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# Unit 3: Lesson 1 Review Questions.

1. What substances are necessary in order for a planet to have weather? For the earth to have weather there has to be a layer of gasses surrounding its surface. 2. Describe three variables that meteorologists study in order to make weather predictions. Air pressure, temperature, wind direction and speed, and also where high and low pressures sit. They also have to know where the entire warm, cold, and stationary, fronts are. 3. What is a physical change? A physical change is a change in the form of a substance that does not change the identity of the substance. 4. Name three types of maps that meteorologists use. Describe the maps and the information that they contain. Meteorologists use detailed maps to monitor the physical changes taking place in our atmosphere and to keep track of the movement of moisture and air around the planet. Information on weather maps includes temperature, air pressure, cloud cover, precipitation, warm and cold fronts, and the location of the jet stream. 5. Consult a newspaper, the Internet, or a weather report on television. a. Name three states that are currently experiencing a cold front (or warm front) moving through.

b. Which states are experiencing high-pressure systems? What is the weather forecast in those states?

c. If you were traveling to New York tomorrow, would you pack a raincoat? Explain. 6. Nitrogen, N2, oxygen, O2, carbon dioxide, CO2, and water vapor, H2O(g), are all gases found in the atmosphere. a. Draw the structural formula for each and include lone pair electrons.

b. Draw the Lewis dot structure for water.

c. Which molecules are polar and which molecules are nonpolar? d. Which one of the four substances is naturally found as a liquid, a solid, and a gas on Earth?

Even when you use different containers to measure rainfall there height will be the same though the volumes will differ. Rain Gauges Lesson 2: Measuring Liquids Proportional Relationships Volume versus Height If volume were used to report rainfall. The relationship between the volume of a container and its height is a proportional one. This means that volume and height are related to one another by a single number called the proportionality constant. each meteorologist would report a different number. depending on the area of the base of the rain gauge used. .

The slope of each line is the density of that substance.The density of snow is less than the density of liquid water. To use mathematical equations. Density and Phase Lesson 3: Density of Liquids and Solids. Converting Snowfall to Rain The Density of Ice You can use mathematical equations or graphs to convert the volume of snow to the volume of liquid water. one for snow and another for liquid water. . To use graphs. you need to plot two lines of mass versus volume. you need to know the density of the snow and the density of liquid water.

it is possible to figure out where any other temperature would be on that scale. . This means that a Fahrenheit degree unit is a smaller change in temperature than a Celsius degree unit. In solids. the change is dramatic. In gases. Changes in Volume To set a temperature scale. Once these two temperature points are noted on a scale.Most matter expands in volume as it is heated and contracts as it is cooled. Lesson 4: Thermometer Creating Temperature Scales Fahrenheit versus Celsius There are 180 Fahrenheit degrees between 0°C and 100°C. the change is usually very small. you need to start with at least two points.

This is because warm air is less dense than cold air. light rain. heavy showers. Weather Fronts Relationships between Weather Variables Clouds and precipitation occur with both warm and cold fronts. Warm fronts produce steady. Temperature. . and a warm front occurs when a warm air mass overtakes a cold air mass. the warm air rises and layers on top of the cold air. Air Density Lesson 7: Density. and Fronts. and cold fronts produce sudden. A cold front occurs when a cold air mass overtakes a warm air mass.When a cold air mass and a warm air mass meet.