IEEE COMSOC PANEL

LTE BACKHAUL CHALLENGES, SMALL CELLS AND THE CRITICAL ROLE OF MICROWAVE
PAUL KENNARD, CTO | AVIAT NETWORKS

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3G Low laten All-I cy P Low Cost 3 AVIAT NETWORKS | . (Lon LTE g Ter 4G 10x f m Ev oluti on) aster than QoS.

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LESSONS LEARNED #1 CONSTRUCTION (not capacity) is key LTE challenge .

5   Far   14  /  4.4   Medium   28  /  9.LTE CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS Theore&cal  Single  User  Data  Rate     Down/Up  [Mbps]     Close   10MHz   43  /  14.8   real scenario is 100-150mbps backhaul per 3 sector cellsite 6 AVIAT NETWORKS | 20 AUGUST 2010 .

AND PROPER PLANNING EASES RING CAPACITY DEMANDS 50Mbps     50Mbps Ring Capacity 50Mbps   300Mbps   Gateway Node 100Mbps 50Mbps 50Mbps     50Mbps typical overbooking factor for mobile operator = ~3x ring capacity ~100mbps in this case 7 AVIAT NETWORKS | 20 AUGUST 2010 .

Capacity 1 Gbit/s 400 Mbit/s 100 Mbit/s Cell-Site Capacity Time Zone of Capacity Growth Maximum Cell-site Capacity LTE cannot outstrip microwave capacity to cellsite .

ACM) •  FEC redundancy •  Header optimization / suppression •  Payload compression •  Asymmetrical RF 3.  More Spectral Efficiency (More Bits per Hz) Technique •  Multiple channels with link aggregation (incl CCDP) – leverage N+0 •  ACM •  Higher modulations (512/1024 QAM.BECAUSE MICROWAVE HAS EVOLVED… Strategy 1.  More “Effective” Throughput (More Data per Bit) and is a high capacity transport solution .  More Spectrum (More Hz) 2.

LESSONS LEARNED #2 MICROWAVE MEETS LTE CAPACITY NEEDS even for large rings and multi-cellsite links .

FUTURE OF LTE BACKHAUL IS: Small Cells!!! 11 AVIAT NETWORKS | FEBRUARY 2012 .

HOWEVER. more complexity 2.  More sites higher cost.  Different sites new technologies and construction challenges will get far worse 12 AVIAT NETWORKS | . SMALL CELLS WILL CHANGE THE BACKHAUL PARADIGM… 1.

      Pt-­‐pt  ok   5-­‐10ms  (ok  for  HSPA)   Low   Medium   Costly.  may   be  ok  for  HSPA)   Flexible.     Millimeter  wave  limited   us   High  (today)   Medium   Available   Wireless     (NLOS)   200+Mbps  (shared.Wired   (fiber/cable/dsl)   Capacity   Site  LocaLon  /   RestricLons   Backhaul  Distance   Latency   CAPEX   OPEX   Spectrum   10Gbps   Not  available.  NLOS   Limited  for  pt-­‐mpt.  Unlicensed   opLons  very  risky   meaning… none of today’s backhaul solutions will suffice .  costly   install   Long  distance  but  costly   us   Very  high   Low   N/A   Wireless     (LOS)   1-­‐2Gbps   LOS   Parabolic   Depends  on  frequency.

LESSONS LEARNED 3 SMALL CELL NOT SIGNIFICANT MARKET until backhaul gets cheaper and easier .

WHICH MEANS FUNDAMENTAL INNOVATIONS WILL BE REQUIRED IN FOUNDATIONAL MICROWAVE TECHNOLOGY… all in one tiny box.. including antenna! 15 AVIAT NETWORKS | FEBRUARY 2012 ..

OTHER NEW APPROACHES WILL NEED TO BE CONSIDERED CACHING DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENCE 16 AVIAT NETWORKS | 20 AUGUST 2010 .

 RF   opLmizaLons   QoS.  CDN.   caching.and Microwave Networking solutions will emerge Security   SynchronizaLon   Redundancy  and   ProtecLon   RouLng   ACM.  IP   Microwave   Pla[orm   Others  (DPI.  Bandwidth   management   Integrated.   etc)   17 AVIAT NETWORKS | Microwave Dumb Pipe .

TO ACHIEVE ALL THIS. WE NEED TO PAY ATTENTION TO WHAT’S IMPORTANT… AMC  Pacer  –  voted  worst  car  of  all  Lme!   .

THANK YOU AVIAT NETWORKS | 20 19 AUGUST 2010 .

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