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JEFF.

QUESTIONS in anatomy, physiology, first aid,


1, The anatomical position is characterized by all of the following except: a. palms facing posterior b. thumbs pointing laterally c. face pointing anteriorly d. body standing upright 2. Which of the following is an example of applied physiology: a. measuring the length of the femur on a fetus using ultrasound b. locating an injury to a tendon in the shoulder using CT imaging c. describing the process of how a toxin interferes with nerve impulse conduction d. identifying the types of cells found in a biopsy sample of lung tissue

3. The movements around ball and socket joints are a. Flexion and extension b. Rotation and circumduction c. Hyper extension d. All the above 4. During long periods of exercise without rehydration, fluid redistribution in the body and loss of fluids due to sweating can lead to: A. decreased heart rate. B. lowered body temperature. C. reduced blood plasma volume. D. decreased gas exchange between alveoli and capillaries. 5. Which of the following best describes the main physiological principle underlying the importance of aerobic conditioning forcardiorespiratory fitness? A. Aerobic exercise leads to lowered resting metabolism rates, which improves cardiorespiratory functioning. B. Aerobic exercise increases flexibility, and a flexible bodycan better tolerate cardiorespiratory endurance activities. C. The circulatory systemthe systemic arteries and veinsrelies on exercise to trigger the process of circulating oxygen-rich blood to organs. D. The heart and lungs act like muscles: the more they are exercisedcontracted and releasedthe more efficiently they work. 6. Which of the following best explains the role of regular muscular strength training in improving body composition? A. Strength training can target specific areas of body fat and change fat into muscle through exercises for that part of the body. B. Muscular strength training (e.g., weight lifting) burns more calories than aerobic training. C. Strength training builds and preserves lean muscle tissue, which uses more calories at rest than fat tissue uses at rest. D. Muscular strength training allows participants to "bulk up" quickly. What are the effects of friction movements in sports massage? A. Softens and soothes muscles B. Improves circulation causing reflex reaction C. Contracts tight muscles, stretches muscle fibers D. Stimulates the nerve tissues, tightens loose muscles

7. Which of the following is an example of applied physiology: a. measuring the length of the femur on a fetus using ultrasound b. locating an injury to a tendon in the shoulder using CT imaging c. describing the process of how a toxin interferes with nerve impulse conduction d. identifying the types of cells found in a biopsy sample of lung tissue 8. A homeostatic imbalance: a. must be restored by negative feedback mechanisms b. is considered the cause of most diseases c. is when the internal conditions of the body become more stable d. only occur when positive feedback mechanisms are overwhelmed

9. In which of the fallowing is a physiological factor proportionately related to oxygen consumption a. cardiac output, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate b. cardiac output, heart rate, work rate c. core temperature, red blood cell, count work rate d. minute ventilation, , red blood cell, respiration rate 10. It is reputed that Frace lifted a new born bull unto his shoulder each day until the bull have fully mature. Frace fallowed what two principles of modern muscle strength and conditioning. a. progression and overload b. variable resistance and overload c. frequency and progression d. intensity and retention

1, What is the best procedure for treating a known poisonous snake bite? A Capture the snake. Place it in an ice chest and take the snake and victim to a hospital. B Place a constricting bandage 4 inches above the head of the snake to slow the spread of venom c Keep the victim calm, keep the bite location lower than the heart, get medical help immediately D Treat the victim for shock and continue the planned activity 2. When making a 911 call, what are the three Ws? A Who, What, Where B Where, What and Why C Why, When and Where D Who, What and When 3. What treatment does a victim whos life threatening condition is not breathing need? A The Heimlich Maneuver, two rescue breaths and CPR B Start CPR immediately C Twelve to fifteen rescue breaths per minute and correct CPR D You should follow the steps for rescue breathing 4. The accepted treatment for a femur or thigh fracture is: A Place a short padded splint on each side of the leg B This type of fracture is best handled by a traction splint applied by those with special training C Move the victim before properly applying a leg splint D Bind both legs with two long splints using two cravats, one above and one below the break 5. Which statement about a simple sling is true? A The part of the sling against the chest goes over the shoulder on the injured arm B The pigtail protects the neck from injury from the sling C The injured hand should be four to six inches higher than the elbow D The part of the sling furthest away from the chest passes over the shoulder on the injured arm