Question 1

The U.S. prison system was originally designed to: Answer A. Provide revenge and retribution against perpetrators of crimes B. Deter deviance C. Rehabilitate offenders D. All of the above . 1 points Question 2

“Members of society create deviance by defining certain behaviors as deviant.” This statement most closely reflects: Answer A. Labeling theory B. Differential association theory C. Strain theory D. Rational choice theory . 1 points Question 3

Zhen Wu lives in a rapidly changing society. Technology is changing more quickly than most people can keep up, and the government was recently overthrown. Zhen Wu as well as his family, friends, and neighbors experience a host of new opportunities, excitement, and anxiety. Which of the following is most likely to be the result of these changes? Answer A. Restitution

B. Strain C. Communism D. Anomie . 1 points Question 4

According to the data presented in the text, the United States has more crime than: Answer A. Japan B. Germany C. Australia D. All of the above . 1 points Question 5

Susan would love to be a lawyer but cannot afford to go to law school. Her boyfriend suggested that she steal from her grandmother's estate in order to finance her education, but she refuses. Instead, she took a two-year course and became a librarian. Merton would classify Susan's actions as: Answer A. Ritualism B. Innovation C. Retreatism D. Conformity . 1 points Question 6

To study why women kill their abusive husbands, Robin plans to look at the positive and negative sanctions they weighed when deciding to do so. Which theory is Robin most likely using? Answer A. Labeling B. Differential association C. Feminist D. Rational choice . 1 points Question 7

Organized crime is more prevalent among: Answer A. Men B. Marginalized ethnic groups C. Whites D. Elites . 1 points Question 8

Juan Carlos originally hoped to purchase a home. However, because he could not earn enough money to ever afford one, he decided that a home was no longer important. Instead, he found happiness through quitting his job, moving into a shack in the woods, and enjoying the solitude. Merton would classify Juan Carlos's adaptation to strain as: Answer A. Conformity B. Retreatism C. Rebellion

D. Innovation . 1 points Question 9

Which of the following is an effective alternative to prison? Answer A. Shock probation B. Building social capital C. Harsher sentencing D. Both A and B . 1 points Question 10

Which theoretical perspective argues that deviance will always exist unless the current structure of society is changed dramatically? Answer A. Strain B. Labeling C. Conflict D. Structural-functionalist

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