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Building Code

Elevation of base above grade


Increase effective outer diameter by
Wind Force Coefficient
Basic Wind Speed
Importance Factor
Exposure Category
Topographic Factor

ASCE 7-95

Cf
V
I

0 m
0 m
0.8
225.3082 km/h
1
2

Kzt

Vessel Characteristics
Vessel height
Vessel Minimum Diameter, b

26.8228 m

Operating, Corroded
Empty, Corroded

1.524 m
1.524 m

Operating, Corroded
Empty, Corroded
Vaccum, Corroded

3.0776 Hz
3.1749 Hz
3.0776 Hz

Operating, Corroded
Empty, Corroded
Vaccum, Corroded

0.0195
0.02
0.0195

Fundamental Frequency, n1

Damping coefficient,

Table Lookup Values

Zg
c
l

a
b
g

7.00000
365.76000
0.30000
320.00000
0.33333
0.25000
0.45000
3.50000

Kz
qz
WP
z
Iz
Lz
2
Q
Vz
N1
Rn
nh
Rh
nb
Rb
nd
Rd
2
R
G

2.01*(z/Zg)^(2/ALPHA)
0.613*Kz*Kzt*V^2*I
qz*G*Cf
52.8007874
0.27739599
374.276131
0.792364111
103.9210828
11.08410526
0.030342327
11.98824171
0.079936031
0.681139939
0.666401565
2.280338057
0.343381843
0.057308048
0.948367194

WIND PRESSURE (WP) CALCULATIONS


Gust Factor (G ) Calculations : Operating, Corroded

Design Wind Pressure


Height, Z
(m)

Kz

qz
WP: Operating
WP: Empty
(kPa)
(kPa)
(kPa)
1.21928
0.3940
0.9459
0.7177
0.7163
3.65785
0.5392
1.2947
0.9823
0.9804
8.53465
0.6869
1.6494
1.2514
1.2490
10972.99
5.3117
12.7539
9.6763
9.6578
13411.42
5.6251
13.5065
10.2473
10.2277
15849.85
5.9001
14.1668
10.7482
10.7277
18288.11
6.1463
14.7580
11.1968
11.1754
20726.51
6.3701
15.2953
11.6044
11.5823
23165.05
6.5758
15.7892
11.9791
11.9563
25603.6
6.7666
16.2472
12.3266
12.3031
Design Wind Force determined from: F= Pressure * Af, where Af is the projected area
Wind Deflection Report: Empty, Corroded
Component
Elevation of Effective OD Thickness
bottom above (m)
t (mm)
base (mm)
Cylinder #1
24384.25
1.52
Cylinder #2
21945.85
1.52
Cylinder #3
19507.46
1.52
Cylinder #4
17069.05
1.52
Cylinder #5
14630.65
1.52
Cylinder #6
12192.25
1.52
Cylinder #7
9753.85
1.52
Cylinder #8
7315.45
1.52
Cylinder #9
4877.05
1.52
Cylinder #10
2438.65
1.52
Ellipsoidal Head #1 (top)
2438.4
1.52
Support Skirt #1
0
1.53

Elastic modulus Inertia


4
E (MPa)
I(m )
1.59
1.59
1.59
3.17
3.17
3.17
4.76
4.76
4.76
6.35
1.59
3.81

202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2
202272.2

0.00218587
0.00218587
0.00218587
0.00434442
0.00434442
0.00434442
0.00650302
0.00650302
0.00650302
0.00864804
0.0053188

Total wind
Bending
Shear at
moment at
Bottom (N)
Bottom (N-m)
45689.88822 55708.53846
90088.97233 219672.9501
133099.0486 324547.3891
174598.5713 425742.9023
214435.5127 522879.5542
252415.7176 615490.4858
288279.6053 702940.9896
292917.6172 714250.3179
296558.4479 723128.1194
299218.4366 729614.2358
299218.4366 74.80460914
301895.9252 736143.0239

Gust Factor Calculations: Empt


52.8007874
0.27739599
374.276131
0.792364111
103.9210828
11.43453529
0.029732373
12.3672565
0.077589614
0.702674549
0.658864311
2.352432187
0.335558156
0.052264399
0.946558669

Gust Factor Calculations: Empty, Corroded

Force Coeffiecient, shape factor,Cf, 0.7 to 0.9


Importance Factor (Wind Loads)
Structure category
I
I
0.87
II
1
III
1.15
IV
1.15
Structure Categories
Building and structures that represent a low
hazard to human life in the event of failure
All buildings not covered by the other 3 categories
Buildings and other structures containing sufficient
quantities of toxic or explosive substances to be
dangerous to the public if released, e.g. REFINERIES
Buildings or structures where the primary occupancy
is one in which more than 300 people
congregate in one area
Schools, non-emergency health care facilities,
jails, non-essential power stations
Essential facilities

Exposure
A
B

C
D

Exp
A
B
C
D
Zmin =

Exposure Categories
Description
Centres of large cities
Urban and suburban areas, towns, city outskirts, wooded areas, or other terrain with numerous
closely spaced obstructions having the size of single
family dwellings or larger.
Open terrain with scattered obstructions
having heights generally less than 30 ft (9.1 m)
Flat, unobstructed coastal areas directly
exposed to wind blowing over open water; applicable for
structures within distance from shoreline of 1500 ft or 1
times the structure height

a
0.33333
0.25000
0.15385
0.11111
minimum

Miscellaneous Coefficients
b
c
l (ft)
0.30000
0.45000 ########
0.45000
0.30000 ########
0.65000
0.20000 ########
0.80000
0.15000 ########
height used to ensure that the equivalent height

Velocity Pressure Exposure Coefficients, Kz


Height above ground level, z
Exposure Categori
ft
m
A
0
0
0.32
15
4.6
0.32
20
6.1
0.36
25
7.6
0.39
30
9.1
0.42
40
12.2
0.47
40
15.2
0.52
60
18
0.55
70
21.3
0.59
80
24.4
0.62
90
27.4
0.65
100
30.5
0.68
120
36.6
0.73
140
42.7
0.78
160
48.8
0.82
180
54.9
0.86
200
61
0.9
250
76.2
0.98
300
91.4
1.05
350
106.7
1.12
400
121.9
1.18
450
137.2
1.24
500
152.4
1.29
Note: Linear interpolation for intermediate values of height z is a
Effective Diameter, De
D
Vessel Diameter +
2 x Insulation Thickness
4 ft - 0 in.
4 ft-0 in. - 8 ft-0 in.
> 8 ft-0 in.
Suggested Only, not from

Piping with
or Without
Ladders
De=1.6D
De=1.4D
De=1.2D
ASCE

Attached Piping,
Ladders and
Platforms
De=2.0D
De=1.6D
De=1.4D

Cf, 0.7 to 0.9

re Categories
esent a low
of failure

Category I

other 3 categories

Category II

ntaining sufficient
substances to be
ed, e.g. REFINERIES

Category III

primary occupancy
ple

Category III

e facilities,
ns

Category III

Category IV

e Categories
Description

s, towns, city outr other terrain with numerous


ions having the size of single
ger.
ered obstructions
y less than 30 ft (9.1 m)
tal areas directly
over open water; applicable for
nce from shoreline of 1500 ft or 10
ight

ous Coefficients

Zmi n ( f t )

Zg
0.50000
60.00000
0.33333
30.00000 7.00000 #########
0.20000
15.00000 9.50000 900.00000
0.12500
7.00000 ####### 700.00000
ensure that the equivalent height Z is the greater of 0.6h or Zmin

ure Exposure Coefficients, Kz


Exposure Categories
B
C
D
0.5
0.85
1.03
0.5
0.85
1.03
0.62
0.9
1.08
0.66
0.94
1.12
0.7
0.98
1.16
0.76
1.04
1.22
0.81
1.09
1.27
0.85
1.13
1.31
0.89
1.17
1.34
0.93
1.21
1.38
0.96
1.24
1.4
0.99
1.26
1.43
1.04
1.31
1.48
1.09
1.36
1.52
1.13
1.39
1.55
1.17
1.43
1.58
1.2
1.46
1.61
1.28
1.53
1.68
1.35
1.59
1.73
1.41
1.64
1.78
1.47
1.69
1.82
1.52
1.73
1.86
1.56
1.77
1.89
termediate values of height z is acceptable

Attached Piping,
Ladders and
Platforms
De=2.0D
De=1.6D
De=1.4D

Nominal Composition
Carbon steel
Carbon Steel

Product Form
Sheet
Sheet

Spec. No.
SA-1008
SA-1008

Type/Grade
CS-A
CS-B

Alloy Desig/UNS No.

Class/Cond./Temper

Size/Thickness

P-No.
1
1

Group No. Min Tensile Strength


Min Yield Strength
1
40
20
1
40
20

VIII-1 Temp. Limit External Pressure Chart No.


650 CS-6
650

Notes
1A

Addenda Density
Page No. Line No.
0.283
0.283
6
1

-20 to 100
11.4

150
11.4

200
11.4

250

300
11.4

350

400
11.4

450

500
10.9

550

600
10.2

650
9.9

700

750

800

850

900

950

1000

1050

1100

1150

1200

1250

1300

1350

1400

1450

1500

1550

1600

1650

1700

1750

1800