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COORDINATE GEOMETRY PAPER 1 1.

Given that EF is a straight line such that the coordinates of the points E and F are (1, 4) and (5, 12) respectively. Find the equation of the locus of a point that moves so that it is equidistant from point E and point F. [4 marks]

Answer : 2 Find the equation of a moving point Q(x, y) which is equidistant from point A(1, 2) and point B(0, 3). [4 marks]

3 Find the equation of the straight line that passes through the point P (4, 1) and is parallel to the line 2 x 5 y + 3 = 0 [3 marks]

Given that P(h, 3), Q(2, 1) and [3 marks]

5 Given that the point P moves so that its distance from the point A(2, 3) is 4 units. Find the equation of the locus of the point A. [3 marks]

6 Given that PQR is a straight line and the coordinates of the points P and Q are (1, 2) and (3, 1) respectively. If PQ : QR = 1 : 3, find the coordinates of the point R . [4 marks]

7 C is a point on the straight line that joins A(3, 6) and B(7, 1) such that 3AC = 2CB, find the coordinates of the point C. [4 marks]

8 The coordinates of the three vertices of a triangle are (1, 5), (2b, a) and (2a ,b). Given that a + b = 0 and the area of the triangle is 18 unit2. Find the value of a and of b. [4 marks]

9 Find the equation of the straight line that passes through the point (1, 5) and is perpendicular to the straight line that joins point (2, 6) and point (3, 8). [4 marks]

10 A(2h, h), B(p, t), and C(2p, 3t) are three points on a straight line. B divides AC internally in the ratio 2 : 3. Express p in terms of t. [4 marks]

11 Diagram 1 shows the straight line AB which is perpendicular to the straight line CB at the point B. y A(0, 4) B O C DIAGRAM 1 The equation of the straight line CB is y = 2 x 1 . Find the coordinates of B. x

[3 marks]

PAPER 2 12 In Diagram 2, ABC = 90o , and the equation of the straight line BC is 2 y + x + 6 = 0 . y A A (4,

2y + x + 6 = 0 0 C R

(a) AB,

the equation of the straight line the coordinates of point B.

(b) The straight line AB is extended to a point D such that AB : BD = 2 : 3. Find the coordinates of the point D. [2 marks]

(c) A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always 5 units. Find the equation of the locus of P. [3 marks]

Solution to this question by scale

A C 0 D

Diagram 3 shows a parallelogram ABCD. The coordinates of points A, B and C are (4, 4), (2, 9) and (4, 1) respectively. Find (a) (b) (c) (d) the coordinates the point of intersection of the diagonals AC and BD. [2 marks] the coordinates of the point D. the area of the parallelogram ABCD. [2 marks] [3 marks]

the equation of the locus of a moving point P, such that 3AP = 2CP. [3 marks]

Solution to this question by scale

Diagram 4 shows the triangle AOB where O is the origin. Point C lies on the straight line AB. y A(3, 4) C O B(6, 2) x

DIAGRAM 4 (a) the area, in unit2, of triangle AOB. (b) the coordinates of C. Calculate [2 marks] Given that AC : CB = 3 : 2, find [2 marks]

(c) A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always twice its distance from point B. (i) P. (ii) this locus intersects the y-axis. ANSWER COORDINATE GEOMETRY 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Find the equation of the locus of Hence, determine whether or not [6 marks] 4y + 3x = 38 y=x+2 5y = 2x + 13 h=4 x2 + y2 + 4x 6y 3 = 0 R (9, 10 ) C ( 1, 4 ) a = 2 , b = 2; a = 2 , b = 2 14y + x = 69 p=2t

11 12

B (2, 3) (a) (i) (ii) (b) (c) D (14, 11) x2 + y2 + 8x 18y + 72 = 0 (0,
5 2

y = 2x + 17 B (8, 1)

13

14

(ii)

No