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# FORMULA.

EXE, SuperFormula, Shuffle: The Definitive Probability, Statistics, And Gambling Software

Written by Ion Saliu on October 26, 2002 (2 WE); revised September 22, 2003 (3 WE). FORMULA.EXE, version 8.1, April 22, 2003 (3 WE) ~ Retired 16-bit software. SuperFormula.EXE, version 10.0, September 22, 2003 (3 WE) ~ 32-bit software, supersedes FORMULA. Shuffle.EXE, version 4.0, September 22, 2003 (3 WE). SuperFormula.EXE is the definitive and the ultimate probability, gambling and statistical software. The program boasts several important formulae in theory of probability and statistics: 1) The Fundamental Formula of Gambling (FFG: N from p and DC) 2) Degree of Certainty (DC from p and N) 3) Probability of FFG median (p from DC and N) 4) The Binomial Distribution Formula (BDF: EXACTLY M successes in N trials) 5) The Probability of AT LEAST M successes in N trials 6) The Probability of AT MOST M successes in N trials 7) The Probability to WIN AT LEAST 'K of M in P from N' at Lotto & PowerBall 8) The Binomial Standard Deviation (BSD) 9) Normal Probability Rule (more precise than Gauss curve) 10) Calculate Lotto Odds, For '0 of k' to 'm of k' 11) Hypergeometric Distribution Applied to Lotto Odds 12) Miscellanea: Sums of numbers, permutations, arrangements, shuffle (randomize) numbers, statistical standard deviation, mean average, median, etc. I. The Fundamental Formula of Gambling (FFG: N from p and DC) This function applies the Fundamental Formula of Gambling (FFG). It calculates the number of trials N necessary for an event of probability p to appear with the degree of certainty DC. For example, how many coin tosses are necessary to get at least one 'heads' (p = 1/2) with a degree of certainty equal to 99%? Answer: 7 tosses. II. The Degree of Certainty (DC from p and N) This function calculates the degree of certainty DC necessary for the event of probability p to occur within N trials. For example, what is the degree of certainty to get at least one 'heads' (p = 1/2) within 10 tosses? Answer: 99.902%. III. The Probability of FFG Median (p from DC and N) This function calculates the probability p when DC and N are known. There are situations when you have the statistical median of a series N; therefore the degree of certainty DC=50%; but you don't know the probability of the parameter p. The program calculates the probability p leading to a degree of certainty DC and a number of trials N. For example, the winning reports created by LotWon software show a series of filters and their medians. If not calculated, you can use an editor such as QEdit and do a column blocking, then sort the column (filter) in descending order. The median represents the middle point of the sorted column. The median also