Getting started with Nastran and Patran

Patran is the pre and post processor while Nastran is the solver. Problem statement:  Cantilever beam with 10 inches length , 2 inches width and 0.375 inches thickness  Material specification: Young’s modulus: 30 x 107 pounds/inch2 Poisson’s ration: 0.3  Loading: Axial compressive load of 1000 pounds at the free end , applied at the centre point.

1. Introduction and launching PATRAN
i. PATRAN is a pre and post processing package for the Finite element program NASTRAN. In addition it has the capability of Finite element analysis. We will discuss on how to set up the data for a NASTRAN analysis using PATRAN. It explains how a NASTRAN job can be submitted and after the successful completion of the job how to use the post processing facilities. As usual, log into Hammer using SSH client with your Penn State user id and password. Create a Subdirectory in your home directory and change to that directory Type the command patran to launch PATRAN. You will see a similar window.

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Refresh graphics

Undo Heartbeat

Reset graphic Interrupt


At the top of the main form are the pull-down menus, the on-line help, system icon buttons and the heartbeat. Below that are the application radio buttons, the toolbar icons, the history window area, the text command line. The MSC/PATRAN status indicator is displayed between the interrupt and undo icons. This is the heartbeat. (i). Green means ready and waiting. (ii) Blue means busy, but can be interrupted and (iii) Red means busy but not interruptible. Place the cursor on File and click the left mouse button. Choose from the menu the option New. Click on the box marked `New Database Name' and type Axial. This is the name chosen for the current example. Note that ‘.db’ is automatically appended to the name. This denotes .database.. An empty view port should appear with a black background. The axes will be displayed. The cross hair

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If not then you can use the Apply button to reverse it. Select two lines. Options > 2 Curve. Creating a model i. enter [0 2 0]. iv. Click on the box marked `Model Dimension' and change the 10 to 20. This is done by checking the direction of the normal to the surface i. Select two left side points to create 1 line and then the right end points to create the second line Change Object > Surface. Save your model. a. Check the square button marked `Auto Execute' to make sure it is unset. Click on the box marked `Surface List' and click on the Surface label 1. 2. Then Click on the box marked `Draw Normal Vectors'. Click on the Geometry radio button. To check this change `Action' from `Create' to `Edit'.e the surface's C3 parametric direction. b. If the normal vector is in the same direction as the positive Z axis then the current geometry will create a valid Finite element mesh. ii. f. Note: During above activities. If the normal vector is in the same direction as the positive Z axis then DO NOT click on Apply. The positive surface normal should be in the same direction as the positive Z axis. This can be used selectively on individual surfaces. Method > Curve. This will display the point. Now. the C3 direction is determined by crossing the surface's C1 direction with the C2 direction.0. vi. Only one of the forms can be open at any given time. curve numbers as they are created later. Method > XYZ. Method > Point. Select Action > Create. Now using the middle mouse button tilt the geometry (Hold down the middle mouse button and move the mouse until you can see the direction of the normal vector clearly).0] and [10 2 0] to create four points Change Object > Curve. Clicking on the label of the form which is currently open closes it. Checking the Surface Normal: At this stage it is important to check that the created geometry will give a valid Finite element mesh. Enter [0 0 0] to create the first point (left bottom corner of the beam). change Action > Delete and then select appropriate entity. iii.symbol represents the origin. Notice that “Point ID List’ increments. You will notice that an area is created which looks like a beam. g. [10. Using the right hand rule. d. Change the `Object' to `Surface' and the `Method' to `Reverse’. The vector starts at the centre of the surface and is directed normal to it. This will open the geometry form and display it on the right hand side of the screen. Here the right hand rule is used. e. incase you want to Delete any entities. c. Click on the Show labels icon from the Tool bar. If not the created Finite elements will not be accepted by the analysis module. 2 . The name of the database is displayed at the top of the view port. If you click on the label of another form the currently selected form is closed and the new form is opened. Object > Point. Option > 2 Point. v.

) and then click ‘Apply’ Axial Loading: change Action > Create. Click on the OK button. This needs two subforms to be filled. Action > Create. The user is free to choose a meaningful name for the set. Then in the original form click on the `Select Application Region'. Define a set. Meshing. click ‘Add’ (The label should appear in the box marked `Application Region'.3). Loading and Properties i. Now click on the box marked `Input Data. Click on the Properties to assign the previously specified material properties to the geometry and to specify the thickness of the beam. Object > Displacement. Method > Manual Input. This selection filters the picking. 3 . v. viii. Change the `Type' to `Shell'. iv. Object > Isotropic. Change Action/Object/method to Create/Mesh/Surface. The second subform is for selecting the region to which the boundary condition is applied. Click on the Elements label which will close the Loads/BC form and open the Finite Elements form. Repeat the same with longer sides. The mesh seeds showing how the sides will be divided should appear in the lines. This is to specify which part of the boundary is to be fixed. The mesh is to be created with 4 elements along the shorter sides and 10 elements along the longer sides. Type> Nodal. Click on the box marked `New Set Name' and type Fixed. Surfaces and points will be ignored when you cursor pick entities.. For the present example choose the Quad8 elements.375 in the thickness box. Enter the material name as Steel. Click on the box under the heading `Translations' and enter 3 zeroes separated by spaces between the angled brackets < 0 0 0>. This is the 8-noded quadrilateral element. Type > Uniform. But leave it unchanged for the present. Type> Nodal. Click on the `Input Properties' label. Follow the similar procedure as followed when you applied fixity condition. This is to indicate zero displacements in the 3 directions leave the rest of the data in the default setting. In the new form click on the `Material Name' box and select `steel' from the Material Property Sets. Click on the `Quad 4' setting for `Topology' and look through the available element types. enter the value of -1000 and then select the appropriate node. This should display `m:steel' in the box marked `Material Name'. Select Action > Create.' This will open a new form. Click on the `Standard formulation to look at the other options. ii. Each load and boundary conditions has to be given a set name. Enter the properties (Young’s modulus = 30e6 and Poisson’s ration = 0. Select Action > Create.. vii. Object > Force. In the first of these you specify the type of fixity. Click OK.3. Change `Plane Strain' to `Homogeneous' under Options. Click on the OK button. This is the set name given to the Fixity boundary condition about to be specified. To execute the command you need to click on the Apply button in the original form. In the original form click on the `Select Members' box. vi. Enter a value of 0. Material: Click of Material icon. Now choose the `curve' icon (3rd icon) from the select menu next to the form. Boundary conditions: Click on the Loads/BCs button which will close the Elements form and open the Loads/BCs form.Select the iii. Once you select the left end nodes. Object > Mesh seed. Then choose the `surface or face' icon from the select menu (this is the first icon). Create Mesh Seeds: Mesh seeds tell PATRAN how the mesh is to be generated. Notice that FEM which is selected. Select the Surface and they click ‘Apply’. In this case only lines will be selected. Change the number to 4 and select left and right edges. Type `beam' in the Property Set Name box.

Choose the following contents for the first three items in this window: Action> Analyze Object> Entire Model Method> Full Run. Select Action > Create. iii. Select the available job and then select the result file (<filename. Select the type of result you want to view. Choose for the item 'Data Output': OP2 and Print. Selecting Displacement in Y direction will give you following plot 4 .e. Type > Result Entities. Finally click on the `Apply' button. X component etc. i. check for . Select the Quantity. (this is for X component of Stress) ii. Save your model. Analysis and Results i. Type nastran <filename> scr=yes (include .bdf file (with the name of the file given by you) is created by PATRAN which can be submitted to NASTRAN (which is the solver). von Mises. iv. A new window named 'Analysis' is opened.f04 and .bdf with the filename). Select a default Subcase from the list shown. Say. We view the results using PATRAN. Object > Quick plot. Check Error messages if any. You will see a somewhat similar to this. Then click Apply. Pick the item 'Analysis' from the Application Radio Button.surface.op2. Do not change the default contents of the other items. Now click on the `Add' button and the surface number will now be displayed in the `Application Region’ box. Click Apply.f06 files in your working directory. Wait for the message. If the analysis is completed successfully. translation was successful. click O. Object > Read Output2. A new window named 'Translation Parameters' is opened. you select Stress tensor. 4.op2>).K and ‘Apply’. Select Analysis icon. Click on Results.. Go back to your directory (in SSH Client). a . Pick the item 'Translation Parameters' from the 'Analysis' window. At this point. Change Actions > Access results. Watch the command window to show that. 224G Computer Building Research Computing and Cyberinfrastructure Pennsylvania State University.bdf file. You have the option of selecting the Deformation contour you want. you will see the option of selecting output requests from a pool of options. 5 . When you load the result. University Park PA 16802 Please contact beatnic@aset. While you define if you have any comments/suggestions to this report. If you need any special results other than the default results.You can select different fringe for every result you need. Prepared by: Vikas Argod vikasargod@psu. close the file and Quit from MSC/PATRAN. After you collect as many data you want. you should do define your own Subcase before you create . you can select this Subcase for viewing results you wanted. This is done using Create Subcases option in Analysis form.

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