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© by R. Shmuel A. Goldstein
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading
A Complete Guide to Formal Hebrew Reading Skills
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© COPYRIGHT 2004 by R. Shmuel A. Goldstein N. Miami Beach, Florida firstname.lastname@example.org 305•725•7075
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In memory of our dear grandparents, who started us off on the path of Torah. Louis and Irma Hirschfeld Ignatz and Eugenie Mark Benjamin and Helen Jacobs Aaron and Fannie Friedman
Kex¨ mx§ ¦ i¦ i A ¨kf d§ May their memory be blessed
And, In honor of Reb Shmuel Goldstein, whose unique methodology of teaching Torah started our children off on the right path. Annette and Neil Friedman Boca Raton, Florida Tammuz 5764
Ending Sound Syllables Challenging Words & Anomalies 2 8 8 12 16 20 20 22 27 38 39 40 41 44 ...Tricky Dots Shin or Sin with a Cholam Chapter 4 . answers are in back.Open Syllables Chapter 2 .Contents Preface Basic Review Introduction to Syllabication Chapter 1 .A Test?!! (Don’t worry.Quick Sounding Syllables The Chatafs Chapter 5 .Sh’va Rules Overview: Sh’va Rules (Baby sh’va. please go to sleep!) The Sh’va Rules-In Detail Rules of Sh’va Under the Letters of r-dg` (Eye-Patch) Rules of Hay Hayadeeyah (Hey! Ha Ya Doin?) Priorities Rules of Sh’va (Get Your Priorities Right!) Oh No.) Chapter 6 .Closed Syllables Chapter 3 .
...Conclusion What’s It All For ? Chapter 13 ..In ....Check Your Understanding How You Know You Know ! Chapter 12 .HaShem’s Name and its Pronunciation I Deny? I Dunno? A’donai !!! 56 Moshe & Kalaiv .Accents On Hebrew Words The Meteg “Uphill Signs” (Can You Produce Produce?) 50 Chapter 8 ...Pauses .Words Pauses Between “Twin” Letters 52 Pauses Between Closed Syllables and “Soft” Letters 54 Pauses Inside Words 55 Chapter 9 ..Chapter 7 ...Keepers of the Name 58 Chapter 10 .Reading....Answers Yeah! A Book With Answers! 60 64 66 68 .Kamatz Katan When “Ah” Becomes “Oh” (For Sefardim) Chapter 11 ...
Many new insights and often overlooked details will be explained allowing the reader to read more accurately and fluently. for layman and educator alike. It is not within the scope of this work to teach the details of Hebrew grammar. reading without vowels will become easy. Whether you are familiar with reading Hebrew or just in the beginning stages.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Preface Preface The goal of this book is to: • Strengthen the ability of those beginning to read Hebrew using syllabication and other methods • Enhance the awareness and understanding of the many wonderful details of Hebrew reading. but to focus on the needs of those that wish to perfect their reading skills with vowels as found in the siddur or other similar text. When one masters reading through this approach. this material will offer a concise yet systematic approach to grasping the mechanics of Hebrew reading. or Torah reading skills. .
It is my hope that those To utilize this returning to their Jewish roots will reap the benefit of what this unique guide can offer. Many books have been published in Hebrew on this subject and yet very few have been written for the English speaking world. A review of these skills are included in the beginning. learn and live with. material to its fullest. R. one is encouraged to first master the names and sounds of both the Hebrew Alphabet and vowels and how they’re combined. Sincerely. Shmuel Goldstein .Preface Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading This booklet will also provide an easy way to understand and memorize these details through varying mnemonic techniques and specific memory tricks. Enjoy your journey into what is truly a holy and magnificent language to read.
there will be a review section called “Divide & Conquer”.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Key to Icons: • Rules and their Numbers: • Special Notes: 2 R C | \ • Syllables on Hebrew words will be divided by using two types of lines. For regular syllables: For quick sounding syllables: • After every unit of rules. These sections will have this icon: .
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Chapter 5 The Rules of Sh’va Page 52 .
Throughout these rules. These rules of Sh’va are often never quite learned in most Hebrew classes due to the many rules that govern them. but once these key rules are mastered.In many prayer books. there are commonly found various symbols. such as a horizontal lines on top of letters that have a sh’va. If there is a doubt what the rule is when reading. one should pronounce the sh'va sound. In this book. your ability to divide Hebrew words will be perfected and reading Hebrew becomes quite simple. This is to show that the sh’va makes a sound. I have made it easy for anyone to understand and memorize these rules.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Introduction to the Sh’vas Learning about the “going” & “resting” sh'va will take time and practice. I will refer to the “sh'va” as a “baby” in order to aid the memorization of when it will make a sound or not. No horizontal line is necessary on the first letter of a word because it will always be “going” except on the words of: iYy ¥§ and m¦iYy as will be explained further on.10 10. ©§ Page 53 .
Generally speaking. “it”. Ashkenazim primarily make a short “i” sound.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format To begin with. The “going sh’va” is so called since it goes quickly into the next syllable. this syllable will also be represented with a dotted line. Page 54 .According to Hebrew Grammar experts. there are two types of sh’va. 11. Therefore. This is because sh’va is not a true syllable of its own but is a “half-type” syllable similar to the “Cha’taf” vowels as explained above. and Sefardim use a quick short “e” sound as in the word “egg”.11 or as in the first part of the word “c’mon”. there are a few different sounds that a “sh’va” can make depending on the surrounding vowels. A “resting sh’va” will have the syllable rest and stop. They are called: 1) Going 2) Resting • The “going” sh’va will have a short “i” sound as in the word. It’s sound is represented by the apostrophe mark. Only the sound of the letter will be pronounced. • The “resting” sh’va will have no sound. To distinguish it from a “Cha’taf Segol” we will use the short “i” sound.
“slach”. but not at the start as is commonly found in English words. s’\LACH| C |g© \q l§ This word is not pronounced as one syllable. blends are only at the end of a syllable.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading 9 RWhen a word has a “going” sh’va. Page 55 . it will have a quick sound that moves into the next syllable. According the Hebrew grammar.
Page 56 .Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format 10 RWhen a word has a “resting” sh’va. at| C |Y` §© This word is not pronounced as two syllables. “a|tih|”. Use your finger as a blanket to cover up the baby sh’va that is resting. that sh’va will be silent and will close the syllable. This will make it easier to understand and read.
These are: Going d c b A ` The next page shows what rules these letters stand for. we will now learn when they will be “going” or “resting”. There are 5 main rules that explain when a sh’va makes a sound. Each letter hints to a specific rule that affects the sh’va.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Now that we understand the two types of sh’vas. Page 57 . these rules will be referred by the letters and not numbers. This will help to reinforce these rules. exceptions. First we will start with a quick overview of all of these 7 rules and then review each with memory cues. and examples. Therefore. These can easily be remembered by the first five letters that “go” in order of the Hebrew alphabet.
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format ` = First A =2 b When a sh’va is under the first letter of a word. Example za|m’\ROO| d = Hadomot/Same When a sh’va comes under the first of two twin letters. The big vowel sounds are: ¨ F ¥ E i¦ Example yo|sh’\VAY| |i¥ \W|Fi a§ |Ex\O|© §f |El\§ |d l© c = Dagesh/Dot When a sh’va is under a letter that has a “dot” inside. Example r’\oo|VAYN| |o¥ |E`\x a § |L\W|t© § §p When 2 sh’vas are in the middle of a word.e. the sh’va will be “going” (i. Example ha|l’\LOO| Page 58 . makes a sound). the first is a “resting” sh’va and the second is a “going” sh’va. Example naf|sh’\CHA| = Gadol/Big When a sh’va comes after a “big” vowel sound. the sh’va will be “going”. the sh’va will be “going”. the sh’va will be “going”.
Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading The last 2 main rules explain when a sh’va is silent. These letters are: Resting w q The next page shows what rules these letters stand for. We “hit the sack” when it is q time to “rest”. This can easily be remembered by the two letters that spell the word “w© -sack”. Page 59 .
12. the minor opinion of the “RaZah” states that this is a "going" sh'va. the sh’va will be resting (i. Page 60 .e. that sh’va will always be resting (i.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format q = Sof/End When a sh’va is the last vowel. The small vowel sounds are: ª ¦ 12 Example oov|NAY| |d¥|aE p§ Additional rules that govern the way a sh’va is sounded will be listed on pages 38-39. According to the majority of opinions. Example ba|ROOCH| |KEx|A ¨ w = Katan/Small © ’ ¤ When a sh’va comes after a “small” vowel sound. this sh'va is resting and does not make a sound. silent). silent).e. However.
“Divide & Conquer”! Page 61 . Extra pages that contain the previous rules will also follow for added practice...Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading The following pages contain the same above rules. you’ll surely be able to. but with many examples in order to better familiarize oneself with them and master them. You should practice these words by dividing the words into their syllables and then read them. By using this method.
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Rules of the Going Sh’va Page 62 .
i¦aE`x¨ p ¥ «d (Bamidbar 23:7) in which there is no sh’va under the x and the ` is silent. Exceptions: The two Hebrew words of i¥ y / m¦Yy .Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading ` = First / d¨FW`x¦ p ` R A sh’va under the first letter of a word will almost always be a “going” sh’va (i. Example r’\oo|VAYN| This word is commonly mispronounced as as roo|vayn. making the word pronounced as: ha|roo|vay|NEE. makes a sound) Memory Cue: The first part of the day a baby wakes up and makes a noise. there are words like.e. However. Page 63 C |o¥ |E`\x a § . This is an example of reading that mistakenly follows what is heard and not what is written.e. Y§ i© § the sh’va is resting (i. silent). This is because the quick moving sh’va is not heard clearly.
It should be pronounced as Ex§ .Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the ` rule. xFx c § lEa h § xŸc § l mŸc q § shw ¨§ xŸ` U § rwY ©§ lFc§ B a `§ ¥f qFp M § m `§ ªp g© v l§ g© W l§ KEp Y § Page 64 13 aŸx A § z`e ¤§ E`x i § KFl n § gzR ©§ zEW x § sxU ¨§ (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 13. This is an example of a resting “Alef”. i . meaning that it is silent and the E belongs to the x.
e.g. silent) and the second is “going”. In that case they will both be resting e.the first one is “resting” (i. Exceptions: When there are two sh’va’s at the end of a word. Memory Cue: When two babies are going for a nap in the middle of the day. “But when you see two sh’vas at the end They’ll both be resting and said as a blend”. Cx© § §` A rhyme to help you remember this rule and it’s exception is: “When you see two sh’va’s in the middle of a word The first one will rest and the second is heard.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading A R A =2 / m¦©W ip § When two sh’vas are in the middle of a word. Example yach|s’\ROO| Page 65 |Ex\§ |§ i q g© . the first one will rest but the second one will be make noise.
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the A rule. L§ c¨ l §B Eg h a i e § § ¦§ L zk¤ § l Lxtq §§ ¦ l`vaw ¥§ §© L Y § A d x M§ ` § l¦ ¨§ f ¤ LAxd § §¦ LxzM §§ ¦ LcgR §§ © L Y§ C § r ©† L x k¦ §§ f Ef§ § i lr© L x§ ¤ §f r (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 `¥¨ R x h d¨ A § g il § § © p§ l¤ Ex q n ¦ i c R q n § § p ¦§ § ¦ Er x§ Y zFx W x W q q n § x §f § §© ¥ § r Page 66 .
Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading b = Big / lFc¨ b b R E 14 .Only if a Shoorook E is in the beginning of a word. A sh’va will be “going” when it comes after the “big” vowel sounds of: i¦ E ¥ F ¨ Memory Cue: Just like a father that wakes up his baby with his big sounding voice.Only in the beginning of a word. Exceptions: Rule q / A as in the words: `§ g and Cx¥ . h¥ § §p Example yo|sh’\VAY| |i¥ \W|Fi a§ 14. . Page 67 .
Study the “Father Vowels” in this picture and then fill them in the picture on the next page and see how well you did. Only a Shoorook in the middle of a word is a “Daddy” vowel. Guys are a little messy sometimes. If it’s in the beginning it is a “Mommy” instead. i¦ E ¥ Page 68 F ¨ . Imagine this as ketchup from food he ate. look at the picture below. Notice that the Kamatz has a line “dripping” down the side.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format To visually memorize the above five “big” vowels.
Page 69 .Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Fill in the Daddy Vowels and then check on the previous page to see if you did it correctly.
L xi¦ §r L cEg¦ § i oFy x¥ §b mi¦ xFM r§ Ep z«¨ e § p§ m k z` v ¤§ ¥ i ` xi Y ¦§ ¦ E` xi¦ e L§ i v i § I© l ¦ © i t q En ¥§ L zi A § ¥ 15 (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 L a Eh § Ea W i §¥ Ec x«i §¨ ei ` xŸw i a W Fi ¨§ ¥§ Ex n «W d §¨¦ q g § i R L yŸx i z e ¨p ¦ § ¦ § Ek§ «d L zEa W l¨ § § Page 70 15.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the b rule. A “cholom” can also be written without a the letter “vav” .
Exceptions: Rule q as in the word: Example sa|b’\AY|noo| Cx© . Memory Cue: Even if the “mommy” tries to put the baby sh’va down for a nap in the middle of the day. § §` |Ep|¥ \A|U r§ © C This word can be heard to be commonly mispronounced by many cantors as: sa|bay|noo Page 71 . the “doggy-dagesh” will wake it up with it’s loud bark. the sh’va will be “going”.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading c = Emphasis / W¥c b¨ c R When a sh’va comes under a letter that has a Dagesh-dot inside.
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the c rule. Ep¥ A U r§ © Ea S ¦ §p Ex R q §© mk§ M ¤N ª Ep g O U ¥§ © Er§ Y B¦ Ep Y i §¦ Li¤t § n p¨N¦ ` d§I W ¥ ¤ Ex O© §f El§ i G¦ Ep W C w ¨ §¦ i¥ X c n p § ª§ EW T A §© Page 72 Ex O© §f Ex A c §© El C© §b Ex V A §© dzEw ¨ §¦ Eb Q R §© dzMg ¨§¦ (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 .
look at those twin lady letters! The first one has a baby that is making noise. Memory Cue: Hey. Exceptions: None Example ha|l’\LOO| |El\§ |d l© Page 73 . the sh’va will be “going”.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading d = Twin Letters / zFnFc© d d R When a sh’va is under the first of twin letters.
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the d rule. d x x¥ ¨ §b Ep§ xi e P©¦ i¥ § h ll © miv v Fl § i a a Fq ¥§ En n Fx § z© § W bb ¦ Ef§ A f¨ i¦ § d pp ¦ Ep§ FM p Ec c¨ §p EW W w § L k Fz § Page 74 Et t ` §¨ zFa a Fc § Lkxai § «¤¨ § i¥ § © n llr © d x xFr ¨§ En n W §¨ (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 oi W W Fg d n n¨ ¦§ ¨§f .
Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Rules of the Resting Sh’va Page 75 .
Memory Cue: At the end of the day. Exceptions: None Example chayt| |`§ g h¥ ` is C Notice that the sh’va is not on the last letter. Example ard| Page 76 |Cx© § §` . a tired baby will always go to sleep. but is the last vowel. C Keep in mind the rule when there are two sh’va’s at the end of a word. thereby making it rest.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format q q R = End / sFq When a sh’va is the last vowel. they will both be resting. it will always be “resting”. The last letter silent and doesn’t make a sound.
AWie § § ¦© Y§ ` § p© Cx` § §© Ywgv § §©¨ K xŸ` ¤ Y n© h § § r¨ 16 C x¥ § §p Jaie § § ¥© K O© ¥r Yti § §© Y c© Fi § §l TWi §§ © KEx A ¨ ` x©e §i © Y` §© hWwd §§ © K¤ n l¤ Y n© g § § l¨ (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 16. some say the sh’va under the c as if it were “going”. The two letters of Y/c come from the same part of the mouth. Therefore. This makes it hard to say each letter properly when a sh’va is resting on both and these letters are together.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the q rule. Page 77 .
= Small / o¨ w h¨ After a “small” vowel sound. Exceptions: Rules: as: c / d/ and d¨ ic§d 'd r ¦i © such KxŸan© ¨ §d œ Example zim|RA| |dx|n¦ ¨§ f C Some Sefard siddurim will show a “Mommy” Kamatz with a longer stem. many Jews will change its sound to a short “i”. Page 78 .Only in the beginning of a word. a sh’va will be © ’ ¤ ª ¦ E .Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format w w R “resting”. Memory Cue: The mother will put her baby to sleep with her small soft voice. When a “Cheerik” blends.
Page 79 . Study this picture and fill them in the picture on the next page.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading To help one memorize the above six small “Mother Vowels”. one should visually memorize them with the aid of the picture below.
Page 80 .Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Fill in the Mommy Vowels and then check on the previous page to see if you did it correctly.
how to recognize this special “Small Kamatz” see Chapter 9. E` xI© §e m¥ xE r§ L§ «¤ d § ll © p iMxv ¦ §’ dŸr x R §© d¥ a E p§ m¨ a W r§ © dg§ n ¨p¦ og§ y ¨l ª oFi§ ¤ lr ikCxn © § §’ ixy` ¥§ © oqxn ¨ §ª oAxw © §¨ Page 81 wgvi ¨§¦ owxR ¨ §ª xYq` ¥§ ¤ 17 (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 dnkg ¨§’ mxa` ¨§ © mŸ` z R §¦ qFr k ` §¤ 17. For more information. .Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the w rule. Sefardim pronounce this Kamatz as a long "o" sound.
When there are two sh’vas. A great example of how many rules can apply to one word is: The dot inside this letter should cause the “sh’va” to make a sound. but doesn’t. one must look at which rule has a higher priority and follow only that rule. Cx¥ § §p The “Daddy” Tzayray vowel should cause the sh’va to make a sound. but doesn’t.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Get Your Priorities Right Many times a Hebrew word will have more than one rule that may apply on a particular sh’va. The priority on this word is as follows: a-Two sh’vas at the end will always be resting. but doesn’t. Example nayrd| Page 82 This word is read as: |Cx¥ § §p . the first one rests and the second should make a sound. When this happens.
sh’va under a dagesh b . Exceptions None None (Except None Priority 1 1 1 1 1 m¦YW/i¥ W) i© § Y§ d . a .sh’va after a “small” sound vowel Page 83 . © and when it has a “meteg” 1 2 3 3 Rule: q Rules: A/q Rules: /d/c’dricid-d w .sh’va after a d in the front of a word.sh’va in the beginning. © c .Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading The priorities are as follows: Rule q . Eye Patch .sh’va under the first of twin letters.sh’va at the end.sh’va under the letters of r'dg` None None d Ha Ya Doin’ .Two sh’vas in the middle or end.sh’va after a “big” sound vowel None (Except before a i § «d ). ` .
When there are two or more rules that may apply. The letters Step 2) Divide the word into proper syllables using the “Stop-Line” method as shown previously. Page 84 . focus on the one that is boxed.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format Test on the 7 Sh’va Rules Now that we have covered these rules. An example is given on the first word. DIRECTIONS: On each Hebrew word there will be one or two “sh’vas” . follow the one that has the highest priority. Answers will be provided at the end of this book. Afterwards. Step 1) Look at each word carefully and decide which of the first seven rules apply. write the letter for that rule in the circle. Step 3) Write the amount of syllables in the square. it is time to test your knowledge. When there are two.
Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Step 3 Write the Amount of Syllables Step 2 Divide Step 1 Write the Rule mic§ M ¦W © `x©e §i© m¥§ Y gp © g© q l§ Ex§ gi q§ © z©§ W bb ¦ z¤Axn k¤ §ª Ecx¨ §i m¦YW i© § d¨ Mg z§ ¦ Page 85 (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 (8 (9 (10 .
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format i¥ iŸ` a§ mŸ`z¦ §R d¨ W¨ W§ r Lzi¥ §a `x©e §i© L§ xi¦ W Y `§ g h¥ E`xi¦ §i i¥Rn p§ ¦ Ef§ § i lr © Page 86 (11 (12 (13 (14 (15 (16 (17 (18 (19 (20 .
Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format r-dg` = Eye Patch We have covered the 7 main rules of sh’va. 11 R When a sh’va comes under the letters of r-d-g-`. Now we’ll explain additional rules that relate to the sh’va. the sh’va will always be resting. it will go to sleep. Memory Cue: When the baby’s eyes are covered. Exceptions: None Example v’|sa|VA|ta| Page 87 |Y|§ a|U\e ¨ r «¨ ¨ § .
The letter “Hay” in the middle of a word does have a sound but is silent at the end.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the r-dg` rule. mW`i © §¤ z©g n E i§ ¦ KRd¤ ©§p zŸr A§ a ` ªr © £ sU g n §© iCdi ¨§ ¨ i Y§ © n ¦ rp ¨ xŸq `¤e § I© Ei g e §¦ zFi d ¦ §l ixc`¤ ¦ ¨§ p digi ¤§ ¦ 18 (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 (6 (7 d i d¦ ¤§ p d¨ § n § n i Y § n W lr ¨ l ¦ ¦ r © ¨ xŸf ` Y §¤ El A d ¤e ¨ § I© El R § © e ¦ rI© Page 88 FW ` a §¨ Ki W g d ¦ §¤ KRdd ©§¨ 18. .
Memory Cue: Even if the “Mommy” is trying to put the baby to sleep. when her friend comes by and yells. Page 89 . Example ha|m’|da|BER| |x¥ |c\n|d A ©§ © C This particular rule is difficult to master since it requires a working knowledge of Hebrew root words.the baby will wake up.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format d¨ ic§d d = Hey! Ha You Doin’? r ¦i © 12 R c When a sh’va comes after a d in front of a © word that describes a noun (called Hay Hayidi’a). that sh’va is will be going. “Hey! How you doin’?”. Exceptions: Before the letter i (Yood) or when it appears with an “meteg” accent line.
Therefore the same rule applies. This word really should have been written gv©nd§ but is © ¥p § © l shortened to one letter. the Sh’va will still rest and not make a sound but the Yood will change the sound of the Patach. Page 90 . 21. 20. the sh’va after it will rest and not make a sound.Format Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading 19 Divide & Conquer Divide and read these examples of the d¨ ic§d-d rule. When this type of Hay comes before a Yood with a Sh’va. r ¦i © d`ixTd ¨ ¦§ © g v© n© © ¥p§ l m¦ e § d I ¦l © K xŸa n d ¨ §© (1 (2 (3 (4 (5 g A W n d mi x a C d ¨ª§© ¦¨ §© zFxF` O d d¨ Ec§ d § © l B© WCgOd ¥© § © m¨ Fr§ d l l© 20 d k El O d ¨ §© c n© n d ¥l§ © 21 zŸc § i n «d N ©§ © mgxnd ¥ ©§ © d¨ EW i d r §© 19. See rule 16 below. See chapter 6 for more information on this special mark called a “meteg”. When a Hay Hayidi’a has a verticle line (“meteg”).
Exceptions: None Example e ka|TON|ti| C |iY§Ÿhw pÀ¨ This particular rule applies to those that are “Readers of the Torah”. Memory Cue: Even if a “Daddy’s” voice might wake of the baby. Page 91 . that sh’va is resting.Divide & Conquer Hebrew Reading Format mi¦£ h = Music to Quiet the Baby nr © R When a sh’va comes right after a 13 musical note in a word. the music makes the baby go to sleep.