You are on page 1of 1

Mohammad Khan | mk0453 | 1020453 | Supervisor: Jonathan Cooper | Mentor: Ashley Dale

Aerodynamic Design Study of Continuously Flying, Solar Powered UAV on Mars Executive Summary
This report presents a preliminary conceptual design and explores the feasibility of an unmanned, solar powered and continuously flying aerial vehicle adapted for flight in the Martian atmosphere. The combination of a relatively lower gravity with a rarified atmosphere makes for an interesting question. Emphasis is placed on high aspect-ratio, high wing-area and high-lift-aerofoil design. Although the predominant focus of this project is placed on Aerodynamics, a brief consideration of other relevant areas, such as stability, propulsion and solar power, are also considered. This report/project explores the following areas: Preliminary aerodynamic shape design including wing geometry, wing area, aspect ratio and aerofoil design. Other factors such as the limitations imposed by the contextual mission profile are also considered. A small investigation into the longitudinal stability of the concept is also carried out. Basic consideration on the nature and type of propulsion and used relevant implementations. Consideration and study of the Martian atmosphere and relevant aerodynamic characteristics. Solar power and initial calculations on potential power that can be induced with solar arrays

The primary outcome of this project is product a novel conceptual design and subsequently conclude whether a continuously flying UAV within realistic dimensional limits is feasible, and in what conditions. Limitations Structural considerations this report will assume a reasonably lightweight wing and airframe based on the weight/wing span values of currently existing light aircraft. This report does not consider in detail the limitations imposed by existing technology and practices relating to the actual transportation of the UAV to Mars, nor budget or cost limitations. For the preliminary study, a consistent atmospheric model for Mars is assumed without consideration of atmospheric variation with latitude. Methodology incorporates use of software with may not hold optimum accuracy and hence findings from this project may require further verification with higher accuracy models before realization.

Key Findings/Preliminary Design The key characteristics of the proposed initial design include a wing span of 15.2m (folded several times for storage), aspect ratio 16 and total weight 42kg including payload. The initial study suggests that continuously flight is feasible for the particular flight conditions assumed. This will be taken under further investigation in the 4 th year report to extend to a wider array of geographical locations and flight conditions.

Preliminary Design