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: shamel.net
: shamel.net ………………………………… :
ـﻫ ١٤٢٤ ﻰﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﺔﻌﺒﻁﻟﺍ
- ١
-

: shamel.net ……………………………… :































: shamel.net ……………………………… :

 

 

Computer

 



 

 



 



 

 



  ( ١ - ١ ) لﻜﺸ   

(١-١) لﻜﺸ

 



: shamel.net ……………………………… :

 







Personal Computer ( PC ) :  ١

 Microcomputer

 





( Server Computer ) : - ٢







Client



( mainframe ) : - ٣







( workstations )  - ٤









: shamel.net ……………………………… :

( Control Computer ) :  - ٥



















Byte

Bits

11000110



: ( Byte ) 

Bits



: ( K.B ) 

K.B

  ( ٣ ١٠)

: (M.B) 

 

  ( ٦ ١٠)M.B

: ( G.B

) 



  ( ٩ ١٠)

: shamel.net ……………………………… :



 ( Hard Ware ) ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻤ ﺕﺎﻨﻭﻜﻤ 

 ( Soft Ware ) ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻤ ﺭﻴﻏ ﺕﺎﻨﻭﻜﻤ 

 : Hard Ware

SYSTEM UNIT ﻡﺎﻅﻨﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺤﻭ

Output Unitsﺝﺍﺭﺨﻹﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺤﻭ

Input Units لﺎﺨﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺤﻭ

MOTHER BOARD

ﻡﻷﺍ ﺔﺤﻭﻠﻟﺍ

ﺓﺩﺤﻭ

   

CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT (CPU) ﺔﻴﺯﻜﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺠﻟﺎﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺤﻭ

MOUSE

ﺓﺭﺄﻔﻟﺍ

MAIN MEMORY (RAM /ROM) HARD DISK FLOPPY DISK DRIVE LAZER DISK DRIVE DATA BUSES POWER SUPPLY HARD WARE CARDS CASE

: ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺌﺭﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﻜﺍﺫﻟﺍ

SCREEN

ﺔﺸﺎﺸﻟﺍ

KEY BOARD ﺢﻴﺘﺎﻔﻤﻟﺍ ﺔﺤﻭﻟ SCANNER ﺢﺴﺎﻤﻟﺍ LIGHT PEN ﻲﺌﻭﻀﻟﺍ ﻡﻠﻘﻟﺍ JOYSTICK ﺏﺎﻌﻟﻷﺍ ﺎﺼﻋ MICROPHONE ﻁﻗﻼﻟﺍ CAMERA ﺍﺭﻴﻤﺎﻜﻟﺍ

( ﺏﻠﺼﻟﺍ) ﺕﺒﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﺹﺭﻘﻟﺍ

ﺔﻌﺒﺎﻁﻟﺍ

ﺔﻤﺴﺍﺭﻟﺍ

ﺔﻨﺭﻤﻟﺍ ﺹﺍﺭﻗﻷﺍ

لﻐﺸﻤ

PRINTER

PLOTTER

ﻱﺭﺯﻴﻠﻟﺍ ﺹﺭﻘﻟﺍ

لﻐﺸﻤ

 
 

SPEAKERS

ﺕﺎﻋﺎﻤﺴﻟﺍ

ﺕﺎﻨﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ لﻗﺍﻭﻨ ﺔﻗﺎﻁﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺤﻭ ﺔﻴﺩﺎﻤﻟﺍ ﺓﺯﻬﺠﻷﺍ ﺕﻭﺭﻜ ﻲﻨﺩﻌﻤﻟﺍ ﺏﺴﺎﺤﻟﺍ ﻕﻭﺩﻨﺼ

 

Hard Ware Soft Ware 



: shamel.net ……………………………… :

Input Units



 





DIN

PS/2


USB-

keyboard



PS/2 - 
Serial Port  
USB -



Mouse
Parallel Port

USB -


SCSIPort

Scanner


Serial Port

LIGHT PEN
Game Port



JOYSTICK

: shamel.net ……………………………… :









     MICROPHONE 



MICROPHONE





CAMERA











USB





: shamel.net ……………………………… :

Output Units 





   











 



             











 





 

Monitor or Screen

 

Parallel PortSerial Port



Port        



 



 
 



 

Printer

 

Parallel Port



 

Serial Port



 



Plotter

 







      
 





   



Speakers

: shamel.net ……………………………… :

SYSTEM UNIT









 Desk Top

 Tower Case



 ATATX 

AT  ATX  ( ٣ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ ( ٢ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ

(٣-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ

(٢-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ

(١-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ



  

Female Connectors

 Male Connectors





: shamel.net ……………………………… :

parallel port  





   






  













  





 

 

 

PS/2

  

DIN



DIN       



 

PS/2



 









serial port     





 


          - ١١ -



: shamel.net ……………………………… :

USB



Universal Serial Bus      

  

Rj-45 :





 



twisted pair



       



  SCSI port 



 







          
            





   



    





 





 



    

 







     

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













         



 

 1   

         















          IDE     

IDE 













: shamel.net ……………………………… :

:   –   













        













    –  



pic connectors    

: shamel.net ……………………………… :



: MOTHER BOARD ﻡﻷﺍ ﺔﺤﻭﻠﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺤﻭ-١





     : ﺏﺴﺎﺤﻠﻟ



:ﺏﺴﺎﺤﻠﻟ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟﺎﺒ ( MOTHER BOARD) ﻡﻷﺍ ﺔﺤﻭﻠﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﻭﺠ ﺔﻴﻤﻫﺃ

     



    



  

 

. 

: shamel.net ……………………………… :

:( MOTHER BOARD)ﻡﻷﺍ ﺔﺤﻭﻠﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﻴﻜﺭﺘﻭ لﻜﺸ













: (MOTHER BOARD)ﻡﻷﺍ ﺔﺤﻭﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻨﻭﻜﻤﻟﺍ

 Secondary IDEPrimary IDE (FLOPPY DISK DRIVER)

 (MEMORY)

KEYBOARDPORT

MOUSEPORT 

LPT1PORT

 SLOT EXPANSION   CHIPSET  BIOS 

CMOS .(PROCESSOR SOCKET) JUMPER)

(٦-٢) لﻜﺸ

–      JUMPER)   ( ٦ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸ -

: shamel.net ……………………………… :

Basic

(BIOS)ﻲﺴﺎﺴﻷﺍ ﺝﺍﺭﺨﻹﺍﻭ لﺎﺨﺩﻹﺍ ﻡﺎﻅﻨ

Input

Output

System



       ( ٧ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ  

(٧-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ

 

power on self testPOST

       

 beep code 

 beep codes  

   

: shamel.net ……………………………… :



  

   

 ROM)





 POST  BIOS 

     
     







 

del

PHOENIX

AWARD



: shamel.net ……………………………… :

ﺱﻭﻤﻴﺴ (CMOS) ﺕﺎﻗﺎﻗﺭ

 



 



 

Semi-Conductor

Complementary

 







Metal-Oxide



Metal-Oxide     

    

   del      VGA EGAVGA        



 CLR CMOS

: shamel.net ……………………………… :

ﺔﻳﺭﺎﻄﺒﻟ ﺝﺎﺘﲢ ﻻﻭ ﺔﻣﺩﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﺓﺮﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻞﻤﻋ ﺔﻳﺍﺪﺑ ﺪﻨﻋ ﻪﻌﺟﺮﺘﺴﺗ ﱴﺣ ﺱﻮﻳﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻥﺰﲣ : ﺱﻮﻳﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻗﺎﻗﺭ . ﺎﺎﻳﻮﺘﺤﲟ ﻆﻔﺘﲢ ﱴﺣ ﱃﺇ ﺎﻣﻭ ﺔﺒﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺹﺍﺮﻗﻷﺍ ﻢﺠﺣ ﻞﺜﻣ ﺱﻮﻳﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺟﺎﺘﳛ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺘﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﺗ "CMOS" ﺱﻮﻤﻴﺳ ﺔﻗﺎﻗﺭ .ﺎﺎﻳﻮﺘﺤﲟ ﻆﻔﺘﲢ ﱴﺣ ﺔﻳﺭﺎﻄﺒﻟ ﺝﺎﺘﲢﻭ ، ﻚﻟﺫ

ﱴﺣ ﺔﻳﺭﺎﻄﺒﻟ ﺝﺎﺘﲢﻭ ، ﻚﻟﺫ : ﺱﻭﻴﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺒ ﻡﻜﺤﺘﻴ

: ﺱﻭﻴﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﺒ ﻡﻜﺤﺘﻴ ﻲﺘﻟﺍ ﺓﺯﻬﺠﻷﺍ

  



 



   

F2Delsetup



             (١٠-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ
(١٠-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ

: shamel.net ……………………………… :

:( Phoenix )ﺱﻜﻴﻨﻭﻓ ﺔﻜﺭﺸ ﺱﻭﻴﺎﺒﻟﺍ

(F2setup

: ﻲﻫ ﺲﻜﻴﻧﻮﻓ ﺔﻛﺮﺸﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﳋﺍ ﺱﻮﻳﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺷﺎﺷ ﰲ ﺢﻴﺿﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺝﺎﺘﲢ ﺭﻮﻣﺃ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﻢﻫﺃ ﻡﻭﺭ ﻱﺪﻴﺴﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻥﺮﳌﺍ ﺹﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﺎﻣﺇ ﺕﺎﻛﺮﶈﺍ ﺪﺣﺃ ﻦﻣ ﻉﻼﻗﻹﺍ -١ ﻱﻮﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻲﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟﺍ ﺐﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺹﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﲔﺑ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ -٢ ﻱﺮﺴﻟﺍ ﻢﻗﺮﻟﺍ -٣ MainF2 Main BA 







              

             



ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ﰲ ﻚﻨﻣ ﻞﺧﺪﺗ ﻥﻭﺩ ﺎﻴﺋﺎﻘﻠﺗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻒﺸﻜﻟﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺔﻐﻀﳌﺍ ﺹﺍﺮﻗﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻛﺮﻭ ﺔﺒﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺹﺍﺮﻗﻷﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻆﺣﻻ ﺎﻬﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﺻﻮﺗ

ﺔﺒﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺹﺍﺮﻗﻷﺍ ﻥﺃ ﻆﺣﻻ ﺯ ﺎﻬ ﳉ ﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﺻﻮﺗ - ٢١ -

: shamel.net ……………………………… :

(Boot) ﻪﻨﻤ ﻉﻼﻗﻹﺍ ﻡﺘﻴﺴ ﻱﺫﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻟﺍ ﺩﻴﺩﺤﺘ



 

 

 

Boot

 ( ١٢ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ   

( ١٢-٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ



Security

"AWARD ﺩﺭﺍﻭﺃ" ﺔﻜﺭﺸ ﺱﻭﻴﺎﺒﻟﺍ

DelAWARDsetup







: shamel.net ……………………………… :



         ( ١٣ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ 

(١٣-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ









 



















: shamel.net ……………………………… :

(١٤-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻤﻜ ﺯﺎﻬﺠﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺴﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺍﺩﻋﻹﺍ

ﺔﻴﺴﺎﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺍﺩﻋﻹﺍ ( ١٤ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ ( ١٥ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ

(١٤-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ

(١٥-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻤﻜ ﺱﻭﻴﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ ﺹﺌﺎﺼﺨ

ﻲﻓ ﺎﻤﻜ ﺱﻭﻴﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺍﺩﻋﺇ ﺹﺌﺎﺼﺨ ( ١٥ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ - ٢٤ -

(١٥-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ

: shamel.net ……………………………… :

(١٦-٢) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻤﻜ setup ـﻠﻟ ﺱﺒﻴﺸﻟﺍ ﺹﺌﺎﺼﺨ

setup ـﻠﻟ ﺱﺒﻴﺸﻟﺍ ﺹﺌﺎﺼﺨ ( ١٦ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ ( ١٧ - ٢ ) لﻜﺸﻟﺍ