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Jenibel N. Paray IV- BSPT TIME FRAME: 11:00 Am- 11:30 AM I. a. b. c. d. e. II.

DATE: February 9, 2013

OBJECTIVES: At the end of the period, the students should be able to: define sound objectively explain how sound waves are produced, transmitted and perceived enumerate the process of hearing differentiate ultrasonic from infrasonic perceive the importance of sounds in daily life SUBJECT MATTER A. Topic: The Production and Properties of Sound Sub-topic: What is Sound? B. MATERIALS: PowerPoint presentation C. REFERENCES: i. Santos, G. S. et al (2009). O - Physics IV. Manila City: REX Publishing House, Inc. ii. Bentillo, E. N. (2004). Science and Technology - Physics IV. Mandaluyong City: Book Media Press, Inc. iii. Young, Hugh D., and Freedman, Roger A. 2002, Reprinted. University Physics with Modern Physics. 11th ed. AddisonWesley Publishing Longman, Inc. TEACHING STRATEGY: Teachers Activity A. Class Routine (Enters the room) Everyone, please rise for our morning prayer. ________, please take the lead. Good morning class! Ms. Secretary, is there anyone one missing from the class? Thank you B. Recall/ Drill: I believe we had our end of thermodynamics last meeting, I have here jumbled letters and you must arrange these words to form a coherent word then you must define that word thereafter. (The teacher flashes the word) 1st word: Heat versus Temperature Maam, Temperature is a measure of the (Pray solemnly and quietly) In the name of the (In chorus) Good morning Sir! (The class secretary reports the class attendance then names the absentees thereafter.)


Students Activity

Please differentiate Heat from Temperature? Yes Ms. /Mr. _________. Good. 2nd word: Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics Yes Ms. /Mr. _________. Correct. 3rd word: First law of Thermodynamics Yes Ms. /Mr. _________. Indeed. 4th word: Second law of Thermodynamics Yes Ms. /Mr. _________. Very good, Thank you _______.

average Kinetic energy of the atoms and molecules in a substance while Heat is the energy in transit. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics If two systems are separately in thermal equilibrium with a third system, they are in equilibrium with each other The first law of Thermodynamics states that In any transfer or transformation of energy, the total amount of energy remains constant The second law is composed of the engine statement and refrigerator statement. The engine statement states that no cyclic process can convert heat completely into work and refrigerator statement states that no cyclic process can transfer heat from a colder place to a hotter place with no input of mechanical work.

Now for today, we shall proceed to the new branch of physics which deals with our sense of hearing. C. Motivation: (The teacher poses question to start- up the lesson) If a tree falls in the forest and no one is there to hear it, will there be sound? Yes or No and why? Yes _________. Indeed, Very Good explanation _____. In physics, we study the transmission of sounds objectively so lets not deal with the subjective interpretation of it. Now I have here a video about sounds. Pay attention to the video. D. Lesson Proper Pre-Activity Now I want you to feel your throats and try speaking aloud. Yes, maam, there would still be sound because there was a disturbance in the air. In our Intro to Physics as I recall, we define sound as the motion of the particles in a medium, caused by a vibrating object. Therefore it does not matter if there is an observer or not.

What can you feel? What can you deduce? How do you think were you able to perceive the sound from your voices? Indeed, from what you have seen in the video with the tuning forks, how are we able to hear these sounds?

It did produce a sound. It vibrates as we speak maam. It needs to vibrate in order to produce sound.

As the prongs of the fork move back and forth, they disturb air molecules close to them creating a back and forth movement of the air parallel to the direction of the waves. These air molecules likewise transfer their motion to the neighboring particles and to the other molecules. The air molecules then strike your eardrum, making it vibrate and thats how we hear them.

Excellent. I want you all to knock on your desks and listen to the sound it produced. Now lay your head down to your desk and try to hear the sound as you knock onto your desk. What can you notice? Compare it with what you had heard before you lay your head down. Good observation. Why is that so? It was because sound travels faster in solid than on air. Do you think a medium is needed for sounds to travel? Well said. Activity Proper I have here pictures of object and you must identify what part of the object that vibrates to produce sound? (The teacher presents picture of objects) Very Good. Drum-Drum skin Voice- Vocal Cords Violin-strings Yes maam, a material medium is needed for sound to travel. Unlike light, it cannot travel through a vacuum.

I noticed that I can hear it clearly the second time when it was on the table.

Post Activity Recalling from your past grading lessons. What type of waves is a sound wave? Good. Sound wave has a frequency, amplitude and wavelength. Do differentiate each. Amplitude- Strength of the wave ( measured in db decibels) Wavelength- The distance from one crest of a wave to the crest of the next wave. Frequency (f) is the number of cycles per second. Frequency is measured in Hertz (Hz) The loudness of a sound depends on its amplitude and frequency, while the pitch depends primarily on its frequency. The tone quality or timbre depends on the harmonic content and the attack and decay characteristics. Frequencies of less than 20 Hz are referred to as infrasonic and those of more than 20 000 Hz are called ultrasonic. The eardrum vibrates in response to sound waves in the ear canal. The three delicate bones of the inner ear transmit the vibration of the eardrum to the side of the cochlea. The fluid in the spiral of the cochlea vibrates and creates waves that travel up the spiral. The nerves at the small end of the channel respond to shorter wavelength, higher-frequency sound. The nerves near the beginning see a relatively large channel and respond to longer wavelength, low frequency sound. Standing wave.

Nice. Thank you. Although loudness depends on the sharpness of a persons hearing, what sound property does it relies on? How about pitch? Timbre? The human ear is sensitive to the waves in the frequency range from about 20 to 20,000 Hz. Can someone differentiate an ultrasonic from an infrasonic wave? Can someone elaborate how our ears perceive sound?

Excellent I have here a question to be

Sound waves travel faster in a solid thats why the hero listening through the tracks would be able to hear it faster than its sound just travelling through the air.

answered using the concepts you learned. The hero of a western movie listens for an oncoming train by putting his ear to the track. Why does this method give early warning for the approach of the train? Very well said _______. E. Generalization Sounds are produced through vibrations. There are two types of sounds, ultrasonic and infrasonic sounds. Frequencies of less than 20 Hz are referred to as infrasonic and those of more than 20 000 Hz is called ultrasonic. Sound waves need a medium to travel. Sound travels faster on solid than any other phases of matter. F. Evaluation 1. Frequencies of less than 20 Hz are referred to as _____. a. Infrasonic b. Ultrasonic c. Supersonic d. megasonic 2. Frequencies of more than 20 000 Hz is called _____. a. Infrasonic b. Ultrasonic c. Supersonic d. megasonic 3. Sounds can travel through a vacuum. a. True b. False c. It depends d. Not enough information given 4. Sound waves travel faster in ____.

a. Solid b. Liquid c. Gas d. Vacuum 5. If you are in a sound proof room and you see through the glass window that an explosion occurred but you did not hear it, was there a sound produced? a. No because I did not hear it, as an observer, no sound is produced b. Yes, despite me not hearing it, there was a disturbance in the air, meaning sound is produced. c. I dont know d. Not enough information given to give a scientific conclusion. Assignment: 1. Why do we hear a change of frequency in the sirens used by ambulance as they passed us by? What phenomenon occurs? Define the said phenomenon. 1. What are beats? How do we compute for beat frequency?