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EXERCISE 1
A. What opposed concept is exemplified in each of the following pairs? Classify
Concepts as Contradictory, Contrary, Privative, Relative, or Disparate.
Opposed Concepts

Answers

1. Teacher and student

____________________

2. Sane and insane

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3. Beginning and end

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4. Tree and grass

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5. Hot and cold

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6. Living and non-living

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7. Rich and poor

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8. Clever and stupid

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9. Hearing and deafness

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10.Finite and infinite

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11.Creator and creature

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12.Cause and effect

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13.Kind and not-kind

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14.Kind and unkind

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15.Husband and wife

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Corrected by:______________________________

Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______
Score:_______
EXERCISE 1
B. What opposed concept is exemplified in each of the following pairs? Classify
Concepts as Contradictory, Contrary, Privative, Relative, or Disparate.
Opposed Concepts

Answers

1. High and not-high

____________________

2. Brother and brother or sister

____________________

3. Grandparent and grandchild

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4. Banana and mango

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5. Rational and irrational

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6. Difficult and easy

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7. Animal and non-animal

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8. Spider and ant

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9. Plant and non-plant

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10.Big and small

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11.Friendly and unfriendly

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12.Expensive and inexpensive

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13.Expensive and cheap

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14.North and south

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15.Bright and dark

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Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______
Score:_______
EXERCISE 1
C. What opposed concept is exemplified in each of the following pairs? Classify
Concepts as Contradictory, Contrary, Privative, Relative, or Disparate.
Opposed Concepts

Answers

1. Mortal and immortal

____________________

2. Mortal and not-mortal

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3. High and low

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4. Cabbage and potato

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5. Ruler and subject

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6. White and non-white

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7. Black and white

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8. Sight and blindness

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9. Speech and dumbness

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10.Alive and dead

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11.Alive and lifeless

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12.Parent and offspring

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13.Corporeal and incorporeal

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14.Being and non-being

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15.Master and servant

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Corrected by:______________________________

Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______
Score:_______
EXERCISE 1
D. What opposed concept is exemplified in each of the following pairs? Classify
Concepts as Contradictory, Contrary, Privative, Relative, or Disparate.
Opposed Concepts

Answers

1. Odd and common

____________________

2. Beingness and nothingness

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3. Doctor and engineer

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4. Abhor and admire

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5. Black and non-black

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6. Truck and van

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7. Foe and friend

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8. Able to walk and crippled

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9. Planet and non-planet

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10.Dog and cat

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11.Able to see and blind

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12.House and non-house

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13.Admit and deny

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14.Adidas and Nike

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15.Far and close

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Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______
Score:_______
EXERCISE 2
A. Are the following inferences valid or invalid? Give the reason for your answer.
1. It is not a dog; therefore, it is a cat. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
2. It is not an animal; therefore, it is a plant. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
3. He is John; therefore, he is not Peter. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
4. He is not very strong; therefore, he is weak. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
5. He is not clever; therefore, he is stupid. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
6. He is happy; therefore, he is delighted. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
7. Angels are immortal; therefore, they are not mortal. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
8. The water is cold; therefore, it is not hot. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
9. It is legal; therefore, it is not illegal. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
10.It is not dry; therefore, it is wet. Answer: ____________
Reason: _____________________________________________________________
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It is not alive. It is not bright. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 8. It is not white. It is not alive. It is white. it is liquid. Numbers are unending. It is great. Are the following inferences valid or invalid? Give the reason for your answer. it is magnificent. they are infinite. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 4.It is not expensive. therefore. it is dark. therefore. 1.Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 2 B. therefore. it is dead. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 5. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 6. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 6 . Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 7. therefore. it is lifeless. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 10. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 3. it is black. It is not finite. it is infinite. It is not solid. therefore it is not black. therefore. therefore. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 9. it is cheap. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 2.

therefore. 1. therefore. Answer:_______ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 10. The man is tired. it is not a cow. he is exhausted. he is foolish. therefore. Some people are atheists. it is not soft. therefore. it is an animal. Charles is not a priest. therefore.Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 2 C. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 9. therefore. It is not an insect. it is soft. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 4. It is hard. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 3. Some animals are not dangerous. It is not hard. therefore. therefore. therefore they are not harmless. therefore. He is stupid.It is not a planet. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 5. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 6. they do not believe in God. it is a star. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 2. Are the following inferences valid or invalid? Give the reason for your answer. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 8. Answer:________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 7. It is a horse. he is a doctor. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 7 .

it is a pen. Some people are against war. therefore. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 8. 1. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 6. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 10. Are the following inferences valid or invalid? Give the reason for your answer. it is winter. Humans are spiritual. it is an orchid. Answer: _________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 4. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 9. therefore. they are not pro-war. therefore. He is not nothing. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 5. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 2. Humans are not spiritless. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 3. therefore. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 7. therefore. It is not summer. It is summer.Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 2 D. she is devoted to him. It is not a rose. it is a signpen. Answer: ____________ Reason: _____________________________________________________________ 8 . She is faithful to him. it is a plant. God exists. That thing is not an animal. it is not winter. It is a ballpen.It is not a ballpen.

________________________ Animal 5. ________________________ Being 3. Arrange the following concepts in the order of Increasing Extension and Decreasing Comprehension. Arrange the following concepts in the order of Increasing Comprehension and Decreasing Extension. Concepts Answers A Filipino Secular Priest 1.Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 3 A. ________________________ Corporeal 7. Boy Oriondo 4. Concepts Answers Winged Animal 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ Bird 6. ________________________ A Filipino Citizen who serves God 6. ________________________ Philippine Bird 8. 1. ________________________ Maya 2. ________________________ 9 . ________________________ Citizen Serving God 2. ________________________ Msgr. ________________________ Animate 3. ________________________ Substance 4. ________________________ Citizen 5.

________________________ Material 4. ________________________ Motored Vehicle 2. ________________________ Substance 3. Arrange the terms in the order of Increasing Comprehension and Decreasing Extension. 1. ________________________ Lakatan 5. ________________________ Car 8. ________________________ Fruit 2. ________________________ Revo 7. Concepts Answers Inorganic 1. ________________________ 2. ________________________ Material 4. ________________________ Machine 6. Arrange the terms in the order of Increasing Extension and Decreasing Comprehension. ________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 3 B. ________________________ 10 . ________________________ Organic 3. ________________________ Banana 6.Filipino Priest 7. Concepts Answers Tropical Fruit 1. ________________________ Toyota Car 5. ________________________ Substance 7.

________________________ Organism 4. ________________________ 11 . ________________________ Surface 8. 1.Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 3 C. Arrange the terms in the order of Increasing Extension and Decreasing Comprehension. ________________________ Coconut tree 3. ________________________ 2. ________________________ Figure 6. ________________________ Quadrilateral 7. ________________________ Rectangle 4. ________________________ Tree 5. ________________________ Plant 2. Concepts Answers Palm tree 1. Arrange the terms in the order of Increasing Comprehension and Decreasing Extension. ________________________ Plane figure 2. Concepts Answers Square 1. ________________________ Golden coconut tree 7. ________________________ Parallelogram 3. ________________________ Rectilinear plane figure 5. ________________________ Material substance 6.

Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 3 D. ________________________ Lion 6. Arrange the terms in the order of Increasing Comprehension and Decreasing Extension. 1. ________________________ Animal 5. Concepts Answers Mammal 1. ________________________ Beverage 6. Concepts Answers Fine white wine 1. ________________________ 2. Arrange the terms in the order of Increasing Extension and Decreasing Comprehension. ________________________ Living Creature 2. ________________________ Wine 7. ________________________ Vertebrate 8. ________________________ White wine 4. ________________________ 12 . ________________________ Wildcat 4. ________________________ Alcoholic beverage 2. ________________________ Champagne 5. ________________________ Feline 7. ________________________ Creature 3. ________________________ Liquid 3.

Road to Baguio ________________ ________________ 10. Popular Dish ________________ ________________ 15. Clark. Tilapya ________________ ________________ 12. Pinatubo. Trining.Kare-kare. Upo ________________ ________________ 11. Properties of concept: On the given pair in each number. Kamagong ________________ ________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 13 . Volcano ________________ ________________ 2. Typhoon ________________ ________________ 4. River. which is (a) greater in comprehension and (b) greater in extension? Concepts A) Greater in Comprehension B) Greater in Extension 1.Vegetable.Durian. Mindanao Fruit ________________ ________________ 13. Cultural Minority.Fish found in Batangas.Kind of Wood. Mt. Province. Natural Calamity. Earthquake ________________ ________________ 5.A resort. Aetas ________________ ________________ 7. Pansol ________________ ________________ 14. Cavite ________________ ________________ 3. Batangas town ________________ ________________ 6. Taal. Former Military Base ________________ ________________ 8. Kennon.Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 4 A. Pasig ________________ ________________ 9.

Computer Software. Catholic ________________ ________________ 6. Scientist ________________ ________________ 10. Search Engine ________________ ________________ 12. summer ________________ ________________ 7. Love Song ________________ ________________ 8. Church ________________ ________________ 13.Netscape Navigator. which is (a) greater in comprehension and (b) greater in extension? Concepts A) Greater in Comprehension B) Greater in Extension 1. Season. Microsoft Word ________________ ________________ 5. Epson LX-800 ________________ ________________ 15. Website.com ________________ ________________ 14.Yahoo. Properties of concept: On the given pair in each number. Computer Virus ________________ ________________ 9.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 4 B. Computer Game. Megabug. Net Browser ________________ ________________ 11. Song. Toyota Land Cruiser. Land Vehicle ________________ ________________ 4. Isaac Newton. Computer Hardware ________________ ________________ 3.hotgames.Historical Event. Pacman ________________ ________________ 2. www. Computer Printer. Disk Drive.Lipa Cathedral. Religion. People's Power ________________ ________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 14 .

T-shirt ________________ ________________ 9.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 4 C. FHM ________________ ________________ 2. Hawaii ________________ ________________ 7. Ball.Flower. Church. 15. Movie ________________ ________________ 4. Planet ________________ ________________ 11. Carbonarra ________________ ________________ 8. Magazine. Clothes. Orchid Corrected by:______________________________ 15 . Action Movie. Pasta.Days Hotel. Feline. Chocolate ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ 14. Properties of concept: On the given pair in each number. Persian cat ________________ ________________ 10. Country. which is (a) lesser in comprehension and (b) lesser in extension? Concepts A) Lesser in Comprehension B) Lesser in Extension 1. Diamond ________________ ________________ Toblerone.Saturn. Continent ________________ ________________ 6.TV station. Hotel ________________ ________________ 13. Lipa Cathedral ________________ ________________ 3. channel 2 ________________ ________________ 12. Africa. Volleyball ________________ ________________ 5.Gem stone.

The Birds of Prey ________________ ________________ 10.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 4 D. Athlete ________________ ________________ 13. Baseball ________________ ________________ 7. Properties of concept: On the given pair in each number. Robinson's Place. Occasion ________________ ________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 16 .Wine glass. De La Salle University ________________ ________________ 5. Tiger ________________ ________________ 6. Encyclopedia ________________ ________________ 8. glass ________________ ________________ 11. School. TV Series. Feline.Orchid. Ball. Heavenly Body ________________ ________________ 15. Cartoon Character ________________ ________________ 9. Mall ________________ ________________ 4. Book. Soldier. Ship. Titanic ________________ ________________ 2.Star. Vehicle ________________ ________________ 12.Birthday. Marines ________________ ________________ 3. Flower ________________ ________________ 14. which is (a) greater in comprehension and (b) greater in extension? Concepts A) Greater in Comprehension B) Greater in Extension 1. Bugs Bunny.Basketball Player.Car.

_____ ____________ 14. _____ ____________ 2. Corrected by:______________________________ 17 .Bohol is one of the largest islands in the Philippines. All children are images of God. Every Circle is not a triangle. Not all professors are men. _____ ____________ 8.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 5 A.No bird is an animal that has four legs. Some Christians are Filipinos. _____ ____________ 15. _____ ____________ 10. _____ ____________ 11. _____ ____________ 7.No strawberries are durian fruits. _____ ____________ 12. No gay is a lesbian. Some NBA players are not popular. _____ ____________ 13. _____ ____________ 5.Some men are not artists. Identify the categorical symbols of the following propositions and then state the quantity of the predicates. De La Salle Lipa is a school. Every luxury vehicle is expensive. _____ ____________ 3. _____ ____________ 4. _____ ____________ 9. San Sebastian is a patron saint.Baguio City is the summer capital of the Philippines. _____ ____________ 6.Not all cellphone users are texters. _____ ____________ 1.

_____ ____________ 10. Ditang is not a U.Osama Bin Laden is a Muslim billionaire. Chinese are good Mathematicians. _____ ____________ 15. Many countries are supporters of America. _____ ____________ 14. _____ ____________ 3. _____ ____________ 6. Identify the categorical symbols of the following propositions and then state the quantity of the predicates. _____ ____________ 2. _____ ____________ 7.All Afghans are Muslims. _____ ____________ 4. _____ ____________ 13. _____ ____________ 1. Not every spirit is good. _____ ____________ 9.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 5 B. Not all Filipinos are literate.Every rapist is a sex-oriented person. Many faith healers are fakes.S.Michael Jordan is the World's greatest basketball player. _____ ____________ 8. All countries are places. _____ ____________ 11. Corrected by:______________________________ 18 . Jesus Christ is the Son of God.A large number of students are texters. _____ ____________ 5.No dedicated priest is coward. Not every Filipino is a chief government negotiator. _____ ____________ 12. typhoon name.

No dogs that are without pedigrees are candidates for blue ribbons in official dog shows. _____ ____________ 1. All drivers of automobiles that are not safe are desperadoes who threaten the lives of their fellows. No athletes who have ever accepted pay for participating in sports are amateurs. _____ ____________ 3. Many athletes are vegetarians. _____ ____________ 6. _____ ____________ 13. _____ ____________ 8. Some politicians are not members of the high ranking societies. _____ ____________ 5. _____ ____________ 4.No leader of the feminist movement is a major business executive. Corrected by:______________________________ 19 . _____ ____________ 15.Some soldiers are mild-mannered people. _____ ____________ 10. Some families are rich and famous. Some drugs are not safe. _____ ____________ 9.All senators are citizens. _____ ____________ 14. _____ ____________ 12.Some presidential candidates are sadly disappointed people. Some politicians are liars.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 5 C. _____ ____________ 11. _____ ____________ 2. _____ ____________ 7. Some historians are extremely gifted writers.Some people are not responsible critics. Identify the categorical symbols of the following propositions and then state the quantity of the predicates.All new labor-saving devices are major threats to the trade union movement.

_____ ____________ 4.All spiders are eight-legged animals.Every chemical weapon is a menace to society. Corrected by:______________________________ 20 . _____ ____________ 5. _____ ____________ 10. _____ ____________ 2. No politicians are idealists.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 5 D.All diamonds are precious stones. All those who died in Nazi concentration camps were victims of a cruel and irrational tyranny. All judges are lawyers. Some rulings of the Supreme Court are politically motivated decisions. _____ ____________ 8. _____ ____________ 13.Some advocates of economic reforms are not responsible people. _____ ____________ 12. _____ ____________ 7. _____ ____________ 9. Some soldiers are coward. _____ ____________ 3. Identify the categorical symbols of the following propositions and then state the quantity of the predicates. Some horses are not thoroughbreds. _____ ____________ 1.Some successful executives are not intelligent people.Some college professors are entertaining lecturers. Most people are against war. _____ ____________ 11. _____ ____________ 14. No harmful pesticides are contributions to the long-range agricultural goals of the country. _____ ____________ 6. _____ ____________ 15. Some elements are major discoveries.

1. that some animals are not beings with sentiency is ____________ ____________ ____________ 3. that no animals are beings with sentiency is ____________ ____________ ____________ b. that no priest is a servant of God is ____________ ____________ ____________ c. If it is true that some metals are precious then. If it is false that some priests are not servants of God then. a. If it is true that no Atheist is a Christian then. that every atheist is a Christian is ____________ ____________ ____________ b. If it is false that every student is studious then. that some animals are beings with sentiency is ____________ ____________ ____________ c. Supposing that the propositions after each of the numbers are true or false as indicated. a. a. false. that some atheists are not Christians is ____________ ____________ ____________ 2. that every priest is a servant of God is ____________ ____________ ____________ b. If it is true that all animals are beings with sentiency then. that no metal is precious is ____________ ____________ ____________ c. that some atheists are Christians is ____________ ____________ ____________ c.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 6 A. a. that every metal is precious is ____________ ____________ ____________ b. or undetermined after giving their symbol and the kind of opposition they have. that some priests are servants of God is ____________ ____________ ____________ Corrected by:______________________________ 21 . a. that some students are studious is ____________ ____________ ____________ c. that some metals are not precious is ____________ ____________ ____________ 5. that some students are not studious is ____________ ____________ ____________ 4. state whether the propositions following them are true. that no student is studious is ____________ ____________ ____________ b.

Some Presidents are not noble heroes _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. No chalks are erasers is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. or undetermined after giving their symbol and the kind of opposition they have. Some chalks are not erasers is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. If it is false that all Presidents are noble heroes then a. Some places are dumpsites is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. false. No Presidents are noble heroes is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. If it is true that not every place is a dumpsite then a. Some Filipinos are Payatas Victims is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. All Filipinos are Payatas Victims is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. No Filipinos are Payatas Victims is _____________ _____________ _____________ 4.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 6 B. All chalks are erasers is _____________ _____________ _____________ 5. No place is a dumpsite is _____________ _____________ _____________ Corrected by:______________________________ 22 . If it is true that No PBA team is a NBA team then a. 1. Some Presidents are noble heroes is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. state whether the propositions following them are true. Some PBA teams are not NBA teams are _____________ _____________ _____________ 2. Every PBA team is a NBA team is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. If it is false that some chalks are erasers then a. If it is true that not all Filipinos are Payatas Victims then a. Every place is a dumpsite is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. Some PBA teams are NBA teams are _____________ _____________ _____________ b. Supposing that the propositions after each of the numbers are true or false as indicated.

If it is true that no Caltex Gas Station is a Shell Gas Station then. that some Bulakenos are makers of firecrackers is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. a. that all Caltex Gas Stations are Shell Gas Stations is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. that some MILF members are Marines is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. that some Caltex Gas Stations are not Shell Gas Stations is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. If it is true that many Filipinos are avid viewers of PBA then. that some Saints are not lovers of God is _____________ _____________ _____________ Corrected by:______________________________ 23 . If it is false that all Bulakenos are makers of firecrackers then. a. or undetermined after giving their symbol and the kind of opposition they have.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 6 C. that many Filipinos are not avid viewers of PBA is _____________ _____________ _____________ 2. that every Saint is not a lover of God is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. a. Supposing that the propositions after each of the numbers are true or false as indicated. If it is true that every Saint is a lover of God then. that no Filipinos are avid viewers of PBA is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. 1. that all Filipinos are avid viewers of PBA is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. a. that some Saints are lovers of God is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. that every Bulakeno is not a maker of firecrackers is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. a. that some MILF members are not Marines is _____________ _____________ _____________ 4. state whether the propositions following them are true. false. that some Caltex Gas Stations are Shell Gas Stations is _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. that all MILF members are Marines is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. If it is false that No MILF member is a Marine then. that some Bulakenos are not makers of firecrackers is _____________ _____________ _____________ 5.

a. that No students are great singers is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. or undetermined after giving their symbol and the kind of opposition they have. that All Filipinos are Christians is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. false. that some TV shows are for adults is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. a. a. If it is false that no Filipinos are Christians then. that No human soul is a spirit is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. that some human souls are not spirits is _____________ _____________ _____________ 4. that Some students are not great singers is _____________ _____________ _____________ 5. that some TV shows are not for adults is _____________ _____________ _____________ 3. that some teachers are friendly is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. Supposing that the propositions after each of the numbers are true or false as indicated. that No TV shows are for adults is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. 1. If it is false that no teachers are friendly then. If it is true that every human soul is a spirit then. that some Filipinos are not Christians is _____________ _____________ _____________ Corrected by:______________________________ 24 . that some human souls are spirits is _____________ _____________ _____________ c. that all students are great singers is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. that all teachers are friendly is _____________ _____________ _____________ b. If it is true that some students are great singers then. state whether the propositions following them are true. a. If it is false that all TV shows are for adults then. a.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 6 D. that some teachers are not friendly is _____________ _____________ _____________ 2. that some Filipinos are Christians is _____________ _____________ _____________ c.

_______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ d. a. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ c. Some seminarians are not harmful. and type 2 contraposition respectively. (4 pts. if you encounter it. _______________________________________________________ b. a. _______________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________ 4.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 7 A. a. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ c. Formulate the following propositions into a new proposition using conversion. _______________________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 25 . a. _______________________________________________________ d. Every biblical book is sacred. Many books are helpful. All babies are lovable. _______________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ b. 1. write n/a. _______________________________________________________ 5. each item) Note: There are some propositions that cannot be formulated. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ b. obversion. a. _______________________________________________________ d. No plants are mobile. type 1 contraposition.

_______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ d. Every circle is a figure. a. a. 1.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 7 B. obversion. type 1 contraposition. and type 2 contraposition respectively. _______________________________________________________ 2. a. if you encounter it. No millionaire is a peasant. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ d. a. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ c. Formulate the following propositions into a new proposition using conversion. _______________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ b. (4 pts. Not every public servant is a councilor. _______________________________________________________ b. a. _______________________________________________________ 4. _______________________________________________________ b. each item) Note: There are some propositions that cannot be formulated. Every hardworking farmer is a contributor to progress. Many birthdays are occasions for big Family gatherings. _______________________________________________________ 5. write n/a. _______________________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 26 .

obversion. and type 2 contraposition respectively. a. _______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ 4. Most beers are alcoholic drinks. (4 pts. a. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ c. each item) Note: There are some propositions that cannot be formulated. _______________________________________________________ b. a. a. if you encounter it. _______________________________________________________ c. Every virus is disastrous. Some animals are not feathered. Some animals are not rational creatures. write n/a. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ c. type 1 contraposition. _______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 27 . Formulate the following propositions into a new proposition using conversion. _______________________________________________________ 2.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 7 C. _______________________________________________________ 5. _______________________________________________________ 3. No man is an angel. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ b. a. 1.

each item) Note: There are some propositions that cannot be formulated. _______________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________ b. if you encounter it. _______________________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 28 . Some films are pornographic. Formulate the following propositions into a new proposition using conversion. _______________________________________________________ b. _______________________________________________________ c. _______________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________ b. type 1 contraposition. _______________________________________________________ c. a. Many couples are gifted with child. _______________________________________________________ d. write n/a. Nothing evil is created by God. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ d.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 7 D. _______________________________________________________ d. a. _______________________________________________________ d. _______________________________________________________ 4. and type 2 contraposition respectively. _______________________________________________________ c. (4 pts. Some public servants are not honest. All martial artists are disciplined people. _______________________________________________________ c. a. _______________________________________________________ b. a. _______________________________________________________ b. a. _______________________________________________________ c. 1. obversion. _______________________________________________________ 5.

No nonsocialists are nonpacifists. ____________ 10. Some nonpacifists are not nonsocialists. and which would be undetermined? 1. what may be inferred about the truth or falsehood of the following propositions? That is. ____________ 8. ____________ 9. No nonpacifists are socialists. ____________ 7. ____________ 5.Some nonpacifists are socialists. ____________ 6. All nonpacifists are nonsocialists. No socialists are nonpacifists ____________ 3. All pacifists are socialists.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 8 A. which known to be false. ____________ 2. ____________ 4. If "All socialists are pacifists" is true. No pacifists are nonsocialists. All nonsocialists are nonpacifists. Some socialists are not pacifists. ____________ Corrected by:______________________________ 29 . which could be known to be true.

which could be known to be true. and which would be undetermined? 1. what may be inferred about the truth or falsehood of the following propositions? That is. ____________ 6. ____________ 10. ____________ 4. ____________ 3. No scientists are nonphilosophers. All nonphilosophers are nonscientists. Some nonphilosophers are scientists. No nonphilosophers are scientists. ____________ 7. Some scientists are not philosophers. ____________ 2. ____________ 9.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 8 B. No nonscientists are nonphilosophers. All nonscientists are nonphilosophers. ____________ 5. All philosophers are scientists. ____________ Corrected by:______________________________ 30 . If "No scientists are philosophers" is true. Some nonphilosophers are not nonscientists.No philosophers are nonscientists. ____________ 8. which known to be false.

what may be inferred about the truth or falsehood of the following propositions? That is. ____________ 4. Some nonsaints were not nonmartyrs. All martyrs were nonsaints. which known to be false. If "Some saints were martyrs" is true. ____________ 8.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 8 C. ____________ 9. ____________ 3. and which would be undetermined? 1. Some nonsaints were not martyrs.No martyrs were saints. No saints were nonmartyrs. ____________ 7. Some nonmartyrs were nonsaints. No saints were martyrs. ____________ 2. which could be known to be true. ____________ 10. ____________ 6. ____________ Corrected by:______________________________ 31 . ____________ 5. No nonmartyrs were saints. No martyrs were nonsaints. All martyrs were saints.

Some pirates are not nonmerchants. All nonpirates are nonmerchants. ____________ 2. If "Some merchants are not pirates" is true. ____________ 9. ____________ 8. ____________ Corrected by:______________________________ 32 . ____________ 6. ____________ 5. ____________ 4.No nonpirates are merchants. what may be inferred about the truth or falsehood of the following propositions? That is. Some merchants are pirates. ____________ 3. No nonmerchants are pirates. ____________ 10. Some nonpirates are not nonmerchants. and which would be undetermined? 1.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 8 D. which known to be false. ____________ 7. Some pirates are not merchants. Some nonmerchants are not nonpirates. All nonmerchants are pirates. which could be known to be true. No nonpirates are nonmerchants.

But. But. Macapagal is a President. Ergo. Ergo. No mayor is a criminal. Macapagal is not a good leader. Some Presidents are good leaders. 1. some Jesuits are Filipinos. Ergo. some female youngsters are Lipa residents. some faith healers are Filipinos. Analyze the following syllogisms and then write the number of the rule/s violated by the syllogisms. But. Ergo. Some Jesuits are missionaries. Some priests are faith healers. Ergo. 3. But. every mayor is a congressman. no congressman is a criminal. 4. 5. some Dominicans are missionaries. But. Corrected by:______________________________ 33 . some priests are Filipinos. No golf enthusiasts are female youngsters. all Lipa residents are golf enthusiasts.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 9 A. 2.

Corrected by:______________________________ 34 . 5. some pornographic materials are informative. 3. But. But. 4. Analyze the following syllogisms and then write the number of the rule/s violated by the syllogisms. every ant is red. But. some books are pornographic. Ergo. no believers in democracy are believers in dictatorship. Every ant is an insect. some insects are red. some animals are female. All Filipinos are hospitable. All books are informative. all Visayans are hospitable. Ergo. But. But.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 9 B. Ergo. 2. Ergo. Ergo. some communists are believers in dictatorship. all female creatures are gorillas. some Filipinos are Visayans. All gorillas are animals. Some believers in democracy are communists. 1.

Efren “Bata” Reyes is not great. not all lawyers are accountants. all bats are substances. All CPA’s are accountants. Corrected by:______________________________ 35 . no horse is a bulldog. Analyze the following syllogisms and then write the number of the rule/s violated by the syllogisms. But some lawyers are CPA’s. Therefore. 3. But Efren “Bata” Reyes is a superstar. Some superstars are great. Therefore. all Batanguenos are lovers of basketball. 4. 2. But all bats are animals. Therefore. Some Filipinos are lovers of basketball. 5. Therefore. All animals are substances. 1. But.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 9 C. some horses are cats. But all Batanguenos are Filipinos. No bulldog is a cat. Therefore.

Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 9 D. But Archangel Gabriel is an angel. No angel is a bodily creature. some lawyers are not trustworthy. 5. No freeman is a slave. Analyze the following syllogisms and then write the number of the rule/s violated by the syllogisms. But some forms of gambling are vices. all citizens are slaves. Some vices are evil. 1. 4. Some suitors are liars. But all citizens are freemen. 3. Some aquatic animals are fishes. Therefore. 2. Therefore. some sharks are not fishes. Therefore. Corrected by:______________________________ 36 . No liar is trustworthy. some forms of gambling are not evil. Therefore. Archangel Gabriel is not a bodily creature. Therefore. But every shark is an aquatic animal.

O A A (2nd figure) 5. Which of the general rules of the categorical syllogism are violated in syllogism under certain figure and whose major premise. I A A (1st figure) 2. minor premise. I I I (3rd figure) 4. A A I (3rd figure) 3. E I A (4th figure) Corrected by:______________________________ 37 . 1.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 10 A. and conclusion respectively are the following types of proposition? Note: Deductions will be made if non-violated rules are included.

Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 10 B. A I A (4th figure) 4. I E A (4th figure) 5. A A A (1st figure) 3. and conclusion respectively are the following types of proposition? Note: Deductions will be made if non-violated rules are included. Which of the general rules of the categorical syllogism are violated in syllogism under certain figure and whose major premise. 1. minor premise. I I I ( 4th figure) 2. E O A (3rd figure) Corrected by:______________________________ 38 .

E E E (2nd figure) 3. minor premise.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 10 C. A E A (4th figure) 2. Which of the general rules of the categorical syllogism are violated in syllogism under certain figure and whose major premise. I E O (3rd figure) Corrected by:______________________________ 39 . 1. E I I (2nd figure) 4. E O O (4th figure) 5. and conclusion respectively are the following types of proposition? Note: Deductions will be made if non-violated rules are included.

Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 10 D. minor premise. E I I (4th figure) 5. I I E (1st figure) 4. A A A (3rd figure) 3. and conclusion respectively are the following types of proposition? Note: Deductions will be made if non-violated rules are included. 1. Which of the general rules of the categorical syllogism are violated in syllogism under certain figure and whose major premise. O O O (1st figure) 2. A I I (2nd figure) Corrected by:______________________________ 40 .

Cardinal Sin is not an Atheist. No Atheist is religious. Cardinal Sin is religious. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 3. All UN members are World Leaders. Some great singers are students. Arrange the following propositions into a valid syllogism. Some World Leaders are Presidents. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 4. Mother Teresa is a lover of the poor. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 41 . Some servants of God are lovers of freedom. 1. Mother Teresa is a saint. All saints are lovers of the poor. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 5. Some students are members of De la Salle Voices. All Catholic Bishops are servants of God. Some UN members are Presidents. All members of De la Salle Voices are great singers. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 2.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 11 A. Some lovers of freedom are Catholic Bishops.

Some Muslims are human beings. All Abu Sayyaf Victims are human beings. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 3. Some former passengers of Flight 541 are LaSalle teachers. ILOVEYOU is destructive. Fr. ILOVEYOU is a computer virus. Fr. Some Claretian priests are Abu Sayyaf victims. Some Abu Sayyaf Victims are Muslims. Arrange the following propositions into a valid syllogism. All La Salle teachers are human beings. _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ 2.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 11 B. All computer viruses are destructive. Roel Gallardo is a Claretian Priest. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 42 . Spratleys is an island. 1. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 5. Roel Gallardo is an Abu Sayyaf victim. Some human beings are former passengers of Flight 541. A Philippine Territory is an island. Spratleys is a Philippine Territory. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 4.

______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ 4. Some immortal beings are spirits. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 43 . ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ 3. All Ilokanos are Filipinos. 1. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ 2.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 11 C. No bodily beings are angels. Some angels are immortal beings. Some Ilokanos are not anti-Marcos. "Pretty Boy" is a composition of M2M. Alpha Phi Beta is a Fraternity. No spirits are bodily beings. All angels are spirits. Arrange the following propositions into a valid syllogism. Some Filipinos are not anti-Marcos. "Pretty Boy" is a love song. A composition of M2M is a love song. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ 5. No Sorority is a Fraternity. Alpha Phi Beta is not a Sorority. All angels are spirits.

Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 11 D. Some hardworking people are casts of Ms. All Popes are former Cardinals. All images of God are human beings. Alberto Reyes is not a poultry raiser. No Movie Producers are Popes. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 5. Saigon are great performers. All casts of Ms. All poultry raisers are businessmen. Alberto Reyes is not a businessman. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 2. Manny Pacquiao is not a great billiard player. Some human beings are victims of sex exploitation. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 3. Some former Cardinals are not Movie Producers. All victims of sex exploitation are images of God. Manny Pacquiao is a great boxer. Saigon. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 44 . ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 4. 1. Some great boxers are not great billiard players. All great performers are hardworking people. Arrange the following propositions into a valid syllogism.

Therefore. some Filipino Movies are not X rated films. All divinely inspired materials are sacred things. Some voters are university students. All X-rated films are pornographic materials. Some Filipino movies are not pornographic materials. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 2.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 12 A. No Professors are undergraduates. Therefore. All angels are spirits. Therefore. All Biblical books are divinely inspired materials. No person under twenty-one years of age is a voter. Therefore. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 45 . some sacred things are biblical books. some spirits are immortal. All 3rd year high school students are undergraduates. All angels are immortal. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 4. Therefore. 1. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 3. some university students are not persons under twenty-one years of age. Reduce the following Syllogisms to Figure 1. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 5. All 3rd year high school students are not professors.

Therefore. But no Catholics are Islamic people. some peace loving nations are not pro-terrorism. But all peace-loving nations are God-fearing people. some fundamentalists are Muslims. Therefore.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 12 B. some communicators are texters. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 2. All Muslim Clerics are Islamic people. 1. But all cellphone users are communicators. Therefore. All lovers of democracy are peace-loving nations. But all supporters of George Bush are peace-loving nations. No Pro-terrorism is a supporter of George Bush. But all Talibans are fundamentalists. no Catholics are Muslim Clerics. Therefore. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ 46 . Therefore. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 5. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 4. All Talibans are Muslims. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 3. Some cellphone users are texters. Reduce the following Syllogisms to Figure 1. some God-fearing people are lovers of democracy.

6. 5. Reduce the following Syllogisms to Figure 1.Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 12 C. Reduce the following Syllogisms to Figure 1. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 2. Some vertebrates are men. some substances are vertebrates. No cabbages are whales. Therefore. no angels are men EXERCISE 12 D. But No cabbages are fishes. Therefore. no men are angels 8. But some men are black. But all men are substances. Ergo. No nuns are priests But some priests are Americans Ergo. All angels are spirits But no men are spirits Ergo. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 47 . 1. some Americans are not nuns 7. All men are mortal. All men are bodily creatures But no angels are bodily creatures Ergo.All whales are fishes. some black beings are mortal.

Therefore. But all honest people are blessed. Disjunctive in Broad Sense. therefore. But all creatures of God are metaphysically existing. Therefore. therefore it has neither three nor only two equal sides. ______ 2. but this triangle has no equal sides. or no equal sides. Fido did not run away. my vacation is enjoyable. ______ 1. Identify what kind of Hypothetical Syllogism are the following (Conditional. and Conjunctive). Either Simon is in Davao or Simon is in Bacolod. he is lying. Simon is in Davao. Therefore Fido got hit by a car. Purely Hypothetical. It is either not speaking or lying. Vacations are either enjoyable or boring. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 13 A. All liars are not honest people._______________________________________________ 3. 48 . ______________. then analyze whether they are valid or invalid. Every triangle either has three equal sides. ______________. Ergo: It is not necessary. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 4. ______ 4. ______________. but he is not speaking. ______________. Either Fido ran away or Fido got hit by a car. Disjunctive in Strict Sense. but the universe is contingent. Ergo: It is not boring. some metaphysically existing beings are humans. ______________. ______ 5. ______________. Therefore Simon is not in Bacolod. or only two equal sides. The universe is either contingent or necessary. ______ 3. ______ 6. some blessed men are not liars. Human beings are creatures of God.

therefore he will not cause his patient much pain. He cannot be in Lipa and Manila at the same time. ______ 1. but the dentist is skillful.______________. Disjunctive in Broad Sense. but it will surely be a best seller. Eat too many green mangoes. Purely Hypothetical. ______________. ______ 8. "therefore you must admit that I will make the team" Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 13 B. John is either lazy or lacking in talent. ______ 7. but John is not lacking in talent. Disjunctive in Strict Sense."If you have bad eyes. therefore it must possess literary merit. If his book possesses literary merit. therefore we are compelled to admit that He is God." "but my eyes are all right. you'll never make the team. The order of the world owes its origin either to mere chance or to an intelligent designer. therefore it must be due to an intelligent designer. John is lazy. ______________. it will be widely read. ______ 2. ______________. ______ 5. ______ 9. therefore he was not arrested unjustly. ______ 4. so men cannot be machines. ______ 6. ______________. or else he was arrested unjustly. but he did violate the law. but Juan ate too many green mangoes. therefore. ______________. He either violated the law. so Juan got sick. and you get sick. ______ 10. ______________. But there are no such rules. and Conjunctive). ______________. but it is impossible to admit that He is the world's greatest deceiver. If each man had a definite set of rules of conduct by which he regulated his life he would be no better than a machine. 49 . but the order in the world cannot be due to mere chance. Jesus Christ is either God or the world's greatest deceiver. ______________. then analyze whether they are valid or invalid. ______ 3. Identify what kind of Hypothetical Syllogism are the following (Conditional. If the dentist is not skillful. he will cause his patient much pain. ______________.

If rights have been given us by God. 10. But it seems plain that a man cannot be a legitimate object of moral praise or blame for an act unless in willing the act he is in some important sense a "free" agent. it seems. but prices are not raised. then analyze whether they are valid or invalid. no government can take them away from us. If the first native is a politician. Identify what kind of Hypothetical Syllogism are the following (Conditional. ______ 2. then he denies being a politician. ______________. they cannot be serving God. ______ 3. Therefore. ______ but he is not in Manila. Purely Hypothetical. A theoryless position is possible only if there are no theories of evidence. ______________. therefore no government can take them away from us. But there are theories of evidence.You cannot serve God and Mammon. Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 13 C." But this man has been born of water and the Spirit. but many Filipinos. 9. are serving Mammon. it seems. therefore he cannot be studying properly. ______ 6. Evidently free will in some sense. 8. therefore wealth is a good. then he lies. When we regard a man as morally responsible for an act. Disjunctive in Strict Sense. and Conjunctive).______________. Disjunctive in Broad Sense. If that bill passes. ______ ______________. Therefore if the first native is a 50 . therefore rents will not rise. therefore. he cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven. therefore. Therefore this man can enter into the kingdom of heaven. ______________. ______________. ______________. ______________. we regard him as a legitimate object of moral praise or blame in respect of it. ______ 5. but wealth is not an evil. is a pre-condition of moral responsibility. Ergo: Wages are not raised. If he lies. It is impossible to study properly and at the same time to listen to the radio: but he is listening to the radio. ______ ______________. prices are raised. therefore he is in Lipa. "Unless a man be born again of water and the spirit. ______ 1. ______ ______________. Either wealth is an evil or wealth is a good. but rights have been given to us by God. a theoryless position is impossible. rents will rise. but the bill will not pass. ______ 4. 7.If wages are increased.

______________. therefore. Therefore error is nothing positive. ______ ______________. but John Jones is a diplomat who is not successful. he said. judging by their neglect of him.If error were something positive. and these cannot be the result of coincidence or spontaneity. it is true of every action that the agent could not have done otherwise. it is sometimes said. ______________. then analyze whether they are valid or invalid. ______ 2. then he is not responsible for his action. ______ 4. 10. ______________. it is agreed that things are either the result of coincidence or for an end. if determinism is true.______________. but there is such a connection. it looks as though John Jones is at least honest. have never. there must be an intimate connection between one's body and one's mind. 7. but a lesion of the brain does affect one's thinking. at all understood the power of Love. and by Him it would continually be procreated. therefore there must be an intimate connection between one's body and one's mind. If then. but he is married. You cannot be married and be single too. 9. and Conjunctive). But if determinism is true. as I think. 8. ______ 1. then he denies being a politician. you would expect an intimate connection between the condition of a man's brain and his power of thinking. But this is absurd. the two 51 . Therefore. If a man could not have done otherwise than he in fact did. Disjunctive in Strict Sense. therefore he cannot be single. ______ ______________. Disjunctive in Broad Sense. If a lesion of the brain affects one's thinking. ______________. God would be its cause. no one is ever responsible for what he does. If a mental state is to be identical with a physical state. ______ 5. A diplomat. ______________. Corrected by:______________________________ Name:______________________________Date:____________Section:_______ Score:_______ EXERCISE 13 D. is either not honest or not successful. Purely Hypothetical. ______ 3. ______ politician. but this is not done. Mankind. For if they had understood him they would surely have built noble temples and altars. and offered solemn sacrifices in his honor. therefore materialism must be true. ______ ______________. If materialism is true. it follows that they must be for an end. Identify what kind of Hypothetical Syllogism are the following (Conditional.

Ergo: Today is not Monday. He is uncharitable. Ergo: Man does not live forever.A person cannot be both charitable and uncharitable at the same time. but man is not immortal. If man lives forever. he is immortal. today is Tuesday. ______ ______________. 7. Ergo: He is charitable. 9. but today is Tuesday. ______ ______________. you are not laughing. Ergo: It is hereditary.______________. 8. Ergo: You are crying. ______ ______________. 6. it is not contagious. If a disease is hereditary. mental events and states are different from physical ones. spatial localizability. ______ ______________. physical states and events are located in space. 10. But there is one property. that is. ______ must share all properties in common. Hence. it is contagious. whereas mental events and states are not. Corrected by:______________________________ 52 . If today is not Monday. that is not so shared. You cannot laugh and cry at the same time.