A Brief History of Mixed Use

Finely mixed use was the norm before the development of modern zoning and land-use practices Such mixed-use commercial and residential areas thrived into the twentieth century, often at intersections and transit stops Modern zoning practices assigned land uses according to function Houses were segregated from commerce, work, and school From the 1910s through the 1950s finely mixed land uses were rare in new developments

In the 1960s and 70s mixed use re-emerged, as a tool for urban revitalization, in large- scale projects referred to among the development community as MXDs (Mixed-use Developments) MXDs were variations on PUDs (Planned Unit Developments)

ULI Definition of Mixed Use (1976) • Three or more significant revenue-producing uses • Significant functional and physical integration of project components • Development in conformance with a coherent plan

Mixed-use Development Today In the 1990s–2000s, mixed use emerged as a key component of Transit Oriented Development (TOD), Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND), Livable Communities, and Smart Growth principles

Three Approaches to Mixeduse Development Today • Increase intensity of land uses • Increase diversity of land uses • Integrate segregated uses

Benefits of Mixed Use • Activates urban areas during more hours of the day • Increases housing options for diverse household types • Reduces auto dependence • Increases travel options • Creates a local sense of place Mixed-use Scales and Issues Mixed-use may be developed at a range of scales: • Mixed-use Buildings • Mixed-use Parcels or Sites • Mixed-use Walkable or Transit Areas Mixed-use Development Issues Mixed-use Scales and Issues • Intensity of Development and Density • Mix of Housing • Walkability • Transit Access • Parking • Environment and Open Space Mixed-use in the Twin Cities Central Business Districts .

Paul and some inner-ring suburbs. along former streetcar lines Suburban Employment Centers .• Downtown Minneapolis • Downtown St. Paul Urban Commercial Corridors • Grand Avenue • University Avenue • Snelling Avenue • Hennepin Avenue • Lyndale Avenue • Central Avenue • Excelsior Boulevard Urban Neighborhood Centers • Uptown • Dinkytown • Linden Hills • St. Anthony Village • Highland Village • Cathedral Hill • Excelsior & Grand Neighborhood Transit Corners • Sites scattered throughout Minneapolis. St.

Roseville • Opus 2. . Burnsville • Arbor Lakes. through large-scale. Eden Prairie • West Ridge Market.• Centennial Lakes. Mixeduse today incorporates lessons from the past with contemporary development needs and concerns. Minnetonka • Apple Valley Transit Station • Burnsville Transit Station • Eagan Transit Station • Hubbard Marketplace. in the 1960s and 70s. St. auto-oriented multi-use developments. Robbinsdale • Hiawatha LRT stations • Uptown Transit Station Defining Mixed-use Development: Summary Mixed-use has evolved—from early twentieth century transit-oriented housing/commercial buildings. Louis Park • Heart of the City. Minnetonka Suburban Town Centers • The Village. Edina • Centre Pointe. called MXDs. Maple Grove • Downtown Robbinsdale Transit Centers • Southwest Station. Brooklyn Park • Downtown Golden Valley • Park Commons.

Livable Communities. Hingga dibuat peraturan zoning penggunaan tata guna lahan yang diatur sesuai dengan fungsinya. Dalam proyek skala besar disebut kalangan komunitas pembangunan atau MXDs (Mixed-use Development). mixed-use muncul sebagai komponen penting dari Transit Oriented Development (TOD). mixed use muncul sebelum adanya peraturan tentang tata guna lahan.1976) • Tiga atau lebih yang secara signifikan menghasilkan pendapatan penggunaan • Penggabungan antara fungsi dan bentuk fisiknya terintegrasi dalam satu komponen proyek • Kesesuaian pembangunan dengan rencana yang koheren PENGEMBANGAN MIXED-USE SAAT INI Pada tahun 1990-an sampai 2000-an.SEJARAH SINGKAT MIXED USE Awalnya. penggunaan fungsi campuran jarang ditemukan. Pada 1910-an sampai 1950-an. sebagai alat dalam revitalisasi perkotaan. . dan Smart Growth Principles. MXDs merupakan variasi dari PUDs (Planned Unit Developments) DEFINISI MIXED USE (ULI . Tetapi. pekerjaan. Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND). dan sekolah. Rumah dipisahkan dari area perdagangan. beberapa mixed use untuk bangunan komersial dan perumahan berada di persimpangan dan tempat pemberhentian transit (transit stop). pada tahun 1960 dan 1970-an mixed use (penggunaan campuran) kembali muncul. Pada abad 20.

3 pendekatan untuk pengembangan mixed-use: • Meningkatkan intensitas penggunaan lahan • Meningkatkan keragaman penggunaan lahan • Mengintegrasikan penggunaan terpisah MANFAAT MIXED-USE: • Mengaktifkan daerah perkotaan setiap harinya • Meningkatkan pilihan perumahan untuk jenis rumah tangga yang beragam • Mengurangi ketergantungan • Meningkatkan pilihan perjalanan • Menciptakan sense of place secara lokal Mixed-use dapat dikembangkan di berbagai skala: • Mixed-use Buildings • Mixed-use Parcels or Sites .

• Mixed-use Walkable or Transit Area Pokok persoalan Mixed-use: • Intensitas Pengembangan dan Kepadatan • Perumahan campuran • Walkability .

• Akses Transit • Parkir • Lingkungan dan Ruang Terbuka (Open Space) Mixed-use in the Twin Cities: 1. Central Business Districts • Downtown Minneapolis • Downtown St Paul .

Urban Neighborhood Centers: • Uptown • Dinky town • Linden Hills • St Anthony Village • Highland Village • Cathedral Hill • Excelsior & Grand 4. . Neighborhood Transit Corners Situs tersebar di seluruh Minneapolis. di sepanjang garis trem. Urban Commercial Corridors • Grand Avenue • University Avenue • Snelling Avenue • Hennepin Avenue • Lyndale Avenue • Central Avenue • Excelsior Rue 3.2. St Paul dan beberapa lingkar dalam pinggiran kota.

melalui skala besar. Edina • Centre Pointe. yang berorientasi pada perumahan / komersial. Eden Prairie • Ridge Barat Pasar. Suburban Town Centers • The Village. Suburban Employment Centers • Centennial Lakes. Robbinsdale • Hiawatha LRT Stations • Station Uptown Transit KESIMPULAN Mixed-use telah berkembang dari awal abad-20. berorientasi perkembangan banyak fungsi. Maple Grove • Downtown Robbinsdale 7. Burnsville • Arbor Lakes. Minnetonka • Apple Valley Transit Station • Burnsville Transit Station • Eagan Transit Station • Hubbard Marketplace. . Minnetonka 6. yang disebut MXDs pada 1960-an dan 70-an. Brooklyn Park • Downtown Golden Valley • Park Commons. Roseville • Opus 2. St Louis Park • Heart of the City. Transit Center: • Southwest Station.5.

. Mixed-use menggabungkan pelajaran masa lalu dengan kebutuhan dan perhatian pembangunan kontemporer.Saat ini.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful