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★ 2010 10주완성 p.24 2번 1
■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
Writing is a love-hate relationship. You start out hating everything you’re writing, and end up blinded by love for every word you’ve put on paper, or the other way around. So how can you analyze your own work without prejudice? There are certain things you can do to gain some perspective. In order to judge your own work objectively, you must get distance. Putting your work away for a while ─ sometimes weeks or months ─ can allow you to come back not so enamored by it. Falling in love with a new piece of material can also help. It gives you a chance to read it almost as if it’s someone else’s. This is the first, and perhaps most important step, because is the greatest enemy for evaluating your own writing.
① busyness ④ ignorance ② indifference ⑤ familiarity ③ complexity
Points to Master
You start out hating everything [you’re writing], and end up blinded by love / for every word [you’ve put on paper],
or the other way around.
→ start out과 end up이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있으며, hating과 blinded는 둘 다 부대상황의 분사구문이다. everything과 every word 다음에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이나 which가 생략되어 있다.
정답과 해설 2~3쪽
■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
The inhabitants of the earth are divided not only by race, nation, religion or ideology, but also, in a sense, by . Examining the present populations of the globe, we find a tiny group who still live, hunting and food-foraging, as men did millennia ago. Others, the vast majority of mankind, depend not on bear-hunting or berry-picking, but on agriculture. They live, in many respects, as their ancestors did centuries ago. These two groups taken together compose perhaps 70 percent of all living human beings. They are the people of the past. By contrast, somewhat more than 25 percent of the earth’s population can be found in the industrialized societies. They lead modern lives. They are products of the first half of the twentieth century, molded by mechanization and mass education, brought up with lingering memories of their own country’s agricultural past. They are, in effect, the people of the present.
① their position in time ③ differences in language ⑤ the degree of education ② their political priorities ④ the prospect of change
Points to Master
Examining the present populations of the globe, we find a tiny group [ who still live, hunting and food-foraging,
S V O(선행사)
as men did millennia ago].
→ Examining은 When we examine을 분사구문으로 만든 것이다. hunting and food-foraging은 부대상황의 분사구문으로 ‘사냥 하고 식량을 찾아다니면서’ 의미이고, as는 양태의 접속사로 라는 ‘~하는 것처럼, ~하는 대로’ 의미이다. 분사구문(hunting and 의 food-foraging)과 as 접속사절 모두 관계대명사절 안에 포함되어 있다.
They are products of the first half of the twentieth century, molded by mechanization and mass education, brought
S V C
up with lingering memories / of their own country’s agricultural past.
→ molded와 brought는 앞에 있는 products를 수식하는 과거분사이다. 형용사구 of ~ past는 lingering memories를 수식한다.
■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
I had been accustomed to stage work, and I wanted to use a particular light effect, which I had used in the theater, for a film I was then shooting. In the scene in question, a spy came creeping through a curtain, and in order to make the effect more mysterious, I decided to light only half the spy’s face and to leave the rest in darkness. I looked at the result on the screen and found it extraordinarily effective. I was so pleased with this trick of lighting that I used it throughout the film, that is, I used spotlights from one side or the other ─ a method which is now freely practiced. After I had sent the film to the distributor’s office I got a telegram from the manager that surprised me considerably. It ran: ─ ‘Have you gone mad? Do you suppose we can sell a film for its full price if ?’
① it isn’t up-to-date enough ② you only show half a man ③ it doesn’t have special effects ④ you insert any ideology into it ⑤ it doesn’t fit to the predefined design
Points to Master
In the scene in question, a spy came creeping / through a curtain, and in order to make the effect more mysterious,
I decided to light only half the spy’s face / and to leave the rest in darkness.
S2 V2 O1(명사적 용법의 to부정사구) O2(명사적 용법의 to부정사구)
→ come -ing는 ‘~하며 오다’ 의미이고, make는 불완전타동사이므로 목적격보어 more mysterious가 쓰였다. decided의 목적어 의 to light와 to leave가 병렬로 연결되어 있다.
I was so pleased with this trick of lighting / that I used it throughout the film, that is, I used spotlights / from one
side or the other – a method [which is now freely practiced].
→ pleased with ~와 so ~ that 구문이 결합하여 so pleased with ~ that이 되었다. it은 앞의 this trick of lighting을 가리킨다. - (dash)는 종종, 동격이나 부연 설명을 할 때 사용되는 문장 부호이다.
정답과 해설 3~4쪽
■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
A firm’s researchers have learned a great deal by watching many parents changing their babies. During one study, they realized that most moms and dads struggled to hold their babies still while reaching for the diaper, wipes, articles of clothing, and the like. The problem became particularly acute for parents who were “on the go,” changing their infants at a location outside the home. , the firm redesigned its travel pack for baby (A) wipes. The new packaging enables parents to remove a wipe with only one hand, thus enabling the moms and dads to always keep their other hand on the child. , the (B) company’s researchers watched as parents had difficulty opening the baby wash bottle while bathing their children because they had only one hand free. Again, the firm redesigned the bottle so that a parent could open it and dispense the liquid with only one hand.
(A) However However Therefore Therefore In other words (B) For instance Nonetheless Similarly For instance Similarly
① ② ③ ④ ⑤
…… …… …… …… ……
Points to Master
During one study, they realized [that most moms and dads struggled / to hold their babies still / while reaching
= while they were reaching
for the diaper, wipes, articles of clothing, and the like].
→ 타동사 realized의 목적어가 되는 that절(that ~ like) 안에서 while 다음에는 「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 생략되었다. hold는 가 불완전타동사로 ‘유지하다’ 의미이고, still은 형용사로 의 ‘움직이지 않는’ 의미이며 hold의 목적격보어이다. 의
, the company’s researchers watched [as parents had difficulty / opening the baby wash bottle /
S’1 V’2 O’2
while bathing their children / because they had only one hand free].
= while they were bathing S’2
→ 시간의 접속사 as가 이끄는 부사절 안에「주어(they)+ be동사(were)」 생략된 부사절(while bathing their children)과 이유의 가 부사절(because ~ free)이 들어 있는 문장이다. because절 안에 있는 have는 불완전타동사로 ‘유지하다’ 의미이고, free는 형 의 용사로 had의 목적격보어이다.
Between 1704 and 1744 he composed 300 church cantatas. 10 영어독해연습(2) .61 158번 Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In earlier times the term art was used to distinguish works of art from works of nature. who became the queen of Spain. Artists were often directed in what to do and when to do it. ① leave their home country ② establish their independence ③ spend money on education ④ hide their lack of knowledge ⑤ be allowed to enter the court Points to Master This implies [that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. which was appropriate given that almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing and that individuality was not expected or highly valued. which was appropriate / given that S V 목적절 S’ V’ given에 연결됨 ~을 고려할 때[하면] almost everyone worked by copying or borrowing / and that individuality was not expected or highly valued]. Domenico Scarlatti. all humanly made things were works of art. J. → 관계대명사 which는 artists were not previously differentiated from artisans를 선행사로 받는 기능으로 사용되었다. It means that artists could not by the mid-1700s. This implies that artists were not previously differentiated from artisans. was a church composer who had to produce new music on a weekly basis. given that은 접속사적으로 사용되었으며. that is.★ 2010 고득점N제 p. for example. given 다음에 두 개의 that절이 등위접속사 and에 의해 병렬로 연결되어 있다. Bach.S. only one of which was published in his lifetime. Only 30 were published during his lifetime. a contemporary of Bach wrote more than 600 harpsichord sonatas for Maria Barbara.
or what have you). 의 ~ all [the rat (person) wants to do] / is to get to the food / with as little effort as possible / and to rest on a full belly S ▲ 관계대명사절 V C1 C2 / for the most time possible . 시대착오의 (A) ① identity ② identity ③ strategy ④ culture ⑤ culture …… …… …… …… …… (B) annoying substantial annoying substantial constant Points to Master Among adult Americans. “What do you do?” has become as common a component of an introduction as the anachronistic “How do you do?” once was.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 4~5쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). not about the amount of money they will earn. doctors. In contrast. ~하 는 것과 같이’ 의미이다.ebsi. the basic economic model of labor generally treats working men and women as rats in a maze: work is assumed to be . behavioral economists.www.co. and all the rat (person) wants to do is to get to the food with as little effort as (B) possible and to rest on a full belly for the most time possible. -able -ible〕 끝나는 형용사는 명사 앞에 최상급이 있을 때 대체로 명사 뒤에 둔다. anachronistic 시대에 뒤진. It seems that many people find pride and meaning in their jobs. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Children think of their potential future occupations in terms of what they will be (firefighters. not merely a way to (A) make money in order to keep a roof over our heads and food in our mouths. Among adult Americans. 〔 로 01강 11 . “ What do you do ?” / has become / as common a component of an introduction [ as 부사구 S S’ V’ V C 비교 접속사 the anachronistic ”How do you do?” once was]. teachers. This suggests that our jobs are an integral part of our . → as +형용사+ a an〕 「 〔 +명사`+ as + S + V」 구문으로 앞의 as는 부사이고 뒤의 as는 비교를 나타내는 접속사로 ‘~하는 것만큼. → 주어 all 다음에 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있고 보어인 to get ~ possible과 to rest ~ possible이 병렬로 연결되어 있 다.
보수주의 ① the meaning of age varies across cultures ② time passes more swiftly for the old ③ you can’t teach an old dog new tricks ④ one is able to add formulas to knowledge ⑤ we can’t reach old age by another man’s road Points to Master [When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son / that he will have to wait two years / before he can have 부사절 S’1 V’1 S V tells의 목적절 ▲ S’2 V’2 O 부사절 S’3 V’3 a car of his own]. It is hardly strange [that to the boy / the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father]. that interval에서 that은 지시형용사이다. It represents over 13 percent of the boy’s lifetime. 가주어 V C 진주어 S’ V’ C’ → It은 가주어이고 that ~ father가 진주어이다. two hours in the life of a fouryear-old may be the felt equivalent of twelve hours in the life of her twenty-four-year-old mother. Asking the child to wait two hours for a piece of candy may be the equivalent of asking the mother to wait twelve hours for a cup of coffee.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Older people are even more likely to react strongly against any further acceleration of change. There is a solid mathematical basis for the observation that age often correlates with conservatism: . that interval of 730 days represents / a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date. Similarly. 접속사 than 전후로 to the boy와 to the father가 비교되고 있다. When a fifty-year-old father tells his fifteen-year-old son that he will have to wait two years before he can have a car of his own. 전체 문장의 주어는 that ~ days이며. conservatism 보수적 성향. that interval of 730 days represents a mere 4 percent of the father’s lifetime to date. 12 영어독해연습(2) . It is hardly strange that to the boy the delay seems three or four times longer than to the father. → 부사절 내의 직접목적어가 되는 that절 안에 다시 부사절 before ~ own이 들어 있고.
의 01강 13 . During this time. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate.ebsi. One study found that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs. small problems begin to arise. yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems / to the attention 부사구 S’2 V’2 O’2 of a doctor / in only 25% of those situations]. → found의 목적절 안에 등위접속사 yet으로 연결된 절이 또 있는 문장이다. within six hours of a cardiac arrest. such as changes in heart rate. such as an abnormally high or low heart rate. the patient’s health continues to deteriorate during this window of opportunity when an intervention could perhaps prevent a crisis. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Hospitalized patients often display subtle warning signs six to eight hours before a cardiac arrest. cardiac arrest 심장박동 정지 (A) However However Moreover Moreover For example (B) In short Similarly Instead In short Instead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master One study found [that two-thirds of patients exhibited warning signs. Meanwhile. rather than bringing their concerns to the attention of others.co. bring ~ to one’s attention은 ‘~을 …가 주목하게 하 다’ 의미이다. staff members wait too long to bring (B) these small problems to the attention of others.www. they often try to address it on their own. yet nurses and other staff members brought these problems to the attention of a doctor in only 25% of those situations.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 5~6쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). and mental status. blood pressure. hospital personnel do not necessarily notice the (A) symptoms. . . If they notice a problem. S V 목적절 S’1 V’1 O’1 within six hours of a cardiac arrest.
the plant manager met / every week / with supervisors and employees / in each department / to make ▲ announcements and answer questions. But there were big differences in how the corporate leaders communicated after the scary announcement. In one plant. employees in the “high communication” plant felt more secure about their jobs. The plant published a weekly newsletter with updates about the merger and had a hotline to answer employees’ questions. and distrust in both plants. In the second.PartⅠ 2 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The virtues of are seen in research on how employees in two nearly identical manufacturing plants responded to unexpected news: Their parent corporation was merging with another big company. ① strong loyalties ③ careful explanations ⑤ uncomplicated strategies ② cooperative teams ④ controllable challenges Points to Master But there were big differences in [ how the corporate leaders communicated / after the scary announcement]. In the second. The researchers surveyed employees right after the announcement and found that it provoked widespread dissatisfaction. As the program kicked in. the way 이란 in which로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. 이때 how는‘~하는 방식’ 의미로 the way. V S ~하는 방식 S’ V’ → how가 이끌고 있는 절은 전치사 in의 목적어가 된다. the way that. → to make ~는 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의미를 나타내는 to부정사구로 두 개의 동사원형 make와 answer가 병렬로 연결되어 있다. less stressed. 의 14 영어독해연습(2) . the plant manager met every week with supervisors and employees in each department to make announcements and answer questions. stress. and reported superior job performance ─ while no such improvements occurred at the other plant. employees received only vague communications during the subsequent three months.
John and his family board a sleeper train from London to the west coast of Scotland.kr 정답과 해설 7~8쪽 난이도 ★★☆ John Meyer. and to travel in a more leisurely way. cooking or just dreaming.★ 2009 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅰ) p. They spend unstructured days amid the lakes and islands.” says John. decided never to take a vacation by air. It does not matter that it takes three times longer than flying. 02강 15 .” Now. enjoying breakfast in bed while chugging past some of the world’s most beautiful scenery . V → made가 이끄는 과거분사구는 주어인 The journey를 수식한다. The journey itself– made partly on a single track.52 4번 Type 2 빈칸 완성 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www.ebsi. which curves so that the back of the train is visible from the front ─ is a key part of the trip. 목적절 → not to overlook ~ doorstep과 to travel ~ way는 a desire를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. and to travel / in a more leisurely way. not the means to get there ③ requires them to plan the trip thoroughly ④ makes it difficult to visit tourist attractions ⑤ is more economical in time and expenses Points to Master ~ but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook [what’s on your doorstep].co. The journey itself ─ made partly on a single track. “but it’s also driven by a desire not to overlook what’s on your doorstep. [which curves / so that the back of the train is visible / from the S front] – is a key part of the trip. instead of hopping on a cheap flight to Spain. “The decision was partly driven by a concern for the environment. chug (칙칙 소리를 내며) 천천히 가다 ① is more expensive than they expected ② is the end. for John and his family. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사 a single track을 부연 설명한다. an international development expert. hiking.
the child cannot understand how different minds can contain different things. Without a distinction between things in the world and things in the mind. the psychologist Jean Piaget noticed that the young child often fails to distinguish between her perception of an object and the object’s actual properties. When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. she expects [that her playmate / will later look for the cookie / in the drawer] S V 목적절 – despite the fact [that her playmate was not in the room ~ from the jar]. she expects that her playmate will later look for the cookie in the drawer ─ despite the fact that her playmate was not in the room when the adult moved the cookie to the drawer from the jar. and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. that her playmate was ~ from the jar는 the fact와 동격을 이루고 있 는 명사절이다. 16 영어독해연습(2) . hence she tends to believe that things really are as they appear to be ─ and that therefore. ① others must see the things as she does ② there is something that exists unnoticed ③ all properties of an object are not constant ④ everybody knows what the world looks like ⑤ she cannot learn about the things through senses Points to Master When a two-year-old child sees her playmate leave the room. . and then sees an adult remove a cookie from a S’ 원형부정사2 V’1 원형부정사 V’2 원형부정사1 cookie jar and hide it in a drawer. 전치사(~에도 불구하고) 동격절 → When이 이끄는 부사절에 쓰인 두개의 동사 sees는 지각동사로.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In the 1920s. remove와 hide는 목적 어 an adult에 대한 목적격보어로 병렬 구조를 이룬다. Why? Because the two-year-old child knows the cookie is in the drawer and thus expects that everyone else knows this as well. 원형부정사를 목적격보어로 취하고 있다.
we rigorously hold onto (B) some outmoded form ─ one that once was needed. but that long ago was bypassed by technology. Today when few people farm and there is no need for the school year to be so short. we could type our symptoms into a computer and get an immediate diagnosis and a recommended course of treatment. In the past.www. computers outperform physicians. who needed their children’s help at the crucial times of planting and harvesting. we still live with this cultural lag. . playing a game of catch-up. playing a game of catch-up]. with the nonmaterial culture 목적절을 이끄는 접속사 with 명사구 lagging behind.ebsi. once와 long ago는 부사(구) 들이다. → some outmoded form을 부연 설명하는 대명사 one은 두 개의 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. playing a game of catch-up은 분사구문으로 부대상황을 나타낸다.co. In some tests. 분사 분사구문 → with +명사구+ 분사」구문에서 명사구인 the nonmaterial culture와 lag 사이에 의미상 능동의 관계가 성립하므로 현재분사인 「 lagging이 쓰였다. and we continue to visit the doctor’s office. when we get (A) sick. 02강 17 . Yet our customs have not caught up with our technology. but [ that / long ago / was 선행사 관계대명사절1 관계대명사절2 bypassed by technology ]. Most parents were farmers. (A) Furthermore For example However For example However (B) Likewise Likewise Instead Instead Nevertheless ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master William Ogburn pointed out [ that a group’s material culture usually changes first. . (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ William Ogburn pointed out that a group’s material culture usually changes first.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 8~9쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). ~ we rigorously hold onto some outmoded form – one [ that / once / was needed]. A striking example is our nine-month school year. the school year matched the labor-intensive technology of the time. with the nonmaterial culture lagging behind. Sometimes nonmaterial culture never catches up.
This is why. says Richard Larson. People get really irritated with that. serpentine line. than in a shorter line at McDonald’s. 동사구에 쓰인 from systems ‘ 의 은 A로부터 B로(변화)’ 의미로 쓰이고 있다. V’ from A(선행사) to B → why절의 주어를 수식하는 from banks to fast-food chains는 A에서 B에 이르는(범위)’ 의미로.” serpentine 구불구불한 theorem 법칙 ① Service efficiency ③ Optical illusion ⑤ Social justice ② Time perception ④ Brand recognition Points to Master This is why. says Richard Larson. you have what happens at McDonald’s at lunchtime. says Larson. ‘ 의 ~ to a single. where a single line is used. serpentine line You have the stress of joining a line [with a high likelihood [that somebody [who’s joined a queue next to you] ▲ S’(선행사) 관계대명사절 will get served / before you]]. first served. so much so that they have said they would be willing to wait in a longer line at Wendy’s. any number of companies ─ from banks to fast-food chains ─ have switched from systems in which multiple lines feed multiple servers to a single. V’ → with a high likelihood ~ before you는 a line을 수식하고 있으며. any number of companies – from banks to fast-food 이것이 ~한 이유이다(이런 이유로 ~하다) 동격 명사구 S’ 관계대명사절 from A to B chains – have switched from systems [in which multiple lines feed multiple servers] to a single. an authority on queues. that이 이끄는 절은 a high likelihood의 동격 명사절이다. If you have the multiple lines. 18 영어독해연습(2) . There’s a theorem in queuing theory that says the average wait in either configuration is the same. which uses multiple lines. Why? . You have the stress of joining a line with a high likelihood that somebody who’s joined a queue next to you will get served before you. Yet people prefer the single line. serpentine line. “If you have the single serpentine line. you’re guaranteed first come. an authority on queues.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? What seems to annoy us in queues is seeing people get ahead.
www. about의 목적절을 이끄는 whether는 ‘~일지’ 의미이다. Consider a situation in which a district attorney and a criminal are each making statements about whether law enforcement agencies should be strengthened. as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal과 as more persuasive (than a criminal)가 병렬 구조로 연결되어 있다. ① boldly challenge criticism ② speak for the minority groups ③ be contrary to their self-interest ④ be unaffected by popular opinions ⑤ correspond with their political conviction Points to Master Consider / a situation [in which a district attorney and a criminal / are each making statements / about [whether 명령형 동사 선행사 관계대명사절 목적절 law enforcement agencies should be strengthened]]. 의 Normally. Aronson. But what if the criminal argues in favor of strengthened law enforcement? In this case. In a study by Walster.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 9~11쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Regardless of expertise.co. a district attorney is seen as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal.ebsi. 비교급(+than ~) → see A as B(A를 B로 생각하다. Communicators are seen as especially trustworthy when they have little to gain from the particular stance they adopt. and therefore as more persuasive. the criminal becomes quite persuasive. Normally. a district attorney / is seen / as better informed and more prestigious than a criminal . and Rottman. this was exactly the outcome ─ as long as the speaker was advocating less power for law enforcement agencies. Abrahams. and S V 비교급+ than ~ (~보다 더 …한) therefore as more persuasive. 간주하다)」 「 구문의 수동태로. it is important that a communicator be perceived as unbiased and trustworthy. 02강 19 . One way that communicators can encourage this perception is to argue for positions that seem to . → in which가 이끄는 절은 선행사 a situation을 수식한다.
A similar factory in Mexico might have far less responsibility for pollution control. find.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A problem with international trade is that . to부정사구가 진목적어가 된다. ① it spreads pollution around the world ② it externalizes costs on a grand scale ③ domestic industries can be seriously damaged ④ some costs are difficult to measure and quantify ⑤ economies in only wealthy countries are stimulated Points to Master Making matters worse. Tropical hardwood products can be sold extremely cheaply in the United States. V’ S’ → Making matters worse는 독립분사구문으로 To make matters worse로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. Making matters worse. is legally bound to minimize its production of air and water pollution. where가 이끄는 관계부사절의 주어 는 few legal controls이며 동사는 are이다. 관계부사 다음에는 완전한 문장이 이어진다는 사실에 유의한다. Ongoing protests in the United States and elsewhere around the world against the World Trade Organization and other forces of globalization have been largely about such exporting of massive environmental and social costs of production. 이와 같은 구문을 만드는 동사에는 make 이외에 think. A factory in the United States. the environmental costs of the plywood are usually exported to places where there are few legal controls on pollution and resource extraction. 목적격보어인 cheaper는 뒤에 오는 than과 함께 비교급 구문을 이룬다. The environmental costs of producing those hardwood products occur far from the consumer who buys a piece of cheap Brazilian plywood. the environmental costs of the plywood / are usually exported / to places [where 설상가상으로 선행사 관계부사절 there are few legal controls / on pollution and resource extraction]. 20 영어독해연습(2) . consider 등이 있다. making it cheaper to produce goods there than in the United States. [ making it cheaper to 비교급 강조 분사구문(부대상황) produce goods there / than in the United States]. for example. Pollution control can be expensive. A similar factory in Mexico / might have far less responsibility / for pollution control. ~보다 → make + it +목적격보어+ to부정사」 「 구문이 사용되고 있는데 it은 가목적어이며. and internalizing this cost makes a factory less profitable.
kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 11~12쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). → to come ~ first는 the good taste를 수식하는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. sabotage (고의로) ~을 방해하다 (A) create create provoke attract attract (B) rage failure abandonment inattention lead ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Volunteers in one study / took a test and were then given the opportunity [to provide hints [that would ▲ 선행사 관계대명사절 either help or hinder a friend’s performance / on the same test]].「so that +주어+can +동사원형」 은‘목적(~할 수 있도록)’ 의미를 나타낸다. 이때 A와 B에는 동사원형인 help와 hinder처럼 문법적으로 동일 의 한 요소가 와야 한다. they actively hindered their friends when the test was described as an important measure of intellectual ability.co. either A or B A.ebsi. Apparently. B의 공통 목적어 → to provide ~는 형용사적 용법의 to부정사로 명사 the opportunity를 수식한다. when our friends / do not have the good taste [to come in last / so that we can enjoy / the good taste ▲ so that +주어+ can + 동사원형 of coming in first] ~.www. Apparently. we may go out and them. we give them a friendly push in the appropriate direction. when our friends do not have the good taste to come in last so that we can enjoy the good taste of coming in first. Volunteers in one study took (A) a test and were then given the opportunity to provide hints that would either help or hinder a friend’s performance on the same test. 의 02강 21 . Although volunteers helped their friends when the test was described as a game. Once we’ve successfully sabotaged their performances and ensured their . they become the perfect (B) standard for comparison. And if we can’t find people who are doing more poorly than we are. 선행사 hints를 수식하는 관계대명사절에는 「either A or B(A 또는 B)」 상관접속사 구문이 쓰이고 있는데. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ The tendency to seek information about those who have done more poorly than we have is especially pronounced when the stakes are high.
which is a key predictive factor. you can get a good feel for how she’s likely to treat others. It’s the perfect forum for drama. you can get a good feel for [how she’s ~으로써 ~을 잘 알다 likely to treat others]. 전치사 for의 목적절 → how someone’s parents treat her와 how she treats them이 각각 앞에 있는 watching의 목적어 역할을 하고 있다. and those who are raised with love become caring. S’2)을 who로 이어지는 주격 관계대명사절이 각각 꾸며주고 있다. and those [who are raised with love] become caring. what goes around / comes around]: those [who S 관계대명사절 V ~에 관한 한 S’1 주격 관계대명사절 주격 are raised with criticism] become critical . For one thing. 주어 역할을 하는 those들(S’1. The family dinner can be extremely if it’s attended by someone’s parents. the crucial scene takes place around the family dinner table. will have a tremendous influence on the type of person she is. V’1 C’1 S’2 V’2 C’2 → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절이 point out의 목적어 역할을 하고 있고. you can get a good feel for the person’s background. and it’s fun.PartⅠ 3 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? In many famous films. and children. siblings. By watching [how someone’s parents treat her] and [how she treats them]. By watching how someone’s parents treat her and how she treats them. 22 영어독해연습(2) . especially if the family isn’t your own. ① formal ④ delightful ② stressful ⑤ expensive ③ revealing Points to Master Psychologists often point out [that when it comes to child-rearing. Psychologists often point out that when it comes to childrearing. How someone was raised. what goes around comes around: those who are raised with criticism become critical. and by whom.
I own a mobile phone. I find myself hiding behind e-mail to do a job meant for conversation. and an e-mail account를 가리키고. → 현재분사 hiding은 동사 find의 목적격보어 역할을 하고 있다.ebsi. and an e-mail account. I just leave the answer on her cell phone. a credit card. 점점 더 S V O O.co. S V C → 주어 They는 앞 문장에 나오는 a mobile phone.kr 정답과 해설 12~13쪽 난이도 ★☆☆ With text messages. a credit card. If my mom has a question. It’s their unintended results that make me sad. The technology devoted to helping me keep in touch with others . what은 선행사를 포함하 는 관계대명사로서 the thing which로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다. I find myself hiding behind e-mail / to do a job meant for conversation. 03강 23 .C. What good is all this incredible technology if there is no one in the room to hear me crying out “Incredible”? ① gives me freedom ② is making me lazy ③ has advanced a lot ④ has made me lonely ⑤ helped me smile again Points to Master More and more .14 39번 Type 2 빈칸 완성 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www. you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone.★ 2010 인터넷수능 고득점 외국어영역 300제 p. They are great / for what they are intended to do. They are great for what they are intended to do. Pumping gas at the station? Why say good morning to the assistant when you can swipe your credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact? More and more.
one of the sausage keepers / rejected her. “It was intriguing to discover that dogs .「allow + O + to V」 는‘(목적어)가 ~하게 하다. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe. The dogs decided to beg from the charitable person five times as often as from the stingy one. food sharing interactions / to부정사구 S V O O. one by one. food sharing interactions between humans. 소량 ① can be selfish just as humans are ② need to be treated in a respectful way ③ assess us in terms of how generous we are ④ are smarter than humans in certain circumstances ⑤ have more energy and better health while on an organic diet Points to Master To test their hypothesis.C. a human “beggar” repeatedly approached two other people holding bowls of aromatic sausages. snooping 염탐 morsel (음식 따위의) 한입. When the beggar left the room and the dogs were freed. 24 영어독해연습(2) . saying no and flicking one hand. 허락하다’ 의 라는 미이다. one of the sausage keepers rejected her. During each trial. one by one. the scientists allowed 84 dogs to observe. The other person willingly shared.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Animal cognition researcher Sarah Marshall Pescini and her colleagues at the University of Milan believe that dogs do indeed engage in interspecies snooping. → To test their hypothesis는 부사적 용법의 부정사구(목적)이고. To test their hypothesis. When the beggar asked for a bite. saying “have it” while offering a morsel. they could approach either one of the people. [When the beggar asked for a bite]. each still holding bowls of sausage. 부사절 S’ V’ S V O 분사구문 → saying no와 flicking one hand는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며 부대상황을 나타내는 분사구문이다.” Marshall Pescini says. saying no and flicking one hand. between humans.
. → it can 다음에는 앞에 있는 동사 increase가 생략되었다. During periods of inflation. . which generally accompany inflationary surges. it is more than just an inflation hedge.ebsi. gold has been one of the only investments / to keep pace with rising prices. During periods of inflation. it turns out that the real force behind gold’s rise is not inflation per se but rather negative real interest rates. because the federal government cannot S V O’ 목적절 S’ ~하는 식으로 V’ increase / the nation’s supply of gold at whim]. 부사구 S V C to부정사구 → to keep pace with rising prices는 형용사적 용법의 부정사구이다. the way it can / paper or electronic dollars. When real rates are negative. 03강 25 .co.kr Type 4 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 13~14쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). the way it can paper or electronic dollars. because the federal government cannot increase the nation’s supply of gold at whim. money flees to (B) investments that keep pace with inflation. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Investors should understand that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge.www. you lose money by parking it in cash or in interest-bearing bills or bonds. and historically gold has been the surest choice. When you (A) examine the various economic relationships more closely. inflation hedge 인플레이션 대비책 per se 그 자체가 negative real interest rate 마이너스 실질금리 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) However However Similarly Therefore Therefore …… …… …… …… …… (B) Thus Moreover Thus Moreover Conversely Points to Master Investors should understand [that gold is the ultimate inflation hedge]. gold has been one of the only investments to keep pace with rising prices.
led by the prefrontal cortex.O. 26 영어독해연습(2) . 통찰 ① ideas for stories ② such creative solutions ③ our own linguistic structures ④ statistical data about the words ⑤ psychological explanations of conflicts Points to Master ~ he gives a subject three different words ( such as pine. ~. People have no idea how they came up with the necessary word. Jung-Beeman found [that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany]. He wants to f ind the neural source of our breakthrough. crab. and sauce) / and asks him to think of a single word S V1 I. a cognitive psychologist at Northwestern University. Jung-Beeman’s experiments go like this: he gives a subject three different words (such as pine. itself는 앞에 있는 the mind를 가리킨다. ~와 같은 V2 O2 선행사 [that could form a compound word or phrase with all three]. S V S’ V’ O’ → 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 동사 found의 목적어 역할을 하고. prefrontal cortex 전두엽 피질 epiphany 직관. every successful insight was preceded by the same sequence of cortical events. has spent the last fifteen years trying to understand how the brain. crab.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Mark Jung-Beeman. manages to come up with . Jung-Beeman found that the mind was carefully preparing itself for the epiphany. What’s interesting about this type of verbal puzzle is that the answers often arrive in a flash of insight. Nevertheless. and sauce) and asks him to think of a single word that could form a compound word or phrase with all three. D.O. a single word가 뒤에 있는 주격 관계대명사절의 수 식을 받고 있다. 주격 관계대명사절 → gives와 asks의 주어는 he이고 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있으며. the familiar “aha!” moment. Nevertheless.
” Elaine recalls. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One volunteer from Seattle who worked in a Rumanian orphanage was shocked when she first arrived to find the babies tightly swathed in blankets and lying in cribs with bottles propped against the railings. however. 03강 27 . hold는 앞에 있는 began to에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. None of these babies smiled. feed. and hold the babies one by one]. and hold the babies one by one. feed. When Elaine and other volunteers began to clean. 싸다 crib 유아용 침대 stench 악취 (A) human contact human contact natural immunity cognitive ability cognitive ability (B) hostility pleasure hostility pleasure indifference ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master One volunteer from Seattle [who worked in a Rumanian orphanage] was shocked [when she first arrived / to find S 주격 관계대명사절 V 부사절 to부정사 the babies tightly swathed in blankets / and lying in cribs / with bottles propped against the railings].co. after four days they noticed the infants responding with some degree of . 분사구문(부대상황) → to find는 결과를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사이고. however. there was an overpowering stench. feed. after four days / S’ V’ 한 명씩 부사구 they noticed the infants responding with some degree of S V O (B) . [When Elaine and other volunteers / began to clean. “They had very little . swathe (천으로) 감다.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 14~16쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). Researchers are currently trying to discover how much recovery is possible in (B) orphans and other children deprived of loving touch in their formative infant and toddler years. 분사 swathed와 lying은 앞에 있는 the babies의 상태를 나타내며 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다.ebsi.” she remembers sadly.www. → When이 이끄는 부사절에서 clean. and “because (A) all the windows were closed to prevent ear infections. All of their faces were expressionless.
or just letting go of things that you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore. 28 영어독해연습(2) .Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? If you’re already doing this. 관계대명사절 V(명령형 동사) 선행사 = why 관계부사절 → 동명사구 disappointing people. Points to Master Refusing requests can free you / to do the things [that will help you to succeed and move your organization S V O 주격 관계대명사절 forward]. ③ Follow the orders of your superiors. 그리고 just letting go of things는 전치사 about에 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. ② Practice the art of saying no. succeed와 move는 and로 연결되어 병렬 구조를 이루 고 있다. I congratulate you. You would be surprised at how many people in very big jobs have not yet figured this out. ⑤ Organize your business to increase productivity. I’ve worked with senior executives who are killing themselves working way too many hours. → 주격 관계대명사절 that 이하가 앞에 있는 the things를 꾸며주고 있으며. or just letting go of things [that ~이든 아니든 동명사구1 동명사구2 동명사구3 선행사 목적격 you’ve always done but don’t need to do anymore]. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. While the demands are great. Refusing requests can free you to do the things that will help you to succeed and move your organization forward. not looking like a superhero. And then think about what would happen if you could instead say yes to your highest priorities. ① Work as hard as possible. Whether you’re worried about disappointing people. think about the reasons [ that it is hard to refuse]. ④ Build close relationships with others. think about the reasons that it is hard to refuse. not looking like a superhero. another issue is that they haven’t just learned to let go and give a flat refusal. not looking like a superhero.
. skills 뒤에는 목적격 관계대명사 that이 생략되어 있다. callow 미숙한. 풋내기의 con man 사기꾼. 거짓말쟁이 (A) However However Therefore Moreover Moreover (B) Otherwise Instead Otherwise Instead Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women. psychologist Edward Thorndike created the original formulation of “social intelligence. 목적절 ~할 때 → 사역동사 lets 뒤에 목적격보어로 원형부정사 look이 나왔고.co. what 이하 절이 앞에 있는 understand의 목적어 역할을 한다. → the ability to understand and manage men and women은 뒤에 있는 skills 이하와 동격 관계에 있으며.ebsi. Even now some descriptions of social intelligence offer no distinctions between the callow aptitudes of a con man and the genuinely caring acts that enrich healthy relationships. S V O O. simply being manipulative should not be seen as socially intelligent. This concept lets us look beyond the individual / to understand [what actually transpires as people interact]. 03강 29 .” [skills we all need to live well in S V C S’ V’ the world].” skills we all need to live well in the world.C.www.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 16~17쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). This concept lets us look beyond the individual to understand what actually transpires as people interact.” He defined it as “the ability to understand and manage men and women. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ Way back in 1920. that definition also allows (A) pure manipulation to be considered a mark of interpersonal talent. we might think of (B) “social intelligence” as a shorthand term for being intelligent not just about our relationships but also in them. In my view. .
you can connect every small thing you do to the larger picture. and on the left-hand side write down a task you’re forced to perform at work that feels devoid of meaning. → to the larger picture와 to a goal ~은 동격 관계이며. In this way. and on the left-hand side / write down a task [you’re forced to perform at work] V1 주격 관계대명사 O1 V2 O2 목적격 관계대명사절 [ that feels devoid of meaning]. you can connect every small thing / you do / to the larger picture. to a goal that keeps you motivated and energized. ask yourself again: What does this result lead to? Draw another arrow and write this down.PartⅠ 4 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Try this exercise: Turn a piece of paper horizontally. If what you wrote still seems unimportant. Keep going until you get to a result that is . to a goal [ that keeps you motivated (that) you do 주격 관계대명사 and energized]. like providing a new generation of young lawyers with the resources they need to succeed. keep +목적어+목적격보어」 구문에서 두 개의 과거분사가 병렬 구조를 「 의 이루며 목적격보어로 사용되고 있다. devoid of ~이 없는 ① original ④ flexible ② routine ⑤ meaningful ③ contradictory Points to Master Turn a piece of paper horizontally. In this way. 앞의 관계대명사절은 목적격 관계대명사 that[which]이 생략되어 있다. Then ask yourself: What is the purpose of this task? What will it accomplish? Draw an arrow to the right and write this answer down. draw your arrow until you can connect it to something you do care about. If you’re a law professor and you hate administrative work. 30 영어독해연습(2) . → 두 개의 관계대명사절이 선행사 a task를 수식하고 있는데.
the +비교급 … 현재분사로 factors 수식 동격절의 접속사 = change of change / or even reverse its direction. But if the world seems to be a highly complicated place because we’re noticing so much. which in turn are a consequence of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it. operating과 direction 뒤에 각각 동사 is 「 의 가 생략되어 있다. the +비교급 …(~하면 할수록. that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 the likelihood의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다. the greater the likelihood / that some variable will alter the rate the +비교급 ~. which in turn are a consequence / of attending to a small part of the environment versus a lot of it .co. The greater the number of factors operating . the greater the likelihood that some variable will alter the rate of change or even reverse its direction. The greater the number of factors operating. 04강 31 . → the +비교급 ~.www. If the world appears a simple place because we’re not paying attention to much of it.ebsi. 계속적 용법의 관계대명사 ~대 (~에 대비하여) = the environment → which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로 선행사인 different understandings about ~에 대한 부연 설명을 덧붙이고 있는데 and they로 바꾸어 쓸 수 있다.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 17~18쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ While Westerners believe that things don’t change much. Asians believe that things are constantly changing. then not much change is to be expected. then stability will be the exception and change will be the rule. ① the likelihood of time travel ② the complexity of the world ③ the creation of the universe ④ the relativity of time and space ⑤ the meaning of property ownership Points to Master These differing assumptions about change / can be derived from different understandings about ~에서 기원하다 . then there is no reason to assume that it will do anything but continue in the same direction. 더 …하다)」 구문이 사용되고 있는데. These differing assumptions about change can be derived from different understandings about . If change is occurring.
The treatment included having the eye bandaged for two weeks. were not being used는 과거진행시제를 수동으로 나타낸 표현이다.” ophthalmologist 안과 의사 ① the boy had eyesight similar to that of an adult ② two weeks was too short for treating an infection ③ the boy would recover from eye surgery immediately ④ the minor infection hadn’t influenced the boy’s eyesight ⑤ the boy would not be using the eye for the rest of his life Points to Master Because the neurons / serving the bandaged eye / were not being used / during this crucial period of S’ S V 마치 ~처럼(= as if) V’ not ~ at all: 전혀 ~아닌 development. his eye was perfectly normal. They eventually discovered that when he was a baby. Because the neurons serving the bandaged eye were not being used during this crucial period of development. As far as the ophthalmologists could tell. they were treated by the brain / as though they weren’t there at all . he had been treated for a minor infection. But in a young baby. The cause of his blindness was a mystery. who was blind in one eye. → 현재분사 serving이 이끄는 구는 the neurons를 수식하며.Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The neuroscientist Susan Greenfield illustrates the amazing plasticity of the young brain in a cautionary tale of a six-year-old boy in Italy. “Sadly. 32 영어독해연습(2) . the development of the eye-to-brain neural circuits is a delicate and critical process.” said Greenfield. “the bandaging of the eye was misinterpreted by the brain as a clear indication that . they were treated by the brain as though they weren’t there at all. This would have made little difference to the eye of an adult.
which killed tens of thousands of species.★ 2010 수능특강 유형편 p. which means [that / this S V 관계대명사 목적어절 year / somewhere between three and a hundred species / will vanish]. . . 04강 33 . which killed tens of thousands of species. Over millions of years the ecosystem has developed an amazing inseneitivity to errors and failures. Indeed. which means that this year somewhere between three and a hundred species will van ish. an estimated 3 million to 100 million species / have disappeared . which는 계속적인 용법의 관계대명사로 and they 로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. surviving even S such ~ as . a tiny (A) wiring error in your computer’s circuits can mean throwing the whole computer out. → which는 계속적인 용법의 관계대명사로 앞문장의 내용을 선행사로 받으며 and it으로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다.102 4번 Type 4 연결사 넣기 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A).ebsi. such naturral extinctions appear to cause little (B) harm. Over millions of years. an estimated 3 million to 100 million species have disappeared. → surviving ~ meteorite는 분사구문으로 의미상의 주어는 the ecosystem이다. the failure of a single component of your car’s engine could force you to call for a tow truck. though. Throughout Earth’s history.kr 정답과 해설 18~19쪽 난이도 ★★☆ Errors and failures typically corrupt all human designs.. Natural systems are different. the ecosystem has developed / an amazing insensitivity to errors and failures . (A) Similarly Similarly Instead Conversely Conversely (B) However Otherwise Moreover However Moreover ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Throughout Earth’s history.: …와 같은 ~ V 관계대명사 O such drastic events as the impact of the Yucatan meteorite. surviving even such drastic events as the impact of the Yucatan meteorite. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www..co.
More generally. while the fast ones say [that they are above average in S V 목적어절(접속사 that 생략) S’ V’ reflexes].(…만큼 ~ 한)」 원급 비교의 표현에 해당한다. Everyone has heard of “reducing cognitive dissonance. 은 34 영어독해연습(2) .. → that은 동격절을 이끄는 접속사로 obvious evidence의 구체적인 내용을 설명하고 있는 절을 이끌고 있다. the fast ones에서 ones는 drivers를 대신하는 부정대명 사이다. → 대조의 의미를 나타내는 접속사 while에 의해 두 개의 절이 연결되어 있으며. The urge to reduce it is the urge to . most people claim they are above average in any positive trait you name: leadership. Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence that you are not as beneficent and effective as you would like people to think. They rationalize the boast by searching for an aspect of the trait that they might in fact be good at.” in which people invent a new opinion to resolve a contradiction in their minds.113 3번 Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Indeed. sophistication. while the fast ones say that they are above average in reflexes. Cognitive dissonance is always triggered by obvious evidence / that you are not as beneficent and effective / as you be triggered by ~: ~에 의해 유발되다 동격절의 접속사 would like people to think. managerial ability..「as ~ as . even driving skill. we delude ourselves about how benevolent and how effective we are. athletic prowess. The slow drivers say they are above average in safety. dissonance 불협화음 ① break your own records ② follow common sense ③ rely on temporary measures ④ make up your self-serving story ⑤ accept the reality of the situation Points to Master The slow drivers say [they are above average in safety].★ 2010 수능특강 유형편 p.
in Maine to give a lecture for his then regular summer course. although가 이끄는 절이 그 사이에 들어 있는 구조이다.co. and I honestly began to think less of the Master. → that은 목적격 관계대명사로 생략이 가능하며. “Doesn’t he get bored?” Saying the same thing over and over had no value in my mind. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing. although Weingart was saying the exact same thing. rekindle 다시 불러일으키다 ① saying it simpler ② adding many details ③ changing the pitch of his voice ④ ignoring the audience’s response ⑤ using silence as an intentional strategy Points to Master Yet it was upon maybe the third visit / that I realized [how. 매번 ~할 때마다 → it was ~ that . I thought to myself. Wolfgang Weingart. I marveled at Weingart’s ability to give the exact same introductory lecture each year.」 강조 구문을 이용하여 부사구인 upon maybe the third visit를 강조하고 있으며. he was each time he said it.. 「it was ~ that . Yet it was upon maybe the third visit that I realized how. what은 전치사 of의 목적어 역할을 하는 명사절을 이끌고 있으며 ‘~하는 것’ 의 의 미로 번역된다..www. how가 이끄는 절의 주어는 he인데..kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 19~20쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ A few years ago. I visited the master of Swiss typographic design..ebsi. he was able to reduce everything that he knew to the concentrated essence of what he wished to convey. His unique example rekindled my excitement for teaching.」 강조 구문 목적어절 he was / each time he said it]. Through focusing on the basics of basics. 동사 realized의 목적절은 「 의 how가 이끌고 있다. 04강 35 . Through focusing on the basics of basics. he was able to reduce everything [ that he knew] to the concentrated through -ing: ~을 통하여 reduce A to B: A를 B로 줄이다 목적격 관계대명사 essence / of what he wished to convey.
$48. But does it really make sense to spend so much money on an animal when doing so takes away resources from other things such as immunization. but one can ask whether. In a similar vein.p. I’m sure Forgea was adorable and didn’t deserve to die. bird.000 of taxpayers’ money와 an amount ~는 동 격 관계에 있다. and health care? Just because we doesn’t mean that this tendency always helps us to make better decisions ─ even when we want to help.000 of taxpayers’ money ─ an amount that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans. consider the disastrous oil spill from the wrecked Exxon Valdez.000 of taxpayers’ money] – an amount V’ might have p. saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission that cost $48. in the grand scheme of things.000 and for each otter about $80. 36 영어독해연습(2) . in the grand scheme of things. or otter.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? A few years ago a two-year-old white terrier named Forgea spent three weeks alone aboard a tanker drifting in the Pacific after its crew abandoned ship. but one can ask / whether. it’s very hard to see a suffering dog. Of course. The estimates for cleaning and rehabilitating a single bird were about $32. education. rehabilitate 원상태로 돌리다 otter 수달 ① care more about vivid examples of misery ② react to people who are destroying themselves ③ are purchasing pets that later become unwanted ④ don’t step in to help those who are less fortunate ⑤ enact strict laws to prevent environmental pollution Points to Master I’m sure / Forgea was adorable / and didn’t deserve to die.000. ~ be sure (that) 목적어절 S’ 주격 관계대명사 S 주격 관계대명사 V 목적어절 saving her was worth a twenty-five-day rescue mission [ that cost $48.: ~이었을 것이다 [ that might have been better spent caring for desperately needy humans]. → 접속사 whether가 이끄는 절은 동사 ask의 목적어 역할을 하고 있으며.
firms claiming [that dumping threatens to hurt their business] can file a complaint / with the U. International S 목적어절 V V’ file a complaint: 고소하다 Trade Commission. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ The practice of selling a product in a foreign market at a price lower than it commands in the producer’s domestic market is called dumping.S. In retaliation for this with free trade. which의 선행사는 the U.www. S’(관계대명사) (that) it receives → 현재분사 claiming은 주어인 U. firms를 수식하고 있으며 접속사 that이 이끄는 절은 claiming의 목적어 역할을 한다. 04강 37 .S.S. International Trade Commission.S. Government support may permit these firms to extend their export markets by offering lower prices abroad. International Trade Commission이다. which – on average – rejects about half the claims [it receives].S. which ─ on average ─ rejects about half the claims it receives. firms claiming that dumping threatens to hurt (B) their business can file a complaint with the U.S. markets to bring their prices in line with those of domestically produced products. the United States adds (A) import tariffs to products that foreign firms dump on U.co. Critics of free trade often argue that foreign governments give substantial support to their own exporting companies. retaliation 보복 (A) agreement interference obsession interference obsession (B) product quality import duties income taxes product quality import duties ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master U. However. U.S.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 20~22쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). businesses often complain that charges of dumping must undergo a lengthy investigative and bureaucratic procedure before the government assesses .ebsi.
Or. often while lying on a bed and eating some sort of snack. ① efforts ④ preference ② context ⑤ intelligence ③ motives Points to Master It follows that we can improve performance / by identifying cues [ that will be present during recall]. they are typically in a classroom. seated in a rather uncomfortable chair. Students find themselves unable to recall facts that they “knew cold” before they walked into the classroom. typically in the presence of a number of other students with whom they cannot converse. / typically in the presence of a number of other students [with whom they cannot converse]. It follows that we can improve performance by identifying cues that will be present during recall. 전치사 with를 converse 뒤로 보내 ~ other students (whom) they cannot converse with로 표현할 수도 있다. 38 영어독해연습(2) . / they are typically in a classroom. Students typically do exactly the opposite: They study in their room.PartⅠ 5 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? We remember better when cues present during learning are present during recall. they sit under a large tree or on a park bench. and then learning in the presence of those cues. / and then 동명사1 주격 관계대명사 learning in the presence of those cues. if the weather is pleasant. Often friends stop by and chat. These differences in no doubt account for some forgetting. When they take a test on what they have studied. 동명사2 → by -ing는 ‘~함으로써’ 의미로 by 뒤에 identifying ~과 learning ~이 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. 라는 When they take a test on [ what they have studied]. with whom 이하는 other students를 수식하 는 관계대명사절로. and studying gets mixed up with socializing. / seated in a rather 관계대명사(~ 것) (being) seated ~ 수동태형 분사구문 목적격 관계대명사 uncomfortable chair. → what they have studied는 전치사 on의 목적어 역할을 하는 관계대명사절이다.
you couldn’t possibly 뒤에는 be the CEO of your company가 생략되어 있다.ebsi. if a desire [ that arises for you] is to be the CEO of your company. They act like realistic rational adults extinguishing your rediscovered possibilities. the yeah but” 단수 형태이므로 동사도 이에 따라 단수형 “ 을 “ 이 (says)이 사용되었다.” The list can go on and on. For example. Yeah but it’s too late. (구어체에서는 보어로 복수형이 나오더라도 단수형 동사가 쓰이기도 한다.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 22~23쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★★ What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings are what I call the “yeah buts. Yeah but I don’t have the education. The critic within splashes buckets of ice water on your tiny embers of desire. be prepared for the “yeah but” [ that S’ 주격 관계대명사 V’ 명령문 주격 관계대명사 says you couldn’t possibly]. however. 보어는 what절로 표현되었지만 what이 지칭하는 명사는 the“yeah buts” 이며. strategically. 이는 복수형이므로 be 동사 are이 사용되었다.” The “yeah buts” are your mind’s way of protecting you from disappointment. Before . take a good hard look at your vision. would you be willing to go for it if you really. if a desire that arises for you is to be the CEO of your company.co.”] 관계대명사(~ 것들) S V → What은 선행사를 포함한 관계대명사로. 위 문장의 경우. → that says 이하는 the yeah but” 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. “Yeah but I’m too old. what이 이끄는 절이 주어 역할을 할 경우 보어로 나오는 명사의 수에 따라 동사의 수가 결정된다. Is it really absurd? Is it truly so impossible? If not. Deal with the “yeah buts” one by one. 05강 39 . truly wanted it? ① being persuaded by flattery ② taking others’ sensible advice ③ following your unrealistic plan ④ giving in to that negative belief ⑤ feeling disappointed by bad results Points to Master What will immediately surface in response to your most wild imaginings / are [what I call the “yeah buts.www.) For example. be prepared for the “yeah but” that says you couldn’t possibly.
though. you will see that ~으로 바꿔 쓸 수 있다. though. if you see Shakespeare’s characters in black and white. 관계대명사절 who ~ mold가 선행사인 anyone else를 수식하고 있다.36 Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Shakespeare’s England was not politically correct by modern standards. He created complex characters with real lives and real problems.★ 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅰ) 종합편 p. 전체 문장을 If you take a closer look at the character. blacks. he tried to . He has been treated cruelly and has borne that cruelty with patience. will show you that he is not a conventional loan shark. at first glance. In his plays. and anyone else [who didn’t fit the English mold] faced discrimination. Shylock ─ he Jewish moneylender in The Merchant of Venice ─ is cruel and greedy. Therefore. Shakespeare grew up in this environment. though. For example. loan shark 고리대금업자 ① escape from conflicting realities ② avoid stereotyping his characters ③ promote harmony among the races ④ satirize the corruption of the rulers ⑤ classify people into many groups Points to Master Jews. He is a complicated person. restrictive laws. and sometimes S 주격 관계대명사 V O open hostility. A closer look at the character. and anyone else who didn’t fit the English mold faced discrimination. you will miss the most interesting aspects of his plays. S V → A closer look at the character는 조건절을 대신하는 명사구로. A closer look at the character. restrictive laws. and his plays reflect the society in which he lived. 40 영어독해연습(2) . will show you that ~. blacks. though. and sometimes open hostility. Jews. → Jews ~ mold가 주어이며 동사는 faced이다.
dozens of other space telescopes (B) have been put into orbit over the last two and one-half decades. or gamma rays. 주절의 주어와 관계없이 수동형으로 쓰인다. allow ~ to . Many people think only of the Hubble Space Telescope when they hear the term “space telescope. ~. .ebsi. each는 each space telescopes를 뜻한다. ~.: ~가 …하도록 허용하다 → given that은 ‘~라는 것을 고려하면’ 이라는 뜻의 비인칭 독립 분사구문으로. from the ground we cannot study celestial bodies that (A) radiate only in wavelengths of infrared. it prevents us from observing many objects in space that emit other types of radiation. X-rays.10 Type 4 연결사 넣기 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A)..kr 정답과 해설 23~25쪽 난이도 ★★★ The Earth’s atmosphere provides an effective filter for many types of cosmic radiation. dozens of other space telescopes have been put into orbit over the last two and one-half decades. given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www. scientists devised a good solution. each able to detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths.. This fact is crucial to the survival of humans and other life forms because exposure to that radiation would be deadly. → each 다음에 being이 생략된 분사구문으로.” . However. 05강 41 .★ 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅱ) 틀리기쉬운유형편 p.co. ultraviolet. In the 1970s. (A) Likewise For instance Likewise For instance By contrast (B) Therefore In addition That is However In addition ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master However. given that our atmosphere only allows visible light and radio waves to pass through. each able to dozens of: 수십개의 S V ~에 걸쳐서 detect radiation in a particular range of wavelengths. They designed a telescope that could be placed into space beyond the Earth’s atmosphere.
But the world of ideas is not. V2 → tell은 4형식 구조로 사용되는 동사 중 하나로. for example. How can this be possible? The world of things ─ of pecans or power stations ─ is indeed often subject to diminishing returns. the more you can prosper.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The more you prosper. And the engine that is driving prosperity in the modern world is . No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. the +비교급 …」 ‘~하면 할수록 더 …하다’ 뜻을 나타낸다. It gives without losing. the idea will not grow stale or useless or fray at the edges. / the idea will not grow stale or 아무리 ~할지라도(양보 부사절) A B S V1 useless or fray at the edges. Indeed. pecan 피칸(미국산 견과류) fray 해어지다. tell A B는 A에게 B를 말하다’ 뜻이다. but there is not much extra gain in having two. The more knowledge you generate. the +비교급 the +비교급 → the +비교급 ~. a bicycle is a thing and is subject to diminishing returns. 「 은 라는 No matter how many times you tell somebody how to make or ride a bicycle. the more you can prosper. the very opposite happens. So. the more you can generate. 동사 grow와 fray는 will not 뒤에서 ‘ 라는 병렬 구조로 이어지고 있다. let alone three. The more you invent. 닳다 ① the fair evaluation of intellectual property ② the increasing demand for brand-new stuff ③ the accelerating generation of useful knowledge ④ the cost-effective production of high quality goods ⑤ the productive investment in the real economy Points to Master The more you prosper. One bicycle is very useful. But the idea ‘bicycle’ does not diminish in value. 42 영어독해연습(2) . the more inventions become possible.
may see an offense as bigger than S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) it really is.www. = an offense → who는 the hurt person을 부가적으로 설명해주는 관계절을 이끄는 관계대명사이다. researchers have found that those who cause harm tend to the offense ─ probably to protect themselves from (A) shame and guilt. These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person. Each person has his or her own truth.ebsi. and there is on both sides. may see an offense as bigger than it really is. Examining personal narratives.co. One reason apologies fail is that the offender and the victim usually see the event differently. Those who are hurt tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern that is inexcusable and immoral. → see A as B는 A를 B로 여기다’ 뜻으로 as one ~ consequences와 as part ~ immoral이 병렬 구조를 이루고 있다. who . They also tend to downplay the consequences of their actions. in contrast. to (B) apologize sincerely we must first listen attentively to how the other person really feels about what happened ─ not simply assert what we think happened. in contrast. ‘ 라는 05강 43 . Therefore.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 25~26쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). (A) minimize minimize commit overestimate overestimate (B) openness distortion reconciliation jealousy immorality ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master These tendencies can inflame the anger of the hurt person. who. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ Apologies often fail. Those who are hurt tend to see the act as one with severe consequences and as part of an ongoing pattern [ that S V 전치사1 전치사2 주격 관계대명사 is inexcusable and immoral].
is that most of the big breakthroughs of science have been rejected or at least heavily criticized by those already practising in the field. V’ → that ~ gather는 discovered의 목적절로. ~을 알아내기 위해 → who have ~ come about은 others를 수식하는 주격 관계대명사절로. how ~ about은 첫 번째 about의 목적절 역할을 한다. The sad truth. Kuhn discovered [that the cheering crowds of converts. Kuhn points out. Kuhn bothered to go back to the original sources ─ to find out what actually happened.Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★★ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? It’s more than 40 years since Thomas Kuhn published his masterpiece on how scientific revolutions happen. more interesting problems to wrestle with ─ that . didn’t gather]. What did Galileo or Newton or Einstein’s contemporaries actually think about the ideas proposed by these shapers of our scientific tradition? Curiously. Kuhn bothered to go back ~와 달리 주격 관계대명사 S V bother to: 굳이 ~하다 to the original sources – to find out [what actually happened]. as Kuhn puts it. didn’t gather. Nobody sang. convert 전향자 aflutter 흥분하여 ① scientific paradigms shift ② revolutionary theories fail ③ people support traditional values ④ science is considered significant ⑤ scientists come up with original ideas Points to Master Unlike others [ who have theorized about / how the big changes in science come about]. heads turned and hearts all aflutter / S ~의 결과로 V S’ (being) turned (being) all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them. Kuhn discovered that the cheering crowds of converts. It’s only when the new way of thinking about or seeing the world is seen by enough practitioners to provide a more useful field to work in ─ to provide. Unlike others who have theorized about how the big changes in science come about. Curiously. 44 영어독해연습(2) . heads turned and hearts all aflutter는 부대상황을 나타내는 독립분사구문이다. heads turned and hearts all aflutter as a result of having the superior evidence laid before them.
not for every one ~은 (we do) not (have words) for every one ~의 의미를 나타낸다. 영 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ (A) Instead Instead Similarly Otherwise Otherwise …… …… …… …… …… (B) In addition As a result In addition As a result In other words Points to Master We have words like million. The origin of all these tens in the counting system is not hard to find. This is why our counting system is called a ‘decimal’ system. ten tens make a hundred. 05강 45 . or mixtures of all or some of these systems.www. we have a handy notation that writes 10n to denote (A) the number which is 1 followed by n noughts.kr Type 8 연결사 넣기 정답과 해설 26~27쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). groups of ten (fingers of both hands). . → 목적격 관계대명사 that이 이끄는 절이 선행사 every one을 수식하며. . billion and trillion for some of the large numbers.’ Ten ones make ten. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ We count in ‘tens. It is at our fingertips.ebsi. billion and trillion for some of the large numbers. There is no limit to its scope if you have enough labels to name the results. 주격 관계대명사 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 주격 관계대명사 ▲ → the number는 which가 이끄는 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. 1 followed by n noughts는 과거분사 followed가 이끄 는 구가 1을 수식하는 형태로. Most ancient human cultures used their fingers in some way for counting. decimal system 십진법 nought 0. ten hundreds make a thousand and so on forever. ~. ~ we have a handy notation [ that writes 10n / to denote the number [ which is 1 followed by n noughts]]. you find counting (B) systems based on groups of five (fingers of one hand). We have words like million. but not for every one [ that you might S V O = every number 목적격 관계대명사 need to write down]. groups of twenty (fingers plus toes).co. which is 1 followed by n noughts는 1 다음에 n개의 영(0)이 따라오는’ ‘ 이라는 의미이다. but not for every one that you might need to write down. so a thousand is 103.
for your doctor would be violating background assumptions – your ideas 접속사(이유) 동격 about the way life is and the way things ought to work . which lie at the root of everyday life. [which lie at the root of everyday life]. your doctor does not offer you a haircut. for your doctor would be violating background assumptions ─ your ideas about the way life is and the way things ought to work. 목적어절1 목적어절2 → background assumptions와 your ideas ~는 동격 관계를 이루고 있는 명사구들이다. 의 46 영어독해연습(2) . Ethnomethodology means “the study of how people do things. These assumptions..” Specifically.」 ‘너무 ~해서 …하다’ 의미를 나타낸다. are so deeply embedded / in our consciousness / that we S(선행사) 관계대명사절 V are seldom aware of them . are so deeply embedded in our consciousness that we are seldom aware of them.. = these assumptions → so ~ that . Thus. seldom은 「 은 는 ‘좀처럼 ~않는’ 뜻이다. and most of us fulfill them unquestioningly. ethnomethodology focuses on how people use to make sense of life. ~. your doctor remarks that your hair is rather long. 전치사 about의 목적어로 쓰이고 있는 「 구문으로. S가 V하는 방식’ 해석된다. Let’s suppose that during a routine office visit.PartⅠ 6 Type 1 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★☆☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? Certainly one of the strangest words in sociology is ethnomethodology. then takes out a pair of scissors and starts to give you a haircut. even if he or she is good at cutting hair and you need one! ① ancient symbols ② instinctive desires ③ linguistic interactions ④ non-mainstream cultures ⑤ commonsense understandings Points to Master You would feel strange about this. You would feel strange about this. ‘ 으로 the way life is와 the way things ought to work는 the way+S+V」 These assumptions .
excoriate 몹시 비난하다 endorse 승인하다 espouse 옹호하다 ① show off too much ② whisper against a person ③ say one thing and do another ④ shift the responsibility onto others ⑤ fail to do something and make excuses Points to Master They proclaim a commitment to customer service. ultimately. to make the month’s ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 의미를 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구로 앞에 in order나 so as를 첨가할 수 있다. It’s earned through words and actions ─ and integrity in both. They endorse stretch budgets and invite their people to dream big. nothing I say means anything. And here.co. All that tells the organization is. even at the end of a decent year. 놓아두다)」구문이다. Or perhaps worst of all. they espouse the company’s values / at the top of their lungs. 06강 47 . they espouse the company’s values at the top of their lungs.kr Type 2 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 28~29쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ One strong trust killer is when people .ebsi. but keep and reward people who don’t live those values simply because they make the numbers. 주격 관계대명사절의 수식을 받고 있다. Or put another way: don’t trust me. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product / to make S V1 V2 the month’s sales quota. but punish them if the numbers fall short. but let the factory ship less-than-perfect product to make the month’s sales quota. isn’t very complicated. They tell people to take risks but excoriate them when they fail. Trust. bosses are the main culprits. 의 sales quota는 Or perhaps worst of all. → let the factory ship은「사역동사+목적어+원형부정사(~가 …하는 것을 허용하다. 주격 관계대명사 ~라는 이유만으로 → people은 동사 keep과 reward의 공통 목적어로. but keep and reward people 목적어(선행사) [ who don’t live those values] / simply because they make the numbers. They proclaim a commitment to customer service.www.
in order have 목적어 목적격보어1 목적격보어2 to comprehend it. “Hansel and Gretel. or [that S V 목적어절1 목적어절2 true love has the power / to soothe the savage heart].48 Type 3 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The fairy tale survives because . → that이 이끄는 두 개의 명사절이 동사 suggest의 목적어로 병렬되고 있다. ① it shows good always defeats evil ② it relieves the anguish of ordinary people ③ its unique settings are different from reality ④ it presents experience in a vivid symbolic form ⑤ it is successfully adapted for a play or a movie Points to Master Sometimes / we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. 48 영어독해연습(2) . but that is one of the great achievements of the fairy tale ─ traditional or modern. in order to comprehend it은 ‘목적(~하기 위해서)’ 나타내는 부사적 용법의 to부정사구이다. → have +목적어+목적격보어」구문에서 두 개의 과거분사(구)가 목적격보어로 이어져‘목적어가 ~되어지게 하다’ 의미를 나타내 「 는 고 있다. Sometimes we need to have the truth exaggerated and made more dramatic. even fantastic. may dramatize the fact that some parents underfeed and abandon their children physically or emotionally. in order to comprehend it. like the witch. while others. The message will probably be different for each one. or that true love has the power to soothe the savage heart.★ 2009 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅰ) p. 을 “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest [that a good man can seem / at first / like a dangerous wild animal]. even fantastic. 형용사적 용법의 to부정사구 to soothe the savage heart는 명사 the power를 수식한다. “Beauty and the Beast” may suggest that a good man can seem at first like a dangerous wild animal.” for instance. overfeed and try to possess and devour them.
But unlike snowflakes. 따라서 복수명사 Two kinds of things를 수식하는 주격 관계대명사 절의 동사로 복수형인 fall이 쓰이고 있다. it is very small and light. . Therefore. S(선행사) 주격 관계대명사절 V → 주격 관계대명사절의 동사는 선행사와 수를 일치시켜야 한다.124 10번 Type 4 연결사 넣기 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). it has a straight (B) shape. They have a six-sided shape with many complex designs. . Diamond dust. it does not accumulate rapidly on the ground. . [although / in some ways / similar to snowflakes]. Like snowflakes. It is typically only found in very (A) cold areas such as the North and South Poles. instead of having many unusual shapes.★ 2009 인터넷수능 영어어휘특강 p. diamond dust has a six-sided shape. Snowflakes commonly fall during winter in many cold regions of the world. is simpler in form. Snowflakes are relatively large and build up on the ground quickly during a heavy snow storm.co. which are often seen on Christmas cards.ebsi. 06강 49 .kr 정답과 해설 29~30쪽 난이도 ★☆☆ Two kinds of things that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day are snowflakes and diamond dust. Diamond dust. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? www. is simpler / in form. S 양보의 부사절 V → although가 이끄는 부사절에서 접속사 although 다음에 「주어+ be동사」즉 it(= diamond dust) is가 생략되어 있다. Diamond dust. is less common. although in some ways similar to snowflakes. (A) on the other hand for example for example on the other hand in other words (B) In addition Similarly In addition Consequently Similarly ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master Two kinds of things [that fall from the clouds on a cold winter day] are snowflakes and diamond dust.
the sketches show how Picasso wielded the knowledge built up over thirty years to construct the multiple layers: the first sketch. incremental 증가하는 stratum 층. → how 이하는 show의 목적절에 해당하며. widely regarded 이하 또한 Guernica (the painting)를 부가적으로 설명해주고 있다. → Guernica와 동격 관계에 있는 the painting을 inspired ~ War가 수식하고 있다.Type 5 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly by examining Guernica. untainted. mystical creativity is. underpinning the overall structure. the sketches show [how Picasso wielded the knowledge [built up over thirty years] to construct the S V (which was) built up ~ 목적을 나타내는 to부정사 multiple layers]: ~. widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. the painting inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War. And guess what? Guernica was nothing like a bolt from above. What seems like pure. Each stratum of the masterwork is drawn from experience. 지층 ① an accidental event ③ continuous education ⑤ extraordinary circumstances ② a lifetime of devotion ④ an interaction with peers Points to Master The incremental nature of Picasso’s creativity can be seen most vividly / by examining Guernica. built up ~ years는 the knowledge를 수식한다. in fact. and so on. Rather. is based on Picasso’s earlier work. because all forty-f ive preliminary sketches are numbered and dated. the consequence of . others are drawn from his knowledge of Goya. widely regarded as one of the most innovative works of art in history. Rather. 50 영어독해연습(2) . We know a lot about how the painting was created. the painting S (which was) inspired ~ V by -ing: ~함으로써 Guernica와 동격 (being) widely regarded ~ [inspired by the bombing in 1937 of the Basque town of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War].
and this sends out a “maneuver wave. 일제히 maneuver 움직임. → 관계대명사 what이 이끄는 절이 문장의 주어 역할을 하고 있다.www.kr Type 6 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 30~31쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★☆☆ If you’ve ever gone snorkeling.ebsi. The same goes for flocks of birds. or sense. Because individuals can see. Any individual can initiate a movement. as one unit. 앞의 a “maneuver wave”를 부가적으로 설 명해주는 역할을 한다. such as a change in direction. the wave coming toward them. 06강 51 . the individual fish or bird is reacting almost instantly to the movements of its neighbors in the school or flock. 기동 훈련 ① go back home ③ escape from the flock ⑤ put others before yourself ② act as a leader ④ follow your neighbor Points to Master Any individual can initiate a movement.” which spreads through the group at an astounding speed. 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) → this는 앞 문장의 a movement를 가리킨다. What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ ” behavior moving faster than the eye can see. Rather.co.” ~와 같은 which spreads through the group / at an astounding speed. So are they all following the commands of a leader? Researchers have determined that there is no leader or controlling force. moving ~은 behavior를 수식하는 현재분사이다. What appears to us as simultaneous is actually a kind of “ 관계대명사(~ 것) ” behavior [moving faster than the eye which moves ~ S V can see]. you may have seen the astonishing sight: an entire school of fish suddenly changes direction en masse. en masse 집단으로. they are ready to react more quickly than they would without such advance notice. which는 계속적 용법의 관계대명사로. such as a change in direction. / and this sends out a “maneuver wave.
and isn’t even particularly good compared to moderate activity. This simple and readily tested observation. Even today. refuted Aristotle. → first ~ Galileo는 앞에 being이 생략되어 있으며.. slowly but surely we will .” We are left to wonder how people could have believed what they were told for two millennia without ever checking. first published by Galileo. though.★ 인터넷수능 영어독해연습(Ⅱ) 틀리기쉬운유형편 p. “I greatly doubt that Aristotle ever tested by experiment whether it be true. 주어인 This simple ~ observation을 부가적으로 설명하는 역할을 한다. first published by Galileo. have we discovered bed rest isn’t the best treatment. refuted Aristotle. Only recently. → how 이하는 wonder의 목적어 역할을 하는 간접의문문으로. who claimed that heavy S V O 주격 관계대명사(계속적 용법) things fall faster. ① be more obedient to authority ② rely on evidence over tradition ③ return to natural healing methods ④ find inspirations from conventional wisdom ⑤ educate patients to maintain a better posture Points to Master This simple and readily tested observation. 「의문사 how +주어+동사」 어순을 취하고 있다. we learn that different weights fall at the same speed. as a similar example. Like the researcher. who claimed that heavy things fall faster. How did this discovery come about? A researcher surveyed multiple databases of trials and results for patients with back pain. 의 52 영어독해연습(2) . (= .15 Type 7 빈칸 완성 난이도 ★★☆ ■ 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? As schoolchildren. Galileo put it in Two New Sciences. which was first published by Galileo) We are left to wonder [how people could have believed / what they were told for two millennia / without ever S V 관계대명사(~ 것) checking].. the time-honored advice for those suffering from bad backs has been bed rest.
and too much of a good thing may be doing us harm. (A) medication medication digestion undernutrition undernutrition (B) self-controlled undernourished disease-free overnourished weight-conscious ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ …… …… …… …… …… Points to Master An unexpected research finding [ that may have great practical significance] is that experimental animals live longer / S 전치사구 주격 관계대명사 V S’ V’ with much lower rates of disease / when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories. they는 앞의 experimental animals를 가리킨다. longevity benefits of 06강 53 . and common sense tells us that we do better if we are well nourished. → 동사 are clearly established와 동사 remain이 주어 뒤에서 병렬 구조로 이어져 있으며. but remain unproved for (A) humans. → 두 번째 that은 is의 보어절을 이끄는 역할을 하며. (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은? 난이도 ★★☆ An unexpected research f inding that may have great practical signif icance is that experimental animals live longer with much lower rates of disease when they consume less than the recommended daily allowance of calories. In fact.kr Type 8 빈칸 완성 정답과 해설 31~33쪽 ■ 다음 글의 빈칸 (A). although there is every reason [ to believe they apply]. although there is every reason to believe they apply. most of us may be .co.www. but remain V1 to부정사의 형용사적 용법 V2 unproved for humans. The health and longevity benefits of S = even though (A) are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice. The health and longevity benefits of are clearly established for laboratory rats and mice.ebsi. none of us would be overweight. they는 주절의 주어인 The health and (A) 를 가리킨다. The finding is unexpected because we associate less-than-optimal nutrition with poor growth and health. If we all lived in (B) controlled environments and had measured portions of monotonous food dispensed to us at regular intervals.