A Pattern Language- Towns – Buildings - Construction.

Christopher Alexander.

The book has been abstracted from vernacular architecture.Summary •The A th h t i d t show th t A hit t Th Author has tried to h that Architecture connects people t their surroundings i many t l to th i di in ways. These pattern elements range in scale from city-wide features to the placement of city wide furniture in rooms. These patterns are common structural and spatial elements that support living communities. The together creating a network. the author studies the existing buildings and I t d f t d i th th i f hit t th th t di th i ti b ildi d spaces that work very well and then gives his observations. •Instead of studying the theories of architecture. l that bl in . •Each pattern describes a problem that occurs in our built environment and then suggests ways to solve th t problem i a very common manner. •The structure of the language is composed of the links from larger patterns to smaller patterns. This is called the pattern language sequence. which is done by the people. This defines the order in which the patterns should be applied to a design. These observations generalize to form a set of “patterns”.

taking in mind his personal expectations as to what he wants from his neighbourhood. The author has subcategorized the chapter into following ways: •Region works well when it is small in size and is independent . ration of the urban population to the farmlands . contributes in making the organic y y g .Towns Towns or cities gradually emerge due to time. Every individual residing in a town. They can never be created or designed by a person or with any kind of restrictions. •Distribution of the population in a town. g g pattern of the city.

• Preserving the agricultural valleys for farmlands and protect them from and further development of any building. • Defining a neighborhood and the amount of people in it and formation of a boundary around it . • Distribution of work space and the residential areas and the hierarchy of the roads for local transport.  .

• The network of public transportation and the placement of the ring roads and establishing a system of small taxies and buses that stops at small distances. . •Creating activity nodes at suitable distance and shopping streets in form of pedestrian streets.

etc. • Placement of the market place .• Encourage mixture of household types in the neighborhood and the amount of privacy. health centers. cluster of houses and row houses and that old people should be there in every neighborhood. .

Critiques •The book is a detailed study of what works and what doesn’t work in the human environment. •The manner in which the author writes the book is excellent. •The ideas are simple and obvious. this book helps to create an environment where people feel alive in their surroundings surroundings. • It uses very simple language to express. It uses very simple language to express. •The manner i which th author writes th b k i excellent. so that it can be understood to any common man. i l d b i •The theme of the book is to give a meaningful human behaviour. with a photograph and hand drawn sketch for each pattern. Th in hi h the th it the book is ll t •The format of the book is effective in that it allows one to follow the connections between various design rules. It is a handbook for anyone concerned with the development of healthy and humane environments. Th id The ideas are simple and obvious. •The theme of the book is to give a meaningful human behaviour. . with a photograph and hand drawn sketch for each pattern. The format of the book is effective in that it allows one to follow the connections between various design rules. • It is a handbook for anyone concerned with the development of healthy and humane environments. •For every pattern he gives a brief description in bold and he explains it at a length. so that it can be understood to any common man. • For every pattern he gives a brief description in bold and he explains it at a length.

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