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IEEE COMSOC PANEL

LTE BACKHAUL CHALLENGES, SMALL CELLS AND THE CRITICAL ROLE OF MICROWAVE
PAUL KENNARD, CTO | AVIAT NETWORKS

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(Lon LTE g Ter 4G 10x f m Ev oluti on) aster than QoS. 3G Low laten All-I cy P Low Cost 3 AVIAT NETWORKS | .

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LESSONS LEARNED #1 CONSTRUCTION (not capacity) is key LTE challenge .

4   Medium   28  /  9.8   real scenario is 100-150mbps backhaul per 3 sector cellsite 6 AVIAT NETWORKS | 20 AUGUST 2010 .LTE CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS Theore&cal  Single  User  Data  Rate     Down/Up  [Mbps]     Close   10MHz   43  /  14.5   Far   14  /  4.

AND PROPER PLANNING EASES RING CAPACITY DEMANDS 50Mbps     50Mbps Ring Capacity 50Mbps   300Mbps   Gateway Node 100Mbps 50Mbps 50Mbps     50Mbps typical overbooking factor for mobile operator = ~3x ring capacity ~100mbps in this case 7 AVIAT NETWORKS | 20 AUGUST 2010 .

Capacity 1 Gbit/s 400 Mbit/s 100 Mbit/s Cell-Site Capacity Time Zone of Capacity Growth Maximum Cell-site Capacity LTE cannot outstrip microwave capacity to cellsite .

BECAUSE MICROWAVE HAS EVOLVED… Strategy 1.  More “Effective” Throughput (More Data per Bit) and is a high capacity transport solution .  More Spectral Efficiency (More Bits per Hz) Technique •  Multiple channels with link aggregation (incl CCDP) – leverage N+0 •  ACM •  Higher modulations (512/1024 QAM.  More Spectrum (More Hz) 2. ACM) •  FEC redundancy •  Header optimization / suppression •  Payload compression •  Asymmetrical RF 3.

LESSONS LEARNED #2 MICROWAVE MEETS LTE CAPACITY NEEDS even for large rings and multi-cellsite links .

FUTURE OF LTE BACKHAUL IS: Small Cells!!! 11 AVIAT NETWORKS | FEBRUARY 2012 .

more complexity 2.  Different sites new technologies and construction challenges will get far worse 12 AVIAT NETWORKS | .HOWEVER.  More sites higher cost. SMALL CELLS WILL CHANGE THE BACKHAUL PARADIGM… 1.

 may   be  ok  for  HSPA)   Flexible.  Unlicensed   opLons  very  risky   meaning… none of today’s backhaul solutions will suffice .     Millimeter  wave  limited   us   High  (today)   Medium   Available   Wireless     (NLOS)   200+Mbps  (shared.       Pt-­‐pt  ok   5-­‐10ms  (ok  for  HSPA)   Low   Medium   Costly.Wired   (fiber/cable/dsl)   Capacity   Site  LocaLon  /   RestricLons   Backhaul  Distance   Latency   CAPEX   OPEX   Spectrum   10Gbps   Not  available.  costly   install   Long  distance  but  costly   us   Very  high   Low   N/A   Wireless     (LOS)   1-­‐2Gbps   LOS   Parabolic   Depends  on  frequency.  NLOS   Limited  for  pt-­‐mpt.

LESSONS LEARNED 3 SMALL CELL NOT SIGNIFICANT MARKET until backhaul gets cheaper and easier .

.WHICH MEANS FUNDAMENTAL INNOVATIONS WILL BE REQUIRED IN FOUNDATIONAL MICROWAVE TECHNOLOGY… all in one tiny box. including antenna! 15 AVIAT NETWORKS | FEBRUARY 2012 ..

OTHER NEW APPROACHES WILL NEED TO BE CONSIDERED CACHING DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENCE 16 AVIAT NETWORKS | 20 AUGUST 2010 .

 CDN.  IP   Microwave   Pla[orm   Others  (DPI.  Bandwidth   management   Integrated.   etc)   17 AVIAT NETWORKS | Microwave Dumb Pipe .and Microwave Networking solutions will emerge Security   SynchronizaLon   Redundancy  and   ProtecLon   RouLng   ACM.   caching.  RF   opLmizaLons   QoS.

TO ACHIEVE ALL THIS. WE NEED TO PAY ATTENTION TO WHAT’S IMPORTANT… AMC  Pacer  –  voted  worst  car  of  all  Lme!   .

THANK YOU AVIAT NETWORKS | 20 19 AUGUST 2010 .