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3 1833 00824 1942

Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive



funding from

Allen County Public Library

Genealogy Center



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thence to Ni'W All)any ui« Plolly spriiiu-.— Skirmish lie\(md Holly Springs— Coni-entration of Smith's armj-.iria.gimeul— Heavy fronj C'dli^rsville to Mosci>w. the whole country in a blaze Head of coluiuTi totbc lc<i—suirmisl\ beyond (Jlcolona— il brivcade goes tij Aberdeen— Kg.r him uitheigiit tliousaud nu^n-Rc views the r.nco in force at I'nlci^h. men andliorses frivzen— Cavalry mareiies for Collieisville — Cai't.2il — L>c>perate tigluiui: of tin.^noil to the 1st m 66 - - Chapter HI.(.ii. GuN Inva>!on of W.-:irer— liciurn lo camp— Forrest cuiicfut rates at Tupelo.coi. and pursuts tlu — Grierson reaches Colliers vi He lor Colniiibns...— Gen. slu-rman. Chaptkr Seventh Indiana leaves IndianapolN II.Gen.!d brii^ailes march from Jermantowu to New Alhanj The tir.t-n. fwe. lIERlIiIAN CAilPAlftN.-n For:e>Cs and Grier> hin cavalry— Heroic cou.eed Teniu sscc A OrJerson dNeovcrs I'orrc-t in iiosition a! Ihit e's cios.o Hatchic riser— Col. I'mrovt. i. on tbemonruiu ofFeb. il— ight at West Point. s repe..' colored troops— FigUt y- tu'-n to Memphis— Ttii fndtana complimented by (ion. Sooy Smith to co-npei-ate with Gen. terrible Xt. and captures tlve prisonersLieut.X — pONTENTS •/ Pagp.-Hid thcTiU Ifirliana— Holds its position for two hciii.i-ear— stampede of the .ra?c II.i f!. Miss. i. stur-es m. reijels retire across tlic rivci-.itcd attacks of tile r.Tlli'i .ud repn!-.•uetofCol. rebels retire— Ilcilljiud burned.w Year. makisa Im illiaut sal)recharire i — " — I- — at Ivy F."Station burn. Rebels escapa in the uii^liL— Keiurn to Union City— Expedition to Jackson.(.iarer of di-patches to Memphis— Fnouunters Itebils at Grand Juiict inn. I'. X K'y— Reports t'.'iit— 1». and capuuti twtuty prisoners g. -l i\ b\ w :. s. and eseape of Forrejit— Ileturn to Union City.Shoemal:er stnt to escort i. Waling at Union City and a..i.viie .hycU'siroying Forresfs cavalry— il anii . Brigade of the 6th Division ot the iOth Army Corp— K.jrcliesagain-. Tenn.z.— skirmish and capture of coiorb. n-inunt wiihdiav. Tenn.l— at Ilipl..'s to hi> relicf-Geueral c. bel-— lufanlry arrives au't the t)rii:aile :\\ Dkoloiia.ipeiUtioii to Dresden.i' Ritilcy— Col.i_. I'.|M.ii<."o!. Griorsou .S!iir_'i tii-'hlliig s overwiielmmudy defeate. ted: 1 ION. Col. hi:i\y lightuiLr in tin.. Urowne dislodges the rebels by u Hank movemci. i'. (Jllichil and saves tlu- report of tlie arn'y from capture— Uciurn to Memplii^ expedition Tit CllAFTKR IV. as sketched liy Gi-ns Grant and Slierman. Skelton attacks and drivts a b-dy of reljels through Lafour miles. -.j-roads— Battle li. of th.and burn tliebiidi:.n.rov. Tcnii. tirii rson makes a r. "pomp and Lrlorjons circumstance of war"— Preparatiuns for battle. Kargc surrounded on an Island i'. The campaign.-<i.iuiMier. Bivouac on the liattle liold—Smilii retrc..

>i(r .

GRIERSON's raid through MISSISSIPPI.nce-S. iiatW. MISSOURI CAMPAIGN. Orierson captures a killt-d-Chases a railroad KinT-en at F 'Vpt.' RUu- Cape Girardeau. cavalry Oxiord ami returnstotbeTanahutobi.rmisb -.^k%xith captures Kunk.ston and burns a clnlh and works-Ca]>tureoi hous factorv. eaptured-An C>b)rn -i.' and enlhusiastic ree. night. Captures Verona. to M.dlval at Vicksbur.'ieats tlie r. ^\ ashburn through the tuwn-Forresfs raid into barely escapes capture to . Retreats to the Arkansas Across to St..u e.'n. thcure to into the Intenor ol Misup ihc Mi^si.-turns 1 '' ii' Chapter VI. Arkansas. rei.hln. at Pi. Elliott. and prevents the arrival of hundred rebels -r.pensouri r-a-e oirrice-AttaHcnntbe Possession ol a 0.M.aptures tniee p.:apt.>s:ppi and Missouri Rivers. PoM QiosonBKc°-Sl:.nklin-Grenada Capt.CONI ENTS. with the Seventh Number of Prisoners Indiana Cavalrv.eof the superintendent Mf the 1- Co!.mplus pulsed at Grand Gulf-Rfi. rebel Goneral Golilson and Rebel Prisonerstrain a!id raptures a larue number of cars..s.el reimonvnieiits Tears up the iraek. surpri.'ht at Tullubat.-hie "mers Chalriver-Gen.inu>. Ueb. Moores exp.rrisbur. Ki. IH Chapter V.s rebel stoekade and its b-id-es de. EXPEDITION TO PORT GIBSON. fiist in the rebel camp i:i6 .vtrovcd-Gen.aktvon into Arka:-. I -it) Chapter VII.h..^-Capt.Sabre and Wins-Rattle of the Little Osape..SkeH. pursues the rebel Gen.'d . Marci.a ni«^-Rc-hols driven tluough Adams reli.toI.eN at Fr:. and ^uus the hundred rebels at La:. d.hes lo iir. Louis Chapter VIII.^^usvi^e. ptioni^oueis-iii. to Dayon Pievce-Wirl . a Lai-e stores-Railroad and a laru..-venth Indiana i-iijhts for the UriUiant .quantity of Rebel army and deslrov. Gen GnervnnMar. with one hundr.-l.s.l Rear-^uard at lud.r. Elliott.rn-I<ield.'^tbritjadeof Sk.lton ^vilh thirty men attacks sx returns to H-dly Sprinss-. Rivei-Cavalry Returns the River. attacks three leather -tipt Pe. ux the Memphis-Gen.ri. Attacked and Driven Chur-e-Pursuit of Price to the Marmiton.lian:..

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lit li. and up thv lu-d River to Ale.ini«^nt —A I59 CnAPTER XII.uators.. toads. }<u\z<. and all manner of crcepinii thini^s— Arri%.ks the poetry all out of untl.' Cold— A Ne-ro Mother Tlirows Away her Child— Sufferings of the .^t' r mu CnAiriR XIII. Skirvin ing of citizifus and soldiers— Speech of Col. GUARDING RAILROAD AND SCOUTING. y.aslr.xandria—Aruu. La.Soldiers— March to Hauiburg.'<)'"'« I i Hy Chapter X. :jL »'P.. that I hlui— •'C-'h-ue'.r. and Gains Landing\^ Return to Memphis ^ t.sesouthern eliciiiette— Military exceiUion for dvst-rtion. tn u ..MENT..ster— Consolidation of th.' rei.i. LOUISIANA EXPEDITION. .Mi a (Jerman.iLtrange— News of the assas154 sination of Presidi'Ut Liniohi— Di ath of Lieut.i! il IL'iupst'-ad. Page Chapter IX. pONTENTS. The Fxpftdition 'lown !lio Mississippi River to Grand Lake— March Through the swamps to Ha-^trop. rnuin.1. OF TflK LIANA . REGI.— Np^rroes flock to the ooinrauud and Perish of th.iX'parture for Texa: long.NIN<. "".. Rrownethe liberty of in Isii (i. P.-nds to Col.r ••! nii.stanf— Arrival at Austin 1:0 nn-.t> TlIF.-li for Austin— Passes throui^h Renham and ol Citslrop ext. li/urds.lirutality of Gen.. Cu. M s| .. REOR'JANIZATION OK Tlie rt<rii.' tlif lailroaii to I.Tiris .IV • .y. The regiment moves aloiiL. Browne — Mass meet- Chapter XT.. all'.— Ih. BY LAND AND Trip tlown nient of sliootiiii: the Mississi[ip.VATER TO TEXAS. the city. — h'ltial kno.Ireary march througli the wilderness— Snalces.

..IT .

aud put in jail a spy. Lieut. Major James ii (o'. Lieut. Thotnus !^. Ivihiit G ^'^ W '-0' ^* '^ -•" Way. Charles H Guerrilla . Skelton.Major John M -^^ I'urnielee^Capt John R Siuionson. Francis M . Lieut. Cap .'lf'y.PONTENTS. Samuel E. . Wdliam II Donch. -C<>1.|'_ Gleason. his early life-Ilp enters the while there as erate servii-e uv.murder of Capt.l confined in the Irving Block at Memphis. Capt. but is appearanct— His trial lance of the otnci-rs and guards-His personal conviction-Tlu.Attempts to Ca'pt. .Sylvester L ^'J '-" Dinner 238 i^"^"* Moore. but esCaptured by capes— His field of operations and mode of warfare— the Irvin? Clock. Soniers anil men-His death and seuteuce-IIe bravely meets his fate-Tlio charu-es and specifications on vrhicli he \vas tried.\.-cpu ^V sinitlu r. '^ Page. Crane.Major Joel II -^'- • ^ |. and findings of the c<mrt 188 PART lilackf >rd. Skelton.iin confined in foiK-d by tne vigiescape hv the assistance of his sweetheart. Chaptee XIV.l for horse stealing— The case djsmissed on condition of the first that he enlisted in the Union array-He avails himself opportunity to desert-Turns up as a Guerrilla Chief near Memphis — Captured" an. Major Jo. steals a norse to effect his escape -Captured andiu iicto. Lieut. SKETCHES OF --[ '^ • Lieut.dt-T John Morgan— Captured in Ohio. THE GUERRILLA. ConfedNature of Guerrillas-Dick Davis. Elijah J Carpenter. Capt.tttu'-k on Olhc'ers at Lewis. " DtCK DAVIS. John PUlioit. III. and ag. Lieut.


-ment. raid.- ne.. hist-Ty M' a .-.^ pi.d. ll. Ai-mi>:-s.Oii]y p a. is the purpo-o ot wririni:^ this ho'. as ever ^:ie\v ^ab.-veral hniCS of :he . because it '-iv.- y (n ' v.- :iist. nre-^erve the roror<l uf rhe -ufferin-^. yet .-r w i:^2. cxi'Cgallant a military ur-ani/.^rk. has the pei'.se.•n"(" - Mcyuii^ui--d.:l Ic tK.di this is armies are cor."n.-r were possible to .r can U-. .cv. tha great -i:. The -noral nameih..of wiii'h. ailhoiri-h it:-' great. uc U a r-Cuid can be approxiniat- I.. a wo. faii^ues..'." y.nol r a.pre.exi.- of ihe of i-M rurinlriL-.-i.^iain tho itif-UnrMioii ii .^u till. brigades and rei:inient.-inglo milas (iMnplei*^ j A::Lr-:. in rii- of llicir eommand.i.-r 1. complet-.r-.n.:.k. a There n^v.--r rrgim-uit wa....lude the posan lUnk-rtakiiitv of rhe g-^neral hi-rori.'k.- would io.s relates to war. . will iorevm. armies.n ^. sary such sde. bv no m 'an- doe.'t it •!! Alihou.-r portion any ao> es-ary ior {! -a- history of hi. so far as iiitegial porti'^ns or this '' eharaaor.riati 'hMls uuly with gf-iici- d facts.urr.oricis a hi4vry of the Tth Indr.paire -.•Mifial Ha icr. :> giini-aliuu.-^t..-nga-ing in sueu cuiui^.aut I'. To linii-?. skitm:>}ios and l/. war wrilU n.-< tiL.:i.luod not complete.eorned. wruM it : .en-. With it:. to pubbsli vbid surh b-."f All . are ]<vithf^ swallowed Ml .A.v i-t' luoi . Hur <u. curp. by v. Were it sblc for him to gather -.ull tl.rts to i- tlio Ii i- ay .-. a holy cuu.f of the v^\\-^r> -nly. -rs informiition necessary to give . amies with 111 whi-ii thg!--'ai ..-rs..s.livh-i'jns. touu'l w.-.. :...! size of tins. and nwer will be.".'.rv i. it The great Volume <f l.i^clr?./.i!t-i?.. In -!.rrK.cti unb-i taking.u:i tho f.-uaal fXiK:ri. e livi dual if it nndlary history of ea-li nieid' ol th i-iv<Mi f.'ik.1 -uch a w.-uiud experien -. - PREI-ACIZ. wiii 1 ! :! . until adi • individual soldier.c-> .iioii'-.


.iVii*od of tins.v.-s r.. ut the pei'. aica :. sary l>'r such a woik. . (. because it doe-^ not th : the individual muiiary hi.s ot '•'this charaLier.. b..-. expeus.^ -. .' of whi'h.nv..n'^f •d..~.1.. To nrt-erve ihe record of rlio <ufroi-in-. Aliliou-li is thi-^ armies aio cjueorned.. I Thtrc :..u!i v. a il.4ory of each i'ven if it uitrMij-u: Ol .u th:.ucsof the u-dv l.niy.T \v.:Hliou._• it i- mci •.< in nv-v. of the ..• l.'i. h individual soldier. Uere ih>^ it T'o.iaient.' an und.~ a hi4"!y of th. will ibiovor [. are swallowed nametiio of ihclr LOuiuiaii-hTs. fatigues.' .-lates to war..-e ot A-rlriiiLi. ikitmishos vulume ••. The -. Thci gre. :.- --veial iiecc - •lu.s will tuiiU'l la .- to .:u>. uf .-unal exp.rts to b-. to publish si/.-Haai fXi.--.d^iy b. -r^. >..M<^.M.uf r-1. i-- ''avalry..iiati 'ImIs uuly with g^'iiei- fVicts.' •iist>. Armii^rf.:.iioa ii. aivi. .ulcs M[' in and re-i merits.uA' of •-. history "-f a .- \\.is aaHaiita military ur-aui/a:\.•Munl)-i.~l^Jl!S... lair <\v\).luod i- not romilete. Tth Indiana.amies uilll hiui logim-^Mit Wo- e<.ai.^ -r-->ai<^i •'':." pie..!-. ana n.'t it bv no ni 'ari:- comi'let-.f..I .. wfuld ibid m\ uudvutakin^.i • •..:./.uaen a r-OMid can be upi'roximat- h >o far as inte-ral porti^n.!it-is.. biig.t W iK. raid^ exfcami l-^ittlr?.neral Hi.e.dn^lo mil- ay . r^ ihf* V'.. <ul'1i '.-^akcum[u-rlu. Ii \\ as rdmi-lete a tie hi-pey All :.- u-ik. gani.iirpo.r(-rlude the po^ui' ilitv :he L^'n..!it?w ^alitr lu li holy caiisf.> :-' ii.:.t.ii vii^. is the i.... with :^\\v\\. until ha.PRIil-AClI.•ufial i-^a icr.<- -ibh.11 \\ allhorf-h great-'r of 'the no>cs-arv tor -uch a w. tor liim ro gather t-^ information nece^^sary to give .-r. sde. -i.- 1 •: A ..e wuuld require if:.1 this bovk. wuri'~.-ver will be. flie i- A::h:-:. •ur.. I'V v.tnti"n:-. were possible il.. wiii -tLi.n b'Lf hi^tuiy of any wai writU .uv-r can n.-.a.A..i. ever ...>.f . yet ol . or.-..-ral hi-tori.r^pt-U'h . only p iip.biain the iiiKum-.^. -.i armh^s..uon>.


'ai in the Northern Indianiav from t-he j army. j \L Skellon ai:d Cai't. \ ^'ov.e!co. Jaims H. J Lu \\. wL. ol g^-: The reason of th'^ omission 3irnply the failure to it communication with them. and on olilcial docuuitnts for what is written of th. | j Without further exp!a:ia:iuu or introduction. not appear record. I have had to rely on the statements c: others. Michigan City.-hed by 31ajor JosepL M. in that of.-uter. has rendered impossible to obtain the facts necessary to write of them properly.y '•].od at of Gen. I:.e." my disposal. at did nothing worthy is. i ^ ! Tliomas M. f Also valuable ititbrmati'U has been furnl. it i ami published (.- i' \ submitt'jd to the T'uMiv- 1^ j By the AuTiiOR. in the h'all of Ibo-l. Of most that is wiitlen. 1870. raru. Being a prisoner of war at the time of the expedition to Missouri.s.d. Sketches of only a part of the en. ] Valuable information has been obtained from a history v.iny b.ij')r p-. i Reasonable accuracv offi' lias been attained. this book :.. and the journal [ila>. by reference to the ^ i i '' ial reports.— 6 PREFACE.Jr 1. afier his leturn ] :.t[ k brilliant campaifin..^:h he kindly com['. Bi'owne. ofricers of the rccrinient are giv- But it must not in l>e understood tnat those whose names do of the book. the correspondence. I i . the author had personal kno\vle(1. .


AL THOMAS Tiia" institution of oi" EROWNK.ds t" a warfaie again . . States . were not thoui^'ht of as . Broione av.! and shaery.varr-wit for the ex'r^t- T!ie Constitution • dot tr.-^tat' and hiv.uiteil tli? >traiiu'e .Upeii len^e was promulgated. under same Constitution.aatinnand Ci)nri[itution included in.<. had nothing to recommend to a candid and t retinL-d it. iiould arou-e phi!. while another race sul'iecte'i to a m>'re at)je. wai rcf rr^'d to.d Gen.s.l. could not be utlnrwi.vere 'ler 'ii' the mo-t absolute autocratic slavery than was tolerated ungn'ernment and ti. were ado^ited. Thomas M.ppciacle of one race of eople enjoying the nui-t enlarged at\a later 1 day grav-'ly allirmed by the Supreme Court of the nit-.• it tli.steiieJ le this country at at aii early period of their colonial Li.ismu'-h ax s!avei-y f^x^-^te'l at tlu' tflU'- the D-^not th'-y i.:i was adoi'te-l. BREVET ER:i'APIER CFNEr.i '.tn that.-d State.vj.-i.!:^!iiTig '. the 'slaves were That hut were excluded from their [>rovi.=:nc!i At the time the Cunstitution of the Unite>. hut were considered by framei-s of tlic Constitution.^tcry. S /urn 1:3. Our I Uiition {>res'.j].. of lite. It exisieJ the time onr famous Declaration of In'.T> c.s. uf both frc'. it the insf ilut ion of shivery.'v. oiily as M.-'OT African slavety was fa. Ti.'d. It '.«iori. mind. a> the '. on tlie p'.'io human hein^?. C.'.l it was a recognized competitor With :reeil'.PART B'lOQraplac'iJ Su'-tche^ of Gt'neral w. Jnhn P.":lrint\ t that}ir'>[.>rQ ^ucccdcd in tlie the race Oir .


^ i-'irpos.-':.n^ient.h a try.'litionists ili. the United States. tiieir conscious of the intrinsic it. di\id(Hl the eiiunjlios.coni:' add !it iii.diaiiv- in a fref. it.e S'.'.t. wag'^i moral warfare against our great national sin.' for the adoption of the ConstitnHo!. that was at wrong war with everv n. Tii^^ !U.^^ litioni.-^i- t^ ..iii.^ be favoraiir'.icism '-n'n-'.n •: slavf^ry.-. gi-ew intolera.suited in:orl:>.y Fearful woulil tbj.v-v{'.'Vorite instiLurion. itM'i uuti age. r.) d. who liad cleaier ideas of lini-rcy.-itii weapons from Vu'iliei: can's armory. agaiiist it •m- Siav^-ry t'^rcd j'olpit and so> iety. f. its f.n. by hu'/lini: do::ane the. ^ --ar aitcr ve.x of fbe iui inious bigitive ^'laV'* law.-ution of the Abosee.un wu .i(.. 'i'o .'l hoti-r.if. >^f an. armed.-. I lli'Mr dr'ma»id lor . Tno:vrA? M.> and outrage. tlie < . tb.ii. but were unheed'^. Tie. not v.\i-r It inci<-^bb:e tiiar'e- srrcdehaugbiily in. s lEXZRAT.ii I" ron^r^d 1 th" p.r^aiiiuial Cong:e^^.ur>' the ena^-ni:.1. right. i-n to re irut slavery to lii.d [leuple ti..i m.s e\-p.- the th" il..!.-^!. ante-da..t tlie do- trines proniidgated th'" Alj'. •uuld tii-- otile-t v.!. Organized oppositinn to slavery. and puriy I it (••rmi'd tiie ---(.-i^'-' was intnleralde.ilcing ir e-pe^ial of the iU"t'-<tiii!i ot i>A frr. by the i'i\'--iaV'-ry la-ui.'ULa. and the Constitution i. I'-r Ibpubli. ^''here civili/. c:.rv ui- ready oeen[>i./'i'is i Iirt>ati.-is. .•bit . au'i .: '•' at thos--- who dar-l ld:e bea.atiOU.(gj-insi their op[>onents.iuc-tion their right to <>( buv and the . in-u':'. 'f th Xuiili to become slave hunters the[>> oi'l^ v umidiir'rii. -.l tlie tietlie iih.-ult lo injiiiy.-^ell fellows |i"-t biU'b'H. au'l in rlefiani e of the inalienable rijlu announced of \hos- in the Declaration of Independence. The opponents of Slavery.cerieV. pie of natural justife.pti-d a ^v-sten' anj o-tr.of the rhampio!:^.- t<-Mi!.' l)otli the Declaration of Jirl-ipendeni'e.<.dv'. ivery >deniHnt >ie'.tyed neighbor nc:"l!b. wiiich i'ov 'onij.v.ROWN'E.. < •. but with jnstice.'i b':itPr :\v. Protest? ai^ninstthe institution were maJe by tlie conventir. assembled ot Paila-Ielpbia.\'or. tlie Pi-i. received by the raa-sei of ]ievsecntiLin peoi^le.iii. The slavery propagandist. and . they rtd.


!!. sustained. In his youlli.e. h. THOMAS M..< M. waft.'['uljli'-ans.t liis eyes were !i'"'t clo. a o:' twin sislcr of slavery wa^ tLe a .v:ie his :~on Tlinn-is ^[. His honesty and trutliculuess. the . Kenin P>. lolph n:-o'.iiar eL'^uence. In- : ma. and ti.-pokea of liis not-ie p":^' He lived to tlie vast asseaioii>\s .jd at Xew Palis. 1/ua to lli:lpii ^l.-in"ss hahiis.-r'. Xotwithstanding. 1. hiter di. weuc tuukv.s \'-^'i). 9 orL^nni/.slavery men.'d to 1.dth his sword. that has placed his son in the f.]y oir'de.i. PLOWNE. H'- m at:s of a'Npiirlng ktiDwle lg\ so far as institutions of . In-ok. and ccrre^. Pn'owne inliei-ited his inorh<. Crowne.-' 'irrejir. Paris. right the Uni'Tfl..'-o — went on. rank of the gr'at men of Indiana.hMlii.n ho speedily a-ouired knowledge.s his firher. ' but are also of his mature i2. Brown^'.ham- pions of freedc:a di ible coniiiot" not yield their ground.!.se who in of liherty i>y and union the tli--' in that co!iHii. P-rowne. after appienticing hiia fo Mr.- th. ("anjlit the sweet i^et. in tlu.-. and John A.\n- .v sketch.C h'i.uaeroy a merIIi> fa:he:\ ' ittnt of that phice. suspended ver tlie heal. ond I'a' human chura'-'er.-ion. on the I'ltii snK^ject of this at N'-'. were the chief 'ji ."> Johri A.ttle-h^ld-.tTERAI. a'. fought on th" r. w.i i':>iii. wh-ne he appientivoil Thom-'s in-ntj' faeuliits.^tate to v. Thom.^ State of Prnn- '^yivania. where '. M.'le aimer in which his son.'C<^nts of praise . in the y"..GI'. iie di-rd in hi. in Pr-'hle oorii Thouias M. and the inaugurated f^tirly d^'feat-^d Pro-. PonT<^ioy. .^n civunty. wa-^ native of Th. uol or/. He \ awI i. l-^h).u-iiiess rapacity. was a clo?e a reniark:i!ile know'.ed^'e oi ohserv-:-r.s day of Ap:. htanties.v ' lil-i youlti. Spivia'din?-':.L ISGO. v.s like a sword.^Statt.i.s gre.lred oiir n itional tlag.t.-wayed hy fi'iMC oil" riiat r. tlie As.of the 1 l^..-itl!draw frcia Jogma of cece.e'I in 1330. Thi.d.^.- up the t. (Jliio.-tiellion --ide Of tlio. the honor uf ar'p. to ili-solve tlni Union v... 'h-ij: av'j'iica'ii. R.i. lum the gratifying intelligence of (he nu'.-ed unril ears had sou.ul . to •haiit eoiinty. aiid luorii t oi' Kt-ntncky. Ti-e breezes from the b.riamity to'd: '. Pi.

7 .' .

j Win. are concerned.een his pursuit beautiful garb of language.jO. and having and being Limself without counsel.\tensive with the judicial crth-' he Was tf! pr'<--o:itor u! t . estly TO the study ot "In ISl't. to the common schools of learnln. It may be such shrewdness IdW..i'le '-[e' our present State Consti- tution. I\.v orFice.\. . he was elected prosotiice and h-j w:!.i-:'-' ot his otiice with and again in ability.'.-nt [.in. was aduiitti-d to the bar of the -Supreme Court ui Indiana. voung Browne's l!uen-y as a speaker. that that incident detile^l him to study At any Fomerov. after a reading 1 vear. that no ono^ But so indefatigalle ha. thirter'uth judicial circuit.hirged the d''. Browne did so.citin ve:t!s. as a dent. h'lit" Hor-* dis'.f which he hehi two In b~oJ.u of March. justice of the peace. and Wvf' cAtt'ridel witli m?r. of the Hon. or can clothe his thoughts ln> more fancy.rv J.n '. -.dolph county Seminary.-ars uf age. At M. h. rate in the ^pring of 13 15. EIIO'VNE. reader. tb-: .v iViri-. (. knowing of and with him to^ appear and defend his case.M-od the bi .-'.-... In Aii^ju-t. of Mr. jii-t bet-. l-^ applied himself earnof only a court. he leit the store I si-ion in l^i'J. l^. a'icr iji. h? successfullv j^isse r. and yers of Winchester. l.'.n usual success.•lits [[.twenty-. he interior courts of the State.IQ GE^EEAL THOilAS il.cli (.f:tice in all tlie in L^Oi.- one year alter his a^lmission to the bar.<. ih^ uiiice i-'»-e.-tcr.< I'^n his ftithtul companion . that he wun the ci^se. U having a law suit before a. who ha. embelli-b tliem with nobler flights of he became the achuowledged In the Lyeemi at Spartanburg.pti. ent. and addre-s. wh'.b% hvv. tluent speak. cti liie l->.ne y. distanced all]of his competitors. against him one of the best lawat Spartanburg. importuned A friend of his. Willh-m A.i--^ X«-. lyui^). wt- r.^r and a splendid A ready and leader. ISi'b he married in M. ' attorrev "f IliU'l'/iih county.ii exHmiiuvtion in open and was and adi-iitrud to pr. .. Spartanburgh."!*^it--d the -a.ji. ^vere confmed and oi:e term in the of learning.

.>''as •5 fil i. .

of day of August.-ltv Zl. the L'Tth At Morristown on ism and e!oq. anil who has watched with pride ot a wife.-m. who by and patrioti. he delivered a great speech on the crisis of the country. Browne their eloquence of the h1 '. to the Presidency of rhe United States. di-l wonders for the preservation Union.ence.3s among the ho?t of patriot^.GE:CERVL THOMAS aJver. and of the causes that led to the war. which we now do: .v.-i"'and. 11 ihe iuit and prosperitv. Browne as an orator and patriot. 3^^ar. by inducing the people to rally around the XationGovernment. than by giving the speech in full. 1S61.. it was wholly unprepared. replete with patriot- We cou'd not give the reader a better idea Gen. with all its attendant evils. for which . was precipitated on the Government. and sustain it in its hour of sore trial. and of the complications of those times. The election of Abraham Lincoln. Thomas M. BEOWNE. the honorable advancements of her_hu. was seized upon by the traitors of the country as a pretext^ for dissohing the Federal Union.

:l .1 io i:.

it. imbued wirh a love of liberty.-^s-d aiul the r. in it.i>t p.-ont. and hunted down by a r'r'lentie..s taslc r:.c. iliat whi"h wis er-uully valuable. of ti:c^ May F owht and Plvmouth Ptock.y. anvL it..•< ar it an s.f Uberty whi<-h in.i::erm of a tai^-h.-is of piciu'^. dc. f.of the Aclantic t. of onr hi^rorv.-l.-i. the indomit. If we did ^rv.' Then tlio sound of the '.ilmiu'htv Provid-nce lu it'.' met and iustitud'ms. he wa. ainl not a mountain lifts head unsung or uuw. has it not beer. 3Iv FELL'jw CITIZLNS ant to review brie!" : At thun a t'. the p. persecute.^. Tori'leurv and T)eri!. the pro. ppreail out beiore him.t^.'etlom ari. A "oe- reference to what- we haveberTi may yet p-O'iplo. rue ^lav Flower ! planted on the publ'.s.-e inherit d thar spirit .a> iioh-1 lias its excite emotions ol patriotism in tho hearts of (he fore as.'s tlie in its — — i:i'>. Fearbissly did he niter upon lii.-^s desriotism.- vari^^-'ated wil i- . i?: more pleo.-- the past. -Ivn' woll ? See you nowhere th. and a hati'cd to tyrnnny which were destined to achieve stupendous result.^r lue wore to b.ind a ]:aif ag-i.n-thy of heroic .).i oiisrad. we il.. inherit from the P". shore.voodi'-ian's ax si'itlom disturber tly^ 1 stillae.e Pibjrim's work is bef'.-^trains Le?s than two cuituries -.idt of th.shore it.•=uriaiuintin. Its resou'-c^s were to brdevelopeil the like tlii?. [.ril:i' for tr.abh:' I'uritan s^-epppl upon Plymouth valiantly dil he struL'-i'e unni .i..'ie yvu. our Repubiir. xlure.=< extent.s ena'nied to b lUr^uii to nostprirv a lei^-icv uvT'' valuable than tiie vvorM had •-vr kiiown b. v.M. The pilgrini found a new worhl.l that unoon(['lerable b-uv-i-y whi' h erdurel au aiino-t hoofle.ucd the revolutionary fathers ios.t for:ni'lal-le ever cntviU'-'r'by by human seni'is or human piowe^ Eo- T'l'veu their altars aiul their c-ontest through years of toil.^utrering.1 MORRISTOWX SPEECH.-: every .i-e."o:u tli-^ .s reoorvl of ..aniship^: and thMi'j. I'.vot oai boundle:e loie:.. hand of a>i . 1 1 — But two ceritnri"-: have p.i:-:--es we find that almost every tale of blood.


i. e-tahli. and r.y•raitLea sahjects of existing dcsp^u.lii'i ro e:'v riirouj.iivernm-:nt '.r^'v nidlions of peor.l Was poiuv'i :ie>. stron?: arms and p:Uiijt.jioi^ tii-^ plan oi uius.ts a n'^r-wor'-: I'f ranuis and rai!irs form ol .a-.'en asf.v:l atid re io'U i'rove this to be a failure.biuw. 1 yo'.i'hine..!> tn the popuf-ite i^s fertile valley-^ and In all thai constitutes national j^ieatinouMtain'accliviries.or..>'.cr''V'vn'. and stops oii'iy i<\-ic uv^-i s'li'Tna >'".'^ great continent had lain for fifteen centuries.^siccf the loom and u»> x^' i> hr-ard in aiiii^.-n it reaches the surge-washed sh.!. ii' i.. •' — •II-COV mi.v Iiah o-.>!:si i.i-!'M\-. at c'. and cjn- s'.-. in its raonntain and valley.c r-venue.a. C. all the ijl^o-i of tlie Revolna ^^ "V'Tnm'Mit bouL. <'". rich i^'-ss it IS rich luuler their iieavy harve.'f'. tiio-e oae that mieiit h*^ Ht'-i-ii. of a <!n^!.^^t every village.. ai.u.ement ^. ]. \viieii"'.S(. m m 1 m -r- 'i':. ami before it had li._u i'i over.". ai •i---miction of tlr's G.yiMiii.ii spok.- fore-t? and prairies.Ve:niae!'i 1 — tiie result.i>er.ird i-v. ''•> wbi.^.is Wilhia it .bio. aiid rriTip of tLi^ I'l. louk for hofie and enDestroy out'. vernmeMt is fniuel ov i'. < .:i.some inU-ruil liiiui: of baiuty and vi'. Wrapped in this -•and seclusion a ilow now? A n:ition stretches t.vunld he a tcrribic.•'jnsrifuri.'ines iiad of sccos^riino.-r Alle'^hanies.adie its (. ha. pivra"'-! I'V .'at.'.."' . in 13 n' ii.iry iri'.Mi "i <r\v c:u'!try as it was. ^^.•l•^=-ion is the .'res of the Pacific.-:' •^.isms.! r.mi a iei:. let me ask voii.' Scate.n..'!\' to si-zure a. before treason b.MOE^JSl'0^v^• speech.'-ni is the inrhh-l oi Kepulili:'-^.^ .-t i..e rii. win the down-lroaiien aiid ^.. luw.l-'n.^M conci'df rl.ition.j')Vorngreat arteries et coinraerr^e.iad tl'a* «a. out from the Atlantic ov.v:!l!tr:o-i .n ih.!ic'it co'ild irt^'rly anndiil..rtMdiion> of acres eio i' m.-laim:"! by tla.''' narioa p!"PS'>i..)/r> a:j uns' itself. altjion-jli ^.- as a coiistitutic»:ial i-^ ri'jfhi..'njispiia'd .le^truciiori 'he a-sissinHt:on of h •- t!i it .fre iNorthwaid it reaches the lakes Southand palmetto proves ef the State? of the — Th'..! in it oli'ecLs.-. it is to suppose tliat rh^ is . .tK-iaprod c.-s. Ji-^^-ise it ib^.I<er - of the 'On -titution themselves. scales the Rockv Mouiitains..M•es-ion oi: .irel PTairist its i>\vn ex!^t'-n<(\ s To is m -ti the w.-ts.-.. wrote irs own itself history.l lii lli^n Hur I hiv. the valiev of f!:e Mississippi. aitied by traitors tliat ti.-iaain..-nt.iviirinai" ticjures of butas thf-nit'iy 'ie«damat imi ' i .. vjii ''ive :he lie to man's caT^ai it u!V!!!f^ ri'iiL of out so ir bi- tliar .jrld v'iiai people. Ine ovi-r desp'jtiS.'rai' a<1n.'ii. it.. ward Gulf.-li "i"'...-itcd .o It i^:iauciis.• ! by '.-li tae '^/'ir^L'. toeblv than loov^ ol -iMi-l? Se :e>. niji(. in its river and ri^'ulet..!i''s. -.s boud. h-^ m:. . . a T.r.


There is certainly r.>• i'.riucs with the people. then. but if mure were reqaire'l. citi. but seeks to inaugnrnte anarchy and ruin its the mere statestead. you may. Th'* right <>i the peorde to de'ermine by the arbitrament of the i. Fiom the plow -.'U ? i^om-j c.e governrai-nr has resolved upon ti.-hare tiie n. erty of rlic people. sovereign power r>'. s.t this infernal heresy of secession.-'Cisrtam it withoui.-onaable f..-on b'. and wouM not only de-^^tiC'V a nation 5o good.tre. and pruning hooiis are being transf'trmcd into speais. and to overturn ti. ii — tre-i.i'^y against th..ty with the constitution.o:i is forging as MORFwISTOWN SIEECH.ti.itevor plausible pretext you as riiiv. I wou'd ag. citizens in conili'-t.' Is the ..ta!lul..'t. Lincoln was elected in striet conlo]-m. and is 'levoting its best energies in arranging its forces for the struggle.of tarn. under o .vCt^trong > Why < . cover but treason it over witli vrli.rible condemnation again. ill."ord.'~t and te. It is j'i'.l men. O'lr tj-tOii) natio!!aI existence is liit'oatene'.r sv: tern of govern tnent.n of liiis question tu be found in the re..ii f^rbi.l It-n groun.. Th^ coi L lileiess forms of the patriot sires wiio repose at Mount A'ernon..uise exists and we may a.-leitiou ? Th.d at Ashlan L rise animate before vcu and utter v. I do not propose to argue the 'pifstion meiit of the proposition is sulhjieut. at Marshhebh a-'.ens Already we hear the iiave ciPC Ameri^'an of arme.e jiiilicy to be pursued. no one dont'ts. a bold ai. inau^rura*. so bent up.^c ever lie the eornevstone of a Kepublhan g"Vernn:!t. and damn- able a^ that wliioii ha? j^iven Benedict Arnold an imrxiortaliry of It is treason because it i.d Ic.n they .rit. Fear and hope alternate in every heart.H£:e= of the Y<r:>{.!n bring to mind the p uriot: :-:.uker tiian Burrs'. Those wi:o would attempt to thv.l.-iiall be gjvernod.') l'•-^t aiid freest governmenc the wirld has ever seen".jihiug either unusual or dangerous in! he legal and peacetul tiiuiupii of tiio pop'ilar v. Tl.-art their will wdien l"-j diy ^jprooocd. is an I mu. and see if we can se the tiue siairie of this trea.I. Araeriean uud rebel blood have comminiiiel ui-on the same battle li-id. by revolt and re.-'. The public "W'liat has produced this mighty cunviuhiind :-> deeply moved. an"! i-airint men tremble as tht^y contemplate events. m .'. at Monticeilo.rt of our national ['r:<ie that.s a co!i?] Mr. this attempt Vj destiay the Union of the StiUes.-ult of the late presidential '. jlutiou.j libinfamy. interpreter more certain than the it the constitution needs an hearts of a patriotic peoph-.-iiaspiracy against Federal authority. L t ns exaniine the •luestion as patriots. b\' who. at the HetmitHge.

. J ...

i?i party. receive the vot(..son.titrol die gdv-MM-i'Mii to the lle|..MORPJSTC.f a «:nele slave '5tai^^ vv of a single :.>cs Lc iriiall b'.-e:i Ciii^f .st ml experiment. and if wrong has been done if their action has tefi-le I to the weakening of llie borcls that unite these States in ii comiaon g. tion wliiuh legitia.-s. Tiie charge is made and it is denied.• e >:att'.-.sou and Jtick. lest I ^h-.ublir. Jeder. But the recent .'W . thst he did in the davs of Washington. To govern i.. ~\\'ho i-lvAi iud' '^i the rel'. in two it '^:iiers absolutely pow^rthe Judicial and Lem. — — — — . but provides lliat whrii'-ver h" r-'ceives a majority of tli" -l^-." Confidera'-y.tve tiken. Tiiat ir i-i i.. In popular eU-?ction. the loyal citizen owes the same allegiance to the government administered by Lincoln.ari nii'ut rhe llKei-utive was '^mnqiotent.: cli-n'' may ii. 1 will ii^t pa-s jiiiiam'rnt in the case.' To wlio-i^ arblfraia^-^nt '.» >li-j. while is submission by the minority to the will of the majority nal and no compromise is demanded.. or repair any wrong they ni:iy have 'lone.Mialisui in I will n. and a common d --tiny. Tiie treason of certain Representatives and 'Senators iu Coijgrets.afely Loicng. Uut we are told that the recent triumpu'-tion did not tniisnM. 15 mn.VN SPEECH.s position of the partv. sectional. Whi'. a sectional one.-er to O'.the iei^uliy '•!i.q.-)VCTnm. in siich a case .' will poliiii'ians submit this question of secti'. and if any feel aggrieved by the result.? some party triumph — others suifer'. For the pre-'eut lht*y h ive settled it. The nglit w. and none will b-j dsrmanded to change it. and trust that tl.uw in peer .'t is . Tested by this acknowledged rule.ellion.'ive siuMcent confiib-uce their pruden'?e and loyriity to believe tint tli^-y will at on^'c retrace any inconsiderate -t. I h.ll.s in conformity with the con^ria cardi- tution and laws of the countiy the pjgiit of the one.!)t.issnme thai the parry It is a qne-times TO TftE PEOPLE.' in une det.-htt ivIr was 'e.s-^ depirtments is be.' all — m . Tlie con-^titution recoi^ni/es no sections it does not require a caodidaie for the Presidency to receive a part or all of ins vote from a particular locality: it does U'-t deuiatnl that h. and of certain Ju Ig^-s. lot the question be again submitted to the same Mipreme tribunal..-totai V".nt. and the pretended ou": f>f power or the one powi-r. sectional in the geogruphical and sectional in view of the ['rinciple upon which ii9 supreuiacy was secured.e people's patriotism and intcliigeu'-e will cheerfully coirccf any error that may iiave been been committe^l.Magistrat-' •• til.uld judge as a parti--an.e the people? Whoso pure a patriot that he couhl hold the baland^s ol jic^tice eve-u'y of the people v.<^ iat^^ndedt.M.n .

ji I-! .

/I' ' • State='man a::d -T'oncieiune i i Biiilv..e v.'v ol k IB-nry s uur te.:i tht.1^ anti-slavery is n^re s.«e. There are those uhn itie.< :<• u'vaken^d from l! oui' slumber bv the ol riie b-il.- K wilh.ti-e.- strTiu'^r "J i..n.-i. tc its being A -\ to lerritoriL-sn'nv'i!-^-.r world proteste ]).: endaiiL'eriUif nl'-r.j:i 'ih-..-Juch is the eause of the present .of the whit.> s-. Nu ihe ot v. m enb tro:\bies npon o<>i:ii!rv.d iniere-is are hei.'imply tine to lii.l Ui'Ofi State rights. ry-rst shiV'/ry ex- than it is lor cth'-rs»'5a it ii i^^et u' .l. medita'os an iv-sar.-i up-n i why is bringing the pre>a State array ittVlet.s ie.-dk for the iionoi. constitutional a its eKi-^ten-c.ti-.m a seetiunalism wliieh h.-.was evil there ought tob^!••> a<_'Uatiou b-'"''-r t. I iiat'onal couirno:.e of its loy^acled alty when h.d p-wer i'.:j.^ i^ lin ! a f- . Wi.vurbl • over had •. l:.'.l.d {•• .'ht it s|).. it no in.u''' i. 1.ti'. C0Ilce^^iuns andcOiup:uaii:-es to insure th^M-oniinuan. i»-. l!.i.on.' shivery iastitutio:-?.t' it s.Mb'eive t^-nfion..! :. then yon have oonstituti-.v/.-t!on .sui i? as base as it :> to prove that this No oonsidtTMhie party exists in the Northerii ai-ounJless.u ttie Bark th.Qatli.le'l ny 'Jue constitv...u: th.i :i:(? '.ru ii :u \\'.I0P.'ni:'::t ti'-<- tb.! th. ill re-ults ul "ih- a^it.ti'^ri >u :e.ts it powei-rf i^ t. lie.: I'." Tney ean not s-e But iher i\<:>^ Aa-ie p ridi uldest existing Xo it.l I...irnin<i :i-i:iHt X -:'•' tj • a d'-bt at and we owe to lii.....'V '.^n Southern liorred bv v.v > c'iinlry's history it is i'.ad n--.' its exi'. pia^ .wision.:-T Fe hu-al aiituority . inL-in-:.-ve thai our present laiani- are the n oriii.. people in the non-s!..iVHde-ire to iuterfese. other nie.t th-v sc-k ^to secure the:r yeirs tdiV the w'o'Ad.'.' 1 The in free p^^jp'e existenc..-''fo-s t . lx'.ni ai.:.i'.-ier.i more :-liii! wiir yi Is re{'roa< !:: ti. in tiie davery qU'..-s are oi po^e. N'Uih o. I- p'lf. -ih.vtion ot llie a_^).at h ^i...Iiity an^l l.Vi mi..-ee one had i.-! a very.' -nvernaeuit. o1>ieet !n.'n'_' io t'le •ei .- that it is varhmce with . -U. sl.a an tiian the an exhibition of a s^'etu-nair-ja v. be hi-her and mure . you s-^- : . i Tula ba. t.n.:.IliohlincT Stat'..m in lif^ inn-s.provi. or iip^jn Isrates that condemned an-l aois V\'h.'N SPLECir.r into comrietition with i'vee h\h n. extei.of this .. civi!.i.self aiiaii'Sf ih" the I'nion demand uneonstiuuiunal when\'ou .l if _ h.lrawal of certain r:'wen ii..ihs tiiun i Tiiey e.Kt of s-crionali.• >.£e.ijM n^'t have every ofn-er I ^i-^aL. ..s .rtnd Dittgrity ii'pu!.in certain States is recusnized as n'ihr with vvlii-h tiiey have n-nther the power or tivijority of rh. State< from tli'-i FeJoral Govcrmont."i : '.v Itr-r^i them-^dve-.ive Uih-.


In all this I '"an S'^e no wrong— C'. If w.i-.!ir why did we not .dopted. At all •-vents civil w ir with its unspeakable calaiuiti'^s. If lovaltv biiters with treason to dav.i few yeais th<' greatest work of the fatliers wiil have departed fioni uur government forever.nion witli'Mi^ \h^' sacrifice of lilc ami trca-^ure'. was achi'-ved. is apo.MORRISTOVrN SPEECH. for the s. If one provision in it is altt-red todiy to suit the caprice of S'-me li-tiiii.-is nf t-v-a-y --^'n'tion of the country.ivery in the Stiites wiis cMntempiated." — — U]i')ii ruinciple.uhnan would think of reporting to su fearful an expt-dienl u[ion a ]>ietext so paltry aii'l contemptible." thi^ir political lessons from masters lilce learned to Ivlieve slavery wrong in morals. and tremble wlien he reliected 'that God v/as "just and that his justice would not sleep and Washington thn nation's idol could express the ai." and R :uidol}>h.r d. it is to be hoped liiat the R jbe-pierres. in his place in the Situate.M-r-^i'tive.:- for th--ir carnival ot blood.'. Tiie constitution provides aniple protection for the in-titiition and irit-'re. if atiarchy mu-t take tlje place of order.. Tiiis embraces the tuli extent of our otFen^Iing. exist wliv this coui-^c w. Mar.ime reason another must be tomorrow.iy could denounce it as tlie "everlasting cuise.ll that any Stat>.-.its an D:intons of this con^jiiracy will llnd soluc better excuse tliati The Xorth taking these." Thomas Jerierson couM speak ot' slavery. 1? law which warrants slavery * * * * W^'e ought to lament and deplore the necessity of holrlingour fellovV men in bondage. thought that every principle. Henry Cl.y i< but a crtn-xt lu:.' The '•omoromi-e of to <i. of dutv in justice called upon them to resist its further Upon that platform the political victory of l8t'>ij extension. and the aduiinistr ation "f the rrovernment according to Its letter and spirit is a. X'j intermeddling with sl. he lonstitution is itself a compiotnis. not a.' Verv tiiauv rea^^ mii~t cr'ni>.s be as it may. and thus in . could hurl his bitter sarcasms at the "man from the Xorth who attempted to defend it forever.It-nt ho[>e tint some !u 'ans would be devised tor its jiLuhtion. add< to its strength and detracts '! ii >ru that of the government. Xo one but a traitur of a m-.ire i's exis:e:ii'e where it v/us.another to-morrow aii'l every incii trt-a^un t-xacts.'itainly none but that can be crreoted at the billot box. and at the same time bad political economy: and wlnlethey wvre willing to to!er. i". comru-orni'^e existing diir-rence'^ and save the l. Let all thi. — 1 t!.' has a right to expect or d--iuund. when and wlaMx' will it end'.nn State.


d 'n W'-li in imitating this A thetiiaii A -jr-Mt n.a!e ••iti.'t wuuld nut have been true to itself. but the to be made'^to foster the interests of free white and eternal crv has been "shiverv and Cotton demand this thin^ cc we must " In this way the Union 'give it and save the Union Every pretended comprohas been saved already too olten.'-r ddiey ir-el ti.-e :t w :(M:iintcd with inju^tico.<i.i>!is in i*-- tii etin:.u V a. .il.imiiii. Ko To find chati'-'es in or of any^i'art uf have' made the governniri. Tne matter was relciied to Aristo the Allc-nian-. .i-sens.r.I'linder its arsenals and na\y j.-e which Tiieiui-tocles propo.d to do a thing of law.'. or condition of the natiuii. had it A c. aVaati euiineiit ior i. coti. has no element of compromise in it.-t advantageous in t!:e w^uid.-mi-n an.reiased the most advantageous mo. stances. or even proper. tlie it. But there has been no e.condition." The tldriCT iu the W'uid.cj.13 It 13 • MORRISTOWN SPEECH.? of justice.iitit-'. -word^ and ti:11 <:ivtii iiv ti'ii._.»!!a'-nt.e. the ent»'rpri. or to iT"|Mre for war.'Mi/e tiie independence of the caniuMi.^ tlcv and conventions.^tltatior:.":ftale-.din. great f'l-eatest state.. proi)u. Tn.n-nt ("oiil''de.-urt-d a teuipoi. were a. i. .l u'vncial. f kin-lne^ no wrongs are committed against human liberty. m'se-has w>a'sened thirgovernmeiit and tended to precipitate the present condition of things.'mpiMmi.m.iv-. K'lguii^ (lel.v<Tn:. 1. and is K ncede nuthingin return. ci-riri.'M-nt<Ml the one alternative to .it wi. who reported •'that. tu and i"b its r. willing to that demf.itij pro. let each section A_ spirit exhibit an honest disposition to a^ljiist the trouble. upon there be conllioting sectional interests.!. migtiL have . No ^^eceediiiLr State asked it and null'<>[^ .-siuii necessary. The goveriiui'^nt dared u t a (.*s:tion to compromise was :is that w r. • Tbey Tj i>- the i:. madf conce.^ting necessity for a compromise.' '!.-'- n| a i.>^t uiijiwt.n. but it WuVKd In Athens once.-^^.It.iry peace.M '<lidio:iMi.-.-e under such circumsubmitted [<< tht.'-pt ihe on--.- (li-i !'l airi dtillin::.i. ever In the opinion ot our pniitical gamblers..' n c iii always atlbrd to repudiate a wroni^ vrtue. must b3 adand forbear- true that popular governments like ours principles of mutual concession ministered ance.j .iv vard"-*. and th'' otlier became a everythincr— exacts people li. it-^ ha\e done a great \vroi. Wliile we were halting r:0 one int-t it lu th>* -pitit • • :.-^c. !> the p-'-jp^'ie.unin-r. lit ul the same time it wa-^ the ihe Ati. comprumix' a condition of lovidty was unJ^^t. A [ueri<-.sed was indeed the mu. they demand no concessioas labor.n I |'. advantage tides.l|!^-v•.xi.

I-. 1 i .• ( it i| .M. ' • .

iassage : : If we have the ooram-n to pur-ue.sed by a lull congre. a puijlic meeting was held at Waltt-riiurough in that State. we deem it tin-. we ninst either r'-t rogrude in dishonor and in shame. and rec<^ive the contempt and nci:irn oi onv i'l-ethern Jfupetarlded to our own v. the Xorih might have claimed that slavery was unjust and anti-Re] i. is 'AVhat course left . in le^s than thirty days after the However.s at once conimenceil devising means by which to re.-^s in strict accordance with the Con-lituliun.opted. these pretexts.iongs and their system of 0[)pres:?i'. ttie con2rei-s o! the I'nited State.-ry and heretical then a. our cotistitutional faith. On the IT'tli 1828. t" 'he oeca-lon. it i. loti^ l)pfore 1^00.-ctionalism resounds from one end (jf the h. levied' higher duties than any jirevious revenue Uiw ot" the goveinment. ordefpatany ohioct.-:=cause it imposed unetpual taxatiou. because it nave uneiinal representatiou. It wa. " In advising an altitude of open resistance to iaws of the L'ni'in. pi ide ol men. If ir was true.— strengthened by our to. as now. may thrust any measure upon the country.-. it w. 10 liad it? ori2.ning tlie following i. ?^outh Caioiiiui imiaediately commenced pioelaiming her resistance to the laws of the government.i[iliy of secfii nalisui is ind-'od a singular one a roiubined pro-. and to preThey insisted then. and how soon the howi of s-. To be stationary is impossible.rsTov. not enough that imposts laid lor the protection of doaiestic manufacturers are oppressive. It \va< ]i<i. lait I" brielly to state. contai.s sectional while in the Soutii tuere weie none to protect.'•ration or We mu. \va. iUid H\(nvcd!y for the protection of American in<'u-rry. lor the further reason. that \V'nt the execution ul the law. but let the North do that thin^' let free labor attempt to ihwiat :he cherished projects of the <-'i»tton power by . and that we may not be mi andeistood.idicd and five Vutcs agauist if Were from the sLive States.nd to the otiier. and transfer in their opera' jr .^t " by opposing end tln^m.bulh sectional and unconstitutionah It t re revenue act wa^ sei-tional beeau:-e it henefited Xorthern manufacturer^.s without argument. The <iiilt tftate. seizins.'iage of the tai-iff act.-i>c the imposition of this tanif.i urnted \ote.-ist Federal authority.slavery iateie. that one hu. we mir-t i'e. But =eces:^ioii (Imv of May The insisted that this taiilf was unconsiitutional 1.«sed a hi'.b!:cari. or the <l>termi nation of freemen.v The act ieveyirig flnties on the importation uf foreign goods.s now. at wiiich an address to the peoj'le was ad.'M sriiEcir. Ha.

It . .. i'i Ml"' i M" i .'•I! ill ..: .

g hut \\<ir \vriui.o resist these impo. and to devise means oi re!i mi )>i2 she w^uid n( t consent to have Tiie . and boldly ami openly detied the nation to execute it.'n : S: It' -m-M 'jiv-- it ^ lioaly announced" >.'i-:!atuie called a convention of delegates to be (^hcted by the jii^ . TLusthii ty-three yoarsago the State whicn leads i. meeting.South Carolina.of Congress.>.st. the .'uiii. Georgia opcidy co-o}) i-aieii with South Caroliiut.t the Stat.and mini-sli'T bL'rde:s t-TS trom the pi'pit called t:. so as to make it less distasteful to the Cotton States. lot to Xoithern take If we have given our ciple is tlieia our Tho-e wi. A state as>uines to declare in the lac. blooil. Demagogues .'^ut of ihe Uni^m wnh'-u. th> I. i. " In i -^ vernment been interT'Os. and Calhoun pubpciicel'ul scdutiotiol existing ditficulties.-:." Open resi^^tAn'e to tilt' laws uf .e Union are her«^ exjilicit! v proclaimed one-tliiid of a century ayo.-s prt. Ali over . or less i^oidly «-x[ue>sing tlndr sympathy with tie.'. Xothin.iicv. was actively cnu'"''_'f'l in consnirinci agr. The . I>l:^ it V. the ccreiuonv of a iiaal irood iive had not the strcjng arm o? the g." Tie. while Mississippi arid the orlicr Cotton ^States contented themselves by more.-ing ui God to consecrate — : i tlie ouiitenunce. !T.-pint .-: this rebellion.20 tion millions of MORRISTOWN SrEE' H. its enforcement ought ro be resisted.s thought bi->.v parsed off.-s.i to revise tlie tanti'and modi'v the duties imposed by it..eia thouirht to conciliate South Carolina.f. Congres.iti"M t»j hea | Lt^iJisluture ac:3cni0l'"^d on the i'JiU day of JS'uvember uilhesaino .'f disu'iinn ag lin became rue witiiiii 11 mu'Ie lower.g that..c.-vcnted her atteiiipting to leave tiie Union then.'nTion contemplated liy ti. It w.evising means of resistance...s rau. In iSo2.^tileein ti. assertii. capitalist?. The taritf i-ould not be made to suit ran. But the first paioxyms of iren>'.MS till-) h. In December Ibilrf.i:t true to her natr.s v>ere held ami sim:iHr sc-nlini>MU> e.e ticas.reoeliious sister Stat"''. was proline of traitors. vm. that a particular law is uncoii>titutional.-' b. om progeny boiid.dnst tlie government.ued u on iht' stum{i. and she gradually relapsed into her former condition.Senate of South Carolina passed a resolution condcnming the tanif as unconstitutional.ison. and the prin- abandoned by the pay mem of one fMit as much as ten millions..l. .-oi! which grew Tories so abundantly in tlie Pievulation. il. she grt-w suddenly lunous and wouhl hav^ been ..ind in the lace of a Suprcne Court.x'piessed. . and concludes by inviting oth^r iStatcs to co-opt-rate with her in d. ''to take int'> conH'leratijn i\w ai ts of cn^Mv^s of the United States.

y .-•..'I .. ' ax /.....

tlnal propositiviU. puiportini' to be laws laying duties and imposts oil the importation o\' f')reigri commidiiies.-lature passed in pursuance iiien of traitorous !ni])Uilence. which deehired the g'^neral governmiuit sluudd employ /'/'r to iri'v irito ef['ect its laws.son is ahvay- in liaste. bound to . neither bin<!ing upon the State.'i-e(^s. prrv-uuies to pass an c'S-Jinance a?vrs. to their allegiance. Ijut to piowith the iii^tory The eonvenlion of . I' Xitllilicatiou.MORRISTOWN SPEECH.-.'W ^avernment'^ :ind put them into woul'l have rushed — of submittin. It re'[uired e\ery one v. ami the laws of the Legi.xt proceL-ds to prianjunce ihe revenue laws of l^ll'S and L^o-. K^frie it anayed it." Think for a moment of the monstrous absurdity of the ju'opositioii A Siiite in the Union owing alle^iHure. iV..e a separate .->t but a lu'ief day. for a/". operation. It made the t-lecisions of its own courts upon the validitv of tlie-ie law<. v-^ar. 1 have beeri suuiewhat minute in . :ts oiHcers or citizens.s was not unlike that of the rebels of form t. and assist in the arel the luesent ccnspii-acy.-h deci-icns to tlie Federal t-ourts. civil or uiilitai'V.i-ilav.''t/)// the oper.ith to obr-y the ordinanre nly..^ '• TUev only wanted to be let aloue.n<l in its defense.-olved. without thinking .-tatinu the !'a<ts. In this respect the tuniiuct oj^ the cons]ui'ato:.: fheir Ct-ed woik to a vote ot the jieople.ill. tiiud an conclusive. its in'rpiities -i.'" It declares it unlawful to attempt the collection of duties or the entbreement of these laws within the iimits of the State.-elt in open and ilagraut h i^tility to the izene*. by [irolubi'lng appeals writs uf error licm siii.'I'. "nidi and void.'"Vernment.-der the Mioti rl. or should endeavor to coiu'ce tiie State bv limiting up its [-orts. atul wouUl proceed to orgaid/.sions to cool reason to assume htr sway." in tas. trusi ": protit.dio heid an oilice of honor." Tin- titli. TliL-y m^-et au'l resolve States out of the L'nioi. in the m-Miii iiae. 'a-n bated coerci')n deciar-'d that "'( oor<ion was disunion. that Seuifh Caroiin.d Traitcis between ti. should put their feet upon the necks of the traitors who them out of the Union.t would con. m vuur own minds.'Soutii Carulina had g"vernment liy adopting the "ordinanc-e : .'t'>.ey lest — for returninp.^r^/7 the o/)ieir-a//()u of certain acts of the Congress of t!:" United States. run the l''-i'. tiiat yiai '• 'adminated in it. is a cui-!ui!< It and interesting speci- providiiii.'Utiou of its de. 21 Trea. ri.itio!i of the laws within its limits! 'I iie ordmance ne.. They did not iateiul IQ . The people must have no time for reliection— no time to allow the pus. reads : "An oiduiance ! I i-">r • t'. to take an o.


He was tutiim :.iu:rl-. Histoiy will tio record it lias ao n^corded it already.-ed to t'ariy iuiD eiie-'tive ri}>e:iaiun the ordinance Tlrs Legi.-\v.oinpi'orni-e.n.!:'• United States only wonM i be^to blain".' force llw law. couid be bltitui-d ior ibolishlv insisnr:^ that the constirutioi'.-jd to reinfjrco the lur:. . pluck ii leaf trom his liiurehs.'mpromise r<'siort-d ^^'juth Caroiiiui to her allegian^ e.nd I would obligations of ea -a Strang-^ log.'- of the great oeca-i'^n. The ]"'rocl:imati(Mi of the i'Ju >j( DeMMub'T. Clay. ami war Vii.e revenue ].n of tlh.'.03 'i'he V^Jon wa-i sayed bvjhe very mean. So laii. It ha> bc'-n claimed that all thesi} dangers were averto bv tlie C'lmju'vuni-e 0!" Mr. I revere tho memory vi Henry Cbiy.!ith havi.t was dispatched to — no p.e convention did Palraettodoin to its late. that I I — .-t iioRKi. did it.I h^r tcMiiie ti:rea'LS. ' sioii upon ttie ]'rorjrdga.\n unanswerable atgum'jut to Nullitlualiori.h>.lu monstrous a a> liirtt.-" .cations thej-e in a condition of defense.stiu^'trDiS to iWi th-' f. demagogr. Immmediateiy not end thi'^ treasr.tws.-id head a atid a jiatriot iH) eijual to t.aiiie -'f ir.-:ia.Car^jlina Catihne.' the h!.u h-y arniistice by which th-^y licld He Charleston with in.^ h^ keja: tliat oath. . aui] she did not go "Ut ^Ivl not i>roceed to " orgatii/.'.lerhe [. from y.l ro .siune'. upon its adjouriiment '. iiion. lie convened aral law\vere I'a-.ied that "eoereiun was (lisuiuoii..-e '.«avi''I. ^Siuth Carolina was coerced and the L'nion v.-ecession Nut'.' cO'.'Oan.L-gislature w.s- the govei'nrnent s':) nnilertook to'enthin. hei'o Tiie nation gv-rieies li. arid tlie vigtrons .<' and ian'^tLMit a policy fouial no piart' in his councils. bur in justice t'. event the tiai:ois wi.dly ealorLed. Il' it uiile. as.-^ and."' Georgia and ^Mississippi paw in the flashing eye. Xiuthi^ru t'tnatits (.1! ujth traitor:.d it. Geac'i-al ^fco'. s<n)arate government.vitiistai^iing South Carolina'^ belligerent attitude.s.s of peace and (^en t.t to believe him ' tljey jin In such !-r-verinix were fori. ar. agi'eed upon no terms were onableJ to uudce their conspiracy moie formidable.spuiii-ible i(.> emertm-.j State j^houM be l:iitli!uliy and rii^. They abandoned Curtlie action of th. and determined v. '.nire liun'iedly aujouriicd.>mIi1 not be e.-. I must ileny thit that ei. is that of .iiow^s srEEcn. lie called convetiiioii pose niea-ure.-to:-y o! my country.-rcive j'olicy of Jacks. the givenim'-nt".r at irs -i! Pi-esiilent Jaclcsou':. . the goveiaiuient d.22 r>^.statesman of lh<' age. II<' had tak^-n an oath to pic>crve the inviolability of the coiistiuition. usx-^the C'^nventinri. .'l enloiee t!. (.-ai:e of tiie hero ot New Orlean'.

..I '1' ..

23 employed at the now tell us will destrov it. 'P'.MORiltSTOWN SrEECS.Inv the gencfal govei-nment. Feeling suited it— none coriid be made to suit it. Southe/n Insti'utions soun became too sacred lur X':itl. The Cotton States.ite.'V many of these States. Moie frenzied with ni idne-s uiierh ver the PwCpreseritatives of a live laboring Xorth utt.. He who dai-eil utter a word a'ja:n. for .-r-." became the victim of iiidignities and <Tiielties insntteratile hy a brave and a tree people.-ieraI'le lawyer of ^lassachusel ts was sent to quietly te. The slave puwer was not ouiv imiuuious wittim its own bord." * There are but lew giants in these days! " The government triumphed over treason in 1S3-. A similar policy l:e:. un ted ai.son.vide for the husetts it m !! o!eu'tion of labur. t. H!. slaves. Sumpter and Piekney might have saved the nation. might *hen have accom^disried what years will now be reBut . ment of Moultrie. An emphatic " by the eternal " by another Jack.i man from tlie -^:th was nece. When a di-tinguishe. it b." The name of an Aiiierican citiz'Ui was no protection even upon American soil.s Cotton and traitors are proiuced by the.y way.ern men to thirdc ot or tallc without inlcrtercncc.s. Statutes wer-e pus-ed making Iree citizens of Massa- and of some of the oth'^r Xew England States.aahern man.tnie liictatitriai abi-o ad. that suun the olHces of the f-'Vernment and their emoluments might [ia.^. dissatisfied with their connection with the governnieut. Feel:ng their inability to accomplish their purpose at once.iiilF Xo th. but ii bcc.s clut. to }>ro.~t the '*}<eculiar institution.s teeth at the outset. power was on the decline.inning of the present lebellion.iirs at h.-t the constitutionality ot these laws in their own courts and bt-fore tln-ir own judges. It waji liiought a reproach to be a X. treason wa. by the late adrainistratioa The reinforcewould have saved much blood and treasure.sse<i l.ive sought to tittairi tiieir object by regular approaches.hcs. hut 'Jemanded tiiat it •hoald !io su[>i--iiie d: -tatoi.ired to perform.lacks'jn is entotnbed at the Hermitiige. uiobbel and driven trom the St. ihey entered their ]'>orts. they h. A stM-ies of acts wert^ pa.iroIn>:i. same soil irvligenons in South C. but did not annihilate it. in direct contiict with the constitution and in violation ot the rights of citizens of non-slaveholding States. — b-en plotting for its overthrow.l and v.d it appears that he was "the last ol the Roman.^saiily .~s from it. have ever sirne then . it not (uiiy m uiaued its 'j'^'u ali'. The Federal Government should have shown 'Abolitionist. he was its .


liking.U d.S. -rn politieians thought it neca-t^fie that l-T. adoi.. lily tl^e lesser power in the government.vt for dis. This self-same con. it wa. and '.Mne'lv Ti) . ^ Tite of the population. was was fw be s.-. v.-? only iiece. When it was sought to pa-s the Wdniot proviso.pi i-n. Texas mu.. with a free constitution of the people's choice.n..-j mu>: buiihtig.(-.'diit. Lincoln's eleew! '-^arv to bieak thto I/.auil-:i wa.s{>!i-acy against the government demanded the re|>eal of the ilissouri 'oinpromise. and re:p. strov. f sinvury expansion. demancled "expansion. and doughfaces tremblingly and submis.. have been broken.l th. the scept.-l t.:ity. and deluded mariv honest and pi'..d-nf . that the defeat ot the {arty was might be r._. it oonlfolled its olHces and p itiouiLre. asked to be admitted into the Union as a'St. excludin'-' slavery Imax the territory to be acquired under a treaty witti Mexico." \yhen the Xorth faltered.[n to the governm-nt.RISTOWN SPEECH.motdd to-.r was ih.. Ahhough numeric.24 it ci-dd n-lb.-lruve ' ia:nd for the cunsummation so South. and the conflir.-cape th Lv.u!!y prt'paie llie S-r. That was done and another State joined the conspiracy.-p.-sary to threaten dissolution and the Wilmot Proviiio went down forever.t was as i!e[ lorable as iL was l.pular^ Suvcrfi. Xorh- tuu.ite. .tt. This'wa.urhern heart.ivili::. Having less than a third Mutii su-. .ui.sslv de.s defeat..^.. and manacle freedom f.d to inl! .dy. It was dune. e.-.-d as the r.. but n-jt preci..Deaiucratic party was de.sively granted their most extravagant demands. The "disi uptiuu •!i:ed to m-ure ii.n i:-g «ar.t.. but its lidiaission could not be secured until the country was saved by a compromise.— and dis-olaL-n was itam.ired the adininistralii>n of ]'.the . t.-h of -d to tlieir the conspiiMtors.a-d ui ^n as a pr-te. _ it ua-^ ever hi I two-lhirdi of the Fed^eril This should have s:. ho\w--[y aa I faithfully entor'-ed.uM :. larw-tjn.'.e wilhaL'!::: luaMrt-l pi m.:ied . It was soon discovered that i'l.-dital-d. luoU d<-ep and wide in the soil of government d:d its bulling.'' - t.ed.' ( dcVouciy . containing some fea- f-fi — tures that will ever disgriice the Republic.iti.t be annexed slavery extende^l and the Union weakened.s:ied fh.V'TV Kai'. I.triutic men into a sui>port oi' the measure.-=. oliices. njight prove the deatli i-. California.-ely to it.-. but the labor States were increasing too rapidly in pop-datiou and wealth. thev have riithle.-.solution. Kin^ Cotton's state=mea tlmndered out their treason in the halls of the Capitol. i^anau to fetter. purpose.-rriM'-. but in stri^'t ac'orda..

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arsenals. It relu-ed to . arsil oatli. tho' in Hell. were loth to believe tiiat the --^onth was in earnest.ships ot wai.'^trarr. and disgraced the flag of their countrv. iiiivy yards :^ai'l Why Why army. it was to weaken the govei.j large a numlier of the arms of the government and munitions of war been transferred. while onstitution..e laws and It vonstantly and largely to >lreng!heri the hands of the rebels.s Wiiy was our finances on cruises of almost indetinite duration But one crippled without cause. Presulent.ilrni. Too long he permitted his confiilence to be betravTo ed by (lidse wiio weie enga. rlie a. while not a conspirator himself. Suuthern statesmen tlionght " T(i reign was worih fiinl)iTinn.x cute ti.' has .d abaia-K^iied our forts. 20 the most sacred. Irom Northern arsenals and navy yards to those States that were Why was it..' ! i^tiengthen the hands of the rebels. gave tlieio liie very sinews of war. : Hett^T lo ifiun in I Jrivll tlum lo serve in llt-iivei). was either utterly incapable of compreheiuliny liie treachery ot his advisers.-. contributed j'tufessing to e. h.-. No observer of events for the past few years can ior a ing.e and the iiovernment may hr lost foiever. Ireighted with the hopes of millions of free people. resigned their positions.were sent thousands of rniles frum our shore. Our otficers in the army and navy had been tampered wiih. and uuMcy. or else he was too indiilerent to tuake any attempt to avert the impendiijy danger. have been violated witliout remorse. who were jilotting the downfall uf the R-publie. and our treasury robbed? answer can be given. that tirst to engage in the i-ebelUon our . unwilling to be longer identified witli The tlie destroyers uf their country.i. when tieason tir--t showed its head. retained in its councils men.IIORRISTOWN SPEECH.^trike when wiiii a blow the rehellion could have been annihilated it refused to -tiil. n of J. aiid. Patriots in the ("abinet. The pe^pli.-ipitutely abanduntd their po-ts of duty..L'ed in betraying the nation sp-aU plainly.eir — .nment. It put aims and ammuniai. ha-^ every recent attempt to increase our moment doubt it." that thi^ strpendoas tr-'-a-on lias long been conThe proof of the tact is abundant and overwhelmtemplated. let me ask. in times of profound peace. been so strenuously resisted'. or j.imes Buchanan. iion into th'ir to Kaii'. they prei. l-'ederal orficers unblushingly committed the double criiiie of tu'ason and perjury. naval force. Tiie Piesideut to whom was contided the destinies of a free government.

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-o our.-.E'"H. viiidi.1 war and preserve inviolate the I: is waged to save RepubIt is a livan insiituti. lo iTc^erve the itte vi n ition.- >veniint'at for taw? that without making an effort to Xo att'uapt was mafle to re-enforce our succor or relieve tlu-ni..:ve was!.. who are — — . poini'-d . supiema y to li.e .:.fcr l r»djeili.sking wl^at is this w. How >hort-s!ghtrd and cowardly we were! Uuite>^l States ordnanct' wof.' a contc-st.-t d-^ribt as to ihe i^urj. Tiie wnv was thrivst ui'O'.?.-f:.t<> re-ent th'^ iii'liL'iiity. de-tnu. It imiivi-..dy towar^ls United States lorts and ujion tlie ^.s nion.e L''">vernmi-nt iorts in Charleston that our c.I0RR[51 OWN .nsiitdiiuii m. We abandoned MajMi Andrr-on and hi.i.'M.' :.26 that tlie :.s invested.ipital is threatened by an army of reb-."ational thig our unarmed . AVe played elTectnally into ihe iiands (4' tjie trait' a's.'W Xu man the . waand seriously ine-lihited.' alt-r us.!e til^^• it -.e ot the li is Cniiei Wiiiiy wii-.i^ein'. erov-n tluit it ^re-it they \ver<> wont to heli-. The people \vere divided a. it \\'a< r^grtrded as but an ebulition of passion. V< cwm-. and d. ate the Federal aiithor- and to rr-.u-d they the luud-mouihed cannon as they belche-d lorth b<dl harb'/r7 and sh.1 tl.wn tiea.'-^ Mere fired into.:: i]an.e nation. rv. own forts.k- tiie f''.of the'r institutions.-opl.-ls ? Ivi.-ll upon ti'. and we had n^t the couragf^.ntive was Icdt the administration but to call the people to arm. and the rr-belliou l^^carne a reality.~^um[iter a wall oi" batteries to be iMilr around thorn.'•uspicion.> tht.-y \\^:-[ an hwU.t t'. We the untold generaare en_'au'ej in deJendini: . . built and fort.-.-n-.son tlie lor tilt' and and pufv. is tu piil il'. li.5 rT.. .h an attempt would endanger the Union.. t<>r fear that -u. vet th'jre are person.government was in irainent ]ieni'' H.. the woik of investment went on. need nu.wh"-e p itiiijiisni is above . pjlorioM? that had existed so lons^.-. It is to suppres. When bitteri'-.ili^ kn-.b.tnd weie Iriven iir'in our ports.oses of the government? Do tht-se pei* .'lion of a irovernmiMii It . When South the action ot" Carolina resulve-l herself out of the Union hv her lonvenriou.«ariIy eternah .-hi".-liut up in .«M -.' iiy lb.«.allant li:tle band to their i' (i'-!--!!-. While we quarrelled and delayed and recriminated. constantly a..-ati'nin^i...-h traitors.-o bencriccni a: .s Wi'-r<.to tlie means to be emploved to avert ihe impendin.w th'-y all these things.. and ir--e .iir. We allowed tliem to \>y^ .i the government nu . p. Constitution and laws of the Confederal y.w Ix-i-ig pi-osecuted tor? Have they heard th it the intr-_'rity of th-.-. th'5 public was startle 1. 1:1 initain th-- «<! this war.

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.'ry are called to defend our capital when it is menaced by ri'bels.sage or order issuing from the department at Washington. This course is thev must be treated as contraband ol war. would not Libridu' th'. to be.::ramblers.vithout a single exception.-tent with Th. . I have reason to believe that it i^ abasing the trust confilod to it by a brave and magnaiiimous grown people. it will not he touched if it does not interI slavery If slaves are employed against us. It is i:harged that this is an aboiitiou war. the honor and the liberty of the people.-. has been ene.ards of public liberty.' this policy. as the future contingencies of the I have coniidence in the integrity and contest may demand. citizen.-t? est . patriotism of the government. If this war b ^s a dictated by the great law of solf-<lefence. can you refuse to give your warmest and fullnation ? That ti. no -ucli charge upon the administration. and I will not suspect or as~ail iU motives.rORRISTOWN SrEECE.~e are the objects of the administration. i'ublic good this right of free speech. In every proclamation. the Every act oi the government since this object is stated fully. it is the fault of the not of the government in re-asserting itssi'.liberty ot speech.-.•^v'l. these men cry out "it is unconstitulional.-To the tuliest extent consistent with gu.-upport to the tirely cnticlce freely the acts oi tii-ir '.y in your heart. and can you . it is one of the sa:. fere \vith the government. bCiuETcle commenced. must be suppressed and such means must be employed to secure this result. ask^Jd. until by its the way of the Union.e.endo. tendency to weaken the tenure of slavery. no one need doubt or que. raes.-t von do not sympathize with your country ? When snch inferhas are involved. Ai-e you an Attsericin the crovernmer.t taicen up arm?. l( the Habeas Corpus is they sav it i. ani Willie it is thtir right J. ' I : . ihat in such a conre. is guaranteed to tlie cocp'.e. it necessary to rlie government may find . Our country however. ' 27 For these object? only. Biit. what will be done with the institution of Johnsms and Holts and — Xeither slave nor master must stand :n the seceeded Statt-s. is infested with a hoard of miserable who appear determined to find fanlt with [everything If our cin/. They and they make ' the question is aiiswer..s unconstitutional siispended wit bin a >listrict where the civil authorities are in sympatiiy with the rebellion. think t=o. This rebellion formidable as it l. in reporting to the terrible arbitrament of bartie.premacy in rebellion CritiL-ndens do not are id^^ntif^ed with the institution of slavery.

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l:6 MORRISTOWN servants. This is not: the government of a party but proj-lo of all parties that it — ^nd l>e patriotism and the safety to of tlie f'Jiljid should abandouL-d the controle or su[)port of one party..of the Unionand believe me.\.)f party pi. Certaitdy tor a tiuic we can furiret that are ['artisans.\ but let :t D. Wi^^ikens us and st re ngt hi.avs tlie suvMeme aw ol-llie lar. and .' br^ad.b»a.t>tv platforms. and all should ciiecrlully unite in its defense.saered an.M'j.-> thv goveramt:nt. Let uui. m . and l^rom that hasty to con'Ierun. and preserve the liberties of the peoiile..'. . ire'. tiiC goveiaimfi.' b'-ing.-: us the eneiuic.ite fi-jia the iniamous hands of the traitors who would destroy it. froni its duty to protect the citi. there m'.t merely momh f^oustitutioiis 1.i in/t. vour raibiic serv.d. Jt may ni>t adopt just such measures for the publi'' good as y..fjr the preservation of t!u d everv ener^'V toward the complishment of this ghnious re-uit..-huuM be iiMiioi-ui. judge the a.>ii would suggest.'.e-.-t. distracts.ritry sUi-eee. there are times .'" Swear m .^r.-t than th:'.e "safetyof a p-^nple alw. Be nut Rr^ard the spirit of the art. if it evinres an h.uid .'lu and ju.r i.governiAcut.jgue to excite the people against the administi ation.\i.-t desire to d^'fend the constitution./ b. TL.uuts no.mantle of chaniy !>..ic>n. magnify at the s. re is a period tinie.n-t to the tnekerv and cunniuL'' of the demag.uiu-s simpiv that oi sri^h party.icf b..->. and \vitii the single view of streni^thening and ujjhuldincr the cai' i. Admit rlie eirre' tin-s . 0:ir crilici^. J^et di-cussion .rae'uVernment iIf'j. iior it.-i thistiieory.s^^ of the government against its enemies. X'> greater mistake (an po. tliat for th(.t when apciitieal I'arty in the co.the bloo'l o[ out swear them by the memMi-i'-s ol' ihe pa.'t itself. . |. Do n^'t re. rjcither absolves tiie citizen froin lu. t^ut diffv'rences of opinion mu<t be cxpe^'ied. — \'..iu-t.' \.-TEE'/n public when such criticisms should not rankle with the bitterness of partisan animosities.alloiTiane.rooses. and elevate counliy abuve patriots.l holy in our natiims bi-tMvv to preserve the Rcr>-ili!!y ''. they made — and -tatutes.l shield. supi-tunacv..:en every legal riglit» '[his is the people'.and. U'hatever divide. party or rhe otlior :. Ujv \i. little thing-. in this cutiie. we liavc less to fear froui their strength than our \v8ak-i!e. \\>' can return a^rain to cur e ]>arty allegiance. L"t ev-M-y th-mghr .iuse djih practically distroyed. and all that the historv of alniost everv I'eonje wlcji f'jr exist a hioher w th:!n tJ! written const:tr.i = the assendency.broa'. All pai'ties nv<i protected by it.l. and wii'-n peace is established when the coruiti-v i> s.


i.ninti. it 20 — gave its rulers power. .!?i-/ii or the rebels opem-d upon Fort Suni'pler.-tration and -tj-enu'tiiened Us i:ariils f/cmociatij lathees and mothei-. bv the admini.i"t:n„' all the e. and can in the way provided by power in law. and all parties sink together into a couithe President eited power?.'.-tindions were biirie'l.MORRISTO-U^N SrEECK.d . sui..hl . th. I>y be iTiUUfd (•rii-jiie Yon may its la of' tilt: piifiiot — V'-u may waut^in attajks upon the adminiseriergies. wl^e'i tb. fi-'prive ihera of TKey are the supreme the land... I'arty names and party lii.l iurtlior i I ioia my puit'O-i. the loth dav of . tiian ' • arneistly stood lhe-coiit!:Ct. tiie v:reat statesman who lougbt its battles so have.' last parry tie was bi'okvn.-jU triumph.' Pre-i'le'itial cout'sr.'ar. Its .-rne:it oi the eountiy.' iield V'lU will live to bear the tenibl-.. you may pardlyi:e the encoui'aLre anrl embolden the traipillars of 'ir. with their lit-. v^uth lii-' whole heart ••f. but fh'.of 1 "^u.-huwn a Uiore noble devotion to that great parry which wasdefeated ' the late t'Xcltin.r — t • . ''•' • None hav-' . although novv •»u inhiil)itant of the 'city o! t!ie /.-an earn the r^'pl•oa('h v.' bloo'l.eri u[i I'lieir sons to tlio countrv Inive sr-nr tiiem to the lieid i'lttlp to maintain the li^n'T wf rl:e r. came prora]>tiy and ch--''Mtu!iy.Ie battles of rn.countiy'fi iiaci.suuply destroy the Republican party or tlie Dt^ino^-r^tic purty.'U m:iy increase the <l tin u["iti ii. and cubiner are but their agents executing de'eIt the government is destroyed it is not the IVw Let treardicials merely who will suiter but the whole!.i: no niui-e toiex fr. and Republican. and it does not .ciiou ot' your ciyani-y.>.-ii itIt '>\ propoitiori ol fuMV. to the su{>port of the country. has jurnish.\-eeii iu V'ulling di)v.'.ant!v. you mav possibly ot Liljei-ty. boiii in the S-naie aiii on th'.ithiiig i. in the main. .'i ^. f'oiitical 'Jii not •lor-^tiiml me a=5 atta'.i. firmly and Cause of tlie L. il need y -nv garnients thii'. :.:ii ail cuniiug time i — 1 — •h-^sri r. Mu'i grave to ri-e X'. his -truLrul'* \ nil laay protrar* v.'al noi.i!!ioer Oi t!ie wouml-r-d an of l)attle. Cio Feilow-citi/.reWulve ol the widow's sigh and lie orphan's ti.-u tlu' "Ur T -mplc but be a-suted V'<\\ inu>t p'^-rish also in the r".vi'uiir p. 'eraocrat and American rallied alike uinler the biighl 'old. ha^l the pleasure of I ^ t:atioii.-.-n t'> right tlu' tue (. wn-n the thiunleting vi' that (earful oanriou>vling swept over the biri'I." t. you (.on> will i''irig to you aided in tlie tli.'kiii'A' Jiiiv party: nothing coai.s li.we Ire-dv t: '. of stars ami 'r:ies. but the constitution and the gov.eiiS. and v.'. it.\ [. Tiie leader of tiiac i't:iy.

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staple.i i. erabarra^-sment mu-t be t'-iapjrary in the nature of thinu'Europe has alr-^'. with lips almost inarticulate.e Anticii'ating tre'ub.js furnish sevei. He sent h. But tb-seriousiV emb'.<c*. :< hj reproach the p.' Indeed.-ses will soon ing to fear. that one of o important measures i>f defence \a.^. formidable.tti-'!i.'d at oar lo. What will be th-^ result of suppress this irisurrcHiou? ll't It we . th.-ure a supply of that artii'..e .in b':.s.^ :. and it is tqualiy iru.*' converted into cotton lieM-1 EuroT. c:ai a:i<uvM.i' a.^-'rly the people gathered around hi:u.:e.Ill wr."suppor' Xoble .itunticn toward India for tbimportant .«s . of the cotton hc-retofoi>' used. aad how patiently they stood I confess in the midst of a drenching rain from his lip-. m-. 1 ijjQ i-'"pl'y ti^e afl I • ill ao. in lii^.-ont.-'.liiumpu. adapted by both . and to doubt oui. -• she had already bc_'i ' the "r^i'. 5-ons. million. :h'^ request that the\ tlie Confederate ?t. a!.-" by no me ijis d'-{''-n'beit 'q>un bl-.50 MOEKISTOVrX SPEECH.ire future of our history.vlcp. wu' ~0on be un'ler no necessity ofo{'e.ri:id it.dy (i.. aii'i His dyin^ at a time when his loss vs truly a national the cultivation of cotton The prt>erit rei< .of a :\-< lii"r . we have united people !' Tiios-j wh> a!*..iing the . .-.ition o: e .i.iti.n 1 hearin.rr. thou.ui'l siioulder to s.n: .wurM more anv that his ever m -t b. tu this fiiterpri-e.sand.: rar^y be erected to his this memory.ot tlie. than in th' m^^nt! marble monuments th.: the next to the last niililic speech shall never forget how ea. that the Gui: or both of those formidable natiui..the m:tnu!ii.iiius of the age w:.-ing of their ports v."' the lawi nnd ronshtution of the He will live long<=r in that dying utterance. that England i\'A France must have it iu tl. he ever made. n<jtiiif we st.h ic the clo.hui a rw years King Cotton will tii.r«'.= admonition was luil of devotion to the Union. But it pleased that he was one of the pillars of tlie coiifederai\v.ioulder.> iirod. citmpetltor.-om the councils of the country.-.t:ire of cotton fabrics.\y iuv/ive us in a war with o:i i" It is true. Sta...e ih-* pre.m »r'.-' •' war? Can the governmer: whose eye alone own pierce the — pirovideuce ot It is Go I. huwever said that Coiton is King. from that timo I loved Stephen A.i'-tijn of i(.hui-e. the Almiuditv to call hini l.e of the blockade.. i.Vmerican p Tts to prtr.bu. Init cotton is c. big w-ith patriotista as tht-y fell 1 tL-i'.p' r cent.. The g..ieniiL'^v'ud States.soil and climate to r.' cheeied up.a! a!..ihis question.. to cat^h the words.i. will give vigor and activity tlie In-lies.. luay si. Biave men are ru>hi:ig to the resfue by t:. Douglas.

If .

-:i She le'-'l-^ [\\ '. supplied with material by the Gulf ". The products our abundant harvests would iio longer seek a mark-^t in 1 .x'pnrts arnl im•:t. had to stand idle.MORRISTfMVN Th--^ SI-EECFT.pathies ol N'-rth.jnte. •Ciida may b-'come inh-'te with the secession be exc>^e>lingly b.s already felt the heavy stroke of guillotine beheading its kings and and F:>48. lut it 'dd be at a los. can be ma'le both t. or of iwenty-three ecoi^^my fur thest. flax. on the ouu'ht to Emmets and I •• the result be what it may.i.''-'nch or British ports.s ought not to be in goud . England and n this contest than the mere loss of cotton bales.iL. we must still continue t u\: . broken ar. massesof ilie j'OOple are with the - and if theii. an'l htnnp now |iio(lnco'l. tl.ties 'iv. France sliould rememr ]~'. The Xoith e. To lucak our blo'-kad'^ would be to '• co>C -hire war against 11-.. Insurrection..juan- of wool.s and rebellion. War would cut otf tins trade between them and infmirely>s.-i"7!s have .-f. whether we are reunited or a 'lissevcred ['cople whether our nation be one of tliir'Ur Slate-.s largely millions of Frotich and Biiti. • . that of her tra. i'rance cannot aHbri. It 'O'.government espouse the cause uf the rebels. :.Robert Icnow tlie precarious tenure of its union. even if every loom. will it durable and until soon a t-'i'^'. •-•e of its p'"'sses. ithern ports woiild be cio~ed to th-'-ir imports.'ip ill cottoii.". fabrics ot . The United States.l to involvi? themselves in the present crn•'-r. Ilorne Tocilas are not nil dead yet.>'na rnoie. tlii-s side of the Atlantic. 'Wv^r ol importance among the nations of the world. and to proserute ihat war would .lin':'. Mo«t evei-y coticeivable kind.'symptoms of disloyalty. and saturating its with the l>est blood oi its nobility. Frnm fliP cinHo^r: .an t" ^iU'r^rtat the governuient e. th<' toward us.ip.of bread. 31 . . ite in a monarchy that ha. and Enj'•d should remember that the United States bound it. V may hive trculile with th''ir own refractory subjects.>riu. l-y odds. It will b'Sf more TiirTei^ more involved by this rebellion.tute :. Cotton might be procured. Kurope lia*^ other interest"^ to foster.xpense. Every .>!- Xecespiry will stimulate inventive tjenius.-l wnrkl C( uM il'.' witliO'it it. •-vi'ry person thrown out ol' employment lor waiU of cotton.wn .!>jects. m — ''^ : '' • " '-' '• • i-nidand ^.d -tracted as thtv are.governraeiits to supply its — than will make ' u-u-' a belligorent policy Tlien the sym. have still some power left that Eurojje :-' jht feel.

•::i •1 1 .

guide it safely through the sturms that threaten it. and in a quarter of a century we will have attained an addition to our numlers that will more than supply the los.s incurred by the The people of the old world kno\\secession of the rebel ^r-rates. on States dissevered.<:upremacy viiulicated. perpetual and as it enduring peace. the man who has been loval Srnles to i^ympathize with this crime against the known the Union. With the great Webster 1 can devoutly pray. known and h-noivd its ihruughoiit the earth.--ous en<ign of the . nor a single star obscured^ arms bearing IS rogatory as.. nut ai. spread all over in characters ct Uvmu.s m. di?pieasure upon trilling pretexis.stitunon.streaming in their original lusa stripe era-ed or pMliiited. and light— right unl. in every wiml for . and they knov. all I his Liberty tird aivl Union o(tcrvar<h : but everywhere. ing' glance. country.iL'ment' of a once glnrious Union. we we can conclude it nui. or drenched Let their last leeble and lingerit mav be. discordant. I will not helie\e fiiture lias muih in store for us yet. too. to behold for the last time.d tiopiii--s .i\ I nt-t see him shining on the Ijiukeii and dissevered fr. will receive the merited execration ot his countrymen tlirough all coming time.«troved may— whether the nation be de- . Let this war eventuate . we must buckle on the no^w" tre.ii.'l pertormed its mi-. aa they lloat over the sea and over the land.light. is no liiae to cry peace. u['uu terms ot honorable. No patriot shoahl de-pond. in fraternal blood.. that '"when my eyes shall be' turned. or its m Thos^- who advocate existing evils.iee. until Come what will.^t now fight this battle to the end. rattier behold the creor.32 ilORRISTOWN SPEECIT. that this experiment o( a Republican government is so soon to prove a failure. Our government has not fully The Ahnikd. blazing on all its ample fold-. still full high advanced.! traitors lay down their arms airl sue for r>e. The pest For one.U nn-erable intei worth i rior those other words of delusion and fully. belliirerent on a land rent with civil femJs. <ece?sion edy for know very — peaceable secession as aofremof the temper littK' tlie armor 'of the wairior. \l hat it. and Con. Ir.Jy will pieserve it . The te-aple of our liberty was reared by our lathers upon foundation-^ too solid to l-e tottering to their tail in the brief period of three-rpiarters of a century. the sun in Heaven.tlu no -u.j. ni. year will increase our wealtli and our population. that they cannot atibrd to incnr our this.-i'-n. Republic.

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Thomas Wood. its principal Secretary of the previoas cession. 18tio The Senate was called to order hy Thomas M. They Avre opposed a:id to the 3uppres. The Democrats had a majority in the Legi. the Union. now and forever. and served with that General 'till after the battle of Shilo. and unite the people on an elevated platform in of patriotism. 3J under the whole heavens. yet he became leader of the Republicans in the Senate. and the Constitu- tion as thei/ were. one and — inseperable: This noble etFort wa. It is not surpri-idistinc- mg that such masterly etfbrta should batter down party tions. luatioQ vvere of President Lincoln ho. General Browne entered the United States service as an Aid-de-camp. in body convened at Indianapolis. It punctured the bubble of Browne. The ensuing session of th. On the same day he presented his credentials as Senator-Elect from Randolph count v. At the October election. and they assumed an undisgui. He W. and was sworn into office. on the 8th day of January.sion of the rebellion by furce of anus. tlie acknowledged A ready and eloquent that debater.sed attitude of hostility to the administration of Presi'lent Lincoln. and of Governor Morton. Early the year 18»jl1.itiire of 1S63.s listened to by a large concourse of patriotic people. he was eminently qualified for responsible position.i3 taken to hl-i home and finally recovered his usual health. Thoy to extremely the action of the President in sup- . and laid bara trea.V3 «. While before Corinth. that other Heiitiment. he was stricken down by disease. and for months his life trerabled iu the balance.'^ou the long contemplated of the rebels. BROWNE.GENERAL TH0M. on the dtatf of General J. Although one of the youngest Senators. dear to every true American heart Liberty and Uniou.stile They denounced the Emancipation Proclaas executive usurpation. wantfd to maintain slavery. he was elected t<j represent Randolph county in the vSenate of the Legislature of Indiana. and an able lawyer. thoroughly versed in the political history of the country. and during a part of the time of the seige of Coriuth.

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the absent Republicdns it •:" -were celebrating the occa. Senator Browne arase and said. eiilier for '. within ihe inuits oi the (.tioJn ol the g<-rteral Government in the payme:. disclo-el i\ot a the fact. and in aecordaii' e 'ith the reco. hf iniiodu'^d this resolution: i f i?fV'>/i ''i.u-.r 1. a r>!Oce<'d. he hoped the further call of the roll it would ue being the puspended and the absent members exou. ter organizing in the morning. be. tlie i ". and the re'^foration of the union of all the St.-.^Hd to obstructing.iension.\. Corpw. but right when done by Jack-on.^. for rlie al'.*." Tnis resolution w. liiil we are in iuvor ofa vigorous pro-^^ecution present w.34 GKKKRAL THOMAS li- was the anniversary the dav on which General Jark^ou whipped the Britisli.-n prtvi'iel for. the DemO' suspen ling oln. becau. by General Jackson at New The point will be iii.s of civilized warfare. in a.Mi)/ed u~age.rfe iic. Democrats. . nnd . the writ of ILtheas The Legislature convened on the anniversary of the battle of Kew to Orleans.>r against a vigoron-i C't prosecution ttie thewir for the suppression of the rebellion.-ion of the rei'elii'.'*ion.\fremind the D. ] For the purpose of oii:i'elliiii the Democratic member-^ :o lace them-eUvs on le '.t cf anv proper expense. the Senate adjourned until two o'clock in the afternoon.:ause it was the anniversary of the su. .in.ii! I'vesidt-iit . wr^Mi^ wl. all re piis.-< Corpus.^t thing Senator Browne did was ..y manner !.i:" (ipp-. for the su['pr-s. and tii'i absent I>emocratic members w^re celebrating it."-essary appropriations shoiii le made bv thi. .s General .s thit lirtVe ao done by [. dt-rstood when it is all n.y "1. that there was quorum present. on 10th of January.of. About the tir. Jackscn r. because anniversary of the bottle of New Orleans. at.i'^s "wasauthoritv not tobe andai thattime.n..nid three Republicans. that have not here'.t« COnHstirig ui -ix re:. The roll-call in the afternoon.sed. were compliinina loudly of writ.jln.^i^t the State in answerint. it-ver. pressing.'Vei lunent iri the exercise of ui.M-r>' 1 to a «ele<^t committee o^ nine. Alter tji-:- i'eiiiuc.'onstitution. the geneial 'j .?mocrHrio luerabers* of their inconsistency. that with -p. of the writ of H<i^"'n.ire.>*sembiy to a.. in certain disloyal districts.^ CI \\4 poweri*.l.

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who nuw. and constitutional let'er.' with (he. BROWNE. 35' ing the matter uruler advl. ilavery. unfortunately. Secession.' 'The Constitution as lajdinudc result of the cause slain d.sement.- j In the opinion of those pati'iotic r>''rno»atic Senators. the Democratic portion of the committee. atf. .iirs.GENERAL THOMAS M. and the Union as it was. is llie i* is. h'rable condition of the country was not the result of the "^Veyro policy of the radicals of treas-a. as foreshadowed by the ballot box at tho 'ecent election.4 body. and at the proper time we will }'!obably elaborate our views upon the?e important with the momentous subjeits. and not preserve the Union liberty. pohliers of Indiana. to interfere with the exercise ol the rightful powers of the general 'jov- ernraent. The upon nearly every on all 'ittle-held of the rebellion. "As^ regards the subjei't matter of the ui first resolution no disposition intention on tiie part of any we know of member of thi. for the purpose of putting down the rebellion and pre- perving the national Government under the Constitution. Yei we are opposed to much of the policy and conduct of the Adynhmtration in its so-called efforts to accoviplishthuse desirable objects . of fair tlie ^•ut who had i^ive control 'government." I And tlicy int'-ndeil to a full and ex- ifssion of the voice of Indiana ujhmi all the que-itions connec:e<i '>''ith the crisis of the country. spoke the "Sf.>-- ^^ . believing that such policy calculated to destroy. ' Neyro where he as to give a full all is' is our motto. the dc. in which it they say. to the deplorable which we believe. aihi after layini^ voice oi Indiana." ^ »-«m f^. And in proof of these opinions. submitted a majority report. or of the dominant political paity in the State. witli their mtn'^. so and fur expression of the voice of Indiana crisis upon the questions connected of the country I — an expres. and especially are we we do not desire to conceal the fact that opposed to the Emancipation Proclamation. questiuti-. and the is entire negro policy of the radicals. we condition of our national with pain.-ion in accordance with the sentifuents of 'he yal people of Indiana. iiS62. have controU of the Government. King Cotton. of September the ~2d.

l). ! . <lV.f'\.: r T . !'••'...!n- Ji' . <(.! !v USi'>-ir/' . V"i 111 woo . T^nm J <>^-.n J1a:^ii>^J'"' V rni .1 ::'( • .It III .l-. ..' .p . . ir i I .

otJ GENERAL THOMAS M BROWNK. General Browne recruit-' company Seventh Indiana couits. bad the slightest objection. fatigues. and was comaiieioned captain of the company. Tocate of the Grand Jury system. not satisfied with th' Constitution as etitution was. and the transfer of the Circuit courts. A Democratic Senator moved t Jay the minority report on the table. the dangers. won the e:-' ailmiration. man. organization of the regiment. ottering an additional reso lution as an amendment.^' the jurisdiction the former court had on the Utter.--" Senator Browne offered re. the Soime bloody grav->. of h- most trying and dangerous expeditious and 1804. which motion prevailed b/ a strict party vote.- courage and tb'.. fought February 22d.- by recognizing the rights of his all pending in tho. ohaugeii They "put God in the Cor. a thing most ditHcuIt of Brice's Cro. coolness." The minority submitted a report. — "moUu Freedom even to the dcspWed slave!" And the people of the United it States it. and privations battles.piastic xr:. and thus the Democratic Senators placed themaeive^ o". aboi. he did In v-- battle of Okolona. Such a ' . He Wii3 an earnest h. 18«i4. by to his coura^^ ii" ' more than any other man riot maintain tact the <i-'. The ayes and noes were demanded which no patriot could at: i ordered. After the close of the Legislature.^. He was soon after promoC':Lieutenant Colonel of the regiment. record against the recommending the tion of the Common Pleas Court.'. with their fi'J-gs emblazoned on their *• hattle-rent to all. to and conferrir. to hav:.n skillful managt^ment of his r>^uMiuent.-. " B " of the He its shared with it. Il-i was t/ie heru of tiiat bloodv but ill-fat- .ss Reads. an. but of eve: in the armv. chivalry and treason." SeiiAtor Browne's resolution. in to their ! Srate^' rights. U • was enacted by the LegL-^iature of 1873. I. with the wild confusion and the battle r>Mgning supreme around • At June 10th. and recommending the adoption c.. . they proudly rt-tnrned noble Stale. not only ofG-'neial Grierson.

ini^hlO a.•1. 'I. J .• [ 1.M .'/"-.i'-* t-'V I . i r'fl .. .n'. .*V1:.

it. his trial commenced. on account oi bloody cruelty. 1^H4. on duty as tound in cdiapter 14. but issued his commands in a stentorian voije that was heard above the din in of conflict. he was selected as to t President of a Military Commi. and the lines were but a him from company "B.unging.GENERAL THOMAS feld. on the 10th day oi <''-tober. him-^elf killed at his side. l6'>4. He took his seat as such. BROWKE.sioa the trial of such as convene at Memphis. and put on trial for being a guerrilla. derly [ He did not for an instant lose hi.« ^t. his hor. 1804. within the wails at Furt Pickering.'avis' the guerrilla. The most important case th. by the watchful. was Tnat man.>y i. 'A'hen the battle was raiding iVw feet apart.«. Forrest to carry When one column. and his orfiercest.!? tried before of ' Dick I.iy defended by coun. He remaiied President of the military cuurt tu! .- and sagacious PresideiiC ended on the loth of December.a' 'ilty and sentence of death by the court.":- by General Browne himselt. able trial 1' the conn. On the 2Sd of Dceiubor. An interesting iiccuunt of hl^ trial and execution. Early October.' 'I'Tieral f-i Dana. The finding. '•"i. the Commission. fiiid resulted in the conviction of the prisoner. and attacking fe«t fire.s resence of mind. Oi With but a iuindful of men. He was captured by Capta:n ^kelton on the 2d of October. from hip position. who did their utmost to secuie ttie ^'quittal of their notorious client.s a lawyer. On the 11th of October. M. for might '. were approved by i to confusion. on account of his known cases ability a. He w>i.^ the rebels were flanking and formed compelled it in another a few rods to the right and rear.-e roaght before IbOl. wr. The ).tt t.. had been the terror of the country within a "«'/u of fifty miles 0! Memphis. Kiid his adversaries to keep at a respectful distance. a present to 'vas shot under him. Memplus. ^ < But all their arts were tur:." wounded in the ankle. Dick will be ptavis suffered death ". he held the key of the Fed- eral position.-^el.=e. him with him in front with a line but a ia'^ff he withdrew hi? regiment under a gaUin:. against the repeated and desperate attempts* of it.

.. 1 • t I * - wa I .' In It 5 .V 1 !•• .J * : : : >..P„J...> ' .

..r Thorou^ddy grounde in I the principles of 1 when he attention Gordon. ar.ompactlv and firm'lv Ir. h... th^r. H> with th. he returned to at Winchester. Ks parti. tn. mas-er of a . to date from March 13th. he won the respect and confidence of thpeople. R.r...was appointed by the President! Attorney for the District of Indiana. Indiana. M. But he was not permitted to remain Ion. Gordon Indiana- and Tudge polis. he was in reality its comraanJer... he I'er^onal friends. Althouijh poor man m at the close of the war.rtnne. crown .ss.1S05...h..M..fes. command tei- of the regiment..rt X Lamk Lt iiame h.asstra. a. when he returned to an. I to the . lU. H • discharged the Ir 1^7<\ of that olfice for a number of vears wit!.hip with Jonathan W." he was commissione by the President of the United States. he was commandant of the military post of Sh^M-man. he Inited .n since. Texas.•: hi.3 assume: From that time untii the tinnl mu. wi:..m built. rwi^M a '.>pHrtn. Browne & Lamb. in thn courts tha:.-ing the piactiee of law at The in rirm r-mained busine.States District duti--.du.. 1S05.. y^t h^ .. By his lirmness and kindness. an arrow.- out of the regiment. Fullv six feet i. its beirame Colonel.-turne a to his old home at Winchester.-ularly strong h.ole. ": Brigadier General of Volunteers.i^nt.. \Vhen the regiment was consoii. he has succeeded in accumulat- ing a moilerate t'. of his feet. r..«. gentlemen until June 1S7*3. Brevet behind him manv wariu Lome After he was mustered out of the service.ih. in private In ISG.s.Iated at Hempstead. lii^ prac- tice of his profession. himself. left " For gallant and raeritorions conduct. and entered earnestly on the life.iiar forensic eloquence . vet bv his clo^^ his pr. During the winter of ls05-6.i. BROWNE. diifinguisiied succe..s more widely knowlawy. and wlb-n he departe.More juries. he isaaentle- .38 some time in GENERAL THOMAS JaM'uin. few lawyer. wield a greater mtluenc.i.l„. in the northern part of Texas. he. as a great Although a thorou-h statesm m.

••oil .w •'•tin .1 . ..11 t .

when that grt-at convention left — the greatest many to tlia resp&cts tront that ever assembled in his in the State — called tiag him and placed and of "its hands the battle-scarred its of union. and. -lation. lancrna'^e is chaste and precise. Jonathan W. irony. as its standard-bearer in the enduing political contest over two of the ablest and mo>t de^ervGodlove S. vet it comes with such ea=e and grace.GENERAL THOMAS M. sarcasm. Of this important event his career. of his party The young effort men ol everywhere were him. that some friend mentioned his name in connection witli the othce of Governor ol Indiana. Even in ordinary conversation hi-i uses a superduous word. honor's stainless fohls. that iopes. wit. that it never fails to interest and charm the listener. humcr and riilicnle. His now twinkling with mischievous fun. Once publicly mentioned for for the place soon became apparent that he would be selected. by the Republi- man has a better enun can State Convention. blue eyes 30 man of coramanding presence. without on his part. Orth and Gen. Ben. as the Republican in candidate for Governor. 1" It wa= a proud day for the lonely orphan or friends at who had the age in en of among strang<>rs without means thirteen. he was nominate! at Indianapolis. the weapons of the orator. he was rhosen by the Republican State Convention Indiana. No The words come from his lips Although elaborate. says: " It was while pursuing the even tenor of his way as a citizen and ofhcer of the government. the writer has reason to know. the great lawyer and advocate of Indianapolis. In 187-. and of which it may be (ioubted wtiether he had ever so it much as thought. BROWNE. now flashing with indignation. on the se'-ond balb^t. and the guardian its undying forward. Gordon." he came va^t assembly was swept by the clu-ers spirit of the deepest enthusia. the coming strife of glorious A. and greeted him with and shouts that a^Tung spontan- . a distinction at which. of law. he moulds his "twelvers" to his will. liberty. as he em- ploys judiciously. and made him all its bearer. ediv popular men in the State — Harrison. he never had aimed. yet he never like coin fresh from the mint.s memories.

M .-..'. / ». ::' t TTfc '•ai^•iS M CO .

honorable.. relying solely on truth and reason. At Winchester every one becomes enthusiastic at the mention of the name"Gen<Tal Tom lipuwne' as he isfamiliarly called. over Judge Holman. Democrat. show. but Socially he is principles" fortunes of the day were against him. Thomas A. Browne was elected on the Republi. Gen. Browne had a large Demo." for his competitor in that political campaign. Uendricks.strict. In every county he eloquently advocated the "undying He had present of his party. Thn fact of his election ^whh the chances against him. lS7(i. At the October ticket.^0 GENERAL THOMAS lips of M. a. is As an adversary he . in Congress. ly th« fOQsly from the hearte aod thousande made one same inspiration. the Governor of Indiana.^ the estimatiou in which he is held bv the people of his districL.cratle majority to overcome. General Browne made an able and thorough canvass of the State. BRoWNE.^ by a majority of lifteen hundred Gen.s repre>entative for the Fifth Conffres. As a friend he is tiie ' steadfast.<ional Di. genial and polite.

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an earnest dev. and the camp-lires in :i)e highwMy whib> driving Li. Joseph ShanlcR. SHANKS. the last of the engagements fought for national independence soldier through the His father.'ho • eminence.= time with of riieir hew out a home home the Jay counrv. t>)-i- Michael Shank. account of hostility to th^ in. his father... which It at that time was a wilderuess.s. left in Virginia and settled Jay county. John P. hardship. ha. John in P.'it field. who was He By continued his studie. it war Thusi the Mt^xican war.« risen to Am'-riean of V'.t Poasibly the history of no e the shrine of learning. 'vood^. will be seen that the .^ and required in all th-eir forest.subject and an elder brother through of mis nketch is a de. Michael Shanks served as a of 1812.of g'-vernment.BEEVftT ifAJOR GENERAL JOHN P. on the the lire-light at home. being disabled the tor labor in- raeumati>-:m.- knrwbatt Igv und^r more circumstauce. and while holdth-:. Shank>= was born on the ITth of June. through the revolutionary war.sburg. Shanks came rountrj'fiom fought under the banners of Washington. Our Pwevuluii'"-!! \^Tought chaiiges oth'^r than thos*. C. ing the plow in .-tiniDg his health. In 1839...'*>. The time from in hi.s oii reg.=titnrion of slavery.-? f fteenth his sevente-^nth year. C. Indiana. and took pare ia the battle of Yorktown." to lift:.^r. to rliis The paternal anwstorg of John P. will show the acijuisition aiverS'. dur- ing the hours not devoted to labor for Lis father.sceiidant from a military family. on 18i. It red . Sh.and his family endured the vations of pioneer t^rrong arm. he industriously employed of his acquisition of u g -od under the instruction father. in an early period of our colonial history. C. he studied his book. or in ne(e>>.-inl<3 enjoyed but few in advantages of schools either Virginia or at his new to Indiana. l^-arning f-cholar. C. at hi? Martin.try Hlumb». Hip grandfather. Virginia.

! -^a* . .r.l .J T:\vvjiti .

^e'l flown u titled nobility. The people of Jay county. I G. C. conciou.. and becau.. They people.-s. ihe unanini'-as votp ot both pcilitical partie.of honor. in politics a iSoo. have always delighted advance rely their self-made men. a re[>re.^ ot Ixjaid while suing hi.striven through difficulties that seem in.i.s electe'l. That vva. Cor.-^ .rth as a citr/en.Legi-<!ature of Indian.ty. In early life. and of the congres. ')n the Republicaii ticket.. and \n the foihnv- aniumn was.sui'mountablt.tu " . Shanks.-j acme of their ambition. ht-' to be in favor of leg wa.s. plow-boy the It pldced within the reach of the loneiv highe.^ to developed by tlie R<n'olution.-ue the lie law.i young lawyer and of his wc. and ere^ted one on intellect an^l worth of character. are faithful to their trust-s. trust and protit.s.s of this.-. ba. he wa. worked at the i-'arp^-nter s trade in the State of ot "I'^IT.42 GENERAL JOHN P. and have finally reached ti. have .and necessities bv experience. are of Thev the can more . he began the stvidy i'Ui law in Jay ccan.iO. iJuring the year iS.acting Auditor of Jar la that year "iHg tie w«s admitted ijy to practice law.^itions of honor. know their hardship. hi.-.sional disto trict which it is attaciied. The people thoroughly imbued wiri: the princiide. The black had hrnken rn the oountry.-tu ot rcl)oI!i. Two vears latei- in h^ was a po. county. toil.iidate for reele^ he prohibition In lS(')it..s he worked a portion the limr. but wa-! was dettMted krK'Wn as the temp-trli ance candidate. I:. but had study of not the means to pur. elected to th. he wa. he devoted everv week to la'boi for his tather an the larm. arid hostilities ina-igurated by the rebels iy he jom' ar Iment o Fort Sumpter. SHANKS. Whig and as such wa'. a lawyer of himself.surely upon them. while not iinmiii'llul of Ciiiid rilial duties. Th-i American youth. att')rn''y ot' elected prosecuting recognition ol the Cmuit tiatteriii_' his ability as a CMiirt. and when elevated to position. To acquire th^m Michigan. To }iay for h.-en- tative frou) Indiana to the Thirty-Sf^venth C'ongre=. He resolvn- to make huve not been forgetful of John P..

I . ' J .rlf .. l.'inv'* a I &•> 1 .

by when a great contl. he accepfd anaorointment on the staff of Gen. promoted until they had proved themselves competent to command. Gen.''"F!-''f"''"'""'-^"'-^'"^^"^'^^^^'^ breedom was given not only to the slavew>f .sop of Ma'rvland w us an a. ing their ones hi the neighborhood of Manassas Junction Ti e first battle of Bull Run was tbught on the 21st of Jul" 1^1 m Hunter. and .a. for the purpose of providing the mean. gress declaring that the constitutional power to return fugitive slaves to tneir masters.ct was to' o. solely with the civil department of rhe government. On the 4th of March* HeolFered a resolution Con- That General '^^' Ztn tne field. While it was in session the rebels were . and that the order of the Secretary of W.-.scrapulous demagogue. When Fremont was supe-e'ied.s position. and susta^niu. John C. in special . Gen.uned him in h.ssembling oi Co. us proclamation giving freedom to the slaves of rebels. voluntarily took part in the battle. and by great ex^rions.on over the civillaw and th^ rights of 'the slave Oongre.he made an able speech in Congress.. For his valuable services in that battll he was tendered by Prescient Lincoln the commission of Bri^adi^ G..k^ de-camp. Shanks took h. in l>b6. 43 ] General wnich he declined on the ground that none should b.rto General W oul to return a slave to Mr. for the pro^e^u.. Frank P.. After the adjournmeut of congress.OKSKRXL gress was eonveue. It will be rem^mbered that that proclamation. Jes. and^ f^.VXS.n.cur.session by the proclamation of the was made on^ of the causes tor the removal of Fremont. vindicatin. rem that bloody field.ssumpt.s successor. 1S61.n Congress ''^'^'^'^ is amply Fremont in had clearer conceptions of the oixnoseclAYs.sitooeeded rallying a large number of the fugitive. as volunteer a. SHA.gress. rests. .at in Congress.Gen.. C.on^entra^.served with him m Missouri. Shanks remained with h. o7thosed. the' course pursued by General Fremont in Missouri. unable to sit idl.s .s-s .T""''"'"^'Shanks . . Blair.on of the war^ On July 4th. Fremont.! JOrrX p. through the intrigues of he un. until the r.

: . 'i- .T(JU'J .'l) ' '''^'">< '.. .* . ">-..> ..^^'.ii:f' *»»{: • I'. -. n ..

he wa. of which tlen'-rai Siiinks as -li .irated of it. the eommitelab- t. Alter ind patieni -a 'nvesiigai ion. gallant \va. and . he vt:- cruited the Seventh Indiana Cavalry.'jeneral on the expedition to B. in his campaign in Shank* West By order of Governor Morton.. he was of the r-^fTuneiit. He commandOsborn.itment of union prisoner. He gave regiment Was all hie time regi- and energy till arming. in the i>i S}iring of of On he the recommeiidatioD K M. du. .'^erviie. dated June 24th.-f. He|. health retire broken down. thiit saved tiie greater portion. Stanton. \va8 breveted Major 'i'Mieini of volunt-'ers. Mra.-^ service. cavalry under iJrev.-^s to tlie Grand Aimy of the lU-] Mt>li(. that session tf Congress.r Brevet Briguilier Gener.orf.!i!. War.i. tor a time. he received Irom the lips of General Smith himself. Lomf.i(ie of .44 After th^ Virginia. he was commist^ioned to its When that Colonel.•i>ii. . Missisinppi. 18GS.% he ^a.'lerted. he was commisisioned a l'.-. SHANKS.'i.d .-e . i-aised. -lUt Ilemp^tead. : 'pe-kiiiL. \><6f).-: I'ommand him from the regiment during the moat of the remainder ed a brig.-andidate.s After his return from that expf^dition.I an '.^ul—<i'ieiitiy Ill m . Thut seji.'t Hrigrtdiei.-tai'edlor hi.iinniitt. in February 18t34. it' not the entire At Ivy Farm.-d a i-'xjiution for the apiioinr- ment of a e. Luui-iiana. Texas. at On the ISth of S"i'teiMb.o :n']'nf- into th.' r^'j.- t< 'h^' rn the Fortieth Con_'re-8 He j Ion.-!. Gen. February 22d. . submitted an orat.)!<• addr.*?.5 hi?.service. equiping.i(iatioii and imme'liately In lSf)t">. As soon again serred on the slaff of Fremont. OEKERAL JOHN cloae of P.s arrav from capture.rviee. oii the . after ita return to He commamled it io all its operation? Memphis from the unfortunate expedition to West Poini.' ::itr.-r.tsriop. health perinitt-^d h" a8>*igned to the of a brigade of 'tvalry. mustered of the . Secretaiv l>^*).. and had the honor of striking the last blow.- tieatment of I'nion prisoner. drilling. C. 1864.e. he w.. the order to charge..-o.« and meritoriou. and fitting the nient for active service.s compelled to from active In Felniiary lSti4. irv-.

aD M ' . uO .irr .A». >r.

political. so that the books of the conimissioners of exchange of the respective belligerents shall deter- termine the relative advantages rors in captive. un- der a be returned to their own lines or vessels. C.'^abled soldiers.s the themdutv of the trov- ernment to put them in as good a condition so far as possible. and an eloquent speaker. He 13 an able lawyer.-:.GENERAL JuHN "I hope tluit P." Logan. artificial limbs. as they were before being injured. and thus the hor- All christian people will earnestly pray that such will become one of the rule* He supported in a speech the bill of SHANKS. free of it expense to selves. claiming that wa. and paroled until properly exchanged. 45 the high moral. and has a ripe experience in our governmental utfairs. when he was defeated by Judge Holm. and military position adopin of our people wi'll enable our government to procure the that the tion in the laws of nations' of a provi-sion captives war shall not be personally retained as prisoners. flag of truce. He waa re-elected to Congress term after term until 1874. life and sacrifices of prison be prevented. but shall. . to furnish to di. ot civilized warfare.

"* '\y.' i'* . :.\H ' ^ a.r..•i>.


of the


. ;

Sevaith Induina Cavalry.





The Seventh In^iiana Cavalry, or One hundred and nineteerith Regiment of Volunteers, was organized pursuant to the following order:

General Orders.
State of Indiana. ADjrTANT Guneral"s Offi<;e > Indianapolis, June I'-l, Itbo. /



virtue of authority from the Sea'etaiy of War, another ol cavalry will be raised in this State irnm»-diately, to eerve for three years or during: the war. The reeiment will be recruited in accor'lance with the rule.'^ and in.'^tructions in G^ntrai Onk-rs Xo. 75, of the War Department series of 1863. The privilege will be accorded to each Congressional District, to furni.-h one company for the regiment, if organized and rej'Tted within thirty days. If companies are not likely to be i.tised in any of the Districts within that time, companies from any part of the State w;li be acct^pted.


reguiic-nt will ctriisist of

twelve cornpanios, and be


ed as follows
C)ne Colonel, one L'-'utenant rnlonfl, +hree Majors, one Surgeon, two Assistant Surgions. ouf Adjutiint, one C^uartei master, one Commissary (extra Lieut* nant ), one Chaplain, one Veterinary Surgeon, one Sergeant Major, one Qunrterm.ister Serc:eai;t, one Comini.-sary St-ru'eant, two iIos[.;tal Stewards, one Saddler S'.rgr-Hnt, ai, one Chift Trumpte*. Each 'omp.iuy will be oi'_Miiizfd with one Captain, one F'r.-t LieuCfiiaiit, one Second Lieutenant, one First Serge. ait, o.e







.: viia










QuarterntiaPter Serg»^ant, one Company Sergeant, five Sergeant^, two Teim-ter'', two Farriers, one Blacksiaitli, one Sad Her, one WagL^ner, .ioid seventy-eight Privates. Aggre'^
eight Corporals,
gate, 103.

Any company

of tif'y-two


will be acf^epted



with a Fr.'^t Lieutenant, and if they fail to fill up within a reasonable time, they will be consolidated with other parts of comjanies. The right is re.served to combine incomplete cornpaiiie.^j or parts of companies, after a fair opportunity has been affordi-


to fill up. In combining parts of companies the following distribution of ofilcers is suggest rid. and parts of comp;inies will be accepte'I with a view to mnklng such combinations Fur forty-five men, a Captainiv. For thirty-five men, a First Lieutenancy. For twt-nty-five men, a Second Lieutenancy. Colonel J. P. C. Shrinks has been appointed Commandant of tlie camp of rendezvous for said regiment, and will be ob<-yed




and respected accordingly.
authority to ret'ruit companies may be filed with the commandant. Camp Morton will be rhe rendezvous of said Fiegiment. Pujcruiting oHicers uu'l others raisins companies, may roiif^r.-iit fur the subsi.-tence and lodLcing of recruits at places away trora the cam[) of rendezvous, for a period not e.xoev'ding one week, at not exc--eding thirty cents per day, and the accounts thereior properly veriiied by the recruiting ofHcer, and approved by tiie Cuvtrnor, or Adjutant General, will be paid by the U. S. Disbursing otRi.vr. pruvided the recruits so subsisted are received



ar these headl[Uart^'rs, or



Ufiited States service.


companies have been a'n^epted they
pas.-es to

^'ith trans[)Oitation

will be furr.-phed enable them to reach the reiidez-



receive in advance





hun dr-.-



twenty-five tlo'.lars be paid hiiu iiu-

Xijeiliately up'in tlif miHr>^r of su>-h rf-gunerit into tiie service.


ut his Exeellcfn -y,

0. P. MoP.TON, Goveriior.
L.^z. XoiiLE. A'l'jt G.'u. In








companies were










their arrival at Indianapolia





The regimental
tian Beck,


as fullovv-3:

Colonel, J..»hn



Shanks; Lieutenant Colonel, Thomas M. Browne; Majors, Chn-jSamuel £1. W. Simonson, and John 0. Febles; Ad]utaut, Jamea A. Pice; Quartorrnaster, John W. Martin; Commi.ssary, First Lieutenant,



Holliday; Chaplain, James Ma:-

Freeman; Assistant Surgeon, Joshui Chitwood, promoted to Surgeon, May 11th, 1864, vice William Freeman dismissed Veterinary Surcreon, Lveander F. Ingram
Surgeon, William



Hospital Steward, Daniel B.

of the following companie-*:


The regiment was composed


Company A.



0. Febles of Valparaiso, Indiana,



Major, October 27th 1863.






promoted from





First Li^^uUnant.

— Plt-nry


Stoddard, of Valparaiso, commi.sResigne<i

sioned First Lieutenant, but did not muster as such.

Second Lieutenant, Nov.



John Donch, of Valparaiso, commi.s,-ioned Second Lieutenant, bat being immediat-r-ly promoted to First Lieutenant via Stoddard resigned, he d:d not mu-ter
mustered aa


Second Lieutenant, but
2.0th. 18'>3.





Second Lieutenant

— John C.
<r, -v.t.;







i:ummis.-.uned Second
ao ouch

Lieutenan: of

company, and






First Sc/yoa/f^— CiK:rIt- H. Gl-a.son of Valparaiso. Fran- u J Miller, Americas Banm, Edmond kicracanU


Robinson, jiromot-d

to Fipm: S'T;^vant.,

on promotion




Gle,-.-ion to ScrC'..;.d


M. Lrown















Carporah, Faifua H. iSorton, George K. Ritter, John Marsh, Avery Jones, deserted Oct. 4th, 18C3 William Gogan, Heavy Fairohild, and Orin S. Clark. Musicians, Charles M. Gogan, Cornelius O'Neal, Samuel H.





Saddler, William A. Wise.
Wcu^oner, Rieden
Privates, Stillman




F. Andrews, Stephen Adams, Perry BranOrlando Bagley, George Bundy, Clark B. Booth, John Brock, Levi B. Bible, Cleveland A. Bishop, Willi am Curtis, John R. Crawford, William Crawi'ord, John Clark, Henry W\ Clark,


Cassius Clark,

John W. Cook, James Demmick, Samuel P. Dunn,

Davis, Clark S. Durkee, James A. English, Joseph Earnest,

James Eahart, George W. Easterly. Franklin Furguson, Henry Fisher, Francis Foley, George Frazee, Thomas Fox, Wm. Gardner, Norah H. Gordon, Adolpkua Hardesty, James G. Hngha, Ber-



Homer, Nicholas Haskins, George W. Huntington, Geo. Wesley B. Kelley, Ferry Lageston, Moses Livingstone, John W. Matheny, Alotizo McMurphv, Abram McArty, Henry ?>. Miller, Isaac J. Mai-geston, W^illiam McWindle, Isa;ic R. McBride, James M. C. Meyers, John Pw. Mills, Feli.x J. Murphy, William Mos^^hohier, Thomas Nickson, Winfield Pierce, Lewis Porter, James W. Pollett, Noah F. Rodabaiigh, Sumner T. Robinson, Hiram Ramey, Rheimer Roweder, Allen Rains, James T. Ragan, James Spaulding, John H. Skinner, William C. Sparks, James Smith, Thomas H. Smith, Lyman Temple, John W. Trubarger, James M. Williams, Alvin Welch, Clark S. Williams, Sylvester B. Willis, George A. Youngs,. William Younglove, John B. Brewer, Charles P. Smith. Mustered into service August 24th, 1803. Mustered as recruits, William Avers, John Davis, James Hodges, William Leaky, Leny Maulsby, Jack Robinson, John


Jones. David Ketchall,




Seibert, Oliver P. Saint.

v.»J .vl'XrVa









Thomas M. Browne,

county, Indiaua.

of Winchester, Rindolph counrromoteJ Lieutenant Colonel, October 30th,

Union City, Indiana. Promoted Browne promoted to L"t Col. Pirsf Lieidendnf, Francis M. Way. ot AVinche.-ter, mu.stered October 10th, LSt33, vice Branham, promoted Captain. Second Lieutenant. Sylvester L Lewis of Union City, Eandolph county, Indiana, mu.stered August L'Sth, 1SG3.

W. Eranham,

from First Lieutenant



First S'yrgeanf, Charles



promoted Quartermas-

loOth Regiment of Indiana infantry.

QuarterraaMer Sergeant, William C.
Comrni,i.'<an/ Sergeant.

xViUiam A. Dyne<;.




Moist, Elisha E. West, Wiliiau; R. Schin-

Kdwin M.

Lou.-^ey. Cyru,.



CorparaU. Jacob

Hartmai., Robert G. Hunt,

tsamuel Coddin^rt'jn,



John R. PerGraubury B. Ni:key,

Za' haiiah Pucker,

W. Ruby.

Bugler, Joel

Mc Brown.

Farmer and Black.-nuUk

— John

B. Leiinington

and George D.



James Brii,dit. Pnr.ifrs. .Jnemiah L». .\ imstronL,'. John F. Arnold, Georire W. AllIsuM, Edmotid Anderson, Charles L. Bienham. Justi.e Bruuiel. Orin Barb"r. Beiijamin L. Beaden. Hunter Berry. AnWago/it^,











Calkins, Sanford Crist.
Elliott, Ell



Nelson H.

Frazer, Isaac





W Gr ty, Xathan Garrett, Alhud ILJl, Edward D. Hunt, Andrew Hulfman,

M. Giay, Edward Hamilton C. Gullet,





















Vinson Huston,


Hazelton, -John C. ITensliaw, Morrlica




I j

Samuel F. Jean, John F. Jong's, Francis M. Jolins'",n, Stephen Kennedy, John E. Ivpvr, John Keesy, Hiram Tj:<mh, Urias Lamb, Erastus Ludy, Tiioraas Tattle, Aiexan^ler Little. \Villiam Milles, John Murphy, John F. Matheny, Eraiikliu Mc Patrick McGettigan, Geoi .:' W. Daniel, James W. Matox, Monks, James Moore, John R. Man/y, Harrison C. Xi' ky. H<^ury S. Peacock, Cass M. Peterson, Orvil R. Peterson, Lean^ler Pugh, Ninnian Robinson, George W. Shreve, Davul H.lieamons, Clement Strahan, George W. Smith No. 1. Ge(>rge W. Smith No. Samp.ion Scoir, John F. Shiriy, William Stine, Wiiliara SkinLuther C. Williamson, ner. Benjamin Throp. Alva Tucker, Elijah T. Wood. Henry Worgnm, John D. Williamson, D.iniel Woodbury, John }tL Woodbury, Christian H. Wright, Francis

M. Way, D. McMahan.

iThis company was mustered Afterwards








August 2S:h, Hughs, Lewis

Reeves, Joseph Shatior, Elisha B. Wood, joined the

The members of


company as company were from Randolph

county, Indiana.

The members



Marion, and Ripley


company wer'e from Deiuborn. Gi'ant, They were mustered iuto the

September 2d, 1603, at Indianapolis.





Cnpfnin, John


Senior, of Aurora, Dearborn




George R. Kennedy.

^f.cond Ijieahyrvint,

James W.

.Spence. died October

'1\, I'^'^'o.

jiromoled from

First Seigeaiit vice Spence, de-

pn-<^t F^.-rrirnnf,
iS rr/ranis,








Piiih^i Piert-y,

W. Marsti.iil, Bi-iijamin E. WdhaiQ C. Siaik, Jameo Kennedy,




SamuSquibb. Daniel B.urd. John Schumas. Joshua Henderson. Franklin Julius Johnson. Ruble. Whithrow. GarrifruF. Gould.. Joseph Shail'er. Alexander Bradburn. John Rees. Charles Wilson. Franklin Daggy. 1663. Mason Bradshaw. Mariiis Kellv. Ducate. at Indianapolis y . Joshua Hecruits. Erastus. George W. David. George S. Helton. Frazee. Edward Marsh. Thoma. Phillip Fisher. Qyrporah. Battaro. Henry Borgmaa. •'' . John M. Otto Kratz. Jacob H. E<cekiel Hossiey. George W. Hinds. Hustis. Isabel. Smith. Private*. Paiben Cooper. H. Clark. Jonas Mires. Henry Oppy. Joshua Bratton. Rush. Conal. John P. Wells. MoCabe. George Charman. John S. George W. and BlacJcsmiths — Stejthen Smith. Oliver W. Samuel Laud. uel Ferdinand Sant/. Goth. Landon F. Samuel Penderga-st. Ewing. James Nemire. Levi Oliver. Nathaniel Miller. Ambrose Jones. Henry Carter. BuglerSy Joseph Lansing and Thomas J. Joseph Hull. Jacob Orn. Albert Laird.. John Sparks. son. Alkana Adamson. Conn. Co:irA>:y D. ner.. Christian Sohly. David P. M. WiUiarn Hiatt. John Q. Lane. Osborn. William H. George W. William Hardm. James Johnson. Mustered into service Septembor oil. Philander Underwood. J. Linman C. Louis Hall. Bradford. Burr. William P tttrson. Frederick Trane. Frederick William Grant. Palmers. Wagoner. Elijah Stevens. Benjamin Hiatt. George Gard- W. William Bates. Overman. Farriers Saddler. Myron Harding. Joseph G. George W. Kichardsoa. Knapp. Harding. Frederick J. John WilWince. leaac Cristy. Mayers. Morgan. Benjamin Row. Eliphalet Stevens. and Harvey P. John H. Joseph L. Gathman. John H. Joseph Stra- <\ *[t Chester F. Enbanks. Charles John Tullock. John ley. Clark Cash. Charles Jones. Woodward. Hurst. Colshear. Jacob Shatfer.52 SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY. Silas E. Chester C. and Robert Whitecer. Jacob W.s Lytle. Seth S. Frederick Tathon. John P.

i' T h1 . . I • .') ..'{({Q^ .-' '^'-n i'TH .r>i : .\y • I v.. mU a J li.fl .: vr..

George L. PearBon. Varnel D. William H. Samuel !>. Miller. George W.He. ^'a Andrew A. George W. Geov^') Frederick. George W. ^V . Israel Warner.son Dean. John Fitch. Frederick Hotfman. J. Josejih Eberle. DeshJohn A. Capfain. Andrew D. Perry Cosairt. Mullen. Robert J. Jacob C. Henry (Charles) Heiger. Commissary eil. SumKail. Ge«jrge Clark. Jack. of Aurora. Day. Amer Abden. William Saddler. Dumont. James M. John F. Trulock. of Marion county. "William Neff. Francis V. William Allerton. Joseph F. Jame?. iia. Henry H. James W. John Bruce. Dirlam Stilwell. . Henry First Lieutenant.^^s. Farriers (ud Blacksmiths. George Johnson. Frfinklin P. Privates.^' SEVENTH ' I^'DIA^'A CAVALEY. Charles nancht. Abram Hill. Wriplit. Brougher. Wagner. George L. Carr. 53 'i-'-f COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. John Salgers. Hoffman. of Aurora. Skirvin. John E. Canon. Wesley Moore. Earl. George Hamlin. Michigan. Arthur Mc^'ueon. George C. Moses Gilbert. Eli Dahutf". Johnson. Quartermaster Sergeant. Edward Avers. William Ball. John W. Joseph A. Henderson Huffman. John W. of Sturgis. Laan Neti" H'»niarnin Kussel. Ewbank. Erwin and John W. First Sergeant. Anthony Gucket. Indiana. Smith Sampson. Second Lieutenant. Richard Mullis. ENLISTED MEN. Talley. Edward Norton. Green. Wagoner. Trister. Mathas Martin. George Fost- Fegley. Musicians. Nn'kolas John-on. Lewis. Indiana. Lemon. John Barber. John Hall. Brongher. Joseph Dmgman. Anthony Frederick. Serg?. Samuel Roberts. Enoch Colon. John T. Elmer. Rinhard Guthrie. John Denble. Josiah Jillison. Sergeants.ant. George Patrick. Corporals. Samuel Mortortf. Burns. Joseph McCarthey. Michael Mondary. John E.m F. Graydon and Henry Bunger. An•^•rew SteviiiBon. Hir- Ailam Lidge. Andrew H. Will- Green. Saddler. Albert E. Francis Anderson. James Agin. Spicknall. Disbro. Hunt. Cyrus J. Thomas S. Hughs. Lewis F. F. Richard Bigelow.

I :..:::. .uV\ /. i 7' .i.

T. . E. John W. October 23d.-hu Iv. S'la'iiur. SKinn.:^:uLtii^. Joel to H. WilB. W..r. . Richard D^lTeier..ui E.. Gordorj. J.s. i. Owen .i. S-irgeantA. . promoted irom Second Lieutenant.54 dler. Gr-orge W. Indi. CrtiUifi. Captain.idi»\ John Adair. Promoted Captain of company M. Mustered September 3d. Doniel C.^lunti. John Tnielove.-ru. Abbott.i'. arid lia/. W L^jj. Au^a^t.LwT. Cnar'Laitcr.^ i^vnj'Xint.i. Chester V. William Lg>ftu3. Waguer. iffor. Corporals. of p>romoted Irom First St-rg'-'ant vir-e Janie:? Centt-rville. S. / ' • ' Company at Indiatiapi>lis. I Ah. E. AJaiu C. Recruits. Snovvberger. Thomas ^Stni- Tbeudore. Quarterma^ttT JjLn W.iori Pnvdtts.. Frano M. Lf^ R>y Wood. ALndif. John Whipple. Brazillian G Shaifer. M/stcia/m I-'trricrs John V. David T. Jaine-i B'-'Wr-ii. T.-on. Lee.STED MEN. Sloan. an>l f. Fir:it Serg-^-int.\. Lee Roy Wood-^. ' First Lieutenant. Har-ris J. COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.d i:)ruiLiht.ssi. Tuttle.uu Vansk vhawk. Robert H.-.iw. Fi". William M.ii WiUli. TuttiH'. Ilanr. aii'i Charles W. Elliott. Sloan. . Woodworth. promoted. and James Stansbury. James Nonnun.ui>-<. Robert Sorogins. Jam-" X E. i. ILirvey Williams. Daniel key.i:u.i^ h. 1863. Marcus Slater.. piromote'i. Second Lieut enant. W'lr/oncr.ld. John Ilawkin-^. . worth. M. In'li iri. LNLI. of Jav county. Henry \' ^n Updike. Chariea Ciavei. Coffin. Barton B Jenkins. I'luhp Austin. Jonathan 1 Swisher. D. J^Tt^iai d. SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALKV.. James B.Srevinson. vice Joel H. I'ti. John liam Adair. Skinner. Thomas J. Harri. :.s-|r. ' Co/nmis^ari/ Seri/onit.:iy B:!in:. 18G3. Ellijit.'f' William Un-lerwood. iiciify Joseph BLckl>urn. Frazee. d.^oa Booth. i'.iiap. F. of Centerville. Ruwlett. Juhn.V!'-f.

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> '^ ' John W. Snyder.n<uxi. Francis Muore. Lutes. >mith. W.^epu "JUiity. John Q. John tt.:>^ri SEVENTH INDIANA CAVAT. (. Edward Green. ' Indiana. Gt'oige ^•^utal Ln. Jonathan Ray. Joseph Knepper. John Watts.iiiuuel aii'ii. Fuit Serijtunt.v. Anrlrew Crewfl.-on.-.. comp iny was mu. of LaPorte. Costan Rui)eri:^<. ot Princeton.. Porter. George W. George Miller. John E. Jerome Hiait. of LaPorte county. P. Tuhn i. . Altred Poiudexter. James Solar. James Inks. Daniel W. Gramaliel OvIcLeod. Elliott. John David T.s. Puinier. Ki. Richard D. at IndianaThe men composing it were principitliy irum LaPorte COMMIS. Michael H. Thomas l. Juhu ^lin Schneider. Diniel Davi. J. •Joined subsequently to the muster ol the company. William C. First Li' ufenant. Gray. as re<'ruits: J'<iae> G._•. - i. -Jiidson Skinner. .uii. ^'•ipfain. Tuom:w5 Mericle.. ' of Covington. .. Loit. Wood. "William Giendeniiing. AHiph G \V. Jo. Jacob A. Eiios Wilicer John Ware. Isaac Giitfitli. Joiin H. Slu'emnker.. Ciiaries W. Isaac A. ClevenceT. Paul Storms. C. .. . Van Henthuysen. Skclton W. Gibson Indiana. Kitcsmiller.' Thomas S. Paxton.":iv.'/ This p"lis. Dunkerly. Ely Lehr. Ward. David Farris. Morns P. George W. Gray.iN'^i'^tant Surgeon). ' ' '». Cogley. Joseph ^'*' '•V. Obediah Gardnei-. Paxion. ISGo. uel Knepper. Benjamin F. L'tipny. Clouil. Doner. Morgan L. CoiirANY F. li'jover. James B. George Haley. Hilton.«tered September 3d. Karch. ' ' . GorlUiin. Hambleron. Ucob Wallick. • ENLISTED MEN.RY. Michael Gillea:an. George ^V.. Samuel J. Frederick Hive. LemMcLeod. Fraiikliti Forrest. Wiiiiam Whetsel. Aaron Whetsel.>j!Mity. \\'illirtm II. 55 Crow.SIONED OFFICERS. Jainesi HumpLrey Deal. Edwards. Hickason Ramsbottom.tts. Jay (promoted .ahmJohn \V. I .

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Titus. Edward D. Horac^^ Pie. Talcut William W. John Edwards. Co'Tmnissary Sergeant. John Slagel. George Dudley. Charles Bishop. James Rhynear C. Landon Williams. Dennis J. S. John Florharty. Ama. James XcCune. IL'ury Archibald Jes-iup. Dugan. Adam J. William B. Saniurd H. Jared B. Andrew Kerwan. Peer. John R. \Villiam Barneby. Ransel B. Franklin Erwin.-dd. Aurand. William (rile^pie. Stephen Rice. Frasier. Sergeants. Fred Anthon. Hunter. Parker. Knowlton. Charles Fennimore. Mandeville. Ruple. Vandusen.^ George Wilson.. Samuel Clark. David H. Harrison Jones. >I. William H. Kent. H. Klyrin.irker. Lantsfor I. Johnson C. Co-rporals. John Fugate. Jackson. QiuxrterTnaster Rrrgeamt. Steward. Lewis Bright. 3Ieacham. David Swi'igart.Miiilin^.ng. Uilliatu A. Lorain J . John Ritter. Shoemaker. H. William H. Daniel Crites. Bennett Forrester. AIpheus Thomas. Henry Gahler. Oliver Frame. Hiram Iseminger. Ashbury Ritter. James McKinnev. Crane. Link. Ballenger. Jolin P. Greenbury Hall. Dudley C. Aaron Alyea. Howell.M. Andrew -Myres. Edward Tracy. William Wheeler. Bugler. Jess-^ M.-ce. M. Daniel Devrew.. Henry H.Moore. Kisner. Saddler. Oliver Newcomb. Peter Meredith. Philander . Barnes. Ellsworth. Thomas A.John L. George Hammond. Edward Kent. R. F. Iseminger. -Joseph Gaw. . William A. R. Fred Demzine. Kelley. William H. Bernard . Woolf. Francis Farrier. Thomas Duncan. William . John J. Latayette Crane. Chester G. John B. E. Jiuob Ihlman. John P. John Sims. Holbert Privates. Thomas Able. James Herman Kile. Alexander Schult/. John McCarty. Alexander Kansas. Leou Carie. Albert Ray. Joseph John Best. Orlando Miller. Crocker.i!:e. Fink. Chas. In^^lis. Jacob Grange. -Morden. Wagoner. John Lemon. Pierce. P. VV'illijim A. Jame:* . Andrew J. Mandeville. .56 SEVfeKtH INDIANA CAVALRY. Vandasen. W'hippl. Cuttler. McNeece.

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sori.Th>. Charles E Cottrill. . W. John W. Robert McCoy and William II. of Terre Huur*. Abraham ^l'i<. Jolin C.rge \N . Chat ie« Wilson. William Hiram Lieuteu- Coad. John Jones. RrHndun.-rt. Captain. Delaware. Wagoner.^l. David Freeman. William S.^h. Daniel C. Christopher CulLei t. Piety. Alfred Alfred 0. Patriclc Kelley. 1863. C. '. illiam N.witt. H unneiuid. Jacub Miller. Samuel H. Isuuc Budd.iiTe. James T. G. Saddler. Matheiiy. Ji)«eph Ma>-. '2d drew Falkner. First Serpeant. of Terre H»uie. James H. James McKanon and Edward McBilde. -lames P. (irow. Breiiner. John Menf'jr. Milton D-. Dickey. Wells. William H. AJ^m .inr.-ham.niel not of. Dowtiing. John Hurley. Fra/. James A. Austin H. JSe-dham. Ju-epii Carter. C. William A. Lane. Rurnv.Mitrham. Ma- Lake and Grant counties. 57 Company Mustered September bers of this rion. Lurhei-. Second Lieutenant. ^^ <. C.compaay X). Cole.SEVEXTH I^'DIAXA CAVALEY.i. Gturge'^iow. Ryan. ENLISTED MEN. James H. Scott. Daniel Frivates. Tie. The memcompany were from Vigo. Thompson. Henry H. -Shannon. Farrier Oberdurf. 'timv. and. Joseph B. Sergeants.^eph l. Ueiiiamin Hiuailton. W-siley B. William T. Hunt. Abraham . John Hanson (promoted D. Liimb. Corporak. Andrew F.eiy. Isaac Sowerwine. Gtfoige Car-mich. AnGri. Basil M. Walter K. Oscar Rankin. b. Vinnedge. William H. Buglers.-ai. and Black^tr/uths. Franklin. James Dundon. Mutheit. Lowes. of Indiauapoiis. Lakiu. 5th. First Lieut'tnarit. at Indianapolis. I'-aac Xeedhani.. COMMISSIOXED OFFICERS. Na. Corbin. Henry E. John H. Geotge C. Hamikou. Andrew J.iel. Tiiaothy Kelley. Acker. Vv'arfieid. DaLeander Downing. Joseph R. Pirison. Geurge \\ .

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J'riley. Jasper Smock. William Mo^. J.v.inapolis. Morris*. . R. John A. ul Winche-ti-r... Hii^ih Httf<Mman. Tippe>uiiwtf. Richard Hichrun. Francis M. William R. Young. Vanmeter. Andr. Mi i John F. RioharJ-on.!-r Civn. . Juseph J. Jacob E. John ^L Moore.iikms. Cnpfain. Rullo (' Hill. i>l yiiat LtfuUnunt.Mourn. Leok^ilas Ryan. Brt>\vn. Se-ro^ 'ah. IrnIia'. John Smith.\^A\n 11." :it William Ann. Mnsterf-d bers of thi. Rt-ed.-itAu'ris.loiin (. John Rex. Lidwi-11. Henry Scew. Jame. I-j'fi J:. ..-init'i.Siiii'lfVs. l^^u-k The ra--'n- couipany. -awA Q.N. Charier Saugliter. CorjiOrnLs. Shoemaker.C.t:iiii-. Lr. . . La-range. Silas M. Wilkam Kline. W. EJiierJohn Gay.denbo.ts.\[. vvitt llu'jUrs.Kt. Saiuuel Downing.-». Sani.-hn Mwes. Shoemaker. Daniel ton. SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY. (j. of Indianapolio. Eno.^h M.|. Shirley.Marion. weie pr!..s. Charb> MiCm An i. S. John W. Tiuitt.IaiH'> Ro(. C. Vinnedge.. '. and Lagiange coM:. Willi. Andrew G. Harri-.-.s.n off:<" \\\i'lun'^r.jtu Wri.n lei-on.. Richards.ia. o! riym()Uth. Lewis F. John Ueek. yir^f Sfyq^^iiif.iSTKn MI. Jacub WarnuL-k. Ctorgn Allen. . Jarn-^s An Ir-^v uii Tl. Joseph A. K-uiiedy. Henrv Cory. SiidJler. ^ Dillman. Henry E/. Duwniriii. D. k. Roi>"rt G. P. Company H. Lidiaiia.-' en. \VilliHin. lel (ril. . Hezekiah Stuut. Reason Ti'uebluod.'li^land J-'orrier uti<{ h.luhn i^tvuu'l Licu't nxid. coun'. John Rankin.i3 Alfoid. Geur^'e F. John Kellev. William Welsh. ChiisiiHi) \N :n_'' r. Beriiamin Peck. Windsor. Ja.-ws.^^ . Henry C.ii-siON!.re.g:o!!.i. Xearon. Powers. Jamc-s P Mc- ob Avl-a. William Sisk. Wat-^nn. S-p. Sparks. Christian M.i>1 0.-'mi. ENI. BlutorJ ?^ake. John W. Kiiin»-y.ii t. Robert M.-kiel L iJ. Sanford Shoeinakr-r. Gid. Williaiii . licUic Whitworth.icip:illy from . Lreorce W. Joined as recruits: John t'leveng^r.

U .v.

>f. Thoma^ Robin-on.'ellow. Fir. Dennis Low- Francis Mellville. Scon«^r. First J^fror. Francis Robinson. •lames Mawille. Charles Flynn.-il orrii'Er.Frank EnEdward G. Jackson Tabb.('l>ert Mc Quill an. Albert . Julia Smith. Barnard Gieason. Aylea.VA:u^.ibiie. William Yarbrongh. Si^l'torabH-r . John Lewis Budel.ic.b.- St. Abraham '">livpr.EEVEXTH INDIANA CAVALRY.John P. GiI-di. Mustered September I)avi<l l'i 'til. Svlvester Myrt-s.bvr ilichart. Robert O. glehart. IS'. John Reinkins. .<. Ko-ciu-lco rnnnfy. Jamt^s Chisam. Charles Henry Ballabeud. Cliirle- IP Hare. Edward P'-t. ' James H. ner. Francis Waddle. Edward Pain^^. Pv. In'li. as recruits: Beckett. Edward Carpenter. Matiiew Cavanauc^h.\[orris. 59 Andrew Miohael William Barnett.a . rev. cavalr}'. WilHain Smith. . Currin. Rates. Jame? McXamara. ^\'^^l:. Jajnes Maskell.nil.iiu iJth [ii. Jam^s McGrain. M. Benjamin Mashone. Penjamin F. . John. coMMis.<\ S^'hoHU.•Am HHrnti. Stcuful Licalcnnttt. Ambrose McKinney. Ai'thnr F. Dwighman. Morris Derta. Sams. er Vevasa. F. James Kitchen. uf Warsaw. Fred Strance.'etfrey Wil- lard Johnson.trpeiiter. James Rowe.iMhrison. T. Michael Ferall.h. Jr. Albert Brown. Dunn. Mar^ C'\< W. Aut(astus .s. Samuel Bryant.sioNHD C'ipf. Lemuel Waddlf^. V}VK^\?. T'le mpmbers ot rhis ct'inpariv were princip<illy from Kosciusko and " -Marion count i'-s. Solomon Burgner. Charles Cavanaugh. J'lli!! EderivH.-lbyville. Su'. at Indianapolis. and William \Viniit:'id. Noah Gilbert.iw. Ji. James McCabe. Bolder. ^'.ii. William Carrell. fJaker. Eeason Br'-'Wrnng.^t"ii. James Banogan. Patrick Mitchell. S'ri'>'0. Claik Spidle. Kelley. C.")r. LSI'j. I. John Sh. Llruf. GardHenry Sherman. Bales. Ephriam Latrae.'fianl. j'romot' d ^api. Lamson. Samuel P. Ed Smith.'.iin. John J.tna.NLrSTED MEN. of Lvliana.<^•lm W .hn Traiy. Company I>ate of muster. 3. John ^I.

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William Morgan. John C'r'ok. S. and Corporals.60 olst. WilHani P. James W. Sniirh. All'^rt JndH. Lt-wie Trerrean.-sori. Michael C. Jarrett. Cartwright. Wagoner. William MrGi-arh. Lewis Robinson. James K. '"'alvin Wrtrwiik-.'^r.^on.\. N'icholis J'-r-uny Walker. George Bufjlfivs. Tlelms. HI i. John H.s. Burr.mIh. Whistlpr. D.s HenJriik. Siuvn il. Jose[)h C.ti'^P ^I W FrHnkhn . A'loniram Carr. Ring:_'<->ld.ivis. Sv!vp-rer C.iddle. Joseph Kelron. William James Chery. Duckham. Willard. Xeison H. SEVE^'TH I^'DIA^•A£. King. Howarl. Flpnry C. Cole. Andrews.\.il. J. . Ambr'^sla Smith. 1S63). Hilligos. Turii.E Anv. Grey. Jone^. Jolin W. Ben- A'len J. WlliHin f. John MrMarth. Brantley Ravle.s. Arnold. William F5arrack. Phiiiiujie. John . Tnvlnt Parish. Je^sp Mo. GeorjiP RU. J.- Wbitfon. T. A/. . Cornelius E. Nolan.« Sullivan. John T'lvm. Abraham 'rasper. .ri Wilkin-. Joseph John. Janie. tide m WiT'. Chaplin.-h. John K. I»a.Mcf.'?. G^orc^e D.p. Ephriam M. Gnorge Swords. Adoniram Allen.'"-^i-. Fi^nk. J \ Denton. William E. Babeook.iyler. Hunt. Delancv A. R. Flarrt-l. Sarnuol Wiipy. Alexamier er. John W. Sylvp-- ^r ' Mi'^GTc-l. Jojpjih Los-. Martin L. Robert H.if. Abraham SrHinetT> Ruben . McClary nnd <Jyru8 nett. Henry C. Anbury C. Pwi'diar'! J. . ThoraapJ. Armstrong. Albert Sisk. Solomon Hiu'^s.'. Clirford.foinpd as rprrnit.I.^diT ThoiHa^.M^ore. Bai-. .!i. kford. ''tiarles Youn<-e.'orkle. Barker. John W. . George W. Joel Bac. H:impton.m--T«^ Hc. Josiah JorJan. En"ch Crowl.-ob Creva. J^cU'f^f S. Ve^ Ki-nett McConahav. Wa. Ja. Benjamin Ma/e.r. Join.''•f''i J^m-- <'>»rfh^- i-i. S. Mi ha'='l \. Hora<e W.-ha Swords.iirer$ m. Ab.. Erasmus M. M^-Cune.. John Tignor. John N. Privates. S. Sbnan Giahiiui. NoV>l»^ fU). John M.lnies. Farrier and BhichnnUh. Lynn.^on C' Lawreii-e H'.hi! PIi)\v>t-r.\nfhony.i^b. St. Mdler.-^ioti. Justice WalkM. John L. \r''MillHn. John B. Garrard.M H^nir'' 'vinnpH^*^ R. H^nrv Hiiht. Joseph B H>.iple.ariah GriHiii. H»^nJrickson. Alfred ^[i"•h-ll. Gov.\i'l AL'. (. Arnold. . Charle. Wut^on.

•.I. JOJ".'3:?. - m' A > ..J .i .T " . J ..

Fredeiick'^'it/. ' hard R.i! C'' Kr.rn^n- Pqrf Fcnr- '^A' J.Ttihn-on. 'r\'\oy (r'. Hi' H i oMic Nl.?.. ['naii'7. ot rndiauapoli. First Ll''u'e»'inl .. IJollin-.. Wilhi^n'i S'.lolii: Valtv-iitin*' M:-trcliei. ''harle.u .>iiir)nv . add.\|. UniP'^ (jriy. 'Indiana.-on. Chew. Willi-dim If vatt. Mii~t:<?re'l Septeiriher thi.'•«<•'//<•.luhti l. ' William H. Wli.'rcjp fl. Aib-^rt T. Kdwards. '^lUuru . HopMarvin Hix. Pi njauiin Drake FrarnjiV. Jacob. John (. (jaslmiin.'i Hiiil.!S Bouf.t. a[i<i John Ured.•^('ll. Melkitt. Calvin I'. John .« 1 hli. (AU-p(rniU. B.jiitn.I-irnp* IaMp. ' rp. Ffprirv . '^m^^ "'•^'t. \V. Sainnei <ranitt. B-ick-f.iry.m . Nf.- Williarn Kennedy. (rodbey.. Baler.Iarae. William S. John Aiex- ^^ .inl.ii<-- Rickftr.Samp. Almon 8. K bert V. Nathan Boulden. L"n^t>-llo^v. » r. John J^'nninirv.s A.^l.-. W. 1 S*'>->. D>^rnj''rr . John . Chaile> T. f'-ihu K'^-lley.''.!kin. Aiif^ustn. Carp. \lyic*-.rohn W. El'iii'l_. "if Intlianapoli. Joint V.dirun.! I^-'. I. 'rnil. H. •leroia':^ I'^hn I'.\r^P. ilKN'. ot TeiTe Haute.tley.Miter. !'a.-.atayette Hurkett.|iti»d<l Cnii' kle. M -Avnv.-. ^^ .ort.tnn. [lubbafl. iSei'ond Liyuf'-nant. Andrew iicbmurr. P'-e J'^hn >T P^rr . Jam^^s H.->hL) Vdv\\f.fohn .".nkl ('hriMiian Kn<hM. .. Eii.^l l-.s.Iamf>> Ukev pv.. Cuptaln. and •lolin William H. J>im«-. Ch'TTV.Vl-^x ind'i-. . .. l.S.-.i-heiry. Edwm (. 1 ^Hm^p! JoriP. SamiiPi Lake. ff^'. B Ivetuham. David FishfV. Baker. Micajah Cox. Fi-pt-'Uian Siiepard ' . Cranl. . ( William Gill.liiiius Uppero.-. .e'.'oj^an. Tbniii. . Daiilord Dani^^^rliL'ld.<< '. 1 pw'v J'-Jm ''•>« Mr K'-mily.\f. h«»tt.seventh indiana cavai.B. 61 1 Company K.Ipi=p [-^lae R«n|:iaiin S. •'•dvin Harliri. NoMe. ENLloTKD F'. .-el er J.t. '<'rb. Kin .NI.a.r^f Seigoinf. '(kuIhs Schotl /*.'. S''rf)eanf-<.H. G'-oi M 11 I . of Indianapoli:. Ba-rom William Blowof. Wi'liam Matrb-'tv:!. William II.M . Couk. :Siearfie'! > <bia.'. '" William r):(. . at Indianapolis.\f(. John M. Maft P. . Th° cuuiity. I Wp-lev i^e ft r.Fohn J. members of ctirapaiiy were [nimipally from MaiioH C')MNnSSIO\'KD OFFICKR. '''.

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„ S.iin n.S CraiL' (promoted captain R-...'V'. P..n_:..-. M -•'' r>-r-.Samu--] R. H^nrv D'-^hon. Tvh-r. Lfunar'l. n. EUory Wilkinson. WiHi.k^on.r . . .-ph Todd. G^or^p .r!.Q.'• n . »'.*m r^r ir^.ailip'. P.r. WdHOvn-.n?.anl ^[lio Company Mustered .l. '\>^>>rz' ir-v.Toe«>ph Schmi-'lt.^:su!i. Abraham Watkin.\. . Iiidi. iv 1!:-. Richard'pli X. .-. Indiana.lohn i ''vu \' ..r. F.. Isa. Oscar J.\n-on..» T'.T.ii.\.'. W -v. T.'p. !l. Joseph Wintzen. lUa'-kman.-Miirituin.- T. ^•her. Ueiijamiii Rvman.\rmMr..-j. F. ri .^ikS. •' . Or^'n Taylor. 18''3.h. . Ingram. ?=: ^^ . Champion ll--l\vy. Jiime.u R.^[ P. .. F^T-i-n-. Edwin .^lilton . at Indianapolis.'?ei'temij»-'i- L.s A. 6li>>rtrid-e.irn Sitmup] S f'.^It^n • h Ci Cnlvin Cu-r^-r.s M. .t. W:ll:. S. F p'^r. ..mih iUuLerloid M.- . Jam'^s Whiting. Jame. R.Sh^t^t. Bicjlers.v-a. ZNLISTKD MKX. Benjamin . Kline. The mem- bers ut this (. . ot Wah>(<h. F-brrt. LK'pohi Wuerner. GHbpr? ''rpor.. A!i-Mt Lowv"-.62 Sh<>a. William I) Tingle. Irpliari.p. Second Lieutenant. Ali^ei-. 1.Mplieu.John . . Sw:!..-Hi::!. Ki-I. I\ T.--. . ''. iS'iddler. and Ijlarks-nufh.. . PTenry C.-. K'li-.*"-.b. ot Wabash.<<' 1> . Daily. •h..Tnnn Tnrnpr. . I'. Jam^> L (.7/ard.s. Willitt. Cox.Tn-^ph P. F^irrier Robert H"!v. ' S itje-jnls. 14rh. of Libei Mill abash county. l[-. Iremis Sc-i. NV'>.der >. Charles Smith. William Woodar-l. Corpwah. Nathani'-l . EEV7NTH lyDIA^A CAVALRY.. J^uS(. Reed.umpany \v«^tv all trom VV'abash county. r.ssiONED OFFICERS.1 Fnnis. William L. Beelley. David Tomelson. Adam-. Dwvid Andeii'on.MMI. Frank Williams.^:rn-'.. of oumpariv L'v'tii r'-jim-iit l!. Fisher. .iiia.r l.r.Tnhn Q.h .* A. ^\'ilaam ^^' sim- pler. Haiai'iirer Stahl..!. C'ipfain. Pr>V(it*--<. and .iiiH m'anrrv.'nd..'. Cr.' First ^\ LieaientjL-af .

*»OI.if. i- V i :t»•^. .'i -a lisv. '' ! .

. '^ipf'nn. . J"infd as recruits. (reorgf- W. Denny. Alexander McCutcheon. of Centerville.lieen. Peterson. Mathew N! injoy. p>iiai<. James Smith. [/>• ^". James Walton. Flem- William Headley. Lidiana. of IndianapolLs. James \V. Rullin W.Daniel. ISiVS. Logan. P. (ieorge '•V :5tover. Pruitt. James Woochud. Oliver H. F'-^t •'^' Smjeanf. Povtis. Willaid Story. Hopkins. Daniel rlorth'-r (promote'! hospital steward). Daniel . ENLISTED MLN.SEVENTH IXDriNA CAVALRY.. Abraham Wilrh. rat Liemlenonl. Deming. [iPtinU. David M'. i\ I f Louis S.llif. • -irners and Blacks mil hs. Thomas (. . Jo. Tilberry. Edward R. Hiram F. Meek. Malotte. iTemiah • •-.<)nd ale mint. Freeman. Daniel Miller.-eph Thnirih. John N. P. (J. John '-4. ^Liyer. Ruel C. COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. Elia> S. The mem- ''i this '. Peter S. Isaac S. David Withers and Benjamin White. K. (Inorge A. Milton S. John Osboia. B'lfjhTK. ribson. James S. (~'otton. Elbridu'. Mustered Sept»*mber - Indianapoli. Jdhn G. Morris E. and George Lutz. Elliott. John Dubois. Muiry. Maxv.. Daniel •'•-. at . Lockhart. George ^ Hrd. tie. Jacknian. and David Falkner. ^. rlobert .mias W. C'^re. Gilbert. Heniv Zook.«. Jordou Markle. John H. Price. James MrXaughten. Totten. James Meniere. William A. James Leason. Charles f I I 9- t I t I John Lawson.~eph Phipps. jHremiah Reed. -lohn I. . b> William L. Company M. Thompson..s '' H. Murphey. Plare. Joel J I FI. Simon H. Benjamin 0. Miller. KcV- . of Laiayette. Franklin Sower?. iieniv C.'th.unipany were princijiallv tVom Madison count V. Pii'/heit.1 1. Vance MeMauicriil. Elias (.- Hilligoss. William Wilson. Sirrniuft Porier. Todu. William S. Drake. Myer Newberge. ("harh^s P. ( '1 •biiue. ' John W.ver.). Jami-s 'l.

.. .|..' > !• ..i j'iMl- i.1. ..

Pattoa. he day. tint he wunM. The G'>vernor had nut ajipoinrnd the Majors oi . . Truman Selee. on the review.G4 SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY. Joseph Linuenweber. Theodore P. C. John S. Saddler. Philo E. Wis^mau Vest. Ferrv. the captains for promotio?i. Nathan McDonald. in first which the reo-iment acquired great proiicien. Wagoner. Frank Akerman. Charles F. Cyrus Hall. ^^ ujiam Ware. George Antle.N. Hostetter. Warring. Senders. Lee.Craig. Samuel Lanham. James McFadden.h- As u. George Hinds. Jame. Cotton. James Buchannan. Thomas McVey. Starks. mounted. Hand. Richard Xolen. there wei-e several applieants lor th. Philip F. John R Garrott. John H. Wiae. ambitioiia as pos-^ible.'^. on was a C'^rtain review the that hi« luent. Acconiingly. Samuel W. Smith. Theodore F. Royce.'"' positions. Lash. hi» o[iinion of the titne>. wa?" ludicrou. and Christian M. Governor ^[orton resolved to revi^^w the regiuiea' and form. Privates. w. George Conover. Charles Fred. The interval from the muster in ot the <-'ompanies to the 4i'or 5tii of December. William Day. Calvin R. Charles Middleton. Samuel Dohouey. Huey Wa<ham. Olivei. Keiiu William Kelly. Johii Clutter. Wood.-* M. Thomas Heath. Zachariah T.'i- Shank><.-^ in rh^ extreme. Benin mm Mathews. William H. tic-" i»^ued orders lor lor' liie regiment appear mounted. Ratts. James T. Joseph Martin.e Thompson. Henry Brown. Story. Joseph Deveraey. Jame. John H. regiment.'' . Benjamin F Temple. from personal observation. Ball.i. Bobert H. George D. The Colonel naturally uifi- . uutiti'-'re^. Davis. Jeptha Downs. George Whitham. Harmon Dixon. Asbury Lunger. Willim- Thomas. Richard Hayes. George Liunenweber.« busily employed in learning tl. Dixon. Johnsiou.xonie of Cctl. James B. Squire A. 1S63. H. Charles Oonover. y appearance on parade. Brittinghain. Jones. Daniel B. Adam McKand. G!iiJ:3cock. Hinton. Eli Moyei-. Edmond We^i. John H. Joseph Walker. Henry cavalry Itfi drill. Robert R. William."hould present as tine an appearance to He thereto. James W. Ofborne.s A.sual. George W. Henry A. Moses Altizer. Frank J.

\* .. - .' .:: 5:tv.'1 aw ilJ-i -..rr. I T I 7 ti V »"J M.1 V-' -10 .'.^i9h '.n ^' "i- . I .1 ''llh t.' > .1 '1 ll I.3V3- ..

ig.e a grea: hi'a<>.. inad.-it!i { u-!u.ind theui. after long and pain a rea-'inabh' grriught lin'=.ty to eaeli oth'M-..-m.a\ul 'd-nt eti'ort.^lieil lia^ c depositing their rid.eta never having Tho. h.i. oi J J .?ome in iViteuipr- to rnounr..itter.\. i'].id':rs.s how .' entire regimer.-aved o'. who had wihi . . The meri were bi green ?.'.s '. i This \v.try.-nniiblc pro:ci:n. v.'for'? left Ir..\v -le suflicientlv quitrd.ild <"aptain.-t grond rcvyw ::: of tlie regiment. time lioforf hem The .am-n-. tin.iriC>..ivo I ' • done po. was \ .-. da.t 'A' whi.. .v how to -.Some it go.^teed-. ground. drill. liad great diihcultv in laalntaining .^ Tl. ner-lsed in Some been but recently drawn. a'-^. them «om" uther.'^ ineti Tiie s-tbro^ in be- drawn h-r-e. ban:ip'ili-. Ib. I'Ut drill a:comi'li-he.Some of . rattling arid and v.s £ -ired and over }'!unL''.-e. -ink-.'re than tltey eould .^rolve.i- m.' taounleil para-les of vrirti.. er Il'raw '".-'. 6o The lior^u^.s ia sabrt'. n-rou-jdiiig I ''t Tia^ t'r-ivoi-nor maintained his gravitv.-psrsed over '••ur.• ' tii. ^Miamand.ition:' fro-it of the I 'olonel Shaid<.= the hordes. lior..atle. i on ih" I'ouipany parade grounds to sne a. tli:. t -iveb^d aU'I !. had never of thonr had never been backed. ' grrat efi'orr. : i formed Cr. the .=e en on a hor-e'. did not kno'.' The hour to i'.-.iy l'j.'omplishcd oouesti-itiie c-feniiiig picture-^ ivjt \u I • iCef[utig v.s baclc.hoir po-'-ition^ in the ^^addle. the .li greatly friglirenije.uicd iLeir'r-oiupanie..I. In a t'Ainkiinglln.son'ie the hour for review.e p >mnicI>sof their saddl.v.. I'V C'ohint'l . L'ave tiie or<l'r." genuine military obeyeil th. :t mu-l liav ' e^-t him ati eirn-t ( and '.-ilt'-r nn the grouii'. ' rl..' sivle. How]ia\'- ^ '-v-r. >u..-^ouad and .stand in roa.^rs on the ground qiiarL.ivernor ": !M'n'ton and ln=^ i:i v-iati'.. liaviii.' ti.]d'.innMii.d.i:-tod madly f^r the coiapinv i-.'onir'anies were raarchr^d the :-giraenral arrived lor » revievr.=.«i:v . ''u- I holdine on with ''!i I hand- to th'^ horse-' tr.-. i regini'nit.^. a'-eomi-'aLiicd i"r'o. their riders i. seeing.s. tfjok tlioir po. id.'.'_' and . po a< .L was di.-1 r J IRST GRAND REVIEW. So cridtil I } f:r.<. audi the regiment. .

i.. ..

and.) and escape^ Union Citij. Kentucky. and presented a di-con.o:. at Columl'U^ one day. John P. George E. . it George E. e-f^orf bearer of dispatches to — — — The 7th Imliana Cavalry men were order of p'..: regiment started City. _^ . Wariiig. meyi and horses frozen Cavalry marches for Collicrsville Cajjt. camped v. by G-. J. flat.'irslarked. Smith. lor C'ario. Icnn.liana Col.'ay the' night t near the fortiiications of the town. At that place Missi. The Brigade uummauded by Cul.'isippi ir embarked on stoamboat. Teun. and capfiirr. and was composed of the following regiments of cavalry Fourth Missouri. the rain fell in Dv of iatroduction • torrents diiring the nighr.. e.etely drenched. end capture-^ five prisoners Lieut. of the 4th Missoui.'=.)y left Imliana^'o::-^.-. and reported for his '>vder. Joseph Karge.s aivl '-'oiumbus. steaine.vpcaition to JacKiOn.Chaptkr Sc'ccnlk Col. New Jeraey. whore General A.iishod all the c-. Jr. Shelter! aftacts and d} ires a body of Rchcis through Lagrange. It to report to L'ol. 1^03. II. terrible JTeio Year. W'arin. cfecoud Jr.^.i twen'y prii'-in'-r-^ Griers-'n reaches CoUier^vill:. l. Sha'nki Seventh In .. After remaining at •Smith. Indiana Icavca lodhxaofrAU for Cohuiihus.-.- g.! !i j-jwii tho it il'-'. riiIp..solate appearance.-t of two days.\ti:. Col. Union where arrived at the end of a man-ito the Fir. Waritig. on the uth of De- railroad. Shoeraaher sait — — t" Jfcrnphis Uncouyi'crs Jlebels oi Grand Jun'^tion. C.. Ctvalry..Siith Division of the Army Covp. was there assigned Sixteenth Brigade of thwa-- . the Jr. K'y-Ilei'Oitsi Waring at Union City and assigned to the \st Brigade ofth: . ly and the country being In the lujraing the completeeoin deluged it witli water. by rnilitary life. Col. an' pursues Ihcni four wiles. Guorge E.

„> .

Col. Shir. A. His object was to drive out the General N. Hes?. the of .-. when Col.:.jst of the time. Frank Moore. B:'<t Tent to his assistance. the rain was changed to '''iTjbk' sh. the men could sit On New Years day G?n.-. TE^TV.. 1 i j Hurst. but early in the afternoon. fain Coj'perfair'a Battery.-ome of them j f'. and reported the fact to th^ r<=:'r. In the niarcup'jl 'norning.risk an attack.TACKSON. and off.r Maj. <achments. was a pleasant da\-. iSGo. Col.t. overtook other two deDresderi. J. it began raiuifg.. r'rom ZXPZDITIO:: TO . Tenn. wirh one hundred men from the Viii i. a. finding thnt the 'be game had Shank? regiment back to Union City. Col. Frowne sent such a report to headoiiarters. to disperse a body of rebels at Dresden.k^ the x / \ ^ • 'ook the balance of the regiment. th'-'. and the rnin that fell the rebels stole away.s •^. Nineteenth Fennsylvania.nith with their coats warm. ^It^j. B. '^hristmas till the IsL of Jaruiury.^. t:. Av^v^nj. !i-\avy Under cover all nigh*".3d. was on his return to Union City. Browne.i. began his marcii on Jacks:n.--e from th-^ were Al-ah i . Union City. Smith. were obliged their so to walk feet m. miles from Union City. . his entire and gathering forage army. he force was still too weak to safe! \. Sixth. four companie.-et. Forrest. who was cngiged in conscripting for the rebel Oa ':sty rebel.^cn' r. and the men. *eep from freezing. The cold increased in intensity. Smith command. Forrest retreated. the morning of December :2.achmeut of the Tth Indiana. Smith remained at Jackjon. Col. flown.sary. ' '•otwithstanding "^'-re precaution. In the forenoon thu ^••ather was pleasant. LSOi. of the darkness. and Col. and with the entire regiment marched to Arriving there at night. ''>n arrivins there the Haior discovered that the enemv was too •-trong for him to attack. ^. an'i met the Major slowly reiirici^. Gen. Tennessee. Second Iowa. so 'n their tent. Gen. tieces.'ec's badly frozen that amputati'jn Wis of which ->->me •[ tbo'n 'lio'l. and Capi » Bock was sent \vith a der. On the approach of Uen. and rapidly grew intensely cold.

> i- .'' 3 n 17 hi* ryn .

" Tenuv^. and the vhas^ or abai. there.sci'h Even some of the horses Indiana. Skirviu . Smith.. ort his aid-'. ih^-y were cuiic-tantly breaking \v.seo. r:- uirned Bolivr (die fu' •. udv^.-it Cu'::\.ras the return of Gun.sheJ of the cold. cvcepiin^ the started on tho ui.pturtd r-:ulcs..s a hard uue. bearing di-pafche=..n^^e guard.^.icul. Coliieiv-vlile. to join the caval- ry ibrci- crgani. ".r_i4 aid ul' the movement uu the of Gen. in \'i.-.ii. i.'-ly of lebels.letlio Company of the 7ih Iii'liaim.uaker'.lt'vn '^^- pur:u'ug ']\< Gk rrb"".- r.ud dn. XivA an 1 AtBoiiver to take Te:in. thro:'. Sherui.Mi'hi.65 BEVZXTH INDIANA rAVALHY.. Tth In li. of the 7t 1 peri.L. au'l k-W dead in the road. them four OU'. had been l^-ft About the Tih of January. and Jo. Sb. liaving coraraand__of th'> withdniwn in th- At < tliut place.-!c. .sb'. ot i''^-. . the cavalry Lt. 'k*.ai Irora to iMei'idian.-. Shoe. march the wa. rebvl.dred of the rebei:' e.=.d heu'c bo driven !• irferior numr-r:.-.'era. Ga^ of Coaipany F. liuf. and .J"!: 1 n AV.'^'. ili-^ allo'.aki^u were throe or four i.h th'> and lljand-.of. -. run iuto a lar^o Lt. \\'.(ri.'^hoemuke. the direction of L:i:rrang--. By rii'- time the rL-iuiurecmcnt arrived.uih of f.vcd thTa.elton.- itficelton with :wo by f'npt.*r. . In cros-sing sv.\")rt to be the advance guard •. W.i-tion. Svjoy an expedition into iMi.on City. At Gr:.-. T.ordered Cu't. Lol.s Invl >l.:'. On '.. Grierson. rrfirn-d vriih L.-. TLi.-.-iclvo:: to Grior-rv force."s ha\'e i.-.u:. . to o>:oort 0.-. w'Ah Aid.s.'infoi-.Va:i-" Lf.or.ssi-^ipiM. an e>' cainp.^mith to Uii'. .-everal liorses au'l bv \h>: r-'i'ds in oscapirig to the v/oods t. . to . pari.-r. i"'. to take command of a detachhundred and hfry raeu of the Tth Indiana cavalry.'araps the Obluo rivei-. Brown--' sent to ment that of three Hickman.u ler Col.ipturod harg-vil them. in IL- tliem through the town iiinetL'-'n I'Ursued rr. . Tiicrc hLo xawil r. under Gen.f b.order. Kentucky.^('•. :o. . with Compa- ny D.ud o.uts.d la^-n cai'tured live priso:. Col. Lieut.doncd two more prisoners and .g .ivoid capture. . Tucker of Company B. ^uuth f'f Licr vi'^n ('".-ring in the ic^:-."ak'"r.ircu detachment und-jr through "West 'fenuo..agrange.ii'«s .rer.ii!\' hor. L^ Skeit-r. Browne. anl'lrovprisoners.

'.."7 <' V .u>i y\ .iii I'll.

with his detachment. arrived at. altera march of twenty. twenty-five miles from Memphis. on the Sth of February.BEVIKTH INDIA y A CAYALP. Avhere he arrived on the 0th. at Golliersville. to marched rapidly north thence through Raliegh to ^lemphis.T. 69 SummerviUe. Skelton. . he ioincd the regiment sihI !)rigado. Coiliersvill". and safely delivered his prisoners at Memphis. Browne. with the Division. who followed up. the escort. for Memphis. embarked on a steamboat. General Grierson.five raiies. early in February. On the evening of the 10th. and from and thus got separated from Lt. Col.

* . . .'..rt •3 liUT! .f.

^ of the Union armies in the West.tch but . the movements and m. ilERII'IAN CAMPAIGN. This campai.'i the river.iitily 'lirocttid.CKAfTER III.^ Sllrmi. on the morning cf Fcb.'}'atb-? r-iud tec two Lo:ife 'o-.^t New Albany via Iloil]i cavalry — '2d andod brvjadcs march from.s/i beyond IIolJ'/ Conrrntralion of SnufKi^ army.hre charge at Ivy farm.J'n ':••!(• -H. thence mouth.iiii. of the Misslssipni river from its source to it.'Z'Zd .s .! army in the rear ol Virksburg.sketched hy Gens (rrant and Sherm. and burn the bridge Bivouac on thehattie field Smith retreats.T. .. ['l. si.ipid arniic. (icmial Gr. and In a series c: r.-.-?. Generals of the ago.. The importance of that river to the national arm^.eavy fghting in the rear S'ampcdr rf the od brigade at Ol:olo)ia.Sherman. ''pomp andgloriovi iSprings HrcuniHance oj var" Freparat tuns for ba/tle. tinsurpasscd in the annahs war. the whole country in a blaze Head of colHrnn to the left Shirrnish beyond Oholona -d brigade goes t/^ Aberdeen Egypt station burned Fight at West Point.r. ^^'hcrman. Germantovm ^o t--) — — — — — — — — — — — — — to Memphis — — QtU'^ial report of the erpcdition. and otiiiT.ner tn r^^rrc^il in- . eoii..*nd (••:mp(-]i*d lor-. many planned by thoso master Grant and "W.oast rad v/ostof tiie arated from e.^ othT nnd-r F». — and for it? capture. battle.ate one under Joha. J'. campaign. river be sep- not only would the rebfl armie. rebels retire Fedland buriTcd. (t.^..zri was one c? the S..utended Southern Confedertiiis »-y cut in t'. was i-een in tlie early stages of the war. U. the p. hy destroying For- — re-st'i from Colhers^vUIefo Mi^^cow.Desperate ngh'ing if the '7ih Indiana.stantly patruled by gunboat. Its object was to give greater ellect to the grand strategic conception of the war the po33es>iou by the Governnien.^ Gev. wor^' sion ci the Once in the posses- Government. and tl.i:ed Ids . rcbch retire acroi^. ijriiliant victoiie. saves the army from cxpturc Bet-'on New Albany — The Fir. The.v. Sooy Sr/vth to cooperate v:Uh Gen. jnalxs a brilliant sa. in oi brilliant campaign.

i1 f.' • ns > ! .

-^ liter.. and cooperate with the cavtlry '-•«--3 from Ilurlbut'. Tenn. und closely besoigcd till the 4th of July of the same year. With the capture ot that str'inghold.s command.ting a. . to tlie interior. lialleck. aii'l ihc 4I fortiScaliori?! j j latter to seek safety in tlie 'f Vicksburg.V-MrAUfN'. and the surrender to Gen.-tributed at the varioug. emi'Ioyed in guarding it. in writing to Gen. of Port Hudson. became once more tli'^ thoroughfare of the naiion. shall push tLie south.s Mobik.irri-ons. by the comThe time selected for the aci^urpo=e was.=see. ^^emphis and Vicksbur^ in person. Gen. al X.-olved plete dostruction of hi^ couimand. abDut two weeks. daring and a'^'eomiili-^hed cavalry Sd fre. Bank-. McPherson.ifElIDlAN* '-. the operation. says. the following extract*. he writes to Gen. of the campaign may bo fully understood. -when the military operations 'omplishmenr of thi. a. four day.road. purpos.-: cavalry It the only purpose of the campaign.iuent and anuMying were t" his da^lic^-.that resulted in was the prelimcapture of At- inary l^Jita. and rcu'lered dangerous.tion of Forrest'.-. that Generals 'Irant ami Sh^rraan re. ste[' in rlie That the «d" it.veak garrison^.. Forre." in _ .s about Chattanooga and Knoxville were su-pended by the severity of the winter nt wa.'d. put a stop to his depredation-". " I will start a catalry force through Mississippi all rebels.on the '. yet th" navigation of the liver wa. when Femberton and his entire army unconditionally surrendered. as far ^outh and destroy Sherman goes to have Grea- . That place ho invested ^n the 18th of Mar. the great Misn^pippi . the start upon.\ni\ ' frequent atta'k. E. by the sudden . at'ter under Forrest. and will . a In* the rebel Gener* otiieer.'st Tenne. finishing the work they they can. at Savannah.136G.s -Od. "I am now col- large a cavalry force as can be spared. in cleaning out entirely the It tirst is t':r- . On Grant Deceml>or 11th. l^6'j.? not IS'-i. now coUejiinu in W. from the eorre. to croes the Tennessee river. through East Mississippi. Xotwlthstanding the large force di. to clean out the State entirely of On Deeember le.=pondence of the projectois ' are given. that the cavalry. design.-t.T interrnpt. The de=-:trui.

-it' u-.'] ' V v \ -I .-.n .iri.

to Vick. collect at •' Sherman all gone down the ^ti. writes to ITalle^'k. and de. On the Jlst of ]»eto eernKor. 1.he iltliofthis •'• month. by .rn unle.'i 1 tiie Tenne^-ieo river in the north. that th. winter of fe-^t In Chapter 11. lake no ["o extra U'V '•' ha/^ard •liijlent '' ar:ny. and cb. ry detain tin. in a measure.-:. General GLint had removed hi. ^I'lbilc in the '' do not look up.~t left with these large disu-eti'mary "f loosing li!-:- i>iwer.= tory of 'Irant. or be limit- ed to Burnside':! force I.MrIng ''' S'^ction of all bodies of rebel visited.ui will be innrueted. He will then opportuniiy ofg'i'iag inio I will a ^[obil'tii'- wiih the force nan^.bev :it >>:' has appears perfectly plain. or get '' in. and tht.sissippi. io us. Owluf^r to • hirgo ni'>:-<^ veteran.-burg. Shei-m.. Chattaiovji:! nooga than to threaten au Ivan -e.spared for a separate sissippi.e enemy v. cvjept avuth a. e-. l*oecmb?r 5th. that military "[>eralions in that quarter must.I'resenting practicable startv.<*iiall of twenty thou-aud men. 552. and it was nnnil-'5l aft-.:. . tral railroad as and such other points on the ^li-slssippi Cenmay require it.s. He furi^e will probably have therefore.«s lie them during the reiit-HIon.-.r th. Xovembe:- -'jih. ii fi:['pb:d '' :. "Tiie \ l"^(jj-t opened very coll atvl severe." Sherman. a . to movem-'nt iV'Ha the Misready.i te' ilio road^ around Meriin will b* of material iuiportanc(.- now in Tliom.ii-h ''' >ervicc in the S[u-ing. in [ireviuiting th'' enemy from drawitig tlnit I ^uippiiea larg'* from Mt. '-"f hi« moaioirs.^troy the and south of there -o effrctnally. Jiinuary 15th.ib!e to i'lrl i dr t .VEXTH INDIANA CAVALHY. the force that can be .^ippi. with his spare force. The destruction 't:an Siiernian wiil d.s furloughed."^ SF. vol. 553." Rad':^au's hi. not b .is' fr')nt.i!l not attempt io rebuild retr.*hi-^li ing point^ from to •ii>erare agaiu'^t Atlanta ami ^[••>ntg'- ' mery. he again lias pp.headqv. raising of the seige of Knoxville. t-.s oast going from Corintii.i.ssi.says.?sipj>i there this i so visited that large armies caniiot traver:e I winter. '"case. " I direct Sherman move out to Meridian.Trter3 Xasii- . a. [ want the State of Mi=*i. 1?01. tlie cavalry roid. Vv'hii.^eyond Knoxville.^ luttlo of Chatttuojgi.m aiiv points. 1. V'ol.

•'I i o< p. \} £V00i» .!. '.rJT .

Banks. where my command and strike a blow on the east of the river.htrii It thereby i* ^idtniu(j the * * yap » ui th'^ CunjcderaLy . threatening the river. ville. and I \va. river. CAirrAicN". by regular apof the President of the pointment of that .a could check this by one or two quick move-s inland. should in a like Qianner strike another to the west. Grant. and fiom Decatur up towards Nash- Gen. had with us in the battle of Chattanooga. Dodgf. a. and tkcreset free ^y a considerable I men held a^ local garrison.see. and iSua'. who had been temporarily command Corps during the Chattanooga and K. who consented that the bulk ot might go down the Mississippi lay. who was in not participated at commaml of th*^ detachment of the Sixteenth Corps. Term. * » .« ai Bridi^eport. Frank P. asauxiliar^y to th^ and near Pulaski. G. and from them I had regular reriver. MePherson was at Vieksburg Bellfonte. while Gen. and had relievin ed Gen. bod'j of Satisfied th. uumbering about eight thousand men.Meridian ville. 73 Tennessee. Thoruas af Clinttanoo- commaud ot the Deparnuent ot the Cumberland. in Bon to Dei-atur. lien. trom Xatche?.*! ports ot affairs in that quarter of mv command. from New Orleans. Alabama.. The rebels still maintained a considerable force of infantry and cavalry in the State of Mississippi. and of the army round about that place. euj^aged in repairing that mnin line which lea«l from Na^shville Stephenson and L'hattan'Moga. leaving Gen. Logan had •^uoto c^-eded the curauiand of the Fifteenth Corps. M. east bank of the Mins'ssippi river.\t United States.noxville movement. with ciders ro distribute my rroops along the railroad from Srephr'nga. but had remained to railroad. thus preventing any further Ui'jiestAtion of the boats na\ i^rating the main river.'* . Hurlbut at Memphis. I went up to Nashville and repre>^euted the case to Gen. who>e navigation had become I to U8 so delicate and important a matter. time I was in command of the Department of tlia which embrareil sub-itantiallv the territorv on the that Tennes. Blair. Alabama. John A. and Gen. up to the Ohio and thence along the Tennessee river high as Decatur an*^! (ren. George H.

f <•. niun 1 1" .t.

Middle ed to Teiin'->-ee.toi-'-e Gnn. Svoi/ SniUh. in February march out frum Vick. Mi. Smith was and aUo the o:. broiiijlit rep-'ile rhe tir-t atta(.s< in turn a. to Uoruirh.<t cav-.f1 i>tnne the ino^t d 'ti miiud furre.-:. .5ippi. he 7»?/. wLo had been mo->t active 3L.tiit'8 orders. seven tive hun- dr^.s. wilh a force of about twenty-live hundred whiL-h be.Mi. TeDne?. ami to sttirf fni Fhrunrij h*- ist. I overwhehn hirn.sonallv th^ nature of Forn-st that in hi? route a ra.o loading from Vicksburg to Selma.-* fiom Middle iu harra--d* "^ in our general in about..xand Gen.-it. ve.r mnn the itbdai .'^e of McPherson. Sooy ^5mith. Gr. and we pr^'posei] to mike upari aggregate cavalry "eifecr i force of about ?even thou- twenty-live hundre'l which from . and ot his pe<'uliar force.fsissij>pi .s- burg break up the ^lubile and Ohio railroad. where purpose I found Gen. movement won l<l iiuj.<is9ippi. the lOtli of January About we reaclaed to Memphis. who alwavs attacked with a vehenienc? tor whleh he mu->t be prepared. toM him was sure to en( nimter Forrest.1 74 SEVEXia INDIANA CAVALRY.. with wliich as far as ileridian.l caValry.>k. about twenty thouto men.' out ol' the^e and the Smith had brought wilh him Wirh thi. W. md move trom Mi a'* ii. w\\o \vere a c. \V.-. and explained him my to collect from his garrisons and Kaiid tho. iug our garriijoud la W'e-t I\imeodee aiid * tf * * 1. A cliief part of the enterprise wa?^ to bif (J caeral r^e<!'roi/ fhe rehel cox-jlJi'I cvinrnandcd For re:<f.scaite!-ed Kentuckv. and utterh/ d>\stroy his lohole knew that Forrest could not atid ini/ oicn ij) have iiamt' more than four thou-uid civilry. iluilbat h. by Gen.-ii. to af^si. tiot yae einpLj^ncnt t<j ei:cry uth-. Alabama. At ^lempbis I found Brigailier Gen. as well as to pantih Che rebel General Furr-^. Hurlbut. and that altpr he h. thi. I instructed him to istd-^ct two good division-? and be r<-a<iy vvilh them to go along.on^<tant threat to I vo)ii- our rudway 'iitdted thin cumaiiinicatitris in Mid'lie Tennes-^ expUined to hira {>er. otlmtiwe.^ straigiit I for Meridian. and ta^k to lii-< BrKjuilicr L'uiuiuanl tVoiu Gtwral Coliunliu-.i'h.thy. Mi.see.

t— A/. .11 ai J>idw SIVU \ .' /. > JiA^ ..m -. . . .. .' i . /I.'. ...'V. 1 I..• H i.

the other (General French's) at Brandon.l-n- his serenity. and had two divisions of infantry. composed of the three brigadfrf of Ko.=! attached. On •^nd morning of the 11th of February. . and brought back correct informatioQ of the the interior of facts in of Mis8i-<>ippi. flrr:'*'^! midnight at Hud?on7.*.neral seemed to liiive no puspir-ion of our intensions to disturb J. 80 that act ou the hypothesis I * * * ****** have stated. He h. d also two division-. th^ first brirrndo. lie (G?n.s?. Lieut. which were scattered from the reighborhood o: YaZ'jO City to Jackson and below.sissjppi. m'^^n. and Forrest's which was united towards Memphi. of cavalry i Armstrongs. had Meridian. General l-l-v- (Bishop) Poik was in chief comni. brigades of Loring's} wa? po-t^-d at Canton. =ixt'^en His force consisti^d of thiee p. ilis." Xow as the reader h^s a correct id-^a of the dian cauip^dgn m ipp^-d out by General Sbermin. Avhers found a spy been to state had been sent our two weeks before.uid. Smith with the 2d the and. J'olk Gt. General Si-iith did not st.— IIEEIDIAX CAlirAIGi:. '^n ta<» a* 12ih. with headquarters at Como. gns of the War. brf'ke moved east along the . On r'^ad.lly planned campa. a small town eighteen miles distant.irt with his command until the time he was to have form'-d a junction with 6h->rrnan at Mt^i'idian.pces of cannon. tu Moscow.IPersvdle camp at Memphis and Charleston radroad. was designed to f'-^'/ an important I'art. Iris fhown that the cavalry under Sooy Smith. diaiehj present iO Safelv with him. and tully seven th'~>u>and and numhe'r>^d Fenr-uarv. it le*'t th'^' rii^f^ad. one of wnicii - tj-ii i:."^c! hr:gades left (^rermantown on the to Memphis and Charl»'ston r^d- and marched rhp New Alhariv on Tallahatchie rivT. in out:' ui the mcit skillfr. Srark an Wirt Adiuns. with hea'lnnai-t^rs nr idian. the lUii of Gen. and mirzhing south. Smith) might * X On I the 1st of February "who we ren^lezvoused in Vicksburg. thp rums of which marked the trad .he waitt^d {or the arrival of the first brigade. tn ri ^'hinh rhe 7rh Indinna wa.lle. ^^fipre.

Y ./.. ". s.n .:u s:.I 1.1 t^ . I I J.

ommand was in moren- and proceeded it to the Tippah riv^r. the -ion.stant day. The recent heavy rains had dered tuu unfordable.s on an it. lie had i'>-eu a of tne . as the coluuiu rode in silence through the streets.t o^rap^'d. A bridge was. but it inflicted equal sanguinary punishmpnt on the rebels.wvnr iiiti- caiuii on rhf^ plantation of a icoei bv the iiif'mb>er nam-- of •)! Slo.'r-'l ^"^^ >^'atH out ol the 1. arriving thern abmit nine o'clock in the morning.~V6ofho. At Four six o'l-lock on the tinued.ii>'s»if.n ••Miiveutiou Mississippi. produced a weird effect. armip3. and dawn over ai-rivevi at it.<5- in safety. < Early on the morning of the loth. that r^. it procf>e«1eii nn the line of march. of the d^p 1. Just beyond the and captured prisoners nine pro- with their hon-es and t^qmnrat^nts to The brigade ceeded without further interruption. . To have crossed on would have consumed much time.-d at XfW Albany.' cro-s. by way of refarm house. After a rpst of two at liour?. hefore ths the beautiful town of Holly That place presented a strange appearance of de. ^\'b"n bricrade rnaruh'^q . Tlit- only means of cro~-<ing wa. The echoing tread of the horses' hoots. fcti over which the entire command The monotony almost con. supervision of Col. the advance jiuard met some resistance from a company of rebel cavalry. Foraging parties wptp hor.^'oiaSprings. the sabres. trieretorp.-=es.-tile SEVENTH INDIAN'A CAVALRY.-trar. The perp. and fell his house burned in to the ground. the brigailt.tii. 14rh.^ had re- « . The brigade remained of the rain that fire all canap on the w. Pignt miles from Holly Spriutrs. relieved by on the pioket lines. hot breath of war swept wh^t was. miles. a R. fonstructed under the Siiajik.s. and the clank of tion. and pent out to get this duty. taliation.-. mornine of the lOth tri*' march was conThe Tallahatunie river w. and pued. the in the skirmish that en- 2nd Tennesse*^ lost three men killed. for th^ mt^n and Whi|p on a member of the 2d Npw Jeisev re_:iiiipnt was killed was. old horse ferrv. from thi« place. subsistence Walker's Mills.

-. ! *•. -' .•'.-'''1 1)« *H '' .X ^t .. I..l.. f ' .^rtoTfrfi .

ieven thousand mounted men make » ^reat -how. and meat.emy in force. the brigade Tvas mounted and on thp marr-h.'9l>'. rk."? bnghtiy poli. and the gleam of fho .'irticular in- skirrni.^ champitig their bits.-.-(. where they could gave their commands ia coMVt'iiif-ntly roaoiied. UrB. The day was^ clear.s The march "". hv cotton com At thr'^p o'clock on the morning of tlie 17th. with tl)i. and after a march of thirty mi 1*^3 the dav. f«-giiuent "'ooii remonnte'l. '<!"tjht grand and f^•pkn- In the afternoon the exceptirjn nothing of advance had a p. nircughoul the day Kvery thing wa^ got • everything indicated the presence of the An enuagement in lor was expected any mrmfnt. General Smitli expecting an atta-'k frnm the rear. McCrillis. But Wen what of them''' A ("oldier is a btfangc . f}ip T7 dol- next morning.ohfd arms. Waring. The luf brigade was commanded by Col. readiness for sanguinary the reception of the w Ambu- -iij-'es were cleaiei . \va. Hepburn. the surbandages and lint.!eons '•e placed their knives. occurred through fotoc Thp armv passed through rowaids Houston. On this day Smith's army was con'•pntrared. c'liitinue! on tlu: 18th toward at Hoii. with nodding guid'n> and waving i' witiiout anv hostile demonstrations feeing made. wounded.s on the road swainp. t!"it'' a '•'-rner ''''*• tone of while. .sh. and rheSd by Col. presput'^d a spectacle iid in thp highest degree. voLt into camp. anvi by their arm-.-irig ar a Though •Avre so fatigued . the m^-n yet the picket an<I hold the ui-o. it had tiaveled. as it woun'l along th^ road.s.ari-ely sit in theirsaddhc-s.a poorer man V)y m^nv thousand and fence-rails burned. the otHcers v-'icf*. it. Jr of the 4rh Missouri the 2d by Col. patiently awaiting the antici}iated attack. ordered the "^fh "•'id Indiana to go bick three they cuuld uhIh. and the sun shone bnghtiy.s tpfpst r<'T'.TREPARATIONS FOR BATTLE. and wt-nt to the point designated. the proud s'ep of the stend. their faces wore a Rolemn and ans- l''. woi'c aw. meal and e^ren and taken away.^ton. ""'ight. The long line as it filed out ou it> march. George E. be wa. however.

. .•.IT •/"Ml.

th*^ head of th^^ colmnn was directe tc>ward. 'svhiie a sm.. He vie>*v'. and borrows no for trouble about parsing events.«warap. in "^d twn . iiamedi . dir^L'tion.'i!. A -Call viii._'a i-' the army movf'd n. and The work a. .f Houston. most boau- .u'-". The army Here at nii^htfall it thr.<ri.«ver.78 being. ' foresbadowi-d in G^^nei'al liail riant s correspondenfe with The eiieiav. and was over to the torch.til forv . It re. nnder the 'ommand of Mai. front. having TIh' Ia'.i die.s not near. for L? steadily ba -k befor'^ the advance of the federal army. Wh^^n In army left it..nd '-ejoi!! rhp com nan it- 1 m rho evfuin. arid t'^ dp>iroy f'*> th«-^ railroad lor --verai miles to tho north of tht' ruwn . and wenr into camp two f&rtile prairie. and belches out Lis heaity laagh.•:'• eed-'d triwjrd. commencfl.i burn th-' depot. cracks his jokes..rc^ \vi:h th.. fell haf ..rh cin^ Okol ma. From OkolnriH Abec^b.ati. lay ijiv-^n path of this dav's marfh. F. e\'''ept see.- ^l?nz *ho railroad to Egvp' T'^' if dangler wa.tP soldier- into his >> hand = \ T l-t a'.-hul far as the eve 'jottou- smuK'e arnl ':ot n-ei everv coidd gins. 12''I u.Ok^ioi:a. and \vaivhou>es. in th^ Redland. with (M.s sent back TO «^ki^loriji. desij-ied hjv this ariuv to ai'Compli. wa.Houston.irh on tbf Mobile -di- . behind the Hulka .•nlnmn. SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALEY. . 1 the attention of the piss.>.d o 'z-'-- m-fHod Ii 1. d. to engaL'-' Hal!?''k.turned.' t r. it was a tlif^ hn'ai) of ire smouldering ir .. fel! not yet ready for battle.1. tiaiii''-^ up troiu burning mills. ('.. He trusts everytliing to his officers.'d r-^'b^l.ii)f io ra.irnad. W'li'-ii within about thirteen niii'^'. a Smith's ~.s tbe preparations battle with apparent inilitfetence. Ri.uQall town ten mde< from Pontotoc.s of desolation.'=i. Simonson. th--" Kirly on rhe morning: of I'.i. mde.'rii [llmoiiJ. th«' '2d bnttalion of the 7th TrdMnn.ze guani iiad a and heavy shinuish in which the enemy were disconiiited. luatel m on^ i.= . evidently. ed inrn Abpid-^Pn ^o un^-Xp-^'tlv.south of the Hdv.hrs!!y performed mis-ion.>u.ince on e'lgf of a iar.hp Isr and sn.MJoiiiedeia.

J 1 .1. I ! .

brlongiuij to At place cribs the Confederate government tilled >l. and entirely con>umthis 1 by tire.s. Early on the morning of the 20th.>iKvntr:<tHd. a small town on the Mobile Ohio railroad. charguij^. it wa.\:ter a rideof an hour the brigade halted and formed in a wo"d.irmy was. and the torch the depot. the entire army was on the !auch towar-l I-dJing into the- enemy.i.d':e i. Two companie. the . and as the command rode along. the sky was Tc-dd. and after a march of a few mile. to avoid ambus ^>malI bodies of rebi-ls l!»e were constantly I'he ailvance tlanks and in the front. 2scar . thirteen miles distant.i«ertaine<l that Forrest wa- on- Point. tu in sight.jr with me. hovering on guard was continually iiiin^ and.:4>[u:ig. . to ''d The r. gun?. moving slowly and cautiously ad-^-i.-^t Med and went oif the to the front.igitin ' t.ened in everv dir^i-tioti.of the Ttii Indiana were sent out to burn corn-cribs on the left of the road.-igide.a now night.i.iilroail wa. At ten o'clock at night the army Went into 0-' camp at Prairie Station. and '.^t and pa. Whe!i the army lelt it. smooth road. only two dwelling houses rebi en.-u tie. that produced wonderful crops of corn siib'^ist v. but far hu not when aii'l git t'l to was overtaken with an order to couutermarclt. tobacco.< rej'>i't^d engaged with the eiiemv. The warehoused Were t. clear the road of the enemy. liiciined lo mark the it .d. awaitUig appli^-d -hipment.-< 'lestioyed. Aberdeen.'one the 1st brigade m^i-cht-d toward-. Without 9t. came up to rhe dd briga^ie drawn up in line of b. warf-houses. 'enirating his •ti'd army now West .st brigade be when the Ijugles sounded the went on the hard. tiful Vl relied uu to rhi.THE COUNTRY IN A BLAZE. 1 The briijade that went by w > ly Aberdeen had reache It W:is at this place. the i. wiucli w.uru-cribs. and baggage the Uoafedenite army. wrhout having met the eneiuv.-:ior where "Egypt" had From ir p. arni Smith's . bv the liames that shot up fr. ":rot''and brigade turn-cribs an I cotton-gins. of corn.ii=sistHijc'j of the od b.s and fertile prairies in the world.)od by the rondside. The former were mainly the Coufederute armies in the i^outh-we-t. The order Was promptly ob'-yC'l.

1 A .i^T^<l .*.

and the men alept with side. Quire spirited . L'Hi<'er~ -. tributarv of the Tombigbee. ri:. We lost a lieutf^naiir When rliis skirmisli occurrel and a few men wounded. ai'm- by chr-ir 8troiigr-r pirkets th^^ thctn were thrown out. our brigade was moved torward on a double qui"h. I I Th a bloud would tlow on next day could see nc The foe w.ive Lskttic.:ht.> spen any where."" " so SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY.saddled their during the rdght. lour or five moved around our The 4th R^'gulars and 7th In- diana were ordered torward. believed. an in a favorable position. fern. The joke and went round down. and set tii-^ column to the bridge.l the rebels fled. and after them we went.rdice could be whil'.studving in readiu-^iis for an ho\.skirmiuh ensued. each''«*. South siile and . Abuut sunhundrp'l leb- we were to still in line. to opposi^ He says: "Arriva ingr within a mile of West Poinr. and a captain taken prisoner. and our regiment (. was now night. if we turned backward Forrest was too good a Geuer^i of Way avoiding it.ilui not a sign of cowa. killed.smoke went looming up in We soon learned that the foe had retreated to tlie of the Bitrbee.g start to and making of Hauie ei^ually good time as ourIt were enabled htige keep out of the way. 1 ^ West the account of which and the balance of is day > opeiacionw. camp-tire couhi be seen ti'oiu that oi rh** Two brigades of our commind usual all were kept .x. was souu on the s^i-ound ari'i i^ The meu were di<m'>uiited. and soon a our tront. The as rebels havii.' were within a wlujri mile ii uther. We One then moiTOW. . its advance. was drawn up in line our advance. Point. given in Colonel Browne's own language. the advance guard met \vUl"ioon>>id<^fable this rt\'^isr. line of battle.-i in our trout. and if we went forward We Wuuld have to -. Oii that nii^ht uur forces went into camp to await the commj. and els as no toe was near. quite a torcp.r. with a whooi' and a selves.•onstitutinc. arid as tast as hurrfe-lb'sh ttie could conveniently go.uvl men Wf-re '. Here we stood tv of . howitzers put in position.-en thrown (io'vii. and I had an opportuniUiuuli the conduct of the if ineu. having lost two or three killed. yell. au. brolxihly bata talion.t. and every prnparatinn made tor battU.

.. • . i'.«> .» ' i' M!t(l -lUO - j:v/ud r iiTiW ..

«ario. but I imac!:- int^d 1 la'-e.-l>el< . r. 'th '» M ijor prumptly deplove'l two companies and then the Just column was halted. aud tLe Gi'ier. soon as that brijiad^ p. always doing thrir nut be mi'Sund-^Tstood. And sullantly did they stand and hold their own ground. Surion.IIERIDI. I This the rear. that our rear v.ingiiage that could was engaged with Forrest.and Crrierson to bring. Til! 4 o'clock p.son.-^ mov>^d past on the rond we the c.iiting orders.i did not go near enough tirae to ixenr wlvM was pa^i-^ing. sharp. quick vo'le'ys of musketry. '^-ft forn)e'l in its rear.son battalion. and battling.xiety or ap. A coiupj-nv deployed uuder the commaad ul . half we discovered a liuough wa.:Hiue MeUnili.^i=. saw In a HU.ip in onier of march. Aid. Hei^burn's in the General'. deep loar of the cannon. and I'ir-k'vani ii[' WM w^nt.Sdbbath. if'. and tho loud. h:i. we it he 7th Indiana) were tliny out sight of tht^ en-niiv. my curiosity. About s this hour it made a dernon- "trution on Maj. r^'^iment Just then Gen..'ade trot.vf-n Pursuing further the account bv Col Browne.-i line of rebeU uporiour •^•>viHg the pruiiie on a parallel liue Wilii -arselvea.iiQe.^ -hort bri. not to see that h^ coulJ pursue an'l SI oiir annov loar ami finnks. m. Smith rode front of our of and halted by the roadside surrounded by a knot "tfii-ers.-on atid bping answered that the I wx-i satisfieil. thev were skirmishing. (onvin-^^d that we were on the it -..-k soon be.ork 'jJ .>A(i. The regiments were i'ormed in line aw. toM us in l.*\- we!-e tittempring tu llnnk u-a upoa rhe nnr'* If^tt. was oidereil back mile. Gen Moving back right.veil.'' f 1 It excited for it. being the rear guard o ur brigade. I '"'f an otHct^r len.)rehpnsio« d^pit-ted altt^rwards. thnl a retreat — and subsequent Before have proven the a mile th>^^- correi^ttit-ss of my suspicions.and I Tliev seemeii eiiijage'l in enger con7er.rptroLrrade ruovem^^nt'. and drive back the enemy. Ici. the bugles called diers frora the sol- their sluiiil)ers to the ^adJle.iuiely to reinlnrce \oim. The I'sld them :it btv. in a bri-^k and iiurried Whs' enquir- thi. he snys: "I awiiitel impHtientlj the . I'Tuc-. F-v^ry hour during that long and bright .- ''iT'h •-veiiti? to M'Miiphis.LN CAilPAiaN'." Early on the morning of the 21st.

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At near midnight we went into our old camping ground near Okwiona. uf tlie pr. We were now hurryin" rapgtiging them. Tiie Colonel ordr^re I Cdkins t. Tiie 8[)lendor of th-^ through the upon their flankers and tired upon and drove them in upon their main column. SEVENTH I^'DIA^^A CAVALRY. and diove li. Shanks followed I to his support with another regiment. and rear. 31aj. .irallel with the Union fj was seen the advance for Okoloiia..ho ir a. the I'-d. and was left with the in We threw Beck soon ca.^. the anniversary of Wa^-ll- ington's birth.-en seen. the sun ruH>. when 2d the 1st 11 at rh- ?n>\\\i ed^- or* ir.- sk nni^h^r-.-ut. Tu- . about iialf a mile. lon:j. arid ihe siijht of tlie columii of pleas- moving on the elge ure.t. . brought up thr Across the prairie.. Grierson's command came un and We moved forward.-. A: f an early hour the army wa. gillaiiily w. He would have charged them but was unable to do so because of the intervening hedges and The same obstacles prevented the regiment from cuditches. idly forward to the d. line of battle. Col. and a feeling of ing the trains.. and harra.. <i-ti." A company arriv^-d pafi.-HS us at every suitable moment. gave tiie men l^^t a glow confidence. was now quite apparent.s in the ^^a(idie on the march.tve. the l)rigade haviiij throw forward of our trouble.tine. tlie centre guard- tiie u. li He]>bura's brigade id the adv.)rio\iHly m an uncluuded an<l sky. Both armies were makm briir^i'l.•4l. feel Mdj. which he did. -.> oomfuny of -ikirmMliers. ^i' liie eiieray. .H..ed of r^"n--''<» w. of the wood.82 . Browne r. down fences and formed J ( ! In the meantime. mar-hiiii: li:ie p.:.n oid^-r^d ("ol. ..'ii^h. and thr. Tiiat the rebels intended to pursue our retreating forces. <rMer>.'' Oq the morning of February 2'Jd.. and a more wearv and woiu command had seldom b. in the ed_'e ariuv. to th»> t'a«t wr. and he rode gallantly out Into the open field to for them. Beck.s soon delivering a brisk fire into lelel.rrlllis.T'^ in the tou-n.ider Cvl. 1 deploying . company.-.> move -omptny II forward.

1 .'i-' :.i. : - .' t"j J i'n..(vo?i(Ui i V •J Ul .M -ii.

formed in line of battle on ln». them in full view of their adversarlea. The two forces . and tri« and the rebels 'Tery man of wnofls from r«»bels. bv promising to celebrate Washington'. with Gen. and in '''•mpelling him to attack on a lieid cho?en by his adversary. to use the language it Colonel. in speaking of ity" to his head..xw the superior position they occupied.nd thp town of Okoiona. advanced rapidly into the middle of the While at Col.:'^] b-itt!e wos to come otf. in urAwing Forrest rowaris Memphis. to attack.s obliged to advance across an op<->n they sat on their liorses awaiting the attack. winch to deliver their l>e<^n fire into the ranks of fh'^ who would have A. In ii-onr of the tederal line. The ball passed. on hirt gfneraisiup.^r ?ide could have ulTered a stubborn resistance. Grierson and h^ad..s birth. the rebels weie formed in the open prairie. titey hi I the houses of the town. a rebel appeared at the corner of a house. in the face <'t a murderous It Hre from b-tiind the railroad embankment. they telt coniideut of defeating them. to that of the rebels.Ltt-i o. of the regiment. rhe r-'ar ol the Isi bugade. had one or the other ventured on an attack. re-«t 83 Col. tb«» 7tb Indunq.KERlDIANCAMrAIGy. to and uo'ler the pfersonnl s>ip>^rvi-ion of General Grier. behind which eitli.».stood watchthe two ing each other for iired tlie space of an hour. I'rowne and and leaning against it. and in '^hi'h 'Aa-. complimenting Gen. a hill facing the prairi^'. about a quarter of a mile di.stant. tield. line? Between was a high railroad embankment. and the 3d brigrde was hurrying furward to take position ou tlie re^itaeiit movt^d The the north «ide of the town. Erovrne at it3 to'. fipld. of the passing along the main street. took deliberate aim fired. driven from that. and be:n<: nearest when ^^ . \Vhen thev s. they be- guiled the time. Back of the federal line was a den>^e wood. Smith. without a shot being on either side. afterward-. must advance across a level paraiie.«on. Th^ od bric^de having arrivedon th* n-^Jd. A buttery was placed in "in uncomfortable proxim- through on the trot. The soldiers now thought that the long expect. with a glorious vif^torv.

I/ ! M... -.. 10 [i-ilrt ' ' '..di . ' J. «/ .vil. ih-iu to halt.s with the entire rebel .*LTiprion. i.-! ru-tj.s tj rooip". Tliey charged into the town up to the Th-^ '2d b.-' w-^re fo^:n^^ on a }'Ut till flanked on h -ides bv raviTie.7. .si . to th^ p-^- mentioned..-s or entreat and G^n. to retire capiare th-I.-. McCrillis the escape !-ebel.=:ee follow.'cted in thnir Col. made a furious charge right the 31 brigade.s. Tndiiitia w.rhe r?-oting w i ^ foriiie.i.-. it to i cunten-i e. The men away their arra.^wiuds.any it ou both side.'it did until tiie of the a-.-ind 'uv'port F^-ni^s. hatle. tacs^^. manner It would u. and started on the tier Viut to ovprtake the briga'le.iMiid he iuougut Col. Ki-.ail.and acr.^ ^T li..iil- ed their ed. . b.^t it.of the Tiie ijlSc-rr.-' .irmy wore marching into Okolona. ^ne in u: tiie rea: would wiieii it t'len enga?-* lerir".!'. iments lo>t a!i .. Hrou-rie and lliu.'.-^ Berk atid •.l *'hc I'oid w. untd fhiuKed then -Liue the turn ij. of the 3d Col. The two hil! re.e3. ar a time. St.trmv.!id peU-mell to the rear. but ie. . back to ance.M.-?. wLi-'n the rebels The rHcjiinent had gone 'in about half a mile.ide .u. po>irion in it:^ brigade."idv.. fitr the Tiii. grene that Tpnne>.superhum^iii nilly ihi> hiigad^. T:i»^re wa^' r^ora for ii.-l pa.^eroblpn^"*^ 'of organizurn.^d tei-nble bpynrid de.i a i.l.-* in their face.rpu-e. wi'h . l.e.^ur.irk to th-^ . ddii-. revolver.wrii'lo.>u> unier •Sliavik. wh'-D the lugitivc. because the eraeri^encv required it? wh. The broke and fled in wild coufusinn..ins Simonson the frout its rank.-is nr<lH>f-'d Thn 7th brigrade. Soon the ^nrire 3d Ir* reg*hr^^vv brigade stampeded..c-iv '4>\ iS th*^ regiment form- ed.. when Th^ was compelled in lik-^\i^^ >'. -prmv.. on*'. •ii-^'U ' > me^. formed the two rear battali<. tiii- ro.:h ea«^h wing on a grov- .ttpry of howit.i.. Col.= order- fd to re-:urae its line. but !o little pr. the e..-^.- 7th.'s uid M . and b-came an un^ ontroiabl-' mob. Sia.s.n.'^ist1 in advan bc>i e. Shank.ittalii'n under Col. m.ivitig it The torrent brigade. tprror <1ep. pition was or»l'^rp'l it.El riVENTH 1^•DIA^'A CAVALRT.e''s. and capture'd 'va. Ir sluwly withdrew otf and filed to the rear in column ot fours. thi-ougii beat rhem with th-'ir and cockf. Gri'^i -^oii.= and d-^hed.'! biigade 'NV-rut pouring .." to deaf alike to threat..s five out of six of them.batrali. one company flanked tx> to tight each couip.iif.

l-^ tud i =.1tl fl .lll-l . :nJ .' Il .1 I'l «• IT' .

cmonnte'I a compfinr. -m"'ke rose from the ranks of the griLfetully >tway.-outh.i- critical in extreme. ''ho Union regiment at the "d p .'fed The line of smoke tdge o( ^V'^: = wt.luarter of a mih' distiie 'ii. iiopi^ Forre-t :i o-nk!ng t it on b'jth wings.!.. reath? of f]'. pil but were . at this rime.l It forward as pkiimi^^hprs. \vheie wa.-udclenly brought to a halt by a weil-direot- voUev. the enernv formed the edge of the woods. that darkne-s W' uld put an end to the striie. . Sinnh's onlv of .-:tio.ud^ indicated position of the he couM resume tiel'l the otfen.xiM'i^ ^r^anr-es ca>t at the sun. Col. To right of the 7th ' int.>urp.' a 'ivine. armies had fought. advanc- ing enemy. the contendinG. foot "'•iresMng the ground The condition thi- of Smith's w-is r-A^>- irmy.i tQile. w. With an exultant veil the rebel.It^ aii.iy '•m-re.iving a due! with a rebel batterv on an oprositr' Indiana. o"'. EfOTvne rli.skirted with timber. The 4tJi was torraed in -e rolumn behind the 7th Indiana. Over by foot. It exieii'le'l south ut th.-.]ork in trie morning.I it eighth of a mile t.i Tiie 7th Indiana tixjk '•'le '•' on the cre-t of the Mi--ouri h:ll.<5 charged this skir- r:ii-h line. 'in '^MUth side of the r^atl. *':e was plac-d on tiie The battery attach^-l to !e!t i^f the column near the '"id ' ind Was tiip li. i'^r the battalion A bri«k then opened on both The bloodv tide suroed aqMinst the 7th Indiana hour after ho'ii it vieldinir it? ground ordy step by step.-tani-e.. this di. from the remainsi. Many were the an. t'^n was reached.u-m. in and was engaging 'A":th it. its pu. PTub it oaks.pMH hrld. w'urre the most de.? ro^l dfof .. that em['tie'l of many or their tire saddles. . that lay f n<:>rtli . soon opened fire on th*^. wh^'se rising on Sf-ttinn that '^^''^^ day was hailed w:fh a . A- It Wri> about ro dip be>nHjith the western horizon.^hipH'd easr .gK'W of ple.-ive.f liis entire army.-perate fighting O' 'Hat ill-fated d. an^l doploy/». a .-Hved i-'ir.ivoiding a :re . w:is to give F'U-i'e-it ^U'^h <ud'len ^ind •-verp f-TP check.d "^he rebels in front of the Trh Indiana 4th Misvonri. tth Mi-f-ouri. Ivy Farm. a rei'impnt was formed in e.g •^ carbine-. Hut whose now pr. «r. of The at Ivy K. ff ra p|''ven miles troui OkoloTia.

.V. . i •"5 ' ' .!..

sion in pistol r:in!cs.siied. > pnd flpnt them 'aicly to fh" rP'<r. tlie formed along the ravine in the edge of the woods. F'lrr- was killed. duwn the hill to the enemy.e fiees of the rebel- fau>eil '^onfu. b--en so severely puni. . ^.n . H. and in an instant eveiy blade iiash- in the setfini^ lin. " Fcvwai-d. The enemy had ture on r." BEVZyTH INDIANA CAVALRY.. or two^ A few scouts only went forward to watch iriovement. Tli^v ceaspd firing and watched with interest the preparations for tip Members feni. the blaze from evening. and musk'^ts were l<s^^ailants.>mplished th • regiment was withdrawn. through a storm or Sabres bullets from their muskets. nAi^ had personally d^ the 7th up to Indiana. so the cavulry could charge through. Gen.ursuit. fi'-nd in the faces of the or u^^ed as clubs over their heals.. "Colonel " Sharik.nd= JI--^ nprnr'^d ruo prKonerkilipd.s. Col 'Jesse Foirestr a bcother of the rebel General X. into the ranks of the flashed on muskets. but vanished like specters la-^t in the gathering gluom of night. H. like ravirje. ^arT-'.ted the formation of the troops. The sun having gone ' < down. charge" rang along 'ii!sun-light. " ! ch. Smith.^ "charge.s of their adversaries.ii'ge!" The Colonel gave commatid. with his <%itp-ri- ter of ''Omp^nv 'xifh hit n\rn l-.of |>prsonai in darin. Evervtliiiig being ready.'e in of the Trh Indiana dismounteil and threw down the- front. enough to the I'ebels to use Under a galling ti. wlio re'." . and musket illumined the dusk the object of the charge. over it. which was rep»^ated bv the imgles sounding' the "rhma'". drew their rnvolTcrs and poured that it such a deadly their tire into th. h>^rp Gapra.Ttme..''^ they coolly retnrnecl them to their scabbards. thunderlM'lt. In this rencounrt^r.i then otiVhot the column. Having acc<.:. T. and shells from their guns. Draw sabre-. the re'o-'i -'. he did not ver. th>- and ed said.: pprfornc^ 1 whi''h Ori y more fully mentioned are si^'-^'n an 'ther parr of this bonk.f Owiiii^ to the iiji- Ture ot the ground some the i>-giment were unable to ?et clo-e their sabres. Tfierp wpre will he (•ne many act.-.

.. is.••liJ ..'j3 hi(.'-'-it.. l..i .•>.. (vdl ..rnr.iin\ .i..J. - I P I ' .i I > . t .iM :j. 'i-t ..Til .J. (•:'.. . •'. .:. .....

uiks After whii-h it w. the l)r:dge uUf-iruption. McCrillis. and pas-^ed through Pontotuc at daylight.'Con. and restore order tn the r.^l. he had ride along in • Iruut of rhi. under a tire directed at him.liau~ri-d niu'lit It army pursued its retreat.'^luiih's nnuv. at but sucr-eedtd 4. He and its his company saved hdd been abandi>ne<l by First Lieut. on the T. who Wiis iii the act of handing looli to his sabre. captured a third prisoner. gaged with the enemy. malciug his escape from the latter place Nov. (xe. in and arrived sah^ty the federal lines at Port Roy.X'^ept the A- It ua. from '-apture.d.-i ot the demtirallzed regimeurs. he was compelled to rave himself bv tii^^ht. his saw not over ten ha^l feet frooi the left wing of a rebel regiraent that let been stealthily placed lu the ravitie parallel with and north of the road. fought with and taken ju'isoner. and R. at Jihu Kennedy of company C. 111 Nile fo lid llliuoi- and the touiid New Jersey were hurried hold the cro-suig of the river. fought valiently. 7th Indiana. burned the bridge at fori'e Xew . was wounl. when the Captain j luppening to cast a hiiri.uit midhalted rwo hours to rest. South Carolina.. and They rrived th»Me without The 2d arid undisturbed. By the pale light of the moon.s rebel regiment. aL^aia on th- move. but he the bauery. Jfsperatiou. the rebels had the day before. rebel wlio refused to surrender. in and Columbia.Hid e>. wound however ari. that rose in a clear sky. . George R. IS'l-i.'ontined at . P. 87 I I He him left. rode up. Ki-i the time was supposed to have been mortally wouiiiled. the _^ bleeding . iruna.. fur reiafurcements Col.MERIDIAN CAMPAIGN".dlahandiie. Ab.^^d ('apt. [uov^'d not to be fatal. his prisoner go." Albany. lor Gen Grierson who was reported to be enThe 7th Indiana was oidercd back to and anked | .rmeii^e of company A. ami to In doing so.s ahiiur to cross.l He was taken prl-^Muej-. To escap<i capture himself. 1-t biig:id'-s arriv'^d and ha<l all crossed e. support. About that this time miormation was received through a neirro. that fscaped unhurt. an'l that a reUel to was moving foiwaril intercept .i.

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ir rhn the Tijipah. that will t. one wounded.e-< that Hwarmed in from thv' plantaaon. It was a ure and a disgrace to uur national arms.r"sseil on the same bridge coii^^tructed on yoin'jj out. an oilier river. and the throng of neiir>.^ not obeyed rest.s. arriving there on the JTth.ul iu the accomplishment of the chief ooject ot a campaign. It crossed on '>n tiie briifere.-i memoirs will show: "At >\ilL the same time. the Brigade reache'l its old caiup ground at Coliiervill'on the evening of the ilorh of Feoiuary." ed to Camp Grierson. From there it maicb- from the enemy. and only for a shi>rt tune. on to prevent pursuit. and nKned th':'n without by about siopjuiii/.'coaiplished all it make it appear that the expH<liti«in was desiLMievl to accomplish. . But it is poor generalshiji. rill :ro-siticr of midnight. ne.and wa> form- ed irj ii liivorable position and await.-is Ne. and two raken The commtnd formed in lin^ ol battle and awaited Bur none was made. the rear giiar<l Guerrillas. the fol- hi. and pushed on towards Hollv Sp. atid alter remaining hoar. excejU " bv bushwha'kers. wa3 coUsLuutly threaleutn^ . and followed the aimy to and from West Point."^herman lowing extract from k^-eiily felt Gen. retired.d the expected attack. tf) very spirit. Trus was rhe last annoy^m e rhit oc. for the hake uf secuiiug ri-sults oi minor imjiorranie. I wanted ot to destroy General Forrest. who du iire^uicir force cavalry. to Memphis. a'. slowly.ttta( ke 1 rwo hnuUied the .itficer could nor rom}iia!ri that the in its the or1 der wa. i.^'^s that ha'. came for the reaitnent ro tall -slowlv back to The commandins. Smith's failure. It 1 position tor in ?oon met the Colonel's bricjajp. M tr« lung one day and night. mi. could no: he e. SEVENTH INDIANA CANYLEY.x^'eiuuin. . men were killed. and I'urned it and obstructed the ford.serable fail- Thus ended this ill -tared e. That G^n. H^r. The in its 8d hrigade pa>-ed by. tw<) prisoners. ^and having dune so. •Some have attempted to a'.\i>ionally a srraj^^ler was shot The brigade i.\pecied -'er it move otherwise than rire.SS bis as^istanfe. Fur proof of this they reler tu tiie h-irge amount of property destroved.l ha no tood or drink for torty-eight hours.

:t .. • vd ^ ....H -Mil .

ldit.'id ary he ilid tmt ienve wa.•alied LTnion.tii. lie allowed General Furr. but liearing nothiii'^ whatever. but we had not afier iieard a (^at word General I . Keniuckv. and know that he vet ehafe. General Smith never reI gained .ll!l^''l lultiil his o^<i^r^.' wheu'^'e I disp. The same iiherman.since disclosed. but could not do because wiuld falsifv The could fact.-uy eontidenoe as a S()idier. We waited at Meridian till the 2Uth to he-T fi'om Gen^r:!.'>t to head hi:ii utfand to defeat him witn an uv tartar force. Mississippi. Since the of that hi.rned ail the inall fantry (luhimns toward Canton.^itcQto ed the cAV-ury farther north to Philadelphia and Loui." cloBe of the war he I apjiealed to ir. S9 Memphi" W. iSiaitii diii ii^l art i•OIlt. Smith have placed himaelf lijihtlng comm inincation done to with Sheru. as w-^l! a. that wa. would have defeated Forrest. 'In ihis 111 we laile. and :^tnjyed having niteriy jun>nioa.-e .'H'l my p*-r. and Marion.iohed Couion. ' I turned north pia.iii<l .s . tiiii'^ Iiist'.^ M'^iaj' on his part of was disappointed.s to him liie same 1st. and so thcMi^h stUi re- ported officially to (j«neral LiTtu. nnr routPF of sur^ply in because Geii^MHl which were cleur uii-l In'in :uv lerit>r ol msliuofion'^ ro .>t of J. make in apparent that (j<ii\. arid then tt'. auvl driven him back into the artaj of .i Point. when ho did *^tart. on the Mobile and Ohio railroad.> under the censure.-ville iVel as it Weft' tor Geiieral vSaiith. Februtur a a. Temi'-ssee. :a Mt-tupfiis. and th.ii'S' ari'l tlie river above.'nce to a llurlbuc IntMntry. 6ooy »iiei-iri'-.! dr-- Smith. regard him a-* a taoat acconapiishrid gentleman ha-s arid askilitul env/ineer. ^tHrting the ihne rlie ordered. the pr. near \Ve-. bcluw Okolona.l uttHrly.iject that I had si^t so muih sti. I Oi ouurse I did not and not approve of his conduct. nor Was it until some time ol' Vieksbur)^) that learned the \vhole truth General S^aitu •loiild s movement and I of his failure. u.s iie^tr till 11th.^ Mi.s Cover his retreat. I the railroads in ainl around s riiat ord-rird Gener?d M'd''iier>on to move ba'dc slowly toward Oanton.>oiial fit expianatiou. me it it to reli-'ve him censure.Smstii.llEitlLlAN OAiiir'AKiJV. waitiiig rni/imfnt that thcii iv-e-bound Coitirnbus.storv. On ot llie i'oth we re. With to Wiiislows cavalry.aii.

II y ...!.-11 )' J '.! .

." of 7th. ti : PnvHte-j John St.-iimllie. Smith mittieuver that Gen. Sherman would Smith hi-.90 s£Vs:s'Ta i:sdia::sa CAVALar.-tlie" ell •ri-jhcd objt-ct. Not only Polk. II. and Allj«-it Geurte W. m'umred on frt-sh impi«'vetl and armed witn new and feeliii. letter hid part of tha He attacked Polk so vehementlj. I. at Demupoliii.-.^t-. Gen. K. Colt*. Gi. -M. and C!i ir!e.rh comp"Sed of pJcke. liu-ple ot Co. II. Winslow's oavidry wrw at Loai>vllle.s. th>- man who and WouM ac- compli. ar:. Thumad. On hi. F.-*urprl«c ev^rv cr the command. but return-'d oiily drmorali^ed hut Grui. MCleiiin.\l So r<:. of ^'o. iliH He f'. When v>f t-ioinm-^ri'-ed hi.'im Abraham ii. Smith wa-^ orjJMnized w. . .-^h ihi.-^o Gen. ul Gaib'.r. even to the private soldiers uf Smiths force. He h. It wt.iy to betw-eu oiil- two in I'ne retr^rat n .'i- him all possible aid.t It lelt Memphis m. Wood.\[iedition w^re as follows: KdUd— John Privates. not of the former in defending Mobile. also ol G» given out on hia line of march chat -Mobile was his ob- jeotive point. gre«t care. ariiiv.s he camhad qo time to rest till he wa-s the Tombigbee.tnt. and Private Wiiluun .— 11.n. invincible.\. but .F.s retre. only forty-!ive ho-^tile forces. Jm-ic-^ori Jncob Shir!t-v. mii'^s di-raiit.also Johnson in front of iiea.-i Foi-i-ii. on the morning lav if the :il3t. The (•a. Mis-i. under Geu. . Gr. in tins t>.ssip- pi. Cyi.t John Rowiett. believed that that vvas thrj point he \vas aiming for. and w. to comi>lHt'^lv If'-ticv Foire-it''-luild Suov Smith w:i" -iflectrd a. Jt. Smith wax driv- ing Forrest before hiru ro West Point.u^. Jhhih^ F. that General the rebel General Poik had been ou::r'nt dnveu ler acro3. of Co.iile'l i^nmnmiousiy. and Co.-< the To':iibigbee. John.x m-p:it re-u't.^ it-i-li weapons. aU'l the latter sent a deraohment to a. to have known commanvi tta lo re. to the General Sherman fulSIled paign.Hiry fM'ce It wa** The tijr>-e!^. A part of tiim.l men.s the 20th. ^hermau was moving couimani northward purposely to cooperate wiih On ihia day it was known.i. t'orp'l Fiiiier. Cof pi W. Gen. thnt ilriveii acrof'.-r. I). the day on 'vhi'ih Gen. Slit-rniMU. oav.Mi.

..!.•.•. ..1 Lit . 5 '•.. ' Oii' Ml • .vU6-if • .:("' .>'•! - .mid . A. I)e- Adouirum Carr and Henry PrivaTe. re^^irjjent f^n^.'!). Cbisim. Co. Co.ii-|c« . Lewis R'lbin^r. >L— oft. Jacob 1>akk H. a. Privatew Dennis J. Co. Pt. John Co. Psaaf Corp'l Morris.khaoi. George DuJley. Way..s 0. Siuiriier:* and C. — W)itnd^d and First Lieut. Xeai.\le. Co. ('apt. J. l=aae Ne<rdiiaui. "^rga ar. Privatec L«vi Oliver and NaCo. It over one fenlh on rhe fieid. — Fir^T D : Ser^ t (Cornel in. "Jo.11 1> •\v.-. Fir>*t John Lieut. John Johnsi. thaniel Miller. A: Private John F. Samuel Stout. Lakui. L!o.^nd= ot rb.>]/>.\-ander Walker.^eph Rintrold. Total. D. Henry Stewart. A.Trried back some di-tanoe.e Huti'iuan. Co. Morle^t. A. Kelley.«.•' ^\i(> of the lo^t. D. Wiiliiim FL Chew. Geor. Co..s iScrt^'t George E.-aac C: H.i.. 30. Edmund Wi-^ri^an Ve^t.'jroii.there were rjo r. Jo.Sriti t« G. Era^mni? H. Co. Fi-afii<!in H-nry Oppe.n L>. Co.\ (le'^ri'e Kenne- dy. raemb-^rs. Yoiui Sv'vesrer ^Miirten. Wniiam Ware.. >^-l. Jaine* Ciitibrd. FL'!iry Canlier. Eii-ha S\\'ord. Shoemak^T. Co. Chaplin. Warner. John Fitch.a» \\\\i\ -illy *bi»r»dor|ed.n3 oJ t. C. Co.ri. ot itf. Jaine-i Walto!!. T'ikcn Prisoners he:irt. Branti-y Rayie. Wagner.'ohn Tignor. M.J^'ing aion-^. Samuel Downing. . Co. and Co I. <''li. Privates Miller. William K.. and L>avid Su'eigart. Y.-uieui'^-^ tn the bflt-fl>> n? . Co. I. Latayette Bui ket. ta/cen Pri-tnuer Don*. aad William Mouseholdtir.wa^^ o. Lieut Donrh. .ar ''roiir/"n •• H'. Jouathnu S^^isber. Bran:.^r*u. lancy Dot. — .hPi M' George Antle Co.pph Linnenwi-ber. (. K. H: Corp'l Co.irgH Ptii.<-ilona w. Jame^' EaNL\rge. n«or). Co.Puobert . Joiit-s. G-'. Co. A. -e. . of <'o:nranv A. fell Moisl wounded were the body. D. Privates George Frederick. lar^el Pc-^r. We. William I: Elias F. Privates Joha L. — 5. C: Ab. Truitt.3 ---i-ierav. Stillman Andrews. FranciH M. and K. f-n. Wounded — First Lieut. P. He/ekiah Michael. Andrew F. Babcojk. Parmelee. Bnbb. fcshirley. Skirviri. K Henry C. Luria Maulshy."o. but v. Co. Co. G. G. B: Second Lieut. John •*illi:tm Prison. L. The whole number 0. 1)1.. Co. Berzillia Plorner. William McGathrie. B. .Jacob C. G: ^ier^'r.g. jpir And unavoid^hlv into ''•* h.

/.'I . i. i1-' ...1 ..iffH .

Oii tlje t. h had been olcic-d ir:'' rui-' .jv .^elf.itt.olot:''.u:d alter cat'Cunni.rt' •. 'U*.-' l'''.(II d'-^i. w i< . h'. «V ar tti.nii->- M and A iindt-T ( cnb«..).<! .o i o:">i'»r.<a .i.ui... Pui'suant to bile.'d Knuiv'ii. vli'' h. in t.-ud between consider :<»> F-uvnt and Praioi rie ^^ta-tir.i-lered r:ipivHv :or. -id-t-. ilin tirit camp beyond Okolona.•: 'iir- r. bv 'J." eii. I liopp to be nble to give the material facts With r. y wuh the command my.nU . / '1 . on the inarch in 'vhii.•-• }'• :r "tn ' . F.nd^.. vat 'i^yyl I'. n>..:i 1 and di ti:tv !*tro_veJ a luCv)[:!oiiv-.••' *'''i. On i :Le KH:uri day Ciii-r.-ivle. hjjypt Staticu..iii^.-ci. tiir"p l.iiLa. been constantfiosnres incid-^ti.-:„y n \\ .o .".uid .' ?\I.' ot .- ui «!• : :. L'kvl'v:.. Iex>. Mississippi. .-otti.ioL. X'lihin^ of interest tr-ir":: pired.y C:-)-! \v:th comp.rur- .-s Size.. * r:<il)oa<l ».. Cavalp. live miie-.-c'.ii r. tiie .'t v»*eii ir*. R.?]iah!e . in-'Lrutri'. until Its univnl .uil.'. refiirii pl.^i-iui. P.n-' ri.i^h numt'e!.-ir . but I ir-'iM ini. wliw.ri!>'d • . independently ot the' ifn.:{.vntv-threc.-r in Wimrh.. a warf- hou-e 'jonLSii'uiri a l.-' i'. b-irur-! tn-- he de-tioved -i Lrid'^e on th<^ Moa.-..-ifn^- d .•• •urn.if 0.s. who was.i-: c'l ^. I'on. -. •i-li ii w.ite: i'jiu v I'-jrmei a: f o! "uattld. . and battle of Okolana: IIead-Q^'at»teps Sevfxth TyDiAXA VOL..y.mdii-e-d bv the hapl.!rt-. tiav barrel.dt.- orili red -.. C.nd O'l.L^.v-t~ Kd.\M!ip.- n."iiitioi. '.iri. I hdV'^ t.-.v.:. »".s coijcerned.ic> iiiM'.jn rlutt cv-^ii'iig.Vest Point..92 X" i"? - sivzyiE lyDiAXA cayalet the ofScial in the Subjoined report of Col.-: ui s.t^ >'.h this i-ncrim-'nt wa..i.:. north ot town.••'..y».iii":i i- '. on the 1... V ->• .-on. Z'-^/^ A. in command.:'.i-->>i 0' rh''^ road." :'U.l^xtS'' 'wiiN'd. ''. ill-- ti.-niiii: .iii' »! --ii:-''-*. On ibf ev. th« l!d b..•i-. r^. oi rti.-.h.c: juit«..j. w .d ._- .a.*-!.ju.. Browne. in ooia.:iinfiu vt r'-"!!-''^ .nr und nulth of It.:'.o T'^^r'^r the ^b-ence of Col.'l . A A. during ^11 th-.i 1. 'U-ii'it.t to the march.. however..:h.ti. .^tiuy thf' d-f .'. tin.. A G.ol l. di-. On tlif luoriiin:.nd.n2 ?'. of the part taken by the 7th expedition to West Point.--.i'. R-^- M T M- :.^hips and exH-ivinii. v. J..' lor shipmenr..The quantity ot o>rr.-nwd rv..iir-iU'!-.* . Shank....'a^ed wira ..t'v:-»i(v> '.March 12. H.-Mt-' :.u-n n-.i. V^zirn. but who is now sbeent in const-qnenc*^' '"t liiiif?. rl. uu<\ ar/r/ir.'-hot Fouruarv. [H'iorf about hor-e.and mult'.."i niand vf M-t".TiN-iena'.-- iiiiiurdi.v.:.'y ul 'J-.-.i..'.-. ISb-i.v-v- (. D ai t<- 1 t.-''t -^'. couiaiiun.?.r'n.-.ur.. In s'lbmittinj the following:: r»^port of th^ part taken by this res-impnt in tb^ latr '•svAlrv expedition made to "^.jr. Camp Urief.v i.rime.

« 1 . v^.V^ .a»i« iii-/>nr . y -T •' V.'-"aaT the rear of the 1st brigade.. we were order-d to rnioiii our briL'td-. MhJ.- OOL E?.ti dirHc'ion with rai!ri»id ours. when the enenay was disoov-r-d oar to ricrjit...them. the reciiraent -^p. they r'^tir-d without Htta.'kmg. tht^ eneinv front to the f>a~t. without our having discovered the enernv in force.-iiy thf- railroad .-u and drove in their tianker*. and •'tiii an. Tho were reported to h^^ve rocpntly seen m that.s a^'ain placed in the rr-ar oi th-brigade and of thw tram of contra btind. briuuii.arnvi>-g m rh. nun capruivid hois::.s skirmi.uai-jfiOn rhi.. bronghr n= the TTisbt'? bivonac.son '•**t'!oying v::oiQpanv r-'i:. -: ki-epin.» i:>y the . H n.'l le bv a!) e.s (tiv.' ihein .. Hi'iu^ and '-•.t th.^D iurm.luiomenTd..-' iiid cnal>rs. Cap::.s. the rown to th"^ tVirmin'^ in ^-rroh: it.•: I'tle. tirae. At tb^< time the regiment was ordrred ro the rear to the a-ssi-tanc^ ot the 2d brii'ade. Upon arriving near nuiuber of th. On the 22d.I..w.d.i. and during much of the dav.ed >!>: pn^^jners with the'. in i n-ar the ri'ad>i ..ti. Tlie 2nl britr.s liv'Gt-nerai Grit-r.-.-iny.-^ colnmn '"t rn-. but a more vigorous arra'^k T'.-. but us.-'ovt^red upon the ngiit in the ooen prairie moving . was a.. iv 'iiarged upon rheiii witii s much ^uirlt that he killed one...tpiiily -.s..:cackt.Lfejv. enemv appeared in considerable number^ on our ngrht Tl--^.g c'.'li-ir.jr. \'. iirection A at rrnrch on the Houble-qinck of live or six fi^tk TO the place ?eie"rrH for mil-^s. ern-riced. \'-'>unded two scVfi-t-iv.i«hi rhtjv retired to a safer di?Jtani'-*. On the 21?t. which soon r.-.'-'d ord thn r'-crimenr moved to the n lor.pon the ma-'^hinz in a direction parallel column. rrrif-^eded rapidlv to the ivai-.i'<i iio 'I'lt having lost a man. the regimenT wa. -.-. Beck tired m'.s Moving noi-th bfcam'. the Toward eveniij? th-=» 2d bntta]ion coii>titnrin2 it's rear crnard. but two "oairanie? being promptlv thrown out to raeet.n the Eiliott.pi.-*d in lin-. Ir was counterraarched.:.^ ..'-h-'r. which had b-^en.nd. cai>p. t. rlficed in the comnian or a siaiii d-^tail of forra.r the t-moankuieat or :i:e between ''hem and .f Hnfmy ..r '!••.nriforward ihrui. !.- -•i.dves. on the return to Okolona. ir wrth tho-*' 'tie -^entre of oftheen^Oiy.>ia!''iy to ih^r eota:ui-..' r^n.: .CWyz's OFFICIAL EEPOST for iVie 93 th«» pnrpo=e of a'^ertainine ^he po?inon of be'^ri enemv.n'c and mnde a demonstration 'ipun nur rei^r cruard.K-ier o* vvliich we had pr-'pared was prevented uitervening gror.

1 . ii .

< time pressing the rear . The fitrhnn. Kennedy ot Co.'upying the th^ hri^ade. Ber-k wq.tricken and fiyinr: ti'o..'^t our column. Onr and in >roi'il order.=< was impossible.. a b. Thi< order ua. and left in position. Mm'.do>eiy and in considerable f'rce. .^. far before the avalanch ot stampeder..::l. arid held "i ^{-r.iin i-ame nnhing upon .af line. They were held in check until we . This res^iment having been withdrawn oO'. who fell. Very soor.tnies of tlie T-^t o. and beirii: unsnpportel we Were ioin}>eiied to fall back. *he pnomv—^. and then resumed alteinace battalion. but we had raoved portion of the force lefr bnr a tew mde. H '^onsi'lerable dr'^tance and encountering no opfiopiu'.jpd that ••ame poaring 'ipTo acccmplii-h thi.soii'>! order. bavins be^'n attacked and driven back bv the enemy. when we atrain toriued in line and air.'. aiid coaipanies L ^n.-?ion.~ short l.formed in 'lur re ir by th^ o^^her reu-irnents of the ade and a poi-tion ot' the ^d brigtde.port of tho of '»' . our r^*r.«t battalion.'94 ervETTS lyriAKA cavalrt.i pr-f:?'Ti:: rlo^r!*' It "•»= 'low T)«='. bv G^^n.-i lin-^ of brittle. and «harp .u ».!nd pa.* from Okolona before in onr re^r. Tiie command charije'l. the rear of the train after expo«ed and raeasiirabiv j above position for by anotnoth^i.^^reii With two '"omr>. ilr^v^ the enemy back. a-i reJ0in'='d the recrunent with hi? ^oraman"! at I'^-y Farm. tc> tiie left to protect. Here we also intlu-red considerable puuishtaent upon ihe Faliim: back but a short di-ifance. tor met tile enemv who wns at thi. '. came forward in the wildest imaginable di-ord^r and coniu.skirmishing at otice endued between them and the l. amotitr tliem Lieut. some we were.l M by G-'n Smith. bur i'-'i)v iis cnmine exposed to a severe llmKintr lire.1 r.trovy p-rti'"*"" it d'^uiouiited -'lit to :bo ^ur.-'_'.m. and directed to re-nrae our place in the colnmi ot naarvh.1. The li*t battalion was immediately thrown in line a.'* atr. tor sorae distance' We had not proL-eedei maridi in column.i officer^ now u-ed every rH. rn'-Tit i^verrfhin?! seeme'l to indicate that an <»n2a> tVonn was at hand.iy Older of Gen Grier«'jii. we au'^iin h. After ^oin. Grier.-ro>s the road. thevefore time. Vhy: .ir 'Dndown.rfgiiQent.s ^i. G R.Vit f'^^"n-d .iit bri^k.^ b.were directed lo retire "V The regiment then fell back ?iov.s ot the eiiemv made their appearance. h-.:r rlank.'in^ executed.'aliantiy leading' the char-je.irralion. He wa-* left on rh- field.jat this time wa. tii." enemv. t'le ^d and 3d forming rov ir< support in itsreHr nnprot'^cted. relieved '. Here we lost ^--veral men iti kdled and wuumted. 0.»sonaulf exertion to rally anil reform the panic >.u:P'l Pussint: throiijfi ^hour po-^ition till or'lered ba'-k. tlie force. on our lines.

'!• 1 1 .'.f ~_*'.''Y .iTi?^ '- II - -:.

Le was not mortally woiin.stituied and did mo. Nothing more ot in- occurred until the ensuiug day. We quietlv cro^. but tne pistol wa.-irilH oriIere<l to their horses. laen were soon allerw. John R.s Joriij its lo. HLs lattf i. Ah .j:ade in charge of the trains. but they m:ide no further 'u-'iit.h thia reg- Was I'oncern.tnd who had b^^en the . The dinmounte'l and being mounted.ih <::t.)n. arid M. On thi. Parmelee wtts firher killed or fell a prisouei. put their number at 200.icK we lost one man killed.t heavily.^ui«taining hert. and G.s day the lat *. Smith gave the order "\[».~ sub. t'li the enemy having di.v.- not certainly known.ri." No sooner had the command been given than Maj. K. many men killed and woundeil and several taken prisoners.-.sing of the Tuilahatchie to the =»aptiort ot the L'nd brigade and took p. and one taken pri. In this att.ircheil witb'UJl iu- ••^^ruption to "•'•c our present i:. the 23d we were ordered back from the cro. and Oapt.COL. lie crossing of th>' Tippan rive-r. E. Ail cumlusion allow me to nay ihut under the mot»t trying and . rwu '••ounded. role rapidly and gail«aliy lorward co th*' vvi-y lines of the enemy.«.into the enemie's hands. our regiment being in the rear '•' the We arrived without molesration neariv to Idt brigade.oi this lorce we could not ascertain w. our services wer>f Lot required. the bridge in -Miir-rcir On was burned und the tord obstructed. . which was in position.ib. the r'^giinent was marched back •"id pu[ :n pusiriun fur their Donch of company A.'d. m-ir'-hed on a rlitferent road *t')ia the balance of the excellent at which pmce we ai'iived uH evening of tlu* CTth ot February.-^ lur- chargt^ Li-^ui.i!ury. a ••"t ol whom has alieady bc^n furnished. iud Maj.-^e. 96 4th M'f<>>ouri regiment.-. . Fiom this [. wfien a small guard.att«'-k reached th«^ column.-er\'auL "! "ue ot its odicers..soon ah informnrion of ^». The numb.. but a caprun-d contr. Thin endrd lUe if-rest • ' '•''«* •''t-Hing '''»«-fit and iiiteiestinc: part ot thisi .soner.^continued the attack.. Feblea with companies I. Gen. In il this command jiscain lo.the larger portion of ing tne expedition. BROVTNE'S ornClAL EEPOEt. By this charge the enemy was driven back.>. '-•ur losses in killed.i?* -ludd^^nly attacked by a conHidemtde •'•rve ot guerriil. wounded and missing was eigh(i/-fuur.ledl.-i. Tuc naiure ot rhn ground prevented an eftecrive u.lint \vr ui. thrown u: to protect th-r of th*? sabre. At this poifit and in ihi.ho far >v.'iitn. was mortally vvounded [a mi3t:tRc. wiihdiHWing quickly to the woods awd rear.\pedition .ar-d the river.deiijitnstrarion. Beck with rompani<?ri A.

1 .•1)J i^.! '* A..u .

-<henrtenini£ ShVLNill INDIANA CA^VLK^. bulb otfieeiM la-r'ti b^h. luaiiv timen ^mvuc Uie icrgiiu'/tii Was .i Cv'olne.-ivpil rhemselves credit is H'liniraiiiv. BH"U-. -M Ke. oircniastances Mii'l \>y wiiic-h the f'omraan'i was >iir- rouh'lt^d. both Held aiuontv uirh . Col.zeii nveiv ardct.-.'S ' . To rlip orticer-s aiii. .-[>»-i. CuLLi'i ^ . much due lor ci)-' vvhi'^Li riit-y exr-'Ut^.L!uily SMbiiiiCl'.yo HO tiiiit' disui or deiuornliz-id.Nb.d N"t\vithstHuditi!J the liisurder it and '.'>tii. ' ' Li.0[itu<ioii i. ' Th'.<tj'i hue.-d.


Teuii.s p*.<it leco'jnizii/we injoro' u( — Gen.-i i — — — incided by rcii Gricrso/i. Those who were.>rr.<ge on th? e.-^.Hcoutiiig pieket po-t9.s. loiirth ot ' the rm-n and maiiv ot thi-rn di-d. . troin iiic-e.. Grienson — ^Skirmish andviakes a cii/jfu>g concent ratc. in chastising tue oi the Nonconiuih re^-k and the Cobhvater. and wait in amiai-li tor parties.tiiy of the men bei. wvre bruken dowti. and and buttom.. ( wairhmg lay in for opportutiitie>i to e.-t in position at Bricen-Oioan Roans Battle corn nw need hut ween Fori ts^ and Gnersuns cavalry Heroic condac' of Hol(h its position for two Cot. ot tlie pruicipaily under the the tiie 'Oiuuiand not'innu. Mi<< thousand nun — — B^J'O/i ^V RiUriyk.ame sick and were sent tor iLie ho.-SHut marchint^. tj-rierson di-^t-overi^ J^orre. regi.s. Brownr yoc.-tiintly eiiipioyed scouting truerniliii' ' wh.uia hvii'S. nnd Waiii ol ti. < Jnvrtsion of West Tennessee hy Forrf. GUNTOW-V EXPEiaTIO-V.^rd eu- 'iure<l l-> and met. were almost 'n\ ''n.uie- Iv tit tor t^ervire. and sc. tiie I' 'Untry about tiiose two Btream: ali^rdiug them ample faciUtied •^r that ii. t-j camp — Furrfsf. Bruwne and tke 1th Tn-ia.'iienr \VH.n with Col.) inte^ted the woods Tiie-e ' duty.< to htsrtlitj Geti.-i at Tu- Iny at Hipiey — — Reviews the D Stur'ACH marches — aijainst hr.ode ol v/arfare. I .' Chapter IV. Soi raore thna one\\vi\.mounted. regvment Heavy shirimskBrowne dis'ridf/es the rebels hy a Hank rnovement — Col Koige mi njundcd on an li^land in the Jlntcii' ic rivenCot. The i'oiiit. The hoi-^e. and reaulses repealed attacks of the rebels Infantry arnres and the nairnent uucharawn iSturoes m'erwhclrninaly eight Gen. lurked about capture and kdl . of colo) hearei pelo. — — 'Icfcatcd Fajht — — — Rttreat — Dtsj-tratc jiahtma of the colored troopt — — ~tn Indiana coinpUat Ripley — Return tu 2IcriU'k!.spiinls.s Diok Davi.ues aud -lang.. M.itiy on its return from the (Expedition to Wei^t it r'xhaujireJ by the tatii:. 10 .-!..xpedition.

1 .. '.v-t*\.

. occurreil iitnwpMn and ^ few rebel scouts. he proceeded spvera! milesonthe road to Ligrani^e. aufress ovRr Gen.Simonof battle. was a cool Hiidaci'''Us proi'ppdmg. the line attacked wms thIcpu tiUtliciently was so unexpected that Hy surpri«p. f |' on an oppnsitp qaiet for els. and a f<light tire hill.^rnvard. and met the advance of the enemy. Krmade. our the ranks . The regiments took the positions a. But the rebels were and | I i punished for ih"ir rrMneriry. A portion of his mil«>f5 and pat the* garrison command approached Raleigh. |i i\ r'' He left leigh camp near Mi^mplu' on the 2d of April and march'^d to Raand camped for the night. i\ V j\. the brigade bpgan tailing ba'-k by regiment''.iud maroh^'d otT with him. Thpy left on the held one mun raoirally wicind^d three others ci'. Forrest. who were wuund>'d tiipre for Mud arri'-d aw ly on their horsf" Thev were permitted to esan hour without seeing anything ( * | After lingering more of tiie enpmv. T'^nn.98 pr. the log stable and corn-cribs therein.xt day it returned to catnp in the vicinity of Memphi-*Aft-. an e. answering th^ purpose of block hi'nses.son. GriPtson wiih the wa.-r { f the mi-. On the 8d. General Wa-hb'irn organized. bt^gan the invasion of West Ten- h-^ attai^ked Fort Pillow. A skirmif^h line was advanced it in the tield in front.«igned them in line Tiie 7th Indiana.« attached. Ist Gen. Pillow. wh^n unexp^'f tpdly. \ dismonuted and ioriaed on the right ol the road in a b. succeedincr. ik a . a force fur some other enterprise. began massing Tupelo.«. in to the Emboldened hy Mnrch which sword.^d. G«»n. to a j»raall town twelve* nnrrh-ea«t.icre at Fort to Mis-i-^-ippi. in nessee. to.. Forrest returned with hi» and in M ly succeeding. inarch against him.v.rENTH liis ixdi. in which the 7th Indian* in m^dp a rerognizanc-^^ force that direction. under the command of Maj. churti'^d th<-' i>t |i with holdiv down the hill >rtnt into the federal line on the left of ro. f j ' he was bearing. D. at Memphis.xpedition aimy *t f t*^ . X. it under the command of Brig*' . antl camped on the same ground it occupied the night previouf'The ne.!nr-spfg and the colore Jt \. had ceased there was perfect a while.n'\ cavalry. . a body of about fifty rebAfter that veils. Soov Smith.of Mt-'^mphi". Sturges. and placed dier General S.

1 -Mil '0 -"lid V r.: lit v„...J 't..'w «tJtir rj i /> •'' iii>g . .h"!f. -.7 j nii no '* V >!« >iul •.T .•// -.

'vy iifi t''o!.sued. drove rhem through the town. and the effect it had on the men.sisted of nine regiments of infantry. nnmb?ringthree hundred and fifty men. Browne were sick when the regiment started. that und^-r such a general the expedition would prove another failure.s. and parsing through Lamar and evening of the 7th of June. on the j j . E W. Col. the road. The entire force aggregate eight thou- sand men. under the command of Maj.^h that en.-c range '. Shanks and Lieut. oocneional be seen of him glimpse? of which were had through the windows of th^ -ih. Hi3 force con..» in tli. and .^outh of it two iai!e. thai could be reached by S*lera. in clu. wljere the rebels touk a position on the (Tesr . wa? his prodigious black mustache.. betore h« was scarcely out of hesrins. may not b^ out of place Contrary to the u>uh1 custom. Both Col.l. Siuionson. Gner- eon. encounterAt Riplev the 4th lowacavairy pd a bodv of rebels. Miss. Derisive remarks about him weri^ made by the men. The latter. a description of the manner in which he reviewed the 7th Indiana. the ra'='n expressed their opinion.^ of artillery. j < i . covered by two pieces ot j artillery and a sskinuirJi line. The 7th Indiana.. joined the expedition at White Station on the morning of the 1st of June.f a hill. numbering in the B. and two brigades of cavalry. by The most that could riding in a cab.' woods on the j hill A I'^. and in the . and unaole to go witn it.skirmi. overlook and assumed commau'l of the legimeut at Salem.we*T^ -Ih L-i^va and \li> . that number being all that could be mounted on servicable horses. m front of the regiment. only by rror^-ing a bridge. arrived at Ripiey. the army marched eastwardly along the Memphis and Charleston railroad to Lafayette. S. however. H. the latter anderthecommandof Brigadier Gen. havingtheadvance. ^0 had th» n?nal reviews preceeding a campaign. twenty-four piece. where it took a pouth-eastwardly direction. MisBissippi. some of them colored. freelv On their rerurn to camp. ' From White Station. he reviewed it. piujij I(^'.«rNTOWN G<»neral Sturges At= ZrZDITION. \n the he won an unenviable reputation expedition about to be mentioned.

'iiT -aoB i./ifj t.-- t .:< .- '1 T^Ci.'i' ..I -^'^^nxt vl«9"ft ..

rv ar.uid by thi.e ande'.. at i pMint nut guarded. It wa= now'la^^ ''be prif^mv.'int: :^iipn No w.'nd ais Unckersviil^-.'•.ii^i*.:n:i*-nr and advancing. ordMi-^d roa'l. b'lt tlip ptTortp of tlie fnrrup'-.' jL. oud th-- 4th were i'.a courier.e r>^i. '>t" the diviThe 7th Indiana. wirhdrmv without firing shot his hnding themseives Col Br^jwue infcnned r«-tired.-yoiid in r'l' ihe Jialchic rrd-ig of rivi^r.Co! K?i_'e'3 MrivUion. th'i 'irtiiii-.-larid 1 that wa-s point. a The r-rpok ground.nrnpdiJiTpjv d.-idv. . . it < to p. It east.'ol Trh l"diana. who m. to get rhrou'jh c*-iti<jal rhe rph^l im'-. over whi-^h rhe botrom. was low up bv diti h^s. driven On Mie tlip. General Griers^n of the facr.. cut r^g\m<-ut ha'I to i'i?s. and tlie rnpn in stantly fiJiin:^ into ditchehill.^'d.Sib. timber.^I^-vonrl tU''r (. arsd 'MVPren with logs and fallen Col.'d to take tour hundred at proceed to Rijnzi and dc^trov the railroad enouunteran i. and and a -tumbling.i-< a lev miles bey. over logs. a t)rigaik' of rt-bel cavalry a m . Br wne.nghr imeligHn^.ino SKVENTH INDIANA CAJTV'LRT. men and He on rh^ -rieiiiv l-.'^ orde-r to near Ripley and went into camp. . faiU"! to . It was irapoesihie rc> advance marched it forward on therefore disraonnr^-d tl.iri fO'-my was seen bv the rr-poited tji-.n T'lf So V. reached the the rebels. On hill arriving at rhe Gen.d .'"' . It moved forwanl on rhe trot. Browne.^s connnued ol the Tupelo road. T'ii*' bi. armv on this div. Grier.Tvijts. rh^ evening. l. tv.inag'-d ot '. From rh'-^ ^tarriny of the expedition up fell rained '^verv dav.-patchr»l ro his assistance.>on.lod.'c. however. Ripley li On the 9th. on the left of the carry the by assault. which was iii the extreuae reur pion. R'lckci'-ville and and surroun. rehfls. rQounted. rh<> m. The secuis. rhe troopK in tiont moving to pither sid" of the r^vid to aUfiw brid::e.o'id 'o! Br^jwriv to lortn his resiiQprit. I'l. flanked. Th-iv K It _p and ciI corumafd. wa- ordci-. iiaving -rfcip escapt:- by swiming Ttie cmcom- ruand across the nvnr Ui. O. were confoot. i'».ew miles to the *o this time.!.i d-iv Col.!iddv. however. Kargf. was ordered to rhp front to the assistance of rhe 4th Iowa.' Sornp flavs the water ]. of rhe 2d New Jei-'-y ea-valry. Th'-y. h.j-i.o nds r-rurned rr.

I n.rnij4 .

. lOl This condition of the biipgagp trains could advanf^e but slowly. th." a smai! pi.. The advance guard as a tnatter of di-i'ipline. And no one f'^'Ught. • H' nading at the iTO-sin^^. three or ". The mornin:^ of the I'^'tb of June was cl'^'^r and pleasant. But in the ' ' ''•• reports it is known a'. but no one suspected that Forrest.-irhin lialf a m'le of body of vbeis Mttenipted to i. was watchful. the name given to the crossing of "'u Ripley to Guntovn. and loana the enemy in position half mile from the -^n'Ss- roads.\\(i WijHt of thf win. roads..GUNTOWN EXFEDITIO. The Cavalry division pushed on in Hiivance.-^'!p! the road running south-e. was a tew miles nheaii on a carefully selected t:<-]d.'n. halted..t men from the Indiana.r to find The General. undoubtedly contributed. Mobile railroad.-n bv the narj^e of Gnn"^vn. .?y retrrnedand took their position i the leg'merit in line of bi'. Shoemik'-r ordered a chari^o.i<-k3. awaiting the advance of Sturges' arniv. croi^in'.i '. j. in a measure.irid I'.. dash- ed to the front and carefully inspected the road."-ron/h.:. . The I'lle that ensued is gt-nerally 1'fiov.ut th*^in orf. a moment wards.nd a courier which This was swept aftei that seen that would lead one to suspect the presence of the ene- ray. on the Ohio and tr. a few miles from Guntovv-n. and nut rhera to flight. drf^iimed that on that day a bloodv battle w. und thv? "li<:iul •" battle of B ncci-croc. Grierson.].V. to the rea. A 1 scouting party of nl'ty men from the "ZA Xew Jersey. several mile-^ on the Tr. went -n the road lunninij nortii. with his entire army. Heni-inL.r miles Irom th--p!-!ce where th" bart'e on^j to he The advance guard arrived by fresh at Brices-CroRf^-Rondi^. a When v. rearlv pav.C'"> on th-* Mobile au'i Oh'o rdiiroad.tle.pelo road. fifty Captains til Shoemaker and Branham with W'>y. He irniaedi- itely dispatched strong scouting parties on the diiiereat roads to tind the enemy.-. indi'iatf-d all Here the roads were cut up that a force ^"as had recently passed over them. to the disasleroud defeat on the next day. The column was Gen. inU ''pt.

.ill no . -.

The enemy were formed on an opposite hill in the edge of the woods. If it had not been. Col. and awaited the atThe position occupied by the 7th Indiana tack of the enemy. le^s than a quarter of a mile distant. which some time.'Wr<Vt»r. A loud cheer rose from the rebels.ifi lV'. have hind a held it as long as it did. and retreat to the 71''^)' *i^^^fl^rve their fire till the enemy "When but a k^w rods distant.i [q . theresiiaenr from behind the fence. delight the ed'ect of They made the rebels scatter delightfully. Col. The fighting principally or-curred on the north side of the Ripley road. and 4th Missouri.? the open swamp between the two lines.-lir. and began crossing the open space. lasted A brisk fire from the hostile skirmish lines Browne w«re ordered his m^. The batteries of the 14th Indiana to the left of the 7th Indiana. Beyond this creek. The hill was covered with timber and a thick undergrowth of shrubs.ijiar. and be exposed to the fire from the Federal lines concealed in the woods. it could not. were placed and did good execution in the ranks batteries. liTiJ a^ain.j* ." broke out. For them to advance. and almost immediately massed columns emerged from the woods occupied by the rebels. had he advanced to the attack. Speaking of the Browne said: "I passed up to the batteries and watched the bursting bombs. The 1st brigade (cavalry) was formed in front of the enerav. they would be obliged to crc.102 EETENTH INDIA^'A CAVALRY. to a small The ground from the crossing slop<=d gradually north allel creek. The 7th Indiaiia was dismounted and formed in line of^battle on the crest of the hill on the right of the road runing north and south oerail fence.-ith of the rebels. that ran nearly par- with the Ripley road.h. unaided.. v. .n to re. and the 2d to its right to guard the Tupelo road. A skirmish line was advanced to near the middle of the marsh in front of the line. General Grierson would have had to encounter the same hazard. that jjilit it caused rhem to break in contusion. was a strong one. poured such a well directed fireintothea in close range. the ground was low and marshy.

-..i/i/bii .f!.O iliJ .-' i...'.

and fell on either side of or were knocked the fist. than occurred Col. the line to Moorp wirh his company to reinforce a portion of He had but 2S0 m'^n with which to hold the thi=. out-numbering one. by ihe'Tth Indiana. One-fourth of th^se but his position. tht^y had to face a destructive lines. in back before a withering the same manner. when in it is remembered that it was dismounted cavalry. off either with the butts of the carbines.'^'In this mode of fighting.7.1e of carbine or musket waa^placed assaiifd.s musk(?try the which had but little efi'ect on the 7th Indiana men wer*^ concealed behind the trees and fire Notwithstandins.«i compelled to weaken line bv | . and materiallv abated the vehemence of their attack. were eraploved in holding the thi.sending Capt. till not only from the hut also from' the batteries. hi. fire. The mu7. day. men not having time re-load their used them as clubs over the heads of the rebels. the navy revolvers. four ro oppose massed columns of infantry. will The be feats of valor fully performed by the regiment on appreciated. to Inl'manv carbine--.s it horses. or for with It was impossible the regiment to much long-r withstand the assault of such overpowering numbers. leaving about 2C0 men to resist the attacks of enemy. taok.GUNTOWX EXPGDITTOK. wn. his Many the way throuL'h the heavy it toliage of found the muzzle of a navy world. yet the rebel-^ steadily advanced they were almost at the line occupied w. and opened a fence. to the from tree in feeling to tree. in his face and bid good-bye This occurred so often. being carried. The rebels on getting it. tliat made the rebelscautioas. against the body of the assailants 'or the instances. Probablv there at no braver fiahtins done during the war. terrific a. the and discharged. the contest was continueii :rom bush to The fence bush and a rebel bushes. proved formidable weapons. by oniers. and even clinched and pounded them with their) fists. point and at this time. 103 Tbey w^re welcomed fire. drawn up to the single rank formation. The rebels wer<. and again fell They formed in the open space. of the 7th Indiana. over the fence were either •^hot.' moving a force to tiunk the regiment on the .s Browne.

.•. }". .l' ''inr\ I'linb .1 -Hj T<JO O? .-.

Col. to prevent ii. when a shell from the enemy s batti'ry exploded near iher/i. where the his siije. Browne to hold hi. under cooly as if at short range. and asked Waring sent Lieut. The rebels having paid dearly for their slicrnt at this made no Hostilities turthtr attempt to break P"int. with inlormacion that every man was disposed of and that reinforcements were out of the question.'' comical as well as serious aspects. resisted the attacks of the enemy who overwhelminijlv the line OLituumbered success. The tlanking movement of the enemy rendered it necessary for Col. their line through the brush distance from the 7th Indiana and this fire and halted opened a has vigorous The regiment. retired the regiment a short di>mounted the a few rods to the rear in an open space in the woods. advanced but a short tire. the ieir in a to it. Browne to shift the position ot the regiment to the rear and right. and ordered Col. Browne informed Col.xploded among them. when a well directed shell e. who was alwavs found was rierce. the Ccil. language more forcible than elegant. War it. mounted the as th':>y were on parade. Hansen. Remounting. CommanJer of the for reinforcements. to watch They smiled with delight to see the rebels scamper from their guns. of his situation. and formed them in line. He ordered the men to their horses. the duel.d his the gallant Col. conflict ankle. But their serenity was somewhat disturbed. Col. His orderly was shot dead at distance. wing of the regiment resting At last a regiment arrived took position on the rignt of graveyard near the cross reinforce the ro^d. received a painful wound in thf horse was -hor.- 7th Indiana.thered at the battery at the crossroads. A knot of officers g:i. The lines being so clo. Browne. and kiikd two gunners and wounded tliree others.s right riank from being turned. seeing the movement.104 right. that adversaries could speak to each other. ai. . they exchang'^d At this juncture. The rebels. SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY. were now contine'l to the batteries. and For two hours the 7th Indiana unaided. 1st Brigade. Waring.s position to the last extremity.

•. 1 1 'itf 1 iJ .'t ' - '..b r.•. N . -id ...

as they came up. he da. no the rehel. turned the command ovt-r to Maiur The ground rebels \vood«<. tnat had fought so gailautlv. tiring occuiring except an occasional sLoL When i-avalry 105 The infantry by uQ the lield.©LSTOW.s it from the lor fi .st exhausted. on the extreme left of the federal line.s in men wiih dr^jpped from rank.N' KXI'HDITIOX. in line ot battle about half a mile. fcJome of hi.^on to the infantry a to hurry it up. toiling through the mud.^ then ordered back on the Ripley road.s arter me^senue.s exhausted. which gait it McMillan two milea and half from the fie. startt-d his column on the double qui. When Wuhcui The regiments they arrived on the deld. being unable longer to remain with K5imon.*h line thrown forward of the regiment.ann'i commenced. The gallant Col.'»ou. in front was a field of gentle acclivitv. infantry and most of the cavalrv weic the rear. He me: fold Co'. Tii« entire command w.s. The 93d ludidna lU . behind a fence at the edge of the hiii. tu rettireuce brigade or^aui^atiou. position grew momentarily more precariouj-. owing to his wound. hurry on the infantry before he wai? overwhelmed.d. and formed on the north siic the road. but still the brave men pu.. this tlrne began to arrive and take positioa The 7th Indiana ol wa. took position wherever need-d. occupied position some time. his regiment. told hiui he would be on tlie field in tweniv minutet>. intent on saving from annihilation tne cavairy.ile> in '^un. Browne. under a 3corchm>- Gi^-neral to«'d on.-ienger Grier-on dispatched back in por. they were almo. sharpshooters ol the enemy.s to As hi. The reginipnt was ordered to lie It down to protect rhi. some fell the road 6Uu stroke. and kept tlie till it arrived on ttie field.«kirmi. Col. him hf Could not hoid his position but twenty minutes longer.-uet nae«-. the t^ngHgement ttie oe'tweMn the enemv and Grier. The Col. and advanced half wav up the and a . The w^re formed on its crest.

''1<:: .:: • ' 'Uil I».r.ri« -).:'// .'. 'O ^H .ioO wiT I •.

show-^d geiier. Sunonson was n.'is when uJ the mules naiiu'. could eioss the •>w:i. «.'<1 d.^ train canje down hills and 'Tossed by the n^ad.'^wnrnp between twu The bHiipfa.-'ed columns against Everything theiu. iitlemrufd to r'^'id.« among them Lieat. bearing the iiatiou^t! colore.n|».t. was prohnbly nev-r betore on a battle Half a mile from the cros roa^ls. the other cavalry re^imentM liavin£T left tli"- rinld. .t^^ouable ineompeteni-y.tNhip of the hishc-t order.s. ani dcbver tii»* at the t!i: enemy the m. [-oared a deadly ty -five fire i_toits rank. To niake th:nt:s wor.siSHnlv into lu of ihe enemy. witnp-^sed by the 7th Indiana. that the moiuf'nt the rei^imeut thai the reb-^l line bi' and dre3=e'l in the I'ederal uniform. ot the bat^iraae train.srafi'''H fruiii the train. '^he Maj. m bis tront \ Ripley. ram the back. 'A'icL their Uiual perfi'ly. acrojf? the crosi^roails. The IftPt scene. The M ij knew. artillery and . the hill neare.-. whilr Staij^c-. tew WHgf!!is crosswise with the \v. The withdrawal of the cne 7th presented u splendid picture. the it orficer charge a.u-k lioin the Bwjirap. hut tre. Wuen it cUHrje a back w.liivt-n h.>u. The it. and J'A :L. toward and wh-ii iSii- within a short di-tance. crm^ed face ! th*' fence un the while retrei. !>'> muc road-beJ» and couM lui'Vi-d. on m>t iierrins. don-? bv Forrest. rond fell complerelv the hands blo"-k. The tr-m wi-' to riie lear. and nr-ce. therei. and \n like manner hie'l at the tear.iw <>r<lered to w'l'hdr..eJCpecT-d.i^i). rebt^la. enemy till th^ front line had tiiken a nvw position tu when it w<^uld reiir..y . . and oi-i-nrueii iieaTiv all of tiie rcuid The lines wei« ..-Col Pool and Adjutuit M^oly. luanitested norhlni. m^n of the 931 f^ll under his tliat tire.lOo BEYHSTU IXDIAXA CAVA LI'. Y.ui' rei^t nt iij.v and wheel? of thn wtrre mire'l.'e ordered evoi-y oth"r to -:.V'^vt' but that was bein^ n<»t a -h'rt ni /V. the dittert-nt Ibi'ij^adw arrived.t^-d a few rod = ahout. cnarch^^d a regiraeut. infantry was forrae<I on the extreme right. ot infautry Fonvst. to becui-si- save the it'-d with the Wiiyiin^. was a . from st-en its position tifld. ad Wa.i:i<l f.icd muv<rmt-:it.-'v ail 7th Indiunit.i-.i. hurled mn-.-trately.d i. mentioned. He a hill.. and defeated and ruated tiiein iep.

•..... ( ••'••tjm .•-.. •. I • *> ."1 ^--">T» .. ^>f^ .J ii« T> •.•'•«<» -.

ive tlu-fu and save tltem. when got th^ir n<iei- wef^ iMupeilel crossing to ^-fir^ qiu.s ger of som'^ the eompanle^ being captured en-7'na<se.tthed m. cut the mules il." ar.. r-nd fhroneh too willow. and the ^-iiemy's guns plunged thrci^h Th^^ _ tbem.n zo the reur. ^ad the orher retiring.s streaming by of its mMr>h. hnt oniv >^»'d oti'^ or two men could cros? at a p^rt to Th'. I!c ui'iered Glea. to halt some men and lorui v^'ud.<used rlolav. every mtn was ruut. tdie When vxh of their horses.-^ >rHrtr-. SiDionson Therefore gave the order for each tbp best man to get WAV he '"he could.imping the horse' over t'r rhi:-» A tolerably good rlaee loiind tnri'^. Ttie uien broke ranks. Cogley of rhe 7th Ii.<7.>'v!t.t rh^ir horses the field. r.CUXTCn'^f EX?r:DITIOX.n comptrn^d a in irre^t of the regira-^'-.s that fiing'-tl the banks of the it.-. in the way..' wa. be?ide hiuiiolf with e-xoitecient. t^-iimstero.r b'i.-. to -i— k. one advanoins.pp side. that there wis dan^ia. of .-i> tbe company " anil weak foot.done so hurriedly. men and rh- of the TtK Indiana raa<le a rhe ru^^h for them. - purpose.^clv.. to sit r.^ be.'lv-lv rver the ^en'^e in The t-^o -xerp in full view on the open L-arb^nes lield.. v.idly from the wagoris.d Lt. acroti. Stur^'es -viLt.d from their couipanies. but in contuhion the r-jLorucnt was the only thing that nn that \iay. e. in iiis Ti. bevond Irom that the control othcer*.M on The wa. o" the hill. Trie scene ensued beggars description. tn '. The r<^iri. wa»> j.'liaria.. jumped mired. to cieur the i crer-k. ppurred their horses into and over Some into it of the horse.-on '"'cpany "F." f-.'/a jcro. column of iiad fours. inlitntry half an hour.c.. cro. and ddihed creek.r.dl Th-..? Hrmy was now the wagons in v/hil« sh"t in tC'ta! thfsii. and speedily vaulting into rhe in caddi"S. that the it men p*^parated '^aii=:.e entir.ment it. But in less than pioper place. Blue smoke cur'ed up from the rauikeis on the and from the within a few on the other.-hepled to rhe left l<»ave field. and ^LouL down eVi.xposed the tire ot the enemv The rebels were pressing so of cio. mounted them and every oue '. 'oosfc the mevirible curse of a defe:ite'l army. riding drjwn 'ju-n. t'hp r<5h<»l'5 lin^jc 107 pnr.'le.seiy.

!'•• ol 1.- . '-I .M • :< 1^5 r.

ol It was e(.^iiug their aruarinition. others thr<^w themselves on the ground. alter tht-y had surrend-^red Tbisneived theru wicu :he cueigy or de-^pHU. if who well knew that thpy \VL>u]d be shot wirhout to mercv captured. the color>-d truops. re-i. Tiie Trh ia-l Indiana w. dijvred int.U ui''iitii.' .-^ -till in the rear.-i made ui tins n tue rnor LLni colored chivalry the brigade. it encce^ded bffarae ^o tb-^- momentarily lari^'e checking the current. a:ter exh.-i^-il tie ja^Mk«: iit rebel :avHiry.\" from Hi'"" h p"Sitli. ana in-.s shot. The pndt' ol tormer LuiuWialed by tae suld.^ollierville.i. pass. hv threats.eiiV i. trt.-'i Memphis a :ew .xes ot thrir dtad comrades. when compelled agony of despair. got >eparafed of tb-- from t lie aiiny.-.mrry The colored brigade w.d fellou's.-.u Ui<-' Cu.a.n^-ived tiie with Unatjiited It ior was U? divi'<iun Jur. Tte'ift officers. and the it. bii-. (jt the 'l^te! mination of the Tue puor ai.. to ^et caitridu'es fruiu the uo. thai a coiice.gueirid. ier< all way atnuir tr<.n!.~iy. ran about the hrld.s le...-> rhe tiiat ti-dd Another body Slier.-> to w.:'. told of tlie Uiry of the uiislaught. themsclve. hiftitiny turiou.Umu ul . Ir saw some of meuii>t-r.-.i. i=oon norhina. A body of col'iivd rro^p-^ tiie covered tiie retreat t-nttle of ritreen t'- tiumlred wliiie sold '. iiud l.tii.\itment uf.igc ^etwr-en the >foiith Mild tue Wa.d. «orae knelt down and prayed. and sijobed the greatest m After the stragglers ha<l gonf on the crest of the hill Viy.iay8 after the battle. and arnV'. Ir broke through line and rushed wa. the 7t. Th^ repeated yells of the rebels.h Indiana was retfL-Hting form'='d facing the eti'^mv.t« -oon or'i'^vd lL..-p>ed Ali'iiaii.pitiable to see the colored oldiers. 's^fuiiy toiie(l ol "j.rid ioad-d loniiicc rebt'i down w:th bfdVt^-y. but resrrain It it. hult. nonld to the rear.dve oia.ui.lOS attempted that to in SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY.rn .-- crashing volieyj^ from the detetice.riidr.ick k.i latter.-.cann'mad-'. and ^''ompellp'd to ^rand at tht- under a furioi. and the i^.-J b'-ardeii the HmLautiitiuri nam of a.|UaiiHe.. the general Fi'eauh. ctdebra'ed liatied and birbarous afi. carrnil_.

i-i.J iblOl : ..... ir ->'» 1 •4 •. .- . .'I- HI 1 . .. ... vMi« ..i.!T .' .

would jump fVoui th-r-ir ho..-l .ie o. alitor too it had brr-ii tro.lmost starvm^^i. Even the Th*^v tb^ir an.icii oth'-r. iiid . <nit when.- apl urrd. and the w^nt «|pep. Porn«» the arrav hgrhtinj: in througb At ? rhat place henvv ocr-nrred between «ide.rion. ila' >npp!h'?^ iit-ai. The ot rt*rrp«» w. to sleep. nnd a.raiis puff'^red tor Mnd <i''ep .iumli- 1 A'liu fould iii«t ride on their hor<<^« weirt t'a[>t.' liir^m. At riaylifrht. wa< rhf^ tjiave Joel H r. tiiat.'. and awoke into the- to tind thcin^elve!- vn-oner^ Many ot ruerrt li-ii hanuH ui r^ie meiXUt.v-( ^'o-S'/Vw/^.^ Gennral y.ue owntM?? oornp^-llt^d to the plod alon^^ on M*'iy "!? men that* di^rnonnrec!. au'i the iintbrtun.)i)if to fr.>'es and Hcrabbj^ tor it.« of riitioriH.ut'j Uie luUu by t'-et. EXPEDTTIO^r. FrtTjiiently. hv the fi^timies will asi^ert the h^irtle.-'. and was coni^tair-ly annoveil bv rontinii(-<l th*' enerav till nenr (^ollierville.-.*:. to i-iuiitv I'luiiiijs dropp-'l a in pi^-oe h. AmoiiL.<upp'it^.)d-8i(ie. tht- men r^-ar . that there Wa-* Forru'st piii'.h "ihor 'hiiai^h tie 'r»'rif.^. ol Th«= ra-^n wp.iditv ot the . nnhori-'ing M. /tt.6UXT0WN r'^ the took the advani^e. the a <oidier in into Ciirnmi his ins hiri. p^o^prl 109 Riplev. Ni't w. Nrttnre ot her dt-mands. •ta.sf^^nding rhn tell pre-f^n'-e d-^ngp)-.- tn<^ 'n^n.ll.u:u'e.i^r. and trihi' r**!- i"n a^ a ^.)^ raivh a.n cold blood.'IdaT.•! arti. t\\f hor^^pe.- Forre-r »']v^nrf and the intantry. apain't e.Mt'er-'d hnu-^e. ami frequently fVll. men went to °ieep in thp and w-re|'ed . whi> wh.i-Hi -HMU'hT. hav>-'ry. •li" Ixfit 'ntiif- wt/MD-rrain.oTt..« liii- \u rlii-i a disii^ra'-eiij! ^'•d'l'at. bf-iiind.u\<i Kf^-iii!^ It.UTV. iind trotn their th'^'m.-' . In Ortliie oi .//'.re norapletply exh^'n^r^d'. no tirur to t^-'irajj. [U-^i' -e tde tQfii were>='d rid-^'-s.y aii •.- •Tai'kf^r not ia!2er than an inch sijnure. (--Hv^ilrv' whi'h borh lost he>ivuy Frona Rirlev. owins a to th.s.!aed 80 viudiftiv'eiy.pi»^ii on bv r-^-^f «Hdi"ile. Inid down hv the ro. with t-tnp. LTdfri'ui:!^ JtU'l Were ujurd-^ivd . The wagon-train.'ou-t-. tlie Tla Iinliiiua>l i'n>-ttier w^re ahnndnned. toot. >-5ip"i. \vu. ot" tu-^ nor^eH Th-'*sf i'-ft the w.iDV ot tiieia nM.-ti ni^ht and dnv.j=.ack invi.

.. n • .- . . I ' • •• "'j '' I 'i . 1([V . .

s-roa. wJMt'^V'^r.i- The or fr"rn >l.M>t.inu "h^' re.lrj. Very Re.- v. Co) Shr..k>-. And wriinc from '^ol. Miid wh. 16.n. >'ni\' .<ii to 'h. for v.Mf in phi. th.iiieipon. I resppf-rtnlly but piinHitly request that furth-^r si'-Tion in th-se ca-<e« b"^ '^topp'^d.jn .-' puliti al advanr?m:nt A^rhon^h.nk. i.. Froro fuu^ht mos: 2. comiaHndm^ From th" from ch-* ::i or_:. grVEXTH INDIANA CANYLRY. on the 10th inst at Bi ic--s-(Jro>*^ time sin:"'e ". hut l\j\.•n.t ?<>uit. I sm pure that ciicb brave m^-n can not fail to b'^come.s to .uii^s t^lta<.-ner eye to 'in. r*-j/>ir<h'd 'tii'd'-m mjiU.!.tiif- . to les. --xr^-cf. (. Com'd the ^.>d / that Col. Waring.f^'ifir)ii n-^rimenf till its i-iarn \vjs thfi following complimentary recognition o{ rbcof ir.-.ij. in all respects h'-iirs TWO gttod officers. and had in Coni^re._* -hou - not .-i" to a tr-r^un of hr.i. ppoipfiline* n'Pfp F. -fuiie ioth.tiv aijainst sn]ierior t'or'"-es. Lienteiii^nt-Poionel Bi'owne 'oinmnvimc to the in>t private.- Col shanks^iicuent.1 C'AMf AT WiiiTE STATi'i^.* to \V.'. Hkad QrARTFR<^ First Cavalry Brigape.if :l iront.-^ pr-jv.i'- ttie ?}i. .s in . or to thi »-.' control.iWed anuther opporiuaity under pi ope.-'"il. b<='e- home. Cav.j'm-'Mt aiming h:-i ! no prrson .id a ke. Geo.-- h.spfOthiUy your Obf-lient "^erv. Mi^^w-rppi. ^nd thev w^re or'l'^reii to appear herore ^ Militarv Commission for ex^minHtir.q. soidierly in the extreme.oii. and for »"'"• . at Sh.uv (.110 Ttpvr l»iir<=>l = . fact.-l.<Vri!rv wur^ in iictiou nniier uj\" 'oniinan. Tn inf^titutinii rh'^ pvoceelrna- referred . from front to to tiiic' re.<tit cOiiol.n=ti''utM apsinsT several nfnrpri ot thp 7th [n^iiana Volunteer C:^v3. Col. . io64.-< otii'"er.-norn hr- a dis'..'.aiioii.iir/:ati(jn ot tlie tr. \V:.> l^t hrifinde. 4tii ilo.tii C'-ti. th<^ir onduct '.-.:ici. C." f''.'ier'* be rerurne'i m'^ Th<^ 7th IndiiinH 0. th. ami rhe an. Col. t<.shifted f!a). witloiit any toiirMJati.v:ts bnlli.:ini. Waring. a poI. Jr. 'v."^ ahovf th:'.iri: irr.'-i-it.tutlv •-onuotirtd of it.Mni. if ull-.ittin»'J \\\t:]iiz re:ir to reiriment w.''<T.propi r di. the oha"'::^ tL It he nr-^de-'ted H!iv of his duties as a fc"!d. Col. tr.TTil. y Bv mv afrion. coniiT\aTi(1.-^'df.-.:n.H. E.!:e hic^ H prete::-i.-./.

-lO .Iff-*!.r I :: . I i n{ .:. .! lOl' I'Ji r J i' ' «• .. •- ! I' -CP . X-^ TiM ' '.

For honi-->. under eommand Col. comm. yo'xr hcnorahle e-putation. under to urder^J adverse ciroums''anC'rS. on of the retreat Okolona.tway.! it by j\ private of the 7th th^^ who rod« him. cerviceo of General Gi ierson recognized the galbint the "th Indiana. Smith's failure.(l ma even almost a vicrorv. of to be a-i comparative security s'tatHd. y'. anil huve ja^Hti. H. Shanks. infant rv. di'i !»aid.tiddle. repu!.^otdiei-s 'rum ca[«tuie 'lavf umlijul thi. He was LID to reminded of piar-ei. and. Geu. :tgain. kuowing the truch reprove not get arigry with the soMier or him. Ill brilliAnt fould be the relie>l on in nny emergency.: G'JNTO'. alid turned his heen intu v</Ur cuntu^ion fellow Yo : iv Iwroic persever.-ed the charges of the euemy"'i -. i?j 0* u\\. 7i and allowpd the 4ib Mispouri to pas.. vour prompt deteat and unflinching courage.'^jfHults the you mer his i-aVHlry. he alwavs pU^'ed the flantj-^r.>ur G-^neral i'onjratulate^ vou upon vour noble conduct again-^t durme the late e.^ routed. of a portion of the odium attachiug to brief. 22d of The conduct of froia regiruent on the the Ft-bruary. relieved it. but dul not come. when he the reg. in savfd the trreaTer portion of hi?* army from captur'* A regiment that could dirht so well and accomplish so miica.lonel." the 7:L The follewiug liidiaaa cavalry 19 iti the otncial report of the Crt:#uuhiea of this expeditioa and battle.t'd cunhdcnce and 'ntrU<:d the htifk e^ttein of uour coinuiunuer. whv. ^ aring''^ iorcibiy everv act =huvv*^d that he had mor» in confi'l'^nee the 7th Indiann cavalrv than he h^id h'^ own reg-ment. .ui'-e «iaved Vr-u {•jlUij hundre. mu-si hnve had an able commanding Col. in au order.VX EXPrDITIOX.l-! of to . truut out of daiiyer.ment in rearHfttM' Sturtie^ itrm\ wa.« to the and a>^ked him. Fighting overwhelming obedience numher'^. lu which the following complimentarv lan- guage occurs " Yt. chat he wouitl neiid the 4rh it Miasoun back to the rear. in officer.xpeditiou.-inding the le admintion nn toot. The Cv. und. but as he rode . h in po<ition?^ of anrl hi'^ own regim-^nt in pUve-'.

-:' » 1 ..(.... ''illJ a '. 1 1 .r> .. ..

June i-i. MeCaim. \V.<e^.s. Adain G Killed.Siaikev in lee. Tiniothv Keilev.^intj. . but he will be i^t-nt t. Frivart- Lvm i. im Lieut. Serg't John Mar^-h. Kennedy. J. Wiu. irJei g'c G-o. . Rdin Jjivik^i. Col. Tliomas J Updide. Co.iny Tciuj'le. N\'onnd>-d.veie oo/nprlied Co leave him some iwenrv-five mile-. ^^iiOiiider Juui'^everely '.'^h Mi--!- CoLVpanv C — Killed. . Mis. Grav. Co.. A-sbiirv Long^'^.' i'\pi-ditiou lor want ot ho.'*ide . Cainp'. Te-vn. Lieut.siighrly.-. Jolm — K— Wia. W — W Nelson siiontiv. Camp White Statio.->rlv to Lr. Seth S. Baker.e Very Respectiully.. F^^rdiPhilander Un'ie! wood. Lieut. Edward Gray. Jo~epu Walker. Company W M— Henry K Z'>"k.-re!7. lu l(ett iutiiJ and flhouMer j^I'Ic »f^v. M. Killed. Mi. T M. Mi-i. M. . Hnriey. in right miid f veieiy. Uaivin Gnton in — M m *li2htly. H— Wounded.^-lng. "r.sev^relv. D— E— F— pL. We . Wounded. the ij.-^irig. in the nukle.s Coinpn.-r. Gideon Cviapari'j \V.vimiidtfd that We >.alentine Beckt-r. y. iind':'d oti the held. Hiuu. Jaaiea H.-st-vereiy. ^er<z t R Corp. nr. W. Th>-re wa. Mi-siug.lkt. Elliott was . Loui> Gercnnn. back. Thouia. aud Actix^J Adj t. V. Win. Lewi.e.»ui'cef<Jed in getiiniJ LU'.^eveiidv Vancaiu}i. Reed. II. C'Mtioany L B'^atly in thigh -ir-wr-^Iv. ^^mv J Coilin.\L'Mani. Uriah G. Jo. Capt. uinded.Sing.-i only a detaohcQenr of «ome H40 '<f the regim^-nr in the engagement.v..s C(i-mtv BiuWi. in Smith. Vance . . Wound'-d. NL. Col. Company Killed. Ci'inpany I Killed.^:-»l tliiiJa . He^:ton. "i 1664. ^L.junded. John Q. Fini<. A — Killed. Olney N Rttts. near Memphis. Coiiipnny tJeld. P.112 sevexts indiaxa cava.>< Oppero.danoe being uuauU to accoiu(>Hiiv (h<. Mi-^i^ing. Daniel Hlnd^"d. G-'-. Knupp Crrapanii Comjiiiny nniid Saniic. H ? Elliott. Browne. W.-t <if ovir w.]iihn.i. Amlrew Lai<iu .*iriy. Gtr-'jitj"' B — Killed.tpt. Corp-. L'.l. (Jurp.i Company ing. George W. / FIELD ANfP LINE WOUNDED. arm.\li.'r ai:d brougiit in under atiag of tiu. Mi>^sin2. Janie. E.Slight.-^nine.'ey Davi.

I4'»< .^> '- \:'\i .•1 // .

. which could onlv be opproached by passover a narrow cans way.i tl»e sau^ition ol -•'•' of the iowa rej. \V. We moved forw ird at once. CAiiP AT LiciU.iuient uu ti^e bridge comin. I -t-iit Gen. tie'] < ^i!e? to the south of .- procv-.'ic Nothing occurred of particular interest bes'ond the u-^aal in:ii'. ts iiupo-sibl>. The official report of Lieut. u. and for a short precipilatelv ir. Miss..c -giuieni mounted. "-.imation th ^.'ard irom the re. ooO strong.:r regiment was ordered forv. :ae •'M : obstiuateiy cvnl(. E. A. I 1 -^ White Station.he engagement that ensued at that place: The regiment.-stcd a further advance. 113 . the ':iemy retiring.. S. wueie w- -*mued for the nii. as to ihe part taken by it in rh^ te expedition of Gen. It proceeded witiioiU serious interruption to St. Browne is here given Head-Quarters Seven'th Indiana Cavalry. ai:i '. BSOWNE'i OFFICIAL ItLPOHT. "lurges was tired upon by a small party ol rebehs.he l. 1. / A.-st iusC.u. but be:ug iuirijeil. •'h ». .^th in-t. T'hc regiment w at once tormed in line. • t' ihrougii the town. June IG.j MeetlUif the CoioCi-i bev'ond that place we return- with : rejuining 11' lore-. '•^ckerville to th. cavairy l. in command of Maj. G: herewith respectfully submit the following report of the 7ih iudiana Volunteer Cavalry.- oA- dark.COL..!er>' uii . It v. uU tuc =ame dav at i.'tits of scouting and lorragiug until our arrival at Kipley. which fact delav-d for a f<-\s' tuomeuts our advance 'rriving on the i^round we Wfie ur lei>'d tu take a position oii -e iett of the roud and to muve irom theuo-e forward and carry ^^c hill. A. on eveninif of the 7th inst. at whicii place rue advance of Geu.. at our approach without hrin-' upon us. but met the -mounted hor. . 'Jn the . at which place 1 o\ertook the command.ipieV. on tiie aftcr1. • i.tvmg enyiged rhr-m in a siiaited skirmisii au hour's duration. and bv hi~ retired.a"..Cter .-ion to the front.r-d I'oi. Siaousun. and Suiue tw-^ where set-uriug an advantageous position the crest ot a hill.. Miss. 1S64. Sturges to Brloes Cro^. A portion of IL- Iowa cavuhy. Vezin. aud having failed to drive the enemy. A.- i^dlei ol Kait^ maneuver t.Li. fi.or the cavahy Vi.em. Col.-! of sucli a char. occupying on the morning '^l '.'.jit di-^taiice kii Mo. '. hi?) command our a sii. Tne iiio'ind upon the letc Wa. Griersun oi. 'they made a st^it.jon of the loorih 1 4th) insi. -euifri dismounted and moved forward to the lidl. joined the expedition at thi.:om marshes and ditches that it v.' '' the rear.

• i : I .A '- . .]l .!s! •'.tu*i .

sition \vaweil selected.l r.p.ruortinsj them.-r leavin-f rh'? c .! it nurub^r. ^hr..-r ptjsiti. Tn-' w. ttl arr-r on-^ io.tiir ii'>. cavalry. I'.Mi . n. and that u'lve ir. in rh-- Tiir'.l. tlif. ea\alry.d this p'i«:uii>n ''•ur sorn.-:..d .'.tf a~-isran'^e was iiupo.l t'.-- di^nicn.- 1.. Th^> re.ii«L-overed in lorce in po>iitiori l>iu a sliurt di-'i-mce lae rear of a fenfe and n-*vini: a larut' 0[-en rield l)etwern u= .n vit^s after l^i" . They t'j ii.ii> hnavy f-r.rt rani:e. -h <v*"i-^ '-.nei* Iff .ue 'ih«' atlvaricinc! rauidlv rallied to i>.-'.>r>i{ < han^-'ry.ilf. iriov»^d to o'ii.': instrnctol ii. which was upon our immp-iiate !'4't.iue t'ie -ii'Muy ric. AV^ring'^ order.v 1)0 I "nd a bn^' di'Oov<T.-- intonaed in in ot av. bv with w '' - of bio reyiuient w^sorbi-'! up n »h't Si. and a h.itniu the whcrc\veir- hl>oiiTs of tht> etiHiny. --.-l. whi nricrade.n l. !.sim'c! f^d b'- b>riy to rho fv-^rv .>-i. but wa.ur ncrh'.e fence auii rt^sfrve ti -ur wore lire nnnl rrdcin:^ 'iiie'jred to \'hr- 'dus^ : e' eiuv -ii. Widli^ tli-n' were iib^ent rlie euemv Irom us o:i iLiC left h:iud road.^i iini-^. inmiediareiy in front "^f which v/.wti-c* >fiit t'orsvar'l. mi.Hl-'.ii.' t!.attack'-d thein wirh a -avilry foi'-e only.xi ri-unp riihr of 'ii- A' h-. W.ti:n«> . Captains P>i-anu. of iw were hold.-ri occupied lav In" to the last extierairy.-.'-n.-ira- tr^n <iei li was f n^-idp pneiny upon the exri^-m'-r of the lj')l'->n"i Oommandr. the en^-niv .i aud Sliootnak"!.-h-'i lisi..:'. 1 mv /in onru'ind . Tiie enemy o-^rupied a strong positiori on a wot^dc i hill..dlable man the brigade. k'-^p-. V. <ti..P.'] fi nr -i v-^rv livi^ly lii<-(r'''-^«-ri).id.V at r.'d rb.' a ru'irnent. !. by i 'ol.•. tftv men. f:.lU Oil tki. heinu' in th-^ e'ii:^ "fa L'rove 'Ui elevated ground i:i . i.<:i the enetuv. so tl'.-j>:. h hour\oi\'j h*^'.-n^e tl^'' >^neiuv v. 'u r.'o.-tron-.ri^.'.^ rwo proached iront'ery of rh^:.:'d--d >. LOa.- 'h»^y could ov'T'.-'-uld have 'o pa-s to atta -k i!>.tve . '.id twnf infmrry s' a swamp. SEVEXTH lOrh iii*t.iid 1 .L'ir:^ rirjdy .vh-lrn us '--n'v v. Jo-m M.-^. The cavalry forces werw movi^d into p"-iTliiti ]-e^irafnt wa< piai'i^d liv dir-^i-tioii of Col.^-.-silil^.'.'inierit was dismounted and pi.'-th n'::ubf'it-d al-o '. our skirmi. Warin. <nppO!-tin<^ tli'^ li. J.:. 1 * i We . the rii?ht of the r.^'-7_ p.nt ro !:!y that ho had ah>'aly <t:spo--od rhnr a lorce ti.»rc>''n?n tl:!. p'^'nr.: commandi::'. on Tnj-elo road. wlta if pos~iljle. would have iierra awaited tii-'M in "ur po-^iriM-i.ianil on tho e. on Tion.^':\:v rr.e i»» rhe p'-^T'. I^-DIA^'A CAVAT.i> o.'r.wing.sirion couid not be rein!.oin (_'. w.c iCtriupting io turn our re^jiuieni wud .ed in ihe Jv»v oi rho i*-nce and skirrai^hers thrown out into the u}>-' tihU in fn-ni.<j pir h.-kir'U'-^her.4rh M'j.. wMhout At r.'Uid be a !e:r. While bv rhe> this w-.1 N... rul afrer we n*^. Ey t'tii-? t'.i> op^ri -i.rai. rij^ht. ^ver r}. '. The po.


.-:-s c. .!.'df.'"'''• '_".'i^! with the eneiMV '-intii be in ^luin^fi the ivgiuient near the wa-ou-tiaiji the re-ir of :hp v.d-- nd M-'iv.« po.'ie ci-..\er.-: c.r i'.file.!-•'• :>'. botli on t£u ileid a.a y..i-id rhr.r c:ht sn-l soon the '-oniliet lieiara*^ lesporat'-.:. i5.n-i5 --o intf'rvenp'i betweeti thoir lirr^ .-iKi '. no i-K-an-.!. tliat onr men ' in a few in-^iance^ <Mnp]ovevI rh* of their r-M-bines In vf'.^i^tincr their a>\\^iiC'-.. . Wright a-id Hubbard v.i ' -.-e-v.ts piar. iu f-'Cins M* i. ap the nevr i. ^'* """ ''.'i.w-^ w^nb-'intunlcp..?r a h^avdv .c.!. Wa-ing'^. oj th.-.ic-'<.! l.. riUitig bad: o:: the Kipley" ro-."o f^.K ic i'lan iic^l 1..d .-.t.i::i: ''o'iif"^rii":-ii.veiv cx'iiiii.?iu fall horore o:. At fhl.. •' :.5ir' \'V^ b.s..'h.r: .-r. I: and '...:.-'pir:ija l-./e Mianv of th. id c].nt enpiQV S'jf!eredr'evo!e]y a...^ ^•r. I tuitied ^-v-:- to Mai.... f'l^r 'M. ^Up-:...j.- upon ' leavinir the held at t'tu^ '/ros>-r'-'ad:. coouir>> and bravery.-.. We had raainrained onv o-r.n a >iior: li.a.enf reriear.'.y ' ' ' '.sran»-:T -rja^^-ii by the en^mv. ir w. ordered to Tali whioli aud we did th.idit.< we c-onhl . t<.or...y r.l. it f^^r-IIu^r {r-o .M(1 onis.: to wa? r-on?faiitlv eo'^a-ed sku-mishiii- wa.iand of Capts.-adr.. •. w <^ (.i.. r->-f. i..•.::::i. or d. rh'* leit..<ler nw -omi.l to rake ^h'^ ri-riiii-i!t and r6l'>iu -}:.'ie mile o'l to th^- r-ar.itrs and In-l-^o-l r]n.nuer in coiumai-.p:.t^Tiue io. 1!]-. iie . 'lank to o'lr thi>. As our'' o. '' " ii.-.'? ' hold lln' en<'MV r<. t.-on srM:r on !ii.-. and a::ivod eawiv at Coi!ieivii> \-. P. i ! i:2.:!!. r^avH': t-r Mt^:.^ ^'''' ''"^*i'ii"i-.-.• i ^"Whilp r!!i-^ wa= ^roorp wlii-li h-d }:o th" briua de..^fhi-e hours and the .h„'^ •.•^i..^re infantrv '.-d '• (o /iOi-s^c' iin<|.' '''"'.--v Arr^vin.= .m '-K.c-. It soon Wcamo eviJc:it that.>.T_»h:'(f. . i-. W r!: tlie le^idue of our ron-e^ .r-^:! po. the ^ .t.< a. '.lelt to oimb.-ri'-d !-.... -^'o. ba.'.••T.o r.^ '•r.^ovnir>'"r •i" Jtin.r^ two bau.- !'it:. J It ti>-)t .'" i..mpossible.-ani? tlie ! :iiiirdero!i«..i-d^-r (d'-ii.u:.:<'..:^ an-l that to uold wur po-i'.i. wii^d '/if ii)*ar. Th...-.i 'he «u:.ant!y skir'uii^binor ibr about ^ibr.'ffi p!i.'ir a iprr v.e-vd ba-'c.. r--.<-! t-:.iun iniich lone^r would ne -.and for r^.ri v. Maj' ?iui3n-. ir bi fb-^ wa^ rva/- ot^.....t.ii ihcT. -Yii 'OiWui-d in lijie i.ur.] on iho rl.. rhp f-'ir beiiiff r-or.Kri-. .ui'0 C.c: b. vi-r-vrr^ jnd^:!7-!'^ut.!:-r .. posit'nn.^o in "• • ..iu iMt Np'-al.d.liii-r.-.!i.• :uf.\ :h^ ..'t-d •:. ri-L.j Irii soiii? ii.-d in the adT-n. I aai are:-iTiv iii'l^'oted.<7 "ij - 1* ^-^ •:•.rry came up wiirT..} i approa -h n=.-d Kip'vy at mnri-L dHyli-bt of tb^ '"• * raoirdni.d.-ueiay'i fire at sucji shoit vmue e.rt lii'jn in the cre^t of a h^L conuui-id .


kilie. R-M. To name sorn^ when all -11-1 ri.ers atpt.^C. Lihott U. Thos. ^ ronuaHn-l lo.llf^ /V a-t ot t. :.^omman.i..^=.. S. -xo • woviid hp „nj.t.-rv. ^Mi the iine niii.> 1 o: \viK>rn \ follow. wounde. .. bnt h.-k to canip.^l.• mi^sin- 17 - -ry your Obedient Servant. yet be bro^ebt satelv to rh.i..' forwHr'lM.irAr.^ . -V.s ^ionn of To. Bro^tnt. Lt.eir rlutv .«^ arul mon of tbi. . !-.^^dLient Jani.i:_v.>. -E. M.i. Elliott of' Co ..ip SXVEN-TH INTlAyA CAVALRT." u-ere ("on seriousk "M wonna' were unable mnv A i'.t Our to bn:. havp heierotbi-.^ .Tfi.] in r-eimAnt.i. Comd>.

/ .

at Tay>p1o. tf^rf-d >i*t'ir..XPEDITIOX TO rORT STBSOK.-a ijt!:!er P-t Eii' k i-r'. and defeated tliera."d:t.i IJvyi II. tlic reirimenr f->r"!r« ramp at White Static»n and mar died to M. the p.. few -.-.<i{i/) Pierre Wirf — — 7'/' Ref^^'l'^ Drirrn fhrt^->ir<h.ori'.r.ymond. (Tifiinjund "iir-}. i'i.rnpyfl at midriii^ht. and the d'-ov'^ a . On the m'lrninc: of til-' '/t!. force T\-hp.tb''nf and a S'mI spirited ri-ie !. rnarch:>d tr. Ti. \\'.-?!.iin. A. the Gen. Slocura. nti'ler On erif'ount'-r-r-l the lenels Forrest at thnt p!-i'>^.crh th?* tov.xpe'lrion 7th.r^--^ r:. wh'^!'. tf> the J-lw Bl/ii-k~^l:!rint. — IdiIi'iiki. and from there marched a^amsi -Adarus in the nf'i^hbori!'''od of Pcirt Gilxon. th'^ siart-il d'^'.Tilly. in'-indir. where the advanoe enc^'i*. * "^-mbarked on steatnboats. "m . Mississippi.=r 'n transports to \ K. ].o Tth Indi. A'oont the 1st of .C'haftf.-e>t -ma!) bodv of rebeLs rhrc. htindred rebels attacked the f-iokct of .i'y/<-ii Adtr/ns P'lpnUcd at (irayid Gn't Ii"iiin'-„. Ruiinrun Finhl fn p. /if/. ^va= sent d^wn th<^ \fissi--iyipi riv. of t'ie force arrived t'^vo and ramped an t"l!p. in.r V F. Smith orr^^ni/'^'I . th-"- for th"- iii. niohi--.^t Forrest. The next day about jine*!. and from there to I'tiea.\ A3 a co-operative Mfivnt. -I....e n^'^:c duv.-n !i r-'d'^els put X:. d .rs Fi-om T'lira.IA mpiui^.<h of Pnrf Gih.ri At twelvp oVlook nn the 4th of . he a^.Tulv.. 'reti..<i — P^i^tiirna fo ..ina Cavahy. lSti4. cro-sed the B-a Bia^ k.'i!!i'd 'vl' rh-"> "^'ississippi.k-buiq..^ and immediatelv s'arted Hiver.Are hour's lor-inq dararion h-ve^-ai rf-?u]tAd.qn expedition to march the 14th.!•' skirrai-h v. th^ 1st Bri'„'adp. On jt the evening of the com'i>and for th^ ii-^om- barked at V!ck-bnr.


tiio C'^mniand Shank.\\\ ' .ir relre-^ited hv conii'anie?.j- !.. mtkI ot ' Hi'' ^->l. . Al.'i " witlidrcw his force tlipui^h it. tlic after.. Shank.c'i r-rj-^-d the l.h had the p. (' 1 The 7th Indiana Cavalry wns placed in tlu^ rear.L.'=.panv ^ ". . and d'ov-' in p.-irai>i. cf !. { --d to the r:M. p'T'Oried..-^t. !: It w>i" :: formed. a •.i ^> hair.under as.t!id af:cr hsin? thirrv kiii^d T::o .Mc.'^.- ol' :'•: 7th In liana. int •> reeirae!it forru'''d in an anibas'' and. In thi. SIo'Midi.opir^^' ro cli. a i'".fd. .s ai'iToachrd nc-ir enough. tii.'i 7r. .s.At tlie i| retreat was rlie condu'. V EKI H I N r > I A >T A CAVA L RV.- 'I'lie nv-rr. the corapanv in the rear v.-UeT into th^i-j . wii lidr'-..d.'. of rel»el.-:<• i hal er.ont ten o'clock in pi(:k<>t lin-^'^.-oid'l tire t^ a v.^ whvn f«r Utf^r pre.:t . I •liC Fir.i.'ed .. Aftar the troops Were lo.-. which cai.a. I'Xrcut rt-ar tl'- fLa. rlpfeateil a :=ma!l foroe arrl \r-->nt intn ramp near The npxt ''^ the town.n h^ tii" dppartur'^ bv the rinciu'' of rpl>..: • » around I bend in rh. j- rivalry were seen niar<!iinir through town in pur-ui'.'n' Gtn. pri-uuoi* r^l.-o<.1 i o Sr.r slicrhr-'-^t di'o?-di^r \n rde the Bayou. and retire. .•cloi-'i it-l. 2rl New Jersey Cavalry regiment.s. !ir?d a vollev jnro 'him ai nh.' .M i. several in kilh-d.d.". x\:.e ro. a rfnv guard.nianni-r. cl."'incr I'd.ind '•f Hm I . i.r. v. ri'h.>.w. bur me. iiv a.F (h.'-rjjroelr I' '..: th-*^ 'he .! \\\.\(i.FJriira le ci" i^i. tlie rrbels attaiK-nl the -•. \ a . too clo.f pri-'-ner-.:<. Jr r'. attjickfd woll^!d^. tlie m"rniii. rr' .'. wit' - Vvjils the . and r\ "unvcr i.i.>ed rh'-t.m._'. fo Port Gihsnii.ou.-d..irjT-Ml cut oif tho iincu * rear comria:?-i . and >. Bayou Pieroe.=ely.':''v*^:-.. .-l 'iMir'h b'dU.hc. t'le!:^. aud a skiruiisK la-tin..ii'.' • .:. r<^iiriL'ient and the proff-^d' ! ro crosseil Grand 'rucf iKn<\ oaraond. When the ri-bel.>?^ed th.ckf*. whi^h 'he nt-xt wer. t'-'-. h.t.S. for near an tli'' jjciur touk Turj' Col.. marc!i'?il witli (ue reraaiti'ler of iin force to GrHii'l Gulf.' range.:. (hat \\\r' . the next coinpnny 'vc:\ld forra face to th? deliver a lirr '^ir r -ar..- rru r:. aad capture >-<Muiuand theiQ.e Bav'ni. of . ijdukin.'r.[ wounded.- vr-ad- .t .•('a'-.s wc-re irifniin'-'d .-|> mi!^* r.\a!ry.r sr:-0::-':. ha7i':-. leaving thp Tfii Iivli^inn. to . quitted when th'^ th^' . snt /' '[ in like manner th-' reoel.

.l!l<- -1-1 1 ' 7 11/ 'k'> .. ii U..' L.1 ••. . ill .^ •\ • t. i'l-' 1 . II.iuia .

to itH where ir diseuiijarked.i->uig.'k-i. force. i. llw to t h.letermiiied ..'IhNl ol th>- to Tb.jii ro oM 'uLiU White S-ation.ort-. Grand Gulf.i'l d'^i'aited tV. wirh rt'st cOiUiaau'l.iv and maicht'd . and 'o Adutns lii^- \va> conip. . Contian' his entire! his Gen.•<- >:\\.- regiment. Mi^ruphis.I- EXPEMTIOX to roRT K. .U!- Froiu \ icksburg.^:abar!:ed on trin^i. .rve Till .a Mttai/k to and ei- tare the rfmai!iJ»-r Citfions.--0S."rloc-uui wui pi«-pnt with hastily rf'tre-Ht. arlivin^ 'lAiXx of Julv. at tin- reiziiaeiit Went ihe uji tht- Mississippi. and went Vl. tii'.


is F aaJ dn. wL'-re they cuUld piun-'ers tU annoy the wurk on kept tlie ih-- bridje. en- ^a^ement wuulJ tike cher^r in plitce at the th. — men attacks six hvndred and runs them through reb>-:ls ^leinphui — Gtn. t^n thousand meu. Chalmeis was rhne wiih his brigade.v-n and lurnnug lu skirmiah line. it work on t'. TLe 7th Irom Holly the Indianiv cavairy wiiL .-d. point inter- the Oxford road. in town — Fvrre^t raid s — tk-. its Utter the aiitiior Li>jt"!ed to th'* ••oath side.bunn tlie Lardy escapes capture. rest. to repair the railroad bridge rebel The Geu. Fight at Tallahatchie river Gen.l that troops cuul cr>js.<on. advancc." as hrard. Geu.-har{'-sh(julers t\> take po-inot ru ert-ctuallv lurther Irum the river.i and cuiaDelied the /eb-'l . But n. ifdf WaiJ-. and was expected that rompanies.. A.t. t. Shelton lott'i thirty ntaht.- nver. Chahiiera to Oxford and returns to the Tallahatchie \st hnyade of cavilry returns to HoVij i^vrlnas Capt.Chapter VI. and rupted the wvrk on the brid^':? w::h a butt'rrv planted on thr south side of the river. tt'l A t'V lively skiriaisli v. Lc-ri-. aKei nu'-n. while a oii detachment ['U-hed cii to the Ttllahatohie ac that nvci. t\<A ai..l days. with tirtilleiy. fitDtry. JTatch pursues the rebel Gen.i> tu . Tlie regiment arrived L'\v>> the mi'ldlc o'.a-^ up the :ihera'..'C i.innon v. ditc ted at the pio a. recall.e br'. J.-. When il several boum ot c. a cont. regimeat froui Vick-.Jj-t^ progi-essed rapidly. an 1 wa-s so far cuniphjL.ds. wiiLstantlini.ruil. the niiTiht.s on .- Id a few diys after burg. titt — at Lamar Station. L'unn*. reiaru oi the Smuu.6prinL. oulv two Were sii^htlv Wuiini-. The sk.h was or .)ther.. consisting of iustarted once oavah-y and more in search of Forthree or foui He marL'hed tu Holly ^^urings and cauipe«.'hf l>t brii<iide aiarcLed rdpidl' miles distant :hi the ru'-i'.ie to immediatelv cautiuu-Iy.nuous Irma the ieh.

J u -..] i .

sed the river the was ended. but di><:>overing n<:)thing of the rebels. and shout. and after a brief skirmish. crossed the river and started pursuit of Chalmers. i o - I 13 . command of • Gen. . " ! j \ '\ j shooter was seen to descend from a tree as if a ball had passed dis- . 121 fire at j A rebel sharp-shooter " woulJ the men pio- i on the brid^^e. The companies of and went into camp with . opened a brisk ' and seemed determined to oppose the entrance of Gen. •-tar-ted The '7th Indiana and another regiment p:\ssed through Oxford.^ted their cannon on a hill. a small town two miles . and fire at it. limbering up. and exchaim. "How do you like that. returned to th'' main >'olumn and hivouaccd for the night. The 7th Indiana cavalry was ordered to the front and formed fur a charge. but the rebels did not wait for it. " Oh. Occasionally through the day. would rejoin. ering preparations for a charge. when their rear was hotly opened . . comical character. and opened on discov\ but soon limbered up. the rebels faced about with their artillery fire. Reb ? " The rebels. ' j. In the evening about an hour before sunset. if no damage was done. but hastily south. Hatch returned to tlie Tiill. left Oxford to their lelt and . the Oxford. at Abbey ville. and two miles souih of it. tance. uncomfortably near. with the 1st cavalry brigade returned to Hollv Sprinirs.shooter. HLitch. The 7th Intli. pressed. posted in a tree.EXPEDITION T0_0XF0IID. rebels po. abandoned their position and retreated on the road to Oxford. what shooting!" However. the rebels fire with their artillery. one milef. from the On the approach of the cavalry. the fire. Hatch into the city.diatcliie river. main army on the north bank. Early the next morning. a sharpneera would defiantly retort. and galloped olT the field. under the in '. The rebels then fight withdrew to a safer ' and the serio-comic the 7th Indiana recros. How is tliat Yank?" The i You have got to do better than The skirmishers would watch for the smoke from the that " gun of a sharp-. and the next d iv Gen. The latter was posted river. • ' j Further pursuit of Chalmers was abandoned.

! I' :-.i..'-i.d 1 .an?:^ :f7 ' 9rij L.!•-* . MM i-L ..

he marched Hudsonville. slippe 1 . wiih a battalion of t:-. Skelton with bat thirty men.. that he rerruite'l and commanded when Colonel. but sent Capt.122 SEVENTH IVDTANA CAVALRY.iler part of his ing for the rej':iir army wis I at the Tallahatchie river. to 0. wa. Ab^ut ten o'clock that night. Skelton had the honor of de. at o. believing it to be a Gaerrilla party. and at the time of its surprise. Gen. and was composed of picked men. Col. Kelley retreated to Okolona. Skelton. by a dextrous movement. a sooui. Capt.- From ter. for a time. and retire -and let time nearly one hun^lred prisoners were rallying. sent out by Capt.-^ enterprise. He eu?ountered them at the railroad crossing at the edge of the to'.irchetl B^oi-rest. It was alterwards learned that this force was intended to dasli into Mempiiis.e The rebels lost several killed wounded. Tiiis rebel force was Gen. that the entire force. Capt.' The Captain another lost tiie Author.sent m-rth on the railroad to recognoi- and to liinperse any Capt. wLjie to halted. Forrest's oli regiment. and conveyed the intelligence to tiie Captain. Capt. The full particulars of daring enterprise will be given in the sketch of Major Skelton. an>i arrl man wouu'led. and started in pursuit. and bivoaaccd half a mile north of the town in a grove of young oaks. thu. Capt.s lu command of it. Skelton taken. was on its way there. wounded and taken prisoner. and charged them so vigorously and unexpectedly. Col. Kelley wa. with the gre. Wiiglit of coinpruiy D. waitbrid'_. Skelton with comjiany F Lam-ir Station on the railroad. Capt.1 tearing. discovered a body of rebels enterint: the but the rebels was compelled this to them escape. 7th Indiana cavalry. While at Oxford. a:ter which he m. Smith. numbering six luindred. tiie plan of Forrest to capture that place.<ford.. It was always relied U{>on by Forrest in a (Lmgerou.e of the railroa and tor the arrival oi supplies. was put to ilighl and driven pell-mell through the town and a short distance bf-yond it. mounted his men. Skelton. Gu'-rriila parties Vv'iigiit that might interfere to with the railroad. Miss. there.s. anived at Lamar alont sundown.

<• nn .\i)>P^ 1).•'" in .

killed I'out ten of our m^n in town. and s. i he I'ebels just then were being kept very busy. was shot Iruve to Colonel to a friend. t'-dnral troops. ''•'u'.s 'W-re rallying in every part of the city and sending volley after '••"lley into them. There were probibly eight hundr ed reb.' EXPEDITION TO gone but two square. killed prisoners. The rebs did not stay long.n:r our court room my cot. I h.iy-break. 2' 'i Lish^d into the city.^ Oiir fxrcc- were r. '. Dead i. LiS 123 at armytotlie rear of Smith and a . and him from the city a.c ti '. One bullet took out a window prine a fe'.on. they toidc i?ome two hundred prisoners. '''ese cracking at them from the windows of the buildiriga. Our guard.h rivl 'MOLOv ia :- operation. who were in the city temporarily.'ould lend enchantment to the view' and I uu.^ rapidly as lie entered Browne wa>.i . wlien I heard eorn- mence.. and a very spirit' li tight took The rebs were I'. th^'V did w-ill nor make mu-. was wholly uutena!e. in at the city haii and -inr: vacate in my I position to sive ray >n bacon.s when Forrest took it. I ihought 'distance v. th-^ T.away und.XrORD. The rallied it.v feet from me.T7ded. and took two huiidred horses. Our -icea soon rariie<l and pursued.r .ace from three to five miles from the city.s in town. soon recovering from their surpidse.-jU'ldenly appearnl Memphis. they were.eirly all .pped with i lo>s of fifty or :-. •: [-iiioners.Kty killeil and an equal ncmb-r d.' I was quietly sleepr]. Our otE'.vhat r^bel and hurrie<l into tlie siieet lo see was up.'^rses and men were soon visible on every street. in the city at the time and in a letter gives the following facetious account of it: "I wa. probaiilv nor try a:ioth''r Mimfiii.Jcmr' it all together. that in a military sense. an.-. robbed a cigar st.ind at the Gayosu House and then run like t)w levil.:a two thousand to three thousand at the outskirts. but not until a few stray bullets admonished me that I occupied a position. saw the whole aiiair.s before I discovered cavalry charging on almost every street. few soldiers and captured His stay was very brief — about twenty minutes. It was just at put on clothes my and they got quite near me before I discovered who Having on my uniform and being unarmed.ers.

/'i :\'>iifi 'i )0'>Q1 - id Vi:i' ..' Jl i -vi.

two days later. the iiifantry and artillery. and would have fallen an easy prey to Forrest. and began his return by forced m irches. if he had turned hif^ attention to them. House." There remained at White Station. Pickerint:. by compelling him to flee the city otshnhillt'. yet the laugh comes in against Aside from the complete surprise. where he telligence at registt^re'l his name. dash of Forrest's devoid of any military compelled to 'piit the city in equally as undignihed haste. captured. The fart that they weie not molested shows IMt. Smith received in- Oxford of the ca[iture of ^lemphis. and our Generals Washburn (Gen. when thi>= expedition startand were there at the timt. Washburn. the haste Forrest was in tu get away from liiis it was mu-t be conceded that a practicable joke was played on Gen. while who w. and.s his breaches. Gen. ut rlie cajiture of Memphis. without time to eat his dinner at the Gayoso Gen. Forrest. On the 20th of August the cavalry arrived. were taken by surprise. miiiu. Waahburn) came very near bein>^ He had to run to Fort ed.124. SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY. a jiart of the Tth Indiana cavalry and cf some other regiments. .-mphis. Smith.

•:.iwA .

nd men. Retreats to the Arb rasas River LoHl^. Jnlcrior of Missouri. to Rich'. Smith to Memphis.( ' dJAITEK VII. :i.t Iiid< j'^cndevjc—S': '''. 'iireateain. . Price th':' anil G^n. . supply of artillery. J--:ic>aou - St^te capitoi. Brilliant Sahre Charne Attacked. and C:t7. to the Mo.S'U.nsas. the before it avalry -. and Pursuit of Price <f the Little O-aac. under Gen. thence to Pilot Knob. Uhih-. he compelled Gun. .rwiton. at middle of September. inni'tion of the lebVl forces.vas ordered to Brownsville. After luarLhmg iUi'. for ou the return of Gen. Arkansas. up the jMiisnL-<sipj>i and Missouri ov th. and Driven Acr^jsa the Pivcr. by a. Arkii. Price revealed his intentions by starting north- ward toward Missouri. inSSOUKI CAJIPAIiiN. but. He marched by oceujiysn. . hudd by the federal Gen. •Siiepherd Mountain. believed Little lluck'\va. •Siielby.^sault. foLlowedi Knob. at Bin Blue. on his '^''jth last invasion. and arrived there.c iu Cape Giror(Ji<ni. J/'irrh to IjioLnnsviUe.'- to •'ie Bloomtleld. tailed to carry the latter place On the -uch of September.ed . ndo flu: — — — The I. Pruc towar'i . about authorities at and the State of Missouri. -Steele. he entered the State uf Mis-oun about the --d of September. It is probable that the Memphis. With an army of about fourteen thou3. Chxi--<c oj Price Rear-guard a.e RchJ Induina Fio/ds for the Baltic Wi.s by Price. Lwing tu evacuate Furr to Ironton. Arkansas. Louii.-=.oint of Price.vuud's.-^ St. that proved disastrous to his army and the rebel cause in Missouri. and a good. Gen.. Batesville. Cavalry Rduriis tu St. Jftiisoari. the objective .i. Ewlng retreated Harii. near Pilot •^'ation.ns Pi)Ssc?fsion of a Corv field.nt k — Attack Iicvcrs. threatened both Little Rock.

)/.<v\?.. 1 .

sisriippi near Memphis. where expected to meet transports the t with supplies. food for the men. some cattle that had been picked up on the line of march. were slauoihtered and distributed to the men. ! The supply of rations being neaily lor exhausted.'>nd. when the boat sunk. s lilc-d up the Missi.k.if:i. they liad to camp marched over the greater part at of Missouri. . ami on its the com- btvouact-'i west Col. mand crossed Black Fish Laku.'. that yielded nothing m the I .y. Winslow. and twelve men and Second Jersey. and into the Indian Territory in pursuit of Price. Steele. I men near the centre of the lake. river. whtre it embarked on steam'ooils. thus reinforced. to the Missouri river.ssippi. Karge. Gen. Price.126 SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY.L:.. W. Francis river. but they did not return Memphis. where it formed a unction v/ith the army under Gen. the command way of I pushed on rapidly. shoi'e. and began their march for Brown. men supposed they were £. Five hundred men of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry.J.'enty-five miles from Little Rock. and up it.sville. imruhcd upon B'''Onv:lle. they had not arrived. and the cavalrv under Gen. over- deep. and New Proceeding on the march. 1 At White and got . marched to C ipe Girardeau. •>n tu^ Mis.oing on a five days' scout until toward Little Rock. «u{>plies of rations and clothing.. but the river being low.g . under the The command of Maj.-r-ur' river. in his hurry of the cross his loaded the boat with horses were drowned. started north in pursuit of Price.n. to Jefi'erson Cr. !Mower. where it disemb. Arlcani^as. cros. the it command reached St. E. of the Fourth Iowa Cavalry. and marched to Brownsville. A division of infantry under Gen. who had to eat the meat without salt. on an old fen-y. Simonson. . Winslow. \ The cavalry under Col.^ed the Mis.irked. t " . Steele. The march next two davs was thi'ough a desolate country. joined this expedition. Ou the second day's marcli from the Mississippi. S. TLe command crossed the river at Clarendon in a steamboat. Gen. Tiiis lake is about a mile to in width and very comm.jireriou City too ctroiig fur him to . tv.

.'..Pi-.\ •li : ! V • i.ot .. MIX . v/ . r.M'/A" .^.^ l..^.ill moo :.

of company "F. in pursuit. the Seventh Indiana Cavalry had a spirited At Independence. . s. Col. six and doing terrible execution with the sabre. sabres. prairie.uiJ assutne'l commar." had command of the extreme advance guard. command. Every man in both armu-s Gen. Simonson. Crane ordered a charge. Plea. The brigade to which it was attached (^Winslow's) captured tive pii^ces of artillery. William H. On coming in sight of the enemy.S^aCEI CAJIPATGN. The rebels were cut from their horses with the knocked into the river with revulver. or The Seventh Indiana wa. At lines. and fighting and across it.x thousand sabres gleamed in the bri^^ht thuusand cavaliers swept down on the rebel with irresistible power. Wiuslow it char. At the Big Blue. reinforced by ^\'insIow3 cavalry. The country was a large was in plain view. Crane. at the crossing of the river. Louis . the sunlight. and three liundred {-ri-soners. and a .iri.-t.s formed in fr. army on the who was in hot east side of the river. wheeled. and formed to the rest of his Pleasanton. and captured a few prisoner. Lieut.s overtaken. Winslow's brigade wa. He staiteJ Gen. The rebels. and a The Seventh Indiana Cavalry was in the advance. and put the rebels to flight. in which and were driven from the At Little Osage. Maj. and Lieut.^. unable to wiistand the broke and thern of the key of Pri^'e's position.! cavalry.s led in this battle by the interpid The regiment captured two pieces of artillerv.^. Pleasanton arrived iiorn of the St. the pursuing. oppose pursuit. fight with the rebels in a cornfield rebels lost the held. and charged federals from the o::>. Sanburn. Price crossed one of hi.s ilivisions. coming ba( k.L^ed through the line rear on in his front. Price's rear-guard wa. k>r the forrage. They dashed through the lin'.^anton formed his regiments lor a charge. 127 Gen. heavily in killed. skirmish fled to the river.

« '.11 d.'?•.vLii : •. ..<:W .- 1/. j..!? .! •1 •-'.

'paratmg from suih glorious troojts. pieces of artillery. having traveled over a great part of the State of Mis. attacked. and by its bravery added glory It to it. the Majoi-G'Meial commatiding takes this occasion. thence by water to State. thence aoioto Si- the Marmiton into th. It participated in three b.-l . Big Blue and Osage.Miig about to leave tor aiioLher depaitin-n!. when was abandoned and the cavalry returned. Kentucky. tindetachment of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry participating. Price lost in this battle twenty-fiV' largo Tinmber of prison iTS.-bcro. made two brilliant charges The pursuit continued into Imlian Territory. I6i'>l / \ . Price retreated rapidly a cress the Arkansas river. Wirislow's brig.-ing a large The Sex-enth a: it Indiana. "I n. Missouri. whei o it entered on an active chase Price. b. Pl'ja. Leaving Memphis. lo. now became a disorderly ilight. Louis. od.soun. not only l' express his regret in s. that point. Mo Territory. across the river. whii-h did not reach the regiments brigade until tliey hid returned to Meuiphis Heai' (itwRTERs Cavalry DrvisroN. the battl bravery and its elTieientv. not satisfied with the compliments he already bestowed on irig thr^ C'ul. complimentary order.: 128 SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY.e Ir'idi. oommandod by Lieuten. / Win-low's Brigade of Cavalry. Warren'. b:. jVo. shorn of hi.-^ former prestige.s. a part of the Seventh Indiana to St. saw hard service. interior of th:' it marche'l into the interior of Arkans. ami returned Louis.s. for its w !- complimente<i by Gen. and driven uninber of prisoners.ide. His retreat river.ittlo'-. traveled to the vrestern border of the State. At tlie Marmiton be was overtaken.T.- of Independence. issued the follow o. Pleasanton. h:i'i Gen. In this bi-ief but brilliant campaiim.s already proud reputation as a fighting regiment. th o! thence to Cipe Girardeau. and a part to Louisville.uiton. (Jcfieral Order.! ('(^ion.nnfB"titt't>n. ami authorized by him o! :-s to inscribe on banners the name. with Winslow's brigadi'.

- .I'i oil J . / -IJ . v«i:'I .. .:-:-J J. M 1^.

A brave man can lie lurked about the pi. Clifford Thompson. ami A. 1st Lieut. the splendid manner in whicli toiight brig'ade at the Osage. As wa. ) / mained stantly in The detachment of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry. from these Head-Quarters. . while was protected by his conce." Thi^ man was a blood-thirsty human monster. in fi^ht fight. and shot the pickets. in its frequent and trying campaigns. is •tad lit' fiom an unseen severe -t tt-st. f'lr scouting parties. A. this more especially than was done in General Order. By command of IM A roK Genera r. with a large number of prisoners. the country around the Nonconnah creek infested with guerrillas.1150 12V) to recall 0. It seems to have been reserved for the Seventh Indiana to water. and carrying by a daring chartre the most important and conspicuous position on that brilliant lield. who •vas untiring in his etib: ts to clothe. G. the liigh^'. and poured deadly volleys into them. arm and equip his command. the guenillas mur- derod all their p>risoners and with a seciet dreud. No troops could win lor themselves a prouder record than they have done.s already stated.illSSOURI CAMPAIGN. as long as he can but see an advei-sarv to put to when the attack f^omes iVom order of courage tiiat It wa-" under. Pleasanton. and in scouting the neighburhotid It of the Nonconnah creek and Cold- was umler the comniand of Major Carpenter. No. and the best wi-hes of their commander in the late campaign will accompany them wheiev*^r their services may be required. that reat Memphis during the Missouri campaign. was conemi>loyed in pei'forrning picket duty. under the command of the notorious "Dick Davis. it having become df^stitute of nearly everything. without concern. capturing live pieces of artillery from the enemy. scoutiu" parties 14 . an unsuspected quarter. ambash in the thii'kets about the Nonconnah.:ket posts He ii*^ lay in wait.ded position.-tood . accomplish results of incalculable beneilt to the forces about Memphis.

'- 'I ^ i . '..dT J in! W.V' I.

he fistened :i written warning over his own name. Henry John L. and who had probably watched them all the way the from the picket line. Owing ttie to the darkness o! thei\ ihe night. that fell into a ravine. and had th^'m ^hot.. While thus employed. .. and knew full well their purpose yell. tliem. v/ith a fiendish dashed upon. Ingli.' 130 SEVENTH INDIA-TA CAVALP. and unarmed. that they were readily idenrified as tiie missing persons.'aptain su< h . and surrounded they captured. of Company "F. in going out. and '.ads. a young lady called on Maj. besides.s. There is no d'. that established Capt. and the steepness of the banks. with privates Charles Gabler. to watch their the direction of Coldwater. could not olier the slightest resistance. Piedding.'W miles C'/idwater. they could not In the got out. On the 3d of Oclober. To render hicowardly act the consummation of wickednt\--s. wlio fro. laying aside ^rent to arm-. Skelton had a cou>:i.ed . and gave such accurate description of theia. f'. ''Dick Davis" iaspii-eJ more feai ihan Furrest himself.rcLibald F. She gave the accmate de-cription of thein. Herman water and buried. she their had letters talcen Irom their bodies. A ff. to a tree. seated' them in a row.! identity l>eyond a doubt. Skelton. morning. coming from the direction of the federal camp. lest some be hor. on r^^turning after dark from a scout. '"Dick Davis" with his men.^h. at his head-. while the rest. Capt. Captain Kile. Hiram Iseminger.Y.-f3.juarters." to recover the horses. their bo<Ues falling into the stream.v days after the outrage. •ipproacbed the Xonconnali. on a log across the creek. Corin Ashbury Ritter. went up the stream a few hun'lred yards in the lieavy timb'-r.'u re.vlien about six miles from camp. a -Mr. when near them. Jennie Smith. who vi-ited the boilies. and all were Davis marched them rapidly to Coldwater creek. that he recogni/. poral Inglish stationed one man as a vidette. Carpenter. Being taken by surprise. work to get the horses out of the ravine.iult but this was the fate of these men. threatening ih' same fate to any who ^^hould bury them. sent Corporal A.-id'jd at ('o''krum's-cross-rr. and causel thopi to be taken out of Uu) (.

.l>ni.ux .'.'»IJa. .0 .' -..-. .': .V. '' V. u.

whom he captured direction.. The alvance went into camji that night at Cockrum' the road on the crest of a hdl.l=.ed to execute the.knew the prisoners.sfpreteude. should be i-«su_ed shot. ajid one of the pri. and should be bad not seen yet Author had prepar- ations r-dde to h. not fur from there. The Author had the necro'coniront them and make his statement. The advance guard wa> ordered to charge. of sevec ^ them and succeeded in capturing two prisoners. who well . and tha^ thev were concerned in the murder. Author learned from two ol who were rresent at the shooting. ^^hIle marching along the road. The guerrillas did not wait for the advance to close with tlK^m. and to being present at the shooting of the members oi such a straight-forwarl and convincing manner.:hed belonged" to "Ihck Davis's" band.i.ute him. tLa all persons raptured with arms.s|ound agaui. they held out no longer. while on a seoat in that summer of ISC5. Th" deemed guerrillas. in the few mihjs from Cookraui'. Several prisoners had been captured during the day.saifl there would . that the secretary of war Lid an order.l not to know the nezro. In the afternoon •pute a force formed in line acro.i a. and determii. confessed to being members of Davis's band ol guerrillas. Although the Authoi he believed such an order existed. the advance met a negro.-=e . and denounced his story as ialse.-i 13] being tlie members of his The manner the band. a of their death. liie ^luh.oncrs mounied on a Lor. it. that they did not dare to disj. wdiere further evidence wa. and when he .t the prisoners. He told who they The Author had command of the advance guard. He told all about ^them in be plenty o{ people at Cockrum"s. to corroborate him.scrops-roa.-e men. and that they 'Oldiers. company "F. the ^ud uf a rope was phictd aioun-i a limb of a tree.ML-SOURI CAJirAIGN." At that time it was reported. but l"nke and scattered in all directions alter in the woods. the company .sent after tbe Iiurscs. The prisoners at fir. all ii.

JT .lul <:>/./ i.• ..

When being taken dinner. after heariuf.\peditiur. and had >)tten been heaid to decbire kill that if h'' i! ever came across any of the b.<5. wh.sitatin^.iti' h'MU •' . several were a caj'tureil. commander of the tlie e.ind ' r. returned to eam[i. S£VE^:TIi n'L»IANA CAVALRY. th'j The do. and to while duly. tiiat men being impossible to overtake Davis.uid.Skelton believed from this prisinicrs of war. Ca]'t. Skelton arrivLnl.iloiit'. in his lie would that s^^me of them power to du so. During the arrived.r 132 uiKler it.-i him-'lf.s scuuling C"l Iv.rning as soon as they should. Capt. bu. decided that lives of the prisoners were forfeited under the rules of war. across a sliglitly wooded field they attempted to escape. whom Cajit. ii. I'.^t I'-tr.Mtrr. W'-uld be tre.. Skelton communicated The sutler Colonel also concurred in the opinion that they ought death. . he. reiiorting that they had t— eaped. facts.'ar 'rfkeltuii. to Col. Tiie C. i. with couipariV ot "t F.Spring'. but still bu di. One of the guard had been a mess. lie dasln^d . one of whom t" be wil'. Carpenter grew alarmed for their and by order of the in -piest of l. the Author was relieved all of the dipagreeal-h. who bein_' ihe superior ufRctr.i. safety.ut-r their capture.qitain saw two proved lii-m runniTi_' . however.mate and ^'articular friend of one of the m^n murdt-red i)y the baiui to which the-e rncn I)elong>^d. Phelpp. At the Cohlwater he learned w. u[>on a small b'ldy Guerrilbu-'. and came. to He. Tlie lull particulars of his capture . It is prubable retributive justice overtook the assassins and rol'bor. The guards fired on them and returne-1 without till mornin^r^.is Dick Davis ul had captured them and Holly .iptur-'il 'h-un.tted ius taking them and it in the direction his Capt. Ca{it.. Skelton and Maj. wa. iiuni huuclo the wuod-. fur The [irisoners were taken farm houses along the rout to their meals. the former took fifty men and proceeded tiiat them.d on the expedition cam[). concluded to defer the executions ni. A ft:W days . the facts. The seveji m<>n r. decide! to retuiii to thf have of them the trie<l by a drnmto heiid court-marti.-liheJ to assuine the iJa'.

- n.^a i 'if-^b m .

Some of the attack. pcouting party of about twenty men. j and execution. bat the men and the v. with a . Capt. Corporal Adam 11. Mi'. it : i Capt.MISSOURI CAMPAIGN. The men hastily mounted tin ir horses.'st intimation he had of tiie presthe Nonconnah creek.ce of . Skelton was met about half a mile iVom all tin. nearly the entire ambuscade. Skelton. early in the morning. . that the j>l. and left camp The news spreail ra[iidly on th- gallop. determined not to return till he learm'd of his meti. This o. The Cruerrillas were sometim''s beaten at their own game. Two of his men were killo'l.lispcrsed aliuie iu the direction of the tire. as llu: following inci. so situated. Jrom behind the railroad embankment.uithor was ordered to of t. to tind the <.'ith Captain was information fifty left alone. One of them lived till the relieving party arrived. them returned to camji The . The relieving party dispcised in all tlirt'itions in the Woods thtiir for mik'S around. that not one of them could be found. while was yet quite dark. Slioemaker ot' company F. the men were afraid to be sta'ii nd at lupLis M that point. f)ut so pcil'ect was mode of dispersing. f-nce of a ioe. was I .so often. Sktlton did all lie could to rally his men.iue men and go to the as-ist. Skelton. ran into an ambuscade at the cro. and two captured ainl shot not far from their place of capture. was a volley fired into his rank. three or four wounded. were an easy target to the Guerrillas who cr^pt lliioiiLdi the bni~h within tt-n ro'ls of them and picl. in a chaj>ter devoted ! ! In the hitter part of October. and left for dead. lent will show On one of the roads leading : out of was a picket post. the fite regiment was following.ssing of The tir. througli the regiment. and told of his being shot after he had surrendered. be given in the bio<^nnihical sketch of Maj.d before the relieving party had 'j^onc two miles. to that subject.rnrri-illas. and the ment witliout order-:. Capt.'cd th-nn oil.ui<l mounted their horse-. Skelton conviction by court-martial. 133 i j and hi -trial. saiMleil .d:i'ts -tationed aC it.s about fifteen or twenty feet distant.-" alone. and chaiged i. lS6i.

. .') Ml • .!: I.• I ..'T .... mi.v...

as well. The joke was this time on the Guerrilhu-. he peered he saw a in the direction of the wiien presently man with a gun crawling stealthily on his hands and knees. and looking in the direction of the fatal post. The rrtsidential eil a. where the picket could watch alert.sly." to make It it known to that he wa. Early Vnc the npxt morning before daylight.s election was approaching. as they had frciiuently done before. dtitaileJ fur picket duty. a chan_'e in the programme the Guerrilla- were not expecting. to thi.'e. poral crawled on his belly a short to get The Cor- distance to get in a posiliiMi Imme'liately good aim. undoubtedly beliejing the shot they heard comrade with the usual eilect. Cor- poral Shoemaker crossed the road to the object he fircl anl found a mortally wounde. an when the Guerrillas made their appearan . and at the same time be The Corporal there. on the discharge of the carbine. at. murdered by thiband of Guerrillas. thiv= To prevent the rebels verj. when he drew ahead on the GuerriUaond fired. and wer? continually thrtateui"^ . 1 from their carbines. was fire'. aiul placed at that post." cai'bine and laying flat on tlie noise. about a dozen dasheil mounted Guerrillas by tlieir up from a bend fatal in the road. the Corporal. But the reserves were wide awake.-t.13-1 SEVENTH INDIAN' A CAVALRY. who was on heard a rustling in tlie leaves side of the road. As many grew regiment as ouM be s}'ari_d. and intending tu capture the reserves before they could form.s the successor fate for "Di'k company F to avenge the death of its sevi n members.l Guerrilla oiUcer. and for it was deem- important to win a victory of the the Union i at the pulls as in the fii'ld. knowing that two or three times a week a picket was killed post into took the responsibility of moving the a yard near a lurqe house but a few yards distant. gave them a volley old post. who lived long to enough l)avis. that they never again disturbed that I'icket I'O. Wf-' given a ten d. ground. They broke and fled in wild dismay. Grasping his and bushes on the opposit.<ys furloiigh to go to Indiana and vote. seems have been reserved by who took it so seriou.

.'jikJ .•1 . Ol I •'i.i: '.T)iH •..

nissorni campaign*. in whi'.ssible atta. and remained in line till after sunrise.^ r<-ady for any po.s 1C5 and to caused the forces at Mem[.'ket and patrole dutv. the lines.] in line of battle every morning daylight. the alert. Memphis assumed their usual as- About Christmas. affairs about pect. an aci^oiint of whi^h will be civ'•n in the next chapter.his to be constantly on perform arduous pi. . k. Gen.ef )re After election. Grierson began preparing to mak^^ another of his famous raids into Mississippi. Thl. The regiments were forme. to b. and to guard against surprises. l.h the 7th Indiana took a conspicuous part.







Chapter VIII.
gripirson's raid



Gen. Griermn marches

to Jlarriahurg Capt. Elliott., with tJte Ilk Indiana Cavalry, captures Verona, a larqe number of prisoners, and destroys a large quatitity of rebel armij stores JriaJroad and bridges desiioyed Gea. Griersan captures a rebi I stockade and its garrison at Egypt, rebel Gen. (johlson hilled Chases a railroad train and captures a large number of cars, and rebel prisoners Tears up the track and p>revcnts the arrival of rebel reinforceiyients Capt. Elliott, with one hundred rn-'-n. Capt. Beckwith captures Eanksattacks three hundred rebels ton and burns a cloth and leather factory, surprise of the superCrpture of hogs Col. Osliorn dtTtats intendent of the works


rebels at


— Grenada captured— Arrival


burg and enfhu^iasfcc rec'pthjn Capt. Jloor's expedition info Arkansas Cupt tSkelton captures tii.ree prisoners Breakfa-:( in the rebel camp.



In December, ISGi,


rebel Gen.

Hood marcLeJ

hid arrav


proud defiance,

to Nashville,

Tennespee, where he encountered

that sturdy warrior, Gen. Geo. H. Thomas,


of vet-

In the battle there on

the L5th,


sustained a terin

defeat, that s^nt his

broken columns Hying



wards the Tennessee river. At dith-rent points on the Mobile and Ohio railroad were collected supplies for Hoods armv, and
trains were constantly


more from the



Gen. Grierson organizcil a cavaby force at Memphis, toi]estr<\v

Mobile aiid Ohio railroad, to prevent




supplies to Hood's aiiay, and to captur*^ and destroy the supi'li'-^

accumulating at Verona, Okolona and Egypt on that railroad. His forces, nuiubeiiii'; in the ni'gr'>i;ate tlnvc thousand thrc

bundled men,
com.manded by



biig;\dea of cavalry.



Joseph Karge of the 2d


Jersey cavalry,




ii; -i^







gb,ii:rson s

hail TnEoron




was oompo'^eJ of the 2d
uu-nt of one liundre<l




Missouri and a detncliofficers of

and sixty men and seven



Indiana e-av:dry, under



Capt, Joel H. Elliott,

company "M," and the
of the

First Mi.'J^issippi ]vIounted Ritle-s.





respe>'tively liy

was divided into three Capt. Joseph W. Skei ton,


and Lieut. John F. Daiaont. The 2d brigade, jmmanded by Col. Winslow of the 4th Iowa, was composed of the S<\ and 4th Iowa, and 10th Missouri regiments. The 3d brigade, commanded by Cul. Osborn, composed of the 4tu anil 11th Illinois, 2d Wisconsin ami 3d U. S. colored, and a Piuiieer orps of hfty men vummande>l by Lieut. Lewis, of the Tih Indiitia cavahy.
Capt. B. F. Bales






Ten day rations and the
on pack muh-s.
the I'd an



were transporteil




of December,





l)rig;id''s, to^lc

a .^outh-ea.stvvai'dly direction



aud proceeded


Ripley, .Mississippi, arriving' there


on the

1th, wiliiout


that: place,

a de-


one hundred and hity

men were




and Ohio railroad at that point, and having done rejoined the main command at Ellistown, twenty-five mile^outh of R'.pley; and a detaehment of twu hundred men went (jiintown on the railroad, and rejoinrd the command at K'listo

cut the Mobile






First Drigade proceeded along the Mem[diis



railroad to


, T.-mi., wh^^re

it left

the railroad, pas-arri\'ing at


through Lamar and

ilem, Miss., to llarrisburg.

'he latter place on the evening of the ^'jth of
< brief rest ''de



it proceeded in the directiMn of Verona on the Td 'and Ohio railro.ul. .Vfti-r having gone about four miles, tii" livance met the enemy, who tii'eil upon it and then retreated.


pursuing th.Mu


a mile, the

brigade halted and


h Lulian.t



and 'apiuie



during that


The dt'tachment of Capt. Skelton had the advance and captured ni.iny prisont'r.'^, who riM^rc-











frora three

sauted that the rebel

force at

Verona was


and the night very dark. Tht^ deta^huienr. run into an auibu.-cade and was fired upon, but owing to the extreme darkne.-s, no harm was done. Gen. GrierIt \va? raining

seven thousand men.

3on had arriveil wirh the other brigade and decided to the night with the main



but ordered CoL Karge to move

fiirward as far as he could with


The Colonel protill

and concluded but ordered Capt. Elliott to advance as
ceeded about
7th Indiana.
tliree miles

to .camp
far as


hf could with



of Col. Karge, questioning the proprie-

ty of sending the 7th Indiana forward


the Colont-l,


was a German, showed
claiming: "Meiii Got,




regiment by ex-


the 7th Indiana coughs bad:, wes

come back."

Capt. Elliott had proi'eeded but a mile an^l a half burst forth in front of hi^ detachment a
rebels. It

when suddenly there
of llame

from the muskets of the



thomvn were thiown into confusion, and fell back in di.sorder about two hun Ircd ya,rds, when they were halted They had gone but u-ml reformi'd, anil again moved forward. Jibout half a mile wb-n tliev were tired imo again. Cc>pt. Skelune\pei;ted. thut

who commanded

the ndvau<:e guard,
into a

oidered a charge, and
of bla''k-ja:k oaks, the


ruen dashed forward


road at that point makiiig an abrupt turn to the



Xuthing more senous resulted from the uf some hats and a few scratched faces.


than the

Capt. Skeltou then rod-' back to

Ellioic for instructions.



was undeeiiled what
r'.'ady for

to do,

and asked the former,

.^ccimd in

command, what course


Capt. Skelton,

who was always

emergeiuies, advised Capt. Elliott tu

dismount the rear guard, without letting the


of the








a lield to

make a


iack on the r'nemv's
ing, yell'ng,

bv dis.liargiii^ their revnlver-^, wiiO"}!the noise they louhi.

and makirig

Capt. Elliott liked the plan, but

thought there was
Capt, Sjc-ltun

a posif




lie howevei',




10 JtjJ









as.sLiiiie all


the lesjiou.sihiiity incase of a failure, he




perini>.<ion to try

Capt. ^kelton readily agreed to




accordinLTiy, sent Serg't

Grey with eight men

to male-?

tho feigned attack.

Tlie Sergeant executed his orlersto the let-

and when his p irty c'omnifnced mand, led by Gapt. Skeicon charged
towards the town.

the rest of the comyells



the road


rebels supposing that Grierson's entire

was upon them, abandoned their camp, of which the Tth took possession, and also uf tlit; town. Capt. Skelton wanted the rest of the command to believe that the .irrarl^ .ri the left was made by Gen. ijrierson, so they would readily uucy the order to charge when given. While pondering how he could best accomplish that purpose, a Lieutenant rude u}» to him and said, "Captain, don't you think we have got into a hell of a tight place?" The Captain ordered him back to his place, s.iying he would hear something on the left pretty soon. The Lieuteiuint asked him if Gen. Grierson was advancing from that direciiuu, and the Captain caid yes. It was whisper'-'<l through the rariks that Grierson was coming up on the left. When the firing C'.unmenced in that directiiui, the men believing reinforcements h;i<l cume up, cheei fully obeyed the command to "charge'." A prisoner reported their numbers at seven hundred, two hundred of whom were old soldiers, and the remainder cunscripts.
l;trge amount of (,;uartermaster and Commissary .-toies, hundred and tifty new English carbines and rifles, a larg^:" amount of artillery ammunition, a train of fifty cars, anil two hundred and fiftv wagons were captured. The most of the wag•"•ns were the sam*- captured fi'om Gen. Sturges, in Juuf'. l,>o t,












ar the battle of Brices cross-roads.


Karge, learning of the'

f-Hpture of Vt-i-ona, mar>;he^i the rest of tho brigade to th^t piace

and ordered the building- cour;iining ftrmy stores to be fiied. All of tlie buiMings excenr two or thr-^-', contained stores for th-'» r^^bol armv, and ;^11 e.vce^'t three vrere burned. T!:e w^c^'^ns wf^yc















reached thorn, bcijau








of which sounded like a
.several miles distant,





believing Col. Karge

engaged with
line of battlt!


enemy, tonne
of facts.


kept the other brigade'^


morning, when



town and

learned the real
After burning


the Cunfedernte

Government property, ami

the railro;id for

Griersun, with


entire force, returned to Harri.-'.'Ui g.



with the Eleventh
bridge ani]

Karge was moving on Verona, Lieut. -Col.' Funk, Illinois, went to Old Town, and burned th*'

long trestle-work ov^r the ereek.


the morning of the



marched from


Okolona, the Third Brigade fjlluwing the

burning the bridge- and Trestle-work, and tearing up the

and cutting

wires, to




captured a train of

e .rs, coiitaiiiin^'

one hiuidi-ed new Wiigoh^,


a large .yiantity of niiart-r-ma-^rers"
for Fori-e-t s aiiuy. all


and i-ommissary which were buriied.


and Third Urigades to!; th<' usual road to Okoloiia, i.-ross'-d the Tvmbigr'.?e riv^-i- at niglit and -amped near it. At Shannon, the Third lirigade wa- relieverl by the Se^'ud, which proceeded alung the railioail, destroviiitr it as thev went; while the other iaigades, following ttie pul>lii_' road, passed through Okoioria, And camoe fair mil-'S b^vond at

Chawappa creek. At Okolona a small





w^re enrMuritereil



sl'.lrmishing en-ued,


rebels wen- comp'''lle<l to



wa-i f".4'tur*>d



di^pat'h to



of the po.-t, staling ih-a





hundred infantry from
[iinying the




or>»^ratfir. ai^o-.m-




and applving



intorcfpred 'h-pat-



ar.d M.ii.-O' n. Gudin-^r. ''



onirer at



lei r.g hiai to h-al

tliar p'..,t at

every hazard.









Griers.'d. Dumont. Wood'. and f n- a biief time they to on their horses. An Gen. standing on the tra^k. of aitilUrv.VHr'l. and when at shwrf rebel. . helpless targets aid of for the rebels phoot at. t. with tr. the iattcr .n'p p'lr-n-'d tl rt. Gen. artillery.kirig the Seventh Indiana and Fourtr. loa<b. there was a of tr tin a pl. Gt-n. devolved on the Fir. s>>eing that r'-inForeernr-nts w-re surrendeve I. G-'U.-tdvanee afraid both to Hat or retreat.-d burned c detached were h-\aviiy witn • othing and oth'-r army supplie. and captured it stockade just as a train with the ex}iecteil reintoreements earae in >. from thp to Ji={iatilie.GEIERSON's raid THROl'GH Ml. Xew Jersey range. the rotrciting locoinorive and 1 artillery.iiid i. artemptiuL' to and pursued arid escape from them to <'.'h wer^ r^nlif to by the arbine? vol vera of the formfir..-. Thev halt-^-d. being in the alvance. the or man. .. The Second Xew Jersey was formed Indiana in its in liont. The otScers cut off. and ordered them to th-- di-mount. . wh'. Tf-br-lii who were Ca['t.^.opened a severe tire on them.d.a Lonuuand of the . Gnerson rightly conjectur'd reinforcement'^ were being harried <»arly HI that point.-SIsSim. that thi* enginf-<-r wa. Biiga'le.« compelled to detai'h the fourteen cars. that had oomo from the north.^hni'^nts nf the S-'venth Iniliana and Fourth M^souri.. Adjutant G^T-^ral. ^^. with orders to shoot lown any otTicer. fliPre were indications that it was about to movt^. to capture the''liei:l rapidly a toward reli-d arri\eil. Ebi'-rt. and raalN'e his escape With the lo''omotive and platform ear Lieut..ici by L. u'here he opportunely It L'Sth. of the Egvpr. rowing ihe'is. and the Si'V<^nth rear in supporting distance.ttfoim car with four jiie. The Second moved toward the stoikade. W'hen the attack on of fourteen cars.s.^ht. Grierson rode li-d up. tiiat bv oriier of Capt.-hii-h they d. and bv the Aid.e his srpiadron. The b' ! de'ta. sto -kade c'>iumeni. and pre. charged nprm it.-.sed it so closely. forwHr'l that anl on the morninc:. cars. ^li-souri.vptuied riie trie wools. charged on scockade. who attempted to run. m.

*/: H nt.. I •:--.'!f > ... 1 : . 7- . I-''. ' iM. • .:•- iT . . .•.1 ..

f. the fugitive in engine and artillery from the fir-t train. E.s orlered to tear train.'ceed further.•. and taking wr^'nching a portion of just as it liold of the rails.iiri participating in ti. and iurmed behind a fence.<? oi the Sc-'>nth in th? Rti-^ir. th'-" :-hort distance. ciirried bv the men weie bre^ik Capt.n. and to hatchets spikes. The rebels got off llie train. numbered bn: one hundred men. of F'^urrh when was discovered that render^-d it ther^> w. to Capt.r« l. exciting chase of about a mile. track.Tioimr-' .-ere tiie at lea?t thr--e hundreil strong. a part of the brim of his cap shot off. vvitli reinforceioenrs under General tlie Gardiser.<.- Alter p.«ibie The rel>els opened a severe fire. s::' of the Sevenr'n ('apt.t. uoly took — i. : wo train? of car?. tlie the prevent approach of the -^iifhcient all There the wa.s.>'. embankment. The two iletachmiMits of Seventh Indiana and Fourth Mis-'. were seen approaching from south. it Capt.n SEVEMU IXDIAXA CAVALRY.s — clfser" r. withdrew his command. "that was pretty d t:i rio-e. th.iiwtt ." Antnh. Elliott ordered * (barge. Ca})t. rebels. and killed two Dieu noises. said. and wj-ipi'^d •v-d'^d in ^--rtin: -y a^i of . in a cornfield. In.'r man.e attack. h-'Mring the re"iark.s nothing with which to the road.l in loose. whieii irapo. backing up u[> front of them.142 After loaded a.advancing.h- ind d'-. th-» Woodward obstru not -t wa. then and shot down twentv-eich. liia A-< he was . succeride.'-oceeding but a ^^^>uuri. ordfred the men to get on one side of the track. Skelton was sent forward with a skirmish line lo ascer- tain tiieir numbers. Skelton. the rebels opened a brisk fire on lines. Henkv.ipt. Xotwithstanding. Capt. He and holding it up.-ll. a dit'-h in front -A lo j. and threw it off th. " that a d in sight One of his it men had oif. .' «r'. Skelton rep 'itt- 1 that th" rebels v. ^'j"? t'«*''^ . therefore. and having hi"^ hatband shut olh held up his iiat and said. Ti. the train with reinforce- ments came up.

..1 I .) .'// Iff: •n:T ...-iOv.•.

arriving there at midnight. on the ^Mobile and Ohio raiir'-ad. camped that nii^ht at Iloherd'nden. From Bcllefontain a dct. -Colonel. and camped for the night near Hou.s for two years had been to Imnt 'iown Lnion men with bhjod hounds. in this engagement. of the return the deta<hments. and seventy wounded. the burned the bridge across the Hulka ri\er. Gen.hed w^'>tward.l itf garrison. command cuntinn^-d its and camped at night at Bellofontain. and confessed to having hung 'f-veral Lnion men.GRIERSOX's IIAID TIIROL'ijH killed.4c}iruent was sent in the direction uf Starksville to thn-aten the Mobile and 143 killed eleven wounded.^ for the care of wounded. the 'uarch. and making provision. Lof. toward the Memphis and Jackson railroad.< a Colonel.son. was captui-ed. among them eight a Lieut. and Ohio taking the inhabitants 'ouipletely bv surpi'ise. Brig. a wretch by the name of Capt. ajid twenty. was killeii.not learned. MrsSISSIPI'I. He managed to escape from the guards. also los.s deceiving the rebels •Jn to the real course h>^ intended to take. whose busines. who could not he taken along. mar. i. the '^ommander of the'post. cut the telegraph wire. for the j'urp'-r' uf a. the »-ntire commatid Egypt on th^ s. After burying the dead. numbering hundred Tlie men. fiiteeu whose name wa. Gohlston. federal was Gen. of the Fourth Iowa Cavalry. before L-aving Egypt. (rcn. and eapturetl tVirty-seven prisoners. and railroad. Early on the morning of the oOth. chat '0 caused the rebels to i^end truop- points he did not intend to visit.-Geii. Tom Ford.-d a detachment in the din-crion of Pontotoc and another towaid the lett \\ est Point. Grrierson.eight and dis'abled.stan. On the morning of t!ie 29th.iiae day of the engagement. l)nmo!it bnrneil a train. Grier. The squadron ot' Lieut. Be'kwith. killed. with one hundred and 'ilty men. During the d-iy. . went to Bankstun. Grierson dispatch. captured a stckade an. Seventh Luliana and the entire command taking a south-westwardly diiection.nd sent false dispatche-^.

. H i'li..i- .' '. 1 i.1. .'...1 •] .' . 1 .11 .

Rails were piled on them mh\ . and wanted the tire. n"ticing the (Japt:iin's iwiiform. Its hundre^i thon>anii yards of cloth and two thousand pairs torch destruction materially atlect the resources of the rebel government. seeing his mistiike. con>*triicte tht-ir lor the!xs.. army pated. foi intended mile-*. th. At 11 >.)n for an iniinire re:. Capt. At and that plact«?:^'ht two thousand bushels of wheat were Ijurned. twr suj'i. "wuiiid by'. Grierson partiriimoed>'d the nraich.s <tJid They were driven in front of ili^ and were the occasi. that gave employment to This tactory turned out of shoe?. (^u-t ured. at r^'juined the o'clock in tiie morning. and taking tliem etibrt to stop to be the operatives. were armed men. will show how completely the town was taken by surpri-e: After the factory had been tired.iric'. government LaJ a large cluth tive on^^ aii'l leathfr manufactory. daily. "H — was a cold night. tor -everal v. and the establishment." know "'why in L — they made no Capt. he threatened to to arrest the ni£.ht watches. it Reckwith.1 144 SEVENXn IXDIAXA CAVALF. as it had been a momer.:e driven into a pen.-v weie I It b'-in.piietly reiuaiked.. Eeekw'. 'J On the olst. e b o'clock in the mornirig. that as li:ought he would have to a litiie tire.k in tlie forenoon.of cloths and shoes. would The was applied. the fact that the "Yanks" h^d and his utter amazement on m i1<im_' the discovery. with u larg-The foiliAving anet-dot'. in which (ien. the superintendent of the works made his aj>pearnnce in night attire. lluod's army. . broke on his mind. and killed by the Set men with on liie. w-ue.^ fVjuijd that riiey lar:.y.' y"ii th. sabred. hi-t time.L-.cii. hundred and tiinetv fat ho^' main column. that had been on the march sin. was as cumictl to wittie-s. and seeing the suldiers sitting around and making no etibrt to stop the con- amount tla. in a to towering rag". he 1 and dainnjiti'jn. that the arrived.Tation. destroyeil.'" :iii<l burn the factory u[ eratives make a tire warm Then.t before to see his anger.-e'l exclaimed the sup«M'inteni]ent. tLis place the reLel At ffl'^n. the command iva-'hed Ivdi.y ol je-'.

•!... ! . • ' 1 .' .. .' ' ..y.'._ ... • J. . . ! .'. I A r I . .: .iOCiia • J yMoif '3 .11 1 ». -•. :i1 ' •• '' 1" fll'l.'- ' . . : /.•it.•. ill • (lil... J ' •Mil i. ' U ' '/.in )i\.( .. ! .'.! .{ '.

-^on railroad. inquiries respecting the From The Third Iowa.six the railroad as far as Goodman'. and leached the main command at Benton. He d^-dtr. 0-born (Commander of the Third Hrigade) was woundeil. where eticountered hundred >. skirmishing hi? front. and leaving on the Held t>^-enty-live killed. burn bridges. l"^i'>5.geierson's raid t'trctgh iiissrssippi. making movements of ^^'irt Adanis. wlio stated rebel fori-e of eleven there thousand men This int\")i at r>enton. at Canton. Winona. dashed IG .s a which a rebel Lieut. laation served only to nuickeu o'clock v. with the First Brigade. in which the rebels were defeated. A fight occurred. and rejoin the command Benton. on the Memphis and Jack. the and engagement. On t'ln the 2d of January. 145 the Kat-ge. with orders to Cul. Col. was captured. among them a of Cit[itain. Grlerson's approach. Major and a !'jurteen and tw After . reached Winona.s Day. through oci/urred which place in tliat h. On Xew Year . exce[>ting the Third Iowa Cavalry. and found that the place the" Hot occui'ii^d bv rebels. an<l the commaiul at Benton. where he cut the telegraph and intercepted a di-patch. under Col. which he reached at ^i\ the evening without opposition. the entire command. awaitin"- Gen. while the Thii'd Brigade moved down tln' railroad. th-^ Cr*»n'. preceding maic column. The Third Brigade destroyed hoiii . r^">join with orders to destroy it. Wirt Ailams's cavalrv.e passed at noon. Col. The loss of Col. Woods. Noble had b-'eii equally suci e^-ful mile'.-nty prisoners.jved tweutv-hve of railroad.exin^- an'l took road ::?oiae to El^'ne/'T.[iirited retired. it which i>\ni:e it march'-d to Franklin. marcheil to Middletown and campf^i. Colonel 0>boru continued his march. five kilh-d <it ten o'clock at night. commanded by Grenada. all went north at to destroy the rebel governm-iiit I^roperty at that place. Noble. in wa.-a3 Grierson'a in march for that place. Gricrscm passed through I. the main column inarched south th'' on the Benton road. and ''amped at night at Lexington. in his mai'ch on Grenada.s.

". . » iiwci u.j JOil .riTji'oq .!« [. I I 1 I ' .... .•. j! ill i . iVl . ..V I'. .»1 Jjl .-y > M.' > . /' K'f'll I ' . •.: • :.'./ n PMX.11 .

'.k in theafic:i- where w:is welcomedi by heartv cheers from thousun persons githered by the road-side. set several buildings containing sroree. will. ut ne. and a large amount printing orfice ammunition. rations sent by a couple of scouts a d. The Coloutl ordered the establishment to Is burned.-cro.-. to Vick. intended for the of fixed arming vi malitia. Gen. to At of th. the ..s -"ine of to the nio^t successful the rebels raid- of il'-- damagt^ d'Ui-. ordc!'.ommand maichetl tluough a cold. and from Vicksburg.?t him. aniviiii. pursuant re«]uest Ge:."' and a.xl duv. Grierson. stating that Grierson's army had been defeated on the Mobile and Ohio railroad. the mmuhd was met. in safety. captured an] fire t ^ destroyed foiirtteu engines and a large maehine shop. accomidished feats witL .e quarter-ma. clock in the afternuon.ii di-idayed military talent of a higli hi? Hth.same time.!e two at dilierent >iiits at tlie . who had he.ey rapidly. Here.s-iDuds. ThiH w. it into the town. On the 3i3. At Biice'-. The nown. with dismouated lie cavalry he reslitei -infantry. so confused the rebels. at sundown. he reached Clear creek. and j eJK.iia.-sary twenty the ca.iri. tb.. taking completely by surprise./ r.' auil commi. arriving there ai^out it twu o'i:lo(. at Benton. He then joined Gen Grierson.'ies of Enfield rifles. d:-- suj'plies incalculable. and his columns were living in disniav back to Memphis. On the ith. Gii"iS(. and by Imving portions oi i.t'- moved tl.'ited from the wcaiy Ci command hearty cheers. Hood s armv.!. Grierson marched to Mechanicsburg.iv or fuiai.'i glancing ovei' the columns of the previous day's article. but ihi^ expedition. was hear«!.' by destroying to thci.^ there at dark. issue. and oonrributed mateiially the Uiemb'-rraent of Otiii. visited of the " Greanaiia Picket. terminated Tije w.- oint. The read Cul.l of its sulc arrival. the evening gun at Vicksburg. did lu't kuuw in wh'-re to cuccntiMte again.-'burg. at five o. command aj'pr.146 »" ' SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY.

-A: .i i I i-t.'o •J: -5 ' i '.in .

imf-'at.AiD through itississirpi. and reached Mernj^his of the I -n the luth. <r. 147 gar- in charging and uapLUxing in a stockade. Grierson fur its bravery and and and einciency.rk=d ''•nd marched for ^lound Citv. never reinforcements. embarked on a ste. thai lie frequently reached [daces in . the coramini dr-«>rob-i. the Seventh Indiana bore an honorable part. the squadrons of Captains Skelron D.ik the next morr. numbering Seventh Indiana. Capt. City. to protect them fi om the inclemency of ili? town. in Accordingly. j'ossibilitie. •"f-'mmand Mississippi Rifies f^n detachments from tlie and Secon'l Wisconsin Cavalry.-i which had been dreamed. passed tniles.soned. ^as complimented by Gen. in Arkansas. ond at Memphis on the of January.jF. on the evening of the llOth January. Memphis and went up the river . sdvance of ments. In this raid. messengers had but given information approach. weather. bank of McGee. and st-r^amel down the river a few mile=:. His marching was so rajiid. had break up Muite a force at Mound The commmding the otticer at Mtiaphis determined to rendezvous of at that place.grierson'? r. pursuant to orders. The the guerrillas were getting troublesome on the west Mississippi. when his columns would be charging through the His humane treatment of hi> prisoners was equal to his rourafe. The rebel Colonel. ri. heavily trains. Mo^re.mi-.ivalrv. . his rebel courier- carrying information of his moveof At other times.several and stopped on the Arkansas side of th« river. He compelled rebel citizens to contribute clothino: And blankets. of the Seventh Indian Cavalry. On the 8th of January. fjt when tli<» hoat put about. The remainder arrive detachment let\ on the lOta I2tl\ by steamboats. Bales left Vicksburg on transports. and chasing the away railroad uf with large. First in two hundred men. a little below Fort Pi'^kering. At dav-bre.

'• •>.]A i J B i.:\^. .i .

of an enernv. As they did so.: tii»' a 1. and soon arrived at their camp without being discovered. and believing Capf. so essential to the -o suece. 1 Skelton after 3:one of his f"iIo\un."o frora the town.s»^. he .- r-^bels.-pd in expedition fun."a['f. .it place. boldly th'' cliarged into -nomy'^ '. in squads of thr-^e or four. he pnslu^d on raj 'idly t. broke in f.-st-d in 1 high a degree by Capt. "y. had no hesitancy in coming up with theru. with which to cli.'"- ra-.ii all dirc'-tions. a mile or . ^^kelton then asked for ten men. and a good t/ie lacked dash. a -p. and that was the first iiili- mation they had the pr-v-eiiet.y 'amp. was refused.'. an^l with only ten men. T'lii^ whs refused. thrown into and iied greatest confusu.n riad .). Ca['t. got -epru-at'd.l.Skelton men hotlv but which was pos-^e. their c. th^'y slackened tli^ir ^^I'Pf'A to a plow walk. dash'-l The Inick latt--r.-te surprise. rebel camp at Marion. Mound ! City. Moore. > an! pui-u- . men to be gpiiuine rebels.> dre<..-ward th. tud The hi." took voluntanlr. ol rh*"' From the prisoners. Jfoore then gave command lel^els u! f . thirty }>risoners were tak^^n. Skplton. Th'' Skelton.. otficer. rel"^! that also. found ?ho . . loud a voice that the heard to form in line." 148 • SEVENTH I-VDIAXA CATALE-Y.. t!ie disguste :idvaie e th-- wirii the to g'l. altliough a Lrav-. oi' Capt. Skelton learned the location S'-nding his prisoners to the main com- mand.-sful operations cavalrv. rommarrl of the advance guard. to u?e his who accornpanied own languftge. . . or. the for Capt.irge'' the r^d)^ iiun bur •Jimniv' dravdon. ]Moore and ri'-k^d for twenty additional men.-'n w.rriv-n:. after puisueiij foil.if fi\«» rebels I'or a luile. " dashed through the town. Tli-^y were sooti overtaken by rebels from the Skelton and his who were pretending to be citizens. yelling. rourse of Capt.. Capt.i^t wa.ird.r hi. for a miU a- foun'i W.-.force it. The advance at. they were captured and In this tlieir concealed revolvers taken from them. Capt. "Yank's! Yanks "When town. in .Mni.-.^ of jIvp i-el. manner Oa['t. He gallo[>t-d hack to C:^pt. and on a.

-..'-A '. /'>. ...1 i' •. • (• r-^'r^ I . .

es. Skplton followed the thr-^''. The Captain disarmed hi> prisoners. one u!' the pi'lsonfi-s re- asked Captain Skeltun wlieie his plied men were were. he had allowed tin' rebels he w:is pur•suing.sorely. and their relish for the bre.ikf. The disanpoiiitinent of not g^tting tl. who stopped and surrendered nftr^r going a shnrt distance further. Aftfr going a short distam-c. Capt. that Cajit. decided him The rebels direction to surrender. the expense After de-troyiui.d and water. The latter. but an ominous movement of the Captains arm. with a large amount of money. rebel pav-master.<iRIER30N'5 RAID call«»d. Hi. and "Jimray" the two.' froru it. coming through the woods. almo-t concpaled the The horse of one of the rebels. seeing the Captain wms alone. by firing his revvK••r at too long a range. a THROUGH MISSIGSim.ster. years of a^^e." the prisoner. who was emerging froiu the mn. because. when the re'oel- were -o unceremoniously driven gave the meti a guod of ihe " Johnni.-vvdon. ..iktast. 149 ?mall boy of fifteen but with roiira^° fqual to any man. The mud and water thrown by the horsps in the mad cha?e through a swamp. Capt.s. separated into two sijuads.s.= full name was JAmes Wier Gravdon.lebel gdveinment pro|ierfy. 3Ioore's command t^ok possession of the rebid camp ainl partook of bre. tie comMemphis. before they discovered that he was alone. already prepared.Mnk. " lltll ! The Captain " that he saw I all there were. iSkelton was pursuing'.luarul returned tii th. " thought the woods fail of Afic-r traveling about a mile. to escape. and took them back to the pay-ma. started to run. ani] thr^w its rid-^r This one proved to bp a rompletely under the mud and water. .'-'m vexed him Capt. Captain Skeiton met Jimmy Gr. crying. The exercise of the morriin^'' appi-cite. thre'^ goins: in one and two in another. Sk<^ltnn kppt on after the other two.tsr Was not lessened by the variety of jokes crackeii at. stumbled and fell. riders from view.dul.'H eniinentlv suci. exclaimevi Y. liayinu br.

.i1 -n-jfin : iijM u.''J'ltl .. • :.

the command etartei'i flat toward' the interior over the Inv. tuuIps. under the command hundred mon]uf the Seventh of Major S. the 2t'th expedition embarked at Memphis. It wa^ reported tiiat thei'e was held the by a tiiem.incp.: b<^iri. was commanded by Culonel of January. C. Throiifjh to Swnrnvs — — — — n few ilays^ Aft>^r tlie rHruin of the regiraent from the diP expedition raentioneil in the last chapter. and Gains Landing JrUiurn to Jf^mphis.Vro""'?''" Floc.s.. On river.=ports. Shank?. To flurprisp ro. Perish of th^ Cold A y'cirn Mother T'iirow>i mvay her Child Sutr'crinas of the SoHieri Jfar'-h to Ilavibarri. 1SC5. j. E. another cavalry expedition was lirtpd out at ^lemphis.ivin'::: the adv. LOUISIANA EXrEI'ITION. It " e'lnsii-'ted of Jetachmeats from th: Tf^giments of two brigade?. . country. the 7th Indiana h. First Bri. in readine.h tirnb^^r and advan'"'^! T"'waid the rrosr-in^. iacluiing nve Indiana Cavalry. Siraon?on. Osborn. The extra rations and arumunition were strapped on Pa^^k and everythin. and after an almost rnaroh of a mile. W. and capture the column marched from the l-rPJ^thless lhrou:. Arkansa?. a small On the flr-t day's mai>'h. with fxtr^m^ cannon. P. tne cros-mrr it r<=a(]ied stream. T^"" ErprrJifion oor$ — March omrn the the jlf'S'^i^. and pdaced under cooi- mand The of Col. Lo.2aile..c. on It difceuibaiktvl a and steamed down the Mississippi lew miles above Grand Lake. 'considerHb'. and. the tran.l: to the Command.^'pp) River to Grand Lnl" — In Baxtrop.-' force of rebels.s.Chapter IX.

•'..01 >ra . I in I 1' r.-i -A . r • !M't .'^T 'A \f.

A negro. The stream was crossed by means of an old rickety ferry. in Arkansas. snakes and alligators. The ammunition \sas lost in the saujc way. was given over by Nature. or what thev were to do.saken country. soon appearirii? at the ferry.LOUISIANA EXPEDITION. they not the means of gaining the information of others of their lit lia i ra--^ more favored portion- of the Suuth. to the command. Between execrable. women. It was piiiuble to see the all poor animals try the time sinkm/ extricate themr-elves while they were deeper in the mire.xeept in an occasionally drv spot. hundreds of them were followinsz in the rear and on the tiank. Some forai. was impossible to get subsistence for man Nearly all transported on the pack mules. were lost With those animals. But that did not amount to anything as there was no of the extra rations enemy to to use it on. arriveil at the sivle lol on the oppoc-ite stream in time to see two men gallop away. From that place to Bartholemew. and went not It marched north. lizzards. Men.i.ns.s.-trop. manv of them were almost entirely de. as they sank out of sight in the mud and water of the awamps. When march the crossing was eflected. uninhabited it Louisiana. crossed Bayou Hamburg. left their huts aiwl the plantHtions. ration. the command pursued iu country to Ba. e. In such a countrv or beast. in obedience to orders. and Nature's God. indee. without a moment's consideration or preiaand followed the command not kniMving where they were iroing. When asked where ihey . and as it advanced. it to frogs. They would cast appealing looks at the men and horses utter piteous groans. They were half clad wretches. through a dreary. Having lived all their lives in a Gud-for.'e fw the and food for the men were obtainr-d. these points the country was Human beiuss could and did not inhabit it. At Hamburg the country was better. Ihey were of the most ignorant and degraded of their rare. brought it across. At this point the negroea began liocking from tiie plantati^. for habiiuiion.-^titiite oi clothing. which was on the opposite bank. and children.

• .* rl: .vL .. the horses broke through the crust. ^Vhat th(^j hal Inne Seme 'lead of the negroes peiished of the bodi.irer.152 SEVENTH IXt'IANA CAVALRY. Aftfer a short time the.mJoried.v would be sppu with the command. Nearly eveiy babf- [livate had a servant. The mother fell on the child and burrie The soldier? hf^r and placed ! it it beneath the water. In cro. it back into the water.stumbled and threw the mother and child the mud and w. and exposure. and the child on a mule. horses. to sleep. they invariably replied. but not to in this lite. with sucking reu- menial services the officers an^I men. and precipitated thc:r fillers.Tt-ek. but l)efore he could ilrowneil.unl exclaimed: Dah. threw -Tesu. better off in his hands. and lifting at it it up. in them was easily gue. aud marched to Gaiu i : . she .s. over their heads. .xces. . they cheerfully woiueii." and abandoned recover A it soldier sprang into thf water.l. but underneath a thin crusr was rpiick-sand and mud. than yah'r in mine. were going. the mule . Many of them tindint. charge^ burdensome.'. Even negro by the marching culurau. but withoiit their otispring. nrity.*.saw choking and gasping.. Hastily rising.bjr of traveling through such a The them country without forage. ami wei-i ab. The ground m^vst of the way was e.sbe. trulgei] along their infantil-^ die. "Duuno. For the privilege -It-red of following the for Manv birth to and g of the women were advanced in prt-gnMucv chihhen bv the roaii-side. it. Mas.s were found before. the From Hamburg the command marched to De Eaati'op. left them by the road-side to hal taken pity on a wench with a young babe. go to yar yar it.xceedingly treai:herou. they save thesaTue laconic answer. cro:i-:e Bdvou Barlhulmew uu a steamboat. wei'e reduced to skeletons. and after looking a moment.sive la. The surface lo.»ked firm and Solid. Their the morning where they had Iain t\'ith cold down wake the niglit without l)lardtct-. liie many ot niifortui ale ridefs being obliged lu w.sing a mud'iy in:o '. While riding along in fancied Sr. by.the e.tlk until they ca[:tured a mule." W lie:i asked what they iiitenrledto do.

.. .'-I.'.-.1 -'- I..'. •..

It is impossible to divine the purpose of this expedition. where it embarked on and returned it to Memphis. It was utterly worthless from any possible military point of view. 1$S steaaa- river.LOCISUKA Landing on the Mississippi loats EXPEDITIO!f. No armed lorce ever had. and never could have occupied it. Thd must have been utterly ignorant of the nature of the country through which the command passed. projector of 16 .

:[ .

— 1 .grange Xeivs of the assass^ino. Johnson. . Sherman. Joseph E. In the mid. -.tion of President Lincohi -Death of Lxeut. — — — £rovjne. Ski. The rapid bellion. At Memphis 'nierrillas.'^hed his famous "march to th- eea. Carolina-:. " "'" GUARDING RAILROAD AND SCOUTING. 21i€ regirnenf moves ahng the railroad to Lo.. phis were distributed along the road. Johnson's army to Gen.aleigh.^t of their jollification.". 4 . to guard The cavalry at MemMemphis and Charleston rail- and i-epair it.'afj ("oope'l at E. wh'-> onlv still enemy he ericountered were the were tronblesome. the had surrendered with his to entiiv army. The news was hailed with the wildest delight by tie soldiers. Rol'Crt E." captured Savannah. The soldiers were already forming their plans for the future un being mustered out of the service. succession of victorios attending the federal arm.: * . and marched north into the fallen. It was known that negotiations were pending for th.«^^I[|l• tvon of President Liacolu was received. Discipline was relaxed and the camps were given up to rejoicings. v. ]^ortii Gen.-~t and South. when the intelligence of the surrender of Gen. - Chapter X. re- in the Spring of 1S65.rfi'n 3Iass meeting of citizaxs and soldiers Speech of Col. A thundcr-clup U'J'-^ % -cloudless sky could not have produced greater coneteruutiuii . Fort Fi. the news of the assa. under J'S-eph E.-her had Carolina and the L^^e rel»el army up of the We. Lee was received. The Tth Indiana cavalry vra? at LaFayette Station on that road. The sutlers were permitt'to bring beer into the camp foi the men. which event they expectt'd would occur in a short time. surrender of Gen. foretold the speedy overthrow of the Sherman had accompli.

'••'-1 -•J .

and reeling from pide to side in th-? '. and was received with a volley from behind the trees. weep The c-amp '^f it wore a funeral-like appearance. and spurfd his horse up to the tree where Fort himself was. Would prolong the war. a mile southwest of the town. Fort. He then. He operated about North Mr.GUARDING F. the faces of men who had never been known over the it. was supplanted by looks of amazement and horror. 1S65. merry-making \vas instantly stopped. consisting of details froia company D.idllc. from person and the snile of gladness. but the slight delay gave the rebels time to make some preparations for defense. who made it his buiiness to attack rail- road trains and scouting parties. parties discovered Skirvin at first Lieut thought the rebels were a party from his ow-n each other at about the same time. at about the regiment. and necessitate more bloody battles? There was the in Northern Mississippi a semi-guerrilla chieftain. camp at Lafayette and proceeded towards Ml. Lieut. cmt . discovered his mistake. He. his eves almost closed in de^th. The Lieutenant was struck with two balls in the breast and mortally wounded. five or six men. Pleasant in Mississippi. to which the rebels sprang.AILROAD AKD oCOUTlNS.f the morning of the 3d of April. The terrible intellip^ence passed rapidly 156 to per^->"n. On e. He came upoa The two the camp of Capt. left Station. Fort. he with diiEculty kept his saddle. playing on their faces a moment heTh<» fore. Jacob Skirvin thirty men. Those who were with him said. Tears trickled to down before. not having time to mount their horses. put his revolver around the -tree and tried to eaoot Fort. a moment afterward. week a scouting Two or three times a expedition was sent to that place to look after him. that left camp same time he did. consisting of only. an unnatural President stillness crept There was great solicitude as to the effect the death would have on military operations. bv name of Capt. with the advance guard.andtliemen separating in to Fmall groups. talked in undertones of the great calamity that had befallen the country. with about the various companies of the regiment. charged into the camp of the rebels. and. Pleasant.

/ ( .:.t : ^ .*> vO 1 . -.-i'.'/!•. .- )C IftVO .A .

< wounded in the »abre charge. but on seeing Lieut.-sissippi. Moore hastily mounted and went to the relief of Skirvin's party. Kail. and face wore nearly its urfua) ruddy itpppanmce. Gen. when Capt.His George low was deeply regroted by the entire regiment.-:hed He' was a tine the blood and dust from his face and person. his looking man. so recent and sudden had been his death. r^«i^a''d. M-id Ta? succeeded by Gen.156 SETEK-TH IKDIASA CAVALEY. broke away and fled. He wa. on way to their home. cemetery. of the men with him were killed and The main command came up. the regiment went to Lagrango. camp with tho news of the disaster. from his horse. on Sooy Smith's raid to West Point. Lieut. Lieut. and in every instance had proved him•elf a good otiicer and u brav* man. | before he could discharge his pistol. About the first of January. |at Ivy Farm. on the evening of Febiuary 2-d. Fort shot him with hi? r«- olver Two when he dropped dead another badly wounded. Tennessee. Some stragglers returned to. Wafhburn accompanied . in the face. Skirvin and two of the men with him fall. Skirvin's and carefully Wd. and it wa.s in Tennessee and Kentucky. Before the Captain arrived at the scene of the his fight. Skirvin's was sent to ^. Gfn. Some to a farm-house. with the honors of war. half a mile distant. ever th» '"cmm-^nd.^ difficult to realize that he was dead. The members of the regiment wer«^ jubilant with the expectation of *oon being mustered out of the service and being permitted to return to their homes. Washburn h^d ?!cith. LStU. I'atvick and Pliram J. The bodies were placed in a wagun arid taken to cam)'. Fort and body had taken Lieut. All of the confederjitp yiraies had at time surrendered. Oa turnin. that Paroled prison'^rs were constantly passing the throuj^'h the town. Skirvin had participatf>l with tlit- regiment in all its expeditions and battles. Mi.leniphi-^ and buried in the military citizens men had withdrawn. of company D. were also killed.

US1A% ' .i 1 A i :< .!l.odA .

]ump ani then went under.he elective franchise. 1 h.s Our GoverniQent d. But th.-er siii-e.=i. where an impromptu meeting assembled. inent.«3emblage was quite large and reminded one of old time. Shanks. negroe. In his remarks he y»redicted that the ner^rop.-r.^would have been eommandinL^ everv one in tliis c nintrv for thirty years pa. The result i. Next.. and appeared on amid a storm of applause.ire had been elected. Browne was ca'.-k to you in the full vigor of m:inhoud.s.-. P.-fc the ^uuch thlrtv vears ago.e . and th->.iv^ with yr-u in that controversv. I iett you in boyhood.d nn a-. Yo:i took on'*. J. . 157 Gen. Smith to Lagrangp. we had electe." and we would h. as yuu have calleil me out to throw my iiftle sj. and have been living in the North e.i one. Because. When the Uader. ladies and gentlemen from Mc-mphis and Lagrange.k one jump and then caved. and the stand listeners : It v.orth had rebelle'l.h was rec^ved bv tiie last. The s. I came ba.. I the fieen ConPtitution and tho Government...stitnn ms that you werp going to wliip us.: GUARDING RAILROAD AND SCOUTING.eeeh in the shade of the distinsui>he. whi.^ with delight Ml/ Fellow Citizens vour broth-TS.s an abolitionist in the Xorth who would not have rallied aroundthe banner uf •-'ur country and said to tho. C.s th.t I . I do not think there wa.t. His prophecy came true.^ would be given the right of r.n 1.U and ex-confedeiate soldiers. Washburn addressed the meeting in a speech of an hour's duration. and to hr.-as the custom of the ancienrs to pr<^serve the best of the wine to the last of the feast. order has been reversed to-day. Gen. and plav the devil g?nera!!v -Now suppose Mr. they went very much as the dog which tried to fh-^ jump wpII in t'.lrrd out.l a sectional Presiilent.en. I en.yo jurnp^— hp tor.n th^ in^ntnrion o^=hv?ry b^i? j--n« cl^^n nnd^r.s of the rebejiion starred to go nut of th« Lnion. Bivrkenrid.iii a> an American citii-. composed of feder. in a brief speech. He delivered ihe tollowing extemporaneous little speech.--3d. L. against those who never nitertained one unkindiv feehng against you in the world. that we proposed to interfere with your domestic in. attempt to hunt up the fo.p\ired why it w.s. and muVp'^^d disccnteiiL. I was informed. and.?: "vou must submit m •' If it had been left to my own jud'. and fou'nd vou in arms a-iinsc who have preceded me.-peak to v.ld ofBce. He was followed by Gen.

... \ h ((. /'J'^t . 1"! .'V ..6(10 .M{ J -/: A'- : .*..

You eent vonr eon"? and husbands to the war. The negroD? were delighted with the remarks addressed to thena and promised to do everything the Colonel recomraended. in their hopes to be speedily mustered out of the pervire. The regiment soon after entered upon a long and tedious journey by water and land to Texas. yoii expect to be respected. a measur* for destrovinc. you will be hung the same as any other man. Th'^' Korth did the timo thing for the purpose of rescuing it.15S the war elaverv *5 SETTNTH I^'D^A^'A CAVALRY. but fhey u><?d means of destroying the rebellion. were doomed to disappointment. that the Ampricin Union must grow and extend from the frozen seas to the Gulf of Mexico until it tak^s in the Western Continent. slavery. ycu must respect yourselves'.egro. This war ha." The litdicrons parts of the speech wpie vocifprnusly che^rpd. You have got to work. and asked God to protert th^m whiU ther were fighting to destroy the Government.s disclo^-'^d a few facts.=5 a — be given in the ne-ct chapter.story of which will a. the hi. . If you ''ommil murder. one of them is that thi« continent is ours. and n' I mnst say a word to the r. The men.

Ml ''.'iT .'.

of the river were rapidly The overtlowings washing away the earthworks. between the colored troops and the rebels. conflict.«<is«ippi river. and would have been rocked as a cradU. in which the latter were defeated. they would have blazed from in summit. Two years before. that occasionally interrupted the boats. the boats swung loose from the wharf. and being obliged halt occasionally to a=si«t a boat off a sa"nd-bar. the latter situated at mouth of the Arkansas river. Cnster Consoli- — — — — — — dation of the Begun :nt. which' Its the negroes so gallantly defended. in high hilla gloomily the darkness. Both of these places had been almost entirely destroyed by the war.ry Mo. 1SG3. and were. Southern EtiqiMtte Ececvtion for Desertion Departure for T':. to Aside from being som'^what crowded. from the . and Up the Bed Biver to AUvanof iShootinj Alligators. Toads. on the evening of June ITth. BY LAXD \SD "WATER TO TEXAS. The regiment marclied from Lagrange to Memphis.':as Long. and all manner of Creeping Things Arrival at Ilerap^tead Briitalitg of Gen." the scene of a bloody fought June 6th. daring hostilithe ties. Lizzards. by firing on passing steamed by "3Iillikin's Bend. Trip ^ Down — Military A Jria.Chapter XI. — Armosement (he 3riss{ssippi.rch Through the Wilderness Snakes. The rose tleet arrived at \'icksburg in the evening. the trip down the river was a pleapant one. Dre^. where it embarked on four Ptenmboatis. places of resort for bands of guerrillas. on bas«» the to approach of such u tleet. On the ISth. The fleet passed Helena and Xapoleon. in the morning. Bugs. and steamed down the broad ]\n. It navigation of the river.

-. •lit •I'-i' .1 • ii :- :.

and passed front of the boat but a fcw feet from The men commenced crack- . to young ones just commencing the world on their own re. or swam across the bow They were of all sizes. Early the next morning we the were again under way toward river. tion of the alligator.ICO SEVENTH iNDIA^•A CAVALRY. bines luive -ii-'ed kept a sharp lookout long. the near approach of which would not accelerate hi-'^ :ipeed a particle. he managed to pa. The boats lay at the Before daylight the next morning. and to the men availed themselves of the opportunity it mail letters to their friends. the fleet stopped awhile. they not being acquainted with that stream.^s ten or twenty feet in front of the boat. They were very dignified in their deportment when one had occasion to cross the river. and he acciJcnfa/y dischargwa. of the boats and along side of them. They swam without making a ripple on the that . from old ones ten or twelve feet in length. to take in coal. a tolerably gopd one was crossing to the opposite ban!:. the lea-^t. They did in not to wait Ahead a short distance. From Xatches where it proceeded to the mouth of the Red River. the night. th^%t furious cannonade would' have belclied] from the guns all of the fortiSoatlons. sometimes looking like old logs. th. to try on the mailed deni.-^ponsibility. wharf during the night.\v were pursuing their journey down the river.ater. bat now was peaceful and quiet. It occurred to si'me genius among the men. v.H and astonished to see the ball in glanee from thp scaly body without attracting. it. They wallowed in the mud on the banks. with their heads only above the surface. A'Cordingly they gut their carfor alligators. the atten- This of lit:le incident suj^re-lfd to the re>t of the men the idt-a making ai)d -irailir experiments. the pilots lay at anchor through the journey in being afraid to continue the dark.^ens of ed his carbine at onr>. headquarter? of that great The monotony of the journey was relieved by the alligators abound in the river. At Xatches.-r. what effect lead would have the riv.

iH !' .. lo lUoV? .*....hfl . ' 'v>T' .''. r.I' /.*.a. • i .f-.^ jl !.>rrlji y vifiM vrij .

some one e-tclaimed. "Yonder in themud on the bank" was the answer. were constructed ^ rises in places to gentle On 'approaching 17 . It was probably struck fifty times before the boat was out of gunshot range. Nearly every man was firing at it with his carbine or revolver. It ^ras . the prospect elevations. and a entirely large part of it overflowed with water. and the troops disembarked. when all was quiet." • BY LAND AND WATEA TO TEXAS. l6l in» away at it. as if rendered too blissfully hippy by a meal on d^g. and would have been abandoned had not an order been made prohibiting it. At first it closely. Awninns. with a young nigger for desert. it was was believed to' and that the motion was given it by the flowing of the approach disclosed the outlines of the villainous looking head of a mammoth alligator. " Alligator " Where. tha Seet landed at Ale. The country to within fifty miles of Ale. One day.'candria is low and flat. But by watching it seen to slowly roll from side to side. Every eye was strained in ed off harmlessly the alligator acted as occurred. After that. ! the direction indicated. The sun beamed down on the shadeless camp terribly hot. ground imprcved. There was little in the appearance of the country on either bank of the river to cheer the traveler. to notice worldly things. covered with timber. but nothing could be seen but an old loc as it was supposed to be. Louisiana. and went into camp on a sugar plantation at the ed^e of town. but the balls glanc- if nothing unusual had and did not so much as wink when the balls struck it. when an alligator was in sight. The and plantation residences dot the country. where ?" responded a dozen voices. it was totally oblivious to the presence of a steamboat loaded river. It kept on rolling. b)it so far as any outward manifestations were concerned. On the evening of the 23d of June. articles of diet of which alligator^ are said to be extremely fond. be a log.xandria. Ale. Even shooting alligators became stale.xandria. it was astonishing how many carbines went otf by pure accident. both for the men and horses. but a nearer with soldiers. struck several times.






• •













of poles




brought from the woods, which


relieved the suffering caused by the heat.

thousand inhabitants.

Alexandria, before the war, was a small city of about fivIt aonuired some his.toric interest by hi-

ing given over to the torch, and the greater and best portioa

destroyed by





when he

left it

on the

14th of May, 186 i, on his retreat from his disastrous expedition to Schrevesport. At the time the regiment was there, it contained but about five hundred inhabitants.

Old chimnevs not yet But the greatest


and rained




site of formar business blocks, or of palatial residences.


that centers there



fact, tliat

only three miles from the town, was located the military aca^ie-



which Gen.

\V. T.

break of the war.

Sherman vras President, on the outA^ Gen. Suerra;in O'l-'Uilred a fame as lastin;^

any institution

which he was conneccr-

^ill always attract a live'y




city a short





river rapid-,

which were damned ud


the water deep over thiCiu

the gunboats, that acconiiianied Gen. Btnks, ou his




and had gone above


could g


over them,


the defeat of E:ink5 at

battle of !Man>aeld.

Opposite Ale.-vandria and
village, deriving its

the river





nume from the groves

oi large





There, also, were two forts

by the




had P'is5e:-ion of the countrv. The country around Aloxan^lria is the finest and most fertile the State o'l Loui>iiiria, and wa'? known as the sugar and cotr'^irioH.




were \v.\iUuy and haughtily aristocratic, as the

following incident will show.
a splendid

at the


one day, called


plantation n-sidenee, to pay



They were met

door by a negro servant,


they told to inform the master

eonie officers called to






wich. a silver salver,



The servant



not know fhe bowing profonndlv, hekl it out, The of etiquette, and looked inquiringly from meaning of this kind
ofTlcers diil

one to anoth'^r for an explanation.
that he thought the ne^ro wanted
^vas mortified to




said after'^'ard?

take up a collection, and
of the par '7

think he had not a cont to contribute, not hav-

ing been paid for several months.

The ppokesoian

explained to the negro that they had shnphj come to miike n
friendly call,

and directed

hiui to so inform tlie ma.ster of the


tablishmenr, and to say that they were vraiting.


servant di.sappearc^I, and soon an
at the door,

angered gprrl-^r-n






not snrpri.^od that




not sufnciently

v.-ell br»^ 1



that they were


pected to send up


when they

called on a gentlemar!.

Of course the ofEcevs preteu'ied to have nuilerstood ail the time
that cards were expected from them, but explaine'l that not having been near a printing ofHce for a long time, their supplies of

were oxliausted.
at Alexauvlria, destined for

There were concentrated
Gen. George A. Caster.


Texas, about three thousand cavalry und?r the


The time was spent
fi.shing in

at Aloxaniria. in drilling in the hot






occasionally caught c.t-ilsh

The rii'^n weighing one hundvel pounds and
in c tching





alligator, froni a foot


a h df to


in lengti^ got


on dry land and v;as taken prisoner cy tho There were several such pets ia the Seventh Indiana."



alligator.-, in

n-.aking, in

search cf


got quite a






attacked and

by ih.



all monstcr.-i,





have th^ir


poinis, v,hi*.a

when known, make them an ea-v prcv
points ire ihc

the hunter.

and a

certain fpot in th?

back of the head.


ball entc-rlng either

of thsio places






; ,






>'/.',•> i




instantly kill them.

As already


they have a peculiar

fondness for dogs and negroes.
will bring to



of a

dog near a bayou,


surface the heads of all the alligators

They leave the water, and
by a peculiar stroke of


up behind negro children, and tails, knock them into their jaws.


short time after the troops disembarked at Alexandria,

negro laid down and went to sleep on some baggage near the brink
of the

and an alligator was discovered

crawling out of

the water, but a short distance from him, evidently intending


a meal of him.


soldiers drove the alligator

back into

the river and

awoke the negro, who was

seized with an almost

mortal terror, on being informed of the danger he had so narrowly escaped.

sent further south, when, as

There was a growing discontent among the soldiers at being they suppo.^ed, the war was over.

This led to


desertions, in




deserted in

squads and platoons.




nearly the whole
the threatenevl

command was

night, to


desertions of companies and of a





duty deserted, when attention was directed elsewhere.

The dissatisfaction of tli-i men was increased by the cruel tr^ratment of General Custer. That General had won a good reputation in the east, as a

fmhting general.

He was

only twenty-

years of age, and had the usual egotism and selt-importance

of a

young man. He was a regular army ollicer. and ha.l bred in him the tyranny of the regular army. He did not distinguish between a regular suhlier aud a vciunteer.


did not slop to

consider that the latter




nut soldiers by profimilies, to

—men who

havl left their

homes and



crisis ia the history


country, and


the crisis ums

passed, they had the right to return to tht-ir home.-. He had no sympathy in common with the private soldi"rs, but r>'gariled them simply a.s macliine.s, created for tlie special purpose oi



imperial w'll.

Everything about

bira indicated the

and dandv.

His lone;, vo.ilow


on his












'!! flidJ

r mcrt











in the regulations, that

was gaudy, and
be scrupulously


tended only to

vanity, he




His wife accompanied him on




Texas, and he


compelled soldiers to perform menial services

her and him-


which was


express violation of the law.


sergeant of the

Fifth Illinois Cavalry,

Second Wisconsin, and a private of the were court-martialed f«r desertion and

sentenced to
appeals of




the earnest


the field officers of his

command, dftermined
of a

carry the sentence into erlect.

The army was formed on three


hollow square.



coffins v;ere


near the center of the



fifteen feet apart.
in the center of the


Gen. Custer and staiT took their positions
square, facing the open side.

The provost guard that was
feet in



do the shooting, was formed about thirty
coihns, facing the


of the

open side of the square.

The condemned men were placed

a cart, with their LaU'ls

behind them, with each a white bonnet on, that was to
their eyes

drawn over


the execution rook place, entered

from the open side at the right, and^ passed slowly around

Square in front of each regiment, to the tuiie of the dead march.

No one can know






feelin^zs of

honor, a



military execution imposes!


Language, aided by the most vivid imagination, cannot portray the agony of ciinl, the con<leraned must sulfer. Ea-'h Ptej«.




roll of the

mutiled drum, admonish them that they aie



approachin>4 their do'jm.


After rea.-hing the
t.iken out



.-.juare, tlie











on a

colTin, faciiiLr




guard, their legs lashed to



tiie boniu-t.s

'irawn over their eyes.

Tlie law re(piire5 that one




giiiird >hal!

be !oa<led with a blank cartridge.

by The


i-'iiard ar."

inforw-d thai

gun of thr



no bnHet





and, of course


man hopes


he has that



provost marshal cautions the


take accurate aim, thru
suffering hy not beins

condemned may be saved unnecessary



further has a selfish motive, 'or

his dury, shoul'l

condemned not be killed, to step up to him and complet-^ the work with a revolver. Gen. Custer had concluded to commute ihe pnnisuraent of o»i^ of the condemned to imprisonment for three years at the Dry

Tortugas, but he kept






except his provost



moraent before the exv'oution, the provost mar.-hal stppp<^l
one whose sentence was -.oraruuted,

to the




clapped his hand on him rather roughly, and the poor

thinking he was shot, swooned away, and died a few day?
\vard> from the fright he received.


The provost marshal then gave
click of the guns, as they

the commanil: •'L.eady'!" t::c wine cocked, was heard by the eutii*'

command, who almost held
next command, aud the


their hearts throbbing against


and who could hear bosoms. "Aiai!" v.-as the

were leveled at the coni.h;ai;i-ra. After quite a pause, to euab'.e the guard to get accurate aiui, the command: " F;re! " rang out, an,! simultaneously the repo:i of the rifles were heard. The blue smoke from the guns curie 1 aAvav, and the soldier who had such a loncrin:? to reiura to 1..Wife

and children,


an absence of years, that he brave!

death, in attempting to get home, pierced

by s£veral

bails, fell

back ou his co£n, d-ad


Each regiment v.-as marched past the body, so every txl.m it, and then returned to its quarters. The execution was pronounced by the oiiloers to have bee.", barbarous. Tne friciitetiinsr the sol'-ii>-:r to death, under the pretence of commuting hi« sentence, was the refinement of cruelty. The crime of v.-hich these men Wt.'re guiity cannot excu-ed.
could see

and, in time

of active v;ur,

they should

have suiTered


Tbfey ought to have been puni-bed as


not with deafu.









1 -.I










land of uayor. started 8th.?ter. and ' i t' ray backs. earth. There 13 167 a vast diflferetice in desertion in is the face of an enemy.s. alligators. where soldiers are kept the simply not authority.h: on the morning of August expedition as an not broken. with sabres and carbines. Farewell. as copied from his journal. bur no tent stood upon of tents had melted from the face of the beneath a ". but desolate amid her ruins.BY LA^'D AND ^VATEP. Article the 65 of the Articles of War. of this proceding is. — AH things being ready. was not done.s I started field [roud and majestic. is dandy officers like Cu. whieh ing on account of the rich vein of well worth readit. j)reviou3 to resuming the march. like Our "snow tiakeb" A hearty shout went up from three and in a moment a long line of mounted cavalry. in and desertion after a war i^ervice. The most horrible part in violation the execution was re- of law. left Alexandria hi-tory for Texas. humor that pervades we Aunust S'. of observation" to Texas. bosom. TL. TO TEXA3.sutumer sun. threaded through the sleeping town. Even burned and dilapidated Alexandria locked on our ever-to-be-remombered "army fuii. General Custer. a little longer An otilcer who cannot distinguish between grades to retain fit of crime to have authority over his fellow men. in over." to the old sugar its where our villag. Alexandria F. «lant " TutS'Icnj. mosquitoes. I cast a look "behind me. that before effect. Day had a resplen- and the clear-faced moon threw out danced shower of bright silvery light over the world. to death sentence States could be carried into the proceedings of the court martial should be submitted for the Presi'lent of the United his approval. on Ssh of August. quired. is Browne's own language. After waiting in vain to be paid the oil'." tliuusand throats. We give the of this march in Gen. Its radiance " fantasies most beautiful" upon the muddy waters of the old river. and passed out of it forever. tlies. with his com- mand. bugs. Our route fur the first few miles lay almost parallel with Red .r camp had been.treweli.

^ .

SEVENTH INDIAITA CAVALRV. long narrow aisles between the growing banks of green on either side. our ears. of our marching column. Tlie country. that were con- stantly fighting us..iyoa=' But for millions oi v/ell. that ten acres of it would not raise a hill of boniis. dust in our mouths. is still flat. which grew upon a soil so Oa barren. went into forest of tall camp on delightful Here we found the first good wa:i=r in Louisiana. in a eleven miles. we slept Oth. and has nothing hut eand and pines. and it was in a little and nearly stagnant creek. indeed. but now thick and unbroken forest of pine^. looked beautiful. in Once in ten we find a little cabin standing in a small clearing of a halt is This patch planted melons. or bu'^h. reaching far above our heads I we rode It along. and to see the hot. it is nothing unoou:::-. and. vermin. Ai'ovsl 1865: in — Reveille morning. or . are abundant. although it was taken from b. and over plantations. in a beautiful pine grove. and sweet potatoes.scampering through the road by the miles acre. with here and there a modest white flower peeping The weather was half reluctantly from beneath rhe foliage.i'i we suddenly entered a scarcely seen a tiee. and other wild game. a at marched at four o'clock the ^Ve two o'clock." in sailor phra. large level and abandoned cotton and sugar slcirted We then "tacked. m. to see fence. on either side with In height. the road was for several" Here. "aou-west.1G8 River. resembling the wild rose of the north. dust in in fact. Wc got dust in our eyes. ly at the edge of we struck a blufl' rising abruptto this point we h. Fifteen miles from Alexandria. Wednesday. hedges were full twelve feet. and went into camp at 4 o'clock p. these a>? hedges. and and thrifty pines. Up We had plenty and from a creek. the roads about one foot deep in fine dust and sand.on side to s:e an old buck . of water. we were well nigh transformed into living sand-heaps. and having made little knoll. and these suppose neither bird or beast could pass through. Thev were thickly matted. this day we made a march of some twenty-five miles. Deer. the level pliin. so far.

hi! ..

isorved in passing lialf-dozen dirty Women and bony" woman. It was. Aujust VZth: — As on we were m. forage.aorning reveille. l. Lord! the morning was pleasant. d. inasmuch as I come from.efore us. ." •teener •I'^-'e running water. August Ili'A. Saturday. urchins staml about the '. the only "Yankee parade" those old forests ever witnessed. as for me. 'ilways fully. and this cabin "lean. for country atfords r-'speets is so no other subjects to the pen. m.vil all tho 'Yanks' Tlaey can't imagine " we pass. perhaps. We made sixteen miles to day.: BY LAND AND WATEr. The !iftle water we got was biackisu and untlt for any use.Jen '•vlien went bed to be and stung. then Was up to till M. which afforded abund- of clear. except to drank by soldiers. Auiju.loor and of tlie color of clay. Ly a and by a occujiioJ. Water very scarce and bad.d lOtlt — Marclie'l the yesterday.. as s^em to be utterly bewildered. "p at 2 o'clock and started on the march at 4 o'clock a. and scratched and kicked until 2 o'clock a. Thursday. bad water. \-"i [itched our tents again in the pine woods. and pines. as I ol. that make a draft on imagination would totally ruin the brain of an oi'dinary man. 18 . and in other unpoetic. and whar in the march. In the evening. but.dnight drawing rations and I'. as every morning noon of 'lay blistered us delight- Camped '•ace at nooa at Annacoco creek. Pines pines behind us. I dipped my canteen full of its and took a good "swig" of the beverage with a relish than ever toper took his whisky toddy. dust. I felt serving out the balau'^e of my time there. "lir^uid. pin'^s on each side of us. by the Th'^ is. yams. sand. and sickly-lnoking children. oh. it .vill be the last. nothing but Weather very hot. lank is 1G9 it.-— Had no sleep last night. high and dry. the previous days. and bugs." we had made so short a had regimental dress parade. passed through on the same time as same kind of country.) Fri'lay. (excu-^e -0 me for writing for this much about pines. the bugles blowtl me out of bed. TO TEXAS.

. I II I- ' ' '.'.\^ ' . .i! . .•}'r>- ' ':•('. 1 " : I. ffll . '111 ' . I • I .. 3 I! ... .vv . .. '.

1 cro-^sed the river on horseback and st'-od Texas. the rebels threw up a large and formidable to stop our forces. but a river ea'rthw. — Lay quietly m. but I enjoyed more than two hours in hearing him relate. to Texas in 1820. On this day. still The country was variableness or "pine woods and sandy roads.M-k to crossing). that stands a good chance of to without his neighbors knowing him be sick.. and the water is not more than ten feet deep at the deepest point. m. although at this time it wa8 not more than fifty yards wide. shadow This day we arrived. should have undertaken They had their "labor for their pains. it is mark. in the true barkwoods styhv the history of his earlier fights and escapes.'P. county. At this place.110 SEVENTH INDIANA CAYALEY. and in the war with Mexico in 1845. Sundaif. He was now too old to engage in the pastime of shooting men. August \oth: coco. This river is navigable during six months of the year for a hundred miles above the point at which we struck it. I on tlie chivalric soil of the "Lone Star" Stat-\ went some three or four miles through the woods to original in the nearest farm-house. until 4 o'clock p. which is the boundary between Texas and Louisiana. and to-day he lie so tar dyini-' removt'd from everybod)'. in the event they cross into Texas. and was. therefore. in liveil in the woods. at the Sabine river. (which is no place at all.'J "Bevil's Ferry." without of turning. in camp on the Ann >The forenoon was employeil in putting a pontoon bridge across the Sabine. :it about 10 o'clock for the first time a. and found an Texan. afitrr & march of fifteen miles.'' as n- Yankee was ever so foolish as to undertake to march an array through such a God-forsaken country as that between Alexandria and the Texas line. or I bought a bushel of excellent peachcfj and a melon two iVom the oM . "not engaged in the past rebellion. oxilo is I a great measure. He had come Texan war ut ISoG. and fought the For nearly thirty years he had Irom civilized life. By looking at the map yn will see the place at which we made the crossing." which is at the northeast corner of Newt.

.•.s tub ..:.'b .q jit/OO . ..1 'iO .

On Sunday afternoon. 15: A. We the crossed the Sabine immediately. On this day we crossed the Aii'. Moore of Cren. Pines und de. The timber is oak. The country is almost an u!iiuhabited wilderness. a low. we struck tents and were again on the march. pine. he was happy. and camjied on a very sized frog-pond near the county seat of Jasper county. and so we left him. and gallinippcrs irihal)it the whole face of cho cazih. Awj. Tiiis night we camped among the "Pines" auairi.the — 3I:irclied early again. the first time in four and a half in "Star-Spangled" banner north-eastern flat Texas. — and NecUes river. 17'A.EY LAND AND WATER TO TEXAS.'r. got stung and swure blue Tuesday. b".-. made some Mills on miles Cow Creek. Wednesday. m." and bid him a goodbye. The i^oil is starvation poor. Texas.'illtia The fast we forvled and the latter we had to bridge with our pontoons. left us. Aug. 171 man. and on one of these ridges. IGth: Marched before daylight. and went into camp near Weather v/jirm. with our whole for command. and just as the sun was rising passed through the town of Jasper. and mugnolia. we struck Monday. and T/iursd'ty. Custer's stall'. Passed through consideral)le same kind of country. Thu Lwu rivers run Ihrou/h boundless piue forests. Land wretchedly poor and the people too poor to be vrretched. tent in a "yaller jacket's" nest.. Aug. roads dusty.g3. houses. paid hiin in "greenbacks. assure! that it would. and sandy country. we suddenly struck the }>ine hills again. at o'clock p. and seemed very anxious to Being know whether such currency would pay his taxes. Xo goovl country yet.'. lie had never seen such money before. — Aug.- — Started iifteea as usual at 4 o'clock in the morning. woods all pine. Faris' 14ifA. snak. After traveling through this kind of country for some five miles. and went on rapidly to icport for orders at Houston. waier very scarce and bad. rny Pitched lay blazos. After crossing the river. At this place Capt. and unfurled. with only an occasional patch fit for cultivation. years. near the Angelina river and about fu'teeu miles from its coulluence with Noehes rivor. . birch. we went into camp for the night.

iv.v-.-T .r/fui /I ...I 19J1A : .

.j.h-d its the Trinity. and as if even God himself had abanduncl it.f the year large ''jameis pa :.-iil 1 nearlv j'eg^Miig mib.-. i.-lanee of .-i/.e 1 wt- n iia-d ... This w. our canteens the har-lest tanii-Iied — mis'uable wat-T water.y riv.. iver '.. Ju-^t "behn-r :-'i going uao camn. bitten almu-sl have no good aLout them. in we slruek a Very fine firming count ty fair or live miles width. Aivj.-^i there.-ep 'n bank. dry and weary march For twenty-Seven long miles we were without wat' in tlio morning at 1 and m.-t at the vd^.^a..'.ed sui'--wh--el v.-evenfe-m miles to Swartwout-'s Ferry on Trini. One or two farms were inde. tini.. of 'i'he .>d handsome. I could not find I wa. l)ut -: much (. we S'.-...v. and enjoyed tla: usual luxury of belu'j.-n i<jkjI li. ris a very mean ^^i:'.a[. itdis The water W:is very juw si/.J hujiiieds 01 miles ahove th<by the boys. into th-^ woods. above its water-?. — the woods at night. One could uld ruotv scarcely pu: Iim iViOiiin _' •.a. throu_:j..' . but there. r. v^:l.' ui.i. I would not have taken one a....-.. it was alter we cot it.. icd.17: SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALllY. f-r. I can say this of T«:cas generally. and where.t are very steep in<leed..>i Ferry. as our laenau'l horses were n*-atlv I for Tiiey eauie very cliat I w. 'Can4) Rattlesnake.i:. and camped.-ru d^.^miiily .-^ay thai I was in the woods to-day all day.. its ^.t.te.h bu.oj. l6//i. God only knows any body during the whole day to inI quire of where .. and cam}'e'i shortly after noon. to-day looks as if it to death by the infernal Trid'j'j. and rannved A/y.-. we had to camp on a little dry run.u e:ossed. Uak.s..iiii. .:inje'l:at-!y on western bank. ihrougii.i> day ul the nnirch.m but I stuckit have an ambulane. and after making a niar<-h of that distance. In any other part of the world. — M'avhe-l \\\: nsr.. ^Ve cam}it'd in the Wuods after a short march. to taive thuught a do7. I could have lived on one of them. as Tijisua.! . Sun'l. out of the wuuils. Marched a long.e i. I put up my t^nt can in . and about thirty f-.a It is- gift.— Maixhfd the wuuds. A'j'irl^Jtlh: o'clock.ide a d'. rj/A. and dig holes in it to catch water enough to fill Saiurda. som..ij. laiul The whole face of the couiitiy was uninhahited by man.


up to rliis in tlie time very lar:^e. ili earned of siuikes .!-/ Lvte'l loi' haViw^ . dangerous of to all the. on tiie middle branch of the streain. neither of . Ac.'. fill an J were the togL-ther and form the river proper. aliho'igh ^.im. had yet seen in Texas. Ou I ilso p. We rpmaiaed ani un '2}sLat 4 oefjck we were in o'lr sa^ldles .s w . a snaky it while in (.-ed tlii-ough tlit> two be:iuti- fal vilhiges. Tiie San Jacinto li.. with the bugs and other Roether pull\Ve had time of i.a.fogies to it. all of whicii co.s ed out his teelh.u-. whi.a-tt-ru. tail. twenty-seven a little mib-. Cold Soriugs and Waverly. part of a little town as well as a river crossing. vi-atieul.uious and with here and there a veiy W'c made another long marvh of commudious hum house. our the nver ilseii is ot c^iue si.Seen in Te.'.i dried U{> run. Awj. after a mrircli -A some fourteen miles. litty miles We spent at this camv) the morn- another terrible night. The . still 2'2il: improves.-ainii./'u's 6izc. neat . We crc^scd it and c..Ia'iO Layou iii-^r H. Dr..mri.:•« churches. without waiei-. They were not in I.ii my sleep. auil cumped for the nighc o.s.oa.e Tu^s iiver . but the is it.l we. I iiel traveled some otie hundred and ruined ing.[..l. — oif again. Thi'^ Marched morning we — at the old time.vhieh ha/i I b.iL enters.:*.h:-e-.=. Tiicse snakes are gon orally 173 in^j^t on. but showed both thrift and ti-.-o where.BY LAND AND WATEU TO TEXAS.:. Passed by some line plant. 1 Camp over night an Jfonduy.'S . various tribes that I killed old fellow myself. His suakeship was near six length and was vc/// larj-: pji. ami a neat school Here the Cuuiilry b'^au to improve very decidedly. Cu..'.- .. Tiieso forks are but small sLi\-./. and has them lor a TeXan keep.^uke. the mentioning. nii<ldle ai.-.. Swnrtin this woutz Ferry town.iy \s'e man or beast. with thirteen rattles ou his -howing hi La leet in have been fourteen years old.struck the eastern fork San Jacinto river. too little to mentiori. and got me up at an early hour in tiiat ati^nled bat httle to drink lor eJiher tliis il. only towr.•.-j where we crossed the..'. The country of the . you may be sure. I nofiued also oa-h.stern.


and that we were not t^> .:!.igcd in prcpiiring a with the boys cup of coifce. The country in this — about this prairies. Thursday. and be':. it being smail. 1836. at about sun up. and again the c. It now ed here. of county in ::eat. al. To-day we passed through which we saw but one a floor. twelve miles in width.174 battle of SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY. before daylight. that we were making for the railroad. Again camp we waked up some of our old enemies. but I cannot imagine live v/ithin miles of vt-ry who owned them. 'lod: We were in our saddles again. and go fast. as we could get nothing until we reached Houston.-. and nobody a])peared t^^ it. 'plact. tall jirairie Hundreds of cattle v. is 'oeautiful. refreshing sleep.-e. camped on a im.'e near Montgomery. Sam Housand the Mexicans unJer Santa Anna.-yre hording upon the grus-. Three thou.>o'it Tii:i' we were in the saddle again and on our w. This battle was fouglit between the Texans under ton.via ^'. Aug. became apparent that our rations were running short.:ii:ip was in motion.- From and Danville ag. taken. The bugs me in vam Fridjij. and moving.:I!y cng. Aug.^and camp fir'S — could be seen in ihe darl-: of the nioruiug.-truck a large j^rairic Lind at once the coluian (which had b r marching south) turned directly west. I laid dowri) eurly bit and enjoyed a for once. 2Uh: The bugles sounded reveille at 2 o'clock. I bed (that i-j. San Jacinto fought on its bank on tlie Gth of April. and we enjoyed it. Our camp was about fifty miles above the battle field. We sj^n • . Nothing of interest occurrWe had plenty of water. j went to much fatigued. i. sv/eet. the rattier. good as wato-r. so the order was to live on half rations. It suon became knuwr. The prairie was as level us and we could see for miles from side to side. Water was reasouably plenty. but struck fer'-iiu tl. roiling.and we slew them without m'ercy. bu. and was the battle in which the Texans won their inde]iendence.-Ly them. Montgomery county. We came to the flourishing town of Danville.di stream a largo prairie hou.iy.

v.. v.'ll .

At noon on this dav. I was broken out with heat as thickly as ever one was with measels. In addition to this.d. through Cypress City. I ti-lt lilce I was being constantly prich'ed with a niillionof pins. sight of it made me reileetion feel as if I were almost at home but a moment's taught me that I was leaving home and friends farther and farther behind me every day. and you were lay down wh'>n you ini. Saturday. await rations and then march toward Austin. had praitie on every side of us. prairie hens. acrain. to this prairi-^ and haven't got out of day. some twenty-peven miles distant. For twenty-seven miles we Cattle. No trees to bo seen except a few cypress thar.BY LAND AND WATER TO TEXAS.-^hes. from the 'bottom of my feet io the orown of my head. I alter a tedious march of eighteen days.' and during the warm part of the day. sight. "We were ordere'-l to march at midnight. Pas^i^l ^htJc: — Promptly at midnight we were up Parsed into a big it and olT. by prairie. stood lonely sentinels on the l>anks of the creek. sleep in the daytime Tlie itch i-:n't To a circumstatue to the heat. in which we made seme at Hempster.i of sleep in each night. although we made but short marches was impossible. and on this I Here we were to We were now at afternoon I saw the first Tlxe locomotive had seen since I left ^Memphis. At noon we struck Cypress Creek. go to Houston at all. near the little town of Cypress City. or was being sprinkled on the bare skin with hot a. 175 "We had marched two hundred and fifty and then had to turn our backs upon it after having come within twenty miles of it. . alive with the pine at first a beautiful but it so'jn grows tame and distance. A long prairie dull. were the only things animate or inanimate that lent variety to the scene. and once "We were surrounded upon all sides again pitched our tents. in bug-. all this time did not average more than three hours ea<l. three hundred miles we arrived During day. The very idea of marching at midnight made me sleepy. the Tex IS Central railroad. At sundown we learned that we could not get supplies before reaching Hempstead. and an is occasional deer. miles to see the city. and all manner of creeping things in a moment.

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sling Then notwithstanding we were in irnmoiise forests of pin'-s. At the top thev are crossed with a few short limbs.all. soldiers. Sergeant Cai-r and Corporal Gerean and James T. had killed a camp that some beef. tl:e The Aid wont through and all of Ins the tents of m-n. Arnold of company I. anxious for an opportunity to exerci.--e pine woods are open. The an next morning. they killed a runty calf worth about one dollar and brought some of the meat into camp. The soldiers from the 7tl\ other regiments got men from the Indiana arrived. Tiie pine-: had. and sha<le in has about Lay down in it. and had left a with a ponit. nnd in the tent of Corporal Gereau fuuiid some of the meat. to The Coi-poral messmates to were arrested and s/ut Cu. the sweltering sunshine. scratch. on its arrival at Hempstead. the width of a gate-post. slim trunks. audi other regiments out to get the refuse meat. and five minutes in runs away from yt'U and leaves you.'ner of the calf made complaint to Custvr. we never had any shade.ster a headipiarters. anJ each one of this army of vermin coulJ aivl gnaw you all at the same time. Contrary . high and dry.-e cruelty. it Tiiey therefore throw out its no shade but that of the trunlis alone. but nut larger in wiioie cir- cumference than a cotton umbrella. Tlu-. was almost destiOwing to the incomtute of were searched. lent a willing the ear to his statements. who.170 SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY. and was noaidy starving. 7th Indiana. were of the party. Greatly di'^appointed at not gf^ting any of the meat." The Colonels experience on this march was the expenenje of every man in tlie command. and being nearly starved. One day wor-l^got out in toon train. no storus had been accumulated for the command. portion of w^'^nt Some it men from before the the 7th Indiana. bite. The regiment. withont underbrush or small tri:es. petency or rascality of the quartermaster's 'k-partment.irt. at roll-i. small. while regiment was Aid from Caster dashed up with orders in line all till f^r the regiment to remain the (pi. growing up fifty to eighty feet without a limb. Of course the rebel ov.

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iick from him he was innocent of and died. Corporal Gereau had been in the service since the commence- '^^ j }^" . that as soon as Gereau told him he was innocent. He was severely wounded in the battle of A. who knew him well. all manly way be shaved.nteitam. By act of Congiess approved Aug. 5. Maj. and discharged on account of his wounds. he was tried and convicted in Indiana. But poor Gereau came to a sojI end. He had always been a true and reliable soldier. and afterwards. | ' : ment of the war. and that she hadperiured him VJ . After Gereau had been in prison about four years. Maj. He sufficiently recovered to be able to enlist in the 7th Indiana cavalry. his 177 tried in a legal promise to Col. the brutal and illegal order was carried out to the letter. tlie He also learn- ed Major Carpenter says. who was with him and a. flogging in the army was abolished and prohibited. Carpenter. for Gereau would not lie. The Major h-^arned from him the cause of tliat his imprisoameut. were horrible in the extreme. ISGl. Before dying siie confessed to her priest. a brute perfectly willing to do his dirty work. The do" tails of the oli'ence. to go through the of an examination.ssistcd in killing the calf. Shanks. of the crime of rape. Custer ordered his Provost I^Iartial. TO TEXAS. put the utmost reliance on his truthfulness. Carpenter was passing through the prison one day and saw a convict rapidly approaching him. He would not lie to save himself \ /« ^ from punishment. he was too manly to expose Sergeant Carr. they had done.BY LAND AND WATEF. that Geieau was innocent o^ the crime. be marched in front of the regiment on dress parade. When in front of him he discovered the convict to be Gereau. This outrage won for Custer the lasting hatred of every decent man in his command. as stated by the prosecuting witness. He was sent to the Jeffersonville prison. the prosecuting witness was taken crime. Carpenter. he knew he was. Against the prote-^t of Colonels Shanks and Browne and Maj. After the war. to have the men way by farce court-martial. Gereau and Arnold confessed in a Custer ordered their heads to j v and that they receive forty lashes each.

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It was.ITS into tliG SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALFA'. the number of the regiment had been reduced to five hundred and fifty men. will of the regiment and its operations. By the usual casualties of the service. State prison for revenge. he was so overjoyed by his uninto brain fever. before Gov. there- be given in the next and last chapter of this History of the Pcefriraent. Bakor. decided to consolidate the regiment into six companies. When expected informed of his pardon. that it threw him which he died a day or two afterwards. and. was eagerly embraced by those lucky enough of the service. of good fortune. therefore. laid it The Priest took tlown lier statement. who iraraediately pardoned Gereau. The opportunity 'of geting homo. In some of the companies the commissioned atid non-commissioned oiUcers were in excess of tlie privates. . to be mustered out The reorganization after. and muster out the supernumerary commissioned and non-commissioned otHcers.

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Roy Woods. of company U. thence by steamboat aud railroad to their homes in Indiana. I Understand Arrival at Austin Final Jfuster — — — — — : Out.-ilh the ]-ro. Thomas S. the . Jolm W. of company K.Qimclif r. you ish a German. was commissioned '2d Lieutenant. of company G. fiiendo in ludiaaa. 1st. Longwell. on consolidation V. l. Caf'tain Benjamin F. yet when the huur for parting came. Charles T. the regim>-nt assembled at head-quarters. Captain Sylvester L. Noble. Lee. Maj. and 2d Lieut. Altliough those who were g'>ing home were delightfd v. James H. Lieut.^-glns its 2farcl f-r A>-s'in Parses Thiouah JBenhdm and Bastrop The Mayor of Bastrop Extends to Col. Stover. of company I. in a Speech in German. Howard. EEORGANIZATION OF THE LEGlilENT. Captain Samuel M. Lewis. George W. James Dundan. lid Lieut. Thomas J. Eranglier. that Knocks the Poitry all out of him " Colonel. Carpenter. of com|iany F. John R. Lewis F. These oficers.Ghapteb. of com['any E. and 1st Lieut. Shanks. and 1st Lieut. w-nt by railroad to Galveston. Dailey. and Major Carpenter. Parmelee. Lake. Cyrus B.-t Liuiit. Browne the Ldjerty oj the City. as Ist Sergeant of company IT. Capt. Tiie follcving commis. of company A. mustered out of the service. Ezekiel Brown. of company L. The E'-. XII. and 2d Lieut. The evening before th-ir departure from the camp at Hemp- and listened to parting speeches from Colonels Shanks and Browne.-!'ect of ^ooa being with their families and stead. 1st Lieut.^ioned officers of its tlie regiment. together with some enlisted men. Poliy. but did not muster. and from there by steamer on the Gulf of Mexico to Xew Orleans. who were mustered out at the same time. were Col. J. D. Cogley. C. 1st Lieut.

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Charles R. W. 21 Lieut.. 1st Lieut. QuartermasterSergeant. K.-Col. Jenkins. Barnes. \ViHiam A. Leid . Lieut. Captain.'dv': 1-c L. Baxter. Robert G. an^i the regiment broke camp -it IIciLipstead. organization. IsOi. Skelton Aljutant. Andrews. Veterinary Surgeon.'V shared. Sergeant-Major. Captain. Charles H..-t of coiupanie- K and E. John Cook. 1st Lieut. and Joseph \N'. Lieut... of Lompanies \V.iin.^t Assistant Lieut. l. Samuel E. Commissary. Gleason. of companies C and J. W. Eoether. ollicers of the regiment as reorganized. . were: Thomas M.. caused the tears to course common danqerd an 1 privations duwn the checks of La4 the warsui'i worn veterans. Gibson. Simonson. Lieut. Barton B. Company C was composed of companies A and F. Thomas W. Company D was composed John L. Surgeon. Longfellow. Commissary-Sergeant. Meyer. Quartermaster.. 2d Captain. Captain. Joel H. 2d Lieut. Elijah S... Samuel B. Norton. as they grasped each other by the hand and "goodbye. Company William II.. Captain.'180 recollections of the- SEV£NTH IXDIAI^'A CAVALRY. Surgeon. Getage W. Joshua Chitwood . Aaron L. 1st Lieut. Capt. on th-j morn:n_' of the Ot'ih of October.:. D. Nathan Garrett. . th. started on its . A was composed OtScers: of H ami I of l. John G." The field and regimental non-commissioned Colonel.ei. SadJler Sei'geant.. Jones. Chief Bugler. At 3 o'clock. l. ^lajors.Browne. John Donvh. 2d Lieut. George nell. Crane. Hospital Steward.. Daniel B. \yilliani H. George Shreeve. G. Company E was composed James E. John M. Max Company B was composed of companies L and M. Ileuderson. Rufus H. James C. Jones.Vn IreW Thomp..Sloa. Blackford. Spick- Lysander F. companies Sclioen. Ingram. 2d Lieut. . Moore. George F. Dynes.-uu 2d Lieut. B and D. John Company F was compo-ed George 11. Eldridge.. the old Lieut. Elliott.n.

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Jjle to the TL. at Cu.'5 place Gen. ISl Brazos march p.- C'^lou- a- Chlnoc or CLcruk>. the regiment camjied one- half mile Bastrop. by the Mayor remarlciiig: "Colonel.e his In. Colonel Browne. whose accents betrayed Col. man. On At the evening of Nov^mlier north-east of 2d." and proceeding Wus of tu address him in the ti'-rman iunguage. and was about to accept of the hospitalities. were met by the Mayor of the city. out of him.KEORGANIZATIO^.-nd him the Liberty It of tlie City. and a bay-v. m . tlic capital of tLe State.t s[)eckled face. as the him. au'l at 4 o'clock m.s. In pa." His Honor. and remembered that in olden times. to Austin. who en'juirtid for The Mayor tlieu introduced to the Colonel.s he had stumbled on a choice ipiotation from Shiikespoar. etc. and pleading . who were his teutonic origin. I'ciled to ackuowludge ignorance Culond was (. with the main command.. Cu:^ter perpetrated a joke upon Col. Browne was pointed out to the Mayor. Just a. short legs. Browne.liai. that they came on behalf of the people of Bastrop. and Lieut -Colonel Simonson. in advance of gaunt command. atid thr. camped two and a half miles from Breiiham. thi. the pO'-tiy was knocked. was an occasion that reipaired the highest order of oratorical powers on the part of the recipient of such extraordinary honors. muses banished to their . then procoe^led to inform Colonel Brov\-ne. ly took in the The Colonel 'piick- whule range of ancient history.. whirli 1 as uuintellig. a town on the Colorado river. It cros-el the river about 8 o'clork a.ster told the Mayor of the city that Colonel Browne was coming. on a pontoon brilge. Gen. The General.. to ext-. a tall. the citixen.-inclow abdonion. The Colonel to invoke the aid of all the muses.OF THE REGIJIENT. and extend the liberty closed his vyc^. in an efibrt of the cities. you i^h a Lierman I uinleislant. the On arriving edge of the city. on the • Texas Central railroad. went forth to meet them. to conciliate conquering heroes. a man with .-hadduwy realm-. "Chief Justice.^mGorman.ssing through Bastrop. Here was an event in the life of the Colonel. and the that he was a German. the to 31ayor. prtcede-l the Seventh Indiana.

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As tlio Col^. Indiana sent no better regiment during thegre. Lieut. -Colonel Siraonson was lieard to say.1S2 pressing SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY. r^^giment. IS^JG. the fornitu- Colonel of t".i two ami one-half miles north of the . where it embarked on a steainerand rosst^d the Gulf of ?»Ie\-ico toXew Orleans. After bei!)g paid.)ririgs.'. Ttie re. Eakv-r and Gen. 1 and you Lis attem^mt.n. At the larter jilace.stant. It then proreeih^d to Galveston." The poriduneut camp Wct.v > ro.iujeiit was mu.. Gov. L. From theie it went by steamboat up the Mississippi to Cairo. of Here ends the history rebellion..--- of Noveinlier. as ish 51 talking to liimself: "Coloii'j." Frona Bastrop.. the men dispersed to their homes.iment.' were present./ Browne responded. otficial Jiitie. to special orders Xo. .. a::! from theuce by railroad to Indianapolis. the ladies pi-e^'are'l a dinner for ll. of Texas. Departm-_-tr. It the to Seventh the field Indiana Cavahy. 20.stered out pursuant on the ISth •>: Ffbruary.£. tabli.-hed at "Seiders S|.s proLeedeJ if on their way. the there on the 4th commanJ marched to Austin. to which Colon. Illinois. and made speeche-. German I umler.ule tlio Mayor allien.-. arrivi.-service 0:' the city. was the List Indiana Cavalry regiment mustered out of the service.

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The quartermaster. principally sugar. unload one hundred hog -heads of sugar. of passengers consisting of men. were on board. running but thrt." and April. The Sultana was one of the largest size steamboats. the Sultana. iO. and suffered the tortures devised by the way I to their government. there were a large number children. on the Gth of I \ Memphis. BQ^uaBHl .-hip this side uf the grave. Having discharged her freight. on their homes iu the Xorth. or exchange words of fr:<nd. The burning with the of the pplenilid steaoiai-. and in the calamity with hundreds of other soldiers." little dreaming that that was the last time tiiey would ever clasp lumds. women and and the boats crew. arrived at to I j warned visitors to go a^h'-re. from thirty to forty of the members of the regiment. Sultana. lS05. and were at the time of the disaster. With hor I freight of pre. the bell summoned passengers "on board. Besides these. Parting friends shook each other by the hand.CHArTEPv XIII. and She had was valued at eighty thousand dollars. there were aboard of her. was guilty of criminal care- lessness in overloading the boat. BURNING OF THE SULTANA. is connected liistory of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry.-ious souls. where they had been for months. and said "goodbye. because at the lost time of that terrible disaster. and a large quantity of freight.e been years. at Vicksburg. most of imprisoned rebel whom About two thousand soldiers had but recently been released from Andersonville and other prisons. ! The gang-plank was drawn the en^inea of the boat put the ponderous wheels in motion. where she lay till midnight.

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Husbands threw liieir wives inlvi tiie water and plunged in after iheni. Sixteen hundred uf them were destined to awaken soon alter.'ir night attire. found their last resting pfu e lif-uiath the waves. Tlie exj'losion liOiie uonrred to rise in the widest jMit of the river. nut only nearer. "Tl bourne whence no traveler ere returns" When about seven miles above ^lemphis. hohl of the liuibd of the bushes. but at their great -final destination.-l almo-. and buried many of the pa^^sengers in the debi who. jumped into the water atid sank to no more. pieferiing death by drow'ning.'^ome sank n^ver Suiiie when they lu. and after a bri'. Before the sun. the boilers of the iiito Sultana exploded.t reaele'd the hank-. <Jne h'. laanaged Tuiles both were r-s-iied by a boat. 185 and the proud Sultana swung out into -the current of the Mississippi. illumined the east flood with its golden of light. sixteen who lefc 31eujphis a short were doomed to enter . being unable to extricate themselves. The passengers retired to their berths : "To of ia sleep. plunged \u\o the river. with their babes pressed to rise llieir bo. rushed from their berths in th. afloat till and by lii'iins ui a mattiass. and was soon hurrying on to her terrible doom. who ha>l rea- theni.-ep into the river. friends and loved ones. to find themselves. hurling the pilot-house and a portion of the plete wreck. au'l with the most heai-t-rending but tie' most »-x['tit . bouyant with hope.roii' mother herself and babe to k. . several from the .M'-u.-f . hundred human beings. to the mure cabin higli i-^. were burned to death. unable and sueceeded in catehing longer to sustain them- . woai'Mi and upon — huur before.urrid une of burning cast Muthers. l.scene of the disaster."^winimers lea^h tlieshuie.BI-RNING OF THE SULTANA. on the morrow.-tiugLcle. percliiuice to dreaiD.somri. They came down on the deck a comthe air. thinlcing that when they awoke the morning they would be many miles nearer their destina- tion." home. wh'-re I'uuld ha.

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K. TiiC l. sank out of the of siu:l:t..most uf them imnieiliately . a mile at tiie time of the hurried to the and sui. vu di. a di'^jverale for life. The scene pre- sentei. 'onilict was soon over. were bride and groom on wedding tcui-. enou^ii to cuidle the blood Amid the babble of scieams In that sea their and shouts. familie. returning from iers or miking visits to friends: and sold- who had . Were p.ble se. b':t The morning Was •hirk pv>. by their an 1 were never seen again. mothers aiid children. of drowning humanity. relaxed tLeir giip.-hed a moment to — nut even by the gr-.k.' few t'et ahead.s-is- sijipi. deiied death on were no.l by the light of the burniiig vessel was horrid beyond the of language to describe. on- anng I the c. tlie Wilh the women and childre!! ii. wtre suve'I. Some ihe tloated down past Meaiphis.\plu.s it rapi^Uy toward tu tJ^^^- wir. were distinguished the cries of children and babes.-. Tlie LMin-boat guided 10 the sp 4 by . The ii- iron-clad . fought Lraiiantly on many a hard contested tield ot battle I'rison and had sullercd the tenures of the lamne'l in rebel pens in the south. spreading rapidly.tcting attention boais at the luiinediately after the explo. an<i so steamed that v. the flames. Such as munaged steamer Du-tona.-us when there wus no aim with hoiror.i.M.engaged cries tor help. to ^ave. t" b<.-^tant keep alioiit. in power and Two thousand L-tru.' persons were m the watei.e to t he suria'-e. Esse.-ceeded in .tion.-ion.)( gun loat.1S6 selves above SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY.i-ters bring out ]'ruminertly the stroiigest aiid est weak- tiaits of chai-actei-. enveloped the Sultana in a sheet of tire. altr. and about acen<-.-aviug many who otherwise would Lave wharf w.-.' van'jui.-anic on ag. left the at M-c-mjdi:-.e The. of the Soldiers men who had in ke}it tifteii uji Ibr hours a galhiiu bait'e tiie tieldi.consisting of fathers._'gh. the river. The screams v.itasli up hy boats liastening to the iCviching Water andi never C. Ia\1 lor hundreds lile. anJ way down e. Siich di>.-at }d'.is pcri-hcd. water.

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'i juiet boiies.-^'v from a \v:itery The Sultana burned to the water's Arkansas . uf ^[. of who escaped. She savel si. on their ceaseless journey to the sea. compa.e Daniel W.BUKNINO OE THE SULTANA. of comj-ojiy G: William Barrirk and Francis Elislia Swords. while over ihoir rolled. uf ecmpany K. William M. .lge.iy Robert B. William S. TaxtMii. and sar. Coibin. I.k on the persons. slept at the botto'. to get. in the water.xcept six hundred. Elkins. and Costan Porter. The following are the naiaes Lrliana CaValry. it> of the Mississipj'i. (he cries ot those j'ersons 1S7 struggling guive. of company I. who thronged visions of a the dc^ks Sultana the day before. J-dm Q. of company the regiment was the only member . lost of the members of the SevMjth with the Sultana. . with happv and floods prosperous gre-it future of life before thera. Donei-.side of the river. that we have beea ab. e. Armstrorig. Thomson. Augustus Barrett and M. All of the twenty-two hundi-t'l of the e. of company E.

|h<V .•..

.'nntuicil in (jiuu. bat /.i')'l execution of " Dick I'avis the Guerrilhi.' moment. rily to iarri?.ict>'r. th'j following may be relie-l i. and nwlunjs of the Court.non a.rk f)"ci<./ Tarns itj. like ^larco will:ii. DICK jV'iJitrc I)AV1S. heroe-.i. Jus riirhj hfc He enters In. that o-casions rlii-^ rli<' to be true. Drowrie.'^peeilie brae. hut esca/ies Ifis t''dd of nperations and '/node of warfare.ii Thomas M. in th Il • thi' •j. and takiag il war has aliiit'Ied to abvi>>-i I's every man..-Captured Ij Capt. CunJdhroJ. char.-. JJi. have risen renown. — — — <' m — — — — — — — — — — — — — — We give in tlii..'nl of vaii'His traits ut hain man part.sion that tric'l Davis.' and tragcdv. lie avails himself of the limt 'yj)j> have sacriticed their Lves ireely and u['on . wIid. has been wor! hi-tory ! V>nl coiay. Browne was President of the Military Connai.~ authcniic: "It is an oM uiaxim..: of Gucrrilhis (. cd a7id jiut dismissed on conditio^i that kc adtsled n> the Ufuon rivhi. who.n h.. steaU a horse Lu fleet his tseapc jail and b: dieted for hor. <l.'Velu|"'m. and lias luul its martyrs.ics Alexanders wlio li!<e 'nave foiighl bat Id cono^siaiFijtli« quer.c spruce iLivlev Jvliii Monjun.s foiled hp the vapJonre ot //" His triol oint Jlis //' rscnal apiiearanee ofiecrs and 'jiuirds conviction The vinrder "f Copt. has be oriie a stiipeinlnii-! whi' h hi- every cast and type uf actor Il its m ay have his and p!ay fio'.s cluipter .-\l .s wntlen by G'/ner:^! ' As Getier. role.lp mce's Iil-^ I'^ifi ticatioJis on xuhieh he was tried. Soniern and -nv n IIis iiilei\^SLin^ a<Y'ount of tli<' tri.rh sentevee The Chaj</:s and ..-ic steaHmj Theea. what an opp''rtunity to \vrir>' his niine in m ik'e men.-c if paratively few have 'sriatclicd proliil.-. Oiplurwhile there as a •^pu./ to desert Cap/ured.v niad-. THE GUEPaaLLA.MliK'ti tli. il Theiuisloclcs. tSkcltijii^ a:\'l aaain confined hi the Irvi)a/ Bloeh Attempts to eseupe hp tlo' assistance of Ins sweetht ai t.—"^ CiiArxKR XIV. sooii alter tlieir occurrence.aral comia'd as a Guerrilla ChieJ neur Jhenij/his in the Irviwj BlO'k at JL rnjihis.


'pen iStimulated by no feeling of honor.-pre.H. Tiiny buUle-tiehl upon which.' Haid that his atep-f:aln.l in war.liiiiger.DICK DAVIS.y was given W' step-fallier. This giant political convulsion has not only brought General an'l State. thieves and loafers. THE GUERRILLA. possess- ing his courage to do wrong. but none of his excentric imity. but hide In themselves in ambu-h and entrap their victims like savag</s. i->avis.M. oi. l)iu-a in the i-ily uf .'^man to the surface.'ii nationality. Frothat would try the courage the st"Utt--t h"ai t.(. altar of tlieir country. r^^fer to seldom find its place in the histor}'' of these und and his m^-tiier inurrying a man by 1 the he subse'[U^•nt. to secure tlic nation's ISO liber- consternation and alarm in ^\'estern T'Minessee. the lives of these unui are more or less exciting "pieiuly they pa-s through tlang'-rs •^f and romatitic. a sketch of wlm-^e I }iropos:) to Dirk Divls should juilg. they wage warfare uj'ou the unwary and no i. they ta!<e advantage of circumstances and turn Notv/ithstanding rdil highwayman and freebooter^.')ut [I. but it has exhiuiteJ another phase of human nature.vis. not having suilieteat manhood to . to bi'eak n with tJieir foe.U tiM-" Guerrilla Chiefs who have li!e . this. .'r. none have acted ?o conspi(. although daring and adventurous. but his iather dying while he w. they tight for no Hug. an. jiother itnd a siiler reside at this lime m . on espial terms. . n<» steel. a class of Banditti. ag'>. and ty to its people. tai. will I perliaps. desires magnan- Possessing none of that high-toned chivalric feeling that fuemen worthy of their defenselt-ss.sville. who. and bloodshed all over the Tliey take "'Dick Turpin" us their model. are of robbery now committing crimes south-west.>s. like the ancient Knights-Errant. but solely for bo*jty.' W.u'. he. [ . -t-ek l.uous a part give. tun':'s of p>'ace they are guerrilla a'lvantage of the univer- sal chaos into which so'jiety has been thrown by this war.assume uL by the ruimo of 'Dici< t!ie name of name of his It is l».•spouse either side of ihe ipiarrel. Kentucky. :i i^'iurter wf a ceuuiiy IIis bapti-^eud Uiime was John yet a child. (.d.I-.uK.



» .'..





At the breaking out of tliis robellion, b-,Mason county, Kentucky, and engage-,! in buying anil selling stock, in which business he was accumuhuini: some property. Xaturally of a waywaril, unsettled and nervous disposition, he was not slow in gratifying hi:^ de>ire for adventhe city of Cincinnati.
Wiis a n.'siJout of

ture by engaging in the war.
regiiuent in

lie joined a Confederate cavalrv

Kentucky, unler

com!!i;i.nd of



raider and


Jolm Moi-^au-





and uuscrupuloiis

he soon sei.ared the confidence

that partisan chieftain.


most of Morgan's

Kentucky, a''Com}Mnied him

in his


ur through

Indiana and Ohio,
few of

summer of Command that managed




ono of



escape and re(n-oss the

Ohio at BuiTingtnu



was an expert scout, knew -the
times into the States north of

country thoroughly, and was mu'di of his time employed in tha:
]Mi;>rgan s^-nr !:i:a several

the Ohio as a >py, arid he never tailed to return
tion valua'de to the rebels.

with informa-

Just before that grand scare

demonstr'ttion of Kiiby
that city and reported


on Cincinnati

— Dick

— the


o.efenselos- cosidition to

had been that Gener

AVith this



Confederate General
.such, invleed, it

thought the

(^ueen City an easy


vrould have been and energy been displayed in the prep:'.ratlons for its defence. That the city was not sacke.l and burnocl i- almost wholly owing to the rapid 'and numerous


not une.\ampled prom|'tne.-s

Ohio anl Indiana, who

and minute men' of While on one of his secret missio: < into Ohio, h..' was su.-pecte 1 by some of being connecied.with the rebel army. Hearing of the-e suspicions, and fearing arrest, lie concluded to return South, and putting into

made by

'squirrel liunters

rallied to ita rescue.


tiiC less.>ii;i

he liad learned so well from his leader,

ed hiUiSe.l to a Imo
tured, thrown
a'.'out be.u^'

beii»iiu;ing to


iruni'.l in



hood, without cven tiianking the owner.

He was

pursued, capv,M:



by the grand jury, and


i„ trial, whi-a,








the prosecutor was induced to enter a nolle prosequi in tlie case upon condition that lie would enlist in the Union army. Upon beino- released from d chance vile, he volunteered in an Ohio regiuient,



to the fi.dd,

but soon afterwards deserted

and returned

was present and participated in Van Dorn'd attack on Coi'inth, at the time the lamented Gen. Shortly after this, Dick turned up in HaLdcelmau was killed.
to the rebels.


the vicinity of Memi'his, as the leader of a guerrilla band.


was subse.^uently captured by the federal forces, and confined on the charge of being a rubber and a spy, in the military bastile, Irving Block, in the above natned city; but, before he was brought
plicity of the
to trial,

he managed to est/ape, through the comwa.s

guard who

placed over him.

Having escaped

from prison he rejoined his fellow maraU'LM-s ami resumed his old
occupation of highwayman.


field of

operations extended from the Culd

Water on


south to the


and Hatchie rivers on the north, and from the

federal picket lines near


Memphis eastwanl to the junction of Memphis and Charleston with the Mississippi Central railThis area embraces the villages of 'White Station, Ger-


mitntown, Moscow, Lagrange, and Grand Junction, on the line
of the first



leading into the Blulf City.

and the base of all the traveled roads He was continually changing the renit

ilezvous of his band, but generally kept
Xon(.onn-,di creek or

in the

bottoms of



His strategy was so admirable
lived, robbed

that he ouL-witted and ^ut-generaled every scout or party serit

capture hun.

For mouths he

with .impunity, almost within the Federal
shot of the federal army,
to elude his pursuers,

and murdereil and wirhin earellectually

was enabled the more
he so managel

by the

fact that

to se-

the silence of the citizens in

the country infested by his


The friendship

of s^^me

others were silent because of their

he secured by acts of kindness, sympathy with hiin and his

occupation of butchery, whiie the majority feared to disclose. the

hiding place of one wlio possessed the ['ower and the will,



jjvi:. •














A "











.:. u



provoked, to

dick; DAVIS,

the guerrilla.
most hellish cruelty.
fifteen to

upon them





indignation was equivalent to losing their property,


perhaps their

His band consisted of from



young, active, and as reckless as himself.

They weie

armed with a pair of revolvers each and a carHis men were principally deserters, some from the rebv^l and some from the Union army. Of the many incidents of his chequered career, but few that are well authenticated, have
well mounted,

reached me.

All I



that he frequently relieved citizens

and going out of the city of their money, watches, jewelry, horses and other valuables. His men and himself hul strong bartering proclivities, and frequently indulged in trading their old hats, shoes and coats, with some city gentleman who might happen to be caught with articles of that kind superior to their own. It is said in these exchanges they always got tiie better end of the bargain.


In his exploits as highwavman, he

made no

distinction be-

tween loyal and

disloyal, white




and black, nor did he respr .t Secreting himself and band in tl;-'

some well-selected spot by the road-side, he awaitt'd the approach of his victim, and suddenly appearing befurt- hhn, wouM greet him with that blood-chilling banditti .salutati^i.. "your money or your life," at the same time, ad'ling furce to the suggestion, by thrusting into tlie face of the bewildered and
bushes, in

astonished traveler an enlarged and
aix-birreled "persuader."

improved edition



In this

equipped, and subsisted
his credit,


way he armed, mounted and One thing may be said t>>

he seldom,
of his



disturbed private hou-es.

and the most during of his ex[«Ioits, Were directed a'_Minst the Union army and suldi<,'r.'. IT-' would cr"ep on a dark night through the picket lines, and -teal muh'3 and horses from under the very noses of the guards. He would aml'Usoade and kill paf ruling jiarti^s .-t'/al u[)on and
mo.-t -Ifsperato


down a







he was as wary

and stealthy as an Indian

— then

again he wouhl dash upon an





















and audacity of a





to take a peculiar pleasure.

upon railroad trains he His men, from some hiding

would deliver

a volley,

upon a passing train well

with unsuspecting troops, antl before

stopped and

men put

in position



would be on

their horses





their coverts in

the bottoms. ten Federal

In this

way they

killed three

and wounded some
I shall

one time,

between Germantown and

CoUiersville, during the


of 1SG4.



cite particular instances ot

crime as

would make




too voluminous.


He was


by Capt.




and a detachment

of the Seventh

Indiana Cavalry, near the Cold Water, Missis-

October, 1S64.

some twenty miles south-east of Memphis, on the 2d of Tlie (Japtain, in command of some forty men,

was sent on a scouting e.xpedition in the direction of Holly Springs, and when near Anderson's plantation, his advance He immediately ordered a charge, guard w:i3 tired upon. taking the lead himself, and as he passed out of the woods into the open ground beyond, a man dressed in the grey jacket of the Confederate army was (liscovered making the best possible time across the fields toward the adjoining woods. Tlie Captain gave immediate chase, leaping his horse over the intervening fences, and was soon upon him. Before, however, he was overtaken, he had slackenol hi> pact^ and was rapidly reloading his carbine. The Ca[)tain putting his pistol in uncomfortable






surrender, to

which he coolly replied, "I guess


to surrender, but

thought I could load and kill you before you came He was armed with a navy you was too quick for me. revolver, and a Spencer s breochdoading eight-.shooting caibine. While Ca[>tain Skr'lton was 'Migaged in making this capture, his men had pursued and taken three others of the band. The
it, I


up, but
























of these captives gave his


as Rogers,

and subsequentlv




Smith, and professed to be a private soldier in the

These prisoners were delivered on tho same evening, to the General commanding, the Captain little
Missouri rebel cavalry.

thinking at the time that he had captured the veritable "Dick-

name was a terror to all travelers and scouting and who had successfully eluded the vigilance of the United States forces for months and almost years. Yet such was the case. When he was sent to his old quarters in the Hotel Delrving, he was at once recognized by several ofBcer-; who had become acquainted with him during his previous
Davis," whose




prison cell was a narrow abode for one like " Dick Davis,"
live " with

Although pinionel to the floor with irons, in a strong prison, surrounded by a strong and ever-wakeful guanl, and environed on all sides by an army picketing the whole circumferonce of the city, he did not despa'r, but deliberately and adroitly planned an escape. No sooner had he matured his plan, than he attempted to put it into execution. Amongst those who had been summoned as witnesses to Dick's defence, was the daughter of a planter, living near Colliersville, a Mi>s AnnaT who, dame rumor whimpered, was hi.-^ affianced bride. She was indeed a beautiful and captivating woman, of about twenty summer.-, If I wa.^ writing romancp, I might indulge in a more particular descriphabitation."

who had been acnstomed to and a whole wide worM for a


for a canopy,









purposes of


.sketch, it

quite sufficient for the reader to


that she was, in


parlance, pretty.

stances, to

Being allowed, under the circumhave an occasional interview with tlie prisoner, slic

his confident,

and cheerfully offered her assistance


forwarding his



wrote his plans with the

of a



of campaign,


placed them in her keeping.

She was

be the chief instru-










placed in the overcoat pocket. she must procure an intro- duction to a soldier on captivate guard. by some means or other. and to pass in the beauty-smitten crmrd lu to purchase was to be induced to this. would gladly do her every bidding. the overcoat to the prisoner. as she anticipated. from watch-spring steel. PERSONAL APPEARANCE." was not stated in his letter of instructions. and "nipped it in the very nick of The imprisonment of his sweetheart shattered his last hope. On dent of the Military — . to I make "sleep peaceful and their slumbers more The project went swimmingly on the introduction was secured." — other necessaries purchased that "there's a — but alas ! it is as truthful as poetic stead of the many a slip twixt the cup and fair Hebe getting her sundries into the lip. ho and bind him. the saws and bows manufactured.'se of the addition Miss T was directed "pure whisky. the other with whisky drugged with laudanum." he time." meekly iind submissively accepte'l irrs his fate. "Dick Davis" stood before me. two bottles. two small two saw bows. THE GUERRILLA.r to the 10th day^ of October. the mirror to be was to get the saws. He was hand-cutfod a chain sutficientlv lon. she Next in the order of preparation." suddenly and mysteriou>ly got there hciseU.DICK DAVIS. His object in directing the purcha. admonished m-^ that a prisoner was on his way to the '-ourt-room. The saws and bows were to be secreted between the glass and back of the mirror. kept track of this embryo conspi)-ai'y. Commission at I\took'my seat as PresiMemphis. As a starting point. lSG-1. and in a moment afterwards. and buy a small niirror and an overcoat. but the adulterated article was to be administered to the soldiers on guard. and without another effort "to tlee the wrath to come." for inthe prison. one to be filled with pure whisky. the regular and heavy step of the i:uard. means and procure to be made. the overcoat and profound. 195 ment in procuring the means by which he hoped to relax the federal grasp. she The oincers of the '"Block. The rattling of chains along the corridor. her grace and beauty were to until submissive to her will.

-.rii j.-. ' ./: .

stood as straight as an arrow. like that of a huU-t'MTior. wore side whiskers. ' Xothing marred the harmony of his fai.d.e so much as h. His forehead was — well developed.^ which was thick and puo'gisii. he carry with him this immense weight of metal. and the personation of the very devil feature. take an ordinary step. preventeJ one leg from run- ning away from the other.vadishmeuts of the iup. drab h two it. closely cut. hiH iie deportment court-room was entirely decorous. brown pants. Ilis appearance deeds of disappointed me. countenance was by no means disagreeable. dark and tiashing the latter heavy and projecting. and v/eighiug only one hundred and thirty tivc pounds. He had a luxuiiant growth of hair. On both points I was mistaken conjectures. at attaelied otlier more twelve pound solid to in the ends of which were was compelled I wherever he might go. and extendgoatee. rhe first of which were large. wi<le at the apex. but considerably depressed at the temples. seen many his to in iron?. and was evidentIlis foot was small ly an active and muscular man. and the basilar p^'rtiou of his head his jaws and chin whiih were quite heavy. while. nose. and eyebrows. He was neatiy and trimly built.— 190 allow him to SEVENTK INDIANA CAVALRY. a yard or fixed To each ankle was length. scarcely five feet seven in height. exhibited none of the accomplisl-. clear.ments of the refined gentleman. His age appeared to be about twenty-six years. neither did he disnuiv l!'" . so smctil. his protracted trial of over m 'iiths duration. nor tho bl. showing a strong development of the anim. From re[iutation savage ferocity »4iribated him — — from my the I had concluded that he was in in a giant in stature. chains. llannel shirt and neat in the fitting boots. were his eyes — ing continuously from the outer corner of one eye to th\t of 'h other. but never before had personal I seen one so thoroughly manacled. shot. of dark- auburn. without mustache or The most noticible features in his whole physiognaiay. — He was Daring dressed in a grey jacket. The expression of his that a woman might have envied it. so that have in my time. He was a small man.

fli-.' ..'n) ( } J' -tti i* V •"ijUuc JM-.•.:r.A' u\ v.: kTtti) -ofl . ••'i :.' -'..i -ivv ... i..

" I shall not attempt to give even a the synopsis of huge mass of testimony given in the case. "niggerisms" peculiar to the southern dialect. this retreat.jth day of June. The charges upon which he was arraigned were.^Utchell. it will be remembered. and brut. yive.'es at M-uuphis. : made suggestions to his counsel during but never moved a muscle. and carrying on irregular. His language was generally correct and unaffected. and sought to secure it by dying sperdily to the defcu. many of the ' infm. Sergeant . He wrote a neat hand— spelled his words currectly— showing his education to be ! above the average. sutiered an Cross-Roads. at Drice's On the 10th of Juno. and broke their guns.tain threw away their knapsacks and cartridge-boxes. . under the command of Forrest. Cai. i'nvatos Panky. ' His trial commenced on the 11th day of October. illegal ment of the and unauthorized warfare aguinst the GuVcrnUnited States. and contained none of the atleiitively. and was concluded on the 15th of December. and on the l. 1SG4. His manners were easy he manifested the utmost conTo the evidence of the witnesses he last. ms TRIAL.-ed troop. and tied from the field more lika mob than an organi. Parks. Gut^ruc:' and During .il established by the evidence. THE GUERRILLA. abundantly Tlw murder of Captain Somas and men. our forces overwhelming and most humiliating defeat at the hands of the rebels. Xcither company nor regimental formations were kppt up. On the retreat. to enable them to make more sj-e-dy their llight before a virtoriuus aiid pursuing enemy. • 197 j and respectful. coarseness or vulgarity of the ruffian. have I time to One instance only of savage atrocity. Our army was demoralized and broken into fragments. To tlie very fidence in his listened acquittal. for "being a guerrilla.DICK DAvIS.Mississippi. even when the most revolting crimes were attributed to him. their examination. but to a considerable extent every one thought only of his own personal saf-ty.

111 •1^ -l /J .> -' ''.

where the The ca.s west of CoUiersville. and wi:h the rest oi iiis band retired a few paces and held The brwtal purpose of that consultation w-s a con.ive-. would lay dead in the thicket by the road-side. under guns of Fort Pickering. i two others whose names are unknown. overpowered by numbers. had reached a point on the Memphis and Charleston railroad. and the sixth be crippled and maimed for life.ll that to them. but they were at once charged upon by the guerrillas. by v. unarmed. almost famished by hunger. coats and hats. a hundred miles. their captors took them by a by-path. thinking. and as these weary and wo. thev were greeted with a volley and a yt^. to a place mile-i south of the railroad. and exhausted by a march of over They had almost reached a place of safety.. foot-sore. n soldiers passed. the story of their adventures. .mi. ambush.:ultation. two mile. to run. with the exception of Captain .-ould whom they be treated as jirisonors of war. rings.h'aves took their seats side by si'le on a h-g.UKTs— who l. to bivouac on their old ! ' camping grounds. No shot took effect. all of whom belonged to Illinois regiments. After their capture they were immediately hurried into the woods. robbed uf their money. and hope was buoyant They expected soon. no doubt. I I — ' . But I must pa-s and their escape.193 SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALRY.ii down on th. This accomplished. ! little dreamed of the dread doom them that live of their little band. and within They were unarmed.^. unable tive was left Ca['tain i^cmers and his men This they did. They that awaited — Just befur-j t'. .ium lay Dick Davis and his band in to the seorial. within them. I i in a thicker of W"od. and there recount with their comrades who had escaped from that the protecting shadows of the j bloody and disastrous flight lield. Being no alterna- but to surrender. in a brief hoar from then. twenty-four miles of the city. doubtless. they had fallen into the Land? of a generous and magnanimous enemy. IL-ie L'lck lett them under the guard of two Dj. their . two i paity baited. sounded as had opened wile its infernal gates" an'i if "Pandemonium turned loose on earth a hundred fiends.

i. .:va.1' •-.! !.(io .:.: E"!.•..

The tragic fate of their com['anious in arms. Panky. and at the same instant Guernes started to run. been stated. by a mysterious providence. An elderly man. soon 109 Dick ordered made manifest. THE GUERRILLA. Parks threw himself backwards over tlie log and escaped unhurt. In a moment. piteous supplications. and with revolvers. all go port. that about the 1st of Julv. and the two unknown which was immediately done. poured a volley of lead into their very bosoms. and lent a desperate energy to their llight. Captain Somers to take a seat on the log beside his comrades. — soldiers. . The protestations. They were both pursued some distance and repeatedly shot. overboard." was the laconic sentence of death passed by the guerrilla chief upon those helpless and defenceless men.'ir behalf. but they were words of dreadful imThe heartless and piratical words.ift_-ly at Memphis.But He who shapes the destiny of the universe. Mitchel. Returning to Ins prisoners. at without further injury. as if it was His divine purpose that they should be instrumental in punishnit-nt. permitteil Parks and Guernes to live. as we them for the juesont no further. Of the of Somers and his men. niavle them forget their fatigue and hunger. and entreaties of the poor soldiers failed to touch any chord of sympathy in the robber's heart. attempted to interpose in th.DICK DAVIS. Charles H. . and tlu oth'-'r in his arm — the Utter one causing the auiputatinn of his arm above the elbow. We can fate must leave the mur l. "Boys. you mn. dead. ten grim executioners were in front of the doomed. which they had just witnessed. of his own band one of those who had guarded the prisoners. On the same night they f -11 in with other fugitives from tiie battle tield. bringing this inhuman monster to merited moment the command "fire" was given. for in his tiight he was the reci}iient the of At two bullets. but was less fortunate than his comrade. all that is known beyond what has trace is. and -ub^eiueiitly arrived s.'rers and the slain together. but to no purpose. Somers. fell forward. one in Lis side. Stepping before them he said to them but a few bi ief words. at the short distance of three paces.

|.WmI ..!.)*! -. »uO 11 p/l ta'i 1o .p irvot**.

stripped. buried in one gi-ave. this tale of blood. on the day before perfectly calm. He had.itiiig upon innocnt men. Here times. Mi-'S-Anna T . was a cold-blooded THE SENTENCE OF DEATH. IL. the Truly.Y. w. and unburied. it wa. true as-^nmed ations fur d<rath. I'ana of approved the the execution pro'<-e.s iiiai.\ whic'h had been his companion in his cx- and that he directed to be given to his frieii'!. iiis executiotj. an interview with one of his counsel. i>ub~>' uenily iorward<'d by the authorities throuul. hi. syrabul of the fact fell in one cause and in a comuiou butchery. to and commenced preparfriends.p.•: favorite race hors. these outlaws.— 200 Hare. against they were strangers. and p ly his debts. lie hi-. These letters were all read ly editions of blood. talking of little conse'iueiice at mosst. and had done the banditti no wrong. where they now lie beneath the the spot.s 1".[uest. He had these remains removed a place near the railroad. fouu'l Dick guilty of all the charges pre- and aiiixed the penalty of death uf Df^ceuiber. a . The Commission ferred against Thi. m'\ a!id weia.s a brief time iu wliich to prepare to die— but his it u .riatle but one be. to five Union 8oldier=. disposition to malce of his property. Ks. found the bodies of shade of a that they little oak. and what maniiei that was -. re<pii-sting them not to avenge his death bv r''tali. H<' received information of his sentence with apparent nnconc. on th'' I'ldi by hunLM"^'on the 19th. lings and S'-ntt-nce of the court. wioti? his instructing tbein in what to hi. tlie lines. It has scarcely a parallel in the history of these and inhuman butchery of defencewhom.vitli SEVENTH INDIANA CAVALP. Woodwar'l.i ]. visited '. putrid. could have no malice less men. to take place on the 23d and directr-d same mctith.- much longer than that allotted [loor Somers and men. imrnediat. Gen. I must drop the curtain over it For fiendish atrocity. T) tin* lacmbers of his Ijand he wrote a touching farewell. and app'-ari i ajiproaching death as a matter "i Of the Court by which he was tried .ietachinent of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry.

.-r.I ll 't'UJ .•)[ > '.-iy n^ .uiT 1.

the Gu-nTilla Chief." An execution on the scaffold may be witnessed once. The troops of the garrison and a large assemblage of officers and citizens were present to witness the departure of the noted outlaw to another world. was no more. and then Dick Davis. ' 201 and condemeJ. firm step. that was soon succeeded by a spasmodic shrugging of the shoulders. At a little after noon. This over. who had remained with him during the preceeding night. ter his fall there The cap was drawn over and the guerrilla hung suspended beAlthough he fell full five feet. bright and clear. he ascended the steps of the scatlbld to the platform with a bold. The day was beautiful. and within conveyed under guard to the gallows Fort Pickering." placed 23d day of December. but that willTtick to man must have a strange ingly see the sojond. on the Davis was taken from the "Block. tween heaven and earth. and of the witnesses against him. He was accompanied by his spiritual adviser. In cumpany with the priest.irfsil thinij t. he couveised some moments in an undertone with the priest. THE GUERRILLA. ex- hibiting no signs of emotion or fear. his fare. the trap sprung. While the rope was being adjusted about his neck. he spoke no word of bitterness or reproach. THE GALLOWS. to which he listened attentively.) see the >=trong man die — The striiili'ig meet his fate. then there was a quivering of the limbs. his neck was not dislocated. After prayer he signified to the execu- tioner his readiness to try the fearful ordeal of death. as anticipated. and then they engaged in prayer. finding and sentence of the court. The Provost Martial read to him the charges. but unmoved. Plis spirit had passed from earth and stood before ita God.— '" DICK DAVIS. ^ • . taste or a I Put hard heart who would have finl^^hed my sketch Davis ha-j met his reward. a Catholic Priest. Dick in an ambulaure. he stood erect. " I Ii is a fe. "That measure he meted out . vibration of For a few momenta afwas no motion" except a slight pendulum-like the body. — Indcfd.

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b.y rounty.. v. Col. W. and in Sinit. v." did levy and carry on irregular and unauthurized warfare against the United Stiites of Ameri a.catlon \st Being a :—li\ Gvierrilla. ext.Martial Orders No.ivis' men. Before a Military Commission which convened at Mempursuant to Sjiecial Orders No. IaOI. and Marshal and DeSoto cjunties. that the said D.. and Alarshal and DeSoto couutiud. and agxiusc United States soldiers.ind style. Ortobt-r S. phis. West Tennessee. Memphis. . did in and during the months of Januarv." Below are the charges and specifications on which Dick Davis wa-s tried. was President. June. Ml. Sni:ih.n '2d :—ln thi~. and the approval thereof by Goaeral Dana: Head-QuaFwIels DErAnTMEXT OF AfississirrT.- — In thi^ tlmt the said Dick Davis aVuis J. and did go about the country armed. SlflXn. Mi. Tenn. Specijiea/i'." waa just —that he deserved . A]>ril.h Lieut. 1864. and of v. uu'i Within the . February. Browne..'^Iilitary Di. 1." 202 ' SEVENTE INDIANA CAVALRY. That his sentence others has been measured to liim agiiin. AH this in and near Shelby county. Thomas ^l. TV. from Head-Quarters District.-.of West Teanc-see. I>ec. CnAPXrE 1st: Spccit'. August and Septeml>er.-i'ig the l-. July.l "Dick D.s J.hi.'ith the findings and sentence of the court. levy and carrs on irregular and unauthorized warfaie upon loyal citi/. 10.-. W. confederating a!i<l ry Davis a//a. dated Memphis. M^ridi. / "| General Co u. 1.rt. combining with divers parties who are unknown.." or "band. All liiis during the months and year aforesaid. 7th Indiana Cavalry. and commit divers acts of crime and violence. that the said Dick Davis alius J. May. to die a felon's death — no one for a so moment doubts shape but I pray fervently that Providence may my life that I may never again be called upon to weigh justice in the balances against human life. DICK DAVIS ALIAS J.jc/.-ader and chief of a band of guerrillas known . and within the Militathis.-as arraigned and tried 1.ens. Tennessee.^trict of West Tennesrieo. Tenn. 163. Sjircijico'lon . Tenn. S::\ith. 180i.

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unknown the whole party being known and styled as "Davis' men. that the said Dick Davis 'alias J..ILLA. July. and assuming to be the leader of divers and sundry persons. combining and confedoiating as aforesaid with hvera oth^^r parties unknown..hin the Military District of West Tennessee. This on or about the lilth day of June. and 111 violently and willfully murder soldiers of the United ^^tates. Miss. and with malice. and within the Military District of We. Tenn. THE GUERP. in the counties of Shelby. Smith. Smith. >11 and murder the -aid Capt. April. and wi'.-t Tennessee. belonging to a party style-I 'Lhivis' Ban. ^Mississippi. •lane. ^larch.: DICK DAVIS. Miss. 1st: that the said Dick Davis alias J. February. March. Tenn. Smith. lid levy irregular and unauthori. . and in the counties of >helby. during '." pretending to be in the service of the so-called Confederate States of xlmeriea. July. confederating and combining . S'^me^s and three of the said ndiers. 113th Illinois Infantry. May. May.'ssee. Miss.ois Infantry. — In W. and ^-'dd them as prisoners of war. with. that the said Dick Davis alias J.? of the United States. ^'Specification "I't In this. August.e retreat of the United States forces from Guntown. June. independent and unauthoriz'=d warfare against loyal inhabitant. and DeSoto and Marshal. falsely representing himself to W." having captured Capt..hi3 in the months of January. this... in this. Specification 4fh : — In this. Tennessee. February. did levy and wage irregular. lSt34. be a duly appointed soldier of the Confederate States of America. did without revocation or cause. — . independent and unauthorized warfare against the government of the United States against United States soldiers. aU'l Marshal and DeSoto. — Charge 2d: jSpe<: ideation Violation of the Rules of Civilized Warfare.iedeial soldiers whoso names are un'known. and within the Military District of \\'est Tennessee. and in the county of Shelby. for about four hours. April. Somers of the IGSth IlliI'.l. llelib('rateiy.:ed warfare. and Private Guernes. I5OI. Tenn-. to-wit: By firing upon unarmed citizens and up'On railroad trains. near '"•rmantown. August and September. 203 W. did levy irreznlar.-r. and ^'ur otlier. Smith. All this during the whole of tho year 1Sd3. 1^6 i. willfully. and DeSoro and Marshal counties. and Septeinb. ^V. after they had surrendered as prisoners of war. All this during the months of January. and confederating and conbining with divers and sundry j^arties unknown. All . and within the ^hlitary District of Weot iennossee.


Tennessee. whether his name be Davis or Smith. and 4 p. — — — — him. And do therefore sentence W. except as to t". '. concur in the above finding and sentence. and the prisoner. m. undor the direct. The evidence elicited is. convicted of being a Guerrilla and violating the rules of civi'. of which there is nut suriicieut proof. Of 3d Specification to the 1st Ciiarge Guilty. Of2d Charge— Guilty. i^-- 11. Smith. The sentence i. amply sufScient to su.s confirmed. G^'Uerul. on Friday the 23d day of Deceuiber. T. Of 2d Specification to the Ist Charge Guilty. io he hayigcd by the necJ: until dead.I: Davis alias J. J. Of 4th Specification to the Lst Charge— Guilty.' alledged ''firing upon unarmed citizens and railroad trains. • • the punishment due his crimes..-rwarfare. the said Dick Davi. two thirds of members of the Court. will be hanged by the neck until he is dea^l. To each and all of whicli Charges and Specifications the accused pleaded Not Guilty. Dana. and no connection which he may have had with t: army of the so-called Ccnff^deiate States.-t.-?.204 SEVENTE INDIANA CAVALRY. The Court after due deliberation do find the accused. IIakris. ' By Order T." ai. alia' J Smith. the alledged Licts of guerrilla warfare committed prior to Ji'. Adjutant . Smith. Of 1st Specification to 2d Charge Guilty. Assistant of Major Gen'eral N. W. Of 2d Specification to 2d Charge Guilty. ni.ieKil. however. Memphis.'-of the Provost Marshal Ge. II. L'i. The findings in this case are approve!. The prisofier.: the remaining porti^ms of the Specifications as well as ti-charges. as follows: — Of 1st Specification to the 1st Charge— Guilty. 1"' '• bet>veen the houis of 10 a. at auch lihic on place as the Commanding General raay direct. W. Of 1st Charge— Guilty. can screen him ii' ..:1S6-1. Dick Davis id' J.

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marches and battles. wounded in the reserve. undaunted courage. Browne. and the battle of Okolona his experience as an otiicer was of incalculable value By his cool. Mississippi. liing forward conndcut of capturing the greater part of it. Sketches of otncers of the Seventh Iivliana Cavalry Vuluntcers. wheu thi: rebels were pu. He managed the regiment in tlie remainder of the battle with 'jTrcat skill.igthe charge. LIEUTENANT COLONEL SAilUEL E. He was alvrays found where danger was greatest. June inth. prove the wisof Grierson's dom ol the With the exception raid through Missis-ippi in the winter of lSo-i-'G5. The command. he proved himself a hero. After the army was la [ : i | . i . W. yet he occupied a position of as m ith danger as if he hid charge at Ivy Farm. At the s:ibre commandtjd a battalion of the regiment held in reserve to ?uj"i}>ort the rest of the' regiment engaged in Although not actually in that part of the eng. he inspired to the regiment. Si- At the time the 7th Iniliana cavalry was organized. he was selected by Governor Morton for one of the majors of the 7th cavalrv. was not able to remain longer with the regiment. therefore. expeditions. On account of his known ability and experience as a cavalry officer. His valuable services Governor's choice. 1SG4. ment. he was with the regiment in all its campaigns. In the expedition to West Point. and witlidrew it from the field without losiU'^ a man as prisoner.PAKT III. CoL monson was a captain in the 4th Indiana cavalry. in that regiment. devolved on Major Simontjon. Col. SIMONSON. rai'ls. the men with his own h-? feelings of confidence. At the battle of Bricj's Cross-Eoads. There was no point on the field at that place. where the balls of the killed or enemy did not reach. In the last of that battle. on account of his wound. been. Nearly as many men were I as there were in the column making the charge.

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Indiana. Ohio. and served with it as such. The field was a prairie. glory enough for any man of reasonable ambition. Ohio. the scene must have been the sublime of war. The glory measure ac- quired on that brilliant intrepid led it field. Lewis R. until it was mustered out. Carpenter was born in Harrison county. and Old veterans who were in that battle describe it as the grandest sight they ever saw in war. After the reorganization of the regiment. excepting during the v. MAJOR James ginia. The rebels were drawn up in line of battle faced from Opposite them in charging columns were Pleasanton's the river. he left hotue and Wont lie Mt. JA^.-inler remained thjro until . After the war he returned to Obarleston in Clark county. Vernon. ies of the MAJOR he held JAIIES n. where he still resides. 1815. Carpenter. where he engaged in farming. cavaliers. CARPENTER. To have participated in it as a private was an honor. directed at and the On the retreat that followed he maintained perfect order in the and discipline partici- ranks of the regiment. was a firmer of that county. that captured two guns and over a hundred prisoners. regiment in a great won the thusiastic admiration of General Pleasanton.IE3 n. Major Simonson w:is promoted Lieutenant-Colonel. CARPENTER. The day was pleasant and the sun shone brightly. Carpenter remained with his father on the farm until 1S13. 1S22. Lewis R. James H. was due it to its commander who inspired with his lines. West Vir- on the 31st day of October.206 total rout. to have led a. Carpenif^r removed wiih his family to Marion county. peculiarly adapted to the operations of cavalry. in the charge on the enemy's own courage. On to the loth of November of that year. Regiment in it. and began the study of medicine. II. the He commanded pating in detachment of in the regiment the Missouri of campaign the the fall of 1SG4. a fire it it uiifler from the concentrated ilving infantry. batt'^r- enemy. enit In the battle the Osage. His father. \Vhen with gleaming sabres they dashed on the rebel lines.

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having recovered from this misfortune. wliea H. did not enter on the practice of that proSpring of 1855^ since which time he has been in . Indiana. Company regiment. under the instruction of Hon. Ohio. and He was with in its . after the outbreak of the rebellion. and at this time an ex-judge of the Supreme Court law. 1854. Anderson. Elkhart county. he recruited of the 7th Indiana cavalry. a very able lawyer. Sutton of Gobhen. On the 27th of October of that year. In the Fall of 1854. except the time he served in the array during the rebfllion. 1849. the military and which left him a cripple for life.UAJOR JAMES months. he went to Goshen. consisting of three girls and four. hesuti'ered'. he formed a < oparrnership with Dr. an estimable lady. and began the stu<ly of law. and began there the practice of medicine. in CARPENTER. of Indiana. I. and in the Spring of 1817. ho recruited two companies of volunteer. him entering. in a On ^. at Warsaw. In 18G1. and was commissioned its and mustered C. lie married Miss Minerva J. to take his last course of medical lectures. which prevented service of the country. at fantry. while studying medicine. I Marion county. James S. graduated in medicine. when '} he was on the Bench as Judge of the Common Pleas Court. He continued in the practice of that profession at Goshen. Ohio. Frazer. and taught one term of school. In 1803. Kosciusko county. to obtain means of defraying his expenses. Indiana. ' active practice.boys. raiboad accident. Indiana. when he went tlie to War! saw. and nearly three years since the close of the war. until the loth of April. to practice fes?ion until the He. he was admitted.^ for the 30th Indiana Regiment of Inthe 30th of January. 1S4G. " 207 the he engaged teaching school. a compound fracture of his right thigh bone. Indiana. at that time.iptain. his present home. however. it He Sntered on active duty with the operations at Union City. On the 24th of February. he went to Cincinnati. In 1S15. ] j \ \ But on his return home from Indianapolis. by whom he has an interesting family of healthy and intelligent children.

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l-stones. when discovering the wing of a rebel regiment he pursued. he was in October. ho was sent by General Dana to Louisville. captured several prisoners. he saw in the roail a n^w currycomb and brush that some one had dropped. Kent 0:1 at 'cy. he cut down with his about receiving the sword of a rebel othcer who had surrendered. individualAnother. He led it in the sabre charge of the regiHe drove the rebels. and meiit at Ivy Farm. reu^arked that the Captain was the coolest man he ever saw under fire. He had per- mission to visit hi. and save himself from capture by a hasty retreat. slaying but two da}s. I He accompanied in^ its return from Mi-^souri. 1SG4. in the evening. A rebel prisoner.'iue.oui. to surrender.s h. He. During the afternoon. This little incident illustrated his character for economy. captured two prisoners and sent them to the rear. He always guarded government property from loss or waste. ISGl. Jackson. For meritorious servico. July. with the same care as he would if it had been his own.l the bullets.iih of J inuiry. members of that regiment. He was feet but a few from him. Ou his return to T. West Point. commissioned Major^of the regiment and' mustered as such _^Xovemi'er lltli. they should strapped be lost. in the them on mean dismounted and saddle. and his time. pursuant to orders from General .r ' - 208 I Major jajies h. ISGi. which__he did. but returned and as3urac<l command of the regime'iit_^at iMemphis. IS'Jl.s. carpknter. . Tennessee. the Ho started with the detachment that took part in Missouri campaign in the fall of 1SG4. seeing ihis performance. were flying his about him like ha. ! j February 22d. tu bring back a part of the regiment that had gone tl. liis company In tlie expeand the battle of Okolona.-ville. he picked them and coolly remounte. On the '.son why up. whom sabre. captured by j ! J I company. the battery attached to the 4th Missouri cavalry. he was obliged to let the prisoner go. and saved from capture. dition to He commanded Mississippi.' ' regiment.n. its supports. refusing. which had been abandoned by ly. while on the retreat. Not seeing any good rea. i'lSGy. on its expedition to Port [ Gib-.

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Carrenter.r' Hajor "amea H. .


the regiment in his com- mand. a weekly Etqmblican newspaper of wide its circulation. he was elected Judge of the Common Pleas Court. of the District embracing the county of Ko-^ciusko. He now devotes his time exclusively to the . He till discharged the arduous duties attaching Prc-ideiitial to that position.. Major Carpenter went on duty Gen. and became sole editor. with the request that Gen. and at the solicitation of to Winslow. at Eadtport.. Louisville. On at the 20th of March.xtensive law practice. which occurred soon opportunity to return after his return. Miss. which position he held until the Legislature those courts. but was soon atterwards detailed as Judge-Advocate of the ^Military District of West Tennessee. the re-iuest was not complied with. from journalism. Texas.. as Judge-Advocate of a court- martial. After laying aside the ermine. he availed himself of the home. who wanted but. ability. practice of law. at rejoin the regiment. and ha^l the conlidence of the rntiie bar. and was sent by the hitter to ^Memphis. CARrEKTE?. he purchased an int'?rest in the N'j-rihcrn Iridianuir. he reported at General Thomas' head-quarters. he was able and upright. abolished As a Judge. Dana send the Seventh Indiana Cavalry to This request was made on retain the supposition that part of the Col. and was mustered out of the service. 1SG5. which he did of Hempstead. strict but ju-t.. the detachment of the regiment having returned fiom Louisville. MAJOR JAMES n. in He served in that to capacity till the 20th of August. 1SG5. he As was brave — as an officer. election campaigns of \^~iC\ after the Stide and commenced. in ISTo. On tn his the consolidation the regiment. Rube Williams. when he an<l retired sold his interest in -ihc paper to G'Ui. regiment was already there. efficient — as a dis- ciplinarian. when he was ordered due time. 209 Upton. . He was an officer of good executive On his return home. while at the same time managing an e. Dana's head-quarters. a soldier.

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when they made a stand behind pursuant to orders. fired his revolver C. when they were fired upon by Cai'tait! M-ore iin mediately gave chase. resided at Plymouth. who had gone n Tth on rhe railroad. he had coiumaiul of a detachment of the regiment. and p. in Marshall county. Way. tlio who bis revolver at rebel him.210 This brave Indiana. JrOORE. . on a similar errand. except Griersnn's raid through Mississippi.t without exi-ired pi."^loor'^. a large white h-u. in February. at on the oti:ei-. and amount of property. wicli hi. in a few moments.s horse.i. and a body of rebels. and the passed harmlessly over him..'. The rebel. a short distance from the road.i^ met at the corner of the fired house' by the proprietor. just as the ball threw hira--elf tiat on l. bat was on the 27tli of . in falling. The rebel. with another detacliment. ':liarged up the house. of company B. stepped fue at another man. thinking he had killed Moore.J-d ihi.-nK-r of the h'nise to ouicLa. Expecting svlcH tH'-rics. in the spring of 1865.iptain.ijitain.-e. a*- thouglit. of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry. pursued them about two liiiles. In the evening he ^vas joined by Lieut.s when him. belongand destroyed several railroad bridges. and th' r. his revolver at out from the ' c-. Tiie Captain W. part going on one side.icv. The two commanders were on their way to rej'^in the regiment. He joined the refriment as 2d Lieutenant of company xV. to Captain 3Ioore.-ntuMiiter wa^ taking The Captain's shot While a portion of the command.coininand. l-urn'^-d a large ing to the rebel governureut. fi. He served with the regiment in every expedition in which it participated. 1804. 1SG3. tired. commissioned Captain of company H..ed and brought again at the } hiiii down. C. MAJOR JOEN officer. time of Lis enlistment in the Seventh Indiana Cavalry. at tlie il. On the expedition to West Point. an ai-med lebel. b. 'iipt. roved fata!. effect. at Okolona.

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it jL. with the information. were discovered. They were speedily released. ngagen. re. 211 of the bushwhackers a mile or more into the By the Captain's order the house was fired.i'nt. Captain Moore Plea-anton. his ably th-^ C. found the right road.t fmlt is forgotten when w^ . He managed with distinguished success. bi. when two members of the regithe floor. the battle of Brice's Gross-Roads.-n. and without further adventure. sp^irit like his. bound and lying on Captain Moore then started for road.-^ouri campaign.ou- <i"neral.ipiaui did wroiu'. he proved himself a hero.uid led in the glorious sabre charge. that they intended to hang theni before morning. he was placed. attaclcs With but of a. in the Mis. and burned to the ground. He commanded At his company in the battle of Okolona. AVhen it became quiet after the skirmish. reached camp at a Lite hour at night. Before the battle of the Little Osage. Mississippi. 11^ \\as severely reprimanded by the Un'[Uest. by order of Genor. which has He was in all tlie battles and skirmishes of the regiment. in command of tlie ba-jgage train. Tlas did not suit a brave prospect of a battle. rebel cami-i. Arkansas. that the "bushwhackers" captured and put them there. but got on the wiing and did not discover his mistake until he got on to the camp at Aberdeen. . He rendered important services on the expedition of to retreat that followed that disnsfrous battle. and joined in tiiat « las Lomi'any.MA JOE JOHN pursued the woods. a voice for from a log building was heaixl. He rapidly retraced his steps. an Mound City and Marion. an arcount already been given. he repulsed until repeated the rebels. handful of nv. lor abandoning the train without orders. it. and bravely performed his duty. MOORE. ordered the door broken ment. and held his position ordered to witlidraw. especially when there was a He put the train in charge of a sergeant. calling help. and stated.

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charge on the evening of Februiiry lu the battle of conspicuous. ELLIOTT. Indiana.-ith rv'volvers put them to ilight He 1-d liis company in the sabre without the loss of a man. a kind..'there was found the indomitab:^. i. a and while the m '. genial He wa? of his m^ n were body of rebels. gettwie na. was very tlio it. Plymouth.ui Wayne county.sumption. and v. and i-iiarged with them inf.212 MAJOR JOEL H.. H. His residence at the time of his enlistment. he parties. commissioned He served in that capacity Major of the new organization. Elli'''tt hastily mounted a .' the ranks of the rebels.. wheie he home at died of con. superior officers for his courage cer. i"^i'4. while with a foraging party near Okoloin a crib. early in the year ISo'J. He until its final mu-ter out. greatly outnumbering his force. AVherever the 7th Indiana cavalry march^l or fvught.d. ELLIOTT.. Miss. flag of No braver ov truer soldier ever fouirht under the strrry our country. His military career was an active one. and of all the men. -'J. consider the motive that induced his General.4rs was Centervilie. MAJOR JOEL Joel H. a. a gentleman. and officer. Xo member ever think of him hut with feelings of respert and sympathy. Bri^. expecting to capture his entire party.'ross-roads. shown by Adjutant-General Tern. Indiana.e.s a soldier anil skill as an in oui- On the expedition to We-t Point February ISO 1. corn. as reports.. Capt. Miss.. He never failed to win golden commendations from his Elliot. set. da-h' I upon him. noble-hearted As a soldier and he had the respect and confi- dence of his inferior and superior He returned to his officers. his courage For two hours he had command ci the of a part of and r-pul^cd every iitempt -rueoy to brdak He . at Ivy Fum.e\v of his rnen. him to incur the displeasure of was. on the consolidation of the regiment. was almost constantly detached from the regiment with scouting and many were the examples of courage and ability he On one occasion. of the 7th <.-e'.. Elliott entered the 7th Indiana cavalry as Captain of Company M.

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Smith. in eorjjunction with Capt. For his glorious ser\'^^ce'^ on that expedition he was breveted Major of the regiment. exAuthor.ue and confidentitl friend oi aiid his. it ELLIOTT. generous nature. I. He WAS carried in an ambulance during the next day.ui' pt-rhaps the guiding '^'ou will j star of his destinv. E!hj a lett-u. Will A. the which is given in the following..n men v. The Captain's was a quick. ot the Tth Indiana cavalry. and burned a large cpmntity of army stores. and well did he prove himself worthy of the honor. a. sensitive as a child. until it v. He commanded the detachment of the Tth Indiana on He was invariably '05.-ho . were very stiwng. and as such served with it in Texis.: MAJOR JOEL exposed himself so recklessly H. open. was per| . captured Yerona. a- few. when his wound bf^coming so painful he could not endure the jolting of the vehicle. In the evening the regiment was leaving the rield. rerhars rer. He went on-duty with it. he was left at a plantation. There was a finite of = romance in his life.iembor th'^ lew da)-s . By their savage hands he was destine. ! United States regular cavalry.^erured con~picuouslv in the an- { nals of the Seventh. where he remained unhis wounl was sufficiently healed to enable him to be taken Memphis In the mean time. yet brave as a lion. ills aricctioiis . from Capt. A.s\in my mind recalls one — Captain Joel H. Ryan ot . niitied to see know i:im. to — placed in positions of danger.'as mustered out. He was soon after commissioned Major of the Tth J. recruited by Maj. We have already given an account of the manner in which he. he had been paroled by the rebels. if any. j Company G. the friend and corid- . Gen. tract fr. Skelton. on the frontiers. he was promoted Major. 213 killed. ott. he received a severe and painful wound in the shoulder which disabled him. among the Indians. and w. j After the reorganization of the regiment. other memot-is ot the regiment did or could have done. was a wonder he was not He was when a tariret for the rebel sharpshooters.' dant of Major Elliott j " Amon-ir the hvi'. .! to die. Grierson's raid in the winter of 1S64 til .

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and every one who accompanied it. appointment to a Majorship in the regular eer. life.' disposition in case he should The expedition had fruitful results for our arms. and we jour- He was buoyant with hope. He again sought and obtained preferment in the serhis vice of his country. with instructions as to their 'not return.214 • MAJOR JOEL n. Scarcely two months had elapsed when one evening. He had in not forgotten his will be rememberwe-ieru up. in this city (Torre Haute).-^n j ed that ti'Mitier. and the ! sad undi^-r-current tirst Inve. was flatteringly complimented by his superior ofhf^ers. ELLIOTT. and so in his case. charm=? for him.ptaiu and myself were among the favored neyed on together. to leave of ab-enre granted to our men go to our liomes and at- tend the Presidential election in the Fall of 1SG4. dashing Captain Elliott. will remember the daring. ment seemed bent on the profession ever carried to During our subthis 'atiair. Of course. his conversation my mind it the remembrance of after letters There to were detached hints of from time for to time. I regard it as the turning point of his His deterr^ination from that moof arms. he summoned nie to his tent. I Hitaclied no impoi'tanre to this love trouble of the Captain's. He met me Life on his return to the regiment. whose exploit in the c. at that time. the enemy's country. ones.' sequent intimacy when discussing the ladies. upon the eve of an expedition into were betrothed.-aTne up within a short time-of his unfor- tunate death. on our -a. an expedition against Indian. in and with manly ing all enjotion told me 'the story ol his^life' — so gave my keep- the little love tokens that final he had highly treasured. The Ca.. army was a tlattering recognition of his m>'rits as an ofH- I possess letters of his . that an attnck made . and capturing and destroying so many valuable army stores. in his which came me The and ariairs of civil life pos-essed no charms him. hut now. scattering the enemy in all directions. ten years after the occurrence. and they 'The course of true love never did run smooth says the poet. tiie It prevades them all.pture of a town at midnight.^s. I under General Custer. had new ' He had seen the lady of his choice.

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braver.m. . in tlie iitate of Indiana. tlie At the timeCapt. niu'lirs of waking. iliisicrinLC cl. I Dream Morn of tiuhtinLj-rii-lLls tii. or nobler life was ever sacridced in our country's On body the -Tth of November. afr^^r being ambushed.ill.lrons stamping. \vHkiiiii. Here's no war stee Is neiu'li and champing. knows nd hrcakinn. The history of that heroic combar will perhaps never be known how. and of the great poet: "Soldier rc-t ! tliy \rarf. in Inlast. CAPTAIN JOHN P. Soklief rest.n.\l the . fighting to the His rests in an unmonumented grave on the distant plains of to his v/ill.h:mteil hall. of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry.'nu»T.CAPTAIN JOITN R. And the biitern souikI his drum.. he was mustered as First Lieutenant of Company A. D. Porter county.oomitii.< chins or s(ina(. ISGS. Trump I nor piiuoi-h summon here. Ruder sounds >hall none he ti' Sleep the sl-ep of toil. pilgrimage to his tomb.lav-break from the fallow. rAP.miiiiiir. Those who knew him. and those no who knew him defense. or war-siceti chi. fiom the sed'^v siiallow. Fairy >. I aii'ls unseen thy couch ure Ptre\ving.. his gallant band — fuught 'till the last man was will slain. Elliot.sleep that km.s eiii.. PARMELEE. he lark's sill ill li!i. make a brave spirit chant the lines the of music f. that truer. Washita river. Major with a detachment of sixteen men. no more.iin of b at tle-tieMs no nioie. t. In i>ur islt. on the the brave Elliott fell.very sense in ^lunil'er tlcwiur:.'ij's of il. Armor's chinir. A few miles from the scene of battle his body and those of his men were found scalped and mutilated. he was a practicing attorney at Valparaiso.ire o\'r. 'iian Territory.'Ws nut (ireukinir: Di e. Skep tht. Shoutin<." best unite with me in the belief.ilELEE.' But certain it is. (lliards noi. in imagination. was following up one body of the retreating Indians. 215 an Indian encampraent and the Indians badly beaten.i\' conic. Pat'iaelee entercvl the service in Seventh Indiana Cavalry. iSiiC. nor night of Xn Yet ruile soniirt shall reach tliine ear. .warders challeiiLre here. or •^Hiiailron tranipirii. th\' warfare I'er. On the llkh day of August. I'.

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hmoud. when he was taken on the steamboa* "Southern Republic" up the Alabama river to Montgomery. he gallantly led his company. L-^i'4.l F^'deral o^Ticers from Libly pri-on. was compelled to march on foot to Demopolis. South CaroUana. PAEMELEE. and from there by railroad to West Point. South Carolina. of fifteen hundie. via Columbus and Fort Valley. He remained at Columbus until the >jd of March followiiiu'. when he was removed Columbia.i. C. the Captain. March 7th. On the 17th of May. wounded aivi From the field at Ivy Farm. where he remained until July. a distance of ninety-five mil's. Alabama.. at Ivy Farm. boat on the river.4. The next day. he was taken to Andersouville. he was taken to prisoners. by steauistated in chapter 3d. Ga. 2yth. the Captain. Febles to On by. he As already Cahawba. the capital of the State of Alabama. Ga. to There he remained October Gth. lsi. Mississippi. which suffered severely in killed. was taken.'ther with six hundr-d to Charleston.. Okolona. by railroad. in make au enort lo company with Captiaus . arriving at Andersouville on the 21 day of May. and taken prisoner of vrar. on the 22d of February. the number of piisonrrs at Macon. arriving there on the Cth of March. arriviii^^ lie remained at Cahau'ba till the 2Sth of April. Mi-s. arriving at the latter place on the 25th of February. A. was i=everely wonndel in the sabre charge. Alabama. by the arriv. when he. Ga. On'the 20th of July. Alabama to there on the evening of the same day..21C CAPTAIN JOHN the promotion of Captain H. by tog'. thence to Starksville. he was taken by railroad to Selma. ISCl. On the next day he was taken to Macon. were iiicrease<l. arrivinc: till there on the miming of July uJth. Parmelee was promoted to the vacancy cau. Va. In the charge.sed there- and mustered as Captain November 1st.. and from there. determined to freedom. with many other prisoners. Georgia. way of Savannah. From Montgomery.. where he remained until the 4:h of November. at F. John Major of the regiment. regain his On that day. other otHcers. and from there to Columbus. 1SG3.

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who owned and navigated a small sail-boat.. He was soon utter detailed as Judge-Advocate of a military commission. of the United States blockading squadron. escaped through the guard lines.s steam tug to Hilton Head. Helena souml. at ^lemph's. C. the 9th of Novetnuer. skiff. they protreated ceeded to their homes. Tennessee. fugitive3 procured a mouth. they were treated with the greatest kindness and politeness by ihe ofBcers and men of the vessel. and all the members them with the utmost kindness. where he engaged in tlie practi'.CAPtAIN JOHN George E. they were taken placed in in a the hanrl. ment. On the consolidation of the regisi'-rvice. and was unable 1SG5. Stansbevry. of his statf. on the country. S. on the Edisto to its and proceeded in At that place. Commander of the Department. by the aid of some negroes. and served as such until the regiment started the war he hai for Texas. oil' Otter Island. and R. arriving there on th* 25th of November. they succeeded in getting aboard of the gnn» boat Stetten. They proceeded on board the Orago to New York City. where they ^ere of General Foster. reached Orangeburg. After the expiration of two days. Gen. lying in St. King.e of the law. the it. PARilLEE. reach- ing that point on the In the evening of that day. he was mustered out of the Since the close of is made Indianapolis his homo. and delivered to Admiral Dahlgreen Carolina. they were taken in a small boat to Port Royal harbor. 18i'>4. Captain with inflammatory regiment. Tenn. of the 113th Infantry. of the 95th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 24 . Soon after reaching home. " ^ 217 Volunteer Regiment of Illinois Marcu3 L. The General and his wife. After a couple of hours conversation with the Admiral. until the iIGth of January. which he did on that day. on board his flag-ship. on the coast of South They remained on board the gunboat two days. Foster gave them a leave of absence for two months. and traveling across river. Parmelee was attacked to rejoin his rheumatism. From there. during whii:'h time. down the Edisto 17th of November. at Mem[ihis.

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The company was then mustered into the service for three years. he The . but arrived too late to participate in that battle. but did n^t to went arrive there till after the battle. Mctjwr to ^klurfresborough. He went witli the regiment in the winter of lSOI-2. He was with it in the skirmish at Green Briar. he enlisted. near the family homestead. by forced marchts. to Louisville. and taken to Mi. the quota of twelve mouths troops was filled. F-. and from there to Nashville. regiment followed . His father was a farmer father's farm of that county. in Gibson county.21$ Joseph MAJOR JOSEPH \V. for the period of three months. Tht. in Gibson county. 2'21 W.. when he returned his legal to his father's farm. on Louisville. and But the and the company organize. 1S36. which was dignified by the name of battle. under guard of four m-n. The next morning ti. From that pla'e.Minnville. in its pursuit of Brag:. recruited in his county. in tlie march of the latter. Skelton was born on the the Jay of January. in the Seventeenth Indiana Regiment of Volunteers. He then married. from there. He then marched with his regiment into Mississippi an<l Alabama.! quota of three months men was in a regiment to serve for twelve monthsBut before ic was mustered. weath'-r bviug ISOj. ISCl. near Readyvilb. and was with Buel's army.e rebels were attai?ked by the federal troops. was employed mosc of the time in scouting. and settled on his own His wife died in February. In April of the same year. near L 'uis- and returned by forced marches. H'-^ position as clerk in a store in remaine. Tennessee.bruary. SKELTON. He served with thai regiment in all its operations in Virginia. till Young Skelton remained on his he was sixteen years old. Tennessee. and Skelton wis Hr'nl to the rear. He his ville.l in the store till he was nineteen ye^irs of age. in State of Indiana. then returned to Xa>hville. Kentucky. In was captured by the rebels. Tennessee. and worked on it till he attain-J majority. to Shilo. into Kentucky. farm.Tohu Morgan. full. when he secured a Princeton. in a eompan}" Indianapolis to be mustered into the service.'.

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him and attempted to day he was Tallahoma. and beat him with their revolvers tired. Eosecrans wouM let of it. at 210 cold. SKELTON. leaving. The brutal quartermaster ordered Skelton to run the rest of the way to the town. ^Yhen the other guards surprise of the remain- were out of sight. j him to proceed. and the other end of it over the limb of a tree. and being almost exhau=:ted by his eiforts to escape. sitting The rebel then threatened down by the roadside. f^kelton. house to warm.-ar but | to kill. he ran into a squad of captor. placed to wa!k. but in dodging around in them. But it was impossible to kill hira. and would amply not Find- j ing that his prisoner could be frightened. to the great ing one. | eluded to which time. that retaliate. him of his clothing. and struck him with his revolver several . it • was impossible tim^^-^ for him to keep up. when commanding officer. The quarterfor | master cursed and swore at him. He started on the double-quick.iken to at the expiration of ^ ]^Io/. and went a short distance. but the the road being rough. at Eut they stripped this critical juuctare.Iinnville and lodg'^d in • The ne. of the last party that captured him. around ] his neck..9oape. he attempted a to e. The rebels were mounted. second time He leaped the fences and run for the diff'^r^nt woods.s. but Slcelton was obliged When within about three miles of McMinnvilie. when the same officer interfered and put a stop to it.^i The stretch rebels thought such a slippery fellow was a fit subject to hemp. disarmed sooD reca})tured. rebels. except his shirt and pants. the rebel conh'Mir . They struck him till in the face. Skelton. Gen. a distance of three miles. and vrere about to deprive him of his boots. told him l-'. Bat he was and with a squad of other prisoners. three of the men stoppe'I a but one man to guard the prisoner. with a noose. under a guard of ten men.MAJi">E JO-EPn \V. him rest fur half an he wa^ marclied iiito t. stopped proceedings. and was by them turned over to Lis hi. and piaced in the . then put a rope. over the head.

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Ills adversary chose dirks. said to a duel with Skelton. to and Arkansans. unable dure their young Georgian. to duelthat small room. confine'! for various mis- Thc'ir rations consisted of a pint of corn meal per floor. of which. and regretted that there was no opportunity to fight a insults. with a smaller One of the rebels suggested that the fight might take place in The suggestion was favorably received. and the young Georgian had no alternative but to challenge Skelton. in day. was opposed. The rebel was greatly incensed at this remark. The set to rebels were principally Missourian a duel. a corner man got what he could. that ho. In addition the prisoners were kicked and cutfed about by the longer to en- rebels in a mo. Skelton. each to this.. Skelton stated to the rebels. in a long store room. that there was one thing he did not and never would seo that the was conducted accor<iinjr to rule. which v. and that was any principle of a gentleman. \\iihout . for (riui.irance of his door and s. he would accept. but that he could not think of sikH ho wa. A dozen IMissourians stepped forward. justified in he thought that he if would be was/>ne accepting the challenge. ing. on principle.t brutal manner. and what they loved to witness. They devise means to let the duel come otf. and said that they would fi. with blades fifteen inches Skelton took his position antagonist. of rebels. Skelton waved his right as the challenged party to choose the weapons. above all things. was work. SKELTON. there man present who wouM see fair play. in length. wl. who was constantly boasting of his worldly possessions. but that under the circumstance^. and that. in common with northern men.iid he would give half of Uragg'^ permission a to tight. which was formally done.220 MAJOR JOSEPH W.^uch nerm'ssion . lot guard-house with a poured out of a sack on to the of the room.-J Ho came worth to the and awaited the appe. for no gentleman would abuse a man when he was disarmed and helpless. > They were imprisoned room cut otf at one end.

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Thus ended the duel. By the persuasion of Skelton.-n from a window A"? in the second story of the building in which they were not oonficed. Skelton. and shared — with them their rations.s IL* recruited Li'-'utenant. three months He was paroled and sent to Indianapolis. It won the respe'-c of the Arkansas and Missouri rebels. The next morning the by threats and oifered bribes. an 1 wa^ commissioned Ist and assigned to .sk for any "d d Yankee.:om. 221 For.MAJOR JOSEF [I \V." The crowd interpreted that into a back-down. SKELTON. during a hailstorm.iken to Chattanooga. he wouM surely kill Skelton. the rebel army.irters at lounging around hea'b|uarters did spirit. and endured the horrors of that filthy basule. Bragg would have him hung. While in at ChattanO'jga. these men dov. who afterwards treated them well. was sent to for Libby prison. Buc suit such a re. he said. and greeted him with jeers and derision. with the let ance of some of his fellow prisoners.pi. and if he did. although in heavily ironed. they were brought bade.'anv F. with other lu-isoners. the From Tallahoma.-tles. where he was placed on duty as clerk at heaJ. There rebels threatened to make the prisoners work on the trenches. Camp not Carrington. were brought two Kentuckians. Union men. One da'rk night. Skelton. and that he would not run that ri. threats of the rebels to kill To the them if th^y did not work. however. they refused to do so. Skelton was t. From Chattauoog. it is supposed that tlu-y succeeded in making their escape. otfiL-ers 'the made names of great efforts. at Fiichmond. had a good effect for the federal prisoners. one hundred men. of iho Seventh Indiana . It.i. Virginia. Skelton replied that Rosecrans knew how to retaliate. to their rebel learn the parties conniving at escape. but utterly failed. and under assist- sentence of death.

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and h:s eoiamind tj the cMni.jt th ir revolvers right a:.itely the south.eir and were totally ur.d h-ft into them. Mississippi.^rth about sundown latter town. whence he with company F. with a battalion of that regiment. and halted. the regiment was with the J.ume li.ty JJavis. W SEELTOX. Capt.any to "(. army O. to ilisperse Lamar. active duty with the and reckless man. The night being ratl'.tr d. Captain Skelton half a bivi)uaced n.pixpared :or an aua'. F the vacancy.u Ci-ujphjtely surprise.e wo-d^.-mounted . Capt. any guerrilla parties that might interfere with the to railroad. nearly always selected for dash. Smith.k. numbering but _ men. and will repeat them here. pursuant to orders. John W. of General Skelton was promoted Captain of company A. north dispatched Captain thirty Skelt'-." With a yell. not referred to hi? exploits. On th.l gut i. with oidy thi. Skeltun's revolver. preceding pages of this book.liarge. He mounting them. Wright. the C. of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry.xford. firing a sii. Shoemaker resigne. ti. Miss.? 1 -1th Capt. The rebels particulars of two only of his greatest perf. on the railro^id.:i. that an armed force was entering ic fro:a awakened his men. ]So4. the Captain received information from a virkttc stationed in the village. Some ol men had di. marched b.iptain and Lis men dashed into the ranks of the rebels. l)y liiey were tau." men — and the to fill capture? of In June. and Lieut.MAJOR JOSEPH Cavalry.-! hr-st intimation the enemy had of the presence of V.^ and in tlie We have frequently. iSGi. 1S64.ldly to nearly _ou to the rebels. regiment. before they saw the dark outlines of The wa. and meet the enemy. and whs enterprises requiring shrewdnes.iuk. a few miles further north. in ti. on his expedition to of August. In about mile of the About ehjven o'clock. marched from Hully Springs. frum Cant. their fore.'f-. to Hudsonville.l. He immediately eulered oa He was a brave. Skelton and his little ban.M-mances have been reserved at for this sketch — the rout of six hundred Lamar "Dick Station. daring.. who had reached the railroad northwest of -the village.

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Skelton's command got separated. twice to bre. He came very near being taken prisoner. the south edge of the village was At [ a wide. company left in do. When the company was withdrawn from the pursuit. The rebehs retreated to Okoto him . with their revolvers fired at rest a distance of but a lew feet. managed . those of the ene- | my and the rear.k loose from him. Skelton. On leaving the field. the rebels fearful made a stan'I. ' Ion I.who was shot through the right hand and permanently disabled. and a part under Lieut. and most of the were dozing in their saddles. and learned that the citizens had . Lieut. That one was John E. hotly pursuerl. deep ravine. Serg't Aurand . Titus. SKELTO^'. with men with Crane. The next day to the appearance at camp. had huddled together.shed through the rebel ranks." Besides the Author. stamooded their entire command. Indeed. Capt. Corp'l Titus wanted to know what to >lo with the prisoners. but John managed . he left in the hands of his enemy a good portion Cor}>oral F. with the muzzles placed against the bodies of their adversaries. They Hr'l in wild confusion through the town. The front of their column broke ill wild confusion.' of his blouse.MAJOR JOSErS Vr. surrendered. Capt. and Skelton's men rapidly emptying the saddles of the former. | a part returning with Holly Springs. the rebels too much confused to do anything but run. the last time he did so. except the Author. Cajitain to ! withdraw all his men. 223 and thrown themselves on the cround to re?t. At one time. and running through tlie ranks of the rear companies of their foice. ]\I. and were guarding nearly one hundred prisoners. behind Skelton. When the odds against him. Crane going to Lagrange Tenn. found ly haru if possible fite of his missing men. A rebel had hold of him. friend and foe vv'ere intermingled. seeing the ' I which. lie in tlie diiieront houses of the town a large number of bad- wounded rebel soMiers. who was wounded and taken prisoner. not having made their fifty men returned to tlie Lamar. J. and in numerous instances. | ' ' > • . Iveiley . only one other man of the company was hurt. Crane told him to " parole them and come on.

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to He knew was im- possible their camp by following the highways.'^sing. At the first house he came to after crossing. he captured Tour prisoners. patrole and Capt. Skelton was tbe old regiment raised and commanded bv It numtlie rebel Gen. The guerrillas about the Nonconnah creek were bold federal in their depredations on citizens. Capt. and attacks on scouting parties. was at that time on its way to Memphis. and on that nitrht. commanded by Col. Kelley. and marched through the fields and woods. while a commauil was passing. the Captain left camp at White Station.I 224 MAJOR JOSEPH W. and proceed- ed towards Cockrum's cross-roads in Mississippi. by conciliating the surprise of their outlaws. diffii'ult At dny-bieak the next morning. Forrest. On the evening of October 1st. and taking the by-paths.i'l made Some the habits of the guerrillas a study. after a march reached the Coldwater. He h. a little after dark. but when it was out of sight. or in the wooils close by. by Capt. '. Skelton had recently lost seven mem- who had been captured and murdered by Dick Davis. frustrated Forrest's pur- pose to capture one of the most important depots of supjJiea on the Mississippi river. with whii^h they were perfectly familiar. i^. Skelton. He it avoided the roads. bered six hundred picked men. for the time being. carrying out a part Its of Forrest's plan for the capture of that place. but tlie genuine citizens. He got permission to take his company and go in quest of him. E. would mount their hors. Continuing his march i'ome distance further. inglorious re- pulse and retreat. 1SG4.:"? concealed behind the house. supposed to be somewhere in the bottom- ut the Coldwater. and effected a cro. bers of his company. The force attacked i buried sevoral dead ones. wouM voluntarilv otiiciate as messengers of warning.SKElLTOX. Xot only that. to save their property or their lives. his advance was . get ahead of the Hcoullng party. lounging about the houses pretending to be citizens. and was burning for an apportunity to capture that guerrilla chieftain. band were always along the line of march. when he was a Colonel. and warn their comrades in time to escajie or to form an ambuscade.

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in his carbine. when Davis coolly replied: r. To wait for the fence to be thrown down would take wards the woods.rit. and prevented the guerrillas from getting to their horses tied in the woods The advance immediately charged up several rods from the niuvenieut of the Cr." th. towards the ground.ptain's rovul- . and in a minutf after. The rest of the command follow- ing Capt. seeing there is no help } Skelton said: "Tiien that little carbine d—n . Slv-elton. too long. to the house.-nee of his mister and dropped his carbine on the gi. u. dashed up on the run. The Captain demanded of Davis his surren^'er. he saw two men running through the garden to- Without waiting for the bars across the lane thrown down. The guerrillas were escaping through the fields to the woods.aiAJOR JOSEPH W. Eut he was if the side of Davis. To prevent thai he must capture them before they succeeded in loading. W. to raise the muzzle.eind. His only alterwas to leap his horse over the fence and be on them in a moment. with his cocked revolver at his head. 1 stood in the pre-. fireJ ! Davis saw in the Hashing eye of the lie man before him. The latter hesitated. to wheel and shoot him. The muzzle was pointing All he had to do to be ready for battle. But there was still a high fence between himself and the flying guerrillas. wheel and ready blow his he moved his weapon a hair's breadth. Had Cap'tain Skelton an instant later. There was not an instant to be lost. at in all probability. I'^en he would have. He conjectured K-ading to the house.Vn (jnuiu. . He noticed fhem slacken their pace to load their carbines. ^rtriking the rollers deep into the flanks of his hor. When Captain Skellon came up. and cleared them at a bound. 25 . to l)een killed. he was by the side of I'ick Davis.]uick. brains out j and glam-ing at his . 225 from a liouse situated quite a distance from tue road." " I j j guess I will have drop to. he put spurs to his horse.that he had not reloailed. sav. to be that their intention was after reloading..itive the uniraal cleared the fence without touching it.•omnanion. SKELTON. I'avis had just replaced the cylinder contain- ing the cartridges. The Captain again a-^ked him if he would surrender.

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trees. seeing the rebels men and charge the guerrillas. who had had him in charge once before. a body of guerrillas. Davis then said to Skelton: "If you had been a moment lati." Skelton tlieii compelled them to mar>:li backwards undl he was between them and their arui^. U'^t tolet one of them escape. was forty miles from camp. proceed down the river and get to cimp with them if possible.m1s for over. and Southwestern Tennessee. His distinguished captive carefully concealed his name. in all probHe ability.r I would have saved your bacon. By the rear and charged the rebels and the tinv> he r'^tnrned." Skelton did not know at that lime. to return lieloi e they rould unite ?igainst him. but if the vrorst came. ed it prudent firing. qui'-kly JeeiJed tlie otlier to follow tlie esuaiple of \i\< and "ground arms. ('apt. deemchieftaia. CMiK. he knew that he had waked up the guerrillas. that he had captured the scourge of Northern Mississippi. which was not learned until he w. Captain ordercl a Sergeant who were dismou'itThe Sergeant and his men Were driven baek on the main command.hnk'd his i-est course wouM be to follow up Sktdton. i. Skelton led them in the charge upon the guerrillas.- ommand to take ten had crc-sed the river. . who.a nille. Placing himself at the head of his men. Skelton then selected a trusry seriTeant and ten men. and tool: them in charge. Hastily crossing. would rally and attempt to release their con\rades. and put them to ilight. sxelton. The Serg-nint in charge of the prisoners. He then stood guard over them until some of his men returned from the pursuit of the other guerrillas. and did so.he and were engaged on the opposite side. ed and posted behind the routed.22G ver. wh re he was recognizEu* ed by the officers. and having several prisoners. tie rest hi.\s marched into the Irving F31ock at Memphis. while he with the rest of the command fought the enemy bav. He wheeled of a portion of his put them to command [light. and pursued them in a wil I chase through the W0'-.k. attracte^l by the came dashing upon to lii> rear guard. MAJOR JOSEPH w. Before he ha'l crossed the river. and directed him to take charge of the prisoners.

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Captain Skelton was peculiarly described. 227 Capt. At times his flglit courage partook of the (. He is a farmer by oocupatlon. was al:i most incalculable. . Ho . The latter stood long enough to tire one volley.LIECT. Skelton displayed . He was expecting.-". expeditions.haracter of rashness.-juad. In this little expedition Capt. the guerrillas he had driven on the opposite side of the river. practice on com- ing in sight of an ran. The Captain then proceeded without further interruption. every tnomont. greatly out-numbering his entire command. arriving there bex\lthough under fire a part of the time. to rally and come upon the rear. not a ni fore dark.^unty. s^pials. it i^kelton singling out the largest s. ELIJAH S. l>2o. In liaiia. Air s. and led them in a charge on the rebels. on to the 7th of March. in Kosciusko c. The service he had reu'lered humanity and the federal army. r. while on the run.D. the ex- cept those of the Missouri campaign. He participated with marches and battles. when he dis- covered in his front a body of rebels. when they broke and tied in all directions. Indian. BbiLkford resides one an^l a half miles from "Warsaw. raids. twenty of his men. On C. BLACKFORD. Ohio. the consolidation of the regiment. his He did the most j of the fighting himself. c^uick to form his plans. was invariably charge.l for such enterprises just j wis ingenious. enemy. lie fitte. The enemy invariably | and separating into small scatter in the woods.Axr ell."'reat tact and undaunted courage. and regiment. would pursu. In every or he was always in advance of It to his men. Xot a moment was to be lost. he came vith his father Favette Countv. he was assigned to company till but was soon pro- moted Major. s-rve'I as such the muster out of the LiEt n. in Eutier county. Was born In i^ 1^. drawn up to oppose his further advance.:. to camp. battle. of Skelton's comiriand was hurt. He deployed as skirmishers. Skelton ha J proceeded but a mile further.e until he had captured one or more regiment in all irs prisonru-s. Elijah 3. and j possessed courage that shrank from no danger.LACKFor.

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it. he was se. the Lieutennnt.-. hi<le so calie'l in that country. was at his house. but wa. Tl.sid !h.. with an ofllcer's s:uldle.ince in captiuing him. BLACKFOr. Tlie next morning. when with twenty-five men. lie enlisted as a private company I.-pecially employed in repairing th'^ telegraph -in the ^^lemphithe and Char1S*J5. dismissed. and ivilled guerrillas.-. 180-J. with a pair of navy rcvolv-rs that m-. when he lS*i5. H. tall. on duty. his ame out of l"\. was tliis the case. 1SC3. he was promoted 1st Lieutenant.n?ko"county. Tennessee. He arrested him and ti. hawk" for a to the residence of at Refers.a it wiis .-istily dre-^sine himself. and 1S52. Cluis. mu. Hare. as First S-:-rgeant. as the hieurenant and '' party came Koijors lutrodui. liorae. three milos di-^tant. that C -nt Rogers. and decl.e appeared the door in answer to the ruuunted I . to protect workmen F.way tiier>\ at a house. He regiment.ay.^rs. ari-1 ofi''. vice Lieut. He was frequently sent on scouting expeditions.ired that her husband was not at The Lieutenant push'^l the door op-n. toward Corinth. but vrho themselves in roamed about at night. came to his camp.-i.228 LIEUT.ip. Indiana. ELIJAH in S.stranger as Capt. a i "one of our < n. . went into tlie bed-room. with the "night guide.f-e./ asked Rogers what horse belomjinfr tine-looking h-'. ti- . On the 1st of Mar^ h. l^^^A. that capacity with the from Lagrange. while on that At Mid'Uetown. Lis present in In 1S63." At that mumr-nt.vd the . proceod^-vl in bed. walk-cij iut<> tip- Jei. and Irom there Lagrange. compelled to the daytime. a " Xiaht Hawk. Carpent'^r. of the Seventli of Indiana Cavalry. On th'-. where they found him His wi. lie went to Ko=c.-. witli four tru>ty men.iw hitched to the the Lieutenant's home.stered with the served conapany ^eptembar 31. man. until November. on the 14th of May.surfly ji-.- th'- JMUsr. because tiiey were Union men.s cam)i.i feni'e.ant. i a pplendid white horse. lie s. with the information.. t.-jk him to hi. promoted to 2d to Lieutenant. and ^ut up.u Iatt<-r ni' the nol-t. in which he di-splaye'l good judgment and pluck. in Warsav. a notorious guerrilla.D. leston railroad. under James H. ii. H. higliw. t<.'red his a-si^^t. and found ilogeis h." 22d of May.

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to the military authorities at L?igrange. bers of his band. Forrest.. B. have got you at last. with another comml." S. Illinois. He starting. at last he had in Bit and was convicted of murder and j<iilor. Bent. ELACKFOP. He make an r. a notorious guerrilla. escape." Captain Higgs turned out of the road to the so. \\'u:lo Hl' was ably defended' by C^iptain HcTiry Lu. of which Colonel George W. politely excusing himself as he did while Lieutenant Blackford proceeded toward Lagrange." Rogers replied: "Yes. Before that to serve commission. con- and sentenced to ten years imprisonment in the penitentiary at Alton. and Col. 220 The Captain rode by the side of Lioiiteniint Elackford and chatted pleasantly. one of th^m sai. Owing to the difficulty the Govei-nmen"".xton. tried by a military coraiJiission. He. managed fur to escape.ndoubtedly deemed it prudent to go quietly ahnig.-hoot . getting witnesses. his relea-e. L'rdon officer.Kt.Rogers made no heard the order given to the men. Tenness<^e.LIEUT.^ guerrilla chief in that country. almost ilady. belore him doad if he mnde such an attempt. to . attended his trial Let'.l: " Well.m'. neither <lnred to eri'ort to Both sides being equal attack. probably by bribing the His friends oHered thousands of dollars motber. Lieuteiuuit Blackford was detailed on a military commission at Memphis. however. McKeaig was president.D. and a liaif brother of the rebel General N. they horses.u- trial his crimes. and that the men in the hollow were mem- Rogers was safely delivered victed of robbery. Miss.ssion to cclleci the . sent to Mernj'his. ELIJAH •Iliggs. 1S05. were three men dismounted and holding tlieir When opposite. Hi> a his half broth t. was brought for f'. men in the hollow. sentenced to sulfer death. Mat Lu. On the Tth of June. they have goc for r^uite a <ii?tance me.ciiJ<\ Waiting fur witnes-es in the Lieutenant went to Sanatobia. of being a guerriUa. the trial dragged along for eighty davs. Foire. In a hollow by the side of the road. Blackford that Higgs was a notoriou. He informed Lieut.-t. in strength.

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2. SlIITHER. e. ^^is>issippi. h.Sth of July.-^si^d from the service. was it. He was therefore preventevl. Indiana. service en 'Um. at the battle of Okolona.-e and served on at i^Iem[)his. consisting • " t'vn cori'raniv. He served in that regimen: Xovember.vpedidons. of Fayette county. camiMigns and battles.h. he was commissioned IS''. ly woundel in the neck. he declined to muster. at Station. he served on the stafi' of Gf. he iiii. but as the war was over. 1. Cut' r. on I'eceinber.- a!: r the consolidation of the regiment. Indiana. . ISOl.e -^'A\ :: the ri«. as co:iitaaiider of his escort. On the SOtli of Septeml'or. February 221.ivalry. was mustered as 2d Lieutenant of the On th" 1st of June. and being anxious to return to his family. service. when he was discharged from certficate of ilisability. lie v. the batile of K.ieral George A. 18'''4. until of the r-^i- war. ISB. CATTAIN ROBERT Eobert G. ?mither was born September 27. T. Captain. Bales being di.-:?i'jn. Avant. the Lieutenant was eommisiiioned Captain of company I. ra. as a private of of Iniliani Voluuteer until the 4th of tlie company of tlie IrL^'ahtry.-as' severeA-.egiment the rebellion. On the 5th of July. In a charge of the regiment. of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry. on another military coruthe cdo. of whivh coms "in pany he was (iGpany. On the early age of fourteen. t. an i afier aj-pointed First Sergeant.'('"!I: s He re-enlistc-1 in coinpa:iy H. in the possession of W. he G. 1805. ISI'3. At the entered the military I. Fur the last was severely woundel three months he was connected he with the Sev-nth ludim^i C. Miss. from going with the nt to Texas.?. rsMITHER. 1302.::ypl raid. in 1^''. during 2'jth r. Capt.-mi.i:t thijh. He was witli the regiment in all i:s raids. as~=igned to company and uiiistored as its Captain on the promotion of Captain Moore to Major.j. in the sabre charge. of certain ' • the ownership eU'tailed cotton. He soon resigU'^d au'I returned to his home in Kosci- usko couiity.230 evidence relatini^' CAFTAIN EGBERT to G. in Marion county. General Grierson's on t!.

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considerable punishmtint. After the army had distance. lie 1231 After his oi tlie volunteer service. The words: "shoot prep. Cavalry.irations to rursue. On the field. . WAY. LIEUTENANT FRANCIS Lieutenant il. -and :--a'. he got regiment started on the former place. >ervi'e.i from Jackson. ^\-a3 appointed First Lieutenant in the Tenth Regiment. of the Seventh Indian. lie was riding a white horse. companv. it being dark. in the an«l formed harge. part with the regiment in its He took early operations in Kentucky and West Tennessee. on He was mustered United States the 2Sth of August. and rejoined las comrnanil at He then took command tlie of his company. to visit one ill. evening of the 221 of his February. is His appointment to a proof of his ability Lieutenantcy as a soldier in the regular army sufficient officer. pursuant he dismounted battery horse. he proceeded directly to Memiihi-. Tennessee.t 31. leave of absence. the Lieutenant was in considerable danger of being shot by his own men. 1803. TVAY. Since the close of the reheliou. he discovered iluis they were making no showing that they had re. which position he still holds. At Ivy Farm. the march to Colliersville. he has been stationed on the frontiers among and the hostile Indians. in campany into the First B. ami in the 'larkness. . and Lieutenant last man to leave the field.pport of the of the 4Lh Missouri Cavalry.-eived -On returning to the regiment. of United States regular cavalry. Browne. as the 1st of October. he Sergeant of company B. on to orders.^ LIEUTENANT FRANCIS muster ov. biU was soon ' ord<>re'l to and joined sabre Way the Cumpany B was the last company. was thought to be a rebel scout. On he was promoted First Lieu'ienant of the companv.-hing asjcrtain purposes that of the enemy. On returning. and expedition gallantly led to it ihiough the dangers and trials of tlie West it point. of his children that w^as dangerously its Before his return.'. for the si. Way enlisted with General Thomas M. 1S03. On the return of the regiment to Union Cirv. retreated some he was sent back with the a force to reconnoiter.

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ll>' did not recover sufficient health to again able for active duty. ar. The Lieutenant posted his men in a good po. and sent to Lexington.s of Price was at lu' there." who kiik-d many After the fight at Iudependeiic^\ Lieut.'.t< ki^pt up by a courier line. Way wa-= taken si-k I'O 1^''.-ts at intervals of thr'-e mile<. Vft no direct attack had been made on the camp.'>.xington. fur the oiHcer to -tep out and hold He di 1 s<.-on. Lieut. Lieutenant the rourievs. in turned to camp with the joyful He was with the detachment of the regiment the last in- vasion of Missouri. thirty miles distant. which side held Memphis.d then rode forward alone. ^liss. The commanding otiicer dispatched Lieut. Smith to Oxford. at'. The troops at that post occupied a precarious position." was passed from man on tlie '.<itio. learned that }le le- Memphis was in the hands of the Federal army. On coming in sight of the picket line. proved to be his shield protection. communication with (i'-n Roseoians. was disehargP'l on sur>j('0n"s eertiiicate of disabilitv. he calh-d a parley. When nu'an. w.that caused that trouble. and ow the 11th of Febiiuuy. and he escaped unhurt. and making preparationfor defence. He commanded company and Grand Gulf. While there had beeu ronsid'. When Forrest dashed into Memphis. of that line.. intelligeui-e. but oi the Jarknes. posting his men behind trees. of ISOi. ho saw the officer i:i charge. L.d be a Utaon still From him the liieut. to ascertain.fore his .i. Lorse. on the expedition to Port Gib. that did not accompany Gen. to ascertain whether the picket-fues. Way. with ten men. Way was in command Th-^ <>l country swarmed with "bushwhackers. whether Forrest or the Federals. were friends or proved to When officer.vliite man to man. by the rebel General Price. with a dtrtachment of the regiment. in the summer Way was at White Station. with plac»»d po. He proceeded cautiously toward Memphis. It wa^ not kno>. and expected every hour to be captured.u'able picket firing. 1'i. at Le. WAY. within hailing distance.232 tliat - LIET'TEXANT FRAXCIS M.

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of a hotel in Sardis. He married in He is now manager Memphis. 233 however. and has -' one child.-iege of Corinth. He was a strictly temperate man. GLEASON. and in On rhe oOih of Leeeraber. For about three months he was actHe was with the regiment gradations of rank from Cornoral to 1st Lieutenant. in ^Mississippi. and on the march to BiidL^eport. in Utica. of the Seventh Indiana Cavalry. l8*-'J. Indiana. raids and battles.8th. Tenn. was a young man of and a reliable officer. Crane was born February i. caa^ed by the ex- 2G . B. in company A. that place. ni. I8G3. Xew York. in his la. its final He was served with the regiment until muster out. and was impr^^ssed with liis coolness and courage. postmaster at LIEUTEXAKT CHARLES H.sed through all the month of July. taste a drop of any kind of liquor. "William H. on the Tih of September. in He pa?. during his entire service. bv reason of sickness. Indiana. a daughter. ISGl. he was discharged fiv^a the rei'iuicnt. He able character. of company C. a brave soldier. and did not. he was commissioned C:iptain of company muster as such.Lieut's gleason. the close of the war. the Author saw him under the severest day. IS 40. nearly all its expeditions. and vears Clerk of the Circuit Court. He acted as Adjutant on the expedition in Missouri after Gen. tlie furiuer place. He still is. He the enlisted in LaPorte.- At the battle of Briee's Cross-roads. irreproacl'. during the Since 18G4. He returned to his home. in the spring of 1802. Lieut.. Mississippi. he for six has resided at Sardis. but declined to ' and for a number of years has been.d Adjutant of the regiment. Gleason vras born July 5th. in LaPorte He is a farmer by invasion of that State. tire June ICth. three years old. and crane. LIEUTENANT WILLIAM H. He served with the regiment in the . in ing quarternaaster of the regiment. at Winchester. Price. CnANE. after the evacuation of the pursuit of Bragg to Louisville. Twenty-ninth Regiment of Indiana a private Infantry Volunteers. ciisciinrge. He enlisted as county. 1845.

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Miss.-y the rebels. at Indianapolis. the rebels were but a few rods from them. Mo. a spark from the camp flew into the powder. Parmelee. occujiied l. and in (. flight. Skelton.-' tered September 3d.^ty to the regiment at Holly Springs.. CRANE. charged tiiein. and was musit u. He took company that got separated.. Station. morning of that regiment. Tennessee. he was assorting. he had command of the extreme ad- vance guard. when Gen. in Ids night attack on the rebels.iant of comanv P. 1SG4.rt Gibson. he forgot Ci-aii. and by the time he g-'C the Lieutenant into the aiabulance. and put the rest to Soon alr. Doncli. which exploded in his the next day.'. at On th-. he was commissiuiiod . to get Lieut. lie was unable to take part in the battl-' He came very near b-ing captured on the evening of the 22d.t>. He did not recover from the powd'^rr barn so a-^ to be able to participate in the'Guntown expedition in tl)e following month of Juiie.. v.. The driver set him out of the ambulance. incident to tlie s-evere campaigns tlirougu wLicla tl o regiment passed..'here they Liii. While so enfire gaged. and started up. Pleasanton v/as approach- ing In hpendenco. Mi^sis-jppi. captured a l^w prisoners.ouii.^ of the 21st. as a Sergeant of com- pany F.234 posui-es LIEL'TEXAKT 'U'lLLIAM H. his face from broken cartridges. to the 21st of Febriuiry. of the portion of the it Capt. He was Lamar command at with Capt."from Lagrange. but found the portion of the field. He WAH with the . that was severely burned with powder. On returning. 1SG3. . and in the Missouri cam- paign in the fall of 1"^'''K In the latter campaign. He started ba^ic on the run. Miss. He performed active duty with AVest Point. face. and Capt.-r Lis r^'turn t'> M-m[ihis. marched to and fought bravely. He was with the expedition to P. from this expedition. and from there in saT.g i:i sight of the rebels. Skelton. He re-enlisted in the Seventli Indiana Cavalry. and had passed him a considerable distance before he remembered liira.]• tachment of the Seventh Indiana Cavalrv.

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L-iG.9 was promoted to Fir. of the same year. in and was in active service with that regiment. in which country he lived 1S51.CAPTAIN joh:^ ponck. still He returned to his home in L:tPorte county. landing at New York City.-c or LieutL-naut. Hessia Castle. Missouri and Arkansas. on as the 25th of Sept'jmber. of the company A. in the standof army that country.- IOn the'l'ith of August.dianapolis. 1S66. On '1:9 I k ' 24th of August. where resiles. thai 235 famous raid all its accompanied Gen. in Grierson on his throu'^'h Mississippi. and on the Ist of f '. and served as such until the 10th of January. as tho Seventh Indiona Cavalry. he was com.-as promoted Ut Lieu- . at till Mecklar. Jind engaged in mining until the fall of 1S53. company. fHG3.-ent to California. a private in the Thirteenth Llinois Cavalry. he was mustered out with the regiment. ht. In August. He was promoted to 2d Lieutenant of tlie regiment. He was with the reglm.was transferred to and was soon afterwards Isc Lieutenant of the company. and proved himself a operations reliable oScer. h. On he the ISth of January. he enlisted at In. In 1S-j2. and before htir?t mustered on hia coramiision. America. since he came to which time he has been a citizen of this country.-id the fir. when he v.ent in .leily ^Sergeant of tho September following. ISol. lS-31. "1 ISCto. On '.aissioned 2d and on the 2tjth of the same mouth. the winter of 18G4-5. Indiana. On the consolidation of the regiment. •John Donch was born on the 23ih day of July.of private.' as a private soldier. in company A. CAPTAIN JOHX DON'^n. Germany..-^ v. promoted new organization. ing He served five years."". ho was mustered with the '^mpaiiy as Sei^eant. where he has ever since resided. 1S24. he v.ent to Lake county. He ' entered the United States service. of marches afterwards. during the rebellion.

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ing wink. he was shot through He became unconscious the right arm.236 CAPTAIN JOHN Doxcn.t in all its operations in Kentucky. February cession. In the gallant sabre charge. Alabama. Tennessee and Mississippi up to the battle of Okolona. with a knowTiie w. he was left on the field.udred ^eiit to to S-t. and fell from his horse. he was in a criti:al condition. 1SG4:. Georgia. and was supposed to be dead. and hn.vannah. Lieut. and threatened to kill him. South Carolina. beside a large numb. But receiving from the surgeon and nurses propor attention. on the e\. Georgia.'er the latter place. He lay for that night on the ground. in in a a wawon to temporary hospital. he went to a log cabin a short distance from where he fell. During most of that time. and placed was so far recovered at the expiration of nin-' Cahawba. lie was with tlip regimer. he Okolona. True to the principles of the chivalry. where he remained nine weeks. General Stonemau was making his raid on Macon i:: with the intention of rel-a-ing the prison. with other federal if tlie : Lieuten int's hand ilght r^eeiled amputating. this doctor replied lasts.'il. he was taken con. he w.^r of other woun'lod. Fro:- there. .e i:igh--t ^'TQ of chivair". rh A: : u ph^-^e rho ralf-h exiub'te 1 t!. at Ivy wounds." "This man his will no more while and thus hand was saved. ma<le by the regiment Farm. Doncli was of the iiui. as to be able to be moved From to Ma- feder- When 15>'j1. A rebel surgeon dressed his sent to Charleston. they deprived him of his watch and pocket-book. A chiv. They cursed and swore at him. was received by the rebel soldiers there in a brutal manner. These promotions followe'l in tenant of his companv.. On regaining consciousness. -rs at that place. I rapid suc- I and were conferred on a worthy soldier. weeks. On the next dav he was taken.ening of that day. with others. at the expiration of four weeks. that place.l of the prisoners to Charleston. and when the regiment retired. an>l imprisoned with sixteen hundred other to al ofHcers. and.drio bystander asked the doctor. six the rebel authorities sent six hun'lre. and also in his body.

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and was musfought des- tered out of the s^^rvice with it on the l6:]i of Februai\'-. Texas. and a capable for his oUi ^er. Tenn. li^s h's r»'. On the L3th day of D-cember.»tion.eedings to set administr. nearly worn out horse blanket. he was paroled.l his atfiirs settle^! up.turn (yori thowai. But the Lieutenant es- caped that plague.ii. While in that place he took the scurvy. 1864. at in its of absence. He established his identity.- bare ground. At that time he to rejoin his regiment. and order-ed Memphis. and the court. He then went to Camp Chase. His clothing was nearly worn out. which he did on the 10th of April. an. v. LS65. dreary march Hempstead. with- out any shelter whatever. ho be^^n twi-^e f^l-cr'^d . Li'liani. Ohio. of which rniiuy of them died.. prisoners. he was tran^fertel-to company C. 1SG5. His beding consisted of an old.. He went with the r aimont to Alexandria. the yellow fever broke. . astonished to k-arn that lie h:i'l He was himself been treated a9 a dead mari. Louisi'ina. that to 237 fire stand under the city.-< in T<)xas. and to from there on the long. annulled the letters of a-lministration. were bombarding the from the fcleral For eighteen days the Lieutenant was kept in the yard of the State prison. and was sent to a hospital oat of While there. He perately and sutUcrt d Sini'"'^ much adopted country. and aside the that his estate had been administered on. His appearance ^t his Lowell. boot^ for a At night he slept on th. at was exchange'!. city. wliere he remained till the ni^t of March. v/ith his old His food was principally wortu-eaten rice.CAPTAIN JOHN DONCH. Lake county. pillow. He wa-s with the ri'gimoru in all i(. He wa. lSi.ho uolicvod him dfad. He instituted prO'.out amoiie the the city. On the con.s u brave soldier. and was sooii piomoted Captain of the company. thinkinij him a rath- er lively dead man.=olidation of the regiment. compelling the prisoners batteries. He re- ported at Washington where he received aleave Chase. astonished his friends.s mar^'ho. with orders to report at Camp home expiration.uid the proceedings under them.

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r_ ar. DEATH OF A _ Br.^t that they p.y gi-e. 1SG5. on the He was niustered out of the service Sept. Port Gib- and Grand Gulf. active hu_'-. hni'-nt-. The following furnished by General Browne. little thin^. Brice's cross-roads. in the battles of Okolona.-^h of avjlry upon tiie r-Mc:.t the time of their occurrence reallv are constantly mnsjirlng in thu Held that will never find a place in the history ot tlii. is OF DICK DAVIS.e_thi'. taken alone. but t!.'n and impetuous da. 10th. He did as much. 2d Lieutenant of that other officer of the regiment. and battle in which ilic regiment touk part.238 Sheriff of nial year. . On the 2Sth of August. He was son. CAPTAIN SYLVESTER L.:. holds in this centen- Lake county.-arid.-:tor!'.--. consolidation of the regiui'-ut.l of tii. was extremely hazardous.I. Mi-s. must ever occupy the foregr"un. A GUERRTLLA ATTACM ITOX OFFICER-S AT DIN-V"R.SYLVESTER ir:. 1 . LEWIS. He was mustered as Captain. e.'.xpedition."iand .iss un- Many circumstance.-. wliich office lie still CAPTAIN .-y . April 0th. He was promoted successively. Tii-it kind of service.-lain ti^ie fearful charge of infantry against iiitren. He enlisted under General in Browne. Pie was at tiiat time but eighteen vears of age.must ever stand 1 A — — . Tiiey are not. 18G5..*p:i'. tlirillirg.i-ye. uf the 7th Lidiana cavalry. the sanguinarv field with its th'nj. company ISOo. gr-ac victory noticed by the hi. during the year ISo-i and the S[>ring of io'Jo. LEWIS. He performed more a^outing duty about Memphis than . at the Captain Lewis entered the military service during the rebelearly age of seventeen. he E. as any other officer of the regiment. r. or the >iidd. hard.OTirE?. if not more.j-icture— . and as was mustered was probably the youngest Captain ments. in brief. in the over-awmg shadows of tho. lion.. in any of the Indiana regi- As an officer he wa< binve and c. Ist Lieutenant and Captain of company B.s war.iy .g ui.tpable. . in every raid. of gliitering bayonets.

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wa. mav fail bu a° ful^Z"'"'''^ '^'"P ". adjo.^.^--.tory str u ^. and men." thought to enjov a ^^''K'^"'-' more ref' r ' tarm-house. 039 Im L tiea 1. '"o^ ''''• previously ordered it.t^j t '' JSo^i. common in rhit civin^ h'm rer ?:e.ning the woods.e^!.'^'' '^'"''' tijt ?P^- i:.' ^^'''"'^''^ S'^"'o" "'"s situated in a beauti- All of 4. which wuh the coming dinner.ELLIOTT— RYAN— WOODS.-:-3-^:.s Ic wa..?h a ^^i^e ot uhith.P^^ CO.«i. ^^' butternnt.stood but aiHon d° ance bevon?. thev 00^1'. It was in that raost delioht" throi. Evan H ''"'^- nil- ^'^'^^ ^^'^^^^^ i ^L'"'''"" U 7^ and Its «urrounduig. enjov nthe ktn appetite 01 hungry soldier.:r[.'' o ''h^ ^ntt!u"tori^f ^^J^° Iieadquarters. laurel wreaths tlie tliat I T"^ P'''°°"^' ^''' of l'"»crown tliejtaielv Irow^ Tt...^^».s a tvvo-.:.['^'''. ^"'•i'"' "'"n"''"^ -""»» "«"*' 01 war He who would Itteu^ro interesting.s stationed a picket . Supposing thev Expected "to xme^^ tha't thejwo Id mee^a no unvarying meal^ ^-'^-e^^^^' baron. which .t """-f.^^^^^ co/^tv presented an order from . Lieut.:.tiv rirfT^^'".gSy^p^ ^. ^"^'^"S ed to ed'to the place a short time before noon.. .2113 tied nakJ'thl'- up UD '.' a"' in tl .

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a little vloud of white smoke putied curling up from the bushes tfie shar|.i crack of a W — half dozen revolvers killed one of them and two wounded were in an instant put hors da combat: the others surprised and frightened by the suddenness of the ambuscade. and being in tl. they were brought to a sudden . and made camp a short disThe bushwhackers." ' .>pe. and in a twinkling. had. helter-skelter.ri.) tlieir faces. by having a fellow of warlike appearance thrust the muz- Our officers smacking their ami demanding "an immediate Their astoni. Fortunately tlie kitchen windows were up.nther be seen or heard by the reserves.sense of their forlorn and d'Menseless conditi'.-s for them.= an wood reaching to the yard fence. however. In beating a hasty retreat lay their only hi. lips in anticipation of the good things that woul'. quietly seated in the kitchen.240 ELLIOTT — RYAN— WOODS. of the 4th Missouri cavalry. they^had lost the race when at our very lines. the country a foraging party of some twenty men. rilla was between thern and the door. reserve of ?ome twenty-five men. and unconditional surrender.e r.^hment at this apparitii.. and d. and which passed near by the farm-house where our half famished otBcers were "snuffing from afnr" the odors of the dinner pot.. Elliott and Ryan went through them. and within a ball mile of camp. and three — were. all unconscious of what wivs transr-irins without. This party of foragers had been beyond the creek and were returning by a road that led them to camp. sent into As it happened Col. the crooked Xonconnah creek coiled through the thickets of trees and bu?Le3.' To the south-east wa. to procure some little delicacies for his mess table..-ar of tlie hjus. Missourians made the best time. against revolvers. at this time.shed up to the rear of the keeping it between themselves and the picket reserves. was an The guerM bis tuo fearful to" be contfmplated with coolness. they couM n. seeing tance in advance of their pursuerr." without stopping to give tight or to ascertain the numbers of the foe.xcitin'j.l soon be in readine.l an e. sudienly changed their direction. Tiie guerrUlas. made instant and vigorThe ous pursuit. To light without on that morning. and some half mile beyond. In a moment afterwar*. for smhthey were. and escape in that direct. race of half a mile ensued. They couldn't jump through the rooJ. but not zle of a revolver intt. scampered away "poll-mell. aii'. When passing carelesslv through the woods that line the margin of the Was cut otr.n may be imagined. fell — upon the e.

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s of his gang. constituting his head and f lot boards.-e. thence up stairs and out on the upper verandah. seeking his loif.iiiht of the frightened foragers. children and negroes. making Woods and r- his meuiorv. the guerrilla. and our eixort to capture them was unavailing. the <iead marau<Ier lay under the shade of a forrest trf-e. that he was unable to use his revoiv-ir. and we rt-turned to camp.we returnecl. He suddenly faced about and ran from the kitchen door in tlie directionof the negro cjuarters. lied triy in the fray witliout having tired a shot. The boys raadt> his grave at the ed. 241 without being greete'I with a bullet that whistle^l harmlessly by their head. Our d. anvl called vigorously to the reserves. The four othor. and was a half brc rber to that noted I'obber chieftain. the women.en oihcers and tv/ice as many men similarly situ cte<l. when the footsteps of the appruachiiig soldiers admonished the bushwhacker that events were thickening about him. but before he could reach his desiination. and that it was high time for him to call orf his forces and retreat.'ad ai: 1 v/uundel were f\")un<l and cared for. fjur bullets rattled through his carcass and he fell instantly. without lo-ing a moment's time. he closed with his ant Ironist and kev't him so busy. While this was going on. they had scattered in the creek bottoms.nudes.s. in the mean time. They ran into the main building. and half a div. who accompanied him.ELLIOTT — of the woods near the farm hou. and two large gate posts. created quite a commotion in camp. Happening to be uu horse-back at the time. A rough-and tumble-combat was progressing with about equal chances oi pucuess. surroiunJeil by a knot of soldiers. where his remains now l:--. were. but did not dismount. Woods was too late in his attempt to escape. The I'.of which Dick Davis was the leader.YAN — VrOODS. and was compelled to rely upon strategv. and the firing of the pickets. but before we could reach iiiem. dead. we gave pursuit to the ileein-j guerrillas. A. responded to their frantic appeal for help by moving on ''a double quick" to the house. are the only monumetus reared lo direction.ed as the man who had visitcl camp the day before. 27 . He was a member of the banc! of guerrilla. were screaming and running wildly iti almost every conceivable the scene peculiarly grotesque and exciting. who. Adopting measures adequate to the emergency. having a single-handed bout in the kitchen. He was immediately recogni/.


LIEUTENA. Pobert Copley. Indiana infantry vol- April 7lh.^ to s^ a day. must.-^t Virc^inii After being discharged. and since that time LaPorte countv has been mv residence. In 1659. I returned to LaPorte.VT THOMAS S. On returnin. . I read for the tim. I .y I nght knee with a wa. On that d.Mountain in had b. of tlie ^fth of bhi and on the SO. On of the rebelfirst goin- to dinner from school. Allen. in the county of that name. I went to'LaP. unteers. m romnany C.r.r dinner. Its roll iust my name as a volunteer.. from the State of Iowa. 1S40.rt.elf.nippress the rebellion. and served with it until It was mustered out on the expiration of its term of enli^tme. at the outbreak lion. ' ' .d with it.ert opened. selected tne number they wore authorised to muster.. IS. calling for seventv thousand volunteers. were disgraced We felt a^ if we ' i. up to the second day of the batde 0.. Indiana. thinking I could do so with honor.nlisted under Cap: i^ilas and some of us got together and resolved never to return to LaPorte countv to be laughed at The -^'• Indiana regiment of three mouths' troops wa^not full. My lather. and there were Init htteen or twenty others. was a physician of that place. and I enlisted in c. where my father at that time resided.^ the Proclamation of the President. The ofScr.! aft. I was boru on the 24tli of Xov^^mber. county.-mpany C of that regiment. among thorn mv. I . the minni. wounded in th. was mustered . Indiana. on On arriving at Incompanv had more nam. 1802.g ot%«e t!. I stepped into a re-ruitin. COGLEY.orved with that re-iment."Porte. and wrote dianapolis. In the Fall of ISCl. without k.-l.. to. while the brigade to which .r. I was living and atteuJing school in 'the citr of L.h of Angn. ut Libert/ rl. county seat of Union county. The most of mv life h"been spent in my native State. it was ascertained that the than could b.> I was with It in the battle of Rich for life.vs l~t or orderly Sergeant of the company.

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7th Indiana cavalry. And with it from the latter place to Louisville. in the sabre charge on the evening of February 22d. John Shoemaker in company F.. Being at home on leave of absence when the regiment left Indianapolis. I enlisted with Capt. lowing around in front and lodging over the pit of the stomach. however. Skeltou had with the rebels at Lamar.LIEUT. from Stephenson to Bridgeport siege of Corinth. to relieve the brigade of Gen. in Second Division under Gen. Mississippi. and from there bv forced marches to Ferryville.. in July of the same year. Smith's array on his expedition to Oxup to Augu. it had reached Colliersville. Alabama. lSo4 in tlie battle of Brice's 15''"4: on the expedition to Guntcwn and roads. was advancing on the double-quick. to Frankfort. after the marched with the regiment and Buel's corps tached. . Miss. J. I was wirli it in the expedition to West Foint. Mi^s. an account of which is given in his ^-ketch. . when there was so much being said and written iibout battles. was with Gen. ISOl. to which it was at- on the Tennessee river. COGLEY.I'-r the battle. until . Almost at the very onset I was shot in my right side with a revolver. 243 regiment was attache!. and The hardships and exposures of that severe campaign "so impaired my health. with the From Ferryville to we returne^l to Louisville. the chase after Bragg. in August. From Louisville. not arriving there. L3C3.-ee. and "ft-as appointed Orderly Sergeant of that company. on the 14th of Januiiry. I was sent the regiI home to my wound healed. the ball striking the lower right rib. A. tliat I was discharged by reason thereof. when I rejoined it. THOMAS S. cross- June 10th. I was captured In the fight Capt. Fin. With Indiana a large till number of other wounded. and began the study of law. Ruseau which had exhausted its ammunition. and tlierefore I was not with it in its operations in Kentucky and West and Tennes.'. and folford. from there marched back Xashville.Iing it dilTicult to apjly mysidf to books. Sill..giist. Tenn. I rejoined ment at Stephenson. On the night of the 1 Lth of An.t 14ih. I then returned to LaForte. Kentucky. ISOo. on the expedition to Fort Gibson and Grand I Gulf.

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made no eifort to stop my horse.<c-l him. horse had fully recovered an upright position. Soutb of tlie town was . was still able to Iccop the saddle. He l. and by the time clooe I I a. withdravr his retreat. r. on reaching it.-^. before getting too close to him. when he struck the opposite hiuk.«r. saw his right arm ra.^i^s ha'i been . whose uniform in the night looked like those ot Union oHicer. I thcught it prudent however.mtly ^ spurred ?-i his horse toward kmc'-: it me.^t.244 but I LIEUT. the rebels had partially formed and were advancing towards the ravine. Skelton managed to officers succeei. For that purpose I called out to him: "What command ilo von.. the fi.ipproaching each other on the second question.t" d:^ ?ar:i-' . l.-t k!. Skelton. in fact. to ing.s Besides. I again said: "Are you a federal o'acer?" Our h.six a ravine from tvv-enty to tliirty ffet in width and from feet in depth. I h. but I did not hear the order to and at the rapid rate at which my horse vras going did not have time to ob.-er. Wricrht. I it witiio'u niomentu. fi'ont 1 l*: a slow walk. COGLEY. who possibly had arrived with re-enibrcemenis.-k<^il I wa.'-ar was the purg^-"* pose of briuLung his rev. was [when I was n-^^arly thi-own over my horse's head. Thinking it was either Capt.^ide where their Capt.u ro carry over. By the time my kept from falling backward into the my own m'-ii wei-e retre>utimt. men at the ravine. TnOilAS S. off which struck mine its so iTU^'y to nearly iVvt.s enough to see that th>^ person in of me was for a rebel.isiily fir'^ditbut mi<. avoid had gone aiounl and would b-'> with me in a moment.-t of the company were doing.o idea th. and mana^^-'d to get on the other . Cu'^t. to ten The rebeb. Int-uidiag to sh-'t if po'^^iblo. tumbled over each other into it.i- .led in rallying them. and on reaching the ravine.dviT to the fir^^t on m-^.in2 au'l I . but thouglit that having discov^^red the ravine in it.-.owledge I had that a ravine wa? there.serve correctly what the re.^npp'-'se l. had n. I saw between myself and the rebel line an of!i. or. to ascertain whether he was frienl or foe. I knew my it horse could not recro=. and with great dirhculty. I ro'le tovrards him.eloni: to''!" Re-'-eiving no answer after a pau-e of a raoia^nt.

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m^ignaniiaou-ly oif^revl to let objectt-d. 245 time thrusting his revolver at tion of siiooting my body with the evident inten- But the muzzle struck my right arm ju^t bcdow the elbow. 'jwhy in h it | f •' — At that time there were but two Confederates with me. group Vniy one of whoca commenced interrogating me ].^d not be alarmed. they know expecting to get mun^jv. r. I produced it. the ct the front.^ Held in the nv a ." ' . Two of them led my horse a few rods to the a atlccte'l not tu believe that I was wounded. He would not b^^^l-eva th-it hi: rmri'inl . his spying it wa.^. THOMAS S. and made me dismount. An instant later I was through. and they allowed me to escape.ner. attracted the attention of a rebel. as I was rai. if me escnpe. would get and cocked ii. I hid just a-d band-'d uf> over and ord*:-r l. Seeing that I was wounded he rode away without saying a word or paying any further attention to me. it not been for mv sabre. for I was too itadly wounded to run if i 1 a strict. ihoy forgot to dt-piive . sir.xi^laimthat it is a Yank. demand'>d it. I told hiui he ne-.-1.-e to gel a chan e to run. would have escaped and probably got away. and seeing one on me. COGLEY. A'cn-diiig'y.iuted to Finding none. and was amused to see with ed: "ByG — d tainly. that it He w. LIEUT. who. The other into trouble. saving th-'ir Yaukf. and on firing his revolver the ball passed through my arm. chance. to get mv p'icket book. and threa'ened to kill me if I made any eliort to run. ( wh-'.t e^yeerness tlu-y looked through v.e./. The rebels 'lid not have sabres. tliev The other rebel then grew won lerfuiiv musket and aime^l it at me. leaning forward in his saddle to look at me. and juHsentin^ the mu/.le of hi^ musk"t at my to hea I.iiri il.^eeing it mo of . in me the rebel lines. surrender!" I sairl: "Cerand handed over ray revolver which I still held in my hand.s known that a piisoner was>h ia:*r. wh>n ah came \<l with an f-^- me I be bik^n t > li-ibr-^ tlu- coiamandimg of in oiHccr.'^ing it to fir? at him again.. l" I -had none. wac? taken on th. e. oi oliicers.^-t were One oi the two.uv OiiS of them it prt:-iended to be alarmed.e ru.. and had noti(. The first thing they demanded was my pocket book.-. In haste sat'ie.wn on the giotmd.

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It was but a few miles acro-s from ITolly Springs to the road on which he had to retreat. The increasing inilammation. was placed under cornpelle'l to tho centre of the column and to was ve. I was not able do The wound in my side involve'l a portion of the right lung. he really sympathized with me. to flight THOMAS S. and intimated rather was his opinion that I was lying about the numI laid down on the ground ber of men who had attacked him. and if the troops at that place got information of his position. . and the rapid vralking. He was . they could easily cut him off.s only a q'lostiou oi time. rendered my suii'erings long. And well it might. I stonped. That caused the troons to in the rear to halt. causing my breathing to be more rapid. I told him I was. That information made him exceedingly nervous. wounded. The commander ordered a Captain with a company forward to reconnoiter. . in front of his horse. to avoid an occasional groan. from the intense pain from the wound in my side. His manner immediately changed to kindness. That. The guard tlireatened shoot me if I 'lid guerrillas. When the ofSoer el officer about to opon reported artillery on the opposite hill. and mistaking the members of our company. The officer proceeded a short distance.1 in in haste. a reb- came dashing up. That belief nerved mo to bid the guaid (Lhance. 1 thought from his tone of voice that. it rest of our couversarion. I It was begun and continued guan. and in the had been pat plainly thar. returned and gave it as his opinion that the "Yanks" had artillery and were preparing to open tire. The olhcer wanted to know if I v. by only thirty men. and said he believed the '"Yanks" were fire on them from'a battery on an oi'posite hiil. t\\:} commander instantly ordered a retr^af. who were riding about trying to get together. Unable not go on. to go further. almost intolerable. for artillery.'-y keep up on foot. "While we were talking. and found it impc^isible. At that tiiuc I believed I was in the hands of and that my death wa.246 LIEUT. In the mean time I informed the commandant that there was quite a force of federal cavalry at Holly Springs.

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217 the regiment about to carry his tLreat into execution. intense. I could was regarded with more than ordinary .did in comparison with what b'. th-^ that I overhear I learned that Col. Sru-utiniz. I catch up. of From 1. at the request of some of the officers. The mule. to ascertain the Seeing the guard with musket leveled at me.en. that way. condition was then spler. Every teW minutes during that and until i o'clock in the afternoon of the next day. the subdued conversation the oiiicers. The adjutant then ordered him to move on with me slowly. and demande 1 of him his reason for treating a prisoner in The guard explained that he was obeying orders. his cause of the interruption of the march. off of which one of their men had been shot.e guard every few minutes had to whip it and make it trot to but still I suffered greatly. and assisted m^ in mounting it. and t!. and told me to walk on a short when he would have something for me to ride. The next day. and could not keep up with the column by walking.LIEUT. that was my experience. and rode for quite a distance a rod or so from me. THOJIAS 3. it had was riding. Kelley. Forrest^ for allowiiig bini.sed by the jolting v/as night. In a tew moments he returned with a mule. wlien tlie adjutant of came dashing up from the rear. they told to Col. At such tinies. which. the cummaiider of the exnclition. when he ordered one of the men to refill it for me. was a small shortdegged animal..=peak a word. me kindly. the contents of which I immediately Yiy drank. he knocked the muzzle upward with his hand. but did not . 11^ then got me a canteen of water. he was the him. an<l that the man I encountered in front of his me. COGLEY. while he went to the rear to get an animal for me to ride. he one who shot After niy story had been told apjier'red opposite.y was dr^a^ling ang-r of Gen. lvcll'.s constantly lagging behind. He dis- (hen spoke to tance.=elf to b6 beaten not but notice that I by inferior numbers. that there was no doubt but that he was line-. It wa. the pain cau. He looked upon me with anything but a friendly eye.i.''ully.g me eare. I related the manner in which I was captured. so nearly with his !My account agreed own.

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but he urged me to take il so persistently au'i with sU' h kindness. so. COGLEY.king his last crafkei-. I dil At Xew a j'hiceil in Albany. THOIIAS 3. others.- a march of Ave or six aiil.iken th'-re Okolona.24S • LIEUT. uncomfort- able vehicle to Tl. Mi^. th-' ih -l- ilown on b^'iy. time of comm-?nc!ng the until it the Talla- hatchie river in the afternoon of the next day. arid ex- During the mareh. I was of one company in making thorn run.'.ts placed in the hospital. I at lirst r>-i'us. with some of lumber v/azon. to e. Xo attention had been paid crossed to my wounds. and expressed their unbounded admiration of the fe.ay. command. wounded comfor She- tlieri e\pl linrd that h-^r motive si bp- doitig W:ts.-n wounded. rtv. estab- bed for tin. I was treated well. Xot being hungry. so far as the circumstances would permit. officer in tlie iuterest. and sitting astride surgeon cut into tracted the ball.-s fuiiber. >. latly of their With one or two exceptiuns. to myself than to the iiiier-be ou the floor for and gave me plained of th first soni'-thiiig it. giving tlie soldiers manifested }ne their kindness by me vrater. my back on the ground.-issippi. because tlie columns did not halt but once from the retreat.'d. spared no pains to att. who v/as a prisoner of war \n i!ie di-t mt jiort. the surgjon dressed my wounds. the command halted While there. aiul by'j . eampod ^\'i^h the otlier wounded. and after for the'ou of the ba-lly wounded from the battle .> taken to a hou-e. the comfortable. as I underwent an inspection from every Some of them sought interviews with me. ^^ix. The rebel me to sleep on. At that to and Ohio li railroad. One insisted on ta. the river at After crossing for a brief rest. I w.e which.'ntion 1 make ^hc gave greater placed a It. the my in the pit of my stomach. that to please him. d. on the Mobile railro. ikeix the same jolting.'. t The next bed. in the hope that some Xorthern mother would stow th'^ same kindne-s on i:er own in son.e next wii-^ro I again slept on a comtbrtable to we were fiom l. I wa.'i. I laid ol Xew Albany.ay we WM-e Po.

7/ vol .'rj(j ..:i.•.

S.>i rrbomnei .'j^-^'-'^'i. . W0 ^^^^- Vk^V. Cogley.


To do so. What the rebel government got from the planters. for going o o'clock at night.^-olved to make the attempt to escape on the uight of the 10th of Octob. The garriaon consisted of convalescents. One of them baked two very large ones and gave them to me. That between the hours of eleven p.-r.-d so fre<|uently that nothing wa. I had for several days. ri. without attracting suspicion. learned that the guards were placed on their posts around the ho-pital enclosure. COGLEY.-eontent among the rebel soldiers.some time after the guard. it of the lio.--. the soldiers were paid off. but it was the best the confederate government could furnish. m.^k resolved to attempt an rather than run I soon of ending my life in siuii a place. was an undi.'ape.LirrT. On ti:9 evening of thitt some of the re'^. It was there. I would be sent (r.'ounds were I sufficiently healed.starting.«oon as my the v.-^gui-ed di.scanty. intending to save them fjr the next dav while on ' mv - J iournev . they had to take almo. that it could not last much longer.Kcu. and relieved at eleven o'clock at night. ISC-l. same care and attention given to The food was poor and .^ thought of day. The 2S . knew a:< . previous invented several e. tliere was no one to ptevent a person from leaving the premi-es. I took them to my bed and wrapped them in my blouse. 249 north and interior parts of the State. at four o'clock in the morning. and gave half- for a w. While all at Lauderdale. I received the While the rebel soldiers. I re.spital.sgusted There What them more than anything else was.-t by force. My plan evidentlv was. to leave the hospital . between eleven and twelve This orcurr-. in confederit ate script. to some prison pen. they could whip the North. THOIIAS fields in the S. the utter worthlessness of confederate money. and four a.. that if their money was as good as our greenbacks.soldiers bought seme sweet potatoes. to . Some rh it of liiem drew several months pay. m.'^termelon 1 and a few ripened peaches. it. plainly evident to those familiar with rebel the internal affairs of the government.^ were re- lieved for the night.>l . The soldiers would frequently say to me.

7/ .

was radical in the extrem-^ and no one n. which . and went to the door. not bomg watched. aud hoots. except myself and the steward.d to re^t 1-e station was ju. con. 01 ^vhen no one was looking. were moving about with lanterns.-. The steward koked up but immediately resumed his reading. I w. taking long and short steps.e. and aft^r paitsing long -^nough to know that I u-a. unless nerved with the tnergy of despair. were asleep put them on.v.tantlv tax-^d ^HS marrining th:a strenc^rh I pursued.ll. which necessitate I About murmng. I f^-^quentlj missed the t^e^ ^vhlch caused me to stumble and f. All in the apartwas. hat. The transition from a sick bed. travel I ever ?v'l had in my hfe. he was readin-" About half an hour after the guard. I I s.. went to th. could have endured the fatigue. Not knowin-.y e.. and I c. llo. y- ^. _ m The ties were laid unequal dist:^nces apart. and con^e|u. COGLEY..suspicion if I put them on vrhea 1 might cause a that - that did not intend to return eleven o'clock. I could walk. c^ot over the fence. head my I availed myself of a my blouse.ending a very steep hill. ' stepped off to the station. covered with a heavv On gaining the summit. fragments of th. and men I Gainsville Junction.und myself conversation. twenty miles from There was a locomotive on the track. fouro'cloci. It. distant. thereby rendering travel mor^ laborious.arned tha^ a to depart.e ndlroad. I was afraid .febled condition.^ntly mv ' ^ to the .. I pau. in the I reached Lauderdale.oast end of the inclosu're guard relieved. at a windo-. to the violent exercisP of n-alking on a radroad track in the dark. monie.MA2 L.^^a construction train was about I.^ed out. I pas. went to the Mobile and Ouo railroad. cedar. crot rav ^at.t beluw n. it being very dark. were relieved.uld hear the men talk-" l-rom th. intending to go ri^^ht around the e^'owth 0. to to^s 0.t and boots our I I^ft . That was the hardest ni^ht". J=de of t. TH0.. I heard the It ment where I rue latter was deeply interested in a novel.L^e.or. utmost. a few hundred yard. bed wa.LIEUr. I 2ot up put on my pants. and started north on It as rapidly a.

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'tion. I in tlionght if it it prudent in wait and see. parallel with a ought to good hiding place for th. as I I would be some danger was going the same direction Trie excrci. to coriie. th". and that I Cut I thought that whea I was missed in the to morning at the hospital. that that way they pursued and captured I their runawav prisoners. I kc-w ih^ Mobile and Ohio railroad run ii^iiu. the stall. gave me a good app^^tite. had I taken the latter.e day.v S.^ if 'rv- . in was my plan to travel at and conceal myself way. recolle. I i* After walking an h:ur or two in that 1" 'eo if th"? ^0. and would have been con>tantly running th*^ rUk ^f detection. it wa.ii. to avoivd th? necessity of inquiring would hav? b'^en compelled to do. that there was a branch road to Gainsattention or vi'ile..-as a branch road But it had escaped either my nmbus. At daybreak to resumed ray journey.tken particular ri.soners being hunte'i down TL. From it I knew ing with me on our expeditions. Thinking the was the Mobile an went en •'vs. accounts of union pri. to the li^ht.-e of ray nicrning's w.-ting ]\Iy ignorance or fcrgetfulness of life. I took a direction through woods..^ to the j *'::k w:. .. <'.iinsvilie.l that no trains were run at night. COGLEV. me ray as will be seen further a war map.ins to impress on my j mind. whi'"-h I the I ni. It and daylight I my sweet potatoes.LIEUT.=. stead of the v.: fact came near rest. on the Tombigbee river. that efforts vrould be made mo. with thc=e ferocious animals. chose the railroad.s going. inthe. by means of blood hounds.idit and while waiting ate one of for the train to start. *'o Ohio read.i. ch'-ir inte::dir. co.-n^on-road. from the Mobile and Ohio road to Colthere v. THOMA. it I 1 (Name to the road to G.-ay. avoid Af'er traveling a mile.s thev brought me. 251 to way was. made a circ . I I j i on the sacie river. and by taking the railroad I I had been in the habit of carrywould be comparatively safe. ' I felt that I wa. I The rehel ctncers v. recapture . Xearly every day I therefore read in the paper. resolved to travel day an'l put as many I miles as pcssi'Dle between me and LaulorI dale.-as had the t.


•ny situation.n thought of everything iny situation. th^ t'ao r'-. across my V-^ . knew I*. out of sight of the railroad.: I thou-jiit I wa-^ -ur-- \n t.. sat a down on log to rest. was indicated by the moss on parallel th^ supposing I war. and the abandonment of r. my common I Distrusting direction of nio^^s &-• on the I tree. for a p^'rsr. and with ih'^ I end of one.-.. THOIIAS tracli. foilowtd tlie sun. to a certainty that I and ti^e roeces of broken twigs. I safer to do so than to venture on While resting. I saw a I then went into the partv of rnen at vrork repairing the road. and part of the time on the Toward in roach of me..ished would soon . traveled two hours in the woods. ' alarm. as I supposed. I mechanically broke orf some tw.:.' I reacho<l my starting point.e sun wns well down toward the I'l'jViZon. for 1 had be':-u in pvery possible direction.3 bark had chipped I oft".h direction trees. woods on the left of the railroad.t in hct I was getting further from both it roads. as it h. it A su-picion that w. I bi. Xot finding to a it after goinc quite a distance.vildernoss.2o2 ou the railroad the brush in LIEUT. tht' knowiodge of V I ii'. ai:d with a natural feeling of sense..'. and had it il.hi'. fully comprelien. to pass the working party without being seen.y compass.n.-ans procuring I foorl. and was no f noarer the railroad than when started. of rotten I Thei-e were the twigs I I left sticking in it. direction Davy Crockerr' " wa-= the wrong one. would be easier than dodging through About half a mile ahead. was lust.s lest flasLid acrois ray mind. and started north. quickened my I pace very rapid Hour after I hour went by. • was in a pine of without anytliirig to and with no increased m. thon started.'. thinking the track. gouged holes in the decayed surface of the log.led 1 '. I sat down on tiie log to tliink. COGLET. as rapidly could walk. Suddenly on the rf^niedy: 1 to ii" lound I •• K'-* in thtt. I came to the identical log on which I sat in tlie morniag to re^t.g:'ing with the railroad. v.r. » had heard rcLommend^^d of " ". I went the woods. in the direction of the railroal. intending to get far enough from it.:h my I app-tire. quite a distance into the woods.d. the bit. fh:t t'if> • )ns*'r:i(ninn tr:iin'^ railro. . when th. I wall:.

p . «Ui. .11 .J.

The baying loUovved was if the course I had come precisely.t . if it ne. ?o as to be sur>^ in the dir'^ction.\pectincr to be stirk. and knowing that I ha.iar and as the night v. locoiaotive in thi> mornincr to a^t the ri^irht direction.-. op[. was waiting to h'^ar when I was confM-ed sound of aeain wa:= a lo-^ofir. to lor the covering and . and the distant whistle proper route.o^ite direction. mv wa.' up.struck an old abandoned wagon road. waited for them to com<' on. r in that flat pine forest. Being fearful of again getting lost by traveling in the night.-:tening for had but half an hour to ^vait. ar. manr I therefore sat intently li.n road would Ifjad me to the railroad. I concluded to Livcuac for the n. of again. when my heart bounded with I joy at hear- ing a whistle it much an nearer than I expected!.. that slumber vs-as out of the question.mrl^ath by the <l"^<. as and» wi^h scent was and then had b<=<='.orricl to I ••(uld com.-= heard the and concluded that the distant ?ound an echo.-'-'^ak woul 1 ce.s refreshed in the mornir.<le'. I thought the rebels I liad followed me with' blood 'hound-s.rarpi 2r'''at-=*r vigor. and covered shelter tried to me froia the dew. _'r.'. going in the direction of the sound of the locomorive.'u'. comotive could be heard.M'd to my feet I'V heaiing the baying of honn. the whistle of the.'[>. and that the of the lomile>. before their masters club.-^re oh.LIEUT. I wa.i or.^. for thp locomotive. the later. it an. and j'bicin:. For several hours. Late in thf night I was riiu.' my back to the rr«^e. it grew so very cold.avr. as .'h. and that fui oi' being v. I was {'k-. A moment but the fact whi. following my trail.ght.d not knowing certainly that the wag. the thoughts of mv .vhistle going into quarters for the night.soon be retaken. I leaned some against a large pine tree.-*- by hearing .i getting the nearer and lost. by a good sleep.^ started in the dirertlon of the Gaii^esville road as rapidly I a. I tbllowed till dark. I did not know it.situation prt-veuted sleep. e.wh'stle. 253 '.( would . C0GLE7.gain r. I crawled un them with pine brush. I faint motive's whistle. Occasionally h. horn the Molnle and Ohio road.> soon . TF0!IA3 3.l but to wait for could go. I I between two railroad:=.t ^.


the locomotive. used for a hog j. and cov. for I reasoned that I mu-t be near some habitation. I . a bo. but they were so far decayed and poi.I the whistle oi rest I and mile. as for the mt-at of those anima!=. About S o'clock a..nim. nearly a mile oti for the purpose of getting food from some of the negro shanties that were behveen me and the plantation res'dence. LIErX.. not so much fnr the amusement ha=5 That incid-nt IS often of the chase. and make the rest of the distance through the hemp by crawling on my hands and field large above ttie knees. I eninclcsurein the rearcf the negro quarters. cravings of hunger were terrible.ed with a heavy growth of white oak shrubs higher than my h-ad. could The dop? carae The harking ceased. and I hear them snuffing. 5t(ri^t-*d h^r it^-n^ion and ^sk^d h-r ^o .>aw a n. a was a party of negros hunt^ nightly custom of theirs.'gro women at the . :r<cr concluded that coon and opo?. It took me several hours to go one found in the road a rotton ear of corn.g.. m. I h. callin'^:. I a^e a tow of the grains. which was bent over on the ground. I wus so weak I could not lift my feet hemp.-54 f'^uni. csu. when the owner of it frightened! With the appearan. That greatly encouraged me.s. giving swill to a sow ind p-^s in 3 pen. that they caused me to vomit violently for quite a while a.s will persist in standing on T ol the inclosuro. and was therefore being constantly tripped. I 3. I had to abandon walking. It was evident tliat ray strength had be«a overta.^ed m? to wonder why the hair of r^ur head. so THOMAS close.v-i ing the road which went in the direction in which the locomotive the evenincr previous. still I st^irt^don my way.: a mile distant. f .^e of d:->yHght. I was obliged to lay The down every few rods.-onop. and thrown to the ground. I had to cross a of hemp.iisly approachod the shanties.^^uri .ied. followT h^. Ijudg^^d from the sound that the railroad was On going half a mile further I came in I started for it sight of a plantation..axture. a moment it later I heard a negro the do2? away. in which I could effectuallv tered an con- ceal myself.^terward.. COGLEY.

-ltK'A .I .

without I a piece of boiled hog's j.-tling.9 a Union prisoner. left of what WHS horse blanket. f«jr After a brief absence.xchange of my army blue for a . looked in the direcwas when the wench left me. She and said: stai She said she would aend her husI requested her not to atV. without a button on it. escapinsfrom the rebels.'" the ?hant. and would have given a fortune if I had had one. pock.-t butci. bat in the ne:. where I could ob.hei ed wiih a large loaf of corn bread. THOMAS S. He alsj toid me that he was to wait. attack on the grub.suit of citizen'3 clothes.seeing me. tht-n setting the tion where I got on a log. made a vigorous with great w:<rfully. an old white hat. and a bottle of sour milk. To guard treachery. In a moment he was with me. I went a short distance towards him and attracted his attention by wal.stle. COCLEY.Mv in an oldj'otmetai matches.-faction.s who.sL ahr.on-erful negro aipreaching the pig-pen with a pail.iil down. Knowing that he could he tru.~.=elf up to his full height.?e any one vou agaia. A bargain was J5trui. and gave a subdued whi.v LIEUT. a pair of gray pants tolerably good. I changed my position.'ited. I dre.- er s. I tell •'You needn't be ted toward. and two if I my sable fr»end_thr. looked slowly over the inclosr.v a r. he brought an old wcrn out broad. me in a moment. aud wuuld and that he would get some of the ne would cook some of it and brin^ . however. I was not particular.'^sed mys^elf in my new uniform. and a nearly worn out the food he brought me. I to]. the negro watching me eji — sati. fhat completely inveloped my head. loth coat.>t end of it. and requested him the to get me oorae- He went to his shanty and in a short time returnin a. p. baked salt.l him I wa..itioned what I was about to propose myself the e. to me something to eat. Not . he and drawing him.siticiory To make the trade tomo.k.-'me hogs that afternoon. In a moment I sa'.ociation I ob. thing to eat.-erved that he hail a keen eye to getting the be.serve but be mrself concealed. aud was starving. and w-is perfect! ftady to assume the ro^e of r^bol. I noac-'d him observing mv unii'orm and he me. knife.. _oO bring band else.e. He pretended to throw bwill to the sow.s know.ii<l.

'i Jon ..'/•' it ' i-.idi Of ":.

out doors. hid myself in the bushes. got permis-ion to lay on the floor in front of the rose. and that I was twu aii miles tr. I stepped b. it and that he had not yet received his raand possibly might not get any. from Gainsville. wasiurii^.-^connouer. ^^las-al" I I proceeded a iew miles thatdi'. He told me that there were no rch?! troop3 at Gainsville. m*^. The bright viring. S.stened to to I the progress of slaughtering the swine. and li. and i roncluded take the wagon ro'-id to the Mobile and Ohio road.y.iur. kept h^.li i walk.e with a gen- erous slice of . but became not. wtien ni:rht came. and get some fresh meat if possible. I lire.irds Gain^ville as or eleven o'clock. was on the Gainsville.smoking fresh pork.-t time. we started. whr>re my colored friend left me. COGLEY. About nine or ten o'clock.ded tu'i. an<l that he had barely time to conduct luad.jup-i. bat still I slaughtering tions of meat.f25G LIEUT. ment be discovered. learned from railroad to it to I agreed that I to I him for the fir. It was so dailc would have been impossible tor me to have travele.\t. THOMAS v.i till late. work in au be around at any to nioment.'?. Xight rame saw nothing of him. traveled tow. that the town was occupied with rebel that the ferry at the river was in their possession. his parting words being: i'lit "God coul I bless vou. told m--' About the overseer should happen to look me from got up sleeping. and that mv best way would be to go to that place. and I concluded to r. cro^?* the river. until the moon The knowledge if that I might at any ni"in. and had been traveling all the time out of my true route.s. I asked hira why he had not broaglit He s.'arne 1 rapidly into d . About tea ne_'ro i^hanty on a lar^e plantation. after I waiter! patiently hour hour for my deliverer to make his appearaii'. blazing in anoldfashionedclay tire-place. 1 .. and after a walk of half an hour reached the railroad. it grew quiet about the shantie.-d'l they did not get through the meat as he promi-^ed.^ o'clock in the morning my and he would be obliged to'go likely to h. :i me to the rail- Taking loafof bread he lia. I found my friend in the first shanty I looked into. and that the over-eer wonld be and get back for roil-call. take his advice.

J It .l--.t.

by going to their ipaarters in the night. I After four days and I foun<I myself only twenty miles from the time I my start- followed the railroad without any particular ad- venture.>e- seen. and walked the balance of [ my utmost speed towards the junction. I staitTo facilitate my ed for Pontotoc as rapidly as I could go. Pontotoc was at an abrupt turn in the road. and reached the town sooner than I fxpeeted. I knew my I inonly safety was to get beyond Pontotoc before daylight. took the got my I food from the negroes. my loots oh' 1 walked by him v. 2-Ji that any one attempting to cross without a pass from the com- mander of the post. nights of ti-avel.\t day. about fifteen miles from Pontotoc. to make as my opportunity when trains many miles as possible. On I the evening of the ne. without written permission from the commander. He liis sut on a pile of to rails. An I hour'-s walk after dark" that night brought me to the junction. siait- ed north on the Mobile and Ohio railroad. travel I pulled oil my boots and carried them in my hands. ing point. traveling all during the night. I traveled much faster than I was aware of. My only safe course was to retrace my steps to Gainsville Junction I get on the Mobile the night witli and Ohio Eaihoad.tte He told me that about one h'ln- town of Pontotoc. I stopped to saw a negro by a splendid blazing camphave a chat with him. At Okolona I wagon road at night. uu the opposite . to Holly Springs. would be arrested as a deserter. and tht. to go around it.'ithout making any and 2'J . thohas s. I was astonished to tind myself at a picket post at dred of the miliiia occupied tlie the tarn of the road.'as to arrest deserters and hunt down conHe told me that no one could pass through the town scripts. Having noise. passed through Okolona fire. and watched were not passing. and that their business v. St. He was going to Okolona to get a load of salt. to Okolona.-ide uf the road. t'/nded ou getting in sight of the town. and part of the time during daylight. ing pursued if 1 did not dare to retreat. it was late at night. for fear of l. cogley.Lieut.[-ickct was skepy. or rather early in the moining. rested some during the day. with back mo.

J iiiii .....i-'Iaw 1 -AK ..

25S LIEUT. I very naturally took But intending not to run the risk of getting the wrong one. a mile distant. keeping the shadow of the buildings. to That he. far out of the way. the negro. and pointing out a path.-i A down free negro and his wife lived thriv. for a certain ntgro. which without being seen.m who th-ro. and that had better eat rapidly as possi- and get away before he returned. and told me that the person outside was a rebel soldier. and learniid that I wa. to in-juire there h. th. that the negro I wai to in- .serve'L passed tlirongh the town. Their breakfast being nearly ready.'=ed At the other end of the town wa-I another post. gr. He said he would direct me to the Holiy . I suspected the individual was a rebel. t 11 He told s-Mit me m. I stepped in. when I started on. and the former left the house hastily. i>llow away from until I the road. ami about half a mile further. told me to it i. on a plantation. I a-ked the woman if he was. My guide told me. was onc<i more out of immediate danger.' guidance of the negro left the house.amc to a log house. guessed I that I did not care a. came to a log house by the road-side on a on the wrong road. in eating. A moment or two later. Half a mile from the town the ruaus forked. however. Xot knowin_ which was tlie riglit one for me to take. I TECHAS S. and and thit ho would understand what was wanted. in witliout being oL. I hill. and under ble. He took me into a hollow. I rested in a cedar clump till daylight.s meet the rebel. the man was sitting to the table invited me to parwhen some one at the gate called- beusion I noticed the man and woman cast looks of apprttoward me. take. I improved the time. I piis. and entered into conversation with some one out-side.Springs road. That with difficulty he kept him from coming into the house. by making him believe that hi-5 iiorse was in a hollow a short distance from the house. the negro came in. and she said she believed he was. I drank my coli'ee.ibbeJ a j'iece of fried ham and a piece of bread. in search of his liorse that got away in the night. but that he would soon be back for breakfast. that he had gone there to look for it. COGLEY.

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ho ordered the others to keep on at work. and . I told him I was . or I would into the hands of the in rebels. and made a motion for me to told follow him. as I would bo running the ri-k of being captured. he me he kuev. I found the Sr. After husking a few minutes. when I . I knew from the description given of him. He pointed would lead me to another road. that and conscripts. He wa. About On*" ten o'clock. He looked very knowing and made a signal for me ?i be silent.-as alone.---. and that I would have to be very cautious. I of the other road I wa. I lay or down on eleven the door in front of the fire in. I suirabbjd and fell so often. I hid in the field till night. lie alsi-* told me that he thought I was a rebel deserter. by asking what I wanted there.. who scouted through the woods every day that to search of deserters across the field to a roail. COGLEY.looking for." LIEUT.-ent to him to learn the way to Memphis. and that he cheerfully rendered them all the 'aid in hi. and the overseer of the plantation.v/ho I fall was.-t The night was e. That such persons came to his house nearly every day for directions and tbod.power. and soon came to a corn-field in which were some negroes husking corn. 1 concluded to srop at a negio shanty till the moon ro. that by the time 1 reached a plantation two miles distant. 200 \nire for.>\ I sceppe I into one.'jun I wa>' within a few hundred^yard-. AVLea we W'. some that I negroes th-v h:"'d came and from their conversation. they would probably kill him.Ktremely dark. THOMAS S. and the road Very rough.h. I addie. I was almost exhausted. road without dilRcuky. wanted kncv who . while he distant. I followed the path as directed. but that he hud to be very caurious about it.-wered me grullly. to rest. knew every road and by-path between there and Memphis. He started toward husked a shock of corn a few rods it. He advised mo not dayliglit.started. and that he woidd give me full instructions.-. for if the rebels knew what he v. would leod to to the it attempt go to in Holly Springs road. I of th'-'m learned io been to '-hur. the negro I was io see.'^M powerful man.! him by name. He an.

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th u 1 Th.t' he would surely . I sat down with quite a number of other person. he knew was golna. some troop. ana th. the hurried on toward . expected of mo! 'tL^ it. but I saw no pick. H. but that thev d. and if he found me there.^ f.<elf Thinking it wi. and followed he going. About 4 o'clock in the in went them up. told t!'-^ negro that I had heard his conversation.a. was but a .rawn.Ika^w j^ay would b. as be iwn. and what u-ante^l as much about it as she did J^w momnnt-s he repeated his question^.pidlv in the op:...L^ main road thev Xew Albanv fe.tim muaung..sed the river To the le-'t I smouldering indicating that at on a log.lay.short distance from there.lly point. so I escaped bcin"^ •.uioa.tion. rr-o.ato cu„v.ei ^^. I arrived toward Pontoto. He wanted to know I was a white man. - the table tuerewasannnorailoar th tt th. tMue m . who.r. COGLEY. I when I came..n. and to him.M.^s I bridge having been burn-^d.. At no. he remarkel ^hat that Was no place for me.. On coming to the n^ornmg. where wench told him. had surpn^ed -. until a bodv of rel)el cavalrv pa-ei v.. I from their remwks.itsitista. to mv ' After dianer.. hat Wh= The iadv of the house had company.s.. LIELT. m-^ in a moment I wa.stop and search their «|iiartera.v on the river..=everal rods in their rear. observing one or two persons I'aviu' '>rthcirme:tl8. He readily oilered hi^ services.t over the fence into a field ot hemr^ and laid flat on the ground.. If Th\U^r a She told him to wak.. I stepped into a farm- f^ouse g.t dinn. and requested him ronduct me to the road that would h-ad to the H0II7 SnrM. and Springs..llv did.^teaddy f. I did not stop to re^t that that but kept .260 was.. I got up. THOMAS I S.o on.. That a certain rebel captain with twenty men.. keeiM-.-hen I went into the road again.der. 1.o^ite direction toward the Tallahatchie river. fires.U:iptur. saw some tents and a tiiere wer. In a few moments I heard the traran of horses behind me.. I g..proprietor wis a physician. walking toward Pontotoc.d Holly Spnnu.paid no attention to me.|-:. On being told that I troop. they would get into tioubl-^ lU requested the wench to wake me. not atjiome. . road. an I I started r.

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j that the report of the Y. departpl. When within tvro or three miles of the city. motioning with his hand tor me to go ba k. it.udcees having pMssession of the I i • was a can ird. one advance of the other. for sport. I understand. wheti found myseii fa-e to lace j oill'. irouit arounl th" city to the Memphis road.l "lanks" wer-e in row!i. I met a man to coming out of tne brush.e. and had hiding town. and rode op. hearing that the Federals were * bc'-. he said the Yanks had taken Holly Springs. " Wiien he got close enough for me to hear. escaned he wtrnt off I into his reverie urimoif leste'l. toww'i me. when I saw a man comini. for me to turn back. and that i:i learne'l. She looked disgii-^ted.nd from him town.rst i one barely gl. THOMAS if S..d ther-^. made a wid- . I met a woman in a buggy. and if I di^i not want to be captured.i'I I hirdiy got out of sight with two rebel in him.g slowly. couM I st''>ppinu' to talk with that fellow. h. '• I atfected r alarm faster at the infomation. ice. 261 landlady came near me.iu-ed at me. but instead of turning back. lait motion with his that hi- reining in hi.LIEUT. pi.^^i coming. and that it was in the possession of t'le Union army. Tiicy were ri'Kr. gjtten up by a wag. with the I same nnt startling news. to pass without seeing me. thny did not tlie like they wouKl boys the j Yank- wer^^ in abo'it However.-ers. oi' him. an act I w I is keeping on. and were preparing to inarch further South.:i. that he had a store in tiie murning. as if ward me. U^arned from some little at play there. Th^i . or I w. COGLEY. mounted. i The second w. He: remarked Seeing I th:i. walked Soon toward after. c. all day was the in the bushes. tLjlly Spring-. that che avoi'. rh'jujlit r. half a j mile from tiie city. in a great hurry.-. but wore in a dcc^p study. I At iros. he happened to hxk tohand. not having any ]eg\\ tender.'ving companiom again. fled. and.-ing of the railroad. as ly for to receive I thanked her kind- my dinner. and male horse." I had ^one but about !ialf a mile.t he did not think that into I all right. wiio sai'I she had been Holly Springs..< iie j ob. I not persist in going when I Yanka were I left I was a'uont to have trouble with him.'.. and sai<l: "yes.


He they mus.ov/. and c:uM mind whethei he had ever heard Foriunal'-'ly. I told him I was re- turning froiu a ni^ir R. everybody in this country a soldier. on one side or the other. The uppers of ray . the road. Nothing of particular interest occurred until near ColliersIt was toward evenin^r. I L:ave >>^e that he was revolving in his {-'ersons jq my un'le at Hoilv Springs. soles to I cut strips the my knife the uppers. nearly concealed from view from the road. ami fastened the through them with my boots. I rose from had been by accident. by boring holes and tying them together with the repairs.l that. " I told him I knew that array..-it to wante'i tf> know the name of of my folks at Rau>igh. and it was difEcult for me to walk in th' :rn.rh a tremor in his and turned around. the click of a that I revolver. and that as citizen. COGLEY. I knew well was in the power on oit' enemy. vi. There was an old deserted log house a few rods from ville. a revolver in his hand resting I said. but that I had failed to get into the examining surgeon rejected me as unfit for on account of the r. learned . Tn03rA3 S. at the boots had broken loose from the soles.huve been more particular when thev e. and him fictitious names. He rcfii. I rhoaght ofi' I would go tops of to the my boots.^. becau-e the >'::..xamined me.-. my only hope of escape was to pass myself W aiting a moment to recover my self possession. him: "I see you take me is be one. "how are you?" He asked me. an uncle near Holly Springs. and from your remarks.rvice was the case generally. He said: " certainly. I had jirn of iinished the when full I heard behind me.-ed to believe it. than they were at that time. you are a soldier. H. loss of sight in one of my eyes. to my home a small town twelve miles norih-east of Memphis. by timber house and repair and b'jsb'is. as if face with a young rebel ofhcer. and was face to mounted.-''2 LIEUT. as I •^f J-u-. voice: "where is your horse'!'" I told him sitting.L-iarke.igh. with the floor on >vhich I on the window I siii. w. to I said to I infer. strips.h tho::e localitle. when the confeder- ares were glad to get any kind of men. had none. I do.

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and telling them it was time to be going. thought would look at the ground on the south side of the rond. when I heard a at one time camped. don't you bring in h — 1 those nets?" I He answered: " Yes. and hid til! dark. of the party yelled out: "Why I be rellecting on the subject.EY. and had but a slight ac<|uaintance in the part of the State where we orliceers. and was calling impatiently to for nets. While seeming some one to <^o. them a few moments c. I pas>-ed rapidly to the opposite iide of the road into the timber.>ut being di^covere." Just at that time. nine miles from Meuipliis. -'>:! from him afterwards. another officer nv2. on their way to make an attacl-c on the federal to picket rear. voice.j it. know who I was." and started I jurL. wanted to emerged from the bush. in company with . h' pt a constant look out the was traveling on u hard-smooth I h. and. to travd. v.e to pass through ColliersvilU About a mile west of Germantown. My cited at the prospect of getting birds. seeing afternoon netting quails. '-eplied: "Oh. The cne I was I with. He. guerrillas were having a dance. He carried the pike. When out of sight.several other rebel was thai While we were who. TIIOMA<^ S. and got by wich. bade my new acquaintance "good evening/' and started. I dodged into the brush. some one of their party found a flock of birds. talking. COOT.. when I resumed my jouru'.m« vc-ry near I through the windows. at a without b'jing seen. were. am coming. farm-house. but to companion grew exwas undecided what do with me. lie lived in the interior of Mississippi. out of the window.l. and started on.-ay. I li:itened and heard a person waking his companions.i3 approa''hin.-y with all the speed I could coiumand. just a man the am talking with. som-. standing quite a distance from I v.-atched the rvad. The darkness enabled m. At White Station. therefore. I was expecting that that party would come upon me..['ed availed myself of the excitement. no difiicnlty in finding my The muOn had risen. I posts. I I running into a bivouac of guerrillas. where my regiment I w. and I had such a dread of at .

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obeyed the order accordinij tu its very brought run into one. got hr. I bells traveled on the run. THOIIAS S. as he cocked The words: "damned rebel. speed. who I will thrust to through you.ap 'd. heard die ringing of the I on the steamboats at the wharf.akfast. COGLEY. therefore. >hjot you.-. had been taken prisoner. He callc 1 the corporal of the guard.«ome i>o.ey w^'rc -latislled I he lo-i Lamar. One has a strange It on being compelled to march up advanced to the C'oint of a suppo-s I that i wa.i: lor davli. and while wati:. ray appearance at the regi- . C. It me . in the hand.dead. I heard the words: who comes there?" said.i-t." made me feel happy. heard click "a friend. joy.s of a guard. ring out on the spirit." of his musket. and that was what I repre- sented myself to be. still air. my opinion you are a damned I tiie Don't move. that most of the time 1 When four or five miles from Memphis. and steppirig fr-m a deep shadow. if he suspects anything: wrong. left in being captured by tiae enemy I had tue rear.-y all remembered pri-oi.-ht. I tjldthe picket that I belonged to the Seventh Indiana cavalry." The same voice we have strange friends here. Ti. h- n was taken one to the reserve an account of mv-elf. and I was rapidly approaching the federal lines.ipt.: 201 last LIEUT. rebel. I knew I must be at the Uniun lines.itisried I 1 mv br-. lest I had a guerrilla ambuscade. My alarm. was increased by not seeing any bull to a A through my After a pause of a I moment replied: or two. cast by a high bank by the side of the road cidered me to "advance. at It was. and e-. ••• was unarm->d." feeling.C!-. and stood with the point of the bayonet against -while the corporal s. or I will it.iin bkelton's tight at 'ii.e ['ket. with mingled feelings of terror and " when about the top three o'clock in the morning. I heard I when T was going " of ray the command Halt '. knew knew that the guerrillas were in the habit of lurking about the lines to capture and kill our pickets. himself that to give :i. "What is kind of a friend. when so near my destination. " me heart would nut htve more sudden stand still.

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found a 2C5 commission as ment create. would have thrown . for Second Lieutenant waiting me. Browne.orwarded my name I I Governor Morton. of writing n( t gentleman bad attempted. ISGO. 1>74. Tennessee. while in the servive. to the Bar of the Supreme Court of Indiana. attended a course of law lectures. Louisiana. I was admitted.s intelligent chiUlren —a girl and a boy.LIEUT. in the spring of admission in ISGG. on the consolidation of the regiment. Thomas M. I have been in the practice of the law in LaPorre county. immediately . and of the United :::taLes Circuit Court. Mich. Daring the time the regiment remained in I was employed mo-t of the time on scouting duty. Osborn. COGLEY. Texas. the leisure to perform the task have His happy style of writing. I was admitted to practice hnv. had occurrt'd by the resignation of Lieut. where. formed the resolution to write a history of my It is regiment.urew L.'^sed with two beautiful and This i.-trop. and during the wiriter in of 1SG5-6G. I was mustered out ot the service. the law ofiice of the lion. I returneil to LaPorte. THOMAS I S. After the close of the term. to be regretted that that I that General Browne had abandoned it. Farrand. the Hon Ar. Dunkorly. at I Ann Arbor. and enterfl !Muliord K. Our union has been ble. i some surprise. A vacancy in the ofSce of First my the 0th of Ou home has been the scene of contentment and happiness. after learning the intention he termed. At tiie May term. ISGG. and in a short time received a commission as First Lieutenant of campany F. I went with the regiment to Hempstead. In December.-t attempt in the lield of literature. who was in command. on motion of Gen. to went with the expedition under Col. as a student. Maj. in the Circuit Court of LaPorte county. Osborn being Judge of the court. the law depart- ment of the University of Michigan. Carpenter. for promotion. 1 was united in marriage to Miss Mary L. \n ad- versity as well as prosj erity. since. Farrand. November. returned to LaPorte. j:ti). Indiana. With l. I my tlr. to Ba.

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tlraMtd our cim. B. in . three thousand and thirty miles. which will average a little over eiu-iii miles for every >. ot interrupting the routes of supply of the confederate armies in and of making diversions in favor of the armies under Generals Sherman and Thomas. imporrant line to be c^uarded.fks cf the enemy. COGLEY.-!.-ed to it. six hundred and and by water. making.-4. mile-. charm. 266 LIEUT.t -w. THOIIAS a S. X. by railroad. Its field of operations was the great Mississippi valley and the part taken by the army. w'^^pt the cavalry almost constantly in the Durir:g trav-Iei Lsiriilrt-d ~l.lay tiie regiment wa.:. to the •n •a-i'ur' thickets..V(. The long and the Sotuh-we^t. around the subjects treated.\*y-." : of the our wearisome march in Te. one of the mcst watchful. saddle. in the sinuosity of tlie routes of and the almost daily scouting e. "in unmonumented pages. seven and tweiity-five miles. In Lone Star St:ite. from Hickman.-e 'i- -jVi-'nts who took a From gallant part in the bottom of the . three thousand. The Seventh Indiana Cavalry took the clouds of civil war were breaking.-ix its term of service.ales by I way-side.. performed its duty of securing the navigation of the Mississippi river. Forrest.\peditions. with which it was connected. and the frequent and de-perate att. CONCLUSION. The army of the Mississippi. without including travel. and field when the black patriots when saw a glimmering of hope for the successful termination of the bloody strife. successful. while the regi:.s. a grand total of seven thousand. It had oppo.s the in the service. four hundr'-'d and twenty in camp. and given them an interest not to be achieved by any other writer. slumber our rL-corded in heroi-s. the. that were transpiring. Kr-nturky. with eminent success. V. the Seventh lu'liana Cavalry by land. daring and able of Confederate Generals.'cas.•!'. had an important bearing on the great military events. on D'gular marches.-.


ill. and seen the innocent. THE END. and reserve in their hearts a green spot. as well as vort'\K. COGLEY. 267 and the low river bottoms. grave questions of law. will the swept into its bloody enter an earnest plea lor peace — and the people. A grateful people will ever cherish recollection of their heroic deeds a and patriotic sacrifices. applying the test of patriotism. consecrated to the memory of the fallen brave. from the thickly-populated military cemeteries. THOMAS S. As compensation for and standing as a grander monument to their memory. —but every true soldier who has experienced the horrors of war. will settle their diflerences v/irh- out resort to arms. where they were shot dowa by the lurking guerrillas. . the fields of glory where they fell. at the sounding of the great reveille. is our Unio:i of States preserved.X LIEUT. will arise. and by them denied the right of burial. the but not forgot ton. and. They Mississippi river. will members of the Seventh auswur to roll-c. than any that could be erected of marble. from the hill-top are dead. and the power of Our Government felt and their sacrifices. From our complex system constitutional of government. respected throughout the world. borne there from groaning hospitals. and convulse the people guilty.

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