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UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

FSPU AMPHITHEATER

DESIGNER[S] ; MUHAMMAD MUZAMMIL ASHANUSHI / SYAMIL MUSADIQ MOHD ASAHAR / TUAN MUHAMMAD SALAM TUAN SEMbOK / NURNUHA ZULFAKAR / AbDUL HAKIM AbDULLAH CRITIC bY ASSOC. PROF. AR. FARIDAH ADNAN A.P.A.M SUbJECTED FOR ADVANCED CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY 1 / JSb 501

CONTENTS
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INTRODUCTION + PROJECT bRIEF

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bACKGROUND : THE SITE


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DESIGN CONCEPT

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OVERALL STRUCTURE CONFIGURATION


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STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

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PERSPECTIVE VIEW + IMAGE[S] CONSTRUCTION DETAILING

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ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATION

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CONCLUSION

fspu amphitheater

INTRODUCTION + PROJECT bRIEF

This type of design intervention considered as medium scale at a moment. As one of pioneer faculty that exist at Universitis, the amphitheater at the Faculty of Architecture,Planning & Surveying has been well used over the years for numerous events.But the events were always at the mercy of the Malaysian weather. The main design task is to shelter the amphitheater from the inclement hot, humid and wet weather which is persistent for twelve months of the year.

bACKGROUND : THE SITE

fspu amphitheater

IMAGE Satellite view of the whole faculty complex and the context with surrounding elements.

The site is a void area which is located next to the open courtyard. With horizontal layers of studios and classrooms surround the void space, it gives a sense of more than double volume height. Open up to the bright sky, is a good choice to receive natural light as to transmitted directly into the site. Malaysia is a region with hot humid climate and this is one of the issue that allow for an intervention.

fspu amphitheater

DESIGN CONCEPT

SKETCHES Raw freehand sketches as to come out with initial idea.

A simple term and keyword that we use in our design intervention at this faculty is the hanging. It is a combination of boths object and human. Part of human figure which is hand have base and also fingers is an important components that linked together through the inner structure; the bones. We take that as to generate the design concept for this proposed shelter. An adaptation of how a hand with five fingers can create vertical pillars to support an object. An experimental session that we gone through is by using sphere ball as an object also represent as load with vertical pillars used as to squeeze that ball.

IMAGE Conceptual idea of the structure and the envelope which derived from mixture of object and nature.

OVERALL STRUCTURE CONFIGURATION

fspu amphitheater

BLACK DIAGRAM Three icons of diagrammatic structure components as to give the information about radius and height.

L : 10123 mm

r : 6318 mm h : 5426 mm

h: 19181 mm

Pentagon diagram to show rigid base position

Lamella diagram with triangulation connection

Diagrammatic of the dome structure from plan

Figure section diagram to show height of the dome

Figure section diagram to show height of the mast

fspu amphitheater

OVERALL STRUCTURE CONFIGURATION

Ground floor plan

First floor plan

Second floor plan

Roof plan

OVERALL STRUCTURE CONFIGURATION

fspu amphitheater
IMAGE Images to show cross sectional drawings which cut through the stage and the shelter.

Section A - A

Section B - B

fspu amphitheater

OVERALL STRUCTURE CONFIGURATION

IMAGE Stuctural component as to show the dome, mast and ring truss.

STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

fspu amphitheater

THE SYSTEM
Synclastic shell, space truss and also cable stayed structure is keyword for the types of structures that we used in this design proposal. By mixing up this three types of structures, then we considered one by one of structure components. Here, with more specifically, we try to come out with structure components such as geodesic dome, mast, space truss and also lamella construction. From the bottom part, we use reinforced concrete as stump. With five(5) stumps positioned and located in diagonal form of pentagon layout, on top of stump surface is a vertical mast which was connected and jointed to the stump. That stump base bolted together with the mast as to tighten up the mast standing while other function to transfer load into ground. Another things that have in this structural system is by the utilization of steel cable. Primary cable is one of the functional cables that connect directly between the mast and the dome. Then guy cable needs as to absorb horizontal component of thrust and transferring the force to the foundation. The dome structure, we try to apply synclastic shell with more detail through the implication of geodesic dome. By using lamella steel construction, helps in creating dome structure which created through the combination of a series of equilateral triangles.

BLACK DIAGRAM Three icons of diagrammatic structure components as to give the information about radius and height.

mast

dome

primary cable

guy cable

fspu amphitheater

STRUCTURAL SYSTEM

IMAGE Conceptual idea of the structure and the envelope which derived from mixture of object and nature.

STRUCTURAL PRINCIPLE
From the top part, geodesic dome constructed with lamella in steel is a surface structure. The load distributed uniformly through the small members of lamella and this load will received by the ring truss. This ring truss is a bit offset from the domes diameter and supported by triangular truss which connected to the vertical mast. That ring truss with specific depth received the load from the top of the dome and distribute horizontally through the triangular truss towards the mast. Then the vertical mast helps in transfering the domes load by connecting the primary cable at a top of mast head through one of the domes steel connectors.

Another cable which known as guy cable used to connect the head of a mast to the boom before reach the anchorage that bolted at ground level. This cable used as its purpose to absorb the horizontal thrust and transferring the force to the foundation. High tensile steel rod is a material used to transfer that load to the base.

geodesic dome with ETFE skin

rounded ring truss

vertical steel mast

fixed reinforced concrete stump

Exploded axonometric of structural components

PERSPECTIVE VIEW + IMAGE[S]

fspu amphitheater
RENDERING Image that show the main structural components which proposed for the faculty void area.

fspu amphitheater

PERSPECTIVE VIEW + IMAGE[S]

IMAGE Aerial view from next void space at the faculty and looking towards the proposed area.

PERSPECTIVE VIEW + IMAGE[S]

fspu amphitheater

THE HANGING View from humans eye level and facing up to the inner surface layer of the dome with ETFE skin cover up the surface.

fspu amphitheater

PERSPECTIVE VIEW + IMAGE[S]

IMAGE Conceptual idea of the structure and the envelope which derived from mixture of object and nature.

CONSTRUCTION DETAILING

fspu amphitheater

fspu amphitheater

CONSTRUCTION DETAILING

CONSTRUCTION DETAILING

fspu amphitheater

fspu amphitheater

CONSTRUCTION DETAILING

ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATION

fspu amphitheater

Our geodesic dome projected out with higher than roof level need to respond to the local climate. By making ETFE (Ethyl Tetra Fluoro Ethylene) as a skin material that wrap up the hemi-spherical dome, it is a best chosen material that we use in this type of design intervention. Our bulky dome that cover almost 97% of void space at facultys amphitheater doesnt restrict and limit the amount of daylight to come in into the area. This ETFE which have good translucency and light transmission qualities in visible and UV ranges more suitable to use at this dome. There is a gap around the dome which allow for transaction of hot and cool air to circulate in proper way. An existing building have a well cross ventilation which help in cooling the void space, and that is the reason why we need that gap as to allow that process of circulating air can continue.

IMAGE Cross section to represent the relationship between the structure and natural elements. Environmental section

fspu amphitheater

CONCLUSION

Sustainable is one of the major issue that respond to the green building. This medium-scale of design intervention test us not only just design and shape appearance, but also touch for environmental aspects. By providing a well proper shelter at this faculty hopefully can help current and future generation of students also lecturers to arrange any type of events more properly and comfortably. Another point is this bulky dome structure may become as a new landmark for this faculty while also can be seen from the busy highway located next to this building.

THE END

abdul hakim abdullah / 2008758019

muhammad muzammil ashanushi / 2008795047

tuan muhammad salam tuan sembok / 2008593285

fspu amphitheater

syamil musadiq mohd asahar / 2008347025

THANK YOU
nurnuha zulfakar / 2008580155