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1 What are Islam and Muslims all about?

What are Islam and Muslims all about?


Barely a day goes by without mentioned on the television or on

hearing the words ‘Muslim’, ‘Islam’ the radio?
or ‘Jihaad’ from the media. In fact
one would guess that the vast It is for this purpose that we have
majority of people have heard such provided you with this short
terms from the media or from pamphlet about Islam, Muslims and
friends or family. However, have all that you may wish to know about
you ever asked yourself what these them. We hope that you find the
terms really mean? Have you gone information beneficial and useful
out and spent some time to research and encourage you to make contact
about these Muslims and what they with the authors if you wish to
believe in? further your understanding of Islam
or correct any misconceptions you
Perhaps you may think that these may have about it.
people are all foreigners and
therefore have no bearing on your Islam
life. Well, you may be surprised
then if I were to tell you that there Islam is the world’s fastest growing
are up to 3 million Muslims living divine way of life with around 1.3
on your doorstep in the United billion adherents worldwide. From
Kingdom; from the furthest south countries ranging far a field as
of Lands End to remote areas in America to Zimbabwe, Muslims can
northern Scotland. You may not feel be found on all continents of the
this a strong enough reason to go globe. A Muslim is someone who
out and read about Islam; however, believes in and adheres to a way of
do you not feel at least a little life known as Islam.
ignorant when you hear it

2 What are Islam and Muslims all about?

Islam is an Arabic word which Century, the development of
literally means ‘submission’. The Biblical studies and the discovery
Islamic faith was revealed to the last of many manuscripts more ancient
and final Messenger Muhammad than those upon which the King
(saw) from Allaah (lit. God) in the James Version was based, made it
deserts of Arabia some 1400 years manifest that these defects are
ago; and was a continuation of the so many and so serious as to
Judaeo-Christian religions that call for revision of the English
preceded it. In fact Islam came as a translation.”
rectification for both the Jewish and
Christians scriptures since over The Islamic way of life is centred
time they had undergone numerous around the belief in a single Creator
changes and additions from their known as Allaah; this is often
original revealed form. The editors translated as God in English. Some
of the Revised Standard Version of may think that in this day and age
the Bible 1971 comment in their of science, technology and
introduction to the RSV Bible, development, it is old-fashioned to
believe in a God or a Creator.
“The King James Version has with Others seem to think that the theory
good reason been termed, ‘the of evolution and genetic
noblest monument of English engineering have made the need for
prose’. Its revisers in 1881 God redundant. In fact the evidence
expressed admiration for its of a Creator is all around us and we
simplicity, its dignity, its power, its need only take one look at ourselves
happy turns of expression.’ It to come to this conclusion.
entered, as no other book has, into
the making of the personal The Myth of ‘Science Has
character and the public Answers to All Things’
institutions of the English-speaking
peoples. We owe to it an It seems that if one speaks about
incalculable debt. Yet the King God or a Creator in today’s society,
James Version has grave one would get strange looks from
defects. By the middle of the 19th friends of work colleagues or would
3 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
be accused of becoming more about what is going on around
‘brainwashed.’ In fact the majority them. When one looks back to the
of people in British society are comments of scientists living in the
atheist (i.e. do not believe in any 12th century, without microscopes,
God or Creator); most of whom without their telescopes, they
would claim that the theories that believed that the earth was flat,
science have forwarded have motionless and the centre of the
refuted such an historical concept. universe.

Before we explore whether there Now if you were alive during that
exists a creator or not, one must time, would you too say that the
first mention that science is merely world was flat and the centre of
a tool by which one looks upon universe? Let us say that you did
reality. Those great oft-repeated and that you backed your claim by
laws such as Newton’s three laws of saying, ‘because the great scientists
motion, or the law of gravity etc. say so.’ Well, in the 20th century
were merely observations and you would be considered backward
documentations of certain laws that and ignorant since those such
existed before, during and after observations have been nullified as
such scientists. Is it not true that we have more advanced tools
gravity existed before Newton proving otherwise. So by following
noticed it? Or the laws of motion the scientists in the 12th century
were allowing things to move and you would have arrived at a
for friction to work before those completely incorrect understanding
scientists decided to compile works about the world.
about them?
Who is to say that following the
So the first point regarding science comments and statements of the
is that it is simply a comment by scientists of the 20th and 21st
certain scientists upon a reality they century so too would not be proved
envisage. Now the way they wrong at a later date? Who then
envisage the reality, and the tools would be held to account for
they use allow them to understand believing in such misconceptions –
4 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
obviously one can only blame Without having any answer to such
yourself if you did not truly go out questions we are simply continuing
to seek the truth. There are in a life which has no meaning and
manifest examples of such no purpose. And as a result it is no
contradictions in more recent times wonder why suicide rates and the
as well, topics ranging from prevalence of self-harm are
whether the universe is expanding, rocketing.
or whether the cause of asthma is as
a result of pollution or not. In fact If you were to be drugged
such contradictions will remain and unconscious, transported to an
continue so long as technology unknown location and then left to
develops. However, development find yourself awake in a darkened
does not necessarily mean one will room, you will naturally ask; Who
arrive at the correct answer as we put me here? Why am I here? And
have explained. what will happen next? These
questions would be foremost in
Mankind’s Greatest Question your mind such that you probably
would not be able to do anything
Despite the great advancement in without answering these questions
technology in recent times, there first. Are you and I not in exactly
still remain fundamental questions the same situation upon this earth?
which science has been unable to Who put us here? Why did they put
answer. Where did I come from, us here? What will happen once we
where am I going? What is the die?
relationship between man, life and
the universe? What is the link Questions of what happens after
between life and what was before death evoke in many an uneasy
life, and what is after life? Such feeling, a feeling that many shy
questions have been asked of away from if they do not have a
oneself by each and every human convincing answer. The truth of the
being at some stage of their life. matter is that the only certainty in
this life is that we are all going to
die. We all know people who were
5 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
once alive and have since died. asking for any evidence. To do so,
Where have they gone? What will renders one on a level lower than a
happen to them? These are all farm animal and affords the chance
questions that have passed through to be exploited by others.
our minds but are we really content
with the excuses and answers we Returning to the issue as to whether
have provided ourselves with? there exists a Creator or not, to
answer such questions we firstly
The Proof of the Existence need to draw upon the
of a Creator understanding we have about
ourselves and all those things that
If we were to ask Joe public how we surround us. Looking to oneself as a
came about on this earth, you would human what do we notice? We find
probably hear a plethora of that we are all born i.e. we have a
different answers from Evolution, starting point and that we grow to a
Big-Bang to a Supreme Creator. certain height, achieve a maximal
However, as intelligent individuals, weight, and expire once we attain a
you and I do not go on or believe certain age – some more
what other people simply say, prematurely than others. Hence we
rather we want to be convinced by are limited. We have a limited
the greatest faculty we have been lifespan, limited dimensions, and
blessed with, the faculty of thinking limited intelligence. Therefore from
and intellect. As a human being, we observing oneself, we can make a
have been given the gift of thought blanket statement about human
and of comprehension such that beings in general, all humans are
one is able to judge and weigh up limited. What we mean by this
different arguments according to statement is that we are not
one’s level of understanding. It is an unlimited or infinite i.e. we don’t
insult for anyone to forego this live for ever or continue to grow
faculty and to follow any concept, without end.
whether that may be the theory of
evolution, the existence of a God, The second concept we can notice is
the Big-Bang theory blindly without that human beings are dependent
6 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
and needy i.e. they require nutrition limited in that they grow only so tall
to live and grow, oxygen to breathe and live so long.
and dwellings for protection from
the environment. Humans are not Similarly if we look to the stars and
self-subsistent and consequently the planets, even though they seem
without food, water, warmth and so huge and great, they are still
oxygen they would not be able limited in size and are dependent
survive. Therefore human beings on many factors including
are limited, needy and dependent. gravitational pulls, energy etc. to
If one were to gather 100 persons in maintain their course and existence.
a single hall they still would have If we total the existence of all these
the same attributes of being needy, things, the stars, planets, people
limited and dependent. This is and things, we find that they too are
because the totality of limited limited, needy and dependent on
beings is limited. If one were to other things; since they are
gather 1,000, 1 million nay even 1 dependent on other factors to bring
billion people into a single space, them into being, to maintain their
they all still would have the complex interactions and to sustain
attribute of being weak, limited and their existence.
needy, since they still require food,
shelter, and will each live for a fixed Now we turn to the following
period of time. possibilities,

Now if we turn our attention to i) either all these limited objects

other things around us such as brought themselves into being and
animals and plants, we observe consequently maintain themselves
exactly the same findings. Animals and are self subsistent or
and plants are dependent upon
water, oxygen and carbon dioxide, ii) these limited things are
warmth and sun light; without such dependent upon other limited
things they will wither away and things for their existence which are
die. Animals and plants are also in turn dependent upon other

7 What are Islam and Muslims all about?

limited things which are in turn those others things consequently
dependent ad infinitum or lastly; must be dependent upon other
dependent things which they
iii) all these things are dependent themselves are dependent upon
upon a being that is independent, until eternity. Since all these things
eternal, unlimited and not needy. are dependent, which one was first?
Naturally, there cannot be a first
If we take the first possibility dependent thing without an
(which is what the scientists would initiator as that is the nature of
like you believe) that things came being limited and dependent. So
about on their own existence and again, this argument is totally
are self maintaining. We ask you to baseless and flawed and is to be
simply look around you and bring a rejected by any sane person.
single example of a thing that is
unlimited, self sustaining and not The last possibility is the only
dependent on other things or explanation that makes any sense.
factors. The fact of the matter is All dependent things have complex
that there is not a single thing that interactions and relationships with
one can perceive that fits into this other dependent objects, however
and consequently such a claim is each of these dependent objects,
rejected as being false and irrespective of how numerous they
misleading. are, are still dependent and hence
require a being that has the
If we take the second possibility attributes of being independent,
that all the things you see around unlimited and eternal to bring them
you are dependent upon other into creation. And that being which
dependent things for their brought them into being is known
existence; we ask the following by some as God, and by the
tongue twister; what are these other Muslims as Allaah (swt).
dependent things dependent on
themselves? If they are dependent
upon other things which they
themselves are dependent, then
8 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
What about the Big Bang? from the shop, opened them, mixed
them into a batter and then
The Big Bang is a much quoted physically placed them in an oven,
scientific theory that is mentioned the cake would not be made.
by scientist which is meant to give a Similarly for the Big Bang theory,
rational reason for the creation or where did the ingredients of the
beginning of the universe. Many universe originate from? Who put
people believe that such a theory them together? The Big Bang theory
disproves the third possibility as does not provide a satisfactory
mentioned above i.e. the concept of answer to how you or I were
a creator. However, if we analyse created. And our simple lines of
the big bang theory we see that it questioning provide further proof
simply states that the universe and that much of what we hear from
all that is around us had a scientists shouldn’t be taken for
beginning from the mixing of a granted.
cocktail of gases and chemicals.
After numerous interactions and What about Evolution?
reactions, it is alleged that simple
proteins were constructed that The theory of evolution was a
began as the building blocks of the notion championed by Charles
universe. Darwin as an explanation for the
varieties of species that exist on the
Although we will not explore this earth. However, over 100 years
theory in much further detail, it is since the theory was propositioned,
important to ask from where did it still remains a theory in that the
these alleged chemicals and gases concept has not yet been proven to
come from? Who put them there? It be fact. Despite evolution being
is like saying that the sponge cake taught in schools and colleges up
was made by a mixture of water, and down the country, one is not
flour, eggs, cream, jam, baking taught the complete lack of
powder in a heated environment. scientific evidence or fossils which
But you and I know that if a person show the missing-link between a
did not get the initial ingredients single specie evolving into another.
9 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
The concept of evolution states that analysis techniques, human DNA is
the different species are in a 50% similar to banana DNA and
continual state of strife and only the 75% similar to the DNA of mice!
fittest is able to survive. Genes by Could it ever be postulated that half
their nature mutate and change, the humans evolved from bananas?
consequently, in the brutal nature And the other three-quarters
of the environment only the fittest evolved from mice?
would therefore stay alive. Any
genetic mutation that enable a The reality is that the whole living
specie to become fitter, surviving world is derived from a series of 4
longer and procreate can pass on building blocks (amino acids)
their genes for generations. known as A, T, C and G. Depending
Subsequently, that specie will have on the length and composition of
a better chance of survival. By this these chain of DNAs, different
notion they explain that the beings exist. Similarity between the
amphibious being, fishes and their chains is not an indication of
likes, grew wings and evolved into common ancestry but points to a
birds, others grew legs and walked common designer. Think about a
out of their swamps and evolved Porsche and a BMW car. They both
into dogs, cats, humans, monkeys, have air-cooled, flat, horizontally-
elephants and their likes. opposed, 4-cylinder engines,
independent suspension, two doors,
As proof for their theory, they tell a boot, and many other similarities.
you that the similarities between Why do these two very different
the chimpanzee DNA and the cars have so many similarities? Can
human DNA is around 97% and one deduce that the BMW evolved
therefore humans have evolved from the Porsche? Of course not! So
from the chimp. Although it is why then is such an idea
postulated that perhaps Darwin entertained for the more complex
kept pictures of monkeys in his environment around us?
family album! However, what the
same evolution proponents fail to What about the Survival of the
mention is that using the same DNA Fittest?
10 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
What about the idea that existence There is this Creator –What’s that
is governed according to the theory got to do with me?
of survival of the fittest? If one were
to apply this theory to humans, it We have seen how using our minds
would make little sense for a and rational faculties there is no
mother to spend thousands of choice but to believe in the
pounds trying to cure her sick child; existence of an originator of man,
and it would make perfect sense life and the universe. The various
that we dispose of sick parents scientific theories, and postulations
when they become too burdensome do not provide satisfactory answers
for us. Doing so would help our to why we are here and how we
species become even more fit. Yet came about; rather, they have many
instead of sounding logical this holes and faults in their reasoning
behaviour only sounds revolting. and line of argumentation that a
Why? Look to your own self. sane human being will never accept
Humans have morals, a sense of them as providing any solution to
guilt. How did this became installed the fundamental questions.
in us? We feel a need to seek justice
when we’ve been wronged, and to If one looks around at the
seek forgiveness when we’ve environment, one notices that there
wronged others. All humans are is a myriad of different organisms,
conscious of good and evil to some beings, persons, animals, plants all
degree. Why is it that the humans interacting and functioning in a
have courts and systems of law for particular manner. If one looks at a
when one person kills another, but higher level at the stars and planets,
in the animal kingdom random similar one finds such interactions
killings (for whatever reason) and a sense of organisation. If the
within the same species or between sun were 1cm closer to the earth the
different species are never brought temperature difference resulted
to trial?! would be so great that no living
being could survive upon it! If the
earth were even a few millimetres
from its normal orbit, the
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gravitational changes between the If we use this line of thinking, then
different planets would result in the what about our own lives, what law
earth being flung out of the solar do we live by? If there is this creator
system! There is evidently a delicate it is unfathomable to think that they
organisational structure running have not given us any information
throughout the whole universe, or a manual on how we should live
obeying a particular law and set of our lives and solutions for the day
rules; whereby any deviation from to day problems that we may face.
these will result in inevitable Everything around us that we can
complete chaos. see and perceive has a role to play, a
function and a purpose. The sun
If one were to purchase a new provides nutrition, warmth and
television, a state of the art plasma light. Water provides life and
screen or LCD device, the first thing purification. Air carries us the
you or I do when we take it out of oxygen we need to breath as well as
the box is read the manual to help removing the carbon dioxide which
us use the machine to the best of its in excess could kill us.
purpose. This is because the person
or company who made that If all these things around us has
television screen, or that games purposes, what is the purpose of us
console knows better than you or I beings then? Is it for you and I to
how to use it, its limitations and its decide or is it for the creator? We
functionality. If we were to play can see how perfectly the system of
around with the television without the creator works in all levels of life.
reading the manual, we may learn a And we can also see how flawed the
lot about it, perhaps even enough to human based systems that exist all
use it. However, if we were to break around us are, from capitalism,
it having not read the manual, then tribalism, communism, to
this would surely void the guarantee democracy; injustice, unfairness,
as it can be argued that one was not cold blooded killings, rapes and
being prudent with the product. murders are all too common for the
eye to see.

12 What are Islam and Muslims all about?

The annals of history are full of The Need for Messengers
man’s oppression of man. Greed, and a Message
selfishness, killing, monopoly, and
vice are manifestations of man It is not possible for a limited being
fulfilling their survival instincts. If to comprehend an unlimited being,
man is prepared to go as far as therefore the Creator has given
killing others in satisfaction of his mankind communication through a
needs, then surely man is in need of channel that is clear for him. God
control over his actions. Without a has sent Prophets and Messengers
criterion for action the striving for (Prophets with the divine law) to
satisfaction of mans’ needs will lead mankind to give guidance in all of
him to constant conflict with others. our affairs. Each of whom were each
One man’s freedom is another’s given miracles which proved to
slavery. The Creator has not left mankind the authenticity of their
man to his own devices, man has prophethood.
never been free to undertake his life
in whichever way he feels best. It is So we see that Musa (Moses) was
wholly consistent with our given the power of magic, when his
perception of man as being limited, staff was thrown down and turned
dependant and imperfect that for to a snake devouring the staffs of
man to bring his own way, his own the magicians. Or similarly Isa
system, would be false, due to man’s (Jesus) was given the ability to cure
limited understanding of life. Man the sick. The miracle given to
is always subject to bias, disparity, Muhammad (saw) was the Qur’an,
differences, contradictions and the the word of God. As only the
influence of his current Messengers of God are given the
environment, hardly a basis for Divine Law of God then
complete impartiality and absolute Muhammad must definitely be the
truth. Any man made system will Prophet and Messenger of God. To
suffer from these same bias, prove this point comprehensively
disparity, differences, we must examine critically the
contradictions and influence. Qur’an.

13 What are Islam and Muslims all about?

Indeed, messengers have been sent long times in contemplation and
to mankind since the beginning of meditation. It was during these
human history, carrying this periods that he (saw) would receive
guidance and imploring people to revelation from God at the hands of
recognise the nature of their the angel Jibrael (Gabriel) until his
existence and to understand the death some 23 years later. The
reality and purpose of their lives. revelation that was received would
deal with subjects as far reaching as
The last of these Messengers was politics, spirituality, afterlife,
the Messenger Muhammad (saw) economics, inheritance, women’s
and with his guidance, came the rights, warfare, prayer etc. and
clarification of not only the truth of would be immediately recorded,
God’s existence, but also the code of memorised such that it could not
conduct for humanity to achieve undergo any distortion. Such
justice and prosperity in both this revelation is what we have today
life and the next. known as the Qur’an, or final
testament from God and is what the
Who Was the Messenger Muslims profess to follow and
Muhammad (saw) believe in.

Muhammad (saw) was born into a The Miracles of the Qur’an

noble tribe in Makkah now in
modern day Saudi Arabia, in the If a person came into your room, or
year 570CE. An orphan at birth, he said on the television ‘I am a
was cared for first by his prophet of God’ it is more than
grandfather and later by his uncle. likely that you would shut your ears
He started life as a shepherd, then and claim him to be mad or schizo
became a trader and finally a and one would hope such people
prosperous merchant. At the age of would be placed under the care of
forty, disillusioned by the the local mental unit. However, if
materialistic lifestyle and ignorant such a person claimed to be a
practices of the Pagan Arabs, prophet and then in front of your
Muhammad (saw) began to spend eyes began performing tasks which
14 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
you know was beyond the capacity and the people they were performed
of a normal human being, you to. It is reported that the prophet
would think twice before calling the Muhammad (saw) performed many
psychiatrist. Rather you yourself such miracles to his people.
would want to know what this However, we did not witness such
person is really about before events and consequently these are
making any rash decisions. Perhaps not proof of prophethood for you or
his feats of walking on water, I in this day and age. Rather what is
bringing the dead back to life or alleged by us Muslims is that the
healing the leper may convince you Qur’an is the only living miracle of
about his call. the prophethood of Muhammad
(saw) and is the final revelation
However, if a person told you that from the Creator to mankind.
they saw a person perform these
extraordinary feats, you would be The Qur’an and Science
less likely to believe them or take
them for granted; even if such a The Qur’an is the last revelation,
person was your close friend or and a proof not only to the pagan
family member. This is because Arabs one thousand four hundred
such feats need one to actually years ago, but also to the scientists
visualise and experience them to of today. Perhaps one of the most
truly believe in their occurrence. remarkable qualities of the Qur’an
Therefore, all the claims made that for those living in the twenty first
previous prophets and messengers century, is the complete consistency
performed such fantastic feats and between the Qur’an and most of the
miracles may well be true but bear discoveries of modern science, in
no direct relevance to us as we were some cases even pre-empting facts
unable to experience such. No discovered within the last twenty
matter how many people speak years.
about them or how many times they
are repeated, this reality is not One of the first Western scientists
changed. Such miraculous feats are to make a serious study of this
only suitable as proof for the time subject was Dr Maurrice Bucaille,
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who wrote a book called, “The Bible, in the former, which are
the Qur’an and Science”. In this scientifically unacceptable, and
book, he compared the statements declarations in the latter which are
concerning natural and scientific in perfect agreement with modern
data in the Bible and the Qur’an data: this was the case of the
concluding, Creation and the Flood. Besides,
there are major differences
“The Qur’an follows on from the between the Qur’an and the Bible
two Revelations that preceded it on the other subjects: they serve to
and is not only free from disprove all that has been
contradictions in its narrations, the maintained-without a scrap of
sign of the various human evidence-concerning the allegation
manipulations to be found in the that Muhammad is supposed to
gospels, but provides a quality all have copied the Bible to produce
of its own for those who examine it the text of the Qur’an. In view of the
objectively and in the light of level of knowledge in Muhammad’s
science, i.e. its complete agreement day, it is inconceivable that many
with modern scientific data. What of the statements in the Qur’an
is more, statements are to be found which are connected with science
in it (as has been shown) that are could have been the work of a man.
connected with science: and yet it It is, moreover, perfectly
is unthinkable that a man of legitimate, not only to regard the
Muhammad’s time could have been Qur’an as the expression of a
the author of them. Modern Revelation, but also to award it a
scientific knowledge therefore very special place, on the account
allows us to understand certain of the guarantee of authenticity it
verses of the Qur’an which, until provides and the presence in it of
now, it has been impossible to scientific statements which, when
interpret. The comparison of studied today, appears as a
several Biblical and Qur’anic challenge to explanation in human
narrations of the same subject terms.”
shows the existence of fundamental
differences between the statements
16 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
Some of the statements found in the Then we made the drop into
Qur’an that match with recent an Alaqah (leech-like) and
scientific discoveries are as follows, then we changed the leech-like
structure into a Mudghah
1. The Accurate Description of (chewed-like) and then We
Embryonic and Fetal made out of that chewed-like
Development substance bones then We
At the time of Prophet Muhammad clothed the bones with flesh
ideas surrounding the development then We caused him to grow
of the foetus in the womb were and come into being and
similar to those of Aristotle who attain the definitive form.
thought that a child was formed by Blessed be Allah the Perfect
the menstrual blood clotting by creator. After that, at length
touching male blood. Even until the you will die. Again, on the
Eighteenth Century, foetal Day of Judgment, you will be
development was completely raised up.” (23:12-16)
misunderstood as Hartsoeker
claimed to have seen a pre-formed Professor Keith Moore, Chairman of
human being within a sperm. the Department of Anatomy in the
Amazingly, the Qur’an reflected University of Toronto, Canada, and
none of these theories as would be author of The Developing Human,
expected if it was written by man, said concerning these statements in
rather the Qur’an describes the the Qur’an:
development of the embryonic
human with an exceptional “Until the 19th Century, nothing
precision that has only been was known about classifying the
possible in the past thirty years. stages of human development. A
Allaah (swt) says, system of staging human embryos
was developed around the end of
“We created man from a the 19th Century based on
quintessence of clay, We then alphabetical symbols. During the
placed him as a drop (Nutfa) 20th century, numerals were used
in a place of rest firmly fixed, to describe 23 stages of embryonic
17 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
development. This system of understand the words that are
numbering the stages is not easy to translated to me from the Qur’an.
follow and a better system would If I were to transpose myself into
be based on the morphological that era, knowing what I do today
changes. In recent years, the study and describing things, I could not
of the Qur’an has revealed another describe the things that were
basis for the classification of the described. I see no evidence to
stages of the developing embryo refute the concept that this
which is based on easily individual Muhammed had to be
understood actions and changes in developing this information from
shape. It utilizes terms which were some place, so I see nothing in
sent from God to Muhammed the conflict with the concept that
Prophet by the Angel Gabriel and Divine Intervention was involved
recorded on the Qur’an. It is clear on what he was able to say.”
to me that these statements must
have come to Muhammad from 2. Cosmology
God because almost all of this There is much information in
knowledge was not discovered modern times regarding theories
until many centuries later. This about the development of the
proves to me that Muhammed must universe and the creation of the
have been a Messenger of God.” worlds. This is what God revealed to
the Prophet Muhammad (saw)
Professor Marshall Jonson, through the Qur’an regarding it,
Chairman of the Department of
Anatomy and Director of the Daniel “Have not those who
Baugh Institute, at the Thomas disbelieve known that the
Jefferson University in heavens and the earth were
Philadelphia, U.S.A., said: joined together as one united
piece, then We parted them.
“As a scientist I can only deal with And We have made from
things I can specifically see. I can water every living thing. Will
understand embryology and they not then believe.” (21:30)
developmental biology; I can
18 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
This verse clearly mentions the “Allah is the one who created
common origin of the universe, a the night and day, the sun and
fact that was not discovered until moon. Each one is travelling
forty years ago with the advent of in an orbit with its own
nuclear physics. The separation motion.”
seems to refer to what the scientists
call the “Big Bang”. Also, the Qur’an The sun is actually in orbit, not
mentions that all living things are around the earth but around the
composed largely of water, again a centre of the galaxy, so there is no
scientific fact only recently proven. contradiction, since the Qur’an does
not specify the Sun’s orbit.
“Then He rose over towards
the heaven when it was “It is He who made the Sun a
smoke, and said to it and to shining thing and the moon as
the earth: ‘Come willingly or a light, and measured out
unwillingly.’ They both said: their stages.” (10:5)
‘We come willingly.’” (41:11)
The Qur’an describes the Sun as a
The word smoke describes “siraj” which means a torch,
accurately the primeval state of the generating its own heat and light
universe, which was composed of a where as the Moon is described “an-
hot gaseous mass, with particles nur” which is light originating from
moving vigorously, just as in smoke. another source. Is it merely by
From this the stars, planets and the chance that a Bedouin arab in the
earth were formed. middle of the desert some 1400
years ago could make such bold
“The heaven, We have built it assertions without the help of a
with power, verily We are telescope or any magnifying
expanding it.’ (51:47) instrumentation?

It is also an accepted fact that we

are living in an expanding universe.

19 What are Islam and Muslims all about?

3. Geology 5. Atomism
“Have We not made the earth The Greek philosopher Democritus
an expanse; and the (460-361 BC) advanced the theory
mountains stakes?” (78:6-7) that matter was composed of tiny,
indivisible particles called Atoms.
“And Allah has cast into the Modern science has discovered that
ground mountains standing there is the Atom, but that Atom is
firm so that it does not shake divisible and consists of smaller
with you.” (31:10) parts. The Qur’an states,

It has recently been discovered that “He is aware of an atom’s

mountains have roots that go into weight in the heavens and on
the earth’s crust which is composed the earth, and even anything
of seven tectonic plates. Their smaller than that.” (34:3)
movement is the cause of
earthquakes. It is thought that the 6. Dermatology
roots and weight of the mountains “Those who reject Our signs
play a vital role in stabilizing the We shall soon cast into the
earth’s crust. fire, As often as their skins are
roasted through, We shall
4. Animal and Plant life change them for fresh skins so
The sixteenth chapter of the Qur’an that they may truly taste the
mentions the bee that leaves its Penalty, For Allah is exalted
home to gather as feminine, in power, wise.” (4:56)
although it has generally been
believed that the bees are soldiers The nerve ends that feel pain are
and they answer to a King. The found in the skin. When the skin is
Qur’an also mentions the sexes of severely burnt the nerve ends are
plants and the winds as a means of destroyed and pain is not felt. In
their fertilization. All recently Hell, Allah will recreate the skin so
discovered matters. that its inhabitants may
permanently feel intense pain. This
is not common knowledge now, let
20 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
alone in Muhammad’s time. The Chairman of the Department of
author of the Qur’an is, however, Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and
well acquainted with these facts! Dentistry, at the University of
Manitoba, in Canada commented:
7. The Water Cycle
The Qur’an correctly describes the “Muhammed was a very ordinary
water cycle, and the origin of man, he couldn’t read, didn’t know
underground springs as being from how to write, in fact he was an
rain water. Obvious you may think, illiterate; we’re talking about 1400
but the Greek philosophers did not years ago you have some illiterate
get it right, suggesting that person making profound
underground springs were pronouncements and statements
produced by sea spray collecting in that are accurate of a scientific
caves which fed a great nature. I personally can’t see how
underground sea through the this could be a mere chance, there
‘abyss’! In fact the water cycle was are too many accuracies. I have no
not accurately propounded until the difficulty in my mind reconciling
18th century. The Qur’an, however, that this is a divine inspiration or a
states: revelation which led him to these
“Hast though not seen that
Allah sent water down from Let us not forget the words of Dr,
the sky and led it through Bucaille that these facts “appear as
sources into the ground?” a challenge to explanation in
(39:21) human terms.” And Professor
Persud’s statement that it cannot be
For the sake of brevity, we have coincidence, there are too many
only mentioned a few of the accuracies! The probability against
statements and provided limited Muhammad taking wild guesses
explanation of the statements and getting each fact right are
contained in the Qur’an and indeed phenomenal! These
traditions dealing with scientific scientists, renowned experts in their
subjects. Professor Persud, fields, like the Arabs who had
21 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
mastered their language in the time history of recording the Qur’an,
of the Prophet, recognize the clear compiling its chapters and
proof and miraculous nature of the conserving its text is beyond any
Qur’an. Allaah (swt) says in the doubt not only in the minds of the
Qur’an, Muslims but also in the minds of
honest and serious scholars. This is
“We will show them our signs a historical fact which no scholar
on the furthest horizons and from any faith who respects his
within themselves until they knowledge and integrity has ever
know that this is the truth.” questioned. As a matter of fact, it is
Muhammads’ standing miracle that
The Qur’an is consistent with if all mankind were to work
external realities, and it is also together they could not produce the
consistent internally. It is the like of one Qur’anic chapter.
nature of the works of men, be they
scientists, philosophers, sages or Muhammad (saw) and
mystics to contain inconsistencies Prophecies
and contradictions. This cannot be
so with the Divine Revelation as the One of the gold standards a lot of
Qur’an states: people use to judge whether or not a
person is capable of being an
“Have they not carefully apostle of God is whether their
considered the Qur’an, had it prophecies turn out to be true of
been from other than Allah false. Of course, if one was receiving
they would have found many true revelation from the creator of
discrepancies within.” the universe, then not a single
prophecy should ever be incorrect.
In testimony to God’s conservation, We will mention a few of the
the Qur’an is the only Scripture in numerous prophecies made by the
human history that has been Prophet Muhammad (saw) 1400
preserved in complete and original years previous.
version without the slightest change
in style or even punctuation’s. The
22 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
1. The Qur’an mentions, translated “a few”, is bid’a, which
“The Roman Empire has been actually means from three to nine
defeated in a land close by; years. By the year 623, Heraclius,
but they, even after this the Byzantine Roman Emperor,
defeat, will gain victory in a took to the field and vanquished the
few years. Allah’s is the Persians in a series of battles,
command, in the past and in culminating in the battle of Niveveh
the future. On that day shall in 627. At this same time the
the believers rejoice, with the Muslims had been victorious over
help of Allah, He helps whom the pagan Quraish and were
He wills. And He is the mighty rejoicing, as the Qur’an foretold.
and the most Merciful. It is the
promise of Allah. Allah never 2. The Prophet (saw) also predicted
departs from His promise: but the capture of Egypt, and told his
most men understand not. companions to treat the people well,
They crave for the outer and that they would seize the
things of life, but of the treasures of the Persian Choseros
hereafter they are heedless.” (Emperor), who lives in the white
(30:1-7) palace, all of which they
accomplished, and that Suraqa bin
The Eastern Roman (i.e. Byzantine) Malik (one of the companions)
Empire suffered a massive defeat at would have the bracelets of Caesar
the hands of the Persians who put on his hands. So it happened
captured Jerusalem in 614, and that some such bracelets fell into
after that Egypt and Syria fell, and the possession of ‘Umar and he
Constantinople was laid siege to - called Suraqa, and placed the
(“a land close by”). The pagan Arabs bracelets on him, reminding him of
delighted in this, as it seemed to the Prophet’s words.
signal to them the success of
idolatry over the followers of 3. The Prophet mentioned that the
revelation. When this verse was Muslims would conquer both Rome
revealed it seemed impossible that and Constantinople. He was asked
Rome would recover. The word, which would fall first, and the
23 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
Prophet said: “The city of camels and sheep, are competing in
Heraclius”, i.e. Constantinople. building the tallest tower blocks
Constantinople was taken by the such as in Dubai or the UAE.
Muslims in the fifteenth century.
Rome still remains to be conquered, b. The Mosques would be like
as it will be. So the order is correct, palaces. This is clearly the case,
and rest still to be fulfilled. What is even though the Prophet ordered
noteworthy about these statements simplicity in the houses of Allah, the
of the Prophet is that they were mosques have become more and
made at a time when no one could more fantastic, with golden domes,
imagine that a small city state, marbled floors, lavish carpets and
permanently under siege by the chandeliers.
pagan Arabs, would reach such
heights of power and strength, and c. Disappearance of
that these predictions are not trustworthiness, so much so that
couched in some vague terminology one would only be able to say: “I
open to various interpretations, like know a trustworthy person in
the meanderings of Nostradamus. such-and-such town”.
The language is clear, their
assertions direct, and often with d. The increase in killing, so that the
specific names and dates. one who kills does not know why he
killed, and the one killed does not
4. The Prophet mentioned that know why he was killed. The
there would be signs forewarning massacre of civilians in the Vietnam
the approach of the Final Day. War, the Afghanistan and Iraq wars
Among those that have clearly come by American troops who had little
to pass are: idea why they were there, and the
increase of such conflicts, is further
a. The barefooted bedouins illustration of the fulfilment of this
competing in building tall prophecy. As are the rise of insane
buildings. Today we find in the mass murders, of children killing
Arabian Peninsula, the Arabs who children, such as Jamie Bulger.
used to be impoverished herders of
24 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
e. The increase of the use of riba oppressors, just look to George
(usury/interest) so that no one will Bush and many of the leaders of the
able to escape being tainted by it. Middle East.
This clearly the state of the world
economy today with the rise of the k. A man will obey his wife and
usage of Credit Cards, Hire disobey his mother, and treat his
purchase agreements and bank friends kindly and shun his father.
So these are just some of the
f. The enemies of the Muslims numerous prophecies of
dividing the Muslim’s wealth and Muhammad, that have clearly come
lands between them, the Muslims true, and some have been fulfilled
abandoning jihad, and concerning in this age in which we live, all
themselves only with the worldly adding weight to the evidence in
matters. We have already favour of his claim.
mentioned this.
Basic Muslim Beliefs
g. The increase of literacy.
We have mentioned some of the
h. The increase of sexual undisputable facts found within the
promiscuity, and new diseases that Qur’an which confirm that the Book
people had not herd of before is one of the divine books revealed
spreading amongst them as a from the Creator of the universe to
consequence of that. This is clear, mankind. The Qur’an is the
with the arrival of AIDS, and other cornerstone of a Muslim believers
previously unheard of viruses. faith and as such a Muslim cannot
be a Muslim without believing in
i. The drinking of wine and and following its commands. We
intoxicants becoming common and will mention a few other matters
widespread. that are considered by the Muslims
principals that all Muslims believe
j. The worst and most ignorant will in and are guided by. The true,
become leaders and they will be
25 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
faithful Muslim believes in the same time to the same nation. The
following, Holy Qur’an mentions the names of
twenty-five of them, and the
Creator Muslim believes in them all and
He believes in One God, Supreme accepts them as authorized
and Eternal, Infinite and Mighty, messengers of God. They were, with
Merciful and Compassionate, the exception of Muhammad,
Creator and Provider. This belief, in known as “national” or local
order to be effective, requires messengers. But their message,
complete trust and hope in God, their religion, was basically the
submission to His Will and reliance same and was called ISLAM,
on His aid. It secures man’s dignity because it came from One and the
and saves him from fear and Same Source, namely, God, to serve
despair, from guilt and confusion. one and the same purpose, and that
The reader is invited to see the is to guide humanity to the Straight
meaning of Islam as explained Path of God. All the messengers
above. with no exception whatsoever were
mortals, human beings, endowed
Messengers with Divine revelation, and
He believes in all the messengers of appointed by God to perform
God without any discrimination certain tasks. Among them
among them. Every known nation Muhammad stands as the Last
had a warner or messenger from Messenger and the crowning glory
God. These messengers were great of the foundation of prophethood.
teachers of the good and true This is not an arbitrary attitude, nor
champions of the right. They were is it just a convenient belief. Like all
chosen by God to teach mankind the other Islamic beliefs, it is an
and deliver His Divine message. authentic and logical truth. Also, it
They were sent at different times of may be useful to mention here the
history and every known nation had names of some of the great
one messenger or more. During messengers like Noah and
certain periods two or more Abraham, Ishmael and Moses,
messengers were sent by God at the Jesus and Muhammad, may the
26 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
peace and blessings of God be upon the Qur’an. In principle, the Muslim
them all. The Qur’an commands the believes in the previous books and
Muslims thus: revelations. But where are their
complete and original versions?
“We believe in God, and the They could be still at the bottom of
revelation given to us, and to the Dead Sea, and there may be
Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, more Scrolls to be discovered. Or
Jacob and the Tribes; and that perhaps more information about
which was given to Moses and them will become available when
Jesus, and that which was the Christian and Jewish
given to all prophets from archaeologists reveal to the public
their Lord. We make no the complete original findings of
discrimination between one their continued excavations in the
and another of them, and we Holy Land. For the Muslim, there is
bow to God.” no problem of that kind. The Qur’an
is in his hand complete and
Scriptures authentic. Nothing of it is missing
The true Muslim believes, as a and no more of it is expected. Its
result of article two, in all the authenticity is beyond doubt, and
scriptures and revelations of God. no serious scholar or thinker has
They were the guiding light which ventured to question its
the messengers received to show genuineness. The Qur’an was made
their respective peoples the Right so by God Who revealed it and
Path of God. In the Qur’an a special made it incumbent upon Himself to
reference is made to the books of protect it against interpolation and
Abraham, Moses, David and Jesus. corruption of all kinds. Thus it is
But long before the revelation of the given to the Muslims as the
Qur’an to Muhammad some of standard or criterion by which all
those books and revelations had the other books are judged. So
been lost or corrupted, others whatever agrees with the Qur’an is
forgotten, neglected, or concealed. accepted as Divine truth, and
The only authentic and complete whatever differs from the Qur’an is
book of God in existence today is
27 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
either rejected or suspended. God evil ones. That is the Day of Justice
says: and final settlement of all accounts.

‘Verily We have, without Belief in the Day of Judgment is the

doubt, sent down the Qur’an, final relieving answer to many
and We will assuredly guard complicated problems of our world.
it’ There are people who commit sins,
neglect God and indulge in immoral
Day of Reckoning activities, yet they seem to be
The true Muslim believes in the “superficially” successful in
Last Day of Judgement. This world business and prosperous in life.
will come to an end some day, and And there are virtuous and God-
the dead will rise to stand for their minded people, yet they seem to be
final and fair trial. Everything we do getting less rewards for their sincere
in this world, every intention we effort, and more suffering in the
have, every move we make, every present world. This is puzzling and
thought we entertain, and every incompatible with the Justice of
word we say, all are counted and God. If the guilty people can escape
kept in accurate records. On the the mundane law unharmed and, in
Day of Judgement they will be addition, be more prosperous, what
brought up. People with good is, then, left for the virtuous people?
records will be generously rewarded What will promote the cause of
and warmly welcomed to the morality and goodness? There must
Heaven of God, and those with bad be some way to reward goodness
records will be punished and cast and arrest evil. If this is not done
into Hell. In Heaven, said here on this earth-and we know that
Muhammad, there are things which it is not done regularly or
no eye has ever seen, no ear has immediately it has to be done some
ever heard, and no mind has ever day, and that is the Day of
conceived. However, the Muslim Judgment. This is not to condone
believes that there definitely will be injustice or tolerate mischief in this
compensation and reward for the world. It is not to sedate the
good deeds, and punishment for the deprived or comfort their
28 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
exploiters; rather, it is to warn the Purpose of Creation
deviants from the Right Path and The true Muslim believes that God’s
remind them that the Justice of God creation is meaningful and that life
shall run its full course sooner or has a sublime purpose beyond the
later. physical needs and material
activities of man. The purpose of
Nature of the Creator life is to worship God. This does not
The true Muslim believes in the simply mean that we have to spend
timeless knowledge of God and in our entire lives inconstant seclusion
His power to plan and execute His and absolute meditation. To
plans. God is not indifferent to this worship God is to know Him; to
world nor is He neutral to it. His love Him; to obey His
knowledge and power are in action commandments; to enforce His law
at all times to keep order in His vast in every aspect of life; to serve His
domain and maintain full command cause by doing the right and
over His creation. He is Wise and shunning the evil; and to be just to
Loving, and whatever He does must Him, to ourselves, and to our fellow
have a good motive and meaningful human being and To worship God is
purpose. If this is established in our to “live” life not to run away from it.
minds, we should accept with good
Faith all that He does, although we In brief, to worship God is to instil
may fail to understand it fully, or ourselves with His Supreme
even think it is bad. We should have Attributes. This is by no means a
strong Faith in Him and accept simple statement, nor is it an
whatever He does because our oversimplification of the matter. It
knowledge is limited and our is most comprehensive and
thinking is based on individual or conclusive. So if life has a purpose
personal considerations, whereas and if man is created to serve that
His knowledge is limitless and He purpose, then he cannot escape the
plans on a universal basis. responsibility. He cannot deny His
existence or ignore the vital role he
has to play. When God charges him
with any responsibility, He provides
29 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
him with all the required assistance. Freedom
He endows him with intelligence This Islamic concept of freedom is
and power to choose his course of based upon the principle of God’s
conduct. Man, thus, is strongly justice and the individual’s direct
commended by God to exert his responsibility to God. Each person
utmost to fully serve the purpose of must beat his own burden and be
his existence. Should he fail to do responsible for his own actions,
that, or misuse his life or neglect- because no one can expiate for
his duties, he shall be responsible to another’s sin. Thus, a Muslim
God for his wrong deeds. believes that if Adam had
committed the First Sin, it was his
Original Sin? own responsibility to expiate for
The true Muslim believes that every that sin. To assume that God was
person is born free from sin and all unable to forgive Adam and had to
claims to inherited virtue. He is like make somebody else expiate for his
a blank book. When the person sin, or to assume that Adam did not
reaches the age of maturity he pray for pardon or prayed for it but
becomes accountable for his deeds it was not granted, would be
and intentions, if his development extremely unlikely and contrary to
is normal and if he is sane. Man is God’s mercy and justice as well as to
not only free from sin until he His attribute of forgiveness and
commits sin, but he is also free to power to forgive. To assume the
do things according to his plans on said hypothesis, would be an
his own responsibility. This dual audacious defiance of common
freedom: freedom from sin and sense and flagrant violation of the
freedom to do effective things, very concept of God.
clears the Muslim’s conscience from
the heavy pressure of Inherited Sin. On this rational basis as well as on
It relieves his soul and mind from the authority of the Qur’an, the
the unnecessary strains of the Muslim believes that Adam realized
Doctrine of Original Sin. what he had committed and prayed
to God for pardon, as any other
sensible sinner would. It is also on
30 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
the same basis, the Muslim concerned. It also shows that no
believes, that God, the Forgiving one can act on behalf of another or
and Merciful, granted Adam intercede between him and God.
pardon. Hence, the Muslim cannot
possibly accept the doctrine that Blind Faith
Adam with the whole human race The true Muslim believes that Faith
had been condemned and is not complete when it is followed
unforgiven until Jesus came to blindly or accepted unquestioningly
expiate for their sins. Consequently, unless the believer is reasonably
the Muslim cannot entertain the satisfied. If Faith is to inspire
dramatic story of Jesus’ death on action, and if Faith and action are to
the cross just to do away with all lead to salvation, then Faith must
human sins once and for all. be founded on unshakable
convictions without any deception
Way for Salvation or compulsion. In other words, the
The true Muslim believes that man person who calls himself a Muslim
must work out his salvation through because of his family traditions, or
the guidance of God. This means accepts Islam under coercion or
that in order to attain salvation a blind imitation is not a complete
person must combine Faith and Muslim in the sight of God. A
action, belief and practice. Faith Muslim must build his Faith on
without action is as insufficient as well-grounded convictions beyond
action without Faith. In other any reasonable doubt and above
words, no one can attain salvation uncertainty. If he is not certain
until his Faith in God becomes about his Faith, he is invited by God
dynamic in his life and his beliefs to search in the open book of
are translated into reality. This is in Nature, to use his reasoning
complete harmony with the other powers, and to reflect on the
Islamic articles of Faith. It shows teachings of the Qur’an. He must
that God does not accept lip service, search for the indisputable truth
and that no true believer can be until he finds it, and he will
indifferent as far as the practical certainly find it, if he is capable and
requirements of Faith are serious enough.
31 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
regards to Islam’s treatment of
This is why Islam demands sound women are probably the most
convictions and opposes blind severe. Numerous verses of the
imitation. Every person who is duly Qur’an make it clear that men and
qualified as a genuine earnest women are equal in the site of God.
thinker is enjoined by Islam to According to the teachings of Islam,
employ his faculties he fullest the only thing that distinguishes
extent. But if a person is unqualified people in the site of God is their
or uncertain of himself, he should level of God-consciousness. Due to
pursue his thinking only as far as this, many people are surprised to
limits can take him. It will be quite find out that Islamic Law
in order for such a person to rely guaranteed rights to women over
only on the authentic sources of 1400 years ago that women in the
religion, which are sufficient in Europe and America only obtained
themselves, without applying to recently.
them any critical questioning of
which he is incapable. The point is For example, Islam clearly teaches
that no one call himself a true that a woman is a full-person under
Muslim unless his Faith is based on the law, and is the spiritual equal of
strong convictions and his mind is a male. Also, according to Islamic
clear from doubts. Because Islam is Law, women have the right to own
complete only when it is based on property, operate a business and
strong convictions and freedom of receive equal pay for equal work.
choice and cannot be forced upon Women are allowed total control of
anybody. their wealth, they cannot be
married against their will and they
Islam and Women are allowed to keep their own name
when married. Additionally, they
Even though many aspects of Islam have the right to inherit property
are misunderstood by non- and to have their marriage
Muslims, the ignorance, dissolved in the case of neglect or
misinformation and incorrect mistreatment. Also, Islam does not
assumptions that are made in consider woman an “evil
32 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
temptress”, and thus does not came about after the West
blame woman for the “original sin”. abandoned religion for secularism.
Women in Islam participate in all Even those in the West who claim to
forms of worship that men follow the so-called “Judeo-
participate in. Actually, the rights Christian tradition” really follow the
that Islam gave to women over 1400 values of Western liberalism; but
years ago were almost unheard of in just to a lesser degree than their
the West until the 1900s. more liberal countrymen.

Less than fifty years ago in England If women in the Muslim World
and America, a woman could not today don’t have their rights, it is
buy a house or car without the co- not because Islam did not give them
signature of her father or husband! to them. The problem is that in
Additionally, Islam gives great many places alien traditions have
respect to women and their role in come to overshadow the teachings
society; it gives them the right to of Islam, either through ignorance
own property, marry who they want or the impact of Colonialisation.
and many other rights. Also, it
should be mentioned that the Summary and Call
Prophet Muhammad’s mission
stopped many of the horrible Having read this short work, we
practices in regards to women that hope that your eyes have been
were present in the society of his opened to the Islamic way of life,
time. For example, the Qur’an put and we have contributed at least a
an end to the pagan Arab practice of little to improving your
killing their baby daughters when understanding about the Muslim
they were born. Additionally, Islam faith. However, knowledge is of
put restrictions on the unrestricted little benefit if one does not act
polygamy of the Arabs of the time, upon it; rather if one believes that
and put many laws in place to some truths have been mentioned
protect the well-being of women. in this leaflet then one should strive
Today, most of the so-called hard to investigate them further
reforms in the status of women and accept the call if it is the Truth.
33 What are Islam and Muslims all about?
34 What are Islam and Muslims all about?