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Conductor Sizing Calculation As per IS 3043 12.2.2.

1 I S Where s= I= k= = K x 1 Sqrt (t)

cross-sectional area, in square millimetres; value ( ac, rms ) of fault current for a fault of negligible impedance, which can tlow through the protective device, in amperes; factor dependent on the material of the protective conductor, the insulation and other parts, and the initial and final temperatures. Values operating time of the disconnecting device, in seconds; NOTE- Account should be taken of the current-limiting effect of the circuit impe dances and the limiting capability (joule integral ) of the protective device.
INPUT DATA

t=

HT REQUIRED FAULT LEVEL (I) DURATION OF FAULT CURRENT (t) EARTHING CONDUCTOR MATERIAL RESISTIVITY OF SOIL () K constant as per IS 3043 for 1 sec HT conductor Size hence the Conductor size in Sq mm is 25 KA = S S = CORROSION FACTOR FOR 25 YEARS at 1 % per year Safety Factor Total earth strip/conductor size Size considered 50 x 6 which is LT Conductor Size hence the Conductor size in Sq mm is 50 KA = S S = CORROSION FACTOR FOR 25 YEARS at 1 % per year Safety Factor Total earth strip/conductor size Size considered 50 x 10 which is KA SEC Strip/Flat .M
25 1 Copper 50

LT 50
1 Copper 50

205

205

205

1 Sqrt (1)

121.95 sqmm 1.25 1.5 228.66 sqmm 300 sqmm

205 x

1 Sqrt (1)

243.90 sqmm 15% 1 350.61 sqmm 500 sqmm

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Current Density at the surface of the Earth Electrode As per IS 3043 point no 10 .3 i = 7.57 x 103 t 1070.559667

Surface Area of the Earth Electrode of size 600 mm x 600 mm and 3.15 mm thick Area = (600 x 600) 360000 sqmm 0.36 sqm 0.72 sqm P /A A 50 3.14/0.72 0.72 145.0227325 Fault current I*A 32.4337 35 25 770.803

Total area considering both the sides Resistance R R = = =

No of Electrodes =

No of Pits required Resistance per Earth pit is

Total Resistance 145.0227 No of Earth pits 35 4.14 Which is less than 5 ohms

Resistance per Earth pit is

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