PartⅠ

Type 1

★ 2010 10주완성 p.24 2번 1
난이도 ★☆☆

빈칸 완성

■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

Writing is a love-hate relationship. You start out hating everything you’re writing, and end up blinded by love for every word you’ve put on paper, or the other way around. So how can you analyze your own work without prejudice? There are certain things you can do to gain some perspective. In order to judge your own work objectively, you must get distance. Putting your work away for a while ─ sometimes weeks or months ─ can allow you to come back not so enamored by it. Falling in love with a new piece of material can also help. It gives you a chance to read it almost as if it’s someone else’s. This is the first, and perhaps most important step, because is the greatest enemy for evaluating your own writing.
① busyness ④ ignorance ② indifference ⑤ familiarity ③ complexity

Points to Master

You start out hating everything [you’re writing], and end up blinded by love / for every word [you’ve put on paper],
S V1
부대상황

V2

부대상황

or the other way around.
→ start out과 end up이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있으며, hating과 blinded는 둘 다 부대상황의 분사구문이다. everything과 every word 다음에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이나 which가 생략되어 있다.

6

영어독해연습(2)

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Type 2

빈칸 완성

정답과 해설 2~3쪽

■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

난이도 ★★☆

The inhabitants of the earth are divided not only by race, nation, religion or ideology, but also, in a sense, by . Examining the present populations of the globe, we find a tiny group who still live, hunting and food-foraging, as men did millennia ago. Others, the vast majority of mankind, depend not on bear-hunting or berry-picking, but on agriculture. They live, in many respects, as their ancestors did centuries ago. These two groups taken together compose perhaps 70 percent of all living human beings. They are the people of the past. By contrast, somewhat more than 25 percent of the earth’s population can be found in the industrialized societies. They lead modern lives. They are products of the first half of the twentieth century, molded by mechanization and mass education, brought up with lingering memories of their own country’s agricultural past. They are, in effect, the people of the present.
① their position in time ③ differences in language ⑤ the degree of education ② their political priorities ④ the prospect of change

Points to Master

Examining the present populations of the globe, we find a tiny group [ who still live, hunting and food-foraging,
S V O(선행사)
관계대명사절 분사구문

as men did millennia ago].
S’ V’

→ Examining은 When we examine을 분사구문으로 만든 것이다. hunting and food-foraging은 부대상황의 분사구문으로 ‘사냥 하고 식량을 찾아다니면서’ 의미이고, as는 양태의 접속사로 라는 ‘~하는 것처럼, ~하는 대로’ 의미이다. 분사구문(hunting and 의 food-foraging)과 as 접속사절 모두 관계대명사절 안에 포함되어 있다.

They are products of the first half of the twentieth century, molded by mechanization and mass education, brought
S V C

형용사구

과거분사

과거분사

up with lingering memories / of their own country’s agricultural past.
형용사구

→ molded와 brought는 앞에 있는 products를 수식하는 과거분사이다. 형용사구 of ~ past는 lingering memories를 수식한다.

01강

7

Type 3

빈칸 완성
난이도 ★☆☆

■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

I had been accustomed to stage work, and I wanted to use a particular light effect, which I had used in the theater, for a film I was then shooting. In the scene in question, a spy came creeping through a curtain, and in order to make the effect more mysterious, I decided to light only half the spy’s face and to leave the rest in darkness. I looked at the result on the screen and found it extraordinarily effective. I was so pleased with this trick of lighting that I used it throughout the film, that is, I used spotlights from one side or the other ─ a method which is now freely practiced. After I had sent the film to the distributor’s office I got a telegram from the manager that surprised me considerably. It ran: ─ ‘Have you gone mad? Do you suppose we can sell a film for its full price if ?’
① it isn’t up-to-date enough ② you only show half a man ③ it doesn’t have special effects ④ you insert any ideology into it ⑤ it doesn’t fit to the predefined design

Points to Master

In the scene in question, a spy came creeping / through a curtain, and in order to make the effect more mysterious,
부사구

S1

V1

등위접속사

I decided to light only half the spy’s face / and to leave the rest in darkness.
S2 V2 O1(명사적 용법의 to부정사구) O2(명사적 용법의 to부정사구)

→ come -ing는 ‘~하며 오다’ 의미이고, make는 불완전타동사이므로 목적격보어 more mysterious가 쓰였다. decided의 목적어 의 to light와 to leave가 병렬로 연결되어 있다.

I was so pleased with this trick of lighting / that I used it throughout the film, that is, I used spotlights / from one
S1 V1
동격

S’
관계대명사절

V’

O’

side or the other – a method [which is now freely practiced].
→ pleased with ~와 so ~ that 구문이 결합하여 so pleased with ~ that이 되었다. it은 앞의 this trick of lighting을 가리킨다. - (dash)는 종종, 동격이나 부연 설명을 할 때 사용되는 문장 부호이다.

8

영어독해연습(2)

www.ebsi.co.kr

Type 4

연결사 넣기

정답과 해설 3~4쪽

■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?

난이도 ★★☆

A firm’s researchers have learned a great deal by watching many parents changing their babies. During one study, they realized that most moms and dads struggled to hold their babies still while reaching for the diaper, wipes, articles of clothing, and the like. The problem became particularly acute for parents who were “on the go,” changing their infants at a location outside the home. , the firm redesigned its travel pack for baby (A) wipes. The new packaging enables parents to remove a wipe with only one hand, thus enabling the moms and dads to always keep their other hand on the child. , the (B) company’s researchers watched as parents had difficulty opening the baby wash bottle while bathing their children because they had only one hand free. Again, the firm redesigned the bottle so that a parent could open it and dispense the liquid with only one hand.
(A) However However Therefore Therefore In other words (B) For instance Nonetheless Similarly For instance Similarly

① ② ③ ④ ⑤

…… …… …… …… ……

Points to Master

During one study, they realized [that most moms and dads struggled / to hold their babies still / while reaching
S V
목적절

S’

V’

= while they were reaching

for the diaper, wipes, articles of clothing, and the like].
→ 타동사 realized의 목적어가 되는 that절(that ~ like) 안에서 while 다음에는 「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 생략되었다. hold는 가 불완전타동사로 ‘유지하다’ 의미이고, still은 형용사로 의 ‘움직이지 않는’ 의미이며 hold의 목적격보어이다. 의

(B)

, the company’s researchers watched [as parents had difficulty / opening the baby wash bottle /
S V
부사절

S’1 V’2 O’2

V’1 O.C.’2

O’1

while bathing their children / because they had only one hand free].
= while they were bathing S’2

→ 시간의 접속사 as가 이끄는 부사절 안에「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 생략된 부사절(while bathing their children)과 이유의 가 부사절(because ~ free)이 들어 있는 문장이다. because절 안에 있는 have는 불완전타동사로 ‘유지하다’ 의미이고, free는 형 의 용사로 had의 목적격보어이다.

01강

9

→ 관계대명사 which는 artists were not previously differentiated from artisans를 선행사로 받는 기능으로 사용되었다. given 다음에 두 개의 that절이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있다. 10 영어독해연습(2) . which was appropriate / given that S V 목적절 S’ V’ given에 연결됨 ~을 고려할 때[하면] almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing / and that individuality was not expected or highly valued].★ 2010 고득점N제 p. who became the queen of Spain. all humanly made things were works of art. given that은 접속사적으로 사용되었으며. that is. only one of which was published in his lifetime. ① leave their home country ② establish their independence ③ spend money on education ④ hide their lack of knowledge ⑤ be allowed to enter the court Points to Master This implies [that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. Between 1704 and 1744 he composed 300 church cantatas. Domenico Scarlatti. It means that artists could not by the mid-1700s. was a church composer who had to produce new music on a weekly basis. a contemporary of Bach wrote more than 600 harpsichord sonatas for Maria Barbara. Artists were often directed in what to do and when to do it. Only 30 were published during his lifetime. for example. which was appropriate given that almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing and that individuality was not expected or highly valued. Bach.61 158번 Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In earlier times the term art was used to distinguish works of art from works of nature.S. J. This implies that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans.

www. the basic economic model of labor generally treats working men and women as rats in a maze: work is assumed to be . 의 ~ all [the rat (person) wants to do] / is to get to the food / with as little effort as possible / and to rest on a full belly S ▲ 관계대명사절 V C1 C2 / for the most time possible . and all the rat (person) wants to do is to get to the food with as little effort as (B) possible and to rest on a full belly for the most time possible. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Children think of their potential future occupations in terms of what they will be (firefighters. This suggests that our jobs are an integral part of our .ebsi. behavioral economists. 시대착오의 (A) ① identity ② identity ③ strategy ④ culture ⑤ culture …… …… …… …… …… (B) annoying substantial annoying substantial constant Points to Master Among adult Americans. It seems that many people find pride and meaning in their jobs. doctors. ~하 는 것과 같이’ 의미이다. not merely a way to (A) make money in order to keep a roof over our heads and food in our mouths. “What do you do?” has become as common a component of an introduction as the anachronistic “How do you do?” once was. → as +형용사+ a an〕 「 〔 +명사`+ as + S + V」 구문으로 앞의 as는 부사이고 뒤의 as는 비교를 나타내는 접속사로 ‘~하는 것만큼. Among adult Americans. or what have you). -able -ible〕 끝나는 형용사는 명사 앞에 최상급이 있을 때 대체로 명사 뒤에 둔다. not about the amount of money they will earn. → 주어 all 다음에 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있고 보어인 to get ~ possible과 to rest ~ possible이 병렬로 연결되어 있 다. 〔 로 01강 11 . teachers. In contrast. anachronistic 시대에 뒤진.co.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 4~5쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). “ What do you do ?” / has become / as common a component of an introduction [ as 부사구 S S’ V’ V C 비교 접속사 the anachronistic ”How do you do?” once was].

There is a solid mathematical basis for the observation that age often correlates with conservatism: . 12 영어독해연습(2) . that interval of 730 days represents / a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date. It represents over 13 percent of the boy’s lifetime. Asking the child to wait two hours for a piece of candy may be the equivalent of asking the mother to wait twelve hours for a cup of coffee. two hours in the life of a fouryear-old may be the felt equivalent of twelve hours in the life of her twenty-four-year-old mother. It is hardly strange [that to the boy / the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father]. that interval of 730 days represents a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date. conservatism 보수적 성향. It is hardly strange that to the boy the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father. 전체 문장의 주어는 that ~ days이며. Similarly. When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son that he will have to wait two years before he can have a car of his own. that interval에서 that은 지시형용사이다. 보수주의 ① the meaning of age varies across cultures ② time passes more swiftly for the old ③ you can’t teach an old dog new tricks ④ one is able to add formulas to knowledge ⑤ we can’t reach old age by another man’s road Points to Master [When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son / that he will have to wait two years / before he can have 부사절 S’1 V’1 S V tells의 목적절 ▲ S’2 V’2 O 부사절 S’3 V’3 a car of his own]. → 부사절 내의 직접목적어가 되는 that절 안에 다시 부사절 before ~ own이 들어 있고. 가주어 V C 진주어 S’ V’ C’ → It은 가주어이고 that ~ father가 진주어이다.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Older people are even more likely to react strongly against any further acceleration of change. 접속사 than 전후로 to the boy와 to the father가 비교되고 있다.

staff members wait too long to bring (B) these small problems to the attention of others. they often try to address it on their own. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate.www. 의 01강 13 . such as changes in heart rate. . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Hospitalized patients often display subtle warning signs six to eight hours before a cardiac arrest. S V 목적절 S’1 V’1 O’1 within six hours of a cardiac arrest. yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems / to the attention 부사구 S’2 V’2 O’2 of a doctor / in only 25% of those situations]. Meanwhile.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 5~6쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). During this time. small problems begin to arise. bring ~ to one’s attention은 ‘~을 …가 주목하게 하 다’ 의미이다. One study found that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs. rather than bringing their concerns to the attention of others. → found의 목적절 안에 등위접속사 yet으로 연결된 절이 또 있는 문장이다. yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems to the attention of a doctor in only 25% of those situations. hospital personnel do not necessarily notice the (A) symptoms. .co. If they notice a problem.ebsi. blood pressure. and mental status. cardiac arrest 심장박동 정지 (A) However However Moreover Moreover For example (B) In short Similarly Instead In short Instead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master One study found [that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs. the patient’s health continues to deteriorate during this window of opportunity when an intervention could perhaps prevent a crisis. within six hours of a cardiac arrest.

이때 how는‘~하는 방식’ 의미로 the way. In one plant. the plant manager met every week with supervisors and employees in each department to make announcements and answer questions. the way that. V S ~하는 방식 S’ V’ → how가 이끌고 있는 절은 전치사 in의 목적어가 된다. But there were big differences in how the corporate leaders communicated after the scary announcement. → to make ~는 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의미를 나타내는 to부정사구로 두 개의 동사원형 make와 answer가 병렬로 연결되어 있다. The plant published a weekly newsletter with updates about the merger and had a hotline to answer employees’ questions.PartⅠ 2 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The virtues of are seen in research on how employees in two nearly identical manufacturing plants responded to unexpected news: Their parent corporation was merging with another big company. and reported superior job performance ─ while no such improvements occurred at the other plant. less stressed. ① strong loyalties ③ careful explanations ⑤ uncomplicated strategies ② cooperative teams ④ controllable challenges Points to Master But there were big differences in [ how the corporate leaders communicated / after the scary announcement]. stress. 의 14 영어독해연습(2) . The researchers surveyed employees right after the announcement and found that it provoked widespread dissatisfaction. In the second. the plant manager met / every week / with supervisors and employees / in each department / to make ▲ announcements and answer questions. the way 이란 in which로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. In the second. and distrust in both plants. employees in the “high communication” plant felt more secure about their jobs. employees received only vague communications during the subsequent three months. As the program kicked in.

for John and his family. hiking.kr 정답과 해설 7~8쪽 난이도 ★★☆ John Meyer.ebsi. V → made가 이끄는 과거분사구는 주어인 The journey를 수식한다.★ 2009 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅰ) p. They spend unstructured days amid the lakes and islands. It does not matter that it takes three times longer than flying. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사 a single track을 부연 설명한다.” Now. instead of hopping on a cheap flight to Spain. enjoying breakfast in bed while chugging past some of the world’s most beautiful scenery . John and his family board a sleeper train from London to the west coast of Scotland.” says John. cooking or just dreaming. and to travel / in a more leisurely way.co. which curves so that the back of the train is visible from the front ─ is a key part of the trip. not the means to get there ③ requires them to plan the trip thoroughly ④ makes it difficult to visit tourist attractions ⑤ is more economical in time and expenses Points to Master ~ but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook [what’s on your doorstep]. chug (칙칙 소리를 내며) 천천히 가다 ① is more expensive than they expected ② is the end. 02강 15 . “The decision was partly driven by a concern for the environment. [which curves / so that the back of the train is visible / from the S front] – is a key part of the trip. “but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook what’s on your doorstep. 목적절 → not to overlook ~ doorstep과 to travel ~ way는 a desire를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. decided never to take a vacation by air. an international development expert. The journey itself– made partly on a single track. The journey itself ─ made partly on a single track. and to travel in a more leisurely way.52 4번 Type 2 빈칸 완성 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www.

원형부정사를 목적격보어로 취하고 있다. 전치사(~에도 불구하고) 동격절 → When이 이끄는 부사절에 쓰인 두개의 동사 sees는 지각동사로. remove와 hide는 목적 어 an adult에 대한 목적격보어로 병렬 구조를 이룬다.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In the 1920s. she expects that her playmate will later look for the cookie in the drawer ─ despite the fact that her playmate was not in the room when the adult moved the cookie to the drawer from the jar. and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. Without a distinction between things in the world and things in the mind. that her playmate was ~ from the jar는 the fact와 동격을 이루고 있 는 명사절이다. hence she tends to believe that things really are as they appear to be ─ and that therefore. the psychologist Jean Piaget noticed that the young child often fails to distinguish between her perception of an object and the object’s actual properties. she expects [that her playmate / will later look for the cookie / in the drawer] S V 목적절 – despite the fact [that her playmate was not in the room ~ from the jar]. . 16 영어독해연습(2) . When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a S’ 원형부정사2 V’1 원형부정사 V’2 원형부정사1 cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. the child cannot understand how different minds can contain different things. ① others must see the things as she does ② there is something that exists unnoticed ③ all properties of an object are not constant ④ everybody knows what the world looks like ⑤ she cannot learn about the things through senses Points to Master When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. Why? Because the two-year-old child knows the cookie is in the drawer and thus expects that everyone else knows this as well.

and we continue to visit the doctor’s office. Yet our customs have not caught up with our technology. computers outperform physicians. 분사 분사구문 → with +명사구+ 분사」구문에서 명사구인 the nonmaterial culture와 lag 사이에 의미상 능동의 관계가 성립하므로 현재분사인 「 lagging이 쓰였다. Sometimes nonmaterial culture never catches up. playing a game of catch-up. with the nonmaterial culture 목적절을 이끄는 접속사 with 명사구 lagging behind. . 02강 17 . A striking example is our nine-month school year. we rigorously hold onto (B) some outmoded form ─ one that once was needed.ebsi.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 8~9쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). with the nonmaterial culture lagging behind. Today when few people farm and there is no need for the school year to be so short. playing a game of catch-up은 분사구문으로 부대상황을 나타낸다. Most parents were farmers. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ William Ogburn pointed out that a group’s material culture usually changes first.co. In some tests. → some outmoded form을 부연 설명하는 대명사 one은 두 개의 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. but that long ago was bypassed by technology. the school year matched the labor-intensive technology of the time. ~ we rigorously hold onto some outmoded form – one [ that / once / was needed]. playing a game of catch-up]. In the past. when we get (A) sick. (A) Furthermore For example However For example However (B) Likewise Likewise Instead Instead Nevertheless ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master William Ogburn pointed out [ that a group’s material culture usually changes first. but [ that / long ago / was 선행사 관계대명사절1 관계대명사절2 bypassed by technology ]. we could type our symptoms into a computer and get an immediate diagnosis and a recommended course of treatment. once와 long ago는 부사(구) 들이다. we still live with this cultural lag.www. who needed their children’s help at the crucial times of planting and harvesting. .

an authority on queues. says Richard Larson. You have the stress of joining a line with a high likelihood that somebody who’s joined a queue next to you will get served before you. If you have the multiple lines. which uses multiple lines. This is why. There’s a theorem in queuing theory that says the average wait in either configuration is the same. “If you have the single serpentine line. Why? . any number of companies – from banks to fast-food 이것이 ~한 이유이다(이런 이유로 ~하다) 동격 명사구 S’ 관계대명사절 from A to B chains – have switched from systems [in which multiple lines feed multiple servers] to a single. than in a shorter line at McDonald’s. that이 이끄는 절은 a high likelihood의 동격 명사절이다. says Larson. 동사구에 쓰인 from systems ‘ 의 은 A로부터 B로(변화)’ 의미로 쓰이고 있다. you’re guaranteed first come. V’ from A(선행사) to B → why절의 주어를 수식하는 from banks to fast-food chains는 A에서 B에 이르는(범위)’ 의미로. 18 영어독해연습(2) . you have what happens at McDonald’s at lunchtime. any number of companies ─ from banks to fast-food chains ─ have switched from systems in which multiple lines feed multiple servers to a single. People get really irritated with that. ‘ 의 ~ to a single. V’ → with a high likelihood ~ before you는 a line을 수식하고 있으며. says Richard Larson. where a single line is used. Yet people prefer the single line. serpentine line You have the stress of joining a line [with a high likelihood [that somebody [who’s joined a queue next to you] ▲ S’(선행사) 관계대명사절 will get served / before you]]. first served. serpentine line. serpentine line. an authority on queues.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? What seems to annoy us in queues is seeing people get ahead.” serpentine 구불구불한 theorem 법칙 ① Service efficiency ③ Optical illusion ⑤ Social justice ② Time perception ④ Brand recognition Points to Master This is why. so much so that they have said they would be willing to wait in a longer line at Wendy’s.

a district attorney / is seen / as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal .kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 9~11쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Regardless of expertise.www. this was exactly the outcome ─ as long as the speaker was advocating less power for law enforcement agencies. and S V 비교급+ than ~ (~보다 더 …한) therefore as more persuasive. it is important that a communicator be perceived as unbiased and trustworthy. But what if the criminal argues in favor of strengthened law enforcement? In this case. Abrahams. Aronson. as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal과 as more persuasive (than a criminal)가 병렬 구조로 연결되어 있다. 비교급(+than ~) → see A as B(A를 B로 생각하다. and therefore as more persuasive. about의 목적절을 이끄는 whether는 ‘~일지’ 의미이다. 간주하다)」 「 구문의 수동태로. and Rottman. the criminal becomes quite persuasive. a district attorney is seen as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal.ebsi. 02강 19 . ① boldly challenge criticism ② speak for the minority groups ③ be contrary to their self-interest ④ be unaffected by popular opinions ⑤ correspond with their political conviction Points to Master Consider / a situation [in which a district attorney and a criminal / are each making statements / about [whether 명령형 동사 선행사 관계대명사절 목적절 law enforcement agencies should be strengthened]]. Normally. 의 Normally. One way that communicators can encourage this perception is to argue for positions that seem to . Communicators are seen as especially trustworthy when they have little to gain from the particular stance they adopt. → in which가 이끄는 절은 선행사 a situation을 수식한다. Consider a situation in which a district attorney and a criminal are each making statements about whether law enforcement agencies should be strengthened.co. In a study by Walster.

to부정사구가 진목적어가 된다. Ongoing protests in the United States and elsewhere around the world against the World Trade Organization and other forces of globalization have been largely about such exporting of massive environmental and social costs of production. Making matters worse. A similar factory in Mexico might have far less responsibility for pollution control. A factory in the United States. for example. the environmental costs of the plywood / are usually exported / to places [where 설상가상으로 선행사 관계부사절 there are few legal controls / on pollution and resource extraction]. where가 이끄는 관계부사절의 주어 는 few legal controls이며 동사는 are이다. ~보다 → make + it +목적격보어+ to부정사」 「 구문이 사용되고 있는데 it은 가목적어이며. is legally bound to minimize its production of air and water pollution. making it cheaper to produce goods there than in the United States. The environmental costs of producing those hardwood products occur far from the consumer who buys a piece of cheap Brazilian plywood. ① it spreads pollution around the world ② it externalizes costs on a grand scale ③ domestic industries can be seriously damaged ④ some costs are difficult to measure and quantify ⑤ economies in only wealthy countries are stimulated Points to Master Making matters worse.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A problem with international trade is that . [ making it cheaper to 비교급 강조 분사구문(부대상황) produce goods there / than in the United States]. consider 등이 있다. A similar factory in Mexico / might have far less responsibility / for pollution control. Pollution control can be expensive. Tropical hardwood products can be sold extremely cheaply in the United States. 이와 같은 구문을 만드는 동사에는 make 이외에 think. the environmental costs of the plywood are usually exported to places where there are few legal controls on pollution and resource extraction. 관계부사 다음에는 완전한 문장이 이어진다는 사실에 유의한다. find. V’ S’ → Making matters worse는 독립분사구문으로 To make matters worse로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. 20 영어독해연습(2) . 목적격보어인 cheaper는 뒤에 오는 than과 함께 비교급 구문을 이룬다. and internalizing this cost makes a factory less profitable.

kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 11~12쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). Volunteers in one study took (A) a test and were then given the opportunity to provide hints that would either help or hinder a friend’s performance on the same test. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ The tendency to seek information about those who have done more poorly than we have is especially pronounced when the stakes are high. Apparently. → to come ~ first는 the good taste를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. they become the perfect (B) standard for comparison. we may go out and them.ebsi. Apparently. when our friends do not have the good taste to come in last so that we can enjoy the good taste of coming in first. Although volunteers helped their friends when the test was described as a game.www. sabotage (고의로) ~을 방해하다 (A) create create provoke attract attract (B) rage failure abandonment inattention lead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Volunteers in one study / took a test and were then given the opportunity [to provide hints [that would ▲ 선행사 관계대명사절 either help or hinder a friend’s performance / on the same test]]. either A or B A. 이때 A와 B에는 동사원형인 help와 hinder처럼 문법적으로 동일 의 한 요소가 와야 한다. 선행사 hints를 수식하는 관계대명사절에는 「either A or B(A 또는 B)」 상관접속사 구문이 쓰이고 있는데. 의 02강 21 . Once we’ve successfully sabotaged their performances and ensured their . when our friends / do not have the good taste [to come in last / so that we can enjoy / the good taste ▲ so that +주어+ can + 동사원형 of coming in first] ~. And if we can’t find people who are doing more poorly than we are. they actively hindered their friends when the test was described as an important measure of intellectual ability. B의 공통 목적어 → to provide ~는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사로 명사 the opportunity를 수식한다.co.「so that +주어+can +동사원형」 은‘목적(~할 수 있도록)’ 의미를 나타낸다. we give them a friendly push in the appropriate direction.

and it’s fun. ① formal ④ delightful ② stressful ⑤ expensive ③ revealing Points to Master Psychologists often point out [that when it comes to child-rearing.PartⅠ 3 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In many famous films. 22 영어독해연습(2) . what goes around / comes around]: those [who S 관계대명사절 V ~에 관한 한 S’1 주격 관계대명사절 주격 are raised with criticism] become critical . By watching how someone’s parents treat her and how she treats them. The family dinner can be extremely if it’s attended by someone’s parents. It’s the perfect forum for drama. S’2)을 who로 이어지는 주격 관계대명사절이 각각 꾸며주고 있다. and children. especially if the family isn’t your own. Psychologists often point out that when it comes to childrearing. you can get a good feel for the person’s background. you can get a good feel for [how she’s ~으로써 ~을 잘 알다 likely to treat others]. you can get a good feel for how she’s likely to treat others. By watching [how someone’s parents treat her] and [how she treats them]. 전치사 for의 목적절 → how someone’s parents treat her와 how she treats them이 각각 앞에 있는 watching의 목적어 역할을 하고 있다. and those who are raised with love become caring. and by whom. what goes around comes around: those who are raised with criticism become critical. 주어 역할을 하는 those들(S’1. For one thing. How someone was raised. siblings. the crucial scene takes place around the family dinner table. which is a key predictive factor. V’1 C’1 S’2 V’2 C’2 → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절이 point out의 목적어 역할을 하고 있고. and those [who are raised with love] become caring. will have a tremendous influence on the type of person she is.

I own a mobile phone. I find myself hiding behind e-mail to do a job meant for conversation. what은 선행사를 포함하 는 관계대명사로서 the thing which로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. and an e-mail account. 03강 23 . and an e-mail account를 가리키고. I find myself hiding behind e-mail / to do a job meant for conversation. → 현재분사 hiding은 동사 find의 목적격보어 역할을 하고 있다. The technology devoted to helping me keep in touch with others . I just leave the answer on her cell phone. a credit card. They are great for what they are intended to do. Pumping gas at the station? Why say good morning to the assistant when you can swipe your credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact? More and more. What good is all this incredible technology if there is no one in the room to hear me crying out “Incredible”? ① gives me freedom ② is making me lazy ③ has advanced a lot ④ has made me lonely ⑤ helped me smile again Points to Master More and more . a credit card.co.★ 2010 인터넷수능 고득점 외국어영역 300제 p.14 39번 Type 2 빈칸 완성 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www.kr 정답과 해설 12~13쪽 난이도 ★☆☆ With text messages.C. 점점 더 S V O O. If my mom has a question. S V C → 주어 They는 앞 문장에 나오는 a mobile phone.ebsi. They are great / for what they are intended to do. you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone. It’s their unintended results that make me sad.

The other person willingly shared. snooping 염탐 morsel (음식 따위의) 한입. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe.C. 소량 ① can be selfish just as humans are ② need to be treated in a respectful way ③ assess us in terms of how generous we are ④ are smarter than humans in certain circumstances ⑤ have more energy and better health while on an organic diet Points to Master To test their hypothesis. [When the beggar asked for a bite]. 24 영어독해연습(2) . The dogs decided to beg from the charitable person five times as often as from the stingy one. When the beggar left the room and the dogs were freed. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe. saying no and flicking one hand. food sharing interactions between humans. During each trial. To test their hypothesis. saying no and flicking one hand. 부사절 S’ V’ S V O 분사구문 → saying no와 flicking one hand는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며 부대상황을 나타내는 분사구문이다. When the beggar asked for a bite.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Animal cognition researcher Sarah Marshall Pescini and her colleagues at the University of Milan believe that dogs do indeed engage in interspecies snooping.「allow + O + to V」 는‘(목적어)가 ~하게 하다. between humans. “It was intriguing to discover that dogs . 허락하다’ 의 라는 미이다. a human “beggar” repeatedly approached two other people holding bowls of aromatic sausages. saying “have it” while offering a morsel. one of the sausage keepers rejected her. one of the sausage keepers / rejected her. one by one. one by one.” Marshall Pescini says. → To test their hypothesis는 부사적 용법의 부정사구(목적)이고. they could approach either one of the people. food sharing interactions / to부정사구 S V O O. each still holding bowls of sausage.

it is more than just an inflation hedge. When real rates are negative.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 13~14쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). → it can 다음에는 앞에 있는 동사 increase가 생략되었다. inflation hedge 인플레이션 대비책 per se 그 자체가 negative real interest rate 마이너스 실질금리 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) However However Similarly Therefore Therefore …… …… …… …… …… (B) Thus Moreover Thus Moreover Conversely Points to Master Investors should understand [that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge].www. the way it can paper or electronic dollars. and historically gold has been the surest choice. you lose money by parking it in cash or in interest-bearing bills or bonds.co. 부사구 S V C to부정사구 → to keep pace with rising prices는 형용사적 용법의 부정사구이다. gold has been one of the only investments to keep pace with rising prices. 03강 25 . gold has been one of the only investments / to keep pace with rising prices. it turns out that the real force behind gold’s rise is not inflation per se but rather negative real interest rates. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Investors should understand that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge. . the way it can / paper or electronic dollars. During periods of inflation. During periods of inflation. which generally accompany inflationary surges. because the federal government cannot S V O’ 목적절 S’ ~하는 식으로 V’ increase / the nation’s supply of gold at whim].ebsi. money flees to (B) investments that keep pace with inflation. When you (A) examine the various economic relationships more closely. because the federal government cannot increase the nation’s supply of gold at whim. .

and sauce) / and asks him to think of a single word S V1 I. led by the prefrontal cortex. 주격 관계대명사절 → gives와 asks의 주어는 he이고 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며. crab.O. prefrontal cortex 전두엽 피질 epiphany 직관. the familiar “aha!” moment. 26 영어독해연습(2) . a cognitive psychologist at Northwestern University. People have no idea how they came up with the necessary word. has spent the last fifteen years trying to understand how the brain. Nevertheless. Nevertheless. S V S’ V’ O’ → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 동사 found의 목적어 역할을 하고. Jung-Beeman’s experiments go like this: he gives a subject three different words (such as pine. and sauce) and asks him to think of a single word that could form a compound word or phrase with all three. What’s interesting about this type of verbal puzzle is that the answers often arrive in a flash of insight. ~와 같은 V2 O2 선행사 [that could form a compound word or phrase with all three]. crab. every successful insight was preceded by the same sequence of cortical events. itself는 앞에 있는 the mind를 가리킨다. manages to come up with . D. Jung-Beeman found that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany.O.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Mark Jung-Beeman. a single word가 뒤에 있는 주격 관계대명사절의 수 식을 받고 있다. 통찰 ① ideas for stories ② such creative solutions ③ our own linguistic structures ④ statistical data about the words ⑤ psychological explanations of conflicts Points to Master ~ he gives a subject three different words ( such as pine. ~. He wants to f ind the neural source of our breakthrough. Jung-Beeman found [that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany].

and “because (A) all the windows were closed to prevent ear infections. and hold the babies one by one. None of these babies smiled. → When이 이끄는 부사절에서 clean. [When Elaine and other volunteers / began to clean. and hold the babies one by one].co. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One volunteer from Seattle who worked in a Rumanian orphanage was shocked when she first arrived to find the babies tightly swathed in blankets and lying in cribs with bottles propped against the railings.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 14~16쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). 분사 swathed와 lying은 앞에 있는 the babies의 상태를 나타내며 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다.ebsi. there was an overpowering stench. hold는 앞에 있는 began to에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. however. feed. 분사구문(부대상황) → to find는 결과를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사이고. after four days they noticed the infants responding with some degree of . swathe (천으로) 감다. 싸다 crib 유아용 침대 stench 악취 (A) human contact human contact natural immunity cognitive ability cognitive ability (B) hostility pleasure hostility pleasure indifference ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master One volunteer from Seattle [who worked in a Rumanian orphanage] was shocked [when she first arrived / to find S 주격 관계대명사절 V 부사절 to부정사 the babies tightly swathed in blankets / and lying in cribs / with bottles propped against the railings]. 03강 27 .” she remembers sadly. Researchers are currently trying to discover how much recovery is possible in (B) orphans and other children deprived of loving touch in their formative infant and toddler years. however. after four days / S’ V’ 한 명씩 부사구 they noticed the infants responding with some degree of S V O (B) . feed.www. feed. All of their faces were expressionless.” Elaine recalls. When Elaine and other volunteers began to clean. “They had very little .

not looking like a superhero. not looking like a superhero. 관계대명사절 V(명령형 동사) 선행사 = why 관계부사절 → 동명사구 disappointing people. another issue is that they haven’t just learned to let go and give a flat refusal. → 주격 관계대명사절 that 이하가 앞에 있는 the things를 꾸며주고 있으며. I’ve worked with senior executives who are killing themselves working way too many hours. You would be surprised at how many people in very big jobs have not yet figured this out. I congratulate you. ② Practice the art of saying no. While the demands are great. 28 영어독해연습(2) .Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? If you’re already doing this. ⑤ Organize your business to increase productivity. 그리고 just letting go of things는 전치사 about에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. ③ Follow the orders of your superiors. not looking like a superhero. succeed와 move는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루 고 있다. or just letting go of things [that ~이든 아니든 동명사구1 동명사구2 동명사구3 선행사 목적격 you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore]. or just letting go of things that you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. think about the reasons [ that it is hard to refuse]. Refusing requests can free you to do the things that will help you to succeed and move your organization forward. And then think about what would happen if you could instead say yes to your highest priorities. Points to Master Refusing requests can free you / to do the things [that will help you to succeed and move your organization S V O 주격 관계대명사절 forward]. ④ Build close relationships with others. think about the reasons that it is hard to refuse. ① Work as hard as possible.

.” [skills we all need to live well in S V C S’ V’ the world].” He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women. 03강 29 .ebsi. simply being manipulative should not be seen as socially intelligent. psychologist Edward Thorndike created the original formulation of “social intelligence. skills 뒤에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있다. 풋내기의 con man 사기꾼. .” skills we all need to live well in the world.co. callow 미숙한. In my view. This concept lets us look beyond the individual to understand what actually transpires as people interact. we might think of (B) “social intelligence” as a shorthand term for being intelligent not just about our relationships but also in them. Even now some descriptions of social intelligence offer no distinctions between the callow aptitudes of a con man and the genuinely caring acts that enrich healthy relationships.www.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 16~17쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).C. what 이하 절이 앞에 있는 understand의 목적어 역할을 한다. S V O O. 거짓말쟁이 (A) However However Therefore Moreover Moreover (B) Otherwise Instead Otherwise Instead Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women. that definition also allows (A) pure manipulation to be considered a mark of interpersonal talent. 목적절 ~할 때 → 사역동사 lets 뒤에 목적격보어로 원형부정사 look이 나왔고. This concept lets us look beyond the individual / to understand [what actually transpires as people interact]. → the ability to understand and manage men and women은 뒤에 있는 skills 이하와 동격 관계에 있으며. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Way back in 1920.

and on the left-hand side write down a task you’re forced to perform at work that feels devoid of meaning. Keep going until you get to a result that is . → to the larger picture와 to a goal ~은 동격 관계이며. you can connect every small thing / you do / to the larger picture. 30 영어독해연습(2) . If you’re a law professor and you hate administrative work. you can connect every small thing you do to the larger picture. devoid of ~이 없는 ① original ④ flexible ② routine ⑤ meaningful ③ contradictory Points to Master Turn a piece of paper horizontally. Then ask yourself: What is the purpose of this task? What will it accomplish? Draw an arrow to the right and write this answer down. draw your arrow until you can connect it to something you do care about. If what you wrote still seems unimportant. → 두 개의 관계대명사절이 선행사 a task를 수식하고 있는데. to a goal that keeps you motivated and energized.PartⅠ 4 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Try this exercise: Turn a piece of paper horizontally. to a goal [ that keeps you motivated (that) you do 주격 관계대명사 and energized]. and on the left-hand side / write down a task [you’re forced to perform at work] V1 주격 관계대명사 O1 V2 O2 목적격 관계대명사절 [ that feels devoid of meaning]. keep +목적어+목적격보어」 구문에서 두 개의 과거분사가 병렬 구조를 「 의 이루며 목적격보어로 사용되고 있다. 앞의 관계대명사절은 목적격 관계대명사 that[which]이 생략되어 있다. In this way. like providing a new generation of young lawyers with the resources they need to succeed. In this way. ask yourself again: What does this result lead to? Draw another arrow and write this down.

that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 the likelihood의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다. The greater the number of factors operating. the greater the likelihood / that some variable will alter the rate the +비교급 ~. The greater the number of factors operating . then not much change is to be expected. which in turn are a consequence of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it. Asians believe that things are constantly changing. the greater the likelihood that some variable will alter the rate of change or even reverse its direction. operating과 direction 뒤에 각각 동사 is 「 의 가 생략되어 있다. If change is occurring. which in turn are a consequence / of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it . the +비교급 … 현재분사로 factors 수식 동격절의 접속사 = change of change / or even reverse its direction.ebsi. But if the world seems to be a highly complicated place because we’re noticing so much.co. 더 …하다)」 구문이 사용되고 있는데. 계속적 용법의 관계대명사 ~대 (~에 대비하여) = the environment → which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사인 different understandings about ~에 대한 부연 설명을 덧붙이고 있는데 and they로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. 04강 31 . the +비교급 …(~하면 할수록.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 17~18쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ While Westerners believe that things don’t change much. These differing assumptions about change can be derived from different understandings about . then there is no reason to assume that it will do anything but continue in the same direction. If the world appears a simple place because we’re not paying attention to much of it. ① the likelihood of time travel ② the complexity of the world ③ the creation of the universe ④ the relativity of time and space ⑤ the meaning of property ownership Points to Master These differing assumptions about change / can be derived from different understandings about ~에서 기원하다 . then stability will be the exception and change will be the rule. → the +비교급 ~.www.

” said Greenfield. They eventually discovered that when he was a baby. This would have made little difference to the eye of an adult. But in a young baby. As far as the ophthalmologists could tell. they were treated by the brain as though they weren’t there at all. his eye was perfectly normal.” ophthalmologist 안과 의사 ① the boy had eyesight similar to that of an adult ② two weeks was too short for treating an infection ③ the boy would recover from eye surgery immediately ④ the minor infection hadn’t influenced the boy’s eyesight ⑤ the boy would not be using the eye for the rest of his life Points to Master Because the neurons / serving the bandaged eye / were not being used / during this crucial period of S’ S V 마치 ~처럼(= as if) V’ not ~ at all: 전혀 ~아닌 development. 32 영어독해연습(2) . “Sadly. they were treated by the brain / as though they weren’t there at all . The cause of his blindness was a mystery. The treatment included having the eye bandaged for two weeks.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The neuroscientist Susan Greenfield illustrates the amazing plasticity of the young brain in a cautionary tale of a six-year-old boy in Italy. the development of the eye-to-brain neural circuits is a delicate and critical process. “the bandaging of the eye was misinterpreted by the brain as a clear indication that . who was blind in one eye. he had been treated for a minor infection. Because the neurons serving the bandaged eye were not being used during this crucial period of development. → 현재분사 serving이 이끄는 구는 the neurons를 수식하며. were not being used는 과거진행시제를 수동으로 나타낸 표현이다.

: …와 같은 ~ V 관계대명사 O such drastic events as the impact of the Yucatan meteorite.. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www. though. which means [that / this S V 관계대명사 목적어절 year / somewhere between three and a hundred species / will vanish]. such naturral extinctions appear to cause little (B) harm. Over millions of years the ecosystem has developed an amazing inseneitivity to errors and failures. an estimated 3 million to 100 million species / have disappeared . surviving even such drastic events as the impact of the Yucatan meteorite. → surviving ~ meteorite는 분사구문으로 의미상의 주어는 the ecosystem이다.★ 2010 수능특강 유형편 p.ebsi. Natural systems are different. which는 계속적인 용법의 관계대명사로 and they 로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. Over millions of years. → which는 계속적인 용법의 관계대명사로 앞문장의 내용을 선행사로 받으며 and it으로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. .102 4번 Type 4 연결사 넣기 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). (A) Similarly Similarly Instead Conversely Conversely (B) However Otherwise Moreover However Moreover ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Throughout Earth’s history. surviving even S such ~ as . the ecosystem has developed / an amazing insensitivity to errors and failures . an estimated 3 million to 100 million species have disappeared. Throughout Earth’s history. which means that this year somewhere between three and a hundred species will van ish. the failure of a single component of your car’s engine could force you to call for a tow truck. which killed tens of thousands of species.co. 04강 33 . .. a tiny (A) wiring error in your computer’s circuits can mean throwing the whole computer out. which killed tens of thousands of species. Indeed.kr 정답과 해설 18~19쪽 난이도 ★★☆ Errors and failures typically corrupt all human designs.

athletic prowess.★ 2010 수능특강 유형편 p. dissonance 불협화음 ① break your own records ② follow common sense ③ rely on temporary measures ④ make up your self-serving story ⑤ accept the reality of the situation Points to Master The slow drivers say [they are above average in safety]. while the fast ones say [that they are above average in S V 목적어절(접속사 that 생략) S’ V’ reflexes].. The slow drivers say they are above average in safety. while the fast ones say that they are above average in reflexes. sophistication.. Everyone has heard of “reducing cognitive dissonance. → 대조의 의미를 나타내는 접속사 while에 의해 두 개의 절이 연결되어 있으며. Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence / that you are not as beneficent and effective / as you be triggered by ~: ~에 의해 유발되다 동격절의 접속사 would like people to think.113 3번 Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Indeed. we delude ourselves about how benevolent and how effective we are.” in which people invent a new opinion to resolve a contradiction in their minds. Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence that you are not as beneficent and effective as you would like people to think. 은 34 영어독해연습(2) . even driving skill.「as ~ as .(…만큼 ~ 한)」 원급 비교의 표현에 해당한다. More generally. They rationalize the boast by searching for an aspect of the trait that they might in fact be good at. The urge to reduce it is the urge to . the fast ones에서 ones는 drivers를 대신하는 부정대명 사이다. most people claim they are above average in any positive trait you name: leadership. managerial ability. → that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 obvious evidence의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다.

how가 이끄는 절의 주어는 he인데.. rekindle 다시 불러일으키다 ① saying it simpler ② adding many details ③ changing the pitch of his voice ④ ignoring the audience’s response ⑤ using silence as an intentional strategy Points to Master Yet it was upon maybe the third visit / that I realized [how.. he was each time he said it. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing. Yet it was upon maybe the third visit that I realized how... His unique example rekindled my excitement for teaching. Wolfgang Weingart. “Doesn’t he get bored?” Saying the same thing over and over had no value in my mind. I visited the master of Swiss typographic design.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 19~20쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ A few years ago. Through focusing on the basics of basics. 매번 ~할 때마다 → it was ~ that .ebsi. 동사 realized의 목적절은 「 의 how가 이끌고 있다. I marveled at Weingart’s ability to give the exact same introductory lecture each year. I thought to myself.www.」 강조 구문을 이용하여 부사구인 upon maybe the third visit를 강조하고 있으며. → that은 목적격 관계대명사로 생략이 가능하며. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing. he was able to reduce everything that he knew to the concentrated essence of what he wished to convey. what은 전치사 of의 목적어 역할을 하는 명사절을 이끌고 있으며 ‘~하는 것’ 의 의 미로 번역된다. Through focusing on the basics of basics. 「it was ~ that . in Maine to give a lecture for his then regular summer course. and I honestly began to think less of the Master. he was able to reduce everything [ that he knew] to the concentrated through -ing: ~을 통하여 reduce A to B: A를 B로 줄이다 목적격 관계대명사 essence / of what he wished to convey.co. 04강 35 . although가 이끄는 절이 그 사이에 들어 있는 구조이다.」 강조 구문 목적어절 he was / each time he said it].

it’s very hard to see a suffering dog. But does it really make sense to spend so much money on an animal when doing so takes away resources from other things such as immunization. In a similar vein. and health care? Just because we doesn’t mean that this tendency always helps us to make better decisions ─ even when we want to help. → 접속사 whether가 이끄는 절은 동사 ask의 목적어 역할을 하고 있으며. The estimates for cleaning and rehabilitating a single bird were about $32.000 of taxpayers’ money와 an amount ~는 동 격 관계에 있다. Of course. bird. rehabilitate 원상태로 돌리다 otter 수달 ① care more about vivid examples of misery ② react to people who are destroying themselves ③ are purchasing pets that later become unwanted ④ don’t step in to help those who are less fortunate ⑤ enact strict laws to prevent environmental pollution Points to Master I’m sure / Forgea was adorable / and didn’t deserve to die. consider the disastrous oil spill from the wrecked Exxon Valdez. saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission that cost $48.000.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A few years ago a two-year-old white terrier named Forgea spent three weeks alone aboard a tanker drifting in the Pacific after its crew abandoned ship. or otter. I’m sure Forgea was adorable and didn’t deserve to die.000 of taxpayers’ money ─ an amount that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans. but one can ask whether. education.000 of taxpayers’ money] – an amount V’ might have p.p. 36 영어독해연습(2) . in the grand scheme of things.000 and for each otter about $80. $48. but one can ask / whether. in the grand scheme of things.: ~이었을 것이다 [ that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans]. ~ be sure (that) 목적어절 S’ 주격 관계대명사 S 주격 관계대명사 V 목적어절 saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission [ that cost $48.

markets to bring their prices in line with those of domestically produced products. businesses often complain that charges of dumping must undergo a lengthy investigative and bureaucratic procedure before the government assesses . Critics of free trade often argue that foreign governments give substantial support to their own exporting companies. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ The practice of selling a product in a foreign market at a price lower than it commands in the producer’s domestic market is called dumping. International Trade Commission이다.S.www. International Trade Commission.ebsi. U. which의 선행사는 the U.S.S.co. Government support may permit these firms to extend their export markets by offering lower prices abroad. firms claiming [that dumping threatens to hurt their business] can file a complaint / with the U.S. firms claiming that dumping threatens to hurt (B) their business can file a complaint with the U. In retaliation for this with free trade. 04강 37 . the United States adds (A) import tariffs to products that foreign firms dump on U. retaliation 보복 (A) agreement interference obsession interference obsession (B) product quality import duties income taxes product quality import duties ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master U. which – on average – rejects about half the claims [it receives].kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 20~22쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). which ─ on average ─ rejects about half the claims it receives.S.S. S’(관계대명사) (that) it receives → 현재분사 claiming은 주어인 U.S. firms를 수식하고 있으며 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 claiming의 목적어 역할을 한다. International S 목적어절 V V’ file a complaint: 고소하다 Trade Commission. However.

/ they are typically in a classroom. Or. they sit under a large tree or on a park bench. 38 영어독해연습(2) . Students typically do exactly the opposite: They study in their room. and then learning in the presence of those cues. → what they have studied는 전치사 on의 목적어 역할을 하는 관계대명사절이다. 전치사 with를 converse 뒤로 보내 ~ other students (whom) they cannot converse with로 표현할 수도 있다. if the weather is pleasant. with whom 이하는 other students를 수식하 는 관계대명사절로. When they take a test on what they have studied. These differences in no doubt account for some forgetting. / and then 동명사1 주격 관계대명사 learning in the presence of those cues. typically in the presence of a number of other students with whom they cannot converse. 라는 When they take a test on [ what they have studied]. 동명사2 → by -ing는 ‘~함으로써’ 의미로 by 뒤에 identifying ~과 learning ~이 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. It follows that we can improve performance by identifying cues that will be present during recall. Often friends stop by and chat.PartⅠ 5 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? We remember better when cues present during learning are present during recall. seated in a rather uncomfortable chair. / typically in the presence of a number of other students [with whom they cannot converse]. / seated in a rather 관계대명사(~ 것) (being) seated ~ 수동태형 분사구문 목적격 관계대명사 uncomfortable chair. ① efforts ④ preference ② context ⑤ intelligence ③ motives Points to Master It follows that we can improve performance / by identifying cues [ that will be present during recall]. Students find themselves unable to recall facts that they “knew cold” before they walked into the classroom. and studying gets mixed up with socializing. often while lying on a bed and eating some sort of snack. they are typically in a classroom.

www. 보어는 what절로 표현되었지만 what이 지칭하는 명사는 the“yeah buts” 이며. 05강 39 .co. For example. if a desire [ that arises for you] is to be the CEO of your company. Yeah but I don’t have the education. Deal with the “yeah buts” one by one. what이 이끄는 절이 주어 역할을 할 경우 보어로 나오는 명사의 수에 따라 동사의 수가 결정된다. Before . They act like realistic rational adults extinguishing your rediscovered possibilities. would you be willing to go for it if you really. take a good hard look at your vision. → that says 이하는 the yeah but” 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. 위 문장의 경우. be prepared for the “yeah but” [ that S’ 주격 관계대명사 V’ 명령문 주격 관계대명사 says you couldn’t possibly].”] 관계대명사(~ 것들) S V → What은 선행사를 포함한 관계대명사로. if a desire that arises for you is to be the CEO of your company.ebsi. strategically. “Yeah but I’m too old. the yeah but” 단수 형태이므로 동사도 이에 따라 단수형 “ 을 “ 이 (says)이 사용되었다. be prepared for the “yeah but” that says you couldn’t possibly. you couldn’t possibly 뒤에는 be the CEO of your company가 생략되어 있다. Yeah but it’s too late. (구어체에서는 보어로 복수형이 나오더라도 단수형 동사가 쓰이기도 한다. 이는 복수형이므로 be 동사 are이 사용되었다.” The “yeah buts” are your mind’s way of protecting you from disappointment. The critic within splashes buckets of ice water on your tiny embers of desire. however. Is it really absurd? Is it truly so impossible? If not. truly wanted it? ① being persuaded by flattery ② taking others’ sensible advice ③ following your unrealistic plan ④ giving in to that negative belief ⑤ feeling disappointed by bad results Points to Master What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings / are [what I call the “yeah buts.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 22~23쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings are what I call the “yeah buts.” The list can go on and on.) For example.

and his plays reflect the society in which he lived.36 Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Shakespeare’s England was not politically correct by modern standards. and sometimes open hostility. though. blacks. will show you that he is not a conventional loan shark. S V → A closer look at the character는 조건절을 대신하는 명사구로. you will miss the most interesting aspects of his plays. He is a complicated person.★ 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅰ) 종합편 p. he tried to . though. and sometimes S 주격 관계대명사 V O open hostility. you will see that ~으로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. Jews. In his plays. A closer look at the character. blacks. He has been treated cruelly and has borne that cruelty with patience. Therefore. Shakespeare grew up in this environment. restrictive laws. 관계대명사절 who ~ mold가 선행사인 anyone else를 수식하고 있다. loan shark 고리대금업자 ① escape from conflicting realities ② avoid stereotyping his characters ③ promote harmony among the races ④ satirize the corruption of the rulers ⑤ classify people into many groups Points to Master Jews. at first glance. 40 영어독해연습(2) . and anyone else [who didn’t fit the English mold] faced discrimination. if you see Shakespeare’s characters in black and white. For example. restrictive laws. and anyone else who didn’t fit the English mold faced discrimination. He created complex characters with real lives and real problems. though. though. will show you that ~. Shylock ─ he Jewish moneylender in The Merchant of Venice ─ is cruel and greedy. A closer look at the character. → Jews ~ mold가 주어이며 동사는 faced이다. 전체 문장을 If you take a closer look at the character.

. X-rays. 주절의 주어와 관계없이 수동형으로 쓰인다. scientists devised a good solution.10 Type 4 연결사 넣기 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).: ~가 …하도록 허용하다 → given that은 ‘~라는 것을 고려하면’ 이라는 뜻의 비인칭 독립 분사구문으로. ultraviolet. allow ~ to . ~. In the 1970s. 05강 41 . each able to detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths. Many people think only of the Hubble Space Telescope when they hear the term “space telescope. However. ~. They designed a telescope that could be placed into space beyond the Earth’s atmosphere.co.. dozens of other space telescopes (B) have been put into orbit over the last two and one-half decades. given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through.” . or gamma rays. given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www. This fact is crucial to the survival of humans and other life forms because exposure to that radiation would be deadly.★ 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅱ) 틀리기쉬운유형편 p. (A) Likewise For instance Likewise For instance By contrast (B) Therefore In addition That is However In addition ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master However. from the ground we cannot study celestial bodies that (A) radiate only in wavelengths of infrared. dozens of other space telescopes have been put into orbit over the last two and one-half decades. each able to dozens of: 수십개의 S V ~에 걸쳐서 detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths..ebsi. it prevents us from observing many objects in space that emit other types of radiation. each는 each space telescopes를 뜻한다. → each 다음에 being이 생략된 분사구문으로.kr 정답과 해설 23~25쪽 난이도 ★★★ The Earth’s atmosphere provides an effective filter for many types of cosmic radiation.

How can this be possible? The world of things ─ of pecans or power stations ─ is indeed often subject to diminishing returns.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The more you prosper. The more knowledge you generate. the idea will not grow stale or useless or fray at the edges. the more you can generate. 「 은 라는 No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. for example. No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. But the idea ‘bicycle’ does not diminish in value. So. the more you can prosper. The more you invent. It gives without losing. the more you can prosper. tell A B는 A에게 B를 말하다’ 뜻이다. / the idea will not grow stale or 아무리 ~할지라도(양보 부사절) A B S V1 useless or fray at the edges. a bicycle is a thing and is subject to diminishing returns. V2 → tell은 4형식 구조로 사용되는 동사 중 하나로. the more inventions become possible. 닳다 ① the fair evaluation of intellectual property ② the increasing demand for brand-new stuff ③ the accelerating generation of useful knowledge ④ the cost-effective production of high quality goods ⑤ the productive investment in the real economy Points to Master The more you prosper. 42 영어독해연습(2) . but there is not much extra gain in having two. 동사 grow와 fray는 will not 뒤에서 ‘ 라는 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. pecan 피칸(미국산 견과류) fray 해어지다. the very opposite happens. One bicycle is very useful. the +비교급 the +비교급 → the +비교급 ~. But the world of ideas is not. And the engine that is driving prosperity in the modern world is . let alone three. the +비교급 …」 ‘~하면 할수록 더 …하다’ 뜻을 나타낸다. Indeed.

researchers have found that those who cause harm tend to the offense ─ probably to protect themselves from (A) shame and guilt. (A) minimize minimize commit overestimate overestimate (B) openness distortion reconciliation jealousy immorality ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person. may see an offense as bigger than it really is. Each person has his or her own truth. in contrast. to (B) apologize sincerely we must first listen attentively to how the other person really feels about what happened ─ not simply assert what we think happened. Those who are hurt tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern [ that S V 전치사1 전치사2 주격 관계대명사 is inexcusable and immoral]. and there is on both sides. ‘ 라는 05강 43 . who . They also tend to downplay the consequences of their actions.www. One reason apologies fail is that the offender and the victim usually see the event differently. Therefore.ebsi. Those who are hurt tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern that is inexcusable and immoral. → see A as B는 A를 B로 여기다’ 뜻으로 as one ~ consequences와 as part ~ immoral이 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. in contrast. may see an offense as bigger than S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) it really is.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 25~26쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). Examining personal narratives. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Apologies often fail.co. These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person. who. = an offense → who는 the hurt person을 부가적으로 설명해주는 관계절을 이끄는 관계대명사이다.

What did Galileo or Newton or Einstein’s contemporaries actually think about the ideas proposed by these shapers of our scientific tradition? Curiously. heads turned and hearts all aflutter는 부대상황을 나타내는 독립분사구문이다. heads turned and hearts all aflutter / S ~의 결과로 V S’ (being) turned (being) all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them. Nobody sang. The sad truth. Kuhn bothered to go back to the original sources ─ to find out what actually happened. as Kuhn puts it. ~을 알아내기 위해 → who have ~ come about은 others를 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. It’s only when the new way of thinking about or seeing the world is seen by enough practitioners to provide a more useful field to work in ─ to provide. heads turned and hearts all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them. 44 영어독해연습(2) . Kuhn points out. didn’t gather]. convert 전향자 aflutter 흥분하여 ① scientific paradigms shift ② revolutionary theories fail ③ people support traditional values ④ science is considered significant ⑤ scientists come up with original ideas Points to Master Unlike others [ who have theorized about / how the big changes in science come about]. more interesting problems to wrestle with ─ that . how ~ about은 첫 번째 about의 목적절 역할을 한다. V’ → that ~ gather는 discovered의 목적절로. didn’t gather.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? It’s more than 40 years since Thomas Kuhn published his masterpiece on how scientific revolutions happen. Kuhn bothered to go back ~와 달리 주격 관계대명사 S V bother to: 굳이 ~하다 to the original sources – to find out [what actually happened]. Kuhn discovered that the cheering crowds of converts. Unlike others who have theorized about how the big changes in science come about. Kuhn discovered [that the cheering crowds of converts. is that most of the big breakthroughs of science have been rejected or at least heavily criticized by those already practising in the field. Curiously.

→ 목적격 관계대명사 that이 이끄는 절이 선행사 every one을 수식하며. we have a handy notation that writes 10n to denote (A) the number which is 1 followed by n noughts. The origin of all these tens in the counting system is not hard to find. you find counting (B) systems based on groups of five (fingers of one hand). ten tens make a hundred. but not for every one that you might need to write down. but not for every one [ that you might S V O = every number 목적격 관계대명사 need to write down]. It is at our fingertips.’ Ten ones make ten. . which is 1 followed by n noughts는 1 다음에 n개의 영(0)이 따라오는’ ‘ 이라는 의미이다. There is no limit to its scope if you have enough labels to name the results. groups of twenty (fingers plus toes).ebsi.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 26~27쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). This is why our counting system is called a ‘decimal’ system.www. groups of ten (fingers of both hands). billion and trillion for some of the large numbers. 영 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) Instead Instead Similarly Otherwise Otherwise …… …… …… …… …… (B) In addition As a result In addition As a result In other words Points to Master We have words like million. billion and trillion for some of the large numbers. 05강 45 . not for every one ~은 (we do) not (have words) for every one ~의 의미를 나타낸다. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ We count in ‘tens. 1 followed by n noughts는 과거분사 followed가 이끄 는 구가 1을 수식하는 형태로. decimal system 십진법 nought 0. ten hundreds make a thousand and so on forever. so a thousand is 103. Most ancient human cultures used their fingers in some way for counting. or mixtures of all or some of these systems. ~. ~ we have a handy notation [ that writes 10n / to denote the number [ which is 1 followed by n noughts]]. .co. 주격 관계대명사 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 주격 관계대명사 ▲ → the number는 which가 이끄는 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. We have words like million.

your doctor remarks that your hair is rather long. are so deeply embedded / in our consciousness / that we S(선행사) 관계대명사절 V are seldom aware of them .” Specifically. ethnomethodology focuses on how people use to make sense of life. are so deeply embedded in our consciousness that we are seldom aware of them. 목적어절1 목적어절2 → background assumptions와 your ideas ~는 동격 관계를 이루고 있는 명사구들이다.」 ‘너무 ~해서 …하다’ 의미를 나타낸다.. even if he or she is good at cutting hair and you need one! ① ancient symbols ② instinctive desires ③ linguistic interactions ④ non-mainstream cultures ⑤ commonsense understandings Points to Master You would feel strange about this. then takes out a pair of scissors and starts to give you a haircut. Ethnomethodology means “the study of how people do things. Let’s suppose that during a routine office visit. 의 46 영어독해연습(2) . Thus. ‘ 으로 the way life is와 the way things ought to work는 the way+S+V」 These assumptions . You would feel strange about this.PartⅠ 6 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Certainly one of the strangest words in sociology is ethnomethodology. for your doctor would be violating background assumptions – your ideas 접속사(이유) 동격 about the way life is and the way things ought to work . [which lie at the root of everyday life]. 전치사 about의 목적어로 쓰이고 있는 「 구문으로. = these assumptions → so ~ that . and most of us fulfill them unquestioningly. S가 V하는 방식’ 해석된다. ~. which lie at the root of everyday life. seldom은 「 은 는 ‘좀처럼 ~않는’ 뜻이다. your doctor does not offer you a haircut.. These assumptions. for your doctor would be violating background assumptions ─ your ideas about the way life is and the way things ought to work.

nothing I say means anything. but punish them if the numbers fall short. isn’t very complicated. even at the end of a decent year. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product to make the month’s sales quota. excoriate 몹시 비난하다 endorse 승인하다 espouse 옹호하다 ① show off too much ② whisper against a person ③ say one thing and do another ④ shift the responsibility onto others ⑤ fail to do something and make excuses Points to Master They proclaim a commitment to customer service.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 28~29쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One strong trust killer is when people . They endorse stretch budgets and invite their people to dream big. All that tells the organization is.ebsi. And here. 놓아두다)」구문이다. They proclaim a commitment to customer service. ultimately. 주격 관계대명사 ~라는 이유만으로 → people은 동사 keep과 reward의 공통 목적어로. It’s earned through words and actions ─ and integrity in both. but keep and reward people 목적어(선행사) [ who don’t live those values] / simply because they make the numbers. bosses are the main culprits. → let the factory ship은「사역동사+목적어+원형부정사(~가 …하는 것을 허용하다. Trust.www. 의 sales quota는 Or perhaps worst of all. They tell people to take risks but excoriate them when they fail. Or put another way: don’t trust me. 06강 47 . Or perhaps worst of all. they espouse the company’s values / at the top of their lungs. 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product / to make S V1 V2 the month’s sales quota. they espouse the company’s values at the top of their lungs.co. to make the month’s ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의미를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구로 앞에 in order나 so as를 첨가할 수 있다. but keep and reward people who don’t live those values simply because they make the numbers.

may dramatize the fact that some parents underfeed and abandon their children physically or emotionally.48 Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The fairy tale survives because . overfeed and try to possess and devour them. → that이 이끄는 두 개의 명사절이 동사 suggest의 목적어로 병렬되고 있다. 48 영어독해연습(2) . in order to comprehend it. The message will probably be different for each one. or that true love has the power to soothe the savage heart. like the witch.” for instance. → have +목적어+목적격보어」구문에서 두 개의 과거분사(구)가 목적격보어로 이어져‘목적어가 ~되어지게 하다’ 의미를 나타내 「 는 고 있다. in order have 목적어 목적격보어1 목적격보어2 to comprehend it. ① it shows good always defeats evil ② it relieves the anguish of ordinary people ③ its unique settings are different from reality ④ it presents experience in a vivid symbolic form ⑤ it is successfully adapted for a play or a movie Points to Master Sometimes / we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. while others. Sometimes we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. even fantastic. in order to comprehend it은 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. “Hansel and Gretel. “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest that a good man can seem at first like a dangerous wild animal. or [that S V 목적어절1 목적어절2 true love has the power / to soothe the savage heart]. 을 “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest [that a good man can seem / at first / like a dangerous wild animal]. even fantastic. but that is one of the great achievements of the fairy tale ─ traditional or modern. 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구 to soothe the savage heart는 명사 the power를 수식한다.★ 2009 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅰ) p.

Diamond dust. 06강 49 . is simpler / in form. it does not accumulate rapidly on the ground. They have a six-sided shape with many complex designs. diamond dust has a six-sided shape. . it is very small and light. Snowflakes commonly fall during winter in many cold regions of the world. instead of having many unusual shapes. Diamond dust.kr 정답과 해설 29~30쪽 난이도 ★☆☆ Two kinds of things that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day are snowflakes and diamond dust. which are often seen on Christmas cards. it has a straight (B) shape. . is less common. although in some ways similar to snowflakes. Snowflakes are relatively large and build up on the ground quickly during a heavy snow storm. It is typically only found in very (A) cold areas such as the North and South Poles. . 따라서 복수명사 Two kinds of things를 수식하는 주격 관계대명사 절의 동사로 복수형인 fall이 쓰이고 있다. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www.co. Diamond dust. S(선행사) 주격 관계대명사절 V → 주격 관계대명사절의 동사는 선행사와 수를 일치시켜야 한다. S 양보의 부사절 V → although가 이끄는 부사절에서 접속사 although 다음에 「주어+ be동사」즉 it(= diamond dust) is가 생략되어 있다. (A) on the other hand for example for example on the other hand in other words (B) In addition Similarly In addition Consequently Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Two kinds of things [that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day] are snowflakes and diamond dust. is simpler in form.124 10번 Type 4 연결사 넣기 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).ebsi. Like snowflakes. [although / in some ways / similar to snowflakes]. Therefore. But unlike snowflakes.★ 2009 인터넷수능 영어어휘특강 p.

widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. Rather. → Guernica와 동격 관계에 있는 the painting을 inspired ~ War가 수식하고 있다. 50 영어독해연습(2) . untainted. 지층 ① an accidental event ③ continuous education ⑤ extraordinary circumstances ② a lifetime of devotion ④ an interaction with peers Points to Master The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly / by examining Guernica. incremental 증가하는 stratum 층. because all forty-f ive preliminary sketches are numbered and dated. What seems like pure. We know a lot about how the painting was created. the painting S (which was) inspired ~ V by -ing: ~함으로써 Guernica와 동격 (being) widely regarded ~ [inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War].Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly by examining Guernica. underpinning the overall structure. the consequence of . And guess what? Guernica was nothing like a bolt from above. others are drawn from his knowledge of Goya. Each stratum of the masterwork is drawn from experience. widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. in fact. the sketches show how Picasso wielded the knowledge built up over thirty years to construct the multiple layers: the first sketch. the painting inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. mystical creativity is. widely regarded 이하 또한 Guernica (the painting)를 부가적으로 설명해주고 있다. Rather. is based on Picasso’s earlier work. the sketches show [how Picasso wielded the knowledge [built up over thirty years] to construct the S V (which was) built up ~ 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 multiple layers]: ~. → how 이하는 show의 목적절에 해당하며. and so on. built up ~ years는 the knowledge를 수식한다.

ebsi. moving ~은 behavior를 수식하는 현재분사이다. 06강 51 . or sense. Rather. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로.” which spreads through the group at an astounding speed.co. as one unit. such as a change in direction.www. 기동 훈련 ① go back home ③ escape from the flock ⑤ put others before yourself ② act as a leader ④ follow your neighbor Points to Master Any individual can initiate a movement. / and this sends out a “maneuver wave. So are they all following the commands of a leader? Researchers have determined that there is no leader or controlling force. en masse 집단으로. 앞의 a “maneuver wave”를 부가적으로 설 명해주는 역할을 한다. 일제히 maneuver 움직임. such as a change in direction. → 관계대명사 what이 이끄는 절이 문장의 주어 역할을 하고 있다. Any individual can initiate a movement. What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ ” behavior moving faster than the eye can see. and this sends out a “maneuver wave. the wave coming toward them. the individual fish or bird is reacting almost instantly to the movements of its neighbors in the school or flock. 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) → this는 앞 문장의 a movement를 가리킨다. they are ready to react more quickly than they would without such advance notice.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 30~31쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ If you’ve ever gone snorkeling. Because individuals can see.” ~와 같은 which spreads through the group / at an astounding speed. What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ 관계대명사(~ 것) ” behavior [moving faster than the eye which moves ~ S V can see]. you may have seen the astonishing sight: an entire school of fish suddenly changes direction en masse. The same goes for flocks of birds.

who claimed that heavy things fall faster.★ 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅱ) 틀리기쉬운유형편 p. which was first published by Galileo) We are left to wonder [how people could have believed / what they were told for two millennia / without ever S V 관계대명사(~ 것) checking]. though. and isn’t even particularly good compared to moderate activity. → first ~ Galileo는 앞에 being이 생략되어 있으며. How did this discovery come about? A researcher surveyed multiple databases of trials and results for patients with back pain. Galileo put it in Two New Sciences.. 주어인 This simple ~ observation을 부가적으로 설명하는 역할을 한다. first published by Galileo. who claimed that heavy S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) things fall faster. slowly but surely we will . refuted Aristotle. ① be more obedient to authority ② rely on evidence over tradition ③ return to natural healing methods ④ find inspirations from conventional wisdom ⑤ educate patients to maintain a better posture Points to Master This simple and readily tested observation.” We are left to wonder how people could have believed what they were told for two millennia without ever checking. refuted Aristotle. Like the researcher. (= . “I greatly doubt that Aristotle ever tested by experiment whether it be true. as a similar example. 「의문사 how +주어+동사」 어순을 취하고 있다.15 Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? As schoolchildren. 의 52 영어독해연습(2) . → how 이하는 wonder의 목적어 역할을 하는 간접의문문으로. Even today. This simple and readily tested observation. first published by Galileo. have we discovered bed rest isn’t the best treatment. we learn that different weights fall at the same speed. the time-honored advice for those suffering from bad backs has been bed rest. Only recently..

If we all lived in (B) controlled environments and had measured portions of monotonous food dispensed to us at regular intervals. The health and longevity benefits of S = even though (A) are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 31~33쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). In fact. most of us may be . they는 주절의 주어인 The health and (A) 를 가리킨다. but remain V1 to부정사의 형용사적 용법 V2 unproved for humans.www. The health and longevity benefits of are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice. they는 앞의 experimental animals를 가리킨다. The finding is unexpected because we associate less-than-optimal nutrition with poor growth and health.ebsi. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ An unexpected research f inding that may have great practical signif icance is that experimental animals live longer with much lower rates of disease when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories. and common sense tells us that we do better if we are well nourished. none of us would be overweight. → 동사 are clearly established와 동사 remain이 주어 뒤에서 병렬 구조로 이어져 있으며.co. (A) medication medication digestion undernutrition undernutrition (B) self-controlled undernourished disease-free overnourished weight-conscious ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master An unexpected research finding [ that may have great practical significance] is that experimental animals live longer / S 전치사구 주격 관계대명사 V S’ V’ with much lower rates of disease / when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories. but remain unproved for (A) humans. → 두 번째 that은 is의 보어절을 이끄는 역할을 하며. longevity benefits of 06강 53 . and too much of a good thing may be doing us harm. although there is every reason to believe they apply. although there is every reason [ to believe they apply].

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