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ASIE 6133.2 77 m 0759670 OOq1495 L m

AMERICAN

NATIONALSTANDARD

f

Basic Gas Turbine

ANSI B133.2 - 1977

SECRETARIAT

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS

O

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY

OF .MECHANICAL

PUBLISHED BY

ENGINEERS

UnitedEngineeringCenter

.

345 East 47th Street

New York, N. Y. 1001 7

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No part of this document may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic

retrieval system or otherwise,. publisher.

without the prior written permission of the

Copyright O 1977 by THE AMERICAN SOCIETYOF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS All Rights Reserved Printed in U.S.A.

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FOREWORD

The purpose of the B133 standards is to provide guidance and criteria to facilitate preparation of gas tur- bine procurement specifications. These standards will also facilitate response to such specifications. The B133 standards provide essential information for the procurement of gas turbine power plants. They apply to open cycle, closed cycle, and semi-closed cycle gas turbines with conventional combustion systems

for industrial, marine, and electric power applications. Auxiliaries needed for proper operation are covered.

Not included are gas turbines applied to earth moving machines, agricultural and industrial-type

automobiles, trucks, buses and aeropropulsion units. For gas turbines using unconventional or special heat sources (such as: chemical processes, nuclear reac- tors, or furnaces or supercharged boilers), these standards may be used as a basis for procurement, but ap- propriate modifications may be necessary. The intent of the B133 standards is to cover the normal requirements of the majority of applications, recognizing that economic trade-offs and reliability implications may differ in some applications. , The user may #desire to add, delete or modify the requirements in this standard to meet his specific needs, in the preparation of his own procurement specification. The B133,2 standard presents and describes features that are desirable for the user to specify in order to select a gas turbine that will yield satisfactory performance, availability and reliability. The B133.2 standard is limited to a consideration of the basic gas turbine including the compressorcombustion system and turbine. Suggestions for improvement of this standard will be welcome. They should be sent to The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017. American National Standard B133.2 was approved by the B133 Standards.Committee and final approval by the American National Standards Institute was granted on October 12, 1977.

tractors,

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ASME 8333.2 77 E 0759670 0069895 3

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS COMMITTEE B133

Procurement Standardsfor Gas Turbines (The following is the roster of the committee at the time of approval of this Standard)

Hafer,A.A.

Chairman

OFFICERS

E. A. Borgmann, ChairmanVice

Alan Bagner, Secretary

STANDARDS COMMITTEE

ACOUSTICAL SOCIETYOF AMERICA

R.

M, Hoover, Bolt, Beranek and Newman. Incorporated, Houston, Texas

R.

R. Audette, Alternate, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

AIRCRAFT POROUS MËDIA, INCORPORATED

F. E. Bishop, Aircraft Porous Media, Incorporated, Glen Cove, New York ,

AMERICAN SOCIETYOF MECHANICALENGINEERS,THE

A.

A

Hafer,

General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York

Vern Maddox, Alternate, Hydrocarbon Processing, Houston, Texas

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE

H. R. Hazard, Battelle Memorial Institute, ;Columbus, Ohio

CINCINNATI GASAND ELECTRIC COMPANY

E. A. Borgmann, Cincinnati Gas and Electric Company,.Cincinnati, Ohio

CONSOLIDATED EDISONCOMPANY OF NEW YORK, INCORPORATED Allan Teplitzky, Consolidated Edison Compahy of New York, Incorporated, New York, New York

DOW CHEMICALOF CANADA, LIMITED

J. P. Zanyk, Dow Chemical of Canada, Limited, Sarnia, Ontario, Canada

EDISON ELECTRIC INSTITUTE J. E. Barry, Missouri Public Service Company, Kansas City, Missouri G. A, Olson, Alternate, Edison Elecfric Institute, New York, New York

FEDERAL POWER COMMISSION

B. E. Biggerstafc Federal Power Commission, Washington,D. C.

L. A.

Schuppin, Alternate, Federal Power Commission, Washington, D. C.

GENERAL ELECTRICCOMPANY

R. L. Hendrickson, General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York

A. N. Smith, General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York

INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS

A.

C. Dolbec, General Electric Company, Greenville, South Carolina

R.

D, Miller, Alternate, WestinghouseElectric Corporation, Philadelphia,Pennsylvania

MECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY, INCORPORATED

P. E. Babson,

Mechanical Technology, Incorporated, Latham, New York

PURDUE UNIVERSITY M. R. LeCuyer, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana

SOCIETY OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS AND MARINE ENGINEERS

Dr. D. A. Rains, Ingalls Shipbuilding Division, Litfon Industries, Pascagoula, Mississippi

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ASIE 8333.2

77 I-075'3670 00b78'36 5 M,

.

TRANSCANADA PIPELINE, LIMITED

D. G. Donaghey, Transcanada Pipeline, Limited, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

TURBODYNE CORPORATION L. T. Brinson, Turbodyne Corporation, St. Cloud, Minnesota

TURBO POWER AND MARINE SYSTEMS

G. E. Edgerly, Turbo

Power and Marine Systems, Farmington, Connecticut

. US. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

James Tremante, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washingt0n;D. C,

USTAG FOR ISO/TC7O/SC6

T. E. Stott, Stal-Laval,Incorporated, Elmsford, New Ydrk

WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC CORP~RATION

'S. M. DeCorss, WesfinghouseElectric Corporation,~Lester,Pennsylvai&

A. Haftel, WestinghouseElectric Corporation, Lester, Pennsylvania

WOODWARD GOVERNOR COMPANY

K,

A

Teumer,

Woodward Governor Company, Fort Collins, Colorado

INDIVIDUALMEMBER R. A. Harmon, Consultant, Latham, New York

PERSONNEL OF TASK FORCE B133.2, GAS TURBINE

A. O.

White, Chairman, Mechanical Technology, Incorporated, Latham, New York

R. S. Adelizzi, Wesfinghouse Electric Corporation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

E. D. Alderson, General Electric Company, Schenectady, New York

C. L.

Knauf, Long Island Lighting Company, HicksviUe, New York

W. L, McGaw, Turbo Power and Marine Systems, Farmington, Connecticut L. D. McLaurin, WestinghouseElectric Corporation, Philadelphia,Pennsylvania

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ANSI 8133.2-1977

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

BASIC GAS TURBINE

1. SCOPE

This standard presents and describes features

desirable for the user to specify in order to select a

gas turbine that will yield satisfactory performance, availability and reliability. The standard is limited to'

a consideration of the basic gas turbine including the compressor, combustion system and turbine.

that are

2.

GAS TURBINE - GENERAL

2.1

The design of the gas turbine, the selection of

materials used, and the manufacturing techniques em- ployed in its construction shall beof a quality required by the application to sustain mechanical integrity and deliverexpected performance and availability through-

out the design life of the unit, with appropriate con- sideration given to maintainability.

3. ROTATINGCOMPONENTS AND TURBINE)

3.1 Gas turbine rotors shall be mechanically designed

to safely withstand transient speeds up to theturbine

trip speed setting for brief periods at operating tem- perature.

3.2 If field balancing is specified,

(COMPRESSOR

the manufacturer

shall state the method of performing this and the degree of disassemblyrequired to balance.

3.3 Adequate provisions shall be made to control

thermal bowing ofthe rotor aftershutdown so that re-

start can be madewithout excessive vibration.

3.4 The design intent for allrotating (and stationary)

blading shall be to prevent damaging fatigue stresses

exceed the value specified by the manufacturer for his particular machine.and the defined duty cycle.

4. COMPRESSOR SURGE

4.1 The compressor shall be designed to avoid de-

structive surge during startup, as well as throughout the operating speed and load range for ambients specified by the user. Any operating restrictions re- quired to avoid surge conditions will be specified by

the manufacturer.

5. COMBUSTION

5.1 Design of combustors and transition sections shall

consider fuels designated and ease of maintenance.

52 Combustor shell arrangement shall ensure correct

alignment of the fuel nozzle in thechamber. Combus-

system components shall be arranged for simpli-

fied service or replacement. Nozzle parts in the gas path shall have provisionsfor adequate locking to pre- vent coming off during operation.

5.3 Where dual fuel or other multiple nozzle arrange-

ments are specified, inactive nozzles and their supply system should be designed so as to be available for immediate use.

5.4 Means for assuring and monitoring proper opera-

tion of the combustion the manufacturer.

5.5 The combustion system shall be of such design as

to enable the gas turbine to comply with applicable

emission standards and regulations.

tion

system should be specified by

from being incurred as a result of aerodynamically in- duced excitation forces for the specified duty cycle.

6.

BEARINGS

3.5

Where the manufacturer of the gas turbine also

6.1

Bearing housing cooling shall be provided as re-

provides the driven equipment, he shall perform a lateral and torsional critical speed analysis of the combined driver-driven equipment system. If the gas turbine manufacturer is to supply the driver only, it is

the responsibility of the user to see that such an analy-

sis is performed.

3.6 Vibration in the operating speed range shall not

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quired to minimize carbonization and deterioration of the lubricant.

6.2 Bearings shall be designed to prevent instability

at any operating speed. The design shall be verifiedby

an appropriate stability analysis,

6.3 Means for monitoring condition of main shaft

bearings should be specified.

ASHE

B13302

77

W

0757b70 -0OLt150I.1 3

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

BASIC GAS TURBINE

6.4 Proximity probes if used, shall be mounted to face a journal surface or a scratch-free surface con- centric with the journalsurface.

ANSI 8133.2-1977

8.4 It is desirable that casings and duct work be de-

signed to permit visual inspection of critical areas of

the compressor and turbine blade path withoutmajor

7.

SEALS

disassembly. Access for visual inspection should be by means of small removable covers and/or holes de-

7.1

Wheresealsare required, their design should

signed for use of borescopes. The intent is to provide

minimize heat input to the shaft so as to avoid con- sequential bowing of shaft if rubbing occurs.

maximum inspection for these areas with minimum disassembly.

7.2

Seals shall be designed for ease of removal and

8.5

Jack screws, lifting lugs, eyebolts, or the equiva-

replacement at overhaul.

7.3 Utilized material shall be compatible with speci-

fied duty cycle and environment.

lent shall be provided to facilitate alignment, dis- assembly, and reassembly. When jackscrews are used

as a means of parting contact faces, they shall be de-

signed to prevent damage to the joint

surface. To

8.

CASINGS

facilitate disassembly and reassembly, bolting and

8.1

AU pressure parts shall be suitable for operation

at the most severe condition of coincident pressure

doweling shall be designed and constructed for ac- cessibility and to minimize seizure.

and temperature expected.

8.6

The manufacturer should indicate maintainability

8.2 AU casing joints shall be designedand constructed

so as to maintain minimum leakage throughout the service life of the machine.

8.3 Casings,supports and expansion joints shall be de-

signed to prevent injurious distortion caused by tem- perature, load, or piping stresses. Gas turbines shall have supports which will maintain proper alignment with connected equipment.

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features of his gas turbine, e.g., compressor.and tur- bine casings split on the horizontal centerline, modular disassembly, etc.

8.7 Insulation materials shall comply with OSHA

regulations.

8.8 AU casing connections should be designed with

appropriate considerafion given to durability and maintainability,

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ASIE 8133.2 77 E 0759670 0041502 5 m

ASIE 8133.2 77 E 0759670 0041502 5 m

-AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDSFOR GAS TURBINES

TITLE OF STANDARD

Gas Turbine Terminology (in

preparation)

Basic Gas

Turbine, 1977.

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Gas Turbine

Auxiliary Equipment (in preparation)

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Gas Turbine

Control and Protection Systems, 1977 :

 

Gas Turbine

Electrical Equipment (in preparation)

 

Gas Turbine Ratings and Performance (in

 

Gas Turbine

Fuels,

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Gas Turbine

1977

 

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Gas Turbine

Installation Sound Emissions, Emissions (in preparation)

 

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Gas Turbines-Information Gas Turbines-Shipping-and

Gas Turbines-Maintenance and Safety (in preparation)

to be supplied by User :and Manufacturers (in preparation) Installation (in

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Gas Turbine

Gas Turbine

in1974)

Marine Applications (in preparation) Power Plants, 1966 (R1973). (Approved as an American National Standard

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B133.1

B133.2

B133.3

B133.4

B133.5

B133.6

B133.7-

B133.8

B133.9

BW~O

B133.11

B133.12.

B133.16

PTC 22

The ASME Publications Catalogshows a completelist of all standards publishedby the Society.

The ASME Publications Catalogshows a completelist of all standards publishedby the Society.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Licensed by Information Handling Services

Licensed by Information Handling Services