalived is supplied under the GPL.SMILE-OSS. it needs software to maintain its configuration.COM Keepalived is a component used to configure LVS. It also manages an IP switch system based on VRRP. etc. HTTP queries.keepalived. TCP connections.

Email marketing & Groupware category. All these tools are invaluable aids that help systems and network administrators to ensure the integrity of their IT environment. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In this section.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 32 SECURITY WWW.SMILE-OSS. Anti-spam tools like Spam Assassin and DSPAM are included in the Messaging. the graphs below do not display the average scores. network analysers and security testers.COM The field of security is very vast. with products ranging from antiviruses to intrusion detection systems. intrusion detectors. for which there are many open source options. virus detectors. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. we will present integrity verifiers.

followed by Richard van den Berg from 2003 to 2010.sourceforge. Rami Lehti and Pablo Virolainen launched the development.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net Community driven solution WWW. This allows the administrator to identify any suspicious file alterations. which are typically a sign of an intrusion on the system. developed beginning in 1999.15. AIDE is available under the GPL. and now by Hannes von Haugwitz.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 33 AIDE Version studied: 0.COM AIDE is a UNIX systems integrity checker. Its goal is to establish a fingerprint of a system’s files at the time of installation and later to confirm the system’s alignment with that fingerprint.1 Website: http://aide.

file servers and mail servers.SMILE-OSS.clamav. Unlike its equivalents in the Windows world.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 34 ClamAV Version studied: 0. it is not used to protect the machine on which it is installed.2 Website: www. it is often used on web servers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . sustained by a very involved community. but rather to scan the files stored on it.net Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW.COM ClamAV is a virus detector created prior to 2005. ClamAV can detect a large number of threats on any operating system. written in C. can be accessed free of charge. ClamAV is available under the GPL v2. Signature updates. For example.97. The antivirus engine is the library libclamav.

SMILE-OSS.1 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 35 Snort Version studied: 2. In other words.COM Snort is a network intrusion detector created in 1998 by Martin Roesch. Often used as a probe. it also has an active mode that allows it to block any suspicious traffic when installed on routing equipment. it is of no use without a rule base. Nonetheless.9.org Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW. which does entail a paid subscription with the vendor. Although the engine is distributed under the GPL. the rules are available free of charge after a period of 30 days. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . it is a Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) that performs real-time traffic analyses on a given network segment.snort.

Unlike Nessus.org Vendor driven solution (Greenbone) WWW. Paid updates.openvas. Greenbone.0 Website: www. whose availability is guaranteed. OpenVAS is completely open source. OpenVAS is available under the GPL. and a graphical administration interface can be obtained through the vendor.COM OpenVAS (Open Vulnerability Assessment System) is a spin-off of the famed Nessus scanner.SMILE-OSS. It tests for any weak points in a scanned system’s security. the first version of which dates back to 1998. with free updates provided by its community.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 36 OpenVAS Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Linux. Mac OS X. it can decode a very large number of protocols.wireshark.6. Wireshark is multi-platform.COM Wireshark (formerly Ethereal. Available in the form of a large graphics application as well as a text mode interface. including encrypted ones.SMILE-OSS. It recognises a total of 759 protocols. Solaris and FreeBSD. running on Windows.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 37 Wireshark Version studied: 1. renamed for copyright reasons) is a network traffic analyser created in 1998.2 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is a member of the packet sniffer family. It is used by numerous administrators to diagnose complex network problems.org Foundation driven solution (Wireshark) WWW. Wireshark is available under the GPL.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .radical-spam.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 38 Other Among the different products available in the field of security.sourceforge. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.net http://www.sourceforge.COM Name Bastille OpenSIMS RadicalSpam URL / Website http://bastille-linux.net http://opensims.SMILE-OSS.

preserved confidentiality in the case of compromised encryption secrets. can be broadly defined as referring to the different technologies used to extend a company’s network while preserving data confidentiality and overcoming the physical barriers of traditional networks. including OpenVPN and Openswan. or Virtual Private Network. presented below. In the world of open source solutions there are many quality products. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 39 VPNS WWW.SMILE-OSS. VPN solutions generally provide the following benefits: public key authentication.COM A VPN. confidential exchanges. and packet transfers to private networks via public ones.

the main open source implementation of the SSL protocol in terms of both quality and usage levels.SMILE-OSS. It has been around since 2002 and was written by James Yonan. SSL VPNs reuse SSL encryption mechanisms to authenticate and encrypt their connections. Available for Solaris. OpenVPN is distributed under the GPL v2. Mac OS X. FreeBSD. Windows 2000. OpenVPN is based on the product OpenSSL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 40 OpenVPN Version studied: 2. and utilises its encryption and identity verification routines to provide excellent data security.1 Website: http://openvpn. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM OpenVPN is the spearhead for a fairly recent category of VPN: SSL VPNs. OpenBSD. Linux.net Vendor driven solution (OpenVPN Technologies) WWW.2. NetBSD. Vista and 7. XP. it also offers a good number of additional security and control functions.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .openswan. Openswan enables the set-up of IPsec links between machines. both between corporate networks and for mobile clients.COM Openswan is an implementation of IPsec for Linux and a continuation of the FreeS/WAN project (dating back to 1999). Openswan is available under the GPL.SMILE-OSS.35 Website: www.6. as well as VPN tunnels.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 41 Openswan Version studied: 2. It is compatible with a large number of operating systems and proprietary solutions.org Community driven solution WWW.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 42 FIREWALLS WWW. of which they are an integral part. This is the firewall’s main function.SMILE-OSS. Firewalls can also be used in a more qualitative. such as determining the bandwidth authorised for a particular application in a particular context. with products like Packet Filter. netfilter and pfSense. The open source firewall market is very complete. As a result. This means that routing can be modified by a firewall decision. firewalls are usually installed on routing equipment.COM The concept of the firewall is often linked to the notion of routing.e. the transiting of network flows between different machines. more refined role. and that the firewall will apply different filtering rules depending on the origin and destination of the traffic. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . i.

openbsd.org/faq/pf Community driven solution WWW.COM PF (Packet Filter) is the filtering layer integrated with BSD UNIX legacy open source solutions (FreeBSD. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 43 PF (Packet Filter) Version studied: 4. etc.).9 (aligned with OpenBSD versions) Website: www. Packet Filter has become the most powerful open source tool to act as a firewall.SMILE-OSS. PF is distributed under the BSD License. NetBSD. PF was created in 2001 by Daniel Hartmeier as a replacement for IPFilter. It can also be used for load balancing and to handle network traffic on open source BSD UNIX machines. OpenBSD. This system has the advantage of using a simple configuration language and of integrating NAT and QoS functionalities.

and includes its own NAT functions.4. netfilter is distributed under the GPL v2. data volume. It is an extremely flexible system that integrates with the kernel’s routing and QoS functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM netfilter.netfilter. so a third party tool is often used to generate its configuration (Shorewall. etc. is the filtering layer integrated with the Linux kernel. etc. ferm.) and connection tracking modules for complex protocols (like FTP. it is complicated to configure. However. It has many filtering criteria (time.).SMILE-OSS. sometimes referred to as iptables.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 44 netfilter Version studied: 1. It was created by Rusty Russell in 1998.org Community driven solution WWW. SIP and H323).12 Website: www.

VPN and connection sharing solution.0 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 45 pfSense Version studied: 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Configuration is done exclusively via a web interface.SMILE-OSS.COM pfSense is a software distribution used to create a network gateway from an x86 server. It was originally created in 2004 from a fork of m0n0wall by Chris Buechler and Scott Ullrich. pfSense offers a complete routing. filtering.pfsense. monitoring.org Vendor driven solution (BSD Perimeter) WWW. pfSense is available under the BSD License. time server. web proxy. It is based on PF and incorporates a large number of third party components: DHCP/DNS server. Very commonly used in SMEs and other small organisations. Official support is provided by BSD Perimeter. and more.

SMILE-OSS.nufw. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.foo-projects.net http://cfengine.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://ferm.fwbuilder.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 46 Other Among the different products available in the field of firewalls.org http://shorewall.COM Name NuFW Uncomplicated Firewall Firewall Builder ferm Shorewall Vyatta URL / Website http://www.org https://launchpad.net/ufw http://www.

but also dependencies. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. active and passive monitoring support. Six open source solutions have been evaluated for this category. Nagios in particular enjoys a very strong reputation. and advanced user and ACL management. metrics. machines. reporting. Supervision tools are used to monitor networks. escalations. access to supervision events.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 47 SUPERVISION AND METRICS WWW. the graphs below do not display the average scores. service and host templates.SMILE-OSS. The functionalities they provide include views of the status of supervised services and machines. with many quality products available. services and more. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Supervision and metrics are quite well covered by open source solutions. etc.

It operates from a web server equipped with a database and uses the PHP language.cacti. It is considered the worthy successor of MRTG and provides a real interface with RRDTool by enabling changes to every aspect of the graphs it generates. etc.net Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. Perl. RRDTool. Cacti also uses a system of scripts (Bash. Cacti is distributed under the GPL v2. The community has developed many plug-ins that extend Cacti’s functionalities.COM Cacti is based on the metrics solution.) to perform more complex measurements. It can create a graphic representation of any quantifiable data collected either via network protocols like SNMP or scripts personalised by the user. PHP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 48 Cacti Version studied: 0.7 Website: www.8. in cases where there is heavy. particularly for the metrics side. in some cases beyond mere metrics. Its highly advanced configuration capabilities mean that it is often used as a complement to supervision solutions like Nagios. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . VBs. specialised demand.

escalation notices. The plug-ins are written in the programming language best suited to their task: shell scripts (Bash.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .nagios. Ruby.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 49 Nagios Version studied: 3. Its modularity and the strong community revolving around Nagios (250. etc.org Vendor driven solution (Nagios Enterprises) WWW. with extremely advanced configuration options. Perl.3.).COM Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a network supervision application created in 1999 by Ethan Galstad. C++. C#.1 Website: www. It is considered to be the benchmark for open source supervision solutions. PHP. This makes it a very comprehensive tool that can adapt to any type of use.000+ members participating in the development of numerous plug-ins and add-ons) offer supervision possibilities that now make it possible supervise almost any resource whatsoever. etc. ksh. Nagios includes a multitude of functionalities such as multiple legacy management. service and host templates. Python. active and passive monitoring support and more. dependencies.

reporting. access to supervision events. and more. advanced user and ACL management. In addition to its configuration capabilities.2 Website: www. metrics.centreon. Inciga and Shinken. the sophisticated interface also offers numerous functionalities like views of the status of supervised services and machines.2.COM Centreon is a front-end web interface developed and supported by the French company Merethis.SMILE-OSS.com Vendor driven solution (Merethis) WWW. used to configure supervision tools like Nagios. it uses MySQL. Centreon is distributed under the GPL v2. Centreon is based on Apache and PHP technologies. and for its configuration and supervision data storage functions. For its web interface.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 50 Centreon Version studied: 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Graphs and maps can be modelled directly in the front end for all the values supervised by Zabbix and its agents. Zabbix is available under the GPL. Solaris.8 Website: www.com Vendor driven solution (ZABBIX SIA) WWW. one or more decentralised servers. Linux.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 51 Zabbix Version studied: 1.zabbix. It is based on C/C++/PHP for the front end and MySQL/PostgreSQL/Oracle for the DB. AIX.COM Zabbix is a complete monitoring solution with an embedded front-end web interface. Zabbix can also perform SNMP and IPMI monitoring. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . as well as network discovery. and pre-compiled multi-platform agents (Windows. etc). allowing for the simulation of a visitor’s route on a web server while simultaneously verifying content and page response times.SMILE-OSS. Web checks are also incorporated.

opennms.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 52 OpenNMS Version studied: 1. From the outset of its creation in 1999.8. advanced management of active and passive events. alerts and notifications with escalation and an on-call schedule. OpenNMS is available under the GPL v3 and complies with FCAPS standards. network graphics and cards. nrpe and others). report generation.SMILE-OSS. JMX. supervision of user path simulations. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . XML.org Vendor driven solution (OpenNMS Group) WWW. automation and flexibility. etc. Its many functionalities include automated discovery and monitoring of equipment and services. data collection and processing (in SNMP. thereby providing for outof-the-box management of tens of thousands of resources. OpenNMS was designed to meet the demands of large companies in terms of scalability. OpenNMS is developed in Java and is based on the Jetty web server and the PostgreSQL DBMS.13 Website: www. multi-site compatibility (remote polling).COM OpenNMS is to open source what HP OpenView and IBM Tivoli are to the proprietary world of network management.

or whatever else you might imagine. networks. Its main assets are its simplicity and the multitude of available plug-ins (numbering in the hundreds) for additional graphs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 53 Munin Version studied: 1. Munin can monitor any server parameter and then transmit the information in the form of graphs on a web interface. which makes the software wholly multi-platform (Linux / UNIX / Windows). created by the company Redpill Linpro and joined by numerous other developers soon thereafter. The plug-ins are executable files that can be written in any language. It can also be used to evaluate any metrics: systems. Munin is distributed under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Munin is based on the excellent RRDTool.4. It is written in Perl.COM The project was started in 2004.SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. applications.5 Website: http://munin-monitoring. The project continues to be very active today.

oetiker.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 54 Other Among the different products available in the field of supervision and metrics.COM Name MRTG Zenoss Icinga op5 Monitor URL / Website http://oss.org https://www.icinga.op5.com/network-monitoring/op5-monitor/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www.zenoss. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.ch/mrtg http://community.

SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Despite the fact that they share a common base. each offers special features that make them better suited to a particular context.COM Operating systems are the foundation of any computer programme.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 55 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS WWW. two major families of operating systems are represented: Linux based and BSD based OSs. In the world of open source solutions. They provide the base for the execution of thousands of applications.

org Community driven solution WWW.000 packages in version 6. open source. community-based operating system using the Linux kernel and launched by Ian Murdock in 1993 with the support of the Free Software Foundation. with close to 30. With one of the largest open source communities in the world (more than 1600 developers). the Debian project is the most complete distribution available.COM Debian is a free. Debian is a non-commercial GNU/Linux distribution.0 Website: www.debian. and is a benchmark in terms of its quality and stability.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 56 Debian Version studied: 6. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. The distribution is published in accordance with the community orientated philosophy that gave rise to open source software.

com/rhel Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW.0 Website: www.COM Red Hat Enterprise Linux is an open source operating system published by Red Hat since 1995. Many agreements with software companies and hardware manufacturers ensure solid integration for companies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 57 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Version studied: 6.redhat. Based on the historical Red Hat Linux distribution (now Fedora).SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . RHEL is designed for corporate use and enjoys vendor support and extended stability.

Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux continues to privilege open standards like CIM (Common Information Model) and WS-Management (Web Service Management). now published by Novell. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with an emphasis on compatibility with Microsoft technologies. making SUSE the oldest commercial distribution still existing today. The first version of this distribution appeared in early 1994. both of which make it possible to consistently administrate heterogeneous environments with hardware from competing suppliers. Two versions are available: one for servers (SLES or SLE for Server) and the other for client computers (SLED or SLE for Desktop). Based on the OpenSUSE distribution.SMILE-OSS.com Vendor driven solution (Novell / Attachmate Group) WWW.COM SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is an open source operating system created in 1996.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 58 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux Version studied: 11 Website: www. In terms of systems administration.suse. it is designed for corporate use.

COM Ubuntu is a community open source operating system based on Debian.04 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 59 Ubuntu Version studied: 11. That being said. either embedded or available for installation.ubuntu.com Vendor driven solution (Canonical) WWW. One of Ubuntu’s great success stories is the fact that it is used on the computers of French Members of Parliament. Ubuntu tends to be orientated toward the general public thanks to its user-friendly handling and control. Ubuntu can be used on servers and individual workstations alike. The project was launched in 2004 by Mark Shuttleworth of South Africa. It is a compact distribution (frequently distributed by CD) with a high level of software compatibility and numerous software programmes. Officially supported by Canonical. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

The vast majority of its code is written in C. Developed by the OpenBSD Foundation.COM OpenBSD is a free. the OpenBSD project is a complete operating system that focuses on quality and code security. community operating system based on BSD UNIX.9 Website: www. It is often used on sensitive network equipment.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 60 OpenBSD Version studied: 4. It was created in 1994 by Theo de Raadt. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenBSD is distributed under the BSD License. which boasts more than a hundred developers. from which it separated in 1996.openbsd. The project is a spin-off of NetBSD. open source.SMILE-OSS.org Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .freebsd.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 61 FreeBSD Version studied: 8.org Community driven solution WWW.).SMILE-OSS. FreeBSD emphasises performance and functionalities. The project saw the light of day in 1993. etc. open source.2 Website: www. Mac and BSM audit framework) functionalities. The majority of its code is written in C. and security (i. network. It is primarily used on the web and at the core of proprietary hardware (Juniper and NetApp.e. FreeBSD is distributed under the BSD License.COM FreeBSD is a free. community operating system based on BSD UNIX. incorporating advanced storage (ZFS).

open source. as well as user-friendliness. It is primarily used in research and in embedded devices.org Community driven solution WWW. It should be noted that the entirety of its source code can be accessed. It emphasises portability and code quality.netbsd.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 62 NetBSD Version studied: 5. It offers multiple forms of user support. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The majority of its code is in C. NetBSD is distributed under the BSD License.SMILE-OSS. Its careful design and advanced functionalities make it an excellent solution for both production environments and research.COM NetBSD is a free. Many applications are readily available via the NetBSD packets system. community operating system based on BSD UNIX.1 Website: www. NetBSD is developed and supported by a large and active international community. The project was created in 1993.

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com http://fedoraproject.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 63 Other Among the different products available in the field of Linux & BSD operating systems.COM Name Mandriva Linux Fedora URL / Website http://www.SMILE-OSS.mandriva.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 64 VIRTUALISATION WWW. the best known in the business world. In this category. including Xen and KVM. To be of operational use. four open source tools were selected. virtualisation must conform to two basic principles: compartmentalisation (each operating system runs independently and cannot interfere with the other(s) in any way) and transparency (the fact of operating in a virtualised mode in no way changes how the operating system runs. and even less so the applications installed on each one). in which the different operating systems share the server’s resources.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . This means that the principle of virtualisation involves the principle of sharing.COM Server virtualisation is a set of techniques and tools used to run multiple operating systems on the same physical server.

The project was created in 2003 in the form of a research project at Cambridge University in England. Xen is available under the GPL.COM Xen is a hypervisor that handles paravirtualisation.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Vendor driven solution (Citrix) WWW.1 Website: http://xen. This makes virtual machines more efficient and easier to administrate. Citrix offers an enterprise edition of the solution along with the associated support. Xen was derived from a university research project and is now a part of the Linux kernel.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 65 Xen Version studied: 4.1. Paravirtualisation refers to a virtualisation system’s ability to interact with virtualised systems.

OpenVZ is primarily used in development and test environments.COM OpenVZ is a lightweight virtualisation solution for Linux that was created in 2005. particular for inputs/outputs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 66 OpenVZ Version studied: 3. Like any simple virtualisation solution.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .openvz.0.25 Website: www. OpenVZ can only run Linux systems. The code is available under the GPL v2.SMILE-OSS. This handicap is however offset by performance levels much closer to native levels than any other type of virtualisation. and the solution also uses less memory. where it is not uncommon to have dozens of systems installed on the same host.

Included in the mainline Linux kernel since version 2.2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and supports advanced functions like migration and detailed inspections of the VM’s status.org Community driven solution WWW. the source code for the two products is resynchronised. KVM can run virtual systems under all the major OSs by simulating standardised hardware. In some cases. KVM is a fork of QEMU.linux-kvm.SMILE-OSS.COM KVM is a complete Linux-based virtualisation solution launched in 2005.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 67 KVM Version studied: 2.6.20 Website: www.6. KVM is distributed under the GPL.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 68 Oracle VirtualBox Version studied: 4.2 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM VirtualBox is a virtualisation solution created in 2007 and designed for installation on individual computers. VirtualBox supports a large number of guest operating systems and has functionalities that interact with these systems: file sharing. like USB device sharing.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW.virtualbox. VirtualBox is distributed under the GPL v2. Some options. can be added via proprietary plugins. mouse pointer integration. merging of the host and guest desktops. etc.1.

org http://www.com/products/virtualization/server/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.redhat.qemu.COM Name QEMU Red Hat Virtualization URL / Website http://wiki.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 69 Other Among the different products available in the field of virtualisation.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .) and the most commonly used codecs (G711. iLBC. In particular.SMILE-OSS. etc. Speex.323. this technology is used to support Telephony over Internet Protocol (ToIP) services. IAX. SIP. MGCP. ADSL or optical) or wireless (satellite. These can be private networks or the Internet. etc. G729ab. The top solutions provide for interoperability with proprietary IPBX systems (used to route all or part of a company’s communications) via existing protocols (H. WiFi or GSM). offering a wide range of functionalities and a good capacity for integration with existing environments. and either wired (cable. In terms of open source solutions.COM VoIP (Voice over IP) is a technique that enables voice communications over IP compatible networks. Asterisk is the most frequently used and the most complete.).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 70 VOIP / TELEPHONY WWW. GSM.

6. Asterisk implements the protocols H. as well as a custom protocol called IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange).COM Asterisk is an open source private automatic branch exchange (PABX) for UNIX systems.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 71 Asterisk Version studied: 1. it provides for voice messaging. Asterisk can also play the role of registrar and gateway in connection with public networks. hold music. hold queues.8.323 and SIP. Asterisk is typically combined with FreePBX. an IHM that manages all its functionalities. In its traditional use as an IP telephony platform.320. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . call agents. Some operators use it as the core of their telephone network. call distribution and conference calls.SMILE-OSS. Asterisk is distributed under the GPL. When combined with SugarCRM or vtiger. the most popular being Elastix and trixbox.0 Website: www.asterisk. it is often used as a call centre management tool. H. Asterisk and FreePBX can be found in many Appliance distributions. given its interoperability and its scalability. Among other uses.org Vendor driven solution (Digium) WWW. enquiry calls.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 72 Kamailio Version studied: 3. It is an alternative to FreeSWITCH and Asterisk. and in traditional corporate telephony solutions.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. the two other heavyweights in this domain. Kamailio is distributed under the GPL. It supports asynchronous TCP.COM Kamailio is an open source SIP server. MySQL and LDAP back ends or via XML-RCP transport.1. It is used both by telecoms operators.kamailio.5 Website: www. as a VoIP platform. This fork of the OpenSER project (in 2005) is one of the most complete PBXs. a native failover mechanism. load balancing. UDP and SCTP transactions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . communications encryptions via TLS. authentication on Radius.

robust SMS and WAP support.SMILE-OSS. it provides secure access to operator resources while supplying reliable. The project is now managed by members of the Kannel Group.COM Kannel was developed in 1998 by WAPit Ltd.0 Website: www. Included as an infrastructure brick. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a company that no longer exists today. Kannel is distributed under the Kannel Software License (based on the Apache License).5. Kannel is a carrier grade. HTTP and CIMD. Kannel supplies a set of APIs that allow it to be used as a front end for middleware and web applications requiring outbound WAP or SMS messages. SMPP.kannel. which includes major corporations.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 73 Kannel Version studied: 1.org Community driven solution WWW. Kannel is written in C. open source SMS and WAP gateway that supports the standard SMSC protocols: UCP/EMI.

com/trixbox http://yate.ro/pmwiki http://www.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .null.COM Name CallWeaver SER sipXecs trixbox Yate FreeSWITCH URL / Website http://www.iptel.org http://fonality.sipfoundry.freeswitch.org/ser http://www.callweaver.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 74 Other Among the different products available in the field of VoIP/telephony.org http://www.

This category includes presentations of messaging servers (SMTP and IMAP). ranging from individual messages to grouped mailshots. the graphs below do not display the average scores.SMILE-OSS. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. all of which are covered by a multitude of open source solutions. All these tools are invaluable in the implementation of a complete messaging system. anti-spam tools and in-box interfaces (groupware).COM The field of “messaging” is extremely vast.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 75 MESSAGING. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Anti-viruses like CLAV are covered in the Security section. EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE WWW.

postfix. Postfix can prevent spam (based on a public antispam list.). for example). Postfix was originally created in 1997.5 Website: www. It can query a large number of external sources of information (databases. Postfix was first known as VMailer and then as IBM Secure Mailer. Postfix is a flexible.org Community driven solution WWW. Postfix is distributed under the IBM Public License. More and more frequently used to replace Sendmail in open source email infrastructures. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . LDAP directories. Its scope is relatively broad and perfectly suited to professional use.COM Postfix is a messaging server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 76 Postfix Version studied: 2. etc.SMILE-OSS. In particular.8. scalable SMTP server. It was developed by Wietse Venema and several other contributors.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 77 Cyrus IMAPd Version studied: 2. shared folders. ACLs.4. The project came from Carnegie Mellon University in the US and dates back to 1994. server side filtering (sieves) and a large number of SASL authentication methods. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Cyrus IMAPd is distributed under the BSD License.org Community driven solution WWW. As for Cyrus IMAPd.10 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.cyrusimap. it is an open source IMAP server. quotas. It supports advanced functionalities such as push (IDLE). Cyrus is based on many standards and offers two downloadable editions.COM Cyrus is a scalable mail server available for both personal and professional use.

no text version.). content analysis (Razor and DCC) and a number of other message formatting criteria (image to text ratio.3. It was launched in 1997 and is led by the Apache Software Foundation.COM SpamAssassin is an anti-spam solution that uses a wide range of different techniques.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 78 SpamAssassin Version studied: 3. etc.).SMILE-OSS. the creator of the famous Web Apache HTTP Server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . DNSBL.apache. etc. invalid originator. SpamAssassin is available under the Apache License. It is a very widespread tool among mail servers. It is written in Perl. The technologies used include Bayesian analysis based on learned keywords. various blacklist systems (URIBL.2 Website: http://spamassassin.org Community driven solution WWW. including in the infrastructures of major suppliers.

SMILE-OSS.10. Zdziarski. providing users with a web interface used to manage quarantines and to explicitly designate email as desirable or undesirable.com Community driven solution WWW. based on learned keywords.1 Website: www.COM DSPAM is an anti-spam solution based on Bayesian filtering and written by Jonathan A. This type of filtering. The main benefit of DSPAM in relation to its competitors lies in the depth of its analytical engine. has proven particularly effective after an initial learning phase. DSPAM is distributed under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .nuclearelephant.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 79 DSPAM Version studied: 3. also known as the author of Ending Spam. as well as its user interactions.

The messaging tool is based on a rich and robust infrastructure base: WebDAV (XML). It supplies a SOAP base enabling the development of plug-ins called “Zimlets” that provide for the free extension of its functional scope. Zimbra’s webmail is in fact compatible with all modern browsers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 80 Zimbra Version studied: 7. HTTP(S). SMTP. Its 100% online. LDAP. Today.COM Zimbra is a collaborative messaging server.SMILE-OSS.zimbra. Symbian OS and Palm OS). Zimbra has become an indispensable reference in collaborative enterprise messaging. All Zimbra’s functionalities can be accessed through a web browser or a fat client. Eudora. iCal. BlackBerry.com Vendor driven solution (VMware) WWW. Android.1 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a derivative of the MPL. The Zimbra suite includes a Zimbra Desktop fat client but remains fully compatible with standard fat clients like Microsoft Outlook. Zimbra is published under the Zimbra Public License. IMAP. Mozilla Thunderbird. This makes it possible to interface with a telephony solution like Asterisk or a CRM tool like SugarCRM. etc. In its commercial edition. Ajax based user interface is famous for its ergonomics.1. POP3 and CalDAV. Zimbra can also synchronise with virtually all mobile platforms (iPhone OS.

org Community driven solution WWW. Turba.0. More than a mere aggregate of technical bricks.8 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 81 Horde Version studied: 4. exchange and organise their emails. contacts and tasks. It allows users to read. IMP and Mnemo. and to organise and share their calendars. It is written in PHP. It is fully modulable groupware (collaborative software). Horde is distributed under the GPL. collaborative messaging solution. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. Horde is an ergonomic bundle of applications like INgo. whose ergonomics make it a key.COM Horde Groupware Webmail Edition is a professional.horde. reliable collaborative messaging tool.

providing nearly complete compatibility with all smartphones and Pocket PCs on the market.COM Zarafa’s collaborative messaging software natively supports the MAPI protocol.com Vendor driven solution (Zarafa) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It was originally developed in the Netherlands. Its data are stored in a MySQL database.0.SMILE-OSS.zarafa. the engine for Zarafa’s enterprise edition has embedded the Z-Push protocol. Since 2007.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 82 Zarafa Version studied: 7. The webmail is based on Ajax with PHP processing (with the MAPI PHP extension).1 Website: www. Its webmail (which uses Ajax and is fully accessible online) and its direct interfacing with Outlook makes it the functional open source alternative that is most similar to Microsoft Exchange. Zarafa is distributed under the Affero GPL v3.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the tool is relatively well equipped. Its data are stored in a MySQL database.0. it offers a 100% web interface available in several languages. bulk import and export modules. OpenEMM is distributed under the Common Public Attribution License (CPAL) 1. There are few open source email marketing solutions today that can boast a broad scope. From a functional standpoint. OpenEMM is used by major groups the likes of BenQ. including English and French. thereby earning its place here in this guide.openemm. OpenEMM is based on the languages C. For example. It is used to manage corporate newsletters and email marketing campaigns. template management.SMILE-OSS.COM OpenEMM is an open source email marketing solution developed since 1999 by the German company AGNITAS. with targeting tools. Siemens and more.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 83 OpenEMM Version studied: OpenEMM 2011 Website: www. real time statistics. and the possibility of using web services and bounce management.org Vendor driven solution (AGNITAS AG) WWW. OpenEMM is one of these. Java and Python. strong documentation.

COM Name Roundcube EGroupware OBM Open-Xchange Sendmail URL / Website http://roundcube.org http://obm.egroupware.open-xchange.org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 84 Other Among the different products available in the field of messaging.sendmail.SMILE-OSS. email marketing and groupware.net http://www.com/sm/open_source/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.com http://www.

SSL acceleration. compression and caching. including security. It is this last point in particular that we will be assessing in this section. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Advanced caching policies can offload web application servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 85 HTTP ACCELERATORS WWW. Some HTTP accelerators can handle fragment caching.SMILE-OSS. are implemented on servers. irrespective of the language used. Web users “transit” via the reverse proxies to access internal server applications. load distribution. namely by supporting the ESI standard. also referred to as “reverse proxies”.COM HTTP accelerators. They have a variety of different uses.

When used for access control. The first version of Squid dates back to 1996. used to regulate web traffic and to cache frequently viewed content. It has been compatible with IPv6 since version 3. In some cases it is also used as a reverse proxy in web architectures.COM Squid is an HTTP proxy server commonly used by businesses. blacklisted URLs can be procured from third party suppliers. Squid was inspired by the Harvest project. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 86 Squid Version studied: 3.org Community driven solution WWW.squid-cache. Its main function is as a direct proxy.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: www. Squid is distributed under the GPL.

The first stable version of Varnish was launched in 2006 for the Norwegian newspaper Verdens Gang. Lastly. Varnish also includes load distribution functionalities and can be used to test the availability of servers producing web content. for example. The tool is configured via VCL (Varnish Configuration Language) files. Varnish supports ESI (Edge Side Includes) tags.0. Varnish is used by Facebook.SMILE-OSS. Varnish stores a portion of its data in virtual memory. The product’s architect is Poul-Henning Kamp of Denmark. Used to improve the performance of high traffic websites.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 87 Varnish Version studied: 3.COM Varnish is a high performance HTTP cache. this enables the definition of extremely detailed management rules.1 Website: www.org Vendor driven solution (Varnish Software) WWW.varnish-cache. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Varnish is distributed under the BSD License.

SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name nginx URL / Website http://nginx.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 88 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP accelerators. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. Samba (for UNIX file exchanges on Windows workstations). we will present additional open source tools that are particularly useful to system and network administrators.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 89 OTHER WWW. In particular. ProFTPD (an FTP server) and BIND (a DNS server). the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . we will be presenting CUPS (a print server).SMILE-OSS.COM In this last category in the “Infrastructure” dimension.

) WWW.) and compatibility with the traditional printing protocols IPP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It was created in late 1999 by Michael Sweet and Andrew Senft.5. It can support a very large number of printers.COM CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System) is a popular print server for UNIX systems. AppSocket. CUPS is available under the GPL. accountancy. It is used on both individual workstations and dedicated print servers. LPD and SMB (Windows). etc.0 Website: www. owners of Easy Software Products.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 90 CUPS Version studied: 1.org Vendor driven solution (Apple Inc.SMILE-OSS.cups. and offers administrative capacities (file management.

Samba can also function as a domain controller on smaller networks.COM Samba is an SMB server for Windows workstations. It was written by Andrew Tridgell at Australian National University.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 91 Samba Version studied: 3. In Windows.org Community driven solution WWW. Samba enables the use of a UNIX server to make these resources available to Windows clients. Samba is distributed under the GPL v3.SMILE-OSS.6. thus establishing compatibility between the two environments.0 Website: www.samba. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Its first version dates back to 1992. the SMB protocol is used for file and printer sharing.

accountancy and quotas.3 Website: www. ProFTPD allows the use of a MySQL database to manage FTP accounts in lieu of management by the machine’s users. It includes advanced functionalities like chroot. well documented open source FTP server. LDAP and SQL databases.COM ProFTPD is a very powerful.3. virtual hosts and users.SMILE-OSS.proftpd. ProFTPD is available under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ProFTPD uses access and configuration syntax that is similar to the syntax used by Apache HTTP Server. Its architecture is modular. which has made it possible for extensions to be written for SSL/TLS encryption support (FTPS protocol) and authentication via RADIUS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 92 ProFTPD Version studied: 1.org Community driven solution WWW.

org/software/bind Community driven solution WWW. BIND is available under the BSD License. Version 10 is now in development. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in the 1980s. BIND is a DNS server providing for both name resolution via name servers and hosting of its own zone.SMILE-OSS. Berkeley. BIND’s origins date back to four students at the University of California.8.COM BIND is the benchmark for DNS servers. It supports all advanced functionalities.isc. namely DNSSEC (since the rewriting of its code in the early 2000s).1 Website: www. Published by the Internet Software Consortium.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 93 BIND Version studied: 9.

COM As its name indicates. could have been classified in the Infrastructure dimension. like directories and databases. the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension covers all the solutions useful to development functions.. etc.SMILE-OSS. Beyond applications like CMSs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 94 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION WWW. document management solutions. among the following categories:        Corporate directories Databases BPM / Workflow Development tools Testing & Continuous integration ESBs Web development frameworks and libraries         Cross-platform mobile frameworks PKIs Identity authentication. e-shops. It is also particularly well equipped with open source products. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension. typically found between the Infrastructure and Application layers. and nearly 110 are listed in total. It should be noted that some tools. there is a broad panel of open source development solutions. such as Eclipse and frameworks like Symfony and Django. federation and management Load testing tools Search engines HTTP and application servers MOM & EAI Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

are a specialised type of database designed to contain hierarchically arranged information on a company’s organisation. they can also be used as address books. also referred to as “electronic directories”. for user authentication.COM Corporate directories. OpenLDAP has the best reputation. the data pertain to people (users) and/or resources (printers and the like).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 95 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES WWW.SMILE-OSS. There is a standard used in most corporate directors to perform queries (LDAP protocol). In the open source universe. even if tools like 389 Directory Server also boast a strong functional scope. to define the company’s security policy and more. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . But the use of corporate directories is not limited to text searches. Most of the time.

which also gave rise to OpenLDAP. It should also be noted that 389 Directory Server can be used as a replacement for SunONE/JES Directory Server. It is based on the source code of the venerable Netscape Directory Server.9. even if the first version of Fedora Directory Server came out in 2005. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 389 Directory Server implements the LDAP v3 protocol and stands out from its rival solutions thanks to its graphical administration interface in Java and master-master replication support.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 96 389 Directory Server Version studied: 1. formerly Fedora Directory Server. 389 Directory Server is distributed under the GPL. particularly useful given that SunONE appears to have been dropped since its acquisition by Oracle.org Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. It is mostly written in C.fedoraproject. thereby enabling read and write access redundancy.2. This means its origins date back to 1996. is an LDAP server developed by Red Hat within the Fedora community. thanks to its very similar code base.COM 389 Directory Server.9 Website: http://directory. with some portions like the GUI in Java.SMILE-OSS. itself based on the original slapd code.

openldap. access log.org Community driven solution WWW. enabling for example the implementation of an LDAP directory distributed to multiple sites. query transfers to Perl or Shell scripts. OpenLDAP is developed in C and runs on Linux. Each overlay provides additional functionalities (dynamic group.). on different BSD variants on UNIX based OSs (Android. etc. OpenLDAP also incorporates replication and delegation mechanisms.). etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 97 OpenLDAP Version studied: 2. It is a sound alternative to commercial directories.COM OpenLDAP is an open source company directory. with each one administrating its own branch. In addition. etc. OpenLDAP was created in 1998 by Kurt Zeilenga.26 Website: www.).4. password policy. AIX. Solaris. is compatible with the GPL and has been validated by the Free Software Foundation. OpenLDAP is distributed under the OpenLDAP Public License. as well as on Windows and Mac OS X. directory data can be stored in different back ends (LDAP proxy. HP-UX. while providing a scalable architecture through an overlay system and back end. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . or a SQL database.SMILE-OSS. OpenLDAP implements the most recent version of the LDAP protocol (v3).

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 98 Other Among the different products available in the field of corporate directories.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.opends.COM Name Apache Directory OpenDS URL / Website http://directory. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://www.apache.

Since 2009 a new trend has appeared: NoSQL.COM Databases have become key components of the IT landscape. which is an alternative to SQL and the relational model and which provides a high level of scalability (expandability).SMILE-OSS. They are used to store a batch of information in a pre-defined structure. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 99 DATABASES WWW. Databases like MySQL and PostgreSQL are relational DBs that use SQL to query their data. The major DBMSs today are open source solutions like MySQL and PostgreSQL. Current technologies make it possible to organise and structure a database such as to be able to easily handle its content and efficiently store very large volumes of information.

asynchronous replication. and by major websites like Wikipedia.5. Initially focusing primarily on speed and simplicity. Solaris. robust RDBMS. MySQL is developed in C and C++ and can run on a very broad range of platforms. Oracle.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 100 MySQL Version studied: 5. providing a number of graphics tools and support from its vendor company. MySQL is widely used at companies the likes of Google and Facebook. referential integrity. triggers.15 Website: www. An Enterprise edition is also available. stored procedures.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . MySQL was created by Michael “Monty” Widenius in 1995. etc. clustering and data recovery in the event of a system failure. deployed especially in Internet environments. which enables the use of client libraries in programmes not compatible with the GPL.) or Windows based. BSD. MySQL has gradually adopted new functionalities reserved for traditional “corporate” databases.mysql.com Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. whether UNIX (Linux. MySQL supports transactions.COM MySQL is a fast. MySQL uses the GPL and comes with exception linking.

4 Website: www. Solaris. etc. PostgreSQL is a followup to Ingres. The functional scope of PostgreSQL is vast and comparable to other Enterprise databases on the market.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 101 PostgreSQL Version studied: 9.postgresql.) or Windows based. custom functions. triggers.org Community driven solution WWW.COM PostgreSQL is the most complete open source RDBMS available today. transactions. BSD. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It supports stored procedures. The project was launched by Michael Stonebraker in 1985 and the first version built using the current architecture was released in 1995. whether UNIX (Linux. a wide variety of data types.0. custom rules to modify the query execution path. Its performance and stability allow it to be integrated with even the most demanding production platforms. PostgreSQL is written in C and can run on a very broad range of platforms. full text searches and more. PostgreSQL uses the PostgreSQL License.SMILE-OSS. function indexes. legacy tables. approved by the Open Source Initiative.

) WWW.COM MongoDB is a document orientated database that is part of the NoSQL movement and that allows for document storage in BSON format (a binary form of JSON). It is written in C++. It is upgradable in decentralised environments via replication and sharding mechanisms. Its particularly successful integration with most programming languages and its quality documentation have earned MongoDB its great popularity. the database is supported by a commercial entity.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 102 MongoDB Version studied: 2.org Vendor driven solution (10gen.SMILE-OSS. Inc. 10gen. MongoDB is distributed under the Affero GPL. Further.0 Website: http://www.mongodb. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Inc. MongoDB takes advantage of the sharp upturn in interest for document databases that are better aligned with modern environments that need to handle extremely heterogeneous data and for which relational DBMSs are not necessarily the most appropriate.0.

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Redis
Version studied: 2.2.13 Website: http://redis.io Vendor driven solution (VMware)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Redis is a key-value data warehouse from the NoSQL movement. The project is sponsored by VMware. The first version was published by Salvatore Sanfilippo and Pieter Noordhuis in 2009. Like most key-value data stores, Redis offers a HTTP REST interface. Its originality in relation to other available solutions lies in the fact that Redis includes a set of data manipulation functions that are primarily orientated toward handling stored character strings, giving Redis the capacity to build queries that are slightly more complex than its competitors, traditionally limited to CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) operations. The strong performance of Redis in both read and write modes positions it as an excellent choice for the implementation of cache back ends and session managers. Redis is distributed under the BSD License. It is written in C.

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Cassandra
Version studied: 0.8.5 Website: http://cassandra.apache.org Foundation driven solution (Apache)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Cassandra is another NoSQL database. Initially developed by Facebook in 2008, it was later released and its development is now the work of the Apache Foundation. Cassandra is a column oriented database. Designed for massively distributed roll-outs (potentially across multiple datacentres), Cassandra is one of the most effective databases wherever there is a need to respond to massive data processing issues. Further, its completely decentralised architecture makes it highly resistant to failures. Like most column oriented databases, it is also particularly well suited to business intelligence functions. Cassandra is distributed under the Apache License. It is written in Java.

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Other
Among the different products available in the field of databases, the following tools can also be added to the list:

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Name Berkeley DB db4o Apache Derby Firebird HSQLDB Ingres SQLite CouchDB Neo4j Voldemort

URL / Website http://www.oracle.com/us/products/database/berkeley-db http://www.db4o.com http://db.apache.org/derby http://www.firebirdsql.org http://hsqldb.org http://www.ingres.com/products/ingres-database http://www.sqlite.org http://couchdb.apache.org http://neo4j.org http://www.project-voldemort.com

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BPM / WORKFLOW

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Leave requests, document validation and paperless customer relations: these processes are at the core of the information systems used by companies and government agencies. BPM (Business Process Management) solutions offer a modern approach in which users are largely released from technical constraints when modelling, deploying and optimising their processes. BPM solutions provide for graphic process modelling, form generation and adaptation, and online request monitoring. In the world of open source solutions, quality tools are available, such as Bonita, the flagship open source BPM product.

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Bonita
Version studied: 5.5.2 Website: http://www.bonitasoft.com Vendor driven solution (BonitaSoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

First developed by Bull in the early 2000s, the product has been driven by the open source vendor BonitaSoft since 2009. Bonita offers an extremely user-friendly graphic process modeller that makes it possible to deploy simple BPM applications (e.g. the publication of leave request forms on an Intranet site) in just a few clicks. The forms are automatically generated by the solution or can be configured in advance. Access to and processing of pending requests are intuitive, thanks to the “user XP” interface, which is very similar to a mail client. But Bonita’s real strength lies in its system of connectors, available in their default form or custom developed. A community edition of Bonita is available under the GPL v2. The SP (Subscription Pack) edition is subject to subscription and comes with additional functionalities, as well as support. Bonita is developed in JEE, the language also used to develop new connectors. Some advanced configurations are done in Groovy.

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0 compatible.COM jBPM is developed by a community with the support of JBoss. it is easy to configure and enjoys a comprehensive API. As the benchmark for open source BPM in recent years.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 108 jBPM Version studied: 5.1 Website: www. and the product remains a key technical BPM brick for projects. the web interface is only available via Drools (a rule engine). In addition. its simplicity. The product does currently suffer from a lack of community dynamics. The latest version is promising though. which cancels out the tool’s chief advantage. being both powerful and lightweight. jBPM is an excellent BPM engine. Eclipse (developer) and web (functional user) interfaces enable graphical workflow management. particularly in open source environments. many software companies have integrated jBPM with their solutions. but suffer from a degree of immaturity that makes them unsuited to management by non-technical users.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org/jbpm Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW. jBPM is published under the LGPL and is developed in Java. Version 5 has been announced as BPMN 2. When used as a software brick.jboss.

Activiti is published under the Apache License and is developed in Java. Activiti is a lightweight.activiti. for example. as is the case at Alfresco. which wanted to develop an alternative to jBPM for its own purposes. Its youth makes it better suited as a BPM brick integrated with more complex projects. Today.7 Website: www.COM Activiti is published by the producer of ECM.SMILE-OSS. Nonetheless. Activiti does however boast user-friendly process design interfaces that allow functional and technical teams to work together on process modelling. robust BPM engine. its actual implementation necessarily requires a solid technical background. In electing to make it a stand-alone component.org Vendor driven solution (Alfresco) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 109 Activiti Version studied: 5. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Technically. Alfresco. Alfresco is banking on the dynamic nature of open source (the product has been handed over to the Spring community) and aims to make it the benchmark for open source BPM. Activiti is at the cutting edge and enjoys excellent dynamics thanks to the widespread popularity of its sponsor.

there are also excellent open source development bricks that can be used to build ambitious projects under optimal conditions. automation tools like Ant and Phing. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. development environments like Eclipse. the graphs below do not display the average scores.COM This section presents the tools useful in the development of applications. source code management tools like Subversion and Git. particularly web applications. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It includes project management tools like Redmine and Maven.SMILE-OSS. ticket managers like MantisBT. and collaboration and software engineering solutions like Tuleap.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 110 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS WWW. As we will see.

8. similarly to Make commands. Ant is mainly used in Java projects. archiving. Ant is distributed under the Apache License and is supported by the foundation of the same name. documentation generation (Javadoc). back-ups.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. although it can also be used in projects utilising other technologies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 111 Ant Version studied: 1.2 Website: http://ant. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The tasks most commonly entrusted to Ant include external tool execution (like Checkstyle and FindBugs).SMILE-OSS. programme compilation.COM Ant (“Another Neat Tool”) is a task automation tool used throughout the software development cycle. Ant was designed by James Duncan Davidson in 2000 (when the first version was released). Ant allows for the automation of repetitive operations throughout a project. etc.apache. Ant is written in Java.

). each containing one or more tasks (file copies. Phing. Phing is distributed under the LGPL (Lesser Public General License) v3.7.4.info/trac Community driven solution WWW.phing. depending on needs. etc. Linux and Mac OS X platforms. via the intermediary of new PHP classes. that can be launched from the command line.1 Website: www. command launches. In particular. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . file handling. code analysis tools and delivery management. Phing is developed in PHP and is compatible with the Windows. etc. like Ant.COM Phing is an IT project life cycle management tool inspired by Ant and originally developed by Andreas Aderhold. PHP Mess Detector. It incorporates a long list of native tasks (execution of PHPUnit testing.SMILE-OSS. such as the launch of unit testing. work with source code version managers. Phing can use ancillary libraries like Xdebug and phpcs for some of its tasks.) that is very easy to expand.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 112 Phing Version studied: 2. Distributed through the PEAR package manager. uses an XML file to define a list of actions (the “target”). it is used to automate recurring tasks during IT project developments. code analysis with PHP CodeSniffer.

SMILE-OSS. test.7 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 113 Eclipse Version studied: 3. The purpose of Eclipse is to provide tools that foster productivity. modelling.eclipse. Eclipse is published under the EPL (Eclipse Public License). it can be used for developments in any programming language. It includes integrated development environments.COM Eclipse is a scalable. but not just in respect of software coding. reporting and other environments. but also design. Eclipse is written in Java. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . multi-functional development environment. the project is in fact a composite of many sub-projects specific to the underlying technologies. initiated by IBM in 2001. Although Eclipse is written in Java.org Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. The Eclipse Foundation is now the official sponsor. Designed around a shared platform coupled with spin-off components.

). severity. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . sub-project creation and more. PostgreSQL. It has primarily been tested for Web Apache and IIS servers. etc. In particular.mantisbt. Victor Boctor and Julian Fitzell in 2002. user rights management. category. Kenzaburo Ito.org Community driven solution WWW. was soon joined by Jeroen Latour. MantisBT allows for project based ticket allocation. who launched the project in November 2000. upgrade requests. public/private. a notification system. an admin section for each project in which users can be added/deleted. MantisBT is distributed under the GNU GPL v2. Requests can also be classified using a variety of criteria (type. MS SQL or DB2). the tool offers functionalities like a customisable status chaining workflow.2. MantisBT is developed in PHP and requires the use of a database (MySQL. a filtered ticket search form. priority. the four now form the core development team for the product.COM MantisBT is a very popular web based bug tracking tool (covering anomalies. service requests and more) that is suited to any type of project.SMILE-OSS. a personalised page for each user that lists the tickets they opened and those assigned to them.8 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 114 MantisBT Version studied: 1.

Checkstyle.3 Website: http://maven. Maven was designed for Java projects in general and for Java EE projects in particular.apache. Maven is distributed under the Apache License. Its development is mainly performed by the Apache Foundation.0. NCSS. perform complete automated deliveries.). It is written in Java. deploy applications and simplify project roll-outs on a continuous integration platform. It can also manage a project’s dependencies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 115 Maven Version studied: 3. Maven also offers advanced integration of numerous reporting tools (Surefire. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. PMD.SMILE-OSS. Maven was designed for project standardisation and use. etc.COM Maven is a technical project management tool.

its development was initialised in 2000 by the company CollabNet.17 Website: http://subversion. It is written in C. it has been selected by many open source software communities. etc. files can be renamed and/or moved without losing their histories.COM Subversion (SVN) is a centralised version control system.apache. A popular standard. Numerous tools and resources are available to turn it to its best advantage.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 116 Subversion Version studied: 1. Apache Subversion was written to overcome the shortcomings of CVS.SMILE-OSS. A spin-off of CVS. revision numbers are global across the entire data warehouse.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Subversion is distributed under the Apache and BSD Licenses.6. It became an official Apache Foundation project in 2010. whose implementation (but not its concept) had been called into question. A number of additional functionalities have been included: directories and metadata are versioned.

Git is distributed under the GPL v2.7. It also enables the use of a development workflow. In particular.1 Website: http://git-scm.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .6. Git’s ability to easily create and administrate branches makes it a top-grade tool for open source project development. It is an open source software solution created by Linus Torvalds in 2005. then to push a set of local commits to other developers. It is written in C. such as subjecting a code’s transmission to approval by one of the developers. Git is used to “commit” locally.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 117 Git Version studied: 1.COM Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS).com Community driven solution WWW. it is used in the Linux kernel and for PHP. Among other functions. Bourne Shell and Perl.

1 Website: www. their priority and their history.redmine. title. etc. email and RSS feed notifications. and assignment of requests to the relevant project participants. Redmine offers the following functionalities: secure multi-project management. classification by category. etc.org Community driven solution WWW. depending on the project. user.2. Redmine is distributed under the GPL v2.SMILE-OSS. date.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 118 Redmine Version studied: 1.COM Redmine is a collaborative tool used to manage projects via a secure web interface. project status views in the form of a Gantt diagram. It was created by Jean-Philippe Lang in 2006. document management. their status.. profile and rights management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . management of requests. It was developed in Ruby on the basis of the Ruby on Rails framework. owner.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .enalean.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 119 Tuleap Version studied: 4.COM Tuleap is an open source software suite that provides the tools that companies need for software development and efficient collaboration. test and risk tracking.21 Website: http://www.SMILE-OSS. Enalean.com/en/products/tuleap-suite/ Vendor driven solution (Enalean) WWW. version control. ST-Ericsson and Orange.0. Tuleap is a complete ALM suite. document management. Tuleap’s software is used by tens of thousands of users around the world for their professional developments. providing bug. Tuleap’s vendor. at major companies the likes of STMicroelectronics. based its economic model on the provision of professional services and support. Also referred to as a software forge or ALM (Application Lifecycle Management). continuous integration. Tuleap is primarily written in PHP. collaboration tools and more. Tuleap is distributed under the GPL. Tuleap was developed by the company Enalean.

the following can also be added to the list: WWW.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .nongnu.SMILE-OSS.org/gf http://trac.org http://mercurial.edgewall.selenic.COM Name CVS GForge Trac Mercurial URL / Website http://cvs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 120 Other Among the different products available in the field of development tools.org http://gforge.

many quality open source tools exist. additional errors relating to the added code). such as Continuum and Hudson.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 121 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION WWW.COM Continuous integration is a set of practices designed to improve the quality of application deliveries by checking that the result of each source code change does not lead to any regressions (i. To implement continuous integration platforms.e. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. Graphics rendering (results display) solutions can also be found in connection with these tools.

The functionality that makes Continuum stand out from the rest is the possibility of grouping modules/projects together in project groups.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.7 Website: http://continuum. It is written in Java. Continuum is distributed under the Apache License. but also build distributions to slaves. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . highly detailed rights management and integrated reporting on unit test results. configuration of different execution environments.3. even for groups with rapidly increasing numbers.SMILE-OSS. of course. which provides for simple management of a series of projects. the various configurations and rights are pooled. It offers all the functionalities one might expect of such a tool: configurable automations.COM Continuum is the Apache Foundation’s continuous integration tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 122 Continuum Version studied: 1.apache. Within these groups.

Hudson was the continuous integration tool developed by Oracle/Sun. less austere interface than Continuum’s.1. Project generation can be initiated in various ways:planning mechanisms similar to cron.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 123 Jenkins / Hudson Version studied: 2.COM Jenkins is a continuous integration tool. intergenerational dependencies. It is written in Java. as well as its simpler. Jenkins is a fork of Hudson. which comprises hundreds of plug-ins. Historically. Here we look at both Jenkins and Hudson. Jenkins’s major asset is its ecosystem. or queries on specific URLs. Jenkins can automate project building and can generate quality and testing reports. Jenkins is distributed under the MIT and Creative Commons Licenses. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW.1 Website: http://hudson-ci.SMILE-OSS. Jenkins is chiefly used in the continuous integration solutions market.

This tool is very useful in confirming that an interface conforms to expectations. Plone. Users can choose to utilise its recording capabilities or can modify the scripts manually. it can be integrated with a continuous integration platform in order to automate interface testing.COM Selenium is an interface testing tool.SMILE-OSS. Selenium IDE is not just a recording tool: it is in fact an integrated development environment (IDE). etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 124 Selenium IDE Version studied: 1. Selenium IDE can be used to record interface tests from Firefox and then to store them so that they can be played back with Selenium.4 Website: http://seleniumhq. The project began in 2004 at ThoughtWorks in Chicago. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .). thanks to Jason Huggins who wanted to test the response times of various applications (Python. Selenium is distributed under the Apache License. In addition.org/projects/ide Community driven solution WWW.0.

SMILE-OSS. dead code.COM PMD. There is also a PHP equivalent (PHPMD.net Community driven solution WWW. PMD analyses Java source code. PMD can also calculate cyclomatic source code complexity. is a static code analysis tool designed to detect the most common programming errors. PMD can detect empty try/catch statements. overcomplicated expressions and copied/pasted code (thanks to its CPD plug-in). By using a system of scalable rules. PHP Mess Detector).a. a.2.sourceforge.5 Website: http://pmd.k. PMD is licensed under a BSD-style license. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . an interesting indicator when assessing software quality.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 125 PMD Version studied: 4. also known as “Project Mess Detector” or “Project Meets Deadline”. The rules can be written using XPath expressions or Java classes (or PHP for PHPMD).

net http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.sourceforge.COM Name Sonar Checkstyles JUnit PHPUnit FindBugs CruiseControl URL / Website http://www.junit.org http://checkstyle.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .sourceforge.SMILE-OSS.sourceforge.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 126 Other Among the different products available in the field of testing and continuous integration.com/sebastianbergmann/phpunit http://findbugs.net http://cruisecontrol.org https://github.sonarsource.

Benchmark solutions in the open source universe include the likes of Talend ESB. ESBs are often presented as a new architecture that uses different techniques like transformation. and web services. where these do not already include services or interfaces designed for that purpose.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 127 ESBS WWW.COM ESBs (Enterprise Service Buses) allow applications to communicate with one another. information transfers and routing. ESBs act as “mediators” between clients and service providers (applications). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Mule and Petals.SMILE-OSS.

a German SOA and middleware platform vendor.2. The merger of the Talend Data Management and Sopera ASF solutions resulted in the creation of a high level integrated middleware tool that combines the flexibility of use of a corporate services management framework with the power of data manipulation tools.COM Talend. service distribution capacity. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is a very solid product that merits exploration. This has made Talend ESB a first class tool that allows for work on both Data Quality and Service Quality.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 128 Talend ESB Version studied: 4.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW. The key features that set this solution apart are a very well equipped mediation platform. known in its home country for its prestigious clients the likes of Deutsche Post. the leader in open source data management.1 Website: http://www.talend. Zurich Insurance and Landesbank Berlin. Talend ESB is distributed under the Apache License. high level centralised technical monitoring and integration of the Talend suite. has acquired Sopera.SMILE-OSS.

JDBC. including JMS. SMTP. TCP. The open source project was developed in 2003 by Ross Mason. Inc. Mule supports more than 50 standards. Mule is a platform that is conducive to multiple exchanges between different applications that use different technologies such as HTTP.mulesoft. UDP. multicast. protocols and technologies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 129 Mule Version studied: 3. It is written in Java. now CTO of MuleSoft (formerly MuleSource).0 Website: www. In fact. HTTP. Mule is distributed under the CPAL (Common Public Attribution License). XML-RPC. POP3 and XMPP.2. Its architecture was designed to be scalable. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .) WWW.SMILE-OSS. email.COM Mule is both an ESB and an EAI tool. JMS and more. servlets.org Vendor driven solution (MuleSoft. Mule is also an exchange platform with substantial routing capacity.

SMTP. Petals Master (SOA governance) and Petals Studio (SOA development environment).org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (Petals Link) driven solution WWW. XSLT.SMILE-OSS. XSD WSDL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 130 Petals Version studied: 3. IMAP and JSE Platform. REST.COM Petals ESB is an open source enterprise service bus. Java.1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Petals supports and integrates many protocols and technologies. BPEL. Integrated with Petals View (business supervision). JSR 181.3 Website: http://petals. EIP. mediator and turntable for SOA infrastructures. Petals ESB is distributed under the LGPL. Petals ESB is at the centre of a complete open source solution for SOA infrastructures. Petals ESB is a response to the issues encountered with SOA: a flexible information system adapted to rapid IT developments. including JBI. SOAP. The project is coordinated by Petals Link and is developed based on the OW2 Consortium’s forges. all of which with a real time system and openness to the outside world. POP.ow2. SCA.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .apache.COM Name JBoss Enterprise Service Bus ServiceMix Synapse URL / Website http://www.jboss.SMILE-OSS.org http://synapse.apache. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 131 Other Among the different products available in the field of ESBs.org/jbossesb http://servicemix.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The time saved on more general issues can then be devoted to the custom aspects of the application. The frameworks available on the market are generally of high quality.COM A framework can reduce application development times by effectively responding to the most common problems encountered by developers. PHP.SMILE-OSS. and use standard. JavaScript. Frameworks typically include a wide range of ready to use functionalities with well polished implementations. well implemented design models. Most modern applications are based on web frameworks or libraries.). Ruby. Frameworks can be found for any language (Java. with approaches than can vary widely. Python. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 132 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES WWW.

Created by Fabien Potencier. The developer has standardised access to the database (thanks to the ORM Doctrine). Symfony is a framework whose operating principles are similar to Django and Ruby on Rails. Symfony is developed by Sensio Labs and distributed under the MIT License.0 Website: www.0 came out in August 2011. etc. CSRF and so on). Adherence to the HTTP protocol and the MVC paradigm are the core of the framework.SMILE-OSS.symfony-project. Symfony also provides a set of command line tools used to manage the cache.org Vendor driven solution (Sensio Labs) WWW. The framework also supplies a large library of utility functions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 133 Symfony Version studied: 2. On the security end. the first version was released in 2005.0. to generate the basic structure and the edit screens for declared objects (scaffolding). XSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Symfony is an MVC web framework written in PHP. to automatically generate an administrative interface (admin generator). and the eagerly awaited version 2. symfony protects against traditional attacks on web applications (SQL injection. controllers and views. which provides a complete development context.

It can also be seen as more of a component library than a complete framework. which also publishes the Zend engine that is at the core of the PHP interpreter. It should however be noted that Zend Framework does not include ORM.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 134 Zend Framework Version studied: 1. if not the most used. it provides the components needed to create MVC applications.COM Zend Framework is one of the duo of leaders in PHP frameworks. alongside symfony. From a general point of view. Zend Framework is distributed under the New BSD License and is supported by Zend Technologies.com Vendor driven solution (Zend Technologies) WWW. which integrates CAPTCHAs with the application. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Zend Framework requires PHP 5.zend. Among others. Nonetheless. It is one of the most commonly used PHP frameworks. Zend Framework offers a very broad range of components. but rather a lightweight table gateway interface. used to communicate with Google services.SMILE-OSS. Zend’s approach is quite different from symfony. these include Zend_Gdata. and Zend_Captcha. with a much lighter coupling of its components.11 Website: http://framework.2 and supports all databases handled by PDO. with database abstraction.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 135 WWW.SMILE-OSS.

Spring AOP nonetheless offers the usual AOP tools with different types of grafts and different ways of expressing pointcuts. which allows it to manage dependencies between the objects forming the application. for transaction management and for a whole series of utility tools. The main components are Spring MVC.6 Website: www. It offers a complete stack as a sort of alternative to the standard Java EE stack. JDO and EclipseLink. full REST MVC framework. a division of VMware) WWW.org Vendor driven solution (SpringSource. Spring is also used to load the application’s various configurations.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 136 Spring Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Spring ORM is a data access abstraction library. making the tool a must in the Java ecosystem. The classes that respond to user actions are annotated to indicate the method that should be used and the view that should be served. Spring MVC is an annotation based.springsource.COM Spring is a portfolio of tools and libraries. Spring AOP is an aspect oriented programming framework. It provides an abstraction for the usual persistence frameworks like Hibernate. One of the portfolio’s many components can then be used on top of this lightweight container. Spring is built on a lightweight container.SMILE-OSS. Spring is distributed under the Apache License. Spring ORM and Spring AOP. More simplistic that AspectJ.

manual integration that consists of a translation of the layout in XML and Java. very difficult to integrate a HTML layout. GWT is distributed under the terms of the Apache License. it is. whose version 1.0 dates back to 17 May 2006. However.google. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com/webtoolkit Vendor driven solution (Google) WWW.4 Website: http://code. GWT’s XML format for interface descriptions allows for rapid development.SMILE-OSS. unlike technologies such as Flex and Silverlight. which requires time-consuming. because GWT generates all its interface views using XML and Java. GWT can be used to create and maintain dynamic web applications that implement JavaScript. The result is an extensive application that adheres to web standards. using the Java language and tools. paradoxically. which require the installation of a special plug-in on client workstations. GWT enables the development of elaborate applications in pure Java that is “compiled” in JavaScript and HTML.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 137 GWT Version studied: 2.COM Google Web Toolkit is an RIA framework developed by Google.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 138 WWW.

and animation and management of Ajax calls.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 139 jQuery Version studied: 1. jQuery is compatible with the vast majority of browsers. event management. The purpose of jQuery is to simplify the usual JavaScript manipulations: DOM manipulation.3 Website: http://jquery. and Google supplies a CDN for the library’s files.COM jQuery is one of the main JavaScript libraries. providing for virtually restriction-free integration. jQuery also has a compatibility mode. jQuery simplifies multi-browser JavaScript developments by providing an API that is independent of the underlying platform. which enables the reuse and functional encapsulation of behaviours.SMILE-OSS. including Microsoft ASP. including Internet Explorer 6. One of jQuery’s strong points is its simplified plug-in writing. which allows its use at the same time as another JavaScript library.NET Ajax. jQuery has been integrated into numerous open source projects. a multitude of plugins are available from the official website.6. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . As the community is extremely responsive. jQuery is distributed under the MIT License or the GPL. Implementation follows a strict object based logic and could benefit from call chaining to simplify the writing.com Community driven solution WWW. It was created by John Resig in 2006.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 140 WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Over and above its simplification of cross-browser and Ajax oriented development. In this way. Prototype is written in JavaScript and is compatible with the vast majority of browsers. legacy objects. It should however be noted that DOM expansion has raised a number of issues and is currently being withdrawn from the library. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .).7 Website: www. etc. Prototype’s goal is to enrich the JavaScript language and the DOM by attaching additional components and functionalities. JavaScript development with Prototype brings in a number of traditional object oriented programming concepts that are absent from standard JavaScript (constructors.SMILE-OSS.prototypejs.org Community driven solution WWW.COM Prototype is a JavaScript library created by Sam Stephenson in 2005 in order to add Ajax support to the Ruby on Rails framework. including Internet Explorer 6.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 141 Prototype Version studied: 1. Prototype is distributed under the MIT License.

It therefore includes the transposition to Java of the main concepts used in frameworks like RoR. The principle behind Play! is to reduce the Java development life cycle and to limit the complexity of applications often associated with Java projects. Play! is distributed under the Apache License 2. which allows it.2. Play! is written in Java. Play! also has its own technical project manager. Zenexity contributes to the project and performs product development and support.playframework. to transparently reload the modified code on the fly.COM Play! is a web-oriented Java framework created by Guillaume Bort in 2007.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 142 Play! Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . its templates in Groovy and the project manager in Python. etc. used to create CRUD interfaces. Convention over Configuration. for example. Django and symfony: MVC.3 Website: www.org Vendor driven solution (Zenexity) WWW.0. and its own application server (although it is also easy to deploy on a Tomcat server). Don’t Repeat Yourself.

supplying as many pre-existing components as possible. a cache system. an infrastructure for form manipulation and data entry validation. Django is distributed under the BSD License. etc.).COM Django is the benchmark for web frameworks in Python. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Some of the more noteworthy websites that use Django include Disqus and Spotify. such as a database abstraction layer. It is developed in Python. Django is based on the MVC paradigm and on the principle of Don’t Repeat Yourself.djangoproject.SMILE-OSS.3. an interface for the Python unit testing framework (PyUnit). It should be noted that Django is available on the Google App Engine platform. CSRF.1 Website: https://www. SQL injection.com Foundation driven solution (Django Software Foundation) WWW. It was created in 2005 by the company Lawrence Journal-World. CRUD interface creation tools and classic web attack prevention systems (XSS. a templating engine.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 143 Django Version studied: 1.

HTTP management and Ajax calls) are integrated with the framework and allow the developer to concentrate on the business logic rather than the technical aspects. written by David Heinemeier Hansson. It is developed in Ruby.COM Ruby on Rails is a web framework.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The first version. database access.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 144 Ruby on Rails Version studied: 3.org Community driven solution WWW. was released in 2004. Ruby on Rails is distributed under the MIT License. In the same spirit. in the name of which it supplies a number of code and interface generators (scaffolding). even if some parts (not linked to the front office) have been rewritten in Scala following load bearing issues with the Ruby interpreter.1 Website: http://rubyonrails. The Ruby on Rails framework is characterised by the concept of Don’t Repeat Yourself. One of RoR’s success stories has been Twitter. These generators mean the developer does not have to perform the operations over again or recode similar standard functionalities. the classic lower layers (security.

the following can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name CakePHP Lithium Prado PHPonTrax CodeIgniter Jelix CXF Yii Zeta Components URL / Website http://cakephp.org/zetacomponents May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .apache.org http://cxf.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.apache.me http://www.pradosoft.com http://jelix.com http://www.com http://codeigniter.com http://incubator.org http://lithify.phpontrax.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 145 Other Among the different products available in the field of web development frameworks and libraries.yiiframework.

Android.COM With the advent of the smartphone. engendering a corresponding increase in development work. as mentioned above. with PhoneGap. In the world of open source solutions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 146 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS WWW. crossplatform open source mobile frameworks have been created. enabling porting to X operating systems from the same source code. which runs on the iPhone. for example. three frameworks stand out far above the rest: PhoneGap. Many mobile operating systems now exist. To avoid duplicating development work.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . mobile applications have increased exponentially in recent years. Symbian and Palm. This is the case. among others. as well as Rhodes and Titanium. BlackBerry. These frameworks use different techniques to obtain relatively similar results.

appcelerator.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 147 Titanium Version studied: 1. This product is available under the Apache License 2.SMILE-OSS. The databases manipulated are SQLite DBs.com/products/titanium-mobile-application-development Vendor driven solution (Appcelerator) WWW. Titanium currently supports iOS and Android. while its extensions are written in native code. An application can be developed with Titanium in JavaScript. Titanium enables access to all smartphone and tablet PC functionalities.COM Titanium Mobile is a multi-platform framework that can generate native applications for iOS and Android. BlackBerry support is now in beta mode. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0.).7. barcode scanner. and a multitude of extensions are also available (PayPal. Titanium’s JavaScript API provides for multi-platform development and its SDK generates native code from the JavaScript code.2 Website: http://www. etc. and Appcelerator offers a variety of support levels ranging from Indie to Professional. The tool has been developed by Appcelerator since 2009.

etc.). It currently supports six platforms. The applications produced using PhoneGap are web applications.com Vendor driven solution (Nitobi) WWW.COM PhoneGap is a tool used to create multi-platform mobile applications that adhere to web standards. Nitobi recently launched the service PhoneGap Build.SMILE-OSS. packaged by the tool so that they can be launched by the target smartphone’s native browser. making it a complete and technically relevant solution for the development of multi-platform mobile applications.0.phonegap. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . video camera. accelerometer.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 148 PhoneGap Version studied: 1. PhoneGap also offers an API that can call up the smartphone’s advanced functionalities (GPS. It has been developed by Canadian company Nitobi since 2008. PhoneGap is distributed under the MIT License.0 Website: www. which generates final applications from a web interface.

SMILE-OSS.COM Rhodes is a multi-platform. On the development side.com/products/rhodes/ Vendor driven solution (Rhomobile) WWW. Rhodes is a framework inspired by Ruby on Rails. by way of Symbian). Rhodes supports a large number of platforms (ranging from Android to Windows Phone 7. including an online IDE and a marketplace. The final. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . open source framework dedicated to the development of mobile applications.0 Website: http://rhomobile. which allows Rhodes to support many different platforms. generated application has an embedded Ruby VM and a web server. Rhomobile also offers an entire suite of tools for the development and distribution of Rhodes applications. The tool has been developed by Rhomobile since 2009.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 149 Rhodes Version studied: 3. in Ruby. Its views are developed in HTML and the applications. in order to remain separate from the target platform. Rhodes is available under the MIT License.

COM PKI-style solutions are used to make electronic relationships (i.e. OpenCA. OpenTrust and EJBCA. whether external (contractual and commercial relationships) or internal (staff accountability).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 150 PKIS WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . authentication. whether via signature certificates (email or web access) or encryption (using two keys). integrity and nonrepudiation. PKI tools simplify the development of transactional activities. The available open source solutions include OpenSSL. email) secure by guaranteeing their confidentiality. In making identity management secure.SMILE-OSS.

With its modular design.COM OpenCA PKI is a component of a vast community project aiming to define standards for the development of PKI software. OpenCA PKI is the part dedicated to certificate management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 151 OpenCA Version studied: 1. Combined with the other components of the PKI project. Its encryption mechanisms are based on OpenSSL. It can also perform rights restrictions. certificate management is handled by OpenLDAP.).1. like the OCSP responder. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .openca. testing.1 Website: www.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. OpenCA PKI is currently covered by the BSD License. it contributes to the establishment of a complete PKI solution. The solution is very heterogeneous but uses recognised current standards: the web server is based on Apache 2 and the interface is written in Perl. it provides a web interface that can easily perform the majority of common tasks (certificate issuing and revocation. Finally. The 100% community based development was initiated in 2001 and continues to be actively pursued today. etc.

COM OpenSSL is the open source library that has virtually been raised to the rank of a standard for its cryptographic functions. The development of OpenSSL is old.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 152 OpenSSL Version studied: 1. and many tools that are more advanced in terms of their usability are based on OpenSSL.openssl.).org Community driven solution WWW. It can write and rewrite certificates in the most common formats on the market. it can also issue and revoke certificates using X509 and is fully capable of handling the certification chain. In particular. In addition to providing for encryption and the hashing that is possible with any known algorithm (MD5. X509. Blowfish. It is available under either the Apache or the BSD License. Developed in C. i. dating back to before 1998.SMILE-OSS.0. it remains the benchmark for Linux and BSD and is often used in all sorts of situations requiring encryption (ranging from 802.0e Website: www. AES. it completely implements the standard for PKIs. by way of SSH and FTPS).e.11 protocols to HTTPS communications. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

the basic script has been adopted by many independent projects and has been supplemented with new functionalities (OCSP. It departs almost entirely from the relative complexity of OpenSSL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Covered by the GPL. enabling the very fast creation of certification authorities and client certificates.SMILE-OSS.COM easyCA can manage small scale PKIs very quickly and simply. It was developed by Ferry Kemps in 2005.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 153 easyCA Version studied: 0. easyCA is written in Bash and requires no dependencies other than OpenSSL. It is easy to edit and personalise to meet the needs of most system administrators.).9 Website: http://sourceforge. It can also manage revocations and offers export options for back-ups. etc. Nonetheless. its development seems to have been broken off at present.net/projects/easyca Community driven solution WWW.

EJBCA is covered by the LGPL and has only one edition. It is one of the rare products that fully comply with Java Beans specifications.SMILE-OSS. from certificate issuing. It also offers a complete admin interface with rights restrictions and a client portal.COM Developed since 2001.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 154 EJBCA Version studied: 4. which could be either JBoss or GlassFish. and it is one of the only products to implement a large number of the standards linked to specification X509 (OCSP responder. CMS.3 Website: www. Its management of custom hardware such as HSMs is quite accurate. EJBCA can handle all aspects of standard X509 certification. From a technical perspective. It is currently driven and actively maintained by Swedish company PrimeKey. EJBCA is entirely written in Java and is powered by a JEE application server. EJBCA is one of the most complete PKI management open source solutions there is.0.ejbca. Like other PKI solutions. Commercial support can be subscribed to with the vendor. and so forth).org Vendor driven solution (PrimeKey) WWW. PrimeKey. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . CRL revocations to certification chains.

the Shibboleth system provides unique multi-domain authentication. we will present the various identity authentication. Other open source solutions like CAS. which are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. For example. These tools are relatively similar but their end goals may differ in some cases. FederID. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . This is an OTP solution allowing for the use of passwords generated at a given time. LemonLDAP and OpenAM are also described. This makes it possible to include third party applications in its federated identity management system in order for users logging onto their unique identification system to gain access to the application in question. federation and management solutions now available. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. the graphs below do not display the average scores.SMILE-OSS. FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT WWW.COM In this category.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 155 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION. LinOTP is also presented here.

PHP and . The communication protocol used is SAML v2 and. but rather log in the user after querying CAS. flat files and so on. full name. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . An Apache module is also available.org/cas Community driven solution WWW. in Java. CAS can use different types of back ends as the user database.SMILE-OSS. In 2004. such as a web service or an IMAP server.4. It was created in the early 2000s at Yale University. The applications themselves never have access to the user’s password. including on different domains.10 Website: www.COM Central Authentication Service is a web oriented Single Sign On system.). by means of one-time password tokens. CAS also supplies a proxy system that allows an application to transfer the user’s identification to another back end application (whether web based or not). CAS is distributed under the Jasig (BSD-style) License. CAS is written in Java and supplies CAS clients for SSO integration with applications.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 156 CAS Version studied: 3. etc. in later versions of CAS.NET.jasig. additional information can be transmitted at user login (groups. CAS came under the banner of special interest group Jasig. CAS provides for Single Sign On between multiple sites. such as an LDAP directory. a relational database.

but also on many other directories. A web admin interface is also available.COM LemonLDAP::NG is a Web SSO authentication system initiated in 2004 by the company Linagora. It can also serve as a CAS.1 Website: http://lemonldap-ng. LemonLDAP::NG makes it possible to base web application authentication on a LDAP directory. databases and other systems such as OpenID and SAML.1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 157 LemonLDAP::NG Version studied: 1. LemonLDAP::NG is distributed under the GPL. OpenID and SAML supplier. via a template engine. Access control can be defined by URL for each application in need of protection.SMILE-OSS. and LemonLDAP::NG provides for access traceability. It requires the use of an Apache server. Tomcat. etc. in terms of both its behaviour and its appearance. and now taken over by the OW2 Consortium. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .). although its reverse proxy mode allows it to be used with applications running on a different server (IIS. The product is developed in Perl and is easy to personalise.org Consortium driven solution (OW2) WWW.

COM OpenAM is a complete identity management solution. an open source license created by Sun Microsystems and based on the Mozilla Public License. OpenAM is developed in Java. OpenAM is distributed under the CDDL (Common Development and Distribution License. The company announced that it was going to pursue the release of new versions of OpenAM by following the original Sun Microsystems roadmap. OpenAM is an infrastructure brick that transparently performs Single Sign On functions for both web applications and middleware.3 Website: http://forgerock.5. After Sun’s decision to stop developing OpenSSO. ForgeRock initiated a fork called OpenAM that it has continued to develop and maintain ever since.com/openam. version 1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 158 OpenAM Version studied: 9. OpenAM provides a solution that allows for simplified roll-outs of web access rights management projects: the universal gateway.1). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .html Vendor driven solution (ForgeRock) WWW.SMILE-OSS.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . These passwords are generated thanks to certain hardware. as well as with hybrid solutions like MOTP devices.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 159 LinOTP Version studied: 2. LinOTP interfaces with all types of tokens that support the HMAC-OTP protocol. that are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. From a technical standpoint. LinOTP is a server written in Python. professional solution that can be integrated with a heterogeneous infrastructure. with which communications are possible via simple HTTP queries. LinOTP is distributed under the AGPL v3. This means it can be administrated using tools other than those provided as part of the distribution. An Enterprise edition is also available. For example. a custom web interface could be developed and included in a special section of an Intranet site.3 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.linotp.org Vendor driven solution (LSE Leading Security Experts GmbH) WWW.COM LinOTP is an open source OTP solution maintained by the German company LSE (Leading Security Experts) GmbH. It is a robust. like tokens and even smartphones. OTP stands for “One-Time Password”: OTPs are passwords generated at a given time.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Like the module for Apache HTTP Server.0 Website: http://shibboleth.internet2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 160 Shibboleth Version studied: 2. which encompasses more than 200 universities and research centres. Shibboleth is distributed under the Apache License 2.SMILE-OSS.0 was published in 2003. a number of extensions have been developed to allow various systems to interface with Shibboleth.edu Community driven solution WWW.COM Shibboleth was developed by the consortium Internet2. Shibboleth provides for the set-up of an authentication system centralised between multiple services.0. as well as the propagation of identities between these services. in order to simplify access to internal and external resources and to make such access more secure. The goal of identity propagation is twofold: to delegate authentication to the user’s original establishment and to retrieve certain user attributes (to manage access control or to personalise content). It is written in Java and C++. Version 1.

federation and management.ow2. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name OpenSSO FederID URL / Website http://java.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 161 Other Among the different products available in the field of identity authentication.SMILE-OSS.net/projects/opensso http://federid.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

The open source tools in this category include JMeter. This could be a website. etc. The possibilities are many. extraction and reuse of variables. form submission. variable loading from an external file. etc. but also a database. A graphical interface is usually available for entry of the test scenarios: a path via a specific page. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex. load testing tools are applications that simulate heavy loads on a service.COM As the name suggests.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 162 LOAD TESTING TOOLS WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . web service. conditions.SMILE-OSS. completion of a particular form. LDAP directory. clicks on a given menu. etc. These applications generally offer load testing output in the form of a large number of exportable graphs and statistics generated in reports. Tsung and FunkLoad. with loops.

org/jmeter Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.5 Website: http://jakarta. LDAP. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex. Its development started in 2001. written in Java. variable loading from an external file.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 163 JMeter Version studied: 2. It is used to conduct load testing on multiple server types: web. conditions.apache. It has a graphical interface that simplifies the creation of user scenarios. and many types of graphs and statistics. extraction and reuse of variables. etc. with loops.COM JMeter is a traffic injection tool published by the Apache Foundation. database. JMeter is distributed under the Apache License.

MySQL and PostgreSQL databases. Initially created by the French company Idealx. and XMPP. it is not subject to the traditional limitations of this type of tool and can therefore simulate very heavy traffic.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 164 Tsung Version studied: 1.4.COM Tsung is a traffic injection tool used for load testing of different types of servers. Tsung is available under the GPL. it is now developed by an independent community.erlang-projects. It supports HTTP and a handful of spin-offs (SOAP and WebDAV). a language that specialises in high performance applications.0 Website: http://tsung.org Community driven solution WWW. Developed in Erlang. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It also includes an automated statistics generator.

ow2. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 165 Other Among the different products available in the field of load testing tools.COM Name CLIF OpenSTA FunkLoad URL / Website http://clif.nuxeo.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://opensta.org http://funkload.

).COM Search engines. files. Search engines usually consist of two services: indexing and searches. conjugations. In the world of open source. like operating systems and databases. images. speed and relevance algorithm) and by their linguistic processing functions (plurals. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 166 SEARCH ENGINES WWW. the market is dominated by the search engines Lucene and Solr. etc. They can generally be differentiated by their indexing capacity (format.) indexed with a series of keywords. They allow us to locate and access resources (in the broadest sense of the term – web pages. are the cornerstones of our daily lives.SMILE-OSS. etc. videos. These two are quite often associated with the best web applications. phonetics.

in other words.SMILE-OSS. among others. Perl. to index and perform searches on its content. Like most search engines. Lucene is now available under the Apache License. the most well known. the Lucene project is the solution selected by Wikipedia. Lucene is a content search and indexing library. etc.0 Website: http://lucene. It handles all of this with an exceptional level of performance. Lucene is based on the concept of automated indexing. tenses.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 167 Lucene Version studied: 3. It can be integrated with Java applications but also with applications in other languages like Ruby.4. Lucene is written in Java.COM Driven by the Apache Foundation. PHP. synonym management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . configurable relevance and more. First and foremost. Initially distributed under the LGPL. C++ and more. processing input data all at once and assigning them multiple links. without a doubt.apache. Lucene supports searches for related forms of the same word (plural or singular. Lucene is. It was released for free downloading by Doug Cutting in March 2000.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. most widely used and most dynamic search tool on the open source market. conjugations.). On the functional side.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 168 WWW.

Its development was initiated by CNET Networks.0 Website: http://lucene. meaning that a document is not analysed as a simple set of words. It also offers an admin interface in web mode. This allows for much more detailed management of relevance and advanced searches.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 169 Solr Version studied: 3. Solr is distributed under the Apache License.COM Solr is an overlay of Lucene that adds functionalities and simplifies the roll-out of certain Lucene functions known to be excessively technical.SMILE-OSS. One of Lucene’s major characteristics is its capacity to index the content by field or by attribute. with each field being a string of words (terms). Solr is a corporate search server that centralises indexing and results serving operations. Solr makes it possible to take full advantage of this functionality.apache.4. rather it is made of fields. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org/solr Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Solr can communicate with other applications via many protocols based on open standards. which decided to publish their work in 2006.

11 Website: www. It can use a MySQL or PostgreSQL database as storage. pdf2text.mnogosearch.org Vendor driven solution (Lavtech. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A simple template system makes it possible to customise the search page. spell-checking.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 170 mnoGoSearch Version studied: 3. etc.Com) WWW. Boolean search operators and more.SMILE-OSS. mnoGoSearch natively supports numerous languages. mnoGoSearch specialises in indexing Internet and Intranet websites.). synonyms. mnoGoSearch also supports the indexing of office documents by means of external utilities (catdoc.3.COM mnoGoSearch is a search engine whose first open source version came out in 2000. mnoGoSearch is developed in C. whereas Windows binaries are proprietary and available for a fee. as well as file system indexing without a HTTP server. its indexing method is primarily based on HTTP crawling. mnoGoSearch is distributed under the GPL for UNIX environments. For searches. As a result. it supplies an integratable CGI script on a web server.

In addition. OpenSearchServer was developed internally for the website of Usine Nouvelle. OpenSearchServer is written in Java. OpenSearchServer also interfaces easily with any application by means of a REST interface. a database indexing system and a file crawler.2.SMILE-OSS.open-search-server. it differs from Solr in its HTTP accessible graphical admin interface. page exclusion. PDF. etc.1 Website: www. index programming.COM OpenSearchServer is a search engine created by Emmanuel Keller. based in Paris. Based on Lucene.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 171 OpenSearchServer Version studied: 1.). OpenSearchServer can also interpret the content of a number of file formats (OpenOffice. The company of the same name. The first open source version was released in 2008. MS Office.com Vendor driven solution (OpenSearchServer) WWW. OpenSearchServer is easy to expand with custom modules that enhance its functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenSearchServer is distributed under the GPL. etc.). does most of the development work and provides support for the tool. its highly advanced site crawling capacity (thread management.

com http://www.co.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 172 Other Among the different products available in the field of search engines.flax.com/products/lucidworkssearch-platform May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .uk http://www.org http://sphinxsearch.apache.COM Name Nutch Sphinx Flax LucidWorks URL / Website http://nutch.lucidimagination.

Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. thanks to its outstanding reputation. the graphs below do not display the average scores. although JBoss AS and Tomcat share the spotlight. HTTP servers (also referred to as HTTP daemons and web servers) serve web users’ queries (often pages or images) in accordance with HTTP protocol.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 173 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS WWW. we will present the open source HTTP and JEE application servers currently available on the market. many other names have also cropped up on the scene. Regarding application servers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . namely GlassFish.COM In this category. It will not be hard to find service providers to meet your consulting or integration needs. the Apache server is largely dominant. In the world of HTTP servers.

jboss.1 Website: www.COM JBoss AS is the global leader in application servers. it represents an excellent alternative to commercial application servers like WebSphere and WebLogic. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . quite complex. The product’s first designer was Marc Fleury. Inc. however. In April 2006.0. Red Hat acquired JBoss. Its tree structure is. JBoss provides a clear and simple admin interface. With its Java EE 6 Web Profile certification. with more than one third of the market share.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 174 JBoss AS Version studied: 7. It is written in Java.org/jbossas Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. JBoss is distributed under the LGPL.

0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 175 Tomcat Version studied: 7. It is the most widely used Java application server in the world.) to Tomcat. Tomcat is often combined with a more “general” web server like Apache or even JBoss. a software engineer at Sun. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. and delegates pages that use Java (servlets.COM Apache Tomcat is the Apache Foundation’s JEE servlets container. Its admin interface is very succinct.apache. Moreover. Tomcat is distributed under the Apache License. The Tomcat project was launched as the reference implementation of servlets by James Duncan Davidson. In these cases. for example.21 Website: http://tomcat. This means it can run via the Java virtual machine on any operating system that supports it. the web server serves HTML web pages.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. JSP. It is written in Java.SMILE-OSS.

In particular.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 176 GlassFish Version studied: 3. GlassFish boasts a comprehensive admin interface and a complete shell allowing for command line administration of the server.0. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Servlet 3. CDI 1.1.net Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW.0. JSF 2. the project originated in 2005 with the opening of the Sun Application Server.COM GlassFish is the reference implementation of Java EE developed by Oracle.SMILE-OSS. GlassFish is a complete implementation of Java EE 6. It is written in Java.0. In fact.1 Website: http://glassfish.0.1.0. JAX-RS 1. The first version of GlassFish (1. GlassFish is distributed under either the CDDL or the GPL v2.0) was released in 2006. etc. JPA 2.java. covering: EJB 3. In terms of standards.

20 Website: http://httpd.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Apache is the most widely used web server in the world. It offers tremendous flexibility in its configuration and a multitude of modules for functional cover that remains unparalleled today. a new API and support for IPv6. It is distributed under the Apache License.2.3 server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 177 Apache Version studied: 2. support for SSI tags and CGIs.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Its development began in 1995 as a mere collection of patches and additions for the NCSA HTTPd 1. Version 2a namely added multi-platform support (including Windows). Python and Ruby.apache. Apache was designed to be modular and to be able to host additional functionalities such as interpretation of Perl. PHP. Over and above its initial scope. and so on.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 178 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP and application servers.COM Name EasyBeans Geronimo JOnAS nginx lighttpd URL / Website http://wiki.apache. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://nginx.lighttpd.easybeans.ow2.SMILE-OSS.org http://geronimo.org http://wiki.jonas.org http://www.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Message Oriented Middleware or “MOMs” are particularly invaluable tools in the implementation of exchanges between all types of applications. Middleware is more than a mere protocol for calling the services offered by an application.SMILE-OSS. so long as they are interconnected by a network. all of which are also asynchronous. Middleware allows different applications to communicate and interoperate. This interoperation can occur even when the applications are running on different servers. given that it provides its services to applications. but the resulting exchanges are based on a whole stack of network protocols. RMI and SOAP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 179 MOM & EAI WWW. are usually considered to be real middleware. and RPC. Middleware is a high level tool.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Python. after its superior connectivity. FreePascal. ActiveMQ is developed in Java.Net. ActiveMQ is the open source MOM published by the Apache Foundation.SMILE-OSS. etc. It is distributed under the Apache License 2. The languages by which ActiveMQ can be accessed are: C. Pike. it can process messages according to enterprise integration patterns (EIPs). Delphi.5. Thanks to the integrated Camel project. The diversity of languages and environments it supports is particularly impressive and is one of ActiveMQ’s greatest assets. Ruby. Mule and Geronimo (as the default JMS provider).0 Website: http://activemq.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 180 ActiveMQ Version studied: 5.apache. C++.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. . Ajax.0. ActiveMQ relies on a handful of other Apache projects: Apache Camel (partial implementation of enterprise integration patterns) and Jetty (Java application server integrated with ActiveMQ).COM Released in 2004. ActiveMQ in turn is used by several other major projects: Apache Service Mix. RESTful and SOAP. PHP. ActiveMQ’s message processing is undoubtedly its most famous asset. Perl.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 181 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

with which JORAM is integrated. A user connected to the platform is also represented by an agent called a “proxy”. released in 1999. JOnAS. This approach offers a high level of flexibility because it allows for the creation and deletion of agents on the fly and on any broker whatsoever.0 Website: http://joram. events take the form of messages.SMILE-OSS. Queues and topics are therefore represented by agents. The languages by which JORAM can be accessed are: Java (via the JMS interface). An agent is a software component the responds to certain events. JORAM has been distributed under the LGPL since May 2000.7. Object Web is also known for its Java application server. JORAM has an elegant internal architecture based on the agent model.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (ScalAgent) driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . C and C++ (using JNI. which can then simulate a JMS environment). In the case of JORAM.ow2.COM JORAM (Java Open Reliable Asynchronous Messaging) is the middleware created by the consortium Object Web.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 182 JORAM Version studied: 5.

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 183 Other Among the different products available in the field of MOM and EAI.org/jbossmessaging May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.COM Name JBoss Messaging URL / Website http://www.jboss.

although it was difficult to define a separate category for them. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. we will be presenting Drools (an amazing rule engine) and ESIGate (which makes it possible to build pages on the fly from fragments taken from different technologies). Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.COM In this final category of the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 184 OTHER WWW. In particular. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies.

The rules can be viewed technically. The use of a tool like Drools allows for the evolution of rules and constraints without having to alter the associated computer programme.jboss.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 185 Drools Version studied: 5. and automated rule deployment.0 Website: www.org/drools Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW. Expert (rule engine). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The benefits of this are clear. rule hierarchies and categorisation. Drools comprises multiple modules: Guvnor (web admin interface).COM Drools (or JBoss Rules) is a system for managing business rules that uses a forward chaining inference engine. but also thanks to a publisher that is very easy to access.2. Drools is distributed under the Apache License. in the form of a business intelligence table that is perfectly understandable by functional users. Drools Guvnor offers the following services: version control and rule deployment. rule editing without development. Planner (automated planning engine) and Flow (workflow engine).

COM ESIGate is a web content aggregator. ESIGate interfaces with existing servers. In this instance. ESIGate is distributed under the Apache License. The various bits of content obtained from different servers are then assembled on a single page and served to the user. The major strength of this approach is the fact that it is technologically agnostic. ESIGate is written in Java and accepts multiple syntaxes.esigate. It was created by a number of specialist JEE engineers at Smile. HTML comments can then be inserted so as to perfectly delimit the blocks for extraction.org Community driven solution WWW.19 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 186 ESIGate Version studied: 2. from which it can retrieve HTML pages on the fly. capable of integrating any web application without requiring the slightest modification to existing set-up. either based on JSP taglibs or using the ESI standard tags defined by Akamai for its Content Delivery Network. the leading European integrator of open source solutions. ESIGate can also be configured to extract snatches of content from existing pages. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

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APPLICATIONS DIMENSION
The “Applications” dimension includes all the solutions commonly used by companies’ end users. They typically offer carefully developed interfaces that are far removed from the command lines typically available in tools in the “Infrastructure” dimension.

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The vast majority of these tools are developed by vendors, unlike infrastructure tools, which are primarily community based. These vendors have chosen the open source model for publication of their solutions. Their economic models are mostly based on support, and even warranties, for the products in question. These tools have played a key role in the widespread adoption of open source technologies, by offering quality applications with very broad scopes. There are almost no categories now that do not include at least one open source option. Even in very specific domains like library management and business intelligence, open source solutions are available. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension, and nearly 100 are listed in total, among the following categories:

       

CRMs Business Intelligence: ETLs Business Intelligence: Reporting Business Intelligence: Suites E-commerce ERPs CMSs EDM & ECM

      

Libraries & Documentation Portals Corporate social networks Blogs, Wikis and Forums E-learning Visitor tracking Other

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CRMS

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CRM (customer relationship management) systems are tools designed to capture, process and analyse information on existing and prospective clients. The scope of these tools is therefore potentially very (very) broad, given that it pertains to all the actions developed to foster customer and prospect loyalty by offering the best possible service. CRM functionalities can include multi-entity management, customer service, case and groupware management, sales cycles, marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns, contact and account management, and more. Excellent products the likes of SugarCRM and vtiger are some of those available from the world of open source solutions.

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OpenCRX
Version studied: 2.8.5 Website: www.opencrx.org Community driven solution

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openCRX is an open source CRM solution chiefly designed for corporate use. It is currently developed and maintained by a small team of developers. The first version appeared in 2004 and has continued to improve since then. openCRX provides a multitude of functionalities including multi-entity CRM for companies with elevated sales automation needs, customer service, case and groupware management, etc. The functionalities offered in these domains exceed those provided by other CRMs on the market (whether open source or not). That being said, it is missing a number of functionalities in other important aspects of the life cycle, such as marketing. Some of the main developers work for companies that supply plug-ins and additional services, particularly CRIXP Corp., a German company. But openCRX itself is a purely community driven project. It is available under a BSD-style License. openCRX is a JEE application that supports most relational databases including Oracle, DB2, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

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SugarCRM
Version studied: 6.3.0 Website: www.sugarcrm.com Vendor driven solution (SugarCRM, Inc.)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SugarCRM is an open source customer relationship management suite. It was first distributed in 2004 and SugarCRM, Inc. has since continued to develop and maintain it. The vendor is based in Cupertino, California. SugarCRM has evolved to cover all the main features of customer management and the sales cycle. It boasts an impressive list of functionalities, ranging from marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns to leads, by way of contact and account management, and more. The latest versions (particularly since version 6) have emphasised mobile CRM (native applications) and the integration of a Social CRM dimension. SugarCRM comes in three types: a Community edition (free, open source), an Enterprise edition (with additional functionalities) and a SaaS edition (on demand). The Community edition (published under the Affero GNU Public License v3) has a much smaller scope than the other editions. The product is based on a LAMP platform, with a number of possible variants in respect to databases and web servers (so long as PHP can be run).

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VTiger
Version studied: 5.2.1 Website: www.vtiger.com Vendor driven solution (vtiger)

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vtiger is an open source CRM created from a fork of SugarCRM in 2004. The reason for this fork was to preserve a completely free and 100% open source product at a time when SugarCRM was beginning to diversify its business model by launching commercial editions. vtiger has been evolving continuously since then. The latest version (published in November 2010) offers a complete set of functionalities, including reports and dashboards, invoices and organisational (team) access control. vtiger also has connectors for the most common office automation suites and for messaging clients. More recently, vtiger has taken its first steps in the mobile universe with iPhone and Android apps. As a company, vtiger operates out of Bangalore, India, and Sunnyvale, California. It is responsible for managing the open source project. It offers technical support, training, migration and other services. The product is built on a LAMP/WAMP platform. vtiger On Demand (cloud based) is hosted on the Amazon EC2 platform. The source code from the SugarCRM fork is covered by the SugarCRM Public License and vtiger modifications are under the MPL.

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com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 192 Other Among the different products available in the field of CRMs.openerp.SMILE-OSS.COM Name CiviCRM OpenERP URL / Website http://civicrm.org http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

although they can also be used outside that context. Transformations can be performed by means of existing plug-ins or through programming. transformation and/or loading scenarios. The term designates tools used to perform massive information synchronisations from one data source to another. Load”. Transform. They usually include connectors for data imports and exports to and from third party applications. Open source ETL solutions include Talend and Pentaho Data Integration (formerly Kettle). ETL stands for “Extract.COM ETLs often serve as a business intelligence brick. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS WWW. ETL tools can be used for much simpler extraction. In practice.SMILE-OSS.

which only contains the ETL tool. TIS (Talend Integration Suite). then generate the corresponding executable file in the form of a Java or Perl programme. is licensed under the GPL. SugarCRM. Talend’s basic brick. meaning that it can graphically create data manipulation and transformation processes.talend. The other editions are covered by commercial licenses sold as annual subscriptions. and roll-out administration. The scope of TIS includes process definition (jobs). process roll-out. A very thorough list of components makes it possible to connect to any type of database or application (SAP.). Two editions are available: the ETL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 194 Talend Version studied: 4. etc. a MDM brick was released. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . business models. and the MDM. The MDM edition includes the above. developed by French based vendor Talend. Talend MDM.2. In 2010.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW.COM Talend Open Studio is an open source ETL tool that appeared in 2005.SMILE-OSS. Talend Open Studio.3 Website: www. plus reference data management and a data quality module. It is a code generator-style ETL.

SMILE-OSS. along with various transformation operations like conversions. A commercial module. data import/export jobs can be created without additional programming. A GPL edition of PDI is available. the latest available version of Pentaho Data Integration was 4. the Agile BI module is distributed under a commercial license. At the time when these lines were written.pentaho.1.COM Pentaho Data Integration (PDI) is an open source ETL tool used to design and execute data manipulation and transformation operations. Agile BI. joins.1.0 Website: http://kettle.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 195 Pentaho Data Integration Version studied: 4. filtering and even the execution of JavaScript functions. Thanks to a step based graphical model. A planner is also available to schedule job execution.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . provides a graphical view of data transformation results beginning with the first steps in any development.

DOC. reporting tools generally have plug-ins to allow them to attach easily to external sources and applications.SMILE-OSS. they can also build dynamic pivot tables. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. Tools like JasperReports go as far as offering multidimensional analyses. PDF.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING WWW. directly in a company’s reports. PPT and other formats.COM One of the key bricks in business intelligence is report preparation. which make it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server. XLS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Further. Reporting tools like BIRT not only generate reports (configured or unconfigured) in HTML.

The BIRT engine can be integrated with any application developed in Java.org/birt Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. BIRT is also able to create dynamic pivot tables.7 Website: www. The BIRT engine is a library that generates configured and unconfigured reports in HTML.eclipse.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 197 BIRT Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM BIRT (Business Intelligence and Reporting Tool) is an Eclipse community project that includes a graph generator. PDF. a report generator and a design environment. These reports can be complex. BIRT is exclusively available under the GPL. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. containing multiple tables. The report designer is a plug-in that integrates with Eclipse (and can also be run as a stand-alone solution). XLS. and images. whether it’s a web application or a “fat client” style app. The project was launched in 2005. advanced graphs.SMILE-OSS. DOC and PPT formats.

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JasperReports / iReport
Version studied: 4.0.2 Website: http://jasperforge.org/project/ireport Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JasperReports is a report engine developed by Jaspersoft and distributed under an open source license. iReport is Jaspersoft’s report designer. When this paper was written, JasperReports and iReport were available in version 4.0.2. These tools have been around since 2001 and are already widely used in the reporting segments of many business applications. The JasperReports engine can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF, XLS and TXT formats. It uses JFreeChart to generate graphs and can be integrated with any application developed in Java. In addition to the classic databases, it also supports multidimensional analytical servers, which makes it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server, directly in a JasperReports report. The report designer, iReport, is used to lay out the reports. JasperReports has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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Pentaho Report Designer
Version studied: 3.8 Website: http://reporting.pentaho.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JFreeReport joined the Pentaho project in early 2006. The name, JFreeReport, has gradually been abandoned in favour of Pentaho Report Designer (PRD). PRD allows for the development of complex reports and, when used with the Pentaho platform, can publish them directly on the decision server. At the time of writing, PRD was available in version 3.8. Pentaho Report Designer is an easy to use tool that is fully integrated with Pentaho’s BI suite for parameter management and online publication. It can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF and XLS formats and supports multiple data sources. However, the creation of dynamic pivot tables is not user-friendly (hidden functionality) but is expected to be improved in version 4. Pentaho Report Designer has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES

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Business intelligence suites generally cover the two categories presented above, i.e. ETLs and reporting. This means the scope of these suites is extremely broad: report execution, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, query assistance, ETL, publication workflow management module, etc. There is a wealth of open source business intelligence tools including four of very high quality: Jaspersoft, SpagoBI, Palo and Pentaho.

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SpagoBI
Version studied: 3.0 Website: http://www.spagoworld.org/ Vendor driven solution (Engineering Ingegneria Informatica)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SpagoBI is a business intelligence platform developed by Italian firm Engineering Ingegneria Informatica. The project was launched in 2007. At the time of writing, SpagoBI Server was available in version 3.0. Like Pentaho and JasperServer, the scope of SpagoBI’s functionalities includes the execution of JasperReports reports (created using iReport) and BIRT reports, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, a support component for query creation (Query by Example, QbE), etc. The default ETL tool is Talend. In addition, this suite also offers a publication workflow management module (draft reports not visible on the web portal). SpagoBI is available under the LGPL, i.e. only open source, no commercial edition.

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Jaspersoft
Version studied: 4.1 Website: www.jaspersoft.com Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JasperServer is the business intelligence platform published by Jaspersoft, the company that also develops the report generator JasperReports, available since 2001. This platform delivers reporting and analytical functionalities. The community edition offers report design and generation (using iReport). The commercial edition can create business domains, and semantic and technical layers over relational SQL databases, which can simultaneously define a business lexicon, separate the user from the technical side and from SQL, and easily add in data access security. Another major functionality is the creation of ad hoc reports, where the end user can create his or her own reports on a user-friendly web interface. In addition, like other BI platforms, Jasper can create OLAP cubes (Mondrian bricks) and integrates Talend for ETL. JasperServer comes in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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but the opposite is true of the commercial edition. and data security control is more complicated to set up. Like JasperServer. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .pentaho.SMILE-OSS. ad hoc reporting.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. Pentaho covers all the functionalities of a BI suite: ETL (Pentaho Data Integration). the Pentaho suite is more complete than Jasper’s community edition. The project was launched in 2007. in which JasperServer offers very useful functionalities (domains. but is much less evolved there than in the commercial JasperServer. Pentaho has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license). advanced ad hoc reporting and more). Overall. the reporting does not yet include dynamic pivot tables. OLAP analysis (Mondrian). a metadata layer and classic reporting (Pentaho Report Designer).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 203 Pentaho Version studied: 4 Website: www. The differences are as follows: ad hoc reporting is available in the community edition.COM Pentaho is a software suite that distributes functionalities and business intelligence documents to a large number of people via the intermediary of a web interface.

This suite comprises the following: an OLAP server to manage multidimensional databases (in the form of cubes and dimensions).COM Jedox.html Vendor driven solution (Palo) WWW. The commercial edition includes a web report manager. graphs.) that allows for online entry and access of data on the OLAP server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 204 Palo Version studied: 3. in addition to the functionalities of the community edition. Palo BI Suite is available in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition. an add-on for Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice. the Supervision Server and a tool for converting Excel files to web spreadsheets. as well as various related components that combine to make it a complete business intelligence suite.jedox. macros. a German company founded in 2002.2 Website: www.com/en/products/Palo-Suite.SMILE-OSS. and an event observer (Supervision Server) that can also trigger events based on certain actions. an “Excel-like” web spreadsheet programme incorporating all the functions of Excel (formulas. etc. an ETL tool for interfacing with operational databases in order to feed data to Palo’s DBs. publishes the Palo Suite. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Calc (supports cube reading and writing).

now encompassing functionalities like advanced categorisation. presenting the leading products including Magento and PrestaShop.SMILE-OSS. inform customers about their products. However. management of configurable products. give clients a terrific shopping experience. promotional engines. in this category we have nonetheless focused on open source e-shop solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the definition of product groups.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 205 E-COMMERCE WWW. The scope of e-shops has been expanding. and more. provide customer service or perform any number of other actions. cross-selling and up-selling functions. Whether e-merchants want to advertise their e-shops and increase their traffic. conclude sales. advanced currency and VAT rate management.COM The field of e-commerce is another very plentiful one. multishop management. many solutions are available to them today.

In return for an annual fee. advanced currency and VAT rate management. large scale merchant sites with functionalities like advanced categorisation.) WWW.SMILE-OSS.11 (Enterprise edition) Website: www. etc. The solution is based on the Zend PHP framework and boasts many innovations in terms of participatory functionalities. driven by US based Magento Inc. multi-shop management.magentocommerce. capturing a large share of the market. cross-selling and up-selling functions. In April 2009.com Vendor driven solution (Magento Inc. management of configurable products. the definition of product groups. generated tremendous buzz worldwide.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 206 Magento Version studied: 1. Initially distributed exclusively under the OSL. Magento’s great strength lies in its superior modularity and its robustness. Magento’s gamble paid off upon its release. this version provides a number of additional functionalities and a support contract. this tool. It was clearly devised to support ambitious. Magento announced the release of an Enterprise edition. which allowed it to bring together an extremely active community in record time.6 (Community edition) and 1. (formerly Varien).COM Beginning with its first beta versions in 2007. a powerful promotional engine. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

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PrestaShop
Version studied: 1.4.4.1 Website: www.prestashop.com Vendor driven solution (PrestaShop)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released a few months after Magento (in July 2008), PrestaShop is a French e-commerce solution that quickly won over a large number of users thanks to its easy implementation and its complete alignment with the needs of e-merchants, which have since established strong ties with the product (80,000 websites worldwide use the solution). From a functional perspective, PrestaShop has also proven to be quite complete: in terms of catalogues, account management, orders, logistics and reporting, all the functionalities of an e-commerce platform are covered. The tool even includes native management of functions like shop locators, SMS alerts and customer rewards programmes. And if that were not enough, nearly a thousand ready to use modules are also available. PrestaShop is distributed under the OSL. PrestaShop is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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OXID
Version studied: 4.5 Website: www.oxid-esales.com Vendor driven solution (OXID)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released in November 2008, German solution OXID quickly conquered the German-speaking market thanks to its great functional depth. After becoming the leading e-commerce solution in Germany in a very short period of time, OXID arrived in France in mid 2011, in an edition completely localised for the specific characteristics of the French market. Without a doubt, it offers the greatest functional depth of any solution, after Magento. OXID was devised for use as a multi-channel system: web, mobile, interactive kiosks, etc. Everything in it is designed to allow users to serve their catalogues to multiple devices. Although there is some room for improvement in its back office ergonomics, OXID remains suitable for even the most ambitious of merchant sites. OXID is distributed under the GPL v3. OXID is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It integrates jQuery’s Ajax framework, has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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RBS Change
Version studied: 3.0.4 Website: www.rbschange.com Vendor driven solution (Ready Business System)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

The open source model has attracted many different software companies. RBS joined their ranks when it released its Change CMS and e-commerce applications under an open source license in February 2010. The fruit of five years of development work and more than a hundred projects, this solution is very promising from both a technical and a functional perspective. The aspects that differentiate this solution are the following: fully integrated and joined CMS and e-commerce systems, a management back office that uses Ajax technology, an Enterprise edition with advanced functionalities (ability to preview a site as it will appear on a given date, automated management of promotions, etc.) and so on. RBS Change is published under the Affero GPL v3. Because of the newness of its turn toward open source, RBS Change has few members in its community, meaning it has not yet developed this key component to ensuring the longevity of its open source solution. RBS Change is written in PHP and is based on a PHP5 framework developed by the vendor and that offers an advanced development environment.

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Drupal Commerce
Version studied: 1.0 Website: www.drupalcommerce.org Vendor driven solution (Commerce Guys)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released in August 2011, Drupal Commerce is the e-commerce branch of the globally renowned CMS, Drupal. The successor to the Ubercart extension, Drupal Commerce enjoys the support of two companies: Commerce Guys for its roadmap management and community moderation, and Acquia (created by Drupal’s founder, Dries Buytaert) for its support services. Although the functional scope of Drupal Commerce remains slightly smaller than its elders, it is, along with RBSChange, the only solution to offer real content management functionalities, backed by the recognised efficiency of Drupal. Like the CMS, Drupal Commerce is also an extremely modular solution with a very active community. Drupal Commerce is licensed under the GPL v3. Drupal Commerce is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It is distributed as a Drupal 7 module.

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osCommerce
Version studied: 3.0.2 Website: www.oscommerce.com Community driven solution

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It would be hard to omit osCommerce in a discussion of open source e-commerce solutions. This tool, first released in March 2000, was quickly established as the must-have e-commerce solution and the standard bearer for open source supply, which was only just beginning to blossom at the time. But in recent years, the community has begun to break apart from the development team, developing a multitude of forks. Development of the solution itself has slowed substantially since 2006. As the ageing code makes the application very difficult to maintain, the team embarked on a complete overhaul of the tool, whose third version was recently released after several years’ wait. Distributed under the GPL, osCommerce relies entirely on a once very large and very active community. Wholly developed in PHP/MySQL, osCommerce owes a great deal of its success to the lack of open source alternatives and to the explosion of e-business in the early 2000s. Today it remains the most commonly deployed webshop in the world.

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com http://www.COM Name Thelia OFBiz Spree Broadleaf Commerce URL / Website http://thelia.broadleafcommerce.net http://ofbiz.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://spreecommerce.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 212 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-commerce.apache.SMILE-OSS.

in other words the technological bases that will allow a given product to be adapted to a variety of different contexts with a limited number of custom developments. Because the playing field is so vast. But one of the most important selection criteria is flexibility/expandability.COM The world of enterprise resource planning (ERP) has in turn been overwhelmed by open source solutions that have now reached maturity. currently targeting SMEs with staff of more than 1000. thereby rapidly stepping up their competitiveness. distribution and services sectors. differences in functional cover can turn a product more toward a particular sector of activities. OpenERP.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in the industrial. Open source ERPs initially provided small SMEs with complete management tools at the lowest cost. Products like Compiere. Openbravo and ERP5 set the bar for open source ERPs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 213 ERPS WWW. But these solutions are already climbing the ladder.

COM Compiere was originally developed by Jorg Janke of Germany. production management.compiere.2 (Community Edition) Website: www. From a functional standpoint. Unisys. purchasing functions.) WWW.com Vendor driven solution (Compiere Inc. R/2 and R/3. The latter has been extremely successful in recent years (especially in the distribution and services sectors).SMILE-OSS. for example with sales management. thanks in particular to its support of the Oracle database and its Java base. backed by his 20 years of experience at SAP then Oracle and his proficiency in the products ADV/Orga. accountancy and financial management. inventory and logistics functions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . particularly for SMEs/SMIs. Compiere is distributed under the MPL and is written in Java. The concept of the application dictionary (a Compiere based meta-programming model used to align relational persistence with the structures of personalised business data and data interfaces) was prototyped in 1988 for SAP. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 214 Compiere Version studied: 3. Compiere is relatively comprehensive. then used in service of the Compiere open source project.

by Nexedi.6 Website: www. production data management (PDM). It is written in Python and based on the Zope Object Database which. supply chain management (SCM). customer relationship management (CRM). logistics and human resources. ERP5 was created.erp5. It boasts a relatively broad scope. does not rank among the top relational databases. France. management of purchasing. an open source vendor headquartered in Lille.COM ERP5 is one of the new classes of ERPs whose more ambitious conceptual foundations have simplified the development of business solutions. Thus ERP5 is indeed an ERP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . namely including finance and accountancy. and management of inventory.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 215 ERP5 Version studied: 5. but also a CRM. sales and e-commerce. SCM and PDM system. MRP. and is now primarily maintained. despite its qualities. ERP5 is distributed under the GPL.4.SMILE-OSS.com Vendor driven solution (Nexedi) WWW.

OFBiz was not designed as a turnkey ERP. It is written in Java. OFBiz is distributed under the Apache License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . David Jones and Andrew Zenesky.apache. in recent years the tool has focused particularly on ecommerce interfaces. Further. Since then. the project has been enhanced with numerous additional functional modules. top level project.04 Website: http://ofbiz.COM The Open For Business (OFBiz) project was created in 2001 and concluded its first development phase around 2003 under the impetus of its two creators.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 216 OFBiz Version studied: 10. It is instead an ERP framework for the development of enterprise software. It very quickly emerged from the process as an approved.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Unlike Compiere and OpenERP. In 2006 it was even submitted to the Apache Foundation as an incubator project.SMILE-OSS.

as well as its entity manager. These interfaces are the product’s strong point. Openbravo is based on web technologies including JEE and Ajax.0 Website: www.1).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 217 Openbravo Version studied: 3. initially called Tecnicia. went open source in 2005. and transposed it to a web interface set up on a Java server.COM Openbravo is a Spanish solution based on Compiere’s ERP (another open source product presented in this paper) and created in 2001. Despite major fund-raising activities in 2005. as they are perhaps the most attractive and most ergonomic on the market. based on the MPL (v1. The vendor is solid and capable of supplying professional level support. although smaller than that of OpenERP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. the product’s dynamics are only moderate. Openbravo is published under the Openbravo Public License.openbravo. The project. particularly in terms of its client lists.com Vendor driven solution (Openbravo) WWW. Openbravo forked all Compiere’s business PL/SQL source code. Openbravo targets the ERP market for SMEs and has quite a large scope.

production. and its framework allows for rapid adaptation to unique contexts. such as sales. OpenERP covers all needs. HR. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. OpenERP is written in Python and is supported by a powerful object oriented framework.0 (version 6 of the tool and onward). resulting in the constantly increasing effectiveness of the ERP in a business setting. The PostgreSQL database is used. billing and more.3 Website: www. logistics.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 218 OpenERP Version studied: 6. OpenERP is distributed under the AGPL 3. or by means of dashboards. purchasing. OpenERP combines the strength of a vendor with that of a large community – including its integrators based around the world – that outline all the ways the tool is used and provide precious feedback.COM OpenERP (formerly Tiny ERP) was founded in Belgium in 2005 by Fabien Pinckaers. particularly in the form of reusable modules. All this is made possible by real technological innovation based on recognised standards in terms of databases and web services. projects. inventory. accountancy.com Vendor driven solution (OpenERP) WWW. whether by configuring new workflows or new information.openerp.0.

participatory intranets. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . given their domination as a result of their capacities. Hippo CMS. and their functional and technical scopes. they have become more than serious alternatives in the field of enterprise content management: they now dominate the market. InfoGlue.COM Content management now covers a wide range of needs: information sites. secure extranets. service sites.SMILE-OSS. TYPO3. Over the years. SPIP. etc. Jahia.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 219 CMSS WWW. there are a number of excellent open source solutions with very broad scopes like eZ Publish. corporate sites. Joomla and Plone. community spaces. To cover this scope. Drupal. modularity. which have all become standards in the world of content management.

online payments. it has a wide variety of possible applications today: from the corporate website to the community portal. Technically speaking. chats. messaging. In particular. that make it particularly well suited to corporate social networks.com). polls.SMILE-OSS. shared calendars and more). forms. Originally designed as a collective blog.drupal.8 Website: www. surveys. photo galleries. it has well designed.org Community driven solution WWW.acquia. highly appreciated modules developed by the community. Drupal does it all! It was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success ever since.COM Drupal is a multi-faceted CMS. Drupal is built around LAMP technologies (PHP and MySQL in particular). The main strength of this CMS lies in its expandability. Support is available from Acquia (www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It can easily host numerous complementary modules (forums. newsletters. An enormous community has formed around the product.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 220 Drupal Version studied: 7. Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source.

multilingualism. Technically.5 Website: www. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and a commercial Enterprise edition that provides stability. versioning. eZ Publish is an open source software solution published under the GPL. In terms of the fundamentals of content management. links between content. runs on Apache and MySQL (PostgreSQL 8 and Oracle 11g are supported). eZ Publish is one of the most powerful open source tools available today. making each content item an object and applying all available methods to each one: multiple positioning. manages three different file caches and separates content very distinctly from presentation. but also as a development framework for the creation of business applications. etc.no Vendor driven solution (eZ Systems) WWW.ez.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 221 eZ Publish Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It pushes the object oriented approach to its full potential. eZ Publish is written in PostGreSQL. support and a warranty.COM eZ Publish was created in 1999 by eZ Systems. workflows. access rights. This makes it a highly configurable CMS.SMILE-OSS. eZ Publish stands out from other open source CMSs for its possibilities in terms of configurations and extensions: it is presented as a ready to use tool.

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Hippo CMS offers real benefits for the integration of functional needs by developers. The designers of Hippo CMS endeavoured to comply with standards (JEE). direct content publishing. particularly dynamic and promises a comprehensive.com Vendor driven solution (OneHippo) WWW. to use proven tools like Spring. templating. It was created in 1999 by Dutch vendor OneHippo. support and a warranty. content import/export. These efforts make it easy for developers to take charge of the tool. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Hippo CMS is an open source CMS that is a member of the family of CMSs written in Java. quality suite.onehippo. The product’s roadmap is.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 223 Hippo CMS Version studied: 7. content creation. multiple sites. Jackrabbit and Maven. but it remains ergonomic and functional and includes most of the common functionalities expected of a good CMS. It includes most of the functionalities that one might expect of a CMS: document model publishing. It is heavily used in the Nordic countries and especially in the Netherlands.6 Website: www. publication workflows.SMILE-OSS.0. The user interface is less extensive than in some of the other products. scalable architecture. and to define a clear. multilingualism. Technically well designed. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and an Enterprise edition that provides stability. etc. moreover. Hippo CMS is distributed under the Apache License 2.

Jahia’s finishing touches and packaging are impressive. In particular. effective workflows. In fact.COM Jahia is a Franco-Swiss product created in the 2000s.5 saw the arrival of a very user-friendly interface and a very complete template publisher. version 6.5 Website: www. etc. Jahia makes for an excellent alternative to the portal solutions available from the major proprietary vendors. which occupies a place apart in the world of JEE portals and CMSs. Jahia is built on JEE technologies: persistence via Hibernate. versioning. highly detailed rights management. support for JSR 170 standards. incorporating multi-site management.jahia. etc. perfectly integrated product. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Jahia is one of only a few solutions to combine JEE portals with content management in a single. support for JSR 168 portlet standards. thereby ensuring the tool’s longevity and alignment with real needs on the ground. multilingualism.SMILE-OSS. Jahia is one of the most compete CMS solutions. support and a warranty. Jahia also has an Enterprise version available under a commercial license that provides stability. In functional terms. structured data. with the possibility of viewing and modifying its source code (under the GPL for the Community edition). Jahia stands out from other CMSs thanks to its content administration interface.com Vendor driven solution (Jahia) WWW. Apache Lucene search engine.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 224 Jahia Version studied: 6. which is merged with the site itself.

the majority of developers in the community devote their work to Joomla. Today. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . particularly corporatestyle sites (requiring simple publication). meaningful URLs and a multitude of modules are integrated directly and do not require any special knowledge for their implementation. access stats. Joomla is a 100% community based solution published under the GNU GPL. This CMS is ideally suited to personal websites but could also satisfy the needs of certain professional sites.joomla. This tool chiefly stands out for the user-friendliness of its admin interface.SMILE-OSS. categorisation. It was created after a disagreement between the lead developers and the company coordinating the development. Page creation.COM Joomla Version studied: 1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 225 WWW. The mantra is to “give full product control to non-technicians”.org Community driven solution Joomla is a CMS developed from Mambo in 2005. Joomla is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database.7 Website: www. which clearly tips the scales in its favour. searches.

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with multiple versions released each year and hundreds – if not thousands – of members.0 of SPIP was released nearly two years after version 1. Ajax based interface. a simplified.2. SPIP’s software is written in PHP using a MySQL database.SMILE-OSS. and new template development functions. SPIP is a French open source project (licensed under the GPL) and its community can be described as active. SPIP was primarily used by web surfers to manage their own personal websites and on associations’ websites. content management.net Community driven solution WWW.COM Originally in 2001.spip. an API. in terms of use as well as deployment and adaptation. The flip side of this simplicity is that SPIP has a number of limitations in respect of certain key content management functionalities. as opposed to corporate oriented. but SPIP has since grown and is now used by private and public organisations to manage their professional websites. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . SPIP is one of the few CMSs to be able to claim client references that number in the thousands worldwide. conflict management. Version 2. a page for downloading and installing plug-ins. This new branch offers a multitude of new functionalities: possibility of installation on PostgreSQL and SQLite.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 227 SPIP Version studied: 2.10 Website: www. private. This success can be attributed to the product’s simplicity.1.9. which clearly restricts it to the world of web oriented.

The product was released late in 2000. A module can add a series of functionalities to TYPO3. since which time a very active community has developed.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 228 TYPO3 Version studied: 4. In terms of ready to use functionalities. caching. Rights and contribution management. One of the functionalities available in TYPO3 is image manipulation. TYPO3 is one of the richest tools we have encountered to date. all of which nicely polished.typo3. with very few limitations. authorisations. TYPO3 is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database. but it can also modify a previously integrated functionality without altering TYPO3’s source code. TYPO3 is a 100% community based solution published under the GPL. thus maintaining its compatibility with future versions of the tool. templates and more: it’s all there. particularly in the Germanic countries.5 LTS Website: www. thumbnails to be created and titles to be generated dynamically as images. One of its major strengths lies in its modular expandability. It offers just about everything one might want.SMILE-OSS.COM TYPO3 is the fruit of several years of labour by a Danish guru by the name of Kasper Skårhøj. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which allows images to be resized.org Community driven solution WWW.

org http://www.com http://lenya.com http://www.org http://www.com http://modx.com http://umbraco.mamboserver.COM Name Plone InfoGlue Mambo Apache Lenya Zope SilverStripe MODX CMS Made Simple Sympal Apostrophe Cayaha Magnolia Silverpeas umbraco Centurion OpenCMS URL / Website http://plone.com http://www.com http://cahaya-project.zope.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 229 Other In the world of content management.org http://www.org http://www.sympalphp. the following tools can also be added: WWW. open source supply is particularly strong.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .opencms.silverpeas.apache.SMILE-OSS.silverstripe.cmsmadesimple.org http://www.com http://centurion-project. By way of example.org http://www.magnolia-cms.org http://apostrophenow.infoglue.org http://www. over and above the products presented above.

Nuxeo. longevity and pricing.SMILE-OSS. Alfresco. Jahia and more: the available supply of open source document management solutions is expanding every day. open source EDM solutions have reached an extraordinary level of maturity and can compete on equal terms with the main commercial products. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Knowledge Tree. At present.COM Enterprise content management (ECM) is characterised by a combination of electronic document management tools (EDM or DMS) and content management systems (CMS). Maarch. locating and using information – whether or not it is structured or included in a document. ECM can increase an organisation’s efficiency by offering its personnel a practical and efficient solution for creating.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 230 EDM & ECM WWW. providing unique benefits in terms of openness.

collaboration tools. Alfresco offers all the expected document management functionalities: metadata.com Vendor driven solution (Alfresco Software) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 231 Alfresco Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. The Alfresco Forge site is also worthy of note. Alfresco comes in two editions: a free Labs edition under the GPL and an Enterprise edition that gives access to the vendor’s warranty. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Alfresco is the ECM solution created in 2005 by British vendor Alfresco Software.4 Website: www.alfresco. web content management and more. document workflows and advanced workflows. searches. category management. management of multiple. Alfresco is written in JEE and has strong development dynamics as well as a large community of users and developers. with its wide variety of plug-ins. itself founded the same year by former executives at Documentum and Business Object. France and the United States. document types. The company now operates directly in England. independent databases. to RM and integrated clustering modules and to intermediate versions.

etc. vocabulary management. category management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 232 Nuxeo Version studied: 5. The company currently operates in France and the United States. Apache and Eclipse projects and from Sun’s open source projects. the concept of the publication section.). collaboration functions. etc. that has been producing an open source EDM solution since 2001. completely modular architecture. document types. the concept of typed “relationships” between different contents. multi-file. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Nuxeo is built on JEE technologies and uses open source components from the JBoss. Nuxeo is published under the LGPL. searches.nuxeo.COM Nuxeo is a French company founded by Stéfane Fermigier. multiple database management and more.SMILE-OSS.4. advanced workflows. complex content management (web.com Vendor driven solution (Nuxeo) WWW. Nuxeo Enterprise Platform is the result of the migration of the Zope based version in Python to Java.2 Website: www. The tool sets itself apart thanks to various special aspects: a theme editor. structured. incorporating metadata. The solution provides for complete enterprise content management.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The vendor’s website posts a comparison of the different editions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 233 Knowledge Tree Version studied: 3. are distributed under a commercial license. The open source edition of Knowledge Tree incorporates the majority of its functions. although a number of modules. the default virtual navigation modes and the ergonomics of the module when integrated with MS Office. to name but a few aspects. immediately operational standard interface. Knowledge Tree is written in PHP and runs on a LAMP platform.). We particularly appreciated the streamlined. the admin functions.COM Knowledge Tree is an EDM solution developed by the South African company Jam Warehouse. a scanner management application. etc.7 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. Knowledge Tree has a complete set of functionalities and multiple modules that provide for good integration with an office environment. The application is well crafted and provides for simple and efficient EDM. MS Office integration. namely those concerning workstation integration (hot folder. navigation.com Vendor driven solution (Jam Warehouse) WWW.knowledgetree. the advanced search functionality that will meet the most demanding needs for complex searches.

Maarch Framework 3. This distribution also includes the functions needed for corporate EDM. It should be noted that the solution’s community is rather small. Its product line includes Maarch Entreprise and Letter Box. Letter Box is a vertical application that can. This orientation provides a solution for the design of corporate document applications. an application dedicated to mailroom management.COM Maarch is an ECM solution developed by the French firm Maerys. The solution is licensed under the GPL v3. Maarch Entreprise is dedicated to application design. It is delivered with a set of functions and an interface that is completely mailroom oriented.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 234 Maarch Version studied: 1.2 Website: www.com/en Vendor driven solution (Maerys) WWW. Finally. Maarch is build on an in-house PHP framework.maarch. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. in particular. response handling and archiving. interface with a scanner and can manage the life cycle of correspondence circulating within the company: receipt. revolving closely around the vendor.

open source supply is particularly strong. over and above the products presented above.COM Name Jahia Freedom Quotero eXo DMS URL / Website http://www. By way of example.exoplatform.dynacase.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 235 Other In the world of document management.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added: WWW.com http://www.com http://www.SMILE-OSS.jahia.quotero.org http://www.

COM Built upon the world of document management. Z3950 Client and Server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. DSI (interest based displays). etc. OAI-PMH server. The most notable examples of these are Koha and PMB. open source library and documentation management tools have emerged in recent years. borrower management. management of periodicals and purchasing. thesaurus management. lending/returns with fines. The main functionalities of these tools include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 236 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION WWW. OPAC (user search interface). disk management.

a Drupal connector already exists) for more user-friendly ergonomics.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 237 Koha Version studied: 4. Koha is chiefly designed for libraries that want to comply with the UNIMARC cataloguing standard. Z3950 Client and Server. Distributed under the GNU GPL v2. OAI-PMH server. etc. and so on. periodicals and ordering. Koha does not offer any EDM functions. The databases it supports are MySQL and PostgreSQL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . disk management. Mac OS X. It is recommended that OPAC searches be replaced by a CMS (for example.2 Website: www. With the exception of thumbnail retrieval. but can also be installed on OpenBSD. Koha is maintained by its community. OPAC. Koha’s main functionalities include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. lending/returns with fines.koha. FreeBSD. Windows. Koha is developed in Perl and runs on Debian Linux. Two French companies have built their businesses around Koha.COM This ILS (integrated library system) was created in 1999 by a consortium of four libraries in New Zealand.

this very complete ILS was chiefly designed for document resource centres and specialised libraries that do not require UNIMARC cataloguing. at the time of writing. management of periodicals and purchasing. DSI (interest based displays). etc. web. PMB’s main functionalities include the cataloguing of all types of documents (text. PHP. MySQL.SMILE-OSS.). it had no established network of partners. etc.4 Website: www. multimedia. OPAC (user search interface).pmbservices. CSV. Fulltext indexing is provided for in its roadmap. etc. PMB was developed around a LAMP/WAMP platform (Apache.COM Created in 2003 by French company PMB Services. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It should be noted that. and more.) that can therefore run on Linux. along with notice imports (UNIMARC.) with file attachments. Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows. PMB is distributed under the CeCILL License. thesaurus management. borrower management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 238 PMB Version studied: 3.fr Vendor driven solution (PMB Services) WWW. Z3950 Client.

a general interest portal such as Yahoo!. Finally. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A number of open source tools are available for the creation of this type of project.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 239 PORTALS WWW. either pertaining to the same subject (real estate.e. and personalisation: these are the aspects that typically define a portal. i. The top examples include Liferay. and their own added value stems from the selection and compilation of these tools. links to third party resources. Silverpeas. eXo Platform and. job offers.SMILE-OSS.COM A portal is a website that brings together a variety of resources.) or with no specific subject. Portals provide access to resources that they do not necessarily own: they offer services from other websites. etc. more recently. portals also incorporate a degree of more or less advanced personalisation. A combination of content and service packaging.

Vietnam.1) and eXo Social (1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 240 eXo Platform Version studied: 3. eXo Platform is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286 and WSRP 1 and 2. The company has offices in France.exoplatform.0 Website: www. The latest version of eXo Platform (3. The solution’s ergonomics are slightly behind the competition. eXo Platform is distributed under a double licensing model.1). It also integrates a content repository in alignment with JSR 170.SMILE-OSS.1). whilst an enterprise edition is sold by subscription. eXo WCM (2.1).com Vendor driven solution (eXo) WWW. Ukraine and Tunisia.0) incorporates four open source projects in a single package: eXo Collaboration (2. It publishes a collaboration and content management software suite for businesses. the United States. eXo Knowledge (2.COM eXo is an open source French vendor founded in 2003. but the product’s functional collaboration and exchange tools make it a viable candidate for any project of this type. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The source code and a packaged edition are freely accessible via an open source license (Affero GPL).

Developed between 2001 and 2003. a forum.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 241 Silverpeas Version studied: 7. It is a CMS. It is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286. It is a portal. because it can compile heterogeneous resources. a shared calendar.com Vendor driven solution (Oevo Group) WWW. Silverpeas is a very interesting option for quick builds of simple collaborative portals. Silverpeas is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. It is a collaborative tool. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In reality. a CMS or a collaborative work tool.COM Silverpeas is a collaborative and social portal. Although the product’s visibility remains chiefly national at present. Silverpeas stands out for its significant functional depth and generally user-friendly ergonomics.4 Website: www. it is at the crossroads of these three dimensions.silverpeas. Silverpeas is not just a portal. because it includes project management tools with tasks and an integrated Gantt diagram. a blog and a common directory. because it provides for easy builds of mini-sites with a simple WYSIWYG interface.SMILE-OSS. the solution first came to life as proprietary software before its recent transition to open source.

among other functionalities.SMILE-OSS. Its open source edition (Liferay Portal Community Edition) is available under the LGPL.) WWW.liferay. notifications. and it also provides a powerful staging solution. wikis.0 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 242 Liferay Version studied: 6.COM Liferay is a good-level open source corporate portal solution that can be used. forums. Liferay also offers more than 60 portlets including a full range of collaborative and social tools (blogs. Liferay was originally created for an American church in 2000. and intuitive management of communities of practice and of the hierarchical organisation of the entity using it. Liferay is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168. Liferay is distributed under a double licensing model. resource reservations. to share resources and for collaboration. to compile content and information. tasks centre. allowing for the standardised integration of any existing application. JSR 286 and JSR 170. etc. Liferay is highly flexible in terms of rights management and the adaptability of the graphical appearance of pages. Liferay is an excellent corporate portal solution. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .).com Vendor driven solution (Liferay Inc. In addition. One of its strengths is the simplicity of personalisation by the end user.

org/pluto http://sakaiproject.SMILE-OSS.org/gatein http://portals. the following tools can also be added: WWW.COM Name JBoss / GateIn Apache Pluto Sakai Jetspeed-2 Lutece URL / Website http://www.org http://portals. over and above the products presented above.jboss.apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 243 Other In the world of portals.fr May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .apache.paris. By way of example. open source supply is particularly strong.org/jetspeed-2 http://lutece.

This is how social networks are used by companies: to create wealth. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . more and more quality open source solutions have appeared on the market. speaks for itself (more than 400 million users are registered on Facebook to date). The use of social networks is now an established fact and as a result companies are encouraging their staff to use them to communicate. In response to this need. etc. Elgg and Liferay Social Office. CSNs (corporate social networks) were born of the realisation that companies could also use this type of resource to generate value.SMILE-OSS. meeting new people.COM The success of social networking sites such as Facebook. communicating and working together. This shows the interest people have in connecting to one another. LinkedIn.. the likes of Drupal Commons. Twitter.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 244 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS) WWW.

profiles.2.0 support.9 Website: http://buddypress. improvement of profile attributes. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 245 BuddyPress Version studied: 1. forums. released in May 2009. Apache and MySQL.SMILE-OSS. BuddyPress is published under the GNU GPL v2. messaging.). BuddyPress enjoys an active community. A roadmap is available on the community website. BuddyPress is delivered standard with a number of functionalities which are very easy to activate. BuddyPress has the special feature of being built on the Wordpress tool. using PHP. such as activities feeds. blogs. etc. The next version (v1.COM BuddyPress was designed in 2008 by Andy Peatling while he was working on adding networking functionalities to the famous WordPress blog engine. friends management.org Community driven solution WWW. It therefore has a similar architecture. etc. has enjoyed increasing use ever since.3) will consolidate the existing structure and functionalities (install interface. WordPress 3. groups. The first official version (v1).

Drupal was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success since then. FriendList (list of friends). A support option is available from Acquia.000 – although not all of them concern CSNs). The Drupal Commons distribution has a broad native scope capable of rapidly implementing a real social network. will offer greater stability and a broader functional scope. Organic Group (groups management). v7. Content Profile (profile data management). Drupal is built on LAMP technologies (particularly PHP and MySQL). Some relevant examples include Homebox (for personalised pages).acquia. From a technical point of view.com Vendor driven solution (Acquia) WWW. which we examined here.0 Website: www. Privatemsg (private messaging). The scope of the community portals that can be created using Drupal depends on the available modules (more than 10.SMILE-OSS. it was the full package configuration.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 246 Drupal Commons Version studied: 2.COM Drupal Commons is a Drupal oriented social networks distribution published by Acquia (a services company founded by Drupal’s creator) in 2010. The latest version. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and more. Invite Friends (friend management). In fact. Drupal Commons. Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source.

Elgg is written in PHP and runs on LAMP (Linux.8.COM Elgg is one of the most well-known and most successful open source social networking solutions. These include profile management (with the possibility of attribute definition).elgg.com Vendor driven solution (Curverider Ltd) WWW. etc.0. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . blogging and microblogging. rights management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 247 Elgg Version studied: 1. groups management (with restricted access spaces). Elgg offers most of the functionalities expected of a social networking project. Its modular design provides for its expandability. making it possible to easily and rapidly extend product functionalities (more than 900 plug-ins). MySQL and PHP) technologies. Apache. publisher Curverider offers a number of services such as bug fixes and hosting. activities feeds. a complete API. On the support side.1 Website: www. and it has a very active community that produces a large number of interesting plug-ins (www. Its architecture is plug-in enabled.org). who subsequently went on to create Curverider Limited in order to maintain and enhance the product.SMILE-OSS. Elgg is published under the GPL v2. It was created in 2004 by Dave Tosh and Ben Werdmuller.elgg.

A corporate version also exists. Its functions are very business orientated: profiles/members. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It supports around a dozen databases and application servers. the embedded Liferay chat function is of high quality. At the end of 2008. chat function. in other words JEE architecture. Social Office is its corporate social cooperation solution.COM Liferay Social Office is a product of Liferay. events. However.B (Beta) / Liferay P 6. document management. which already has the Liferay portal to its name. Social Office uses the Liferay portal.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 248 Liferay Social Office Version studied: Liferay SO 1.5 is in beta) is distributed under the Affero GPL. On the technology side. It includes a number of project functionalities and very few conversational components. The Community edition of Social Office (current version 1.liferay.5.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay) WWW.SMILE-OSS. wiki. calendar. etc.0 Website: www. which includes vendor support. groups. The Liferay portal was launched by Brian Chan in the early 2000s. Liferay launched a variation on its portal with specific packaging for cooperative work: Liferay Social Office.

de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name eZ Teamroom eXo Social LovdbyLess Mahara NoseRub Pligg Spree URL / Website http://www. By way of example.no http://www.com http://pligg.com http://mahara.askspree.noserub. over and above the products presented above. open source supply is particularly strong.com http://lovdbyless.ez.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 249 Other In the world of corporate social networks.SMILE-OSS.org http://www.com http://project.exoplatform. the following tools can also be added: WWW.

0 in their own right. XWiki.SMILE-OSS. A blog is a type of website comprising posts. we will present the best open source solutions available today: Dotclear.COM Blogs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 250 BLOGS. phpBB. In this category. notes that are accumulated over time and displayed in chronological order. It is said that they are a component of Web 2. in the interest of collaborative contributions. wikis and forums have ceased to truly be “presented” as such. the graphs below do not display the average scores. A wiki can also be defined as a type of website.e. i. etc. now that have become such a firmly integrated part of corporate life. WIKIS AND FORUMS WWW. although its unique feature is its openness to others: wiki pages are usually modifiable by visitors. A forum is (typically) a public discussion area in which exchanges are arranged by subject. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

who regularly contribute to its development. It generates pages with a structure that optimises their natural referencing. Dotclear was designed for maximum user comfort. Dotclear’s software was designed first and foremost for its users.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 251 Dotclear Version studied: 2.0 and above). Dotclear’s functional depth makes it a high quality publishing tool. many themes and plug-ins are available for easy personalisation.3.SMILE-OSS. It is developed in PHP and supports PostgreSQL (8.1 Website: http://dotclear. MySQL (at least 4. In addition. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Over and above its functionalities. equal and in some cases far superior to other tools of the same type.org Community driven solution WWW.COM Dotclear is an open source web publishing solution created in 2002 by Olivier Meunier.1 with InnoDB) and SQLite databases. In June 2009. with its two step automated installation. Dotclear is distributed under the GPL v2. Xavier Plantefève took over the project.

a private messaging system between users eliminates the need to publish personal email addresses.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 252 phpBB Version studied: 3.9 Website: www. Where cookies are enabled. and so can be personalised at will. phpBB can be used to create surveys.phpbb. Emoticons are used to make the content more visible.0. In addition to the usual functions.COM phpBB is a tool in the forums family. It is built on LAMP architecture and is written in PHP.e. BBCode (similar to HTML code) can be used in these messages for an enhanced layout. those posted since the last time the page was viewed) can quickly be accessed. with the latter two locked at the top of the page for enhanced visibility. new messages (i. phpBB is distributed under the GPL v2. there is complete support for different visual themes: the graphics segment is completely separate from the software itself.com Community driven solution WWW. Going a step further. Graphically. phpBB also handles an optional email system that can send notifications whenever a reply is posted on a subject (or subjects) tracked by the user. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. adverts and post-its.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 253 TWiki Version studied: 5. a document administration system or a personal administration system.1.SMILE-OSS. It can be used as a development area. It is a cgi-bin script written in Perl. The software uses the principle of a wiki to provide a collaborative work platform.COM TWiki is programmed in Perl. The information contained in TWiki is stored in text files and converted to HTML on the fly. TWiki is distributed under the GPL v2.org Vendor driven solution (TWiki) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Developers can expand TWiki’s content and functionalities by means of a variety of extensions.0 Website: http://twiki.

It is developed in Java using a Hibernate database.SMILE-OSS. It is now primarily supported by the company XWiki SAS. In additional to standard wiki functionalities (simplified layout. XWiki is used for work collaboration.xwiki.org Vendor driven solution (XWiki SAS) WWW.). It is this possibility that makes it a wiki application. its adaptability to user needs. XWiki is distributed under the LGPL.1 Website: www. It includes a number of APIs and a system of plug-ins and portlets. collaborative publishing. The programming languages used within the wiki itself are Velocity and Groovy. A second generation wiki application.COM XWiki was created by Ludovic Dubost in 2004. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . access rights management. information sharing and online content publication (structured or unstructured).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 254 XWiki Version studied: 3. it offers the option of performing programming directly on the wiki’s pages.e. etc. i.

org Community driven solution WWW. with new versions comming out every six months or so. It is now supported by a very large community.COM Wordpress was created in 2003. Wordpress is released under a GPL licence. The product roadmap is very active. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . on a MySQL database. for the greater part. with thousands of available extensions. It features many APIs and a sophisticated plugin mechanism. was the merger of Wordpress and Wordpress MU. It is among the most sophisticated blog tools.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 255 Wordpress Version studied: 3. through a fork from a tool called "B2". that can also be used for building web sites.1 Website: http://wordpress. Wordpress is a very comprehensive and feature-rich blog tool. Version 3. offering native multi-blog management.3. It is developped in PHP.SMILE-OSS. and has enjoyed a growing success through the years. that was released in june 2010. Wordpress was the work of Matt Mullenweg.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 256 WWW.

informer. the following tools can also be added: WWW.SMILE-OSS. open source supply is particularly dynamic.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 257 Other In the world of blogs.com http://www.mediawiki.dokuwiki.com http://www. wikis and forums.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .fire-soft-board.COM Name DokuWiki FSB MediaWiki PunBB SMF URL / Website http://www.org http://punbb.simplemachines. By way of example. over and above the products presented above.org/dokuwiki http://www.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 258 E-LEARNING WWW. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. students and classes. timetables. student supervision and more. E-learning solutions are used to create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. forums and blogs). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Moodle and Claroline enjoy an excellent reputation. Among the available open source solutions. test their knowledge. also referred to as “online training”. questionnaires. particularly web based ones. consists in educational activities that occur via electronic solutions. collaborative tools (wikis. creation of educational resource types. SCORM compatibility. The main functionalities of e-learning tools include management of teachers.COM E-learning.SMILE-OSS.

1 Website: http://moodle. with PostgreSQL. collaborative tools (wikis. test their knowledge. Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server databases. MySQL and PHP) application. Authorised service companies offer various services such as hosting. Apache. SCORM compatibility. It also runs on UNIX. creation of nine types of educational resources. It can create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. Its modular approach responds to needs ranging from those of individual trainers to major institutions. students and classes. questionnaires. It is distributed under the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 259 Moodle Version studied: 2. NetWare. Moodle is a LAMP (Linux. Windows.org Community driven solution WWW. Moodle is the mostly widely used online learning platform in the world. FreeBSD. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . timetables and student supervision. Mac OS X. and more. forums and blogs). module creation. Linux. Its main functionalities include management of teachers. etc.COM Created in 2002 by Australian Martin Dougiamas (who had previously worked on the proprietary solution WebTC).SMILE-OSS. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. Moodle is supported by active communities of practice that contribute to its development.

It is easy to use.net Consortium driven solution WWW.claroline.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 260 Claroline Version studied: 1. Chamilo. Its main functionalities include management of teachers. creation of exercises and classes. questionnaires.COM Created in 2000 at the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL). Claroline is the second most commonly used online learning application in Europe. students and classes. Claroline is written in PHP and runs on Linux. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .6. timetables and statistics on attendance and on students’ marks on different exercises. owing in part to its lesser functional depth in comparison to Moodle. The consortium. Distributed under the GPL. It uses MySQL databases. created in 2007 in the form of an international not-for-profit association. which in turn gave rise to the promising fork of Dokeos 1.10. coordinates the platform’s developments and promotes its use.5 Website: www. SCORM and IMS QTI 2 compatibility. Mac OS and Microsoft Windows. collaborative tools (wikis and forums).8. unites the Claroline community.SMILE-OSS. Claroline’s development currently enjoys the support of the Walloon Region and of three other Belgian partners. It should be noted that it gave rise to the Dokeos fork (now under corporate management).

SMILE-OSS.ilias.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 261 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-learning.dokeos.COM Name Dokeos Chamilo Ilias URL / Website http://www.chamilo.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www.com http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

In the world of open source solutions. and remote applications that collect their data using special tags inserted on the pages.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 262 VISITOR TRACKING WWW.COM There are two categories of tools that are external to applications (in the broadest sense of the term) and that are used to generate visitor statistics: log analysers.SMILE-OSS. tools like AWStats (log analyser) and Piwik (tag analysis) are commonly used. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which work based on HTTP server log files.

by domain/country. transfers. AWStats can be installed and run on most systems. hits. graphs and reports generated from its analysis of web logs (as well as FTP. WebStar. OS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc.sourceforge. It is very popular among systems and network administrators. streaming and email). time. thanks in particular to an efficient caching policy. IIS. One of the strengths of AWStats lies in the possibility of dynamically generating tables without losing out on performance. The AWStats open source software is available under the GPL. AWStats provides a wide range of statistics. It was written a number of years ago by Laurent Destailleur. It can natively read the log files of most web servers such as Apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 263 AWStats Version studied: 7. unique visitors.net Community driven solution WWW. pages.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: http://awstats. and so on.COM AWStats is an audience tracking tool based on analyses of web logs. browser. Its functionalities include measurements of the number of visits. host. Written in Perl. It is a highly mature supervision tool with packages on all Linux distributions.

Piwik is distributed under the GPL v3.SMILE-OSS. in fact. visitor browsers. visitor countries. but it must be said that its beginnings appear promising. Piwik’s objective is to become a preferred alternative to Google Analytics.COM Piwik is the successor to phpMyVisites. users can access graphs of the most recent visits. a list of external sites. The very young Piwik is already universally acclaimed. This is a tall order. In just a few clicks. it received the award for the best SourceForge project for July 2010 – so we can only expect good times ahead for the solution. It is built on LAMP architecture and boasts a system of plug-ins. under the direction of Matthieu Aubry. geographic distribution and more. an API and an interface that is very user-friendly thanks to the combined use of Ajax and Flash. objectives tracking. search engine rankings.1 Website: http://piwik.org Community driven solution WWW. a distribution of visits by time zone.5. visit durations. a list of keywords used.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 264 Piwik Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The solution was recently released.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 265 OTHER WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the graphs below do not display the average scores. In particular. we will be presenting OpenX (an ad server solution) and LimeSurvey (an advanced tool for the creation of professional surveys and polls). although it was difficult to define a separate category for them. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies.SMILE-OSS. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.COM In this final category of the “Applications” dimension.

HTML or CSV format. limits on the number of clicks or displays per day. schedule based banner displays (with start and end dates). DoubleClick. OpenX is distributed under the GPL v2. Atlas and Yahoo!). reports exported in Excel.com Vendor driven solution (OpenX) WWW. Statistics can also be calculated by campaign. OpenX supports a wide variety of media. rotating displays in a single zone. MySQL and a PHP accelerator. along with data on campaign results. management of priority campaigns.COM OpenX is an open source advertising brokerage solution.7 Site Internet de la solution : www. Google Ad Sense. Flash. HTML. OpenX provides good control of advertising campaigns for one or more websites. clicks and clicks by channel. with tracking of displays. handling multiple sites and advertisers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 266 OpenX Version studied: 2. JavaScript. etc. such as images. multiple formats (IAB and more). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The application can handle hundred of millions of impressions per month.SMILE-OSS.8. It runs on an Apache (or HTTPd) web server with PHP. OpenX enjoys a relatively vast functional scope. etc.openx. US based vendor OpenX publishes and supports the tool.

PostgreSQL or Microsoft SQL Server database.net on 20 February 2003 under the name of PHPSurveyor. LimeSurvey is distributed under the GPL. dropdown lists. at universities and at government institutions. LimeSurvey is a complete open source tool dedicated to the creation of all sorts of questionnaires. It was registered on SourceForge. 20 styles of questions are available when creating a questionnaire: dates. LimeSurvey is used worldwide by a large number of private individuals. rankings. The software can produce questionnaires with an unlimited number of categories and questions.limesurvey. numerical input and more.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 267 LimeSurvey Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It was written by an Australian developer named Jason Cleeland. in combination with a MySQL.91 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. LimeSurvey is written in PHP.org. Ubuntu and Gnome. by major corporations. Its most noteworthy customer references include OpenOffice. scales.org Community driven solution WWW.COM LimeSurvey (formerly PHPSurveyor) is an open source online survey solution.

As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. developer instructions. freedom of choice. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 268 CONCLUSION WWW. All the studies have confirmed it: open source is everywhere in companies. and so on. A corporate open source policy is a document that sets out the company’s rules for the deployment of open source software: selection criteria. opting for open source is no longer so much a question but rather a “no-brainer” for most companies. de facto standards and cost. the range of open source solutions is particularly vast. The advantages of using open source solutions are so extensive: longevity. We hope that this paper will serve to guide you toward the best products and will help you to build secure. with products of very high quality boasting some of the best technical and functional bases on the software market today. standards compliance. for example. acquisition and implementation processes. methods of contribution. a Gartner study estimated that 85% of companies were using open source solutions. In 2009. development dynamics.COM As can be seen throughout this paper. the definition of an open source policy can be of benefit. but a crucial one. or operating a database.SMILE-OSS. support requirements. For this reason. to name but a few. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . approved licenses. freely available for downloading. Thus the question has ceased to be whether or not to use or short-list open source tools for a given project. lasting and innovative architectures. As a result. and is instead how to select the best tools that will integrate most smoothly with the existing environment. and this percentage is undoubtedly even higher now in 2012. This is a major task. Administrators and users are well aware that nothing is more reliable or effective than a Linux server when it comes to running a Java or PHP application server. The document explains the benefits afforded to IT Departments by establishing an open source policy.

for the curiosity and commitment they show each day to open source solutions.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 269 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS WWW. and the need to cover tools as varied as VPNs and elearning.COM A paper like this one cannot be written by a single person. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Benoît JACQUEMONT Maxime BESSON Patrick KOUASSI Alexandre NION Philippe DE OLIVERIA Frédéric DE GOMBERT Patrick NERDEN Thomas CHOPPY Jean-François BOSSARD Régis DAMONGEOT Thibaut DEMARET Julien BAGARIE Sébastien GIRAUD Alain ARDITI Patrice BERTRAND Barthélémy VESSEMONT Eric DRIER DE LA FORGE Guillaume MAISSA Eric PLAQUEVENT Allaedine EL BANNA Jérémy SUBTIL Marc GIBERT Sylvain TACQUET Badr CHENTOUF Hélène ZYSMAN Philippe BRIERE Sébastien MAULION Aurélien LEMAIRE Aurélien FOUCRET Marc MAURICE Sylvain BANNIER Jennifer LEROYER Jason YERGEAU … . given the wide range of competencies and knowledge required. We would like to take this opportunity to warmly thank all those who devoted their time and effort to it. And to our growing team at Smile.

214 Drupal Commerce. 215 FreeBSD. 234 Liferay Social Office. 159 Joomla. 216 Horde. 52 MySQL. 108 AIDE. 239 ERP5. 106 BuddyPress. 150 Elgg. 153 Liferay. 128 Munin. 169 Jenkins / Hudson. 113 Maven. 176 jPBM. 89 Cyrus IMAPd. 217 JasperReports / iReport. 192 Jaspersoft. 226 Magento. 191 Bonita. 80 Jahia. 155 Linux-HA. 175 Activiti. 121 CUPS. 223 Ant. 72 Keepalived. 71 Kannel. 110 Apache. 55 Django. 122 JMeter. 250 Mule. 240 LimeSurvey. 18 GWT. 28 Maarch. 101 Moodle. 92 BIRT. 116 GlassFish. 218 JORAM. 237 Cacti. 139 Dotclear. 200 MantisBT. 99 Nagios. 258 LinOTP. 152 Cassandra. 238 DSPAM. 225 Koha. 165 MongoDB. 27 Lucene.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 270 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS WWW. 204 Drupal Commons. 60 FreeNx. 114 mnoGoSearch. 103 Centreon. 229 KVM. 29 Hippo CMS. 136 Kamailio. 251 Compiere. 196 JBoss AS. 66 LemonLDAP::NG. 48 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 95 ActiveMQ. 135 HAProxy. 172 Asterisk. 243 Drools. 232 eZ Publish. 209 ESIGate.COM 389 Directory Server. 33 Claroline. 30 Knowledge Tree. 76 Debian. 78 easyCA. 254 Bacula. 149 Eclipse. 171 GLPI. 112 EJBCA. 163 LVS. 180 eXo Platform. 32 Alfresco.SMILE-OSS. 14 Git. 47 CAS. 49 ClamAV. 179 Drupal. 23 BIND. 208 Continuum. 70 AWStats. 107 jQuery.

34 Solr. 16 OpenSSL. 184 Symfony. 188 Talend ESB. 205 OXID. 245 TYPO3. 118 TWiki. 183 OpenEMM. 189 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 210 OpenAM. 247 Xen. 132 Talend. 166 OpenSSH. 19 OFBiz. 36 Wordpress. 51 OpenSearchServer. 230 PMD. 224 OCS Inventory NG. 44 Phing. 127 TightVNC. 86 VTiger.SMILE-OSS. 244 Piwik. 24 RBS Change. 143 Tomcat. 144 phpBB. 164 SpagoBI. 85 Subversion. 67 osCommerce. 81 Zend Framework. 198 Pentaho. 211 OpenBSD. 40 OpenVAS. 39 OpenVZ. 77 SPIP. 20 Puppet. 154 Openbravo. 148 Openswan. 57 Pentaho Report Designer. 58 Varnish. 35 OpenVPN. 170 Tsung. 246 Zabbix. 140 Samba. 96 OpenNMS. 134 Squid. 111 PhoneGap. 79 WWW. 43 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux. 156 Silverpeas. 42 pfSense. 212 OpenLDAP. 133 Zimbra. 91 Prototype. 145 Ruby on Rails. 185 Wireshark. 15 Titanium. 137 Pulse 2. 129 PF (Packet Filter). 193 Petals. 117 Rhodes.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 271 NetBSD. 255 Play!. 124 Postfix. 100 PrestaShop. 138 PMB. 75 PostgreSQL. 82 OpenERP. 102 Redmine. 59 OpenCA. 201 ProFTPD. 61 netfilter. 64 XWiki.COM Nuxeo. 147 OpenCRX. 219 Spring. 90 Selenium IDE. 220 Ubuntu. 123 Shibboleth. 203 Red Hat Enterprise Linux. 233 Snort. 202 Palo. 115 SugarCRM. 257 Oracle VirtualBox. 197 Pentaho Data Integration. 56 Redis. 65 OpenX. 195 SpamAssassin. 160 Tuleap. 50 Zarafa.