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CVEN1300 Engineering Mechanics S1 2013, Tutorial 1 Dynamics

Problems 1 to 4 - Will be solved by the tutors Problems 5 to 8 - Need to be solved during the tutorial class Problems 9 to 12 - Homework Assignment to be submitted next week to your tutor

The two fundamental equations are

# dt

A third useful equation derived from the above two is

# vdvsda

Basic knowledge of calculus is required in solving problems in dynamics. It is covered in any textbook

on Engineering Mathematics, for example: J. Bird (2007) Engineering Mathematics, Newnes, 5 th edition

### Problem 1  ### Problem 2

Problem 13.3 In an experiment to estimate the acceleration due to gravity, a student drops a ball at a

distance of 1 m above the floor. His lab partner measures the time it takes to fall and obtains an estimate of 0.46 s.

• a) What do they estimate the acceleration due to gravity to be?

• b) Let s be the ball’s position relative to the floor. Using the value of the acceleration due to gravity that they obtained, and assuming that the ball is released at t = 0, determine s (in m) as a function of time.

### Problem 3

Problem 13.13 The Porsche starts from rest at time t = 0. During the first 10 seconds of its motion, its

velocity in km/h is given as a function of time by v = 22.8t 0.88t 2 , where t is in seconds.

• a) What is the car’s maximum acceleration in m/s 2 , and when does it occur?

• b) What distance in km does the car travel during the 10 seconds?

### Problem 4

Problem 13.19 Suppose that a missile lifts off from the ground and, because it becomes lighter as its fuel is expended, its acceleration (in g’s) is given as a function of time in seconds by

What is the missile’s velocity in kilometres per hour 1s after lift-off?

### Problem 5

Problem 13.23 In September, 2003, Tony Schumacher started from rest and drove 402 km in 4.498 seconds in a National Hot Rod Association race. His speed as he crossed the finish line was 528 km/h. Assume that the car’s acceleration can be expressed by a linear function of time a = b + ct.

• a) Determine the constants b and c.

• b) What was the car’s speed 2 s after the start of the race?

### Problem 6

Problem 13.30 The car is traveling at 48 km/h when the traffic light 90 m ahead turns yellow. The driver takes 1 s to react before he applies the accelerator. If the car has a constant acceleration of 2 m/s 2 and the light remains yellow for 5 s, will the car reach the light before it turns red? How fast is the car moving when it reaches the light? ### Problem 7

Problem 13.33 A race car starts from rest and accelerates at a = 5 + 2t m/s 2 for 10 seconds. The brakes are then applied, and the car has a constant acceleration a = −30 m/s 2 until it comes to rest. Determine

• a) the maximum velocity,

• b) the total distance travelled;

• c) the total time of travel.

### Problem 8

Problem 13.41 An engineer designing a system to control a router for a machining process models the system so that the router’s acceleration (in cm/s2) during an interval of time is given by a = −0.4v, where v is the velocity of the router in cm/s. When t = 0, the position is s = 0 and the velocity is v =2 cm/s. What is the position at t = 3 s?

### Problem 9

Problem 13.52 A car’s acceleration is related to its position by a = 0.01s m/s 2 . When s = 100 m, the car is moving at 12 m/s. How fast is the car moving when s = 420 m?

### Problem 10

Problem 13.53 Engineers analysing the motion of a linkage determine that the velocity of an attachment point is given by v = A + 4s 2 m/s, where A is a constant. When s = 2 m, its acceleration is measured and determined to be a = 320 m/s 2 . What is its velocity of the point when s = 2 m?

### Problem 11 ### Problem 12  