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Circulatory System Denitions

Cardiac circulation: the movement of blood through the heart tissue pulmonary circulation: the path that the blood follows from the heart to the lungs + back to the heart systematic circulation: the path that the blood follows from the heart to the body + back to the heart Vascular system: Open Transport System: system in which vessels open into the animals body cavity Closed Transport System: systemic which blood is contained within vessels + kept separate from the intestinal uid Arteries: blood vessels that carry oxygen rich blood away from the heart Arterioles: a bit smaller than an artery Vein: a blood vessel that carries oxygen poor blog toward the heart Venules: a bit smaller than a vein atrium: the two top chambers of the heart that ll with blood returning from the body or lungs ventricle: the two bottom chambers of the heart that receives blood from the atria and pump it out the the body or the lungs capillaries: a tiny blood vessel that carries blood from the arteries to the veins , site of gas, nutrients and waste exchange plasma: the uid portion of the blood, consists of water plus dissolved gases, proteins, sugars, vitamins, minerals and waste products erythrocytes: red blood cells, specialized for o2 transport and make up approx 44% of the total volume of blood leucocyte: blood cells that digest bacteria and fungi, imp part of the bodes defence system platelet: the 3rd major the 4med portion of the blood, fragments of cell that 4m when large cellsin the bone marrow break apart, play a key role in blood clotting also called thrombocytes antigen: a toxin or other 4in subst. that includes and immune response in the body specially in the production of antibodies antibody: blood protein produced in repines to and counteracting a specic antigen superior vena cava: receives blood 4m the head and the arms and chest empties in2 the right atrium of the heart aorta: an artery that carries blood directly from the heart to the other arteries tricuspid valve: the atrioventricular valve on the right side of the heart made up of 3 aps bicuspid valve: the atrioventricular valve on the left side of the heart made up of 2 aps also known as mitral valve septum: a muscular valve in the heart that separates the atria and the ventricles cardiac output: the volume of blood pumped out by the heart in ml/min stroke volume: the volume of blood pumped and of the chart with each heartbeat heart defects: the abnormality in the structure of the heart and vessels which is present at birth systolic pressure: pressure generated in circa system when the ventricles contract and push blood from the heart diastolic pressure: pressure generated in the circ system when the ventricles ll with blood