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History: The History of Precast Concrete Forms and its Innovations The history of precast concrete can be traced

back as far as the Ancient Roman Era in which the Romans, looking for ways to strengthen their infrastructure throughout the empire, came across concrete as a suitable material to carry out their architecture design plans. Soon thereafter, they began developing forms allowing them to shape the concrete into many sizes and use them throughout their building process. Many of the ancient Roman infrastructures such as their aqueducts, culverts and tunnels were built on the back of this precast innovation. Although not referred to as precast by Caesar and his legions, this was the first recorded record of this type of structural design. Initially accredited with the official precast concrete design in 1905, Liverpool, England city engineer, John Alexander Brodie, was the first to develop and perfect the idea of using precast concrete forms in modern architectural design. Oddly enough, although the use of precast forms took off at an unbelievable pace throughout Eastern Europe, its uses in British architecture never really gained any traction. www.gpsprecastconcrete.co.uk

precast concrete, Concrete cast into structural members under factory conditions and then brought to the building site. A 20th-century development, precasting increases the strength and finish durability of the member and decreases time and construction costs. Concrete cures slowly; the design strength is usually reached 28 days after initial setting. Using precast concrete eliminates the lag between the time on-site concrete is placed and the time it can carry loads. Precast concrete components include slabs, beams, columns, walls, stairways, modular boxes, and even kitchens and bathrooms with precast fixtures.

prefabrication, the assembly of buildings or their components at a location other than the building site. The method controls construction costs by economizing on time, wages, and materials. Prefabricated units may include doors, stairs, window walls, wall panels, floor panels, roof trusses, room-sized components, and even entire buildings. The concept and practice of prefabrication in one form or another has been part of human experience for centuries; the modern sense of prefabrication, however, dates from about 1905. Until the invention of the gasoline-powered truck, prefabricated unitsas distinct from precut building materials such as stones and logswere of ultralight construction. Since World War I the prefabrication of more massive building elements has developed in accordance with the fluctuation of building activity in the United States, the Soviet Union, and western Europe.

Drawback:
The major drawback to prefabrication is the dilution of responsibility. A unit that is designed in one area of the country may be prefabricated in another and shipped to yet a third area, which may or may not have adequate criteria for inspecting materials that are not locally produced. This fragmentation of control factors increases the probability of structural failure.

www.britannica.com Benefits:
The use of precast concrete in construction is widely regarded as an economic, durable, structurally sound and architecturally versatile form of construction. This field is continuously making efforts to keep up with the demands of modern society: economy, efficiency, technical performance, safety, labor circumstances and environmental friendliness. Compared with traditional construction methods and other building materials, prefabrication as a construction method, and concrete as a material, have a number of positive features. It is an industrialized way of construction, with inherent advantages:

Factory-made products meaning rational and efficient manufacturing processes, skilled workers, repetition of actions, quality surveillance, etc. Optimum use of materials, reuse of molds, less waste material Shorter construction time - less than half of conventional cast in-situ construction Continuing construction in wintertime down to -20C Quality of the people, the plant installations and equipment, the raw materials and operating processes, and the quality control of the execution. Opportunities for good architecture as almost every building can be adapted to the requirements of the builder or the architect. Structural efficiency with longer spans and shallower construction depths offering both flexibility and extended lifetime of buildings Flexibility and adaptability by using solutions which facilitate transformations without major interventions into the loadbearing structure. Fire resistant construction of 60 to 120 minutes and more Environmentally friendly way of building by better use of available building materials, production systems with a reduced environmental burden.

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