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Nisku Carbonate

Bennion, Bachu SAMPLE PROPERTIES
Rock Type Length [cm] Flow Area [cm2] Average Porosity Pore Volume [cc] Permeability [mD] Carbonate 3.200 11.400 0.097 3.540 84.000

EXPERIMENTAL PROPERTIES
Temperature [C] Pore Pressure [kPag] Interfacial Tension [mN/m] Experimental Method

RELATIVE PERMEABILITY
Brine Saturation 1.0000 0.9660 0.9330 0.8990 0.8660 0.8320 0.7990 0.7650 0.7320 0.6980 0.6650 0.6320 0.5980 0.5650 0.5310 0.4980 0.4640 0.4310 0.3970 0.3640 0.3300 CO2 Saturation Krg (CO2 Drainage) Krw (Brine Drainage) 0.0000 0.0000 1.0000 0.0340 0.0066 0.8670 0.0670 0.0141 0.7461 0.1010 0.0220 0.6365 0.1340 0.0302 0.5380 0.1680 0.0385 0.4499 0.2010 0.0471 0.3716 0.2350 0.0558 0.3028 0.2680 0.0646 0.2428 0.3020 0.0735 0.1911 0.3350 0.0825 0.1471 0.3680 0.0917 0.1103 0.4020 0.1008 0.0801 0.4350 0.1101 0.0558 0.4690 0.1195 0.0370 0.5020 0.1289 0.0229 0.5360 0.1383 0.0129 0.5690 0.1479 0.0064 0.6030 0.1575 0.0026 0.6360 0.1671 0.0007 0.6700 0.1768 0.0000

.2 0.8 Brine Saturation .0 0.edu/research/bensonlab/relperm ABSTRACT TAL PROPERTIES 56 17400 Unsteady-state Sequestration in deep underground formations of large amounts of CO2.. S.Stanford University http://pangea.8 Relative Permeability 0.stanford. Bachu.0 Krw (Brine Drainage) Krg (CO2 Drainage) 0.4 0.2 0. Benson Lab .6 0. cap This paper reviews the experimental protocol and presents detailed water-CO CITATION Bennion.0 0.6 0. B.4 0.Relative Permeability Explorer. Relative Permeability Characteristics for Supercritica 1.

e amounts of CO2. oil upgraders and refineries.0 . such as power plants. captured from large stationary sources. is on sents detailed water-CO2 relative permeability data for three sandstone and three carbonate formations in the Waba teristics for Supercritical CO2 Displacing Water in a Variety of Potential Sequestration Zones in the Western Canada 1.

ders and refineries. Paper SPE 95547. western Canada. where four major coal- s in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. is one method that is under consideration for reducing greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosph e formations in the Wabamun Lake area southwest of Edmonton in Alberta. presented at the 2005 SPE Annual Technical Confe .

missions to the atmosphere in both Canada and United States. Dallas. TX.producing regions. October 9-12. where four major coal-fired power plants which produce large volumes of CO2 are located. In hydrocarbon. such as Texas in . 2005. USA. These formations are in Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. .

pressure. salinity. porosity and intercrysta . CO2 geological sequestration is likely to first occu These formations are in general representative of the in-situ temperature.egions. such as Texas in the United States and Alberta in Canada.

ation is likely to first occur in depleted or abandoned oil and gas reservoirs. including oil a porosity and intercrystalline permeability characteristics of deep saline aquifers in on-shore North American sedime . However. in many regions.

including oil and gas producing areas.y regions. The data will allow detailed numerical simulations of CO2 injection and seques . this is insufficient because either the sequestration capacity of oil a North American sedimentary basins.

O2 injection and sequestration processes both at this specific location. and for similar operations planned elsewhere .estration capacity of oil and gas reservoirs is lower than the amount of CO2 emissions from large stationary sources.

arge stationary sources. . Deep saline aquife ions planned elsewhere and around the world. or because this capacity is not available until the reservoirs are depleted.

and t .leted. Deep saline aquifers provide a very large capacity for CO2 sequestration that is immediately accessible.

and they are found in all sedimentary basins in the North American mid-continent.diately accessible. Proper underst .

ontinent. Proper understanding of the relative-permea .