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DESCRIPTION DESIGN DATA CALCULATIONS FOR MINIMUM SHELL THICKNESS BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER 4.1 AS PER API 650 SEC. 3.9.7 SUPPORTED CONICAL ROOF 5.1 DESIGN OF ROOF PLATE 5.2 DESIGN OF ROOF PLATE WITH STIFFENING 5.3 DESIGN OF COMPRESSION RING 5.4 DESIGN OF ROOF RAFTERS COMPRESSION AREA AT ROOF TO SHELL JOINT 6.1 DESIGN OF COMPRESSION AREA AS PER API 650 App. F STABILITY OF TANK AGAINST WIND LOADS 7.1)RESISTANCE TO SLIDING FOUNDATION LOADING DATA VENTING CALCULATIONS NOZZLE FLEXIBILITY ANALYSIS AS PER APPENDIX P SHELL TO ROOF RAFTER JOINT STRESS ANALYSIS

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6 7 8 9 10 11

1) DESIGN DATA

Design Code Client's Specs. Fluid Material Density of contents Specific gravity of contents Material's yield strength Design Temperature Internal Pressure External Pressure High Liquid Level Design Liquid Level Allowable Design Stress at Design Temp. Allowable Test Stress for Hydrostatic Test Condition Corrosion allowance Bottom Shell Roof Roof Supporting Structure Slope of Tank Roof Outside dia. of tank Inside dia of tank Nominal dia. of tank Height of Shell Weight of roof attachments (platform, handrail, nozzles, etc.) Weight of attachments (pipe clips, nozzles, etc.) Weight of curb Angle Design Wind Velocity Yield Strength of Steel Structure Live Load on roof DL G dy T Pi Pe Hl HL Sd St : : : : API 650, 10th Edition, Add.4 2005, Appendix F 32-SAMSS-005, BD-407062 Rev.00C FIRE / UTILITY / WASH WATER TANK SA-516 Gr 70. = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 1004.9 1.0049 260 71 0.747 0.245 8.560 9.000 173.00 195.00 3.20 3.20 3.20 3.20 9.46 13.516 13.500 13.508 9.000 30.00 5.00 6.85 154 250 1.2 kg./m3 MPa o C Kpa Kpa m m MPa MPa mm mm mm mm 0 m m m m API 650 Table-3.2 API 650 Table-3.2 API 650 Table-3.2 = = 3.0 1.0 inch of water inch of water

θ Do Di D H Wr Ws Wc V Fy Lr

1:6

=

44.32 ft

KN KN KN Km/hr M Pa = Kpa

36.26 Ksi API 650 Sec. 3.2.1d

86 17.500 m 6.500 m = 9.3) St Where.22 = = = 3 1.93 0.13 mm = 8.00 2. of tank HL = Design liquid level for course under consideration CA = Corrosion allowance on shell 1st Shell Course Width of 1st course Design height for 1st shell course Required Shell Thickness Required Shell Thickness Shell thickness provided 2nd Shell Course Width of 2nd course Design height for 2nd shell course Required Shell Thickness Required Shell Thickness Shell thickness provided 3rd Shell Course Width of 3rd course Design height for 3rd shell course Required Shell Thickness Required Shell Thickness Shell thickness provided 4th Shell Course Width of 4th course Design height for 4th.00 mm mm mm W3 HL3 td tt t3 = = = W4 HL4 td tt t4 = = = = = 2.80 39.3.2.78 4 2. G = Specific Gravity of fluid to be stored D = Nominal dia. SHELL THICKNESS Calculations of Shell Thicknesses by Section 3 The minimum thickness of shell plate as per section 3. W'ST .(mm) Shell Weight (KN) Shell Weight (KN)Corroded 2 2.36 mm t1 = 8.20 206.00 mm mm mm Including Curb Angle Shell Course # Shell width (m) Shell Thickness (mm) Corroded Shell Thk.20 m m mm W1 HL1 = 2.80 113.0049 13.00 mm (As per Tank General Note 3 of Data Sheet) = = 1.30 KN KN KN Total Shell Weight (KN) Total Shell Wt.36 39.120 m 2.2) CALCULATIONS FOR MIN.9D (HL1 . shall be computed using following formula.0.880 6.28 6.36 39.196 m 3.3)G + CA Design Shell Thickness td = Sd Hydrostatic Test Thickness tt = 4.08 m 4.00 4.57 mm tt = 3.80 65.00 2.61 mm = 2.0.500 8. shell course Required Shell Thickness Required Shell Thickness Shell thickness provided Shell Table -1 1 2.9D (HL1 .576 m = 5.93 120.076 m (Including Equivalent head due to internal pressure) td = 6.500 8.65 1.22 = = = = 1.00 3.80 36.(KN) (Corroded) Total weight of corroded shell + Shell attachments.22 18.64 6.508 9.880 m 4.80 65.000 6. 4.6.00 mm W2 HL2 td tt t2 = = 2.00 4.

0. lap welded bottom plates may be used in lieu of butt-welded annular bottom plates.08 m 215 x tb / (HL1 x G)1/2 . 3.20 mm Used bottom plate thickness = 10.91 800.6 kg 3.4.0 mm mm tb HL1 Wap = = = 10.00 mm 9.3 kg = 112. design liquid level Width of annular bottom plate (between shell ID & lap of bottom plate with annular plate) Required width of annular bottom plate Width of annular bottom plate provided Wap Wact = = 711.13 KN = 76.25 KN Weight of bottom Plate ( Corroded ) = 7772.00 mm Weight of bottom Plate = 11430.5) (4. 3.1) ANNULAR PLATE DESIGN Hydrostatic test stress for first shell course Sh = = (API 650 Sec. tb Required Bottom Plate Thickness = 6+ CA mm tb = 9.1 All bottom plates shall have minimum nominal thickness of 6mm.9D (H1 .97 M Pa < 172 M Pa OK If hydrostatic test stress for first course is less than 172 Mpa. exclusive of any corrosion allowance.3)/tsc) 119.3) BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN As per API 650 Sec. Thickness of annular bottom plate Max.

Zreq. W = Actual width of each shell course (mm) tuniform = As ordered thickness of top shell course = 6.00 mm API 650 Sec.7.00 mm tactual = As ordered thickness of shell course for which transposed width is being calculated (mm) 1st Shell Course As ordered thickness of 1st shell course Actual width of 1st shell course Transposed width of 1st shell course 2nd Shell Course As ordered thickness of 2nd shell course Actual width of 2nd shell course Transposed width of 2nd shell course 3rd Shell Course As ordered thickness of 3rd shell course Actual width of 3rd shell course Transposed width of 3rd shell course 4th Shell Course As ordered thickness of 4th shell course Actual width of 4th shell course Transposed width of 4th shell course Height of transformed Shell As Htr > H1 Intermediate Wind Girder is Required Intermediate Wind Girder The required minimum section modulus of an intermediate wind girder shall be calculated as follows.3.= cm3 Section modulus provided = 50.9.9.00 mm 2500 mm 1218 mm t2 W2 Wtr2 = = = 8.7.1) As per API 650 Sec.3.4) INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER 4.508 m m API 650 Sec.80 mm 13.81 m 8.1 2.47 t (t / D)3/2 x (190/V)2 6.508 m 154. t = As ordered thickness of top shell course t = As Per Article 3. (cm3) H1 = Vertical distance (m) between the intermediate wind girder and the top angle of the shell = D = Nominal Tank diameter = Zreq.00 mm 2500 mm 1218 mm t3 W3 Wtr3 = = = 6.7.00 Km/hr 3.2 H1 H1 = = = = = = 9. = D2 H1 x (V/190)2 17 Where: Z = Required minimum section modulus of intermediate wind girder.69 cm3 From Table 3-20 we provide one angle of 102*76*6 as intermediate wind girder as per fig.9.436 m 22.9.00 mm 2120 mm 2120 mm Wtr1 + Wtr2 + Wtr3 + Wtr4 6436 mm = 6.00 mm 1880 mm 1880 mm t4 W4 Wtr4 = = = = = 6. 3. = 3.218 13.3.6 Htr t1 W1 Wtr1 = = = API 650 Sec.9.7.2 (Including shell participating width & corroded thickness of 2.8mm) .1 of 32-SAMSS-005 D = Nominal tank diameter V = Design wind speed The maximum height of the unstiffened shell Height of transformed Shell Wtr W x (tuniform/tactual)5/2 Transposed width of each shell course = Where. 3-20 detail c Zpro.7 The maximum height of the unstiffened shell Where.

As Apov.>Areq. The Intermediate Wind Girder Is Ok .

Roof Plate Span l = 69.2 4.3b) Roof plate shall be designed as continuous beam with uniform load comprising of roof live load and self weight of roof plate.00 Roof Plate Span l = 1.51 5.4 (Lr or S) Combination ii.5 114.279 kPa tR = 17.07 lbs inch 0. of P1 & P2) Tr = 2. Number of Rafters N2 = 24. Live Load on the roof.5.27 inch (corroded plate thickness) 6.8 Sinθ API 650 Sec.7 inch Design load/ length w = wp x b = 0.3.245 kPa = 0.00 6.6 x Fy = ( As per API 650) Allowable Bending Moment M allow Fb x Zp = 270.4.77 m = 69.6 * π = 1.80 1 1. 3.5 (Including Corrosion Allowance) = = = = Roof is designed as a supported cone roof.A. The maximum unsupported span of roof plate is equal to the spacing of stiffeners at tank outer dia. P2 = DL + Pe + 0.3 lbs inch Mallow>Ms Thickness Is Ok = + Therefore Plate Thickness Provided 6.88 psi = = 116. DL Where.78 mm inch KN/m2 = 0.85 147.88 m API 650 3.72 77. The system of rafters is provided to support the roof plate.5) Design of Roof Plate 5.80 CA = 10.4 Pe Combination i. = 20.4 Maximum No.279 kPa = 1.706 kPa (Max.10.5mm (excluding corrosion allowance) but due to high value of calculated roof thickness.012 in3 0.10.20 0.000 kPa = 2.7 inch (Maximum spacing of Rafters at tank outer dia) Roof plate thickness Assumed Plate width Design Live Load Self Wt.98 KN/m2 = 0. R (e)(1) API 650 App.10. = 0.1) Supported Conical Roof Minimum roof plate thickness Where. Lr Pe S P1 P2 Used thickness = Roof Plate Thickness tprov = Roof developed radius Rr Ar Roof developed Area Weight of Roof Weight of Roof (corroded) 10.981 API 650 App.00 mm (Including Corrosion Allowance) . of Rafters Required N = π x D/0. Snow Load. The rafters are supported at tank shell and load is transferred to tank periphery.22 mm mm m m2 KN KN Tr = Greater of load combinations (e)(1) and (e)(2) as per App.4.5. Dead Load of the roof.63 mm As per API Sec.035 lbs inch 24 Bending Moment At Supports Section modulus of Plate Allowable Bending Stress Fb = Ms Zp = = wl2 12 b tr2/6 22625.00 10. of roof plate tr b Lr Wr KN/m Design load for roof plate shall be comprising of roof live load and the total dead load acting on the roof.200 kPa = 0.1 kPa = 1.85 ### Assuming width of roof plate 1 inch and calculating the bending moment for strip if roof plate 1 inch wide.1 the Maximum thickness for self supported roof is 12. tR = D x √Tr/2. it is proposed to provide supported roof. R P1 = DL + (Lr or S) + 0. 3.29 lbs/inch wl2 = = Bending Moment At Mid Span Mc 58.29 psi 2 = = = = 6.6 X π = 22. R (e)(2) API 650 Sec. Roof Plate Design Load wp = Lr + Wr = 1.2) Design of Roof Plate and Stiffening Member ( Brownell & Young . External Pressure.10.43 mm ≥ 5 mm tR + C. Maximum Spacing of Rafters at Outer Ring = 0.

2 : Central Compression Ring Loading Diagram Live Load on roof Lr = Load of roof plate Dr = g = Lr + Dr = Radius of tank R = Radius of central compression ring Span of Rafter Self weight of Rafter Total weight of Rafter Total weight of Rafter corroded Total weight of Rafter/area Weight of Rafter Weight of Central Ring Number of rafter Height of Roof at center Radius of tank .03 25.30 3662.8 0.76 24.04 2.959 0.3) Design of Compression Ring π π Fig.24 6.radius of compression ring = g1 2πRg = N2 g2 R2 = Ls = = = = = gr = Wr = N2 = h= R1 = = = 1.00 1.469 m m KN/m KN/m KN/m2 KN/m2 (including weight of rafters & accessories) KN/m2 (udl due to roof plate and live load) m m m Kg/m Kg Kg KN/m2 KN/m KN = = 35.24 0.93 KN 23.6 2444.248 2.5.80 6.95 3.12 5.2 1.12 KN .98 KN = 2πR2g N2 Calculation of load transferred at joint of stiffener and central ring Wa = P1 + P2 Weight of Central Ring .75 0.Wr per stiffener P1 = Wr N = 0.

P2 = g2 x R2 = 0.38 KN .Load transferred to central ring by rafters.

72 KN KN/m KN/m 3.62 ft Ha R2 ( cot 180 .8 500 6.C) fb = = 0 m3 .83 mm 4 12 Section Modulus = Z = I / (h2 .49 0.562 KN m 122.8 1340.17 150000 19541. Ha = Number of Stiffeners Supported on central Ring.19 KN 7.28 mm3 KN/m2 A1= b1h1 = A2= b2h2 = A3= b3h3 = 1360 3400 1496 mm2 mm2 mm2 A1y1 = A2y2 = A3y3 = 4624 mm2 850000 mm2 164560 mm2 Location of Centroid ( See Fig) C = A1y1 + A2y2 +A3y3 = A 162. M= 32.25 KN M Thrust T = Ha Cot 180 = 2 N2 = Fig -3 : Central Compression Ring PROPERTIES OF COMPRESSION RING (Corroded) b1 = h1 = b2 = h2 = b3 = h3 = y1= y2= y3= A = 200 6.5 Fy = fb Fb 125000 + fc Fc KN/m2 = 0.8 KN m = = h 32.19 24 0.91 mm Moment of Inertia I = b1h13 + A1 (C-y1)2 +b2 h23 +A2(C-y2)2 + b3 h33 + A3 (C-y3)2 12 12 141451394. Ha = Wa x R1 +(g0 x R1) R1/2 + g3 (R1/2) ( R1/3) Ha = Radial Load transferred to ring through stiffeners.00626 m2 = M = Z Allowable Bending Stress Fb = 0.49 Considering the equilibrium and taking Moments about point A.63 KN/m2 KN/m2 419628. N2 = Radius of central compression ring.N2 ) = 2 N2 π 0.8 6.g2 = 0. R2 = Moment transferred to ring.8 220 3.41 27 Kip ft Kips = = 0.6 Fy = fc = T = A Allowable Compression Stress Fc = 0.Wa = P1 + P2 = g0 = gr + g2 = g3 = g1 .24 Kips 2.4 250 110 6256 mm2 = I = 0.

As fb/Fb+fc/Fc<1 Ok .

2.59 5.717 psi psi psi psi psi psi As fb/Fb+fc/Fc<1 Ok .595 X= 3.77 b) Compression Fc = 0.32 yc = 98.717 gx = gx = g3 X R1 0.0978 0. a= 0.9 Kg/m 237.571*(l/r)2 = 6034.77 Fb=20000-0.6 25.5 Fy Induced Stresses fb =Mmax/Z fc = Na/As Ratio of stresses induced to allowable stresses fb + fc Fb Fc = = = = 18129.19 KN 0. the moment at distance x from compression ring is obtained as follows. hx = h X and R1 hx = Ha = Wa = Na=Ha/Cosθ = Mx = Therefore Mx = d dx 0. Ls Wt Total area of Section Location od centroid from top Total moment of inertia Section modulus Z = N = = 24 (UPN 200) = = = = = = = = 197 72 8.4 134410.03 m = 16.59 dx Solving above quadratic equation.2 0.359 0.5.49 KN 32.71 11907.293 = 0 X3 X3 for M=M max d = 5.31 m M max = 0.293 b= 0.50 I I/yc = = 13239449.64 KN 5.717 X 0.3E+07 mm4 6.4) Design of Roof Rafters Number of internal stiffeners Section used Corroded properties of Rafter h bf tf tw Area I Span of stiffener.65 mm2 mm mm4 mm3 = 8.32 mm2 1.04 KN-m = Allowable Stresses a) Bending stress shall be Bending stress shall be greater of the Following = 19994. Mx = Ha hx -Wa X-go/2 X2 .gx/6 X2 where.45 lbs-inch 11.48 inch (Wt of corroded section) A = 2151.79 Fb=12000000Af/(ld) Therefore Allowable Bending Stress Fb = 19994.1 2198.5865 X X2 X2 - 0.717 c= -5.3 mm mm mm mm 2151.3 5.59 X X 0.20 in3 From fig .293 X 2 and -5.19 X 32.8 m 97664.

1.5.08 x tR .30 mm2 D2 x [0. tR D At Pi FR WR 107 D'L 107 P DLS Pmax = = = = = = = = > = < = = = 6.747 <= 0.22 kN 77.7 mm2 973.5. = 231 mm2 Ah + Ac mm2 API 650 Sec.75 (1.1xTanθ) mm2 API 650 App.3 x √ (R2 x th) = th = 6.508 π x R2 143 0. 2296 > 295 Aprov.85 kPa 120.6 x √ (Rc x ts) = tc = 2.5. design pressure. width of participating roof Thickness of roof plate (corroded) Max.4 = = 0. internal design pressure of tank is = 0.72(V/120)2]/1. >Amin.1(tan θ) 973. Max.1) Tank Design As Per Appendix F Uplift on Tank as per F. 1218 = = = > 295.1 x A x tanθ) / D2 + 0.49 mm Ah wh x t h = 1078 mm2 As w c x tc = = Aprov.54 mm wc 0.08 x tR 2.22 224.F.75 kN 224. Aprov.747 Pi x At mm m m2 kPa 107 kN 77. of tank (Di + Shell thick) Area of tank Internal design pressure of tank Total upward lifting force acting on roof Weight of roof (corroded) Weight of shell. Required Compression Area is Greater of the following As Per F.1(tan θ) = Amin.841 kPa Pi But.08th) / (1. Amin = = 120 x 120 x 10 1218 mm2 (Corroded Area) R2 Rc / sin θ = R2 = 41.80 13. W'ST = Weight of shell and attached framing Max.6) Compression Ring at Shell to Roof Joint Minimum required curb angle Used Curb Angle As per Fig.747 kPa 0.1 Amin.5 are applicable Internal design pressure is.4Pi-0. F2 Detail d Ac Curb Angle Area Length of normal to roof from tank C.0 0.4.80 mm wc = 82.L. roof and attached framing F. limited by uplift at base of shell is.00425 x Mw / D3 API 650 F. width of participating shell Thickness of shell plate (corroded) Participating area of roof (corroded) Participating area of shell (corroded) Total Area Provided Minimum required participating area.7 .Anchorage is not Required Min.2 Since.069 mm Rc = 6.1 = 295.2 through F. Therefore used Curb Angle is satisfactory 6.2 Corroded Roof Thickness Nominal dia. Amin.08th)/1.30 Since. 3. Inside radius of tank.0.78 kN API 650 F.00127 x DLS / D2 + 0.9 Ref: API 650 Fig F-2 = = 2296 D2 (Pi-0.750 mm wh 0.08th+0.841 Condition Satisified .80 mm wh = 158.1.1 D2 x (Pi-0.

Used Curb Angle is satisfactory .

985 KN Maximum of 40% of Weight of Tank 109.125 m = 33.85 0.926 (Vf=Velocity Factor) 0.0 Km/hr = 10.1)Resistance To Sliding The wind load\ pressure on projected area of cylindrical surfaces = This pressure is for wind velocity of 100 mph (160 Km/hr) For all other wind velocities the pressure shall be adjusted in proportion of ratio (V/160)2 O.78 KN-m = 42.516 m 154 Km/hr 0.203 517.613 x Kz x Kzt x Kd x V2 x I/1000 1.0 1.86 KN/m2 0.567 KN KN (Including Rafters) KN-m Ws' = total weight of tank shell + Curb Angle = Wr' = total weight of tank roof 7.64 m2 Vf(Wind Pressure on Roof X Projected Area of Roof + Wind Pressure on Shell X Projected Area of Shell) 101. Topo Graphic Factor Importance Factor Design Wind Pressure Design Wind Load V Ht G Cf Kd Kz Kzt I qz P1 = = = = = = = = = = ( Ref: ASCE-7) 154.601 KN/m2 m2 121.78 m/s Overturning Wind Moment Mw = 252746.711 KN P1 x Ht 2 342.15 0.0 psf 13.21 ft.785 101.702 KN Ffriction>Fwind No Anchorage Is Required To Resist Sliding .86 KN/m2 = 18.4) 0.95 0.5 ft-lbs Resisting Moment Resisting Moment = Mr = 2 D (Ws' + Wr'-Uplift due to Design Pressure ) 3 2 = = Mr As Mr > Mw Anchorage is Not Required = 120.164 KN/m2 qz x Do x G x Cf x Ht 67.95 1.72 7.D of tank = D0 Design Wind Velocity V (Ve/160)2 Wind Pressure on vertical plane surfaces Wind Pressure on vertical conical surfaces Projected area of roof Projected area of shell Fwind = = Ffriction = = = = = = = = = ( Ref: API 650 3.11.50 0.7)Stability of Tank Against Wind Load Wind velocity height of tank including roof height effective wind gust factor force coefficient wind directionally factor Velocity Pressure Exposure Co-Eff. 0.

Lr = Area of Roof.8) Foundation Loading Data The self weight of roof and live load will be transferred to tank shell Live load transferred to foundation Live Load on roof. + Water Wind Load Transferred to Foundation Base Shear due to wind load. + Fluid Uniform Load at Hydrotest Condition = Self Wt.95 KN 42. Fw = Reaction due to wind load.8 KN KN/m KN-m 487.12 91.2 KN/m2 147.80 15.6 342.5 m WL / C 4.20 8. Wind Girder) KN (Including Platform Weight) KN/m 1.41 206.+ = Uniform Load Hydrotest Hydrotest Conditions water= Uniform Load at Operating Condition = Self Wt.3 0.00 375.2 KN/m Operating & Hydrostatic Test Loads Self Weight of Tank = Weight of Fluid in Tank at Operating Conditions = fluid = Uniform Load Operating Condition = Self wt.46 m2 176. Ar = Total Live Load.34 KN 12715 KN 12638 KN 92. Mw = 70.+ Weight of Water in Tank at Condition = Self wt.59 KN/m2 KN/m2 Wf = Ww = Wo = Wh = .84 KN (Including Rafter & Compression Ring) KN KN (Including Curb Angle & Inter. WL = Lr x A r πxD Circumference of Tank C = Live Load transferred to Foundation wL = Dead load transferred to foundation Self Weight of Roof Wr = Self Weight of Shell Ws = Self Weight of shell Attachments Wa = Total Dead Load acting on shell WD = Dead Load Transferred to Foundation Wd = WD / C 153. Rw = Moment due to wind load.

00 Weight (Kgs) 13.325 7. Net Working Capacity. operating condition Uniform load.00 10.Summary of Foundation Loading Data Dead load.755 11.000 m Qmax. = 1288 m3 m3 = 45. = Where: H1 = LL = π x Di2 x (H1-LL) 4 m3 8. Summary of Tank Major Parts Thickness and Weight Item Shell Plate Bottom Plate Roof Plate Roof Rafter & Compression Ring Plate Thickness (mm) 8.430 11. As per API 650 App. roof & ext.560 m 6.78 KN/m KN/m KN/m2 KN/m2 KN KN/m KN-m Note: 15% to 20% Variation will be consider while designing the Foundation. Qnet Qnet.00 6. hydrotest load Base shear due to wind Reaction due to wind Moment due to wind load DL = LL = Wo = Wh= Fw = Rw = Mw= 8. = π x Di2 x H 4 13.00 10.056 ft3 .459 ft3 II.694 3. shell.84 4. structure loads Live Load Uniform load. = 228. Nominal Capacity.32 0.59 70.944 Tank Capacity Calculations: I.500 m 9. L Where: Di = H = Qmax.12 91.17 92.97 m Qnet.31 m3 = 8. Qmax.60 342.

A193-B7. Fu = Allowable Stress.97 mm2 P/A But there are two bolts in this connection.03 m KN/m Where.24 Mpa ( Refer to 5.Bolt Connection Stress Analysis Ultimate Dead Load on the roof including Live Load + Self Weight of Roof + Weight of Accessories.P = 6.48 mm2 430.3. calculating the Shear Stress for 3/4"-10 x 1. D = Tank Diameter = N2 = Number of Rafter = Ls = Length of Rafter = Hr = 2.7854 ( D-(0. g gu = = Lr + Dr 2. Design of Compression Ring) Radial Load transferred to the end of the rafter Hr = gu x πD2 4Ls*N2 13. ASTM A193 Table 3) ( Ref.12 KN (from STAAD result) Now.17 Fu = 82.20 As per ASTM 193 Min. Head Bolt.9743/n))2 215.45 Mpa > Induced Stress . 9th Edition) = 0. Tensile Strength. therefore. A = Bolt Shear Area = A= 0.5 m 24 6.22 By applying this load on the rafter Max. Shear Stress Fv Fv Mpa 485 Mpa (Ref. Shear Force Induce. Table I-D AISC Allowable Stress Design. F = Where.334 in2 = 0. A = Induced Shear Stress on Bolt F = 14.1/2" Hex.

the provided Bolt is SAFE and ADEQUATE. Therefore. .Allowable Stress of Bolt is greater than the required maximum stress for the connection.

ht of Accessories. 9th Edition) . gu gn of Compression Ring) Design.

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