TEXT ONE German dream of unity is now a reality Oct 3, 1990. Germany is one nation again.

The rebirth was at midnight with a triumphant sound of bells. There were black, red and gold flags in the hands of hundreds of people. Forty-five years after the end of Second World War, Germany was free and united in liberty. The future is uncertain. There are many difficulties to be faced, but tonight there is only joy. (Adapted from Chronicle of the 20th Century, Dorling Kindersley, 1995, p.1343.) TEXT COMPREHENSION 1-The end of World War II was in: a) 1935 b) 1945 2-O texto é sobre: a) 2ª Guerra Mundial b) Hitler c) A união da Alemanha Ocidental com a Alemanha Oriental. GRAMMAR TO BE (SIMPLE PAST) Forma Afirmativa I, he, she, it = WAS You, we, they = WERE EX.: Germany was free and united in liberty.

Forma negativa I, he, she, it = WAS NOT OU WASN’T Ex.: In 1989, Germany was not free and united You, we, they = WERE NOT OU WEREN’T in liberty.

Forma interrogativa I, he, she, it? WERE you, we, they?
WAS

Ex.: Was Germany free and united in 1990?

Na forma interrogativo-negativa há duas possibilidades: WAS I, he, she, it not...? ou WASN’T I, he, she, it…? WERE you, we, they not…? ou WEREN’T you, we, they…? Como você pode ver, o verbo to be (ser, estar) no passado apresenta duas formas: was e were. Para todas as pessoas do singular (I, he, she e it) no passado, será utilizado WAS no lugar de am ou is. E para todas as pessoas do plural (you, we e they) será usado WERE, no lugar de are.

I was (eu fui, eu era, eu estava, eu estive) We were (nós fomos, nós éramos, nós estávamos, nós estivemos)... Geralmente são usados advérbios e locuções adverbiais de tempo em sentenças com verbos no passado. Por exemplo: yesterday – ontem the day before yesterday – antes de ontem, anteontem last week – na semana passada last month; last year – no mês passado; no ano passado in 1999 – em 1999 EXERCISE 1- Complete as frases abaixo com a forma correta do verbo TO BE no passado: a) b) c) d) e) f) My friends _____ sad last night. Teresa ____ at the party last Saturday. My brother and I _____ in the office yesterday afternoon. The rock concert ____ wonderful! I love rock’n roll. The cake and the juice _____ delicious. Thank you. I ____ at the beach with my parents last summer.

2- Passe as frases para a forma interrogativa do Simple Past: a) b) c) d) She was a beautiful princess. They were happy together. You were big friends. Paul was a good student.

3- Passe as frases para o passado na forma negativa: a) b) c) d) I am tall and thin. This letter from Gary is very nice. We are good students and the teacher is very happy. Girls are very beautiful in Brazil.

4- Coloque as expressões abaixo no espaço correto, conforme o sentido delas: a long time ago now at that time PAST last night in the past today at the moment every day yesterday this week

PRESENT

GRAMMAR TO BE – Respostas Como responder perguntas no passado? As respostas seguem a mesma estrutura no presente e no passado, podendo ser curtas ou completas.

RESPOSTAS CURTAS Ex.: Was he an office-boy? Resp. Yes, he was. ou

No, he was not.

RESPOSTAS COMPLETAS Ex.: Was she a beautiful girl? Resp. Yes, she was a beautiful girl. girl, she was ugly.

ou

No, she was not a beautiful

EXERCISE 1- Dê respostas completas para as perguntas abaixo sobre você mesmo: a) b) c) d) e) f) Where were you on your vacation? When were you born? What was your first school? Where were you born? Were you at home yesterday morning? Were you at school yesterday? TEXT TWO Where were you last night? Last night I was at home alone. My husband was at his office; my son was with him. My daughters were at school; there was a basketball game yesterday. Fortunately, there was a good show on TV and there were two new books on the shelf. TEXT COMPREHENSION 1- Where was she last night? 2- Where were her husband and her son? 3- Where were her daughters? 4- Was there a show at school yesterday? 5- How many new books were there on the shelf? GRAMMAR VERB THERE TO BE – PAST O verbo haver, no passado, sofre as mesmas mudanças do verbo ser ou estar (TO BE). Veja no quadro abaixo: THERE TO BE – PRESENT AFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE INTERROGATI VE INTERROGATIVE -NEGATIVE

SINGUL . PLURAL

THERE THERE

IS

THERE THERE

IS NOT

IS THERE?

ISN’T THERE?

ARE

ARE NOT

ARE

THERE?

AREN’T THERE?

THERE TO BE – PAST AFFIRMATIVE SINGUL . PLURAL THERE THERE NEGATIVE THERE INTERROGATI VE
WAS NOT

INTERROGATIVE -NEGATIVE
THERE? WASN’T THERE?

WAS

WAS WERE

WERE

THERE

WERE

THERE?

WEREN’T THERE?

NOT

Ou seja, para todas as pessoas do singular no passado, será utilizado WAS no lugar de is. E para todas as pessoas do plural será usado WERE, no lugar de are. EXERCISE 1- Complete as orações, usando o verbo THERE TO BE no passado: a) b) c) d) e) f) _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ five horses on the farm last month. ten students in the class. six boys on the beach yesterday. a show in the town last month. some coffee at home yesterday. a man at the corner last night.

2- Passe as sentenças para o passado nas formas afirmativa, negativa e interrogativa: a) In a monarchie there is a sovereign. b) There are many monarchies all over the world. c) There are many famous kings in France.

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