White paper

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Guide to open source solutions

“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
Page 2

PREAMBLE

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SMILE
Smile is a company of engineers specialising in the implementing of open source solutions and the integrating of systems relying on open source. Smile is member of APRIL, the association for the promotion and defence of free software, Alliance Libre, PLOSS, and PLOSS RA, which are regional cluster associations of free software companies. Smile has 600 throughout the World which makes it the largest company in Europe specialising in open source. Since approximately 2000, Smile has been actively supervising developments in technology which enables it to discover the most promising open source products, to qualify and assess them so as to offer its clients the most accomplished, robust and sustainable products. This approach has led to a range of white papers covering various fields of application: Content management (2004), portals (2005), business intelligence (2006), PHP frameworks (2007), virtualisation (2007), and electronic document management (2008), as well as PGIs/ERPs (2008). Among the works published in 2009, we would also cite “open source VPN’s”, “Firewall open source flow control”, and “Middleware”, within the framework of the “System and Infrastructure” collection. Each of these works presents a selection of best open source solutions for the domain in question, their respective qualities as well as operational feedback. As open source solutions continue to acquire new domains, Smile will be there to help its clients benefit from these in a risk-free way. Smile is present in the European IT landscape as the integration architect of choice to support the largest companies in the adoption of the best open source solutions. Over recent years, Smile has also extended the range of services it offers. Since 2005, a consulting department has been supporting our clients both in the preproject phases and in project guidance. Smile has had a graphics studio since 2000 which in 2007 became an Interactive agency which, in addition to graphics creation also offered emarketing expertise, publishing and rich interfaces. Smile also has an agency which specialises in Third Party Application Management, support and operating of applications. Finally, Smile is based in Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Grenoble, Nantes, Bordeaux and Montpellier. It is also present in Spain, Benelux, Switzerland, Ukraine and Morocco.

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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THIS WHITE PAPER
The studies agree: open source solutions are used by the majority of companies, both large and small, whether or not it was a conscious decision. This comes as no surprise given the rich and varied range of open source solutions available today. Smile has been regularly publishing white papers presenting the extraordinary depth of these solutions since 2004: content management in 2004, portals in 2005, business intelligence in 2006, virtualisation in 2007, electronic document management and ERPs in 2008, open source VPNs and firewalls in 2009, e-commerce and corporate social networks in 2010, and so on. A total of 22 documents have thus been produced and are available for free to download. Each text presents a selection of the best open source solutions for the domain in question, outlining their respective strengths and providing feedback on real life experiences in using these tools. Yet one thing was missing: a central repository containing the best open source solutions on the market, which could be used to guide and orientate decision makers toward benchmark solutions. We have received many requests for such a guide, particularly from IT Departments. The gap has now been filled with this white paper, which presents more than 170 products in 40 enterprise software domains. All product types are included, or nearly all - this paper does not, for example, look at workstation or “office automation” applications like Firefox, Gimp and LibreOffice - with a summary presentation (creation date, licensing, technologies, etc.) and an assessment of each based on six standard criteria. This document was developed by more than 30 of our top technical, functional and business specialists. We hope that this white paper will be of use to you. Before launching into the following 200+ pages, we recommend you read through the next section, which describes our analytical methodology and lists our suggestions for deriving maximum value from the guide. Enjoy!

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Please feel free to share your opinions and assessments of the products presented in this white paper with us. Likewise, do let us know if there is a solution you would like to see included, which we have omitted. One address for both: info@smile-iberia.com

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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CONTENTS PREAMBLE .................................................................................................. 2
SMILE ................................................................................................................................................................... 2 THIS WHITE PAPER ................................................................................................................................................... 3 CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

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ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY...................................................................... 6
PRESENTATION ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE ................................................................................................................. 12

BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS ............................................................... 13
INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION .................................................................................................................................. 13 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL ........................................................................................................................ 14 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT .......................................................................................................... 18 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS .............................................................................................................................. 23 HIGH AVAILABILITY ....................................................................................................................................... 27 SECURITY .................................................................................................................................................... 32 VPNS ........................................................................................................................................................ 39 FIREWALLS .................................................................................................................................................. 42 SUPERVISION AND METRICS ........................................................................................................................... 47 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................. 55 VIRTUALISATION .......................................................................................................................................... 64 VOIP / TELEPHONY....................................................................................................................................... 70 MESSAGING, EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE ............................................................................................... 75 HTTP ACCELERATORS ................................................................................................................................... 85 OTHER ....................................................................................................................................................... 89 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION ................................................................................................ 94 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES............................................................................................................................... 95 DATABASES ................................................................................................................................................. 99 BPM / WORKFLOW ................................................................................................................................... 106 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS ................................................................................................................................. 110 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION .......................................................................................................... 121 ESBS ....................................................................................................................................................... 127 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES ........................................................................................... 132 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS ....................................................................................................... 146 PKIS ........................................................................................................................................................ 150 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION, FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT ............................................................................. 155 LOAD TESTING TOOLS .................................................................................................................................. 162

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SEARCH ENGINES ........................................................................................................................................ 166 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS.................................................................................................................. 173 MOM & EAI ............................................................................................................................................ 179 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 184 APPLICATIONS DIMENSION ....................................................................................................................................187

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CRMS ..................................................................................................................................................... 188 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS...................................................................................................................... 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING ............................................................................................................. 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES ................................................................................................................... 200 E-COMMERCE............................................................................................................................................ 205 ERPS ....................................................................................................................................................... 213 CMSS ...................................................................................................................................................... 219 EDM & ECM ........................................................................................................................................... 230 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION..................................................................................................................... 236 PORTALS................................................................................................................................................... 239 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS).......................................................................................................... 244 BLOGS, WIKIS AND FORUMS ........................................................................................................................ 250 E-LEARNING .............................................................................................................................................. 258 VISITOR TRACKING ...................................................................................................................................... 262 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 265

CONCLUSION .......................................................................................... 268 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................... 269 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS ............................................................................. 270

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May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . we selected only domains that make sense for corporate solutions. More than 300 open source tools are presented here. virtualisation. operating systems. ESBs. Only primary tools were including in our selection and our recommendations. We have attempted to make this guide as comprehensive as possible. Choice of solutions For each category.COM PRESENTATION In preparing this white paper. It was vital to group products in this way given the vastness of open source options available today. search engines. those which any company could use with complete confidence as foundations for its most ambitious projects. We assigned each of these forty-some categories to the following dimensions:    Infrastructure: IT asset management. CMSs. Choice of categories We began by establishing a list of the categories that would be presented in this guide. offering you a broad choice for building the most appropriate architectures for your needs. portals. web and mobile frameworks. databases. we asked our technical. etc. we solicited our technical. etc. HTTP accelerators. there were so many products available that we had to differentiate between “primary” and “secondary” tools. EDM tools. functional and business experts to select the best solutions. Applications: CRMs.SMILE-OSS. In some cases.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 6 ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY WWW. and in which Smile has previously implemented projects and has real expertise. firewalls. with the primary objective of creating a broad. functional and business experts. In the end. MOM and EAI. practical reference guide to the best open source solutions on the market. etc. supervision. VPNs. Development and intermediate layers: corporate directories. ecommerce solutions. business intelligence tools.

and the availability of resources/profiles to support you through its integration with your environment. the quality of its technical base. While it will be decisive to implement a solution that is strong at the time of installation. such that the solution will remain a good one over at least the next three years. For this reason. its functional scope. Facebook. Wherever possible – and. insofar as it can provide a sense of security or at least advance notice of potential issues. linked to the number of high-ranked websites pointing to the product’s site Exchanges on social networks: Twitter. we decided to make our results public. an explanation of which you will find below. The six analytical criteria are as follows: Current reputation A solution’s current reputation is important. although the criterion of reputation is important. It will thus provide you with reliable indicators covering each tool’s reputation. it is not enough to make an informed decision.COM Because we did not want this white paper to be a mere reference file. in particular. pricing and upgradability will be directly dependent on this. but rather a real guide for decision makers. we considered:       Number and importance of customer references Number and reputation of existing integrators (and are they independent? SMEs? large groups? is there only one integrator for the product?) References in the trade press Size of forum and mailing list archives Google PageRank for the site. For this criterion. Resource availability. its expandability and adaptability.SMILE-OSS. wherever relevant – we calculated the average score of all solutions in each category in order to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each specific tool. WWW. it is even more crucial for the indicators to all have the green light.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 7 Assessment criteria Our choice of tools was largely based on feedback from the field and our experience on hundreds of past projects. a reputation built on marketing investments will not last long if it is not accompanied by a dynamic community and basic technical quality. Google+. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . However. etc. We also performed objective evaluations of six criteria applicable to all of our categories. dynamics.

a vendor’s investments are not particularly important in view of the patches. For this criterion. power.COM Technical base Investments and communities are still small potatoes compared with questions of coherence. this factor directly determines the position the solution will hold in the future. we considered:        Increases in forum and mailing list volumes IRC chat activity Governance: how often are integrators and users consulted and included as stakeholders in the product’s design and upgrades? Frequency of documentation updates. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Along with technical quality. In the end. especially wikis CVS/SVN code submissions Frequency of releases References by independent players. We believe that models in which the vendor is almost the sole integrator of its product are not favourable to the development of a community of partners contributing to the product’s dynamics.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 8 Dynamics This pertains to the solution’s dynamics. particularly in respect to its community. including occasional bloggers WWW. and alignment with the modelling standards at the core of an open source application. documentation and even marketing that an active community can produce.SMILE-OSS.

whereas a well designed solution using clear and efficient concepts can.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 9 WWW. and the cost of implementation of the same business function can easily vary from one to five times the price. be expanded at a lesser cost. it is quite difficult or financially impractical to adapt it to a vendor’s new offering if it has fundamentally changed.COM Functionalities are just the top layer built on these foundations. Naturally. The ideal foundation should permit continual enhancement. on the contrary. further enhancements to a product’s functional side will cease to be possible beyond a certain point. otherwise you will be the one to pay the price of brutal migrations. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. a financially sound vendor can recode its solution – a common practice today – but once your implementation of a solution has been rendered. even in the case of tremendous investments. depending on the technical quality of the base. Thus. if the application is based on abstractions at too low a level.

has as broad a scope as possible. open source ERPs. etc. We would also like to note that.COM        Functional scope This refers to the overall functional scope of the solution in relation to what is commonly found among tools of the same category. even if we do recommend. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . such that the application comprises a small kernel and plug-ins that take account of one another) No obvious performance issues WWW. It provides a valuable indicator regarding the tool’s capacity.SMILE-OSS. the criterion of “flexibility” has a greater impact in terms of cost. native web services.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 10 For this criterion. This is because it can be relatively simple to add functionalities when a tool is flexible. anchors and interfaces for dedicated plug-ins Maturity and cover of web services Product learning curve: a flat curve receives a lower score Application modularity (Inversion Of Control pattern where possible. etc. wherever possible.) can help with this type of comparison. here referring to ORM.) Use of a framework Degree of code factoring (sign of reliability and easy handling) Strength of hooks. going down to the “macroscopic” level when comparing solutions for a given scope. Our thematic papers (open source CMSs. open source EDM. we considered:   Compliance with existing standards (a sign of maintainability and ease of handling) Power and canonicity of the abstractions utilised (sign of productivity. while this is an important criterion in terms of enjoying a tool that. from the outset.

we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. Is it easy to find resources to implement a project? Will I be dependent on a provider? Warning: Be careful not to misinterpret this indicator. but it places its emphasis specifically on the tool’s modularity and on the efficiency of third party developments. For this criterion.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 11 Flexibility / Expandability Businesses must sometimes go beyond their tool’s native functional scope. we considered (among other points):      Possibility of adding plug-ins Ease of modifying data structures to add or alter business object storage Ease of modifying user interfaces to make them more ergonomic Ease of modifying the processing performed Speed and simplicity of development cycles: do classes need to be recompiled / redeployed. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . how are functional enhancements rolled out to a database in production? WWW. because superior technology can easily compensate for more substantial initial adjustments. it’s quite common.COM Resources Difficulty or ease of finding service providers on the market that are capable of performing advanced developments on the tool. and do metadata need to be imported or exported to or from the database? if so. freely available for downloading. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. In fact. Hw easy is this to do? This is a decisive criterion in terms of the total cost of ownership. given the cost of custom developments. This text explains the benefits afforded to IT departments by establishing an open source policy. Flexibility has many points in common with technology.SMILE-OSS.

to simplify reading and comprehension. author. All the solutions are presented in the same format.SMILE-OSS. functional presentation. We have also specified whether the solution is community or vendor driven. and the dark orange section indicates the tool’s strengths (above average scoring). WWW.COM Presentation of the tool: name. version studied and website. Assessment of the tool based on six criteria: the orange section (both light and dark) corresponds to the tool’s cover. technical base and opinions. date created. type of distribution licence. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 12 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE This page explains how this document is organised. the dotted black line denotes the average score for the category. Description of the tool: type of tool.

or the Linux line of operating systems. among the following categories:        Remote computer control IT asset and inventory management Roll-out and back-ups High availability Security VPNs Firewalls        Supervision and Metrics Linux & BSD operating systems Virtualisation VoIP / Telephony Messaging. the Nagios supervision tool. Email marketing & Groupware HTTP accelerators Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Many have reached such prominence that they are close to being household names.COM INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION The “Infrastructure” dimension is certainly the best represented in the field of open source tools.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 13 BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS WWW. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension. These projects and the many others included in this dimension lay the foundation for a sound infrastructure capable of hosting the best applications under the most optimal conditions. with hundreds and even thousands of available solutions.SMILE-OSS. And it is from this dimension that open source projects are born. and more than 90 are listed in total. tools such as the Apache HTTP server.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 14 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL WWW. These tools were initially created to meet user support and assistance needs. The open source range in this category includes tools like FreeNx. TightVNC and OpenSSH. The latter is the favourite among systems administrators in the world of UNIX servers.COM More and more remote computer control solutions are becoming available. as needed.SMILE-OSS. They are used to respond to the different issues encountered at companies. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . They can. be either localised or spread across some or all of a company’s client workstations. including shared views of computers and file transfers. and their technology has advanced impressively in recent years.

. The firm continues to support it and even offers different editions of the product. and its session and resource management are quite reliable. sound cards.de Vendor driven solution (NoMachine) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 15 FreeNx Version studied: 0.berlios. to be shared. etc.COM FreeNX is a set of components that implements the NX protocol.3 Website: http://freenx. Similar to Microsoft RDesktop. FreeNX is a protocol for remotely accessing UNIX systems. It is based on the X11 protocol. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is available under the GPL. FreeNX has been developed by a community since 2006 and is written in C/C++. FreeNX was developed by the company NoMachine in 2005.7. it allows sessions to be stored and devices like printers. although with a number of optimisations that simplify its use on low bandwidth networks.SMILE-OSS. including commercial editions. FreeNX performs well under compression.

user support.SMILE-OSS. RFB (Remote Frame Buffer).4 Website: www. irrespective of the operating system.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 16 TightVNC Version studied: 2. etc.com Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . TightVNC is therefore defined as a remote control and online administration programme that can be used on any computer. It is a very widespread protocol used in graphical computer administration.tightvnc.COM TightVNC is a set of tools that implements the VNC protocol.0. TightVNC has been available since 2001 under the GPL v2. This protocol provides for remote graphic displays via another network protocol. It is written in C/C++.

OpenSSH enables the set-up of simple VPNs and the remote display of graphics applications.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 17 OpenSSH Version studied: 5.openssh. Since 1999.COM OpenSSH is a software suite used for remote server administration. OpenSSH has been developed under the BSD License by the OpenBSD Foundation. In particular.9 Website: http://www. OpenSSH has added numerous functionalities providing for much more than the traditional “network console” use. Over the years. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. OpenSSH is written in C. which has a number of companies providing OpenSSH support. Like most BSD projects.com Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW. and great attention is given to the quality of its code. In the world of UNIX servers. it is the preferred software among systems administrators.

).COM Open source IT asset and inventory management tools are becoming more and more popular in companies. devices. etc. These solutions have a broad scope. printers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with references like GLPI and OCS Inventory NG used by many players in the CAC 40. IT asset and inventory management tools can also incorporate a financial dimension (cost tracking model. license management and more. support functions (with or without user access.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 18 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT WWW. network components. etc. management of associated contracts (computers.). calculation of depreciation.). detailed user rights management. automated notifications with personalisable templates. SLAs. including functions such as management of the company’s hardware assets. consumables. etc.SMILE-OSS.

network components and consumables. JeanMathieu Doléans and Bazile Lebeau. GLPI is based on PHP/MySQL technologies.COM GLPI is an IT inventory and helpdesk tool launched in 2003 and driven by Julien Dombre. project management. substantial expandability thanks to its plug-ins: integration with supervision software. support functions: with or without user access.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 19 GLPI Version studied: 0.glpi-project.org Community driven solution WWW. GLPI is distributed under the GPL. including associated contracts: computers (with automated information feeds if combined with OCS-NG or Fusion Inventory). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .80.2 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. detailed user rights management. automated notifications with personalisable templates. new inventory items. devices. It provides for: hardware management. etc. and SLAs. printers.

Remote deployments are secure and can be scheduled.SMILE-OSS. the architecture of OCS servers can be divided so as to avoid network congestion during major remote roll-outs.org Community driven solution WWW. It is primarily based on Perl and MySQL technologies. OCS can manage software installs on Windows.ocsinventory-ng.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 20 OCS Inventory NG Version studied: 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0 Website: www. by means of packages created by administrators. In addition. OCS is available under the GPL v2. All these data can then be viewed on a web interface with export functions. Mac or Linux workstations. as well as the software installed there. Software dictionaries can also be defined for the purpose of groupings (such as for Windows Updates).COM OCS Inventory NG is a French automated computer workstation inventory tool created in 2001. OCS transmits information on both the hardware features of each workstation. Concerning remote deployment.

3. Windows.1. Pulse 2 transmits the workstations’ hardware and software characteristics. Workstation imaging makes it possible to create masters and to rapidly and remotely install them on computers without any intervention by the administrators (remote control / PXE). Thanks to an agent installed on each computer.COM Pulse 2 is software created by Mandriva for IT inventory management. Pulse 2 is distributed under the GPL.com/en/pro/pulse Vendor driven solution (Mandriva) WWW. potentially on a decentralised basis. It is built on several technologies: Python. workstation imaging and remote deployment.mandriva. MySQL and C++. Remote roll-out is done in packages.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The agent is also used to allow administrators to remotely control computers via the VNC protocol on a secure channel (SSH). with reporting and scheduling functionalities. Mac and Linux platforms are supported.1 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 21 Pulse 2 Version studied: 1.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 22 Other Among the different products available in the field of asset and inventory management. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.linbox.COM Name Fusion Inventory Linbox Rescue Server URL / Website http://fusioninventory.org http://lrs.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

incremental or differential). Some tools go as far as to offer multi-streaming.COM Back-up tools like Bacula are used to save important data on different media. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Roll-out tools like Puppet can remotely prepare environments.SMILE-OSS. user back-ups. based on pre-defined rules or an expected end state. storage location. The functionalities included in back-up tools can include very detailed back-up scheduling (e.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 23 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS WWW. back-up pool management and more.g. All major companies use roll-out software to simplify the administration of their IT environment. multi-plexing. etc. calendars). based on a series of highly advanced rules. definition of back-up types (full.

in charge of performing the back-up under the Director’s control. Bacula is distributed under the GPL and is developed in C/C++. the File Daemon is the agent deployed on each client.3 Website: www.bacula.0. user back-ups. multi-plexing.SMILE-OSS. in terms of both its calendar and the back-up type (full. such as multi-streaming. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . back-up pool management and more. and the Storage Daemon interfaces with the storage media. Bacula’s architecture is based on three key components: the Director is the conductor. incremental or differential).COM Bacula is a highly flexible back-up and recovery system developed in 2000 by Kern Sibbald.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 24 Bacula Version studied: 5. Bacula also implements advanced functionalities used in all effective back-up solutions. performing central coordination of the back-up processes.org Vendor driven solution (Bacula Systems) WWW. Bacula provides for highly detailed back-up scheduling. It uses a PostgreSQL or MySQL database. and now supported by Bacula Systems.

In this way. and Puppet automatically takes the system to the specified state.SMILE-OSS.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Puppet boasts a community of enthusiastic and dynamic users.COM Puppet is an infrastructure automation tool. etc.6 Website: http://puppetlabs. configurations applied. irrespective of the starting point. Puppet Labs.com Vendor driven solution (Puppet Labs) WWW. like with traditional admin tools. the administrator enters the desired end state (permissions needed. Puppet centrally administrates a large and heterogeneous environment. It is distributed under the Apache License. Rather than describing a series of actions to be performed. files and software installed. as well as professional support provided by its vendor.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 25 Puppet Version studied: 2. Puppet is written in Ruby.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 26 Other Among the different products available in the field of roll-out and back-ups. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.com/ http://cobbler.sourceforge.ocsinventory-ng.SMILE-OSS.net http://sourceforge.org/ http://backuppc.com/ http://cfengine.net/kdump http://mkcdrec.github.mandriva.sourceforge.amanda.org http://www.com/en/pro/pulse http://www.partimage.org http://www.org http://www.redhat.sourceforge.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net/projects/sisuite http://clonezilla.COM Name Kdump mkCDrec SIS CloneZilla Partimage Pulse 2 OCS Inventory NG Amanda BackupPC Spacewalk Cobbler CFengine URL / Website http://lse.net/ http://spacewalk.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . There are excellent open source tools designed to ensure that services are always responsive. namely from either a physical or a logical point of view. operates like a router to guide queries based on service status. It is very important for companies to install high availability technologies for information systems that serve as the central nervous system of their organisation.SMILE-OSS. They can be implemented in a number of different ways. allowing for the modification of configurations on the fly. based on the status of the other servers on the network. ideally 100% of the time.COM ‘High availability’ is a term frequently used to designate a service or system architecture that must be available as continuously as possible. for example. Keepalived. while Linux-HA enables communications between servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 27 HIGH AVAILABILITY WWW.

Heartbeat is typically used with a cluster resource manager like Pacemaker.SMILE-OSS. Linux-HA is written in C and Python.linux-ha. whose role is to manage dependencies between services and to perform automated switching. A very basic resource manager is supplied by Linux-HA. making it possible to trigger actions in a concerted manner without requiring a third party server. Heartbeat.COM The Linux-HA project provides high availability components for UNIX type operating systems. The GPL v2 is most commonly used. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0. Its first components date back to 1999. which is quite often sufficient for companies’ needs. Linux-HA is the most widespread high availability system and many service providers cover its support.4 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 28 Linux-HA Version studied: 3. which informs a group of machines of their respective statuses. The main component is the communication software.org Community driven solution WWW.

COM LVS (Linux Virtual Server) is the load balancer included in the Linux kernel since 1998.2. Third party software is used to test server statuses and update the LVS configuration in the event of a server failure. It routes incoming network connections to a set of machines by applying a number of traditional balancing policies (round robin. It is merely one brick in a load balancing system. weighted round robin.SMILE-OSS. Like all other Linux components. given that it cannot configure itself.).1 Website: www.linuxvirtualserver.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 29 LVS Version studied: 1. LVS is available under the GPL v2 and is supported by a large number of service providers. It was written by Wensong Zhang.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .eu Community driven solution WWW. It has a number of status verification mechanisms used to detect any failed servers and to redirect their traffic to other servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 30 HAProxy Version studied: 1. enabling the set-up of session affinity by means of cookies.1wt.COM HAProxy is a reverse proxy used for load distribution.17 Website: http://haproxy. The project began in 2001 and was written by Willy Tarreau.4.SMILE-OSS. It natively handles HTTP protocol. HAProxy is distributed under the GPL v2 and is officially supported by a small number of companies.

1 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. Keepalived is supplied under the GPL.g.) and update the list of usable servers for LVS. TCP connections. it needs software to maintain its configuration. for its own redundancy.2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 31 Keepalived Version studied: 1.org Community driven solution WWW. It also manages an IP switch system based on VRRP.keepalived. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. The project was launched in 2001. Keepalived can test the availability of a service (e. HTTP queries. As LVS is a relatively basic and static system.COM Keepalived is a component used to configure LVS.

Anti-spam tools like Spam Assassin and DSPAM are included in the Messaging. Email marketing & Groupware category. we will present integrity verifiers.COM The field of security is very vast. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In this section. virus detectors. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 32 SECURITY WWW. with products ranging from antiviruses to intrusion detection systems. the graphs below do not display the average scores. for which there are many open source options.SMILE-OSS. network analysers and security testers. intrusion detectors. All these tools are invaluable aids that help systems and network administrators to ensure the integrity of their IT environment.

SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net Community driven solution WWW. followed by Richard van den Berg from 2003 to 2010. which are typically a sign of an intrusion on the system. This allows the administrator to identify any suspicious file alterations.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 33 AIDE Version studied: 0. Rami Lehti and Pablo Virolainen launched the development.sourceforge.15. AIDE is available under the GPL. and now by Hannes von Haugwitz.1 Website: http://aide. Its goal is to establish a fingerprint of a system’s files at the time of installation and later to confirm the system’s alignment with that fingerprint. developed beginning in 1999.COM AIDE is a UNIX systems integrity checker.

it is often used on web servers. For example.SMILE-OSS.2 Website: www. file servers and mail servers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW. Unlike its equivalents in the Windows world.COM ClamAV is a virus detector created prior to 2005. but rather to scan the files stored on it. ClamAV is available under the GPL v2. ClamAV can detect a large number of threats on any operating system.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 34 ClamAV Version studied: 0. written in C.97. sustained by a very involved community. can be accessed free of charge. it is not used to protect the machine on which it is installed.clamav. Signature updates. The antivirus engine is the library libclamav.

it also has an active mode that allows it to block any suspicious traffic when installed on routing equipment. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 35 Snort Version studied: 2.org Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW. Although the engine is distributed under the GPL.1 Website: www.snort. In other words. the rules are available free of charge after a period of 30 days.9.SMILE-OSS. it is a Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) that performs real-time traffic analyses on a given network segment. which does entail a paid subscription with the vendor. Often used as a probe.COM Snort is a network intrusion detector created in 1998 by Martin Roesch. it is of no use without a rule base. Nonetheless.

and a graphical administration interface can be obtained through the vendor. OpenVAS is available under the GPL.org Vendor driven solution (Greenbone) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the first version of which dates back to 1998.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 36 OpenVAS Version studied: 4.openvas. whose availability is guaranteed. Greenbone.COM OpenVAS (Open Vulnerability Assessment System) is a spin-off of the famed Nessus scanner.0 Website: www. with free updates provided by its community. It tests for any weak points in a scanned system’s security. Unlike Nessus. Paid updates. OpenVAS is completely open source.

It is a member of the packet sniffer family.SMILE-OSS. including encrypted ones. Linux. Wireshark is available under the GPL. Mac OS X. It is used by numerous administrators to diagnose complex network problems. It recognises a total of 759 protocols. running on Windows.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 37 Wireshark Version studied: 1. Solaris and FreeBSD.COM Wireshark (formerly Ethereal. renamed for copyright reasons) is a network traffic analyser created in 1998. Available in the form of a large graphics application as well as a text mode interface. Wireshark is multi-platform. it can decode a very large number of protocols.org Foundation driven solution (Wireshark) WWW.wireshark.2 Website: www.6. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

SMILE-OSS.net http://opensims.sourceforge.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .radical-spam.sourceforge. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.net http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 38 Other Among the different products available in the field of security.COM Name Bastille OpenSIMS RadicalSpam URL / Website http://bastille-linux.

preserved confidentiality in the case of compromised encryption secrets. presented below.COM A VPN.SMILE-OSS. In the world of open source solutions there are many quality products. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . VPN solutions generally provide the following benefits: public key authentication. can be broadly defined as referring to the different technologies used to extend a company’s network while preserving data confidentiality and overcoming the physical barriers of traditional networks.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 39 VPNS WWW. including OpenVPN and Openswan. or Virtual Private Network. confidential exchanges. and packet transfers to private networks via public ones.

2. Vista and 7. OpenVPN is distributed under the GPL v2. OpenBSD.net Vendor driven solution (OpenVPN Technologies) WWW. OpenVPN is based on the product OpenSSL. SSL VPNs reuse SSL encryption mechanisms to authenticate and encrypt their connections.COM OpenVPN is the spearhead for a fairly recent category of VPN: SSL VPNs. Linux. the main open source implementation of the SSL protocol in terms of both quality and usage levels. It has been around since 2002 and was written by James Yonan. and utilises its encryption and identity verification routines to provide excellent data security.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 40 OpenVPN Version studied: 2. XP. Available for Solaris. FreeBSD. Mac OS X. NetBSD.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Windows 2000. it also offers a good number of additional security and control functions.1 Website: http://openvpn.

6. Openswan is available under the GPL.org Community driven solution WWW. both between corporate networks and for mobile clients.openswan. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Openswan enables the set-up of IPsec links between machines.35 Website: www. It is compatible with a large number of operating systems and proprietary solutions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 41 Openswan Version studied: 2. as well as VPN tunnels.SMILE-OSS.COM Openswan is an implementation of IPsec for Linux and a continuation of the FreeS/WAN project (dating back to 1999).

of which they are an integral part. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.e. the transiting of network flows between different machines. As a result. with products like Packet Filter. netfilter and pfSense.COM The concept of the firewall is often linked to the notion of routing. i. such as determining the bandwidth authorised for a particular application in a particular context. more refined role.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 42 FIREWALLS WWW. This means that routing can be modified by a firewall decision. firewalls are usually installed on routing equipment. The open source firewall market is very complete. Firewalls can also be used in a more qualitative. This is the firewall’s main function. and that the firewall will apply different filtering rules depending on the origin and destination of the traffic.

COM PF (Packet Filter) is the filtering layer integrated with BSD UNIX legacy open source solutions (FreeBSD. PF is distributed under the BSD License.org/faq/pf Community driven solution WWW. This system has the advantage of using a simple configuration language and of integrating NAT and QoS functionalities. NetBSD. Packet Filter has become the most powerful open source tool to act as a firewall. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . PF was created in 2001 by Daniel Hartmeier as a replacement for IPFilter. OpenBSD.openbsd.9 (aligned with OpenBSD versions) Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 43 PF (Packet Filter) Version studied: 4. It can also be used for load balancing and to handle network traffic on open source BSD UNIX machines.). etc.SMILE-OSS.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and includes its own NAT functions.4. ferm. It is an extremely flexible system that integrates with the kernel’s routing and QoS functionalities.).SMILE-OSS. so a third party tool is often used to generate its configuration (Shorewall.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 44 netfilter Version studied: 1. it is complicated to configure.netfilter. is the filtering layer integrated with the Linux kernel. sometimes referred to as iptables. SIP and H323). It was created by Rusty Russell in 1998. However.COM netfilter. netfilter is distributed under the GPL v2.) and connection tracking modules for complex protocols (like FTP. data volume.12 Website: www. It has many filtering criteria (time. etc.org Community driven solution WWW. etc.

filtering. VPN and connection sharing solution. Official support is provided by BSD Perimeter. web proxy.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 45 pfSense Version studied: 2. It is based on PF and incorporates a large number of third party components: DHCP/DNS server. monitoring. It was originally created in 2004 from a fork of m0n0wall by Chris Buechler and Scott Ullrich.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and more.pfsense. time server.COM pfSense is a software distribution used to create a network gateway from an x86 server. Very commonly used in SMEs and other small organisations. Configuration is done exclusively via a web interface.org Vendor driven solution (BSD Perimeter) WWW. pfSense is available under the BSD License. pfSense offers a complete routing.

com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net/ufw http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 46 Other Among the different products available in the field of firewalls.org https://launchpad.org http://ferm.net http://cfengine.foo-projects.COM Name NuFW Uncomplicated Firewall Firewall Builder ferm Shorewall Vyatta URL / Website http://www.org http://shorewall.nufw.fwbuilder.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

The functionalities they provide include views of the status of supervised services and machines. Nagios in particular enjoys a very strong reputation.COM Supervision and metrics are quite well covered by open source solutions. reporting. services and more.SMILE-OSS. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. and advanced user and ACL management. access to supervision events. Six open source solutions have been evaluated for this category. with many quality products available. etc. but also dependencies. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . active and passive monitoring support.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 47 SUPERVISION AND METRICS WWW. Supervision tools are used to monitor networks. service and host templates. metrics. machines. escalations.

Cacti also uses a system of scripts (Bash. The community has developed many plug-ins that extend Cacti’s functionalities.SMILE-OSS. in cases where there is heavy. Perl.8. It operates from a web server equipped with a database and uses the PHP language. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .7 Website: www. It is considered the worthy successor of MRTG and provides a real interface with RRDTool by enabling changes to every aspect of the graphs it generates.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 48 Cacti Version studied: 0.COM Cacti is based on the metrics solution. It can create a graphic representation of any quantifiable data collected either via network protocols like SNMP or scripts personalised by the user. Its highly advanced configuration capabilities mean that it is often used as a complement to supervision solutions like Nagios. VBs. particularly for the metrics side.cacti. Cacti is distributed under the GPL v2. etc. specialised demand.) to perform more complex measurements. in some cases beyond mere metrics. RRDTool.net Community driven solution WWW. PHP.

It is considered to be the benchmark for open source supervision solutions. This makes it a very comprehensive tool that can adapt to any type of use.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 49 Nagios Version studied: 3. etc. dependencies. C#. service and host templates.nagios. ksh.COM Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a network supervision application created in 1999 by Ethan Galstad.3. with extremely advanced configuration options. Its modularity and the strong community revolving around Nagios (250.000+ members participating in the development of numerous plug-ins and add-ons) offer supervision possibilities that now make it possible supervise almost any resource whatsoever.SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (Nagios Enterprises) WWW. Python. Nagios includes a multitude of functionalities such as multiple legacy management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. The plug-ins are written in the programming language best suited to their task: shell scripts (Bash. PHP. active and passive monitoring support and more. Perl.).1 Website: www. C++. escalation notices. Ruby.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the sophisticated interface also offers numerous functionalities like views of the status of supervised services and machines.com Vendor driven solution (Merethis) WWW. it uses MySQL. Centreon is distributed under the GPL v2. advanced user and ACL management. and for its configuration and supervision data storage functions. and more. Centreon is based on Apache and PHP technologies. For its web interface. access to supervision events.2.2 Website: www. used to configure supervision tools like Nagios. Inciga and Shinken. In addition to its configuration capabilities. reporting.COM Centreon is a front-end web interface developed and supported by the French company Merethis.centreon.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 50 Centreon Version studied: 2. metrics.

as well as network discovery. Graphs and maps can be modelled directly in the front end for all the values supervised by Zabbix and its agents. one or more decentralised servers.zabbix. and pre-compiled multi-platform agents (Windows.COM Zabbix is a complete monitoring solution with an embedded front-end web interface.SMILE-OSS. Zabbix can also perform SNMP and IPMI monitoring. Zabbix is available under the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 51 Zabbix Version studied: 1.8 Website: www. etc). allowing for the simulation of a visitor’s route on a web server while simultaneously verifying content and page response times. Linux. It is based on C/C++/PHP for the front end and MySQL/PostgreSQL/Oracle for the DB. AIX. Solaris. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Web checks are also incorporated.com Vendor driven solution (ZABBIX SIA) WWW.

8. data collection and processing (in SNMP. XML. From the outset of its creation in 1999. nrpe and others). report generation.org Vendor driven solution (OpenNMS Group) WWW.13 Website: www. advanced management of active and passive events. OpenNMS is developed in Java and is based on the Jetty web server and the PostgreSQL DBMS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 52 OpenNMS Version studied: 1. thereby providing for outof-the-box management of tens of thousands of resources. multi-site compatibility (remote polling).SMILE-OSS. automation and flexibility. alerts and notifications with escalation and an on-call schedule. network graphics and cards. OpenNMS was designed to meet the demands of large companies in terms of scalability.opennms. OpenNMS is available under the GPL v3 and complies with FCAPS standards. etc. supervision of user path simulations. JMX.COM OpenNMS is to open source what HP OpenView and IBM Tivoli are to the proprietary world of network management. Its many functionalities include automated discovery and monitoring of equipment and services. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Munin is distributed under the GPL.COM The project was started in 2004. created by the company Redpill Linpro and joined by numerous other developers soon thereafter.SMILE-OSS. Munin can monitor any server parameter and then transmit the information in the form of graphs on a web interface.5 Website: http://munin-monitoring. which makes the software wholly multi-platform (Linux / UNIX / Windows). The plug-ins are executable files that can be written in any language.org Community driven solution WWW. Its main assets are its simplicity and the multitude of available plug-ins (numbering in the hundreds) for additional graphs. The project continues to be very active today. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . or whatever else you might imagine. applications. Munin is based on the excellent RRDTool. It is written in Perl. networks. It can also be used to evaluate any metrics: systems.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 53 Munin Version studied: 1.4.

icinga.op5.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 54 Other Among the different products available in the field of supervision and metrics.oetiker.COM Name MRTG Zenoss Icinga op5 Monitor URL / Website http://oss.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.zenoss.ch/mrtg http://community.com/network-monitoring/op5-monitor/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org https://www.

They provide the base for the execution of thousands of applications.SMILE-OSS. two major families of operating systems are represented: Linux based and BSD based OSs. Despite the fact that they share a common base. In the world of open source solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 55 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS WWW.COM Operating systems are the foundation of any computer programme. each offers special features that make them better suited to a particular context.

Debian is a non-commercial GNU/Linux distribution. The distribution is published in accordance with the community orientated philosophy that gave rise to open source software. With one of the largest open source communities in the world (more than 1600 developers). community-based operating system using the Linux kernel and launched by Ian Murdock in 1993 with the support of the Free Software Foundation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 56 Debian Version studied: 6.000 packages in version 6. with close to 30.0 Website: www. the Debian project is the most complete distribution available.debian.COM Debian is a free.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. open source. and is a benchmark in terms of its quality and stability.

COM Red Hat Enterprise Linux is an open source operating system published by Red Hat since 1995. Based on the historical Red Hat Linux distribution (now Fedora).SMILE-OSS.redhat.com/rhel Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 57 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Version studied: 6. Many agreements with software companies and hardware manufacturers ensure solid integration for companies. RHEL is designed for corporate use and enjoys vendor support and extended stability.0 Website: www.

Two versions are available: one for servers (SLES or SLE for Server) and the other for client computers (SLED or SLE for Desktop). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Novell / Attachmate Group) WWW. now published by Novell.SMILE-OSS. with an emphasis on compatibility with Microsoft technologies.suse. In terms of systems administration. The first version of this distribution appeared in early 1994. Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux continues to privilege open standards like CIM (Common Information Model) and WS-Management (Web Service Management). Based on the OpenSUSE distribution.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 58 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux Version studied: 11 Website: www.COM SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is an open source operating system created in 1996. both of which make it possible to consistently administrate heterogeneous environments with hardware from competing suppliers. making SUSE the oldest commercial distribution still existing today. it is designed for corporate use.

The project was launched in 2004 by Mark Shuttleworth of South Africa.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 59 Ubuntu Version studied: 11.04 Website: www. It is a compact distribution (frequently distributed by CD) with a high level of software compatibility and numerous software programmes.COM Ubuntu is a community open source operating system based on Debian. Ubuntu tends to be orientated toward the general public thanks to its user-friendly handling and control. One of Ubuntu’s great success stories is the fact that it is used on the computers of French Members of Parliament.SMILE-OSS.com Vendor driven solution (Canonical) WWW. That being said.ubuntu. Ubuntu can be used on servers and individual workstations alike. Officially supported by Canonical. either embedded or available for installation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

which boasts more than a hundred developers. OpenBSD is distributed under the BSD License. community operating system based on BSD UNIX. the OpenBSD project is a complete operating system that focuses on quality and code security. It was created in 1994 by Theo de Raadt. open source.org Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW. It is often used on sensitive network equipment.9 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. The project is a spin-off of NetBSD. The vast majority of its code is written in C.openbsd. Developed by the OpenBSD Foundation.COM OpenBSD is a free.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 60 OpenBSD Version studied: 4. from which it separated in 1996.

The majority of its code is written in C. and security (i.2 Website: www.e. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . network.org Community driven solution WWW. It is primarily used on the web and at the core of proprietary hardware (Juniper and NetApp.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 61 FreeBSD Version studied: 8.COM FreeBSD is a free.freebsd. FreeBSD emphasises performance and functionalities. FreeBSD is distributed under the BSD License. The project saw the light of day in 1993.). etc.SMILE-OSS. Mac and BSM audit framework) functionalities. open source. community operating system based on BSD UNIX. incorporating advanced storage (ZFS).

community operating system based on BSD UNIX.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 62 NetBSD Version studied: 5. It is primarily used in research and in embedded devices. as well as user-friendliness. NetBSD is distributed under the BSD License. The project was created in 1993. It emphasises portability and code quality.1 Website: www.netbsd. The majority of its code is in C.org Community driven solution WWW. Many applications are readily available via the NetBSD packets system. It offers multiple forms of user support. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It should be noted that the entirety of its source code can be accessed. open source. Its careful design and advanced functionalities make it an excellent solution for both production environments and research. NetBSD is developed and supported by a large and active international community.SMILE-OSS.COM NetBSD is a free.

mandriva.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 63 Other Among the different products available in the field of Linux & BSD operating systems. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Mandriva Linux Fedora URL / Website http://www.com http://fedoraproject.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

COM Server virtualisation is a set of techniques and tools used to run multiple operating systems on the same physical server. virtualisation must conform to two basic principles: compartmentalisation (each operating system runs independently and cannot interfere with the other(s) in any way) and transparency (the fact of operating in a virtualised mode in no way changes how the operating system runs. To be of operational use. This means that the principle of virtualisation involves the principle of sharing. In this category. and even less so the applications installed on each one). in which the different operating systems share the server’s resources. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . including Xen and KVM. four open source tools were selected.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 64 VIRTUALISATION WWW. the best known in the business world.

COM Xen is a hypervisor that handles paravirtualisation.1 Website: http://xen. Paravirtualisation refers to a virtualisation system’s ability to interact with virtualised systems. Citrix offers an enterprise edition of the solution along with the associated support. This makes virtual machines more efficient and easier to administrate.org Vendor driven solution (Citrix) WWW. Xen was derived from a university research project and is now a part of the Linux kernel. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Xen is available under the GPL. The project was created in 2003 in the form of a research project at Cambridge University in England.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 65 Xen Version studied: 4.1.SMILE-OSS.

COM OpenVZ is a lightweight virtualisation solution for Linux that was created in 2005. OpenVZ can only run Linux systems. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . This handicap is however offset by performance levels much closer to native levels than any other type of virtualisation.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 66 OpenVZ Version studied: 3. where it is not uncommon to have dozens of systems installed on the same host. OpenVZ is primarily used in development and test environments.0. particular for inputs/outputs.openvz. Like any simple virtualisation solution. The code is available under the GPL v2.25 Website: www. and the solution also uses less memory.SMILE-OSS.

the source code for the two products is resynchronised. KVM is a fork of QEMU.6.COM KVM is a complete Linux-based virtualisation solution launched in 2005. Included in the mainline Linux kernel since version 2. KVM is distributed under the GPL. KVM can run virtual systems under all the major OSs by simulating standardised hardware. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .20 Website: www.6.2.linux-kvm.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. In some cases.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 67 KVM Version studied: 2. and supports advanced functions like migration and detailed inspections of the VM’s status.

mouse pointer integration. merging of the host and guest desktops.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 68 Oracle VirtualBox Version studied: 4. VirtualBox is distributed under the GPL v2. VirtualBox supports a large number of guest operating systems and has functionalities that interact with these systems: file sharing.2 Website: www.COM VirtualBox is a virtualisation solution created in 2007 and designed for installation on individual computers. etc.SMILE-OSS.1. can be added via proprietary plugins. Some options.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. like USB device sharing. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .virtualbox.

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name QEMU Red Hat Virtualization URL / Website http://wiki.com/products/virtualization/server/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 69 Other Among the different products available in the field of virtualisation.qemu.redhat.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.

iLBC. The top solutions provide for interoperability with proprietary IPBX systems (used to route all or part of a company’s communications) via existing protocols (H.). In particular.SMILE-OSS.323. IAX.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 70 VOIP / TELEPHONY WWW. G729ab.) and the most commonly used codecs (G711. offering a wide range of functionalities and a good capacity for integration with existing environments. Speex. These can be private networks or the Internet. this technology is used to support Telephony over Internet Protocol (ToIP) services. Asterisk is the most frequently used and the most complete. In terms of open source solutions. etc. ADSL or optical) or wireless (satellite. WiFi or GSM). and either wired (cable. SIP. MGCP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM VoIP (Voice over IP) is a technique that enables voice communications over IP compatible networks. GSM. etc.

Asterisk and FreePBX can be found in many Appliance distributions. When combined with SugarCRM or vtiger. Some operators use it as the core of their telephone network. hold music. Asterisk can also play the role of registrar and gateway in connection with public networks.8. it provides for voice messaging. Among other uses. enquiry calls. hold queues.SMILE-OSS.323 and SIP. Asterisk is distributed under the GPL. call distribution and conference calls. H. In its traditional use as an IP telephony platform. call agents. an IHM that manages all its functionalities.COM Asterisk is an open source private automatic branch exchange (PABX) for UNIX systems. the most popular being Elastix and trixbox.org Vendor driven solution (Digium) WWW. Asterisk is typically combined with FreePBX. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0 Website: www.asterisk. it is often used as a call centre management tool. Asterisk implements the protocols H.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 71 Asterisk Version studied: 1. as well as a custom protocol called IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange). given its interoperability and its scalability.6.320.

as a VoIP platform. It supports asynchronous TCP. and in traditional corporate telephony solutions.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 72 Kamailio Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. load balancing. UDP and SCTP transactions.COM Kamailio is an open source SIP server. Kamailio is distributed under the GPL. the two other heavyweights in this domain.kamailio. It is used both by telecoms operators. It is an alternative to FreeSWITCH and Asterisk. MySQL and LDAP back ends or via XML-RCP transport. This fork of the OpenSER project (in 2005) is one of the most complete PBXs.1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a native failover mechanism.5 Website: www. authentication on Radius. communications encryptions via TLS.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The project is now managed by members of the Kannel Group.0 Website: www. Kannel is written in C. Kannel is a carrier grade. which includes major corporations. HTTP and CIMD.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 73 Kannel Version studied: 1. it provides secure access to operator resources while supplying reliable. robust SMS and WAP support. Kannel is distributed under the Kannel Software License (based on the Apache License). a company that no longer exists today. Included as an infrastructure brick.5. SMPP. open source SMS and WAP gateway that supports the standard SMSC protocols: UCP/EMI.COM Kannel was developed in 1998 by WAPit Ltd.SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. Kannel supplies a set of APIs that allow it to be used as a front end for middleware and web applications requiring outbound WAP or SMS messages.kannel.

org http://www.freeswitch.iptel.ro/pmwiki http://www.com/trixbox http://yate.org http://fonality.sipfoundry. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.callweaver.SMILE-OSS.null.org/ser http://www.COM Name CallWeaver SER sipXecs trixbox Yate FreeSWITCH URL / Website http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 74 Other Among the different products available in the field of VoIP/telephony.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

ranging from individual messages to grouped mailshots. anti-spam tools and in-box interfaces (groupware). EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE WWW.SMILE-OSS. all of which are covered by a multitude of open source solutions. All these tools are invaluable in the implementation of a complete messaging system.COM The field of “messaging” is extremely vast.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 75 MESSAGING. This category includes presentations of messaging servers (SMTP and IMAP). Anti-viruses like CLAV are covered in the Security section. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the graphs below do not display the average scores. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.

). Postfix is a flexible. Postfix was first known as VMailer and then as IBM Secure Mailer. Postfix can prevent spam (based on a public antispam list.5 Website: www. Its scope is relatively broad and perfectly suited to professional use.8. Postfix was originally created in 1997. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Postfix is distributed under the IBM Public License. LDAP directories.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 76 Postfix Version studied: 2.COM Postfix is a messaging server. More and more frequently used to replace Sendmail in open source email infrastructures. It was developed by Wietse Venema and several other contributors.postfix. scalable SMTP server. etc. It can query a large number of external sources of information (databases. for example).org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. In particular.

As for Cyrus IMAPd. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. server side filtering (sieves) and a large number of SASL authentication methods. it is an open source IMAP server.4. It supports advanced functionalities such as push (IDLE). ACLs.COM Cyrus is a scalable mail server available for both personal and professional use. Cyrus IMAPd is distributed under the BSD License. The project came from Carnegie Mellon University in the US and dates back to 1994.org Community driven solution WWW.10 Website: www. quotas.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 77 Cyrus IMAPd Version studied: 2. Cyrus is based on many standards and offers two downloadable editions.cyrusimap. shared folders.

org Community driven solution WWW.3.2 Website: http://spamassassin.). It is written in Perl. invalid originator. It is a very widespread tool among mail servers.apache. various blacklist systems (URIBL. etc. The technologies used include Bayesian analysis based on learned keywords.SMILE-OSS.COM SpamAssassin is an anti-spam solution that uses a wide range of different techniques. the creator of the famous Web Apache HTTP Server. DNSBL.). It was launched in 1997 and is led by the Apache Software Foundation. including in the infrastructures of major suppliers. content analysis (Razor and DCC) and a number of other message formatting criteria (image to text ratio. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 78 SpamAssassin Version studied: 3. etc. SpamAssassin is available under the Apache License. no text version.

1 Website: www. has proven particularly effective after an initial learning phase. Zdziarski. The main benefit of DSPAM in relation to its competitors lies in the depth of its analytical engine. DSPAM is distributed under the GPL.com Community driven solution WWW.10.COM DSPAM is an anti-spam solution based on Bayesian filtering and written by Jonathan A.nuclearelephant. also known as the author of Ending Spam.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 79 DSPAM Version studied: 3. based on learned keywords. as well as its user interactions.SMILE-OSS. This type of filtering. providing users with a web interface used to manage quarantines and to explicitly designate email as desirable or undesirable. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Symbian OS and Palm OS). Zimbra can also synchronise with virtually all mobile platforms (iPhone OS.COM Zimbra is a collaborative messaging server. In its commercial edition. This makes it possible to interface with a telephony solution like Asterisk or a CRM tool like SugarCRM. Zimbra has become an indispensable reference in collaborative enterprise messaging.1 Website: www. Zimbra’s webmail is in fact compatible with all modern browsers. The Zimbra suite includes a Zimbra Desktop fat client but remains fully compatible with standard fat clients like Microsoft Outlook. Eudora. iCal. Android. LDAP. a derivative of the MPL. BlackBerry. Its 100% online. IMAP. It supplies a SOAP base enabling the development of plug-ins called “Zimlets” that provide for the free extension of its functional scope. etc. POP3 and CalDAV. The messaging tool is based on a rich and robust infrastructure base: WebDAV (XML).zimbra.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 80 Zimbra Version studied: 7.com Vendor driven solution (VMware) WWW. All Zimbra’s functionalities can be accessed through a web browser or a fat client. Zimbra is published under the Zimbra Public License.1. Mozilla Thunderbird. Today. SMTP. HTTP(S). Ajax based user interface is famous for its ergonomics. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

horde.org Community driven solution WWW. Turba. Horde is distributed under the GPL. exchange and organise their emails. It allows users to read. whose ergonomics make it a key.8 Website: www.0. It is written in PHP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . collaborative messaging solution.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 81 Horde Version studied: 4. contacts and tasks. IMP and Mnemo. reliable collaborative messaging tool. Horde is an ergonomic bundle of applications like INgo. More than a mere aggregate of technical bricks. and to organise and share their calendars.SMILE-OSS. It is fully modulable groupware (collaborative software).COM Horde Groupware Webmail Edition is a professional.

Its webmail (which uses Ajax and is fully accessible online) and its direct interfacing with Outlook makes it the functional open source alternative that is most similar to Microsoft Exchange.1 Website: www. providing nearly complete compatibility with all smartphones and Pocket PCs on the market. Since 2007.zarafa. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Its data are stored in a MySQL database.0.COM Zarafa’s collaborative messaging software natively supports the MAPI protocol. the engine for Zarafa’s enterprise edition has embedded the Z-Push protocol.SMILE-OSS. Zarafa is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. It was originally developed in the Netherlands. The webmail is based on Ajax with PHP processing (with the MAPI PHP extension).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 82 Zarafa Version studied: 7.com Vendor driven solution (Zarafa) WWW.

COM OpenEMM is an open source email marketing solution developed since 1999 by the German company AGNITAS. the tool is relatively well equipped. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . including English and French. OpenEMM is one of these. real time statistics.org Vendor driven solution (AGNITAS AG) WWW. with targeting tools. From a functional standpoint. and the possibility of using web services and bounce management.0. For example. It is used to manage corporate newsletters and email marketing campaigns.openemm. strong documentation. There are few open source email marketing solutions today that can boast a broad scope. OpenEMM is based on the languages C. template management. Java and Python.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 83 OpenEMM Version studied: OpenEMM 2011 Website: www. it offers a 100% web interface available in several languages. Its data are stored in a MySQL database. OpenEMM is distributed under the Common Public Attribution License (CPAL) 1. Siemens and more. OpenEMM is used by major groups the likes of BenQ. bulk import and export modules. thereby earning its place here in this guide.

egroupware.com http://www. email marketing and groupware.net http://www.COM Name Roundcube EGroupware OBM Open-Xchange Sendmail URL / Website http://roundcube.SMILE-OSS.open-xchange.org http://obm.sendmail. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://www.com/sm/open_source/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 84 Other Among the different products available in the field of messaging.

including security. It is this last point in particular that we will be assessing in this section. load distribution.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 85 HTTP ACCELERATORS WWW. Web users “transit” via the reverse proxies to access internal server applications. Advanced caching policies can offload web application servers. also referred to as “reverse proxies”. are implemented on servers. They have a variety of different uses. namely by supporting the ESI standard. compression and caching. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . SSL acceleration. irrespective of the language used.COM HTTP accelerators. Some HTTP accelerators can handle fragment caching.SMILE-OSS.

The first version of Squid dates back to 1996.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 86 Squid Version studied: 3. used to regulate web traffic and to cache frequently viewed content. Squid was inspired by the Harvest project. Squid is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS.squid-cache. When used for access control. In some cases it is also used as a reverse proxy in web architectures. It has been compatible with IPv6 since version 3.1 Website: www. Its main function is as a direct proxy. blacklisted URLs can be procured from third party suppliers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Squid is an HTTP proxy server commonly used by businesses.

varnish-cache. The first stable version of Varnish was launched in 2006 for the Norwegian newspaper Verdens Gang. The tool is configured via VCL (Varnish Configuration Language) files.COM Varnish is a high performance HTTP cache. Varnish is used by Facebook. Used to improve the performance of high traffic websites. Varnish supports ESI (Edge Side Includes) tags. this enables the definition of extremely detailed management rules. Varnish also includes load distribution functionalities and can be used to test the availability of servers producing web content. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The product’s architect is Poul-Henning Kamp of Denmark.1 Website: www.0. for example.org Vendor driven solution (Varnish Software) WWW.SMILE-OSS. Varnish stores a portion of its data in virtual memory.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 87 Varnish Version studied: 3. Lastly. Varnish is distributed under the BSD License.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.COM Name nginx URL / Website http://nginx. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 88 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP accelerators.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 89 OTHER WWW.SMILE-OSS. the graphs below do not display the average scores.COM In this last category in the “Infrastructure” dimension. ProFTPD (an FTP server) and BIND (a DNS server). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . we will present additional open source tools that are particularly useful to system and network administrators. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. In particular. Samba (for UNIX file exchanges on Windows workstations). we will be presenting CUPS (a print server).

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 90 CUPS Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. etc.cups.5. CUPS is available under the GPL. owners of Easy Software Products. It was created in late 1999 by Michael Sweet and Andrew Senft.) and compatibility with the traditional printing protocols IPP. AppSocket. accountancy. and offers administrative capacities (file management.COM CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System) is a popular print server for UNIX systems.org Vendor driven solution (Apple Inc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .) WWW. LPD and SMB (Windows). It is used on both individual workstations and dedicated print servers. It can support a very large number of printers.0 Website: www.

Samba is distributed under the GPL v3. the SMB protocol is used for file and printer sharing. It was written by Andrew Tridgell at Australian National University. thus establishing compatibility between the two environments.samba.6.COM Samba is an SMB server for Windows workstations. Its first version dates back to 1992. In Windows.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 91 Samba Version studied: 3. Samba can also function as a domain controller on smaller networks.SMILE-OSS. Samba enables the use of a UNIX server to make these resources available to Windows clients.0 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 92 ProFTPD Version studied: 1.3. which has made it possible for extensions to be written for SSL/TLS encryption support (FTPS protocol) and authentication via RADIUS.3 Website: www. virtual hosts and users. It includes advanced functionalities like chroot. accountancy and quotas. ProFTPD is available under the GPL. ProFTPD allows the use of a MySQL database to manage FTP accounts in lieu of management by the machine’s users. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM ProFTPD is a very powerful. well documented open source FTP server. ProFTPD uses access and configuration syntax that is similar to the syntax used by Apache HTTP Server. Its architecture is modular.org Community driven solution WWW. LDAP and SQL databases.SMILE-OSS.proftpd.

org/software/bind Community driven solution WWW. Version 10 is now in development. It supports all advanced functionalities.COM BIND is the benchmark for DNS servers.SMILE-OSS. Published by the Internet Software Consortium. Berkeley.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 93 BIND Version studied: 9. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1 Website: www.isc. in the 1980s. BIND’s origins date back to four students at the University of California. namely DNSSEC (since the rewriting of its code in the early 2000s). BIND is available under the BSD License. BIND is a DNS server providing for both name resolution via name servers and hosting of its own zone.8.

SMILE-OSS. It should be noted that some tools. could have been classified in the Infrastructure dimension. there is a broad panel of open source development solutions.. like directories and databases. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension. such as Eclipse and frameworks like Symfony and Django.COM As its name indicates. e-shops.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 94 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION WWW. etc. among the following categories:        Corporate directories Databases BPM / Workflow Development tools Testing & Continuous integration ESBs Web development frameworks and libraries         Cross-platform mobile frameworks PKIs Identity authentication. typically found between the Infrastructure and Application layers. the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension covers all the solutions useful to development functions. It is also particularly well equipped with open source products. federation and management Load testing tools Search engines HTTP and application servers MOM & EAI Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Beyond applications like CMSs. document management solutions. and nearly 110 are listed in total.

There is a standard used in most corporate directors to perform queries (LDAP protocol). they can also be used as address books. In the open source universe.SMILE-OSS. for user authentication. OpenLDAP has the best reputation. are a specialised type of database designed to contain hierarchically arranged information on a company’s organisation. to define the company’s security policy and more. But the use of corporate directories is not limited to text searches.COM Corporate directories. even if tools like 389 Directory Server also boast a strong functional scope. the data pertain to people (users) and/or resources (printers and the like). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . also referred to as “electronic directories”. Most of the time.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 95 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES WWW.

thanks to its very similar code base. itself based on the original slapd code. with some portions like the GUI in Java. 389 Directory Server is distributed under the GPL. even if the first version of Fedora Directory Server came out in 2005. thereby enabling read and write access redundancy. which also gave rise to OpenLDAP. formerly Fedora Directory Server.fedoraproject. is an LDAP server developed by Red Hat within the Fedora community.COM 389 Directory Server. 389 Directory Server implements the LDAP v3 protocol and stands out from its rival solutions thanks to its graphical administration interface in Java and master-master replication support.SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW.9 Website: http://directory. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2. particularly useful given that SunONE appears to have been dropped since its acquisition by Oracle.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 96 389 Directory Server Version studied: 1. It is based on the source code of the venerable Netscape Directory Server. This means its origins date back to 1996. It is mostly written in C. It should also be noted that 389 Directory Server can be used as a replacement for SunONE/JES Directory Server.9.

Each overlay provides additional functionalities (dynamic group. Solaris. etc.4. OpenLDAP implements the most recent version of the LDAP protocol (v3).). It is a sound alternative to commercial directories. etc. In addition. directory data can be stored in different back ends (LDAP proxy. OpenLDAP is distributed under the OpenLDAP Public License. while providing a scalable architecture through an overlay system and back end. password policy.COM OpenLDAP is an open source company directory.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 97 OpenLDAP Version studied: 2. access log.26 Website: www. or a SQL database. AIX. is compatible with the GPL and has been validated by the Free Software Foundation.openldap. OpenLDAP was created in 1998 by Kurt Zeilenga.SMILE-OSS. as well as on Windows and Mac OS X. OpenLDAP also incorporates replication and delegation mechanisms. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . enabling for example the implementation of an LDAP directory distributed to multiple sites. on different BSD variants on UNIX based OSs (Android. HP-UX. with each one administrating its own branch. OpenLDAP is developed in C and runs on Linux. query transfers to Perl or Shell scripts.).org Community driven solution WWW. etc.).

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 98 Other Among the different products available in the field of corporate directories.COM Name Apache Directory OpenDS URL / Website http://directory.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .apache.SMILE-OSS.opends. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://www.

They are used to store a batch of information in a pre-defined structure. which is an alternative to SQL and the relational model and which provides a high level of scalability (expandability). The major DBMSs today are open source solutions like MySQL and PostgreSQL. Current technologies make it possible to organise and structure a database such as to be able to easily handle its content and efficiently store very large volumes of information.COM Databases have become key components of the IT landscape.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 99 DATABASES WWW.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Since 2009 a new trend has appeared: NoSQL. Databases like MySQL and PostgreSQL are relational DBs that use SQL to query their data.

) or Windows based. MySQL is widely used at companies the likes of Google and Facebook. MySQL uses the GPL and comes with exception linking. Solaris. An Enterprise edition is also available.mysql. BSD. which enables the use of client libraries in programmes not compatible with the GPL. and by major websites like Wikipedia.15 Website: www. MySQL was created by Michael “Monty” Widenius in 1995. asynchronous replication.COM MySQL is a fast.com Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. MySQL is developed in C and C++ and can run on a very broad range of platforms. etc.5. clustering and data recovery in the event of a system failure. providing a number of graphics tools and support from its vendor company. stored procedures. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . triggers. MySQL has gradually adopted new functionalities reserved for traditional “corporate” databases. MySQL supports transactions. whether UNIX (Linux. referential integrity. Initially focusing primarily on speed and simplicity. Oracle.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 100 MySQL Version studied: 5.SMILE-OSS. deployed especially in Internet environments. robust RDBMS.

legacy tables.) or Windows based.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 101 PostgreSQL Version studied: 9. It supports stored procedures. a wide variety of data types. triggers. full text searches and more. BSD.4 Website: www. PostgreSQL uses the PostgreSQL License. function indexes. transactions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . approved by the Open Source Initiative. PostgreSQL is a followup to Ingres. Solaris. whether UNIX (Linux. custom rules to modify the query execution path.COM PostgreSQL is the most complete open source RDBMS available today.postgresql. The project was launched by Michael Stonebraker in 1985 and the first version built using the current architecture was released in 1995. PostgreSQL is written in C and can run on a very broad range of platforms. The functional scope of PostgreSQL is vast and comparable to other Enterprise databases on the market.0. custom functions.org Community driven solution WWW. Its performance and stability allow it to be integrated with even the most demanding production platforms. etc.

0. It is written in C++. the database is supported by a commercial entity. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . MongoDB takes advantage of the sharp upturn in interest for document databases that are better aligned with modern environments that need to handle extremely heterogeneous data and for which relational DBMSs are not necessarily the most appropriate.COM MongoDB is a document orientated database that is part of the NoSQL movement and that allows for document storage in BSON format (a binary form of JSON).) WWW.mongodb. It is upgradable in decentralised environments via replication and sharding mechanisms. 10gen.SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (10gen. Its particularly successful integration with most programming languages and its quality documentation have earned MongoDB its great popularity. Inc.0 Website: http://www. Inc. Further.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 102 MongoDB Version studied: 2. MongoDB is distributed under the Affero GPL.

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Redis
Version studied: 2.2.13 Website: http://redis.io Vendor driven solution (VMware)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Redis is a key-value data warehouse from the NoSQL movement. The project is sponsored by VMware. The first version was published by Salvatore Sanfilippo and Pieter Noordhuis in 2009. Like most key-value data stores, Redis offers a HTTP REST interface. Its originality in relation to other available solutions lies in the fact that Redis includes a set of data manipulation functions that are primarily orientated toward handling stored character strings, giving Redis the capacity to build queries that are slightly more complex than its competitors, traditionally limited to CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) operations. The strong performance of Redis in both read and write modes positions it as an excellent choice for the implementation of cache back ends and session managers. Redis is distributed under the BSD License. It is written in C.

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Cassandra
Version studied: 0.8.5 Website: http://cassandra.apache.org Foundation driven solution (Apache)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Cassandra is another NoSQL database. Initially developed by Facebook in 2008, it was later released and its development is now the work of the Apache Foundation. Cassandra is a column oriented database. Designed for massively distributed roll-outs (potentially across multiple datacentres), Cassandra is one of the most effective databases wherever there is a need to respond to massive data processing issues. Further, its completely decentralised architecture makes it highly resistant to failures. Like most column oriented databases, it is also particularly well suited to business intelligence functions. Cassandra is distributed under the Apache License. It is written in Java.

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Other
Among the different products available in the field of databases, the following tools can also be added to the list:

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Name Berkeley DB db4o Apache Derby Firebird HSQLDB Ingres SQLite CouchDB Neo4j Voldemort

URL / Website http://www.oracle.com/us/products/database/berkeley-db http://www.db4o.com http://db.apache.org/derby http://www.firebirdsql.org http://hsqldb.org http://www.ingres.com/products/ingres-database http://www.sqlite.org http://couchdb.apache.org http://neo4j.org http://www.project-voldemort.com

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BPM / WORKFLOW

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Leave requests, document validation and paperless customer relations: these processes are at the core of the information systems used by companies and government agencies. BPM (Business Process Management) solutions offer a modern approach in which users are largely released from technical constraints when modelling, deploying and optimising their processes. BPM solutions provide for graphic process modelling, form generation and adaptation, and online request monitoring. In the world of open source solutions, quality tools are available, such as Bonita, the flagship open source BPM product.

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Bonita
Version studied: 5.5.2 Website: http://www.bonitasoft.com Vendor driven solution (BonitaSoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

First developed by Bull in the early 2000s, the product has been driven by the open source vendor BonitaSoft since 2009. Bonita offers an extremely user-friendly graphic process modeller that makes it possible to deploy simple BPM applications (e.g. the publication of leave request forms on an Intranet site) in just a few clicks. The forms are automatically generated by the solution or can be configured in advance. Access to and processing of pending requests are intuitive, thanks to the “user XP” interface, which is very similar to a mail client. But Bonita’s real strength lies in its system of connectors, available in their default form or custom developed. A community edition of Bonita is available under the GPL v2. The SP (Subscription Pack) edition is subject to subscription and comes with additional functionalities, as well as support. Bonita is developed in JEE, the language also used to develop new connectors. Some advanced configurations are done in Groovy.

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and the product remains a key technical BPM brick for projects. its simplicity.SMILE-OSS. The product does currently suffer from a lack of community dynamics. Version 5 has been announced as BPMN 2. but suffer from a degree of immaturity that makes them unsuited to management by non-technical users.1 Website: www. Eclipse (developer) and web (functional user) interfaces enable graphical workflow management. the web interface is only available via Drools (a rule engine).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 108 jBPM Version studied: 5. it is easy to configure and enjoys a comprehensive API.org/jbpm Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW. being both powerful and lightweight. jBPM is an excellent BPM engine.COM jBPM is developed by a community with the support of JBoss. jBPM is published under the LGPL and is developed in Java. which cancels out the tool’s chief advantage. The latest version is promising though.0 compatible. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . particularly in open source environments. In addition. As the benchmark for open source BPM in recent years. When used as a software brick. many software companies have integrated jBPM with their solutions.jboss.

Its youth makes it better suited as a BPM brick integrated with more complex projects. which wanted to develop an alternative to jBPM for its own purposes. Nonetheless. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Alfresco is banking on the dynamic nature of open source (the product has been handed over to the Spring community) and aims to make it the benchmark for open source BPM.COM Activiti is published by the producer of ECM. Technically. Today. In electing to make it a stand-alone component.org Vendor driven solution (Alfresco) WWW. robust BPM engine. Activiti is at the cutting edge and enjoys excellent dynamics thanks to the widespread popularity of its sponsor. for example. its actual implementation necessarily requires a solid technical background. Alfresco. as is the case at Alfresco. Activiti is published under the Apache License and is developed in Java. Activiti does however boast user-friendly process design interfaces that allow functional and technical teams to work together on process modelling.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 109 Activiti Version studied: 5.activiti. Activiti is a lightweight.7 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.

automation tools like Ant and Phing. As we will see. ticket managers like MantisBT. and collaboration and software engineering solutions like Tuleap. source code management tools like Subversion and Git. particularly web applications. development environments like Eclipse. there are also excellent open source development bricks that can be used to build ambitious projects under optimal conditions.COM This section presents the tools useful in the development of applications. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 110 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS WWW.SMILE-OSS. It includes project management tools like Redmine and Maven.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Ant is mainly used in Java projects. programme compilation. back-ups.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.8. etc. Ant allows for the automation of repetitive operations throughout a project. although it can also be used in projects utilising other technologies. Ant was designed by James Duncan Davidson in 2000 (when the first version was released).apache. The tasks most commonly entrusted to Ant include external tool execution (like Checkstyle and FindBugs).COM Ant (“Another Neat Tool”) is a task automation tool used throughout the software development cycle.SMILE-OSS. archiving. Ant is written in Java.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 111 Ant Version studied: 1.2 Website: http://ant. Ant is distributed under the Apache License and is supported by the foundation of the same name. similarly to Make commands. documentation generation (Javadoc).

each containing one or more tasks (file copies.phing. Linux and Mac OS X platforms. Phing is distributed under the LGPL (Lesser Public General License) v3.) that is very easy to expand. etc. Phing is developed in PHP and is compatible with the Windows.7. file handling. it is used to automate recurring tasks during IT project developments. that can be launched from the command line.SMILE-OSS. Phing can use ancillary libraries like Xdebug and phpcs for some of its tasks.info/trac Community driven solution WWW. such as the launch of unit testing. via the intermediary of new PHP classes. Phing. Distributed through the PEAR package manager. uses an XML file to define a list of actions (the “target”). code analysis with PHP CodeSniffer. command launches.).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 112 Phing Version studied: 2. code analysis tools and delivery management. In particular. It incorporates a long list of native tasks (execution of PHPUnit testing.1 Website: www. depending on needs.4. PHP Mess Detector. like Ant. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Phing is an IT project life cycle management tool inspired by Ant and originally developed by Andreas Aderhold. work with source code version managers. etc.

SMILE-OSS. modelling. reporting and other environments. initiated by IBM in 2001. The purpose of Eclipse is to provide tools that foster productivity.7 Website: www. but not just in respect of software coding. test. it can be used for developments in any programming language. Although Eclipse is written in Java.COM Eclipse is a scalable. The Eclipse Foundation is now the official sponsor. It includes integrated development environments. but also design.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 113 Eclipse Version studied: 3. multi-functional development environment.org Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. Designed around a shared platform coupled with spin-off components. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .eclipse. the project is in fact a composite of many sub-projects specific to the underlying technologies. Eclipse is written in Java. Eclipse is published under the EPL (Eclipse Public License).

SMILE-OSS. MantisBT allows for project based ticket allocation. Victor Boctor and Julian Fitzell in 2002. MS SQL or DB2). a filtered ticket search form. was soon joined by Jeroen Latour.8 Website: www. Kenzaburo Ito. MantisBT is distributed under the GNU GPL v2. etc. It has primarily been tested for Web Apache and IIS servers. severity.2.COM MantisBT is a very popular web based bug tracking tool (covering anomalies. MantisBT is developed in PHP and requires the use of a database (MySQL. sub-project creation and more. a personalised page for each user that lists the tickets they opened and those assigned to them.org Community driven solution WWW.mantisbt. upgrade requests. category.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 114 MantisBT Version studied: 1. public/private. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Requests can also be classified using a variety of criteria (type. who launched the project in November 2000. user rights management. service requests and more) that is suited to any type of project. an admin section for each project in which users can be added/deleted. priority. PostgreSQL.). a notification system. In particular. the tool offers functionalities like a customisable status chaining workflow. the four now form the core development team for the product.

perform complete automated deliveries. It can also manage a project’s dependencies.0. deploy applications and simplify project roll-outs on a continuous integration platform. Checkstyle. Maven was designed for Java projects in general and for Java EE projects in particular. PMD. Maven was designed for project standardisation and use.COM Maven is a technical project management tool. NCSS. Maven is distributed under the Apache License.3 Website: http://maven. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. It is written in Java.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 115 Maven Version studied: 3. Its development is mainly performed by the Apache Foundation. Maven also offers advanced integration of numerous reporting tools (Surefire. etc.).apache.

It became an official Apache Foundation project in 2010. Apache Subversion was written to overcome the shortcomings of CVS. Numerous tools and resources are available to turn it to its best advantage.COM Subversion (SVN) is a centralised version control system. A spin-off of CVS. its development was initialised in 2000 by the company CollabNet. files can be renamed and/or moved without losing their histories. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .17 Website: http://subversion.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 116 Subversion Version studied: 1. it has been selected by many open source software communities. whose implementation (but not its concept) had been called into question.6.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.apache. Subversion is distributed under the Apache and BSD Licenses. It is written in C.SMILE-OSS. etc. revision numbers are global across the entire data warehouse. A number of additional functionalities have been included: directories and metadata are versioned. A popular standard.

SMILE-OSS. It also enables the use of a development workflow. it is used in the Linux kernel and for PHP.7. It is written in C. such as subjecting a code’s transmission to approval by one of the developers.COM Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS). Git is distributed under the GPL v2.6. In particular.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 117 Git Version studied: 1.1 Website: http://git-scm. Git is used to “commit” locally. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . then to push a set of local commits to other developers.com Community driven solution WWW. It is an open source software solution created by Linus Torvalds in 2005. Git’s ability to easily create and administrate branches makes it a top-grade tool for open source project development. Bourne Shell and Perl. Among other functions.

document management. etc. and assignment of requests to the relevant project participants.1 Website: www.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 118 Redmine Version studied: 1. title. Redmine offers the following functionalities: secure multi-project management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . project status views in the form of a Gantt diagram.COM Redmine is a collaborative tool used to manage projects via a secure web interface. email and RSS feed notifications..SMILE-OSS.redmine. It was developed in Ruby on the basis of the Ruby on Rails framework. owner. date. their status. classification by category. profile and rights management. depending on the project.2. Redmine is distributed under the GPL v2. management of requests. their priority and their history. etc. It was created by Jean-Philippe Lang in 2006. user.

Also referred to as a software forge or ALM (Application Lifecycle Management). document management. Tuleap is distributed under the GPL. based its economic model on the provision of professional services and support.0.21 Website: http://www. Tuleap’s software is used by tens of thousands of users around the world for their professional developments. Enalean.COM Tuleap is an open source software suite that provides the tools that companies need for software development and efficient collaboration. ST-Ericsson and Orange. Tuleap is primarily written in PHP. version control. at major companies the likes of STMicroelectronics. Tuleap was developed by the company Enalean. providing bug. Tuleap is a complete ALM suite. Tuleap’s vendor. continuous integration. collaboration tools and more.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 119 Tuleap Version studied: 4. test and risk tracking. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.com/en/products/tuleap-suite/ Vendor driven solution (Enalean) WWW.enalean.

COM Name CVS GForge Trac Mercurial URL / Website http://cvs.org http://gforge. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .edgewall.selenic.org/gf http://trac.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 120 Other Among the different products available in the field of development tools.org http://mercurial.nongnu.SMILE-OSS.

Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. Graphics rendering (results display) solutions can also be found in connection with these tools. many quality open source tools exist. additional errors relating to the added code). the graphs below do not display the average scores.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . To implement continuous integration platforms.e. such as Continuum and Hudson.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 121 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION WWW.COM Continuous integration is a set of practices designed to improve the quality of application deliveries by checking that the result of each source code change does not lead to any regressions (i.

highly detailed rights management and integrated reporting on unit test results. The functionality that makes Continuum stand out from the rest is the possibility of grouping modules/projects together in project groups. of course.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. the various configurations and rights are pooled.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 122 Continuum Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS.apache.7 Website: http://continuum. It is written in Java. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Continuum is distributed under the Apache License. configuration of different execution environments. which provides for simple management of a series of projects. but also build distributions to slaves.3. Within these groups. even for groups with rapidly increasing numbers. It offers all the functionalities one might expect of such a tool: configurable automations.COM Continuum is the Apache Foundation’s continuous integration tool.

as well as its simpler. Jenkins can automate project building and can generate quality and testing reports. or queries on specific URLs.1 Website: http://hudson-ci. Here we look at both Jenkins and Hudson.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. Historically. Hudson was the continuous integration tool developed by Oracle/Sun. Jenkins is chiefly used in the continuous integration solutions market. Jenkins’s major asset is its ecosystem. intergenerational dependencies. Jenkins is a fork of Hudson.SMILE-OSS.COM Jenkins is a continuous integration tool. less austere interface than Continuum’s. Jenkins is distributed under the MIT and Creative Commons Licenses. Project generation can be initiated in various ways:planning mechanisms similar to cron. It is written in Java. which comprises hundreds of plug-ins.1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 123 Jenkins / Hudson Version studied: 2.

Selenium IDE can be used to record interface tests from Firefox and then to store them so that they can be played back with Selenium. This tool is very useful in confirming that an interface conforms to expectations.0. thanks to Jason Huggins who wanted to test the response times of various applications (Python. The project began in 2004 at ThoughtWorks in Chicago. etc. Selenium IDE is not just a recording tool: it is in fact an integrated development environment (IDE).SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 124 Selenium IDE Version studied: 1. it can be integrated with a continuous integration platform in order to automate interface testing. Selenium is distributed under the Apache License. Users can choose to utilise its recording capabilities or can modify the scripts manually. Plone.4 Website: http://seleniumhq.). In addition. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org/projects/ide Community driven solution WWW.COM Selenium is an interface testing tool.

By using a system of scalable rules. PMD analyses Java source code. The rules can be written using XPath expressions or Java classes (or PHP for PHPMD).2.k.a. PMD can detect empty try/catch statements. dead code. overcomplicated expressions and copied/pasted code (thanks to its CPD plug-in). is a static code analysis tool designed to detect the most common programming errors. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . an interesting indicator when assessing software quality.sourceforge.COM PMD. PMD can also calculate cyclomatic source code complexity.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 125 PMD Version studied: 4.net Community driven solution WWW.5 Website: http://pmd. PMD is licensed under a BSD-style license. a. There is also a PHP equivalent (PHPMD. PHP Mess Detector).SMILE-OSS. also known as “Project Mess Detector” or “Project Meets Deadline”.

com/sebastianbergmann/phpunit http://findbugs.net http://www.sourceforge.org https://github.sourceforge.sonarsource.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .sourceforge.org http://checkstyle.junit.SMILE-OSS.net http://cruisecontrol.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 126 Other Among the different products available in the field of testing and continuous integration.COM Name Sonar Checkstyles JUnit PHPUnit FindBugs CruiseControl URL / Website http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

Mule and Petals. Benchmark solutions in the open source universe include the likes of Talend ESB.COM ESBs (Enterprise Service Buses) allow applications to communicate with one another.SMILE-OSS. where these do not already include services or interfaces designed for that purpose. ESBs are often presented as a new architecture that uses different techniques like transformation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and web services.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 127 ESBS WWW. information transfers and routing. ESBs act as “mediators” between clients and service providers (applications).

2. known in its home country for its prestigious clients the likes of Deutsche Post. The key features that set this solution apart are a very well equipped mediation platform. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Zurich Insurance and Landesbank Berlin. service distribution capacity.SMILE-OSS. Talend ESB is distributed under the Apache License. has acquired Sopera. It is a very solid product that merits exploration.1 Website: http://www.COM Talend. the leader in open source data management. The merger of the Talend Data Management and Sopera ASF solutions resulted in the creation of a high level integrated middleware tool that combines the flexibility of use of a corporate services management framework with the power of data manipulation tools.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW. This has made Talend ESB a first class tool that allows for work on both Data Quality and Service Quality.talend. high level centralised technical monitoring and integration of the Talend suite.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 128 Talend ESB Version studied: 4. a German SOA and middleware platform vendor.

multicast. SMTP. XML-RPC.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 129 Mule Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. JDBC. It is written in Java. Inc. email.mulesoft. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In fact. Its architecture was designed to be scalable.2. Mule is distributed under the CPAL (Common Public Attribution License).org Vendor driven solution (MuleSoft. UDP. HTTP. Mule is a platform that is conducive to multiple exchanges between different applications that use different technologies such as HTTP. TCP.0 Website: www. Mule supports more than 50 standards. including JMS. servlets.COM Mule is both an ESB and an EAI tool. Mule is also an exchange platform with substantial routing capacity. POP3 and XMPP. protocols and technologies. The open source project was developed in 2003 by Ross Mason. JMS and more. now CTO of MuleSoft (formerly MuleSource).) WWW.

including JBI. EIP.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (Petals Link) driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Petals Master (SOA governance) and Petals Studio (SOA development environment). all of which with a real time system and openness to the outside world.3 Website: http://petals. SMTP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 130 Petals Version studied: 3. Java. Petals ESB is at the centre of a complete open source solution for SOA infrastructures. XSD WSDL. The project is coordinated by Petals Link and is developed based on the OW2 Consortium’s forges. Integrated with Petals View (business supervision). IMAP and JSE Platform. JSR 181. Petals ESB is distributed under the LGPL. Petals supports and integrates many protocols and technologies. SCA. REST. BPEL.ow2. mediator and turntable for SOA infrastructures.SMILE-OSS.1.COM Petals ESB is an open source enterprise service bus. XSLT. POP. SOAP. Petals ESB is a response to the issues encountered with SOA: a flexible information system adapted to rapid IT developments.

org/jbossesb http://servicemix.org http://synapse.apache.apache.jboss.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 131 Other Among the different products available in the field of ESBs.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name JBoss Enterprise Service Bus ServiceMix Synapse URL / Website http://www.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

Frameworks can be found for any language (Java.).SMILE-OSS. JavaScript. and use standard. PHP.COM A framework can reduce application development times by effectively responding to the most common problems encountered by developers. Ruby. Python. Most modern applications are based on web frameworks or libraries.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 132 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES WWW. Frameworks typically include a wide range of ready to use functionalities with well polished implementations. etc. The frameworks available on the market are generally of high quality. with approaches than can vary widely. The time saved on more general issues can then be devoted to the custom aspects of the application. well implemented design models. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

0. The developer has standardised access to the database (thanks to the ORM Doctrine). Symfony also provides a set of command line tools used to manage the cache.0 Website: www.org Vendor driven solution (Sensio Labs) WWW.COM Symfony is an MVC web framework written in PHP. which provides a complete development context. XSS. Created by Fabien Potencier. the first version was released in 2005.SMILE-OSS. controllers and views. On the security end.0 came out in August 2011. to generate the basic structure and the edit screens for declared objects (scaffolding). CSRF and so on). Adherence to the HTTP protocol and the MVC paradigm are the core of the framework. and the eagerly awaited version 2. Symfony is developed by Sensio Labs and distributed under the MIT License. symfony protects against traditional attacks on web applications (SQL injection. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .symfony-project.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 133 Symfony Version studied: 2. Symfony is a framework whose operating principles are similar to Django and Ruby on Rails. etc. to automatically generate an administrative interface (admin generator). The framework also supplies a large library of utility functions.

It can also be seen as more of a component library than a complete framework. Zend Framework is distributed under the New BSD License and is supported by Zend Technologies. with database abstraction. it provides the components needed to create MVC applications. with a much lighter coupling of its components.11 Website: http://framework. but rather a lightweight table gateway interface.SMILE-OSS. Zend Framework offers a very broad range of components.zend. Zend Framework requires PHP 5. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It should however be noted that Zend Framework does not include ORM. which integrates CAPTCHAs with the application. used to communicate with Google services. From a general point of view.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 134 Zend Framework Version studied: 1.2 and supports all databases handled by PDO. if not the most used. Nonetheless. Zend’s approach is quite different from symfony.COM Zend Framework is one of the duo of leaders in PHP frameworks. Among others. and Zend_Captcha. alongside symfony. these include Zend_Gdata. which also publishes the Zend engine that is at the core of the PHP interpreter. It is one of the most commonly used PHP frameworks.com Vendor driven solution (Zend Technologies) WWW.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 135 WWW.

making the tool a must in the Java ecosystem. which allows it to manage dependencies between the objects forming the application. One of the portfolio’s many components can then be used on top of this lightweight container.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 136 Spring Version studied: 3. Spring is distributed under the Apache License. JDO and EclipseLink. More simplistic that AspectJ. Spring ORM is a data access abstraction library. Spring MVC is an annotation based. Spring is also used to load the application’s various configurations. The classes that respond to user actions are annotated to indicate the method that should be used and the view that should be served. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .6 Website: www. Spring AOP is an aspect oriented programming framework.COM Spring is a portfolio of tools and libraries.org Vendor driven solution (SpringSource. It offers a complete stack as a sort of alternative to the standard Java EE stack. The main components are Spring MVC. It provides an abstraction for the usual persistence frameworks like Hibernate. Spring is built on a lightweight container. for transaction management and for a whole series of utility tools. Spring AOP nonetheless offers the usual AOP tools with different types of grafts and different ways of expressing pointcuts. full REST MVC framework.0.springsource. a division of VMware) WWW. Spring ORM and Spring AOP.

4 Website: http://code.COM Google Web Toolkit is an RIA framework developed by Google. which requires time-consuming. The result is an extensive application that adheres to web standards. GWT’s XML format for interface descriptions allows for rapid development. However.SMILE-OSS. it is. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which require the installation of a special plug-in on client workstations.0 dates back to 17 May 2006. GWT can be used to create and maintain dynamic web applications that implement JavaScript. manual integration that consists of a translation of the layout in XML and Java. very difficult to integrate a HTML layout. GWT enables the development of elaborate applications in pure Java that is “compiled” in JavaScript and HTML. whose version 1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 137 GWT Version studied: 2. because GWT generates all its interface views using XML and Java.com/webtoolkit Vendor driven solution (Google) WWW. unlike technologies such as Flex and Silverlight. paradoxically. using the Java language and tools. GWT is distributed under the terms of the Apache License.google.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 138 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

COM jQuery is one of the main JavaScript libraries. jQuery is compatible with the vast majority of browsers. It was created by John Resig in 2006. including Internet Explorer 6. and Google supplies a CDN for the library’s files. providing for virtually restriction-free integration.3 Website: http://jquery. jQuery has been integrated into numerous open source projects. event management. a multitude of plugins are available from the official website.NET Ajax. jQuery also has a compatibility mode. which enables the reuse and functional encapsulation of behaviours. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which allows its use at the same time as another JavaScript library. As the community is extremely responsive.com Community driven solution WWW. The purpose of jQuery is to simplify the usual JavaScript manipulations: DOM manipulation. Implementation follows a strict object based logic and could benefit from call chaining to simplify the writing. jQuery is distributed under the MIT License or the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 139 jQuery Version studied: 1.6. jQuery simplifies multi-browser JavaScript developments by providing an API that is independent of the underlying platform. and animation and management of Ajax calls. including Microsoft ASP.SMILE-OSS. One of jQuery’s strong points is its simplified plug-in writing.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 140 WWW.

org Community driven solution WWW. It should however be noted that DOM expansion has raised a number of issues and is currently being withdrawn from the library. Prototype is distributed under the MIT License.SMILE-OSS.).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 141 Prototype Version studied: 1. In this way. etc. legacy objects.7 Website: www. Prototype’s goal is to enrich the JavaScript language and the DOM by attaching additional components and functionalities. Over and above its simplification of cross-browser and Ajax oriented development. JavaScript development with Prototype brings in a number of traditional object oriented programming concepts that are absent from standard JavaScript (constructors.prototypejs. including Internet Explorer 6. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Prototype is written in JavaScript and is compatible with the vast majority of browsers.COM Prototype is a JavaScript library created by Sam Stephenson in 2005 in order to add Ajax support to the Ruby on Rails framework.

playframework.org Vendor driven solution (Zenexity) WWW. Zenexity contributes to the project and performs product development and support. Play! is written in Java. and its own application server (although it is also easy to deploy on a Tomcat server). for example. Play! is distributed under the Apache License 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0. used to create CRUD interfaces. Play! also has its own technical project manager. which allows it. It therefore includes the transposition to Java of the main concepts used in frameworks like RoR. its templates in Groovy and the project manager in Python. to transparently reload the modified code on the fly. Django and symfony: MVC.SMILE-OSS.3 Website: www.2. The principle behind Play! is to reduce the Java development life cycle and to limit the complexity of applications often associated with Java projects.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 142 Play! Version studied: 1. etc. Convention over Configuration. Don’t Repeat Yourself.COM Play! is a web-oriented Java framework created by Guillaume Bort in 2007.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . such as a database abstraction layer. a templating engine. Django is distributed under the BSD License.1 Website: https://www. It should be noted that Django is available on the Google App Engine platform. an interface for the Python unit testing framework (PyUnit). CRUD interface creation tools and classic web attack prevention systems (XSS.3.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 143 Django Version studied: 1. supplying as many pre-existing components as possible. etc. Django is based on the MVC paradigm and on the principle of Don’t Repeat Yourself. CSRF.COM Django is the benchmark for web frameworks in Python. It was created in 2005 by the company Lawrence Journal-World.). an infrastructure for form manipulation and data entry validation.com Foundation driven solution (Django Software Foundation) WWW. It is developed in Python.djangoproject.SMILE-OSS. a cache system. Some of the more noteworthy websites that use Django include Disqus and Spotify. SQL injection.

written by David Heinemeier Hansson. even if some parts (not linked to the front office) have been rewritten in Scala following load bearing issues with the Ruby interpreter. in the name of which it supplies a number of code and interface generators (scaffolding). The first version. It is developed in Ruby.COM Ruby on Rails is a web framework.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 144 Ruby on Rails Version studied: 3. The Ruby on Rails framework is characterised by the concept of Don’t Repeat Yourself.1 Website: http://rubyonrails. These generators mean the developer does not have to perform the operations over again or recode similar standard functionalities. One of RoR’s success stories has been Twitter. database access. In the same spirit.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. was released in 2004. HTTP management and Ajax calls) are integrated with the framework and allow the developer to concentrate on the business logic rather than the technical aspects. Ruby on Rails is distributed under the MIT License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the classic lower layers (security.

org/zetacomponents May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .phpontrax.pradosoft.me http://www.com http://codeigniter. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.apache.org http://cxf.com http://incubator.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 145 Other Among the different products available in the field of web development frameworks and libraries.COM Name CakePHP Lithium Prado PHPonTrax CodeIgniter Jelix CXF Yii Zeta Components URL / Website http://cakephp.com http://jelix.yiiframework.com http://www.SMILE-OSS.org http://lithify.org http://www.apache.

Symbian and Palm. which runs on the iPhone. In the world of open source solutions. as well as Rhodes and Titanium. Many mobile operating systems now exist. This is the case. BlackBerry. as mentioned above. These frameworks use different techniques to obtain relatively similar results. for example. Android.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 146 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS WWW. mobile applications have increased exponentially in recent years. among others. with PhoneGap. crossplatform open source mobile frameworks have been created. enabling porting to X operating systems from the same source code. engendering a corresponding increase in development work. To avoid duplicating development work. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . three frameworks stand out far above the rest: PhoneGap.SMILE-OSS.COM With the advent of the smartphone.

SMILE-OSS.2 Website: http://www. Titanium enables access to all smartphone and tablet PC functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Titanium currently supports iOS and Android.7.appcelerator. barcode scanner. An application can be developed with Titanium in JavaScript. Titanium’s JavaScript API provides for multi-platform development and its SDK generates native code from the JavaScript code. This product is available under the Apache License 2.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 147 Titanium Version studied: 1. etc. and a multitude of extensions are also available (PayPal. BlackBerry support is now in beta mode.COM Titanium Mobile is a multi-platform framework that can generate native applications for iOS and Android. and Appcelerator offers a variety of support levels ranging from Indie to Professional. The tool has been developed by Appcelerator since 2009.).com/products/titanium-mobile-application-development Vendor driven solution (Appcelerator) WWW. The databases manipulated are SQLite DBs. while its extensions are written in native code.

making it a complete and technically relevant solution for the development of multi-platform mobile applications. Nitobi recently launched the service PhoneGap Build. accelerometer. video camera. which generates final applications from a web interface. It has been developed by Canadian company Nitobi since 2008. packaged by the tool so that they can be launched by the target smartphone’s native browser.SMILE-OSS.com Vendor driven solution (Nitobi) WWW.COM PhoneGap is a tool used to create multi-platform mobile applications that adhere to web standards. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 148 PhoneGap Version studied: 1.0. It currently supports six platforms.). etc. PhoneGap also offers an API that can call up the smartphone’s advanced functionalities (GPS.phonegap. The applications produced using PhoneGap are web applications. PhoneGap is distributed under the MIT License.0 Website: www.

in Ruby. The final.COM Rhodes is a multi-platform. On the development side.0 Website: http://rhomobile. Rhodes is available under the MIT License. including an online IDE and a marketplace. which allows Rhodes to support many different platforms. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in order to remain separate from the target platform. Rhodes supports a large number of platforms (ranging from Android to Windows Phone 7. The tool has been developed by Rhomobile since 2009.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 149 Rhodes Version studied: 3. by way of Symbian). Rhomobile also offers an entire suite of tools for the development and distribution of Rhodes applications.com/products/rhodes/ Vendor driven solution (Rhomobile) WWW.SMILE-OSS. generated application has an embedded Ruby VM and a web server. Rhodes is a framework inspired by Ruby on Rails. open source framework dedicated to the development of mobile applications. Its views are developed in HTML and the applications.

whether external (contractual and commercial relationships) or internal (staff accountability). whether via signature certificates (email or web access) or encryption (using two keys). authentication. PKI tools simplify the development of transactional activities. OpenTrust and EJBCA. integrity and nonrepudiation. email) secure by guaranteeing their confidentiality.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 150 PKIS WWW. OpenCA. In making identity management secure. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM PKI-style solutions are used to make electronic relationships (i.e. The available open source solutions include OpenSSL.SMILE-OSS.

it contributes to the establishment of a complete PKI solution.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 151 OpenCA Version studied: 1. it provides a web interface that can easily perform the majority of common tasks (certificate issuing and revocation. like the OCSP responder. It can also perform rights restrictions. The solution is very heterogeneous but uses recognised current standards: the web server is based on Apache 2 and the interface is written in Perl. Combined with the other components of the PKI project. certificate management is handled by OpenLDAP.).COM OpenCA PKI is a component of a vast community project aiming to define standards for the development of PKI software. Its encryption mechanisms are based on OpenSSL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. The 100% community based development was initiated in 2001 and continues to be actively pursued today. OpenCA PKI is currently covered by the BSD License. OpenCA PKI is the part dedicated to certificate management. etc.1 Website: www. testing. With its modular design.openca. Finally.org Community driven solution WWW.1.

).0e Website: www. It can write and rewrite certificates in the most common formats on the market.11 protocols to HTTPS communications. AES.openssl.SMILE-OSS. and many tools that are more advanced in terms of their usability are based on OpenSSL. it remains the benchmark for Linux and BSD and is often used in all sorts of situations requiring encryption (ranging from 802. X509. It is available under either the Apache or the BSD License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Developed in C.e.COM OpenSSL is the open source library that has virtually been raised to the rank of a standard for its cryptographic functions. The development of OpenSSL is old.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 152 OpenSSL Version studied: 1. it can also issue and revoke certificates using X509 and is fully capable of handling the certification chain. etc. In particular.org Community driven solution WWW. it completely implements the standard for PKIs. i. by way of SSH and FTPS). dating back to before 1998. In addition to providing for encryption and the hashing that is possible with any known algorithm (MD5. Blowfish.

etc. It was developed by Ferry Kemps in 2005. Covered by the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . its development seems to have been broken off at present.).9 Website: http://sourceforge. It is easy to edit and personalise to meet the needs of most system administrators. It can also manage revocations and offers export options for back-ups.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 153 easyCA Version studied: 0. enabling the very fast creation of certification authorities and client certificates. the basic script has been adopted by many independent projects and has been supplemented with new functionalities (OCSP. easyCA is written in Bash and requires no dependencies other than OpenSSL.net/projects/easyca Community driven solution WWW.COM easyCA can manage small scale PKIs very quickly and simply. It departs almost entirely from the relative complexity of OpenSSL. Nonetheless.SMILE-OSS.

and it is one of the only products to implement a large number of the standards linked to specification X509 (OCSP responder. EJBCA can handle all aspects of standard X509 certification. From a technical perspective.org Vendor driven solution (PrimeKey) WWW. It also offers a complete admin interface with rights restrictions and a client portal. Like other PKI solutions. PrimeKey.SMILE-OSS. EJBCA is one of the most complete PKI management open source solutions there is. Commercial support can be subscribed to with the vendor.COM Developed since 2001. EJBCA is entirely written in Java and is powered by a JEE application server. Its management of custom hardware such as HSMs is quite accurate. which could be either JBoss or GlassFish. It is currently driven and actively maintained by Swedish company PrimeKey. CMS. EJBCA is covered by the LGPL and has only one edition.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 154 EJBCA Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and so forth). CRL revocations to certification chains.0.3 Website: www. It is one of the rare products that fully comply with Java Beans specifications.ejbca. from certificate issuing.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 155 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION. we will present the various identity authentication. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. federation and management solutions now available. FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT WWW.COM In this category. LinOTP is also presented here. Other open source solutions like CAS. LemonLDAP and OpenAM are also described. This makes it possible to include third party applications in its federated identity management system in order for users logging onto their unique identification system to gain access to the application in question. FederID. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . These tools are relatively similar but their end goals may differ in some cases. the Shibboleth system provides unique multi-domain authentication. This is an OTP solution allowing for the use of passwords generated at a given time. the graphs below do not display the average scores. which are valid over a short period of time and only usable once.SMILE-OSS. For example.

The applications themselves never have access to the user’s password. In 2004. CAS also supplies a proxy system that allows an application to transfer the user’s identification to another back end application (whether web based or not).SMILE-OSS. including on different domains. a relational database. CAS is written in Java and supplies CAS clients for SSO integration with applications.NET.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 156 CAS Version studied: 3. but rather log in the user after querying CAS.COM Central Authentication Service is a web oriented Single Sign On system. CAS came under the banner of special interest group Jasig. PHP and .jasig. The communication protocol used is SAML v2 and. CAS is distributed under the Jasig (BSD-style) License. in Java. An Apache module is also available. etc.org/cas Community driven solution WWW. additional information can be transmitted at user login (groups. It was created in the early 2000s at Yale University. such as an LDAP directory. CAS provides for Single Sign On between multiple sites.).4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .10 Website: www. full name. by means of one-time password tokens. CAS can use different types of back ends as the user database. flat files and so on. in later versions of CAS. such as a web service or an IMAP server.

Tomcat.SMILE-OSS. although its reverse proxy mode allows it to be used with applications running on a different server (IIS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 157 LemonLDAP::NG Version studied: 1. but also on many other directories. It can also serve as a CAS.org Consortium driven solution (OW2) WWW. etc. It requires the use of an Apache server. A web admin interface is also available. OpenID and SAML supplier. LemonLDAP::NG makes it possible to base web application authentication on a LDAP directory.COM LemonLDAP::NG is a Web SSO authentication system initiated in 2004 by the company Linagora. The product is developed in Perl and is easy to personalise. Access control can be defined by URL for each application in need of protection.1. in terms of both its behaviour and its appearance. and now taken over by the OW2 Consortium. databases and other systems such as OpenID and SAML. and LemonLDAP::NG provides for access traceability.). LemonLDAP::NG is distributed under the GPL. via a template engine. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1 Website: http://lemonldap-ng.

SMILE-OSS. The company announced that it was going to pursue the release of new versions of OpenAM by following the original Sun Microsystems roadmap. OpenAM provides a solution that allows for simplified roll-outs of web access rights management projects: the universal gateway. OpenAM is distributed under the CDDL (Common Development and Distribution License. After Sun’s decision to stop developing OpenSSO.html Vendor driven solution (ForgeRock) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 158 OpenAM Version studied: 9. version 1.5. an open source license created by Sun Microsystems and based on the Mozilla Public License.3 Website: http://forgerock. OpenAM is developed in Java. OpenAM is an infrastructure brick that transparently performs Single Sign On functions for both web applications and middleware.com/openam.1). ForgeRock initiated a fork called OpenAM that it has continued to develop and maintain ever since.COM OpenAM is a complete identity management solution. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

as well as with hybrid solutions like MOTP devices.3 Website: www. like tokens and even smartphones.linotp. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . For example. From a technical standpoint.COM LinOTP is an open source OTP solution maintained by the German company LSE (Leading Security Experts) GmbH.SMILE-OSS. These passwords are generated thanks to certain hardware. It is a robust.org Vendor driven solution (LSE Leading Security Experts GmbH) WWW. OTP stands for “One-Time Password”: OTPs are passwords generated at a given time. LinOTP is distributed under the AGPL v3. This means it can be administrated using tools other than those provided as part of the distribution. with which communications are possible via simple HTTP queries. professional solution that can be integrated with a heterogeneous infrastructure.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 159 LinOTP Version studied: 2. LinOTP interfaces with all types of tokens that support the HMAC-OTP protocol. that are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. An Enterprise edition is also available. a custom web interface could be developed and included in a special section of an Intranet site. LinOTP is a server written in Python.

internet2. It is written in Java and C++. as well as the propagation of identities between these services.SMILE-OSS. Version 1. in order to simplify access to internal and external resources and to make such access more secure. The goal of identity propagation is twofold: to delegate authentication to the user’s original establishment and to retrieve certain user attributes (to manage access control or to personalise content).edu Community driven solution WWW.0 was published in 2003. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0 Website: http://shibboleth. Shibboleth provides for the set-up of an authentication system centralised between multiple services. which encompasses more than 200 universities and research centres.0. Shibboleth is distributed under the Apache License 2. a number of extensions have been developed to allow various systems to interface with Shibboleth. Like the module for Apache HTTP Server.COM Shibboleth was developed by the consortium Internet2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 160 Shibboleth Version studied: 2.

federation and management. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name OpenSSO FederID URL / Website http://java.ow2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 161 Other Among the different products available in the field of identity authentication.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .net/projects/opensso http://federid.

Tsung and FunkLoad. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 162 LOAD TESTING TOOLS WWW. extraction and reuse of variables. This could be a website. A graphical interface is usually available for entry of the test scenarios: a path via a specific page. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The open source tools in this category include JMeter. web service. LDAP directory. These applications generally offer load testing output in the form of a large number of exportable graphs and statistics generated in reports. form submission. with loops. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex.SMILE-OSS. variable loading from an external file. conditions. but also a database. load testing tools are applications that simulate heavy loads on a service. clicks on a given menu. etc.COM As the name suggests. The possibilities are many. completion of a particular form. etc.

conditions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 163 JMeter Version studied: 2.5 Website: http://jakarta. variable loading from an external file. extraction and reuse of variables. written in Java.apache. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . LDAP. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex. It is used to conduct load testing on multiple server types: web.org/jmeter Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. and many types of graphs and statistics. with loops. It has a graphical interface that simplifies the creation of user scenarios. etc. database. Its development started in 2001.COM JMeter is a traffic injection tool published by the Apache Foundation.SMILE-OSS. JMeter is distributed under the Apache License.

Initially created by the French company Idealx. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Tsung is available under the GPL. it is not subject to the traditional limitations of this type of tool and can therefore simulate very heavy traffic.0 Website: http://tsung.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 164 Tsung Version studied: 1. a language that specialises in high performance applications.4. Developed in Erlang.org Community driven solution WWW. It also includes an automated statistics generator. and XMPP. it is now developed by an independent community.erlang-projects.COM Tsung is a traffic injection tool used for load testing of different types of servers. It supports HTTP and a handful of spin-offs (SOAP and WebDAV).SMILE-OSS. MySQL and PostgreSQL databases.

org http://opensta.nuxeo.ow2.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name CLIF OpenSTA FunkLoad URL / Website http://clif. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://funkload.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 165 Other Among the different products available in the field of load testing tools.SMILE-OSS.

images. They can generally be differentiated by their indexing capacity (format. are the cornerstones of our daily lives.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 166 SEARCH ENGINES WWW. These two are quite often associated with the best web applications.) indexed with a series of keywords. phonetics.COM Search engines. etc. speed and relevance algorithm) and by their linguistic processing functions (plurals. files. Search engines usually consist of two services: indexing and searches. etc. like operating systems and databases.).SMILE-OSS. videos. In the world of open source. conjugations. They allow us to locate and access resources (in the broadest sense of the term – web pages. the market is dominated by the search engines Lucene and Solr. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

PHP. without a doubt.0 Website: http://lucene. It handles all of this with an exceptional level of performance. among others. Perl. tenses. Lucene is written in Java.apache. Lucene is now available under the Apache License. On the functional side. Lucene is. synonym management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 167 Lucene Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. It can be integrated with Java applications but also with applications in other languages like Ruby. C++ and more. Lucene is based on the concept of automated indexing. First and foremost. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in other words. Like most search engines. most widely used and most dynamic search tool on the open source market. configurable relevance and more. Initially distributed under the LGPL. etc.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. the Lucene project is the solution selected by Wikipedia. to index and perform searches on its content. conjugations.4. It was released for free downloading by Doug Cutting in March 2000.COM Driven by the Apache Foundation.). Lucene is a content search and indexing library. processing input data all at once and assigning them multiple links. Lucene supports searches for related forms of the same word (plural or singular. the most well known.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 168 WWW.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Solr is a corporate search server that centralises indexing and results serving operations.org/solr Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Solr makes it possible to take full advantage of this functionality. Solr is distributed under the Apache License. Its development was initiated by CNET Networks. One of Lucene’s major characteristics is its capacity to index the content by field or by attribute. Solr can communicate with other applications via many protocols based on open standards.apache. with each field being a string of words (terms).SMILE-OSS. This allows for much more detailed management of relevance and advanced searches. which decided to publish their work in 2006. rather it is made of fields.0 Website: http://lucene.COM Solr is an overlay of Lucene that adds functionalities and simplifies the roll-out of certain Lucene functions known to be excessively technical.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 169 Solr Version studied: 3. It also offers an admin interface in web mode. meaning that a document is not analysed as a simple set of words.4.

org Vendor driven solution (Lavtech. As a result.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 170 mnoGoSearch Version studied: 3. mnoGoSearch specialises in indexing Internet and Intranet websites. A simple template system makes it possible to customise the search page. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM mnoGoSearch is a search engine whose first open source version came out in 2000. It can use a MySQL or PostgreSQL database as storage.SMILE-OSS. it supplies an integratable CGI script on a web server. mnoGoSearch is developed in C.mnogosearch.). For searches.Com) WWW. its indexing method is primarily based on HTTP crawling. spell-checking. mnoGoSearch is distributed under the GPL for UNIX environments. as well as file system indexing without a HTTP server. Boolean search operators and more. whereas Windows binaries are proprietary and available for a fee.11 Website: www. mnoGoSearch also supports the indexing of office documents by means of external utilities (catdoc. mnoGoSearch natively supports numerous languages.3. pdf2text. synonyms.

its highly advanced site crawling capacity (thread management.SMILE-OSS. page exclusion. index programming.).open-search-server.).COM OpenSearchServer is a search engine created by Emmanuel Keller. OpenSearchServer was developed internally for the website of Usine Nouvelle. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The first open source version was released in 2008. OpenSearchServer is written in Java. does most of the development work and provides support for the tool. Based on Lucene. MS Office. etc. OpenSearchServer can also interpret the content of a number of file formats (OpenOffice. PDF. based in Paris.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 171 OpenSearchServer Version studied: 1. OpenSearchServer also interfaces easily with any application by means of a REST interface.com Vendor driven solution (OpenSearchServer) WWW. a database indexing system and a file crawler.2. OpenSearchServer is distributed under the GPL. etc. In addition. The company of the same name. OpenSearchServer is easy to expand with custom modules that enhance its functionalities. it differs from Solr in its HTTP accessible graphical admin interface.1 Website: www.

SMILE-OSS.co.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 172 Other Among the different products available in the field of search engines.com/products/lucidworkssearch-platform May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Nutch Sphinx Flax LucidWorks URL / Website http://nutch.apache.flax.uk http://www.org http://sphinxsearch.lucidimagination.com http://www.

HTTP servers (also referred to as HTTP daemons and web servers) serve web users’ queries (often pages or images) in accordance with HTTP protocol. In the world of HTTP servers.COM In this category.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 173 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS WWW. namely GlassFish. thanks to its outstanding reputation. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . many other names have also cropped up on the scene.SMILE-OSS. although JBoss AS and Tomcat share the spotlight. the graphs below do not display the average scores. the Apache server is largely dominant. It will not be hard to find service providers to meet your consulting or integration needs. we will present the open source HTTP and JEE application servers currently available on the market. Regarding application servers.

with more than one third of the market share. JBoss is distributed under the LGPL. Red Hat acquired JBoss.SMILE-OSS.org/jbossas Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. it represents an excellent alternative to commercial application servers like WebSphere and WebLogic. It is written in Java. JBoss provides a clear and simple admin interface. With its Java EE 6 Web Profile certification.jboss. quite complex. Inc. The product’s first designer was Marc Fleury. Its tree structure is.COM JBoss AS is the global leader in application servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 174 JBoss AS Version studied: 7.1 Website: www. however. In April 2006. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In these cases. the web server serves HTML web pages. and delegates pages that use Java (servlets.SMILE-OSS.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. The Tomcat project was launched as the reference implementation of servlets by James Duncan Davidson.COM Apache Tomcat is the Apache Foundation’s JEE servlets container.21 Website: http://tomcat.apache. Tomcat is often combined with a more “general” web server like Apache or even JBoss. a software engineer at Sun. etc. JSP. It is written in Java. Its admin interface is very succinct.0. for example.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 175 Tomcat Version studied: 7. Moreover.) to Tomcat. This means it can run via the Java virtual machine on any operating system that supports it. Tomcat is distributed under the Apache License. It is the most widely used Java application server in the world.

COM GlassFish is the reference implementation of Java EE developed by Oracle.java. In fact.0.SMILE-OSS. In terms of standards.1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 176 GlassFish Version studied: 3. GlassFish is distributed under either the CDDL or the GPL v2.0. GlassFish boasts a comprehensive admin interface and a complete shell allowing for command line administration of the server.net Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. JAX-RS 1. JSF 2.0. The first version of GlassFish (1. etc. JPA 2. It is written in Java. CDI 1.1 Website: http://glassfish.0) was released in 2006. GlassFish is a complete implementation of Java EE 6.1. Servlet 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the project originated in 2005 with the opening of the Sun Application Server.0. In particular. covering: EJB 3.0.

SMILE-OSS. a new API and support for IPv6.2.3 server. Python and Ruby. support for SSI tags and CGIs.COM Apache is the most widely used web server in the world. PHP. Apache was designed to be modular and to be able to host additional functionalities such as interpretation of Perl. Its development began in 1995 as a mere collection of patches and additions for the NCSA HTTPd 1.apache. and so on.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 177 Apache Version studied: 2. Over and above its initial scope.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It offers tremendous flexibility in its configuration and a multitude of modules for functional cover that remains unparalleled today. Version 2a namely added multi-platform support (including Windows).20 Website: http://httpd. It is distributed under the Apache License.

easybeans.apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 178 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP and application servers. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://nginx.org http://geronimo.COM Name EasyBeans Geronimo JOnAS nginx lighttpd URL / Website http://wiki.ow2.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .jonas.lighttpd.SMILE-OSS.org http://wiki.org http://www.

This interoperation can occur even when the applications are running on different servers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 179 MOM & EAI WWW. are usually considered to be real middleware.COM Message Oriented Middleware or “MOMs” are particularly invaluable tools in the implementation of exchanges between all types of applications. RMI and SOAP. Middleware allows different applications to communicate and interoperate. so long as they are interconnected by a network. given that it provides its services to applications. all of which are also asynchronous.SMILE-OSS. and RPC. but the resulting exchanges are based on a whole stack of network protocols. Middleware is a high level tool. Middleware is more than a mere protocol for calling the services offered by an application.

PHP.5. The languages by which ActiveMQ can be accessed are: C. Delphi. Ruby.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ActiveMQ in turn is used by several other major projects: Apache Service Mix.Net. ActiveMQ relies on a handful of other Apache projects: Apache Camel (partial implementation of enterprise integration patterns) and Jetty (Java application server integrated with ActiveMQ). RESTful and SOAP. C++. ActiveMQ is the open source MOM published by the Apache Foundation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 180 ActiveMQ Version studied: 5. It is distributed under the Apache License 2. Pike. . it can process messages according to enterprise integration patterns (EIPs). ActiveMQ’s message processing is undoubtedly its most famous asset. The diversity of languages and environments it supports is particularly impressive and is one of ActiveMQ’s greatest assets. Thanks to the integrated Camel project.COM Released in 2004.SMILE-OSS.apache.0. after its superior connectivity. FreePascal. Python. Ajax. ActiveMQ is developed in Java.0 Website: http://activemq. Mule and Geronimo (as the default JMS provider). etc. Perl.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 181 WWW.

A user connected to the platform is also represented by an agent called a “proxy”. In the case of JORAM. events take the form of messages. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0 Website: http://joram. released in 1999.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (ScalAgent) driven solution WWW. This approach offers a high level of flexibility because it allows for the creation and deletion of agents on the fly and on any broker whatsoever. which can then simulate a JMS environment). Queues and topics are therefore represented by agents. An agent is a software component the responds to certain events.7.COM JORAM (Java Open Reliable Asynchronous Messaging) is the middleware created by the consortium Object Web. with which JORAM is integrated. C and C++ (using JNI.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 182 JORAM Version studied: 5.SMILE-OSS.ow2. JORAM has been distributed under the LGPL since May 2000. JOnAS. Object Web is also known for its Java application server. The languages by which JORAM can be accessed are: Java (via the JMS interface). JORAM has an elegant internal architecture based on the agent model.

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 183 Other Among the different products available in the field of MOM and EAI.org/jbossmessaging May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.jboss.COM Name JBoss Messaging URL / Website http://www.

although it was difficult to define a separate category for them.SMILE-OSS. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 184 OTHER WWW. we will be presenting Drools (an amazing rule engine) and ESIGate (which makes it possible to build pages on the fly from fragments taken from different technologies).COM In this final category of the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension. In particular. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. the graphs below do not display the average scores.

The use of a tool like Drools allows for the evolution of rules and constraints without having to alter the associated computer programme. but also thanks to a publisher that is very easy to access.org/drools Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 185 Drools Version studied: 5. Drools Guvnor offers the following services: version control and rule deployment.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: www. Planner (automated planning engine) and Flow (workflow engine).jboss. in the form of a business intelligence table that is perfectly understandable by functional users. Drools comprises multiple modules: Guvnor (web admin interface). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and automated rule deployment.COM Drools (or JBoss Rules) is a system for managing business rules that uses a forward chaining inference engine. The rules can be viewed technically.2. rule hierarchies and categorisation. Expert (rule engine). The benefits of this are clear. Drools is distributed under the Apache License. rule editing without development.

from which it can retrieve HTML pages on the fly. The major strength of this approach is the fact that it is technologically agnostic. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. ESIGate is distributed under the Apache License. The various bits of content obtained from different servers are then assembled on a single page and served to the user. HTML comments can then be inserted so as to perfectly delimit the blocks for extraction. the leading European integrator of open source solutions.esigate.19 Website: www. either based on JSP taglibs or using the ESI standard tags defined by Akamai for its Content Delivery Network.COM ESIGate is a web content aggregator.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 186 ESIGate Version studied: 2. capable of integrating any web application without requiring the slightest modification to existing set-up. ESIGate can also be configured to extract snatches of content from existing pages. ESIGate is written in Java and accepts multiple syntaxes. In this instance. ESIGate interfaces with existing servers. It was created by a number of specialist JEE engineers at Smile.

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APPLICATIONS DIMENSION
The “Applications” dimension includes all the solutions commonly used by companies’ end users. They typically offer carefully developed interfaces that are far removed from the command lines typically available in tools in the “Infrastructure” dimension.

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The vast majority of these tools are developed by vendors, unlike infrastructure tools, which are primarily community based. These vendors have chosen the open source model for publication of their solutions. Their economic models are mostly based on support, and even warranties, for the products in question. These tools have played a key role in the widespread adoption of open source technologies, by offering quality applications with very broad scopes. There are almost no categories now that do not include at least one open source option. Even in very specific domains like library management and business intelligence, open source solutions are available. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension, and nearly 100 are listed in total, among the following categories:

       

CRMs Business Intelligence: ETLs Business Intelligence: Reporting Business Intelligence: Suites E-commerce ERPs CMSs EDM & ECM

      

Libraries & Documentation Portals Corporate social networks Blogs, Wikis and Forums E-learning Visitor tracking Other

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CRMS

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CRM (customer relationship management) systems are tools designed to capture, process and analyse information on existing and prospective clients. The scope of these tools is therefore potentially very (very) broad, given that it pertains to all the actions developed to foster customer and prospect loyalty by offering the best possible service. CRM functionalities can include multi-entity management, customer service, case and groupware management, sales cycles, marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns, contact and account management, and more. Excellent products the likes of SugarCRM and vtiger are some of those available from the world of open source solutions.

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OpenCRX
Version studied: 2.8.5 Website: www.opencrx.org Community driven solution

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openCRX is an open source CRM solution chiefly designed for corporate use. It is currently developed and maintained by a small team of developers. The first version appeared in 2004 and has continued to improve since then. openCRX provides a multitude of functionalities including multi-entity CRM for companies with elevated sales automation needs, customer service, case and groupware management, etc. The functionalities offered in these domains exceed those provided by other CRMs on the market (whether open source or not). That being said, it is missing a number of functionalities in other important aspects of the life cycle, such as marketing. Some of the main developers work for companies that supply plug-ins and additional services, particularly CRIXP Corp., a German company. But openCRX itself is a purely community driven project. It is available under a BSD-style License. openCRX is a JEE application that supports most relational databases including Oracle, DB2, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

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SugarCRM
Version studied: 6.3.0 Website: www.sugarcrm.com Vendor driven solution (SugarCRM, Inc.)

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SugarCRM is an open source customer relationship management suite. It was first distributed in 2004 and SugarCRM, Inc. has since continued to develop and maintain it. The vendor is based in Cupertino, California. SugarCRM has evolved to cover all the main features of customer management and the sales cycle. It boasts an impressive list of functionalities, ranging from marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns to leads, by way of contact and account management, and more. The latest versions (particularly since version 6) have emphasised mobile CRM (native applications) and the integration of a Social CRM dimension. SugarCRM comes in three types: a Community edition (free, open source), an Enterprise edition (with additional functionalities) and a SaaS edition (on demand). The Community edition (published under the Affero GNU Public License v3) has a much smaller scope than the other editions. The product is based on a LAMP platform, with a number of possible variants in respect to databases and web servers (so long as PHP can be run).

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VTiger
Version studied: 5.2.1 Website: www.vtiger.com Vendor driven solution (vtiger)

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vtiger is an open source CRM created from a fork of SugarCRM in 2004. The reason for this fork was to preserve a completely free and 100% open source product at a time when SugarCRM was beginning to diversify its business model by launching commercial editions. vtiger has been evolving continuously since then. The latest version (published in November 2010) offers a complete set of functionalities, including reports and dashboards, invoices and organisational (team) access control. vtiger also has connectors for the most common office automation suites and for messaging clients. More recently, vtiger has taken its first steps in the mobile universe with iPhone and Android apps. As a company, vtiger operates out of Bangalore, India, and Sunnyvale, California. It is responsible for managing the open source project. It offers technical support, training, migration and other services. The product is built on a LAMP/WAMP platform. vtiger On Demand (cloud based) is hosted on the Amazon EC2 platform. The source code from the SugarCRM fork is covered by the SugarCRM Public License and vtiger modifications are under the MPL.

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COM Name CiviCRM OpenERP URL / Website http://civicrm. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.openerp.org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 192 Other Among the different products available in the field of CRMs.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

SMILE-OSS.COM ETLs often serve as a business intelligence brick. Transformations can be performed by means of existing plug-ins or through programming. although they can also be used outside that context. The term designates tools used to perform massive information synchronisations from one data source to another. Transform.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . They usually include connectors for data imports and exports to and from third party applications. ETL stands for “Extract. transformation and/or loading scenarios. Load”. ETL tools can be used for much simpler extraction. Open source ETL solutions include Talend and Pentaho Data Integration (formerly Kettle). In practice.

TIS (Talend Integration Suite).).talend. Talend’s basic brick. and the MDM. developed by French based vendor Talend. and roll-out administration. The other editions are covered by commercial licenses sold as annual subscriptions.2. The scope of TIS includes process definition (jobs). meaning that it can graphically create data manipulation and transformation processes.3 Website: www. then generate the corresponding executable file in the form of a Java or Perl programme. A very thorough list of components makes it possible to connect to any type of database or application (SAP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 194 Talend Version studied: 4.COM Talend Open Studio is an open source ETL tool that appeared in 2005. is licensed under the GPL. process roll-out. Talend MDM. a MDM brick was released. It is a code generator-style ETL. Talend Open Studio.SMILE-OSS. business models. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which only contains the ETL tool. SugarCRM. etc. In 2010.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW. plus reference data management and a data quality module. Two editions are available: the ETL. The MDM edition includes the above.

COM Pentaho Data Integration (PDI) is an open source ETL tool used to design and execute data manipulation and transformation operations. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. the Agile BI module is distributed under a commercial license. filtering and even the execution of JavaScript functions.1. A planner is also available to schedule job execution. provides a graphical view of data transformation results beginning with the first steps in any development. A commercial module. joins.0 Website: http://kettle. Thanks to a step based graphical model.1. A GPL edition of PDI is available. At the time when these lines were written. the latest available version of Pentaho Data Integration was 4.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 195 Pentaho Data Integration Version studied: 4. data import/export jobs can be created without additional programming.pentaho.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. along with various transformation operations like conversions. Agile BI.

Reporting tools like BIRT not only generate reports (configured or unconfigured) in HTML. which make it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server. reporting tools generally have plug-ins to allow them to attach easily to external sources and applications. directly in a company’s reports. DOC. they can also build dynamic pivot tables.COM One of the key bricks in business intelligence is report preparation. Tools like JasperReports go as far as offering multidimensional analyses.SMILE-OSS. XLS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . PDF.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING WWW. Further. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. PPT and other formats.

eclipse. advanced graphs. and images. These reports can be complex. PDF.COM BIRT (Business Intelligence and Reporting Tool) is an Eclipse community project that includes a graph generator. whether it’s a web application or a “fat client” style app.SMILE-OSS. The project was launched in 2005. The BIRT engine is a library that generates configured and unconfigured reports in HTML. DOC and PPT formats. The BIRT engine can be integrated with any application developed in Java. a report generator and a design environment.7 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 197 BIRT Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org/birt Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. XLS. The report designer is a plug-in that integrates with Eclipse (and can also be run as a stand-alone solution). containing multiple tables. BIRT is exclusively available under the GPL. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. BIRT is also able to create dynamic pivot tables.

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JasperReports / iReport
Version studied: 4.0.2 Website: http://jasperforge.org/project/ireport Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

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JasperReports is a report engine developed by Jaspersoft and distributed under an open source license. iReport is Jaspersoft’s report designer. When this paper was written, JasperReports and iReport were available in version 4.0.2. These tools have been around since 2001 and are already widely used in the reporting segments of many business applications. The JasperReports engine can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF, XLS and TXT formats. It uses JFreeChart to generate graphs and can be integrated with any application developed in Java. In addition to the classic databases, it also supports multidimensional analytical servers, which makes it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server, directly in a JasperReports report. The report designer, iReport, is used to lay out the reports. JasperReports has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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Pentaho Report Designer
Version studied: 3.8 Website: http://reporting.pentaho.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho)

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JFreeReport joined the Pentaho project in early 2006. The name, JFreeReport, has gradually been abandoned in favour of Pentaho Report Designer (PRD). PRD allows for the development of complex reports and, when used with the Pentaho platform, can publish them directly on the decision server. At the time of writing, PRD was available in version 3.8. Pentaho Report Designer is an easy to use tool that is fully integrated with Pentaho’s BI suite for parameter management and online publication. It can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF and XLS formats and supports multiple data sources. However, the creation of dynamic pivot tables is not user-friendly (hidden functionality) but is expected to be improved in version 4. Pentaho Report Designer has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES

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Business intelligence suites generally cover the two categories presented above, i.e. ETLs and reporting. This means the scope of these suites is extremely broad: report execution, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, query assistance, ETL, publication workflow management module, etc. There is a wealth of open source business intelligence tools including four of very high quality: Jaspersoft, SpagoBI, Palo and Pentaho.

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SpagoBI
Version studied: 3.0 Website: http://www.spagoworld.org/ Vendor driven solution (Engineering Ingegneria Informatica)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SpagoBI is a business intelligence platform developed by Italian firm Engineering Ingegneria Informatica. The project was launched in 2007. At the time of writing, SpagoBI Server was available in version 3.0. Like Pentaho and JasperServer, the scope of SpagoBI’s functionalities includes the execution of JasperReports reports (created using iReport) and BIRT reports, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, a support component for query creation (Query by Example, QbE), etc. The default ETL tool is Talend. In addition, this suite also offers a publication workflow management module (draft reports not visible on the web portal). SpagoBI is available under the LGPL, i.e. only open source, no commercial edition.

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Jaspersoft
Version studied: 4.1 Website: www.jaspersoft.com Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

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JasperServer is the business intelligence platform published by Jaspersoft, the company that also develops the report generator JasperReports, available since 2001. This platform delivers reporting and analytical functionalities. The community edition offers report design and generation (using iReport). The commercial edition can create business domains, and semantic and technical layers over relational SQL databases, which can simultaneously define a business lexicon, separate the user from the technical side and from SQL, and easily add in data access security. Another major functionality is the creation of ad hoc reports, where the end user can create his or her own reports on a user-friendly web interface. In addition, like other BI platforms, Jasper can create OLAP cubes (Mondrian bricks) and integrates Talend for ETL. JasperServer comes in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The differences are as follows: ad hoc reporting is available in the community edition.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. and data security control is more complicated to set up. Pentaho covers all the functionalities of a BI suite: ETL (Pentaho Data Integration). but the opposite is true of the commercial edition. but is much less evolved there than in the commercial JasperServer. advanced ad hoc reporting and more).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 203 Pentaho Version studied: 4 Website: www. OLAP analysis (Mondrian). the Pentaho suite is more complete than Jasper’s community edition. in which JasperServer offers very useful functionalities (domains.SMILE-OSS. the reporting does not yet include dynamic pivot tables.pentaho. ad hoc reporting. Overall.COM Pentaho is a software suite that distributes functionalities and business intelligence documents to a large number of people via the intermediary of a web interface. The project was launched in 2007. a metadata layer and classic reporting (Pentaho Report Designer). Like JasperServer. Pentaho has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

an ETL tool for interfacing with operational databases in order to feed data to Palo’s DBs. an “Excel-like” web spreadsheet programme incorporating all the functions of Excel (formulas.jedox. macros. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . graphs. publishes the Palo Suite. and an event observer (Supervision Server) that can also trigger events based on certain actions. The commercial edition includes a web report manager. an add-on for Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice. as well as various related components that combine to make it a complete business intelligence suite. the Supervision Server and a tool for converting Excel files to web spreadsheets.) that allows for online entry and access of data on the OLAP server.html Vendor driven solution (Palo) WWW. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 204 Palo Version studied: 3. Palo BI Suite is available in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition.com/en/products/Palo-Suite.org Calc (supports cube reading and writing). This suite comprises the following: an OLAP server to manage multidimensional databases (in the form of cubes and dimensions).2 Website: www. in addition to the functionalities of the community edition. a German company founded in 2002.SMILE-OSS.COM Jedox.

multishop management. give clients a terrific shopping experience. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . management of configurable products. Whether e-merchants want to advertise their e-shops and increase their traffic. provide customer service or perform any number of other actions. However. inform customers about their products. cross-selling and up-selling functions.SMILE-OSS. now encompassing functionalities like advanced categorisation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 205 E-COMMERCE WWW.COM The field of e-commerce is another very plentiful one. presenting the leading products including Magento and PrestaShop. and more. advanced currency and VAT rate management. conclude sales. many solutions are available to them today. in this category we have nonetheless focused on open source e-shop solutions. The scope of e-shops has been expanding. the definition of product groups. promotional engines.

Initially distributed exclusively under the OSL.SMILE-OSS. Magento’s gamble paid off upon its release. capturing a large share of the market. Magento’s great strength lies in its superior modularity and its robustness.6 (Community edition) and 1. cross-selling and up-selling functions. management of configurable products. Magento announced the release of an Enterprise edition. which allowed it to bring together an extremely active community in record time. It was clearly devised to support ambitious. the definition of product groups.11 (Enterprise edition) Website: www. a powerful promotional engine. driven by US based Magento Inc. (formerly Varien). this version provides a number of additional functionalities and a support contract. this tool.) WWW. multi-shop management. etc. In return for an annual fee. large scale merchant sites with functionalities like advanced categorisation. In April 2009.com Vendor driven solution (Magento Inc. The solution is based on the Zend PHP framework and boasts many innovations in terms of participatory functionalities.magentocommerce.COM Beginning with its first beta versions in 2007.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 206 Magento Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . advanced currency and VAT rate management. generated tremendous buzz worldwide.

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PrestaShop
Version studied: 1.4.4.1 Website: www.prestashop.com Vendor driven solution (PrestaShop)

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Released a few months after Magento (in July 2008), PrestaShop is a French e-commerce solution that quickly won over a large number of users thanks to its easy implementation and its complete alignment with the needs of e-merchants, which have since established strong ties with the product (80,000 websites worldwide use the solution). From a functional perspective, PrestaShop has also proven to be quite complete: in terms of catalogues, account management, orders, logistics and reporting, all the functionalities of an e-commerce platform are covered. The tool even includes native management of functions like shop locators, SMS alerts and customer rewards programmes. And if that were not enough, nearly a thousand ready to use modules are also available. PrestaShop is distributed under the OSL. PrestaShop is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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OXID
Version studied: 4.5 Website: www.oxid-esales.com Vendor driven solution (OXID)

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Released in November 2008, German solution OXID quickly conquered the German-speaking market thanks to its great functional depth. After becoming the leading e-commerce solution in Germany in a very short period of time, OXID arrived in France in mid 2011, in an edition completely localised for the specific characteristics of the French market. Without a doubt, it offers the greatest functional depth of any solution, after Magento. OXID was devised for use as a multi-channel system: web, mobile, interactive kiosks, etc. Everything in it is designed to allow users to serve their catalogues to multiple devices. Although there is some room for improvement in its back office ergonomics, OXID remains suitable for even the most ambitious of merchant sites. OXID is distributed under the GPL v3. OXID is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It integrates jQuery’s Ajax framework, has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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RBS Change
Version studied: 3.0.4 Website: www.rbschange.com Vendor driven solution (Ready Business System)

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The open source model has attracted many different software companies. RBS joined their ranks when it released its Change CMS and e-commerce applications under an open source license in February 2010. The fruit of five years of development work and more than a hundred projects, this solution is very promising from both a technical and a functional perspective. The aspects that differentiate this solution are the following: fully integrated and joined CMS and e-commerce systems, a management back office that uses Ajax technology, an Enterprise edition with advanced functionalities (ability to preview a site as it will appear on a given date, automated management of promotions, etc.) and so on. RBS Change is published under the Affero GPL v3. Because of the newness of its turn toward open source, RBS Change has few members in its community, meaning it has not yet developed this key component to ensuring the longevity of its open source solution. RBS Change is written in PHP and is based on a PHP5 framework developed by the vendor and that offers an advanced development environment.

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Drupal Commerce
Version studied: 1.0 Website: www.drupalcommerce.org Vendor driven solution (Commerce Guys)

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Released in August 2011, Drupal Commerce is the e-commerce branch of the globally renowned CMS, Drupal. The successor to the Ubercart extension, Drupal Commerce enjoys the support of two companies: Commerce Guys for its roadmap management and community moderation, and Acquia (created by Drupal’s founder, Dries Buytaert) for its support services. Although the functional scope of Drupal Commerce remains slightly smaller than its elders, it is, along with RBSChange, the only solution to offer real content management functionalities, backed by the recognised efficiency of Drupal. Like the CMS, Drupal Commerce is also an extremely modular solution with a very active community. Drupal Commerce is licensed under the GPL v3. Drupal Commerce is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It is distributed as a Drupal 7 module.

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osCommerce
Version studied: 3.0.2 Website: www.oscommerce.com Community driven solution

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It would be hard to omit osCommerce in a discussion of open source e-commerce solutions. This tool, first released in March 2000, was quickly established as the must-have e-commerce solution and the standard bearer for open source supply, which was only just beginning to blossom at the time. But in recent years, the community has begun to break apart from the development team, developing a multitude of forks. Development of the solution itself has slowed substantially since 2006. As the ageing code makes the application very difficult to maintain, the team embarked on a complete overhaul of the tool, whose third version was recently released after several years’ wait. Distributed under the GPL, osCommerce relies entirely on a once very large and very active community. Wholly developed in PHP/MySQL, osCommerce owes a great deal of its success to the lack of open source alternatives and to the explosion of e-business in the early 2000s. Today it remains the most commonly deployed webshop in the world.

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broadleafcommerce. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.net http://ofbiz.com http://www.org http://spreecommerce.COM Name Thelia OFBiz Spree Broadleaf Commerce URL / Website http://thelia.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 212 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-commerce.

Openbravo and ERP5 set the bar for open source ERPs. thereby rapidly stepping up their competitiveness. currently targeting SMEs with staff of more than 1000.COM The world of enterprise resource planning (ERP) has in turn been overwhelmed by open source solutions that have now reached maturity. Products like Compiere.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 213 ERPS WWW. But one of the most important selection criteria is flexibility/expandability.SMILE-OSS. distribution and services sectors. But these solutions are already climbing the ladder. OpenERP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Because the playing field is so vast. Open source ERPs initially provided small SMEs with complete management tools at the lowest cost. in the industrial. in other words the technological bases that will allow a given product to be adapted to a variety of different contexts with a limited number of custom developments. differences in functional cover can turn a product more toward a particular sector of activities.

etc. thanks in particular to its support of the Oracle database and its Java base. backed by his 20 years of experience at SAP then Oracle and his proficiency in the products ADV/Orga. particularly for SMEs/SMIs. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . R/2 and R/3. for example with sales management. Unisys. purchasing functions.com Vendor driven solution (Compiere Inc.COM Compiere was originally developed by Jorg Janke of Germany. The concept of the application dictionary (a Compiere based meta-programming model used to align relational persistence with the structures of personalised business data and data interfaces) was prototyped in 1988 for SAP. Compiere is relatively comprehensive.) WWW. then used in service of the Compiere open source project. The latter has been extremely successful in recent years (especially in the distribution and services sectors).SMILE-OSS. Compiere is distributed under the MPL and is written in Java. inventory and logistics functions. From a functional standpoint.2 (Community Edition) Website: www. accountancy and financial management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 214 Compiere Version studied: 3.compiere. production management.

erp5. production data management (PDM). logistics and human resources.6 Website: www. by Nexedi. but also a CRM.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 215 ERP5 Version studied: 5. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . MRP. customer relationship management (CRM). ERP5 is distributed under the GPL. despite its qualities.SMILE-OSS. does not rank among the top relational databases. and management of inventory. sales and e-commerce.com Vendor driven solution (Nexedi) WWW. ERP5 was created. supply chain management (SCM). It boasts a relatively broad scope. and is now primarily maintained. Thus ERP5 is indeed an ERP.4. an open source vendor headquartered in Lille. SCM and PDM system. management of purchasing. It is written in Python and based on the Zope Object Database which. namely including finance and accountancy.COM ERP5 is one of the new classes of ERPs whose more ambitious conceptual foundations have simplified the development of business solutions. France.

David Jones and Andrew Zenesky.apache. It is written in Java. It is instead an ERP framework for the development of enterprise software.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. the project has been enhanced with numerous additional functional modules. It very quickly emerged from the process as an approved. in recent years the tool has focused particularly on ecommerce interfaces. OFBiz was not designed as a turnkey ERP. Since then. OFBiz is distributed under the Apache License.COM The Open For Business (OFBiz) project was created in 2001 and concluded its first development phase around 2003 under the impetus of its two creators. In 2006 it was even submitted to the Apache Foundation as an incubator project.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .04 Website: http://ofbiz.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 216 OFBiz Version studied: 10. Further. top level project. Unlike Compiere and OpenERP.

went open source in 2005.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 217 Openbravo Version studied: 3. Openbravo forked all Compiere’s business PL/SQL source code.0 Website: www.com Vendor driven solution (Openbravo) WWW.1).SMILE-OSS. These interfaces are the product’s strong point. although smaller than that of OpenERP. based on the MPL (v1. Despite major fund-raising activities in 2005. as they are perhaps the most attractive and most ergonomic on the market. Openbravo is based on web technologies including JEE and Ajax.COM Openbravo is a Spanish solution based on Compiere’s ERP (another open source product presented in this paper) and created in 2001. Openbravo is published under the Openbravo Public License.openbravo. the product’s dynamics are only moderate. initially called Tecnicia. as well as its entity manager. The project. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The vendor is solid and capable of supplying professional level support. Openbravo targets the ERP market for SMEs and has quite a large scope. and transposed it to a web interface set up on a Java server. particularly in terms of its client lists.

OpenERP covers all needs.SMILE-OSS. The PostgreSQL database is used.0 (version 6 of the tool and onward). purchasing.openerp. resulting in the constantly increasing effectiveness of the ERP in a business setting.3 Website: www.com Vendor driven solution (OpenERP) WWW. inventory. accountancy. HR. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . production.0. logistics. billing and more. or by means of dashboards.COM OpenERP (formerly Tiny ERP) was founded in Belgium in 2005 by Fabien Pinckaers. and its framework allows for rapid adaptation to unique contexts. whether by configuring new workflows or new information. OpenERP combines the strength of a vendor with that of a large community – including its integrators based around the world – that outline all the ways the tool is used and provide precious feedback. projects. All this is made possible by real technological innovation based on recognised standards in terms of databases and web services.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 218 OpenERP Version studied: 6. such as sales. OpenERP is written in Python and is supported by a powerful object oriented framework. OpenERP is distributed under the AGPL 3. particularly in the form of reusable modules.

which have all become standards in the world of content management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 219 CMSS WWW. corporate sites. community spaces. service sites.COM Content management now covers a wide range of needs: information sites. InfoGlue. Hippo CMS. etc.SMILE-OSS. secure extranets. SPIP. Joomla and Plone. Over the years. and their functional and technical scopes. Jahia. given their domination as a result of their capacities. modularity. To cover this scope. they have become more than serious alternatives in the field of enterprise content management: they now dominate the market. Drupal. TYPO3. participatory intranets. there are a number of excellent open source solutions with very broad scopes like eZ Publish. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

polls.com).COM Drupal is a multi-faceted CMS. Drupal is built around LAMP technologies (PHP and MySQL in particular). highly appreciated modules developed by the community. It can easily host numerous complementary modules (forums. Support is available from Acquia (www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . chats. it has well designed. newsletters. online payments.drupal. shared calendars and more). messaging. Originally designed as a collective blog. Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source.acquia.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 220 Drupal Version studied: 7. In particular.SMILE-OSS. surveys.org Community driven solution WWW. it has a wide variety of possible applications today: from the corporate website to the community portal. forms. Drupal does it all! It was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success ever since. Technically speaking.8 Website: www. An enormous community has formed around the product. The main strength of this CMS lies in its expandability. photo galleries. that make it particularly well suited to corporate social networks.

multilingualism. versioning. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . making each content item an object and applying all available methods to each one: multiple positioning.SMILE-OSS.ez. workflows. Technically. eZ Publish is one of the most powerful open source tools available today. but also as a development framework for the creation of business applications.COM eZ Publish was created in 1999 by eZ Systems. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 221 eZ Publish Version studied: 4. manages three different file caches and separates content very distinctly from presentation. eZ Publish is an open source software solution published under the GPL.5 Website: www. eZ Publish is written in PostGreSQL. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and a commercial Enterprise edition that provides stability. It pushes the object oriented approach to its full potential. support and a warranty.no Vendor driven solution (eZ Systems) WWW. This makes it a highly configurable CMS. links between content. access rights. runs on Apache and MySQL (PostgreSQL 8 and Oracle 11g are supported). In terms of the fundamentals of content management. eZ Publish stands out from other open source CMSs for its possibilities in terms of configurations and extensions: it is presented as a ready to use tool.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 222 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

It is heavily used in the Nordic countries and especially in the Netherlands. It includes most of the functionalities that one might expect of a CMS: document model publishing. scalable architecture. etc. Hippo CMS is distributed under the Apache License 2. moreover. particularly dynamic and promises a comprehensive. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . multiple sites.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 223 Hippo CMS Version studied: 7. but it remains ergonomic and functional and includes most of the common functionalities expected of a good CMS. It was created in 1999 by Dutch vendor OneHippo. Hippo CMS offers real benefits for the integration of functional needs by developers. quality suite. and to define a clear. templating.SMILE-OSS. support and a warranty.0. direct content publishing.com Vendor driven solution (OneHippo) WWW. publication workflows. The product’s roadmap is. Jackrabbit and Maven. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and an Enterprise edition that provides stability. Technically well designed. The designers of Hippo CMS endeavoured to comply with standards (JEE).COM Hippo CMS is an open source CMS that is a member of the family of CMSs written in Java. content creation. multilingualism.6 Website: www.onehippo. The user interface is less extensive than in some of the other products. These efforts make it easy for developers to take charge of the tool. to use proven tools like Spring. content import/export.

COM Jahia is a Franco-Swiss product created in the 2000s. Jahia stands out from other CMSs thanks to its content administration interface. Apache Lucene search engine. versioning. In particular. highly detailed rights management. Jahia is built on JEE technologies: persistence via Hibernate. support for JSR 170 standards. In fact. support and a warranty. structured data. thereby ensuring the tool’s longevity and alignment with real needs on the ground. which is merged with the site itself. with the possibility of viewing and modifying its source code (under the GPL for the Community edition). In functional terms. Jahia is one of only a few solutions to combine JEE portals with content management in a single. perfectly integrated product. incorporating multi-site management. support for JSR 168 portlet standards. which occupies a place apart in the world of JEE portals and CMSs.SMILE-OSS. Jahia also has an Enterprise version available under a commercial license that provides stability. effective workflows.jahia. Jahia is one of the most compete CMS solutions. Jahia makes for an excellent alternative to the portal solutions available from the major proprietary vendors. Jahia’s finishing touches and packaging are impressive.com Vendor driven solution (Jahia) WWW.5 Website: www. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .5 saw the arrival of a very user-friendly interface and a very complete template publisher.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 224 Jahia Version studied: 6. version 6. etc. multilingualism.

SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution Joomla is a CMS developed from Mambo in 2005. Joomla is a 100% community based solution published under the GNU GPL.COM Joomla Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . access stats. Joomla is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database. This tool chiefly stands out for the user-friendliness of its admin interface. This CMS is ideally suited to personal websites but could also satisfy the needs of certain professional sites. Today.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 225 WWW. The mantra is to “give full product control to non-technicians”. Page creation. searches.7 Website: www. It was created after a disagreement between the lead developers and the company coordinating the development.joomla. particularly corporatestyle sites (requiring simple publication). meaningful URLs and a multitude of modules are integrated directly and do not require any special knowledge for their implementation. the majority of developers in the community devote their work to Joomla. categorisation. which clearly tips the scales in its favour.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 226 WWW.

content management. Ajax based interface. The flip side of this simplicity is that SPIP has a number of limitations in respect of certain key content management functionalities. SPIP is a French open source project (licensed under the GPL) and its community can be described as active. in terms of use as well as deployment and adaptation.2.1.net Community driven solution WWW. This success can be attributed to the product’s simplicity. a simplified. SPIP’s software is written in PHP using a MySQL database.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 227 SPIP Version studied: 2. as opposed to corporate oriented. conflict management.9.10 Website: www. and new template development functions. with multiple versions released each year and hundreds – if not thousands – of members. but SPIP has since grown and is now used by private and public organisations to manage their professional websites. Version 2. private. SPIP was primarily used by web surfers to manage their own personal websites and on associations’ websites. which clearly restricts it to the world of web oriented. an API.spip. This new branch offers a multitude of new functionalities: possibility of installation on PostgreSQL and SQLite.COM Originally in 2001. a page for downloading and installing plug-ins. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0 of SPIP was released nearly two years after version 1. SPIP is one of the few CMSs to be able to claim client references that number in the thousands worldwide.SMILE-OSS.

SMILE-OSS. caching. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . TYPO3 is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database. TYPO3 is one of the richest tools we have encountered to date.org Community driven solution WWW. thus maintaining its compatibility with future versions of the tool. TYPO3 is a 100% community based solution published under the GPL. One of its major strengths lies in its modular expandability. In terms of ready to use functionalities. It offers just about everything one might want. A module can add a series of functionalities to TYPO3. with very few limitations. One of the functionalities available in TYPO3 is image manipulation.typo3. The product was released late in 2000.5 LTS Website: www. all of which nicely polished. since which time a very active community has developed. particularly in the Germanic countries.COM TYPO3 is the fruit of several years of labour by a Danish guru by the name of Kasper Skårhøj. but it can also modify a previously integrated functionality without altering TYPO3’s source code. Rights and contribution management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 228 TYPO3 Version studied: 4. templates and more: it’s all there. which allows images to be resized. thumbnails to be created and titles to be generated dynamically as images. authorisations.

org http://www.mamboserver.org http://www.com http://umbraco.SMILE-OSS.org http://www.magnolia-cms.com http://www.org http://www.silverstripe. the following tools can also be added: WWW.com http://modx.com http://cahaya-project.com http://www.org http://apostrophenow.silverpeas. open source supply is particularly strong.opencms.org http://www.com http://centurion-project.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www.infoglue.org http://www.sympalphp.com http://lenya.apache.cmsmadesimple. By way of example.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 229 Other In the world of content management.COM Name Plone InfoGlue Mambo Apache Lenya Zope SilverStripe MODX CMS Made Simple Sympal Apostrophe Cayaha Magnolia Silverpeas umbraco Centurion OpenCMS URL / Website http://plone.zope. over and above the products presented above.

At present. longevity and pricing. Alfresco. Knowledge Tree.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 230 EDM & ECM WWW. providing unique benefits in terms of openness. open source EDM solutions have reached an extraordinary level of maturity and can compete on equal terms with the main commercial products. Jahia and more: the available supply of open source document management solutions is expanding every day. locating and using information – whether or not it is structured or included in a document. ECM can increase an organisation’s efficiency by offering its personnel a practical and efficient solution for creating.SMILE-OSS. Nuxeo.COM Enterprise content management (ECM) is characterised by a combination of electronic document management tools (EDM or DMS) and content management systems (CMS). Maarch. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

France and the United States. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . to RM and integrated clustering modules and to intermediate versions. management of multiple. Alfresco is written in JEE and has strong development dynamics as well as a large community of users and developers.alfresco.com Vendor driven solution (Alfresco Software) WWW. with its wide variety of plug-ins. web content management and more.4 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. document workflows and advanced workflows.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 231 Alfresco Version studied: 3.COM Alfresco is the ECM solution created in 2005 by British vendor Alfresco Software. searches. The Alfresco Forge site is also worthy of note. document types. The company now operates directly in England. independent databases. Alfresco comes in two editions: a free Labs edition under the GPL and an Enterprise edition that gives access to the vendor’s warranty. itself founded the same year by former executives at Documentum and Business Object. category management. collaboration tools. Alfresco offers all the expected document management functionalities: metadata.

structured. completely modular architecture. category management.nuxeo. etc.2 Website: www. The solution provides for complete enterprise content management. etc.4.COM Nuxeo is a French company founded by Stéfane Fermigier. Nuxeo is published under the LGPL. the concept of typed “relationships” between different contents. the concept of the publication section. The tool sets itself apart thanks to various special aspects: a theme editor. advanced workflows. Nuxeo Enterprise Platform is the result of the migration of the Zope based version in Python to Java. vocabulary management.com Vendor driven solution (Nuxeo) WWW. searches. incorporating metadata. multi-file. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . multiple database management and more.).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 232 Nuxeo Version studied: 5.SMILE-OSS. that has been producing an open source EDM solution since 2001. document types. collaboration functions. Nuxeo is built on JEE technologies and uses open source components from the JBoss. The company currently operates in France and the United States. complex content management (web. Apache and Eclipse projects and from Sun’s open source projects.

the advanced search functionality that will meet the most demanding needs for complex searches. Knowledge Tree has a complete set of functionalities and multiple modules that provide for good integration with an office environment. although a number of modules. to name but a few aspects. The application is well crafted and provides for simple and efficient EDM. Knowledge Tree is written in PHP and runs on a LAMP platform. etc. MS Office integration. The open source edition of Knowledge Tree incorporates the majority of its functions. a scanner management application.knowledgetree. navigation.). are distributed under a commercial license. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Jam Warehouse) WWW.COM Knowledge Tree is an EDM solution developed by the South African company Jam Warehouse. We particularly appreciated the streamlined. the default virtual navigation modes and the ergonomics of the module when integrated with MS Office.7 Website: www. The vendor’s website posts a comparison of the different editions. immediately operational standard interface. the admin functions. namely those concerning workstation integration (hot folder.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 233 Knowledge Tree Version studied: 3.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 234 Maarch Version studied: 1.maarch. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. an application dedicated to mailroom management. The solution is licensed under the GPL v3. Letter Box is a vertical application that can. Finally.COM Maarch is an ECM solution developed by the French firm Maerys. interface with a scanner and can manage the life cycle of correspondence circulating within the company: receipt. Maarch Entreprise is dedicated to application design. It is delivered with a set of functions and an interface that is completely mailroom oriented. This distribution also includes the functions needed for corporate EDM. It should be noted that the solution’s community is rather small.2 Website: www. in particular. Maarch is build on an in-house PHP framework. This orientation provides a solution for the design of corporate document applications. revolving closely around the vendor.com/en Vendor driven solution (Maerys) WWW. Maarch Framework 3. Its product line includes Maarch Entreprise and Letter Box. response handling and archiving.

the following tools can also be added: WWW.COM Name Jahia Freedom Quotero eXo DMS URL / Website http://www.exoplatform.SMILE-OSS.com http://www.quotero. By way of example.com http://www. over and above the products presented above.jahia.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . open source supply is particularly strong.org http://www.dynacase.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 235 Other In the world of document management.

The main functionalities of these tools include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing. OPAC (user search interface). OAI-PMH server. DSI (interest based displays).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 236 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION WWW. open source library and documentation management tools have emerged in recent years. disk management. borrower management. etc. Z3950 Client and Server. thesaurus management.COM Built upon the world of document management.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . lending/returns with fines. The most notable examples of these are Koha and PMB. management of periodicals and purchasing.

Koha is chiefly designed for libraries that want to comply with the UNIMARC cataloguing standard. a Drupal connector already exists) for more user-friendly ergonomics. but can also be installed on OpenBSD. Koha’s main functionalities include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing. With the exception of thumbnail retrieval.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 237 Koha Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2 Website: www. Mac OS X. Koha is developed in Perl and runs on Debian Linux. OAI-PMH server. periodicals and ordering. Windows. The databases it supports are MySQL and PostgreSQL. Koha does not offer any EDM functions. etc. Two French companies have built their businesses around Koha. It is recommended that OPAC searches be replaced by a CMS (for example.org Community driven solution WWW. lending/returns with fines. Koha is maintained by its community. and so on. OPAC.COM This ILS (integrated library system) was created in 1999 by a consortium of four libraries in New Zealand. disk management. Distributed under the GNU GPL v2. FreeBSD.koha. Z3950 Client and Server.SMILE-OSS.

COM Created in 2003 by French company PMB Services. PMB’s main functionalities include the cataloguing of all types of documents (text.4 Website: www. this very complete ILS was chiefly designed for document resource centres and specialised libraries that do not require UNIMARC cataloguing. PMB was developed around a LAMP/WAMP platform (Apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 238 PMB Version studied: 3. Fulltext indexing is provided for in its roadmap. CSV. Z3950 Client. and more.) that can therefore run on Linux. PMB is distributed under the CeCILL License. MySQL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It should be noted that.pmbservices. web. DSI (interest based displays). multimedia. at the time of writing. thesaurus management. PHP. etc.fr Vendor driven solution (PMB Services) WWW. OPAC (user search interface).).) with file attachments. it had no established network of partners. etc. management of periodicals and purchasing. Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows. borrower management.SMILE-OSS. etc. along with notice imports (UNIMARC.

Silverpeas. portals also incorporate a degree of more or less advanced personalisation.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 239 PORTALS WWW. more recently. links to third party resources. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The top examples include Liferay.e. either pertaining to the same subject (real estate. job offers. a general interest portal such as Yahoo!. and their own added value stems from the selection and compilation of these tools. Portals provide access to resources that they do not necessarily own: they offer services from other websites. i. etc. eXo Platform and. Finally. and personalisation: these are the aspects that typically define a portal. A number of open source tools are available for the creation of this type of project. A combination of content and service packaging.COM A portal is a website that brings together a variety of resources.) or with no specific subject.

eXo Platform is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286 and WSRP 1 and 2. It also integrates a content repository in alignment with JSR 170.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: www. Ukraine and Tunisia.1). eXo WCM (2. The source code and a packaged edition are freely accessible via an open source license (Affero GPL).1) and eXo Social (1.1). the United States. The company has offices in France. eXo Knowledge (2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The latest version of eXo Platform (3. The solution’s ergonomics are slightly behind the competition.0) incorporates four open source projects in a single package: eXo Collaboration (2.1).com Vendor driven solution (eXo) WWW. Vietnam. eXo Platform is distributed under a double licensing model. but the product’s functional collaboration and exchange tools make it a viable candidate for any project of this type.exoplatform.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 240 eXo Platform Version studied: 3. whilst an enterprise edition is sold by subscription.COM eXo is an open source French vendor founded in 2003. It publishes a collaboration and content management software suite for businesses.

com Vendor driven solution (Oevo Group) WWW.4 Website: www. Silverpeas is not just a portal. It is a portal. Developed between 2001 and 2003.silverpeas. Silverpeas stands out for its significant functional depth and generally user-friendly ergonomics.SMILE-OSS. Silverpeas is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. It is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286. because it provides for easy builds of mini-sites with a simple WYSIWYG interface. It is a collaborative tool. a forum. because it can compile heterogeneous resources. because it includes project management tools with tasks and an integrated Gantt diagram. a shared calendar. It is a CMS. it is at the crossroads of these three dimensions. Silverpeas is a very interesting option for quick builds of simple collaborative portals.COM Silverpeas is a collaborative and social portal. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the solution first came to life as proprietary software before its recent transition to open source. a CMS or a collaborative work tool. a blog and a common directory.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 241 Silverpeas Version studied: 7. In reality. Although the product’s visibility remains chiefly national at present.

SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Liferay also offers more than 60 portlets including a full range of collaborative and social tools (blogs.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay Inc. One of its strengths is the simplicity of personalisation by the end user. Its open source edition (Liferay Portal Community Edition) is available under the LGPL.0 Website: www. tasks centre.liferay. among other functionalities.COM Liferay is a good-level open source corporate portal solution that can be used. forums. to share resources and for collaboration.) WWW. and intuitive management of communities of practice and of the hierarchical organisation of the entity using it.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 242 Liferay Version studied: 6. to compile content and information. wikis. Liferay was originally created for an American church in 2000. resource reservations. allowing for the standardised integration of any existing application. In addition.). etc. Liferay is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168. JSR 286 and JSR 170. Liferay is highly flexible in terms of rights management and the adaptability of the graphical appearance of pages. Liferay is an excellent corporate portal solution. and it also provides a powerful staging solution. Liferay is distributed under a double licensing model. notifications.

apache. over and above the products presented above.org http://portals.jboss. the following tools can also be added: WWW.fr May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .apache.org/jetspeed-2 http://lutece. open source supply is particularly strong. By way of example.paris.org/gatein http://portals.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 243 Other In the world of portals.COM Name JBoss / GateIn Apache Pluto Sakai Jetspeed-2 Lutece URL / Website http://www.org/pluto http://sakaiproject.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . This shows the interest people have in connecting to one another. The use of social networks is now an established fact and as a result companies are encouraging their staff to use them to communicate. Twitter. the likes of Drupal Commons. This is how social networks are used by companies: to create wealth. In response to this need. more and more quality open source solutions have appeared on the market. communicating and working together. speaks for itself (more than 400 million users are registered on Facebook to date).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 244 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS) WWW. CSNs (corporate social networks) were born of the realisation that companies could also use this type of resource to generate value. meeting new people.SMILE-OSS. LinkedIn.. Elgg and Liferay Social Office.COM The success of social networking sites such as Facebook. etc.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 245 BuddyPress Version studied: 1. using PHP.3) will consolidate the existing structure and functionalities (install interface. BuddyPress enjoys an active community.). Apache and MySQL. BuddyPress has the special feature of being built on the Wordpress tool. blogs. messaging. has enjoyed increasing use ever since.COM BuddyPress was designed in 2008 by Andy Peatling while he was working on adding networking functionalities to the famous WordPress blog engine. groups.0 support. BuddyPress is delivered standard with a number of functionalities which are very easy to activate. released in May 2009. The next version (v1. forums. improvement of profile attributes.2.9 Website: http://buddypress. profiles. friends management. such as activities feeds. It therefore has a similar architecture.org Community driven solution WWW. A roadmap is available on the community website. BuddyPress is published under the GNU GPL v2.SMILE-OSS. etc. etc. WordPress 3. The first official version (v1).

Privatemsg (private messaging).com Vendor driven solution (Acquia) WWW.SMILE-OSS. Drupal was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success since then. Drupal Commons.COM Drupal Commons is a Drupal oriented social networks distribution published by Acquia (a services company founded by Drupal’s creator) in 2010.000 – although not all of them concern CSNs). In fact. A support option is available from Acquia. and more. Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source. will offer greater stability and a broader functional scope. Some relevant examples include Homebox (for personalised pages).0 Website: www. The scope of the community portals that can be created using Drupal depends on the available modules (more than 10.acquia. The latest version. From a technical point of view. Invite Friends (friend management). Drupal is built on LAMP technologies (particularly PHP and MySQL). FriendList (list of friends). The Drupal Commons distribution has a broad native scope capable of rapidly implementing a real social network. it was the full package configuration. Organic Group (groups management). which we examined here. Content Profile (profile data management). v7.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 246 Drupal Commons Version studied: 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

0.elgg. Its architecture is plug-in enabled. Elgg is published under the GPL v2.com Vendor driven solution (Curverider Ltd) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .8. blogging and microblogging. groups management (with restricted access spaces). Apache. who subsequently went on to create Curverider Limited in order to maintain and enhance the product. publisher Curverider offers a number of services such as bug fixes and hosting.COM Elgg is one of the most well-known and most successful open source social networking solutions. MySQL and PHP) technologies. rights management. a complete API.elgg. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 247 Elgg Version studied: 1. On the support side. activities feeds. These include profile management (with the possibility of attribute definition).org). It was created in 2004 by Dave Tosh and Ben Werdmuller.1 Website: www. making it possible to easily and rapidly extend product functionalities (more than 900 plug-ins). Elgg offers most of the functionalities expected of a social networking project. Its modular design provides for its expandability. Elgg is written in PHP and runs on LAMP (Linux. and it has a very active community that produces a large number of interesting plug-ins (www.SMILE-OSS.

which includes vendor support. document management. On the technology side.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay) WWW. It includes a number of project functionalities and very few conversational components. etc. However. Its functions are very business orientated: profiles/members. A corporate version also exists. chat function. At the end of 2008. events. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .5 is in beta) is distributed under the Affero GPL.COM Liferay Social Office is a product of Liferay. the embedded Liferay chat function is of high quality.SMILE-OSS.B (Beta) / Liferay P 6. Social Office uses the Liferay portal. The Liferay portal was launched by Brian Chan in the early 2000s.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 248 Liferay Social Office Version studied: Liferay SO 1. which already has the Liferay portal to its name.liferay.0 Website: www. Social Office is its corporate social cooperation solution. Liferay launched a variation on its portal with specific packaging for cooperative work: Liferay Social Office.5. in other words JEE architecture. It supports around a dozen databases and application servers. groups. calendar. wiki. The Community edition of Social Office (current version 1.

over and above the products presented above.noserub.exoplatform.askspree.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com http://lovdbyless. the following tools can also be added: WWW.org http://www.com http://project.ez.SMILE-OSS.com http://pligg. By way of example. open source supply is particularly strong.com http://mahara.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 249 Other In the world of corporate social networks.COM Name eZ Teamroom eXo Social LovdbyLess Mahara NoseRub Pligg Spree URL / Website http://www.no http://www.

It is said that they are a component of Web 2. the graphs below do not display the average scores. wikis and forums have ceased to truly be “presented” as such. in the interest of collaborative contributions. phpBB. XWiki. we will present the best open source solutions available today: Dotclear.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 250 BLOGS. A blog is a type of website comprising posts. although its unique feature is its openness to others: wiki pages are usually modifiable by visitors. notes that are accumulated over time and displayed in chronological order. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.0 in their own right. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. i. WIKIS AND FORUMS WWW. In this category.e. now that have become such a firmly integrated part of corporate life.SMILE-OSS. A wiki can also be defined as a type of website.COM Blogs. A forum is (typically) a public discussion area in which exchanges are arranged by subject.

1 Website: http://dotclear. Dotclear is distributed under the GPL v2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 251 Dotclear Version studied: 2. It is developed in PHP and supports PostgreSQL (8. In June 2009.0 and above). with its two step automated installation. Over and above its functionalities.org Community driven solution WWW. It generates pages with a structure that optimises their natural referencing. MySQL (at least 4.SMILE-OSS.3. Dotclear’s functional depth makes it a high quality publishing tool.COM Dotclear is an open source web publishing solution created in 2002 by Olivier Meunier. Dotclear’s software was designed first and foremost for its users. Xavier Plantefève took over the project. who regularly contribute to its development.1 with InnoDB) and SQLite databases. Dotclear was designed for maximum user comfort. equal and in some cases far superior to other tools of the same type. In addition. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . many themes and plug-ins are available for easy personalisation.

Going a step further.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 252 phpBB Version studied: 3.com Community driven solution WWW. a private messaging system between users eliminates the need to publish personal email addresses. Emoticons are used to make the content more visible. with the latter two locked at the top of the page for enhanced visibility. phpBB is distributed under the GPL v2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and so can be personalised at will.SMILE-OSS.9 Website: www. those posted since the last time the page was viewed) can quickly be accessed. Where cookies are enabled.COM phpBB is a tool in the forums family.e. new messages (i. BBCode (similar to HTML code) can be used in these messages for an enhanced layout.0. adverts and post-its. In addition to the usual functions. phpBB also handles an optional email system that can send notifications whenever a reply is posted on a subject (or subjects) tracked by the user. phpBB can be used to create surveys. there is complete support for different visual themes: the graphics segment is completely separate from the software itself. Graphically.phpbb. It is built on LAMP architecture and is written in PHP.

TWiki is distributed under the GPL v2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 253 TWiki Version studied: 5.1. It is a cgi-bin script written in Perl. The software uses the principle of a wiki to provide a collaborative work platform.org Vendor driven solution (TWiki) WWW. Developers can expand TWiki’s content and functionalities by means of a variety of extensions. The information contained in TWiki is stored in text files and converted to HTML on the fly. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a document administration system or a personal administration system.COM TWiki is programmed in Perl.0 Website: http://twiki. It can be used as a development area.SMILE-OSS.

A second generation wiki application. XWiki is used for work collaboration.e. information sharing and online content publication (structured or unstructured).org Vendor driven solution (XWiki SAS) WWW. It is this possibility that makes it a wiki application.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 254 XWiki Version studied: 3. collaborative publishing.xwiki.).COM XWiki was created by Ludovic Dubost in 2004.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: www. It includes a number of APIs and a system of plug-ins and portlets. access rights management. its adaptability to user needs. The programming languages used within the wiki itself are Velocity and Groovy. XWiki is distributed under the LGPL. It is developed in Java using a Hibernate database. it offers the option of performing programming directly on the wiki’s pages. It is now primarily supported by the company XWiki SAS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In additional to standard wiki functionalities (simplified layout. etc. i.

It is among the most sophisticated blog tools.SMILE-OSS. The product roadmap is very active. with thousands of available extensions. and has enjoyed a growing success through the years. Wordpress was the work of Matt Mullenweg. Version 3. on a MySQL database.3. It is now supported by a very large community.1 Website: http://wordpress. through a fork from a tool called "B2".“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 255 Wordpress Version studied: 3. that was released in june 2010. It features many APIs and a sophisticated plugin mechanism. that can also be used for building web sites. offering native multi-blog management. for the greater part. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Wordpress is a very comprehensive and feature-rich blog tool. was the merger of Wordpress and Wordpress MU. with new versions comming out every six months or so. Wordpress is released under a GPL licence.org Community driven solution WWW.COM Wordpress was created in 2003. It is developped in PHP.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 256 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

org/dokuwiki http://www.dokuwiki.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 257 Other In the world of blogs.com http://www.fire-soft-board.mediawiki. By way of example.simplemachines.COM Name DokuWiki FSB MediaWiki PunBB SMF URL / Website http://www.SMILE-OSS. wikis and forums.com http://www. over and above the products presented above. the following tools can also be added: WWW.org http://punbb. open source supply is particularly dynamic.informer.

The main functionalities of e-learning tools include management of teachers. test their knowledge. Among the available open source solutions. also referred to as “online training”. particularly web based ones. collaborative tools (wikis.COM E-learning.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 258 E-LEARNING WWW. student supervision and more. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. students and classes.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Moodle and Claroline enjoy an excellent reputation. consists in educational activities that occur via electronic solutions. creation of educational resource types. forums and blogs). timetables. E-learning solutions are used to create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. SCORM compatibility. questionnaires.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Its modular approach responds to needs ranging from those of individual trainers to major institutions. Moodle is the mostly widely used online learning platform in the world. collaborative tools (wikis. It is distributed under the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 259 Moodle Version studied: 2. timetables and student supervision. students and classes.COM Created in 2002 by Australian Martin Dougiamas (who had previously worked on the proprietary solution WebTC). Apache. Moodle is a LAMP (Linux. FreeBSD. Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server databases. Linux. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. creation of nine types of educational resources. Authorised service companies offer various services such as hosting. forums and blogs). Its main functionalities include management of teachers.SMILE-OSS. MySQL and PHP) application. It can create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. Windows. questionnaires. with PostgreSQL. test their knowledge. Mac OS X. It also runs on UNIX. module creation. etc. NetWare. Moodle is supported by active communities of practice that contribute to its development.1 Website: http://moodle.org Community driven solution WWW. and more. SCORM compatibility.

unites the Claroline community. coordinates the platform’s developments and promotes its use.8. It uses MySQL databases. Claroline is written in PHP and runs on Linux. Claroline’s development currently enjoys the support of the Walloon Region and of three other Belgian partners. questionnaires.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 260 Claroline Version studied: 1. Mac OS and Microsoft Windows.10. timetables and statistics on attendance and on students’ marks on different exercises. Chamilo. SCORM and IMS QTI 2 compatibility. The consortium. It is easy to use. owing in part to its lesser functional depth in comparison to Moodle.6. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .claroline. creation of exercises and classes. students and classes. which in turn gave rise to the promising fork of Dokeos 1.net Consortium driven solution WWW. Claroline is the second most commonly used online learning application in Europe. collaborative tools (wikis and forums). It should be noted that it gave rise to the Dokeos fork (now under corporate management). Distributed under the GPL. Its main functionalities include management of teachers.5 Website: www.COM Created in 2000 at the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL). created in 2007 in the form of an international not-for-profit association.

COM Name Dokeos Chamilo Ilias URL / Website http://www.dokeos.ilias.com http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 261 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-learning.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.chamilo.org http://www.

In the world of open source solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. and remote applications that collect their data using special tags inserted on the pages. which work based on HTTP server log files.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 262 VISITOR TRACKING WWW. tools like AWStats (log analyser) and Piwik (tag analysis) are commonly used.COM There are two categories of tools that are external to applications (in the broadest sense of the term) and that are used to generate visitor statistics: log analysers.

browser. Written in Perl. It is a highly mature supervision tool with packages on all Linux distributions. OS. AWStats provides a wide range of statistics. WebStar. by domain/country. IIS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It can natively read the log files of most web servers such as Apache. thanks in particular to an efficient caching policy.net Community driven solution WWW. time.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: http://awstats. The AWStats open source software is available under the GPL. host. It is very popular among systems and network administrators. hits. streaming and email). unique visitors.COM AWStats is an audience tracking tool based on analyses of web logs. etc. It was written a number of years ago by Laurent Destailleur.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 263 AWStats Version studied: 7.sourceforge. transfers. graphs and reports generated from its analysis of web logs (as well as FTP. AWStats can be installed and run on most systems. Its functionalities include measurements of the number of visits. and so on. pages. One of the strengths of AWStats lies in the possibility of dynamically generating tables without losing out on performance.

It is built on LAMP architecture and boasts a system of plug-ins.SMILE-OSS. Piwik is distributed under the GPL v3. users can access graphs of the most recent visits. in fact. visitor countries. a list of keywords used.1 Website: http://piwik. under the direction of Matthieu Aubry. The very young Piwik is already universally acclaimed. Piwik’s objective is to become a preferred alternative to Google Analytics. search engine rankings. but it must be said that its beginnings appear promising. it received the award for the best SourceForge project for July 2010 – so we can only expect good times ahead for the solution.5.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 264 Piwik Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Piwik is the successor to phpMyVisites. visit durations. a list of external sites. objectives tracking. In just a few clicks. geographic distribution and more.org Community driven solution WWW. a distribution of visits by time zone. The solution was recently released. visitor browsers. This is a tall order. an API and an interface that is very user-friendly thanks to the combined use of Ajax and Flash.

SMILE-OSS. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. we will be presenting OpenX (an ad server solution) and LimeSurvey (an advanced tool for the creation of professional surveys and polls).COM In this final category of the “Applications” dimension. the graphs below do not display the average scores. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 265 OTHER WWW. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. In particular.

com Vendor driven solution (OpenX) WWW. clicks and clicks by channel. handling multiple sites and advertisers. along with data on campaign results. Statistics can also be calculated by campaign. schedule based banner displays (with start and end dates). HTML or CSV format. Flash. Atlas and Yahoo!). such as images. OpenX supports a wide variety of media. It runs on an Apache (or HTTPd) web server with PHP. OpenX enjoys a relatively vast functional scope. etc. OpenX is distributed under the GPL v2.SMILE-OSS. US based vendor OpenX publishes and supports the tool. DoubleClick. The application can handle hundred of millions of impressions per month. JavaScript. with tracking of displays. rotating displays in a single zone. multiple formats (IAB and more). Google Ad Sense.8. MySQL and a PHP accelerator.openx.7 Site Internet de la solution : www.COM OpenX is an open source advertising brokerage solution.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 266 OpenX Version studied: 2. limits on the number of clicks or displays per day. management of priority campaigns. etc. HTML. OpenX provides good control of advertising campaigns for one or more websites. reports exported in Excel. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

at universities and at government institutions. by major corporations. LimeSurvey is a complete open source tool dedicated to the creation of all sorts of questionnaires. It was written by an Australian developer named Jason Cleeland.SMILE-OSS. LimeSurvey is written in PHP.org. LimeSurvey is used worldwide by a large number of private individuals.net on 20 February 2003 under the name of PHPSurveyor. The software can produce questionnaires with an unlimited number of categories and questions.COM LimeSurvey (formerly PHPSurveyor) is an open source online survey solution.limesurvey. Ubuntu and Gnome. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It was registered on SourceForge. in combination with a MySQL. 20 styles of questions are available when creating a questionnaire: dates.org Community driven solution WWW. rankings. numerical input and more. Its most noteworthy customer references include OpenOffice. LimeSurvey is distributed under the GPL. dropdown lists. scales.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 267 LimeSurvey Version studied: 1. PostgreSQL or Microsoft SQL Server database.91 Website: www.

the definition of an open source policy can be of benefit. and this percentage is undoubtedly even higher now in 2012. All the studies have confirmed it: open source is everywhere in companies. development dynamics. and is instead how to select the best tools that will integrate most smoothly with the existing environment. standards compliance. developer instructions. The advantages of using open source solutions are so extensive: longevity.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 268 CONCLUSION WWW. For this reason. approved licenses. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . We hope that this paper will serve to guide you toward the best products and will help you to build secure. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. and so on. A corporate open source policy is a document that sets out the company’s rules for the deployment of open source software: selection criteria. or operating a database. the range of open source solutions is particularly vast. a Gartner study estimated that 85% of companies were using open source solutions. but a crucial one. Thus the question has ceased to be whether or not to use or short-list open source tools for a given project. methods of contribution. support requirements. with products of very high quality boasting some of the best technical and functional bases on the software market today. lasting and innovative architectures.COM As can be seen throughout this paper. Administrators and users are well aware that nothing is more reliable or effective than a Linux server when it comes to running a Java or PHP application server. acquisition and implementation processes. opting for open source is no longer so much a question but rather a “no-brainer” for most companies. freely available for downloading. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. In 2009. de facto standards and cost. for example. to name but a few. This is a major task. freedom of choice.SMILE-OSS. As a result. The document explains the benefits afforded to IT Departments by establishing an open source policy.

SMILE-OSS. Benoît JACQUEMONT Maxime BESSON Patrick KOUASSI Alexandre NION Philippe DE OLIVERIA Frédéric DE GOMBERT Patrick NERDEN Thomas CHOPPY Jean-François BOSSARD Régis DAMONGEOT Thibaut DEMARET Julien BAGARIE Sébastien GIRAUD Alain ARDITI Patrice BERTRAND Barthélémy VESSEMONT Eric DRIER DE LA FORGE Guillaume MAISSA Eric PLAQUEVENT Allaedine EL BANNA Jérémy SUBTIL Marc GIBERT Sylvain TACQUET Badr CHENTOUF Hélène ZYSMAN Philippe BRIERE Sébastien MAULION Aurélien LEMAIRE Aurélien FOUCRET Marc MAURICE Sylvain BANNIER Jennifer LEROYER Jason YERGEAU … .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 269 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS WWW. We would like to take this opportunity to warmly thank all those who devoted their time and effort to it.COM A paper like this one cannot be written by a single person. for the curiosity and commitment they show each day to open source solutions. given the wide range of competencies and knowledge required. And to our growing team at Smile. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and the need to cover tools as varied as VPNs and elearning.

113 Maven. 240 LimeSurvey. 103 Centreon. 47 CAS. 258 LinOTP. 139 Dotclear. 14 Git. 238 DSPAM. 239 ERP5. 225 Koha. 165 MongoDB.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 270 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS WWW. 80 Jahia. 106 BuddyPress. 70 AWStats. 251 Compiere. 29 Hippo CMS. 250 Mule. 214 Drupal Commerce. 152 Cassandra. 191 Bonita.COM 389 Directory Server. 32 Alfresco. 33 Claroline. 153 Liferay. 149 Eclipse. 114 mnoGoSearch. 136 Kamailio. 229 KVM. 89 Cyrus IMAPd. 60 FreeNx. 243 Drools. 76 Debian. 159 Joomla. 135 HAProxy. 192 Jaspersoft. 180 eXo Platform. 217 JasperReports / iReport. 169 Jenkins / Hudson. 234 Liferay Social Office. 218 JORAM. 175 Activiti. 204 Drupal Commons. 237 Cacti. 216 Horde.SMILE-OSS. 163 LVS. 122 JMeter. 232 eZ Publish. 28 Maarch. 171 GLPI. 108 AIDE. 121 CUPS. 155 Linux-HA. 112 EJBCA. 196 JBoss AS. 101 Moodle. 78 easyCA. 95 ActiveMQ. 223 Ant. 116 GlassFish. 254 Bacula. 179 Drupal. 27 Lucene. 71 Kannel. 52 MySQL. 92 BIRT. 128 Munin. 200 MantisBT. 66 LemonLDAP::NG. 209 ESIGate. 99 Nagios. 107 jQuery. 23 BIND. 150 Elgg. 176 jPBM. 30 Knowledge Tree. 172 Asterisk. 208 Continuum. 48 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 55 Django. 18 GWT. 215 FreeBSD. 226 Magento. 72 Keepalived. 49 ClamAV. 110 Apache.

224 OCS Inventory NG. 127 TightVNC. 188 Talend ESB. 201 ProFTPD. 154 Openbravo.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 271 NetBSD. 147 OpenCRX. 42 pfSense.COM Nuxeo. 257 Oracle VirtualBox. 198 Pentaho. 58 Varnish. 195 SpamAssassin. 230 PMD. 244 Piwik. 160 Tuleap. 212 OpenLDAP. 91 Prototype. 143 Tomcat. 166 OpenSSH. 118 TWiki. 247 Xen. 39 OpenVZ. 117 Rhodes. 164 SpagoBI. 246 Zabbix. 255 Play!. 202 Palo. 205 OXID. 56 Redis. 57 Pentaho Report Designer. 123 Shibboleth. 115 SugarCRM. 61 netfilter. 219 Spring. 34 Solr. 184 Symfony. 211 OpenBSD. 15 Titanium. 145 Ruby on Rails. 134 Squid. 50 Zarafa. 129 PF (Packet Filter). 220 Ubuntu. 203 Red Hat Enterprise Linux. 140 Samba. 137 Pulse 2. 133 Zimbra. 245 TYPO3. 40 OpenVAS. 36 Wordpress. 233 Snort. 75 PostgreSQL. 85 Subversion. 111 PhoneGap. 170 Tsung. 64 XWiki. 86 VTiger. 144 phpBB. 193 Petals. 59 OpenCA. 44 Phing. 100 PrestaShop. 35 OpenVPN. 20 Puppet. 189 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 102 Redmine. 19 OFBiz. 43 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux. 24 RBS Change. 65 OpenX. 156 Silverpeas. 77 SPIP. 148 Openswan. 210 OpenAM. 82 OpenERP. 96 OpenNMS. 197 Pentaho Data Integration. 51 OpenSearchServer. 183 OpenEMM. 124 Postfix. 132 Talend. 67 osCommerce. 81 Zend Framework. 79 WWW. 16 OpenSSL. 138 PMB.SMILE-OSS. 185 Wireshark. 90 Selenium IDE.

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