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CIVL 1112

ACI Mix Design - Summary Sheet

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ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 1. Required material information (already given). Step 2. Choice of slump. The slump is given, consistent with Table 1.
Slump(in) 1 to 2 3 to 4 6 to 7 Air Content Mild Moderate Extreme

ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 4. Estimation of mixing water and air content.
Maximum aggregate size (in.) 0.75 1 1.5 280 270 250 305 295 275 325 310 290 3.5% 5.0% 6.0% 3.0% 4.5% 6.0% 2.5% 4.5% 5.5%

0.375 305 340 365 4.5% 6.0% 7.5%

0.5 295 325 345 4.0% 5.5% 7.0%

2 240 265 280 2.0% 4.0% 5.0%

3 225 250 270 1.5% 3.5% 4.5%

6 180 200 1.0% 3.0% 4.0%

Step 3. Maximum aggregate size.

ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 4. If the concrete were non air entrained then you would use the following table to estimate the mixing water.
Maximum aggregate size (in.) 0.75 1 1.5 315 300 275 340 325 300 360 340 315 2.0% 1.5% 1.0%

ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 5. Water/cement ratio.

Slump(in) 1 to 2 3 to 4 6 to 7 Air Content

0.375 350 385 410 3.0%

0.5 335 365 385 2.5%

2 260 285 300 0.5%

3 220 245 270 0.3%

6 190 210 0.2%

28-day Compressive Non-AE Strength (psi) 2,000 0.82 3,000 0.68 4,000 0.57 5,000 0.48 6,000 0.41 7,000 0.33

AE 0.74 0.59 0.48 0.40 0.32 ---

ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 6. Calculation of cement content. Based on steps 4 and 5, the required cement content is:

ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 7. Estimation of coarse aggregate content.
Fineness Modulus 2.6 2.7 0.48 0.47 0.57 0.56 0.64 0.63 0.69 0.68 0.73 0.72 0.76 0.75 0.80 0.79 0.85 0.84

weight of water weight of cement w c

Max Aggregate (in.) 0.375 0.500 0.750 1.000 1.500 2.000 3.000 6.000

2.4 0.50 0.59 0.66 0.71 0.75 0.78 0.82 0.87

2.5 0.49 0.58 0.65 0.70 0.74 0.77 0.81 0.86

2.8 0.46 0.55 0.62 0.67 0.71 0.74 0.78 0.83

2.9 0.45 0.54 0.61 0.66 0.70 0.73 0.77 0.82

3 0.44 0.53 0.60 0.65 0.69 0.72 0.76 0.81

CIVL 1112

ACI Mix Design - Summary Sheet

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ACI Mix Design Equations


The coarse aggregate will occupy:
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ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 8. Estimation of fine aggregate content by the absolute volume method.

CA %coarse aggregate 27 ft.


Value from Table 4

yd.3

Water: Cement: Coarse Aggregate: Air:

water/62.4 lb./ft.3 cement/(3.15 x 62.4 lb./ft.3) CAOD/(SGCA x 62.4 lb./ft.3) air content x 27ft.3/yd3

The OD weight of the coarse aggregate

CAOD CA dryrodded lb.


Dry-Rodded Unit Weight

ft.

ACI Mix Design Equations


Therefore, the fine aggregate must occupy a volume of:

ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 9. Adjustment for moisture in the aggregate.
Since the moisture level of the fine aggregate in our storage bins can vary, we will apply a simple rule to adjust the water required. Decrease the amount of water required by surface moisture content of the weight of the fine aggregate

FAvolume 27 ft.3 volume


The SSD weight of the fine aggregate is:

FAOD FAvolume SGFA 62.4 lb.


Specific Gravity of Fine Aggregate

ft.3

Increase the amount of aggregate by the amount equal to the surface moisture

Unit Weight of Water

ACI Mix Design Equations


Mix Design Procedures
9. Adjustment for moisture in the aggregate -- The water content of the concrete will be affected by the moisture content of the aggregate.

ACI Mix Design Equations


Mix Design Procedures
9. Adjustment for moisture in the aggregate -- The water content of the concrete will be affected by the moisture content of the aggregate.

AC
SM

Moisturecontent (MC ) AC SM

CIVL 1112

ACI Mix Design - Summary Sheet

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ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 9. Stockpile adjustment for moisture in the aggregate. Stockpile fine aggregate required is: FA stockpile = FAOD (1 + MCFA)

ACI Mix Design Equations


Step 9. Adjustment of required water
SM = MC - AC

The water required is: Require water = water - FA OD (SM) CA OD (SM)

Moisture Content

Stockpile coarse aggregate required is: CA stockpile = CAOD (1 + MCCA)


Moisture Content