What is the difference between MCB, MCCB, ELCB, and RCCB | EEP
Rated current not more than 100 A. Trip characteristics normally not adjustable. Thermal or thermal-magnetic operation. Top
Rated current up to 1000 A. Trip current may be adjustable. Thermal or thermal-magnetic operation. T
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000 V. Trip characteristics often fully adjustable including configurable trip thresholds and delays. If a house has an earth system connected to an earth rod and not the main incoming cable. ELCB. Vacuum circuit breakers tend to have longer life expectancies between overhaul than do air circuit breakers. It detects by RCD.. Often used for main power distribution in large industrial plant. Usually electronically controlled—some models are microprocessor controlled.. These breakers interrupt the arc in a vacuum bottle. These can also be applied at up to 35.What is the difference between MCB. Top
With rated current up to 3000 A. where the breakers are arranged in draw-out enclosures for ease of maintenance. Top
Phase (line) and Neutral both wires connected through RCD. The amount of current flows through the phase (line) should return through neutral . It trips the circuit when there is earth fault current. any mismatch between two currents flowing through phase and neutral detect by -RCD and trip the circuit within 30Miliseconed.com/what-is-the-difference-betwee.000 A.
Rated current up to 10. MCCB. and RCCB | EEP
http://electrical-engineering-portal. then it must have all circuits protected by an RCD (because u mite not be able to get enough fault current i )
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RCD will not protect against live-neutral shocks. cannot be detected. Some equipment is notoriously `leaky’. especially in old appliances. RCD will not protect against a socket outlet being wired with its live and neutral terminals the wrong way round. generate a small.. the main MCB for the premises will probably trip. called an RCBO (see below). A current overload.
to trip a MCB) RCDs are an extremely effective form of shock protection The most widely used are 30 mA (milliamp) and 100 mA devices. Nuisance tripping of RCCB: Sudden changes in electrical load can cause a small. Even 100 mA is a relatively small figure when compared to the current that may flow in an earth fault without such protection (hundred of amps) A 300/500 mA RCCB may be used where only fire protection is required.03 amps) is sufficiently small that it makes it very difficult to receive a dangerous shock. It is now possible to get an MCB and and RCD in a single unit.g. So if you touch live and neutral conductors at the same time (e. where the risk of electric shock is small. brief current flow to earth. Top
ELCB (Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker)
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. however large. both terminals of a light fitting). RCDs are very sensitive and operate very quickly. that is. semi conductors. MCCB. computers and even dimmers. constant current flow to earth. RCD will not protect against the overheating that results when conductors are not properly screwed into their terminals. Replacing an MCB with an RCBO of the same rating is generally safe. Top
Limitation of RCCB
Standard electromechanical RCCBs are designed to operate on normal supply waveforms and cannot be guaranteed to operate where none standard waveforms are generated by loads. or an overload). Specially modified RCCBs are available which will operate on normal ac and pulsating dc. This may be done in an attempt to increase shock protection. If a live-neutral fault occurs (a short circuit. you may still get a nasty shock. on lighting circuits. and RCCB | EEP
http://electrical-engineering-portal. In practice. but it may be inconvenient. the RCD won’t trip.What is the difference between MCB. The most common is the half wave rectified waveform sometimes called pulsating dc generated by speed control devices. because the current in the live and neutral is balanced.com/what-is-the-difference-betwee. It is a frequent cause of problems with novices to replace an MCB in a fuse box with an RCD. they may well trip when the motor of an old freezer switches off. Some types of computer equipment. or the service fuse.. so the situation is unlikely to lead to catastrophe. RCDs don’t offer protection against current overloads: RCDs detect an imbalance in the live and neutral currents. are widely reported to cause problems.. and may be damaged. eg. ELCB. A current flow of 30 mA (or 0. and large television sets..
In addition it detects current flows to earth even in equipment without an earth of its own. As a result. but the thing is connectivity is difference. Finally both are working for same. RCD does not necessarily require an earth connection itself (it monitors only the live and neutral).. ELCB. the principals are the same. The new RCCB is best because it will detect any earth fault. Neutral and Earth wire connected through ELCB. earthleakage circuit breakers (ELCBs) were widely used about ten years ago. Suppose Human Body Resistance is 500Ω and Voltage to ground is 230 Volt. Operating Time of ELCB: The safest limit of Current which Human Body can withstand is 30ma sec. if this voltage was not zero this indicated a current leakage to earth. The voltage type only detects earth faults that flow back through the main earth wire so this is why they stopped being used. but more styles of disconnection are fitted into one package Top
Difference between ELCB and RCCB
ELCB is the old name and often refers to voltage operated devices that are no longer available and it is advised you replace them if you find one. Both the neutral and phase currents are different that means current is flowing through the Earth.65msec Top
It is possible to get a combined MCB and RCCB in one device (Residual Current Breaker with Overload RCBO). MCCB. But RCCB is not having sensing or connectivity of Earth. It is these properties that have made the RCD more popular than its rivals. That’s why RCCB can trip when the both currents are deferent and it withstand up to both the currents are same. because fundamentally Phase current is equal to the neutral current in single phase. as does the equipment it protects. Top
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Phase (line). the use of ELCBs is no longer recommended. The Body current will be 500/230=460mA.What is the difference between MCB.com/what-is-the-difference-betwee. The problem is that ELCBs need a sound earth connection. and RCCB | EEP
http://electrical-engineering-portal. For example. RCCB will only have the line and neutral connections. RCCB or RCD is the new name that specifies current operated (hence the new name to distinguish from voltage operated). The easy way to tell an old voltage operated trip is to look for the main earth wire connected through it. ELCB is working based on Earth leakage current. Hence ELCB must be operated in 30maSec/460mA = 0. ELCB is working based on Earth leakage current. This means that an RCD will continue to give shock protection in equipment that has a faulty earth.. These devices measured the voltage on the earth conductor.
So if the rating is 30 amps. In general for consumer units a 6KA fault level is adequate whereas for industrial boards 10KA fault capabilities or above may be required. so it seems reasonable that the fuse should as well. how can we justify calling it a ’30 amp’ fuse? The answer is that the overload characteristics of fuses are designed to match the properties of modern cables.1 seconds. If the fuse has had a couple of overloads before (which may not even have been noticed) this is much more likely. right? This is not true. There is a small likelihood that in the course of. This is normally called the rated current or nominal current. have very different properties. This explains why fuses can sometimes ‘blow’ for no obvious reason If the fuse is marked ’30 amps’.
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. MCCB. which is intended to protect against heavy faults maybe in thousands of amps caused by short circuit faults. but notice how much bigger both these currents are than the ’30 amps’ marked current rating. the device will trip.. For example. For example.. the MCB requires a current of 128 amps. a current of 30. even though their nominal currents are similar. Many people think that if the current exceeds the nominal current.com/what-is-the-difference-betwee. The speed of the MCB tripping will vary with the degree of the overload.What is the difference between MCB. This is usually achieved by the use of a thermal device in the MCB.
The first characteristic is the overload which is intended to prevent the accidental overloading of the cable in a no fault situation. The amp rating given on the fuse or MCB body is the amount of current it will pass continuously. which is intended to operate when the fault reaches a predetermined level and to trip the MCB within one tenth of a second. but it will actually stand 40 amps for over an hour. Top
Fuse and MCB characteristics
Fuses and MCBs are rated in amps. a month. The fuse and the MCB. say. a 30-amp fuse will trip when carrying 30 amps.04 To 3 Sec The third characteristic is the short circuit protection.04 To 5 Sec Type D 10 To 20 times full load current 0. The level of this magnetic trip gives the MCB its type characteristic as follows: Type Tripping Current Operating Time Type B 3 To 5 time full load current 0.00001 amps will trip it. For 32Amp MCB and 30 Amp Fuse. and RCCB | EEP
http://electrical-engineering-portal. while the fuse requires 300 amps.04 To 13 Sec Type C 5 To 10 times full load current 0. a modern PVC-insulated cable will stand a 50% overload for an hour. The capability of the MCB to operate under these conditions gives its short circuit rating in Kilo amps (KA). to be sure of tripping in 0. ELCB. instantly. The fuse clearly requires more current to blow it in that time. The second characteristic is the magnetic fault protection.