White paper

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Guide to open source solutions

“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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PREAMBLE

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SMILE
Smile is a company of engineers specialising in the implementing of open source solutions and the integrating of systems relying on open source. Smile is member of APRIL, the association for the promotion and defence of free software, Alliance Libre, PLOSS, and PLOSS RA, which are regional cluster associations of free software companies. Smile has 600 throughout the World which makes it the largest company in Europe specialising in open source. Since approximately 2000, Smile has been actively supervising developments in technology which enables it to discover the most promising open source products, to qualify and assess them so as to offer its clients the most accomplished, robust and sustainable products. This approach has led to a range of white papers covering various fields of application: Content management (2004), portals (2005), business intelligence (2006), PHP frameworks (2007), virtualisation (2007), and electronic document management (2008), as well as PGIs/ERPs (2008). Among the works published in 2009, we would also cite “open source VPN’s”, “Firewall open source flow control”, and “Middleware”, within the framework of the “System and Infrastructure” collection. Each of these works presents a selection of best open source solutions for the domain in question, their respective qualities as well as operational feedback. As open source solutions continue to acquire new domains, Smile will be there to help its clients benefit from these in a risk-free way. Smile is present in the European IT landscape as the integration architect of choice to support the largest companies in the adoption of the best open source solutions. Over recent years, Smile has also extended the range of services it offers. Since 2005, a consulting department has been supporting our clients both in the preproject phases and in project guidance. Smile has had a graphics studio since 2000 which in 2007 became an Interactive agency which, in addition to graphics creation also offered emarketing expertise, publishing and rich interfaces. Smile also has an agency which specialises in Third Party Application Management, support and operating of applications. Finally, Smile is based in Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Grenoble, Nantes, Bordeaux and Montpellier. It is also present in Spain, Benelux, Switzerland, Ukraine and Morocco.

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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THIS WHITE PAPER
The studies agree: open source solutions are used by the majority of companies, both large and small, whether or not it was a conscious decision. This comes as no surprise given the rich and varied range of open source solutions available today. Smile has been regularly publishing white papers presenting the extraordinary depth of these solutions since 2004: content management in 2004, portals in 2005, business intelligence in 2006, virtualisation in 2007, electronic document management and ERPs in 2008, open source VPNs and firewalls in 2009, e-commerce and corporate social networks in 2010, and so on. A total of 22 documents have thus been produced and are available for free to download. Each text presents a selection of the best open source solutions for the domain in question, outlining their respective strengths and providing feedback on real life experiences in using these tools. Yet one thing was missing: a central repository containing the best open source solutions on the market, which could be used to guide and orientate decision makers toward benchmark solutions. We have received many requests for such a guide, particularly from IT Departments. The gap has now been filled with this white paper, which presents more than 170 products in 40 enterprise software domains. All product types are included, or nearly all - this paper does not, for example, look at workstation or “office automation” applications like Firefox, Gimp and LibreOffice - with a summary presentation (creation date, licensing, technologies, etc.) and an assessment of each based on six standard criteria. This document was developed by more than 30 of our top technical, functional and business specialists. We hope that this white paper will be of use to you. Before launching into the following 200+ pages, we recommend you read through the next section, which describes our analytical methodology and lists our suggestions for deriving maximum value from the guide. Enjoy!

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Please feel free to share your opinions and assessments of the products presented in this white paper with us. Likewise, do let us know if there is a solution you would like to see included, which we have omitted. One address for both: info@smile-iberia.com

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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CONTENTS PREAMBLE .................................................................................................. 2
SMILE ................................................................................................................................................................... 2 THIS WHITE PAPER ................................................................................................................................................... 3 CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

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ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY...................................................................... 6
PRESENTATION ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE ................................................................................................................. 12

BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS ............................................................... 13
INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION .................................................................................................................................. 13 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL ........................................................................................................................ 14 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT .......................................................................................................... 18 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS .............................................................................................................................. 23 HIGH AVAILABILITY ....................................................................................................................................... 27 SECURITY .................................................................................................................................................... 32 VPNS ........................................................................................................................................................ 39 FIREWALLS .................................................................................................................................................. 42 SUPERVISION AND METRICS ........................................................................................................................... 47 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................. 55 VIRTUALISATION .......................................................................................................................................... 64 VOIP / TELEPHONY....................................................................................................................................... 70 MESSAGING, EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE ............................................................................................... 75 HTTP ACCELERATORS ................................................................................................................................... 85 OTHER ....................................................................................................................................................... 89 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION ................................................................................................ 94 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES............................................................................................................................... 95 DATABASES ................................................................................................................................................. 99 BPM / WORKFLOW ................................................................................................................................... 106 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS ................................................................................................................................. 110 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION .......................................................................................................... 121 ESBS ....................................................................................................................................................... 127 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES ........................................................................................... 132 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS ....................................................................................................... 146 PKIS ........................................................................................................................................................ 150 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION, FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT ............................................................................. 155 LOAD TESTING TOOLS .................................................................................................................................. 162

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SEARCH ENGINES ........................................................................................................................................ 166 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS.................................................................................................................. 173 MOM & EAI ............................................................................................................................................ 179 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 184 APPLICATIONS DIMENSION ....................................................................................................................................187

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CRMS ..................................................................................................................................................... 188 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS...................................................................................................................... 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING ............................................................................................................. 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES ................................................................................................................... 200 E-COMMERCE............................................................................................................................................ 205 ERPS ....................................................................................................................................................... 213 CMSS ...................................................................................................................................................... 219 EDM & ECM ........................................................................................................................................... 230 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION..................................................................................................................... 236 PORTALS................................................................................................................................................... 239 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS).......................................................................................................... 244 BLOGS, WIKIS AND FORUMS ........................................................................................................................ 250 E-LEARNING .............................................................................................................................................. 258 VISITOR TRACKING ...................................................................................................................................... 262 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 265

CONCLUSION .......................................................................................... 268 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................... 269 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS ............................................................................. 270

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More than 300 open source tools are presented here. with the primary objective of creating a broad. It was vital to group products in this way given the vastness of open source options available today. Choice of solutions For each category. portals. Applications: CRMs. offering you a broad choice for building the most appropriate architectures for your needs. We assigned each of these forty-some categories to the following dimensions:    Infrastructure: IT asset management. etc. Only primary tools were including in our selection and our recommendations. functional and business experts to select the best solutions. operating systems. and in which Smile has previously implemented projects and has real expertise. databases.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 6 ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY WWW. ecommerce solutions. we solicited our technical. business intelligence tools. supervision. firewalls. EDM tools. we selected only domains that make sense for corporate solutions. In some cases. MOM and EAI. In the end. etc. functional and business experts. etc. web and mobile frameworks.SMILE-OSS. Choice of categories We began by establishing a list of the categories that would be presented in this guide. We have attempted to make this guide as comprehensive as possible. Development and intermediate layers: corporate directories. search engines. virtualisation. we asked our technical. there were so many products available that we had to differentiate between “primary” and “secondary” tools. HTTP accelerators. those which any company could use with complete confidence as foundations for its most ambitious projects. VPNs. practical reference guide to the best open source solutions on the market. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . CMSs. ESBs.COM PRESENTATION In preparing this white paper.

wherever relevant – we calculated the average score of all solutions in each category in order to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each specific tool. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . although the criterion of reputation is important. its expandability and adaptability. in particular. and the availability of resources/profiles to support you through its integration with your environment. etc. pricing and upgradability will be directly dependent on this. dynamics.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 7 Assessment criteria Our choice of tools was largely based on feedback from the field and our experience on hundreds of past projects. For this criterion. but rather a real guide for decision makers. The six analytical criteria are as follows: Current reputation A solution’s current reputation is important. we considered:       Number and importance of customer references Number and reputation of existing integrators (and are they independent? SMEs? large groups? is there only one integrator for the product?) References in the trade press Size of forum and mailing list archives Google PageRank for the site. linked to the number of high-ranked websites pointing to the product’s site Exchanges on social networks: Twitter. For this reason. it is not enough to make an informed decision. the quality of its technical base.COM Because we did not want this white paper to be a mere reference file. We also performed objective evaluations of six criteria applicable to all of our categories. insofar as it can provide a sense of security or at least advance notice of potential issues. However. such that the solution will remain a good one over at least the next three years. its functional scope. a reputation built on marketing investments will not last long if it is not accompanied by a dynamic community and basic technical quality.SMILE-OSS. Resource availability. It will thus provide you with reliable indicators covering each tool’s reputation. we decided to make our results public. While it will be decisive to implement a solution that is strong at the time of installation. Facebook. Google+. it is even more crucial for the indicators to all have the green light. WWW. Wherever possible – and. an explanation of which you will find below.

and alignment with the modelling standards at the core of an open source application. In the end. a vendor’s investments are not particularly important in view of the patches.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 8 Dynamics This pertains to the solution’s dynamics. particularly in respect to its community.SMILE-OSS. We believe that models in which the vendor is almost the sole integrator of its product are not favourable to the development of a community of partners contributing to the product’s dynamics. this factor directly determines the position the solution will hold in the future. For this criterion. power. including occasional bloggers WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Along with technical quality.COM Technical base Investments and communities are still small potatoes compared with questions of coherence. we considered:        Increases in forum and mailing list volumes IRC chat activity Governance: how often are integrators and users consulted and included as stakeholders in the product’s design and upgrades? Frequency of documentation updates. documentation and even marketing that an active community can produce. especially wikis CVS/SVN code submissions Frequency of releases References by independent players.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . even in the case of tremendous investments.COM Functionalities are just the top layer built on these foundations. a financially sound vendor can recode its solution – a common practice today – but once your implementation of a solution has been rendered. it is quite difficult or financially impractical to adapt it to a vendor’s new offering if it has fundamentally changed. be expanded at a lesser cost. and the cost of implementation of the same business function can easily vary from one to five times the price. on the contrary. Naturally.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 9 WWW. The ideal foundation should permit continual enhancement. if the application is based on abstractions at too low a level. further enhancements to a product’s functional side will cease to be possible beyond a certain point.SMILE-OSS. Thus. otherwise you will be the one to pay the price of brutal migrations. depending on the technical quality of the base. whereas a well designed solution using clear and efficient concepts can.

open source EDM. We would also like to note that. This is because it can be relatively simple to add functionalities when a tool is flexible. here referring to ORM. going down to the “macroscopic” level when comparing solutions for a given scope.SMILE-OSS. from the outset. even if we do recommend. It provides a valuable indicator regarding the tool’s capacity. while this is an important criterion in terms of enjoying a tool that. we considered:   Compliance with existing standards (a sign of maintainability and ease of handling) Power and canonicity of the abstractions utilised (sign of productivity. open source ERPs.) Use of a framework Degree of code factoring (sign of reliability and easy handling) Strength of hooks.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 10 For this criterion. such that the application comprises a small kernel and plug-ins that take account of one another) No obvious performance issues WWW. the criterion of “flexibility” has a greater impact in terms of cost.COM        Functional scope This refers to the overall functional scope of the solution in relation to what is commonly found among tools of the same category. Our thematic papers (open source CMSs. has as broad a scope as possible. wherever possible. etc. anchors and interfaces for dedicated plug-ins Maturity and cover of web services Product learning curve: a flat curve receives a lower score Application modularity (Inversion Of Control pattern where possible. native web services. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .) can help with this type of comparison. etc.

it’s quite common. we considered (among other points):      Possibility of adding plug-ins Ease of modifying data structures to add or alter business object storage Ease of modifying user interfaces to make them more ergonomic Ease of modifying the processing performed Speed and simplicity of development cycles: do classes need to be recompiled / redeployed. Is it easy to find resources to implement a project? Will I be dependent on a provider? Warning: Be careful not to misinterpret this indicator. Flexibility has many points in common with technology. and do metadata need to be imported or exported to or from the database? if so. but it places its emphasis specifically on the tool’s modularity and on the efficiency of third party developments. Hw easy is this to do? This is a decisive criterion in terms of the total cost of ownership. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions.COM Resources Difficulty or ease of finding service providers on the market that are capable of performing advanced developments on the tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 11 Flexibility / Expandability Businesses must sometimes go beyond their tool’s native functional scope.SMILE-OSS. In fact. This text explains the benefits afforded to IT departments by establishing an open source policy. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . how are functional enhancements rolled out to a database in production? WWW. For this criterion. freely available for downloading. because superior technology can easily compensate for more substantial initial adjustments. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. given the cost of custom developments.

COM Presentation of the tool: name. We have also specified whether the solution is community or vendor driven. functional presentation. Description of the tool: type of tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 12 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE This page explains how this document is organised. date created. WWW. type of distribution licence. All the solutions are presented in the same format. technical base and opinions. to simplify reading and comprehension. version studied and website. the dotted black line denotes the average score for the category.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Assessment of the tool based on six criteria: the orange section (both light and dark) corresponds to the tool’s cover. and the dark orange section indicates the tool’s strengths (above average scoring). author.

and more than 90 are listed in total. with hundreds and even thousands of available solutions.COM INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION The “Infrastructure” dimension is certainly the best represented in the field of open source tools. And it is from this dimension that open source projects are born. among the following categories:        Remote computer control IT asset and inventory management Roll-out and back-ups High availability Security VPNs Firewalls        Supervision and Metrics Linux & BSD operating systems Virtualisation VoIP / Telephony Messaging. Many have reached such prominence that they are close to being household names. or the Linux line of operating systems. tools such as the Apache HTTP server.SMILE-OSS. Email marketing & Groupware HTTP accelerators Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the Nagios supervision tool. These projects and the many others included in this dimension lay the foundation for a sound infrastructure capable of hosting the best applications under the most optimal conditions. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 13 BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS WWW.

The open source range in this category includes tools like FreeNx. be either localised or spread across some or all of a company’s client workstations. including shared views of computers and file transfers.SMILE-OSS. and their technology has advanced impressively in recent years. TightVNC and OpenSSH. They are used to respond to the different issues encountered at companies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 14 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL WWW. These tools were initially created to meet user support and assistance needs.COM More and more remote computer control solutions are becoming available. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The latter is the favourite among systems administrators in the world of UNIX servers. They can. as needed.

sound cards. FreeNX has been developed by a community since 2006 and is written in C/C++.. although with a number of optimisations that simplify its use on low bandwidth networks.3 Website: http://freenx. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .7. The firm continues to support it and even offers different editions of the product. It is based on the X11 protocol. it allows sessions to be stored and devices like printers. Similar to Microsoft RDesktop.de Vendor driven solution (NoMachine) WWW.berlios. FreeNX performs well under compression. FreeNX was developed by the company NoMachine in 2005. It is available under the GPL. FreeNX is a protocol for remotely accessing UNIX systems.SMILE-OSS. and its session and resource management are quite reliable. including commercial editions.COM FreeNX is a set of components that implements the NX protocol. etc. to be shared.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 15 FreeNx Version studied: 0.

0. RFB (Remote Frame Buffer). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . TightVNC is therefore defined as a remote control and online administration programme that can be used on any computer.COM TightVNC is a set of tools that implements the VNC protocol. etc. This protocol provides for remote graphic displays via another network protocol. It is a very widespread protocol used in graphical computer administration.com Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. TightVNC has been available since 2001 under the GPL v2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 16 TightVNC Version studied: 2.tightvnc. It is written in C/C++. irrespective of the operating system. user support.4 Website: www.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Over the years. In particular. OpenSSH is written in C.com Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 17 OpenSSH Version studied: 5. In the world of UNIX servers. OpenSSH has added numerous functionalities providing for much more than the traditional “network console” use. Since 1999. OpenSSH has been developed under the BSD License by the OpenBSD Foundation. it is the preferred software among systems administrators. and great attention is given to the quality of its code.9 Website: http://www. Like most BSD projects.SMILE-OSS.openssh. OpenSSH enables the set-up of simple VPNs and the remote display of graphics applications.COM OpenSSH is a software suite used for remote server administration. which has a number of companies providing OpenSSH support.

automated notifications with personalisable templates. calculation of depreciation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. detailed user rights management.). with references like GLPI and OCS Inventory NG used by many players in the CAC 40. consumables. IT asset and inventory management tools can also incorporate a financial dimension (cost tracking model. network components. printers.SMILE-OSS.). These solutions have a broad scope.COM Open source IT asset and inventory management tools are becoming more and more popular in companies. devices. SLAs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 18 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT WWW.). including functions such as management of the company’s hardware assets. license management and more. support functions (with or without user access. etc. management of associated contracts (computers. etc.

network components and consumables. project management. new inventory items. including associated contracts: computers (with automated information feeds if combined with OCS-NG or Fusion Inventory).2 Website: www. GLPI is based on PHP/MySQL technologies. substantial expandability thanks to its plug-ins: integration with supervision software. JeanMathieu Doléans and Bazile Lebeau. support functions: with or without user access.SMILE-OSS. devices. printers. It provides for: hardware management. and SLAs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 19 GLPI Version studied: 0. detailed user rights management.COM GLPI is an IT inventory and helpdesk tool launched in 2003 and driven by Julien Dombre.glpi-project.org Community driven solution WWW. GLPI is distributed under the GPL.80. etc. automated notifications with personalisable templates. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Mac or Linux workstations.0 Website: www. Concerning remote deployment.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 20 OCS Inventory NG Version studied: 2. OCS is available under the GPL v2. by means of packages created by administrators. the architecture of OCS servers can be divided so as to avoid network congestion during major remote roll-outs. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OCS can manage software installs on Windows.ocsinventory-ng. OCS transmits information on both the hardware features of each workstation. as well as the software installed there.SMILE-OSS. It is primarily based on Perl and MySQL technologies. Remote deployments are secure and can be scheduled. Software dictionaries can also be defined for the purpose of groupings (such as for Windows Updates).COM OCS Inventory NG is a French automated computer workstation inventory tool created in 2001. In addition. All these data can then be viewed on a web interface with export functions.org Community driven solution WWW.

Thanks to an agent installed on each computer.COM Pulse 2 is software created by Mandriva for IT inventory management. Pulse 2 is distributed under the GPL.mandriva.SMILE-OSS. Windows.com/en/pro/pulse Vendor driven solution (Mandriva) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with reporting and scheduling functionalities.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 21 Pulse 2 Version studied: 1. It is built on several technologies: Python. Pulse 2 transmits the workstations’ hardware and software characteristics.1 Website: www. Workstation imaging makes it possible to create masters and to rapidly and remotely install them on computers without any intervention by the administrators (remote control / PXE). workstation imaging and remote deployment.1. MySQL and C++.3. The agent is also used to allow administrators to remotely control computers via the VNC protocol on a secure channel (SSH). potentially on a decentralised basis. Mac and Linux platforms are supported. Remote roll-out is done in packages.

org http://lrs.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .linbox.COM Name Fusion Inventory Linbox Rescue Server URL / Website http://fusioninventory. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 22 Other Among the different products available in the field of asset and inventory management.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 23 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS WWW. user back-ups.g. The functionalities included in back-up tools can include very detailed back-up scheduling (e. multi-plexing. based on pre-defined rules or an expected end state. etc. back-up pool management and more. definition of back-up types (full. based on a series of highly advanced rules.SMILE-OSS. incremental or differential). calendars).COM Back-up tools like Bacula are used to save important data on different media. Roll-out tools like Puppet can remotely prepare environments. All major companies use roll-out software to simplify the administration of their IT environment. Some tools go as far as to offer multi-streaming. storage location. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Bacula provides for highly detailed back-up scheduling.bacula. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0. Bacula’s architecture is based on three key components: the Director is the conductor. and now supported by Bacula Systems. such as multi-streaming.COM Bacula is a highly flexible back-up and recovery system developed in 2000 by Kern Sibbald. incremental or differential). It uses a PostgreSQL or MySQL database. in charge of performing the back-up under the Director’s control.SMILE-OSS.3 Website: www. and the Storage Daemon interfaces with the storage media.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 24 Bacula Version studied: 5. Bacula also implements advanced functionalities used in all effective back-up solutions. Bacula is distributed under the GPL and is developed in C/C++. performing central coordination of the back-up processes. back-up pool management and more. the File Daemon is the agent deployed on each client.org Vendor driven solution (Bacula Systems) WWW. user back-ups. multi-plexing. in terms of both its calendar and the back-up type (full.

Puppet centrally administrates a large and heterogeneous environment. In this way. and Puppet automatically takes the system to the specified state. like with traditional admin tools. Puppet Labs.com Vendor driven solution (Puppet Labs) WWW.COM Puppet is an infrastructure automation tool.). Puppet is written in Ruby. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Puppet boasts a community of enthusiastic and dynamic users. irrespective of the starting point. files and software installed. as well as professional support provided by its vendor. etc. It is distributed under the Apache License.6 Website: http://puppetlabs. configurations applied.SMILE-OSS. Rather than describing a series of actions to be performed.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 25 Puppet Version studied: 2. the administrator enters the desired end state (permissions needed.

org http://www.net/ http://spacewalk.mandriva.org http://www.sourceforge.org/ http://backuppc.com/ http://cfengine.net/projects/sisuite http://clonezilla.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 26 Other Among the different products available in the field of roll-out and back-ups.github.net http://sourceforge.ocsinventory-ng.com/ http://cobbler.sourceforge.org http://www.sourceforge.partimage.amanda.com/en/pro/pulse http://www.COM Name Kdump mkCDrec SIS CloneZilla Partimage Pulse 2 OCS Inventory NG Amanda BackupPC Spacewalk Cobbler CFengine URL / Website http://lse. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.net/kdump http://mkcdrec.redhat.

operates like a router to guide queries based on service status.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 27 HIGH AVAILABILITY WWW. based on the status of the other servers on the network. for example. while Linux-HA enables communications between servers.SMILE-OSS.COM ‘High availability’ is a term frequently used to designate a service or system architecture that must be available as continuously as possible. namely from either a physical or a logical point of view. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ideally 100% of the time. It is very important for companies to install high availability technologies for information systems that serve as the central nervous system of their organisation. They can be implemented in a number of different ways. allowing for the modification of configurations on the fly. Keepalived. There are excellent open source tools designed to ensure that services are always responsive.

4 Website: www. whose role is to manage dependencies between services and to perform automated switching. Heartbeat is typically used with a cluster resource manager like Pacemaker.COM The Linux-HA project provides high availability components for UNIX type operating systems.0. making it possible to trigger actions in a concerted manner without requiring a third party server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 28 Linux-HA Version studied: 3. Linux-HA is the most widespread high availability system and many service providers cover its support. Its first components date back to 1999. Linux-HA is written in C and Python.org Community driven solution WWW. which is quite often sufficient for companies’ needs. Heartbeat. The GPL v2 is most commonly used.SMILE-OSS. A very basic resource manager is supplied by Linux-HA. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .linux-ha. The main component is the communication software. which informs a group of machines of their respective statuses.

linuxvirtualserver.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 29 LVS Version studied: 1. given that it cannot configure itself. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc.org Community driven solution WWW.). Like all other Linux components. Third party software is used to test server statuses and update the LVS configuration in the event of a server failure. LVS is available under the GPL v2 and is supported by a large number of service providers.2.COM LVS (Linux Virtual Server) is the load balancer included in the Linux kernel since 1998. weighted round robin.SMILE-OSS. It was written by Wensong Zhang.1 Website: www. It is merely one brick in a load balancing system. It routes incoming network connections to a set of machines by applying a number of traditional balancing policies (round robin.

It natively handles HTTP protocol.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 30 HAProxy Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM HAProxy is a reverse proxy used for load distribution.4. HAProxy is distributed under the GPL v2 and is officially supported by a small number of companies. enabling the set-up of session affinity by means of cookies.1wt. It has a number of status verification mechanisms used to detect any failed servers and to redirect their traffic to other servers.eu Community driven solution WWW. The project began in 2001 and was written by Willy Tarreau.17 Website: http://haproxy.

TCP connections.2.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. It also manages an IP switch system based on VRRP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 31 Keepalived Version studied: 1. etc.) and update the list of usable servers for LVS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .keepalived. As LVS is a relatively basic and static system. for its own redundancy.COM Keepalived is a component used to configure LVS. Keepalived is supplied under the GPL.g. The project was launched in 2001.1 Website: www. HTTP queries. Keepalived can test the availability of a service (e. it needs software to maintain its configuration.

In this section. with products ranging from antiviruses to intrusion detection systems.COM The field of security is very vast. for which there are many open source options.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 32 SECURITY WWW. intrusion detectors. network analysers and security testers.SMILE-OSS. Anti-spam tools like Spam Assassin and DSPAM are included in the Messaging. virus detectors. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. All these tools are invaluable aids that help systems and network administrators to ensure the integrity of their IT environment. the graphs below do not display the average scores. Email marketing & Groupware category. we will present integrity verifiers.

sourceforge. Rami Lehti and Pablo Virolainen launched the development. Its goal is to establish a fingerprint of a system’s files at the time of installation and later to confirm the system’s alignment with that fingerprint.COM AIDE is a UNIX systems integrity checker.net Community driven solution WWW. and now by Hannes von Haugwitz. developed beginning in 1999. followed by Richard van den Berg from 2003 to 2010.15. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which are typically a sign of an intrusion on the system.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 33 AIDE Version studied: 0.1 Website: http://aide. This allows the administrator to identify any suspicious file alterations.SMILE-OSS. AIDE is available under the GPL.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 34 ClamAV Version studied: 0. sustained by a very involved community. it is often used on web servers. Unlike its equivalents in the Windows world.2 Website: www.clamav.net Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW.COM ClamAV is a virus detector created prior to 2005.SMILE-OSS. but rather to scan the files stored on it. ClamAV is available under the GPL v2. can be accessed free of charge. The antivirus engine is the library libclamav. Signature updates. ClamAV can detect a large number of threats on any operating system. file servers and mail servers. For example. it is not used to protect the machine on which it is installed. written in C. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .97.

it is a Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) that performs real-time traffic analyses on a given network segment. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW. Often used as a probe. which does entail a paid subscription with the vendor. it is of no use without a rule base. Although the engine is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS.snort.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 35 Snort Version studied: 2. Nonetheless.9. In other words.COM Snort is a network intrusion detector created in 1998 by Martin Roesch. it also has an active mode that allows it to block any suspicious traffic when installed on routing equipment. the rules are available free of charge after a period of 30 days.1 Website: www.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 36 OpenVAS Version studied: 4. Greenbone. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .openvas. and a graphical administration interface can be obtained through the vendor. Paid updates.0 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. OpenVAS is completely open source. the first version of which dates back to 1998.org Vendor driven solution (Greenbone) WWW. whose availability is guaranteed. with free updates provided by its community. OpenVAS is available under the GPL. It tests for any weak points in a scanned system’s security.COM OpenVAS (Open Vulnerability Assessment System) is a spin-off of the famed Nessus scanner. Unlike Nessus.

running on Windows. Wireshark is available under the GPL.6. renamed for copyright reasons) is a network traffic analyser created in 1998.org Foundation driven solution (Wireshark) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .wireshark.2 Website: www.COM Wireshark (formerly Ethereal. Linux. It is a member of the packet sniffer family. It recognises a total of 759 protocols. Solaris and FreeBSD. Wireshark is multi-platform. including encrypted ones. It is used by numerous administrators to diagnose complex network problems. it can decode a very large number of protocols. Mac OS X.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 37 Wireshark Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. Available in the form of a large graphics application as well as a text mode interface.

radical-spam.sourceforge.COM Name Bastille OpenSIMS RadicalSpam URL / Website http://bastille-linux.net http://opensims.sourceforge.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 38 Other Among the different products available in the field of security.SMILE-OSS.net http://www.

VPN solutions generally provide the following benefits: public key authentication. can be broadly defined as referring to the different technologies used to extend a company’s network while preserving data confidentiality and overcoming the physical barriers of traditional networks. including OpenVPN and Openswan. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. or Virtual Private Network. preserved confidentiality in the case of compromised encryption secrets. In the world of open source solutions there are many quality products.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 39 VPNS WWW. presented below. confidential exchanges.COM A VPN. and packet transfers to private networks via public ones.

FreeBSD.COM OpenVPN is the spearhead for a fairly recent category of VPN: SSL VPNs. and utilises its encryption and identity verification routines to provide excellent data security. XP. Available for Solaris. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Linux. the main open source implementation of the SSL protocol in terms of both quality and usage levels. OpenVPN is based on the product OpenSSL. Vista and 7.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 40 OpenVPN Version studied: 2. OpenVPN is distributed under the GPL v2. It has been around since 2002 and was written by James Yonan. it also offers a good number of additional security and control functions.net Vendor driven solution (OpenVPN Technologies) WWW.1 Website: http://openvpn. OpenBSD.SMILE-OSS. SSL VPNs reuse SSL encryption mechanisms to authenticate and encrypt their connections.2. Windows 2000. Mac OS X. NetBSD.

35 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 41 Openswan Version studied: 2. as well as VPN tunnels. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. Openswan is available under the GPL. both between corporate networks and for mobile clients.6. It is compatible with a large number of operating systems and proprietary solutions. Openswan enables the set-up of IPsec links between machines.COM Openswan is an implementation of IPsec for Linux and a continuation of the FreeS/WAN project (dating back to 1999).openswan.org Community driven solution WWW.

and that the firewall will apply different filtering rules depending on the origin and destination of the traffic. Firewalls can also be used in a more qualitative.COM The concept of the firewall is often linked to the notion of routing.SMILE-OSS. more refined role.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 42 FIREWALLS WWW.e. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . firewalls are usually installed on routing equipment. netfilter and pfSense. i. with products like Packet Filter. This is the firewall’s main function. the transiting of network flows between different machines. This means that routing can be modified by a firewall decision. such as determining the bandwidth authorised for a particular application in a particular context. The open source firewall market is very complete. of which they are an integral part. As a result.

It can also be used for load balancing and to handle network traffic on open source BSD UNIX machines.SMILE-OSS.COM PF (Packet Filter) is the filtering layer integrated with BSD UNIX legacy open source solutions (FreeBSD.9 (aligned with OpenBSD versions) Website: www. NetBSD. PF was created in 2001 by Daniel Hartmeier as a replacement for IPFilter. PF is distributed under the BSD License.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 43 PF (Packet Filter) Version studied: 4. This system has the advantage of using a simple configuration language and of integrating NAT and QoS functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .).openbsd. Packet Filter has become the most powerful open source tool to act as a firewall. etc. OpenBSD.org/faq/pf Community driven solution WWW.

netfilter is distributed under the GPL v2. ferm. sometimes referred to as iptables. SIP and H323).) and connection tracking modules for complex protocols (like FTP. It was created by Rusty Russell in 1998. etc. It is an extremely flexible system that integrates with the kernel’s routing and QoS functionalities. data volume.netfilter.4.SMILE-OSS. However. is the filtering layer integrated with the Linux kernel.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 44 netfilter Version studied: 1.12 Website: www.COM netfilter.). and includes its own NAT functions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . so a third party tool is often used to generate its configuration (Shorewall. it is complicated to configure. etc. It has many filtering criteria (time.org Community driven solution WWW.

time server. monitoring. It is based on PF and incorporates a large number of third party components: DHCP/DNS server.0 Website: www. and more. Configuration is done exclusively via a web interface. VPN and connection sharing solution.SMILE-OSS. It was originally created in 2004 from a fork of m0n0wall by Chris Buechler and Scott Ullrich. Official support is provided by BSD Perimeter.COM pfSense is a software distribution used to create a network gateway from an x86 server. filtering. pfSense is available under the BSD License.org Vendor driven solution (BSD Perimeter) WWW. Very commonly used in SMEs and other small organisations. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 45 pfSense Version studied: 2. pfSense offers a complete routing. web proxy.pfsense.

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .fwbuilder.COM Name NuFW Uncomplicated Firewall Firewall Builder ferm Shorewall Vyatta URL / Website http://www.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 46 Other Among the different products available in the field of firewalls.nufw.org https://launchpad.foo-projects.org http://ferm.net/ufw http://www.org http://shorewall.net http://cfengine.

escalations. Supervision tools are used to monitor networks. with many quality products available. and advanced user and ACL management. the graphs below do not display the average scores. reporting. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . access to supervision events.COM Supervision and metrics are quite well covered by open source solutions. active and passive monitoring support. Nagios in particular enjoys a very strong reputation. but also dependencies. service and host templates. metrics. Six open source solutions have been evaluated for this category. etc. The functionalities they provide include views of the status of supervised services and machines.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 47 SUPERVISION AND METRICS WWW. services and more. machines.

Its highly advanced configuration capabilities mean that it is often used as a complement to supervision solutions like Nagios.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 48 Cacti Version studied: 0.COM Cacti is based on the metrics solution. specialised demand. PHP. Cacti is distributed under the GPL v2.7 Website: www. in some cases beyond mere metrics. in cases where there is heavy.8. The community has developed many plug-ins that extend Cacti’s functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. VBs. It operates from a web server equipped with a database and uses the PHP language. etc.net Community driven solution WWW.cacti. RRDTool. It can create a graphic representation of any quantifiable data collected either via network protocols like SNMP or scripts personalised by the user. Cacti also uses a system of scripts (Bash. Perl.) to perform more complex measurements. It is considered the worthy successor of MRTG and provides a real interface with RRDTool by enabling changes to every aspect of the graphs it generates. particularly for the metrics side.

000+ members participating in the development of numerous plug-ins and add-ons) offer supervision possibilities that now make it possible supervise almost any resource whatsoever. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 49 Nagios Version studied: 3. Perl. C++. Its modularity and the strong community revolving around Nagios (250. service and host templates. Python. It is considered to be the benchmark for open source supervision solutions. This makes it a very comprehensive tool that can adapt to any type of use. ksh. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . C#. etc. with extremely advanced configuration options. Ruby. escalation notices.1 Website: www. The plug-ins are written in the programming language best suited to their task: shell scripts (Bash. active and passive monitoring support and more. PHP. Nagios includes a multitude of functionalities such as multiple legacy management.3.org Vendor driven solution (Nagios Enterprises) WWW.).COM Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a network supervision application created in 1999 by Ethan Galstad.nagios.SMILE-OSS. dependencies.

advanced user and ACL management.2 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. In addition to its configuration capabilities.COM Centreon is a front-end web interface developed and supported by the French company Merethis. used to configure supervision tools like Nagios.2. metrics. the sophisticated interface also offers numerous functionalities like views of the status of supervised services and machines. reporting. For its web interface. and more. Inciga and Shinken. it uses MySQL.centreon. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Merethis) WWW. access to supervision events.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 50 Centreon Version studied: 2. Centreon is distributed under the GPL v2. and for its configuration and supervision data storage functions. Centreon is based on Apache and PHP technologies.

Zabbix is available under the GPL.SMILE-OSS.COM Zabbix is a complete monitoring solution with an embedded front-end web interface. AIX. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is based on C/C++/PHP for the front end and MySQL/PostgreSQL/Oracle for the DB. Graphs and maps can be modelled directly in the front end for all the values supervised by Zabbix and its agents.8 Website: www. Web checks are also incorporated.com Vendor driven solution (ZABBIX SIA) WWW. etc).zabbix. Linux. one or more decentralised servers. allowing for the simulation of a visitor’s route on a web server while simultaneously verifying content and page response times. Zabbix can also perform SNMP and IPMI monitoring. Solaris.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 51 Zabbix Version studied: 1. and pre-compiled multi-platform agents (Windows. as well as network discovery.

network graphics and cards.COM OpenNMS is to open source what HP OpenView and IBM Tivoli are to the proprietary world of network management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 52 OpenNMS Version studied: 1.opennms.13 Website: www.org Vendor driven solution (OpenNMS Group) WWW. automation and flexibility. OpenNMS is available under the GPL v3 and complies with FCAPS standards.SMILE-OSS. nrpe and others). etc. Its many functionalities include automated discovery and monitoring of equipment and services. advanced management of active and passive events.8. thereby providing for outof-the-box management of tens of thousands of resources. multi-site compatibility (remote polling). OpenNMS was designed to meet the demands of large companies in terms of scalability. alerts and notifications with escalation and an on-call schedule. From the outset of its creation in 1999. OpenNMS is developed in Java and is based on the Jetty web server and the PostgreSQL DBMS. XML. supervision of user path simulations. report generation. JMX. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . data collection and processing (in SNMP.

4.5 Website: http://munin-monitoring. or whatever else you might imagine. applications. It is written in Perl. Munin can monitor any server parameter and then transmit the information in the form of graphs on a web interface. Munin is distributed under the GPL. Its main assets are its simplicity and the multitude of available plug-ins (numbering in the hundreds) for additional graphs. The project continues to be very active today. which makes the software wholly multi-platform (Linux / UNIX / Windows). networks. created by the company Redpill Linpro and joined by numerous other developers soon thereafter.SMILE-OSS. The plug-ins are executable files that can be written in any language.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 53 Munin Version studied: 1.org Community driven solution WWW. Munin is based on the excellent RRDTool. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It can also be used to evaluate any metrics: systems.COM The project was started in 2004.

zenoss. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name MRTG Zenoss Icinga op5 Monitor URL / Website http://oss.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 54 Other Among the different products available in the field of supervision and metrics.ch/mrtg http://community.op5.org http://www.com/network-monitoring/op5-monitor/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .oetiker.icinga.SMILE-OSS.org https://www.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 55 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS WWW. They provide the base for the execution of thousands of applications. In the world of open source solutions. Despite the fact that they share a common base.SMILE-OSS.COM Operating systems are the foundation of any computer programme. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . each offers special features that make them better suited to a particular context. two major families of operating systems are represented: Linux based and BSD based OSs.

The distribution is published in accordance with the community orientated philosophy that gave rise to open source software. open source.000 packages in version 6.SMILE-OSS. With one of the largest open source communities in the world (more than 1600 developers). community-based operating system using the Linux kernel and launched by Ian Murdock in 1993 with the support of the Free Software Foundation.0 Website: www. Debian is a non-commercial GNU/Linux distribution. the Debian project is the most complete distribution available. with close to 30. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW.COM Debian is a free.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 56 Debian Version studied: 6. and is a benchmark in terms of its quality and stability.debian.

RHEL is designed for corporate use and enjoys vendor support and extended stability.COM Red Hat Enterprise Linux is an open source operating system published by Red Hat since 1995.0 Website: www.redhat. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 57 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Version studied: 6. Based on the historical Red Hat Linux distribution (now Fedora).com/rhel Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. Many agreements with software companies and hardware manufacturers ensure solid integration for companies.SMILE-OSS.

with an emphasis on compatibility with Microsoft technologies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 58 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux Version studied: 11 Website: www. making SUSE the oldest commercial distribution still existing today. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is an open source operating system created in 1996. Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux continues to privilege open standards like CIM (Common Information Model) and WS-Management (Web Service Management).SMILE-OSS. it is designed for corporate use. In terms of systems administration.com Vendor driven solution (Novell / Attachmate Group) WWW. now published by Novell. The first version of this distribution appeared in early 1994. both of which make it possible to consistently administrate heterogeneous environments with hardware from competing suppliers. Two versions are available: one for servers (SLES or SLE for Server) and the other for client computers (SLED or SLE for Desktop). Based on the OpenSUSE distribution.suse.

ubuntu. Ubuntu can be used on servers and individual workstations alike. The project was launched in 2004 by Mark Shuttleworth of South Africa.COM Ubuntu is a community open source operating system based on Debian.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 59 Ubuntu Version studied: 11.com Vendor driven solution (Canonical) WWW. either embedded or available for installation.SMILE-OSS. Officially supported by Canonical. One of Ubuntu’s great success stories is the fact that it is used on the computers of French Members of Parliament. It is a compact distribution (frequently distributed by CD) with a high level of software compatibility and numerous software programmes.04 Website: www. Ubuntu tends to be orientated toward the general public thanks to its user-friendly handling and control. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . That being said.

from which it separated in 1996. which boasts more than a hundred developers. The project is a spin-off of NetBSD.SMILE-OSS. the OpenBSD project is a complete operating system that focuses on quality and code security. It is often used on sensitive network equipment. Developed by the OpenBSD Foundation. OpenBSD is distributed under the BSD License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The vast majority of its code is written in C.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 60 OpenBSD Version studied: 4.openbsd.COM OpenBSD is a free. open source. It was created in 1994 by Theo de Raadt. community operating system based on BSD UNIX.9 Website: www.org Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW.

). Mac and BSM audit framework) functionalities. and security (i. community operating system based on BSD UNIX.freebsd. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . FreeBSD emphasises performance and functionalities.org Community driven solution WWW. The project saw the light of day in 1993.SMILE-OSS. FreeBSD is distributed under the BSD License.COM FreeBSD is a free.2 Website: www. It is primarily used on the web and at the core of proprietary hardware (Juniper and NetApp. The majority of its code is written in C. etc. incorporating advanced storage (ZFS). open source.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 61 FreeBSD Version studied: 8.e. network.

It should be noted that the entirety of its source code can be accessed.SMILE-OSS. It emphasises portability and code quality. as well as user-friendliness. It offers multiple forms of user support. NetBSD is distributed under the BSD License.netbsd. open source. It is primarily used in research and in embedded devices.COM NetBSD is a free. The project was created in 1993. community operating system based on BSD UNIX. Many applications are readily available via the NetBSD packets system.1 Website: www. The majority of its code is in C. Its careful design and advanced functionalities make it an excellent solution for both production environments and research. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . NetBSD is developed and supported by a large and active international community.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 62 NetBSD Version studied: 5.

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 63 Other Among the different products available in the field of Linux & BSD operating systems.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .mandriva.COM Name Mandriva Linux Fedora URL / Website http://www.com http://fedoraproject.

SMILE-OSS. four open source tools were selected.COM Server virtualisation is a set of techniques and tools used to run multiple operating systems on the same physical server. the best known in the business world. including Xen and KVM. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 64 VIRTUALISATION WWW. To be of operational use. in which the different operating systems share the server’s resources. This means that the principle of virtualisation involves the principle of sharing. and even less so the applications installed on each one). virtualisation must conform to two basic principles: compartmentalisation (each operating system runs independently and cannot interfere with the other(s) in any way) and transparency (the fact of operating in a virtualised mode in no way changes how the operating system runs. In this category.

Xen is available under the GPL. Xen was derived from a university research project and is now a part of the Linux kernel. Paravirtualisation refers to a virtualisation system’s ability to interact with virtualised systems.SMILE-OSS.1. The project was created in 2003 in the form of a research project at Cambridge University in England.org Vendor driven solution (Citrix) WWW.1 Website: http://xen.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 65 Xen Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Citrix offers an enterprise edition of the solution along with the associated support.COM Xen is a hypervisor that handles paravirtualisation. This makes virtual machines more efficient and easier to administrate.

OpenVZ can only run Linux systems. Like any simple virtualisation solution. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW.25 Website: www.0. particular for inputs/outputs. This handicap is however offset by performance levels much closer to native levels than any other type of virtualisation. and the solution also uses less memory.SMILE-OSS.COM OpenVZ is a lightweight virtualisation solution for Linux that was created in 2005. OpenVZ is primarily used in development and test environments. The code is available under the GPL v2.openvz. where it is not uncommon to have dozens of systems installed on the same host.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 66 OpenVZ Version studied: 3.

20 Website: www.COM KVM is a complete Linux-based virtualisation solution launched in 2005. KVM is a fork of QEMU.6. Included in the mainline Linux kernel since version 2. KVM is distributed under the GPL.SMILE-OSS. the source code for the two products is resynchronised. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .6. KVM can run virtual systems under all the major OSs by simulating standardised hardware.linux-kvm.org Community driven solution WWW. In some cases.2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 67 KVM Version studied: 2. and supports advanced functions like migration and detailed inspections of the VM’s status.

VirtualBox supports a large number of guest operating systems and has functionalities that interact with these systems: file sharing. like USB device sharing.COM VirtualBox is a virtualisation solution created in 2007 and designed for installation on individual computers. Some options. VirtualBox is distributed under the GPL v2.1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 68 Oracle VirtualBox Version studied: 4. etc.virtualbox. can be added via proprietary plugins.2 Website: www. mouse pointer integration. merging of the host and guest desktops.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

qemu.redhat.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 69 Other Among the different products available in the field of virtualisation.com/products/virtualization/server/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name QEMU Red Hat Virtualization URL / Website http://wiki.SMILE-OSS.

etc.). and either wired (cable. ADSL or optical) or wireless (satellite. GSM. this technology is used to support Telephony over Internet Protocol (ToIP) services. In terms of open source solutions. In particular. MGCP.) and the most commonly used codecs (G711.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 70 VOIP / TELEPHONY WWW.SMILE-OSS. These can be private networks or the Internet. offering a wide range of functionalities and a good capacity for integration with existing environments. IAX. G729ab. WiFi or GSM).323. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The top solutions provide for interoperability with proprietary IPBX systems (used to route all or part of a company’s communications) via existing protocols (H.COM VoIP (Voice over IP) is a technique that enables voice communications over IP compatible networks. SIP. Asterisk is the most frequently used and the most complete. etc. iLBC. Speex.

8.asterisk. hold music.SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (Digium) WWW. it is often used as a call centre management tool. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Some operators use it as the core of their telephone network. Asterisk can also play the role of registrar and gateway in connection with public networks. Among other uses. Asterisk is distributed under the GPL. enquiry calls. call distribution and conference calls.320. When combined with SugarCRM or vtiger. an IHM that manages all its functionalities. H. Asterisk and FreePBX can be found in many Appliance distributions. Asterisk implements the protocols H.0 Website: www. the most popular being Elastix and trixbox. Asterisk is typically combined with FreePBX. as well as a custom protocol called IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange). it provides for voice messaging. In its traditional use as an IP telephony platform.6. hold queues. call agents. given its interoperability and its scalability.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 71 Asterisk Version studied: 1.323 and SIP.COM Asterisk is an open source private automatic branch exchange (PABX) for UNIX systems.

This fork of the OpenSER project (in 2005) is one of the most complete PBXs.5 Website: www. communications encryptions via TLS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the two other heavyweights in this domain.kamailio. and in traditional corporate telephony solutions. It is used both by telecoms operators.SMILE-OSS. as a VoIP platform.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 72 Kamailio Version studied: 3.1.COM Kamailio is an open source SIP server. load balancing.org Community driven solution WWW. MySQL and LDAP back ends or via XML-RCP transport. It is an alternative to FreeSWITCH and Asterisk. UDP and SCTP transactions. a native failover mechanism. Kamailio is distributed under the GPL. It supports asynchronous TCP. authentication on Radius.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Kannel supplies a set of APIs that allow it to be used as a front end for middleware and web applications requiring outbound WAP or SMS messages.SMILE-OSS. open source SMS and WAP gateway that supports the standard SMSC protocols: UCP/EMI.org Community driven solution WWW. SMPP. it provides secure access to operator resources while supplying reliable.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 73 Kannel Version studied: 1. robust SMS and WAP support. HTTP and CIMD. Kannel is written in C.0 Website: www. Kannel is a carrier grade.COM Kannel was developed in 1998 by WAPit Ltd. a company that no longer exists today. The project is now managed by members of the Kannel Group.5. Included as an infrastructure brick.kannel. which includes major corporations. Kannel is distributed under the Kannel Software License (based on the Apache License).

ro/pmwiki http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .iptel.org/ser http://www.callweaver.freeswitch.COM Name CallWeaver SER sipXecs trixbox Yate FreeSWITCH URL / Website http://www.sipfoundry.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 74 Other Among the different products available in the field of VoIP/telephony.org http://www.org http://fonality.com/trixbox http://yate.null.

COM The field of “messaging” is extremely vast.SMILE-OSS. the graphs below do not display the average scores. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. anti-spam tools and in-box interfaces (groupware). ranging from individual messages to grouped mailshots. all of which are covered by a multitude of open source solutions. EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 75 MESSAGING. Anti-viruses like CLAV are covered in the Security section. This category includes presentations of messaging servers (SMTP and IMAP). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . All these tools are invaluable in the implementation of a complete messaging system.

etc.org Community driven solution WWW.). scalable SMTP server. Postfix was originally created in 1997. It was developed by Wietse Venema and several other contributors.postfix. Its scope is relatively broad and perfectly suited to professional use. In particular. Postfix can prevent spam (based on a public antispam list. It can query a large number of external sources of information (databases. Postfix is a flexible. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . More and more frequently used to replace Sendmail in open source email infrastructures. Postfix is distributed under the IBM Public License.SMILE-OSS. for example).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 76 Postfix Version studied: 2.8. LDAP directories. Postfix was first known as VMailer and then as IBM Secure Mailer.COM Postfix is a messaging server.5 Website: www.

quotas. It supports advanced functionalities such as push (IDLE). ACLs. server side filtering (sieves) and a large number of SASL authentication methods.org Community driven solution WWW.10 Website: www. As for Cyrus IMAPd.SMILE-OSS. Cyrus IMAPd is distributed under the BSD License. it is an open source IMAP server. shared folders.COM Cyrus is a scalable mail server available for both personal and professional use.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 77 Cyrus IMAPd Version studied: 2.4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .cyrusimap. The project came from Carnegie Mellon University in the US and dates back to 1994. Cyrus is based on many standards and offers two downloadable editions.

content analysis (Razor and DCC) and a number of other message formatting criteria (image to text ratio. DNSBL.COM SpamAssassin is an anti-spam solution that uses a wide range of different techniques. etc. various blacklist systems (URIBL. SpamAssassin is available under the Apache License.org Community driven solution WWW.). etc.3.apache. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the creator of the famous Web Apache HTTP Server. invalid originator.SMILE-OSS. The technologies used include Bayesian analysis based on learned keywords. including in the infrastructures of major suppliers. It is written in Perl.2 Website: http://spamassassin. It is a very widespread tool among mail servers. It was launched in 1997 and is led by the Apache Software Foundation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 78 SpamAssassin Version studied: 3.). no text version.

based on learned keywords.10. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM DSPAM is an anti-spam solution based on Bayesian filtering and written by Jonathan A.SMILE-OSS. as well as its user interactions.1 Website: www.com Community driven solution WWW. has proven particularly effective after an initial learning phase.nuclearelephant.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 79 DSPAM Version studied: 3. This type of filtering. The main benefit of DSPAM in relation to its competitors lies in the depth of its analytical engine. DSPAM is distributed under the GPL. Zdziarski. providing users with a web interface used to manage quarantines and to explicitly designate email as desirable or undesirable. also known as the author of Ending Spam.

POP3 and CalDAV.1 Website: www. All Zimbra’s functionalities can be accessed through a web browser or a fat client. Today. In its commercial edition.1.COM Zimbra is a collaborative messaging server.SMILE-OSS.zimbra. LDAP. Zimbra is published under the Zimbra Public License. Symbian OS and Palm OS). IMAP. This makes it possible to interface with a telephony solution like Asterisk or a CRM tool like SugarCRM. Its 100% online. Zimbra’s webmail is in fact compatible with all modern browsers. It supplies a SOAP base enabling the development of plug-ins called “Zimlets” that provide for the free extension of its functional scope. BlackBerry. Mozilla Thunderbird. SMTP. The messaging tool is based on a rich and robust infrastructure base: WebDAV (XML). Ajax based user interface is famous for its ergonomics. Zimbra has become an indispensable reference in collaborative enterprise messaging. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The Zimbra suite includes a Zimbra Desktop fat client but remains fully compatible with standard fat clients like Microsoft Outlook. Zimbra can also synchronise with virtually all mobile platforms (iPhone OS. iCal. Eudora. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 80 Zimbra Version studied: 7. HTTP(S).com Vendor driven solution (VMware) WWW. a derivative of the MPL. Android.

exchange and organise their emails.0.horde.SMILE-OSS. It is written in PHP.COM Horde Groupware Webmail Edition is a professional. collaborative messaging solution. contacts and tasks.8 Website: www. Horde is an ergonomic bundle of applications like INgo. More than a mere aggregate of technical bricks. Horde is distributed under the GPL. whose ergonomics make it a key.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Turba. It allows users to read.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 81 Horde Version studied: 4. reliable collaborative messaging tool. It is fully modulable groupware (collaborative software). and to organise and share their calendars. IMP and Mnemo.

SMILE-OSS.0. Its webmail (which uses Ajax and is fully accessible online) and its direct interfacing with Outlook makes it the functional open source alternative that is most similar to Microsoft Exchange. providing nearly complete compatibility with all smartphones and Pocket PCs on the market.COM Zarafa’s collaborative messaging software natively supports the MAPI protocol.zarafa. the engine for Zarafa’s enterprise edition has embedded the Z-Push protocol.1 Website: www. Since 2007. Its data are stored in a MySQL database. It was originally developed in the Netherlands.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 82 Zarafa Version studied: 7. The webmail is based on Ajax with PHP processing (with the MAPI PHP extension). Zarafa is distributed under the Affero GPL v3.com Vendor driven solution (Zarafa) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

openemm. From a functional standpoint. It is used to manage corporate newsletters and email marketing campaigns.org Vendor driven solution (AGNITAS AG) WWW. bulk import and export modules. with targeting tools. thereby earning its place here in this guide. For example. including English and French.COM OpenEMM is an open source email marketing solution developed since 1999 by the German company AGNITAS. and the possibility of using web services and bounce management. the tool is relatively well equipped. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Its data are stored in a MySQL database. strong documentation. OpenEMM is based on the languages C. Java and Python.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 83 OpenEMM Version studied: OpenEMM 2011 Website: www. Siemens and more. real time statistics. OpenEMM is distributed under the Common Public Attribution License (CPAL) 1.0. OpenEMM is used by major groups the likes of BenQ. There are few open source email marketing solutions today that can boast a broad scope. OpenEMM is one of these. template management. it offers a 100% web interface available in several languages.SMILE-OSS.

org http://obm. email marketing and groupware.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 84 Other Among the different products available in the field of messaging.sendmail.net http://www.COM Name Roundcube EGroupware OBM Open-Xchange Sendmail URL / Website http://roundcube.com http://www.egroupware.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.open-xchange.org http://www.com/sm/open_source/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Some HTTP accelerators can handle fragment caching. also referred to as “reverse proxies”. compression and caching. are implemented on servers.COM HTTP accelerators. Advanced caching policies can offload web application servers. Web users “transit” via the reverse proxies to access internal server applications. They have a variety of different uses. It is this last point in particular that we will be assessing in this section. irrespective of the language used. SSL acceleration.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . load distribution.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 85 HTTP ACCELERATORS WWW. including security. namely by supporting the ESI standard.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 86 Squid Version studied: 3. It has been compatible with IPv6 since version 3. Its main function is as a direct proxy.SMILE-OSS. used to regulate web traffic and to cache frequently viewed content. In some cases it is also used as a reverse proxy in web architectures. The first version of Squid dates back to 1996.org Community driven solution WWW. Squid was inspired by the Harvest project. blacklisted URLs can be procured from third party suppliers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Squid is an HTTP proxy server commonly used by businesses. When used for access control. Squid is distributed under the GPL.squid-cache.1 Website: www.

The product’s architect is Poul-Henning Kamp of Denmark. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 87 Varnish Version studied: 3. Varnish is distributed under the BSD License. The first stable version of Varnish was launched in 2006 for the Norwegian newspaper Verdens Gang. Varnish also includes load distribution functionalities and can be used to test the availability of servers producing web content. this enables the definition of extremely detailed management rules.org Vendor driven solution (Varnish Software) WWW. Lastly. Varnish supports ESI (Edge Side Includes) tags. Used to improve the performance of high traffic websites.varnish-cache. The tool is configured via VCL (Varnish Configuration Language) files. Varnish stores a portion of its data in virtual memory.COM Varnish is a high performance HTTP cache.0.1 Website: www. Varnish is used by Facebook. for example.

COM Name nginx URL / Website http://nginx. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 88 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP accelerators.

In particular. the graphs below do not display the average scores.COM In this last category in the “Infrastructure” dimension. we will present additional open source tools that are particularly useful to system and network administrators. Samba (for UNIX file exchanges on Windows workstations). Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. we will be presenting CUPS (a print server).SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 89 OTHER WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ProFTPD (an FTP server) and BIND (a DNS server).

org Vendor driven solution (Apple Inc.5. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 90 CUPS Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. AppSocket.) WWW. accountancy. It can support a very large number of printers.0 Website: www.) and compatibility with the traditional printing protocols IPP. owners of Easy Software Products. It was created in late 1999 by Michael Sweet and Andrew Senft.COM CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System) is a popular print server for UNIX systems. LPD and SMB (Windows). CUPS is available under the GPL.cups. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and offers administrative capacities (file management. It is used on both individual workstations and dedicated print servers.

org Community driven solution WWW. It was written by Andrew Tridgell at Australian National University.SMILE-OSS. thus establishing compatibility between the two environments. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 91 Samba Version studied: 3. Samba enables the use of a UNIX server to make these resources available to Windows clients.samba.6.0 Website: www. Samba can also function as a domain controller on smaller networks. Samba is distributed under the GPL v3. Its first version dates back to 1992. the SMB protocol is used for file and printer sharing. In Windows.COM Samba is an SMB server for Windows workstations.

ProFTPD is available under the GPL. which has made it possible for extensions to be written for SSL/TLS encryption support (FTPS protocol) and authentication via RADIUS.proftpd.3. accountancy and quotas. It includes advanced functionalities like chroot. ProFTPD allows the use of a MySQL database to manage FTP accounts in lieu of management by the machine’s users. well documented open source FTP server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM ProFTPD is a very powerful.org Community driven solution WWW. Its architecture is modular.SMILE-OSS. ProFTPD uses access and configuration syntax that is similar to the syntax used by Apache HTTP Server.3 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 92 ProFTPD Version studied: 1. virtual hosts and users. LDAP and SQL databases.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .8. Berkeley. Version 10 is now in development. BIND’s origins date back to four students at the University of California. It supports all advanced functionalities.SMILE-OSS. namely DNSSEC (since the rewriting of its code in the early 2000s). BIND is available under the BSD License.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 93 BIND Version studied: 9.isc.1 Website: www. BIND is a DNS server providing for both name resolution via name servers and hosting of its own zone.COM BIND is the benchmark for DNS servers.org/software/bind Community driven solution WWW. Published by the Internet Software Consortium. in the 1980s.

and nearly 110 are listed in total. etc. federation and management Load testing tools Search engines HTTP and application servers MOM & EAI Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension. among the following categories:        Corporate directories Databases BPM / Workflow Development tools Testing & Continuous integration ESBs Web development frameworks and libraries         Cross-platform mobile frameworks PKIs Identity authentication. could have been classified in the Infrastructure dimension. It is also particularly well equipped with open source products. It should be noted that some tools. document management solutions. e-shops. the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension covers all the solutions useful to development functions.SMILE-OSS. Beyond applications like CMSs. like directories and databases. such as Eclipse and frameworks like Symfony and Django.. typically found between the Infrastructure and Application layers. there is a broad panel of open source development solutions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 94 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION WWW.COM As its name indicates.

to define the company’s security policy and more. for user authentication. are a specialised type of database designed to contain hierarchically arranged information on a company’s organisation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 95 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES WWW.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In the open source universe.COM Corporate directories. the data pertain to people (users) and/or resources (printers and the like). OpenLDAP has the best reputation. But the use of corporate directories is not limited to text searches. they can also be used as address books. even if tools like 389 Directory Server also boast a strong functional scope. also referred to as “electronic directories”. Most of the time. There is a standard used in most corporate directors to perform queries (LDAP protocol).

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . thanks to its very similar code base. 389 Directory Server implements the LDAP v3 protocol and stands out from its rival solutions thanks to its graphical administration interface in Java and master-master replication support.SMILE-OSS. is an LDAP server developed by Red Hat within the Fedora community. thereby enabling read and write access redundancy.9. which also gave rise to OpenLDAP. It is based on the source code of the venerable Netscape Directory Server. 389 Directory Server is distributed under the GPL.fedoraproject.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 96 389 Directory Server Version studied: 1.2. It is mostly written in C.COM 389 Directory Server. even if the first version of Fedora Directory Server came out in 2005. itself based on the original slapd code.9 Website: http://directory. This means its origins date back to 1996. with some portions like the GUI in Java. particularly useful given that SunONE appears to have been dropped since its acquisition by Oracle. formerly Fedora Directory Server. It should also be noted that 389 Directory Server can be used as a replacement for SunONE/JES Directory Server.org Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW.

etc.openldap. access log. on different BSD variants on UNIX based OSs (Android. It is a sound alternative to commercial directories. query transfers to Perl or Shell scripts. AIX. OpenLDAP implements the most recent version of the LDAP protocol (v3).).). or a SQL database. OpenLDAP is distributed under the OpenLDAP Public License. In addition. with each one administrating its own branch.org Community driven solution WWW. enabling for example the implementation of an LDAP directory distributed to multiple sites. HP-UX.4. as well as on Windows and Mac OS X. Solaris.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 97 OpenLDAP Version studied: 2. etc.SMILE-OSS.26 Website: www. directory data can be stored in different back ends (LDAP proxy. OpenLDAP was created in 1998 by Kurt Zeilenga. password policy. OpenLDAP is developed in C and runs on Linux. OpenLDAP also incorporates replication and delegation mechanisms. etc.). while providing a scalable architecture through an overlay system and back end. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . is compatible with the GPL and has been validated by the Free Software Foundation. Each overlay provides additional functionalities (dynamic group.COM OpenLDAP is an open source company directory.

org http://www.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name Apache Directory OpenDS URL / Website http://directory.opends. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 98 Other Among the different products available in the field of corporate directories.apache.

They are used to store a batch of information in a pre-defined structure. Current technologies make it possible to organise and structure a database such as to be able to easily handle its content and efficiently store very large volumes of information. which is an alternative to SQL and the relational model and which provides a high level of scalability (expandability).COM Databases have become key components of the IT landscape. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The major DBMSs today are open source solutions like MySQL and PostgreSQL. Databases like MySQL and PostgreSQL are relational DBs that use SQL to query their data.SMILE-OSS. Since 2009 a new trend has appeared: NoSQL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 99 DATABASES WWW.

15 Website: www. stored procedures. MySQL supports transactions. robust RDBMS. Oracle. MySQL uses the GPL and comes with exception linking. providing a number of graphics tools and support from its vendor company. MySQL has gradually adopted new functionalities reserved for traditional “corporate” databases. MySQL is developed in C and C++ and can run on a very broad range of platforms. which enables the use of client libraries in programmes not compatible with the GPL.com Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. and by major websites like Wikipedia.SMILE-OSS.) or Windows based. referential integrity.COM MySQL is a fast. etc. Initially focusing primarily on speed and simplicity. whether UNIX (Linux. deployed especially in Internet environments. MySQL is widely used at companies the likes of Google and Facebook.5.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 100 MySQL Version studied: 5. BSD. clustering and data recovery in the event of a system failure. Solaris. MySQL was created by Michael “Monty” Widenius in 1995. triggers. asynchronous replication. An Enterprise edition is also available.mysql. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

legacy tables. PostgreSQL uses the PostgreSQL License. function indexes.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 101 PostgreSQL Version studied: 9. BSD. full text searches and more. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The functional scope of PostgreSQL is vast and comparable to other Enterprise databases on the market. etc. It supports stored procedures. a wide variety of data types. whether UNIX (Linux. transactions. custom rules to modify the query execution path. Its performance and stability allow it to be integrated with even the most demanding production platforms.org Community driven solution WWW. approved by the Open Source Initiative.) or Windows based. PostgreSQL is a followup to Ingres.4 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.postgresql. PostgreSQL is written in C and can run on a very broad range of platforms.COM PostgreSQL is the most complete open source RDBMS available today. Solaris. The project was launched by Michael Stonebraker in 1985 and the first version built using the current architecture was released in 1995. custom functions. triggers.

Its particularly successful integration with most programming languages and its quality documentation have earned MongoDB its great popularity. It is written in C++. MongoDB is distributed under the Affero GPL.mongodb.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 102 MongoDB Version studied: 2. MongoDB takes advantage of the sharp upturn in interest for document databases that are better aligned with modern environments that need to handle extremely heterogeneous data and for which relational DBMSs are not necessarily the most appropriate.0. Further. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.0 Website: http://www. the database is supported by a commercial entity. Inc.COM MongoDB is a document orientated database that is part of the NoSQL movement and that allows for document storage in BSON format (a binary form of JSON). It is upgradable in decentralised environments via replication and sharding mechanisms.) WWW.org Vendor driven solution (10gen. 10gen. Inc.

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Redis
Version studied: 2.2.13 Website: http://redis.io Vendor driven solution (VMware)

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Redis is a key-value data warehouse from the NoSQL movement. The project is sponsored by VMware. The first version was published by Salvatore Sanfilippo and Pieter Noordhuis in 2009. Like most key-value data stores, Redis offers a HTTP REST interface. Its originality in relation to other available solutions lies in the fact that Redis includes a set of data manipulation functions that are primarily orientated toward handling stored character strings, giving Redis the capacity to build queries that are slightly more complex than its competitors, traditionally limited to CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) operations. The strong performance of Redis in both read and write modes positions it as an excellent choice for the implementation of cache back ends and session managers. Redis is distributed under the BSD License. It is written in C.

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Cassandra
Version studied: 0.8.5 Website: http://cassandra.apache.org Foundation driven solution (Apache)

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Cassandra is another NoSQL database. Initially developed by Facebook in 2008, it was later released and its development is now the work of the Apache Foundation. Cassandra is a column oriented database. Designed for massively distributed roll-outs (potentially across multiple datacentres), Cassandra is one of the most effective databases wherever there is a need to respond to massive data processing issues. Further, its completely decentralised architecture makes it highly resistant to failures. Like most column oriented databases, it is also particularly well suited to business intelligence functions. Cassandra is distributed under the Apache License. It is written in Java.

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Other
Among the different products available in the field of databases, the following tools can also be added to the list:

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Name Berkeley DB db4o Apache Derby Firebird HSQLDB Ingres SQLite CouchDB Neo4j Voldemort

URL / Website http://www.oracle.com/us/products/database/berkeley-db http://www.db4o.com http://db.apache.org/derby http://www.firebirdsql.org http://hsqldb.org http://www.ingres.com/products/ingres-database http://www.sqlite.org http://couchdb.apache.org http://neo4j.org http://www.project-voldemort.com

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BPM / WORKFLOW

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Leave requests, document validation and paperless customer relations: these processes are at the core of the information systems used by companies and government agencies. BPM (Business Process Management) solutions offer a modern approach in which users are largely released from technical constraints when modelling, deploying and optimising their processes. BPM solutions provide for graphic process modelling, form generation and adaptation, and online request monitoring. In the world of open source solutions, quality tools are available, such as Bonita, the flagship open source BPM product.

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Bonita
Version studied: 5.5.2 Website: http://www.bonitasoft.com Vendor driven solution (BonitaSoft)

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First developed by Bull in the early 2000s, the product has been driven by the open source vendor BonitaSoft since 2009. Bonita offers an extremely user-friendly graphic process modeller that makes it possible to deploy simple BPM applications (e.g. the publication of leave request forms on an Intranet site) in just a few clicks. The forms are automatically generated by the solution or can be configured in advance. Access to and processing of pending requests are intuitive, thanks to the “user XP” interface, which is very similar to a mail client. But Bonita’s real strength lies in its system of connectors, available in their default form or custom developed. A community edition of Bonita is available under the GPL v2. The SP (Subscription Pack) edition is subject to subscription and comes with additional functionalities, as well as support. Bonita is developed in JEE, the language also used to develop new connectors. Some advanced configurations are done in Groovy.

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When used as a software brick. jBPM is published under the LGPL and is developed in Java. jBPM is an excellent BPM engine.COM jBPM is developed by a community with the support of JBoss. which cancels out the tool’s chief advantage. many software companies have integrated jBPM with their solutions. As the benchmark for open source BPM in recent years. The latest version is promising though. being both powerful and lightweight. Version 5 has been announced as BPMN 2. it is easy to configure and enjoys a comprehensive API. The product does currently suffer from a lack of community dynamics. and the product remains a key technical BPM brick for projects.1 Website: www. its simplicity.SMILE-OSS. Eclipse (developer) and web (functional user) interfaces enable graphical workflow management.org/jbpm Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW.jboss. In addition. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . but suffer from a degree of immaturity that makes them unsuited to management by non-technical users. the web interface is only available via Drools (a rule engine).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 108 jBPM Version studied: 5. particularly in open source environments.0 compatible.

as is the case at Alfresco. Activiti is published under the Apache License and is developed in Java.activiti. its actual implementation necessarily requires a solid technical background. Nonetheless. Its youth makes it better suited as a BPM brick integrated with more complex projects.SMILE-OSS. Activiti does however boast user-friendly process design interfaces that allow functional and technical teams to work together on process modelling. robust BPM engine. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Activiti is a lightweight. In electing to make it a stand-alone component. Alfresco is banking on the dynamic nature of open source (the product has been handed over to the Spring community) and aims to make it the benchmark for open source BPM. Activiti is at the cutting edge and enjoys excellent dynamics thanks to the widespread popularity of its sponsor.org Vendor driven solution (Alfresco) WWW. Technically. which wanted to develop an alternative to jBPM for its own purposes.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 109 Activiti Version studied: 5.COM Activiti is published by the producer of ECM. for example.7 Website: www. Today. Alfresco.

the graphs below do not display the average scores. development environments like Eclipse. automation tools like Ant and Phing. particularly web applications. As we will see.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 110 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS WWW.SMILE-OSS. ticket managers like MantisBT. source code management tools like Subversion and Git.COM This section presents the tools useful in the development of applications. there are also excellent open source development bricks that can be used to build ambitious projects under optimal conditions. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It includes project management tools like Redmine and Maven. and collaboration and software engineering solutions like Tuleap.

Ant was designed by James Duncan Davidson in 2000 (when the first version was released). The tasks most commonly entrusted to Ant include external tool execution (like Checkstyle and FindBugs). back-ups. although it can also be used in projects utilising other technologies. archiving. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . programme compilation.apache.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.8. Ant is mainly used in Java projects.SMILE-OSS. Ant is written in Java. similarly to Make commands. Ant is distributed under the Apache License and is supported by the foundation of the same name.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 111 Ant Version studied: 1. documentation generation (Javadoc). etc. Ant allows for the automation of repetitive operations throughout a project.2 Website: http://ant.COM Ant (“Another Neat Tool”) is a task automation tool used throughout the software development cycle.

Phing is distributed under the LGPL (Lesser Public General License) v3. etc. In particular.1 Website: www.4. uses an XML file to define a list of actions (the “target”). code analysis tools and delivery management. Distributed through the PEAR package manager. that can be launched from the command line. Phing can use ancillary libraries like Xdebug and phpcs for some of its tasks.SMILE-OSS. Phing is developed in PHP and is compatible with the Windows. such as the launch of unit testing. file handling. code analysis with PHP CodeSniffer.phing. like Ant. via the intermediary of new PHP classes. depending on needs. It incorporates a long list of native tasks (execution of PHPUnit testing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 112 Phing Version studied: 2. each containing one or more tasks (file copies.). etc. command launches.7. Phing.info/trac Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . it is used to automate recurring tasks during IT project developments. work with source code version managers.COM Phing is an IT project life cycle management tool inspired by Ant and originally developed by Andreas Aderhold. Linux and Mac OS X platforms.) that is very easy to expand. PHP Mess Detector.

7 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. Although Eclipse is written in Java. The purpose of Eclipse is to provide tools that foster productivity.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 113 Eclipse Version studied: 3.org Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. It includes integrated development environments. reporting and other environments. Eclipse is published under the EPL (Eclipse Public License).COM Eclipse is a scalable. test. the project is in fact a composite of many sub-projects specific to the underlying technologies.eclipse. multi-functional development environment. Designed around a shared platform coupled with spin-off components. modelling. initiated by IBM in 2001. but not just in respect of software coding. The Eclipse Foundation is now the official sponsor. it can be used for developments in any programming language. but also design. Eclipse is written in Java.

Requests can also be classified using a variety of criteria (type. a personalised page for each user that lists the tickets they opened and those assigned to them. who launched the project in November 2000. severity. an admin section for each project in which users can be added/deleted. MantisBT is distributed under the GNU GPL v2. the four now form the core development team for the product.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 114 MantisBT Version studied: 1. user rights management. sub-project creation and more.). the tool offers functionalities like a customisable status chaining workflow. priority.mantisbt. It has primarily been tested for Web Apache and IIS servers. MantisBT is developed in PHP and requires the use of a database (MySQL. PostgreSQL.8 Website: www. Kenzaburo Ito.COM MantisBT is a very popular web based bug tracking tool (covering anomalies. etc. a filtered ticket search form.2.org Community driven solution WWW. was soon joined by Jeroen Latour. In particular. a notification system. MS SQL or DB2). public/private. Victor Boctor and Julian Fitzell in 2002. upgrade requests. MantisBT allows for project based ticket allocation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . category. service requests and more) that is suited to any type of project.

COM Maven is a technical project management tool. Maven also offers advanced integration of numerous reporting tools (Surefire. Maven was designed for Java projects in general and for Java EE projects in particular. It can also manage a project’s dependencies. Checkstyle. NCSS. Maven was designed for project standardisation and use. PMD.). perform complete automated deliveries.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. It is written in Java. deploy applications and simplify project roll-outs on a continuous integration platform.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 115 Maven Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. etc.0.apache.3 Website: http://maven. Maven is distributed under the Apache License. Its development is mainly performed by the Apache Foundation.

org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Numerous tools and resources are available to turn it to its best advantage. A spin-off of CVS.apache. its development was initialised in 2000 by the company CollabNet.6.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 116 Subversion Version studied: 1. it has been selected by many open source software communities.17 Website: http://subversion. Subversion is distributed under the Apache and BSD Licenses. revision numbers are global across the entire data warehouse. Apache Subversion was written to overcome the shortcomings of CVS. files can be renamed and/or moved without losing their histories. etc. A number of additional functionalities have been included: directories and metadata are versioned. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.COM Subversion (SVN) is a centralised version control system. A popular standard. It became an official Apache Foundation project in 2010. It is written in C. whose implementation (but not its concept) had been called into question.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 117 Git Version studied: 1. then to push a set of local commits to other developers. Git is used to “commit” locally. It also enables the use of a development workflow. such as subjecting a code’s transmission to approval by one of the developers. It is written in C. It is an open source software solution created by Linus Torvalds in 2005. Git’s ability to easily create and administrate branches makes it a top-grade tool for open source project development. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Git is distributed under the GPL v2.7. it is used in the Linux kernel and for PHP. In particular. Among other functions.COM Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS).com Community driven solution WWW.1 Website: http://git-scm.6. Bourne Shell and Perl.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 118 Redmine Version studied: 1. Redmine offers the following functionalities: secure multi-project management. etc.redmine. Redmine is distributed under the GPL v2. their priority and their history.COM Redmine is a collaborative tool used to manage projects via a secure web interface. project status views in the form of a Gantt diagram. email and RSS feed notifications. title. user.org Community driven solution WWW. date.1 Website: www. and assignment of requests to the relevant project participants. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. owner. profile and rights management. management of requests..2. document management. classification by category. depending on the project. It was created by Jean-Philippe Lang in 2006. It was developed in Ruby on the basis of the Ruby on Rails framework. etc. their status.

Tuleap is distributed under the GPL. Tuleap is a complete ALM suite. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Tuleap is an open source software suite that provides the tools that companies need for software development and efficient collaboration.SMILE-OSS.enalean. ST-Ericsson and Orange. Tuleap was developed by the company Enalean. Tuleap’s vendor. Tuleap’s software is used by tens of thousands of users around the world for their professional developments. Tuleap is primarily written in PHP. Also referred to as a software forge or ALM (Application Lifecycle Management). collaboration tools and more.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 119 Tuleap Version studied: 4. Enalean. continuous integration. version control.com/en/products/tuleap-suite/ Vendor driven solution (Enalean) WWW.0. at major companies the likes of STMicroelectronics. test and risk tracking. document management.21 Website: http://www. providing bug. based its economic model on the provision of professional services and support.

COM Name CVS GForge Trac Mercurial URL / Website http://cvs.org http://mercurial.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .nongnu. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 120 Other Among the different products available in the field of development tools.org http://gforge.edgewall.selenic.org/gf http://trac.SMILE-OSS.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 121 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION WWW. To implement continuous integration platforms. many quality open source tools exist.e. such as Continuum and Hudson. Graphics rendering (results display) solutions can also be found in connection with these tools. the graphs below do not display the average scores. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.COM Continuous integration is a set of practices designed to improve the quality of application deliveries by checking that the result of each source code change does not lead to any regressions (i. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . additional errors relating to the added code).

The functionality that makes Continuum stand out from the rest is the possibility of grouping modules/projects together in project groups.apache.7 Website: http://continuum. It offers all the functionalities one might expect of such a tool: configurable automations. Continuum is distributed under the Apache License. Within these groups. even for groups with rapidly increasing numbers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 122 Continuum Version studied: 1. but also build distributions to slaves.SMILE-OSS. configuration of different execution environments. of course. the various configurations and rights are pooled. highly detailed rights management and integrated reporting on unit test results. It is written in Java. which provides for simple management of a series of projects.3.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.COM Continuum is the Apache Foundation’s continuous integration tool. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

intergenerational dependencies. Jenkins is distributed under the MIT and Creative Commons Licenses. Jenkins can automate project building and can generate quality and testing reports.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. Jenkins’s major asset is its ecosystem. as well as its simpler. Hudson was the continuous integration tool developed by Oracle/Sun.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 123 Jenkins / Hudson Version studied: 2. Jenkins is a fork of Hudson.COM Jenkins is a continuous integration tool. Project generation can be initiated in various ways:planning mechanisms similar to cron.1. Historically. Here we look at both Jenkins and Hudson. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1 Website: http://hudson-ci. It is written in Java. which comprises hundreds of plug-ins. Jenkins is chiefly used in the continuous integration solutions market. or queries on specific URLs. less austere interface than Continuum’s.SMILE-OSS.

etc. The project began in 2004 at ThoughtWorks in Chicago. Plone. In addition.COM Selenium is an interface testing tool. This tool is very useful in confirming that an interface conforms to expectations.org/projects/ide Community driven solution WWW.4 Website: http://seleniumhq. Selenium is distributed under the Apache License.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 124 Selenium IDE Version studied: 1. thanks to Jason Huggins who wanted to test the response times of various applications (Python. it can be integrated with a continuous integration platform in order to automate interface testing.SMILE-OSS.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Selenium IDE can be used to record interface tests from Firefox and then to store them so that they can be played back with Selenium. Selenium IDE is not just a recording tool: it is in fact an integrated development environment (IDE). Users can choose to utilise its recording capabilities or can modify the scripts manually.

also known as “Project Mess Detector” or “Project Meets Deadline”.COM PMD. PHP Mess Detector).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 125 PMD Version studied: 4. There is also a PHP equivalent (PHPMD. PMD can also calculate cyclomatic source code complexity. an interesting indicator when assessing software quality. overcomplicated expressions and copied/pasted code (thanks to its CPD plug-in).5 Website: http://pmd.sourceforge. PMD can detect empty try/catch statements. By using a system of scalable rules. PMD analyses Java source code. a. dead code. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2.a.k.net Community driven solution WWW. The rules can be written using XPath expressions or Java classes (or PHP for PHPMD). PMD is licensed under a BSD-style license.SMILE-OSS. is a static code analysis tool designed to detect the most common programming errors.

sourceforge.sonarsource.com/sebastianbergmann/phpunit http://findbugs.org https://github.sourceforge. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://checkstyle.COM Name Sonar Checkstyles JUnit PHPUnit FindBugs CruiseControl URL / Website http://www.net http://www.net http://cruisecontrol.SMILE-OSS.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .junit.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 126 Other Among the different products available in the field of testing and continuous integration.sourceforge.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ESBs act as “mediators” between clients and service providers (applications). where these do not already include services or interfaces designed for that purpose. Benchmark solutions in the open source universe include the likes of Talend ESB. and web services.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 127 ESBS WWW. ESBs are often presented as a new architecture that uses different techniques like transformation.COM ESBs (Enterprise Service Buses) allow applications to communicate with one another. information transfers and routing. Mule and Petals.

COM Talend.SMILE-OSS. service distribution capacity. the leader in open source data management. The key features that set this solution apart are a very well equipped mediation platform.talend. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The merger of the Talend Data Management and Sopera ASF solutions resulted in the creation of a high level integrated middleware tool that combines the flexibility of use of a corporate services management framework with the power of data manipulation tools. Talend ESB is distributed under the Apache License. This has made Talend ESB a first class tool that allows for work on both Data Quality and Service Quality. It is a very solid product that merits exploration. high level centralised technical monitoring and integration of the Talend suite. a German SOA and middleware platform vendor. known in its home country for its prestigious clients the likes of Deutsche Post.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW.2. has acquired Sopera.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 128 Talend ESB Version studied: 4.1 Website: http://www. Zurich Insurance and Landesbank Berlin.

Its architecture was designed to be scalable. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 129 Mule Version studied: 3. In fact.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: www. protocols and technologies. Mule is also an exchange platform with substantial routing capacity. email. It is written in Java. TCP. The open source project was developed in 2003 by Ross Mason. XML-RPC. HTTP. Mule is distributed under the CPAL (Common Public Attribution License).2. now CTO of MuleSoft (formerly MuleSource). JMS and more. JDBC. Mule supports more than 50 standards.mulesoft. Mule is a platform that is conducive to multiple exchanges between different applications that use different technologies such as HTTP. UDP.) WWW. Inc.org Vendor driven solution (MuleSoft.COM Mule is both an ESB and an EAI tool. including JMS. servlets. multicast. SMTP. POP3 and XMPP.

Java. Petals ESB is at the centre of a complete open source solution for SOA infrastructures. JSR 181. SCA. POP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 130 Petals Version studied: 3. SMTP. Petals supports and integrates many protocols and technologies. The project is coordinated by Petals Link and is developed based on the OW2 Consortium’s forges. REST. mediator and turntable for SOA infrastructures. including JBI.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (Petals Link) driven solution WWW. Petals ESB is a response to the issues encountered with SOA: a flexible information system adapted to rapid IT developments. Petals Master (SOA governance) and Petals Studio (SOA development environment). SOAP.COM Petals ESB is an open source enterprise service bus. Integrated with Petals View (business supervision).3 Website: http://petals.1. XSD WSDL. BPEL. IMAP and JSE Platform. all of which with a real time system and openness to the outside world. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . EIP.SMILE-OSS. XSLT. Petals ESB is distributed under the LGPL.ow2.

apache. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 131 Other Among the different products available in the field of ESBs.org http://synapse.apache.COM Name JBoss Enterprise Service Bus ServiceMix Synapse URL / Website http://www.jboss.org/jbossesb http://servicemix.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

JavaScript. The time saved on more general issues can then be devoted to the custom aspects of the application. Frameworks typically include a wide range of ready to use functionalities with well polished implementations. Frameworks can be found for any language (Java.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 132 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. PHP. with approaches than can vary widely. Ruby. Most modern applications are based on web frameworks or libraries. and use standard. well implemented design models. The frameworks available on the market are generally of high quality. etc.). Python.COM A framework can reduce application development times by effectively responding to the most common problems encountered by developers.

org Vendor driven solution (Sensio Labs) WWW.SMILE-OSS.0 came out in August 2011. Symfony is developed by Sensio Labs and distributed under the MIT License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which provides a complete development context. The framework also supplies a large library of utility functions.COM Symfony is an MVC web framework written in PHP. the first version was released in 2005.0 Website: www.symfony-project. symfony protects against traditional attacks on web applications (SQL injection. The developer has standardised access to the database (thanks to the ORM Doctrine). Adherence to the HTTP protocol and the MVC paradigm are the core of the framework. CSRF and so on). Created by Fabien Potencier. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 133 Symfony Version studied: 2. Symfony is a framework whose operating principles are similar to Django and Ruby on Rails. and the eagerly awaited version 2. Symfony also provides a set of command line tools used to manage the cache. controllers and views.0. to generate the basic structure and the edit screens for declared objects (scaffolding). to automatically generate an administrative interface (admin generator). XSS. On the security end.

zend.11 Website: http://framework.COM Zend Framework is one of the duo of leaders in PHP frameworks. Among others.SMILE-OSS. Nonetheless. Zend Framework requires PHP 5. It should however be noted that Zend Framework does not include ORM. it provides the components needed to create MVC applications.com Vendor driven solution (Zend Technologies) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 134 Zend Framework Version studied: 1. with a much lighter coupling of its components. Zend’s approach is quite different from symfony. which integrates CAPTCHAs with the application. From a general point of view. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and Zend_Captcha. with database abstraction. Zend Framework offers a very broad range of components. but rather a lightweight table gateway interface. Zend Framework is distributed under the New BSD License and is supported by Zend Technologies.2 and supports all databases handled by PDO. used to communicate with Google services. alongside symfony. It can also be seen as more of a component library than a complete framework. which also publishes the Zend engine that is at the core of the PHP interpreter. It is one of the most commonly used PHP frameworks. if not the most used. these include Zend_Gdata.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 135 WWW.

Spring is built on a lightweight container. Spring is also used to load the application’s various configurations.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 136 Spring Version studied: 3. The main components are Spring MVC.springsource.org Vendor driven solution (SpringSource.COM Spring is a portfolio of tools and libraries. which allows it to manage dependencies between the objects forming the application. Spring AOP is an aspect oriented programming framework. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .6 Website: www. Spring is distributed under the Apache License. JDO and EclipseLink. It offers a complete stack as a sort of alternative to the standard Java EE stack. Spring AOP nonetheless offers the usual AOP tools with different types of grafts and different ways of expressing pointcuts. full REST MVC framework. Spring ORM and Spring AOP. for transaction management and for a whole series of utility tools. Spring MVC is an annotation based. It provides an abstraction for the usual persistence frameworks like Hibernate.SMILE-OSS.0. making the tool a must in the Java ecosystem. More simplistic that AspectJ. The classes that respond to user actions are annotated to indicate the method that should be used and the view that should be served. a division of VMware) WWW. Spring ORM is a data access abstraction library. One of the portfolio’s many components can then be used on top of this lightweight container.

However. GWT enables the development of elaborate applications in pure Java that is “compiled” in JavaScript and HTML. The result is an extensive application that adheres to web standards.google. very difficult to integrate a HTML layout. GWT can be used to create and maintain dynamic web applications that implement JavaScript.4 Website: http://code. GWT is distributed under the terms of the Apache License. which requires time-consuming.COM Google Web Toolkit is an RIA framework developed by Google.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 137 GWT Version studied: 2.SMILE-OSS. GWT’s XML format for interface descriptions allows for rapid development. paradoxically. because GWT generates all its interface views using XML and Java. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . which require the installation of a special plug-in on client workstations.com/webtoolkit Vendor driven solution (Google) WWW. manual integration that consists of a translation of the layout in XML and Java. whose version 1. unlike technologies such as Flex and Silverlight. using the Java language and tools.0 dates back to 17 May 2006. it is.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 138 WWW.SMILE-OSS.

COM jQuery is one of the main JavaScript libraries. jQuery is compatible with the vast majority of browsers. and Google supplies a CDN for the library’s files. event management. The purpose of jQuery is to simplify the usual JavaScript manipulations: DOM manipulation. which enables the reuse and functional encapsulation of behaviours.NET Ajax. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a multitude of plugins are available from the official website. including Microsoft ASP. jQuery is distributed under the MIT License or the GPL. As the community is extremely responsive.6. jQuery simplifies multi-browser JavaScript developments by providing an API that is independent of the underlying platform. jQuery has been integrated into numerous open source projects. jQuery also has a compatibility mode.3 Website: http://jquery. which allows its use at the same time as another JavaScript library. providing for virtually restriction-free integration. Implementation follows a strict object based logic and could benefit from call chaining to simplify the writing. and animation and management of Ajax calls.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 139 jQuery Version studied: 1. including Internet Explorer 6. It was created by John Resig in 2006.com Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. One of jQuery’s strong points is its simplified plug-in writing.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 140 WWW.

JavaScript development with Prototype brings in a number of traditional object oriented programming concepts that are absent from standard JavaScript (constructors.SMILE-OSS. In this way.7 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 141 Prototype Version studied: 1.COM Prototype is a JavaScript library created by Sam Stephenson in 2005 in order to add Ajax support to the Ruby on Rails framework. etc. including Internet Explorer 6. legacy objects. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Prototype’s goal is to enrich the JavaScript language and the DOM by attaching additional components and functionalities.). Prototype is distributed under the MIT License. Prototype is written in JavaScript and is compatible with the vast majority of browsers.prototypejs. It should however be noted that DOM expansion has raised a number of issues and is currently being withdrawn from the library. Over and above its simplification of cross-browser and Ajax oriented development.org Community driven solution WWW.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 142 Play! Version studied: 1.playframework.COM Play! is a web-oriented Java framework created by Guillaume Bort in 2007. Play! is written in Java. for example. Play! is distributed under the Apache License 2. The principle behind Play! is to reduce the Java development life cycle and to limit the complexity of applications often associated with Java projects. used to create CRUD interfaces. It therefore includes the transposition to Java of the main concepts used in frameworks like RoR. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Don’t Repeat Yourself. Zenexity contributes to the project and performs product development and support.2.SMILE-OSS. and its own application server (although it is also easy to deploy on a Tomcat server). Convention over Configuration. to transparently reload the modified code on the fly. which allows it.3 Website: www. etc.org Vendor driven solution (Zenexity) WWW. Play! also has its own technical project manager.0. its templates in Groovy and the project manager in Python. Django and symfony: MVC.

COM Django is the benchmark for web frameworks in Python.SMILE-OSS. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . an infrastructure for form manipulation and data entry validation.com Foundation driven solution (Django Software Foundation) WWW. It is developed in Python. Django is distributed under the BSD License. such as a database abstraction layer. CRUD interface creation tools and classic web attack prevention systems (XSS. a templating engine. a cache system. Some of the more noteworthy websites that use Django include Disqus and Spotify.djangoproject.1 Website: https://www.).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 143 Django Version studied: 1.3. It was created in 2005 by the company Lawrence Journal-World. CSRF. Django is based on the MVC paradigm and on the principle of Don’t Repeat Yourself. an interface for the Python unit testing framework (PyUnit). SQL injection. supplying as many pre-existing components as possible. It should be noted that Django is available on the Google App Engine platform.

even if some parts (not linked to the front office) have been rewritten in Scala following load bearing issues with the Ruby interpreter. in the name of which it supplies a number of code and interface generators (scaffolding).SMILE-OSS. These generators mean the developer does not have to perform the operations over again or recode similar standard functionalities. It is developed in Ruby. database access.COM Ruby on Rails is a web framework. Ruby on Rails is distributed under the MIT License. was released in 2004. One of RoR’s success stories has been Twitter. In the same spirit. written by David Heinemeier Hansson. The first version.1 Website: http://rubyonrails. HTTP management and Ajax calls) are integrated with the framework and allow the developer to concentrate on the business logic rather than the technical aspects. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The Ruby on Rails framework is characterised by the concept of Don’t Repeat Yourself.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 144 Ruby on Rails Version studied: 3.org Community driven solution WWW. the classic lower layers (security.

COM Name CakePHP Lithium Prado PHPonTrax CodeIgniter Jelix CXF Yii Zeta Components URL / Website http://cakephp.yiiframework.com http://jelix.com http://www.apache.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 145 Other Among the different products available in the field of web development frameworks and libraries.SMILE-OSS.com http://codeigniter.org http://www.apache.org/zetacomponents May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .pradosoft. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://cxf.org http://lithify.phpontrax.me http://www.com http://incubator.

mobile applications have increased exponentially in recent years. In the world of open source solutions. crossplatform open source mobile frameworks have been created.COM With the advent of the smartphone. enabling porting to X operating systems from the same source code. These frameworks use different techniques to obtain relatively similar results. Many mobile operating systems now exist.SMILE-OSS. This is the case. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . engendering a corresponding increase in development work. which runs on the iPhone. Symbian and Palm. three frameworks stand out far above the rest: PhoneGap. BlackBerry. with PhoneGap. Android. among others. as well as Rhodes and Titanium. for example. as mentioned above.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 146 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS WWW. To avoid duplicating development work.

The databases manipulated are SQLite DBs.0. and a multitude of extensions are also available (PayPal.).7. and Appcelerator offers a variety of support levels ranging from Indie to Professional. etc.SMILE-OSS.COM Titanium Mobile is a multi-platform framework that can generate native applications for iOS and Android.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 147 Titanium Version studied: 1.2 Website: http://www. while its extensions are written in native code. Titanium enables access to all smartphone and tablet PC functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . barcode scanner. This product is available under the Apache License 2. The tool has been developed by Appcelerator since 2009. An application can be developed with Titanium in JavaScript. BlackBerry support is now in beta mode.com/products/titanium-mobile-application-development Vendor driven solution (Appcelerator) WWW. Titanium’s JavaScript API provides for multi-platform development and its SDK generates native code from the JavaScript code.appcelerator. Titanium currently supports iOS and Android.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 148 PhoneGap Version studied: 1.). PhoneGap is distributed under the MIT License. which generates final applications from a web interface. etc. packaged by the tool so that they can be launched by the target smartphone’s native browser. accelerometer.phonegap. making it a complete and technically relevant solution for the development of multi-platform mobile applications. PhoneGap also offers an API that can call up the smartphone’s advanced functionalities (GPS.com Vendor driven solution (Nitobi) WWW.0. video camera. It currently supports six platforms.0 Website: www.COM PhoneGap is a tool used to create multi-platform mobile applications that adhere to web standards. The applications produced using PhoneGap are web applications. It has been developed by Canadian company Nitobi since 2008. Nitobi recently launched the service PhoneGap Build.

The tool has been developed by Rhomobile since 2009. which allows Rhodes to support many different platforms. Rhodes supports a large number of platforms (ranging from Android to Windows Phone 7.com/products/rhodes/ Vendor driven solution (Rhomobile) WWW. in Ruby. in order to remain separate from the target platform. The final. Its views are developed in HTML and the applications. Rhodes is available under the MIT License. Rhomobile also offers an entire suite of tools for the development and distribution of Rhodes applications.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 149 Rhodes Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS. by way of Symbian). generated application has an embedded Ruby VM and a web server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Rhodes is a multi-platform. Rhodes is a framework inspired by Ruby on Rails. open source framework dedicated to the development of mobile applications. including an online IDE and a marketplace. On the development side.0 Website: http://rhomobile.

OpenTrust and EJBCA. email) secure by guaranteeing their confidentiality. OpenCA.SMILE-OSS. The available open source solutions include OpenSSL.COM PKI-style solutions are used to make electronic relationships (i. whether via signature certificates (email or web access) or encryption (using two keys). authentication. whether external (contractual and commercial relationships) or internal (staff accountability). In making identity management secure. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . integrity and nonrepudiation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 150 PKIS WWW.e. PKI tools simplify the development of transactional activities.

The 100% community based development was initiated in 2001 and continues to be actively pursued today. With its modular design. it provides a web interface that can easily perform the majority of common tasks (certificate issuing and revocation.openca. like the OCSP responder. testing.).1 Website: www. Combined with the other components of the PKI project. OpenCA PKI is currently covered by the BSD License.COM OpenCA PKI is a component of a vast community project aiming to define standards for the development of PKI software. certificate management is handled by OpenLDAP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. it contributes to the establishment of a complete PKI solution.1. It can also perform rights restrictions. Finally. OpenCA PKI is the part dedicated to certificate management.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 151 OpenCA Version studied: 1. Its encryption mechanisms are based on OpenSSL. The solution is very heterogeneous but uses recognised current standards: the web server is based on Apache 2 and the interface is written in Perl. etc.

i. In particular. by way of SSH and FTPS).0e Website: www.).0. it remains the benchmark for Linux and BSD and is often used in all sorts of situations requiring encryption (ranging from 802. it completely implements the standard for PKIs.e. It is available under either the Apache or the BSD License. etc.openssl.org Community driven solution WWW. and many tools that are more advanced in terms of their usability are based on OpenSSL. dating back to before 1998. AES. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Developed in C. In addition to providing for encryption and the hashing that is possible with any known algorithm (MD5. The development of OpenSSL is old. X509.11 protocols to HTTPS communications. it can also issue and revoke certificates using X509 and is fully capable of handling the certification chain. It can write and rewrite certificates in the most common formats on the market.SMILE-OSS. Blowfish.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 152 OpenSSL Version studied: 1.COM OpenSSL is the open source library that has virtually been raised to the rank of a standard for its cryptographic functions.

).COM easyCA can manage small scale PKIs very quickly and simply.SMILE-OSS. its development seems to have been broken off at present.9 Website: http://sourceforge. etc. It is easy to edit and personalise to meet the needs of most system administrators. enabling the very fast creation of certification authorities and client certificates.net/projects/easyca Community driven solution WWW. easyCA is written in Bash and requires no dependencies other than OpenSSL. Covered by the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 153 easyCA Version studied: 0. It can also manage revocations and offers export options for back-ups. the basic script has been adopted by many independent projects and has been supplemented with new functionalities (OCSP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It departs almost entirely from the relative complexity of OpenSSL. It was developed by Ferry Kemps in 2005. Nonetheless.

CRL revocations to certification chains. and so forth). It is one of the rare products that fully comply with Java Beans specifications. It is currently driven and actively maintained by Swedish company PrimeKey.COM Developed since 2001.SMILE-OSS. EJBCA can handle all aspects of standard X509 certification. and it is one of the only products to implement a large number of the standards linked to specification X509 (OCSP responder. CMS. Like other PKI solutions.ejbca. EJBCA is covered by the LGPL and has only one edition. PrimeKey. It also offers a complete admin interface with rights restrictions and a client portal.3 Website: www. EJBCA is one of the most complete PKI management open source solutions there is. from certificate issuing.0. Its management of custom hardware such as HSMs is quite accurate.org Vendor driven solution (PrimeKey) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Commercial support can be subscribed to with the vendor.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 154 EJBCA Version studied: 4. EJBCA is entirely written in Java and is powered by a JEE application server. From a technical perspective. which could be either JBoss or GlassFish.

federation and management solutions now available. which are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. we will present the various identity authentication. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. This makes it possible to include third party applications in its federated identity management system in order for users logging onto their unique identification system to gain access to the application in question.COM In this category. These tools are relatively similar but their end goals may differ in some cases. the Shibboleth system provides unique multi-domain authentication. This is an OTP solution allowing for the use of passwords generated at a given time. FederID. FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT WWW. the graphs below do not display the average scores. For example.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 155 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION. Other open source solutions like CAS. LinOTP is also presented here. LemonLDAP and OpenAM are also described.

The communication protocol used is SAML v2 and. but rather log in the user after querying CAS. The applications themselves never have access to the user’s password.NET. An Apache module is also available.4. flat files and so on.org/cas Community driven solution WWW. such as an LDAP directory.jasig.COM Central Authentication Service is a web oriented Single Sign On system. full name. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. PHP and . such as a web service or an IMAP server. a relational database. in later versions of CAS. CAS is written in Java and supplies CAS clients for SSO integration with applications. CAS is distributed under the Jasig (BSD-style) License. CAS provides for Single Sign On between multiple sites.SMILE-OSS. In 2004.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 156 CAS Version studied: 3. CAS also supplies a proxy system that allows an application to transfer the user’s identification to another back end application (whether web based or not). CAS came under the banner of special interest group Jasig. CAS can use different types of back ends as the user database. additional information can be transmitted at user login (groups. in Java.10 Website: www. by means of one-time password tokens. including on different domains.). It was created in the early 2000s at Yale University.

via a template engine. Tomcat. LemonLDAP::NG makes it possible to base web application authentication on a LDAP directory. although its reverse proxy mode allows it to be used with applications running on a different server (IIS. and now taken over by the OW2 Consortium. The product is developed in Perl and is easy to personalise. OpenID and SAML supplier.).org Consortium driven solution (OW2) WWW. It can also serve as a CAS. but also on many other directories.1 Website: http://lemonldap-ng. LemonLDAP::NG is distributed under the GPL. and LemonLDAP::NG provides for access traceability.COM LemonLDAP::NG is a Web SSO authentication system initiated in 2004 by the company Linagora.1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 157 LemonLDAP::NG Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. A web admin interface is also available. It requires the use of an Apache server. Access control can be defined by URL for each application in need of protection. in terms of both its behaviour and its appearance. databases and other systems such as OpenID and SAML. etc.

SMILE-OSS.1). version 1. OpenAM is an infrastructure brick that transparently performs Single Sign On functions for both web applications and middleware.com/openam.3 Website: http://forgerock. an open source license created by Sun Microsystems and based on the Mozilla Public License. ForgeRock initiated a fork called OpenAM that it has continued to develop and maintain ever since.5.html Vendor driven solution (ForgeRock) WWW. OpenAM is distributed under the CDDL (Common Development and Distribution License.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 158 OpenAM Version studied: 9. OpenAM provides a solution that allows for simplified roll-outs of web access rights management projects: the universal gateway. OpenAM is developed in Java.COM OpenAM is a complete identity management solution. The company announced that it was going to pursue the release of new versions of OpenAM by following the original Sun Microsystems roadmap. After Sun’s decision to stop developing OpenSSO. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

These passwords are generated thanks to certain hardware. a custom web interface could be developed and included in a special section of an Intranet site. This means it can be administrated using tools other than those provided as part of the distribution. It is a robust.org Vendor driven solution (LSE Leading Security Experts GmbH) WWW. as well as with hybrid solutions like MOTP devices. that are valid over a short period of time and only usable once.linotp. LinOTP is a server written in Python.COM LinOTP is an open source OTP solution maintained by the German company LSE (Leading Security Experts) GmbH. An Enterprise edition is also available. with which communications are possible via simple HTTP queries. From a technical standpoint. like tokens and even smartphones. professional solution that can be integrated with a heterogeneous infrastructure. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . For example.SMILE-OSS. OTP stands for “One-Time Password”: OTPs are passwords generated at a given time.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 159 LinOTP Version studied: 2. LinOTP is distributed under the AGPL v3.3 Website: www. LinOTP interfaces with all types of tokens that support the HMAC-OTP protocol.

as well as the propagation of identities between these services. The goal of identity propagation is twofold: to delegate authentication to the user’s original establishment and to retrieve certain user attributes (to manage access control or to personalise content).SMILE-OSS.0 Website: http://shibboleth. which encompasses more than 200 universities and research centres. Shibboleth is distributed under the Apache License 2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 160 Shibboleth Version studied: 2. a number of extensions have been developed to allow various systems to interface with Shibboleth. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .edu Community driven solution WWW.COM Shibboleth was developed by the consortium Internet2.0. Version 1. Like the module for Apache HTTP Server. It is written in Java and C++. Shibboleth provides for the set-up of an authentication system centralised between multiple services.internet2. in order to simplify access to internal and external resources and to make such access more secure.0 was published in 2003.

SMILE-OSS.COM Name OpenSSO FederID URL / Website http://java.net/projects/opensso http://federid. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 161 Other Among the different products available in the field of identity authentication.ow2. federation and management.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

The open source tools in this category include JMeter. These applications generally offer load testing output in the form of a large number of exportable graphs and statistics generated in reports.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 162 LOAD TESTING TOOLS WWW. load testing tools are applications that simulate heavy loads on a service. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . web service. conditions. A graphical interface is usually available for entry of the test scenarios: a path via a specific page.COM As the name suggests. with loops. extraction and reuse of variables. variable loading from an external file. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex. etc. clicks on a given menu. The possibilities are many. but also a database. completion of a particular form. This could be a website. etc.SMILE-OSS. LDAP directory. Tsung and FunkLoad. form submission. etc.

extraction and reuse of variables.5 Website: http://jakarta. and many types of graphs and statistics. variable loading from an external file. conditions.COM JMeter is a traffic injection tool published by the Apache Foundation.SMILE-OSS. LDAP. database. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex.apache.org/jmeter Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. JMeter is distributed under the Apache License. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 163 JMeter Version studied: 2. It is used to conduct load testing on multiple server types: web. Its development started in 2001. It has a graphical interface that simplifies the creation of user scenarios. written in Java. with loops. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Initially created by the French company Idealx.0 Website: http://tsung. It supports HTTP and a handful of spin-offs (SOAP and WebDAV).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 164 Tsung Version studied: 1. and XMPP. a language that specialises in high performance applications.org Community driven solution WWW. it is not subject to the traditional limitations of this type of tool and can therefore simulate very heavy traffic.COM Tsung is a traffic injection tool used for load testing of different types of servers. MySQL and PostgreSQL databases.erlang-projects. Developed in Erlang. Tsung is available under the GPL. It also includes an automated statistics generator. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.4. it is now developed by an independent community.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.org http://opensta.org http://funkload.ow2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 165 Other Among the different products available in the field of load testing tools. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name CLIF OpenSTA FunkLoad URL / Website http://clif.nuxeo.

etc. etc. conjugations. These two are quite often associated with the best web applications. files. are the cornerstones of our daily lives. like operating systems and databases.). the market is dominated by the search engines Lucene and Solr.) indexed with a series of keywords. images. phonetics.SMILE-OSS. videos.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 166 SEARCH ENGINES WWW. They allow us to locate and access resources (in the broadest sense of the term – web pages.COM Search engines. speed and relevance algorithm) and by their linguistic processing functions (plurals. Search engines usually consist of two services: indexing and searches. They can generally be differentiated by their indexing capacity (format. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In the world of open source.

It handles all of this with an exceptional level of performance. Lucene is. Lucene is a content search and indexing library.). PHP. It was released for free downloading by Doug Cutting in March 2000. tenses. configurable relevance and more. most widely used and most dynamic search tool on the open source market. C++ and more. Initially distributed under the LGPL. Lucene is now available under the Apache License. Lucene is written in Java. On the functional side. to index and perform searches on its content.SMILE-OSS.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. among others. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . First and foremost. synonym management.COM Driven by the Apache Foundation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 167 Lucene Version studied: 3. Lucene supports searches for related forms of the same word (plural or singular. in other words. without a doubt.0 Website: http://lucene. It can be integrated with Java applications but also with applications in other languages like Ruby. Lucene is based on the concept of automated indexing. conjugations.apache. Perl.4. etc. the Lucene project is the solution selected by Wikipedia. the most well known. Like most search engines. processing input data all at once and assigning them multiple links.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 168 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

0 Website: http://lucene.SMILE-OSS. Its development was initiated by CNET Networks.org/solr Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Solr can communicate with other applications via many protocols based on open standards.4. Solr makes it possible to take full advantage of this functionality. rather it is made of fields. This allows for much more detailed management of relevance and advanced searches. One of Lucene’s major characteristics is its capacity to index the content by field or by attribute. meaning that a document is not analysed as a simple set of words. Solr is a corporate search server that centralises indexing and results serving operations.apache. with each field being a string of words (terms). Solr is distributed under the Apache License. It also offers an admin interface in web mode. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Solr is an overlay of Lucene that adds functionalities and simplifies the roll-out of certain Lucene functions known to be excessively technical. which decided to publish their work in 2006.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 169 Solr Version studied: 3.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . mnoGoSearch natively supports numerous languages. its indexing method is primarily based on HTTP crawling. A simple template system makes it possible to customise the search page. mnoGoSearch is developed in C.SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (Lavtech. It can use a MySQL or PostgreSQL database as storage.3. etc.mnogosearch.Com) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 170 mnoGoSearch Version studied: 3. mnoGoSearch also supports the indexing of office documents by means of external utilities (catdoc.). As a result. pdf2text. For searches.COM mnoGoSearch is a search engine whose first open source version came out in 2000.11 Website: www. Boolean search operators and more. mnoGoSearch specialises in indexing Internet and Intranet websites. it supplies an integratable CGI script on a web server. mnoGoSearch is distributed under the GPL for UNIX environments. whereas Windows binaries are proprietary and available for a fee. spell-checking. synonyms. as well as file system indexing without a HTTP server.

). OpenSearchServer is written in Java.SMILE-OSS. etc. The first open source version was released in 2008. In addition.com Vendor driven solution (OpenSearchServer) WWW. its highly advanced site crawling capacity (thread management.COM OpenSearchServer is a search engine created by Emmanuel Keller. page exclusion. Based on Lucene. a database indexing system and a file crawler. OpenSearchServer was developed internally for the website of Usine Nouvelle. PDF.open-search-server.1 Website: www. index programming. etc. OpenSearchServer can also interpret the content of a number of file formats (OpenOffice. MS Office. OpenSearchServer is distributed under the GPL.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2. OpenSearchServer also interfaces easily with any application by means of a REST interface. OpenSearchServer is easy to expand with custom modules that enhance its functionalities. based in Paris.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 171 OpenSearchServer Version studied: 1. The company of the same name. it differs from Solr in its HTTP accessible graphical admin interface. does most of the development work and provides support for the tool.

flax.com http://www.org http://sphinxsearch.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 172 Other Among the different products available in the field of search engines.uk http://www.co.com/products/lucidworkssearch-platform May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Nutch Sphinx Flax LucidWorks URL / Website http://nutch.SMILE-OSS.lucidimagination.apache.

many other names have also cropped up on the scene. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. the Apache server is largely dominant. thanks to its outstanding reputation.SMILE-OSS. HTTP servers (also referred to as HTTP daemons and web servers) serve web users’ queries (often pages or images) in accordance with HTTP protocol. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It will not be hard to find service providers to meet your consulting or integration needs. although JBoss AS and Tomcat share the spotlight. namely GlassFish. the graphs below do not display the average scores.COM In this category.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 173 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS WWW. In the world of HTTP servers. Regarding application servers. we will present the open source HTTP and JEE application servers currently available on the market.

with more than one third of the market share.SMILE-OSS. It is written in Java. The product’s first designer was Marc Fleury. it represents an excellent alternative to commercial application servers like WebSphere and WebLogic. Red Hat acquired JBoss. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . however. JBoss is distributed under the LGPL. Its tree structure is.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 174 JBoss AS Version studied: 7.0. quite complex. With its Java EE 6 Web Profile certification.1 Website: www. Inc. In April 2006.jboss.org/jbossas Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW.COM JBoss AS is the global leader in application servers. JBoss provides a clear and simple admin interface.

COM Apache Tomcat is the Apache Foundation’s JEE servlets container. Tomcat is often combined with a more “general” web server like Apache or even JBoss. It is written in Java. In these cases.0. The Tomcat project was launched as the reference implementation of servlets by James Duncan Davidson.) to Tomcat. the web server serves HTML web pages. etc. Its admin interface is very succinct. Moreover. It is the most widely used Java application server in the world. Tomcat is distributed under the Apache License. and delegates pages that use Java (servlets. for example. JSP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 175 Tomcat Version studied: 7. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.apache.21 Website: http://tomcat. This means it can run via the Java virtual machine on any operating system that supports it. a software engineer at Sun.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.

COM GlassFish is the reference implementation of Java EE developed by Oracle.1 Website: http://glassfish.SMILE-OSS.net Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. In fact. GlassFish is a complete implementation of Java EE 6.1. Servlet 3.0.1. the project originated in 2005 with the opening of the Sun Application Server. JPA 2.0. It is written in Java.0.0. GlassFish boasts a comprehensive admin interface and a complete shell allowing for command line administration of the server. In particular. JSF 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . GlassFish is distributed under either the CDDL or the GPL v2. The first version of GlassFish (1. etc. In terms of standards.0) was released in 2006. CDI 1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 176 GlassFish Version studied: 3.0.java. covering: EJB 3. JAX-RS 1.

Its development began in 1995 as a mere collection of patches and additions for the NCSA HTTPd 1. Over and above its initial scope. It is distributed under the Apache License.20 Website: http://httpd. It offers tremendous flexibility in its configuration and a multitude of modules for functional cover that remains unparalleled today. support for SSI tags and CGIs.3 server. PHP. Python and Ruby.apache. Apache was designed to be modular and to be able to host additional functionalities such as interpretation of Perl. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Apache is the most widely used web server in the world.2.SMILE-OSS. and so on.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 177 Apache Version studied: 2. a new API and support for IPv6. Version 2a namely added multi-platform support (including Windows).org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.

apache.org http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 178 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP and application servers.jonas.org http://nginx.org http://wiki.COM Name EasyBeans Geronimo JOnAS nginx lighttpd URL / Website http://wiki.SMILE-OSS.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .easybeans.ow2.lighttpd.org http://geronimo.

but the resulting exchanges are based on a whole stack of network protocols.COM Message Oriented Middleware or “MOMs” are particularly invaluable tools in the implementation of exchanges between all types of applications. Middleware is a high level tool. Middleware is more than a mere protocol for calling the services offered by an application.SMILE-OSS. This interoperation can occur even when the applications are running on different servers. given that it provides its services to applications. all of which are also asynchronous. RMI and SOAP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Middleware allows different applications to communicate and interoperate. so long as they are interconnected by a network.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 179 MOM & EAI WWW. are usually considered to be real middleware. and RPC.

Ruby. ActiveMQ’s message processing is undoubtedly its most famous asset. it can process messages according to enterprise integration patterns (EIPs). after its superior connectivity.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 180 ActiveMQ Version studied: 5. FreePascal. Perl.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. ActiveMQ is the open source MOM published by the Apache Foundation.apache.0 Website: http://activemq.0. Delphi. Thanks to the integrated Camel project. The diversity of languages and environments it supports is particularly impressive and is one of ActiveMQ’s greatest assets. It is distributed under the Apache License 2. Pike. The languages by which ActiveMQ can be accessed are: C. Ajax. etc. C++. .Net. Mule and Geronimo (as the default JMS provider). ActiveMQ is developed in Java.COM Released in 2004.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .5. PHP. RESTful and SOAP. ActiveMQ relies on a handful of other Apache projects: Apache Camel (partial implementation of enterprise integration patterns) and Jetty (Java application server integrated with ActiveMQ). Python. ActiveMQ in turn is used by several other major projects: Apache Service Mix.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 181 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

JOnAS.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (ScalAgent) driven solution WWW. which can then simulate a JMS environment). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .ow2. with which JORAM is integrated.SMILE-OSS. The languages by which JORAM can be accessed are: Java (via the JMS interface). This approach offers a high level of flexibility because it allows for the creation and deletion of agents on the fly and on any broker whatsoever.0 Website: http://joram.7. Queues and topics are therefore represented by agents. events take the form of messages. JORAM has been distributed under the LGPL since May 2000.COM JORAM (Java Open Reliable Asynchronous Messaging) is the middleware created by the consortium Object Web. JORAM has an elegant internal architecture based on the agent model. A user connected to the platform is also represented by an agent called a “proxy”. released in 1999. Object Web is also known for its Java application server. C and C++ (using JNI. In the case of JORAM.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 182 JORAM Version studied: 5. An agent is a software component the responds to certain events.

org/jbossmessaging May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .jboss. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 183 Other Among the different products available in the field of MOM and EAI.COM Name JBoss Messaging URL / Website http://www.

we will be presenting Drools (an amazing rule engine) and ESIGate (which makes it possible to build pages on the fly from fragments taken from different technologies). the graphs below do not display the average scores. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. In particular.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 184 OTHER WWW.COM In this final category of the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

COM Drools (or JBoss Rules) is a system for managing business rules that uses a forward chaining inference engine. Planner (automated planning engine) and Flow (workflow engine).2. The benefits of this are clear. and automated rule deployment. Drools is distributed under the Apache License. rule hierarchies and categorisation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 185 Drools Version studied: 5. rule editing without development.org/drools Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW. but also thanks to a publisher that is very easy to access. The use of a tool like Drools allows for the evolution of rules and constraints without having to alter the associated computer programme. Drools Guvnor offers the following services: version control and rule deployment. Expert (rule engine). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in the form of a business intelligence table that is perfectly understandable by functional users.0 Website: www. The rules can be viewed technically.SMILE-OSS. Drools comprises multiple modules: Guvnor (web admin interface).jboss.

COM ESIGate is a web content aggregator. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The major strength of this approach is the fact that it is technologically agnostic.esigate.19 Website: www. capable of integrating any web application without requiring the slightest modification to existing set-up. ESIGate is distributed under the Apache License.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. The various bits of content obtained from different servers are then assembled on a single page and served to the user. ESIGate can also be configured to extract snatches of content from existing pages. ESIGate is written in Java and accepts multiple syntaxes. It was created by a number of specialist JEE engineers at Smile. In this instance. the leading European integrator of open source solutions. HTML comments can then be inserted so as to perfectly delimit the blocks for extraction. either based on JSP taglibs or using the ESI standard tags defined by Akamai for its Content Delivery Network.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 186 ESIGate Version studied: 2. ESIGate interfaces with existing servers. from which it can retrieve HTML pages on the fly.

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APPLICATIONS DIMENSION
The “Applications” dimension includes all the solutions commonly used by companies’ end users. They typically offer carefully developed interfaces that are far removed from the command lines typically available in tools in the “Infrastructure” dimension.

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The vast majority of these tools are developed by vendors, unlike infrastructure tools, which are primarily community based. These vendors have chosen the open source model for publication of their solutions. Their economic models are mostly based on support, and even warranties, for the products in question. These tools have played a key role in the widespread adoption of open source technologies, by offering quality applications with very broad scopes. There are almost no categories now that do not include at least one open source option. Even in very specific domains like library management and business intelligence, open source solutions are available. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension, and nearly 100 are listed in total, among the following categories:

       

CRMs Business Intelligence: ETLs Business Intelligence: Reporting Business Intelligence: Suites E-commerce ERPs CMSs EDM & ECM

      

Libraries & Documentation Portals Corporate social networks Blogs, Wikis and Forums E-learning Visitor tracking Other

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CRMS

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CRM (customer relationship management) systems are tools designed to capture, process and analyse information on existing and prospective clients. The scope of these tools is therefore potentially very (very) broad, given that it pertains to all the actions developed to foster customer and prospect loyalty by offering the best possible service. CRM functionalities can include multi-entity management, customer service, case and groupware management, sales cycles, marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns, contact and account management, and more. Excellent products the likes of SugarCRM and vtiger are some of those available from the world of open source solutions.

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OpenCRX
Version studied: 2.8.5 Website: www.opencrx.org Community driven solution

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openCRX is an open source CRM solution chiefly designed for corporate use. It is currently developed and maintained by a small team of developers. The first version appeared in 2004 and has continued to improve since then. openCRX provides a multitude of functionalities including multi-entity CRM for companies with elevated sales automation needs, customer service, case and groupware management, etc. The functionalities offered in these domains exceed those provided by other CRMs on the market (whether open source or not). That being said, it is missing a number of functionalities in other important aspects of the life cycle, such as marketing. Some of the main developers work for companies that supply plug-ins and additional services, particularly CRIXP Corp., a German company. But openCRX itself is a purely community driven project. It is available under a BSD-style License. openCRX is a JEE application that supports most relational databases including Oracle, DB2, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

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SugarCRM
Version studied: 6.3.0 Website: www.sugarcrm.com Vendor driven solution (SugarCRM, Inc.)

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SugarCRM is an open source customer relationship management suite. It was first distributed in 2004 and SugarCRM, Inc. has since continued to develop and maintain it. The vendor is based in Cupertino, California. SugarCRM has evolved to cover all the main features of customer management and the sales cycle. It boasts an impressive list of functionalities, ranging from marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns to leads, by way of contact and account management, and more. The latest versions (particularly since version 6) have emphasised mobile CRM (native applications) and the integration of a Social CRM dimension. SugarCRM comes in three types: a Community edition (free, open source), an Enterprise edition (with additional functionalities) and a SaaS edition (on demand). The Community edition (published under the Affero GNU Public License v3) has a much smaller scope than the other editions. The product is based on a LAMP platform, with a number of possible variants in respect to databases and web servers (so long as PHP can be run).

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VTiger
Version studied: 5.2.1 Website: www.vtiger.com Vendor driven solution (vtiger)

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vtiger is an open source CRM created from a fork of SugarCRM in 2004. The reason for this fork was to preserve a completely free and 100% open source product at a time when SugarCRM was beginning to diversify its business model by launching commercial editions. vtiger has been evolving continuously since then. The latest version (published in November 2010) offers a complete set of functionalities, including reports and dashboards, invoices and organisational (team) access control. vtiger also has connectors for the most common office automation suites and for messaging clients. More recently, vtiger has taken its first steps in the mobile universe with iPhone and Android apps. As a company, vtiger operates out of Bangalore, India, and Sunnyvale, California. It is responsible for managing the open source project. It offers technical support, training, migration and other services. The product is built on a LAMP/WAMP platform. vtiger On Demand (cloud based) is hosted on the Amazon EC2 platform. The source code from the SugarCRM fork is covered by the SugarCRM Public License and vtiger modifications are under the MPL.

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com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name CiviCRM OpenERP URL / Website http://civicrm.openerp.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 192 Other Among the different products available in the field of CRMs.

although they can also be used outside that context.SMILE-OSS. They usually include connectors for data imports and exports to and from third party applications. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Load”. transformation and/or loading scenarios.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS WWW. The term designates tools used to perform massive information synchronisations from one data source to another. In practice. Transformations can be performed by means of existing plug-ins or through programming. ETL stands for “Extract. Open source ETL solutions include Talend and Pentaho Data Integration (formerly Kettle). ETL tools can be used for much simpler extraction. Transform.COM ETLs often serve as a business intelligence brick.

a MDM brick was released. is licensed under the GPL. The MDM edition includes the above. SugarCRM. It is a code generator-style ETL. The other editions are covered by commercial licenses sold as annual subscriptions. and the MDM. Talend MDM. which only contains the ETL tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 194 Talend Version studied: 4. The scope of TIS includes process definition (jobs). business models.). Talend’s basic brick.COM Talend Open Studio is an open source ETL tool that appeared in 2005. etc. Two editions are available: the ETL. Talend Open Studio. meaning that it can graphically create data manipulation and transformation processes. TIS (Talend Integration Suite). A very thorough list of components makes it possible to connect to any type of database or application (SAP. developed by French based vendor Talend. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW.2. plus reference data management and a data quality module. In 2010.SMILE-OSS. then generate the corresponding executable file in the form of a Java or Perl programme.3 Website: www. process roll-out. and roll-out administration.talend.

At the time when these lines were written.1. the Agile BI module is distributed under a commercial license. joins. filtering and even the execution of JavaScript functions.0 Website: http://kettle. A planner is also available to schedule job execution.SMILE-OSS. data import/export jobs can be created without additional programming. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the latest available version of Pentaho Data Integration was 4.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 195 Pentaho Data Integration Version studied: 4.pentaho. Agile BI.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. A commercial module.COM Pentaho Data Integration (PDI) is an open source ETL tool used to design and execute data manipulation and transformation operations. Thanks to a step based graphical model. A GPL edition of PDI is available. provides a graphical view of data transformation results beginning with the first steps in any development.1. along with various transformation operations like conversions.

PDF. DOC. Reporting tools like BIRT not only generate reports (configured or unconfigured) in HTML. Tools like JasperReports go as far as offering multidimensional analyses. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. they can also build dynamic pivot tables. directly in a company’s reports.COM One of the key bricks in business intelligence is report preparation. PPT and other formats. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING WWW. which make it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server. reporting tools generally have plug-ins to allow them to attach easily to external sources and applications. XLS. Further.

COM BIRT (Business Intelligence and Reporting Tool) is an Eclipse community project that includes a graph generator. and images.eclipse. DOC and PPT formats. whether it’s a web application or a “fat client” style app.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 197 BIRT Version studied: 3. PDF. The report designer is a plug-in that integrates with Eclipse (and can also be run as a stand-alone solution).SMILE-OSS. advanced graphs. The BIRT engine can be integrated with any application developed in Java. BIRT is exclusively available under the GPL.org/birt Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. BIRT is also able to create dynamic pivot tables. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . XLS. containing multiple tables. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. The BIRT engine is a library that generates configured and unconfigured reports in HTML. These reports can be complex. The project was launched in 2005. a report generator and a design environment.7 Website: www.

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JasperReports / iReport
Version studied: 4.0.2 Website: http://jasperforge.org/project/ireport Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

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JasperReports is a report engine developed by Jaspersoft and distributed under an open source license. iReport is Jaspersoft’s report designer. When this paper was written, JasperReports and iReport were available in version 4.0.2. These tools have been around since 2001 and are already widely used in the reporting segments of many business applications. The JasperReports engine can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF, XLS and TXT formats. It uses JFreeChart to generate graphs and can be integrated with any application developed in Java. In addition to the classic databases, it also supports multidimensional analytical servers, which makes it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server, directly in a JasperReports report. The report designer, iReport, is used to lay out the reports. JasperReports has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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Pentaho Report Designer
Version studied: 3.8 Website: http://reporting.pentaho.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho)

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JFreeReport joined the Pentaho project in early 2006. The name, JFreeReport, has gradually been abandoned in favour of Pentaho Report Designer (PRD). PRD allows for the development of complex reports and, when used with the Pentaho platform, can publish them directly on the decision server. At the time of writing, PRD was available in version 3.8. Pentaho Report Designer is an easy to use tool that is fully integrated with Pentaho’s BI suite for parameter management and online publication. It can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF and XLS formats and supports multiple data sources. However, the creation of dynamic pivot tables is not user-friendly (hidden functionality) but is expected to be improved in version 4. Pentaho Report Designer has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES

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Business intelligence suites generally cover the two categories presented above, i.e. ETLs and reporting. This means the scope of these suites is extremely broad: report execution, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, query assistance, ETL, publication workflow management module, etc. There is a wealth of open source business intelligence tools including four of very high quality: Jaspersoft, SpagoBI, Palo and Pentaho.

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SpagoBI
Version studied: 3.0 Website: http://www.spagoworld.org/ Vendor driven solution (Engineering Ingegneria Informatica)

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SpagoBI is a business intelligence platform developed by Italian firm Engineering Ingegneria Informatica. The project was launched in 2007. At the time of writing, SpagoBI Server was available in version 3.0. Like Pentaho and JasperServer, the scope of SpagoBI’s functionalities includes the execution of JasperReports reports (created using iReport) and BIRT reports, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, a support component for query creation (Query by Example, QbE), etc. The default ETL tool is Talend. In addition, this suite also offers a publication workflow management module (draft reports not visible on the web portal). SpagoBI is available under the LGPL, i.e. only open source, no commercial edition.

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Jaspersoft
Version studied: 4.1 Website: www.jaspersoft.com Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

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JasperServer is the business intelligence platform published by Jaspersoft, the company that also develops the report generator JasperReports, available since 2001. This platform delivers reporting and analytical functionalities. The community edition offers report design and generation (using iReport). The commercial edition can create business domains, and semantic and technical layers over relational SQL databases, which can simultaneously define a business lexicon, separate the user from the technical side and from SQL, and easily add in data access security. Another major functionality is the creation of ad hoc reports, where the end user can create his or her own reports on a user-friendly web interface. In addition, like other BI platforms, Jasper can create OLAP cubes (Mondrian bricks) and integrates Talend for ETL. JasperServer comes in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and data security control is more complicated to set up.SMILE-OSS. OLAP analysis (Mondrian).pentaho. The differences are as follows: ad hoc reporting is available in the community edition.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. the Pentaho suite is more complete than Jasper’s community edition. Pentaho has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license). Overall. in which JasperServer offers very useful functionalities (domains.COM Pentaho is a software suite that distributes functionalities and business intelligence documents to a large number of people via the intermediary of a web interface. The project was launched in 2007. the reporting does not yet include dynamic pivot tables. a metadata layer and classic reporting (Pentaho Report Designer). Pentaho covers all the functionalities of a BI suite: ETL (Pentaho Data Integration). but is much less evolved there than in the commercial JasperServer. ad hoc reporting. Like JasperServer.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 203 Pentaho Version studied: 4 Website: www. but the opposite is true of the commercial edition. advanced ad hoc reporting and more).

Palo BI Suite is available in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition. in addition to the functionalities of the community edition. an ETL tool for interfacing with operational databases in order to feed data to Palo’s DBs. a German company founded in 2002. This suite comprises the following: an OLAP server to manage multidimensional databases (in the form of cubes and dimensions). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .html Vendor driven solution (Palo) WWW.2 Website: www.) that allows for online entry and access of data on the OLAP server.com/en/products/Palo-Suite. as well as various related components that combine to make it a complete business intelligence suite.COM Jedox.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 204 Palo Version studied: 3.jedox. publishes the Palo Suite. an “Excel-like” web spreadsheet programme incorporating all the functions of Excel (formulas. the Supervision Server and a tool for converting Excel files to web spreadsheets.org Calc (supports cube reading and writing). graphs. The commercial edition includes a web report manager. etc. and an event observer (Supervision Server) that can also trigger events based on certain actions. macros. an add-on for Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice.SMILE-OSS.

management of configurable products. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Whether e-merchants want to advertise their e-shops and increase their traffic. now encompassing functionalities like advanced categorisation. many solutions are available to them today. promotional engines. advanced currency and VAT rate management.SMILE-OSS. inform customers about their products. cross-selling and up-selling functions.COM The field of e-commerce is another very plentiful one. presenting the leading products including Magento and PrestaShop. and more. The scope of e-shops has been expanding. give clients a terrific shopping experience. However. provide customer service or perform any number of other actions. multishop management. conclude sales. in this category we have nonetheless focused on open source e-shop solutions. the definition of product groups.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 205 E-COMMERCE WWW.

which allowed it to bring together an extremely active community in record time. driven by US based Magento Inc. management of configurable products.6 (Community edition) and 1. Magento’s gamble paid off upon its release.magentocommerce. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . advanced currency and VAT rate management. large scale merchant sites with functionalities like advanced categorisation. It was clearly devised to support ambitious.) WWW. (formerly Varien).11 (Enterprise edition) Website: www. Magento announced the release of an Enterprise edition. Initially distributed exclusively under the OSL.SMILE-OSS.COM Beginning with its first beta versions in 2007. this version provides a number of additional functionalities and a support contract.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 206 Magento Version studied: 1. Magento’s great strength lies in its superior modularity and its robustness. etc. In April 2009. capturing a large share of the market. the definition of product groups. multi-shop management. a powerful promotional engine. cross-selling and up-selling functions. this tool. generated tremendous buzz worldwide. The solution is based on the Zend PHP framework and boasts many innovations in terms of participatory functionalities.com Vendor driven solution (Magento Inc. In return for an annual fee.

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PrestaShop
Version studied: 1.4.4.1 Website: www.prestashop.com Vendor driven solution (PrestaShop)

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Released a few months after Magento (in July 2008), PrestaShop is a French e-commerce solution that quickly won over a large number of users thanks to its easy implementation and its complete alignment with the needs of e-merchants, which have since established strong ties with the product (80,000 websites worldwide use the solution). From a functional perspective, PrestaShop has also proven to be quite complete: in terms of catalogues, account management, orders, logistics and reporting, all the functionalities of an e-commerce platform are covered. The tool even includes native management of functions like shop locators, SMS alerts and customer rewards programmes. And if that were not enough, nearly a thousand ready to use modules are also available. PrestaShop is distributed under the OSL. PrestaShop is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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OXID
Version studied: 4.5 Website: www.oxid-esales.com Vendor driven solution (OXID)

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Released in November 2008, German solution OXID quickly conquered the German-speaking market thanks to its great functional depth. After becoming the leading e-commerce solution in Germany in a very short period of time, OXID arrived in France in mid 2011, in an edition completely localised for the specific characteristics of the French market. Without a doubt, it offers the greatest functional depth of any solution, after Magento. OXID was devised for use as a multi-channel system: web, mobile, interactive kiosks, etc. Everything in it is designed to allow users to serve their catalogues to multiple devices. Although there is some room for improvement in its back office ergonomics, OXID remains suitable for even the most ambitious of merchant sites. OXID is distributed under the GPL v3. OXID is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It integrates jQuery’s Ajax framework, has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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RBS Change
Version studied: 3.0.4 Website: www.rbschange.com Vendor driven solution (Ready Business System)

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The open source model has attracted many different software companies. RBS joined their ranks when it released its Change CMS and e-commerce applications under an open source license in February 2010. The fruit of five years of development work and more than a hundred projects, this solution is very promising from both a technical and a functional perspective. The aspects that differentiate this solution are the following: fully integrated and joined CMS and e-commerce systems, a management back office that uses Ajax technology, an Enterprise edition with advanced functionalities (ability to preview a site as it will appear on a given date, automated management of promotions, etc.) and so on. RBS Change is published under the Affero GPL v3. Because of the newness of its turn toward open source, RBS Change has few members in its community, meaning it has not yet developed this key component to ensuring the longevity of its open source solution. RBS Change is written in PHP and is based on a PHP5 framework developed by the vendor and that offers an advanced development environment.

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Drupal Commerce
Version studied: 1.0 Website: www.drupalcommerce.org Vendor driven solution (Commerce Guys)

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Released in August 2011, Drupal Commerce is the e-commerce branch of the globally renowned CMS, Drupal. The successor to the Ubercart extension, Drupal Commerce enjoys the support of two companies: Commerce Guys for its roadmap management and community moderation, and Acquia (created by Drupal’s founder, Dries Buytaert) for its support services. Although the functional scope of Drupal Commerce remains slightly smaller than its elders, it is, along with RBSChange, the only solution to offer real content management functionalities, backed by the recognised efficiency of Drupal. Like the CMS, Drupal Commerce is also an extremely modular solution with a very active community. Drupal Commerce is licensed under the GPL v3. Drupal Commerce is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It is distributed as a Drupal 7 module.

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osCommerce
Version studied: 3.0.2 Website: www.oscommerce.com Community driven solution

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It would be hard to omit osCommerce in a discussion of open source e-commerce solutions. This tool, first released in March 2000, was quickly established as the must-have e-commerce solution and the standard bearer for open source supply, which was only just beginning to blossom at the time. But in recent years, the community has begun to break apart from the development team, developing a multitude of forks. Development of the solution itself has slowed substantially since 2006. As the ageing code makes the application very difficult to maintain, the team embarked on a complete overhaul of the tool, whose third version was recently released after several years’ wait. Distributed under the GPL, osCommerce relies entirely on a once very large and very active community. Wholly developed in PHP/MySQL, osCommerce owes a great deal of its success to the lack of open source alternatives and to the explosion of e-business in the early 2000s. Today it remains the most commonly deployed webshop in the world.

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apache.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.net http://ofbiz.com http://www.COM Name Thelia OFBiz Spree Broadleaf Commerce URL / Website http://thelia.SMILE-OSS.broadleafcommerce.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 212 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-commerce.org http://spreecommerce.

COM The world of enterprise resource planning (ERP) has in turn been overwhelmed by open source solutions that have now reached maturity. currently targeting SMEs with staff of more than 1000. thereby rapidly stepping up their competitiveness. Openbravo and ERP5 set the bar for open source ERPs. Because the playing field is so vast. differences in functional cover can turn a product more toward a particular sector of activities. OpenERP. But one of the most important selection criteria is flexibility/expandability.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 213 ERPS WWW. But these solutions are already climbing the ladder. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in the industrial. Open source ERPs initially provided small SMEs with complete management tools at the lowest cost. Products like Compiere. in other words the technological bases that will allow a given product to be adapted to a variety of different contexts with a limited number of custom developments.SMILE-OSS. distribution and services sectors.

inventory and logistics functions. From a functional standpoint. Compiere is distributed under the MPL and is written in Java. thanks in particular to its support of the Oracle database and its Java base.compiere. for example with sales management. accountancy and financial management. Unisys. particularly for SMEs/SMIs. then used in service of the Compiere open source project.2 (Community Edition) Website: www. R/2 and R/3. The latter has been extremely successful in recent years (especially in the distribution and services sectors). backed by his 20 years of experience at SAP then Oracle and his proficiency in the products ADV/Orga.) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc.SMILE-OSS. Compiere is relatively comprehensive. The concept of the application dictionary (a Compiere based meta-programming model used to align relational persistence with the structures of personalised business data and data interfaces) was prototyped in 1988 for SAP.COM Compiere was originally developed by Jorg Janke of Germany.com Vendor driven solution (Compiere Inc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 214 Compiere Version studied: 3. purchasing functions. production management.

does not rank among the top relational databases. and is now primarily maintained. Thus ERP5 is indeed an ERP.COM ERP5 is one of the new classes of ERPs whose more ambitious conceptual foundations have simplified the development of business solutions. and management of inventory. logistics and human resources. MRP. SCM and PDM system. ERP5 is distributed under the GPL. It is written in Python and based on the Zope Object Database which.6 Website: www.com Vendor driven solution (Nexedi) WWW. customer relationship management (CRM). namely including finance and accountancy. but also a CRM. by Nexedi. It boasts a relatively broad scope.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 215 ERP5 Version studied: 5. production data management (PDM). supply chain management (SCM). sales and e-commerce. ERP5 was created. an open source vendor headquartered in Lille. management of purchasing. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .erp5. France. despite its qualities.4.

in recent years the tool has focused particularly on ecommerce interfaces.apache. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In 2006 it was even submitted to the Apache Foundation as an incubator project.04 Website: http://ofbiz. It very quickly emerged from the process as an approved. It is written in Java. Unlike Compiere and OpenERP.COM The Open For Business (OFBiz) project was created in 2001 and concluded its first development phase around 2003 under the impetus of its two creators.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. the project has been enhanced with numerous additional functional modules. David Jones and Andrew Zenesky. It is instead an ERP framework for the development of enterprise software. Since then.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 216 OFBiz Version studied: 10. top level project. Further. OFBiz is distributed under the Apache License. OFBiz was not designed as a turnkey ERP.

These interfaces are the product’s strong point. as well as its entity manager. based on the MPL (v1. although smaller than that of OpenERP. Openbravo is published under the Openbravo Public License.openbravo. Openbravo targets the ERP market for SMEs and has quite a large scope.1).SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the product’s dynamics are only moderate. and transposed it to a web interface set up on a Java server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 217 Openbravo Version studied: 3. Openbravo is based on web technologies including JEE and Ajax. Despite major fund-raising activities in 2005.com Vendor driven solution (Openbravo) WWW. initially called Tecnicia.COM Openbravo is a Spanish solution based on Compiere’s ERP (another open source product presented in this paper) and created in 2001. went open source in 2005. The project. The vendor is solid and capable of supplying professional level support. as they are perhaps the most attractive and most ergonomic on the market. Openbravo forked all Compiere’s business PL/SQL source code. particularly in terms of its client lists.0 Website: www.

SMILE-OSS. The PostgreSQL database is used.0 (version 6 of the tool and onward). purchasing. or by means of dashboards. billing and more. OpenERP is written in Python and is supported by a powerful object oriented framework.com Vendor driven solution (OpenERP) WWW. HR. and its framework allows for rapid adaptation to unique contexts.openerp. production. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . particularly in the form of reusable modules. inventory.0. resulting in the constantly increasing effectiveness of the ERP in a business setting. OpenERP combines the strength of a vendor with that of a large community – including its integrators based around the world – that outline all the ways the tool is used and provide precious feedback. OpenERP covers all needs. OpenERP is distributed under the AGPL 3. projects. whether by configuring new workflows or new information. logistics. All this is made possible by real technological innovation based on recognised standards in terms of databases and web services.COM OpenERP (formerly Tiny ERP) was founded in Belgium in 2005 by Fabien Pinckaers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 218 OpenERP Version studied: 6. accountancy.3 Website: www. such as sales.

Joomla and Plone. Over the years. given their domination as a result of their capacities. service sites. To cover this scope. there are a number of excellent open source solutions with very broad scopes like eZ Publish. corporate sites. participatory intranets. they have become more than serious alternatives in the field of enterprise content management: they now dominate the market. Hippo CMS. SPIP. secure extranets.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 219 CMSS WWW. Drupal. TYPO3.COM Content management now covers a wide range of needs: information sites. and their functional and technical scopes.SMILE-OSS. InfoGlue. which have all become standards in the world of content management. etc. community spaces. Jahia. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . modularity.

Drupal does it all! It was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success ever since. shared calendars and more). It can easily host numerous complementary modules (forums. online payments. chats. newsletters. polls.acquia. surveys.8 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.drupal. it has a wide variety of possible applications today: from the corporate website to the community portal. Technically speaking. forms. Drupal is built around LAMP technologies (PHP and MySQL in particular).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 220 Drupal Version studied: 7. messaging.com). In particular. that make it particularly well suited to corporate social networks. it has well designed. An enormous community has formed around the product. photo galleries. The main strength of this CMS lies in its expandability.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source.COM Drupal is a multi-faceted CMS. Originally designed as a collective blog. Support is available from Acquia (www. highly appreciated modules developed by the community.

eZ Publish is an open source software solution published under the GPL. access rights. This makes it a highly configurable CMS. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and a commercial Enterprise edition that provides stability. Technically.no Vendor driven solution (eZ Systems) WWW. eZ Publish is one of the most powerful open source tools available today. multilingualism.SMILE-OSS. making each content item an object and applying all available methods to each one: multiple positioning. but also as a development framework for the creation of business applications. links between content. eZ Publish is written in PostGreSQL. support and a warranty. manages three different file caches and separates content very distinctly from presentation. It pushes the object oriented approach to its full potential.COM eZ Publish was created in 1999 by eZ Systems. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .5 Website: www. etc. In terms of the fundamentals of content management. runs on Apache and MySQL (PostgreSQL 8 and Oracle 11g are supported).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 221 eZ Publish Version studied: 4. versioning.ez. workflows. eZ Publish stands out from other open source CMSs for its possibilities in terms of configurations and extensions: it is presented as a ready to use tool.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 222 WWW.

to use proven tools like Spring. The product’s roadmap is. etc. Jackrabbit and Maven. templating.6 Website: www. Hippo CMS offers real benefits for the integration of functional needs by developers. The user interface is less extensive than in some of the other products. It includes most of the functionalities that one might expect of a CMS: document model publishing. scalable architecture. content creation. particularly dynamic and promises a comprehensive. These efforts make it easy for developers to take charge of the tool. direct content publishing. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (OneHippo) WWW. but it remains ergonomic and functional and includes most of the common functionalities expected of a good CMS. multilingualism. Hippo CMS is distributed under the Apache License 2.COM Hippo CMS is an open source CMS that is a member of the family of CMSs written in Java.onehippo. content import/export. support and a warranty. quality suite.0. It is heavily used in the Nordic countries and especially in the Netherlands.SMILE-OSS. publication workflows.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 223 Hippo CMS Version studied: 7. multiple sites. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and an Enterprise edition that provides stability. It was created in 1999 by Dutch vendor OneHippo. Technically well designed. The designers of Hippo CMS endeavoured to comply with standards (JEE). moreover. and to define a clear.

5 Website: www. Apache Lucene search engine. with the possibility of viewing and modifying its source code (under the GPL for the Community edition). multilingualism.SMILE-OSS. support and a warranty. support for JSR 170 standards.com Vendor driven solution (Jahia) WWW. incorporating multi-site management. versioning. which occupies a place apart in the world of JEE portals and CMSs. highly detailed rights management. Jahia’s finishing touches and packaging are impressive. thereby ensuring the tool’s longevity and alignment with real needs on the ground. perfectly integrated product.5 saw the arrival of a very user-friendly interface and a very complete template publisher. version 6. support for JSR 168 portlet standards. Jahia also has an Enterprise version available under a commercial license that provides stability. Jahia is built on JEE technologies: persistence via Hibernate. Jahia stands out from other CMSs thanks to its content administration interface. Jahia is one of the most compete CMS solutions. structured data. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .jahia. which is merged with the site itself. In particular. etc. effective workflows. Jahia makes for an excellent alternative to the portal solutions available from the major proprietary vendors.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 224 Jahia Version studied: 6. In fact. etc.COM Jahia is a Franco-Swiss product created in the 2000s. Jahia is one of only a few solutions to combine JEE portals with content management in a single. In functional terms.

access stats.7 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. meaningful URLs and a multitude of modules are integrated directly and do not require any special knowledge for their implementation. The mantra is to “give full product control to non-technicians”. It was created after a disagreement between the lead developers and the company coordinating the development. the majority of developers in the community devote their work to Joomla.COM Joomla Version studied: 1. This tool chiefly stands out for the user-friendliness of its admin interface. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 225 WWW. Page creation. categorisation. Joomla is a 100% community based solution published under the GNU GPL.joomla. Joomla is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database. Today.org Community driven solution Joomla is a CMS developed from Mambo in 2005. This CMS is ideally suited to personal websites but could also satisfy the needs of certain professional sites. particularly corporatestyle sites (requiring simple publication). searches. which clearly tips the scales in its favour.

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May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in terms of use as well as deployment and adaptation.10 Website: www. a page for downloading and installing plug-ins.2.1. and new template development functions. This new branch offers a multitude of new functionalities: possibility of installation on PostgreSQL and SQLite. SPIP was primarily used by web surfers to manage their own personal websites and on associations’ websites. conflict management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 227 SPIP Version studied: 2. SPIP is one of the few CMSs to be able to claim client references that number in the thousands worldwide.spip.COM Originally in 2001. SPIP’s software is written in PHP using a MySQL database. Ajax based interface. as opposed to corporate oriented. but SPIP has since grown and is now used by private and public organisations to manage their professional websites.SMILE-OSS.net Community driven solution WWW. which clearly restricts it to the world of web oriented. with multiple versions released each year and hundreds – if not thousands – of members. This success can be attributed to the product’s simplicity. private. an API. SPIP is a French open source project (licensed under the GPL) and its community can be described as active.9. Version 2.0 of SPIP was released nearly two years after version 1. a simplified. The flip side of this simplicity is that SPIP has a number of limitations in respect of certain key content management functionalities. content management.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 228 TYPO3 Version studied: 4. with very few limitations. It offers just about everything one might want.5 LTS Website: www. TYPO3 is one of the richest tools we have encountered to date. A module can add a series of functionalities to TYPO3. caching. authorisations. One of the functionalities available in TYPO3 is image manipulation. TYPO3 is a 100% community based solution published under the GPL. TYPO3 is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database. In terms of ready to use functionalities. since which time a very active community has developed. particularly in the Germanic countries. The product was released late in 2000. templates and more: it’s all there. Rights and contribution management. One of its major strengths lies in its modular expandability. all of which nicely polished.typo3.SMILE-OSS. thumbnails to be created and titles to be generated dynamically as images. which allows images to be resized.COM TYPO3 is the fruit of several years of labour by a Danish guru by the name of Kasper Skårhøj. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . thus maintaining its compatibility with future versions of the tool.org Community driven solution WWW. but it can also modify a previously integrated functionality without altering TYPO3’s source code.

com http://centurion-project.org http://www.com http://umbraco.com http://www.magnolia-cms.silverpeas. open source supply is particularly strong.org http://www.org http://www.COM Name Plone InfoGlue Mambo Apache Lenya Zope SilverStripe MODX CMS Made Simple Sympal Apostrophe Cayaha Magnolia Silverpeas umbraco Centurion OpenCMS URL / Website http://plone.com http://www.org http://www.sympalphp.org http://apostrophenow.apache. By way of example.zope.org http://www. over and above the products presented above.silverstripe.infoglue.com http://modx.opencms.org http://www.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com http://cahaya-project.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 229 Other In the world of content management.cmsmadesimple.org http://www.mamboserver.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added: WWW.com http://lenya.

At present.COM Enterprise content management (ECM) is characterised by a combination of electronic document management tools (EDM or DMS) and content management systems (CMS).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 230 EDM & ECM WWW. ECM can increase an organisation’s efficiency by offering its personnel a practical and efficient solution for creating. longevity and pricing. open source EDM solutions have reached an extraordinary level of maturity and can compete on equal terms with the main commercial products. Nuxeo. Jahia and more: the available supply of open source document management solutions is expanding every day. Maarch. locating and using information – whether or not it is structured or included in a document. providing unique benefits in terms of openness. Knowledge Tree.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Alfresco.

management of multiple. document workflows and advanced workflows. France and the United States. with its wide variety of plug-ins. searches.alfresco. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . independent databases. Alfresco comes in two editions: a free Labs edition under the GPL and an Enterprise edition that gives access to the vendor’s warranty.com Vendor driven solution (Alfresco Software) WWW. The Alfresco Forge site is also worthy of note. Alfresco is written in JEE and has strong development dynamics as well as a large community of users and developers.SMILE-OSS. Alfresco offers all the expected document management functionalities: metadata. itself founded the same year by former executives at Documentum and Business Object. web content management and more. The company now operates directly in England. collaboration tools. to RM and integrated clustering modules and to intermediate versions.COM Alfresco is the ECM solution created in 2005 by British vendor Alfresco Software. category management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 231 Alfresco Version studied: 3. document types.4 Website: www.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . vocabulary management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 232 Nuxeo Version studied: 5.nuxeo.com Vendor driven solution (Nuxeo) WWW. Nuxeo Enterprise Platform is the result of the migration of the Zope based version in Python to Java.).SMILE-OSS. that has been producing an open source EDM solution since 2001. the concept of the publication section.4. advanced workflows. structured. category management. searches. document types. complex content management (web.COM Nuxeo is a French company founded by Stéfane Fermigier. completely modular architecture. etc. The company currently operates in France and the United States. collaboration functions. The tool sets itself apart thanks to various special aspects: a theme editor. multiple database management and more. multi-file. Nuxeo is built on JEE technologies and uses open source components from the JBoss. etc.2 Website: www. the concept of typed “relationships” between different contents. Nuxeo is published under the LGPL. The solution provides for complete enterprise content management. Apache and Eclipse projects and from Sun’s open source projects. incorporating metadata.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 233 Knowledge Tree Version studied: 3. etc. the default virtual navigation modes and the ergonomics of the module when integrated with MS Office. are distributed under a commercial license. We particularly appreciated the streamlined. namely those concerning workstation integration (hot folder.7 Website: www.com Vendor driven solution (Jam Warehouse) WWW. Knowledge Tree is written in PHP and runs on a LAMP platform. Knowledge Tree has a complete set of functionalities and multiple modules that provide for good integration with an office environment.).knowledgetree. The application is well crafted and provides for simple and efficient EDM. to name but a few aspects. The open source edition of Knowledge Tree incorporates the majority of its functions. the advanced search functionality that will meet the most demanding needs for complex searches. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . navigation.COM Knowledge Tree is an EDM solution developed by the South African company Jam Warehouse. a scanner management application. The vendor’s website posts a comparison of the different editions. the admin functions.SMILE-OSS. MS Office integration. although a number of modules. immediately operational standard interface.

COM Maarch is an ECM solution developed by the French firm Maerys. Maarch Entreprise is dedicated to application design.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 234 Maarch Version studied: 1. in particular. It is delivered with a set of functions and an interface that is completely mailroom oriented. interface with a scanner and can manage the life cycle of correspondence circulating within the company: receipt.com/en Vendor driven solution (Maerys) WWW. This orientation provides a solution for the design of corporate document applications. Maarch is build on an in-house PHP framework.maarch. It should be noted that the solution’s community is rather small. Its product line includes Maarch Entreprise and Letter Box. revolving closely around the vendor.2 Website: www. response handling and archiving. Letter Box is a vertical application that can. Finally. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Maarch Framework 3.SMILE-OSS. This distribution also includes the functions needed for corporate EDM. The solution is licensed under the GPL v3. an application dedicated to mailroom management.

open source supply is particularly strong. over and above the products presented above.com http://www.dynacase.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 235 Other In the world of document management.org http://www.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . By way of example.quotero.SMILE-OSS.com http://www.jahia. the following tools can also be added: WWW.COM Name Jahia Freedom Quotero eXo DMS URL / Website http://www.exoplatform.

The main functionalities of these tools include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing. OPAC (user search interface). disk management. borrower management. DSI (interest based displays). OAI-PMH server. The most notable examples of these are Koha and PMB. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . thesaurus management. open source library and documentation management tools have emerged in recent years. Z3950 Client and Server. etc. lending/returns with fines.SMILE-OSS. management of periodicals and purchasing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 236 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION WWW.COM Built upon the world of document management.

The databases it supports are MySQL and PostgreSQL. Koha does not offer any EDM functions. With the exception of thumbnail retrieval. Two French companies have built their businesses around Koha. OAI-PMH server. Koha is developed in Perl and runs on Debian Linux. It is recommended that OPAC searches be replaced by a CMS (for example. Z3950 Client and Server. but can also be installed on OpenBSD. a Drupal connector already exists) for more user-friendly ergonomics. lending/returns with fines. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OPAC. etc.COM This ILS (integrated library system) was created in 1999 by a consortium of four libraries in New Zealand. disk management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 237 Koha Version studied: 4. FreeBSD. Mac OS X. Koha is maintained by its community.2 Website: www. and so on. Distributed under the GNU GPL v2.org Community driven solution WWW.koha. Windows. Koha is chiefly designed for libraries that want to comply with the UNIMARC cataloguing standard.SMILE-OSS. periodicals and ordering. Koha’s main functionalities include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing.

SMILE-OSS. PMB’s main functionalities include the cataloguing of all types of documents (text. and more. PMB was developed around a LAMP/WAMP platform (Apache.).) that can therefore run on Linux. this very complete ILS was chiefly designed for document resource centres and specialised libraries that do not require UNIMARC cataloguing. OPAC (user search interface). web. Z3950 Client.fr Vendor driven solution (PMB Services) WWW. at the time of writing. Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows. management of periodicals and purchasing. DSI (interest based displays).4 Website: www. along with notice imports (UNIMARC.) with file attachments. MySQL. etc. CSV.pmbservices. it had no established network of partners. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It should be noted that. etc. PMB is distributed under the CeCILL License. thesaurus management. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 238 PMB Version studied: 3. Fulltext indexing is provided for in its roadmap.COM Created in 2003 by French company PMB Services. multimedia. PHP. borrower management.

i. Portals provide access to resources that they do not necessarily own: they offer services from other websites. more recently. The top examples include Liferay. portals also incorporate a degree of more or less advanced personalisation. and their own added value stems from the selection and compilation of these tools. and personalisation: these are the aspects that typically define a portal. a general interest portal such as Yahoo!. A combination of content and service packaging. links to third party resources. A number of open source tools are available for the creation of this type of project. eXo Platform and. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . job offers.e. either pertaining to the same subject (real estate.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 239 PORTALS WWW.SMILE-OSS. etc. Finally.COM A portal is a website that brings together a variety of resources.) or with no specific subject. Silverpeas.

Vietnam. whilst an enterprise edition is sold by subscription.1).com Vendor driven solution (eXo) WWW.SMILE-OSS.1). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0) incorporates four open source projects in a single package: eXo Collaboration (2.exoplatform. It also integrates a content repository in alignment with JSR 170.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 240 eXo Platform Version studied: 3. eXo Platform is distributed under a double licensing model. The source code and a packaged edition are freely accessible via an open source license (Affero GPL).0 Website: www. The company has offices in France. the United States. It publishes a collaboration and content management software suite for businesses.COM eXo is an open source French vendor founded in 2003. Ukraine and Tunisia. The solution’s ergonomics are slightly behind the competition.1). eXo Platform is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286 and WSRP 1 and 2.1) and eXo Social (1. eXo WCM (2. but the product’s functional collaboration and exchange tools make it a viable candidate for any project of this type. eXo Knowledge (2. The latest version of eXo Platform (3.

because it can compile heterogeneous resources. a forum. Silverpeas is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. the solution first came to life as proprietary software before its recent transition to open source. a blog and a common directory. because it provides for easy builds of mini-sites with a simple WYSIWYG interface. Silverpeas is a very interesting option for quick builds of simple collaborative portals. it is at the crossroads of these three dimensions. Silverpeas stands out for its significant functional depth and generally user-friendly ergonomics. It is a CMS. It is a collaborative tool. because it includes project management tools with tasks and an integrated Gantt diagram.COM Silverpeas is a collaborative and social portal.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 241 Silverpeas Version studied: 7. a shared calendar. a CMS or a collaborative work tool. Silverpeas is not just a portal.silverpeas. It is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286.SMILE-OSS.4 Website: www. In reality. Although the product’s visibility remains chiefly national at present.com Vendor driven solution (Oevo Group) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Developed between 2001 and 2003. It is a portal.

notifications.) WWW. forums. to compile content and information. Liferay was originally created for an American church in 2000. Liferay is highly flexible in terms of rights management and the adaptability of the graphical appearance of pages. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Liferay is an excellent corporate portal solution. One of its strengths is the simplicity of personalisation by the end user.0 Website: www. Its open source edition (Liferay Portal Community Edition) is available under the LGPL.SMILE-OSS.). Liferay is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168.COM Liferay is a good-level open source corporate portal solution that can be used. Liferay also offers more than 60 portlets including a full range of collaborative and social tools (blogs. among other functionalities.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 242 Liferay Version studied: 6. allowing for the standardised integration of any existing application. and intuitive management of communities of practice and of the hierarchical organisation of the entity using it. resource reservations. Liferay is distributed under a double licensing model.liferay. to share resources and for collaboration. JSR 286 and JSR 170. wikis. In addition. etc.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay Inc. tasks centre. and it also provides a powerful staging solution.

over and above the products presented above. open source supply is particularly strong.paris.org/gatein http://portals.COM Name JBoss / GateIn Apache Pluto Sakai Jetspeed-2 Lutece URL / Website http://www.fr May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org/jetspeed-2 http://lutece.org/pluto http://sakaiproject.org http://portals. By way of example.jboss.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 243 Other In the world of portals.apache. the following tools can also be added: WWW.apache.SMILE-OSS.

The use of social networks is now an established fact and as a result companies are encouraging their staff to use them to communicate. LinkedIn. the likes of Drupal Commons.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 244 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS) WWW. This shows the interest people have in connecting to one another.SMILE-OSS.. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . speaks for itself (more than 400 million users are registered on Facebook to date). communicating and working together. Twitter. This is how social networks are used by companies: to create wealth. more and more quality open source solutions have appeared on the market. In response to this need.COM The success of social networking sites such as Facebook. CSNs (corporate social networks) were born of the realisation that companies could also use this type of resource to generate value. meeting new people. Elgg and Liferay Social Office. etc.

profiles.SMILE-OSS. BuddyPress is published under the GNU GPL v2. BuddyPress enjoys an active community. etc.). forums. groups. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . BuddyPress has the special feature of being built on the Wordpress tool. using PHP. BuddyPress is delivered standard with a number of functionalities which are very easy to activate.9 Website: http://buddypress.2.3) will consolidate the existing structure and functionalities (install interface. It therefore has a similar architecture. The first official version (v1). blogs. A roadmap is available on the community website. messaging. The next version (v1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 245 BuddyPress Version studied: 1. released in May 2009.org Community driven solution WWW.0 support. WordPress 3. Apache and MySQL. such as activities feeds.COM BuddyPress was designed in 2008 by Andy Peatling while he was working on adding networking functionalities to the famous WordPress blog engine. friends management. etc. has enjoyed increasing use ever since. improvement of profile attributes.

Content Profile (profile data management). In fact. Organic Group (groups management). v7.acquia. The latest version.000 – although not all of them concern CSNs).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 246 Drupal Commons Version studied: 2. will offer greater stability and a broader functional scope. The Drupal Commons distribution has a broad native scope capable of rapidly implementing a real social network. and more. FriendList (list of friends). Drupal Commons. From a technical point of view. which we examined here.COM Drupal Commons is a Drupal oriented social networks distribution published by Acquia (a services company founded by Drupal’s creator) in 2010. A support option is available from Acquia.com Vendor driven solution (Acquia) WWW. Some relevant examples include Homebox (for personalised pages). Invite Friends (friend management). Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Drupal was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success since then.0 Website: www. The scope of the community portals that can be created using Drupal depends on the available modules (more than 10. Privatemsg (private messaging). it was the full package configuration.SMILE-OSS. Drupal is built on LAMP technologies (particularly PHP and MySQL).

Elgg is published under the GPL v2.com Vendor driven solution (Curverider Ltd) WWW.1 Website: www. rights management. Apache. making it possible to easily and rapidly extend product functionalities (more than 900 plug-ins). Elgg offers most of the functionalities expected of a social networking project. Elgg is written in PHP and runs on LAMP (Linux.0.org).8. and it has a very active community that produces a large number of interesting plug-ins (www. Its architecture is plug-in enabled.COM Elgg is one of the most well-known and most successful open source social networking solutions. These include profile management (with the possibility of attribute definition). It was created in 2004 by Dave Tosh and Ben Werdmuller. blogging and microblogging. Its modular design provides for its expandability. On the support side. etc.elgg. who subsequently went on to create Curverider Limited in order to maintain and enhance the product. activities feeds.SMILE-OSS. MySQL and PHP) technologies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 247 Elgg Version studied: 1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a complete API. groups management (with restricted access spaces). publisher Curverider offers a number of services such as bug fixes and hosting.elgg.

events. etc.COM Liferay Social Office is a product of Liferay. Social Office is its corporate social cooperation solution.B (Beta) / Liferay P 6. calendar.5. groups. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The Liferay portal was launched by Brian Chan in the early 2000s. wiki.SMILE-OSS. Liferay launched a variation on its portal with specific packaging for cooperative work: Liferay Social Office.0 Website: www. At the end of 2008. the embedded Liferay chat function is of high quality.liferay. chat function. The Community edition of Social Office (current version 1.5 is in beta) is distributed under the Affero GPL. document management. It includes a number of project functionalities and very few conversational components. It supports around a dozen databases and application servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 248 Liferay Social Office Version studied: Liferay SO 1. A corporate version also exists. Social Office uses the Liferay portal. On the technology side. Its functions are very business orientated: profiles/members. which already has the Liferay portal to its name. which includes vendor support.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay) WWW. However. in other words JEE architecture.

open source supply is particularly strong.com http://pligg.org http://www. By way of example.ez.no http://www.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .noserub.SMILE-OSS.com http://project.askspree.com http://lovdbyless.COM Name eZ Teamroom eXo Social LovdbyLess Mahara NoseRub Pligg Spree URL / Website http://www.com http://mahara. the following tools can also be added: WWW. over and above the products presented above.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 249 Other In the world of corporate social networks.exoplatform.

although its unique feature is its openness to others: wiki pages are usually modifiable by visitors. A wiki can also be defined as a type of website. now that have become such a firmly integrated part of corporate life. It is said that they are a component of Web 2. notes that are accumulated over time and displayed in chronological order.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 250 BLOGS. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. we will present the best open source solutions available today: Dotclear. XWiki. phpBB. In this category. etc. A forum is (typically) a public discussion area in which exchanges are arranged by subject.0 in their own right. WIKIS AND FORUMS WWW.SMILE-OSS.e. i. wikis and forums have ceased to truly be “presented” as such.COM Blogs. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in the interest of collaborative contributions. the graphs below do not display the average scores. A blog is a type of website comprising posts.

with its two step automated installation. It is developed in PHP and supports PostgreSQL (8. Dotclear was designed for maximum user comfort. Dotclear’s functional depth makes it a high quality publishing tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 251 Dotclear Version studied: 2.1 Website: http://dotclear. Xavier Plantefève took over the project. Dotclear is distributed under the GPL v2.1 with InnoDB) and SQLite databases.3. equal and in some cases far superior to other tools of the same type. It generates pages with a structure that optimises their natural referencing.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0 and above). MySQL (at least 4. who regularly contribute to its development. Over and above its functionalities.org Community driven solution WWW. many themes and plug-ins are available for easy personalisation. In June 2009. In addition. Dotclear’s software was designed first and foremost for its users.COM Dotclear is an open source web publishing solution created in 2002 by Olivier Meunier.

In addition to the usual functions.0. and so can be personalised at will. a private messaging system between users eliminates the need to publish personal email addresses.com Community driven solution WWW. Going a step further.e.COM phpBB is a tool in the forums family. Graphically. adverts and post-its. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . BBCode (similar to HTML code) can be used in these messages for an enhanced layout. new messages (i.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 252 phpBB Version studied: 3. there is complete support for different visual themes: the graphics segment is completely separate from the software itself. Emoticons are used to make the content more visible. phpBB can be used to create surveys. Where cookies are enabled. with the latter two locked at the top of the page for enhanced visibility. phpBB also handles an optional email system that can send notifications whenever a reply is posted on a subject (or subjects) tracked by the user.9 Website: www.phpbb. those posted since the last time the page was viewed) can quickly be accessed.SMILE-OSS. It is built on LAMP architecture and is written in PHP. phpBB is distributed under the GPL v2.

0 Website: http://twiki. a document administration system or a personal administration system.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 253 TWiki Version studied: 5.org Vendor driven solution (TWiki) WWW. The information contained in TWiki is stored in text files and converted to HTML on the fly. Developers can expand TWiki’s content and functionalities by means of a variety of extensions.1. It can be used as a development area.COM TWiki is programmed in Perl. It is a cgi-bin script written in Perl. The software uses the principle of a wiki to provide a collaborative work platform. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . TWiki is distributed under the GPL v2.

XWiki is used for work collaboration.org Vendor driven solution (XWiki SAS) WWW. It includes a number of APIs and a system of plug-ins and portlets. access rights management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 254 XWiki Version studied: 3.1 Website: www. etc.SMILE-OSS. It is now primarily supported by the company XWiki SAS. A second generation wiki application. its adaptability to user needs. It is this possibility that makes it a wiki application. XWiki is distributed under the LGPL.xwiki.). It is developed in Java using a Hibernate database. In additional to standard wiki functionalities (simplified layout.e. it offers the option of performing programming directly on the wiki’s pages. collaborative publishing. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . information sharing and online content publication (structured or unstructured).COM XWiki was created by Ludovic Dubost in 2004. The programming languages used within the wiki itself are Velocity and Groovy. i.

org Community driven solution WWW. It is now supported by a very large community. It is developped in PHP. with thousands of available extensions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is among the most sophisticated blog tools. The product roadmap is very active.SMILE-OSS. Wordpress was the work of Matt Mullenweg.1 Website: http://wordpress. on a MySQL database. that can also be used for building web sites. offering native multi-blog management.COM Wordpress was created in 2003. It features many APIs and a sophisticated plugin mechanism. that was released in june 2010. Wordpress is a very comprehensive and feature-rich blog tool. with new versions comming out every six months or so. Wordpress is released under a GPL licence.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 255 Wordpress Version studied: 3. was the merger of Wordpress and Wordpress MU. Version 3. for the greater part. and has enjoyed a growing success through the years.3. through a fork from a tool called "B2".

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 256 WWW.SMILE-OSS.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 257 Other In the world of blogs.informer. over and above the products presented above.com http://www. By way of example.SMILE-OSS.COM Name DokuWiki FSB MediaWiki PunBB SMF URL / Website http://www.org/dokuwiki http://www.simplemachines.mediawiki. the following tools can also be added: WWW.org http://punbb.com http://www. wikis and forums.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . open source supply is particularly dynamic.dokuwiki.fire-soft-board.

SMILE-OSS. The main functionalities of e-learning tools include management of teachers.COM E-learning. E-learning solutions are used to create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. test their knowledge. questionnaires. timetables. collaborative tools (wikis.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 258 E-LEARNING WWW. students and classes. Moodle and Claroline enjoy an excellent reputation. Among the available open source solutions. forums and blogs). consists in educational activities that occur via electronic solutions. SCORM compatibility. student supervision and more. also referred to as “online training”. particularly web based ones. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . creation of educational resource types.

FreeBSD.SMILE-OSS. students and classes. Moodle is supported by active communities of practice that contribute to its development. MySQL and PHP) application. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server databases. It also runs on UNIX. Linux. and more.1 Website: http://moodle.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 259 Moodle Version studied: 2. forums and blogs).COM Created in 2002 by Australian Martin Dougiamas (who had previously worked on the proprietary solution WebTC). creation of nine types of educational resources. with PostgreSQL. It can create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. module creation. Its main functionalities include management of teachers. timetables and student supervision. Moodle is a LAMP (Linux. Windows. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. Moodle is the mostly widely used online learning platform in the world. It is distributed under the GPL. etc. Authorised service companies offer various services such as hosting. Its modular approach responds to needs ranging from those of individual trainers to major institutions. questionnaires. Mac OS X. SCORM compatibility. test their knowledge. Apache. collaborative tools (wikis. NetWare.org Community driven solution WWW.

students and classes. timetables and statistics on attendance and on students’ marks on different exercises. The consortium. Claroline’s development currently enjoys the support of the Walloon Region and of three other Belgian partners. which in turn gave rise to the promising fork of Dokeos 1.10.SMILE-OSS. Chamilo. Claroline is the second most commonly used online learning application in Europe. owing in part to its lesser functional depth in comparison to Moodle. It should be noted that it gave rise to the Dokeos fork (now under corporate management). Claroline is written in PHP and runs on Linux. questionnaires. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .6. unites the Claroline community.claroline. It is easy to use.net Consortium driven solution WWW. created in 2007 in the form of an international not-for-profit association. Mac OS and Microsoft Windows. Its main functionalities include management of teachers. collaborative tools (wikis and forums).5 Website: www. Distributed under the GPL.8. coordinates the platform’s developments and promotes its use. creation of exercises and classes. SCORM and IMS QTI 2 compatibility.COM Created in 2000 at the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL). It uses MySQL databases.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 260 Claroline Version studied: 1.

ilias. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.com http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 261 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-learning.org http://www.dokeos.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .chamilo.SMILE-OSS.COM Name Dokeos Chamilo Ilias URL / Website http://www.

tools like AWStats (log analyser) and Piwik (tag analysis) are commonly used. In the world of open source solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and remote applications that collect their data using special tags inserted on the pages.COM There are two categories of tools that are external to applications (in the broadest sense of the term) and that are used to generate visitor statistics: log analysers. which work based on HTTP server log files.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 262 VISITOR TRACKING WWW.

graphs and reports generated from its analysis of web logs (as well as FTP. It was written a number of years ago by Laurent Destailleur. browser. pages. by domain/country. WebStar. One of the strengths of AWStats lies in the possibility of dynamically generating tables without losing out on performance.COM AWStats is an audience tracking tool based on analyses of web logs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 263 AWStats Version studied: 7.0 Website: http://awstats. hits. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .sourceforge. AWStats can be installed and run on most systems. thanks in particular to an efficient caching policy. transfers. It can natively read the log files of most web servers such as Apache. streaming and email). host. OS. unique visitors. time. It is a highly mature supervision tool with packages on all Linux distributions.SMILE-OSS. The AWStats open source software is available under the GPL.net Community driven solution WWW. and so on. It is very popular among systems and network administrators. AWStats provides a wide range of statistics. Written in Perl. IIS. etc. Its functionalities include measurements of the number of visits.

search engine rankings. a list of keywords used. It is built on LAMP architecture and boasts a system of plug-ins. visitor countries. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . geographic distribution and more. in fact.COM Piwik is the successor to phpMyVisites. Piwik is distributed under the GPL v3. a list of external sites. a distribution of visits by time zone. users can access graphs of the most recent visits. In just a few clicks.5. but it must be said that its beginnings appear promising.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 264 Piwik Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. visit durations. This is a tall order. Piwik’s objective is to become a preferred alternative to Google Analytics. The very young Piwik is already universally acclaimed. an API and an interface that is very user-friendly thanks to the combined use of Ajax and Flash. it received the award for the best SourceForge project for July 2010 – so we can only expect good times ahead for the solution. The solution was recently released. objectives tracking. under the direction of Matthieu Aubry.org Community driven solution WWW.1 Website: http://piwik. visitor browsers.

In particular. the graphs below do not display the average scores. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 265 OTHER WWW.COM In this final category of the “Applications” dimension.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. we will be presenting OpenX (an ad server solution) and LimeSurvey (an advanced tool for the creation of professional surveys and polls).

MySQL and a PHP accelerator. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . HTML or CSV format.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 266 OpenX Version studied: 2. JavaScript. such as images. reports exported in Excel. HTML. clicks and clicks by channel. The application can handle hundred of millions of impressions per month. Atlas and Yahoo!). DoubleClick. OpenX provides good control of advertising campaigns for one or more websites.8. rotating displays in a single zone. schedule based banner displays (with start and end dates). Flash.com Vendor driven solution (OpenX) WWW. OpenX is distributed under the GPL v2. etc. limits on the number of clicks or displays per day. with tracking of displays. US based vendor OpenX publishes and supports the tool.COM OpenX is an open source advertising brokerage solution. management of priority campaigns. handling multiple sites and advertisers. OpenX supports a wide variety of media. etc. It runs on an Apache (or HTTPd) web server with PHP. along with data on campaign results.openx. Statistics can also be calculated by campaign. OpenX enjoys a relatively vast functional scope. multiple formats (IAB and more).SMILE-OSS. Google Ad Sense.7 Site Internet de la solution : www.

scales. rankings. dropdown lists. LimeSurvey is a complete open source tool dedicated to the creation of all sorts of questionnaires. It was registered on SourceForge. Ubuntu and Gnome. LimeSurvey is distributed under the GPL.org.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 267 LimeSurvey Version studied: 1. by major corporations.COM LimeSurvey (formerly PHPSurveyor) is an open source online survey solution. numerical input and more. PostgreSQL or Microsoft SQL Server database.net on 20 February 2003 under the name of PHPSurveyor. LimeSurvey is used worldwide by a large number of private individuals. The software can produce questionnaires with an unlimited number of categories and questions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . at universities and at government institutions. LimeSurvey is written in PHP. Its most noteworthy customer references include OpenOffice. in combination with a MySQL. It was written by an Australian developer named Jason Cleeland.org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS.limesurvey. 20 styles of questions are available when creating a questionnaire: dates.91 Website: www.

lasting and innovative architectures. for example. and is instead how to select the best tools that will integrate most smoothly with the existing environment. and this percentage is undoubtedly even higher now in 2012. For this reason. standards compliance. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. the range of open source solutions is particularly vast. The advantages of using open source solutions are so extensive: longevity. support requirements. to name but a few.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 268 CONCLUSION WWW. the definition of an open source policy can be of benefit. de facto standards and cost. development dynamics. Administrators and users are well aware that nothing is more reliable or effective than a Linux server when it comes to running a Java or PHP application server. A corporate open source policy is a document that sets out the company’s rules for the deployment of open source software: selection criteria. with products of very high quality boasting some of the best technical and functional bases on the software market today. or operating a database.COM As can be seen throughout this paper. All the studies have confirmed it: open source is everywhere in companies. Thus the question has ceased to be whether or not to use or short-list open source tools for a given project. We hope that this paper will serve to guide you toward the best products and will help you to build secure. In 2009.SMILE-OSS. methods of contribution. approved licenses. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. As a result. but a crucial one. a Gartner study estimated that 85% of companies were using open source solutions. acquisition and implementation processes. This is a major task. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The document explains the benefits afforded to IT Departments by establishing an open source policy. opting for open source is no longer so much a question but rather a “no-brainer” for most companies. and so on. developer instructions. freely available for downloading. freedom of choice.

given the wide range of competencies and knowledge required. We would like to take this opportunity to warmly thank all those who devoted their time and effort to it. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM A paper like this one cannot be written by a single person. Benoît JACQUEMONT Maxime BESSON Patrick KOUASSI Alexandre NION Philippe DE OLIVERIA Frédéric DE GOMBERT Patrick NERDEN Thomas CHOPPY Jean-François BOSSARD Régis DAMONGEOT Thibaut DEMARET Julien BAGARIE Sébastien GIRAUD Alain ARDITI Patrice BERTRAND Barthélémy VESSEMONT Eric DRIER DE LA FORGE Guillaume MAISSA Eric PLAQUEVENT Allaedine EL BANNA Jérémy SUBTIL Marc GIBERT Sylvain TACQUET Badr CHENTOUF Hélène ZYSMAN Philippe BRIERE Sébastien MAULION Aurélien LEMAIRE Aurélien FOUCRET Marc MAURICE Sylvain BANNIER Jennifer LEROYER Jason YERGEAU … . for the curiosity and commitment they show each day to open source solutions.SMILE-OSS. And to our growing team at Smile. and the need to cover tools as varied as VPNs and elearning.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 269 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS WWW.

113 Maven. 95 ActiveMQ. 239 ERP5. 180 eXo Platform. 229 KVM. 99 Nagios. 225 Koha. 71 Kannel. 121 CUPS. 136 Kamailio. 66 LemonLDAP::NG. 18 GWT. 139 Dotclear. 149 Eclipse. 192 Jaspersoft. 60 FreeNx. 30 Knowledge Tree. 234 Liferay Social Office. 240 LimeSurvey. 55 Django. 122 JMeter. 226 Magento. 217 JasperReports / iReport. 52 MySQL. 33 Claroline. 232 eZ Publish. 112 EJBCA. 47 CAS. 103 Centreon. 101 Moodle. 204 Drupal Commons. 169 Jenkins / Hudson.SMILE-OSS. 159 Joomla. 23 BIND. 251 Compiere. 200 MantisBT. 135 HAProxy. 106 BuddyPress. 76 Debian. 152 Cassandra. 78 easyCA. 216 Horde. 209 ESIGate. 14 Git. 214 Drupal Commerce. 72 Keepalived. 171 GLPI. 150 Elgg. 128 Munin. 153 Liferay. 92 BIRT. 258 LinOTP. 208 Continuum. 29 Hippo CMS. 165 MongoDB. 89 Cyrus IMAPd. 237 Cacti. 49 ClamAV. 32 Alfresco. 27 Lucene. 110 Apache. 108 AIDE.COM 389 Directory Server. 70 AWStats. 176 jPBM. 243 Drools. 215 FreeBSD. 238 DSPAM. 191 Bonita. 114 mnoGoSearch. 218 JORAM. 196 JBoss AS. 116 GlassFish. 254 Bacula. 172 Asterisk. 223 Ant. 48 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 250 Mule.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 270 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS WWW. 175 Activiti. 107 jQuery. 80 Jahia. 163 LVS. 155 Linux-HA. 179 Drupal. 28 Maarch.

255 Play!. 24 RBS Change. 245 TYPO3.SMILE-OSS. 211 OpenBSD. 189 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 79 WWW. 145 Ruby on Rails. 20 Puppet. 143 Tomcat. 132 Talend. 57 Pentaho Report Designer. 127 TightVNC. 164 SpagoBI. 34 Solr. 230 PMD. 154 Openbravo. 183 OpenEMM. 160 Tuleap. 198 Pentaho. 50 Zarafa. 185 Wireshark. 90 Selenium IDE. 118 TWiki. 96 OpenNMS. 42 pfSense. 244 Piwik. 195 SpamAssassin. 77 SPIP. 82 OpenERP. 75 PostgreSQL. 115 SugarCRM. 51 OpenSearchServer. 15 Titanium. 219 Spring. 188 Talend ESB. 133 Zimbra. 129 PF (Packet Filter). 100 PrestaShop. 246 Zabbix. 193 Petals.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 271 NetBSD. 35 OpenVPN. 81 Zend Framework. 64 XWiki. 111 PhoneGap. 148 Openswan. 59 OpenCA. 210 OpenAM. 257 Oracle VirtualBox. 144 phpBB. 205 OXID. 117 Rhodes. 102 Redmine. 140 Samba. 197 Pentaho Data Integration. 166 OpenSSH. 56 Redis. 91 Prototype. 58 Varnish. 220 Ubuntu. 202 Palo. 65 OpenX. 184 Symfony. 124 Postfix. 170 Tsung. 224 OCS Inventory NG. 36 Wordpress. 16 OpenSSL. 40 OpenVAS. 67 osCommerce. 19 OFBiz. 212 OpenLDAP. 137 Pulse 2. 123 Shibboleth. 44 Phing. 138 PMB. 134 Squid. 43 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux. 85 Subversion. 203 Red Hat Enterprise Linux. 147 OpenCRX. 86 VTiger. 233 Snort. 39 OpenVZ. 156 Silverpeas.COM Nuxeo. 201 ProFTPD. 61 netfilter. 247 Xen.

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