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Written by Alexis DeStaffany Parker Published by Klee Associates, Inc.
Copyright Klee Associates, Inc., 2008, 2010
Production Order Scheduling
The scheduling of production orders is performed based on the production dates; and the capacity requirements are calculated for all operations within an order. The most important parameter in production order scheduling is the scheduling type. The following options exist for scheduling types: Forward scheduling – schedules the order forward using the basic start date or the scheduled start date while including all operations and times to determine the finish date. Backward scheduling – schedules the order backward using the basic finish date or the scheduled finish date while including all operation and times to determine the start date. Scheduling today – schedules the order forward using today's date while including all operations and times to determine the finish date. Capacity requirements only – schedules the order based on capacity requirements only.
The scheduling type is defined in the scheduling parameters for production orders. The scheduling parameters in the production order define the detailed scheduling of an order; they determine adjustment of the dates in the production order and the scheduling type in the direction assigned and reduction characteristics.
Production Planning ECC 6.0
SAPtips Sample Production Planning Production Order Scheduling
select the menu path: Production Shop Floor Control Operations Scheduling Define Scheduling Parameters for Production Orders. we review the production order scheduling parameters available in configuration of production orders. 09/06/10 Production Planning ECC 6.Production Order Scheduling Klee Associates. From the IMG. Since production orders are scheduled using the routing during detailed scheduling. the selection ID is not an available field for entry. 2 Rev.0 . Production Order Scheduling Parameters In this section. Capacity requirements are generated for this production order type as assigned in the parameters. Inc.
0 Rev. Basic dates are not adjusted and the dependent requirements are adjusted based on the dates of the operation start date. Scheduling based on production dates – used if the production dates are used instead of the basic dates. Scheduling allowed for breaks – used if the break time is a set break for scheduling. Latest staging date defines whether the latest date or earliest scheduled date is selected in scheduling. 09/06/10 3 . Basic dates are not adjusted and the dependent requirements are adjusted based on the dates of the order start date. Automatic Log – displays the scheduling log each time a scheduling change is made and the order is rescheduled. Basic dates are adjusted and the dependent requirements are adjusted based on the dates of the order start date. Production Order Scheduling The following table describes the sections of the scheduling parameters. Inc. Production Planning ECC 6. Section Adjust Scheduling Use The dates are adjusted in lead-time scheduling based on the following options: Basic dates are adjusted and the dependent requirements are adjusted based on the dates of the operation start date. Shift order – if confirmations exist on an order. the confirmed dates are not taken into account in rescheduling.Klee Associates. Requirements date determination for components The operation segment is defined for the components with a positive requirement quantity. Scheduling Control for detailed scheduling The following are key options for the scheduling in detailed scheduling: Start in the past – the number of days that the start date can be in the past in scheduling Automatic scheduling – reschedules the order automatically in the production order each time a scheduling change is made.
the goods receipt processing time is added to determine the availability date of the product. Once the order is completed in production. The operations are included from the beginning of production to the end of production. the finish date calculation accounts for any safety time defined for the material in the material master. Inc. we review both the scheduling procedures and the key date components within the scheduling for the order and the operation. Production Order The highest level of scheduling is production order scheduling. these dates are calculated based on the operation components. 4 Rev. The following diagram displays scheduling dates and components used in the scheduling the production order.0 . In addition. 09/06/10 Production Planning ECC 6.Production Order Scheduling Klee Associates. In this section. As seen in the diagram. the difference between the order dates and the production dates is the float. Date Scheduling Scheduling for production occurs at both the production order and operation level during scheduling. which is defined in the scheduling margin key.
The following diagram displays the dates evaluated in the operation scheduling. setup. Production Planning ECC 6. and the difference is the teardown and waits time in the earliest finish date. In the routing. The difference in the earliest start and latest start is the queue time. wait and move in each operation. in the latest start and the earliest finish date. Production Order Scheduling Operation During production order scheduling.0 Rev. teardown. wait and move is the interoperation time. it is the setup and process time. Operation scheduling takes into account the scheduling of all the times required for queue. 09/06/10 5 . process. Inc. the interoperation times can be defined.Klee Associates. Interoperation Times The time to transition the material in the queue. the operations are scheduled in the order using the dates defined in the operation.
The following table describes the sections in the Interoperation times view of the operation in the routing. Wait time – the amount of time a material can wait between the one operation and the next. Move time – time required to move a material from one operation to another. This maintenance is at the routing level. select the menu path: Production Shop Floor Control Operations Scheduling Define Move Time Matrix. 6 Rev. 09/06/10 Production Planning ECC 6.0 . Select the button to add a new location group. Section Interoperation times Description The following are the key fields in the Interoperation times section: Reduction strategy – defines how the system reduces lead time by reduction procedures when the lead time exceeds the amount of available time. so the routing matrix allows for this information to be stored in configuration and assigned to the work center. Inc. Creation of Location Group to Assign the Move Time Matrix to a Work Center From the IMG. 1. The reduction strategy is covered in detail in the reduction strategy section of this manual.Production Order Scheduling Klee Associates. Queue time – the time a material waits at an operation before production starts.
Splitting and Overlapping Splitting and overlapping procedures are used to reduce lead time in the operations. 3. Scheduling View of the Routing The Scheduling View of the Routing setting adds the move time to the production order during scheduling if the location group is assigned in the routing. 4. Select the button to add the times. and overlapping reduces the duration of lead time.0 Rev. 09/06/10 7 . Inc. and double click on the folder. Splitting allows for the operation to be split into multiple operations within the order. Enter the move times and dates for the move times. Production Order Scheduling 2. Select enter on the keyboard to add the location group.Klee Associates. Splitting reduces the duration of processing. Production Planning ECC 6. highlight the added location group. The following diagram displays the logical operations in splitting.
The splits are determined based on the number of splits defined in the routing. Overlapping is defined by the operations overlapping between one another during production. Inc. The following diagram displays overlapping in relation to other operations. The following table describes the Splitting view of the operation in the routing. Number of splits – the number of splits that can be determined when dividing lots during scheduling. Minimum processing time – the processing time should always be above this amount during splitting. 09/06/10 Production Planning ECC 6. 8 Rev.Production Order Scheduling Klee Associates.0 . Section Splitting Description The key fields in the Splitting section are: Required splitting – this indicator is set if the operation must be split for scheduling.
Inc.Klee Associates. 09/06/10 9 . The following table describes the sections in the Overlap view of the operation in the routing. Optional overlapping – overlapping of the operation is optional.0 Rev. Minimum send-ahead Qty – the smallest amount of the material that must be sent to the next operation during overlapping. No overlapping – overlapping of production is not allowed. Minimum overlap time – the shortest amount of time two operations should overlap for greatest efficiency. Production Planning ECC 6. Continuous flow prod – overlapping should always occur to provide a continuous flow of production. Production Order Scheduling The overlapping requirements are determined based on the overlapping parameters defined in the routing. Section Overlapping Description The key fields in the overlapping section are: Required overlapping – overlapping of the operation is required if this flag is set on the routing.
Reduction Strategy From the IMG.Production Order Scheduling Klee Associates. The maximum reduction level defines the level used in the reduction strategy. The reduction in the queue time is the first reduction parameter and then the transport (move). select the menu path: Production Shop Floor Control Operations Scheduling Define Reduction Strategies. overlaps and splits are determined and used to reduce the lead times. Reduction Reduction is the process of reducing the lead time required to produce a product when the time allotted is less than the available time. 10 Rev. The reduction strategy defines how reduction is performed based on the reduction level. select the menu path: Production Shop Floor Control Operations Scheduling Define Scheduling Parameters for Production Orders.0 . Scheduling Profile From the IMG. the system reduces the queue and move time to the minimum and performs splitting and overlapping of operations. The reduction type defines which operations are reduced. There are two main options for configuring the reduction process during scheduling – the reduction strategy and the scheduling profile. In reduction. 09/06/10 Production Planning ECC 6. Inc.
Inc.Klee Associates. Used with permission. This manual is protected by copyright law. specifically for purposes limited to improving your personal knowledge of SAP software which does not in any way compete with Klee Associates. All other product names used herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The manual will not be used to conduct training classes by you or other individuals. Production Planning ECC 6. 2010 All rights reserved.com ERPtips is a registered trademark of Klee Associates. Inclusion of the concepts in this book in any internal client training material is allowed if the source of the concepts is acknowledged as follows: Copyright 2008.0 Rev. Inc.ERPtips. Visit our web site for more information about upcoming training. Inc. No Affiliation: Klee Associates. ERPtips is a valued resource for thousands of clients and consultants worldwide. Any use of this documentation is at the risk of the user. Klee Associates reserves the right to make changes without prior notice. Although we make every good faith effort to ensure accuracy. Inc. without the written permission of Klee Associates. SAP AG is a registered trademark of SAP AG. this document may include technical or other inaccuracies or typographical errors. Inc. Production Order Scheduling Legal Speak: Purchase of this book or acquisition at an ERPtips class. books. unless copyright permissions for copying have been acquired from Klee Associates. and is sold or is part of an ERPtips class with the following conditions: The manual will be used for your personal professional development. and Klee Associates makes no warranty as to its accuracy or use. 09/06/10 11 .. license granted to the purchaser by Klee Associates. Klee Associates. constitutes an implied agreement by the purchaser to a limited. The manual will not be physically copied for distribution to other individuals or converted to an electronic copy for distribution to other individuals. SAP AG software referred to on this site is furnished under license agreements between SAP AG and its customers and can be used only within the terms of such agreements. Inc. Inc. NO WARRANTY: This documentation is delivered as is. and this publication are not affiliated with or endorsed by SAP AG. and newsletters. www.
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