White paper

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Guide to open source solutions

“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
Page 2

PREAMBLE

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SMILE
Smile is a company of engineers specialising in the implementing of open source solutions and the integrating of systems relying on open source. Smile is member of APRIL, the association for the promotion and defence of free software, Alliance Libre, PLOSS, and PLOSS RA, which are regional cluster associations of free software companies. Smile has 600 throughout the World which makes it the largest company in Europe specialising in open source. Since approximately 2000, Smile has been actively supervising developments in technology which enables it to discover the most promising open source products, to qualify and assess them so as to offer its clients the most accomplished, robust and sustainable products. This approach has led to a range of white papers covering various fields of application: Content management (2004), portals (2005), business intelligence (2006), PHP frameworks (2007), virtualisation (2007), and electronic document management (2008), as well as PGIs/ERPs (2008). Among the works published in 2009, we would also cite “open source VPN’s”, “Firewall open source flow control”, and “Middleware”, within the framework of the “System and Infrastructure” collection. Each of these works presents a selection of best open source solutions for the domain in question, their respective qualities as well as operational feedback. As open source solutions continue to acquire new domains, Smile will be there to help its clients benefit from these in a risk-free way. Smile is present in the European IT landscape as the integration architect of choice to support the largest companies in the adoption of the best open source solutions. Over recent years, Smile has also extended the range of services it offers. Since 2005, a consulting department has been supporting our clients both in the preproject phases and in project guidance. Smile has had a graphics studio since 2000 which in 2007 became an Interactive agency which, in addition to graphics creation also offered emarketing expertise, publishing and rich interfaces. Smile also has an agency which specialises in Third Party Application Management, support and operating of applications. Finally, Smile is based in Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Grenoble, Nantes, Bordeaux and Montpellier. It is also present in Spain, Benelux, Switzerland, Ukraine and Morocco.

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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THIS WHITE PAPER
The studies agree: open source solutions are used by the majority of companies, both large and small, whether or not it was a conscious decision. This comes as no surprise given the rich and varied range of open source solutions available today. Smile has been regularly publishing white papers presenting the extraordinary depth of these solutions since 2004: content management in 2004, portals in 2005, business intelligence in 2006, virtualisation in 2007, electronic document management and ERPs in 2008, open source VPNs and firewalls in 2009, e-commerce and corporate social networks in 2010, and so on. A total of 22 documents have thus been produced and are available for free to download. Each text presents a selection of the best open source solutions for the domain in question, outlining their respective strengths and providing feedback on real life experiences in using these tools. Yet one thing was missing: a central repository containing the best open source solutions on the market, which could be used to guide and orientate decision makers toward benchmark solutions. We have received many requests for such a guide, particularly from IT Departments. The gap has now been filled with this white paper, which presents more than 170 products in 40 enterprise software domains. All product types are included, or nearly all - this paper does not, for example, look at workstation or “office automation” applications like Firefox, Gimp and LibreOffice - with a summary presentation (creation date, licensing, technologies, etc.) and an assessment of each based on six standard criteria. This document was developed by more than 30 of our top technical, functional and business specialists. We hope that this white paper will be of use to you. Before launching into the following 200+ pages, we recommend you read through the next section, which describes our analytical methodology and lists our suggestions for deriving maximum value from the guide. Enjoy!

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Please feel free to share your opinions and assessments of the products presented in this white paper with us. Likewise, do let us know if there is a solution you would like to see included, which we have omitted. One address for both: info@smile-iberia.com

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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CONTENTS PREAMBLE .................................................................................................. 2
SMILE ................................................................................................................................................................... 2 THIS WHITE PAPER ................................................................................................................................................... 3 CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

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ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY...................................................................... 6
PRESENTATION ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE ................................................................................................................. 12

BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS ............................................................... 13
INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION .................................................................................................................................. 13 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL ........................................................................................................................ 14 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT .......................................................................................................... 18 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS .............................................................................................................................. 23 HIGH AVAILABILITY ....................................................................................................................................... 27 SECURITY .................................................................................................................................................... 32 VPNS ........................................................................................................................................................ 39 FIREWALLS .................................................................................................................................................. 42 SUPERVISION AND METRICS ........................................................................................................................... 47 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................. 55 VIRTUALISATION .......................................................................................................................................... 64 VOIP / TELEPHONY....................................................................................................................................... 70 MESSAGING, EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE ............................................................................................... 75 HTTP ACCELERATORS ................................................................................................................................... 85 OTHER ....................................................................................................................................................... 89 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION ................................................................................................ 94 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES............................................................................................................................... 95 DATABASES ................................................................................................................................................. 99 BPM / WORKFLOW ................................................................................................................................... 106 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS ................................................................................................................................. 110 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION .......................................................................................................... 121 ESBS ....................................................................................................................................................... 127 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES ........................................................................................... 132 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS ....................................................................................................... 146 PKIS ........................................................................................................................................................ 150 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION, FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT ............................................................................. 155 LOAD TESTING TOOLS .................................................................................................................................. 162

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SEARCH ENGINES ........................................................................................................................................ 166 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS.................................................................................................................. 173 MOM & EAI ............................................................................................................................................ 179 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 184 APPLICATIONS DIMENSION ....................................................................................................................................187

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CRMS ..................................................................................................................................................... 188 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS...................................................................................................................... 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING ............................................................................................................. 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES ................................................................................................................... 200 E-COMMERCE............................................................................................................................................ 205 ERPS ....................................................................................................................................................... 213 CMSS ...................................................................................................................................................... 219 EDM & ECM ........................................................................................................................................... 230 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION..................................................................................................................... 236 PORTALS................................................................................................................................................... 239 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS).......................................................................................................... 244 BLOGS, WIKIS AND FORUMS ........................................................................................................................ 250 E-LEARNING .............................................................................................................................................. 258 VISITOR TRACKING ...................................................................................................................................... 262 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 265

CONCLUSION .......................................................................................... 268 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................... 269 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS ............................................................................. 270

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In the end. Choice of solutions For each category. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In some cases. those which any company could use with complete confidence as foundations for its most ambitious projects. we selected only domains that make sense for corporate solutions. Development and intermediate layers: corporate directories. databases. etc. ecommerce solutions. etc. practical reference guide to the best open source solutions on the market. and in which Smile has previously implemented projects and has real expertise. Only primary tools were including in our selection and our recommendations. we solicited our technical. More than 300 open source tools are presented here. web and mobile frameworks. VPNs. business intelligence tools. we asked our technical. MOM and EAI. operating systems.COM PRESENTATION In preparing this white paper. Choice of categories We began by establishing a list of the categories that would be presented in this guide. HTTP accelerators. EDM tools. We have attempted to make this guide as comprehensive as possible. virtualisation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 6 ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY WWW.SMILE-OSS. there were so many products available that we had to differentiate between “primary” and “secondary” tools. supervision. CMSs. search engines. portals. Applications: CRMs. offering you a broad choice for building the most appropriate architectures for your needs. functional and business experts. etc. with the primary objective of creating a broad. It was vital to group products in this way given the vastness of open source options available today. firewalls. functional and business experts to select the best solutions. ESBs. We assigned each of these forty-some categories to the following dimensions:    Infrastructure: IT asset management.

an explanation of which you will find below. such that the solution will remain a good one over at least the next three years. The six analytical criteria are as follows: Current reputation A solution’s current reputation is important. We also performed objective evaluations of six criteria applicable to all of our categories. and the availability of resources/profiles to support you through its integration with your environment. Resource availability. its functional scope. we decided to make our results public.SMILE-OSS. For this reason. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Wherever possible – and. the quality of its technical base. but rather a real guide for decision makers. dynamics. its expandability and adaptability. etc. wherever relevant – we calculated the average score of all solutions in each category in order to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each specific tool. it is not enough to make an informed decision. insofar as it can provide a sense of security or at least advance notice of potential issues. it is even more crucial for the indicators to all have the green light. While it will be decisive to implement a solution that is strong at the time of installation. It will thus provide you with reliable indicators covering each tool’s reputation. Google+. For this criterion. linked to the number of high-ranked websites pointing to the product’s site Exchanges on social networks: Twitter. However. although the criterion of reputation is important. Facebook.COM Because we did not want this white paper to be a mere reference file.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 7 Assessment criteria Our choice of tools was largely based on feedback from the field and our experience on hundreds of past projects. pricing and upgradability will be directly dependent on this. a reputation built on marketing investments will not last long if it is not accompanied by a dynamic community and basic technical quality. we considered:       Number and importance of customer references Number and reputation of existing integrators (and are they independent? SMEs? large groups? is there only one integrator for the product?) References in the trade press Size of forum and mailing list archives Google PageRank for the site. in particular. WWW.

including occasional bloggers WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and alignment with the modelling standards at the core of an open source application. particularly in respect to its community.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 8 Dynamics This pertains to the solution’s dynamics. In the end. especially wikis CVS/SVN code submissions Frequency of releases References by independent players. We believe that models in which the vendor is almost the sole integrator of its product are not favourable to the development of a community of partners contributing to the product’s dynamics.COM Technical base Investments and communities are still small potatoes compared with questions of coherence. we considered:        Increases in forum and mailing list volumes IRC chat activity Governance: how often are integrators and users consulted and included as stakeholders in the product’s design and upgrades? Frequency of documentation updates. a vendor’s investments are not particularly important in view of the patches. documentation and even marketing that an active community can produce. Along with technical quality. this factor directly determines the position the solution will hold in the future.SMILE-OSS. For this criterion. power.

Thus. otherwise you will be the one to pay the price of brutal migrations. The ideal foundation should permit continual enhancement.SMILE-OSS. further enhancements to a product’s functional side will cease to be possible beyond a certain point.COM Functionalities are just the top layer built on these foundations. if the application is based on abstractions at too low a level. be expanded at a lesser cost. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a financially sound vendor can recode its solution – a common practice today – but once your implementation of a solution has been rendered. on the contrary. Naturally. whereas a well designed solution using clear and efficient concepts can. even in the case of tremendous investments. it is quite difficult or financially impractical to adapt it to a vendor’s new offering if it has fundamentally changed. depending on the technical quality of the base.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 9 WWW. and the cost of implementation of the same business function can easily vary from one to five times the price.

we considered:   Compliance with existing standards (a sign of maintainability and ease of handling) Power and canonicity of the abstractions utilised (sign of productivity.) Use of a framework Degree of code factoring (sign of reliability and easy handling) Strength of hooks.COM        Functional scope This refers to the overall functional scope of the solution in relation to what is commonly found among tools of the same category.) can help with this type of comparison. native web services. We would also like to note that. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the criterion of “flexibility” has a greater impact in terms of cost. has as broad a scope as possible. even if we do recommend. etc.SMILE-OSS. here referring to ORM. It provides a valuable indicator regarding the tool’s capacity. etc. from the outset. wherever possible. going down to the “macroscopic” level when comparing solutions for a given scope. open source EDM. This is because it can be relatively simple to add functionalities when a tool is flexible. Our thematic papers (open source CMSs. open source ERPs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 10 For this criterion. while this is an important criterion in terms of enjoying a tool that. anchors and interfaces for dedicated plug-ins Maturity and cover of web services Product learning curve: a flat curve receives a lower score Application modularity (Inversion Of Control pattern where possible. such that the application comprises a small kernel and plug-ins that take account of one another) No obvious performance issues WWW.

and do metadata need to be imported or exported to or from the database? if so. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. but it places its emphasis specifically on the tool’s modularity and on the efficiency of third party developments.SMILE-OSS. we considered (among other points):      Possibility of adding plug-ins Ease of modifying data structures to add or alter business object storage Ease of modifying user interfaces to make them more ergonomic Ease of modifying the processing performed Speed and simplicity of development cycles: do classes need to be recompiled / redeployed. This text explains the benefits afforded to IT departments by establishing an open source policy.COM Resources Difficulty or ease of finding service providers on the market that are capable of performing advanced developments on the tool. freely available for downloading. In fact. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. because superior technology can easily compensate for more substantial initial adjustments. how are functional enhancements rolled out to a database in production? WWW. Flexibility has many points in common with technology. For this criterion. given the cost of custom developments. it’s quite common. Hw easy is this to do? This is a decisive criterion in terms of the total cost of ownership. Is it easy to find resources to implement a project? Will I be dependent on a provider? Warning: Be careful not to misinterpret this indicator.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 11 Flexibility / Expandability Businesses must sometimes go beyond their tool’s native functional scope.

All the solutions are presented in the same format.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 12 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE This page explains how this document is organised. type of distribution licence. We have also specified whether the solution is community or vendor driven. technical base and opinions. WWW. and the dark orange section indicates the tool’s strengths (above average scoring). Assessment of the tool based on six criteria: the orange section (both light and dark) corresponds to the tool’s cover. to simplify reading and comprehension. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . functional presentation. author. date created. the dotted black line denotes the average score for the category. Description of the tool: type of tool. version studied and website.COM Presentation of the tool: name.

or the Linux line of operating systems. These projects and the many others included in this dimension lay the foundation for a sound infrastructure capable of hosting the best applications under the most optimal conditions. the Nagios supervision tool. tools such as the Apache HTTP server. among the following categories:        Remote computer control IT asset and inventory management Roll-out and back-ups High availability Security VPNs Firewalls        Supervision and Metrics Linux & BSD operating systems Virtualisation VoIP / Telephony Messaging. And it is from this dimension that open source projects are born. with hundreds and even thousands of available solutions.COM INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION The “Infrastructure” dimension is certainly the best represented in the field of open source tools. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 13 BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS WWW. Email marketing & Groupware HTTP accelerators Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Many have reached such prominence that they are close to being household names.SMILE-OSS. and more than 90 are listed in total.

The latter is the favourite among systems administrators in the world of UNIX servers.SMILE-OSS.COM More and more remote computer control solutions are becoming available. They can. be either localised or spread across some or all of a company’s client workstations.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 14 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL WWW. These tools were initially created to meet user support and assistance needs. The open source range in this category includes tools like FreeNx. TightVNC and OpenSSH. and their technology has advanced impressively in recent years. including shared views of computers and file transfers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . as needed. They are used to respond to the different issues encountered at companies.

FreeNX has been developed by a community since 2006 and is written in C/C++. It is available under the GPL.SMILE-OSS. etc. FreeNX was developed by the company NoMachine in 2005. to be shared. The firm continues to support it and even offers different editions of the product.berlios. FreeNX is a protocol for remotely accessing UNIX systems. although with a number of optimisations that simplify its use on low bandwidth networks..“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 15 FreeNx Version studied: 0. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . including commercial editions. FreeNX performs well under compression. Similar to Microsoft RDesktop. and its session and resource management are quite reliable. sound cards.7.COM FreeNX is a set of components that implements the NX protocol.3 Website: http://freenx. It is based on the X11 protocol.de Vendor driven solution (NoMachine) WWW. it allows sessions to be stored and devices like printers.

RFB (Remote Frame Buffer). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0.com Community driven solution WWW.tightvnc. It is written in C/C++. It is a very widespread protocol used in graphical computer administration. irrespective of the operating system. TightVNC has been available since 2001 under the GPL v2. TightVNC is therefore defined as a remote control and online administration programme that can be used on any computer. This protocol provides for remote graphic displays via another network protocol.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 16 TightVNC Version studied: 2. etc.4 Website: www. user support.COM TightVNC is a set of tools that implements the VNC protocol.

OpenSSH has been developed under the BSD License by the OpenBSD Foundation. In particular. OpenSSH has added numerous functionalities providing for much more than the traditional “network console” use. Like most BSD projects. it is the preferred software among systems administrators.9 Website: http://www. In the world of UNIX servers.com Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW.SMILE-OSS. which has a number of companies providing OpenSSH support. OpenSSH enables the set-up of simple VPNs and the remote display of graphics applications. and great attention is given to the quality of its code.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 17 OpenSSH Version studied: 5. OpenSSH is written in C. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Over the years. Since 1999.COM OpenSSH is a software suite used for remote server administration.openssh.

etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 18 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT WWW. These solutions have a broad scope. detailed user rights management. network components. calculation of depreciation.SMILE-OSS. etc. devices. consumables. license management and more. automated notifications with personalisable templates. etc. with references like GLPI and OCS Inventory NG used by many players in the CAC 40.). management of associated contracts (computers.COM Open source IT asset and inventory management tools are becoming more and more popular in companies. including functions such as management of the company’s hardware assets.).). IT asset and inventory management tools can also incorporate a financial dimension (cost tracking model. printers. support functions (with or without user access. SLAs. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . JeanMathieu Doléans and Bazile Lebeau. GLPI is based on PHP/MySQL technologies.COM GLPI is an IT inventory and helpdesk tool launched in 2003 and driven by Julien Dombre.80.SMILE-OSS. including associated contracts: computers (with automated information feeds if combined with OCS-NG or Fusion Inventory). etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 19 GLPI Version studied: 0. support functions: with or without user access.2 Website: www. devices. network components and consumables. GLPI is distributed under the GPL. automated notifications with personalisable templates. and SLAs. project management. new inventory items.glpi-project. detailed user rights management.org Community driven solution WWW. printers. It provides for: hardware management. substantial expandability thanks to its plug-ins: integration with supervision software.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 20 OCS Inventory NG Version studied: 2. Remote deployments are secure and can be scheduled. In addition. Concerning remote deployment. Software dictionaries can also be defined for the purpose of groupings (such as for Windows Updates). It is primarily based on Perl and MySQL technologies. OCS transmits information on both the hardware features of each workstation.SMILE-OSS.ocsinventory-ng.0 Website: www. as well as the software installed there. OCS can manage software installs on Windows. the architecture of OCS servers can be divided so as to avoid network congestion during major remote roll-outs. OCS is available under the GPL v2. by means of packages created by administrators. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW. All these data can then be viewed on a web interface with export functions.COM OCS Inventory NG is a French automated computer workstation inventory tool created in 2001. Mac or Linux workstations.

The agent is also used to allow administrators to remotely control computers via the VNC protocol on a secure channel (SSH). potentially on a decentralised basis. Windows.3. Mac and Linux platforms are supported. Remote roll-out is done in packages. MySQL and C++. with reporting and scheduling functionalities.COM Pulse 2 is software created by Mandriva for IT inventory management. It is built on several technologies: Python.mandriva.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 21 Pulse 2 Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. Thanks to an agent installed on each computer. workstation imaging and remote deployment. Pulse 2 transmits the workstations’ hardware and software characteristics. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1.com/en/pro/pulse Vendor driven solution (Mandriva) WWW. Pulse 2 is distributed under the GPL.1 Website: www. Workstation imaging makes it possible to create masters and to rapidly and remotely install them on computers without any intervention by the administrators (remote control / PXE).

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Fusion Inventory Linbox Rescue Server URL / Website http://fusioninventory.linbox.org http://lrs.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 22 Other Among the different products available in the field of asset and inventory management.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Roll-out tools like Puppet can remotely prepare environments. back-up pool management and more. storage location. incremental or differential). user back-ups. multi-plexing. Some tools go as far as to offer multi-streaming. etc. calendars). based on a series of highly advanced rules.SMILE-OSS. definition of back-up types (full. All major companies use roll-out software to simplify the administration of their IT environment.g.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 23 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS WWW. based on pre-defined rules or an expected end state. The functionalities included in back-up tools can include very detailed back-up scheduling (e.COM Back-up tools like Bacula are used to save important data on different media. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

in charge of performing the back-up under the Director’s control. Bacula provides for highly detailed back-up scheduling.org Vendor driven solution (Bacula Systems) WWW.COM Bacula is a highly flexible back-up and recovery system developed in 2000 by Kern Sibbald. Bacula is distributed under the GPL and is developed in C/C++.3 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . user back-ups.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 24 Bacula Version studied: 5. multi-plexing. It uses a PostgreSQL or MySQL database. Bacula also implements advanced functionalities used in all effective back-up solutions. Bacula’s architecture is based on three key components: the Director is the conductor. such as multi-streaming.bacula. back-up pool management and more. in terms of both its calendar and the back-up type (full.SMILE-OSS.0. the File Daemon is the agent deployed on each client. and the Storage Daemon interfaces with the storage media. performing central coordination of the back-up processes. incremental or differential). and now supported by Bacula Systems.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Puppet Labs. irrespective of the starting point.). as well as professional support provided by its vendor.com Vendor driven solution (Puppet Labs) WWW. In this way. etc.6 Website: http://puppetlabs. like with traditional admin tools.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 25 Puppet Version studied: 2. files and software installed. Rather than describing a series of actions to be performed.COM Puppet is an infrastructure automation tool.SMILE-OSS. the administrator enters the desired end state (permissions needed. configurations applied. Puppet centrally administrates a large and heterogeneous environment. and Puppet automatically takes the system to the specified state. Puppet boasts a community of enthusiastic and dynamic users. It is distributed under the Apache License. Puppet is written in Ruby.

amanda.net/ http://spacewalk.ocsinventory-ng.net/kdump http://mkcdrec.org/ http://backuppc.mandriva.org http://www.partimage.org http://www.sourceforge.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 26 Other Among the different products available in the field of roll-out and back-ups.com/en/pro/pulse http://www.net http://sourceforge.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net/projects/sisuite http://clonezilla.com/ http://cobbler.github.sourceforge.sourceforge.COM Name Kdump mkCDrec SIS CloneZilla Partimage Pulse 2 OCS Inventory NG Amanda BackupPC Spacewalk Cobbler CFengine URL / Website http://lse. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.redhat.com/ http://cfengine.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . based on the status of the other servers on the network. ideally 100% of the time.SMILE-OSS. for example.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 27 HIGH AVAILABILITY WWW. Keepalived. namely from either a physical or a logical point of view. while Linux-HA enables communications between servers. They can be implemented in a number of different ways. operates like a router to guide queries based on service status.COM ‘High availability’ is a term frequently used to designate a service or system architecture that must be available as continuously as possible. It is very important for companies to install high availability technologies for information systems that serve as the central nervous system of their organisation. allowing for the modification of configurations on the fly. There are excellent open source tools designed to ensure that services are always responsive.

Heartbeat is typically used with a cluster resource manager like Pacemaker. The main component is the communication software. Heartbeat. whose role is to manage dependencies between services and to perform automated switching.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 28 Linux-HA Version studied: 3. making it possible to trigger actions in a concerted manner without requiring a third party server.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which is quite often sufficient for companies’ needs. The GPL v2 is most commonly used. which informs a group of machines of their respective statuses.4 Website: www. A very basic resource manager is supplied by Linux-HA. Linux-HA is written in C and Python. Its first components date back to 1999.linux-ha.org Community driven solution WWW. Linux-HA is the most widespread high availability system and many service providers cover its support.COM The Linux-HA project provides high availability components for UNIX type operating systems.0.

given that it cannot configure itself.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 29 LVS Version studied: 1.linuxvirtualserver. Third party software is used to test server statuses and update the LVS configuration in the event of a server failure. It was written by Wensong Zhang. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . weighted round robin. It is merely one brick in a load balancing system.2. LVS is available under the GPL v2 and is supported by a large number of service providers.SMILE-OSS.).1 Website: www. Like all other Linux components.org Community driven solution WWW.COM LVS (Linux Virtual Server) is the load balancer included in the Linux kernel since 1998. etc. It routes incoming network connections to a set of machines by applying a number of traditional balancing policies (round robin.

HAProxy is distributed under the GPL v2 and is officially supported by a small number of companies.1wt.4. enabling the set-up of session affinity by means of cookies.SMILE-OSS.COM HAProxy is a reverse proxy used for load distribution. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It natively handles HTTP protocol.17 Website: http://haproxy. It has a number of status verification mechanisms used to detect any failed servers and to redirect their traffic to other servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 30 HAProxy Version studied: 1. The project began in 2001 and was written by Willy Tarreau.eu Community driven solution WWW.

Keepalived can test the availability of a service (e. it needs software to maintain its configuration.COM Keepalived is a component used to configure LVS.keepalived. Keepalived is supplied under the GPL.g. It also manages an IP switch system based on VRRP. As LVS is a relatively basic and static system.SMILE-OSS. The project was launched in 2001.2. HTTP queries.) and update the list of usable servers for LVS.org Community driven solution WWW. TCP connections.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 31 Keepalived Version studied: 1. etc.1 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . for its own redundancy.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . All these tools are invaluable aids that help systems and network administrators to ensure the integrity of their IT environment. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.COM The field of security is very vast. network analysers and security testers. Email marketing & Groupware category.SMILE-OSS. In this section. the graphs below do not display the average scores. we will present integrity verifiers. Anti-spam tools like Spam Assassin and DSPAM are included in the Messaging. virus detectors. intrusion detectors. with products ranging from antiviruses to intrusion detection systems.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 32 SECURITY WWW. for which there are many open source options.

SMILE-OSS. Rami Lehti and Pablo Virolainen launched the development.net Community driven solution WWW. which are typically a sign of an intrusion on the system. followed by Richard van den Berg from 2003 to 2010. developed beginning in 1999. This allows the administrator to identify any suspicious file alterations.sourceforge. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM AIDE is a UNIX systems integrity checker. and now by Hannes von Haugwitz.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 33 AIDE Version studied: 0. Its goal is to establish a fingerprint of a system’s files at the time of installation and later to confirm the system’s alignment with that fingerprint.15. AIDE is available under the GPL.1 Website: http://aide.

net Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW. For example. but rather to scan the files stored on it. it is often used on web servers. Signature updates. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The antivirus engine is the library libclamav.97.COM ClamAV is a virus detector created prior to 2005. file servers and mail servers. Unlike its equivalents in the Windows world.2 Website: www.clamav. ClamAV is available under the GPL v2. can be accessed free of charge.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 34 ClamAV Version studied: 0.SMILE-OSS. written in C. ClamAV can detect a large number of threats on any operating system. sustained by a very involved community. it is not used to protect the machine on which it is installed.

it is a Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) that performs real-time traffic analyses on a given network segment.org Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW.9. Although the engine is distributed under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 35 Snort Version studied: 2. it also has an active mode that allows it to block any suspicious traffic when installed on routing equipment. In other words. Nonetheless. the rules are available free of charge after a period of 30 days. it is of no use without a rule base. which does entail a paid subscription with the vendor.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: www. Often used as a probe.COM Snort is a network intrusion detector created in 1998 by Martin Roesch.snort.

org Vendor driven solution (Greenbone) WWW.openvas. the first version of which dates back to 1998.0 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 36 OpenVAS Version studied: 4. and a graphical administration interface can be obtained through the vendor. Greenbone. with free updates provided by its community. Paid updates. OpenVAS is available under the GPL. Unlike Nessus. OpenVAS is completely open source. whose availability is guaranteed. It tests for any weak points in a scanned system’s security.SMILE-OSS.COM OpenVAS (Open Vulnerability Assessment System) is a spin-off of the famed Nessus scanner. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Mac OS X. It recognises a total of 759 protocols. renamed for copyright reasons) is a network traffic analyser created in 1998.6. It is used by numerous administrators to diagnose complex network problems.2 Website: www. including encrypted ones. it can decode a very large number of protocols. Wireshark is available under the GPL. It is a member of the packet sniffer family.wireshark. Wireshark is multi-platform. Solaris and FreeBSD. Available in the form of a large graphics application as well as a text mode interface.org Foundation driven solution (Wireshark) WWW.COM Wireshark (formerly Ethereal.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 37 Wireshark Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . running on Windows. Linux.

SMILE-OSS.net http://opensims.COM Name Bastille OpenSIMS RadicalSpam URL / Website http://bastille-linux.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 38 Other Among the different products available in the field of security.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net http://www.sourceforge. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.sourceforge.radical-spam.

In the world of open source solutions there are many quality products. presented below. VPN solutions generally provide the following benefits: public key authentication.COM A VPN. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . confidential exchanges. including OpenVPN and Openswan. preserved confidentiality in the case of compromised encryption secrets.SMILE-OSS. can be broadly defined as referring to the different technologies used to extend a company’s network while preserving data confidentiality and overcoming the physical barriers of traditional networks.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 39 VPNS WWW. and packet transfers to private networks via public ones. or Virtual Private Network.

Available for Solaris.COM OpenVPN is the spearhead for a fairly recent category of VPN: SSL VPNs.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2. OpenBSD. Mac OS X. and utilises its encryption and identity verification routines to provide excellent data security. FreeBSD. Linux.net Vendor driven solution (OpenVPN Technologies) WWW. XP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 40 OpenVPN Version studied: 2. it also offers a good number of additional security and control functions. OpenVPN is distributed under the GPL v2. NetBSD. Vista and 7.1 Website: http://openvpn. Windows 2000. SSL VPNs reuse SSL encryption mechanisms to authenticate and encrypt their connections. OpenVPN is based on the product OpenSSL. the main open source implementation of the SSL protocol in terms of both quality and usage levels. It has been around since 2002 and was written by James Yonan.

openswan. both between corporate networks and for mobile clients.35 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 41 Openswan Version studied: 2.6.COM Openswan is an implementation of IPsec for Linux and a continuation of the FreeS/WAN project (dating back to 1999). It is compatible with a large number of operating systems and proprietary solutions. Openswan enables the set-up of IPsec links between machines. as well as VPN tunnels. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW. Openswan is available under the GPL.

and that the firewall will apply different filtering rules depending on the origin and destination of the traffic. such as determining the bandwidth authorised for a particular application in a particular context. of which they are an integral part.SMILE-OSS. the transiting of network flows between different machines. As a result. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . This is the firewall’s main function. firewalls are usually installed on routing equipment.COM The concept of the firewall is often linked to the notion of routing. with products like Packet Filter. The open source firewall market is very complete.e. more refined role. netfilter and pfSense. i. Firewalls can also be used in a more qualitative. This means that routing can be modified by a firewall decision.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 42 FIREWALLS WWW.

SMILE-OSS. NetBSD. PF is distributed under the BSD License.9 (aligned with OpenBSD versions) Website: www. etc. PF was created in 2001 by Daniel Hartmeier as a replacement for IPFilter. OpenBSD.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 43 PF (Packet Filter) Version studied: 4.).COM PF (Packet Filter) is the filtering layer integrated with BSD UNIX legacy open source solutions (FreeBSD. Packet Filter has become the most powerful open source tool to act as a firewall. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org/faq/pf Community driven solution WWW. It can also be used for load balancing and to handle network traffic on open source BSD UNIX machines. This system has the advantage of using a simple configuration language and of integrating NAT and QoS functionalities.openbsd.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .12 Website: www. it is complicated to configure. is the filtering layer integrated with the Linux kernel. sometimes referred to as iptables. It has many filtering criteria (time. etc. etc. However.netfilter. data volume. netfilter is distributed under the GPL v2. ferm.) and connection tracking modules for complex protocols (like FTP. and includes its own NAT functions.SMILE-OSS.4. so a third party tool is often used to generate its configuration (Shorewall.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 44 netfilter Version studied: 1. It is an extremely flexible system that integrates with the kernel’s routing and QoS functionalities.org Community driven solution WWW.COM netfilter.). SIP and H323). It was created by Rusty Russell in 1998.

It is based on PF and incorporates a large number of third party components: DHCP/DNS server.pfsense. pfSense is available under the BSD License. monitoring. Very commonly used in SMEs and other small organisations. time server. Official support is provided by BSD Perimeter. filtering. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 45 pfSense Version studied: 2.0 Website: www. VPN and connection sharing solution.SMILE-OSS. Configuration is done exclusively via a web interface. web proxy. pfSense offers a complete routing.COM pfSense is a software distribution used to create a network gateway from an x86 server. It was originally created in 2004 from a fork of m0n0wall by Chris Buechler and Scott Ullrich. and more.org Vendor driven solution (BSD Perimeter) WWW.

org https://launchpad.fwbuilder.foo-projects.net http://cfengine.net/ufw http://www.org http://shorewall.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 46 Other Among the different products available in the field of firewalls.SMILE-OSS.nufw.COM Name NuFW Uncomplicated Firewall Firewall Builder ferm Shorewall Vyatta URL / Website http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://ferm.

Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.SMILE-OSS. escalations. Six open source solutions have been evaluated for this category. reporting. etc. The functionalities they provide include views of the status of supervised services and machines. services and more. Supervision tools are used to monitor networks. access to supervision events. service and host templates. Nagios in particular enjoys a very strong reputation. active and passive monitoring support. and advanced user and ACL management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 47 SUPERVISION AND METRICS WWW. but also dependencies. with many quality products available. metrics. the graphs below do not display the average scores. machines.COM Supervision and metrics are quite well covered by open source solutions.

COM Cacti is based on the metrics solution.) to perform more complex measurements. It is considered the worthy successor of MRTG and provides a real interface with RRDTool by enabling changes to every aspect of the graphs it generates. PHP. specialised demand.7 Website: www. VBs.SMILE-OSS. RRDTool. Cacti is distributed under the GPL v2. It can create a graphic representation of any quantifiable data collected either via network protocols like SNMP or scripts personalised by the user. particularly for the metrics side. Cacti also uses a system of scripts (Bash.8. in cases where there is heavy. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in some cases beyond mere metrics. Its highly advanced configuration capabilities mean that it is often used as a complement to supervision solutions like Nagios. It operates from a web server equipped with a database and uses the PHP language. etc. The community has developed many plug-ins that extend Cacti’s functionalities.cacti.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 48 Cacti Version studied: 0.net Community driven solution WWW. Perl.

Nagios includes a multitude of functionalities such as multiple legacy management. Python.). service and host templates.000+ members participating in the development of numerous plug-ins and add-ons) offer supervision possibilities that now make it possible supervise almost any resource whatsoever. PHP. with extremely advanced configuration options. etc. dependencies. ksh. Ruby.COM Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a network supervision application created in 1999 by Ethan Galstad. escalation notices.3. The plug-ins are written in the programming language best suited to their task: shell scripts (Bash. Perl.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 49 Nagios Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1 Website: www.nagios. Its modularity and the strong community revolving around Nagios (250. active and passive monitoring support and more. C#. C++. It is considered to be the benchmark for open source supervision solutions. This makes it a very comprehensive tool that can adapt to any type of use.org Vendor driven solution (Nagios Enterprises) WWW. etc.SMILE-OSS.

centreon. metrics. access to supervision events. Centreon is distributed under the GPL v2. reporting. Centreon is based on Apache and PHP technologies. it uses MySQL. and for its configuration and supervision data storage functions.2. advanced user and ACL management. the sophisticated interface also offers numerous functionalities like views of the status of supervised services and machines. used to configure supervision tools like Nagios.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 50 Centreon Version studied: 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. In addition to its configuration capabilities. For its web interface. Inciga and Shinken.COM Centreon is a front-end web interface developed and supported by the French company Merethis. and more.com Vendor driven solution (Merethis) WWW.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 51 Zabbix Version studied: 1. Graphs and maps can be modelled directly in the front end for all the values supervised by Zabbix and its agents. AIX. one or more decentralised servers. Zabbix is available under the GPL. Zabbix can also perform SNMP and IPMI monitoring.8 Website: www. Web checks are also incorporated. allowing for the simulation of a visitor’s route on a web server while simultaneously verifying content and page response times. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . as well as network discovery. Solaris.zabbix. and pre-compiled multi-platform agents (Windows.com Vendor driven solution (ZABBIX SIA) WWW.SMILE-OSS. Linux. etc).COM Zabbix is a complete monitoring solution with an embedded front-end web interface. It is based on C/C++/PHP for the front end and MySQL/PostgreSQL/Oracle for the DB.

OpenNMS was designed to meet the demands of large companies in terms of scalability. OpenNMS is developed in Java and is based on the Jetty web server and the PostgreSQL DBMS. Its many functionalities include automated discovery and monitoring of equipment and services. nrpe and others). automation and flexibility. alerts and notifications with escalation and an on-call schedule. network graphics and cards. From the outset of its creation in 1999. multi-site compatibility (remote polling).SMILE-OSS. thereby providing for outof-the-box management of tens of thousands of resources. JMX. etc. XML.8.COM OpenNMS is to open source what HP OpenView and IBM Tivoli are to the proprietary world of network management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 52 OpenNMS Version studied: 1. advanced management of active and passive events. data collection and processing (in SNMP.opennms.org Vendor driven solution (OpenNMS Group) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .13 Website: www. supervision of user path simulations. OpenNMS is available under the GPL v3 and complies with FCAPS standards. report generation.

It can also be used to evaluate any metrics: systems.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 53 Munin Version studied: 1. Munin can monitor any server parameter and then transmit the information in the form of graphs on a web interface. Munin is based on the excellent RRDTool. created by the company Redpill Linpro and joined by numerous other developers soon thereafter. Its main assets are its simplicity and the multitude of available plug-ins (numbering in the hundreds) for additional graphs. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Munin is distributed under the GPL. The project continues to be very active today. or whatever else you might imagine. which makes the software wholly multi-platform (Linux / UNIX / Windows).4.org Community driven solution WWW.COM The project was started in 2004. networks.5 Website: http://munin-monitoring.SMILE-OSS. The plug-ins are executable files that can be written in any language. applications. It is written in Perl.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 54 Other Among the different products available in the field of supervision and metrics.icinga. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.com/network-monitoring/op5-monitor/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .op5.ch/mrtg http://community.COM Name MRTG Zenoss Icinga op5 Monitor URL / Website http://oss.org http://www.zenoss.org https://www.oetiker.

two major families of operating systems are represented: Linux based and BSD based OSs.SMILE-OSS. each offers special features that make them better suited to a particular context.COM Operating systems are the foundation of any computer programme. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In the world of open source solutions. Despite the fact that they share a common base.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 55 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS WWW. They provide the base for the execution of thousands of applications.

community-based operating system using the Linux kernel and launched by Ian Murdock in 1993 with the support of the Free Software Foundation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 56 Debian Version studied: 6. Debian is a non-commercial GNU/Linux distribution. and is a benchmark in terms of its quality and stability. open source. the Debian project is the most complete distribution available.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.COM Debian is a free. The distribution is published in accordance with the community orientated philosophy that gave rise to open source software. with close to 30.debian.0 Website: www.000 packages in version 6. With one of the largest open source communities in the world (more than 1600 developers).

redhat. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Based on the historical Red Hat Linux distribution (now Fedora).COM Red Hat Enterprise Linux is an open source operating system published by Red Hat since 1995.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 57 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Version studied: 6. Many agreements with software companies and hardware manufacturers ensure solid integration for companies. RHEL is designed for corporate use and enjoys vendor support and extended stability.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: www.com/rhel Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW.

Two versions are available: one for servers (SLES or SLE for Server) and the other for client computers (SLED or SLE for Desktop).suse. it is designed for corporate use. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Novell / Attachmate Group) WWW. now published by Novell.SMILE-OSS.COM SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is an open source operating system created in 1996. The first version of this distribution appeared in early 1994. making SUSE the oldest commercial distribution still existing today. with an emphasis on compatibility with Microsoft technologies. Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux continues to privilege open standards like CIM (Common Information Model) and WS-Management (Web Service Management). In terms of systems administration. both of which make it possible to consistently administrate heterogeneous environments with hardware from competing suppliers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 58 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux Version studied: 11 Website: www. Based on the OpenSUSE distribution.

ubuntu. Ubuntu can be used on servers and individual workstations alike.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 59 Ubuntu Version studied: 11. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Officially supported by Canonical. Ubuntu tends to be orientated toward the general public thanks to its user-friendly handling and control.com Vendor driven solution (Canonical) WWW. One of Ubuntu’s great success stories is the fact that it is used on the computers of French Members of Parliament. either embedded or available for installation. That being said. The project was launched in 2004 by Mark Shuttleworth of South Africa.04 Website: www. It is a compact distribution (frequently distributed by CD) with a high level of software compatibility and numerous software programmes.COM Ubuntu is a community open source operating system based on Debian.SMILE-OSS.

the OpenBSD project is a complete operating system that focuses on quality and code security.org Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW. community operating system based on BSD UNIX. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The project is a spin-off of NetBSD.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 60 OpenBSD Version studied: 4. It was created in 1994 by Theo de Raadt. OpenBSD is distributed under the BSD License. from which it separated in 1996.SMILE-OSS.COM OpenBSD is a free. which boasts more than a hundred developers.9 Website: www. The vast majority of its code is written in C.openbsd. open source. It is often used on sensitive network equipment. Developed by the OpenBSD Foundation.

freebsd. etc. The project saw the light of day in 1993. community operating system based on BSD UNIX. incorporating advanced storage (ZFS). and security (i. FreeBSD is distributed under the BSD License. open source. It is primarily used on the web and at the core of proprietary hardware (Juniper and NetApp.e. Mac and BSM audit framework) functionalities.).2 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 61 FreeBSD Version studied: 8.SMILE-OSS. network. FreeBSD emphasises performance and functionalities. The majority of its code is written in C.COM FreeBSD is a free. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW.

The project was created in 1993.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 62 NetBSD Version studied: 5. as well as user-friendliness. The majority of its code is in C.1 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.netbsd. open source. It emphasises portability and code quality. NetBSD is distributed under the BSD License. community operating system based on BSD UNIX.COM NetBSD is a free. It should be noted that the entirety of its source code can be accessed. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . NetBSD is developed and supported by a large and active international community. Its careful design and advanced functionalities make it an excellent solution for both production environments and research. It is primarily used in research and in embedded devices. It offers multiple forms of user support. Many applications are readily available via the NetBSD packets system.org Community driven solution WWW.

mandriva.COM Name Mandriva Linux Fedora URL / Website http://www.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.com http://fedoraproject. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 63 Other Among the different products available in the field of Linux & BSD operating systems.

in which the different operating systems share the server’s resources.SMILE-OSS. the best known in the business world. and even less so the applications installed on each one). This means that the principle of virtualisation involves the principle of sharing. including Xen and KVM. To be of operational use. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 64 VIRTUALISATION WWW. In this category. virtualisation must conform to two basic principles: compartmentalisation (each operating system runs independently and cannot interfere with the other(s) in any way) and transparency (the fact of operating in a virtualised mode in no way changes how the operating system runs. four open source tools were selected.COM Server virtualisation is a set of techniques and tools used to run multiple operating systems on the same physical server.

1 Website: http://xen. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1. Paravirtualisation refers to a virtualisation system’s ability to interact with virtualised systems. This makes virtual machines more efficient and easier to administrate. Xen is available under the GPL. Xen was derived from a university research project and is now a part of the Linux kernel. Citrix offers an enterprise edition of the solution along with the associated support.org Vendor driven solution (Citrix) WWW.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 65 Xen Version studied: 4. The project was created in 2003 in the form of a research project at Cambridge University in England.COM Xen is a hypervisor that handles paravirtualisation.

OpenVZ can only run Linux systems. The code is available under the GPL v2. particular for inputs/outputs. OpenVZ is primarily used in development and test environments.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 66 OpenVZ Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. where it is not uncommon to have dozens of systems installed on the same host. and the solution also uses less memory. Like any simple virtualisation solution.openvz.COM OpenVZ is a lightweight virtualisation solution for Linux that was created in 2005. This handicap is however offset by performance levels much closer to native levels than any other type of virtualisation.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0.25 Website: www.

and supports advanced functions like migration and detailed inspections of the VM’s status. KVM can run virtual systems under all the major OSs by simulating standardised hardware.6. Included in the mainline Linux kernel since version 2.org Community driven solution WWW.COM KVM is a complete Linux-based virtualisation solution launched in 2005. KVM is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS. the source code for the two products is resynchronised. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In some cases.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 67 KVM Version studied: 2.6.linux-kvm. KVM is a fork of QEMU.2.20 Website: www.

SMILE-OSS.COM VirtualBox is a virtualisation solution created in 2007 and designed for installation on individual computers. merging of the host and guest desktops. like USB device sharing.2 Website: www. VirtualBox is distributed under the GPL v2. mouse pointer integration.1.virtualbox. can be added via proprietary plugins.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. Some options. VirtualBox supports a large number of guest operating systems and has functionalities that interact with these systems: file sharing. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 68 Oracle VirtualBox Version studied: 4.

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.qemu.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.com/products/virtualization/server/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 69 Other Among the different products available in the field of virtualisation.redhat.COM Name QEMU Red Hat Virtualization URL / Website http://wiki.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The top solutions provide for interoperability with proprietary IPBX systems (used to route all or part of a company’s communications) via existing protocols (H.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 70 VOIP / TELEPHONY WWW.) and the most commonly used codecs (G711. GSM. this technology is used to support Telephony over Internet Protocol (ToIP) services. WiFi or GSM). MGCP. ADSL or optical) or wireless (satellite.SMILE-OSS. In particular. G729ab. etc. offering a wide range of functionalities and a good capacity for integration with existing environments.). and either wired (cable. IAX. In terms of open source solutions. Asterisk is the most frequently used and the most complete.COM VoIP (Voice over IP) is a technique that enables voice communications over IP compatible networks. etc.323. These can be private networks or the Internet. Speex. SIP. iLBC.

H. the most popular being Elastix and trixbox. it provides for voice messaging. Asterisk and FreePBX can be found in many Appliance distributions.0 Website: www.org Vendor driven solution (Digium) WWW. enquiry calls.COM Asterisk is an open source private automatic branch exchange (PABX) for UNIX systems. Some operators use it as the core of their telephone network. it is often used as a call centre management tool.323 and SIP.SMILE-OSS. When combined with SugarCRM or vtiger.asterisk. hold queues.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 71 Asterisk Version studied: 1. Asterisk implements the protocols H.320. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . call agents.8. Asterisk is distributed under the GPL. given its interoperability and its scalability. Asterisk is typically combined with FreePBX. as well as a custom protocol called IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange). call distribution and conference calls. Among other uses.6. Asterisk can also play the role of registrar and gateway in connection with public networks. hold music. In its traditional use as an IP telephony platform. an IHM that manages all its functionalities.

load balancing. the two other heavyweights in this domain. authentication on Radius. MySQL and LDAP back ends or via XML-RCP transport. and in traditional corporate telephony solutions.kamailio.COM Kamailio is an open source SIP server.1. UDP and SCTP transactions. a native failover mechanism. This fork of the OpenSER project (in 2005) is one of the most complete PBXs. It is an alternative to FreeSWITCH and Asterisk.5 Website: www. Kamailio is distributed under the GPL. as a VoIP platform. It is used both by telecoms operators. It supports asynchronous TCP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 72 Kamailio Version studied: 3.org Community driven solution WWW. communications encryptions via TLS.

5. which includes major corporations. open source SMS and WAP gateway that supports the standard SMSC protocols: UCP/EMI. it provides secure access to operator resources while supplying reliable.kannel. Kannel is written in C.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 73 Kannel Version studied: 1.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0 Website: www. SMPP. HTTP and CIMD. robust SMS and WAP support. Kannel supplies a set of APIs that allow it to be used as a front end for middleware and web applications requiring outbound WAP or SMS messages. Kannel is distributed under the Kannel Software License (based on the Apache License). The project is now managed by members of the Kannel Group.SMILE-OSS.COM Kannel was developed in 1998 by WAPit Ltd. Included as an infrastructure brick. Kannel is a carrier grade. a company that no longer exists today.

freeswitch.iptel.ro/pmwiki http://www.com/trixbox http://yate.org http://fonality.sipfoundry.callweaver. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 74 Other Among the different products available in the field of VoIP/telephony.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .null.COM Name CallWeaver SER sipXecs trixbox Yate FreeSWITCH URL / Website http://www.org http://www.org/ser http://www.

Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the graphs below do not display the average scores. EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE WWW. ranging from individual messages to grouped mailshots.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 75 MESSAGING.SMILE-OSS. This category includes presentations of messaging servers (SMTP and IMAP). all of which are covered by a multitude of open source solutions. All these tools are invaluable in the implementation of a complete messaging system. anti-spam tools and in-box interfaces (groupware).COM The field of “messaging” is extremely vast. Anti-viruses like CLAV are covered in the Security section.

LDAP directories. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It can query a large number of external sources of information (databases. In particular. etc. Postfix can prevent spam (based on a public antispam list.8. Postfix is distributed under the IBM Public License.5 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 76 Postfix Version studied: 2. Postfix was originally created in 1997. Postfix was first known as VMailer and then as IBM Secure Mailer. Its scope is relatively broad and perfectly suited to professional use.postfix.SMILE-OSS. scalable SMTP server.org Community driven solution WWW. for example).COM Postfix is a messaging server. Postfix is a flexible. It was developed by Wietse Venema and several other contributors. More and more frequently used to replace Sendmail in open source email infrastructures.).

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Cyrus is a scalable mail server available for both personal and professional use. ACLs. it is an open source IMAP server.10 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 77 Cyrus IMAPd Version studied: 2.org Community driven solution WWW. Cyrus is based on many standards and offers two downloadable editions. server side filtering (sieves) and a large number of SASL authentication methods.cyrusimap. Cyrus IMAPd is distributed under the BSD License.4. quotas. As for Cyrus IMAPd.SMILE-OSS. The project came from Carnegie Mellon University in the US and dates back to 1994. It supports advanced functionalities such as push (IDLE). shared folders.

invalid originator. SpamAssassin is available under the Apache License. content analysis (Razor and DCC) and a number of other message formatting criteria (image to text ratio.2 Website: http://spamassassin.COM SpamAssassin is an anti-spam solution that uses a wide range of different techniques.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 78 SpamAssassin Version studied: 3. no text version.apache. It is a very widespread tool among mail servers.). It was launched in 1997 and is led by the Apache Software Foundation.SMILE-OSS.3. including in the infrastructures of major suppliers. etc. The technologies used include Bayesian analysis based on learned keywords. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . various blacklist systems (URIBL. the creator of the famous Web Apache HTTP Server. It is written in Perl.org Community driven solution WWW.). DNSBL.

DSPAM is distributed under the GPL. also known as the author of Ending Spam.SMILE-OSS.COM DSPAM is an anti-spam solution based on Bayesian filtering and written by Jonathan A.1 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 79 DSPAM Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .nuclearelephant. Zdziarski. The main benefit of DSPAM in relation to its competitors lies in the depth of its analytical engine. has proven particularly effective after an initial learning phase.com Community driven solution WWW. This type of filtering. as well as its user interactions. based on learned keywords.10. providing users with a web interface used to manage quarantines and to explicitly designate email as desirable or undesirable.

HTTP(S). SMTP.COM Zimbra is a collaborative messaging server. IMAP. Symbian OS and Palm OS). Zimbra is published under the Zimbra Public License. In its commercial edition. Mozilla Thunderbird.1 Website: www.1. All Zimbra’s functionalities can be accessed through a web browser or a fat client. etc. Zimbra has become an indispensable reference in collaborative enterprise messaging. BlackBerry. The messaging tool is based on a rich and robust infrastructure base: WebDAV (XML). iCal. Eudora. Android. Zimbra’s webmail is in fact compatible with all modern browsers. LDAP. Its 100% online. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.com Vendor driven solution (VMware) WWW. It supplies a SOAP base enabling the development of plug-ins called “Zimlets” that provide for the free extension of its functional scope. Ajax based user interface is famous for its ergonomics. Today. The Zimbra suite includes a Zimbra Desktop fat client but remains fully compatible with standard fat clients like Microsoft Outlook.zimbra. This makes it possible to interface with a telephony solution like Asterisk or a CRM tool like SugarCRM. POP3 and CalDAV. Zimbra can also synchronise with virtually all mobile platforms (iPhone OS. a derivative of the MPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 80 Zimbra Version studied: 7.

8 Website: www. It is written in PHP. It is fully modulable groupware (collaborative software). exchange and organise their emails.0. Turba.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 81 Horde Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Horde Groupware Webmail Edition is a professional. collaborative messaging solution. reliable collaborative messaging tool. Horde is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS. contacts and tasks. Horde is an ergonomic bundle of applications like INgo. IMP and Mnemo. whose ergonomics make it a key. It allows users to read.horde. More than a mere aggregate of technical bricks. and to organise and share their calendars.org Community driven solution WWW.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Zarafa) WWW.COM Zarafa’s collaborative messaging software natively supports the MAPI protocol.zarafa.1 Website: www. providing nearly complete compatibility with all smartphones and Pocket PCs on the market. Since 2007. Its webmail (which uses Ajax and is fully accessible online) and its direct interfacing with Outlook makes it the functional open source alternative that is most similar to Microsoft Exchange. Zarafa is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. Its data are stored in a MySQL database. It was originally developed in the Netherlands.0. The webmail is based on Ajax with PHP processing (with the MAPI PHP extension). the engine for Zarafa’s enterprise edition has embedded the Z-Push protocol.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 82 Zarafa Version studied: 7.SMILE-OSS.

There are few open source email marketing solutions today that can boast a broad scope. It is used to manage corporate newsletters and email marketing campaigns. For example.SMILE-OSS. OpenEMM is one of these. strong documentation. and the possibility of using web services and bounce management. thereby earning its place here in this guide. including English and French. OpenEMM is used by major groups the likes of BenQ. bulk import and export modules. OpenEMM is based on the languages C. Java and Python. with targeting tools.openemm. Siemens and more. real time statistics. template management. From a functional standpoint. Its data are stored in a MySQL database. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenEMM is distributed under the Common Public Attribution License (CPAL) 1.COM OpenEMM is an open source email marketing solution developed since 1999 by the German company AGNITAS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 83 OpenEMM Version studied: OpenEMM 2011 Website: www. it offers a 100% web interface available in several languages. the tool is relatively well equipped.org Vendor driven solution (AGNITAS AG) WWW.0.

SMILE-OSS.com/sm/open_source/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www.net http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Roundcube EGroupware OBM Open-Xchange Sendmail URL / Website http://roundcube.sendmail.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 84 Other Among the different products available in the field of messaging.com http://www. email marketing and groupware.open-xchange.org http://obm.egroupware.

namely by supporting the ESI standard. Advanced caching policies can offload web application servers.COM HTTP accelerators.SMILE-OSS. compression and caching. They have a variety of different uses. irrespective of the language used. also referred to as “reverse proxies”. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . including security. are implemented on servers. load distribution. SSL acceleration. It is this last point in particular that we will be assessing in this section. Some HTTP accelerators can handle fragment caching.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 85 HTTP ACCELERATORS WWW. Web users “transit” via the reverse proxies to access internal server applications.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It has been compatible with IPv6 since version 3. Squid was inspired by the Harvest project. Squid is distributed under the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 86 Squid Version studied: 3.1 Website: www. When used for access control. blacklisted URLs can be procured from third party suppliers. Its main function is as a direct proxy. In some cases it is also used as a reverse proxy in web architectures.org Community driven solution WWW.COM Squid is an HTTP proxy server commonly used by businesses. used to regulate web traffic and to cache frequently viewed content.squid-cache.SMILE-OSS. The first version of Squid dates back to 1996.

Varnish is distributed under the BSD License. Varnish supports ESI (Edge Side Includes) tags. Varnish stores a portion of its data in virtual memory. this enables the definition of extremely detailed management rules.0.1 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (Varnish Software) WWW.COM Varnish is a high performance HTTP cache. The tool is configured via VCL (Varnish Configuration Language) files. Varnish also includes load distribution functionalities and can be used to test the availability of servers producing web content. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 87 Varnish Version studied: 3. Varnish is used by Facebook. The product’s architect is Poul-Henning Kamp of Denmark. Used to improve the performance of high traffic websites.varnish-cache. for example. The first stable version of Varnish was launched in 2006 for the Norwegian newspaper Verdens Gang. Lastly.

COM Name nginx URL / Website http://nginx. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 88 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP accelerators.

COM In this last category in the “Infrastructure” dimension. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . we will be presenting CUPS (a print server).SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 89 OTHER WWW. In particular. Samba (for UNIX file exchanges on Windows workstations). we will present additional open source tools that are particularly useful to system and network administrators. ProFTPD (an FTP server) and BIND (a DNS server).

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 90 CUPS Version studied: 1. LPD and SMB (Windows). etc.) WWW.) and compatibility with the traditional printing protocols IPP. owners of Easy Software Products. and offers administrative capacities (file management.SMILE-OSS.5. It is used on both individual workstations and dedicated print servers. AppSocket.cups. accountancy. It was created in late 1999 by Michael Sweet and Andrew Senft.COM CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System) is a popular print server for UNIX systems. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It can support a very large number of printers.org Vendor driven solution (Apple Inc. CUPS is available under the GPL.0 Website: www.

0 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. It was written by Andrew Tridgell at Australian National University. Samba is distributed under the GPL v3. Samba enables the use of a UNIX server to make these resources available to Windows clients. In Windows. the SMB protocol is used for file and printer sharing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 91 Samba Version studied: 3. thus establishing compatibility between the two environments.COM Samba is an SMB server for Windows workstations. Samba can also function as a domain controller on smaller networks.samba.6. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Its first version dates back to 1992.

3.COM ProFTPD is a very powerful. well documented open source FTP server. ProFTPD allows the use of a MySQL database to manage FTP accounts in lieu of management by the machine’s users. ProFTPD is available under the GPL.org Community driven solution WWW. Its architecture is modular.3 Website: www. ProFTPD uses access and configuration syntax that is similar to the syntax used by Apache HTTP Server. LDAP and SQL databases. It includes advanced functionalities like chroot. virtual hosts and users. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. accountancy and quotas.proftpd. which has made it possible for extensions to be written for SSL/TLS encryption support (FTPS protocol) and authentication via RADIUS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 92 ProFTPD Version studied: 1.

BIND’s origins date back to four students at the University of California.8.isc.COM BIND is the benchmark for DNS servers. Published by the Internet Software Consortium. in the 1980s. namely DNSSEC (since the rewriting of its code in the early 2000s).1 Website: www.org/software/bind Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 93 BIND Version studied: 9. BIND is available under the BSD License. Version 10 is now in development. BIND is a DNS server providing for both name resolution via name servers and hosting of its own zone.SMILE-OSS. It supports all advanced functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Berkeley.

could have been classified in the Infrastructure dimension. among the following categories:        Corporate directories Databases BPM / Workflow Development tools Testing & Continuous integration ESBs Web development frameworks and libraries         Cross-platform mobile frameworks PKIs Identity authentication.COM As its name indicates. It should be noted that some tools. federation and management Load testing tools Search engines HTTP and application servers MOM & EAI Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . typically found between the Infrastructure and Application layers. document management solutions.SMILE-OSS. e-shops. the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension covers all the solutions useful to development functions. there is a broad panel of open source development solutions. like directories and databases. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension. such as Eclipse and frameworks like Symfony and Django.. etc. and nearly 110 are listed in total. It is also particularly well equipped with open source products.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 94 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION WWW. Beyond applications like CMSs.

are a specialised type of database designed to contain hierarchically arranged information on a company’s organisation. OpenLDAP has the best reputation. In the open source universe. Most of the time.COM Corporate directories. even if tools like 389 Directory Server also boast a strong functional scope. they can also be used as address books.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 95 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES WWW. to define the company’s security policy and more. But the use of corporate directories is not limited to text searches. for user authentication. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . There is a standard used in most corporate directors to perform queries (LDAP protocol). the data pertain to people (users) and/or resources (printers and the like). also referred to as “electronic directories”.SMILE-OSS.

9 Website: http://directory.COM 389 Directory Server. with some portions like the GUI in Java.9. even if the first version of Fedora Directory Server came out in 2005.fedoraproject. 389 Directory Server implements the LDAP v3 protocol and stands out from its rival solutions thanks to its graphical administration interface in Java and master-master replication support. This means its origins date back to 1996. It should also be noted that 389 Directory Server can be used as a replacement for SunONE/JES Directory Server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 96 389 Directory Server Version studied: 1. which also gave rise to OpenLDAP. formerly Fedora Directory Server. itself based on the original slapd code. It is mostly written in C. thanks to its very similar code base. It is based on the source code of the venerable Netscape Directory Server. particularly useful given that SunONE appears to have been dropped since its acquisition by Oracle. 389 Directory Server is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS.2. thereby enabling read and write access redundancy. is an LDAP server developed by Red Hat within the Fedora community.org Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW.

or a SQL database. AIX. while providing a scalable architecture through an overlay system and back end. with each one administrating its own branch.).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 97 OpenLDAP Version studied: 2. It is a sound alternative to commercial directories. Solaris. OpenLDAP implements the most recent version of the LDAP protocol (v3). access log. OpenLDAP was created in 1998 by Kurt Zeilenga.openldap. etc.org Community driven solution WWW. etc.). is compatible with the GPL and has been validated by the Free Software Foundation. OpenLDAP is developed in C and runs on Linux. password policy.SMILE-OSS. enabling for example the implementation of an LDAP directory distributed to multiple sites. query transfers to Perl or Shell scripts. directory data can be stored in different back ends (LDAP proxy. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . as well as on Windows and Mac OS X.COM OpenLDAP is an open source company directory. etc.26 Website: www.). In addition. HP-UX. on different BSD variants on UNIX based OSs (Android. Each overlay provides additional functionalities (dynamic group. OpenLDAP is distributed under the OpenLDAP Public License.4. OpenLDAP also incorporates replication and delegation mechanisms.

org http://www.opends.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 98 Other Among the different products available in the field of corporate directories.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .apache.COM Name Apache Directory OpenDS URL / Website http://directory.

Current technologies make it possible to organise and structure a database such as to be able to easily handle its content and efficiently store very large volumes of information. The major DBMSs today are open source solutions like MySQL and PostgreSQL. which is an alternative to SQL and the relational model and which provides a high level of scalability (expandability).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 99 DATABASES WWW. Databases like MySQL and PostgreSQL are relational DBs that use SQL to query their data.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Since 2009 a new trend has appeared: NoSQL.COM Databases have become key components of the IT landscape. They are used to store a batch of information in a pre-defined structure.

Solaris.COM MySQL is a fast. MySQL is developed in C and C++ and can run on a very broad range of platforms. etc. MySQL was created by Michael “Monty” Widenius in 1995. clustering and data recovery in the event of a system failure. MySQL has gradually adopted new functionalities reserved for traditional “corporate” databases. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .15 Website: www. whether UNIX (Linux.) or Windows based. BSD. stored procedures. deployed especially in Internet environments.5. asynchronous replication. robust RDBMS. Oracle. triggers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 100 MySQL Version studied: 5. MySQL uses the GPL and comes with exception linking.mysql. referential integrity.com Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. which enables the use of client libraries in programmes not compatible with the GPL. An Enterprise edition is also available.SMILE-OSS. providing a number of graphics tools and support from its vendor company. Initially focusing primarily on speed and simplicity. MySQL supports transactions. and by major websites like Wikipedia. MySQL is widely used at companies the likes of Google and Facebook.

custom rules to modify the query execution path.) or Windows based. etc. full text searches and more. custom functions. PostgreSQL is a followup to Ingres. a wide variety of data types. whether UNIX (Linux.0. approved by the Open Source Initiative. PostgreSQL is written in C and can run on a very broad range of platforms.postgresql. The project was launched by Michael Stonebraker in 1985 and the first version built using the current architecture was released in 1995. PostgreSQL uses the PostgreSQL License. function indexes. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW. Its performance and stability allow it to be integrated with even the most demanding production platforms.SMILE-OSS.4 Website: www. It supports stored procedures. The functional scope of PostgreSQL is vast and comparable to other Enterprise databases on the market.COM PostgreSQL is the most complete open source RDBMS available today. legacy tables. Solaris. triggers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 101 PostgreSQL Version studied: 9. transactions. BSD.

mongodb. 10gen. Inc. Further.COM MongoDB is a document orientated database that is part of the NoSQL movement and that allows for document storage in BSON format (a binary form of JSON). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . MongoDB is distributed under the Affero GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 102 MongoDB Version studied: 2.SMILE-OSS. Inc.0 Website: http://www. MongoDB takes advantage of the sharp upturn in interest for document databases that are better aligned with modern environments that need to handle extremely heterogeneous data and for which relational DBMSs are not necessarily the most appropriate.0. It is written in C++. Its particularly successful integration with most programming languages and its quality documentation have earned MongoDB its great popularity. the database is supported by a commercial entity.org Vendor driven solution (10gen.) WWW. It is upgradable in decentralised environments via replication and sharding mechanisms.

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Redis
Version studied: 2.2.13 Website: http://redis.io Vendor driven solution (VMware)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Redis is a key-value data warehouse from the NoSQL movement. The project is sponsored by VMware. The first version was published by Salvatore Sanfilippo and Pieter Noordhuis in 2009. Like most key-value data stores, Redis offers a HTTP REST interface. Its originality in relation to other available solutions lies in the fact that Redis includes a set of data manipulation functions that are primarily orientated toward handling stored character strings, giving Redis the capacity to build queries that are slightly more complex than its competitors, traditionally limited to CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) operations. The strong performance of Redis in both read and write modes positions it as an excellent choice for the implementation of cache back ends and session managers. Redis is distributed under the BSD License. It is written in C.

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Cassandra
Version studied: 0.8.5 Website: http://cassandra.apache.org Foundation driven solution (Apache)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Cassandra is another NoSQL database. Initially developed by Facebook in 2008, it was later released and its development is now the work of the Apache Foundation. Cassandra is a column oriented database. Designed for massively distributed roll-outs (potentially across multiple datacentres), Cassandra is one of the most effective databases wherever there is a need to respond to massive data processing issues. Further, its completely decentralised architecture makes it highly resistant to failures. Like most column oriented databases, it is also particularly well suited to business intelligence functions. Cassandra is distributed under the Apache License. It is written in Java.

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Other
Among the different products available in the field of databases, the following tools can also be added to the list:

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Name Berkeley DB db4o Apache Derby Firebird HSQLDB Ingres SQLite CouchDB Neo4j Voldemort

URL / Website http://www.oracle.com/us/products/database/berkeley-db http://www.db4o.com http://db.apache.org/derby http://www.firebirdsql.org http://hsqldb.org http://www.ingres.com/products/ingres-database http://www.sqlite.org http://couchdb.apache.org http://neo4j.org http://www.project-voldemort.com

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BPM / WORKFLOW

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Leave requests, document validation and paperless customer relations: these processes are at the core of the information systems used by companies and government agencies. BPM (Business Process Management) solutions offer a modern approach in which users are largely released from technical constraints when modelling, deploying and optimising their processes. BPM solutions provide for graphic process modelling, form generation and adaptation, and online request monitoring. In the world of open source solutions, quality tools are available, such as Bonita, the flagship open source BPM product.

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Bonita
Version studied: 5.5.2 Website: http://www.bonitasoft.com Vendor driven solution (BonitaSoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

First developed by Bull in the early 2000s, the product has been driven by the open source vendor BonitaSoft since 2009. Bonita offers an extremely user-friendly graphic process modeller that makes it possible to deploy simple BPM applications (e.g. the publication of leave request forms on an Intranet site) in just a few clicks. The forms are automatically generated by the solution or can be configured in advance. Access to and processing of pending requests are intuitive, thanks to the “user XP” interface, which is very similar to a mail client. But Bonita’s real strength lies in its system of connectors, available in their default form or custom developed. A community edition of Bonita is available under the GPL v2. The SP (Subscription Pack) edition is subject to subscription and comes with additional functionalities, as well as support. Bonita is developed in JEE, the language also used to develop new connectors. Some advanced configurations are done in Groovy.

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Eclipse (developer) and web (functional user) interfaces enable graphical workflow management. many software companies have integrated jBPM with their solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . but suffer from a degree of immaturity that makes them unsuited to management by non-technical users.0 compatible. Version 5 has been announced as BPMN 2. it is easy to configure and enjoys a comprehensive API.org/jbpm Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW.COM jBPM is developed by a community with the support of JBoss. being both powerful and lightweight. When used as a software brick. which cancels out the tool’s chief advantage. its simplicity. jBPM is an excellent BPM engine.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 108 jBPM Version studied: 5. and the product remains a key technical BPM brick for projects. particularly in open source environments. The product does currently suffer from a lack of community dynamics.SMILE-OSS. As the benchmark for open source BPM in recent years. the web interface is only available via Drools (a rule engine).jboss.1 Website: www. The latest version is promising though. jBPM is published under the LGPL and is developed in Java. In addition.

COM Activiti is published by the producer of ECM. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 109 Activiti Version studied: 5. Its youth makes it better suited as a BPM brick integrated with more complex projects. Technically. Activiti is a lightweight.SMILE-OSS.activiti. which wanted to develop an alternative to jBPM for its own purposes. Activiti is at the cutting edge and enjoys excellent dynamics thanks to the widespread popularity of its sponsor. robust BPM engine.org Vendor driven solution (Alfresco) WWW. In electing to make it a stand-alone component. Alfresco is banking on the dynamic nature of open source (the product has been handed over to the Spring community) and aims to make it the benchmark for open source BPM.7 Website: www. Today. its actual implementation necessarily requires a solid technical background. Nonetheless. Activiti does however boast user-friendly process design interfaces that allow functional and technical teams to work together on process modelling. as is the case at Alfresco. for example. Activiti is published under the Apache License and is developed in Java. Alfresco.

automation tools like Ant and Phing. particularly web applications.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 110 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS WWW. and collaboration and software engineering solutions like Tuleap. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. development environments like Eclipse. It includes project management tools like Redmine and Maven.SMILE-OSS. ticket managers like MantisBT.COM This section presents the tools useful in the development of applications. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . there are also excellent open source development bricks that can be used to build ambitious projects under optimal conditions. the graphs below do not display the average scores. As we will see. source code management tools like Subversion and Git.

documentation generation (Javadoc). etc. Ant allows for the automation of repetitive operations throughout a project.apache. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2 Website: http://ant. although it can also be used in projects utilising other technologies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 111 Ant Version studied: 1. The tasks most commonly entrusted to Ant include external tool execution (like Checkstyle and FindBugs). Ant is written in Java.SMILE-OSS. Ant is distributed under the Apache License and is supported by the foundation of the same name. back-ups. similarly to Make commands. programme compilation.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Ant was designed by James Duncan Davidson in 2000 (when the first version was released). archiving.COM Ant (“Another Neat Tool”) is a task automation tool used throughout the software development cycle.8. Ant is mainly used in Java projects.

like Ant. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . command launches. It incorporates a long list of native tasks (execution of PHPUnit testing. Distributed through the PEAR package manager.) that is very easy to expand.1 Website: www. it is used to automate recurring tasks during IT project developments. work with source code version managers. file handling. etc. Phing. via the intermediary of new PHP classes. depending on needs. code analysis tools and delivery management. PHP Mess Detector. Phing is distributed under the LGPL (Lesser Public General License) v3. In particular.COM Phing is an IT project life cycle management tool inspired by Ant and originally developed by Andreas Aderhold. uses an XML file to define a list of actions (the “target”). each containing one or more tasks (file copies.7.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 112 Phing Version studied: 2.4. that can be launched from the command line.phing. Phing can use ancillary libraries like Xdebug and phpcs for some of its tasks.SMILE-OSS. code analysis with PHP CodeSniffer. such as the launch of unit testing.). Linux and Mac OS X platforms. Phing is developed in PHP and is compatible with the Windows.info/trac Community driven solution WWW. etc.

it can be used for developments in any programming language. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . test. modelling. Designed around a shared platform coupled with spin-off components. The Eclipse Foundation is now the official sponsor. Eclipse is written in Java. reporting and other environments. the project is in fact a composite of many sub-projects specific to the underlying technologies. Eclipse is published under the EPL (Eclipse Public License).eclipse.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 113 Eclipse Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. initiated by IBM in 2001.org Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. but also design.7 Website: www. but not just in respect of software coding. The purpose of Eclipse is to provide tools that foster productivity. Although Eclipse is written in Java.COM Eclipse is a scalable. It includes integrated development environments. multi-functional development environment.

It has primarily been tested for Web Apache and IIS servers. Kenzaburo Ito. public/private. who launched the project in November 2000. sub-project creation and more. a notification system. the tool offers functionalities like a customisable status chaining workflow.mantisbt.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 114 MantisBT Version studied: 1. MantisBT is distributed under the GNU GPL v2. MantisBT is developed in PHP and requires the use of a database (MySQL. MantisBT allows for project based ticket allocation.2.SMILE-OSS. MS SQL or DB2). Requests can also be classified using a variety of criteria (type. severity. a personalised page for each user that lists the tickets they opened and those assigned to them. etc. Victor Boctor and Julian Fitzell in 2002. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . upgrade requests.8 Website: www. an admin section for each project in which users can be added/deleted.org Community driven solution WWW. the four now form the core development team for the product. service requests and more) that is suited to any type of project. category. priority.COM MantisBT is a very popular web based bug tracking tool (covering anomalies. In particular. was soon joined by Jeroen Latour. user rights management. a filtered ticket search form. PostgreSQL.).

Maven was designed for project standardisation and use. etc. PMD. Maven was designed for Java projects in general and for Java EE projects in particular.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 115 Maven Version studied: 3. Maven is distributed under the Apache License. It is written in Java.).apache. Maven also offers advanced integration of numerous reporting tools (Surefire.0. perform complete automated deliveries.COM Maven is a technical project management tool. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . NCSS. Checkstyle. It can also manage a project’s dependencies. Its development is mainly performed by the Apache Foundation. deploy applications and simplify project roll-outs on a continuous integration platform.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.SMILE-OSS.3 Website: http://maven.

A spin-off of CVS. A popular standard. revision numbers are global across the entire data warehouse. its development was initialised in 2000 by the company CollabNet.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. It became an official Apache Foundation project in 2010.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 116 Subversion Version studied: 1. A number of additional functionalities have been included: directories and metadata are versioned.6.17 Website: http://subversion.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Apache Subversion was written to overcome the shortcomings of CVS. It is written in C. whose implementation (but not its concept) had been called into question. Numerous tools and resources are available to turn it to its best advantage. Subversion is distributed under the Apache and BSD Licenses. etc. it has been selected by many open source software communities. files can be renamed and/or moved without losing their histories.apache.COM Subversion (SVN) is a centralised version control system.

1 Website: http://git-scm. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Git is used to “commit” locally. Git’s ability to easily create and administrate branches makes it a top-grade tool for open source project development.com Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 117 Git Version studied: 1. Bourne Shell and Perl. it is used in the Linux kernel and for PHP. In particular. such as subjecting a code’s transmission to approval by one of the developers.7.6. Git is distributed under the GPL v2. then to push a set of local commits to other developers. It is written in C.COM Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS). It also enables the use of a development workflow. Among other functions.SMILE-OSS. It is an open source software solution created by Linus Torvalds in 2005.

Redmine offers the following functionalities: secure multi-project management. title. their status. depending on the project. etc. classification by category.SMILE-OSS. profile and rights management.redmine. It was developed in Ruby on the basis of the Ruby on Rails framework. project status views in the form of a Gantt diagram. their priority and their history. It was created by Jean-Philippe Lang in 2006. management of requests.1 Website: www.2.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and assignment of requests to the relevant project participants.COM Redmine is a collaborative tool used to manage projects via a secure web interface. user. document management. date. email and RSS feed notifications. Redmine is distributed under the GPL v2. owner.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 118 Redmine Version studied: 1. etc..

com/en/products/tuleap-suite/ Vendor driven solution (Enalean) WWW. version control. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0.enalean. ST-Ericsson and Orange.21 Website: http://www. based its economic model on the provision of professional services and support. test and risk tracking.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 119 Tuleap Version studied: 4. collaboration tools and more. Tuleap’s software is used by tens of thousands of users around the world for their professional developments. Tuleap is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS. document management. Tuleap is a complete ALM suite. Tuleap was developed by the company Enalean. Tuleap is primarily written in PHP.COM Tuleap is an open source software suite that provides the tools that companies need for software development and efficient collaboration. Also referred to as a software forge or ALM (Application Lifecycle Management). providing bug. Enalean. at major companies the likes of STMicroelectronics. Tuleap’s vendor. continuous integration.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 120 Other Among the different products available in the field of development tools. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.org/gf http://trac.selenic.nongnu.edgewall.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://mercurial.COM Name CVS GForge Trac Mercurial URL / Website http://cvs.org http://gforge.

Graphics rendering (results display) solutions can also be found in connection with these tools.COM Continuous integration is a set of practices designed to improve the quality of application deliveries by checking that the result of each source code change does not lead to any regressions (i. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. To implement continuous integration platforms.e.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 121 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION WWW. additional errors relating to the added code). the graphs below do not display the average scores.SMILE-OSS. such as Continuum and Hudson. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . many quality open source tools exist.

apache. highly detailed rights management and integrated reporting on unit test results.COM Continuum is the Apache Foundation’s continuous integration tool.SMILE-OSS. even for groups with rapidly increasing numbers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Continuum is distributed under the Apache License. Within these groups.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 122 Continuum Version studied: 1.7 Website: http://continuum. the various configurations and rights are pooled.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. which provides for simple management of a series of projects. It offers all the functionalities one might expect of such a tool: configurable automations.3. configuration of different execution environments. The functionality that makes Continuum stand out from the rest is the possibility of grouping modules/projects together in project groups. but also build distributions to slaves. of course. It is written in Java.

Here we look at both Jenkins and Hudson. Jenkins is distributed under the MIT and Creative Commons Licenses. It is written in Java. or queries on specific URLs. which comprises hundreds of plug-ins.COM Jenkins is a continuous integration tool. Project generation can be initiated in various ways:planning mechanisms similar to cron.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW.1 Website: http://hudson-ci. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . less austere interface than Continuum’s. Jenkins is chiefly used in the continuous integration solutions market.SMILE-OSS. Historically.1. intergenerational dependencies. Jenkins is a fork of Hudson. Jenkins can automate project building and can generate quality and testing reports.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 123 Jenkins / Hudson Version studied: 2. Jenkins’s major asset is its ecosystem. as well as its simpler. Hudson was the continuous integration tool developed by Oracle/Sun.

4 Website: http://seleniumhq. The project began in 2004 at ThoughtWorks in Chicago. Users can choose to utilise its recording capabilities or can modify the scripts manually. Selenium IDE can be used to record interface tests from Firefox and then to store them so that they can be played back with Selenium. Selenium IDE is not just a recording tool: it is in fact an integrated development environment (IDE). it can be integrated with a continuous integration platform in order to automate interface testing.SMILE-OSS.). This tool is very useful in confirming that an interface conforms to expectations.0. Selenium is distributed under the Apache License. In addition.org/projects/ide Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 124 Selenium IDE Version studied: 1.COM Selenium is an interface testing tool. etc. thanks to Jason Huggins who wanted to test the response times of various applications (Python. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Plone.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . PMD can detect empty try/catch statements. dead code. By using a system of scalable rules.SMILE-OSS.5 Website: http://pmd. a.sourceforge.a. There is also a PHP equivalent (PHPMD. PMD analyses Java source code.net Community driven solution WWW. The rules can be written using XPath expressions or Java classes (or PHP for PHPMD). PHP Mess Detector). also known as “Project Mess Detector” or “Project Meets Deadline”.2. is a static code analysis tool designed to detect the most common programming errors. overcomplicated expressions and copied/pasted code (thanks to its CPD plug-in). an interesting indicator when assessing software quality.COM PMD.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 125 PMD Version studied: 4. PMD is licensed under a BSD-style license. PMD can also calculate cyclomatic source code complexity.k.

org http://checkstyle.COM Name Sonar Checkstyles JUnit PHPUnit FindBugs CruiseControl URL / Website http://www.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .sonarsource. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.net http://cruisecontrol.com/sebastianbergmann/phpunit http://findbugs.junit.sourceforge.net http://www.sourceforge.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 126 Other Among the different products available in the field of testing and continuous integration.SMILE-OSS.sourceforge.org https://github.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 127 ESBS WWW. where these do not already include services or interfaces designed for that purpose. ESBs are often presented as a new architecture that uses different techniques like transformation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ESBs act as “mediators” between clients and service providers (applications). Benchmark solutions in the open source universe include the likes of Talend ESB. information transfers and routing.SMILE-OSS.COM ESBs (Enterprise Service Buses) allow applications to communicate with one another. Mule and Petals. and web services.

COM Talend. Talend ESB is distributed under the Apache License. The merger of the Talend Data Management and Sopera ASF solutions resulted in the creation of a high level integrated middleware tool that combines the flexibility of use of a corporate services management framework with the power of data manipulation tools. the leader in open source data management. known in its home country for its prestigious clients the likes of Deutsche Post.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW. service distribution capacity. high level centralised technical monitoring and integration of the Talend suite. has acquired Sopera. This has made Talend ESB a first class tool that allows for work on both Data Quality and Service Quality.SMILE-OSS. a German SOA and middleware platform vendor.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 128 Talend ESB Version studied: 4.talend. The key features that set this solution apart are a very well equipped mediation platform. It is a very solid product that merits exploration. Zurich Insurance and Landesbank Berlin. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2.1 Website: http://www.

mulesoft. including JMS. Mule supports more than 50 standards. now CTO of MuleSoft (formerly MuleSource). email. The open source project was developed in 2003 by Ross Mason. TCP. multicast.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 129 Mule Version studied: 3. Mule is a platform that is conducive to multiple exchanges between different applications that use different technologies such as HTTP. POP3 and XMPP. HTTP. XML-RPC. Mule is also an exchange platform with substantial routing capacity. Its architecture was designed to be scalable.SMILE-OSS.) WWW.0 Website: www. servlets. It is written in Java.2. JDBC. Mule is distributed under the CPAL (Common Public Attribution License). UDP. protocols and technologies. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Inc. SMTP.COM Mule is both an ESB and an EAI tool.org Vendor driven solution (MuleSoft. In fact. JMS and more.

ow2. SOAP.SMILE-OSS. XSD WSDL.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (Petals Link) driven solution WWW. SCA.COM Petals ESB is an open source enterprise service bus. all of which with a real time system and openness to the outside world. EIP. Petals ESB is a response to the issues encountered with SOA: a flexible information system adapted to rapid IT developments.1. Java.3 Website: http://petals. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . JSR 181. Integrated with Petals View (business supervision). mediator and turntable for SOA infrastructures. SMTP. Petals ESB is at the centre of a complete open source solution for SOA infrastructures. including JBI. BPEL. Petals Master (SOA governance) and Petals Studio (SOA development environment). REST. POP. IMAP and JSE Platform. XSLT. Petals ESB is distributed under the LGPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 130 Petals Version studied: 3. Petals supports and integrates many protocols and technologies. The project is coordinated by Petals Link and is developed based on the OW2 Consortium’s forges.

jboss.org/jbossesb http://servicemix.COM Name JBoss Enterprise Service Bus ServiceMix Synapse URL / Website http://www.SMILE-OSS.apache.org http://synapse. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 131 Other Among the different products available in the field of ESBs.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

The time saved on more general issues can then be devoted to the custom aspects of the application. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and use standard. Ruby. well implemented design models.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 132 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES WWW. Frameworks typically include a wide range of ready to use functionalities with well polished implementations.). JavaScript. PHP. The frameworks available on the market are generally of high quality. Most modern applications are based on web frameworks or libraries.SMILE-OSS. Frameworks can be found for any language (Java. with approaches than can vary widely. Python.COM A framework can reduce application development times by effectively responding to the most common problems encountered by developers. etc.

CSRF and so on). controllers and views. which provides a complete development context. Created by Fabien Potencier.symfony-project. Symfony also provides a set of command line tools used to manage the cache. etc. On the security end.0 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 133 Symfony Version studied: 2.org Vendor driven solution (Sensio Labs) WWW.SMILE-OSS. to automatically generate an administrative interface (admin generator). XSS. the first version was released in 2005. Adherence to the HTTP protocol and the MVC paradigm are the core of the framework. symfony protects against traditional attacks on web applications (SQL injection. The developer has standardised access to the database (thanks to the ORM Doctrine). Symfony is a framework whose operating principles are similar to Django and Ruby on Rails.0 came out in August 2011.0. and the eagerly awaited version 2. Symfony is developed by Sensio Labs and distributed under the MIT License.COM Symfony is an MVC web framework written in PHP. The framework also supplies a large library of utility functions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . to generate the basic structure and the edit screens for declared objects (scaffolding).

used to communicate with Google services. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Zend Framework is one of the duo of leaders in PHP frameworks.com Vendor driven solution (Zend Technologies) WWW. which integrates CAPTCHAs with the application.2 and supports all databases handled by PDO. Nonetheless. if not the most used. alongside symfony.11 Website: http://framework. From a general point of view. It should however be noted that Zend Framework does not include ORM.zend. it provides the components needed to create MVC applications. Zend Framework offers a very broad range of components.SMILE-OSS. these include Zend_Gdata. which also publishes the Zend engine that is at the core of the PHP interpreter. Among others. but rather a lightweight table gateway interface. It can also be seen as more of a component library than a complete framework. Zend Framework requires PHP 5. with database abstraction. It is one of the most commonly used PHP frameworks. Zend’s approach is quite different from symfony.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 134 Zend Framework Version studied: 1. and Zend_Captcha. with a much lighter coupling of its components. Zend Framework is distributed under the New BSD License and is supported by Zend Technologies.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 135 WWW.

Spring is distributed under the Apache License. making the tool a must in the Java ecosystem.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 136 Spring Version studied: 3. More simplistic that AspectJ. It provides an abstraction for the usual persistence frameworks like Hibernate. Spring ORM is a data access abstraction library. The main components are Spring MVC. Spring AOP is an aspect oriented programming framework. for transaction management and for a whole series of utility tools. Spring is also used to load the application’s various configurations.springsource. It offers a complete stack as a sort of alternative to the standard Java EE stack. Spring ORM and Spring AOP. full REST MVC framework. JDO and EclipseLink. Spring MVC is an annotation based. a division of VMware) WWW. One of the portfolio’s many components can then be used on top of this lightweight container.org Vendor driven solution (SpringSource.6 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.0. The classes that respond to user actions are annotated to indicate the method that should be used and the view that should be served. which allows it to manage dependencies between the objects forming the application. Spring is built on a lightweight container. Spring AOP nonetheless offers the usual AOP tools with different types of grafts and different ways of expressing pointcuts.COM Spring is a portfolio of tools and libraries. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . because GWT generates all its interface views using XML and Java. GWT is distributed under the terms of the Apache License. GWT’s XML format for interface descriptions allows for rapid development.0 dates back to 17 May 2006. manual integration that consists of a translation of the layout in XML and Java. which requires time-consuming. using the Java language and tools.COM Google Web Toolkit is an RIA framework developed by Google. it is. paradoxically.com/webtoolkit Vendor driven solution (Google) WWW. However. GWT can be used to create and maintain dynamic web applications that implement JavaScript. unlike technologies such as Flex and Silverlight.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 137 GWT Version studied: 2.SMILE-OSS. which require the installation of a special plug-in on client workstations. GWT enables the development of elaborate applications in pure Java that is “compiled” in JavaScript and HTML. whose version 1. The result is an extensive application that adheres to web standards.4 Website: http://code. very difficult to integrate a HTML layout.google.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 138 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

6. The purpose of jQuery is to simplify the usual JavaScript manipulations: DOM manipulation. As the community is extremely responsive. providing for virtually restriction-free integration.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 139 jQuery Version studied: 1. including Microsoft ASP. event management.COM jQuery is one of the main JavaScript libraries. jQuery is distributed under the MIT License or the GPL. One of jQuery’s strong points is its simplified plug-in writing. jQuery also has a compatibility mode. a multitude of plugins are available from the official website. and animation and management of Ajax calls. jQuery is compatible with the vast majority of browsers.com Community driven solution WWW.NET Ajax. Implementation follows a strict object based logic and could benefit from call chaining to simplify the writing. jQuery has been integrated into numerous open source projects.SMILE-OSS. including Internet Explorer 6. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which allows its use at the same time as another JavaScript library. It was created by John Resig in 2006.3 Website: http://jquery. jQuery simplifies multi-browser JavaScript developments by providing an API that is independent of the underlying platform. and Google supplies a CDN for the library’s files. which enables the reuse and functional encapsulation of behaviours.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 140 WWW.

including Internet Explorer 6.7 Website: www.prototypejs. JavaScript development with Prototype brings in a number of traditional object oriented programming concepts that are absent from standard JavaScript (constructors. It should however be noted that DOM expansion has raised a number of issues and is currently being withdrawn from the library.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 141 Prototype Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Over and above its simplification of cross-browser and Ajax oriented development.).org Community driven solution WWW. etc. Prototype is distributed under the MIT License.SMILE-OSS. legacy objects.COM Prototype is a JavaScript library created by Sam Stephenson in 2005 in order to add Ajax support to the Ruby on Rails framework. Prototype is written in JavaScript and is compatible with the vast majority of browsers. In this way. Prototype’s goal is to enrich the JavaScript language and the DOM by attaching additional components and functionalities.

used to create CRUD interfaces. and its own application server (although it is also easy to deploy on a Tomcat server). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . to transparently reload the modified code on the fly.2. Play! is written in Java.0.3 Website: www. Convention over Configuration. It therefore includes the transposition to Java of the main concepts used in frameworks like RoR. for example. Don’t Repeat Yourself.playframework. Play! is distributed under the Apache License 2.SMILE-OSS. Zenexity contributes to the project and performs product development and support.org Vendor driven solution (Zenexity) WWW. The principle behind Play! is to reduce the Java development life cycle and to limit the complexity of applications often associated with Java projects.COM Play! is a web-oriented Java framework created by Guillaume Bort in 2007. etc. its templates in Groovy and the project manager in Python. Play! also has its own technical project manager. Django and symfony: MVC. which allows it.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 142 Play! Version studied: 1.

Some of the more noteworthy websites that use Django include Disqus and Spotify. CRUD interface creation tools and classic web attack prevention systems (XSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . an interface for the Python unit testing framework (PyUnit). supplying as many pre-existing components as possible. a templating engine. Django is distributed under the BSD License. SQL injection. an infrastructure for form manipulation and data entry validation.com Foundation driven solution (Django Software Foundation) WWW.SMILE-OSS. CSRF. It is developed in Python.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 143 Django Version studied: 1. Django is based on the MVC paradigm and on the principle of Don’t Repeat Yourself.COM Django is the benchmark for web frameworks in Python. It should be noted that Django is available on the Google App Engine platform.3. etc.1 Website: https://www. a cache system. It was created in 2005 by the company Lawrence Journal-World. such as a database abstraction layer.djangoproject.).

It is developed in Ruby. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Ruby on Rails is distributed under the MIT License. In the same spirit. One of RoR’s success stories has been Twitter. HTTP management and Ajax calls) are integrated with the framework and allow the developer to concentrate on the business logic rather than the technical aspects. even if some parts (not linked to the front office) have been rewritten in Scala following load bearing issues with the Ruby interpreter.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 144 Ruby on Rails Version studied: 3. in the name of which it supplies a number of code and interface generators (scaffolding).1 Website: http://rubyonrails.COM Ruby on Rails is a web framework. written by David Heinemeier Hansson. the classic lower layers (security. The Ruby on Rails framework is characterised by the concept of Don’t Repeat Yourself. database access.org Community driven solution WWW. The first version. was released in 2004.SMILE-OSS. These generators mean the developer does not have to perform the operations over again or recode similar standard functionalities.

SMILE-OSS.com http://incubator.org/zetacomponents May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://cxf.me http://www.org http://lithify.apache.com http://codeigniter.yiiframework.COM Name CakePHP Lithium Prado PHPonTrax CodeIgniter Jelix CXF Yii Zeta Components URL / Website http://cakephp.com http://jelix.apache.pradosoft. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 145 Other Among the different products available in the field of web development frameworks and libraries.com http://www.phpontrax.

as mentioned above.COM With the advent of the smartphone. for example. BlackBerry.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 146 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS WWW. To avoid duplicating development work. three frameworks stand out far above the rest: PhoneGap.SMILE-OSS. Many mobile operating systems now exist. as well as Rhodes and Titanium. In the world of open source solutions. This is the case. crossplatform open source mobile frameworks have been created. engendering a corresponding increase in development work. Android. Symbian and Palm. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . enabling porting to X operating systems from the same source code. among others. with PhoneGap. mobile applications have increased exponentially in recent years. These frameworks use different techniques to obtain relatively similar results. which runs on the iPhone.

barcode scanner. etc.SMILE-OSS. Titanium’s JavaScript API provides for multi-platform development and its SDK generates native code from the JavaScript code. Titanium currently supports iOS and Android.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 147 Titanium Version studied: 1. The databases manipulated are SQLite DBs.com/products/titanium-mobile-application-development Vendor driven solution (Appcelerator) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . BlackBerry support is now in beta mode. while its extensions are written in native code. Titanium enables access to all smartphone and tablet PC functionalities. and a multitude of extensions are also available (PayPal.7.2 Website: http://www.appcelerator.COM Titanium Mobile is a multi-platform framework that can generate native applications for iOS and Android.0. The tool has been developed by Appcelerator since 2009. and Appcelerator offers a variety of support levels ranging from Indie to Professional. An application can be developed with Titanium in JavaScript.). This product is available under the Apache License 2.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The applications produced using PhoneGap are web applications. accelerometer. making it a complete and technically relevant solution for the development of multi-platform mobile applications. Nitobi recently launched the service PhoneGap Build. packaged by the tool so that they can be launched by the target smartphone’s native browser. PhoneGap also offers an API that can call up the smartphone’s advanced functionalities (GPS. video camera. PhoneGap is distributed under the MIT License. It currently supports six platforms.COM PhoneGap is a tool used to create multi-platform mobile applications that adhere to web standards.com Vendor driven solution (Nitobi) WWW.phonegap.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 148 PhoneGap Version studied: 1. etc. which generates final applications from a web interface.0 Website: www.). It has been developed by Canadian company Nitobi since 2008.SMILE-OSS.

including an online IDE and a marketplace.COM Rhodes is a multi-platform. Rhomobile also offers an entire suite of tools for the development and distribution of Rhodes applications. open source framework dedicated to the development of mobile applications. generated application has an embedded Ruby VM and a web server. The tool has been developed by Rhomobile since 2009. in order to remain separate from the target platform. Rhodes is a framework inspired by Ruby on Rails.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 149 Rhodes Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. On the development side. in Ruby.0 Website: http://rhomobile. Rhodes supports a large number of platforms (ranging from Android to Windows Phone 7.com/products/rhodes/ Vendor driven solution (Rhomobile) WWW. Its views are developed in HTML and the applications. The final. by way of Symbian). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Rhodes is available under the MIT License. which allows Rhodes to support many different platforms.

The available open source solutions include OpenSSL. email) secure by guaranteeing their confidentiality. In making identity management secure. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . integrity and nonrepudiation.e. OpenTrust and EJBCA. whether external (contractual and commercial relationships) or internal (staff accountability). authentication. whether via signature certificates (email or web access) or encryption (using two keys). OpenCA.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 150 PKIS WWW.SMILE-OSS. PKI tools simplify the development of transactional activities.COM PKI-style solutions are used to make electronic relationships (i.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . like the OCSP responder. The 100% community based development was initiated in 2001 and continues to be actively pursued today.COM OpenCA PKI is a component of a vast community project aiming to define standards for the development of PKI software. certificate management is handled by OpenLDAP.SMILE-OSS. testing. Finally.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 151 OpenCA Version studied: 1. OpenCA PKI is the part dedicated to certificate management. The solution is very heterogeneous but uses recognised current standards: the web server is based on Apache 2 and the interface is written in Perl.).org Community driven solution WWW. it contributes to the establishment of a complete PKI solution.1 Website: www. It can also perform rights restrictions. etc. With its modular design. it provides a web interface that can easily perform the majority of common tasks (certificate issuing and revocation. OpenCA PKI is currently covered by the BSD License.1.openca. Combined with the other components of the PKI project. Its encryption mechanisms are based on OpenSSL.

etc. i.0e Website: www. Blowfish. In particular.SMILE-OSS. it completely implements the standard for PKIs. and many tools that are more advanced in terms of their usability are based on OpenSSL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 152 OpenSSL Version studied: 1. It can write and rewrite certificates in the most common formats on the market. It is available under either the Apache or the BSD License.0. The development of OpenSSL is old. Developed in C. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .).e. it remains the benchmark for Linux and BSD and is often used in all sorts of situations requiring encryption (ranging from 802. dating back to before 1998. X509.org Community driven solution WWW. it can also issue and revoke certificates using X509 and is fully capable of handling the certification chain.openssl. In addition to providing for encryption and the hashing that is possible with any known algorithm (MD5.11 protocols to HTTPS communications.COM OpenSSL is the open source library that has virtually been raised to the rank of a standard for its cryptographic functions. by way of SSH and FTPS). AES.

COM easyCA can manage small scale PKIs very quickly and simply. etc.). Nonetheless.SMILE-OSS.9 Website: http://sourceforge. enabling the very fast creation of certification authorities and client certificates. easyCA is written in Bash and requires no dependencies other than OpenSSL. It was developed by Ferry Kemps in 2005.net/projects/easyca Community driven solution WWW. It departs almost entirely from the relative complexity of OpenSSL. It is easy to edit and personalise to meet the needs of most system administrators. It can also manage revocations and offers export options for back-ups. the basic script has been adopted by many independent projects and has been supplemented with new functionalities (OCSP. Covered by the GPL. its development seems to have been broken off at present.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 153 easyCA Version studied: 0. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

0. Its management of custom hardware such as HSMs is quite accurate. from certificate issuing. EJBCA is covered by the LGPL and has only one edition. CRL revocations to certification chains.3 Website: www.org Vendor driven solution (PrimeKey) WWW. EJBCA is one of the most complete PKI management open source solutions there is. Commercial support can be subscribed to with the vendor. and it is one of the only products to implement a large number of the standards linked to specification X509 (OCSP responder.SMILE-OSS. and so forth). CMS. It is one of the rare products that fully comply with Java Beans specifications. From a technical perspective. EJBCA is entirely written in Java and is powered by a JEE application server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is currently driven and actively maintained by Swedish company PrimeKey. It also offers a complete admin interface with rights restrictions and a client portal. EJBCA can handle all aspects of standard X509 certification.COM Developed since 2001. Like other PKI solutions. which could be either JBoss or GlassFish.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 154 EJBCA Version studied: 4.ejbca. PrimeKey.

These tools are relatively similar but their end goals may differ in some cases. we will present the various identity authentication.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 155 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. Other open source solutions like CAS. This is an OTP solution allowing for the use of passwords generated at a given time. FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT WWW. For example. FederID. This makes it possible to include third party applications in its federated identity management system in order for users logging onto their unique identification system to gain access to the application in question. the Shibboleth system provides unique multi-domain authentication.COM In this category. federation and management solutions now available. LemonLDAP and OpenAM are also described. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. LinOTP is also presented here.SMILE-OSS.

by means of one-time password tokens. flat files and so on. CAS also supplies a proxy system that allows an application to transfer the user’s identification to another back end application (whether web based or not).10 Website: www.NET.). The communication protocol used is SAML v2 and. An Apache module is also available. CAS can use different types of back ends as the user database. CAS is distributed under the Jasig (BSD-style) License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The applications themselves never have access to the user’s password. additional information can be transmitted at user login (groups. etc.SMILE-OSS. including on different domains. but rather log in the user after querying CAS. a relational database. in later versions of CAS. such as an LDAP directory.jasig. In 2004. CAS came under the banner of special interest group Jasig. in Java.COM Central Authentication Service is a web oriented Single Sign On system. It was created in the early 2000s at Yale University. PHP and . CAS is written in Java and supplies CAS clients for SSO integration with applications.4.org/cas Community driven solution WWW. full name. such as a web service or an IMAP server. CAS provides for Single Sign On between multiple sites.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 156 CAS Version studied: 3.

1 Website: http://lemonldap-ng. Access control can be defined by URL for each application in need of protection.SMILE-OSS. and LemonLDAP::NG provides for access traceability.1. databases and other systems such as OpenID and SAML. It requires the use of an Apache server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 157 LemonLDAP::NG Version studied: 1. and now taken over by the OW2 Consortium.COM LemonLDAP::NG is a Web SSO authentication system initiated in 2004 by the company Linagora. A web admin interface is also available. OpenID and SAML supplier.). in terms of both its behaviour and its appearance. It can also serve as a CAS. LemonLDAP::NG is distributed under the GPL.org Consortium driven solution (OW2) WWW. Tomcat. LemonLDAP::NG makes it possible to base web application authentication on a LDAP directory. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . but also on many other directories. although its reverse proxy mode allows it to be used with applications running on a different server (IIS. etc. The product is developed in Perl and is easy to personalise. via a template engine.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 158 OpenAM Version studied: 9.com/openam. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenAM is developed in Java. ForgeRock initiated a fork called OpenAM that it has continued to develop and maintain ever since.html Vendor driven solution (ForgeRock) WWW.5.COM OpenAM is a complete identity management solution. OpenAM provides a solution that allows for simplified roll-outs of web access rights management projects: the universal gateway. The company announced that it was going to pursue the release of new versions of OpenAM by following the original Sun Microsystems roadmap. an open source license created by Sun Microsystems and based on the Mozilla Public License. version 1.3 Website: http://forgerock. After Sun’s decision to stop developing OpenSSO. OpenAM is distributed under the CDDL (Common Development and Distribution License.1). OpenAM is an infrastructure brick that transparently performs Single Sign On functions for both web applications and middleware.

a custom web interface could be developed and included in a special section of an Intranet site.org Vendor driven solution (LSE Leading Security Experts GmbH) WWW. For example. OTP stands for “One-Time Password”: OTPs are passwords generated at a given time.3 Website: www. This means it can be administrated using tools other than those provided as part of the distribution. From a technical standpoint. An Enterprise edition is also available. LinOTP interfaces with all types of tokens that support the HMAC-OTP protocol.linotp. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with which communications are possible via simple HTTP queries. that are valid over a short period of time and only usable once.COM LinOTP is an open source OTP solution maintained by the German company LSE (Leading Security Experts) GmbH. These passwords are generated thanks to certain hardware.SMILE-OSS. as well as with hybrid solutions like MOTP devices. like tokens and even smartphones. LinOTP is a server written in Python. professional solution that can be integrated with a heterogeneous infrastructure. LinOTP is distributed under the AGPL v3. It is a robust.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 159 LinOTP Version studied: 2.

a number of extensions have been developed to allow various systems to interface with Shibboleth. in order to simplify access to internal and external resources and to make such access more secure. Shibboleth provides for the set-up of an authentication system centralised between multiple services. Like the module for Apache HTTP Server. as well as the propagation of identities between these services.SMILE-OSS.0 was published in 2003. The goal of identity propagation is twofold: to delegate authentication to the user’s original establishment and to retrieve certain user attributes (to manage access control or to personalise content).COM Shibboleth was developed by the consortium Internet2. It is written in Java and C++.0. Version 1.edu Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 160 Shibboleth Version studied: 2. Shibboleth is distributed under the Apache License 2.0 Website: http://shibboleth. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which encompasses more than 200 universities and research centres.internet2.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . federation and management.net/projects/opensso http://federid. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.ow2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 161 Other Among the different products available in the field of identity authentication.COM Name OpenSSO FederID URL / Website http://java.

but also a database. etc. A graphical interface is usually available for entry of the test scenarios: a path via a specific page. Tsung and FunkLoad. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The open source tools in this category include JMeter.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 162 LOAD TESTING TOOLS WWW. load testing tools are applications that simulate heavy loads on a service.SMILE-OSS. This could be a website. variable loading from an external file. web service. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex. completion of a particular form. The possibilities are many. etc.COM As the name suggests. etc. clicks on a given menu. These applications generally offer load testing output in the form of a large number of exportable graphs and statistics generated in reports. LDAP directory. conditions. form submission. with loops. extraction and reuse of variables.

with loops. written in Java. and many types of graphs and statistics.apache.COM JMeter is a traffic injection tool published by the Apache Foundation.5 Website: http://jakarta. Its development started in 2001. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 163 JMeter Version studied: 2. etc. database. variable loading from an external file. LDAP. It has a graphical interface that simplifies the creation of user scenarios.org/jmeter Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. JMeter is distributed under the Apache License. extraction and reuse of variables. It is used to conduct load testing on multiple server types: web. conditions.

0 Website: http://tsung. It also includes an automated statistics generator.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 164 Tsung Version studied: 1.erlang-projects. it is now developed by an independent community.COM Tsung is a traffic injection tool used for load testing of different types of servers. it is not subject to the traditional limitations of this type of tool and can therefore simulate very heavy traffic. Initially created by the French company Idealx. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Developed in Erlang. MySQL and PostgreSQL databases. a language that specialises in high performance applications. and XMPP.org Community driven solution WWW. Tsung is available under the GPL.4.SMILE-OSS. It supports HTTP and a handful of spin-offs (SOAP and WebDAV).

the following can also be added to the list: WWW.ow2.COM Name CLIF OpenSTA FunkLoad URL / Website http://clif.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 165 Other Among the different products available in the field of load testing tools.org http://funkload.nuxeo.SMILE-OSS.org http://opensta.

) indexed with a series of keywords.COM Search engines.SMILE-OSS. Search engines usually consist of two services: indexing and searches. files. videos. In the world of open source. the market is dominated by the search engines Lucene and Solr. phonetics. images. etc. They allow us to locate and access resources (in the broadest sense of the term – web pages. conjugations. etc. speed and relevance algorithm) and by their linguistic processing functions (plurals. They can generally be differentiated by their indexing capacity (format.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 166 SEARCH ENGINES WWW. like operating systems and databases. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . These two are quite often associated with the best web applications.). are the cornerstones of our daily lives.

Initially distributed under the LGPL.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Lucene is now available under the Apache License. It can be integrated with Java applications but also with applications in other languages like Ruby.SMILE-OSS. among others.4. It handles all of this with an exceptional level of performance. C++ and more. etc. Like most search engines. configurable relevance and more. processing input data all at once and assigning them multiple links. On the functional side.apache. most widely used and most dynamic search tool on the open source market. the Lucene project is the solution selected by Wikipedia. without a doubt.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 167 Lucene Version studied: 3. conjugations. Lucene is based on the concept of automated indexing. Lucene is. in other words. synonym management. Lucene is written in Java. First and foremost. It was released for free downloading by Doug Cutting in March 2000.0 Website: http://lucene. to index and perform searches on its content.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Lucene supports searches for related forms of the same word (plural or singular. PHP. the most well known. Lucene is a content search and indexing library.COM Driven by the Apache Foundation. Perl. tenses.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 168 WWW.

One of Lucene’s major characteristics is its capacity to index the content by field or by attribute. This allows for much more detailed management of relevance and advanced searches. rather it is made of fields. meaning that a document is not analysed as a simple set of words.0 Website: http://lucene.COM Solr is an overlay of Lucene that adds functionalities and simplifies the roll-out of certain Lucene functions known to be excessively technical.apache. Solr makes it possible to take full advantage of this functionality. Solr is a corporate search server that centralises indexing and results serving operations. Solr can communicate with other applications via many protocols based on open standards. Solr is distributed under the Apache License. It also offers an admin interface in web mode. which decided to publish their work in 2006.SMILE-OSS.org/solr Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Its development was initiated by CNET Networks.4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 169 Solr Version studied: 3. with each field being a string of words (terms).

spell-checking.SMILE-OSS. A simple template system makes it possible to customise the search page.3. it supplies an integratable CGI script on a web server. Boolean search operators and more. mnoGoSearch specialises in indexing Internet and Intranet websites. etc. mnoGoSearch is developed in C. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . mnoGoSearch is distributed under the GPL for UNIX environments. As a result.mnogosearch. synonyms. whereas Windows binaries are proprietary and available for a fee. its indexing method is primarily based on HTTP crawling. mnoGoSearch natively supports numerous languages. For searches. mnoGoSearch also supports the indexing of office documents by means of external utilities (catdoc.11 Website: www.COM mnoGoSearch is a search engine whose first open source version came out in 2000. It can use a MySQL or PostgreSQL database as storage.Com) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 170 mnoGoSearch Version studied: 3. pdf2text.).org Vendor driven solution (Lavtech. as well as file system indexing without a HTTP server.

). OpenSearchServer was developed internally for the website of Usine Nouvelle.open-search-server. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . PDF. it differs from Solr in its HTTP accessible graphical admin interface. In addition. does most of the development work and provides support for the tool. The company of the same name. OpenSearchServer is easy to expand with custom modules that enhance its functionalities.COM OpenSearchServer is a search engine created by Emmanuel Keller. OpenSearchServer also interfaces easily with any application by means of a REST interface.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 171 OpenSearchServer Version studied: 1. MS Office. The first open source version was released in 2008. OpenSearchServer can also interpret the content of a number of file formats (OpenOffice. page exclusion.). OpenSearchServer is distributed under the GPL. Based on Lucene.SMILE-OSS. its highly advanced site crawling capacity (thread management.com Vendor driven solution (OpenSearchServer) WWW.2. based in Paris. OpenSearchServer is written in Java. etc. a database indexing system and a file crawler. index programming.1 Website: www.

uk http://www.org http://sphinxsearch.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 172 Other Among the different products available in the field of search engines.flax.SMILE-OSS.com/products/lucidworkssearch-platform May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com http://www.apache.lucidimagination.co. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Nutch Sphinx Flax LucidWorks URL / Website http://nutch.

In the world of HTTP servers. It will not be hard to find service providers to meet your consulting or integration needs. the graphs below do not display the average scores.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 173 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS WWW. we will present the open source HTTP and JEE application servers currently available on the market. HTTP servers (also referred to as HTTP daemons and web servers) serve web users’ queries (often pages or images) in accordance with HTTP protocol. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. many other names have also cropped up on the scene. Regarding application servers.COM In this category.SMILE-OSS. although JBoss AS and Tomcat share the spotlight. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . thanks to its outstanding reputation. the Apache server is largely dominant. namely GlassFish.

Red Hat acquired JBoss.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 174 JBoss AS Version studied: 7. with more than one third of the market share.COM JBoss AS is the global leader in application servers. however. it represents an excellent alternative to commercial application servers like WebSphere and WebLogic. JBoss provides a clear and simple admin interface. The product’s first designer was Marc Fleury.0. It is written in Java. In April 2006.jboss.org/jbossas Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. Its tree structure is. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. quite complex. Inc.1 Website: www. JBoss is distributed under the LGPL. With its Java EE 6 Web Profile certification.

and delegates pages that use Java (servlets. a software engineer at Sun.apache.) to Tomcat. This means it can run via the Java virtual machine on any operating system that supports it. Tomcat is distributed under the Apache License. It is the most widely used Java application server in the world. for example.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.0. Tomcat is often combined with a more “general” web server like Apache or even JBoss.21 Website: http://tomcat. etc. The Tomcat project was launched as the reference implementation of servlets by James Duncan Davidson.COM Apache Tomcat is the Apache Foundation’s JEE servlets container. JSP. Its admin interface is very succinct.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 175 Tomcat Version studied: 7. It is written in Java.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Moreover. the web server serves HTML web pages. In these cases.

0. Servlet 3.0. In particular.COM GlassFish is the reference implementation of Java EE developed by Oracle. CDI 1. JPA 2.0.1. JAX-RS 1. It is written in Java.0) was released in 2006.java. etc.net Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. covering: EJB 3. the project originated in 2005 with the opening of the Sun Application Server. GlassFish is a complete implementation of Java EE 6. GlassFish is distributed under either the CDDL or the GPL v2. The first version of GlassFish (1. In terms of standards.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 176 GlassFish Version studied: 3.1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In fact. GlassFish boasts a comprehensive admin interface and a complete shell allowing for command line administration of the server.0.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: http://glassfish. JSF 2.0.

It offers tremendous flexibility in its configuration and a multitude of modules for functional cover that remains unparalleled today.20 Website: http://httpd. Python and Ruby.SMILE-OSS.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. PHP. Over and above its initial scope. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a new API and support for IPv6. support for SSI tags and CGIs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 177 Apache Version studied: 2. and so on. Version 2a namely added multi-platform support (including Windows).3 server.2. Its development began in 1995 as a mere collection of patches and additions for the NCSA HTTPd 1.apache. It is distributed under the Apache License. Apache was designed to be modular and to be able to host additional functionalities such as interpretation of Perl.COM Apache is the most widely used web server in the world.

org http://geronimo.org http://wiki.lighttpd.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 178 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP and application servers. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.ow2.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .apache.SMILE-OSS.org http://www.org http://nginx.COM Name EasyBeans Geronimo JOnAS nginx lighttpd URL / Website http://wiki.jonas.easybeans.

COM Message Oriented Middleware or “MOMs” are particularly invaluable tools in the implementation of exchanges between all types of applications. and RPC. but the resulting exchanges are based on a whole stack of network protocols. RMI and SOAP. Middleware is a high level tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 179 MOM & EAI WWW. are usually considered to be real middleware. given that it provides its services to applications. all of which are also asynchronous. so long as they are interconnected by a network. Middleware allows different applications to communicate and interoperate. This interoperation can occur even when the applications are running on different servers.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Middleware is more than a mere protocol for calling the services offered by an application.

The languages by which ActiveMQ can be accessed are: C. Ruby.SMILE-OSS. it can process messages according to enterprise integration patterns (EIPs). Mule and Geronimo (as the default JMS provider). ActiveMQ’s message processing is undoubtedly its most famous asset. Delphi. .COM Released in 2004. The diversity of languages and environments it supports is particularly impressive and is one of ActiveMQ’s greatest assets.5. etc. Ajax. PHP. C++. FreePascal. ActiveMQ in turn is used by several other major projects: Apache Service Mix. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 180 ActiveMQ Version studied: 5. ActiveMQ relies on a handful of other Apache projects: Apache Camel (partial implementation of enterprise integration patterns) and Jetty (Java application server integrated with ActiveMQ). Python. Perl. Thanks to the integrated Camel project.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.0. after its superior connectivity. Pike. It is distributed under the Apache License 2.apache. ActiveMQ is developed in Java.Net. RESTful and SOAP. ActiveMQ is the open source MOM published by the Apache Foundation.0 Website: http://activemq.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 181 WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

JOnAS. JORAM has been distributed under the LGPL since May 2000.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 182 JORAM Version studied: 5.7. which can then simulate a JMS environment).0 Website: http://joram.SMILE-OSS.COM JORAM (Java Open Reliable Asynchronous Messaging) is the middleware created by the consortium Object Web. Queues and topics are therefore represented by agents.ow2. with which JORAM is integrated. In the case of JORAM. Object Web is also known for its Java application server. JORAM has an elegant internal architecture based on the agent model. This approach offers a high level of flexibility because it allows for the creation and deletion of agents on the fly and on any broker whatsoever. C and C++ (using JNI. A user connected to the platform is also represented by an agent called a “proxy”. events take the form of messages.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (ScalAgent) driven solution WWW. An agent is a software component the responds to certain events. released in 1999. The languages by which JORAM can be accessed are: Java (via the JMS interface). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

COM Name JBoss Messaging URL / Website http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 183 Other Among the different products available in the field of MOM and EAI.SMILE-OSS.jboss.org/jbossmessaging May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM In this final category of the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension. we will be presenting Drools (an amazing rule engine) and ESIGate (which makes it possible to build pages on the fly from fragments taken from different technologies).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 184 OTHER WWW.SMILE-OSS. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them. In particular. the graphs below do not display the average scores. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.

rule hierarchies and categorisation. Drools comprises multiple modules: Guvnor (web admin interface).COM Drools (or JBoss Rules) is a system for managing business rules that uses a forward chaining inference engine.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 185 Drools Version studied: 5. The rules can be viewed technically.jboss. Planner (automated planning engine) and Flow (workflow engine). Drools Guvnor offers the following services: version control and rule deployment. The use of a tool like Drools allows for the evolution of rules and constraints without having to alter the associated computer programme. Expert (rule engine). Drools is distributed under the Apache License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and automated rule deployment.2.org/drools Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW.0 Website: www. but also thanks to a publisher that is very easy to access. in the form of a business intelligence table that is perfectly understandable by functional users. rule editing without development.SMILE-OSS. The benefits of this are clear.

capable of integrating any web application without requiring the slightest modification to existing set-up.SMILE-OSS. In this instance. ESIGate is written in Java and accepts multiple syntaxes. the leading European integrator of open source solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ESIGate interfaces with existing servers. ESIGate can also be configured to extract snatches of content from existing pages. HTML comments can then be inserted so as to perfectly delimit the blocks for extraction. ESIGate is distributed under the Apache License. The various bits of content obtained from different servers are then assembled on a single page and served to the user.esigate.org Community driven solution WWW. from which it can retrieve HTML pages on the fly. The major strength of this approach is the fact that it is technologically agnostic.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 186 ESIGate Version studied: 2.19 Website: www.COM ESIGate is a web content aggregator. It was created by a number of specialist JEE engineers at Smile. either based on JSP taglibs or using the ESI standard tags defined by Akamai for its Content Delivery Network.

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APPLICATIONS DIMENSION
The “Applications” dimension includes all the solutions commonly used by companies’ end users. They typically offer carefully developed interfaces that are far removed from the command lines typically available in tools in the “Infrastructure” dimension.

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The vast majority of these tools are developed by vendors, unlike infrastructure tools, which are primarily community based. These vendors have chosen the open source model for publication of their solutions. Their economic models are mostly based on support, and even warranties, for the products in question. These tools have played a key role in the widespread adoption of open source technologies, by offering quality applications with very broad scopes. There are almost no categories now that do not include at least one open source option. Even in very specific domains like library management and business intelligence, open source solutions are available. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension, and nearly 100 are listed in total, among the following categories:

       

CRMs Business Intelligence: ETLs Business Intelligence: Reporting Business Intelligence: Suites E-commerce ERPs CMSs EDM & ECM

      

Libraries & Documentation Portals Corporate social networks Blogs, Wikis and Forums E-learning Visitor tracking Other

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CRMS

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CRM (customer relationship management) systems are tools designed to capture, process and analyse information on existing and prospective clients. The scope of these tools is therefore potentially very (very) broad, given that it pertains to all the actions developed to foster customer and prospect loyalty by offering the best possible service. CRM functionalities can include multi-entity management, customer service, case and groupware management, sales cycles, marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns, contact and account management, and more. Excellent products the likes of SugarCRM and vtiger are some of those available from the world of open source solutions.

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OpenCRX
Version studied: 2.8.5 Website: www.opencrx.org Community driven solution

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openCRX is an open source CRM solution chiefly designed for corporate use. It is currently developed and maintained by a small team of developers. The first version appeared in 2004 and has continued to improve since then. openCRX provides a multitude of functionalities including multi-entity CRM for companies with elevated sales automation needs, customer service, case and groupware management, etc. The functionalities offered in these domains exceed those provided by other CRMs on the market (whether open source or not). That being said, it is missing a number of functionalities in other important aspects of the life cycle, such as marketing. Some of the main developers work for companies that supply plug-ins and additional services, particularly CRIXP Corp., a German company. But openCRX itself is a purely community driven project. It is available under a BSD-style License. openCRX is a JEE application that supports most relational databases including Oracle, DB2, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

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SugarCRM
Version studied: 6.3.0 Website: www.sugarcrm.com Vendor driven solution (SugarCRM, Inc.)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SugarCRM is an open source customer relationship management suite. It was first distributed in 2004 and SugarCRM, Inc. has since continued to develop and maintain it. The vendor is based in Cupertino, California. SugarCRM has evolved to cover all the main features of customer management and the sales cycle. It boasts an impressive list of functionalities, ranging from marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns to leads, by way of contact and account management, and more. The latest versions (particularly since version 6) have emphasised mobile CRM (native applications) and the integration of a Social CRM dimension. SugarCRM comes in three types: a Community edition (free, open source), an Enterprise edition (with additional functionalities) and a SaaS edition (on demand). The Community edition (published under the Affero GNU Public License v3) has a much smaller scope than the other editions. The product is based on a LAMP platform, with a number of possible variants in respect to databases and web servers (so long as PHP can be run).

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VTiger
Version studied: 5.2.1 Website: www.vtiger.com Vendor driven solution (vtiger)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

vtiger is an open source CRM created from a fork of SugarCRM in 2004. The reason for this fork was to preserve a completely free and 100% open source product at a time when SugarCRM was beginning to diversify its business model by launching commercial editions. vtiger has been evolving continuously since then. The latest version (published in November 2010) offers a complete set of functionalities, including reports and dashboards, invoices and organisational (team) access control. vtiger also has connectors for the most common office automation suites and for messaging clients. More recently, vtiger has taken its first steps in the mobile universe with iPhone and Android apps. As a company, vtiger operates out of Bangalore, India, and Sunnyvale, California. It is responsible for managing the open source project. It offers technical support, training, migration and other services. The product is built on a LAMP/WAMP platform. vtiger On Demand (cloud based) is hosted on the Amazon EC2 platform. The source code from the SugarCRM fork is covered by the SugarCRM Public License and vtiger modifications are under the MPL.

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“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 192 Other Among the different products available in the field of CRMs.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www.openerp.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name CiviCRM OpenERP URL / Website http://civicrm.

Transform.COM ETLs often serve as a business intelligence brick. Load”. ETL tools can be used for much simpler extraction. The term designates tools used to perform massive information synchronisations from one data source to another. although they can also be used outside that context. They usually include connectors for data imports and exports to and from third party applications. transformation and/or loading scenarios.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS WWW. Open source ETL solutions include Talend and Pentaho Data Integration (formerly Kettle). ETL stands for “Extract.SMILE-OSS. In practice. Transformations can be performed by means of existing plug-ins or through programming. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

business models. Talend Open Studio. plus reference data management and a data quality module. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and the MDM. TIS (Talend Integration Suite). The other editions are covered by commercial licenses sold as annual subscriptions. Talend MDM. etc.SMILE-OSS. Talend’s basic brick. which only contains the ETL tool. process roll-out. In 2010. is licensed under the GPL. Two editions are available: the ETL. developed by French based vendor Talend.talend.2. The MDM edition includes the above. then generate the corresponding executable file in the form of a Java or Perl programme.). It is a code generator-style ETL. a MDM brick was released. The scope of TIS includes process definition (jobs). A very thorough list of components makes it possible to connect to any type of database or application (SAP.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW.COM Talend Open Studio is an open source ETL tool that appeared in 2005.3 Website: www. SugarCRM. and roll-out administration.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 194 Talend Version studied: 4. meaning that it can graphically create data manipulation and transformation processes.

along with various transformation operations like conversions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 195 Pentaho Data Integration Version studied: 4.1. filtering and even the execution of JavaScript functions.1.SMILE-OSS. A commercial module. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . provides a graphical view of data transformation results beginning with the first steps in any development. the latest available version of Pentaho Data Integration was 4. joins. Agile BI. At the time when these lines were written. the Agile BI module is distributed under a commercial license.0 Website: http://kettle. data import/export jobs can be created without additional programming. A GPL edition of PDI is available.COM Pentaho Data Integration (PDI) is an open source ETL tool used to design and execute data manipulation and transformation operations.pentaho. Thanks to a step based graphical model.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. A planner is also available to schedule job execution.

SMILE-OSS. they can also build dynamic pivot tables.COM One of the key bricks in business intelligence is report preparation. directly in a company’s reports. Further. PPT and other formats. PDF. XLS. Tools like JasperReports go as far as offering multidimensional analyses.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING WWW. reporting tools generally have plug-ins to allow them to attach easily to external sources and applications. Reporting tools like BIRT not only generate reports (configured or unconfigured) in HTML. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. which make it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server. DOC.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The BIRT engine can be integrated with any application developed in Java.SMILE-OSS. XLS. BIRT is also able to create dynamic pivot tables. The BIRT engine is a library that generates configured and unconfigured reports in HTML.org/birt Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW.eclipse. DOC and PPT formats. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. The project was launched in 2005. advanced graphs. whether it’s a web application or a “fat client” style app. The report designer is a plug-in that integrates with Eclipse (and can also be run as a stand-alone solution). and images. PDF.7 Website: www. a report generator and a design environment.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 197 BIRT Version studied: 3.COM BIRT (Business Intelligence and Reporting Tool) is an Eclipse community project that includes a graph generator. containing multiple tables. BIRT is exclusively available under the GPL. These reports can be complex.

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JasperReports / iReport
Version studied: 4.0.2 Website: http://jasperforge.org/project/ireport Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JasperReports is a report engine developed by Jaspersoft and distributed under an open source license. iReport is Jaspersoft’s report designer. When this paper was written, JasperReports and iReport were available in version 4.0.2. These tools have been around since 2001 and are already widely used in the reporting segments of many business applications. The JasperReports engine can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF, XLS and TXT formats. It uses JFreeChart to generate graphs and can be integrated with any application developed in Java. In addition to the classic databases, it also supports multidimensional analytical servers, which makes it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server, directly in a JasperReports report. The report designer, iReport, is used to lay out the reports. JasperReports has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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Pentaho Report Designer
Version studied: 3.8 Website: http://reporting.pentaho.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JFreeReport joined the Pentaho project in early 2006. The name, JFreeReport, has gradually been abandoned in favour of Pentaho Report Designer (PRD). PRD allows for the development of complex reports and, when used with the Pentaho platform, can publish them directly on the decision server. At the time of writing, PRD was available in version 3.8. Pentaho Report Designer is an easy to use tool that is fully integrated with Pentaho’s BI suite for parameter management and online publication. It can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF and XLS formats and supports multiple data sources. However, the creation of dynamic pivot tables is not user-friendly (hidden functionality) but is expected to be improved in version 4. Pentaho Report Designer has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Business intelligence suites generally cover the two categories presented above, i.e. ETLs and reporting. This means the scope of these suites is extremely broad: report execution, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, query assistance, ETL, publication workflow management module, etc. There is a wealth of open source business intelligence tools including four of very high quality: Jaspersoft, SpagoBI, Palo and Pentaho.

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SpagoBI
Version studied: 3.0 Website: http://www.spagoworld.org/ Vendor driven solution (Engineering Ingegneria Informatica)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SpagoBI is a business intelligence platform developed by Italian firm Engineering Ingegneria Informatica. The project was launched in 2007. At the time of writing, SpagoBI Server was available in version 3.0. Like Pentaho and JasperServer, the scope of SpagoBI’s functionalities includes the execution of JasperReports reports (created using iReport) and BIRT reports, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, a support component for query creation (Query by Example, QbE), etc. The default ETL tool is Talend. In addition, this suite also offers a publication workflow management module (draft reports not visible on the web portal). SpagoBI is available under the LGPL, i.e. only open source, no commercial edition.

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Jaspersoft
Version studied: 4.1 Website: www.jaspersoft.com Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JasperServer is the business intelligence platform published by Jaspersoft, the company that also develops the report generator JasperReports, available since 2001. This platform delivers reporting and analytical functionalities. The community edition offers report design and generation (using iReport). The commercial edition can create business domains, and semantic and technical layers over relational SQL databases, which can simultaneously define a business lexicon, separate the user from the technical side and from SQL, and easily add in data access security. Another major functionality is the creation of ad hoc reports, where the end user can create his or her own reports on a user-friendly web interface. In addition, like other BI platforms, Jasper can create OLAP cubes (Mondrian bricks) and integrates Talend for ETL. JasperServer comes in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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advanced ad hoc reporting and more). The differences are as follows: ad hoc reporting is available in the community edition. but is much less evolved there than in the commercial JasperServer.COM Pentaho is a software suite that distributes functionalities and business intelligence documents to a large number of people via the intermediary of a web interface.SMILE-OSS. The project was launched in 2007. Like JasperServer. the reporting does not yet include dynamic pivot tables.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 203 Pentaho Version studied: 4 Website: www. and data security control is more complicated to set up. Pentaho has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license). in which JasperServer offers very useful functionalities (domains. OLAP analysis (Mondrian). a metadata layer and classic reporting (Pentaho Report Designer). ad hoc reporting. the Pentaho suite is more complete than Jasper’s community edition. but the opposite is true of the commercial edition. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .pentaho. Pentaho covers all the functionalities of a BI suite: ETL (Pentaho Data Integration). Overall.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW.

Palo BI Suite is available in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition. an “Excel-like” web spreadsheet programme incorporating all the functions of Excel (formulas.jedox. an ETL tool for interfacing with operational databases in order to feed data to Palo’s DBs. etc. a German company founded in 2002. and an event observer (Supervision Server) that can also trigger events based on certain actions. the Supervision Server and a tool for converting Excel files to web spreadsheets.html Vendor driven solution (Palo) WWW.com/en/products/Palo-Suite. The commercial edition includes a web report manager. publishes the Palo Suite. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . graphs.org Calc (supports cube reading and writing). an add-on for Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice. This suite comprises the following: an OLAP server to manage multidimensional databases (in the form of cubes and dimensions).2 Website: www. as well as various related components that combine to make it a complete business intelligence suite.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 204 Palo Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS.) that allows for online entry and access of data on the OLAP server. macros.COM Jedox. in addition to the functionalities of the community edition.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 205 E-COMMERCE WWW. multishop management. The scope of e-shops has been expanding. Whether e-merchants want to advertise their e-shops and increase their traffic. now encompassing functionalities like advanced categorisation. provide customer service or perform any number of other actions.COM The field of e-commerce is another very plentiful one. However. in this category we have nonetheless focused on open source e-shop solutions. presenting the leading products including Magento and PrestaShop. cross-selling and up-selling functions. and more. many solutions are available to them today. promotional engines.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . management of configurable products. the definition of product groups. conclude sales. give clients a terrific shopping experience. inform customers about their products. advanced currency and VAT rate management.

etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Magento Inc. (formerly Varien).magentocommerce.SMILE-OSS. multi-shop management. Magento’s gamble paid off upon its release. which allowed it to bring together an extremely active community in record time. large scale merchant sites with functionalities like advanced categorisation. generated tremendous buzz worldwide. advanced currency and VAT rate management. management of configurable products. cross-selling and up-selling functions.11 (Enterprise edition) Website: www.6 (Community edition) and 1. In return for an annual fee. In April 2009. Initially distributed exclusively under the OSL. this version provides a number of additional functionalities and a support contract.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 206 Magento Version studied: 1. driven by US based Magento Inc. The solution is based on the Zend PHP framework and boasts many innovations in terms of participatory functionalities. Magento’s great strength lies in its superior modularity and its robustness.) WWW. It was clearly devised to support ambitious. the definition of product groups. this tool. capturing a large share of the market. a powerful promotional engine.COM Beginning with its first beta versions in 2007. Magento announced the release of an Enterprise edition.

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PrestaShop
Version studied: 1.4.4.1 Website: www.prestashop.com Vendor driven solution (PrestaShop)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released a few months after Magento (in July 2008), PrestaShop is a French e-commerce solution that quickly won over a large number of users thanks to its easy implementation and its complete alignment with the needs of e-merchants, which have since established strong ties with the product (80,000 websites worldwide use the solution). From a functional perspective, PrestaShop has also proven to be quite complete: in terms of catalogues, account management, orders, logistics and reporting, all the functionalities of an e-commerce platform are covered. The tool even includes native management of functions like shop locators, SMS alerts and customer rewards programmes. And if that were not enough, nearly a thousand ready to use modules are also available. PrestaShop is distributed under the OSL. PrestaShop is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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OXID
Version studied: 4.5 Website: www.oxid-esales.com Vendor driven solution (OXID)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released in November 2008, German solution OXID quickly conquered the German-speaking market thanks to its great functional depth. After becoming the leading e-commerce solution in Germany in a very short period of time, OXID arrived in France in mid 2011, in an edition completely localised for the specific characteristics of the French market. Without a doubt, it offers the greatest functional depth of any solution, after Magento. OXID was devised for use as a multi-channel system: web, mobile, interactive kiosks, etc. Everything in it is designed to allow users to serve their catalogues to multiple devices. Although there is some room for improvement in its back office ergonomics, OXID remains suitable for even the most ambitious of merchant sites. OXID is distributed under the GPL v3. OXID is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It integrates jQuery’s Ajax framework, has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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RBS Change
Version studied: 3.0.4 Website: www.rbschange.com Vendor driven solution (Ready Business System)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

The open source model has attracted many different software companies. RBS joined their ranks when it released its Change CMS and e-commerce applications under an open source license in February 2010. The fruit of five years of development work and more than a hundred projects, this solution is very promising from both a technical and a functional perspective. The aspects that differentiate this solution are the following: fully integrated and joined CMS and e-commerce systems, a management back office that uses Ajax technology, an Enterprise edition with advanced functionalities (ability to preview a site as it will appear on a given date, automated management of promotions, etc.) and so on. RBS Change is published under the Affero GPL v3. Because of the newness of its turn toward open source, RBS Change has few members in its community, meaning it has not yet developed this key component to ensuring the longevity of its open source solution. RBS Change is written in PHP and is based on a PHP5 framework developed by the vendor and that offers an advanced development environment.

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Drupal Commerce
Version studied: 1.0 Website: www.drupalcommerce.org Vendor driven solution (Commerce Guys)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released in August 2011, Drupal Commerce is the e-commerce branch of the globally renowned CMS, Drupal. The successor to the Ubercart extension, Drupal Commerce enjoys the support of two companies: Commerce Guys for its roadmap management and community moderation, and Acquia (created by Drupal’s founder, Dries Buytaert) for its support services. Although the functional scope of Drupal Commerce remains slightly smaller than its elders, it is, along with RBSChange, the only solution to offer real content management functionalities, backed by the recognised efficiency of Drupal. Like the CMS, Drupal Commerce is also an extremely modular solution with a very active community. Drupal Commerce is licensed under the GPL v3. Drupal Commerce is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It is distributed as a Drupal 7 module.

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osCommerce
Version studied: 3.0.2 Website: www.oscommerce.com Community driven solution

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

It would be hard to omit osCommerce in a discussion of open source e-commerce solutions. This tool, first released in March 2000, was quickly established as the must-have e-commerce solution and the standard bearer for open source supply, which was only just beginning to blossom at the time. But in recent years, the community has begun to break apart from the development team, developing a multitude of forks. Development of the solution itself has slowed substantially since 2006. As the ageing code makes the application very difficult to maintain, the team embarked on a complete overhaul of the tool, whose third version was recently released after several years’ wait. Distributed under the GPL, osCommerce relies entirely on a once very large and very active community. Wholly developed in PHP/MySQL, osCommerce owes a great deal of its success to the lack of open source alternatives and to the explosion of e-business in the early 2000s. Today it remains the most commonly deployed webshop in the world.

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org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name Thelia OFBiz Spree Broadleaf Commerce URL / Website http://thelia.com http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://spreecommerce.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 212 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-commerce.SMILE-OSS.broadleafcommerce.apache.net http://ofbiz.

SMILE-OSS. Because the playing field is so vast. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . currently targeting SMEs with staff of more than 1000. But one of the most important selection criteria is flexibility/expandability. in other words the technological bases that will allow a given product to be adapted to a variety of different contexts with a limited number of custom developments. Products like Compiere. distribution and services sectors. Open source ERPs initially provided small SMEs with complete management tools at the lowest cost. thereby rapidly stepping up their competitiveness.COM The world of enterprise resource planning (ERP) has in turn been overwhelmed by open source solutions that have now reached maturity. in the industrial. Openbravo and ERP5 set the bar for open source ERPs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 213 ERPS WWW. But these solutions are already climbing the ladder. OpenERP. differences in functional cover can turn a product more toward a particular sector of activities.

com Vendor driven solution (Compiere Inc. for example with sales management. R/2 and R/3. The concept of the application dictionary (a Compiere based meta-programming model used to align relational persistence with the structures of personalised business data and data interfaces) was prototyped in 1988 for SAP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Compiere is relatively comprehensive.2 (Community Edition) Website: www.) WWW. etc. particularly for SMEs/SMIs. Compiere is distributed under the MPL and is written in Java.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 214 Compiere Version studied: 3. thanks in particular to its support of the Oracle database and its Java base. then used in service of the Compiere open source project.compiere. The latter has been extremely successful in recent years (especially in the distribution and services sectors). From a functional standpoint. accountancy and financial management. backed by his 20 years of experience at SAP then Oracle and his proficiency in the products ADV/Orga. production management.SMILE-OSS.COM Compiere was originally developed by Jorg Janke of Germany. inventory and logistics functions. purchasing functions. Unisys.

COM ERP5 is one of the new classes of ERPs whose more ambitious conceptual foundations have simplified the development of business solutions.4. but also a CRM. and is now primarily maintained. ERP5 is distributed under the GPL. does not rank among the top relational databases. SCM and PDM system. an open source vendor headquartered in Lille. France. logistics and human resources. sales and e-commerce. MRP. and management of inventory.SMILE-OSS. management of purchasing. It is written in Python and based on the Zope Object Database which. production data management (PDM). supply chain management (SCM). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 215 ERP5 Version studied: 5.erp5. Thus ERP5 is indeed an ERP. namely including finance and accountancy. customer relationship management (CRM). It boasts a relatively broad scope.6 Website: www.com Vendor driven solution (Nexedi) WWW. despite its qualities. ERP5 was created. by Nexedi.

COM The Open For Business (OFBiz) project was created in 2001 and concluded its first development phase around 2003 under the impetus of its two creators. OFBiz was not designed as a turnkey ERP. In 2006 it was even submitted to the Apache Foundation as an incubator project. top level project. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Since then.apache. It very quickly emerged from the process as an approved. the project has been enhanced with numerous additional functional modules. in recent years the tool has focused particularly on ecommerce interfaces. Unlike Compiere and OpenERP. Further.SMILE-OSS. It is instead an ERP framework for the development of enterprise software. David Jones and Andrew Zenesky.04 Website: http://ofbiz.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 216 OFBiz Version studied: 10. OFBiz is distributed under the Apache License. It is written in Java.

as well as its entity manager. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Openbravo is published under the Openbravo Public License. and transposed it to a web interface set up on a Java server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 217 Openbravo Version studied: 3. although smaller than that of OpenERP.openbravo. The vendor is solid and capable of supplying professional level support. The project. These interfaces are the product’s strong point. Openbravo is based on web technologies including JEE and Ajax. initially called Tecnicia.COM Openbravo is a Spanish solution based on Compiere’s ERP (another open source product presented in this paper) and created in 2001. based on the MPL (v1. went open source in 2005.0 Website: www. Openbravo forked all Compiere’s business PL/SQL source code. as they are perhaps the most attractive and most ergonomic on the market.SMILE-OSS.com Vendor driven solution (Openbravo) WWW. the product’s dynamics are only moderate. particularly in terms of its client lists.1). Despite major fund-raising activities in 2005. Openbravo targets the ERP market for SMEs and has quite a large scope.

whether by configuring new workflows or new information. and its framework allows for rapid adaptation to unique contexts. purchasing. The PostgreSQL database is used. or by means of dashboards. billing and more. such as sales.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 218 OpenERP Version studied: 6.0 (version 6 of the tool and onward). OpenERP is written in Python and is supported by a powerful object oriented framework. logistics. resulting in the constantly increasing effectiveness of the ERP in a business setting. production.0. HR. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . All this is made possible by real technological innovation based on recognised standards in terms of databases and web services. accountancy. OpenERP is distributed under the AGPL 3. OpenERP combines the strength of a vendor with that of a large community – including its integrators based around the world – that outline all the ways the tool is used and provide precious feedback. projects.3 Website: www.openerp.COM OpenERP (formerly Tiny ERP) was founded in Belgium in 2005 by Fabien Pinckaers.com Vendor driven solution (OpenERP) WWW. OpenERP covers all needs. particularly in the form of reusable modules. inventory.SMILE-OSS.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 219 CMSS WWW. TYPO3. secure extranets. modularity. service sites.SMILE-OSS. and their functional and technical scopes. Drupal. Jahia. corporate sites. given their domination as a result of their capacities. InfoGlue.COM Content management now covers a wide range of needs: information sites. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which have all become standards in the world of content management. participatory intranets. community spaces. etc. there are a number of excellent open source solutions with very broad scopes like eZ Publish. SPIP. To cover this scope. they have become more than serious alternatives in the field of enterprise content management: they now dominate the market. Over the years. Joomla and Plone. Hippo CMS.

An enormous community has formed around the product. highly appreciated modules developed by the community. Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source. online payments. Originally designed as a collective blog. Technically speaking. surveys. chats. Drupal is built around LAMP technologies (PHP and MySQL in particular). The main strength of this CMS lies in its expandability. In particular. Support is available from Acquia (www. it has well designed. forms.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 220 Drupal Version studied: 7. photo galleries.acquia. polls. messaging.COM Drupal is a multi-faceted CMS.SMILE-OSS. it has a wide variety of possible applications today: from the corporate website to the community portal. that make it particularly well suited to corporate social networks.8 Website: www. Drupal does it all! It was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success ever since. newsletters.org Community driven solution WWW. It can easily host numerous complementary modules (forums. shared calendars and more).drupal. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com).

ez. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . multilingualism. eZ Publish is an open source software solution published under the GPL. links between content.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 221 eZ Publish Version studied: 4. versioning. In terms of the fundamentals of content management. etc. It pushes the object oriented approach to its full potential. manages three different file caches and separates content very distinctly from presentation. Technically. workflows. but also as a development framework for the creation of business applications. eZ Publish is one of the most powerful open source tools available today. access rights. making each content item an object and applying all available methods to each one: multiple positioning. runs on Apache and MySQL (PostgreSQL 8 and Oracle 11g are supported).COM eZ Publish was created in 1999 by eZ Systems. support and a warranty.5 Website: www. This makes it a highly configurable CMS.no Vendor driven solution (eZ Systems) WWW. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and a commercial Enterprise edition that provides stability. eZ Publish is written in PostGreSQL. eZ Publish stands out from other open source CMSs for its possibilities in terms of configurations and extensions: it is presented as a ready to use tool.SMILE-OSS.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 222 WWW.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It was created in 1999 by Dutch vendor OneHippo. scalable architecture.onehippo. content creation. The user interface is less extensive than in some of the other products. direct content publishing.SMILE-OSS. These efforts make it easy for developers to take charge of the tool. but it remains ergonomic and functional and includes most of the common functionalities expected of a good CMS. and to define a clear. to use proven tools like Spring.com Vendor driven solution (OneHippo) WWW. Hippo CMS is distributed under the Apache License 2.0. content import/export. etc.6 Website: www. multiple sites. Jackrabbit and Maven. multilingualism. quality suite. The product’s roadmap is. particularly dynamic and promises a comprehensive. publication workflows. templating. support and a warranty. It is heavily used in the Nordic countries and especially in the Netherlands.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 223 Hippo CMS Version studied: 7. The designers of Hippo CMS endeavoured to comply with standards (JEE). Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and an Enterprise edition that provides stability. moreover. Technically well designed. Hippo CMS offers real benefits for the integration of functional needs by developers. It includes most of the functionalities that one might expect of a CMS: document model publishing.COM Hippo CMS is an open source CMS that is a member of the family of CMSs written in Java.

In fact. Jahia’s finishing touches and packaging are impressive. support for JSR 170 standards. Jahia makes for an excellent alternative to the portal solutions available from the major proprietary vendors. perfectly integrated product. thereby ensuring the tool’s longevity and alignment with real needs on the ground. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.COM Jahia is a Franco-Swiss product created in the 2000s. effective workflows.5 saw the arrival of a very user-friendly interface and a very complete template publisher. etc. incorporating multi-site management. Apache Lucene search engine. etc. with the possibility of viewing and modifying its source code (under the GPL for the Community edition). In functional terms. support for JSR 168 portlet standards.com Vendor driven solution (Jahia) WWW. which is merged with the site itself. multilingualism. support and a warranty. highly detailed rights management. In particular.jahia. Jahia is one of only a few solutions to combine JEE portals with content management in a single. versioning. Jahia is built on JEE technologies: persistence via Hibernate.5 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 224 Jahia Version studied: 6. which occupies a place apart in the world of JEE portals and CMSs. structured data. version 6. Jahia is one of the most compete CMS solutions. Jahia also has an Enterprise version available under a commercial license that provides stability. Jahia stands out from other CMSs thanks to its content administration interface.

particularly corporatestyle sites (requiring simple publication). searches. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Joomla Version studied: 1. the majority of developers in the community devote their work to Joomla. access stats. categorisation. Today. Joomla is a 100% community based solution published under the GNU GPL. Joomla is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database. The mantra is to “give full product control to non-technicians”.joomla. It was created after a disagreement between the lead developers and the company coordinating the development. which clearly tips the scales in its favour. Page creation.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 225 WWW. meaningful URLs and a multitude of modules are integrated directly and do not require any special knowledge for their implementation. This CMS is ideally suited to personal websites but could also satisfy the needs of certain professional sites.7 Website: www.org Community driven solution Joomla is a CMS developed from Mambo in 2005. This tool chiefly stands out for the user-friendliness of its admin interface.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 226 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

2.10 Website: www. with multiple versions released each year and hundreds – if not thousands – of members. The flip side of this simplicity is that SPIP has a number of limitations in respect of certain key content management functionalities.1. SPIP’s software is written in PHP using a MySQL database.COM Originally in 2001.spip. conflict management. which clearly restricts it to the world of web oriented. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . but SPIP has since grown and is now used by private and public organisations to manage their professional websites. as opposed to corporate oriented.0 of SPIP was released nearly two years after version 1. an API. SPIP is a French open source project (licensed under the GPL) and its community can be described as active. This success can be attributed to the product’s simplicity.net Community driven solution WWW.9.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 227 SPIP Version studied: 2. SPIP is one of the few CMSs to be able to claim client references that number in the thousands worldwide. SPIP was primarily used by web surfers to manage their own personal websites and on associations’ websites. private. in terms of use as well as deployment and adaptation. and new template development functions. a page for downloading and installing plug-ins. content management. This new branch offers a multitude of new functionalities: possibility of installation on PostgreSQL and SQLite. Version 2.SMILE-OSS. Ajax based interface. a simplified.

thumbnails to be created and titles to be generated dynamically as images.5 LTS Website: www. since which time a very active community has developed.org Community driven solution WWW. Rights and contribution management. It offers just about everything one might want. caching. templates and more: it’s all there. particularly in the Germanic countries.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 228 TYPO3 Version studied: 4.SMILE-OSS. authorisations. TYPO3 is one of the richest tools we have encountered to date. One of the functionalities available in TYPO3 is image manipulation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A module can add a series of functionalities to TYPO3.COM TYPO3 is the fruit of several years of labour by a Danish guru by the name of Kasper Skårhøj. The product was released late in 2000. TYPO3 is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database. but it can also modify a previously integrated functionality without altering TYPO3’s source code. One of its major strengths lies in its modular expandability. with very few limitations.typo3. which allows images to be resized. TYPO3 is a 100% community based solution published under the GPL. all of which nicely polished. thus maintaining its compatibility with future versions of the tool. In terms of ready to use functionalities.

com http://lenya.cmsmadesimple.com http://modx.org http://www.magnolia-cms.org http://www.silverstripe.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .mamboserver.org http://www.org http://www.opencms. over and above the products presented above.zope.org http://www.COM Name Plone InfoGlue Mambo Apache Lenya Zope SilverStripe MODX CMS Made Simple Sympal Apostrophe Cayaha Magnolia Silverpeas umbraco Centurion OpenCMS URL / Website http://plone.com http://umbraco.apache.com http://centurion-project.com http://www. open source supply is particularly strong.com http://www.silverpeas. the following tools can also be added: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 229 Other In the world of content management.infoglue.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.com http://cahaya-project. By way of example.org http://www.org http://apostrophenow.sympalphp.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 230 EDM & ECM WWW. locating and using information – whether or not it is structured or included in a document.SMILE-OSS. longevity and pricing. Nuxeo. open source EDM solutions have reached an extraordinary level of maturity and can compete on equal terms with the main commercial products. providing unique benefits in terms of openness. Jahia and more: the available supply of open source document management solutions is expanding every day.COM Enterprise content management (ECM) is characterised by a combination of electronic document management tools (EDM or DMS) and content management systems (CMS). At present. ECM can increase an organisation’s efficiency by offering its personnel a practical and efficient solution for creating. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Alfresco. Maarch. Knowledge Tree.

The Alfresco Forge site is also worthy of note.4 Website: www. Alfresco comes in two editions: a free Labs edition under the GPL and an Enterprise edition that gives access to the vendor’s warranty. category management. web content management and more. independent databases. Alfresco is written in JEE and has strong development dynamics as well as a large community of users and developers. The company now operates directly in England. document workflows and advanced workflows. to RM and integrated clustering modules and to intermediate versions.alfresco. Alfresco offers all the expected document management functionalities: metadata.COM Alfresco is the ECM solution created in 2005 by British vendor Alfresco Software. collaboration tools.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 231 Alfresco Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. with its wide variety of plug-ins. France and the United States. management of multiple. searches.com Vendor driven solution (Alfresco Software) WWW. document types. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . itself founded the same year by former executives at Documentum and Business Object.

etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . incorporating metadata. Nuxeo is built on JEE technologies and uses open source components from the JBoss. The tool sets itself apart thanks to various special aspects: a theme editor.nuxeo. document types.SMILE-OSS. multi-file. complex content management (web. the concept of typed “relationships” between different contents. Nuxeo Enterprise Platform is the result of the migration of the Zope based version in Python to Java.4. the concept of the publication section.COM Nuxeo is a French company founded by Stéfane Fermigier. The company currently operates in France and the United States. collaboration functions. advanced workflows. structured.). Apache and Eclipse projects and from Sun’s open source projects. The solution provides for complete enterprise content management. vocabulary management.2 Website: www. category management. Nuxeo is published under the LGPL.com Vendor driven solution (Nuxeo) WWW. etc. multiple database management and more. completely modular architecture. that has been producing an open source EDM solution since 2001. searches.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 232 Nuxeo Version studied: 5.

to name but a few aspects.com Vendor driven solution (Jam Warehouse) WWW. a scanner management application. MS Office integration. The application is well crafted and provides for simple and efficient EDM.7 Website: www. are distributed under a commercial license.SMILE-OSS. The vendor’s website posts a comparison of the different editions. namely those concerning workstation integration (hot folder. The open source edition of Knowledge Tree incorporates the majority of its functions. the admin functions. Knowledge Tree is written in PHP and runs on a LAMP platform. immediately operational standard interface.COM Knowledge Tree is an EDM solution developed by the South African company Jam Warehouse. Knowledge Tree has a complete set of functionalities and multiple modules that provide for good integration with an office environment. navigation. We particularly appreciated the streamlined.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 233 Knowledge Tree Version studied: 3.). although a number of modules.knowledgetree. etc. the advanced search functionality that will meet the most demanding needs for complex searches. the default virtual navigation modes and the ergonomics of the module when integrated with MS Office. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

COM Maarch is an ECM solution developed by the French firm Maerys.maarch. an application dedicated to mailroom management. This orientation provides a solution for the design of corporate document applications. Its product line includes Maarch Entreprise and Letter Box. Finally. Letter Box is a vertical application that can. It is delivered with a set of functions and an interface that is completely mailroom oriented. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . interface with a scanner and can manage the life cycle of correspondence circulating within the company: receipt. Maarch Framework 3.com/en Vendor driven solution (Maerys) WWW. It should be noted that the solution’s community is rather small.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 234 Maarch Version studied: 1. The solution is licensed under the GPL v3. response handling and archiving. revolving closely around the vendor. Maarch is build on an in-house PHP framework.2 Website: www. This distribution also includes the functions needed for corporate EDM.SMILE-OSS. in particular. Maarch Entreprise is dedicated to application design.

dynacase. By way of example.com http://www.COM Name Jahia Freedom Quotero eXo DMS URL / Website http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 235 Other In the world of document management.jahia.SMILE-OSS.com http://www.quotero. open source supply is particularly strong.exoplatform.org http://www. over and above the products presented above.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added: WWW.

The most notable examples of these are Koha and PMB. DSI (interest based displays).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 236 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION WWW. management of periodicals and purchasing. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OAI-PMH server. thesaurus management. The main functionalities of these tools include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing. etc. open source library and documentation management tools have emerged in recent years. disk management. OPAC (user search interface). borrower management.SMILE-OSS.COM Built upon the world of document management. lending/returns with fines. Z3950 Client and Server.

Z3950 Client and Server. Koha is maintained by its community. Koha’s main functionalities include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing.COM This ILS (integrated library system) was created in 1999 by a consortium of four libraries in New Zealand.koha. but can also be installed on OpenBSD. Koha is chiefly designed for libraries that want to comply with the UNIMARC cataloguing standard. Windows. OPAC. periodicals and ordering.org Community driven solution WWW. etc. Two French companies have built their businesses around Koha. OAI-PMH server. disk management. Koha is developed in Perl and runs on Debian Linux. It is recommended that OPAC searches be replaced by a CMS (for example. Koha does not offer any EDM functions. and so on. lending/returns with fines. a Drupal connector already exists) for more user-friendly ergonomics. FreeBSD.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 237 Koha Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2 Website: www. The databases it supports are MySQL and PostgreSQL.SMILE-OSS. Distributed under the GNU GPL v2. Mac OS X. With the exception of thumbnail retrieval.

) that can therefore run on Linux. web. borrower management. Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows. thesaurus management. It should be noted that.COM Created in 2003 by French company PMB Services.). Z3950 Client. and more.pmbservices. MySQL.4 Website: www. DSI (interest based displays).fr Vendor driven solution (PMB Services) WWW. PMB was developed around a LAMP/WAMP platform (Apache. etc. etc. management of periodicals and purchasing. at the time of writing. it had no established network of partners.SMILE-OSS.) with file attachments. this very complete ILS was chiefly designed for document resource centres and specialised libraries that do not require UNIMARC cataloguing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 238 PMB Version studied: 3. PMB is distributed under the CeCILL License. PHP. Fulltext indexing is provided for in its roadmap. multimedia. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . along with notice imports (UNIMARC. OPAC (user search interface). PMB’s main functionalities include the cataloguing of all types of documents (text. CSV.

SMILE-OSS. job offers. Finally. A combination of content and service packaging.COM A portal is a website that brings together a variety of resources. either pertaining to the same subject (real estate. portals also incorporate a degree of more or less advanced personalisation.e. a general interest portal such as Yahoo!. eXo Platform and. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Silverpeas. etc. i. and their own added value stems from the selection and compilation of these tools. Portals provide access to resources that they do not necessarily own: they offer services from other websites.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 239 PORTALS WWW.) or with no specific subject. The top examples include Liferay. links to third party resources. and personalisation: these are the aspects that typically define a portal. A number of open source tools are available for the creation of this type of project. more recently.

The source code and a packaged edition are freely accessible via an open source license (Affero GPL). eXo Platform is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286 and WSRP 1 and 2. eXo WCM (2.0) incorporates four open source projects in a single package: eXo Collaboration (2.1). whilst an enterprise edition is sold by subscription. Ukraine and Tunisia. the United States.0 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The latest version of eXo Platform (3. but the product’s functional collaboration and exchange tools make it a viable candidate for any project of this type.COM eXo is an open source French vendor founded in 2003.1). It also integrates a content repository in alignment with JSR 170.exoplatform.com Vendor driven solution (eXo) WWW. Vietnam. The company has offices in France.SMILE-OSS.1).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 240 eXo Platform Version studied: 3. The solution’s ergonomics are slightly behind the competition. eXo Knowledge (2. eXo Platform is distributed under a double licensing model.1) and eXo Social (1. It publishes a collaboration and content management software suite for businesses.

a blog and a common directory.silverpeas. because it provides for easy builds of mini-sites with a simple WYSIWYG interface.SMILE-OSS. In reality. a CMS or a collaborative work tool. the solution first came to life as proprietary software before its recent transition to open source. Developed between 2001 and 2003. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Silverpeas is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. it is at the crossroads of these three dimensions. It is a collaborative tool. It is a portal.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 241 Silverpeas Version studied: 7.4 Website: www. It is a CMS. Silverpeas stands out for its significant functional depth and generally user-friendly ergonomics.com Vendor driven solution (Oevo Group) WWW. a shared calendar. a forum. because it can compile heterogeneous resources. Although the product’s visibility remains chiefly national at present. It is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286.COM Silverpeas is a collaborative and social portal. Silverpeas is not just a portal. Silverpeas is a very interesting option for quick builds of simple collaborative portals. because it includes project management tools with tasks and an integrated Gantt diagram.

allowing for the standardised integration of any existing application.0 Website: www. Liferay was originally created for an American church in 2000. and it also provides a powerful staging solution.SMILE-OSS. to compile content and information. Liferay is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168. etc. to share resources and for collaboration. In addition.COM Liferay is a good-level open source corporate portal solution that can be used. and intuitive management of communities of practice and of the hierarchical organisation of the entity using it.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 242 Liferay Version studied: 6.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay Inc. among other functionalities. wikis.liferay. Liferay is an excellent corporate portal solution. Its open source edition (Liferay Portal Community Edition) is available under the LGPL. Liferay is highly flexible in terms of rights management and the adaptability of the graphical appearance of pages. forums.). resource reservations.) WWW. One of its strengths is the simplicity of personalisation by the end user. notifications. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . JSR 286 and JSR 170. Liferay also offers more than 60 portlets including a full range of collaborative and social tools (blogs. Liferay is distributed under a double licensing model. tasks centre.

the following tools can also be added: WWW.apache.fr May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . open source supply is particularly strong.org/gatein http://portals.paris. over and above the products presented above. By way of example.apache.COM Name JBoss / GateIn Apache Pluto Sakai Jetspeed-2 Lutece URL / Website http://www.org http://portals.jboss.org/jetspeed-2 http://lutece.org/pluto http://sakaiproject.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 243 Other In the world of portals.SMILE-OSS.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 244 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS) WWW. LinkedIn. This is how social networks are used by companies: to create wealth. Elgg and Liferay Social Office. speaks for itself (more than 400 million users are registered on Facebook to date). more and more quality open source solutions have appeared on the market. etc.SMILE-OSS. meeting new people. This shows the interest people have in connecting to one another. CSNs (corporate social networks) were born of the realisation that companies could also use this type of resource to generate value. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .. the likes of Drupal Commons. Twitter. communicating and working together. In response to this need.COM The success of social networking sites such as Facebook. The use of social networks is now an established fact and as a result companies are encouraging their staff to use them to communicate.

messaging.). improvement of profile attributes. blogs. etc.COM BuddyPress was designed in 2008 by Andy Peatling while he was working on adding networking functionalities to the famous WordPress blog engine. BuddyPress is delivered standard with a number of functionalities which are very easy to activate. It therefore has a similar architecture. The next version (v1.3) will consolidate the existing structure and functionalities (install interface. etc. groups. using PHP. forums. WordPress 3.2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . friends management. BuddyPress has the special feature of being built on the Wordpress tool. BuddyPress enjoys an active community. BuddyPress is published under the GNU GPL v2. Apache and MySQL.0 support.SMILE-OSS. such as activities feeds. A roadmap is available on the community website. profiles. released in May 2009.org Community driven solution WWW. The first official version (v1).9 Website: http://buddypress. has enjoyed increasing use ever since.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 245 BuddyPress Version studied: 1.

The Drupal Commons distribution has a broad native scope capable of rapidly implementing a real social network. FriendList (list of friends). From a technical point of view. The scope of the community portals that can be created using Drupal depends on the available modules (more than 10.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 246 Drupal Commons Version studied: 2. In fact. Organic Group (groups management).COM Drupal Commons is a Drupal oriented social networks distribution published by Acquia (a services company founded by Drupal’s creator) in 2010. and more. Some relevant examples include Homebox (for personalised pages). will offer greater stability and a broader functional scope. Drupal was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success since then. it was the full package configuration. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . v7.000 – although not all of them concern CSNs).com Vendor driven solution (Acquia) WWW. The latest version.0 Website: www. which we examined here. Content Profile (profile data management). Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source.acquia. Drupal Commons.SMILE-OSS. A support option is available from Acquia. Drupal is built on LAMP technologies (particularly PHP and MySQL). Invite Friends (friend management). Privatemsg (private messaging).

MySQL and PHP) technologies. activities feeds.elgg.org). and it has a very active community that produces a large number of interesting plug-ins (www. groups management (with restricted access spaces). Elgg is published under the GPL v2.1 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. making it possible to easily and rapidly extend product functionalities (more than 900 plug-ins). Its architecture is plug-in enabled.com Vendor driven solution (Curverider Ltd) WWW. Elgg is written in PHP and runs on LAMP (Linux.elgg.0. who subsequently went on to create Curverider Limited in order to maintain and enhance the product. a complete API. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . publisher Curverider offers a number of services such as bug fixes and hosting. rights management. Its modular design provides for its expandability. blogging and microblogging. On the support side. Apache.COM Elgg is one of the most well-known and most successful open source social networking solutions.8. It was created in 2004 by Dave Tosh and Ben Werdmuller.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 247 Elgg Version studied: 1. Elgg offers most of the functionalities expected of a social networking project. These include profile management (with the possibility of attribute definition).

Social Office uses the Liferay portal. events. document management. which includes vendor support. chat function.0 Website: www. The Liferay portal was launched by Brian Chan in the early 2000s.liferay. groups. However.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay) WWW.5 is in beta) is distributed under the Affero GPL. A corporate version also exists. the embedded Liferay chat function is of high quality. etc. It includes a number of project functionalities and very few conversational components. Liferay launched a variation on its portal with specific packaging for cooperative work: Liferay Social Office. On the technology side. which already has the Liferay portal to its name. Its functions are very business orientated: profiles/members. in other words JEE architecture. The Community edition of Social Office (current version 1.SMILE-OSS. At the end of 2008. Social Office is its corporate social cooperation solution. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .B (Beta) / Liferay P 6.COM Liferay Social Office is a product of Liferay.5. wiki. calendar. It supports around a dozen databases and application servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 248 Liferay Social Office Version studied: Liferay SO 1.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 249 Other In the world of corporate social networks. the following tools can also be added: WWW. open source supply is particularly strong.com http://project. By way of example.com http://mahara.com http://lovdbyless.org http://www.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .askspree.ez.com http://pligg. over and above the products presented above.noserub.SMILE-OSS.COM Name eZ Teamroom eXo Social LovdbyLess Mahara NoseRub Pligg Spree URL / Website http://www.exoplatform.no http://www.

the graphs below do not display the average scores. WIKIS AND FORUMS WWW.0 in their own right. A blog is a type of website comprising posts. It is said that they are a component of Web 2. A forum is (typically) a public discussion area in which exchanges are arranged by subject.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 250 BLOGS.SMILE-OSS. XWiki. although its unique feature is its openness to others: wiki pages are usually modifiable by visitors. wikis and forums have ceased to truly be “presented” as such. now that have become such a firmly integrated part of corporate life. i.e. In this category.COM Blogs. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. phpBB. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. A wiki can also be defined as a type of website. we will present the best open source solutions available today: Dotclear. notes that are accumulated over time and displayed in chronological order. in the interest of collaborative contributions.

1 Website: http://dotclear. Xavier Plantefève took over the project. It is developed in PHP and supports PostgreSQL (8.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. It generates pages with a structure that optimises their natural referencing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 251 Dotclear Version studied: 2.COM Dotclear is an open source web publishing solution created in 2002 by Olivier Meunier. Dotclear’s software was designed first and foremost for its users. In June 2009. who regularly contribute to its development. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Dotclear was designed for maximum user comfort.3. with its two step automated installation. Dotclear’s functional depth makes it a high quality publishing tool. Dotclear is distributed under the GPL v2. In addition. MySQL (at least 4.1 with InnoDB) and SQLite databases.0 and above). Over and above its functionalities. many themes and plug-ins are available for easy personalisation. equal and in some cases far superior to other tools of the same type.

SMILE-OSS. Emoticons are used to make the content more visible. Where cookies are enabled. phpBB is distributed under the GPL v2. adverts and post-its.phpbb. BBCode (similar to HTML code) can be used in these messages for an enhanced layout.0. those posted since the last time the page was viewed) can quickly be accessed. phpBB can be used to create surveys. new messages (i. there is complete support for different visual themes: the graphics segment is completely separate from the software itself. phpBB also handles an optional email system that can send notifications whenever a reply is posted on a subject (or subjects) tracked by the user. Graphically. In addition to the usual functions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 252 phpBB Version studied: 3.e. a private messaging system between users eliminates the need to publish personal email addresses. and so can be personalised at will. Going a step further.9 Website: www. with the latter two locked at the top of the page for enhanced visibility.COM phpBB is a tool in the forums family. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Community driven solution WWW. It is built on LAMP architecture and is written in PHP.

It can be used as a development area.COM TWiki is programmed in Perl. a document administration system or a personal administration system. The software uses the principle of a wiki to provide a collaborative work platform.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is a cgi-bin script written in Perl. The information contained in TWiki is stored in text files and converted to HTML on the fly. Developers can expand TWiki’s content and functionalities by means of a variety of extensions.0 Website: http://twiki.1.org Vendor driven solution (TWiki) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 253 TWiki Version studied: 5. TWiki is distributed under the GPL v2.

org Vendor driven solution (XWiki SAS) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 254 XWiki Version studied: 3.e.). In additional to standard wiki functionalities (simplified layout. XWiki is used for work collaboration.SMILE-OSS. etc. XWiki is distributed under the LGPL.COM XWiki was created by Ludovic Dubost in 2004. A second generation wiki application.1 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is now primarily supported by the company XWiki SAS. The programming languages used within the wiki itself are Velocity and Groovy. It is this possibility that makes it a wiki application. It includes a number of APIs and a system of plug-ins and portlets. It is developed in Java using a Hibernate database. access rights management. information sharing and online content publication (structured or unstructured). its adaptability to user needs. it offers the option of performing programming directly on the wiki’s pages. collaborative publishing.xwiki. i.

Wordpress was the work of Matt Mullenweg.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 255 Wordpress Version studied: 3. through a fork from a tool called "B2". was the merger of Wordpress and Wordpress MU.1 Website: http://wordpress. Version 3. It features many APIs and a sophisticated plugin mechanism. with thousands of available extensions. and has enjoyed a growing success through the years. It is among the most sophisticated blog tools. It is now supported by a very large community. Wordpress is released under a GPL licence. It is developped in PHP. that can also be used for building web sites.COM Wordpress was created in 2003. for the greater part. on a MySQL database. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with new versions comming out every six months or so. offering native multi-blog management. that was released in june 2010. The product roadmap is very active.3. Wordpress is a very comprehensive and feature-rich blog tool.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 256 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .simplemachines.com http://www. over and above the products presented above.dokuwiki.informer. open source supply is particularly dynamic. wikis and forums.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 257 Other In the world of blogs.COM Name DokuWiki FSB MediaWiki PunBB SMF URL / Website http://www. the following tools can also be added: WWW.org http://punbb.com http://www.SMILE-OSS.mediawiki.org/dokuwiki http://www. By way of example.fire-soft-board.

SCORM compatibility. test their knowledge.SMILE-OSS. Among the available open source solutions.COM E-learning. student supervision and more.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 258 E-LEARNING WWW. particularly web based ones. consists in educational activities that occur via electronic solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . questionnaires. collaborative tools (wikis. The main functionalities of e-learning tools include management of teachers. creation of educational resource types. also referred to as “online training”. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. E-learning solutions are used to create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. Moodle and Claroline enjoy an excellent reputation. timetables. students and classes. forums and blogs).

Moodle is a LAMP (Linux. and more. questionnaires. forums and blogs). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is distributed under the GPL. Mac OS X.COM Created in 2002 by Australian Martin Dougiamas (who had previously worked on the proprietary solution WebTC). Moodle is supported by active communities of practice that contribute to its development. with PostgreSQL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 259 Moodle Version studied: 2. NetWare. collaborative tools (wikis. module creation. test their knowledge. FreeBSD.SMILE-OSS. etc. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server databases.1 Website: http://moodle. Authorised service companies offer various services such as hosting. Its main functionalities include management of teachers. timetables and student supervision. It can create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. MySQL and PHP) application. Moodle is the mostly widely used online learning platform in the world. creation of nine types of educational resources. SCORM compatibility. It also runs on UNIX. Apache. students and classes. Linux. Its modular approach responds to needs ranging from those of individual trainers to major institutions. Windows.org Community driven solution WWW.

10.COM Created in 2000 at the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL). Claroline is the second most commonly used online learning application in Europe. It should be noted that it gave rise to the Dokeos fork (now under corporate management).6.5 Website: www.claroline. Distributed under the GPL. SCORM and IMS QTI 2 compatibility. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .8. owing in part to its lesser functional depth in comparison to Moodle.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 260 Claroline Version studied: 1. collaborative tools (wikis and forums). Mac OS and Microsoft Windows. timetables and statistics on attendance and on students’ marks on different exercises. coordinates the platform’s developments and promotes its use. Claroline’s development currently enjoys the support of the Walloon Region and of three other Belgian partners. It uses MySQL databases. created in 2007 in the form of an international not-for-profit association. questionnaires. It is easy to use. which in turn gave rise to the promising fork of Dokeos 1. unites the Claroline community.net Consortium driven solution WWW. students and classes. Its main functionalities include management of teachers. Claroline is written in PHP and runs on Linux. Chamilo. creation of exercises and classes. The consortium.

dokeos.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 261 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-learning.com http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://www.ilias.chamilo.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name Dokeos Chamilo Ilias URL / Website http://www.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 262 VISITOR TRACKING WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In the world of open source solutions. which work based on HTTP server log files.COM There are two categories of tools that are external to applications (in the broadest sense of the term) and that are used to generate visitor statistics: log analysers. and remote applications that collect their data using special tags inserted on the pages.SMILE-OSS. tools like AWStats (log analyser) and Piwik (tag analysis) are commonly used.

It is very popular among systems and network administrators. time. unique visitors.SMILE-OSS.COM AWStats is an audience tracking tool based on analyses of web logs. The AWStats open source software is available under the GPL.net Community driven solution WWW. graphs and reports generated from its analysis of web logs (as well as FTP. pages.0 Website: http://awstats. AWStats can be installed and run on most systems. by domain/country. It was written a number of years ago by Laurent Destailleur.sourceforge.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 263 AWStats Version studied: 7. WebStar. browser. IIS. thanks in particular to an efficient caching policy. OS. hits. host. It is a highly mature supervision tool with packages on all Linux distributions. AWStats provides a wide range of statistics. etc. and so on. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Its functionalities include measurements of the number of visits. It can natively read the log files of most web servers such as Apache. One of the strengths of AWStats lies in the possibility of dynamically generating tables without losing out on performance. Written in Perl. transfers. streaming and email).

1 Website: http://piwik. Piwik is distributed under the GPL v3. under the direction of Matthieu Aubry. it received the award for the best SourceForge project for July 2010 – so we can only expect good times ahead for the solution. geographic distribution and more. The solution was recently released. visit durations. a distribution of visits by time zone. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Piwik’s objective is to become a preferred alternative to Google Analytics. in fact. In just a few clicks. This is a tall order.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 264 Piwik Version studied: 1. users can access graphs of the most recent visits.COM Piwik is the successor to phpMyVisites. search engine rankings. visitor browsers. objectives tracking. visitor countries.SMILE-OSS.5. The very young Piwik is already universally acclaimed. a list of external sites. a list of keywords used.org Community driven solution WWW. an API and an interface that is very user-friendly thanks to the combined use of Ajax and Flash. but it must be said that its beginnings appear promising. It is built on LAMP architecture and boasts a system of plug-ins.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 265 OTHER WWW. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . we will be presenting OpenX (an ad server solution) and LimeSurvey (an advanced tool for the creation of professional surveys and polls). Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.SMILE-OSS. In particular.COM In this final category of the “Applications” dimension. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them.

OpenX enjoys a relatively vast functional scope.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 266 OpenX Version studied: 2. etc. limits on the number of clicks or displays per day. HTML or CSV format. along with data on campaign results. rotating displays in a single zone. Flash. HTML. handling multiple sites and advertisers.SMILE-OSS. DoubleClick. reports exported in Excel. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .8. JavaScript.openx.COM OpenX is an open source advertising brokerage solution. Statistics can also be calculated by campaign. such as images. OpenX provides good control of advertising campaigns for one or more websites. The application can handle hundred of millions of impressions per month. management of priority campaigns. schedule based banner displays (with start and end dates). etc. Atlas and Yahoo!). MySQL and a PHP accelerator. clicks and clicks by channel. It runs on an Apache (or HTTPd) web server with PHP. multiple formats (IAB and more).7 Site Internet de la solution : www. with tracking of displays. OpenX supports a wide variety of media. OpenX is distributed under the GPL v2. US based vendor OpenX publishes and supports the tool.com Vendor driven solution (OpenX) WWW. Google Ad Sense.

It was registered on SourceForge. rankings.net on 20 February 2003 under the name of PHPSurveyor. Ubuntu and Gnome.limesurvey. It was written by an Australian developer named Jason Cleeland.org. numerical input and more. LimeSurvey is used worldwide by a large number of private individuals. The software can produce questionnaires with an unlimited number of categories and questions. scales.org Community driven solution WWW.91 Website: www. in combination with a MySQL. LimeSurvey is a complete open source tool dedicated to the creation of all sorts of questionnaires. PostgreSQL or Microsoft SQL Server database. 20 styles of questions are available when creating a questionnaire: dates. at universities and at government institutions. by major corporations. Its most noteworthy customer references include OpenOffice.COM LimeSurvey (formerly PHPSurveyor) is an open source online survey solution.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . dropdown lists. LimeSurvey is written in PHP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 267 LimeSurvey Version studied: 1. LimeSurvey is distributed under the GPL.

the definition of an open source policy can be of benefit.COM As can be seen throughout this paper. the range of open source solutions is particularly vast. lasting and innovative architectures. for example. We hope that this paper will serve to guide you toward the best products and will help you to build secure. Thus the question has ceased to be whether or not to use or short-list open source tools for a given project. and so on. to name but a few. standards compliance. acquisition and implementation processes.SMILE-OSS. approved licenses. For this reason. opting for open source is no longer so much a question but rather a “no-brainer” for most companies. methods of contribution. A corporate open source policy is a document that sets out the company’s rules for the deployment of open source software: selection criteria. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. freedom of choice. Administrators and users are well aware that nothing is more reliable or effective than a Linux server when it comes to running a Java or PHP application server. or operating a database. In 2009. developer instructions. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. and is instead how to select the best tools that will integrate most smoothly with the existing environment. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with products of very high quality boasting some of the best technical and functional bases on the software market today. The advantages of using open source solutions are so extensive: longevity. development dynamics. All the studies have confirmed it: open source is everywhere in companies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 268 CONCLUSION WWW. de facto standards and cost. and this percentage is undoubtedly even higher now in 2012. This is a major task. a Gartner study estimated that 85% of companies were using open source solutions. freely available for downloading. The document explains the benefits afforded to IT Departments by establishing an open source policy. As a result. but a crucial one. support requirements.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 269 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS WWW.COM A paper like this one cannot be written by a single person. We would like to take this opportunity to warmly thank all those who devoted their time and effort to it. for the curiosity and commitment they show each day to open source solutions. and the need to cover tools as varied as VPNs and elearning. And to our growing team at Smile. given the wide range of competencies and knowledge required. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. Benoît JACQUEMONT Maxime BESSON Patrick KOUASSI Alexandre NION Philippe DE OLIVERIA Frédéric DE GOMBERT Patrick NERDEN Thomas CHOPPY Jean-François BOSSARD Régis DAMONGEOT Thibaut DEMARET Julien BAGARIE Sébastien GIRAUD Alain ARDITI Patrice BERTRAND Barthélémy VESSEMONT Eric DRIER DE LA FORGE Guillaume MAISSA Eric PLAQUEVENT Allaedine EL BANNA Jérémy SUBTIL Marc GIBERT Sylvain TACQUET Badr CHENTOUF Hélène ZYSMAN Philippe BRIERE Sébastien MAULION Aurélien LEMAIRE Aurélien FOUCRET Marc MAURICE Sylvain BANNIER Jennifer LEROYER Jason YERGEAU … .

139 Dotclear. 99 Nagios. 121 CUPS. 234 Liferay Social Office. 30 Knowledge Tree. 180 eXo Platform. 33 Claroline. 108 AIDE. 232 eZ Publish. 112 EJBCA. 175 Activiti. 218 JORAM. 101 Moodle. 149 Eclipse. 163 LVS. 216 Horde.SMILE-OSS. 192 Jaspersoft. 155 Linux-HA. 150 Elgg. 114 mnoGoSearch. 72 Keepalived. 113 Maven. 226 Magento.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 270 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS WWW. 89 Cyrus IMAPd. 200 MantisBT. 18 GWT. 48 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 28 Maarch. 32 Alfresco. 159 Joomla. 78 easyCA. 55 Django. 251 Compiere. 229 KVM. 171 GLPI. 76 Debian. 204 Drupal Commons. 239 ERP5. 238 DSPAM. 223 Ant. 128 Munin. 14 Git. 196 JBoss AS. 217 JasperReports / iReport. 135 HAProxy. 250 Mule. 152 Cassandra. 71 Kannel. 47 CAS. 208 Continuum. 27 Lucene. 179 Drupal. 106 BuddyPress. 237 Cacti. 169 Jenkins / Hudson. 243 Drools. 95 ActiveMQ. 23 BIND. 29 Hippo CMS. 214 Drupal Commerce. 191 Bonita.COM 389 Directory Server. 60 FreeNx. 258 LinOTP. 52 MySQL. 66 LemonLDAP::NG. 92 BIRT. 209 ESIGate. 215 FreeBSD. 116 GlassFish. 103 Centreon. 80 Jahia. 70 AWStats. 136 Kamailio. 49 ClamAV. 172 Asterisk. 176 jPBM. 254 Bacula. 110 Apache. 122 JMeter. 240 LimeSurvey. 153 Liferay. 165 MongoDB. 225 Koha. 107 jQuery.

90 Selenium IDE. 39 OpenVZ.SMILE-OSS. 44 Phing. 123 Shibboleth. 137 Pulse 2. 127 TightVNC. 111 PhoneGap. 16 OpenSSL. 82 OpenERP. 188 Talend ESB. 132 Talend. 166 OpenSSH. 145 Ruby on Rails. 96 OpenNMS. 15 Titanium. 118 TWiki. 134 Squid. 148 Openswan. 185 Wireshark. 138 PMB. 91 Prototype. 24 RBS Change. 102 Redmine. 115 SugarCRM. 35 OpenVPN. 233 Snort. 195 SpamAssassin. 212 OpenLDAP. 160 Tuleap. 230 PMD. 197 Pentaho Data Integration. 51 OpenSearchServer. 193 Petals. 42 pfSense. 67 osCommerce. 143 Tomcat. 247 Xen. 164 SpagoBI. 203 Red Hat Enterprise Linux. 77 SPIP. 224 OCS Inventory NG. 40 OpenVAS. 86 VTiger. 255 Play!. 198 Pentaho. 244 Piwik. 147 OpenCRX. 61 netfilter. 183 OpenEMM. 65 OpenX. 257 Oracle VirtualBox. 19 OFBiz. 43 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux. 202 Palo. 246 Zabbix. 124 Postfix. 219 Spring. 57 Pentaho Report Designer. 140 Samba. 64 XWiki. 205 OXID. 189 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 117 Rhodes. 20 Puppet. 154 Openbravo.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 271 NetBSD. 36 Wordpress. 184 Symfony. 220 Ubuntu. 85 Subversion. 50 Zarafa. 210 OpenAM. 59 OpenCA.COM Nuxeo. 100 PrestaShop. 170 Tsung. 211 OpenBSD. 156 Silverpeas. 133 Zimbra. 56 Redis. 79 WWW. 129 PF (Packet Filter). 201 ProFTPD. 144 phpBB. 58 Varnish. 34 Solr. 245 TYPO3. 81 Zend Framework. 75 PostgreSQL.

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