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T 2.

2/7/EN/2

Swirl Diffusers
Type VDL
adjustable, for mounting heights 3.80 m

TROX GmbH Heinrich-Trox-Platz D-47504 Neukirchen-Vluyn

Telephone +49 / 28 45 / 2 02-0 Telefax +49 / 28 45 / 2 02-2 65 e-mail trox@trox.de www.troxtechnik.com

Contents Description
Description Construction Dimensions Construction Dimensions Materials Installation Nomenclature Quick Selection Example Acoustic Data Pressure Drop Aerodynamic Data for Heating Aerodynamic Data for Cooling Order Details 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 12 Description
For spaces with varying heat loads, the supply air often has to be either cool, isothermal or warm as required. With the VDL adjustable swirl diffusers, the blade position can be altered (horizontal, angled or vertical air discharge) to give optimum penetration into the occupied zone when cooling or heating, at the same time meeting good comfort criteria. With high air handling capacity, the swirl diffuser is suitable for use in industrial and comfort conditioning environments. The diffuser can be used with large floor to ceiling heights (e. g. factories, airport terminals, theatres, banking halls) also in lower ceiling applications 3.80 m (e. g. assembly rooms), particularly where the supply air temperature differential varies between -10 K and +15 K. On the constructions with fixed air control blades, the air is discharged in a horizontal direction only.

Blade positon for horizontal air discharge (supply air cooling)

Blade position for 45 discharge ( supply air isothermal)

Blade position for vertical air discharge (supply air heating)

Construction Dimensions
Construction
The VDL swirl diffusers are available in four sizes. The diffuser face comprises an outer ring incorporating a discharge nozzle, air control blades (adjustable or fixed), a central cover cap and a rear mounted spigot. The blade position can be adjusted either manually by taking off the cap and loosening the winged screw or by means of an electric actuator. The outer discharge ring is supplied on request with or without a flange. The units with a removable face have a safety cable between plenum box/casing and diffuser face. The face can easily be fitted or removed by means of 3 quick release fasteners.

Dimensions in mm
The unit variants with top entry casings are connected directly to the duct. The casings are provided with a reinforcing edge. A lip seal is optional. The diffuser sizes 630 and 800 are supplied with additional opposed action swirl blades.
Size
315 400 630 800

A
42 45 51 55

D1
313 398 628 798

D2
464 567 871 1077

D3
381 468 700 871

H1
145 157 204 229

H2
92 101 117 123

H3
80 89 105 111

H4
215 236 367 538

VDL-...-F
(VDL-A-F-M shown)
D1 H3 (M) H2 (X) rear mounted spigot

View X
Discharge ring without flange (A)

H1

D2 D3 D2 cap winged screw

VDL-...-V
(VDL-B-V-D-E1...E3 shown)
D1

View Y
Discharge ring with flange (B)

removable diffuser face

Y
D2 A 15

D3 D2

H4

additional opposed action swirl blades on sizes 630 and 800 only

circular casing

Construction Dimensions Materials


Construction
Type VDL-...-H swirl diffuser sizes 315 and 400 with side entry spigots are supplied with an internal fixed angled perforated plate in the plenum box. The diffuser sizes 630 and 800 are supplied with additional opposed action swirl blades. The circular spigot is supplied with a lip seal upon request. If the diffuser is freely suspended from a ceiling, a square collar can be fitted to the diffuser face. An optional protection grid can be supplied for use in sports halls.

Materials
The outer ring incorporating a discharge nozzle and the central cover cap are made of aluminium. The blades, casing, spigots and plenum box are made of galvanised sheet steel. The surface of the diffuser face, collar and protection grid are powder-coated white (RAL 9010, gloss level 50 %), or in another RAL colour if requested (gloss level 70 % or RAL 9006 gloss level 30 %).

Dimensions in mm
Size
315 400 630 800

A
42 45 51 55

D2
464 567 871 1077

D3
381 468 700 871

D4
317 402 628 798

D5
248 313 398 498

D6
488 591 895 1101

H5
474 581 812 1081

H6
150 168 293 458

H7
282 368 468 568

H8
290 351 526 741

C
630 800 1260 1600

K
435 500 750 1000

VDL-...-H
(VDL-A-H-N-X shown)
Perforated plate on sizes 315 and 400 only Spigot with lip seal (L)

Square collar (K)


(on VDL-B only)

A
K

D5

H5

H7

D4 H6 65 H8 61 C A safety screw fixing bar

View
D3 D2

A-A
10

Protection grid (S)


(on VDL-B only)

View

W
~50 2

View

A
~50

W
10 D6 10.5 10,5

76

Installation
Installation
Due to their method of operation, the VDL swirl diffusers can be mounted flush in a ceiling or suspended in free space. When fitted flush in open grid ceilings, the discharge characteristics are the same as when suspended in free space. The angle of the air discharge is continuously adjustable. Type VDL-...-H swirl diffusers are suspended by the customer on cables or slotted strips using the drillings provided. Typ VDL-...-F and VDL-...-V are mounted directly on the duct. The installation of the diffuser face and access to or replacement of an actuator can easily be carried out by the operation of the 3 quick release fasteners (see detail Z).
Required opening sizes for flush installation in a flat ceiling
Size D7 315 400 400 500 630 750 800 950

VDL-B-V (with flange)

VDL-A-V (without flange)

View Z
Quick release fastener

Safety cable

Z
300
1)

D7

D7 to unfasten push downwards

fix ed
ed unfasten

On site mounting of the VDL unit on the supply duct

1) Installed 300 mm beneath a flat ceiling for continuous adjustment of the air discharge angle.

to fix push upwards

VDL-B-H (with flange)

VDL-A-H (without flange)


3 quick release fasteners evenly distributed on the perimeter

50

50

50

50

Suspension by customer using the 10.5 mm holes provided

D7

D7

Nomenclature Quick Selection Example


Definitions
V in m3/h or l/s: A, B in m: X in m: in m: H1 in m/s: H1 L L H 1 max tZ tL in m: in m/s: in m: in K: in K: Volume flow rate per diffuser Spacing between two diffusers Distance between centre of diffuser and the wall Distance between diffuser face and occupied zone Max. time average air velocity between two diffusers at distance H1 from diffuser face Distance horizontal + vertical (X + H1) when discharging towards the wall Max. time average air velocity at the wall Maximum penetration depth of the air flow for heating Temperature difference between supply air and room air Difference between core and room temperature at distance L = A/2 + H 1 or L = X + H1 Effective outlet area Total pressure drop A-weighted sound power level NC rating of sound power level L WNR = L WNC + 2 A-weighting and NC rating respectively of room L WA 8 dB sound pressure level L pA L WNC 8 dB L pNC

1.80 m

A eff in m2: in Pa: pt in dB(A): L WA : L WNC : L WNR L pA, L pNC :

Size
315 400 630 800

Aeff m2
0.022 0.031 0.077 0.106

. Vmin l/s
70 2) 125 2) 230 3) 320
4)

Quick selection
. Vmin m3/h

. Vmax 1) l/s
300 500 1020 1220

. Vmax 1) m3/h
1080 1800 3672 4392

H1max (+10K) m
5 6 8 9

252 2) 450 2) 828 3) 1152


4)

1) 2) 3) 4)

^ Sound power for VDL-...-F and VDL-...-V = 60 dB(A) with fixed construction min = 90 l/s = 324 m3/h with fixed construction min = 250 l/s = 900 m3/h with fixed construction min = 360 l/s =1300 m3/h

Example
Data given: Type VDL (top entry connection); size 800 Volume flow per diffuser = 3000 m3/h (830 l/s) tZ tZ LWA A B Diagram 12: Max. penetration depth for vertical discharge = 3000 m3/h = 830 l/s tZ = +10 K H1max = 5.5 m Hence the warm air penetrates into the occupied zone during heating. = = = = = -10 +10 50 5.00 6.00 K K dB(A) m m Diagram 16: A H1 H1 = 5.00 m = 4.5 m < 0.2 m/s Air velocity at the wall and temperature quotient Air velocity in occupied zone during cooling

Supply air temperature difference: horizontal for cooling vertical for heating max. sound power level Spacing between diffusers Spacing between diffusers Distance between centre of diffuser and wall Distance between diffuser face and occupied zone

X = 2.50 m Diagram 20: H1 = 4.50 m L L tL/tZ tL

Diagram 4: Sound power level and pressure drop LWA = 49 dB(A) (LWNC = 43 NC) pt = 48 Pa The resulting sound power level of 49 dB(A) is below the specified level of 50 dB(A). To determine the room level, the number of diffusers and the room absorption must be taken into account. 6

= X + H1 = 2.5 + 4.5 = 7 m = 0.22 m/s = 0.09 = -10 x 0.09 = -0.9 K

Acoustic Data Pressure Drop


(adjustable types)

The sound power level and pressure drop of type VDL-...-F correspond to the values of type VDL-...-V.

1
200 150

Sound power level and pressure drop Size 315

3
130 100

Sound power level and pressure drop Size 630


55 50 45
VDL-...-H

60

55

100

60

55

Pressure drop pt in Pa

50

Pressure drop pt in Pa

VDL-...-H

50

45

40

35

20 15

30

25

25

LW

20

30

LW

10

dB (A )

20

in

W A

6 100 400 150 600 200 800 250 300 340 1000 1200 5 200

5 60

W A

in

dB 25 (A )

25

20

10

30

l/s h

l/s h 1000

400 1500

35

25

20

30

VDL-...-V

35

30

40

50 45 40 35

40

45

35

VDL-...-V

600 2000 2500

45

40

40

50

60

800

3000 3500

2
200

Sound power level and pressure drop Size 400

4
100 90 80

Sound power level and pressure drop Size 800


55 60
1200 1400

150

55

60

50

60

50

Pressure drop pt in Pa

55

Pressure drop pt in Pa

45

40

40

50

40

35

30

W N C

25

30 25 20

40

35

VDL-...-V
10 9 8 7

LW
20

25

20

15

in

W A

25

10 120

140

l/s
h 600

200 800

300 1000 1200

400

500

5 300

W A

in

dB (A ) 25

30 dB (A )

l/s

400

30

35

35

30

50 45 40

35

VDL-...-H

30

45

VDL-...-H
20

600 2000 2500

40

VDL-...-V

45

800 3000

50

100

50

45

1000

1400 1600 1800

h 1500

3500 4000 45005000

55

70

55
1000 1100

80

60

Acoustic Data Pressure Drop


(fixed types)

5
200 150

Sound power level and pressure drop Size 315


55

7
100 90 80 70 60

Sound power level and pressure drop Size 630


50

50

60

45

55

100

45

40

VDL-...-H
50 45 40 35 30

50

50

Pressure drop pt in Pa

35

45

Pressure drop pt in Pa

30

30

40

25

20

20

20

35

VDL-...-F

35

25

25

20

30

W NC

15

W NC

10

in

W A

60

l/s m 3/h

100 400

150 600

200 800

250

300 340 1000 1200

5 200

300 m 3/h 1000

W A

in

dB

20

10 9 8 7

(A )

25

dB

20

l/s

(A

25

400 1500

30

VDL-...-F

500

600 2000

40

30

35

700 2500

45

40

VDL-...-H

40

800 900 1000 3000 3500

6
200

Sound power level and pressure drop Size 400


55

8
100 90 80 70

Sound power level and pressure drop Size 800


50

150

50 45 45
1000

50

60

100

55

50

45

40

40

Pressure drop pt in Pa

40

30

35

25

W NC

30

20

20

dB

25

in

W A

10 120

140 m 3/h

l/s 600

200 800 1000

300 1200

400

500

5 300

l/s m 3/h

25

400 1500

W A

in

dB

15

(A

(A

30

10 9

W NC

20

25

35

VDL-...-F

25

35

30

40

50 45 40

Pressure drop pt in Pa

30

35

45

20

30

35

VDL-...-H

50

40

VDL-...-F

600 2000 2500

800 3000

50

VDL-...-H

1200 1400

1400 1600 1800

3500 4000 4500 5000

55

55

Aerodynamic Data for Heating

Max. penetration depth discharge angle 45

11

Max. penetration depth discharge angle 75

Max. penetration depth H1 max. in m

Size

Size

Max. penetration depth H1 max. in m

Volume flow in l/s

Volume flow in l/s

10

Max. penetration depth discharge angle 60

12

Max. penetration depth discharge vertical

Max. penetration depth H1 max. in m

Max. penetration depth H1 max. in m

t Z

0K

V [m3/h] = [l/s] x 3.6 V


Volume flow in l/s

Size

Size

Volume flow in l/s

5K

Aerodynamic Data for Cooling

The diagrams are applicable to cooling mode, horizontal discharge diffuser in free space no ceiling. Supply air temperature difference: isothermal to 10 K Correction: For flush mounting in continuous ceiling, the values for H1

must be multiplied by 1.4.

13

Determination of spacing between diffuser centres A B 5.00 m Size 315


0.3 m/s

15

Determination of spacing between diffuser centres A B 5.00 m Size 630


0.3 m/s

=0 .2

<0 .2 m /s

Distance A

<0 .2 m /s

=0 .2

Distance A

14

Determination of spacing between diffuser centres A B 5.00 m Size 400


0.3 m/s

16

Determination of spacing between diffuser centres A B 5.00 m Size 800


0.3 m/s

=0 .2

<0 .2 m /s

Distance A

<0 .2 m /s

=0 .2

Distance A

10

Aerodynamic Data for Cooling

The diagrams are applicable to cooling mode, horizontal discharge diffuser in free space no ceiling. Supply air temperature difference: isothermal to 10 K Correction: For flush mounting in continuous ceiling, the values for

L and tL /tZ must be multiplied by 1.4.

17

Air velocity at the wall and temperature quotient

19
Size 315

Air velocity at the wall and temperature quotient

Size 630

Temperature quotient tL/ tz

Distance L

Distance L

18

Air velocity at the wall and temperature quotient

20
Size 400

Air velocity at the wall and temperature quotient

Size 800

Temperature quotient tL/ tz

Distance L

Distance L

Temperature quotient tL/ tz

Temperature quotient tL/ tz

11

Order Details

Available constructions
Order code VDL-A-F-X VDL-B-F-...-X VDL-A-F-M VDL-B-F-...-M VDL-A-V-...-N-M VDL-B-V-...-N-...-M VDL-A-V-...-D-E1...E3 VDL-B-V-...-D-...-E1...E3 VDL-A-H-...-N-X VDL-B-H-...-N-...-X VDL-A-H-...-D-X VDL-B-H-...-D-...-X VDL-A-H-...-N-M VDL-B-H-...-N-...-M VDL-A-H-...-D-M VDL-B-H-...-D-...-M VDL-A-H-...-D-...-E1...E3 VDL-B-H-...-D-...-E1...E3 Type / brief description diffuser face only, fixed air control blades diffuser face only, manually adjustable blades diffuser face with casing, top entry (additional opposed action swirl blades), diffuser face not removable, manually adjustable diffuser face with casing, top entry, diffuser face removable, adjustable by actuator diffuser face with plenum box and side entry spigot, diffuser face not removable, fixed blades diffuser face with plenum box and side entry spigot, diffuser face removable, fixed blades diffuser face with plenum box and side entry spigot, diffuser face not removable, manually adjustable diffuser face with plenum box and side entry spigot, diffuser face removable, manually adjustable diffuser face with plenum box and side entry spigot, diffuser face removable, adjustable by actuator Size 315 400 630 800

Order Code
VDL - B - H - L - D - S - E3 /

codes do not need to be completed for standard products 400 315 400 630 800 Size / 0 / not used 0 / P1 / RAL 9016 state colour

Discharge ring without flange A B Discharge ring with flange Side entry spigot Top entry Diffuser face only With lip seal
Design changes reserved All rights reserved TROX GmbH (12/2006)

L1) N1) D1) K2) S2)

Diffuser face not removable Diffuser face removable With square collar With protection grid

I E E O E P I E E O E P

Specification Text
Circular swirl diffuser with adjustable blades complete with outer ring incorporating a discharge nozzle, suitable for horizontal, angled or vertical air discharge controlled by blade position. Suitable for mounting heights of 3.80 m and variations in supply temperature differentials between 10 K and +15 K. Comprising diffuser face with rotating blades adjustable either manually or with electric actuators. Type VDL-...-X with fixed blades for horizontal air discharge only, with side entry plenum box or for direct connection to a circular duct on site.

Order example
Make: TROX Type: VDL - B - H - L - D - E3 / 400 / P1 / RAL 9016

12

I E E E E E E O E E E E E E E E E P

H V F

I E E E O E E E P

M E1 E2 E3 X

Manually adjustable Two position control, 230 V, 50 Hz Two position control, 24 V, 50 Hz Proportional control, 24 V, 50 Hz, 2 ...10 V Fixed blades (for horizontal air discharge only)

Materials
The outer ring incorporating a discharge nozzle and the central cover cap are made of aluminium. The blades, casing, spigots and plenum box are made of galvanised sheet steel. The surface of the diffuser face, collar and protection grid are powder-coated white (RAL 9010, gloss level 50 %), or in another RAL colour if requested (gloss level 70 % or RAL 9006 gloss level 30 %).

Accessories
Square collar (separately) VDL-K / 400 / P1 / 9016 Protection grid (separately) VDL-S / 400 / P1 / 9016

I E E E E E E E E O E E E E E E E E P

I E E O E P

Standard finish Powder coated to RAL 9010 (GE 50 %)3)

P1 Powder coated to RAL 9006 (GE 30 %)3) other colours to RAL ... (GE 70 %)3)

1) only with H and V 2) only with B 3) GE = gloss level