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QUESTION BANK Sub Code/Name: Engineering Materials & Metallurgy Year/Sem: II / III UNITIII MECHANICAL PROPERTIES & TESTING

PART A (2 Marks) 1. What are the mechanical properties of materials? Strength, elasticity, plasticity, ductility, brittleness, hardness are some of the mechanical properties of materials. 2. Distinguish between elasticity and plasticity. Deformation which completely disappears as soon as load is removed is elasticity whereas deformation which remains even after removing load is plasticity. 3. Distinguish between brittle fracture and ductile fracture. Fracture which takes place by rapid propagation of crack with negligible deformation is brittle fracture. Fracture which takes place by slow propagation of crack with appreciable plastic deformation is ductile fracture. 4. What properties are determine from tension testing of metallic products? Limit of proportionality, yield point, maximum tensile strength, breaking strength, elongation are some of theproperties determined from tensile testing. 5. Define endurance limit in fatigue test. Endurance limit is defined as the maximum stress which a specimen can endure without failure when the stress is repeated for a specified number of cycles. 6. In general HCP metals are hard and brittle while FCC metals are soft and ductile .Why? FCC structure has a large number of closed packed planes and close-packed directions. So metals possessing FCC structure are more ductile than HCP structure. 7. Draw the sketch of a standard specimen used for charpy V-notch impact testing.

8. Distinguish between slip and twinning. S.No. 1 Slip The deformation takes place due to the sliding of atomic planes over the others. It occurs along individual slip planes. The atomic movements are over large distance. Twinning The deformation is due to orientation of one part of the crystal with respect to the other. It occurs over general crystallographic planes. The atomic movements are over a fraction of atomic spacing.

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There is no change in the orientation Twinned atoms undergo a change in of the atoms after slip has occurred. their orientation and become mirror of the untwined atom. Slip takes place when shear stress reaches resolved critical shear stress. There is no role for resolved critical shear stress

9. How will you express the deformation characteristics of a material through tension testing? The deformation characteristics of a material through tension test expressed as the stress-strain curve. With the help of stress-strain curve, the various tensile properties such as elastic stress, strain, yield strength, ultimate strength, youngs modulus are calculated. 10. What is meant by fatigue fracture?

The fatigue fracture is defined as the fracture which takes place under repeatedly applied fatigue stress. 11. What are factors affecting fatigue strength? Chemical composition, grain size, cold working, temperature, corrosion moisture are some of the factors affecting fatigue strength. 12. What is meant by creep fracture? Creep is defined as the property of a material by virtue of which it deforms continuously under a steady load. 13. What are the factors affecting the creep? Composition, grain size, corrosion are some of the factors affecting creep. 14. What is the attractive feature of Vickers hardness test? Measurements are more accurate, both soft and hard materials can be checked, effective case depth can be measured.