White paper

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Guide to open source solutions

“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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PREAMBLE

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SMILE
Smile is a company of engineers specialising in the implementing of open source solutions and the integrating of systems relying on open source. Smile is member of APRIL, the association for the promotion and defence of free software, Alliance Libre, PLOSS, and PLOSS RA, which are regional cluster associations of free software companies. Smile has 600 throughout the World which makes it the largest company in Europe specialising in open source. Since approximately 2000, Smile has been actively supervising developments in technology which enables it to discover the most promising open source products, to qualify and assess them so as to offer its clients the most accomplished, robust and sustainable products. This approach has led to a range of white papers covering various fields of application: Content management (2004), portals (2005), business intelligence (2006), PHP frameworks (2007), virtualisation (2007), and electronic document management (2008), as well as PGIs/ERPs (2008). Among the works published in 2009, we would also cite “open source VPN’s”, “Firewall open source flow control”, and “Middleware”, within the framework of the “System and Infrastructure” collection. Each of these works presents a selection of best open source solutions for the domain in question, their respective qualities as well as operational feedback. As open source solutions continue to acquire new domains, Smile will be there to help its clients benefit from these in a risk-free way. Smile is present in the European IT landscape as the integration architect of choice to support the largest companies in the adoption of the best open source solutions. Over recent years, Smile has also extended the range of services it offers. Since 2005, a consulting department has been supporting our clients both in the preproject phases and in project guidance. Smile has had a graphics studio since 2000 which in 2007 became an Interactive agency which, in addition to graphics creation also offered emarketing expertise, publishing and rich interfaces. Smile also has an agency which specialises in Third Party Application Management, support and operating of applications. Finally, Smile is based in Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Grenoble, Nantes, Bordeaux and Montpellier. It is also present in Spain, Benelux, Switzerland, Ukraine and Morocco.

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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THIS WHITE PAPER
The studies agree: open source solutions are used by the majority of companies, both large and small, whether or not it was a conscious decision. This comes as no surprise given the rich and varied range of open source solutions available today. Smile has been regularly publishing white papers presenting the extraordinary depth of these solutions since 2004: content management in 2004, portals in 2005, business intelligence in 2006, virtualisation in 2007, electronic document management and ERPs in 2008, open source VPNs and firewalls in 2009, e-commerce and corporate social networks in 2010, and so on. A total of 22 documents have thus been produced and are available for free to download. Each text presents a selection of the best open source solutions for the domain in question, outlining their respective strengths and providing feedback on real life experiences in using these tools. Yet one thing was missing: a central repository containing the best open source solutions on the market, which could be used to guide and orientate decision makers toward benchmark solutions. We have received many requests for such a guide, particularly from IT Departments. The gap has now been filled with this white paper, which presents more than 170 products in 40 enterprise software domains. All product types are included, or nearly all - this paper does not, for example, look at workstation or “office automation” applications like Firefox, Gimp and LibreOffice - with a summary presentation (creation date, licensing, technologies, etc.) and an assessment of each based on six standard criteria. This document was developed by more than 30 of our top technical, functional and business specialists. We hope that this white paper will be of use to you. Before launching into the following 200+ pages, we recommend you read through the next section, which describes our analytical methodology and lists our suggestions for deriving maximum value from the guide. Enjoy!

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Please feel free to share your opinions and assessments of the products presented in this white paper with us. Likewise, do let us know if there is a solution you would like to see included, which we have omitted. One address for both: info@smile-iberia.com

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“Guide to

open source by Smile ”
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CONTENTS PREAMBLE .................................................................................................. 2
SMILE ................................................................................................................................................................... 2 THIS WHITE PAPER ................................................................................................................................................... 3 CONTENTS ............................................................................................................................................................. 4

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ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY...................................................................... 6
PRESENTATION ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE ................................................................................................................. 12

BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS ............................................................... 13
INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION .................................................................................................................................. 13 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL ........................................................................................................................ 14 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT .......................................................................................................... 18 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS .............................................................................................................................. 23 HIGH AVAILABILITY ....................................................................................................................................... 27 SECURITY .................................................................................................................................................... 32 VPNS ........................................................................................................................................................ 39 FIREWALLS .................................................................................................................................................. 42 SUPERVISION AND METRICS ........................................................................................................................... 47 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS ................................................................................................................. 55 VIRTUALISATION .......................................................................................................................................... 64 VOIP / TELEPHONY....................................................................................................................................... 70 MESSAGING, EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE ............................................................................................... 75 HTTP ACCELERATORS ................................................................................................................................... 85 OTHER ....................................................................................................................................................... 89 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION ................................................................................................ 94 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES............................................................................................................................... 95 DATABASES ................................................................................................................................................. 99 BPM / WORKFLOW ................................................................................................................................... 106 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS ................................................................................................................................. 110 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION .......................................................................................................... 121 ESBS ....................................................................................................................................................... 127 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES ........................................................................................... 132 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS ....................................................................................................... 146 PKIS ........................................................................................................................................................ 150 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION, FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT ............................................................................. 155 LOAD TESTING TOOLS .................................................................................................................................. 162

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SEARCH ENGINES ........................................................................................................................................ 166 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS.................................................................................................................. 173 MOM & EAI ............................................................................................................................................ 179 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 184 APPLICATIONS DIMENSION ....................................................................................................................................187

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CRMS ..................................................................................................................................................... 188 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS...................................................................................................................... 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING ............................................................................................................. 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES ................................................................................................................... 200 E-COMMERCE............................................................................................................................................ 205 ERPS ....................................................................................................................................................... 213 CMSS ...................................................................................................................................................... 219 EDM & ECM ........................................................................................................................................... 230 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION..................................................................................................................... 236 PORTALS................................................................................................................................................... 239 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS).......................................................................................................... 244 BLOGS, WIKIS AND FORUMS ........................................................................................................................ 250 E-LEARNING .............................................................................................................................................. 258 VISITOR TRACKING ...................................................................................................................................... 262 OTHER ..................................................................................................................................................... 265

CONCLUSION .......................................................................................... 268 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................... 269 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS ............................................................................. 270

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In some cases.SMILE-OSS. MOM and EAI. we solicited our technical. We have attempted to make this guide as comprehensive as possible. Development and intermediate layers: corporate directories. with the primary objective of creating a broad. functional and business experts to select the best solutions. It was vital to group products in this way given the vastness of open source options available today. etc. offering you a broad choice for building the most appropriate architectures for your needs. databases. Choice of categories We began by establishing a list of the categories that would be presented in this guide. we asked our technical. In the end. portals. web and mobile frameworks. HTTP accelerators.COM PRESENTATION In preparing this white paper. CMSs. search engines. firewalls. We assigned each of these forty-some categories to the following dimensions:    Infrastructure: IT asset management. VPNs. supervision. More than 300 open source tools are presented here. functional and business experts. we selected only domains that make sense for corporate solutions. ESBs. Only primary tools were including in our selection and our recommendations. ecommerce solutions. EDM tools. Applications: CRMs. there were so many products available that we had to differentiate between “primary” and “secondary” tools. practical reference guide to the best open source solutions on the market. operating systems. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . business intelligence tools. etc. Choice of solutions For each category. virtualisation. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 6 ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGY WWW. those which any company could use with complete confidence as foundations for its most ambitious projects. and in which Smile has previously implemented projects and has real expertise.

Resource availability. Wherever possible – and. etc. although the criterion of reputation is important. its expandability and adaptability. we decided to make our results public. a reputation built on marketing investments will not last long if it is not accompanied by a dynamic community and basic technical quality. and the availability of resources/profiles to support you through its integration with your environment. an explanation of which you will find below. we considered:       Number and importance of customer references Number and reputation of existing integrators (and are they independent? SMEs? large groups? is there only one integrator for the product?) References in the trade press Size of forum and mailing list archives Google PageRank for the site. it is not enough to make an informed decision. It will thus provide you with reliable indicators covering each tool’s reputation. the quality of its technical base. Google+. dynamics. For this reason. pricing and upgradability will be directly dependent on this. its functional scope. but rather a real guide for decision makers. in particular. Facebook. such that the solution will remain a good one over at least the next three years. it is even more crucial for the indicators to all have the green light. The six analytical criteria are as follows: Current reputation A solution’s current reputation is important. linked to the number of high-ranked websites pointing to the product’s site Exchanges on social networks: Twitter.COM Because we did not want this white paper to be a mere reference file.SMILE-OSS. For this criterion. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 7 Assessment criteria Our choice of tools was largely based on feedback from the field and our experience on hundreds of past projects. While it will be decisive to implement a solution that is strong at the time of installation. However. We also performed objective evaluations of six criteria applicable to all of our categories. wherever relevant – we calculated the average score of all solutions in each category in order to highlight the strengths and weaknesses of each specific tool. insofar as it can provide a sense of security or at least advance notice of potential issues. WWW.

power. In the end. this factor directly determines the position the solution will hold in the future.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 8 Dynamics This pertains to the solution’s dynamics. documentation and even marketing that an active community can produce. Along with technical quality. For this criterion. including occasional bloggers WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . a vendor’s investments are not particularly important in view of the patches. We believe that models in which the vendor is almost the sole integrator of its product are not favourable to the development of a community of partners contributing to the product’s dynamics. and alignment with the modelling standards at the core of an open source application. especially wikis CVS/SVN code submissions Frequency of releases References by independent players. particularly in respect to its community.SMILE-OSS.COM Technical base Investments and communities are still small potatoes compared with questions of coherence. we considered:        Increases in forum and mailing list volumes IRC chat activity Governance: how often are integrators and users consulted and included as stakeholders in the product’s design and upgrades? Frequency of documentation updates.

a financially sound vendor can recode its solution – a common practice today – but once your implementation of a solution has been rendered. whereas a well designed solution using clear and efficient concepts can. on the contrary. and the cost of implementation of the same business function can easily vary from one to five times the price. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . if the application is based on abstractions at too low a level. Thus. depending on the technical quality of the base.COM Functionalities are just the top layer built on these foundations. it is quite difficult or financially impractical to adapt it to a vendor’s new offering if it has fundamentally changed. even in the case of tremendous investments.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 9 WWW.SMILE-OSS. Naturally. The ideal foundation should permit continual enhancement. be expanded at a lesser cost. otherwise you will be the one to pay the price of brutal migrations. further enhancements to a product’s functional side will cease to be possible beyond a certain point.

wherever possible. while this is an important criterion in terms of enjoying a tool that. open source ERPs. native web services. We would also like to note that. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc.SMILE-OSS. from the outset.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 10 For this criterion. anchors and interfaces for dedicated plug-ins Maturity and cover of web services Product learning curve: a flat curve receives a lower score Application modularity (Inversion Of Control pattern where possible. here referring to ORM.) Use of a framework Degree of code factoring (sign of reliability and easy handling) Strength of hooks. It provides a valuable indicator regarding the tool’s capacity. such that the application comprises a small kernel and plug-ins that take account of one another) No obvious performance issues WWW. we considered:   Compliance with existing standards (a sign of maintainability and ease of handling) Power and canonicity of the abstractions utilised (sign of productivity. This is because it can be relatively simple to add functionalities when a tool is flexible.) can help with this type of comparison. open source EDM. has as broad a scope as possible. Our thematic papers (open source CMSs. even if we do recommend. going down to the “macroscopic” level when comparing solutions for a given scope. the criterion of “flexibility” has a greater impact in terms of cost.COM        Functional scope This refers to the overall functional scope of the solution in relation to what is commonly found among tools of the same category.

In fact. and do metadata need to be imported or exported to or from the database? if so. freely available for downloading. This text explains the benefits afforded to IT departments by establishing an open source policy. For this criterion. given the cost of custom developments. Hw easy is this to do? This is a decisive criterion in terms of the total cost of ownership. how are functional enhancements rolled out to a database in production? WWW. because superior technology can easily compensate for more substantial initial adjustments.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 11 Flexibility / Expandability Businesses must sometimes go beyond their tool’s native functional scope. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. Flexibility has many points in common with technology. Is it easy to find resources to implement a project? Will I be dependent on a provider? Warning: Be careful not to misinterpret this indicator.COM Resources Difficulty or ease of finding service providers on the market that are capable of performing advanced developments on the tool. it’s quite common. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. we considered (among other points):      Possibility of adding plug-ins Ease of modifying data structures to add or alter business object storage Ease of modifying user interfaces to make them more ergonomic Ease of modifying the processing performed Speed and simplicity of development cycles: do classes need to be recompiled / redeployed. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. but it places its emphasis specifically on the tool’s modularity and on the efficiency of third party developments.

to simplify reading and comprehension. Assessment of the tool based on six criteria: the orange section (both light and dark) corresponds to the tool’s cover. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . date created. Description of the tool: type of tool. functional presentation. version studied and website. We have also specified whether the solution is community or vendor driven. type of distribution licence.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 12 HOW TO GET THE MOST FROM THIS GUIDE This page explains how this document is organised. WWW.SMILE-OSS. All the solutions are presented in the same format.COM Presentation of the tool: name. author. the dotted black line denotes the average score for the category. technical base and opinions. and the dark orange section indicates the tool’s strengths (above average scoring).

More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension.SMILE-OSS.COM INFRASTRUCTURE DIMENSION The “Infrastructure” dimension is certainly the best represented in the field of open source tools. tools such as the Apache HTTP server. the Nagios supervision tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 13 BEST OPEN SOURCE SOLUTIONS WWW. And it is from this dimension that open source projects are born. and more than 90 are listed in total. or the Linux line of operating systems. Email marketing & Groupware HTTP accelerators Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . These projects and the many others included in this dimension lay the foundation for a sound infrastructure capable of hosting the best applications under the most optimal conditions. with hundreds and even thousands of available solutions. among the following categories:        Remote computer control IT asset and inventory management Roll-out and back-ups High availability Security VPNs Firewalls        Supervision and Metrics Linux & BSD operating systems Virtualisation VoIP / Telephony Messaging. Many have reached such prominence that they are close to being household names.

be either localised or spread across some or all of a company’s client workstations. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM More and more remote computer control solutions are becoming available. These tools were initially created to meet user support and assistance needs. The latter is the favourite among systems administrators in the world of UNIX servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 14 REMOTE COMPUTER CONTROL WWW. The open source range in this category includes tools like FreeNx. and their technology has advanced impressively in recent years. TightVNC and OpenSSH.SMILE-OSS. They are used to respond to the different issues encountered at companies. including shared views of computers and file transfers. as needed. They can.

sound cards.COM FreeNX is a set of components that implements the NX protocol. and its session and resource management are quite reliable.berlios. FreeNX performs well under compression. although with a number of optimisations that simplify its use on low bandwidth networks. FreeNX was developed by the company NoMachine in 2005. etc.3 Website: http://freenx.SMILE-OSS. It is based on the X11 protocol.7.. to be shared. The firm continues to support it and even offers different editions of the product. including commercial editions. FreeNX is a protocol for remotely accessing UNIX systems.de Vendor driven solution (NoMachine) WWW. It is available under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Similar to Microsoft RDesktop. it allows sessions to be stored and devices like printers. FreeNX has been developed by a community since 2006 and is written in C/C++.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 15 FreeNx Version studied: 0.

0.tightvnc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 16 TightVNC Version studied: 2.com Community driven solution WWW. etc.4 Website: www. This protocol provides for remote graphic displays via another network protocol. RFB (Remote Frame Buffer). It is written in C/C++.COM TightVNC is a set of tools that implements the VNC protocol. irrespective of the operating system. It is a very widespread protocol used in graphical computer administration. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . TightVNC is therefore defined as a remote control and online administration programme that can be used on any computer. user support.SMILE-OSS. TightVNC has been available since 2001 under the GPL v2.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In the world of UNIX servers.9 Website: http://www.COM OpenSSH is a software suite used for remote server administration.com Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW. which has a number of companies providing OpenSSH support. OpenSSH enables the set-up of simple VPNs and the remote display of graphics applications. and great attention is given to the quality of its code. In particular.SMILE-OSS. OpenSSH is written in C. it is the preferred software among systems administrators. OpenSSH has been developed under the BSD License by the OpenBSD Foundation.openssh. Since 1999.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 17 OpenSSH Version studied: 5. OpenSSH has added numerous functionalities providing for much more than the traditional “network console” use. Like most BSD projects. Over the years.

automated notifications with personalisable templates. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . management of associated contracts (computers. printers. devices. SLAs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 18 IT ASSET AND INVENTORY MANAGEMENT WWW. etc.COM Open source IT asset and inventory management tools are becoming more and more popular in companies. including functions such as management of the company’s hardware assets.).SMILE-OSS. calculation of depreciation. IT asset and inventory management tools can also incorporate a financial dimension (cost tracking model. detailed user rights management. license management and more. These solutions have a broad scope. network components.).). etc. support functions (with or without user access. with references like GLPI and OCS Inventory NG used by many players in the CAC 40. etc. consumables.

org Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. etc. support functions: with or without user access. including associated contracts: computers (with automated information feeds if combined with OCS-NG or Fusion Inventory). It provides for: hardware management. and SLAs. project management. substantial expandability thanks to its plug-ins: integration with supervision software.2 Website: www. GLPI is distributed under the GPL.glpi-project. new inventory items. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . network components and consumables.80. devices. automated notifications with personalisable templates.COM GLPI is an IT inventory and helpdesk tool launched in 2003 and driven by Julien Dombre. JeanMathieu Doléans and Bazile Lebeau.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 19 GLPI Version studied: 0. GLPI is based on PHP/MySQL technologies. printers. detailed user rights management.

OCS can manage software installs on Windows.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 20 OCS Inventory NG Version studied: 2.ocsinventory-ng. Software dictionaries can also be defined for the purpose of groupings (such as for Windows Updates).COM OCS Inventory NG is a French automated computer workstation inventory tool created in 2001. the architecture of OCS servers can be divided so as to avoid network congestion during major remote roll-outs.org Community driven solution WWW.0 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. In addition. Concerning remote deployment. All these data can then be viewed on a web interface with export functions. OCS is available under the GPL v2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is primarily based on Perl and MySQL technologies. Mac or Linux workstations. by means of packages created by administrators. Remote deployments are secure and can be scheduled. OCS transmits information on both the hardware features of each workstation. as well as the software installed there.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with reporting and scheduling functionalities. Workstation imaging makes it possible to create masters and to rapidly and remotely install them on computers without any intervention by the administrators (remote control / PXE). potentially on a decentralised basis.mandriva. Thanks to an agent installed on each computer. Mac and Linux platforms are supported. MySQL and C++. The agent is also used to allow administrators to remotely control computers via the VNC protocol on a secure channel (SSH). workstation imaging and remote deployment. Pulse 2 transmits the workstations’ hardware and software characteristics.1 Website: www.1.3. Pulse 2 is distributed under the GPL.com/en/pro/pulse Vendor driven solution (Mandriva) WWW.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 21 Pulse 2 Version studied: 1. Windows. Remote roll-out is done in packages.COM Pulse 2 is software created by Mandriva for IT inventory management. It is built on several technologies: Python.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 22 Other Among the different products available in the field of asset and inventory management. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Fusion Inventory Linbox Rescue Server URL / Website http://fusioninventory.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .linbox.org http://lrs.

g. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . based on a series of highly advanced rules. back-up pool management and more. calendars). definition of back-up types (full. Roll-out tools like Puppet can remotely prepare environments.COM Back-up tools like Bacula are used to save important data on different media. etc.SMILE-OSS. storage location. multi-plexing. All major companies use roll-out software to simplify the administration of their IT environment.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 23 ROLL-OUT AND BACK-UPS WWW. Some tools go as far as to offer multi-streaming. user back-ups. The functionalities included in back-up tools can include very detailed back-up scheduling (e. based on pre-defined rules or an expected end state. incremental or differential).

COM Bacula is a highly flexible back-up and recovery system developed in 2000 by Kern Sibbald.0. and now supported by Bacula Systems. Bacula provides for highly detailed back-up scheduling.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Vendor driven solution (Bacula Systems) WWW. Bacula’s architecture is based on three key components: the Director is the conductor. back-up pool management and more. Bacula is distributed under the GPL and is developed in C/C++. such as multi-streaming. performing central coordination of the back-up processes. incremental or differential).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 24 Bacula Version studied: 5.bacula. and the Storage Daemon interfaces with the storage media. It uses a PostgreSQL or MySQL database. in terms of both its calendar and the back-up type (full. user back-ups. the File Daemon is the agent deployed on each client. multi-plexing. in charge of performing the back-up under the Director’s control. Bacula also implements advanced functionalities used in all effective back-up solutions.3 Website: www.

COM Puppet is an infrastructure automation tool. and Puppet automatically takes the system to the specified state. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is distributed under the Apache License. etc.com Vendor driven solution (Puppet Labs) WWW. configurations applied. Rather than describing a series of actions to be performed.SMILE-OSS. Puppet boasts a community of enthusiastic and dynamic users. In this way. like with traditional admin tools. Puppet is written in Ruby. as well as professional support provided by its vendor. irrespective of the starting point. the administrator enters the desired end state (permissions needed.).6 Website: http://puppetlabs. Puppet centrally administrates a large and heterogeneous environment. files and software installed.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 25 Puppet Version studied: 2. Puppet Labs.

SMILE-OSS.org/ http://backuppc.org http://www.redhat.com/ http://cfengine.partimage.net/projects/sisuite http://clonezilla.ocsinventory-ng.COM Name Kdump mkCDrec SIS CloneZilla Partimage Pulse 2 OCS Inventory NG Amanda BackupPC Spacewalk Cobbler CFengine URL / Website http://lse.sourceforge.org http://www.net/ http://spacewalk.sourceforge.org http://www.mandriva. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.net http://sourceforge.amanda.net/kdump http://mkcdrec.github.com/en/pro/pulse http://www.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com/ http://cobbler.sourceforge.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 26 Other Among the different products available in the field of roll-out and back-ups.

allowing for the modification of configurations on the fly. based on the status of the other servers on the network. while Linux-HA enables communications between servers. It is very important for companies to install high availability technologies for information systems that serve as the central nervous system of their organisation. There are excellent open source tools designed to ensure that services are always responsive.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 27 HIGH AVAILABILITY WWW. for example.SMILE-OSS. namely from either a physical or a logical point of view.COM ‘High availability’ is a term frequently used to designate a service or system architecture that must be available as continuously as possible. operates like a router to guide queries based on service status. They can be implemented in a number of different ways. Keepalived. ideally 100% of the time. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

The GPL v2 is most commonly used.0. Linux-HA is written in C and Python. which is quite often sufficient for companies’ needs.4 Website: www. which informs a group of machines of their respective statuses.COM The Linux-HA project provides high availability components for UNIX type operating systems. whose role is to manage dependencies between services and to perform automated switching. The main component is the communication software. making it possible to trigger actions in a concerted manner without requiring a third party server. A very basic resource manager is supplied by Linux-HA. Heartbeat is typically used with a cluster resource manager like Pacemaker. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Linux-HA is the most widespread high availability system and many service providers cover its support.org Community driven solution WWW. Heartbeat.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 28 Linux-HA Version studied: 3.SMILE-OSS.linux-ha. Its first components date back to 1999.

weighted round robin.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: www. It was written by Wensong Zhang. Third party software is used to test server statuses and update the LVS configuration in the event of a server failure. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . LVS is available under the GPL v2 and is supported by a large number of service providers.COM LVS (Linux Virtual Server) is the load balancer included in the Linux kernel since 1998. Like all other Linux components. It is merely one brick in a load balancing system. etc. It routes incoming network connections to a set of machines by applying a number of traditional balancing policies (round robin.org Community driven solution WWW.2.).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 29 LVS Version studied: 1. given that it cannot configure itself.linuxvirtualserver.

17 Website: http://haproxy.4. It has a number of status verification mechanisms used to detect any failed servers and to redirect their traffic to other servers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . HAProxy is distributed under the GPL v2 and is officially supported by a small number of companies.SMILE-OSS. The project began in 2001 and was written by Willy Tarreau. enabling the set-up of session affinity by means of cookies.COM HAProxy is a reverse proxy used for load distribution.eu Community driven solution WWW. It natively handles HTTP protocol.1wt.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 30 HAProxy Version studied: 1.

) and update the list of usable servers for LVS. for its own redundancy.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 31 Keepalived Version studied: 1. it needs software to maintain its configuration.org Community driven solution WWW.1 Website: www.g. The project was launched in 2001. It also manages an IP switch system based on VRRP.COM Keepalived is a component used to configure LVS.2. Keepalived is supplied under the GPL. TCP connections. HTTP queries. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.keepalived. Keepalived can test the availability of a service (e. As LVS is a relatively basic and static system. etc.

network analysers and security testers. we will present integrity verifiers. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.COM The field of security is very vast.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 32 SECURITY WWW. intrusion detectors. virus detectors. with products ranging from antiviruses to intrusion detection systems. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Email marketing & Groupware category. Anti-spam tools like Spam Assassin and DSPAM are included in the Messaging.SMILE-OSS. In this section. the graphs below do not display the average scores. All these tools are invaluable aids that help systems and network administrators to ensure the integrity of their IT environment. for which there are many open source options.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM AIDE is a UNIX systems integrity checker. Its goal is to establish a fingerprint of a system’s files at the time of installation and later to confirm the system’s alignment with that fingerprint.sourceforge. which are typically a sign of an intrusion on the system. This allows the administrator to identify any suspicious file alterations.net Community driven solution WWW. Rami Lehti and Pablo Virolainen launched the development.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: http://aide. followed by Richard van den Berg from 2003 to 2010. developed beginning in 1999. and now by Hannes von Haugwitz.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 33 AIDE Version studied: 0.15. AIDE is available under the GPL.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 34 ClamAV Version studied: 0. The antivirus engine is the library libclamav. written in C.net Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW. ClamAV can detect a large number of threats on any operating system.97. it is not used to protect the machine on which it is installed. but rather to scan the files stored on it. file servers and mail servers. ClamAV is available under the GPL v2.clamav. Unlike its equivalents in the Windows world. can be accessed free of charge. it is often used on web servers.COM ClamAV is a virus detector created prior to 2005. Signature updates. For example. sustained by a very involved community.2 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

1 Website: www. the rules are available free of charge after a period of 30 days. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Nonetheless.SMILE-OSS. it is of no use without a rule base.COM Snort is a network intrusion detector created in 1998 by Martin Roesch. Often used as a probe. Although the engine is distributed under the GPL. In other words.9.org Vendor driven solution (Sourcefire) WWW. it is a Network Intrusion Detection System (NIDS) that performs real-time traffic analyses on a given network segment. it also has an active mode that allows it to block any suspicious traffic when installed on routing equipment.snort.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 35 Snort Version studied: 2. which does entail a paid subscription with the vendor.

SMILE-OSS. Paid updates. whose availability is guaranteed. and a graphical administration interface can be obtained through the vendor. Unlike Nessus.COM OpenVAS (Open Vulnerability Assessment System) is a spin-off of the famed Nessus scanner. OpenVAS is available under the GPL. with free updates provided by its community.openvas. OpenVAS is completely open source. Greenbone. the first version of which dates back to 1998.0 Website: www.org Vendor driven solution (Greenbone) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 36 OpenVAS Version studied: 4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It tests for any weak points in a scanned system’s security.

it can decode a very large number of protocols. Wireshark is multi-platform. Available in the form of a large graphics application as well as a text mode interface. It recognises a total of 759 protocols. Linux. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Foundation driven solution (Wireshark) WWW.6. It is used by numerous administrators to diagnose complex network problems. Wireshark is available under the GPL.COM Wireshark (formerly Ethereal.SMILE-OSS. including encrypted ones. renamed for copyright reasons) is a network traffic analyser created in 1998.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 37 Wireshark Version studied: 1. running on Windows. Solaris and FreeBSD. It is a member of the packet sniffer family. Mac OS X.2 Website: www.wireshark.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 38 Other Among the different products available in the field of security. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Bastille OpenSIMS RadicalSpam URL / Website http://bastille-linux.net http://www.SMILE-OSS.net http://opensims.radical-spam.sourceforge.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .sourceforge.

In the world of open source solutions there are many quality products. preserved confidentiality in the case of compromised encryption secrets.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 39 VPNS WWW. VPN solutions generally provide the following benefits: public key authentication. confidential exchanges. presented below. including OpenVPN and Openswan.COM A VPN. can be broadly defined as referring to the different technologies used to extend a company’s network while preserving data confidentiality and overcoming the physical barriers of traditional networks. and packet transfers to private networks via public ones.SMILE-OSS. or Virtual Private Network. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

it also offers a good number of additional security and control functions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2. and utilises its encryption and identity verification routines to provide excellent data security. OpenVPN is based on the product OpenSSL. Windows 2000. Linux.COM OpenVPN is the spearhead for a fairly recent category of VPN: SSL VPNs. Mac OS X. It has been around since 2002 and was written by James Yonan. NetBSD. SSL VPNs reuse SSL encryption mechanisms to authenticate and encrypt their connections. Available for Solaris. FreeBSD. OpenBSD. the main open source implementation of the SSL protocol in terms of both quality and usage levels. XP.1 Website: http://openvpn.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 40 OpenVPN Version studied: 2. OpenVPN is distributed under the GPL v2. Vista and 7.net Vendor driven solution (OpenVPN Technologies) WWW.SMILE-OSS.

6. both between corporate networks and for mobile clients. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . as well as VPN tunnels.SMILE-OSS. It is compatible with a large number of operating systems and proprietary solutions. Openswan is available under the GPL. Openswan enables the set-up of IPsec links between machines.openswan.COM Openswan is an implementation of IPsec for Linux and a continuation of the FreeS/WAN project (dating back to 1999).org Community driven solution WWW.35 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 41 Openswan Version studied: 2.

of which they are an integral part.e. netfilter and pfSense. This means that routing can be modified by a firewall decision. As a result. This is the firewall’s main function. The open source firewall market is very complete. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and that the firewall will apply different filtering rules depending on the origin and destination of the traffic. Firewalls can also be used in a more qualitative. i.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 42 FIREWALLS WWW. the transiting of network flows between different machines. firewalls are usually installed on routing equipment.SMILE-OSS.COM The concept of the firewall is often linked to the notion of routing. more refined role. such as determining the bandwidth authorised for a particular application in a particular context. with products like Packet Filter.

NetBSD. etc.SMILE-OSS.9 (aligned with OpenBSD versions) Website: www. Packet Filter has become the most powerful open source tool to act as a firewall. It can also be used for load balancing and to handle network traffic on open source BSD UNIX machines. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .openbsd.org/faq/pf Community driven solution WWW. OpenBSD.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 43 PF (Packet Filter) Version studied: 4. This system has the advantage of using a simple configuration language and of integrating NAT and QoS functionalities. PF was created in 2001 by Daniel Hartmeier as a replacement for IPFilter. PF is distributed under the BSD License.COM PF (Packet Filter) is the filtering layer integrated with BSD UNIX legacy open source solutions (FreeBSD.).

12 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 44 netfilter Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. and includes its own NAT functions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . SIP and H323). is the filtering layer integrated with the Linux kernel. so a third party tool is often used to generate its configuration (Shorewall. netfilter is distributed under the GPL v2. However.netfilter. It was created by Rusty Russell in 1998. It is an extremely flexible system that integrates with the kernel’s routing and QoS functionalities. etc. data volume. sometimes referred to as iptables.4.org Community driven solution WWW. It has many filtering criteria (time.) and connection tracking modules for complex protocols (like FTP.).COM netfilter. it is complicated to configure. etc. ferm.

It is based on PF and incorporates a large number of third party components: DHCP/DNS server. and more.COM pfSense is a software distribution used to create a network gateway from an x86 server.0 Website: www. Very commonly used in SMEs and other small organisations. It was originally created in 2004 from a fork of m0n0wall by Chris Buechler and Scott Ullrich. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .pfsense. time server.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 45 pfSense Version studied: 2. filtering. web proxy. monitoring. VPN and connection sharing solution.SMILE-OSS. Configuration is done exclusively via a web interface. pfSense offers a complete routing.org Vendor driven solution (BSD Perimeter) WWW. pfSense is available under the BSD License. Official support is provided by BSD Perimeter.

net http://cfengine. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://ferm.nufw.com/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://shorewall.COM Name NuFW Uncomplicated Firewall Firewall Builder ferm Shorewall Vyatta URL / Website http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 46 Other Among the different products available in the field of firewalls.fwbuilder.org https://launchpad.net/ufw http://www.SMILE-OSS.foo-projects.

service and host templates. the graphs below do not display the average scores. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. machines. active and passive monitoring support.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 47 SUPERVISION AND METRICS WWW. The functionalities they provide include views of the status of supervised services and machines. metrics. services and more. etc. and advanced user and ACL management. escalations. Six open source solutions have been evaluated for this category.SMILE-OSS. with many quality products available.COM Supervision and metrics are quite well covered by open source solutions. reporting. Nagios in particular enjoys a very strong reputation. access to supervision events. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . but also dependencies. Supervision tools are used to monitor networks.

PHP.) to perform more complex measurements.8. VBs. Cacti also uses a system of scripts (Bash. etc. specialised demand. in cases where there is heavy.net Community driven solution WWW. particularly for the metrics side. It operates from a web server equipped with a database and uses the PHP language.7 Website: www. RRDTool. It is considered the worthy successor of MRTG and provides a real interface with RRDTool by enabling changes to every aspect of the graphs it generates. Perl.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 48 Cacti Version studied: 0. It can create a graphic representation of any quantifiable data collected either via network protocols like SNMP or scripts personalised by the user. Its highly advanced configuration capabilities mean that it is often used as a complement to supervision solutions like Nagios.COM Cacti is based on the metrics solution. The community has developed many plug-ins that extend Cacti’s functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in some cases beyond mere metrics.cacti.SMILE-OSS. Cacti is distributed under the GPL v2.

Perl. It is considered to be the benchmark for open source supervision solutions.org Vendor driven solution (Nagios Enterprises) WWW. C#.1 Website: www. ksh. C++.SMILE-OSS. dependencies.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 49 Nagios Version studied: 3. active and passive monitoring support and more. This makes it a very comprehensive tool that can adapt to any type of use. etc.COM Nagios (formerly NetSaint) is a network supervision application created in 1999 by Ethan Galstad.000+ members participating in the development of numerous plug-ins and add-ons) offer supervision possibilities that now make it possible supervise almost any resource whatsoever. escalation notices.nagios. service and host templates. Its modularity and the strong community revolving around Nagios (250. Ruby. Python.3. PHP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .). with extremely advanced configuration options. Nagios includes a multitude of functionalities such as multiple legacy management. etc. The plug-ins are written in the programming language best suited to their task: shell scripts (Bash.

In addition to its configuration capabilities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and for its configuration and supervision data storage functions. used to configure supervision tools like Nagios. Centreon is distributed under the GPL v2. advanced user and ACL management. reporting. metrics. Inciga and Shinken. the sophisticated interface also offers numerous functionalities like views of the status of supervised services and machines. and more.com Vendor driven solution (Merethis) WWW. For its web interface. access to supervision events.SMILE-OSS. Centreon is based on Apache and PHP technologies.centreon.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 50 Centreon Version studied: 2.COM Centreon is a front-end web interface developed and supported by the French company Merethis.2.2 Website: www. it uses MySQL.

AIX. Linux. and pre-compiled multi-platform agents (Windows. Zabbix is available under the GPL. Web checks are also incorporated. It is based on C/C++/PHP for the front end and MySQL/PostgreSQL/Oracle for the DB.8 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . one or more decentralised servers.com Vendor driven solution (ZABBIX SIA) WWW. etc). Solaris. Zabbix can also perform SNMP and IPMI monitoring. Graphs and maps can be modelled directly in the front end for all the values supervised by Zabbix and its agents.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 51 Zabbix Version studied: 1.zabbix. allowing for the simulation of a visitor’s route on a web server while simultaneously verifying content and page response times.COM Zabbix is a complete monitoring solution with an embedded front-end web interface.SMILE-OSS. as well as network discovery.

From the outset of its creation in 1999. JMX.SMILE-OSS. Its many functionalities include automated discovery and monitoring of equipment and services. supervision of user path simulations. advanced management of active and passive events. OpenNMS is available under the GPL v3 and complies with FCAPS standards.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 52 OpenNMS Version studied: 1. XML. OpenNMS is developed in Java and is based on the Jetty web server and the PostgreSQL DBMS.8.opennms.13 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . multi-site compatibility (remote polling). automation and flexibility. OpenNMS was designed to meet the demands of large companies in terms of scalability. data collection and processing (in SNMP. report generation.COM OpenNMS is to open source what HP OpenView and IBM Tivoli are to the proprietary world of network management. etc. nrpe and others). network graphics and cards. thereby providing for outof-the-box management of tens of thousands of resources. alerts and notifications with escalation and an on-call schedule.org Vendor driven solution (OpenNMS Group) WWW.

Munin can monitor any server parameter and then transmit the information in the form of graphs on a web interface. It can also be used to evaluate any metrics: systems. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM The project was started in 2004. It is written in Perl.4. The project continues to be very active today. Its main assets are its simplicity and the multitude of available plug-ins (numbering in the hundreds) for additional graphs.5 Website: http://munin-monitoring.org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 53 Munin Version studied: 1. networks.SMILE-OSS. which makes the software wholly multi-platform (Linux / UNIX / Windows). or whatever else you might imagine. Munin is distributed under the GPL. applications. Munin is based on the excellent RRDTool. created by the company Redpill Linpro and joined by numerous other developers soon thereafter. The plug-ins are executable files that can be written in any language.

ch/mrtg http://community.SMILE-OSS.org https://www.com/network-monitoring/op5-monitor/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://www.COM Name MRTG Zenoss Icinga op5 Monitor URL / Website http://oss.icinga.oetiker.op5.zenoss. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 54 Other Among the different products available in the field of supervision and metrics.

SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . two major families of operating systems are represented: Linux based and BSD based OSs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 55 LINUX & BSD OPERATING SYSTEMS WWW. each offers special features that make them better suited to a particular context. In the world of open source solutions.COM Operating systems are the foundation of any computer programme. They provide the base for the execution of thousands of applications. Despite the fact that they share a common base.

The distribution is published in accordance with the community orientated philosophy that gave rise to open source software. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and is a benchmark in terms of its quality and stability.0 Website: www. the Debian project is the most complete distribution available. with close to 30. With one of the largest open source communities in the world (more than 1600 developers).org Community driven solution WWW. Debian is a non-commercial GNU/Linux distribution.debian.COM Debian is a free. open source.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 56 Debian Version studied: 6.000 packages in version 6. community-based operating system using the Linux kernel and launched by Ian Murdock in 1993 with the support of the Free Software Foundation.

COM Red Hat Enterprise Linux is an open source operating system published by Red Hat since 1995.SMILE-OSS.redhat.com/rhel Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW.0 Website: www. RHEL is designed for corporate use and enjoys vendor support and extended stability. Based on the historical Red Hat Linux distribution (now Fedora).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 57 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Version studied: 6. Many agreements with software companies and hardware manufacturers ensure solid integration for companies. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

suse. Based on the OpenSUSE distribution. now published by Novell. it is designed for corporate use.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 58 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux Version studied: 11 Website: www. with an emphasis on compatibility with Microsoft technologies. both of which make it possible to consistently administrate heterogeneous environments with hardware from competing suppliers.SMILE-OSS. The first version of this distribution appeared in early 1994. Two versions are available: one for servers (SLES or SLE for Server) and the other for client computers (SLED or SLE for Desktop). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux continues to privilege open standards like CIM (Common Information Model) and WS-Management (Web Service Management).com Vendor driven solution (Novell / Attachmate Group) WWW. making SUSE the oldest commercial distribution still existing today.COM SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is an open source operating system created in 1996. In terms of systems administration.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Ubuntu can be used on servers and individual workstations alike. It is a compact distribution (frequently distributed by CD) with a high level of software compatibility and numerous software programmes.com Vendor driven solution (Canonical) WWW.COM Ubuntu is a community open source operating system based on Debian. Ubuntu tends to be orientated toward the general public thanks to its user-friendly handling and control. That being said.ubuntu. Officially supported by Canonical. The project was launched in 2004 by Mark Shuttleworth of South Africa. One of Ubuntu’s great success stories is the fact that it is used on the computers of French Members of Parliament.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 59 Ubuntu Version studied: 11. either embedded or available for installation.04 Website: www.

which boasts more than a hundred developers. The project is a spin-off of NetBSD.openbsd. The vast majority of its code is written in C.9 Website: www. community operating system based on BSD UNIX.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 60 OpenBSD Version studied: 4.org Foundation driven solution (OpenBSD) WWW. Developed by the OpenBSD Foundation. open source. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the OpenBSD project is a complete operating system that focuses on quality and code security. OpenBSD is distributed under the BSD License. It is often used on sensitive network equipment.SMILE-OSS. It was created in 1994 by Theo de Raadt. from which it separated in 1996.COM OpenBSD is a free.

SMILE-OSS. The majority of its code is written in C. FreeBSD is distributed under the BSD License. community operating system based on BSD UNIX.freebsd.COM FreeBSD is a free.e. open source. It is primarily used on the web and at the core of proprietary hardware (Juniper and NetApp. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 61 FreeBSD Version studied: 8. incorporating advanced storage (ZFS). Mac and BSM audit framework) functionalities. network. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The project saw the light of day in 1993. and security (i.org Community driven solution WWW.2 Website: www.). FreeBSD emphasises performance and functionalities.

It offers multiple forms of user support. community operating system based on BSD UNIX. Its careful design and advanced functionalities make it an excellent solution for both production environments and research.netbsd. open source.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 62 NetBSD Version studied: 5. The majority of its code is in C. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. It is primarily used in research and in embedded devices.org Community driven solution WWW.COM NetBSD is a free.1 Website: www. NetBSD is distributed under the BSD License. It emphasises portability and code quality. Many applications are readily available via the NetBSD packets system. It should be noted that the entirety of its source code can be accessed. The project was created in 1993. as well as user-friendliness. NetBSD is developed and supported by a large and active international community.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 63 Other Among the different products available in the field of Linux & BSD operating systems. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Mandriva Linux Fedora URL / Website http://www.com http://fedoraproject.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .mandriva.

the best known in the business world. four open source tools were selected. and even less so the applications installed on each one).COM Server virtualisation is a set of techniques and tools used to run multiple operating systems on the same physical server. In this category. This means that the principle of virtualisation involves the principle of sharing. including Xen and KVM. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . virtualisation must conform to two basic principles: compartmentalisation (each operating system runs independently and cannot interfere with the other(s) in any way) and transparency (the fact of operating in a virtualised mode in no way changes how the operating system runs. To be of operational use.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 64 VIRTUALISATION WWW. in which the different operating systems share the server’s resources.SMILE-OSS.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Xen was derived from a university research project and is now a part of the Linux kernel.1 Website: http://xen.1. Citrix offers an enterprise edition of the solution along with the associated support. Xen is available under the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 65 Xen Version studied: 4.SMILE-OSS.COM Xen is a hypervisor that handles paravirtualisation. Paravirtualisation refers to a virtualisation system’s ability to interact with virtualised systems.org Vendor driven solution (Citrix) WWW. This makes virtual machines more efficient and easier to administrate. The project was created in 2003 in the form of a research project at Cambridge University in England.

where it is not uncommon to have dozens of systems installed on the same host. particular for inputs/outputs. and the solution also uses less memory.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 66 OpenVZ Version studied: 3. OpenVZ can only run Linux systems.SMILE-OSS.0.COM OpenVZ is a lightweight virtualisation solution for Linux that was created in 2005. Like any simple virtualisation solution. This handicap is however offset by performance levels much closer to native levels than any other type of virtualisation. OpenVZ is primarily used in development and test environments.org Community driven solution WWW.25 Website: www.openvz. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The code is available under the GPL v2.

the source code for the two products is resynchronised.6. Included in the mainline Linux kernel since version 2.20 Website: www. KVM can run virtual systems under all the major OSs by simulating standardised hardware.linux-kvm.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 67 KVM Version studied: 2.COM KVM is a complete Linux-based virtualisation solution launched in 2005. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW.6. KVM is distributed under the GPL. KVM is a fork of QEMU. and supports advanced functions like migration and detailed inspections of the VM’s status.SMILE-OSS.2. In some cases.

VirtualBox is distributed under the GPL v2. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 68 Oracle VirtualBox Version studied: 4. merging of the host and guest desktops. can be added via proprietary plugins. mouse pointer integration.virtualbox. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. like USB device sharing.COM VirtualBox is a virtualisation solution created in 2007 and designed for installation on individual computers.1. VirtualBox supports a large number of guest operating systems and has functionalities that interact with these systems: file sharing.org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. Some options.

SMILE-OSS.com/products/virtualization/server/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .redhat.COM Name QEMU Red Hat Virtualization URL / Website http://wiki. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.qemu.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 69 Other Among the different products available in the field of virtualisation.org http://www.

) and the most commonly used codecs (G711. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The top solutions provide for interoperability with proprietary IPBX systems (used to route all or part of a company’s communications) via existing protocols (H. IAX. G729ab. MGCP. Speex. and either wired (cable.COM VoIP (Voice over IP) is a technique that enables voice communications over IP compatible networks. offering a wide range of functionalities and a good capacity for integration with existing environments. this technology is used to support Telephony over Internet Protocol (ToIP) services. In terms of open source solutions.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 70 VOIP / TELEPHONY WWW.). In particular.323. GSM. etc. iLBC. These can be private networks or the Internet. SIP. etc. WiFi or GSM). Asterisk is the most frequently used and the most complete. ADSL or optical) or wireless (satellite.

H. In its traditional use as an IP telephony platform.323 and SIP.org Vendor driven solution (Digium) WWW.SMILE-OSS. hold music. Asterisk is typically combined with FreePBX. it provides for voice messaging. Among other uses.8.asterisk. enquiry calls. hold queues. Asterisk is distributed under the GPL. Asterisk implements the protocols H. Asterisk can also play the role of registrar and gateway in connection with public networks. as well as a custom protocol called IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange). Some operators use it as the core of their telephone network. When combined with SugarCRM or vtiger. call agents.COM Asterisk is an open source private automatic branch exchange (PABX) for UNIX systems.6. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 71 Asterisk Version studied: 1. the most popular being Elastix and trixbox. given its interoperability and its scalability. an IHM that manages all its functionalities.0 Website: www. it is often used as a call centre management tool.320. call distribution and conference calls. Asterisk and FreePBX can be found in many Appliance distributions.

UDP and SCTP transactions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 72 Kamailio Version studied: 3. a native failover mechanism. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1. Kamailio is distributed under the GPL.5 Website: www. authentication on Radius.org Community driven solution WWW. It supports asynchronous TCP. the two other heavyweights in this domain. It is used both by telecoms operators. as a VoIP platform. MySQL and LDAP back ends or via XML-RCP transport. and in traditional corporate telephony solutions.SMILE-OSS. This fork of the OpenSER project (in 2005) is one of the most complete PBXs.COM Kamailio is an open source SIP server. load balancing. communications encryptions via TLS.kamailio. It is an alternative to FreeSWITCH and Asterisk.

0 Website: www. robust SMS and WAP support. Kannel supplies a set of APIs that allow it to be used as a front end for middleware and web applications requiring outbound WAP or SMS messages. it provides secure access to operator resources while supplying reliable. open source SMS and WAP gateway that supports the standard SMSC protocols: UCP/EMI. which includes major corporations. Included as an infrastructure brick.COM Kannel was developed in 1998 by WAPit Ltd. Kannel is written in C. Kannel is distributed under the Kannel Software License (based on the Apache License).5.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 73 Kannel Version studied: 1. SMPP. a company that no longer exists today.SMILE-OSS. The project is now managed by members of the Kannel Group.kannel. HTTP and CIMD. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Community driven solution WWW. Kannel is a carrier grade.

null.com/trixbox http://yate.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 74 Other Among the different products available in the field of VoIP/telephony.COM Name CallWeaver SER sipXecs trixbox Yate FreeSWITCH URL / Website http://www.iptel.sipfoundry.org/ser http://www.ro/pmwiki http://www.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .callweaver.SMILE-OSS.org http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.freeswitch.org http://fonality.

All these tools are invaluable in the implementation of a complete messaging system.SMILE-OSS.COM The field of “messaging” is extremely vast. anti-spam tools and in-box interfaces (groupware). all of which are covered by a multitude of open source solutions. EMAIL MARKETING & GROUPWARE WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 75 MESSAGING. the graphs below do not display the average scores. ranging from individual messages to grouped mailshots. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. This category includes presentations of messaging servers (SMTP and IMAP). Anti-viruses like CLAV are covered in the Security section.

). Postfix is distributed under the IBM Public License.postfix.8. Postfix is a flexible. More and more frequently used to replace Sendmail in open source email infrastructures. In particular. Its scope is relatively broad and perfectly suited to professional use. Postfix was first known as VMailer and then as IBM Secure Mailer.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 76 Postfix Version studied: 2. It can query a large number of external sources of information (databases. scalable SMTP server. etc.5 Website: www. Postfix was originally created in 1997.COM Postfix is a messaging server. It was developed by Wietse Venema and several other contributors.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . for example). Postfix can prevent spam (based on a public antispam list. LDAP directories.

SMILE-OSS.cyrusimap. shared folders.4. quotas.org Community driven solution WWW. ACLs. it is an open source IMAP server. It supports advanced functionalities such as push (IDLE).COM Cyrus is a scalable mail server available for both personal and professional use.10 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . server side filtering (sieves) and a large number of SASL authentication methods. Cyrus is based on many standards and offers two downloadable editions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 77 Cyrus IMAPd Version studied: 2. Cyrus IMAPd is distributed under the BSD License. As for Cyrus IMAPd. The project came from Carnegie Mellon University in the US and dates back to 1994.

COM SpamAssassin is an anti-spam solution that uses a wide range of different techniques. etc.org Community driven solution WWW.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It was launched in 1997 and is led by the Apache Software Foundation. various blacklist systems (URIBL. The technologies used include Bayesian analysis based on learned keywords.2 Website: http://spamassassin. It is written in Perl. the creator of the famous Web Apache HTTP Server.3. content analysis (Razor and DCC) and a number of other message formatting criteria (image to text ratio. SpamAssassin is available under the Apache License. invalid originator.SMILE-OSS. It is a very widespread tool among mail servers. etc.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 78 SpamAssassin Version studied: 3. including in the infrastructures of major suppliers.). no text version. DNSBL.apache.

1 Website: www. This type of filtering.nuclearelephant.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 79 DSPAM Version studied: 3. also known as the author of Ending Spam. based on learned keywords.10. Zdziarski. as well as its user interactions. DSPAM is distributed under the GPL. The main benefit of DSPAM in relation to its competitors lies in the depth of its analytical engine.com Community driven solution WWW. has proven particularly effective after an initial learning phase. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. providing users with a web interface used to manage quarantines and to explicitly designate email as desirable or undesirable.COM DSPAM is an anti-spam solution based on Bayesian filtering and written by Jonathan A.

SMILE-OSS.COM Zimbra is a collaborative messaging server.zimbra. All Zimbra’s functionalities can be accessed through a web browser or a fat client. etc. The messaging tool is based on a rich and robust infrastructure base: WebDAV (XML). Ajax based user interface is famous for its ergonomics. Zimbra’s webmail is in fact compatible with all modern browsers. POP3 and CalDAV.com Vendor driven solution (VMware) WWW. In its commercial edition. Zimbra can also synchronise with virtually all mobile platforms (iPhone OS. The Zimbra suite includes a Zimbra Desktop fat client but remains fully compatible with standard fat clients like Microsoft Outlook. It supplies a SOAP base enabling the development of plug-ins called “Zimlets” that provide for the free extension of its functional scope.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 80 Zimbra Version studied: 7. Mozilla Thunderbird. a derivative of the MPL. Today. Eudora. Zimbra is published under the Zimbra Public License. IMAP. LDAP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1. iCal. HTTP(S). Zimbra has become an indispensable reference in collaborative enterprise messaging. Android.1 Website: www. BlackBerry. SMTP. Its 100% online. Symbian OS and Palm OS). This makes it possible to interface with a telephony solution like Asterisk or a CRM tool like SugarCRM.

It allows users to read.8 Website: www. whose ergonomics make it a key. It is fully modulable groupware (collaborative software). Horde is distributed under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Horde is an ergonomic bundle of applications like INgo.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 81 Horde Version studied: 4.org Community driven solution WWW. IMP and Mnemo. Turba. It is written in PHP.SMILE-OSS. More than a mere aggregate of technical bricks. collaborative messaging solution. exchange and organise their emails.COM Horde Groupware Webmail Edition is a professional.horde. reliable collaborative messaging tool.0. and to organise and share their calendars. contacts and tasks.

1 Website: www. providing nearly complete compatibility with all smartphones and Pocket PCs on the market. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Zarafa) WWW.COM Zarafa’s collaborative messaging software natively supports the MAPI protocol. Its data are stored in a MySQL database.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 82 Zarafa Version studied: 7. Zarafa is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. It was originally developed in the Netherlands. Since 2007. the engine for Zarafa’s enterprise edition has embedded the Z-Push protocol. The webmail is based on Ajax with PHP processing (with the MAPI PHP extension). Its webmail (which uses Ajax and is fully accessible online) and its direct interfacing with Outlook makes it the functional open source alternative that is most similar to Microsoft Exchange.0.SMILE-OSS.zarafa.

bulk import and export modules. thereby earning its place here in this guide. Siemens and more. Its data are stored in a MySQL database. it offers a 100% web interface available in several languages.SMILE-OSS. There are few open source email marketing solutions today that can boast a broad scope. OpenEMM is used by major groups the likes of BenQ. with targeting tools. template management. the tool is relatively well equipped.org Vendor driven solution (AGNITAS AG) WWW. From a functional standpoint. For example. strong documentation. It is used to manage corporate newsletters and email marketing campaigns. real time statistics. OpenEMM is based on the languages C. and the possibility of using web services and bounce management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .openemm. including English and French. OpenEMM is one of these.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 83 OpenEMM Version studied: OpenEMM 2011 Website: www. OpenEMM is distributed under the Common Public Attribution License (CPAL) 1. Java and Python.0.COM OpenEMM is an open source email marketing solution developed since 1999 by the German company AGNITAS.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 84 Other Among the different products available in the field of messaging.org http://obm.sendmail.open-xchange.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Roundcube EGroupware OBM Open-Xchange Sendmail URL / Website http://roundcube.com/sm/open_source/ May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . email marketing and groupware.com http://www.net http://www.org http://www.egroupware.

SMILE-OSS. also referred to as “reverse proxies”. including security. compression and caching. are implemented on servers. Advanced caching policies can offload web application servers. It is this last point in particular that we will be assessing in this section.COM HTTP accelerators. They have a variety of different uses. Some HTTP accelerators can handle fragment caching. load distribution. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 85 HTTP ACCELERATORS WWW. namely by supporting the ESI standard. Web users “transit” via the reverse proxies to access internal server applications. SSL acceleration. irrespective of the language used.

used to regulate web traffic and to cache frequently viewed content.1 Website: www.COM Squid is an HTTP proxy server commonly used by businesses. blacklisted URLs can be procured from third party suppliers. It has been compatible with IPv6 since version 3. Squid is distributed under the GPL.org Community driven solution WWW. When used for access control. The first version of Squid dates back to 1996. Its main function is as a direct proxy.SMILE-OSS.squid-cache. Squid was inspired by the Harvest project. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In some cases it is also used as a reverse proxy in web architectures.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 86 Squid Version studied: 3.

varnish-cache. Varnish is distributed under the BSD License. Varnish supports ESI (Edge Side Includes) tags. for example.0. The tool is configured via VCL (Varnish Configuration Language) files.COM Varnish is a high performance HTTP cache. Varnish stores a portion of its data in virtual memory.SMILE-OSS. Varnish is used by Facebook.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 87 Varnish Version studied: 3. Used to improve the performance of high traffic websites.org Vendor driven solution (Varnish Software) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The first stable version of Varnish was launched in 2006 for the Norwegian newspaper Verdens Gang. this enables the definition of extremely detailed management rules. Varnish also includes load distribution functionalities and can be used to test the availability of servers producing web content. Lastly. The product’s architect is Poul-Henning Kamp of Denmark.1 Website: www.

org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 88 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP accelerators.SMILE-OSS.COM Name nginx URL / Website http://nginx.

the graphs below do not display the average scores.SMILE-OSS. ProFTPD (an FTP server) and BIND (a DNS server). we will present additional open source tools that are particularly useful to system and network administrators. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Samba (for UNIX file exchanges on Windows workstations). Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.COM In this last category in the “Infrastructure” dimension. we will be presenting CUPS (a print server). In particular.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 89 OTHER WWW.

accountancy. owners of Easy Software Products.org Vendor driven solution (Apple Inc. It was created in late 1999 by Michael Sweet and Andrew Senft.SMILE-OSS. AppSocket.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 90 CUPS Version studied: 1.) and compatibility with the traditional printing protocols IPP. etc.0 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is used on both individual workstations and dedicated print servers.cups. and offers administrative capacities (file management.COM CUPS (Common UNIX Printing System) is a popular print server for UNIX systems. LPD and SMB (Windows). It can support a very large number of printers. CUPS is available under the GPL.) WWW.5.

It was written by Andrew Tridgell at Australian National University.org Community driven solution WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the SMB protocol is used for file and printer sharing.COM Samba is an SMB server for Windows workstations.0 Website: www.samba. Samba can also function as a domain controller on smaller networks. Samba enables the use of a UNIX server to make these resources available to Windows clients.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 91 Samba Version studied: 3. thus establishing compatibility between the two environments. Samba is distributed under the GPL v3.6. Its first version dates back to 1992. In Windows.

COM ProFTPD is a very powerful. well documented open source FTP server.3.3 Website: www.SMILE-OSS. LDAP and SQL databases. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . ProFTPD uses access and configuration syntax that is similar to the syntax used by Apache HTTP Server.org Community driven solution WWW. ProFTPD allows the use of a MySQL database to manage FTP accounts in lieu of management by the machine’s users. accountancy and quotas. which has made it possible for extensions to be written for SSL/TLS encryption support (FTPS protocol) and authentication via RADIUS.proftpd. It includes advanced functionalities like chroot. ProFTPD is available under the GPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 92 ProFTPD Version studied: 1. Its architecture is modular. virtual hosts and users.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 93 BIND Version studied: 9. Published by the Internet Software Consortium. in the 1980s.COM BIND is the benchmark for DNS servers.1 Website: www. BIND is available under the BSD License. Version 10 is now in development.8. It supports all advanced functionalities. BIND’s origins date back to four students at the University of California. Berkeley. namely DNSSEC (since the rewriting of its code in the early 2000s).org/software/bind Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .isc. BIND is a DNS server providing for both name resolution via name servers and hosting of its own zone.

It is also particularly well equipped with open source products. It should be noted that some tools. could have been classified in the Infrastructure dimension.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 94 DEVELOPMENT AND INTERMEDIATE LAYERS DIMENSION WWW.COM As its name indicates. etc. the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension covers all the solutions useful to development functions. such as Eclipse and frameworks like Symfony and Django.. typically found between the Infrastructure and Application layers. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension. Beyond applications like CMSs. and nearly 110 are listed in total. like directories and databases.SMILE-OSS. e-shops. there is a broad panel of open source development solutions. among the following categories:        Corporate directories Databases BPM / Workflow Development tools Testing & Continuous integration ESBs Web development frameworks and libraries         Cross-platform mobile frameworks PKIs Identity authentication. federation and management Load testing tools Search engines HTTP and application servers MOM & EAI Other May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . document management solutions.

are a specialised type of database designed to contain hierarchically arranged information on a company’s organisation. OpenLDAP has the best reputation. also referred to as “electronic directories”.COM Corporate directories. they can also be used as address books. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Most of the time. the data pertain to people (users) and/or resources (printers and the like). But the use of corporate directories is not limited to text searches.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 95 CORPORATE DIRECTORIES WWW.SMILE-OSS. even if tools like 389 Directory Server also boast a strong functional scope. to define the company’s security policy and more. for user authentication. In the open source universe. There is a standard used in most corporate directors to perform queries (LDAP protocol).

9.COM 389 Directory Server.SMILE-OSS.org Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. formerly Fedora Directory Server. with some portions like the GUI in Java. It is mostly written in C. thanks to its very similar code base. It is based on the source code of the venerable Netscape Directory Server. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2. is an LDAP server developed by Red Hat within the Fedora community. This means its origins date back to 1996. It should also be noted that 389 Directory Server can be used as a replacement for SunONE/JES Directory Server.9 Website: http://directory. particularly useful given that SunONE appears to have been dropped since its acquisition by Oracle.fedoraproject. itself based on the original slapd code. 389 Directory Server is distributed under the GPL. 389 Directory Server implements the LDAP v3 protocol and stands out from its rival solutions thanks to its graphical administration interface in Java and master-master replication support. thereby enabling read and write access redundancy. even if the first version of Fedora Directory Server came out in 2005. which also gave rise to OpenLDAP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 96 389 Directory Server Version studied: 1.

HP-UX. is compatible with the GPL and has been validated by the Free Software Foundation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 97 OpenLDAP Version studied: 2. Each overlay provides additional functionalities (dynamic group. with each one administrating its own branch. etc. OpenLDAP also incorporates replication and delegation mechanisms. AIX. on different BSD variants on UNIX based OSs (Android. as well as on Windows and Mac OS X. OpenLDAP is distributed under the OpenLDAP Public License. or a SQL database. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. enabling for example the implementation of an LDAP directory distributed to multiple sites. password policy.26 Website: www.). etc.openldap.). Solaris.). OpenLDAP implements the most recent version of the LDAP protocol (v3).COM OpenLDAP is an open source company directory. access log.org Community driven solution WWW. while providing a scalable architecture through an overlay system and back end. directory data can be stored in different back ends (LDAP proxy.4. OpenLDAP is developed in C and runs on Linux. In addition. OpenLDAP was created in 1998 by Kurt Zeilenga. It is a sound alternative to commercial directories. query transfers to Perl or Shell scripts. etc.

SMILE-OSS.COM Name Apache Directory OpenDS URL / Website http://directory.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 98 Other Among the different products available in the field of corporate directories. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .opends.org http://www.apache.

SMILE-OSS. Databases like MySQL and PostgreSQL are relational DBs that use SQL to query their data. Current technologies make it possible to organise and structure a database such as to be able to easily handle its content and efficiently store very large volumes of information.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 99 DATABASES WWW. They are used to store a batch of information in a pre-defined structure.COM Databases have become key components of the IT landscape. which is an alternative to SQL and the relational model and which provides a high level of scalability (expandability). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The major DBMSs today are open source solutions like MySQL and PostgreSQL. Since 2009 a new trend has appeared: NoSQL.

mysql. whether UNIX (Linux. which enables the use of client libraries in programmes not compatible with the GPL. MySQL has gradually adopted new functionalities reserved for traditional “corporate” databases.15 Website: www.com Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. referential integrity. stored procedures. Solaris. MySQL was created by Michael “Monty” Widenius in 1995. robust RDBMS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. MySQL is developed in C and C++ and can run on a very broad range of platforms. providing a number of graphics tools and support from its vendor company.COM MySQL is a fast. MySQL supports transactions. Oracle. BSD. deployed especially in Internet environments. triggers. MySQL is widely used at companies the likes of Google and Facebook.5. clustering and data recovery in the event of a system failure. An Enterprise edition is also available. asynchronous replication.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 100 MySQL Version studied: 5. and by major websites like Wikipedia. MySQL uses the GPL and comes with exception linking. etc. Initially focusing primarily on speed and simplicity.) or Windows based.

Its performance and stability allow it to be integrated with even the most demanding production platforms. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0. custom rules to modify the query execution path. full text searches and more. PostgreSQL uses the PostgreSQL License. a wide variety of data types.4 Website: www.COM PostgreSQL is the most complete open source RDBMS available today. triggers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 101 PostgreSQL Version studied: 9. Solaris. The functional scope of PostgreSQL is vast and comparable to other Enterprise databases on the market. PostgreSQL is written in C and can run on a very broad range of platforms. function indexes.postgresql. approved by the Open Source Initiative. custom functions. legacy tables. whether UNIX (Linux. transactions.SMILE-OSS.) or Windows based. PostgreSQL is a followup to Ingres. It supports stored procedures. BSD. The project was launched by Michael Stonebraker in 1985 and the first version built using the current architecture was released in 1995.org Community driven solution WWW.

COM MongoDB is a document orientated database that is part of the NoSQL movement and that allows for document storage in BSON format (a binary form of JSON).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 102 MongoDB Version studied: 2.org Vendor driven solution (10gen.0 Website: http://www.) WWW.0. Inc. 10gen. MongoDB takes advantage of the sharp upturn in interest for document databases that are better aligned with modern environments that need to handle extremely heterogeneous data and for which relational DBMSs are not necessarily the most appropriate.mongodb. It is written in C++. It is upgradable in decentralised environments via replication and sharding mechanisms.SMILE-OSS. Further. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the database is supported by a commercial entity. Its particularly successful integration with most programming languages and its quality documentation have earned MongoDB its great popularity. Inc. MongoDB is distributed under the Affero GPL.

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Redis
Version studied: 2.2.13 Website: http://redis.io Vendor driven solution (VMware)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Redis is a key-value data warehouse from the NoSQL movement. The project is sponsored by VMware. The first version was published by Salvatore Sanfilippo and Pieter Noordhuis in 2009. Like most key-value data stores, Redis offers a HTTP REST interface. Its originality in relation to other available solutions lies in the fact that Redis includes a set of data manipulation functions that are primarily orientated toward handling stored character strings, giving Redis the capacity to build queries that are slightly more complex than its competitors, traditionally limited to CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) operations. The strong performance of Redis in both read and write modes positions it as an excellent choice for the implementation of cache back ends and session managers. Redis is distributed under the BSD License. It is written in C.

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Cassandra
Version studied: 0.8.5 Website: http://cassandra.apache.org Foundation driven solution (Apache)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Cassandra is another NoSQL database. Initially developed by Facebook in 2008, it was later released and its development is now the work of the Apache Foundation. Cassandra is a column oriented database. Designed for massively distributed roll-outs (potentially across multiple datacentres), Cassandra is one of the most effective databases wherever there is a need to respond to massive data processing issues. Further, its completely decentralised architecture makes it highly resistant to failures. Like most column oriented databases, it is also particularly well suited to business intelligence functions. Cassandra is distributed under the Apache License. It is written in Java.

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Other
Among the different products available in the field of databases, the following tools can also be added to the list:

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Name Berkeley DB db4o Apache Derby Firebird HSQLDB Ingres SQLite CouchDB Neo4j Voldemort

URL / Website http://www.oracle.com/us/products/database/berkeley-db http://www.db4o.com http://db.apache.org/derby http://www.firebirdsql.org http://hsqldb.org http://www.ingres.com/products/ingres-database http://www.sqlite.org http://couchdb.apache.org http://neo4j.org http://www.project-voldemort.com

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BPM / WORKFLOW

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Leave requests, document validation and paperless customer relations: these processes are at the core of the information systems used by companies and government agencies. BPM (Business Process Management) solutions offer a modern approach in which users are largely released from technical constraints when modelling, deploying and optimising their processes. BPM solutions provide for graphic process modelling, form generation and adaptation, and online request monitoring. In the world of open source solutions, quality tools are available, such as Bonita, the flagship open source BPM product.

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Bonita
Version studied: 5.5.2 Website: http://www.bonitasoft.com Vendor driven solution (BonitaSoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

First developed by Bull in the early 2000s, the product has been driven by the open source vendor BonitaSoft since 2009. Bonita offers an extremely user-friendly graphic process modeller that makes it possible to deploy simple BPM applications (e.g. the publication of leave request forms on an Intranet site) in just a few clicks. The forms are automatically generated by the solution or can be configured in advance. Access to and processing of pending requests are intuitive, thanks to the “user XP” interface, which is very similar to a mail client. But Bonita’s real strength lies in its system of connectors, available in their default form or custom developed. A community edition of Bonita is available under the GPL v2. The SP (Subscription Pack) edition is subject to subscription and comes with additional functionalities, as well as support. Bonita is developed in JEE, the language also used to develop new connectors. Some advanced configurations are done in Groovy.

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In addition. The latest version is promising though. Version 5 has been announced as BPMN 2. but suffer from a degree of immaturity that makes them unsuited to management by non-technical users. Eclipse (developer) and web (functional user) interfaces enable graphical workflow management.jboss. being both powerful and lightweight. it is easy to configure and enjoys a comprehensive API. When used as a software brick.1 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 108 jBPM Version studied: 5. its simplicity.0 compatible. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and the product remains a key technical BPM brick for projects.org/jbpm Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW. many software companies have integrated jBPM with their solutions. As the benchmark for open source BPM in recent years. which cancels out the tool’s chief advantage. jBPM is published under the LGPL and is developed in Java. the web interface is only available via Drools (a rule engine). jBPM is an excellent BPM engine.COM jBPM is developed by a community with the support of JBoss. The product does currently suffer from a lack of community dynamics. particularly in open source environments.SMILE-OSS.

In electing to make it a stand-alone component. which wanted to develop an alternative to jBPM for its own purposes.SMILE-OSS.activiti.COM Activiti is published by the producer of ECM. Activiti is a lightweight. Its youth makes it better suited as a BPM brick integrated with more complex projects.org Vendor driven solution (Alfresco) WWW. for example.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 109 Activiti Version studied: 5. Technically. Activiti does however boast user-friendly process design interfaces that allow functional and technical teams to work together on process modelling. Nonetheless. Today. as is the case at Alfresco. robust BPM engine. Activiti is at the cutting edge and enjoys excellent dynamics thanks to the widespread popularity of its sponsor. Alfresco. its actual implementation necessarily requires a solid technical background.7 Website: www. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Activiti is published under the Apache License and is developed in Java. Alfresco is banking on the dynamic nature of open source (the product has been handed over to the Spring community) and aims to make it the benchmark for open source BPM.

particularly web applications.SMILE-OSS. It includes project management tools like Redmine and Maven. and collaboration and software engineering solutions like Tuleap. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. As we will see. source code management tools like Subversion and Git. ticket managers like MantisBT. the graphs below do not display the average scores. automation tools like Ant and Phing.COM This section presents the tools useful in the development of applications. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . development environments like Eclipse.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 110 DEVELOPMENT TOOLS WWW. there are also excellent open source development bricks that can be used to build ambitious projects under optimal conditions.

org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. documentation generation (Javadoc). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. etc. programme compilation. Ant allows for the automation of repetitive operations throughout a project.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 111 Ant Version studied: 1. Ant is mainly used in Java projects.2 Website: http://ant. back-ups. Ant is distributed under the Apache License and is supported by the foundation of the same name. The tasks most commonly entrusted to Ant include external tool execution (like Checkstyle and FindBugs). similarly to Make commands.apache.8.COM Ant (“Another Neat Tool”) is a task automation tool used throughout the software development cycle. Ant is written in Java. although it can also be used in projects utilising other technologies. archiving. Ant was designed by James Duncan Davidson in 2000 (when the first version was released).

7.) that is very easy to expand. Distributed through the PEAR package manager.info/trac Community driven solution WWW.). Phing is distributed under the LGPL (Lesser Public General License) v3. command launches. PHP Mess Detector. that can be launched from the command line. Phing. Phing is developed in PHP and is compatible with the Windows. etc. such as the launch of unit testing. it is used to automate recurring tasks during IT project developments. In particular.1 Website: www. It incorporates a long list of native tasks (execution of PHPUnit testing. etc. each containing one or more tasks (file copies. Phing can use ancillary libraries like Xdebug and phpcs for some of its tasks.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 112 Phing Version studied: 2. code analysis with PHP CodeSniffer. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . like Ant.phing. via the intermediary of new PHP classes. Linux and Mac OS X platforms. depending on needs.SMILE-OSS. file handling. code analysis tools and delivery management. work with source code version managers.4. uses an XML file to define a list of actions (the “target”).COM Phing is an IT project life cycle management tool inspired by Ant and originally developed by Andreas Aderhold.

Designed around a shared platform coupled with spin-off components. it can be used for developments in any programming language.COM Eclipse is a scalable. The purpose of Eclipse is to provide tools that foster productivity. reporting and other environments. the project is in fact a composite of many sub-projects specific to the underlying technologies.org Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. multi-functional development environment.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 113 Eclipse Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The Eclipse Foundation is now the official sponsor.7 Website: www. test. but not just in respect of software coding. initiated by IBM in 2001. Although Eclipse is written in Java. It includes integrated development environments. modelling. Eclipse is published under the EPL (Eclipse Public License).eclipse. Eclipse is written in Java. but also design.

PostgreSQL. upgrade requests. etc. an admin section for each project in which users can be added/deleted. a personalised page for each user that lists the tickets they opened and those assigned to them. Victor Boctor and Julian Fitzell in 2002. a filtered ticket search form. severity. sub-project creation and more. It has primarily been tested for Web Apache and IIS servers. MS SQL or DB2).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 114 MantisBT Version studied: 1. MantisBT is distributed under the GNU GPL v2. a notification system. the four now form the core development team for the product. was soon joined by Jeroen Latour.8 Website: www. service requests and more) that is suited to any type of project.SMILE-OSS. the tool offers functionalities like a customisable status chaining workflow.mantisbt. public/private. MantisBT allows for project based ticket allocation. Kenzaburo Ito. Requests can also be classified using a variety of criteria (type.2.).org Community driven solution WWW.COM MantisBT is a very popular web based bug tracking tool (covering anomalies. who launched the project in November 2000. In particular. priority. MantisBT is developed in PHP and requires the use of a database (MySQL. user rights management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . category.

COM Maven is a technical project management tool. Maven was designed for project standardisation and use. Maven also offers advanced integration of numerous reporting tools (Surefire. PMD. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is written in Java.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 115 Maven Version studied: 3.apache. It can also manage a project’s dependencies. etc. deploy applications and simplify project roll-outs on a continuous integration platform. NCSS.).3 Website: http://maven. Maven is distributed under the Apache License. Maven was designed for Java projects in general and for Java EE projects in particular.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. Checkstyle. perform complete automated deliveries. Its development is mainly performed by the Apache Foundation.0.

It became an official Apache Foundation project in 2010. its development was initialised in 2000 by the company CollabNet. A spin-off of CVS. Numerous tools and resources are available to turn it to its best advantage.COM Subversion (SVN) is a centralised version control system. etc.6.17 Website: http://subversion. it has been selected by many open source software communities. Subversion is distributed under the Apache and BSD Licenses.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 116 Subversion Version studied: 1.apache.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . revision numbers are global across the entire data warehouse. A popular standard. A number of additional functionalities have been included: directories and metadata are versioned. Apache Subversion was written to overcome the shortcomings of CVS. It is written in C. whose implementation (but not its concept) had been called into question. files can be renamed and/or moved without losing their histories.SMILE-OSS.

COM Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS). then to push a set of local commits to other developers.1 Website: http://git-scm.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 117 Git Version studied: 1. Among other functions. In particular. it is used in the Linux kernel and for PHP. It is an open source software solution created by Linus Torvalds in 2005. such as subjecting a code’s transmission to approval by one of the developers. Git is used to “commit” locally. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is written in C. It also enables the use of a development workflow. Git’s ability to easily create and administrate branches makes it a top-grade tool for open source project development. Git is distributed under the GPL v2.7.SMILE-OSS. Bourne Shell and Perl.com Community driven solution WWW.6.

their priority and their history.redmine.. owner. document management. and assignment of requests to the relevant project participants. classification by category. Redmine is distributed under the GPL v2. their status.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 118 Redmine Version studied: 1. etc. etc.org Community driven solution WWW. user. It was developed in Ruby on the basis of the Ruby on Rails framework.COM Redmine is a collaborative tool used to manage projects via a secure web interface.1 Website: www. profile and rights management.2. It was created by Jean-Philippe Lang in 2006. date. Redmine offers the following functionalities: secure multi-project management. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . management of requests. email and RSS feed notifications.SMILE-OSS. project status views in the form of a Gantt diagram. title. depending on the project.

Tuleap’s software is used by tens of thousands of users around the world for their professional developments. Tuleap was developed by the company Enalean.com/en/products/tuleap-suite/ Vendor driven solution (Enalean) WWW. Also referred to as a software forge or ALM (Application Lifecycle Management). Tuleap is distributed under the GPL.enalean.0. ST-Ericsson and Orange.COM Tuleap is an open source software suite that provides the tools that companies need for software development and efficient collaboration. based its economic model on the provision of professional services and support. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Tuleap’s vendor. version control. Enalean. document management. test and risk tracking. Tuleap is primarily written in PHP.SMILE-OSS. providing bug. continuous integration. at major companies the likes of STMicroelectronics.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 119 Tuleap Version studied: 4.21 Website: http://www. Tuleap is a complete ALM suite. collaboration tools and more.

selenic.SMILE-OSS.edgewall.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org/gf http://trac.COM Name CVS GForge Trac Mercurial URL / Website http://cvs.org http://mercurial.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 120 Other Among the different products available in the field of development tools. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.nongnu.org http://gforge.

Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. such as Continuum and Hudson.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 121 TESTING & CONTINUOUS INTEGRATION WWW.SMILE-OSS. the graphs below do not display the average scores. Graphics rendering (results display) solutions can also be found in connection with these tools. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . many quality open source tools exist.e. To implement continuous integration platforms. additional errors relating to the added code).COM Continuous integration is a set of practices designed to improve the quality of application deliveries by checking that the result of each source code change does not lead to any regressions (i.

COM Continuum is the Apache Foundation’s continuous integration tool.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 122 Continuum Version studied: 1. highly detailed rights management and integrated reporting on unit test results. It offers all the functionalities one might expect of such a tool: configurable automations. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .7 Website: http://continuum. Continuum is distributed under the Apache License. configuration of different execution environments. It is written in Java. but also build distributions to slaves. Within these groups.SMILE-OSS. which provides for simple management of a series of projects.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.3. of course. The functionality that makes Continuum stand out from the rest is the possibility of grouping modules/projects together in project groups. even for groups with rapidly increasing numbers.apache. the various configurations and rights are pooled.

org Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. Jenkins’s major asset is its ecosystem. Historically. Jenkins is chiefly used in the continuous integration solutions market.1. or queries on specific URLs.1 Website: http://hudson-ci. Project generation can be initiated in various ways:planning mechanisms similar to cron.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 123 Jenkins / Hudson Version studied: 2. as well as its simpler.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Here we look at both Jenkins and Hudson. Hudson was the continuous integration tool developed by Oracle/Sun. Jenkins can automate project building and can generate quality and testing reports. Jenkins is a fork of Hudson. Jenkins is distributed under the MIT and Creative Commons Licenses. less austere interface than Continuum’s.COM Jenkins is a continuous integration tool. which comprises hundreds of plug-ins. intergenerational dependencies. It is written in Java.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 124 Selenium IDE Version studied: 1. The project began in 2004 at ThoughtWorks in Chicago. it can be integrated with a continuous integration platform in order to automate interface testing. etc.4 Website: http://seleniumhq. In addition. Selenium IDE can be used to record interface tests from Firefox and then to store them so that they can be played back with Selenium. Selenium is distributed under the Apache License. Selenium IDE is not just a recording tool: it is in fact an integrated development environment (IDE). thanks to Jason Huggins who wanted to test the response times of various applications (Python.org/projects/ide Community driven solution WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM Selenium is an interface testing tool.0. Plone. This tool is very useful in confirming that an interface conforms to expectations. Users can choose to utilise its recording capabilities or can modify the scripts manually. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .).

is a static code analysis tool designed to detect the most common programming errors.sourceforge. By using a system of scalable rules. overcomplicated expressions and copied/pasted code (thanks to its CPD plug-in). a. PMD can also calculate cyclomatic source code complexity. an interesting indicator when assessing software quality.a.COM PMD. also known as “Project Mess Detector” or “Project Meets Deadline”.net Community driven solution WWW. PHP Mess Detector).2. There is also a PHP equivalent (PHPMD.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .5 Website: http://pmd. PMD analyses Java source code. PMD is licensed under a BSD-style license. PMD can detect empty try/catch statements. dead code. The rules can be written using XPath expressions or Java classes (or PHP for PHPMD).k.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 125 PMD Version studied: 4.

net http://www.SMILE-OSS.sourceforge.com/sebastianbergmann/phpunit http://findbugs.junit.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 126 Other Among the different products available in the field of testing and continuous integration.sourceforge.net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.COM Name Sonar Checkstyles JUnit PHPUnit FindBugs CruiseControl URL / Website http://www.net http://cruisecontrol.org https://github.org http://checkstyle.sourceforge.sonarsource.

where these do not already include services or interfaces designed for that purpose. Mule and Petals.COM ESBs (Enterprise Service Buses) allow applications to communicate with one another. ESBs act as “mediators” between clients and service providers (applications).SMILE-OSS. and web services. ESBs are often presented as a new architecture that uses different techniques like transformation. information transfers and routing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 127 ESBS WWW. Benchmark solutions in the open source universe include the likes of Talend ESB. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

talend.SMILE-OSS. It is a very solid product that merits exploration. has acquired Sopera.2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW. service distribution capacity. Talend ESB is distributed under the Apache License. known in its home country for its prestigious clients the likes of Deutsche Post.COM Talend.1 Website: http://www. The merger of the Talend Data Management and Sopera ASF solutions resulted in the creation of a high level integrated middleware tool that combines the flexibility of use of a corporate services management framework with the power of data manipulation tools. the leader in open source data management. The key features that set this solution apart are a very well equipped mediation platform. Zurich Insurance and Landesbank Berlin.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 128 Talend ESB Version studied: 4. high level centralised technical monitoring and integration of the Talend suite. a German SOA and middleware platform vendor. This has made Talend ESB a first class tool that allows for work on both Data Quality and Service Quality.

Mule supports more than 50 standards. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . XML-RPC. servlets. JDBC. multicast. Inc. In fact. POP3 and XMPP. HTTP.org Vendor driven solution (MuleSoft. protocols and technologies. JMS and more. Mule is also an exchange platform with substantial routing capacity. Mule is a platform that is conducive to multiple exchanges between different applications that use different technologies such as HTTP.) WWW. The open source project was developed in 2003 by Ross Mason. UDP.2. email.0 Website: www.mulesoft. SMTP. Mule is distributed under the CPAL (Common Public Attribution License). TCP.COM Mule is both an ESB and an EAI tool. now CTO of MuleSoft (formerly MuleSource).“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 129 Mule Version studied: 3. Its architecture was designed to be scalable. It is written in Java.SMILE-OSS. including JMS.

POP. BPEL.3 Website: http://petals. SMTP. mediator and turntable for SOA infrastructures.ow2. JSR 181. IMAP and JSE Platform. Petals ESB is at the centre of a complete open source solution for SOA infrastructures. Petals ESB is a response to the issues encountered with SOA: a flexible information system adapted to rapid IT developments. Integrated with Petals View (business supervision).SMILE-OSS. XSD WSDL. Petals Master (SOA governance) and Petals Studio (SOA development environment). SOAP. Java. including JBI. XSLT. The project is coordinated by Petals Link and is developed based on the OW2 Consortium’s forges. EIP.1. REST.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 130 Petals Version studied: 3. SCA. all of which with a real time system and openness to the outside world.COM Petals ESB is an open source enterprise service bus. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Petals ESB is distributed under the LGPL. Petals supports and integrates many protocols and technologies.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (Petals Link) driven solution WWW.

apache.org/jbossesb http://servicemix.SMILE-OSS.jboss.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 131 Other Among the different products available in the field of ESBs.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name JBoss Enterprise Service Bus ServiceMix Synapse URL / Website http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org http://synapse.apache.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 132 WEB DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORKS AND LIBRARIES WWW. The time saved on more general issues can then be devoted to the custom aspects of the application.SMILE-OSS. and use standard. Frameworks typically include a wide range of ready to use functionalities with well polished implementations. Ruby.COM A framework can reduce application development times by effectively responding to the most common problems encountered by developers. Frameworks can be found for any language (Java. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. PHP.). with approaches than can vary widely. Most modern applications are based on web frameworks or libraries. well implemented design models. The frameworks available on the market are generally of high quality. JavaScript. Python.

SMILE-OSS.0.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 133 Symfony Version studied: 2. Symfony also provides a set of command line tools used to manage the cache. Adherence to the HTTP protocol and the MVC paradigm are the core of the framework. to automatically generate an administrative interface (admin generator). the first version was released in 2005. controllers and views. Created by Fabien Potencier. XSS. CSRF and so on). On the security end. which provides a complete development context. symfony protects against traditional attacks on web applications (SQL injection.org Vendor driven solution (Sensio Labs) WWW. etc.COM Symfony is an MVC web framework written in PHP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The developer has standardised access to the database (thanks to the ORM Doctrine). Symfony is developed by Sensio Labs and distributed under the MIT License. Symfony is a framework whose operating principles are similar to Django and Ruby on Rails. The framework also supplies a large library of utility functions.symfony-project. and the eagerly awaited version 2. to generate the basic structure and the edit screens for declared objects (scaffolding).0 came out in August 2011.0 Website: www.

COM Zend Framework is one of the duo of leaders in PHP frameworks. It can also be seen as more of a component library than a complete framework. It is one of the most commonly used PHP frameworks.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 134 Zend Framework Version studied: 1. and Zend_Captcha.zend. these include Zend_Gdata. Among others. Nonetheless.com Vendor driven solution (Zend Technologies) WWW. but rather a lightweight table gateway interface. if not the most used. Zend’s approach is quite different from symfony. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .11 Website: http://framework. with a much lighter coupling of its components. which also publishes the Zend engine that is at the core of the PHP interpreter. which integrates CAPTCHAs with the application. Zend Framework requires PHP 5. Zend Framework is distributed under the New BSD License and is supported by Zend Technologies. From a general point of view. with database abstraction. Zend Framework offers a very broad range of components. alongside symfony. It should however be noted that Zend Framework does not include ORM. used to communicate with Google services.2 and supports all databases handled by PDO. it provides the components needed to create MVC applications.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 135 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 136 Spring Version studied: 3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Spring ORM and Spring AOP. Spring is built on a lightweight container. Spring is distributed under the Apache License. Spring is also used to load the application’s various configurations. The classes that respond to user actions are annotated to indicate the method that should be used and the view that should be served. Spring MVC is an annotation based.org Vendor driven solution (SpringSource. The main components are Spring MVC. JDO and EclipseLink.0. It provides an abstraction for the usual persistence frameworks like Hibernate. for transaction management and for a whole series of utility tools. making the tool a must in the Java ecosystem.SMILE-OSS. Spring AOP nonetheless offers the usual AOP tools with different types of grafts and different ways of expressing pointcuts. a division of VMware) WWW.6 Website: www. It offers a complete stack as a sort of alternative to the standard Java EE stack.COM Spring is a portfolio of tools and libraries. More simplistic that AspectJ. Spring AOP is an aspect oriented programming framework. One of the portfolio’s many components can then be used on top of this lightweight container.springsource. full REST MVC framework. Spring ORM is a data access abstraction library. which allows it to manage dependencies between the objects forming the application.

manual integration that consists of a translation of the layout in XML and Java. whose version 1. paradoxically. it is.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 137 GWT Version studied: 2.COM Google Web Toolkit is an RIA framework developed by Google. which requires time-consuming. unlike technologies such as Flex and Silverlight. GWT can be used to create and maintain dynamic web applications that implement JavaScript. However. GWT is distributed under the terms of the Apache License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . GWT enables the development of elaborate applications in pure Java that is “compiled” in JavaScript and HTML. because GWT generates all its interface views using XML and Java.4 Website: http://code.com/webtoolkit Vendor driven solution (Google) WWW.google.SMILE-OSS. The result is an extensive application that adheres to web standards. very difficult to integrate a HTML layout. using the Java language and tools. GWT’s XML format for interface descriptions allows for rapid development. which require the installation of a special plug-in on client workstations.0 dates back to 17 May 2006.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 138 WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Implementation follows a strict object based logic and could benefit from call chaining to simplify the writing. including Microsoft ASP.NET Ajax.com Community driven solution WWW. event management. jQuery has been integrated into numerous open source projects. providing for virtually restriction-free integration. jQuery is compatible with the vast majority of browsers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 139 jQuery Version studied: 1. As the community is extremely responsive. which allows its use at the same time as another JavaScript library. a multitude of plugins are available from the official website. jQuery is distributed under the MIT License or the GPL. which enables the reuse and functional encapsulation of behaviours.SMILE-OSS.6. jQuery also has a compatibility mode. and animation and management of Ajax calls. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and Google supplies a CDN for the library’s files.COM jQuery is one of the main JavaScript libraries. One of jQuery’s strong points is its simplified plug-in writing. including Internet Explorer 6. jQuery simplifies multi-browser JavaScript developments by providing an API that is independent of the underlying platform. It was created by John Resig in 2006.3 Website: http://jquery. The purpose of jQuery is to simplify the usual JavaScript manipulations: DOM manipulation.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 140 WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

including Internet Explorer 6. It should however be noted that DOM expansion has raised a number of issues and is currently being withdrawn from the library. Prototype is distributed under the MIT License. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc.prototypejs.SMILE-OSS.). JavaScript development with Prototype brings in a number of traditional object oriented programming concepts that are absent from standard JavaScript (constructors. In this way.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 141 Prototype Version studied: 1.7 Website: www. legacy objects. Over and above its simplification of cross-browser and Ajax oriented development.org Community driven solution WWW. Prototype’s goal is to enrich the JavaScript language and the DOM by attaching additional components and functionalities.COM Prototype is a JavaScript library created by Sam Stephenson in 2005 in order to add Ajax support to the Ruby on Rails framework. Prototype is written in JavaScript and is compatible with the vast majority of browsers.

It therefore includes the transposition to Java of the main concepts used in frameworks like RoR. Play! is distributed under the Apache License 2. its templates in Groovy and the project manager in Python. Convention over Configuration.3 Website: www. Play! is written in Java. and its own application server (although it is also easy to deploy on a Tomcat server). etc.org Vendor driven solution (Zenexity) WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 142 Play! Version studied: 1.COM Play! is a web-oriented Java framework created by Guillaume Bort in 2007. Play! also has its own technical project manager. The principle behind Play! is to reduce the Java development life cycle and to limit the complexity of applications often associated with Java projects.0. Don’t Repeat Yourself. for example. which allows it. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Zenexity contributes to the project and performs product development and support.SMILE-OSS.2. Django and symfony: MVC. to transparently reload the modified code on the fly.playframework. used to create CRUD interfaces.

Django is distributed under the BSD License.com Foundation driven solution (Django Software Foundation) WWW.SMILE-OSS. CRUD interface creation tools and classic web attack prevention systems (XSS. SQL injection. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc.3. It is developed in Python. a cache system. a templating engine. It was created in 2005 by the company Lawrence Journal-World.COM Django is the benchmark for web frameworks in Python.1 Website: https://www. such as a database abstraction layer.). supplying as many pre-existing components as possible. Django is based on the MVC paradigm and on the principle of Don’t Repeat Yourself. It should be noted that Django is available on the Google App Engine platform.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 143 Django Version studied: 1. Some of the more noteworthy websites that use Django include Disqus and Spotify. CSRF.djangoproject. an infrastructure for form manipulation and data entry validation. an interface for the Python unit testing framework (PyUnit).

was released in 2004. HTTP management and Ajax calls) are integrated with the framework and allow the developer to concentrate on the business logic rather than the technical aspects.SMILE-OSS. database access. In the same spirit.COM Ruby on Rails is a web framework. in the name of which it supplies a number of code and interface generators (scaffolding). the classic lower layers (security. These generators mean the developer does not have to perform the operations over again or recode similar standard functionalities. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . written by David Heinemeier Hansson. Ruby on Rails is distributed under the MIT License.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 144 Ruby on Rails Version studied: 3. The first version.org Community driven solution WWW. even if some parts (not linked to the front office) have been rewritten in Scala following load bearing issues with the Ruby interpreter. One of RoR’s success stories has been Twitter. It is developed in Ruby.1 Website: http://rubyonrails. The Ruby on Rails framework is characterised by the concept of Don’t Repeat Yourself.

org http://www.com http://codeigniter.me http://www.yiiframework.org http://lithify.org/zetacomponents May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 145 Other Among the different products available in the field of web development frameworks and libraries.apache.SMILE-OSS.phpontrax.pradosoft.com http://incubator.com http://www.com http://jelix.COM Name CakePHP Lithium Prado PHPonTrax CodeIgniter Jelix CXF Yii Zeta Components URL / Website http://cakephp.org http://cxf.apache. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.

as well as Rhodes and Titanium. Many mobile operating systems now exist. with PhoneGap. which runs on the iPhone. enabling porting to X operating systems from the same source code. mobile applications have increased exponentially in recent years.SMILE-OSS. for example. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Symbian and Palm. three frameworks stand out far above the rest: PhoneGap. These frameworks use different techniques to obtain relatively similar results. Android. To avoid duplicating development work. BlackBerry. among others. as mentioned above.COM With the advent of the smartphone. crossplatform open source mobile frameworks have been created.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 146 CROSS-PLATFORM MOBILE FRAMEWORKS WWW. In the world of open source solutions. engendering a corresponding increase in development work. This is the case.

and Appcelerator offers a variety of support levels ranging from Indie to Professional.SMILE-OSS. Titanium currently supports iOS and Android. This product is available under the Apache License 2. barcode scanner. An application can be developed with Titanium in JavaScript.COM Titanium Mobile is a multi-platform framework that can generate native applications for iOS and Android.com/products/titanium-mobile-application-development Vendor driven solution (Appcelerator) WWW.). Titanium enables access to all smartphone and tablet PC functionalities.7. and a multitude of extensions are also available (PayPal. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .0.2 Website: http://www. BlackBerry support is now in beta mode. Titanium’s JavaScript API provides for multi-platform development and its SDK generates native code from the JavaScript code. etc. The tool has been developed by Appcelerator since 2009. while its extensions are written in native code.appcelerator. The databases manipulated are SQLite DBs.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 147 Titanium Version studied: 1.

which generates final applications from a web interface. PhoneGap is distributed under the MIT License.com Vendor driven solution (Nitobi) WWW. video camera.0. packaged by the tool so that they can be launched by the target smartphone’s native browser.phonegap.0 Website: www. It has been developed by Canadian company Nitobi since 2008. PhoneGap also offers an API that can call up the smartphone’s advanced functionalities (GPS. It currently supports six platforms. etc. making it a complete and technically relevant solution for the development of multi-platform mobile applications.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . accelerometer.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 148 PhoneGap Version studied: 1.COM PhoneGap is a tool used to create multi-platform mobile applications that adhere to web standards. Nitobi recently launched the service PhoneGap Build.SMILE-OSS. The applications produced using PhoneGap are web applications.

Rhodes supports a large number of platforms (ranging from Android to Windows Phone 7.COM Rhodes is a multi-platform. Rhodes is available under the MIT License. which allows Rhodes to support many different platforms. in order to remain separate from the target platform. Rhomobile also offers an entire suite of tools for the development and distribution of Rhodes applications. Its views are developed in HTML and the applications. Rhodes is a framework inspired by Ruby on Rails. On the development side. by way of Symbian). generated application has an embedded Ruby VM and a web server. The final. in Ruby.SMILE-OSS. including an online IDE and a marketplace. open source framework dedicated to the development of mobile applications.0 Website: http://rhomobile. The tool has been developed by Rhomobile since 2009.com/products/rhodes/ Vendor driven solution (Rhomobile) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 149 Rhodes Version studied: 3.

In making identity management secure. integrity and nonrepudiation. PKI tools simplify the development of transactional activities. email) secure by guaranteeing their confidentiality. OpenCA.e.COM PKI-style solutions are used to make electronic relationships (i.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 150 PKIS WWW. whether external (contractual and commercial relationships) or internal (staff accountability). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenTrust and EJBCA. authentication. The available open source solutions include OpenSSL. whether via signature certificates (email or web access) or encryption (using two keys).SMILE-OSS.

The 100% community based development was initiated in 2001 and continues to be actively pursued today. like the OCSP responder.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 151 OpenCA Version studied: 1. etc. testing.1.openca. OpenCA PKI is the part dedicated to certificate management. With its modular design. it provides a web interface that can easily perform the majority of common tasks (certificate issuing and revocation. Combined with the other components of the PKI project. The solution is very heterogeneous but uses recognised current standards: the web server is based on Apache 2 and the interface is written in Perl. It can also perform rights restrictions. OpenCA PKI is currently covered by the BSD License. Its encryption mechanisms are based on OpenSSL.). it contributes to the establishment of a complete PKI solution.org Community driven solution WWW. Finally. certificate management is handled by OpenLDAP.1 Website: www.SMILE-OSS.COM OpenCA PKI is a component of a vast community project aiming to define standards for the development of PKI software. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

i.0e Website: www. and many tools that are more advanced in terms of their usability are based on OpenSSL. It can write and rewrite certificates in the most common formats on the market.COM OpenSSL is the open source library that has virtually been raised to the rank of a standard for its cryptographic functions. dating back to before 1998.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 152 OpenSSL Version studied: 1.openssl. In addition to providing for encryption and the hashing that is possible with any known algorithm (MD5.11 protocols to HTTPS communications.0. The development of OpenSSL is old. by way of SSH and FTPS). it completely implements the standard for PKIs. AES. It is available under either the Apache or the BSD License.SMILE-OSS. X509. etc. it remains the benchmark for Linux and BSD and is often used in all sorts of situations requiring encryption (ranging from 802. In particular. Developed in C. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Blowfish. it can also issue and revoke certificates using X509 and is fully capable of handling the certification chain.org Community driven solution WWW.e.).

Covered by the GPL. enabling the very fast creation of certification authorities and client certificates.).SMILE-OSS. easyCA is written in Bash and requires no dependencies other than OpenSSL.net/projects/easyca Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 153 easyCA Version studied: 0.COM easyCA can manage small scale PKIs very quickly and simply. It can also manage revocations and offers export options for back-ups. its development seems to have been broken off at present. It was developed by Ferry Kemps in 2005. the basic script has been adopted by many independent projects and has been supplemented with new functionalities (OCSP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .9 Website: http://sourceforge. Nonetheless. It is easy to edit and personalise to meet the needs of most system administrators. It departs almost entirely from the relative complexity of OpenSSL. etc.

EJBCA can handle all aspects of standard X509 certification.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 154 EJBCA Version studied: 4. PrimeKey. It also offers a complete admin interface with rights restrictions and a client portal.COM Developed since 2001. EJBCA is one of the most complete PKI management open source solutions there is.0. and so forth). It is currently driven and actively maintained by Swedish company PrimeKey. EJBCA is covered by the LGPL and has only one edition.SMILE-OSS. from certificate issuing. EJBCA is entirely written in Java and is powered by a JEE application server. CRL revocations to certification chains.3 Website: www. From a technical perspective. It is one of the rare products that fully comply with Java Beans specifications. CMS. Like other PKI solutions.org Vendor driven solution (PrimeKey) WWW. and it is one of the only products to implement a large number of the standards linked to specification X509 (OCSP responder. Its management of custom hardware such as HSMs is quite accurate.ejbca. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Commercial support can be subscribed to with the vendor. which could be either JBoss or GlassFish.

federation and management solutions now available.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 155 IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION. FederID. This makes it possible to include third party applications in its federated identity management system in order for users logging onto their unique identification system to gain access to the application in question.COM In this category. These tools are relatively similar but their end goals may differ in some cases. the graphs below do not display the average scores. which are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the Shibboleth system provides unique multi-domain authentication. LemonLDAP and OpenAM are also described. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. LinOTP is also presented here. This is an OTP solution allowing for the use of passwords generated at a given time. we will present the various identity authentication. FEDERATION AND MANAGEMENT WWW. For example. Other open source solutions like CAS.

such as an LDAP directory.10 Website: www. The communication protocol used is SAML v2 and. in later versions of CAS. PHP and . in Java.COM Central Authentication Service is a web oriented Single Sign On system. by means of one-time password tokens. It was created in the early 2000s at Yale University. An Apache module is also available. such as a web service or an IMAP server. CAS came under the banner of special interest group Jasig. a relational database. flat files and so on.NET. CAS also supplies a proxy system that allows an application to transfer the user’s identification to another back end application (whether web based or not). additional information can be transmitted at user login (groups. but rather log in the user after querying CAS. CAS provides for Single Sign On between multiple sites. including on different domains.4. The applications themselves never have access to the user’s password.).jasig. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . In 2004.SMILE-OSS.org/cas Community driven solution WWW. etc. CAS is distributed under the Jasig (BSD-style) License. CAS can use different types of back ends as the user database.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 156 CAS Version studied: 3. CAS is written in Java and supplies CAS clients for SSO integration with applications. full name.

although its reverse proxy mode allows it to be used with applications running on a different server (IIS. via a template engine.COM LemonLDAP::NG is a Web SSO authentication system initiated in 2004 by the company Linagora. LemonLDAP::NG makes it possible to base web application authentication on a LDAP directory. databases and other systems such as OpenID and SAML.). It can also serve as a CAS. and now taken over by the OW2 Consortium.1 Website: http://lemonldap-ng. It requires the use of an Apache server. Tomcat. but also on many other directories. Access control can be defined by URL for each application in need of protection. etc. and LemonLDAP::NG provides for access traceability.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 157 LemonLDAP::NG Version studied: 1. LemonLDAP::NG is distributed under the GPL. in terms of both its behaviour and its appearance.SMILE-OSS. A web admin interface is also available.1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Consortium driven solution (OW2) WWW. OpenID and SAML supplier. The product is developed in Perl and is easy to personalise.

The company announced that it was going to pursue the release of new versions of OpenAM by following the original Sun Microsystems roadmap. ForgeRock initiated a fork called OpenAM that it has continued to develop and maintain ever since. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .5.3 Website: http://forgerock. OpenAM is developed in Java.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 158 OpenAM Version studied: 9. version 1.html Vendor driven solution (ForgeRock) WWW.1). OpenAM is distributed under the CDDL (Common Development and Distribution License.SMILE-OSS. an open source license created by Sun Microsystems and based on the Mozilla Public License.com/openam. OpenAM provides a solution that allows for simplified roll-outs of web access rights management projects: the universal gateway. After Sun’s decision to stop developing OpenSSO. OpenAM is an infrastructure brick that transparently performs Single Sign On functions for both web applications and middleware.COM OpenAM is a complete identity management solution.

org Vendor driven solution (LSE Leading Security Experts GmbH) WWW. For example. as well as with hybrid solutions like MOTP devices. professional solution that can be integrated with a heterogeneous infrastructure. OTP stands for “One-Time Password”: OTPs are passwords generated at a given time.3 Website: www. An Enterprise edition is also available.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 159 LinOTP Version studied: 2.SMILE-OSS. like tokens and even smartphones. LinOTP is distributed under the AGPL v3. These passwords are generated thanks to certain hardware.COM LinOTP is an open source OTP solution maintained by the German company LSE (Leading Security Experts) GmbH. From a technical standpoint. a custom web interface could be developed and included in a special section of an Intranet site. This means it can be administrated using tools other than those provided as part of the distribution. that are valid over a short period of time and only usable once. LinOTP is a server written in Python. It is a robust. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . with which communications are possible via simple HTTP queries. LinOTP interfaces with all types of tokens that support the HMAC-OTP protocol.linotp.

SMILE-OSS. a number of extensions have been developed to allow various systems to interface with Shibboleth.0. Version 1. in order to simplify access to internal and external resources and to make such access more secure.edu Community driven solution WWW. It is written in Java and C++. Shibboleth provides for the set-up of an authentication system centralised between multiple services. as well as the propagation of identities between these services.COM Shibboleth was developed by the consortium Internet2.internet2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 160 Shibboleth Version studied: 2.0 Website: http://shibboleth. which encompasses more than 200 universities and research centres. Like the module for Apache HTTP Server. The goal of identity propagation is twofold: to delegate authentication to the user’s original establishment and to retrieve certain user attributes (to manage access control or to personalise content). Shibboleth is distributed under the Apache License 2.0 was published in 2003. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .ow2.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 161 Other Among the different products available in the field of identity authentication.SMILE-OSS.net/projects/opensso http://federid. federation and management.COM Name OpenSSO FederID URL / Website http://java.

form submission. The open source tools in this category include JMeter. load testing tools are applications that simulate heavy loads on a service. etc. The possibilities are many. but also a database. completion of a particular form. A graphical interface is usually available for entry of the test scenarios: a path via a specific page. variable loading from an external file. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex.SMILE-OSS. conditions. with loops. This could be a website.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 162 LOAD TESTING TOOLS WWW. LDAP directory. extraction and reuse of variables.COM As the name suggests. etc. Tsung and FunkLoad. web service. These applications generally offer load testing output in the form of a large number of exportable graphs and statistics generated in reports. etc. clicks on a given menu. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . LDAP.org/jmeter Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. database.5 Website: http://jakarta. written in Java.SMILE-OSS. JMeter is distributed under the Apache License. etc.COM JMeter is a traffic injection tool published by the Apache Foundation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 163 JMeter Version studied: 2. It is used to conduct load testing on multiple server types: web. The scenarios themselves can be extremely complex. Its development started in 2001. conditions. with loops. variable loading from an external file. It has a graphical interface that simplifies the creation of user scenarios. extraction and reuse of variables. and many types of graphs and statistics.apache.

org Community driven solution WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 164 Tsung Version studied: 1. it is not subject to the traditional limitations of this type of tool and can therefore simulate very heavy traffic.erlang-projects.0 Website: http://tsung. It also includes an automated statistics generator.4.SMILE-OSS. Tsung is available under the GPL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Initially created by the French company Idealx. It supports HTTP and a handful of spin-offs (SOAP and WebDAV). it is now developed by an independent community. and XMPP.COM Tsung is a traffic injection tool used for load testing of different types of servers. Developed in Erlang. MySQL and PostgreSQL databases. a language that specialises in high performance applications.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 165 Other Among the different products available in the field of load testing tools.SMILE-OSS. the following can also be added to the list: WWW.nuxeo.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org http://opensta.COM Name CLIF OpenSTA FunkLoad URL / Website http://clif.ow2.org http://funkload.

Search engines usually consist of two services: indexing and searches. phonetics.). These two are quite often associated with the best web applications. etc. images. files.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 166 SEARCH ENGINES WWW. like operating systems and databases. speed and relevance algorithm) and by their linguistic processing functions (plurals.COM Search engines.) indexed with a series of keywords. etc. They can generally be differentiated by their indexing capacity (format. conjugations. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the market is dominated by the search engines Lucene and Solr.SMILE-OSS. In the world of open source. They allow us to locate and access resources (in the broadest sense of the term – web pages. videos. are the cornerstones of our daily lives.

COM Driven by the Apache Foundation.4. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the most well known. tenses. among others.0 Website: http://lucene. Lucene is now available under the Apache License. conjugations. synonym management. Lucene is a content search and indexing library. It handles all of this with an exceptional level of performance.). Lucene supports searches for related forms of the same word (plural or singular. without a doubt. Initially distributed under the LGPL. Lucene is written in Java.SMILE-OSS. Lucene is based on the concept of automated indexing. to index and perform searches on its content. Like most search engines. configurable relevance and more. processing input data all at once and assigning them multiple links. First and foremost. It was released for free downloading by Doug Cutting in March 2000.apache. On the functional side. Lucene is. Perl. most widely used and most dynamic search tool on the open source market.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 167 Lucene Version studied: 3. PHP. It can be integrated with Java applications but also with applications in other languages like Ruby. etc. in other words. C++ and more. the Lucene project is the solution selected by Wikipedia.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 168 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

0 Website: http://lucene.SMILE-OSS. meaning that a document is not analysed as a simple set of words. Solr is distributed under the Apache License. One of Lucene’s major characteristics is its capacity to index the content by field or by attribute.apache. Solr makes it possible to take full advantage of this functionality. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Solr is a corporate search server that centralises indexing and results serving operations. Solr can communicate with other applications via many protocols based on open standards. rather it is made of fields. with each field being a string of words (terms). It also offers an admin interface in web mode. which decided to publish their work in 2006.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 169 Solr Version studied: 3.4.org/solr Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. This allows for much more detailed management of relevance and advanced searches.COM Solr is an overlay of Lucene that adds functionalities and simplifies the roll-out of certain Lucene functions known to be excessively technical. Its development was initiated by CNET Networks.

Com) WWW.11 Website: www. For searches. mnoGoSearch natively supports numerous languages.COM mnoGoSearch is a search engine whose first open source version came out in 2000.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 170 mnoGoSearch Version studied: 3.org Vendor driven solution (Lavtech. pdf2text. etc. As a result. synonyms.SMILE-OSS. It can use a MySQL or PostgreSQL database as storage. mnoGoSearch is distributed under the GPL for UNIX environments. whereas Windows binaries are proprietary and available for a fee. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . mnoGoSearch specialises in indexing Internet and Intranet websites. mnoGoSearch also supports the indexing of office documents by means of external utilities (catdoc. spell-checking. Boolean search operators and more. mnoGoSearch is developed in C. it supplies an integratable CGI script on a web server. as well as file system indexing without a HTTP server.3.mnogosearch.). A simple template system makes it possible to customise the search page. its indexing method is primarily based on HTTP crawling.

OpenSearchServer also interfaces easily with any application by means of a REST interface. PDF. MS Office. based in Paris.SMILE-OSS. etc.COM OpenSearchServer is a search engine created by Emmanuel Keller. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .open-search-server.). etc. it differs from Solr in its HTTP accessible graphical admin interface. its highly advanced site crawling capacity (thread management. does most of the development work and provides support for the tool.1 Website: www. OpenSearchServer is distributed under the GPL. In addition.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 171 OpenSearchServer Version studied: 1. The first open source version was released in 2008. OpenSearchServer was developed internally for the website of Usine Nouvelle. OpenSearchServer can also interpret the content of a number of file formats (OpenOffice. page exclusion.2. OpenSearchServer is written in Java. OpenSearchServer is easy to expand with custom modules that enhance its functionalities. a database indexing system and a file crawler. The company of the same name.). index programming. Based on Lucene.com Vendor driven solution (OpenSearchServer) WWW.

co.flax.com http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 172 Other Among the different products available in the field of search engines.SMILE-OSS.COM Name Nutch Sphinx Flax LucidWorks URL / Website http://nutch.com/products/lucidworkssearch-platform May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .lucidimagination.apache.org http://sphinxsearch.uk http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

namely GlassFish. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.COM In this category. although JBoss AS and Tomcat share the spotlight. the graphs below do not display the average scores. Regarding application servers. It will not be hard to find service providers to meet your consulting or integration needs. In the world of HTTP servers. many other names have also cropped up on the scene.SMILE-OSS. thanks to its outstanding reputation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 173 HTTP AND APPLICATION SERVERS WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the Apache server is largely dominant. HTTP servers (also referred to as HTTP daemons and web servers) serve web users’ queries (often pages or images) in accordance with HTTP protocol. we will present the open source HTTP and JEE application servers currently available on the market.

SMILE-OSS. with more than one third of the market share. it represents an excellent alternative to commercial application servers like WebSphere and WebLogic.COM JBoss AS is the global leader in application servers. With its Java EE 6 Web Profile certification.0. however. In April 2006.jboss. Red Hat acquired JBoss. JBoss is distributed under the LGPL. It is written in Java. The product’s first designer was Marc Fleury.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 174 JBoss AS Version studied: 7. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Inc. Its tree structure is. JBoss provides a clear and simple admin interface.org/jbossas Vendor driven solution (Red Hat) WWW. quite complex.1 Website: www.

and delegates pages that use Java (servlets. for example. This means it can run via the Java virtual machine on any operating system that supports it.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 175 Tomcat Version studied: 7.apache. The Tomcat project was launched as the reference implementation of servlets by James Duncan Davidson. It is the most widely used Java application server in the world. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Tomcat is distributed under the Apache License. the web server serves HTML web pages. In these cases. a software engineer at Sun.) to Tomcat. Its admin interface is very succinct. Moreover. Tomcat is often combined with a more “general” web server like Apache or even JBoss.21 Website: http://tomcat.COM Apache Tomcat is the Apache Foundation’s JEE servlets container.0. It is written in Java. JSP. etc.SMILE-OSS.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW.

The first version of GlassFish (1. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . covering: EJB 3. In fact.0) was released in 2006.0. In terms of standards. CDI 1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 176 GlassFish Version studied: 3. JAX-RS 1.1. Servlet 3. It is written in Java.net Vendor driven solution (Oracle) WWW. GlassFish boasts a comprehensive admin interface and a complete shell allowing for command line administration of the server. GlassFish is distributed under either the CDDL or the GPL v2. In particular.0.1 Website: http://glassfish. JSF 2.1.COM GlassFish is the reference implementation of Java EE developed by Oracle.SMILE-OSS. JPA 2.0.java. GlassFish is a complete implementation of Java EE 6. etc. the project originated in 2005 with the opening of the Sun Application Server.0.0.

SMILE-OSS. It is distributed under the Apache License. Python and Ruby. support for SSI tags and CGIs. Apache was designed to be modular and to be able to host additional functionalities such as interpretation of Perl.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 177 Apache Version studied: 2.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. PHP. Over and above its initial scope.apache. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .2.3 server. It offers tremendous flexibility in its configuration and a multitude of modules for functional cover that remains unparalleled today. Its development began in 1995 as a mere collection of patches and additions for the NCSA HTTPd 1. and so on. a new API and support for IPv6. Version 2a namely added multi-platform support (including Windows).20 Website: http://httpd.COM Apache is the most widely used web server in the world.

net May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .jonas.lighttpd.org http://www.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 178 Other Among the different products available in the field of HTTP and application servers.COM Name EasyBeans Geronimo JOnAS nginx lighttpd URL / Website http://wiki.org http://nginx.org http://geronimo.ow2.easybeans.apache.org http://wiki.

given that it provides its services to applications. all of which are also asynchronous.COM Message Oriented Middleware or “MOMs” are particularly invaluable tools in the implementation of exchanges between all types of applications. and RPC.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 179 MOM & EAI WWW. Middleware allows different applications to communicate and interoperate. are usually considered to be real middleware.SMILE-OSS. Middleware is a high level tool. RMI and SOAP. so long as they are interconnected by a network. but the resulting exchanges are based on a whole stack of network protocols. Middleware is more than a mere protocol for calling the services offered by an application. This interoperation can occur even when the applications are running on different servers. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

It is distributed under the Apache License 2.0 Website: http://activemq.SMILE-OSS. C++. ActiveMQ relies on a handful of other Apache projects: Apache Camel (partial implementation of enterprise integration patterns) and Jetty (Java application server integrated with ActiveMQ).COM Released in 2004.0. it can process messages according to enterprise integration patterns (EIPs). after its superior connectivity. Delphi. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The diversity of languages and environments it supports is particularly impressive and is one of ActiveMQ’s greatest assets. ActiveMQ is the open source MOM published by the Apache Foundation. Thanks to the integrated Camel project. Mule and Geronimo (as the default JMS provider). Pike.Net.apache. ActiveMQ is developed in Java. PHP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 180 ActiveMQ Version studied: 5. Ajax. ActiveMQ’s message processing is undoubtedly its most famous asset.5.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. etc. . Ruby. The languages by which ActiveMQ can be accessed are: C. RESTful and SOAP. Python. ActiveMQ in turn is used by several other major projects: Apache Service Mix. Perl. FreePascal.

SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 181 WWW.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

Object Web is also known for its Java application server.7. JORAM has an elegant internal architecture based on the agent model. events take the form of messages.COM JORAM (Java Open Reliable Asynchronous Messaging) is the middleware created by the consortium Object Web.SMILE-OSS. with which JORAM is integrated.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 182 JORAM Version studied: 5.org Consortium (OW2) and vendor (ScalAgent) driven solution WWW. This approach offers a high level of flexibility because it allows for the creation and deletion of agents on the fly and on any broker whatsoever.ow2. JORAM has been distributed under the LGPL since May 2000. which can then simulate a JMS environment). released in 1999.0 Website: http://joram. Queues and topics are therefore represented by agents. JOnAS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . C and C++ (using JNI. An agent is a software component the responds to certain events. A user connected to the platform is also represented by an agent called a “proxy”. In the case of JORAM. The languages by which JORAM can be accessed are: Java (via the JMS interface).

SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.org/jbossmessaging May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .jboss.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 183 Other Among the different products available in the field of MOM and EAI.COM Name JBoss Messaging URL / Website http://www.

the graphs below do not display the average scores. we will be presenting Drools (an amazing rule engine) and ESIGate (which makes it possible to build pages on the fly from fragments taken from different technologies).COM In this final category of the “Development and intermediate layers” dimension. In particular.SMILE-OSS. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 184 OTHER WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.

2. The use of a tool like Drools allows for the evolution of rules and constraints without having to alter the associated computer programme. Planner (automated planning engine) and Flow (workflow engine). The benefits of this are clear. The rules can be viewed technically.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 185 Drools Version studied: 5. and automated rule deployment. Drools is distributed under the Apache License. Drools comprises multiple modules: Guvnor (web admin interface). rule hierarchies and categorisation. but also thanks to a publisher that is very easy to access. rule editing without development. in the form of a business intelligence table that is perfectly understandable by functional users.0 Website: www.jboss.SMILE-OSS. Drools Guvnor offers the following services: version control and rule deployment.org/drools Vendor driven solution (JBoss) WWW. Expert (rule engine). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Drools (or JBoss Rules) is a system for managing business rules that uses a forward chaining inference engine.

The various bits of content obtained from different servers are then assembled on a single page and served to the user.esigate.19 Website: www. capable of integrating any web application without requiring the slightest modification to existing set-up.COM ESIGate is a web content aggregator.org Community driven solution WWW. from which it can retrieve HTML pages on the fly. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The major strength of this approach is the fact that it is technologically agnostic. In this instance. HTML comments can then be inserted so as to perfectly delimit the blocks for extraction.SMILE-OSS. ESIGate is written in Java and accepts multiple syntaxes. It was created by a number of specialist JEE engineers at Smile. the leading European integrator of open source solutions. ESIGate is distributed under the Apache License. ESIGate interfaces with existing servers.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 186 ESIGate Version studied: 2. either based on JSP taglibs or using the ESI standard tags defined by Akamai for its Content Delivery Network. ESIGate can also be configured to extract snatches of content from existing pages.

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APPLICATIONS DIMENSION
The “Applications” dimension includes all the solutions commonly used by companies’ end users. They typically offer carefully developed interfaces that are far removed from the command lines typically available in tools in the “Infrastructure” dimension.

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The vast majority of these tools are developed by vendors, unlike infrastructure tools, which are primarily community based. These vendors have chosen the open source model for publication of their solutions. Their economic models are mostly based on support, and even warranties, for the products in question. These tools have played a key role in the widespread adoption of open source technologies, by offering quality applications with very broad scopes. There are almost no categories now that do not include at least one open source option. Even in very specific domains like library management and business intelligence, open source solutions are available. More than 50 solutions are evaluated here for this dimension, and nearly 100 are listed in total, among the following categories:

       

CRMs Business Intelligence: ETLs Business Intelligence: Reporting Business Intelligence: Suites E-commerce ERPs CMSs EDM & ECM

      

Libraries & Documentation Portals Corporate social networks Blogs, Wikis and Forums E-learning Visitor tracking Other

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CRMS

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CRM (customer relationship management) systems are tools designed to capture, process and analyse information on existing and prospective clients. The scope of these tools is therefore potentially very (very) broad, given that it pertains to all the actions developed to foster customer and prospect loyalty by offering the best possible service. CRM functionalities can include multi-entity management, customer service, case and groupware management, sales cycles, marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns, contact and account management, and more. Excellent products the likes of SugarCRM and vtiger are some of those available from the world of open source solutions.

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OpenCRX
Version studied: 2.8.5 Website: www.opencrx.org Community driven solution

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openCRX is an open source CRM solution chiefly designed for corporate use. It is currently developed and maintained by a small team of developers. The first version appeared in 2004 and has continued to improve since then. openCRX provides a multitude of functionalities including multi-entity CRM for companies with elevated sales automation needs, customer service, case and groupware management, etc. The functionalities offered in these domains exceed those provided by other CRMs on the market (whether open source or not). That being said, it is missing a number of functionalities in other important aspects of the life cycle, such as marketing. Some of the main developers work for companies that supply plug-ins and additional services, particularly CRIXP Corp., a German company. But openCRX itself is a purely community driven project. It is available under a BSD-style License. openCRX is a JEE application that supports most relational databases including Oracle, DB2, MySQL and PostgreSQL.

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SugarCRM
Version studied: 6.3.0 Website: www.sugarcrm.com Vendor driven solution (SugarCRM, Inc.)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SugarCRM is an open source customer relationship management suite. It was first distributed in 2004 and SugarCRM, Inc. has since continued to develop and maintain it. The vendor is based in Cupertino, California. SugarCRM has evolved to cover all the main features of customer management and the sales cycle. It boasts an impressive list of functionalities, ranging from marketing and mass broadcasting campaigns to leads, by way of contact and account management, and more. The latest versions (particularly since version 6) have emphasised mobile CRM (native applications) and the integration of a Social CRM dimension. SugarCRM comes in three types: a Community edition (free, open source), an Enterprise edition (with additional functionalities) and a SaaS edition (on demand). The Community edition (published under the Affero GNU Public License v3) has a much smaller scope than the other editions. The product is based on a LAMP platform, with a number of possible variants in respect to databases and web servers (so long as PHP can be run).

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VTiger
Version studied: 5.2.1 Website: www.vtiger.com Vendor driven solution (vtiger)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

vtiger is an open source CRM created from a fork of SugarCRM in 2004. The reason for this fork was to preserve a completely free and 100% open source product at a time when SugarCRM was beginning to diversify its business model by launching commercial editions. vtiger has been evolving continuously since then. The latest version (published in November 2010) offers a complete set of functionalities, including reports and dashboards, invoices and organisational (team) access control. vtiger also has connectors for the most common office automation suites and for messaging clients. More recently, vtiger has taken its first steps in the mobile universe with iPhone and Android apps. As a company, vtiger operates out of Bangalore, India, and Sunnyvale, California. It is responsible for managing the open source project. It offers technical support, training, migration and other services. The product is built on a LAMP/WAMP platform. vtiger On Demand (cloud based) is hosted on the Amazon EC2 platform. The source code from the SugarCRM fork is covered by the SugarCRM Public License and vtiger modifications are under the MPL.

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COM Name CiviCRM OpenERP URL / Website http://civicrm.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 192 Other Among the different products available in the field of CRMs.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.org http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.openerp.

transformation and/or loading scenarios.COM ETLs often serve as a business intelligence brick. ETL stands for “Extract. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. ETL tools can be used for much simpler extraction. Open source ETL solutions include Talend and Pentaho Data Integration (formerly Kettle). The term designates tools used to perform massive information synchronisations from one data source to another. In practice. although they can also be used outside that context. Transformations can be performed by means of existing plug-ins or through programming.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 193 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: ETLS WWW. They usually include connectors for data imports and exports to and from third party applications. Load”. Transform.

process roll-out. developed by French based vendor Talend. A very thorough list of components makes it possible to connect to any type of database or application (SAP. The scope of TIS includes process definition (jobs). Talend Open Studio. TIS (Talend Integration Suite). plus reference data management and a data quality module. Two editions are available: the ETL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Talend’s basic brick. which only contains the ETL tool. then generate the corresponding executable file in the form of a Java or Perl programme. It is a code generator-style ETL. etc.com Vendor driven solution (Talend) WWW.3 Website: www. SugarCRM. Talend MDM. is licensed under the GPL. and roll-out administration.COM Talend Open Studio is an open source ETL tool that appeared in 2005. business models. and the MDM. The other editions are covered by commercial licenses sold as annual subscriptions. meaning that it can graphically create data manipulation and transformation processes. a MDM brick was released.SMILE-OSS.). The MDM edition includes the above. In 2010.2.talend.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 194 Talend Version studied: 4.

1. filtering and even the execution of JavaScript functions. Agile BI. joins. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . A GPL edition of PDI is available.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW.0 Website: http://kettle. A commercial module. data import/export jobs can be created without additional programming. along with various transformation operations like conversions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 195 Pentaho Data Integration Version studied: 4.pentaho. Thanks to a step based graphical model. A planner is also available to schedule job execution.SMILE-OSS. provides a graphical view of data transformation results beginning with the first steps in any development.1.COM Pentaho Data Integration (PDI) is an open source ETL tool used to design and execute data manipulation and transformation operations. the Agile BI module is distributed under a commercial license. At the time when these lines were written. the latest available version of Pentaho Data Integration was 4.

DOC. directly in a company’s reports. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. which make it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server. reporting tools generally have plug-ins to allow them to attach easily to external sources and applications. XLS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 196 BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: REPORTING WWW. Tools like JasperReports go as far as offering multidimensional analyses. Further.SMILE-OSS. Reporting tools like BIRT not only generate reports (configured or unconfigured) in HTML.COM One of the key bricks in business intelligence is report preparation. PPT and other formats. PDF. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . they can also build dynamic pivot tables.

advanced graphs. The displayed data can be retrieved from different databases and queries. These reports can be complex. and images.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 197 BIRT Version studied: 3. PDF. The BIRT engine is a library that generates configured and unconfigured reports in HTML. a report generator and a design environment. containing multiple tables. whether it’s a web application or a “fat client” style app.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .eclipse. The project was launched in 2005. DOC and PPT formats. The BIRT engine can be integrated with any application developed in Java.COM BIRT (Business Intelligence and Reporting Tool) is an Eclipse community project that includes a graph generator. BIRT is exclusively available under the GPL.7 Website: www.org/birt Foundation driven solution (Eclipse) WWW. The report designer is a plug-in that integrates with Eclipse (and can also be run as a stand-alone solution). BIRT is also able to create dynamic pivot tables. XLS.

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JasperReports / iReport
Version studied: 4.0.2 Website: http://jasperforge.org/project/ireport Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JasperReports is a report engine developed by Jaspersoft and distributed under an open source license. iReport is Jaspersoft’s report designer. When this paper was written, JasperReports and iReport were available in version 4.0.2. These tools have been around since 2001 and are already widely used in the reporting segments of many business applications. The JasperReports engine can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF, XLS and TXT formats. It uses JFreeChart to generate graphs and can be integrated with any application developed in Java. In addition to the classic databases, it also supports multidimensional analytical servers, which makes it possible to take full advantage of the possibilities of a Mondrian server, directly in a JasperReports report. The report designer, iReport, is used to lay out the reports. JasperReports has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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Pentaho Report Designer
Version studied: 3.8 Website: http://reporting.pentaho.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JFreeReport joined the Pentaho project in early 2006. The name, JFreeReport, has gradually been abandoned in favour of Pentaho Report Designer (PRD). PRD allows for the development of complex reports and, when used with the Pentaho platform, can publish them directly on the decision server. At the time of writing, PRD was available in version 3.8. Pentaho Report Designer is an easy to use tool that is fully integrated with Pentaho’s BI suite for parameter management and online publication. It can generate reports in PDF, HTML, XML, CSV, RTF and XLS formats and supports multiple data sources. However, the creation of dynamic pivot tables is not user-friendly (hidden functionality) but is expected to be improved in version 4. Pentaho Report Designer has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE: SUITES

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Business intelligence suites generally cover the two categories presented above, i.e. ETLs and reporting. This means the scope of these suites is extremely broad: report execution, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, query assistance, ETL, publication workflow management module, etc. There is a wealth of open source business intelligence tools including four of very high quality: Jaspersoft, SpagoBI, Palo and Pentaho.

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SpagoBI
Version studied: 3.0 Website: http://www.spagoworld.org/ Vendor driven solution (Engineering Ingegneria Informatica)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

SpagoBI is a business intelligence platform developed by Italian firm Engineering Ingegneria Informatica. The project was launched in 2007. At the time of writing, SpagoBI Server was available in version 3.0. Like Pentaho and JasperServer, the scope of SpagoBI’s functionalities includes the execution of JasperReports reports (created using iReport) and BIRT reports, OLAP analysis with Mondrian, a support component for query creation (Query by Example, QbE), etc. The default ETL tool is Talend. In addition, this suite also offers a publication workflow management module (draft reports not visible on the web portal). SpagoBI is available under the LGPL, i.e. only open source, no commercial edition.

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Jaspersoft
Version studied: 4.1 Website: www.jaspersoft.com Vendor driven solution (Jaspersoft)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

JasperServer is the business intelligence platform published by Jaspersoft, the company that also develops the report generator JasperReports, available since 2001. This platform delivers reporting and analytical functionalities. The community edition offers report design and generation (using iReport). The commercial edition can create business domains, and semantic and technical layers over relational SQL databases, which can simultaneously define a business lexicon, separate the user from the technical side and from SQL, and easily add in data access security. Another major functionality is the creation of ad hoc reports, where the end user can create his or her own reports on a user-friendly web interface. In addition, like other BI platforms, Jasper can create OLAP cubes (Mondrian bricks) and integrates Talend for ETL. JasperServer comes in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license).

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advanced ad hoc reporting and more). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the Pentaho suite is more complete than Jasper’s community edition. but is much less evolved there than in the commercial JasperServer. Like JasperServer. in which JasperServer offers very useful functionalities (domains. The differences are as follows: ad hoc reporting is available in the community edition. a metadata layer and classic reporting (Pentaho Report Designer).SMILE-OSS.COM Pentaho is a software suite that distributes functionalities and business intelligence documents to a large number of people via the intermediary of a web interface. Pentaho covers all the functionalities of a BI suite: ETL (Pentaho Data Integration). ad hoc reporting.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 203 Pentaho Version studied: 4 Website: www. Pentaho has a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition (under a proprietary license). the reporting does not yet include dynamic pivot tables. The project was launched in 2007.com Vendor driven solution (Pentaho) WWW. but the opposite is true of the commercial edition. OLAP analysis (Mondrian).pentaho. Overall. and data security control is more complicated to set up.

as well as various related components that combine to make it a complete business intelligence suite. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . an add-on for Microsoft Excel and OpenOffice.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 204 Palo Version studied: 3. etc.org Calc (supports cube reading and writing). and an event observer (Supervision Server) that can also trigger events based on certain actions. an ETL tool for interfacing with operational databases in order to feed data to Palo’s DBs.) that allows for online entry and access of data on the OLAP server. graphs. publishes the Palo Suite. the Supervision Server and a tool for converting Excel files to web spreadsheets.SMILE-OSS.COM Jedox.html Vendor driven solution (Palo) WWW. This suite comprises the following: an OLAP server to manage multidimensional databases (in the form of cubes and dimensions).com/en/products/Palo-Suite. a German company founded in 2002. Palo BI Suite is available in a community edition (under the GPL) and a commercial edition. an “Excel-like” web spreadsheet programme incorporating all the functions of Excel (formulas. The commercial edition includes a web report manager.2 Website: www.jedox. macros. in addition to the functionalities of the community edition.

in this category we have nonetheless focused on open source e-shop solutions. multishop management. conclude sales. advanced currency and VAT rate management. presenting the leading products including Magento and PrestaShop. and more. the definition of product groups.COM The field of e-commerce is another very plentiful one. However. give clients a terrific shopping experience. provide customer service or perform any number of other actions. inform customers about their products. now encompassing functionalities like advanced categorisation. management of configurable products. cross-selling and up-selling functions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Whether e-merchants want to advertise their e-shops and increase their traffic. many solutions are available to them today.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 205 E-COMMERCE WWW. The scope of e-shops has been expanding. promotional engines.SMILE-OSS.

this tool. Magento’s gamble paid off upon its release. capturing a large share of the market. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .) WWW. management of configurable products.com Vendor driven solution (Magento Inc. Initially distributed exclusively under the OSL. advanced currency and VAT rate management. It was clearly devised to support ambitious. large scale merchant sites with functionalities like advanced categorisation. multi-shop management.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 206 Magento Version studied: 1. the definition of product groups.SMILE-OSS. cross-selling and up-selling functions. (formerly Varien). The solution is based on the Zend PHP framework and boasts many innovations in terms of participatory functionalities. In return for an annual fee. driven by US based Magento Inc.magentocommerce. Magento’s great strength lies in its superior modularity and its robustness. In April 2009. etc. a powerful promotional engine. Magento announced the release of an Enterprise edition. which allowed it to bring together an extremely active community in record time.COM Beginning with its first beta versions in 2007.6 (Community edition) and 1. generated tremendous buzz worldwide. this version provides a number of additional functionalities and a support contract.11 (Enterprise edition) Website: www.

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PrestaShop
Version studied: 1.4.4.1 Website: www.prestashop.com Vendor driven solution (PrestaShop)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released a few months after Magento (in July 2008), PrestaShop is a French e-commerce solution that quickly won over a large number of users thanks to its easy implementation and its complete alignment with the needs of e-merchants, which have since established strong ties with the product (80,000 websites worldwide use the solution). From a functional perspective, PrestaShop has also proven to be quite complete: in terms of catalogues, account management, orders, logistics and reporting, all the functionalities of an e-commerce platform are covered. The tool even includes native management of functions like shop locators, SMS alerts and customer rewards programmes. And if that were not enough, nearly a thousand ready to use modules are also available. PrestaShop is distributed under the OSL. PrestaShop is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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OXID
Version studied: 4.5 Website: www.oxid-esales.com Vendor driven solution (OXID)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released in November 2008, German solution OXID quickly conquered the German-speaking market thanks to its great functional depth. After becoming the leading e-commerce solution in Germany in a very short period of time, OXID arrived in France in mid 2011, in an edition completely localised for the specific characteristics of the French market. Without a doubt, it offers the greatest functional depth of any solution, after Magento. OXID was devised for use as a multi-channel system: web, mobile, interactive kiosks, etc. Everything in it is designed to allow users to serve their catalogues to multiple devices. Although there is some room for improvement in its back office ergonomics, OXID remains suitable for even the most ambitious of merchant sites. OXID is distributed under the GPL v3. OXID is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It integrates jQuery’s Ajax framework, has an API and provides complete web service cover, which makes it possible to adjust the tool to meet new needs and specific contexts.

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RBS Change
Version studied: 3.0.4 Website: www.rbschange.com Vendor driven solution (Ready Business System)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

The open source model has attracted many different software companies. RBS joined their ranks when it released its Change CMS and e-commerce applications under an open source license in February 2010. The fruit of five years of development work and more than a hundred projects, this solution is very promising from both a technical and a functional perspective. The aspects that differentiate this solution are the following: fully integrated and joined CMS and e-commerce systems, a management back office that uses Ajax technology, an Enterprise edition with advanced functionalities (ability to preview a site as it will appear on a given date, automated management of promotions, etc.) and so on. RBS Change is published under the Affero GPL v3. Because of the newness of its turn toward open source, RBS Change has few members in its community, meaning it has not yet developed this key component to ensuring the longevity of its open source solution. RBS Change is written in PHP and is based on a PHP5 framework developed by the vendor and that offers an advanced development environment.

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Drupal Commerce
Version studied: 1.0 Website: www.drupalcommerce.org Vendor driven solution (Commerce Guys)

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

Released in August 2011, Drupal Commerce is the e-commerce branch of the globally renowned CMS, Drupal. The successor to the Ubercart extension, Drupal Commerce enjoys the support of two companies: Commerce Guys for its roadmap management and community moderation, and Acquia (created by Drupal’s founder, Dries Buytaert) for its support services. Although the functional scope of Drupal Commerce remains slightly smaller than its elders, it is, along with RBSChange, the only solution to offer real content management functionalities, backed by the recognised efficiency of Drupal. Like the CMS, Drupal Commerce is also an extremely modular solution with a very active community. Drupal Commerce is licensed under the GPL v3. Drupal Commerce is 100% developed in PHP/MySQL. It is distributed as a Drupal 7 module.

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osCommerce
Version studied: 3.0.2 Website: www.oscommerce.com Community driven solution

WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM

It would be hard to omit osCommerce in a discussion of open source e-commerce solutions. This tool, first released in March 2000, was quickly established as the must-have e-commerce solution and the standard bearer for open source supply, which was only just beginning to blossom at the time. But in recent years, the community has begun to break apart from the development team, developing a multitude of forks. Development of the solution itself has slowed substantially since 2006. As the ageing code makes the application very difficult to maintain, the team embarked on a complete overhaul of the tool, whose third version was recently released after several years’ wait. Distributed under the GPL, osCommerce relies entirely on a once very large and very active community. Wholly developed in PHP/MySQL, osCommerce owes a great deal of its success to the lack of open source alternatives and to the explosion of e-business in the early 2000s. Today it remains the most commonly deployed webshop in the world.

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apache.net http://ofbiz.COM Name Thelia OFBiz Spree Broadleaf Commerce URL / Website http://thelia.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 212 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-commerce.org http://spreecommerce.SMILE-OSS.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .broadleafcommerce.com http://www. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.

Because the playing field is so vast. in the industrial. OpenERP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 213 ERPS WWW. But one of the most important selection criteria is flexibility/expandability. But these solutions are already climbing the ladder. currently targeting SMEs with staff of more than 1000. differences in functional cover can turn a product more toward a particular sector of activities. Openbravo and ERP5 set the bar for open source ERPs.COM The world of enterprise resource planning (ERP) has in turn been overwhelmed by open source solutions that have now reached maturity. Products like Compiere. thereby rapidly stepping up their competitiveness. Open source ERPs initially provided small SMEs with complete management tools at the lowest cost. distribution and services sectors. in other words the technological bases that will allow a given product to be adapted to a variety of different contexts with a limited number of custom developments.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . purchasing functions.com Vendor driven solution (Compiere Inc.2 (Community Edition) Website: www. The latter has been extremely successful in recent years (especially in the distribution and services sectors). From a functional standpoint. inventory and logistics functions. The concept of the application dictionary (a Compiere based meta-programming model used to align relational persistence with the structures of personalised business data and data interfaces) was prototyped in 1988 for SAP. accountancy and financial management. production management.) WWW. thanks in particular to its support of the Oracle database and its Java base. etc.COM Compiere was originally developed by Jorg Janke of Germany.compiere. for example with sales management.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 214 Compiere Version studied: 3. R/2 and R/3. Unisys. then used in service of the Compiere open source project. particularly for SMEs/SMIs. Compiere is distributed under the MPL and is written in Java. Compiere is relatively comprehensive. backed by his 20 years of experience at SAP then Oracle and his proficiency in the products ADV/Orga.

MRP.com Vendor driven solution (Nexedi) WWW. France.erp5. does not rank among the top relational databases. but also a CRM. Thus ERP5 is indeed an ERP. sales and e-commerce.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 215 ERP5 Version studied: 5.6 Website: www.4. SCM and PDM system.COM ERP5 is one of the new classes of ERPs whose more ambitious conceptual foundations have simplified the development of business solutions. It boasts a relatively broad scope. despite its qualities. logistics and human resources. ERP5 is distributed under the GPL. and is now primarily maintained.SMILE-OSS. ERP5 was created. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and management of inventory. management of purchasing. supply chain management (SCM). by Nexedi. namely including finance and accountancy. an open source vendor headquartered in Lille. customer relationship management (CRM). It is written in Python and based on the Zope Object Database which. production data management (PDM).

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is written in Java.COM The Open For Business (OFBiz) project was created in 2001 and concluded its first development phase around 2003 under the impetus of its two creators. in recent years the tool has focused particularly on ecommerce interfaces. top level project.SMILE-OSS. OFBiz was not designed as a turnkey ERP. Further. OFBiz is distributed under the Apache License.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 216 OFBiz Version studied: 10.04 Website: http://ofbiz. Unlike Compiere and OpenERP. the project has been enhanced with numerous additional functional modules.apache. In 2006 it was even submitted to the Apache Foundation as an incubator project. It is instead an ERP framework for the development of enterprise software. Since then.org Foundation driven solution (Apache) WWW. David Jones and Andrew Zenesky. It very quickly emerged from the process as an approved.

based on the MPL (v1. initially called Tecnicia. These interfaces are the product’s strong point.SMILE-OSS. particularly in terms of its client lists.openbravo. Openbravo targets the ERP market for SMEs and has quite a large scope. Openbravo is based on web technologies including JEE and Ajax.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 217 Openbravo Version studied: 3. as well as its entity manager.com Vendor driven solution (Openbravo) WWW. the product’s dynamics are only moderate. Despite major fund-raising activities in 2005. as they are perhaps the most attractive and most ergonomic on the market. Openbravo forked all Compiere’s business PL/SQL source code. although smaller than that of OpenERP. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The vendor is solid and capable of supplying professional level support.COM Openbravo is a Spanish solution based on Compiere’s ERP (another open source product presented in this paper) and created in 2001. went open source in 2005.1). Openbravo is published under the Openbravo Public License. and transposed it to a web interface set up on a Java server.0 Website: www. The project.

billing and more. OpenERP combines the strength of a vendor with that of a large community – including its integrators based around the world – that outline all the ways the tool is used and provide precious feedback. such as sales. All this is made possible by real technological innovation based on recognised standards in terms of databases and web services. projects.com Vendor driven solution (OpenERP) WWW.SMILE-OSS.3 Website: www. OpenERP is written in Python and is supported by a powerful object oriented framework. and its framework allows for rapid adaptation to unique contexts. OpenERP covers all needs. HR.openerp. resulting in the constantly increasing effectiveness of the ERP in a business setting. purchasing. or by means of dashboards.0 (version 6 of the tool and onward). whether by configuring new workflows or new information.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 218 OpenERP Version studied: 6. particularly in the form of reusable modules. The PostgreSQL database is used. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenERP is distributed under the AGPL 3.0. logistics.COM OpenERP (formerly Tiny ERP) was founded in Belgium in 2005 by Fabien Pinckaers. inventory. production. accountancy.

etc. Jahia. there are a number of excellent open source solutions with very broad scopes like eZ Publish. community spaces. they have become more than serious alternatives in the field of enterprise content management: they now dominate the market. which have all become standards in the world of content management. Over the years. modularity. service sites. and their functional and technical scopes. given their domination as a result of their capacities. InfoGlue.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Drupal. Joomla and Plone. SPIP. secure extranets. participatory intranets.COM Content management now covers a wide range of needs: information sites. TYPO3. To cover this scope. corporate sites. Hippo CMS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 219 CMSS WWW.

org Community driven solution WWW. Originally designed as a collective blog. it has well designed. The main strength of this CMS lies in its expandability. online payments. that make it particularly well suited to corporate social networks.com). chats.COM Drupal is a multi-faceted CMS. Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source. forms.SMILE-OSS.acquia. shared calendars and more). highly appreciated modules developed by the community. It can easily host numerous complementary modules (forums. messaging. Technically speaking. surveys. Drupal is built around LAMP technologies (PHP and MySQL in particular).8 Website: www. photo galleries. An enormous community has formed around the product. polls. Drupal does it all! It was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success ever since. Support is available from Acquia (www. newsletters. In particular. it has a wide variety of possible applications today: from the corporate website to the community portal. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 220 Drupal Version studied: 7.drupal.

access rights.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 221 eZ Publish Version studied: 4. eZ Publish is one of the most powerful open source tools available today. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and a commercial Enterprise edition that provides stability. manages three different file caches and separates content very distinctly from presentation. Technically. multilingualism.COM eZ Publish was created in 1999 by eZ Systems. eZ Publish is an open source software solution published under the GPL. making each content item an object and applying all available methods to each one: multiple positioning. runs on Apache and MySQL (PostgreSQL 8 and Oracle 11g are supported).5 Website: www. eZ Publish is written in PostGreSQL. workflows. support and a warranty. but also as a development framework for the creation of business applications.SMILE-OSS.no Vendor driven solution (eZ Systems) WWW.ez. In terms of the fundamentals of content management. This makes it a highly configurable CMS. versioning. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . links between content. It pushes the object oriented approach to its full potential. etc. eZ Publish stands out from other open source CMSs for its possibilities in terms of configurations and extensions: it is presented as a ready to use tool.

COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 222 WWW.SMILE-OSS.

Technically well designed. moreover. These efforts make it easy for developers to take charge of the tool. It includes most of the functionalities that one might expect of a CMS: document model publishing. etc.com Vendor driven solution (OneHippo) WWW. support and a warranty. The product’s roadmap is. quality suite.onehippo. It was created in 1999 by Dutch vendor OneHippo. direct content publishing. publication workflows. and to define a clear. but it remains ergonomic and functional and includes most of the common functionalities expected of a good CMS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 223 Hippo CMS Version studied: 7. Jackrabbit and Maven. The user interface is less extensive than in some of the other products. Two editions are distributed: a Community edition and an Enterprise edition that provides stability. scalable architecture. to use proven tools like Spring. The designers of Hippo CMS endeavoured to comply with standards (JEE). Hippo CMS offers real benefits for the integration of functional needs by developers. templating.6 Website: www. It is heavily used in the Nordic countries and especially in the Netherlands.SMILE-OSS. content creation.COM Hippo CMS is an open source CMS that is a member of the family of CMSs written in Java. multiple sites.0. multilingualism. particularly dynamic and promises a comprehensive. Hippo CMS is distributed under the Apache License 2. content import/export.

Jahia is built on JEE technologies: persistence via Hibernate. with the possibility of viewing and modifying its source code (under the GPL for the Community edition).5 Website: www. which occupies a place apart in the world of JEE portals and CMSs. Apache Lucene search engine. Jahia makes for an excellent alternative to the portal solutions available from the major proprietary vendors. structured data. multilingualism. In particular.COM Jahia is a Franco-Swiss product created in the 2000s. In functional terms. support for JSR 168 portlet standards. Jahia stands out from other CMSs thanks to its content administration interface.SMILE-OSS. highly detailed rights management. etc. thereby ensuring the tool’s longevity and alignment with real needs on the ground. perfectly integrated product. version 6. incorporating multi-site management. Jahia’s finishing touches and packaging are impressive. effective workflows. Jahia is one of only a few solutions to combine JEE portals with content management in a single.com Vendor driven solution (Jahia) WWW. Jahia also has an Enterprise version available under a commercial license that provides stability.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 224 Jahia Version studied: 6. versioning. support for JSR 170 standards. which is merged with the site itself. etc. In fact.jahia.5 saw the arrival of a very user-friendly interface and a very complete template publisher. support and a warranty. Jahia is one of the most compete CMS solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

It was created after a disagreement between the lead developers and the company coordinating the development.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 225 WWW. access stats. meaningful URLs and a multitude of modules are integrated directly and do not require any special knowledge for their implementation. Joomla is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database.org Community driven solution Joomla is a CMS developed from Mambo in 2005. This CMS is ideally suited to personal websites but could also satisfy the needs of certain professional sites.joomla. Joomla is a 100% community based solution published under the GNU GPL. particularly corporatestyle sites (requiring simple publication). the majority of developers in the community devote their work to Joomla.COM Joomla Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . searches. The mantra is to “give full product control to non-technicians”.7 Website: www. This tool chiefly stands out for the user-friendliness of its admin interface. Page creation. which clearly tips the scales in its favour. categorisation. Today.

SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 226 WWW.

a page for downloading and installing plug-ins. SPIP was primarily used by web surfers to manage their own personal websites and on associations’ websites. conflict management. SPIP is one of the few CMSs to be able to claim client references that number in the thousands worldwide. private.1.9.SMILE-OSS. a simplified. but SPIP has since grown and is now used by private and public organisations to manage their professional websites. SPIP is a French open source project (licensed under the GPL) and its community can be described as active. as opposed to corporate oriented. Ajax based interface. in terms of use as well as deployment and adaptation.spip. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . content management.0 of SPIP was released nearly two years after version 1. The flip side of this simplicity is that SPIP has a number of limitations in respect of certain key content management functionalities.2. an API. SPIP’s software is written in PHP using a MySQL database. This success can be attributed to the product’s simplicity. which clearly restricts it to the world of web oriented. and new template development functions.COM Originally in 2001.10 Website: www.net Community driven solution WWW. Version 2. with multiple versions released each year and hundreds – if not thousands – of members. This new branch offers a multitude of new functionalities: possibility of installation on PostgreSQL and SQLite.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 227 SPIP Version studied: 2.

templates and more: it’s all there. It offers just about everything one might want.typo3.COM TYPO3 is the fruit of several years of labour by a Danish guru by the name of Kasper Skårhøj. authorisations. thus maintaining its compatibility with future versions of the tool. The product was released late in 2000. One of its major strengths lies in its modular expandability. Rights and contribution management. One of the functionalities available in TYPO3 is image manipulation. In terms of ready to use functionalities. caching. since which time a very active community has developed. which allows images to be resized. A module can add a series of functionalities to TYPO3.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 228 TYPO3 Version studied: 4. TYPO3 is a 100% community based solution published under the GPL. with very few limitations.5 LTS Website: www. particularly in the Germanic countries. but it can also modify a previously integrated functionality without altering TYPO3’s source code.SMILE-OSS. thumbnails to be created and titles to be generated dynamically as images. all of which nicely polished. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . TYPO3 is one of the richest tools we have encountered to date.org Community driven solution WWW. TYPO3 is written in PHP and uses a MySQL database.

the following tools can also be added: WWW.opencms. By way of example.com http://cahaya-project.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 229 Other In the world of content management.com http://www.com http://modx.magnolia-cms.org http://www.silverpeas.org http://apostrophenow.apache.com http://www.COM Name Plone InfoGlue Mambo Apache Lenya Zope SilverStripe MODX CMS Made Simple Sympal Apostrophe Cayaha Magnolia Silverpeas umbraco Centurion OpenCMS URL / Website http://plone. over and above the products presented above.com http://centurion-project.SMILE-OSS.cmsmadesimple.org http://www.org http://www.com http://lenya. open source supply is particularly strong.org http://www.org http://www.org http://www.silverstripe.org http://www.mamboserver.com http://umbraco.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .zope.sympalphp.infoglue.

COM Enterprise content management (ECM) is characterised by a combination of electronic document management tools (EDM or DMS) and content management systems (CMS). Knowledge Tree. Jahia and more: the available supply of open source document management solutions is expanding every day. Maarch. Nuxeo.SMILE-OSS. locating and using information – whether or not it is structured or included in a document.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 230 EDM & ECM WWW. longevity and pricing. ECM can increase an organisation’s efficiency by offering its personnel a practical and efficient solution for creating. open source EDM solutions have reached an extraordinary level of maturity and can compete on equal terms with the main commercial products. Alfresco. providing unique benefits in terms of openness. At present. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

independent databases.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 231 Alfresco Version studied: 3. Alfresco is written in JEE and has strong development dynamics as well as a large community of users and developers.com Vendor driven solution (Alfresco Software) WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .alfresco. category management.4 Website: www. The Alfresco Forge site is also worthy of note. with its wide variety of plug-ins. Alfresco comes in two editions: a free Labs edition under the GPL and an Enterprise edition that gives access to the vendor’s warranty. searches. management of multiple. document types.SMILE-OSS. document workflows and advanced workflows. The company now operates directly in England. web content management and more. to RM and integrated clustering modules and to intermediate versions. France and the United States. Alfresco offers all the expected document management functionalities: metadata. itself founded the same year by former executives at Documentum and Business Object. collaboration tools.COM Alfresco is the ECM solution created in 2005 by British vendor Alfresco Software.

etc. multiple database management and more. category management. incorporating metadata. collaboration functions. Nuxeo Enterprise Platform is the result of the migration of the Zope based version in Python to Java. vocabulary management. etc. structured. Nuxeo is built on JEE technologies and uses open source components from the JBoss. document types. complex content management (web.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 232 Nuxeo Version studied: 5. advanced workflows. The tool sets itself apart thanks to various special aspects: a theme editor.nuxeo. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .4. that has been producing an open source EDM solution since 2001. multi-file.COM Nuxeo is a French company founded by Stéfane Fermigier. The company currently operates in France and the United States. Apache and Eclipse projects and from Sun’s open source projects.).com Vendor driven solution (Nuxeo) WWW. Nuxeo is published under the LGPL. searches. The solution provides for complete enterprise content management. the concept of typed “relationships” between different contents. the concept of the publication section.2 Website: www. completely modular architecture.

com Vendor driven solution (Jam Warehouse) WWW. Knowledge Tree has a complete set of functionalities and multiple modules that provide for good integration with an office environment. although a number of modules. immediately operational standard interface. The open source edition of Knowledge Tree incorporates the majority of its functions.knowledgetree. The application is well crafted and provides for simple and efficient EDM. Knowledge Tree is written in PHP and runs on a LAMP platform. navigation.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 233 Knowledge Tree Version studied: 3. We particularly appreciated the streamlined.SMILE-OSS. a scanner management application.7 Website: www. namely those concerning workstation integration (hot folder. the default virtual navigation modes and the ergonomics of the module when integrated with MS Office. The vendor’s website posts a comparison of the different editions. are distributed under a commercial license.COM Knowledge Tree is an EDM solution developed by the South African company Jam Warehouse. the advanced search functionality that will meet the most demanding needs for complex searches. the admin functions.). May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . etc. MS Office integration. to name but a few aspects.

interface with a scanner and can manage the life cycle of correspondence circulating within the company: receipt. revolving closely around the vendor.maarch. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in particular. It is delivered with a set of functions and an interface that is completely mailroom oriented. This orientation provides a solution for the design of corporate document applications. Its product line includes Maarch Entreprise and Letter Box. an application dedicated to mailroom management.2 Website: www. This distribution also includes the functions needed for corporate EDM.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 234 Maarch Version studied: 1. Maarch Framework 3. response handling and archiving.COM Maarch is an ECM solution developed by the French firm Maerys. Maarch Entreprise is dedicated to application design. Maarch is build on an in-house PHP framework. The solution is licensed under the GPL v3. Finally. Letter Box is a vertical application that can. It should be noted that the solution’s community is rather small.com/en Vendor driven solution (Maerys) WWW.

org http://www. over and above the products presented above.com http://www.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 235 Other In the world of document management.dynacase.jahia.exoplatform.quotero. open source supply is particularly strong. By way of example.com http://www.COM Name Jahia Freedom Quotero eXo DMS URL / Website http://www.com May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the following tools can also be added: WWW.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 236 LIBRARIES & DOCUMENTATION WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . thesaurus management.SMILE-OSS. OPAC (user search interface). lending/returns with fines. disk management.COM Built upon the world of document management. management of periodicals and purchasing. open source library and documentation management tools have emerged in recent years. DSI (interest based displays). Z3950 Client and Server. etc. The main functionalities of these tools include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing. borrower management. The most notable examples of these are Koha and PMB. OAI-PMH server.

but can also be installed on OpenBSD. It is recommended that OPAC searches be replaced by a CMS (for example. a Drupal connector already exists) for more user-friendly ergonomics. disk management. Koha’s main functionalities include notice imports and UNIMARC cataloguing. Koha is chiefly designed for libraries that want to comply with the UNIMARC cataloguing standard. Two French companies have built their businesses around Koha. Z3950 Client and Server. OAI-PMH server. With the exception of thumbnail retrieval.COM This ILS (integrated library system) was created in 1999 by a consortium of four libraries in New Zealand. etc. Mac OS X. OPAC.koha. Koha is developed in Perl and runs on Debian Linux.2 Website: www. Windows. The databases it supports are MySQL and PostgreSQL. lending/returns with fines. Distributed under the GNU GPL v2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Koha is maintained by its community. FreeBSD. Koha does not offer any EDM functions.org Community driven solution WWW. periodicals and ordering.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 237 Koha Version studied: 4. and so on.SMILE-OSS.

Z3950 Client. it had no established network of partners.) that can therefore run on Linux. CSV. along with notice imports (UNIMARC. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . web.4 Website: www. Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows.). Fulltext indexing is provided for in its roadmap. multimedia. It should be noted that. thesaurus management.) with file attachments. and more. etc. PMB’s main functionalities include the cataloguing of all types of documents (text.fr Vendor driven solution (PMB Services) WWW. etc. etc. PMB is distributed under the CeCILL License. at the time of writing.pmbservices. this very complete ILS was chiefly designed for document resource centres and specialised libraries that do not require UNIMARC cataloguing.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 238 PMB Version studied: 3. DSI (interest based displays).SMILE-OSS. MySQL. OPAC (user search interface). borrower management. PHP. PMB was developed around a LAMP/WAMP platform (Apache.COM Created in 2003 by French company PMB Services. management of periodicals and purchasing.

SMILE-OSS. Finally. Silverpeas. A number of open source tools are available for the creation of this type of project. a general interest portal such as Yahoo!. eXo Platform and. The top examples include Liferay. either pertaining to the same subject (real estate. i. A combination of content and service packaging. and personalisation: these are the aspects that typically define a portal.e. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . links to third party resources.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 239 PORTALS WWW. Portals provide access to resources that they do not necessarily own: they offer services from other websites. portals also incorporate a degree of more or less advanced personalisation.) or with no specific subject. etc. and their own added value stems from the selection and compilation of these tools. more recently.COM A portal is a website that brings together a variety of resources. job offers.

It publishes a collaboration and content management software suite for businesses. but the product’s functional collaboration and exchange tools make it a viable candidate for any project of this type. the United States. eXo Platform is distributed under a double licensing model.exoplatform. eXo Platform is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286 and WSRP 1 and 2.0 Website: www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 240 eXo Platform Version studied: 3.1) and eXo Social (1. Ukraine and Tunisia. whilst an enterprise edition is sold by subscription. eXo Knowledge (2.COM eXo is an open source French vendor founded in 2003. The latest version of eXo Platform (3. The source code and a packaged edition are freely accessible via an open source license (Affero GPL). The solution’s ergonomics are slightly behind the competition.1). eXo WCM (2. The company has offices in France.SMILE-OSS.1). It also integrates a content repository in alignment with JSR 170. Vietnam.0) incorporates four open source projects in a single package: eXo Collaboration (2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1).com Vendor driven solution (eXo) WWW.

COM Silverpeas is a collaborative and social portal. Silverpeas stands out for its significant functional depth and generally user-friendly ergonomics.silverpeas.4 Website: www. Silverpeas is a very interesting option for quick builds of simple collaborative portals. a CMS or a collaborative work tool. the solution first came to life as proprietary software before its recent transition to open source. In reality. It is a portal. It is a CMS.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 241 Silverpeas Version studied: 7. because it provides for easy builds of mini-sites with a simple WYSIWYG interface. a shared calendar. Developed between 2001 and 2003. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Silverpeas is distributed under the Affero GPL v3. Although the product’s visibility remains chiefly national at present. it is at the crossroads of these three dimensions. a blog and a common directory. because it can compile heterogeneous resources. It is a collaborative tool.com Vendor driven solution (Oevo Group) WWW. because it includes project management tools with tasks and an integrated Gantt diagram. a forum. Silverpeas is not just a portal. It is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168 and 286.

Its open source edition (Liferay Portal Community Edition) is available under the LGPL. etc. Liferay is written in Java and complies with standards JSR 168. One of its strengths is the simplicity of personalisation by the end user. among other functionalities.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay Inc. resource reservations. JSR 286 and JSR 170. to compile content and information. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Liferay was originally created for an American church in 2000.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 242 Liferay Version studied: 6. In addition. allowing for the standardised integration of any existing application.). tasks centre. Liferay is highly flexible in terms of rights management and the adaptability of the graphical appearance of pages. and intuitive management of communities of practice and of the hierarchical organisation of the entity using it. wikis. Liferay is an excellent corporate portal solution.0 Website: www. Liferay also offers more than 60 portlets including a full range of collaborative and social tools (blogs.COM Liferay is a good-level open source corporate portal solution that can be used. and it also provides a powerful staging solution.SMILE-OSS. notifications. to share resources and for collaboration.liferay.) WWW. forums. Liferay is distributed under a double licensing model.

org/jetspeed-2 http://lutece.org http://portals.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 243 Other In the world of portals. open source supply is particularly strong.SMILE-OSS. the following tools can also be added: WWW.org/gatein http://portals. over and above the products presented above. By way of example.apache.org/pluto http://sakaiproject.apache.paris.fr May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM Name JBoss / GateIn Apache Pluto Sakai Jetspeed-2 Lutece URL / Website http://www.jboss.

communicating and working together.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 244 CORPORATE SOCIAL NETWORKS (CSNS) WWW. This shows the interest people have in connecting to one another. more and more quality open source solutions have appeared on the market. Twitter. LinkedIn. meeting new people. CSNs (corporate social networks) were born of the realisation that companies could also use this type of resource to generate value. In response to this need.. the likes of Drupal Commons. The use of social networks is now an established fact and as a result companies are encouraging their staff to use them to communicate. speaks for itself (more than 400 million users are registered on Facebook to date). etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM The success of social networking sites such as Facebook.SMILE-OSS. Elgg and Liferay Social Office. This is how social networks are used by companies: to create wealth.

has enjoyed increasing use ever since. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It therefore has a similar architecture. A roadmap is available on the community website. blogs. messaging. etc. WordPress 3. etc. using PHP.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 245 BuddyPress Version studied: 1. BuddyPress enjoys an active community. groups.SMILE-OSS.org Community driven solution WWW. The next version (v1. released in May 2009. BuddyPress is published under the GNU GPL v2.).0 support. friends management. profiles.9 Website: http://buddypress. BuddyPress has the special feature of being built on the Wordpress tool.2. BuddyPress is delivered standard with a number of functionalities which are very easy to activate.3) will consolidate the existing structure and functionalities (install interface. improvement of profile attributes.COM BuddyPress was designed in 2008 by Andy Peatling while he was working on adding networking functionalities to the famous WordPress blog engine. The first official version (v1). Apache and MySQL. such as activities feeds. forums.

Some relevant examples include Homebox (for personalised pages). A support option is available from Acquia.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 246 Drupal Commons Version studied: 2. Organic Group (groups management). Content Profile (profile data management). Drupal was designed in the 2000s by Dries Buytaert and has enjoyed worldwide success since then. it was the full package configuration. Privatemsg (private messaging). The scope of the community portals that can be created using Drupal depends on the available modules (more than 10. will offer greater stability and a broader functional scope. FriendList (list of friends).SMILE-OSS. The Drupal Commons distribution has a broad native scope capable of rapidly implementing a real social network. Drupal is built on LAMP technologies (particularly PHP and MySQL). From a technical point of view.0 Website: www. Invite Friends (friend management). and more. v7. In fact. Drupal Commons. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .acquia. The latest version.COM Drupal Commons is a Drupal oriented social networks distribution published by Acquia (a services company founded by Drupal’s creator) in 2010.com Vendor driven solution (Acquia) WWW.000 – although not all of them concern CSNs). Drupal is published under the GNU GPL and is 100% open source. which we examined here.

etc. Its modular design provides for its expandability.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 247 Elgg Version studied: 1. It was created in 2004 by Dave Tosh and Ben Werdmuller.org). Elgg offers most of the functionalities expected of a social networking project. who subsequently went on to create Curverider Limited in order to maintain and enhance the product.1 Website: www. These include profile management (with the possibility of attribute definition). MySQL and PHP) technologies. On the support side.SMILE-OSS. Apache.elgg.0. making it possible to easily and rapidly extend product functionalities (more than 900 plug-ins).8. rights management. publisher Curverider offers a number of services such as bug fixes and hosting. Its architecture is plug-in enabled. a complete API.com Vendor driven solution (Curverider Ltd) WWW. activities feeds. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . Elgg is published under the GPL v2. and it has a very active community that produces a large number of interesting plug-ins (www. Elgg is written in PHP and runs on LAMP (Linux.COM Elgg is one of the most well-known and most successful open source social networking solutions. blogging and microblogging. groups management (with restricted access spaces).elgg.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 248 Liferay Social Office Version studied: Liferay SO 1. The Community edition of Social Office (current version 1. A corporate version also exists.B (Beta) / Liferay P 6.COM Liferay Social Office is a product of Liferay. the embedded Liferay chat function is of high quality. However. wiki.0 Website: www. Social Office uses the Liferay portal. Its functions are very business orientated: profiles/members. events. which already has the Liferay portal to its name.SMILE-OSS. which includes vendor support. On the technology side.liferay. It supports around a dozen databases and application servers. Social Office is its corporate social cooperation solution.5 is in beta) is distributed under the Affero GPL. At the end of 2008. chat function. groups.5. The Liferay portal was launched by Brian Chan in the early 2000s. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . in other words JEE architecture. document management.com Vendor driven solution (Liferay) WWW. etc. calendar. Liferay launched a variation on its portal with specific packaging for cooperative work: Liferay Social Office. It includes a number of project functionalities and very few conversational components.

no http://www. open source supply is particularly strong. By way of example.com http://project.com http://mahara. over and above the products presented above.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .ez.org http://www.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 249 Other In the world of corporate social networks. the following tools can also be added: WWW.exoplatform.askspree.SMILE-OSS.com http://lovdbyless.com http://pligg.COM Name eZ Teamroom eXo Social LovdbyLess Mahara NoseRub Pligg Spree URL / Website http://www.noserub.

notes that are accumulated over time and displayed in chronological order. A blog is a type of website comprising posts. although its unique feature is its openness to others: wiki pages are usually modifiable by visitors. phpBB. A wiki can also be defined as a type of website. It is said that they are a component of Web 2. WIKIS AND FORUMS WWW. in the interest of collaborative contributions. XWiki. In this category.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 250 BLOGS. A forum is (typically) a public discussion area in which exchanges are arranged by subject. the graphs below do not display the average scores. etc. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . now that have become such a firmly integrated part of corporate life. we will present the best open source solutions available today: Dotclear.SMILE-OSS.e. i.COM Blogs. Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category.0 in their own right. wikis and forums have ceased to truly be “presented” as such.

In addition. who regularly contribute to its development. equal and in some cases far superior to other tools of the same type. Dotclear’s functional depth makes it a high quality publishing tool. with its two step automated installation. Dotclear is distributed under the GPL v2.org Community driven solution WWW. Over and above its functionalities.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 251 Dotclear Version studied: 2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It is developed in PHP and supports PostgreSQL (8. In June 2009.SMILE-OSS. many themes and plug-ins are available for easy personalisation.1 Website: http://dotclear.1 with InnoDB) and SQLite databases. MySQL (at least 4.3. Dotclear was designed for maximum user comfort.COM Dotclear is an open source web publishing solution created in 2002 by Olivier Meunier.0 and above). Dotclear’s software was designed first and foremost for its users. It generates pages with a structure that optimises their natural referencing. Xavier Plantefève took over the project.

a private messaging system between users eliminates the need to publish personal email addresses. and so can be personalised at will. It is built on LAMP architecture and is written in PHP. adverts and post-its.SMILE-OSS. Graphically.0. Where cookies are enabled.com Community driven solution WWW. In addition to the usual functions. new messages (i. Going a step further. phpBB can be used to create surveys. those posted since the last time the page was viewed) can quickly be accessed. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM phpBB is a tool in the forums family.e. phpBB also handles an optional email system that can send notifications whenever a reply is posted on a subject (or subjects) tracked by the user.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 252 phpBB Version studied: 3. with the latter two locked at the top of the page for enhanced visibility. there is complete support for different visual themes: the graphics segment is completely separate from the software itself. BBCode (similar to HTML code) can be used in these messages for an enhanced layout. Emoticons are used to make the content more visible. phpBB is distributed under the GPL v2.phpbb.9 Website: www.

It can be used as a development area.COM TWiki is programmed in Perl. The information contained in TWiki is stored in text files and converted to HTML on the fly.SMILE-OSS. The software uses the principle of a wiki to provide a collaborative work platform.org Vendor driven solution (TWiki) WWW. a document administration system or a personal administration system. Developers can expand TWiki’s content and functionalities by means of a variety of extensions.0 Website: http://twiki. It is a cgi-bin script written in Perl. TWiki is distributed under the GPL v2. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .1.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 253 TWiki Version studied: 5.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .org Vendor driven solution (XWiki SAS) WWW.1 Website: www. access rights management. The programming languages used within the wiki itself are Velocity and Groovy. It is this possibility that makes it a wiki application. In additional to standard wiki functionalities (simplified layout.SMILE-OSS. collaborative publishing. It includes a number of APIs and a system of plug-ins and portlets.COM XWiki was created by Ludovic Dubost in 2004. A second generation wiki application. its adaptability to user needs. it offers the option of performing programming directly on the wiki’s pages. etc. XWiki is used for work collaboration.). It is now primarily supported by the company XWiki SAS.xwiki. i. information sharing and online content publication (structured or unstructured). XWiki is distributed under the LGPL.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 254 XWiki Version studied: 3. It is developed in Java using a Hibernate database.e.

with new versions comming out every six months or so.1 Website: http://wordpress. was the merger of Wordpress and Wordpress MU. with thousands of available extensions.3. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS. Wordpress was the work of Matt Mullenweg. that can also be used for building web sites. It is developped in PHP. Version 3. that was released in june 2010. through a fork from a tool called "B2". It features many APIs and a sophisticated plugin mechanism. for the greater part. It is among the most sophisticated blog tools. Wordpress is a very comprehensive and feature-rich blog tool.org Community driven solution WWW. It is now supported by a very large community. The product roadmap is very active. and has enjoyed a growing success through the years. on a MySQL database. offering native multi-blog management.COM Wordpress was created in 2003.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 255 Wordpress Version studied: 3. Wordpress is released under a GPL licence.

“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 256 WWW.SMILE-OSS.COM May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

over and above the products presented above.org May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .com http://www.com http://www.COM Name DokuWiki FSB MediaWiki PunBB SMF URL / Website http://www.org/dokuwiki http://www.dokuwiki.simplemachines.SMILE-OSS. wikis and forums.mediawiki.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 257 Other In the world of blogs.informer.fire-soft-board. open source supply is particularly dynamic. By way of example.org http://punbb. the following tools can also be added: WWW.

test their knowledge. The main functionalities of e-learning tools include management of teachers. consists in educational activities that occur via electronic solutions. Moodle and Claroline enjoy an excellent reputation. student supervision and more.COM E-learning. collaborative tools (wikis. particularly web based ones. forums and blogs). creation of educational resource types. timetables. questionnaires.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 258 E-LEARNING WWW. E-learning solutions are used to create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. students and classes. Among the available open source solutions. also referred to as “online training”. SCORM compatibility. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .SMILE-OSS.

timetables and student supervision. Apache. NetWare. Its main functionalities include management of teachers. Moodle is a LAMP (Linux. Linux. Moodle is the mostly widely used online learning platform in the world. and foster learning communities using collaborative tools. test their knowledge. It can create and distribute classes and various teaching materials to students. It is distributed under the GPL. MySQL and PHP) application. Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server databases. module creation. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . and more. Windows. creation of nine types of educational resources. students and classes. Mac OS X. Authorised service companies offer various services such as hosting.org Community driven solution WWW. Moodle is supported by active communities of practice that contribute to its development. Its modular approach responds to needs ranging from those of individual trainers to major institutions.COM Created in 2002 by Australian Martin Dougiamas (who had previously worked on the proprietary solution WebTC). FreeBSD.1 Website: http://moodle. etc.SMILE-OSS. collaborative tools (wikis. with PostgreSQL. questionnaires.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 259 Moodle Version studied: 2. forums and blogs). It also runs on UNIX. SCORM compatibility.

Claroline’s development currently enjoys the support of the Walloon Region and of three other Belgian partners. questionnaires. The consortium. owing in part to its lesser functional depth in comparison to Moodle. timetables and statistics on attendance and on students’ marks on different exercises. Chamilo.6.8. Mac OS and Microsoft Windows. creation of exercises and classes. students and classes. Distributed under the GPL. unites the Claroline community. Claroline is written in PHP and runs on Linux.claroline. created in 2007 in the form of an international not-for-profit association. SCORM and IMS QTI 2 compatibility.COM Created in 2000 at the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL). It uses MySQL databases. coordinates the platform’s developments and promotes its use. It is easy to use. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . collaborative tools (wikis and forums). Claroline is the second most commonly used online learning application in Europe.5 Website: www. It should be noted that it gave rise to the Dokeos fork (now under corporate management). Its main functionalities include management of teachers.10.SMILE-OSS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 260 Claroline Version studied: 1. which in turn gave rise to the promising fork of Dokeos 1.net Consortium driven solution WWW.

chamilo.ilias.de May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 261 Other Among the different products available in the field of e-learning.COM Name Dokeos Chamilo Ilias URL / Website http://www.dokeos. the following tools can also be added to the list: WWW.com http://www.org http://www.SMILE-OSS.

which work based on HTTP server log files. and remote applications that collect their data using special tags inserted on the pages.SMILE-OSS. In the world of open source solutions.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 262 VISITOR TRACKING WWW. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .COM There are two categories of tools that are external to applications (in the broadest sense of the term) and that are used to generate visitor statistics: log analysers. tools like AWStats (log analyser) and Piwik (tag analysis) are commonly used.

It is a highly mature supervision tool with packages on all Linux distributions.COM AWStats is an audience tracking tool based on analyses of web logs. Written in Perl. graphs and reports generated from its analysis of web logs (as well as FTP. time.sourceforge. IIS. streaming and email). Its functionalities include measurements of the number of visits. browser. etc. and so on. pages. OS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 263 AWStats Version studied: 7. WebStar. hits. AWStats provides a wide range of statistics. AWStats can be installed and run on most systems. It can natively read the log files of most web servers such as Apache. transfers. by domain/country. The AWStats open source software is available under the GPL. One of the strengths of AWStats lies in the possibility of dynamically generating tables without losing out on performance. It is very popular among systems and network administrators. host.SMILE-OSS.0 Website: http://awstats. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . It was written a number of years ago by Laurent Destailleur. thanks in particular to an efficient caching policy. unique visitors.net Community driven solution WWW.

5.COM Piwik is the successor to phpMyVisites.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 264 Piwik Version studied: 1.SMILE-OSS.1 Website: http://piwik. in fact. Piwik is distributed under the GPL v3. visitor countries. it received the award for the best SourceForge project for July 2010 – so we can only expect good times ahead for the solution. The solution was recently released. visit durations. objectives tracking. Piwik’s objective is to become a preferred alternative to Google Analytics. a list of keywords used. but it must be said that its beginnings appear promising. It is built on LAMP architecture and boasts a system of plug-ins. an API and an interface that is very user-friendly thanks to the combined use of Ajax and Flash.org Community driven solution WWW. under the direction of Matthieu Aubry. In just a few clicks. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . The very young Piwik is already universally acclaimed. users can access graphs of the most recent visits. a list of external sites. a distribution of visits by time zone. geographic distribution and more. search engine rankings. visitor browsers. This is a tall order.

COM In this final category of the “Applications” dimension. In particular.SMILE-OSS. we will present other open source tools that can be of benefit to companies. we will be presenting OpenX (an ad server solution) and LimeSurvey (an advanced tool for the creation of professional surveys and polls). Given the diversity of the tools selected for this category. although it was difficult to define a separate category for them. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . the graphs below do not display the average scores.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 265 OTHER WWW.

reports exported in Excel. US based vendor OpenX publishes and supports the tool. DoubleClick. JavaScript.SMILE-OSS. HTML or CSV format. Flash. such as images. multiple formats (IAB and more). OpenX provides good control of advertising campaigns for one or more websites. schedule based banner displays (with start and end dates). with tracking of displays. management of priority campaigns.COM OpenX is an open source advertising brokerage solution. Statistics can also be calculated by campaign. handling multiple sites and advertisers.8.7 Site Internet de la solution : www. along with data on campaign results. etc. Google Ad Sense. MySQL and a PHP accelerator. HTML. rotating displays in a single zone.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 266 OpenX Version studied: 2. OpenX is distributed under the GPL v2. OpenX supports a wide variety of media. It runs on an Apache (or HTTPd) web server with PHP. The application can handle hundred of millions of impressions per month.openx. etc.com Vendor driven solution (OpenX) WWW. Atlas and Yahoo!). limits on the number of clicks or displays per day. clicks and clicks by channel. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . OpenX enjoys a relatively vast functional scope.

PostgreSQL or Microsoft SQL Server database. at universities and at government institutions. LimeSurvey is written in PHP. The software can produce questionnaires with an unlimited number of categories and questions. rankings. LimeSurvey is a complete open source tool dedicated to the creation of all sorts of questionnaires. It was written by an Australian developer named Jason Cleeland.limesurvey.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 267 LimeSurvey Version studied: 1.COM LimeSurvey (formerly PHPSurveyor) is an open source online survey solution. by major corporations. LimeSurvey is used worldwide by a large number of private individuals.org.net on 20 February 2003 under the name of PHPSurveyor. dropdown lists. 20 styles of questions are available when creating a questionnaire: dates.org Community driven solution WWW. It was registered on SourceForge. Ubuntu and Gnome. numerical input and more. LimeSurvey is distributed under the GPL. Its most noteworthy customer references include OpenOffice.SMILE-OSS.91 Website: www. scales. in combination with a MySQL. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited .

This is a major task. and is instead how to select the best tools that will integrate most smoothly with the existing environment. freely available for downloading. with products of very high quality boasting some of the best technical and functional bases on the software market today.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 268 CONCLUSION WWW.COM As can be seen throughout this paper. Administrators and users are well aware that nothing is more reliable or effective than a Linux server when it comes to running a Java or PHP application server. A corporate open source policy is a document that sets out the company’s rules for the deployment of open source software: selection criteria. freedom of choice. to name but a few. acquisition and implementation processes. We hope that this paper will serve to guide you toward the best products and will help you to build secure. developer instructions. As a complement to this paper presenting the best open source solutions. May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . or operating a database. approved licenses. As a result. for example. and so on. The document explains the benefits afforded to IT Departments by establishing an open source policy. a Gartner study estimated that 85% of companies were using open source solutions. standards compliance.SMILE-OSS. but a crucial one. we recommend that you read our other white paper on “Open source policies”. The advantages of using open source solutions are so extensive: longevity. de facto standards and cost. opting for open source is no longer so much a question but rather a “no-brainer” for most companies. Thus the question has ceased to be whether or not to use or short-list open source tools for a given project. and this percentage is undoubtedly even higher now in 2012. In 2009. development dynamics. lasting and innovative architectures. the range of open source solutions is particularly vast. the definition of an open source policy can be of benefit. support requirements. All the studies have confirmed it: open source is everywhere in companies. methods of contribution. For this reason.

May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . We would like to take this opportunity to warmly thank all those who devoted their time and effort to it.COM A paper like this one cannot be written by a single person. Benoît JACQUEMONT Maxime BESSON Patrick KOUASSI Alexandre NION Philippe DE OLIVERIA Frédéric DE GOMBERT Patrick NERDEN Thomas CHOPPY Jean-François BOSSARD Régis DAMONGEOT Thibaut DEMARET Julien BAGARIE Sébastien GIRAUD Alain ARDITI Patrice BERTRAND Barthélémy VESSEMONT Eric DRIER DE LA FORGE Guillaume MAISSA Eric PLAQUEVENT Allaedine EL BANNA Jérémy SUBTIL Marc GIBERT Sylvain TACQUET Badr CHENTOUF Hélène ZYSMAN Philippe BRIERE Sébastien MAULION Aurélien LEMAIRE Aurélien FOUCRET Marc MAURICE Sylvain BANNIER Jennifer LEROYER Jason YERGEAU … . given the wide range of competencies and knowledge required.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 269 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS WWW. for the curiosity and commitment they show each day to open source solutions. and the need to cover tools as varied as VPNs and elearning.SMILE-OSS. And to our growing team at Smile.

169 Jenkins / Hudson. 191 Bonita. 238 DSPAM. 80 Jahia. 216 Horde. 92 BIRT. 60 FreeNx. 217 JasperReports / iReport. 27 Lucene. 223 Ant. 180 eXo Platform. 116 GlassFish. 128 Munin. 106 BuddyPress. 112 EJBCA. 122 JMeter. 101 Moodle. 209 ESIGate. 89 Cyrus IMAPd. 32 Alfresco. 176 jPBM. 135 HAProxy. 159 Joomla. 251 Compiere. 30 Knowledge Tree. 226 Magento. 29 Hippo CMS. 218 JORAM. 66 LemonLDAP::NG. 121 CUPS.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 270 INDEX OF SOLUTIONS WWW. 200 MantisBT. 14 Git. 239 ERP5. 48 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 208 Continuum. 172 Asterisk. 23 BIND. 52 MySQL. 225 Koha. 152 Cassandra. 254 Bacula. 71 Kannel. 243 Drools. 78 easyCA. 258 LinOTP. 18 GWT. 113 Maven. 136 Kamailio. 99 Nagios. 240 LimeSurvey. 175 Activiti. 171 GLPI. 234 Liferay Social Office. 70 AWStats. 232 eZ Publish. 192 Jaspersoft. 76 Debian. 250 Mule. 214 Drupal Commerce. 204 Drupal Commons. 103 Centreon. 114 mnoGoSearch.COM 389 Directory Server. 28 Maarch. 149 Eclipse. 237 Cacti. 229 KVM. 33 Claroline. 47 CAS. 155 Linux-HA. 153 Liferay. 150 Elgg. 108 AIDE. 215 FreeBSD. 139 Dotclear. 107 jQuery. 179 Drupal. 196 JBoss AS. 163 LVS. 72 Keepalived. 110 Apache.SMILE-OSS. 165 MongoDB. 49 ClamAV. 95 ActiveMQ. 55 Django.

189 May 2012 © Copyright Smile – Open Source Solutions – Unauthorised reproduction prohibited . 133 Zimbra. 44 Phing. 184 Symfony. 85 Subversion. 230 PMD. 129 PF (Packet Filter). 210 OpenAM. 201 ProFTPD. 36 Wordpress. 102 Redmine. 64 XWiki. 198 Pentaho. 127 TightVNC. 185 Wireshark. 50 Zarafa. 183 OpenEMM. 79 WWW. 24 RBS Change. 166 OpenSSH. 156 Silverpeas. 160 Tuleap. 195 SpamAssassin. 247 Xen. 20 Puppet. 137 Pulse 2. 118 TWiki. 193 Petals. 124 Postfix. 138 PMB. 96 OpenNMS. 164 SpagoBI. 143 Tomcat. 115 SugarCRM. 77 SPIP. 244 Piwik.COM Nuxeo. 170 Tsung. 257 Oracle VirtualBox. 40 OpenVAS. 65 OpenX. 34 Solr. 56 Redis. 111 PhoneGap. 211 OpenBSD. 91 Prototype. 134 Squid. 219 Spring. 147 OpenCRX. 220 Ubuntu. 148 Openswan. 212 OpenLDAP. 132 Talend. 42 pfSense. 59 OpenCA. 145 Ruby on Rails.SMILE-OSS. 205 OXID. 39 OpenVZ. 58 Varnish. 233 Snort. 90 Selenium IDE. 197 Pentaho Data Integration. 67 osCommerce. 100 PrestaShop. 246 Zabbix. 81 Zend Framework. 51 OpenSearchServer. 117 Rhodes. 202 Palo. 61 netfilter. 255 Play!.“Guide to open source by Smile ” Page 271 NetBSD. 154 Openbravo. 123 Shibboleth. 245 TYPO3. 75 PostgreSQL. 35 OpenVPN. 15 Titanium. 16 OpenSSL. 224 OCS Inventory NG. 86 VTiger. 188 Talend ESB. 19 OFBiz. 144 phpBB. 82 OpenERP. 57 Pentaho Report Designer. 140 Samba. 43 Novell SUSE Enterprise Linux. 203 Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

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