The English alphabet

1

To spell[tu spel] – a spune pe litere, a ortografia Double[dabl] == dublu Ex.: Please spell your name, sir.=Spuneti-va numele pe litere , domnule My name is Francis Steel.= Numele meu este Francis Steel. Ef ar ei en si ai es es ti dabəl i el Tt: se pronunta [dabəl ti] First Name/Christian Name Elizabeth John Middle (Middle or Name Initial) Mary Wesley M W Last Name/Surname Windsor Sinclair

2

Ex. 1: Spuneti pe litere urmatoarele nume: Susan Brown: Michael Slevin: Catherine Foster: Sunetele urmate de “:” sunt mai lungi.Litera anterioara se pronunta mai lung: Feel[fi:l], school[sku:l], sheaf[∫i:f]

Numeralul cardinal (The cardinal numeral)
1.one 2.two 3.three (thir*) 4.four 5. five(fif*) 6. six 7. seven 8. eight 9. nine 10. ten Million = million Billion= milliard Numerele de la 1 la 12 se invata pe dinafara. Pentru formarea numerelor de la 13 la 19 se adauga terminatia TEEN[ti:n] la sfarsitul cifrei ce corespunde unitatilor. Ex: Four+TEEN=> fourteen Six + TEEN=> sixteen Seven + TEEN=> seventeen Atentie la modificarile survenite in radacina cuvantului datorita adaugarii lui TEEN. Astfel, pentru 13 .thir+ TEEN=>thirteen 15. fif+TEEN=> fifteen 18. se ortografiaza cu un singur T: eighteen Pentru formarea zecillor de la 20 la 90 se adauga TY[ti] Ex: six+TY= sixty Seven+TY= seventy Atentie la : 20. twenty 30. thir+TY 40. for+ TY 3 11. eleven 12. twelve 13. thirteen 14. fourteen 15. fifteen 16. sixteen 17. seventeen 18. eighteen 19. nineteen 20. twenty 10. ten 20 twenty 30. thirty 40. forty 50. fifty 60. sixty 70. seventy 80. eighty 90. ninety 100. hundred 1000. thousand

(and=si) 2. 105 . fif+TY 80. thousand. ortografiat cu un singur T: eighty Pentru formarea numerelor se procedeaza astfel: 24= douazeci si patru= twenty four sau twenty-four 73=saptezeci si trei= seventy three 1245= one thousand two hundred and forty five 7865= seven thousand eight hundred and sixty five Sau seven thousand eight hundred and sixty.D.3=0.[bi si]= Before Christ= inainte de Cristos Virgula si punctul zecimal: 1.579=four hundred AND fifty six thousand five hundred and seventy nine CITIREA ANILOR: Intai se citesc primele 2 cifre(ca numar). Anii se vor citii ca un numar obisnuit in cazul in care cifra sutelor sau cifra zecilor este zero.five Numerele se compun la fel ca in limba romana.C.[ei di]= Anno Domini= dupa Christos B.700. million.000 ----in romana folosim punctul iar in engleza virgula pentru delimitare.000 dolari = $ 1.52% (per cent)= three point five two per cent 0. Intotdeauna HUNDRED este urmat de AND. 3. apoi urmatoarele doua. Ex: 1998= nineteen (19) ninety eight (98) 1585= fifteen(15) eighty five(85) 1659=sixteen(16) fifty nine(59) Dar: 2001= two thousand and one 2008=two thousand and eight 703= seven hundred three A.700.50. billion nu iau forma de plural daca sunt folosite in formarea numeralelor: 200= two hundred (nu hundreds) 3000=three thousand (nu thousands) 456.52%= 3. OBSERVATIE: 1. Cifra zero se citeste ’Oh’.one oh five 4 .3= nought point three Pentru citirea numerelor de telefon fiecare cifra se spune separat. Hundred.

obiecte .75%= 0. dumneavoastra He =el – folosit pentru persoane de sex masculin She =ea .765= 6. bebelusi. in adresare directa : DOMNULE. impersonal We =noi You= voi They =ei/ ele • • YOU – tu .[mistər]= d-le MRS[misiz]= d-na MISS[mis]= d-ra 5 . four seven oh five Scrieti urmatoarele numere: 13= 15= 18= 27= 76= 176= 475= 4367= 98. 376 4705 .folosit pentru persoane de sex feminin It = el/ ea – folosit pentru animale.325= Scrieti urmatorii ani: 1988= 1659= 2005= 1900= Pronumele personal (personal pronoun) I (ai)= eu – se scrie intotdeauna cu litera mare You= tu. voi.784. DOMNISOARA astfel: -Daca nu urmeaza numele persoanei: SIR[sər] =domnule MADAM[mædəm]= doamna MISS[mis]= domnisoara -Daca urmeaza numele persoanei folosim: MR. DOAMNA.23= 1. fenomene ale naturii.Se face pauza dupa grupuri de 3 sau 4 cifre. dumneavoastra Pentru exprimarea politicoasa se foloseste you dar pe cat posibil folosim.three seven six.

Mr. Verbul to be (a fi) I am[ai æm]= eu sunt You are[iu ar]=tu esti He is[hi iz]=el este She is[∫i is]=ea este It is [it is]=el/ea este We are[ui ar]=noi suntem You are[iu ar]=voi sunteti They are[dei ar]=ei/ele sunt Verbul to have(a avea) I have[ai hæv]= eu am You have [iu hæv] tu ai He has[hi hæz]= el are She has[∫I hæz]=ea are It has[it hæz]=el/ea are We have[ui hæv]=noi avem You have[iu hæv]=voi aveti They have[dei hæv]=ei /ele au Varsta in limba engleza se exprima cu verbul to be(a fi) si nu cu to have(a avea): How old are you?(hau əuld ar iu )= Ce varsta aveti?/ Cati ani ai? I am _____ years old. Noi avem carti(books).-Lady[leidi] si gentleman[gentlmæn] se foloseste cand se face referire la alta persoana decat interlocutorul si nu urmeaza numele persoanei. It is smiling. I am 43 years old. Johnson= la revedere doamna Johnson How are you. 2. Impersonal: It is real. Este albastra. Domnul Art are 45 de ani 4. pentru obiecte: This is a book. Dumneavoastra aveti 36 de ani. Mrs. Steve are 27 de ani. Ex: Thank you. Ex:. Bebelasul este fericit. 6. Pentru fenomene ale naturii: It is snowing. Zambeste. Domnisoara Jackson este aici(here). madam= la revedere doamna How are you.ani. Mr. Smith= multumesc domnule Smith Good bye. =Unde este pisica? Este aici. Katy is 5 years old. miss Carter?= Ce mai faceti domnisoara Carter? I know the lady= O cunosc pe doamna The gentleman is Spanish= domnul este spaniol • It : pentru animale: Where is the cat? It is here. Ex: Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 6 .[iərz əuld] He is 32 years old. It is blue. 3. miss?= Ce mai faceti domnisoara? Sau Thank you. sir= multumesc domnule Good bye. Cati ani are domnul Brown? 5. Carter is 55 years old. pentru bebelusi:The baby is happy.= Aceasta este o carte. (ai æm ____ iərz əuld)= Eu am….

Exercitii : 1. 1967(an)= 5. Ei au solutii(solutions). Vocabulary : Tall(t ‫:ב‬l)= inalt Short(∫ort )= scund. 25. 9. 2. 6.45= 8. 5. de la Exercitii: Faceti propozitii cu cuvintele de la vocabular folosind verbele to be si to have: 1.977= 4. scurt Nice[nais]=frumos Smart(smart)=destept A /an = un. Translate into Romanian : 1. 112.65 %= 7. 876= 2.(computers). Noi avem calculatoare. firma Manufacturer= producator Turnover=cifra de afaceri Of= de Employees=angajati From= din. 7.898= 3. 2004(an)= 6. The company has a turnover of four million euros. 3. 10. Doamna Smith are 38 de ani. The manufacturer is from Romania.7. 7. 0. o Car[ca:r]= masina long[l ‫ב‬ng]= lung Many friends[mæni frændz] = multi prieteni Products=produse A brother[braðər]=un frate A computer=un calculator Company= companie. Spuneti pe litere propriul nume: 9. 10. 3. 7 . 4. The company has forty-eight employees. 2.

Its[itz]=lui/ei Its failure is predictable. Our[auər]=nostru. nostri. Her agenda is full. Your hobby is football.Obs. ta. Her job is interesting. Her[hər]=ei Her account is 125452 Her offer is more interesting. Your products are expensive. Its walls are blue. mele My computer is black. Adjectivele in limba engleza se plaseaza in fata substantivelor ale caror insusiri le determina. Adjective posesive My[mai]= meu. His wife is a nurse. His job is near here. Your[ior]=tau.substantivul In consecinta si adjectivele ce arata posesia se vor plasa in fata substantivelor. My job is good. Your friend is 35 years old. My secretary is here. mea. Its leaves are green. A good product= un produs bun a-articol nehotarat---un/ o good. tale Your brother is a manager. mei . My lamp is nice. Its cover is white. His bussines is successful.adjectiv product. noastre 8 . noastra. tai. His[his]=lui His oppinions are good.

pupitru Ex:. Your[ior]=vostru. Our schedule is full. Our desks are here. Vocabulary: Agency[eigiənsi]=agentie Project[pr ‫ב‬gəct]=proiect Office [‫ב‬fis]=birou la serviciu (incapere) Study [stadi]=birou acasa Desk [birou]=birou. Their wages are low. Their[ðeər]=lor Their structure is complicated. voastra. Their inner coating is brown. voastre Your coats are green. Our office has four rooms. Traduceti in engleza: Slujba lui Salarul ei Secretara lor Directorul nostru Produsele voastre Parerile lor Proiectul meu Biroul nostru Pupitrul tau Colours White[uait]=alb Pink[pinc]=roz Red[red]=rosu Orange[‫ב‬ringi]=portocaliu 9 Green[gri:n]=verde Yellow[iæləu]=galben Brown[braun]=maro Blue[blu:]=albastru .Our company has 1200 employees. Your phone number is 114578 Your books are at home. Their secretary is very intelligent. Your education is good. vostri.

a fi Prezent Afirmativ I am= You are= He is= She is = It is= We are= You are= They are= ----aceasta forma corespunde formei de infinitiv a verbului 10 . bec. Culoarea cablului este verde cu rosu. usor ( greutate).= Culoarea cablului este galben cu verde The wood is brown. The colour of the insulation is light blue= Culoarea izolatiei este albastru deschis.Gray[grei]=gri Black[blæc]=negru Dark[darc]------intuneric. The envelope is white. Maro cu verde Galben cu rosu Albastru cu gri To be[ tu bi].=Lemnul este maro. inchis(in cazul in care se combina cu culorile) Light[lait] ------lumina.= Plicul este alb. Traduceti: Plicul este albastru.deschis (folosit cu culorile) Dark brown= maro inchis Light blue = albastru deschis Ex: Scrieti : Roz deschis Rosu inchis Portocaliu inchis Maro deschis Vocabulary : Cable [cheibl]=cablu And [ænd]=si Insulation[insulei∫n]= izolatie Wood[u:d]=lemn Envelope[ænvəlop]=plic Plastic=plastic Paper=hartie Wool=lana Leather=piele The colour of the cable is green and yellow.

Negativ : se formeaza adaugand particula not[n ‫ב‬t] dupa verb. -Se pronunta [iznt] si [arnt] Interogativ : se face prin inversiune Am I?= Are you?= Is he?= Is she?= Is it?= Are we?= Are you?= Are they?= To have [hæv]– a avea Afirmativ I have= You have= He has= She has= It has= We have= You have= They have= Negativ : adaugam not dupa verb I have not= I haven’t= You have not= you haven’t= He has not=he hasn’t= She has not= she hasn’t= It has not=it hasn’t= We have not=we haven’t= You have not= you haven’t= They have not=they haven’t= 11 . I am not= I’m not= You are not=you’re not=you aren’t= He is not=he’s not= he isn’t= She is not=she’s not= she isn’t= It is not=it’s not=it isn’t= We are not=we’re not=we aren’t= You are not=you’re not= you aren’t= They are not= they’re not=they aren’t= Formele contrase isn’t si aren’t: -Verbul si particula not se scriu intr-un cuvant iar in loc de o se pune ‘.

Se pronunta: Haven’t[hævnt] Hasn’t[hæznt] Interogativ : se face prin inversiune Have I?= Have you? = Has he? = Has she? = Has it? = Have we? = Have you? = Have they? = To do[du] = a face Afirmativ I do[du]= You do= He does[daz]= She does= It does= We do You do= They do= Negativ : se adauga not I do not= I don’t[dəunt]= You do not= you don’t= He does not= he doesn’t[daznt]= She does not=she doesn’t= It does not= it doesn’t= We do not= we don’t= You do not=you don’t= They do not= they do’t= Interogativ: se face inversiune Do I?= Do you?= Does he?= 12 .Formele contrase se fac prin alipirea lui have cu particula not .in loc de o se pune ‘.

in fine Whichever[uiciævər]=oricare Wherever[uæreəvər]=oriunde Vocabulary: Wire[uaiə]=sarma Building[bilding]=cladire Temperature[tempriciər]=temperatura Signal[signal]=semnal Decision[disijn]=decizie Thread[θred]=ata. carui – pentru persoane Whoever [huevər]= oricine Whenever[uenævər]=oricand Whatever[uatævər]=orice/ ma rog. intrunire Indoor= interior Outdoor= exterior Flame retardant= cu intarziere marita la propagarea flacarii Power energy distribution= distributia energiei electrice Fixed installations= instalatii fixe Underground= impamantat. what. liber Letter(s)[lætər(z)]=scrisoare(scrisori) Meeting[mi:ting]=sedinta. val Good[gu:d]=bun Factory[fæctəri]=fabrica Plant[plænt]=uzina.conjugate la prezent Who . fir Cable[cheibl]=cablu Wave[ueiv]=unda.Does she?= Does it?= Do we?= Do you?= Do they?= Exercitiu: Traduceti verbele to be. planta There[deər]=acolo Here[hiər]=aici Free[fri:]=gratuit. totusi How – se foloseste in combinatii cu unele adjective How much? [hau maci]= cat de mult. fabrica. cat How much is?=cat costa? How many? [hau mæni]= cat de multe How long?[hau l ‫ב‬ng]=cat de lung How tall?[hau t ‫ב‬l]= cat de inalt How short?[hau ∫ort ]= cat de scurt/ scund How low?[hau lau]= cat de jos How high?[hau hai]= cat de sus How strong?[hau str ‫ב‬ng]=cat de puternic How far ?[hau far]=cat de departe 13 . where. how Who [hu:]= cine –folosit pentru persoane What[u ‫ב‬t]= ce What time[taim]=la ce ora Where[ueər]=unde When[uæn]=cand Why[uai]=de ce How[hau]=cat. when. to have. cum Whose[hu:z]=ale/ai/a cui—pentru persoane Whom[hu:m]=pe care/cine. metrou(engl) Aluminium foil=folie de aluminiu Copper tape= banda de cupru Outer diameter= diametrul exterior Single core=unifilar Multicore= multifilar Flexible cables= cabluri flexibile Inner sheath= manta interioara However[hauævər]=oricum. why. to do .

= Ale cui sunt acestea?= Ale cui sunt aceste scrisori?= Cand este sedinta?= Unde este fabrica?= De ce este ?= Cat costa cablul?= Cat de sus este temperatura?= Cat de buna este decizia?= Cat de departe este uzina?= Cat de puternic este semnalul?= Cat de lung este firul?= Ce este mantaua interioara?= Cat costa banda de cupru si folia de aluminiu? Vocabulary Documents= documente Key=cheie Colleague = coleg Step=pas Career=cariera Expensive=scump Cheap=ieftin Necessary= necesar 14 . aceea.Obs. Exceptie fac: much=mult. acestia –pentru apropiere Those[dəuz]=aceia.: adjectivele in limba engleza au forme invariabile de singular si plural. feminin. masculin. acesta – indica apropierea That [dæt]=acela.pentru departare Few[fiu]=cateva. putina Traduceti in romana: Who is this?= Where are those?= Whose are these?= When is the show?= What is there?= Why is it free?= How much is the wire?= How high is the building?= How low is the temperature?= How long is the cable?= How strong is the wave?= How far is the factory?= Traduceti in engleza: Cine sunt aceia?= Ei sunt domnul si doamna Smith. acelea. cativa Little[litl]=putin.indica departarea These[di:z]=acestea. multe This[dis]= aceasta.multa si many=multi.

Interesting=interesant Interested= interesat Show on TV= emisiune la TV/ spectacol de televiziune Favourite= preferat Apartment/flat=apartament Bussiness= afacere Letters=scrisori/ litere For me =pentru mine Traduceti si faceti conform modelului : Este acesta domnul Brown?=Is this Mr.isi fac singure negativul prin adaugarea negatiei not . Brown. this is Mr.nu au forma de infinitiv . must. Brown? Yes . No .nu formeaza timpuri ci arata abilitatea. Brown. Se aseamana cu verbele auxiliare prin faptul ca: .se folosesc cu inca un verb .isi fac singure interogativul prin inversiune cu subiectul Nu se aseamana cu auxiliarele in sensul ca: .au aceesai forma la toate persoanele 15 . Sunt acestea documentele voastre?= Este acela colegul nostru?= Este acesta un pas important in cariera ta?= Este aceasta cheia de la biroul nostru?= Este aceasta afacere buna pentru tine?= Sunt aceste scrisori pentru mine?= Sunt acesti domni(gentlemen) clientii nostri?= Sunt aceste carti interesante?= Este aceasta necesara?= Sunt acele hartii importante?= Este acel barbat seful tau?= Este aceasta ideea ta?= Este aceea cea mai buna solutie?= Este aceasta ultima ta oferta?= Client=client Customer= client Customs =vama Idea= idee Solution= solutie Offer=oferta Last offer= ultima oferta Best= cel mai bun.se traduc . cea mai buna Can. may Se numesc verbe modale sau modal defective. capacitatea. posibilitea etc… ca o actiune sa se intample . this isn’t/ is not Mr.

a discuta to ring[ring]= a suna to accept[əcsæpt]= a accepta to sign[sain]= a semna to meet[mi:t]= a intalni to ask[asc]= a cere . Persons may be young or old. We are always present. square or rectangular. Books may be open or shut. wide or narrow. Windows may be wide or narrow. you can. Tables may be round. we are never absent. a ruga to answer[ansər]= a raspunde to test[tæst]= a testa to drink[drinc]= a bea to put[put]= a pune to hear[hiər]= a auzi to see[si:]= a vedea Rooms can be bright or dark. happy or unhappy. a i se da voie. large or small. oval. fat or thin. open or shut. a fi in stare sa. we are never late.= Can they hear a sound?= May I answer your question[cuæ∫ciən]?= 16 . young or old. good or bad. We are always early. Houses may be big or small. strong or weak. I mustn’t. They may be merry or sad. thick or thin.= Can he speak German?= Must you sign the papers?= No. a intreba. Streets may be long or short. a fi capabil sa can not= can’t[cant]= cannot[chæn ‫ב‬t] may[mei]= be allowed[əlaud] to= be permitted[pərmitid] to= a putea. a-i fi pemis may not =mayn’t[meint] must[mast]=have to=a trebui must not=mustn’t[masnt] Vocabulary: to read[ri:d]= a citi to write[‘rait]= a scrie to listen[lisn]= a asculta to speak[spic]= a vorbi to talk[t ‫ב‬c]= a vorvi.= Can I see your project?= Yes. Traduceti : She must accept the present. high or low. tall or short. An exercise may be easy or difficult. Maountains may be high or low.- au expresii verbale care le inlocuiesc la timpurile la care nu au forma nu sunt niciodata urmate de to can[chæn]=be able[eibl] to= a putea. new or old.= Can I take your dictionary?= No. you cannot.

Poti sa fi la timp acolo? Probabil ca pot.Pot sa inchid usa?= Am voie sa inchid usa? Pot sa va intreb ceva? Am voie sa va intreb ceva? Pot sa intru? Am voie sa intru? Pot sa deshid fereastra? Am voie sa deschid fereastra? Pot sa folosesc telefonul tau? Am voie sa folosesc telefonul tau? Pot sa iau loc? Am voie sa iau loc? Pot sa folosesc calculatorul tau? Am voie sa folosesc calculatorul tau? Trebuie sa terminam proiectul la timp. Trebuie sa vorbim despre contract. Imi pare rau. Trebuie sa inveti engleza. Imi pare rau . Trebuie sa studiem pentru examen. Poti sa vorbesti cu John? Nu pot. nu am timp. salut When you part with somenone: cand te desparti de cineva Good bye= la revedere Good night= noapte buna See you later= pe mai tarziu 17 . Poti sa ma ajuti? Sigur ca pot. Trebuie sa-si caute alta slujba. Formule de salut: Meeting people :cand te intalnesti cu lume When you meet somenone:cand intalnesti pe cineva Good morning=buna dimineata Good afternoon= buna ziua Good evening= buna seara How are you?= Ce mai faceti? How do you do= Incantat de cunostinta/ imi pare bine Nice to meet you=Incantat de cunostinta/ imi pare bine Hello = salut Hi = buna. nu pot. nu pot. Poti sa-mi spui cat e ceasul? Desigur ca pot.

please?= Puteti repeta. You can call me . bye= pa Formulae of courtesy: formule de politete Please = te rog. nu-i nimic Not at all= nu face nimic Forget it= nu-i nimic..= Eu sunt My friends call me .. las-o balta When you don’t understand: cand nu intelegi I beg your pardon?= poftim? Pardon me?=poftim Sorry?= poftim What did you say?= ce ati spus? What?= ce? Can you repeat.. va rog? Please. va rog Thank you/ thanks= multumesc/merci I am much obliged to you= va raman foarte indatorat I am very grateful to you= va sunt foarte recunoscator Answers to ‘thank you’= raspunsuri la ‘multumesc’ You are welcome= cu placere Any time= oricand/ si alta data It is my pleasure=e placerea mea Don’t mention it= n-ai pentru ce When you apologize:cand iti ceri iertare Excuse me =iertati-ma.. puteti vorbi putin mai tare? Please...See you soon= pe curand See you= pa Bye.= Prietenii imi spun. nu conteaza. acceptati scuzele mele Answers to an apology: raspunsuri la o scuza Never mind= nu-i nimic It’s OK= e in regula It’s all right= e in regula.... can you slow down a bit?= puteti vorbi un pic mai rar? When you are late: cand intarzii I’m sorry I’m late= imi pare rau ca am intarziat I’m sorry for keeping you waiting= imi pare rau ca v-am facut sa asteptati Introducing people: cand prezinti pe cineva What's your name?= Cum va numiti? Who are you?= Cine sunteti dumneavoastra? My name is ..=Numele meu este/ Ma numesc… I am ./ nu va suparati. I am so sorry = imi pare asa de rau I beg your pardon=va rog sa ma scuzati/ imi cer iertare Please accept my apologies= va rog.. can you speak a bit louder?= va rog.= Imi poti spune… Haven't we met (before)?= Nu ne-am mai intalnit(inainte)? 18 .

Not too well.. nu cred . let me send you my very best wishes of happiness.. Meet . This is .= Ti-l prezint pe… Have you met . No.= Nu.?= V-ati intalnit?/ Va cunoasteti? Nice to meet you. good health and succes in everything you do! May all your wishes come true.= Cred ca da. I've got a cold.. thank you/thanks. How do you do? (formal) Nice to see you. I'm exhausted . your Birthday. Congratulations : felicitari Congratulations on the occasion of your promotion/ your success= felicitari cu ocazia promovarii tale/ succesului tau Happy birthday!= La multi ani! Many happy returns of the day!=La multi ani! A happy New Year!=La multi ani!/Un an nou fericit! Merry Christmas!= Craciun fericit! Happy Easter!=Paste fericit! My best wishes!= cele mai bune urari I wish you …good luck/a Merry Christmas/ happiness= va doresc noroc/Craciun fericit / fericire Dear Jack.= Cred ca deja ne-am intalnit/ ne cunoastem I don't think we've met (before). my dear friend! Happy Birthday! Yours truly. Very well.. I'm okay / all right. actually. Health: How are you? How are you today? Fine... What's wrong with you? What's the matter with you? Are you all right? I'm tired .Yes. 19 . I think we've already met. Not too bad. On the occasion of this special day. Nice to see you again.= Nu cred ca ne-am mai intalnit inainte. (informal) Pleased to meet you. I think we have..= Acesta este. I don't think we have.

= Their management is eficient. We would like to take the opportunity of the Winter holidays to wish you Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. as well as the best of luck in the new season when we hope that our increased collaboration will strenghten to success of our both companies! Yours sicerely.= Mr.= My plans are for a long period of time.= Our strategy is modern. Hush. Peterson is our consultant. We are sure that our excellent commercial relations will continue to be as mutually beneficial and pleasant as before! Dear Mr.= The weather is good. We take great pleasure in congratulating you on your recent promotion to the position of Marketing Director . Marina del Rosario President of PHINMA Traduceti si puneti la forma de interogativ si negativ propozitiile: Frank is our partner. Spilt .Cynthia Dear Ms.= 20 .= You are ready for the interview.

Acesta este partenerul meu, domnul Brown=

Dosarele voastre sunt pe biroul acela= Acestia sunt prietenii mei.=

Contractul acesta este foarte bun.=

Ce este aceea? Aceea este agenda ei.=

Acesta este numarul lui de telefon.=

Jobs: Doctor/Medical doctor/Physician=medic Engineer= inginer Teacher=profesor Professor=profesor universitar Accountant=contabil Chief accountant= contabil sef P.C. operator= operator calculator Secretary/ assistant= secretara Programmer= programator Economist= economist Sales agent/ salesman=agent de vanzari Businessman= om de afaceri Architect= arhitect Designer=proiectant Fashion designer= creator de moda Judge=judecator Attorney= procuror Lawyer=avocat Legal adviser= consilier juridic

Sailor=marinar Administrator= administrator Financial administrator= gestionar Weatherman/ weather forecaster = meteorolog Waiter=chelner Waitress= chelnerita Bartender=barman Translator=translator Shop assistant= vanzator Actor/ actress= actor/ actrita Film director= regizor Cook=bucatar Baker=brutar Painter=pictor Drawer=desenator Office clerk= =functionar Psychologist=psiholog Psychiatrist= psihiatru

21

Scientist=om de stiinta Shoemaker=pantofar Policeman=politist Hairdresser=coafeza Editor=redactor Mail clerk=functionar cu corespondenta

Miner=miner Writer=scriitor Sportsman=sportiv Trainer/ coach= antrenor Priest= preot

What is this table made of? What is this table made of? This table is made of wood. It isn’t made of steel. What may watches be made of? Watches may be made of gold, silver, nickel, steel, or aluminium. What is your watch made of? My watch is made of silver, it isn’t made of gold. What is her handbag made of? Her handbag is made of leather, it is not made of plastic material. What are books made of? Books are made of paper. Is your dress made of silk, cotton or wool? My dress is made of wool. It isn’t made of silk. Those houses are made of brick and stone. They are not made of concrete. Plates and cups are made of china. The insulation of the cable is made of rubber.

The definite and indefinite article(articolul hotarat si nehotarat)
Articolul nehotarat in engleza este a, an=un,o ; some= niste A- [ə] se foloseste in fata cuvintelor ce incep cu consoana sau cu sunetelor semiconsonatice (la pronuntie): iu , uo, uə, iə An – [ən] se foloseste in fata cuvintelor ce incep cu vocala sau h mut A car A year A university A good year Romania is a European country. An umbrella An hour An actor A good actor

Adjectivul se plaseaza in fata substantivului, intre articol si substantiv. La plural : some=niste Some sponsors Some jokes Some actors Some keys Articolul hotarat este the(də) atat la singular cat si la plural Daca cuvantul incepe cu vocala sau h mut se pronunta [di] Means of transport The car The bus The trolley-bus The auto

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The train The bike (bycicle) The tram

The plane The coach =autocar

Obs. Cu meseriile se foloseste in mod obligatoriu ‘a/an’ He is an engineer.=El este inginer. She is a teacher.= Ea este profesoara. Exercise : Transformati conform modelului folosind cuvintele de mai sus. This is an engineer. This is a good engineer. The engineer is this. Exercise : 1. un calculator, calculatorul 2. o imprimanta, imprimanta 3. un copiator, copiatorul 4. un telefon, telefonul 5. un fax, faxul 6. o lampa, lampa 7. un birou, biroul 8. un scaun, scaunul 9. o masa, masa 10. un fotoliu, fotoliul 11. o biblioteca, biblioteca bookcase=biblioteca Sensitivity= sensibilitate To withstand= a se opune Below= de mai jos Spark gap= interval de scanteiere Electrode= electrod Link= plasa de sarma Mesh=priza, plasa, a face priza To pass through= a trece prin Supply= furnizare Fault= defect 12. un dosar, dosarul 13. un pix, pixul 14. o guma, guma 15. o rigla, rigla 16. un covor, covorul 17. o perdea, perdeaua 18. o vaza, vaza 19. o scrumiera, scrumiera 20. o femeie, femeia To arrange= a aranja Capacity= capacitate To spark= a scanteia Failure= defect, esec Needle= ac Twin= geaman Dry= uscat Wave= val, unda Full value= valoare maxima Breakdown= cadere, intrerupere Capacitor= condensator

Prezentare generala verb
Un verb se da la forma de infinitiv lung, adica forma precedata de “to”. Pentru un verb cele mai importante forme ale sale sunt: Infinitivul - forma de baza de la care se pleaca pentru formarea prezentului, viitorului, folosita impreuna cu verbele modale Trecutul – forma de trecut simplu Participiul trecut-forma folosita la formarea timpurilor perfecte, sau la diateza pasiva

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neregulate.-s /bi:t/ Past Was – were beat /bi:t/ Participle been beaten /'bi:tn/ /bɪ 'kʌm/ /bɪ 'gʌn/ /bent/ /baʊnd/ /'bɪtn/ /bled/ /bloun/ /'broukən/ /brɔ:t/ /bɪlt/ /bɜ:rnt/ /bɜ:rnd/ /bɔ:t/ /kɔ:t/ A fi A bate A deveni A incepe A indoi A lega A musca A sangera A sufla A sparge. Pentru verbele regulate forma a doua si a treia sunt identice:verb+ed.-s Bind. -s Build. -s Bring. -s Bleed. is. Pentru verbele neregulate cele trei forme se invata pe de rost.es Present Am.. -s Blow. se impart in 2 categorii: regulate. a rupe A aduce A construi A arde A arde A cumpara A prinde /bɪ became 'kʌm/ /bɪ 'gɪn/ began /bɪ become 'keɪm/ /bɪ 'gæn/ /bent/ begun bent /bend/ bent /baɪnd/ bound /baɪt/ bit /bli:d/ bled /blou/ blew /breɪk/ broke /brɪŋ/ brought /bɪld/ built /bɜ:rn/ burnt /bɜ:rn/ burned /baɪ/ bought /baʊnd/ bound /bɪt/ /bled/ /blu:/ bitten bled blown /brouk/ broken /brɔ:t/ brought /bɪlt/ built /bɜ:rnt/ burnt /bɜ:rnd/ burned /bɔ:t/ /kɔ:t/ bought caught /kætʃ/ caught Choose. -s Burn. Verbe regulate: Verb verb+ed verb+ed To help Helped Helped To like Liked Liked To look Looked Looked To visit Visited Visited Verbe neregulate: Infinitive Be Beat become Begin Bend Bind Bite Bleed Blow Break Bring Build Burn Burn Buy Catch Choose Buy. -s Bite. din punct de vedere al celei de-a doua forme./tʃu:z/ chose /tʃouz/ chosen /'tʃouzən/ A alege 24 . -s Break.-s Bend.Verbele . -s Begin.-s Catch. -s Become. are Beat.

s Come Cost Cut Dig Come. zilele saptamanii. -s /kɒst/ cost /kʌt/ /dɪg/ cut dug /keɪm/ come /kɒst/ /kʌt/ /dʌg/ cost cut dug /kʌm/ /kɒst/ /kʌt/ /dʌg/ A veni A costa A taia A sapa Exercise : Scrieti formele care lipsesc ale verbelor: To buy To dig To cut To choose To become To beat To bend To cost To bleed To break To burn To bring To blow Anotimpurile. -s Dig. lunile anului. -s /kʌm/ came Cost.-s Cur. ceasul The seasons: Spring= primavara Summer= vara The months of the year: January February March April The days of the week: Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday May June July August Autumn=toamna Winter=iarna September October November December 25 .

lunile anului. umed si rece(timp de toamna) Weather forecast= starea vremii Expressing the time in English: What time is it?= cat este ceasul? What is the time?=cat este ceasul? Your watch is five minutes slow. frig (timp de iarna) Freezing=inghetat Chilly=rece. fierbinte(timp de vara) Cold= rece. Time=timp Clock=ceas de masa sau de perete Watch =ceas de mana Weather= vreme Tense= timp gramatical Cloudy=innorat Sunny=insorit Stormy=de furtuna Windy=cu vant. zilele saptamanii. se afla There are=sunt. numele de popoare si nationalitatile. 26 . Your watch is five minutes fast.There + to be – cand apare in aceasta combinatie there nu se traduce There is= este. exista. sarbatorile legale. exista. vantos Snowy=cu ninsoare Warm=cald ( timp de primavara) Hot =cald. se afla In limba engleza se scriu cu majuscule: I.

Past=dupa.minute …to …ora ….] It is . putem pronunta '0' ca oh. Este ora 12:00.M. in vorbirea directa nu se folosesc 24 de ore decat daca se fac anunturi oficiale.M. in the evening(18. Este ora 3:25.].eleven (oh) six More popular way Pentru ore fixe : It is ……o’clock. Este ora 5:23. 17:20 –It is twenty past five.at night./P. Exercises : Este ora 2 fix: Este ora 2:15. 21). in the afternoon(12-18).] In vorbirea curenta se folosesc 12 ore pentru exprimarea timpului.M.seven forty-five Pentru minutele de la 01 la 09. Pentru exprimarea activitatilor programate conform unui orar (timetable) folosim sistemul cu 24 de ore. Formal but easier way Spunem orele si apoi minutele. 00:00 – midnight 12:00 .[A.There are two common ways of telling the time.M. fara – Quarter=sfert Half=jumatate It is . .M./P. 27 Este ora 19:45 Este ora 21:30.minute …past …ora ….. Este ora 4:17.. Example: 11:06 . Este ora 22:58 Este ora 23:52.M. si = de obicei folosit pana la jumatate To = pana la .midday sau noon Pentru claritate se poate folosi : in the morning(0-12).32. Este ora 24:00./P.(oficial) Example: 7:45 .[A. Oricum.[A. Este ora 18.

leaf. slash . Negro=negru. scena goose –geese tooth – teeth mouse – mice louse – lice . cargo=incarcatura. deer numai cu forma de plural : news Exercise: Scrieti alaturat pluralul cuvintelor Vocabulary Tyre. entry –entries. Pluralul substantivelor(The plural of the nouns) Pluralul substantivelor se face adaugand s la farsitul substantivului.Este ora 13:26. tomato= tomatoes.foxes. hero=erou. half. substantive cu plural neregulat: ox. calf. Este ora 14:11 Este ora 16:39. sh.loaf. copy -copies dar: alloy. x. termen Booklet= brosura Overhead line= linie aeriana Feature= trasatura . 12 substantive terminate in f. ch box. z. potato -potatoes Restul substantivelor terminate in o fac pluralul urmand regula generala: Radio.radios. thief. energie Damage=paguba Load= incarcatura Stage= stadiu. wolf. fe fac pluralul transformand f/fe in v +es. wife. mosquito=tantar. daca substantivul se termina in : s.oxen child – children man – men woman – women foot – feet numai cu forma de singular: fish . fox.cauciuc de masina Pipe= teava Pressure= presiune Chapter= capitol Term=trimestru.boxes. self. pentru substantivele terminate in Y precedat de consoana – Y se transforma in I+ ES cherry – cherries. fax – faxes.life. pentru unele substantive terminate in o: echo= ecou. key -keys 5. Se adauga es in unul din urmatoarele cazuri: 1.alloys.slashes 2. Restul substantivelor terminate in f/fe il fac adaugand s : Elf.shelf. kilo – kilos 3. knife 4. caracteristica Component= componenta 28 Property= proprietate Line= linie Transmission = transmisie Discharge = descarcare Radiation= radiatie Power= putere.

mummy . schita Shape= forma Aim=scop Manufacturing defect= defect de fabricatie Test report= raportul testului Crack= crapatura Accuracy= precizie Failure= esec Copper conductor= conductor de cupru Nail= cui. unghie Members of a Family father = tata dad = tata. tatic mother = mama mum . pudra Layer= strat Drawing= desen. Scrieti cuvintele opuse si forma de plural a lor: aunt =matusa cousin =var. partener father-in-law =socru mother-in-law=soacra parents-in-law=socri son-in-law= ginere daughter-in-law=nora brother-in-law=cumnat sister-in-law=cumnata godfather =nas godmother=nasa godson =fin goddaughter=fina godchild=fin 29 . bunica grandson = nepot granddaughter =nepoata grandchild = nepot uncle =unchi Exercise : Faceti pluralul substantivelor de la vocabular.Screw= surub Composite= amestec Resin=rasina Fibre=fibra Housing= carcasa Bending= indoire Powder= praf. bridegroom =mire wife =sotie husband =sot spouse =sotie/sot. mom (amerik.)= mamica parent = parinte parents=parinti child = copil children = copii son =fiu daughter = fiica brother =frate sister = sora grandfather =bunic granddad . grandpa = bunic grandmother = bunica grandma . verisoara nephew =nepot de unchi niece =nepoata de unchi boyfriend =prieten girlfriend =prietena fiancé =logodnic fiancée =logodnica bride = mireasa groom. granny =buni.

mum . In the office there is a desk with a chair. rug Curtains Flower vase Ashtray Lighter Calendar Business card= carte de vizita Map Fizzy/soft drinks Cups Glasses Pictures Organizational chart Label=eticheta At the office I work for a foreign trade company. boyfriend 10. granddaughter 7. grandmother 6.dad 2. wife 9. I have a big office there.1. There are also my files. nephew 8. a red carpet and a bookcase. brother 3. son 4. a black leather sofa. There are also two large windows with white curtains. 30 . uncle 5. cousin – The equipment in the office Electric & electromic equipment Computer(PC) Printer Copier Phone Fax(machine) Pocket calculator Desk/wall lamp Radio/TV set Speakers Wall watch Air conditioner Heater= calorifer Furniture Desk Ergonomic chairs Table Coach/sofa Bookcase Peg Hat tree Mirror Safe Bookstand Coffee table Fireplace Armchairs Bar Stationary items (Sheets of) paper file=dosar file holder Marker Rubber Ruler Cutter Glue Stapler Hole maker Scissors Stamp agenda folder= dosar Carpet. On the desk there is a lamp.

On the wall there is a large world map and a chart which shows the evolution of our bussiness. Most of the time I am very busy but I am satisfied with my job. In order to help me read. highlighters. There is plenty of paper in one of the cabinet drawers. In the room.agents) or from inside the company (meetings with subordinates. colleagues or with my boss). Sometimes I have visitors from outside the company (clients. there is a comfortable armchair and a sofa to sit on. pens and erasers in the other drawer. Where is the mouse pad located? ANSWER: A) on the wall B) next to the lamp C) between the computer and the telephone D) near the fax 31 . a rubber. suppliers. the phone and a picture of my family. my office is a place where I can concentrate on my work and feel comfortable at the same time. My secretary makes the appointments. I also have a lamp near my computer. I have all the necessary equipment on my desk. There are also staples and a stapler. 1. Choose the correct answer based on the reading. I also have a low table in front of the sofa on which there are some industry magazines. Which piece of equipment do I NOT have on my desk? ANSWER: A) fax B) computer C) lamp D) photocopier 3. paper clips. I have a comfortable office chair to sit on and a mouse pad between the computer and the telephone. five or six pens or pencils. My computer is in the center of my desk with the monitor directly in front of me. Vocabulary: Foreign trade= comert exterior Leather= piele (prelucrata industrial) Skin=piele (anatomic) Sofa=canapea chart=schema. grafic sometimes=uneori. white sheets of paper. parteners. Of course. I have the telephone next to the fax machine on the right side of my desk.and some documents. cateodata subordinate=subordonat supplier= furnizor results=rezultate Translate the text. The office Like most offices. What do I need to do in my office? ANSWER: A) relax B) concentrate C) study D) read magazines 2.

4. Where do I keep the paperclips? ANSWER: A) on the desk B) next to the lamp C) in a cabinet drawer D) next to the telephone 5.What do I keep on the table in front of the sofa? ANSWER: A) company reports B) fashion magazines C) books D) industry magazines Useful Vocabulary Armchair=fotoliu cabinet=dulap de birou desk=pupitru, birou drawer= sertar equipment=echipament The Meeting (Two workers in an office) James: Hi Alice. How are you today? Alice: Hi James. I'm fine, and you? James: Great, thank you. Remember, the meeting is at 3 o'clock. Alice: Excuse me, which meeting? James: Which meeting?! The meeting with the boss! Alice: Are you sure there is a meeting today? James: Alice, Alice, every month there is a meeting with the boss. This month that meeting is this afternoon. Alice: Calm down. OK, there's a meeting this afternoon. What time is it? James: Alice, this is important. The meeting is at three o'clock sharp! Alice: Thank you James... By the way, what time is it now? James: It's quarter past eleven. Alice: It's time for lunch! James: Lunch, now? Lunch time is at twelve. Alice: Well, I'm hungry now. James: You're funny Alice. This is an office. Alice: I'm hungry ... it's just a snack ...

furniture=mobila highlighter=carioca de subliniat laptop=laptop paperclip=agrafa de birou stapler=capsator

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1. Which statement is true? Alice isn't coming to the meeting. Alice doesn't remember the meeting. James isn't coming to the meeting. 2. How often do they have a meeting with the boss? Every week Every month Every year 3. When is the meeting?

3 a.m. 3:15 3 p.m. 4. Alice is _____. hungry thirsty angry 5. What time is it? Twelve o'clock Three o'clock 11:15

The simple present tense

Se foloseste pentru a arata actiuni generale, repetate, obisnuite care se petrec pe o perioada de timp prezenta. La afirmativ: Subiect+ verb la infinitiv scurt+…. Pentru persoana a III-a singular (he, she, it) sa adauga s, es la finalul verbului pentru a face acordul. Astfel: 1 . se adauga s ca regula generala : He writes; She manages; It barks. 2. se adauga es daca verbul se termina in O, S, Z, X, SH, CH: She goes; He does, She washes. 3. daca verbul se termina in Y precedat de consoana atunci y->I si + es To copy : She copies; to fly: It flies.

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Affirmative I/you/we/they I play. he/she/it He plays.

negative I do not play. He does not play.

question Do I play? Does he play?

Pentru formarea negativului si interogativului folosim auxiliarul to do: Prezent simplu negativ: Subiect+ do/does+ not+ verb la infinitiv scurt Prezent simplu interogativ : Do/ does + subiect + verb la infinitiv scurt+….? Exercitiu: Formati propozitii la present simplu: 1. I / to collect stamps – I collect stamps. 2. we / to produce cables 3. he / to lead the team4. the company / to pays the rate of freight (pretul transportului) 5. we / to calculate the wholesale price (pretul cu ridicata) 6. Andy and John / to like to study market economy7. the company /to be bankrupt(falimentata) last year8. they / to help their parteners 9. the workers / not to speak English 10. I / to buy a an industrial magazine every Saturday Puneti propozitiile la interogativ si negativ:. I watch TV. –,Do you watch T.V.?; I don’t watch T.V. We import goods. It is boring. She wants to know the market price. You work on the computer every weekend. Sandy is a good technologist. They open the parcels. He buys a new CD. It is good to be punctual. Our partener is interested in this project . Traduceti in limba engleza: 34

Eu am cursuri de engleza in fiecare zi. Ce limba vorbesti? 5. Ce fonduri aveti? (funds= fonduri) 8. Puneti intrebari in asa fel incat cuvintele scrise ingrosat sa fie raspunsul: Julia likes making jokes. La servici lucrez pe calculator. Eu locuiesc in Bucuresti. apoi inlocuiti persoana I cu persoana a – III-a singular: 1. 2. Unde te duci in weekend? 3. Eu citesc mult in timpul liber. Eu ma duc la serviciu cu autobuzul. Eu ma uit la TV in fiecare seara.(to go to office = a merge la munca) 4. 8. 3. 9. They talk to the manager in hall of the company. Cand terminati proiectul? Traduceti urmatoarele propozitii. Ce vrei? 2. 7. Unde locuiesti?(to live) 6. 5. Eu vorbesc engleza foarte bine. 10. Cand mergi la conferinta?(conference) 7. – What does Julia like? Maria comes from Spain. Eu fac un contract in fiecare luna. Eu am multi prieteni.1. Eu vorbesc engleza si franceza. - 35 .(at office) 6.(English classes). Ce calificare ai?(qualification) 4.

in mod normal usually= de obicei sometimes= uneori seldom= uneori. adesea normally= normal. pietris fin Deposit= depunere Completion= complectare To remain= a ramane Group= grup DC= curent continuu AC= curent alternativ Factory length= lunfime de fabricatie Shape= forma Average= medie Displacement= dispozitie. imbinare Evenly= in mod egal distribuit Zinc coating= invelis de zinc Closely stranded= strans cablate To require= a cere To strand= a cabla Outermost= cel mai dinafara To connect= a conecta Error= eroare 36 Mass= masa Dirty= murdar Oil=ulei Grit= granulatie.. acord Suitable= corespunzator To grease= a gresa To cover= a acoperi Coating= invelis Right. Cuvinte ce se folosesc cu prezentul simplu: • • • • • • • • always= intotdeauna every . mai rar. amplasare To reveal= a pune in evidenta To emboss= a imprima Sample= mostra Each= fiecare Armour= armura. armatura . We go to Mallorca because it is warm there. erodare To permit= a permite Rod=bara Joint= incheietura.= in fiecare often= des. cateodata never= niciodata Cold preasure but-welding= sudare prin presare la rece Tensile strenght= forta de intindere To fulfill= a indeplini Agreement= intelegere. Peter reads the newspapers every day. Joe wants his credit card.. nisip grosier. Robin drives his car carefully..Many wholesalers(en-grosisti) don’t work on Saturdays.handed= spre dreapta Corrosion= coroziune.

Forma : to be conjugat la prezent + verb+ ing Verbul to be este verb auxiliar si ajuta atat la formarea afirmativului . a arma Overhead= aerian Purpose= scop Outer= exterior Hard drawn= trefilat Helix= elice Turn= tura. cat si la formarea negativului si interogativului. Afirmativ: Subiect+ to be + verb+ ing. 37 . sau o actiune de scurta durata. rand To depend= a depinde To hold= a tine Present continuous tense (Timpul prezent continuu) Prezentul continuu arata o actiune in desfasurare in momentul prezent.To place= a plasa To check= a verifica To substract= a scadea Excentricity= excentricitate Purchaser= beneficiar To exceed= a intrece Periphery= periferie To reinforce= a intari .

He is not talking Is he talking? you. we. they You are talking. In general se adauga ing la sfarsitul formei de infinitiv scurt al verbului 2.Negativ : Subiect + to be + not+ verb+ ing. Daca verbul se termina in c. Daca verbul se termina in consoana precedata de vocala accentuata atunci consoana finala se dubleaza si apoi se adauga ing. e-se taie + ing To move--. Daca verbul se termina in ie . I am not talking Am I talking? he. it He is talking.moving Exceptie de la aceasta regula fac verbele: to be. Are you talking? Ortografia participiului prezent: verb+ing 1 . negative question I 38 . ye To be--. You are not talking. cele terminate in ee. Interogativ: To be + subiect+ verb+ ing…? affirmative negative question I I am talking.being. ie se transforma in Y +ing To die--. oe. To sit –sitting Exercitii: Complectati tabelul cu forma corecta a verbului: affirmative I am working.dying 4. ic atunci se adauga K+ing To picnic-picnicking 5. to see ---seeing 3. Daca verbul se termina in e . she.

They are working on a project He is opening the window. it / to rain he / to repair his car they / to watch news on TV Jane and Emily / to work hard on the projectBill / to wait at the bus stop we / to listen to the radio the market price/ to rise too high Transformati propozitiile de mai jos in propozitii negative: I am watching TV. I am talking. Angela is cleaning the office.you He she It we you they Folositi cuvintele de mai jos pentru a face propozitii la timpul prezent continuu: I / to read a newspaper– I am reading a newspaper. – I am not watching T.V. Faceti intrebari cu cuvintele de mai jos: Are we complainig about the retail price?(pret cu amanuntul) He is signing the documents 39 .

I talk to my parents very often. 7. My secretary sends faxes every day. negative si integogativ-negative ale urmatoarelor propozitii: 1. 3. Barbara works on the computer every day at the office. The phone is ringing. 2. 2. RIGHT NOW. 4. Traduceti folosind Present Simple (in general) sau Present Continuous (acum): 40 .Peter / to go / to the cinema – Is Peter going to the cinema? they / to learn/ English she / to listen /to the radio I / to translate they / to pack / their bags we / to talk / too slow they / to clean / the windows she / to watch / the news - Transformati Present Simple in Present Continuous(schimband si adverbul de timp NOW. 1. Jones take a walk every evening. You never watch TV but you listen to the radio. 6. Miss Keits is playing the piano. It is raining. Scrieti formele interogative. 4. Mr. The manager is talking to his assistant. Our Director is speaking in the conference hall with the guests. The weather is changing. My neighbour washes his car every Sunday We play tennis every afternoon. 5. IN THIS MOMENT) Ex: I speak on the phone every day-> I am speaking on the phone right now. And Mrs. 3. 8. 7. 6. My boss organizes press conferences every month. 5. Andy is preparing his interview for the new job.

4. sit 4. 8. Britney is doing her job Mandy is leaving at nine.making 2. ce faci acolo? Ai nevoi de ajutor?(to need= a avea nevoie) In fiecare zi ea se duce la serviciu cu autobuzul. model 8. run 5. Domnul Benton vorbeste acum la telefon cu directorul de vanzari. She is wearing a red jacket. 3. lie 6. Lucrez pe calculator acum. Ce mai faceti d-le O’Brien? Mike. Stacey is repairing the heating system.nu am timp sa discut cu el. Faceti intrebari astfel incat expresiile sau cuvintele scrise ingrosat sa fie raspunsul: Ashley is going to a restaurant. – Where is Ashley going? Gareth is reading the paper. They are meeting at two o'clock. make . – Scrieti forma in ing pentru urmatoarele verbe acordand atentie regulilor de ortografiere: 1. 9.1. tie 1. 7. stop 7. get 9. travel – 10. 41 . He / to get / pretty nervous – He is getting pretty nervous. Sandy is looking for Phil. Mario este italian dar vorbeste engleza foarte bine. 2. 5. Aceasta afacere este foarte importanta pentru firma noastra. Lui Tony ii place sa joace basket. have 3. Amanda is going out with Dan. 6. Ploua si este foarte frig.

6. 5. She / to write / a letter We / not / to work They / to argue He / to travel / a lot She / to enter / the building – to complain=a se plange. 4. a se lamenta to get a promotion=a obtine o promovare Cuvinte folosite cu prezentul continuu(progresiv) at the moment= in acest moment now / just now / right now= acum/ chiar acum Listen!= asculta! Look!= priveste! The meals of the day Breakfast = mic dejun Lunch= pranz Dinner=cina (ora 18-20) Supper = cina(ora 21-22) Cateva verbe neregulate Do –es draw – s Dream –s Dream –s /du:/ did /dɪd/ /dru:/ done drawn /dʌn/ /drɔ:n/ /dremt/ /dri:md/ /drʌŋk/ /'drɪvən/ /'i:tn/ A face A desena A visa A visa A bea A conduce A manca /drɔ:/ drew /dri:m/ dreamt /dremt/ dreamt /dri:m/ dreamed /dri:md/ dreamed /dræŋk/ drunk /drouv/ driven /eɪt. 3.2. et/ eaten Drink – /drɪŋk/ drank s Drive – s Eat –s /draɪv/ drove /i:t/ ate 42 .

it) done doing Is doing A face 43 . does Trecut did Participiul Prezent Participiul trecut continuu prezent (he. participiu prezent.she.Fall –s Feed –s Feel –s Fight – s /fɔ:l/ /fi:d/ /fi:l/ fell fed felt /fel/ /fed/ /felt/ /fɔ:t/ fallen fed felt fought /'fɔ:lən/ A cadea /fed/ /felt/ /fɔ:t/ /faʊnd/ /floun/ A se hrani A simti A(se) lupta A gasi A zbura A uita A ierta A ingheta A obtine A obtine /faɪt/ fought Find –s /faɪnd/ found Fly – flies Forget –s Forgive –s Freeze –s Get –s Get –s Give –s Go -goes Grow – s Hang – s Have – has Hear –s Hide –s /flaɪ/ flew /fər 'get/ /fər 'gɪv/ forgot forgave /faʊnd/ found /flu:/ flown /fər 'gɒt/ forgotten /fər 'gɒtn/ /fər 'geɪv/ forgiven /fər 'gɪvən/ /'frouzən/ /gɒt/ /'gɒtn/ /fri:z/ froze /get/ /get/ /gɪv/ got got gave /frouz/ frozen /gɒt/ /gɒt/ /geɪv/ got gotten given /'gɪvən/ A da /gɒn/ /groun/ /hʌŋ/ /hæd/ /hɜ:rd/ /'hɪdn/ A merge A creste A atarna A avea A auzi A ascunde /gou/ went /grou/ grew /hæŋ/ hung /hæv/ had /hɪər/ heard /haɪd/ hid /went/ gone /gru:/ /hʌŋ/ /hæd/ grown hung had /hɜ:rd/ heard /hɪd/ hidden Complectati cu forma de infinitiv. trecut. participiu trecut: Infinitiv Prezent To do Do. prezent.

draws drew Drawn drawing Is drawing A desena A visa A visa A bea A conduce A manca A cadea A se hrani A simti A(se) lupta A gasi A zbura A uita A ierta A ingheta A obtine A obtine A da A merge A creste A atarna A avea A auzi A ascunde Transportation words. means of transport: 44 .to draw Draw.

Car=masina pick up truck=camioneta truck=camion truck tank= cisterna motorcycle=motocicleta airplane=avion jet=avion cu reactie bus=autobus train=train bicycle= bike=bicicleta van=dubita tractor=tractor trolley –bus=troleu tram=tramvai tube/underground=metrou 45 .

you'll find his office ____ your right as you come out the elevator.ia-o la stranga/ dreapta (in strada…) Go along ….Asking and Giving Directions To turn (the first ) to the right/left=ia-o (prima) la stanga/ dreapta How do I get to …?= Cum ajung la…? What's the best way to …?= Care e cel mai bun drum la…? Where is …?= Unde este…? Go straight on (until you come to …).For each question choose the one correct answer.: 1: If you go up to the fifth floor.=mergi de-a -lungul Cross …= traverseaza Take the first/second road on the left/right= ia-o prima / a doua strada la stanga/dreapta It's on the left/right. a: bend . junction = intersectie signpost =semn de circulatie Police= politie Shop= magazin Supermarket= supermagazin Cinema= cinematograf Station= gara Bus station= statie de autobus Hospital= spital Market= piata Park= parc Church= biserica Post Office= posta Exercise on Asking and Giving Directions 1.= Mergi drept inainte pana ce ajungi la… Turn back. intoarce-te Turn left/right (into …-street).= E pe stanga/ Dreapta straight on= direct inainte opposite =vizavi near =langa next to=langa between = intre at the end (of)=la sfarsit on/at the corner=la colt behind = in spatele in front of= in fata (just) around the corner= tocmai dupa colt traffic lights= semafor crossroads. a: on b: in c: by 2: Go to the end of the road and ____ left by the traffic lights.= mergi inapoi./Go back..

Stay on Maple for half a block. it's painted bright pink! a: can’t find b: can’t miss c: can't lose 5: Go ____ on to the end of the road. around here? Sorry. Next 3. It's on the left hand side. I don't live around here.. How do you get to the bank? Go straight down this street for two blocks. 4.Traduceti: 1. Is there a grocery store Yeah.there. Turn left when you get to Maple Street.until you come to the traffic lights. please? …………….Where is the Post Office: .the cinema.b: turn c: twist 3: _____ a right just after the supermarket. where is the post office. The post office is ……………. ……………….at the next corner.What’s the best way to the post office? Excuse me. 2. a: Have b: Take c: Give 4: You ____ his house.. Excuse me. Then ……………. a: straight b: near c: towards 2. Where's supermarket? to the library.. Can you tell me how to get to the police? It's on the corner of Holly and Vine. 4. 3. There's one right across the street.

A: Thanks again Purchaser= cumparator To measure= a masura Manufacturer= producator Multicore= multifilar Unarmoured cable= cablu nearmat Lay= strat Copper wire armour= armatura din Plain= plat.A: Hello. sure – you go straight up this street. Take the second turn on the right. fie…fie In accordance= in conformitate Binder=liant To fall= a cadea Annealed=calire. a distruge To set out= a stabili To consist= a fi alcatuit din Copper= cupru Thickness= grosime Nominal tolerance= toleranta nominala Future simple tense (viitor simplu) Folosit pentru a exprima ideea de viitor sau decizii luate in momentul vorbirii: Verbul auxiliar folosit este “will” (shall pentru I/ We dar numai in scris) Afirmativ : Subiect+ will+ verb la infinitiv scurt We shall translate this text. take the first left and there’s a Post Office on your right at the next junction. can you tell me how to get to the nearest Post Office? B: Erm. sorry. Walk up this street. We will translate this text. In vorbirea directa este corecta si aceasta exprimare. recoacere Body= corp To comply= a fi in conformitate cu Average= medie Filler= material de umplutura Homogenous= omogen To strip= a indeparta To meet the requirements= a indeplini Damage= paguba cerintele To damage= a strica. across one junction. no. hang on. Keep going along there. and it’s right there on your left. there’s a closer one. A: Thanks B: Oh. yea. . plan sarma de cupru Bedding= strat Galvanized steel wire= sarma de otel Sheath= manta galvanizat To strand= a cabla Marking= marcaj To shape= a da forma Either= unul sau altul. excuse me. wait a minute. Forma prescurtata pentru shall sau will este “’ll” We ‘ll translate this text. I forgot about that one.

Every week the administrator buys new stationery supplies. I visit them when I have time. We are not home on time. 7. We will not translate this text.(the day after tomorrow) 6. 9. The men work many hours. Tomorrow Next summer Exercises: Rewrite the following present tense sentences in the future tense by using will. Two times a month we have a general meeting with the entire staff of the company. will not= won’t Interogativ : Will + subiect+ verb la infinitiv scurt …. (on Christmas) 5. Do you recognize him? 8. 1.(next week) 2. I always try to be on time for my meetings. Forma prescurtata : shall not= shan’t. She flies to London every year. Claude sends a sales report by e-mail every Wednesday(next Wednesday) 4..(on Monday) 3.(next month) .Negativ : Subiect+ will +not+ verb la infinitiv scurt We shall not translate this text.? Will we translate this text? Expresii sau cuvinte ce insotesc viitorul: Next week Next month ….

(in a week= intr=o saptamana) 7. blond) 5. worse= mai rau) Scrieti forma interogativa. negativa si interogativ-negativa pentru urmatoarele propozitii: Your boss will meet the representatives of P&G the day after tomorrow. Vom discuta termenii contractului intr-o saptamana. Ce veti face maine la negocierea cu noii dumneavoastra parteneri? (negociation= negociere) 4. The accountant will check again all the figures on the payroll.(payroll – stat de plata) They will come to the party if we invite them. a avea) 2.(tomorrow) Translate: 1. 2. Eu voi servi o prajitura si un suc. maine va fi mai rau. Peste doua luni vom participa la licitatie. (to participate= a participa. auction= licitatie) 6. targ. She will read all these projects if she has enough time.10.(to smile= a zambi. Tu ce vei servi? (to have= a servi. corect 3. Zambeste. Daca am timp maine voi participa la sedinta. . Ce veti face maine la targ? (fair=1. (in two months= peste 2 luni. balai. the day after tomorrow= poimaine) 3.Every day I go to the office by car.

Prepozitions: English • on • • • • • • in Usage days of the week months / seasons time of day year • • • • • Example on Monday in August / in winter in the morning in 2006 in an hour after a certain period of time (when?) for night • at night at the weekend at half past nine • • • • • • • • at for weekend a certain point of time (when?) from a certain point of time (past till now) • over a certain period of time (past till now) • a certain time in the past • earlier than a certain point of time • telling the time • telling the time • • since • • • • • • since 1980 for 2 years 2 years ago before 2004 ten to six (5:50) ten past six (6:10) from Monday to/till Friday He is on holiday until Friday. The company will cover all the expenses of the business trip. for ago before to past to / till / until till / until marking the beginning and end of a period of time in the sense of how long something is going to last • .You will make all the arrangements for the presentation of our new products.

next to. at school. car. paper etc. I had read five pages. on the table on the left on the first floor on the bus. street. lower than (or covered by) something else lower than something else but above ground covered by something else meaning more than Example • • • • • • • • in the kitchen.English • • Usage in the sense of at the latest up to a certain time • • Example I will be back by 6 o’clock. on the radio Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car. right) for a floor in a house for public transport for television. world meaning next to. By 11 o'clock. country book. building. at the party at the cinema. study. work) attached for a place with a river being on a surface for a certain side (left. beside under below over • • • • • • • • • • • • . on a plane on TV. by an object for table for events place where you are to do something typical (watch a film. the bag is under the table the temperature is below 0 put a jacket over your shirt over 16 years of age • at • • • • • • • • • • • • • on • • • • by. in the world at the door. radio left or right of somebody or something on the ground. at work the picture on the wall London lies on the Thames. town. in London in the book in the car. in a taxi in the picture. at the station at the table at a concert. by • De loc – pozitie si directie English • • in • • • • • • • Usage room. taxi picture.

but not directly over it getting to the other side (also over) getting to the other side something with limits on top. on horseback get on the bus get in the car get off the train of • by on • • • • • • in off • • . bottom and the sides movement to person or building movement to a place or country for bed enter a room / a building movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it) movement to the top of something in the sense of where from Example • • • • • • • • • walk over the bridge climb over the wall above all expectations walk across the bridge swim across the lake drive through the tunnel go to the cinema go to London / Ireland go to bed go into the kitchen / the house go 5 steps towards the building jump onto the table a flower from the garden • • • above • • across • • through • • • to • • • • • • into towards onto from • • • • • • • • Alte prepozitii importante English • from • • • • Usage who gave it who/what does it belong to what does it show who made it walking or riding on horseback entering a public transport vehicle entering a car / Taxi leaving a public transport • • • • • • • • Example a present from Jane a page of the book the picture of a palace a book by Mark Twain on foot.English • Usage getting to the other side (also across) overcoming an obstacle higher than something else.

Cateva verbe neregulate Have –has /hæv/ had Hear –s Hide –s Hit –s Hold -s Hurt –s Keep –s Know –s Lay –s /hɪər/ heard /haɪd/ hid /hɪt/ hit /hæd/ had /hɜ:rd/ heard /hɪd/ /hɪt/ hidden hit /hæd/ A avea /hɜ:rd/ A auzi /'hɪdn/ A ascunde /hɪt/ A lovi /hould/ held /hɜ:rt/ hurt /ki:p/ kept /nou/ knew /leɪ/ laid /held/ held /hɜ:rt/ hurt /kept/ kept /nu:/ known /held/ A tine /hɜ:rt/ A rani /kept/ A tine /noun/ A sti /leɪd/ A intinde /leɪd/ laid .English vehicle • Usage • • Example • • out of by at about leaving a car / Taxi rise or fall of something travelling (other than walking or horseriding) for age for topics. thanks. Would you like to go -----------the cinema tonight? 3. No. I was -----------the cinema yesterday. We are going -----------holiday next week. Who is the person -----------this picture? 9. 4. -----------my wall. meaning what about get out of the taxi prices have risen by 10 percent by car. 8. by bus she learned Russian at 45 we were talking about you • • • • • • • • • Exercise on Prepositions – Place Fill the gaps with the correct prepositions. 7. Come -----------the sitting room. We live -----------London. 1. 6. 2. There is a bridge -----------the river. The flight from Leipzig to London was -----------Frankfurt. Munich lies 530 meters -----------sea level. 10. there are many picture postcards. we want to watch TV. 5.

Lead –s Learn –s Learn Leave –s Lend –s Let –s Lie –s Lose –s Make –s /li:d/ led /led/ led /led/ A conduce /lɜ:rn/ learnt /lɜ:rnt/ learnt /lɜ:rnt/ A invata /lɜ:rn/ learned /lɜ:rnd/ learned /lɜ:rnd/ A invata /li:v/ left /left/ /lent/ /let/ /leɪ/ /lɒst/ left lent let lain lost /left/ /lent/ /let/ A pleca A da cuimprumut A lasa. a permite . a permite /lend/ lent /let/ /laɪ/ let lay /leɪn/ A se intinde /lɒst/ A pierde /lu:z/ lost /meɪk/ made /meɪd/ made /meɪd/ A face Scrieti formele verbelor Present simple Past simple Past participle Translation A auzi A ascunde A lovi A tine A rani A tine A sti A intinde A conduce A invata A invata A pleca A da cuimprumut A lasa.

tall. GRADUL COMPARATIV DE SUPERIORITATE Pentru adjective scurte formate din 1-2 silabe se formeaza adaugand “ER” la sfarsitul adjectivului. more beautiful Than= decat GRADUL SUPERLATIV RELATIV DE SUPERIORITATE Pentru adjective scurte formate din 1-2 silabe se formeaza adaugand “EST” la sfarsitul adjectivului.ca Less …. thin.adj….. the most beautiful DE INFERIORITATE: The least + adjectiv..adj….as = nu la fel de……. Tall –the tallest.adj…than= mai putin ……. The least important= cel mai putin important The least valuable= cel mai putin valoros . thin—thinner Pentru adjective lungi. GRADUL COMPARATIV DE EGALITATE As …. Tall – taller.adj… ca Example: Jane is as tall as John. GRADUL COMPARATIV DE INFERIORITATE Not as …. good. as= la fel de…. se formeaza punand “the most” in fata adjectivului: The most intelligent.decat Example: John is not as tall as Arnie. thin—the thinnest Pentru adjective lungi.. polisilabice. se formeaza punand “more” in fata adjectivului: More intelligent. polisilabice.A se intinde A pierde A face GRADELE DE COMPARATIE ALE ADJECTIVELOR GRADUL POZITIV: happy..

GRADUL SUPERLATIV ABSOLUT Adjectivul e precedat de unul dintre cuvintele: Very Extremely Extraordinarily …etc.daca adjectivul se termina in y precedat de consoana y devine ‘i’ si se adauga er/ est Easy – easier. atunci se dubleaza consoana finala si se adauga er/est Thin.daca adjectivul se termina in consoana precedat de vocala accentuata .e se taie si se adauga er/ est Late-later-the latest . Very thin. … Reguli de adaugare er/ est: -daca adjectivul se termina in e.thinner-the thinnest Urmatoarele adjective au grade neregulate de comparatie: positive form Good bad / ill little (amount) little (size) much / many far (place + time) far (place) late (time) late (order) near (place) near (order) old (people and things) old (people) comparative form better worse Less smaller More Further Farther Later Latter Nearer Older Elder superlative form best worst least smallest most furthest farthest latest last nearest next oldest eldest Scrieti gradele de comparatie pentru urmatoarele adjective: Small Late Difficult Strong Quick Busy Noisy .the easiest .. very tall.

4. 3. the Black Sea/deep/ the Red Sea An armchair/ confortable/ a chair Jack / polite/ Frank New York/ big/ Paris Viitorul continuu (Future continuous) Se formeaza cu ajutorul auxiliarului to be + VB+ing. This flower is (beautiful) -----------than that one. o vom discuta mai tarziu. Transform : Alice/smart/Joe. Se foloseste cu adverbe sau locutiuni adverbiale ce arata un moment de timp viitor. 2. The weather this summer is even (bad) -----------than last summer. A holiday by the sea is (good) -----------than a holiday in the mountains. Non-smokers usually live (long) -----------than smokers. 7. 5. He was the (clever) -----------thief of all. la fel ca toate timpurile continue. Which is the (dangerous) -----------animal in the world? 6. Who is the (rich) -----------woman on earth? 9. 3. 1. will is more usual than shall. Aceasta problema este mai putin importanta. 2. To be se pune la viitor: will/shall be Negativul se face prin adaugarea lui not la auxiliar: will not= won’t. This is the (interesting) -----------book I have ever read.Close Silly Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets (comparative or superlative). Joe is less smart than Alice 1. Arnold este mai inalt decat John 2. Translate: 1. Sugestia dumneavoastra este foarte interesanta si o vom lua in considerare. It is strange but often a coke is (expensive) -----------than a beer. Timpul arata o actiune in desfasurare intr-un moment sau perioada de timp din viitor. Negativ . 4. 10. 3. My house is (big) bigger than yours.Alice is smarter than Joe. shall not= shan’t Interogativul se face prin inversiune auxiliar subiect. except in the interrogative. 8. Afirmativ: I will/shall be teaching English by 10 o’clock on Wednesday morning In the first person.

8. decizii luate in momentul vorbirii. The new product will be a success on the Romanian market. Is he going to lecture in English? Be on the point of + vb + ing= a fi pe punctul de a… Be on the verge of+ vb + ing= a fi pe punctul de a… Be to+ verb= a fi pe punctul de a… Prezent simplu: pentru a arata actiuni prezente/viitoare : in programari oficiale The train leaves at seven. (decizia vorbitorului) Exercise : Inlocuiti Future Simple (will+vb…) cu expresia BE GOING TO +VB in urmatoarele propozitii: Example: I will call Sam later-> I am going to call Sam later. done Acestea sunt cele 3 forme importante ale verbelor: infinitiv. Interogativ Will you be teaching English by 10 o’clock Wednesday morning? Where will you be teaching English by 10 o’clock Wednesday morning? Won’t you be teaching English by 10 o’clock Wednesday morning? Alte modalitati de exprimare a viitorului: Future simple: will/ shall+verb= > folosit pentru a arata ideea de viitor. to have. program oficial) Prezentul continuu cu valoare de viitor : arata actiuni viitoare PLANIFICATE de vorbitor: I am leaving tomorrow morning. I ‘ll bring you a glass of water! Be going to+ verb=> viitorul de intentie. The course will be extended. They will come back earlier. was/were. predictii despre vreme. To be la trecut : was ---pentru I/ he/ she/ it .I will/shall not be teaching English by 10 o’clock Wednesday morning. The meeting will be canceled. Trecutul verbelor auxiliare: to be. 5. had. Trecutul verbelor il reprezinta forma a doua. trecut simplu. to do To be . I will introduce you to my team members. 1. I won’t/shan’t be teaching English by 10 o’clock Wednesday morning. The president will sign the document next week. 3. arata intentia vorbitorului. been To have. Mr. Von Hayden will become our project director in October.(to extend – a prelungi) 4. 6. 2. had To do. We will work more hours during the promotional campaign. participiu trecut. (decizie. 7. did.

2. A trebuit sa studiezi pentru examen. 3.852 km Nationalitati(scrise cu majuscula) America. might(rar folosit la trecut). 6. could. numite si modal defective.Were—pentru restul persoanelor La negativ: was not=wasn’t. could Was/ were able to. -. Numai tu poti semna contractul. Had to -. Noi am fost acolo.inlocuieste pe must la trecut Exercises: Traduceti : 1.6093 km Nautical Mile =2025. nu au forme la toate persoanele si de aceea la trecut se inlocuiesc si cu expresiile: Can. Ei au avut succese. 4.4 yd =1.Spaniard China.Hungarian Holland. El putea vorbi olandeza. Was/ were permitted to -poate inlocui pe may la trecut Must . Ea a fost in stare sa tina un discurs in fata multimii.54 cm Foot [ft] =12 in= 0.poate inlocui pe can la trecut May. Crowd=multime) 5. (to hold a speech= a tine un discurs.Chinese Hungary.3048 m Yard [yd] =3 ft= 0. were not= weren’t To have la trecut are o singura forma folosita la toate persoanele: had La negativ : had not= hadn’t To do la trecut: did La negativ: did not= didn’t Unitati de masura Inch [in] = 2.American France.Dutch Verbele modale .9144 m Mile =1760 yd= 1.French Spain – Spanish.(to be successful) .

mai. Alternatively. flexibilitate Rated voltage= tensiune nominala Below=sub. It’s two hours’time. datorie To screen= a ecrana Tinning test= test de cositorire Tinsel conductor= conductor acoperit Tinsel cord= sarma laminata pentru lita Extrusion= extrudare Tinned=cositorit Plain= plan To fit= a potrivi Closely= strans Cazul genitiv Obiect posedat Pentru formarea cazului genitiv (aplicabil la substantive) se adauga ‘s in cazul in care posesorul este la singular sau la plural dar nu se termina in s. adaptare To vulcanize= a vulcaniza Annealed= calit. distanta. preconizat To twist= a rasuci. Pentru obiecte/ lucruri sau cand substantivele sunt insotite de adjective : The……of the …… . Anul trecut domnul String era Directorul General al acelei firme(company). Mary’s job The woman’ s books The women’s books Posesors’ Obiect posedat Daca posesorul este un substantiv terminat in s atunci se pune doar ‘ De obicei folosim aceasta exprimare daca posesorul este o persoana. timp. a impleti Ordinary= normala To heat= a incalzi Unkindable=necorespunzator To include= a include Fibre= fibra Braid= impletitura Twin= pereche Duty= executie. jos Appliance=aplicare. recopt To pass= a trece Posesor ‘s Intended= proiectat Envisaged=prevazut. Aceasta forma mai apare in expresii ce implica. It’s five meters’ long.alternativ To subject= a supune Resistivity test= test de rezistenta Compliance= corespunzator To desire= a dori Wrapping test= test de infasurare To request= a cere To furnish=a furniza Test de tensiune(rupere)= tensile test Test de infasurare= wrapping test Test de galvanizare= galvanizing test compound= componenta Primarily=initial. la inceput To be designed= a fi destinat Suitable= corespunzator Within= interior Lighting fitting= dispozitiv de iluminare Flexing= incovoiere.7. vreme: It’s five miles’ walk.

Fiica unchiului este verisoara ei. teren Distribution panel= panou/tablou de Wooden pallets= paleti de lemn distributie Range= marja. Promovarea fratelui meu a fost rapida. 8. Vocabulary: Rubber=cauciuc Ground=tarana. variatie Concrete= beton Copper wire lace=tresa din sarma de Steel= otel cupru Steel cables for traction=cabluri de otel Weight= greutate pentru tractiune Length=lungime Environment= mediu inconjurator Width=latime Electroinsulating materials= materiale Height= inaltime electroizolante Depth= adancime Electrical cablings=panou electric Screen= ecran PVC jacket= manta de PVC The thickness of zinc coating= grosimea stratului de zinc Traduceti : 1. 5. 2. 7. 6. Inaltimea panoului electric este 2 m. Biroul directorului este vizavi de posta. Lungimea tresei din sarma de cupru este …. 3. Mama tatalui meu este bunica. EXAMPLE: The color of the car is red. Titlul acestei carti este “Strazile din San Francisco”. 5. 6. Greutatea paletilor de lemn este 100 kg. 1. 4. 2. 2. 3. 3.The efforts of each man helped to make the project a success.A hunter captured the mother of the little bear cub. The center of the storm was just north of the city.(promotion=promovare) .The documents of the young lawyer were very impressive. Adancimea stratului de beton este 10 cm. 4.The room was filled with the scent of the roses.We drove to the northern border of the town. 5. Translate : 1.The numbers of the houses The lights of the houses The lights of the red houses Exercises: Change the italicized possessive phrase to a possessive ending in -’s.The equipment of the lab was outdated(depasit). Sora mamei tale este matusa ta. Latimea terenului este 20 m. The condition of the victims was very serious. The car’s color is red. 4.

a spune A gandi A arunca A intelege /tould/ told /θɔ:t/ /θru:/ thought thrown /θɪŋk/ thought /θrou/ threw /ʌndər Understand /ʌndər understood understood –s 'stʊd/ 'stænd/ Wake –s Wear –s Win –s Write /weɪk/ woke /weər/ wore /wɪn/ won /raɪt/ wrote /wouk/ woken /wɔr/ worn /'woukən/ A se trezi /wɔrn/ /wʌn/ /'rɪtn/ A purta A castiga A scrie /wʌn/ won /rout/ written Complectati formele care lipsesc: Iinfinitiv Prezent simplu Trecut Participiu trecut Participiu prezent Prezent continuu (he/she/it) . Compania sotiei mele este profitabila. (profitable) Alte verbe neregulate Spit –s Spit split –s Spoil –s Spoil –s Stand –s Steal –s Strike –s Swim –s Take –s Teach –es Tear –s Tell –s Think –s Throw –s /spɪt/ spat /spɪt/ spit /splɪt/ split /spoɪl/ spoilt /spoɪl/ spoiled /stænd/ stood /sti:l/ stole /straɪk/ struck /swɪm/ swam /teɪk/ took /ti:tʃ/ taught /teər/ tore /tel/ told /spæt/ spat /spɪt/ spit /spæt/ /spɪt/ /splɪt/ /spoɪlt/ A scuipa A scuipa A imparti A rasfata /splɪt/ split /spoɪlt/ spoilt /spoɪld/ spoiled /stʊd/ stood /stoul/ stolen /strʌk/ struck /swæm/ swum /tʊk/ /tɔ:t/ /tɔr/ taken taught torn /spoɪld/ A rasfata /stʊd/ A sta(in picioare) /'stoulən/ A fura /strʌk/ /swʌm/ A lovi A inota /'teɪkən/ A lua /tɔ:t/ /tɔrn/ /tould/ /θɔ:t/ /θroun/ /ʌndər 'stʊd/ A preda A rupe A povesti.7.

-s Split. . -s Spat Split Spat Split spitting Splitting Is spitting A scuipa Is splitting A imparti A rasfata A rasfata A sta(in picioare) A fura A lovi A inota A lua A preda A rupe A povesti.. In exprimare este precedat de “THE” Ex: first---The first= primul= 1st The second= al doilea=2rd The third= al treilea=3rd Forma prescurtata se foloseste in exprimarea datei. a spune A gandi A arunca A intelege A se trezi A purta A castiga A scrie Numeralul ordinal Numeralul ordinal se formeaza din numeralul cardinal + TH Primele 3 forme se invata pe dinafara.To spit To split Spit.

De la al 4-lea in sus se adauga TH. Y final se transforma in ie 1 through 10 One Two three four Five six seven eight nine ten 11 through 19 eleven Twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen Sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen 20 through 100 twenty thirty forty Fifty sixty Seventy eighty ninety first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh twelfth thirteenth fourteenth fifteenth sixteenth seventeenth eighteenth nineteenth twentieth thirtieth fortieth fiftieth sixtieth seventieth eightieth ninetieth . Atentie la modificari: Five—the fifth Nine—the ninth Twelve – the twelfth Pentru zeci: cand se adauga th in cazul zecilor. Forma prescurtata se formeaza scriind cifra sau numarul si TH sus.

) 2004=== 5 th October 2008— se citeste the fifth of October 2004 In American English the month is usually put before the day. Example: October (the) 5(th).. 2004 Exercises: .hundred 1000 and 1. If you wish.000 thousand Million hundredth thousandth millionth Numeralul fractional 1/5= a/ one fifth 2/5=two fifths 3/5= three fifths etc. Numeralul multiplicativ Once = o data Twice = two times= de 2 ori Thrice = three times = de 3 ori Pentru restul numeralelor se formeaza adaugand “TIMES” la numeralul ordinal.000. It is common to write a comma before the year. Exercises: 3 zecimi= de 12 ori= al 127-lea= al 34-lea= al 151-lea= 4/6= de 156 ori= al 9-lea= al 12-lea= al 167-lea= al 97-lea= al 32-lea= al 143-lea= The date Example: 5(th) (of) October(. you can put the definite article before the day.

In each case the month precedes the day (e. My birthday was on the (21) of July. Our seats are in the (12) row. Our new car arrived on the (22) of August. 2. (1492) Columbus arrived in the New World in . Complete each sentence with the date shown in parentheses written as words. They’re celebrating their (30) anniversary. 2. 9. (2/14/2004) The meeting is .g. 5. a rasari A fugi. 10. 4. 4. I’m sitting in the (4) row. This is only the (3) time we met. Burton was their (1. 7. The old woman died on her (86) birthday. (4/1/2002) They met on .a alerga A spune A vedea . (8/10) She was born on . I think I was (1) in line. 13. 1. 10. 6. (6/2) Was the writer born on ? Verbe neregulate Pay –pays /peɪ/ paid Put –s Read –s Ride –s Ring –s Rise –s Run –s Say –says See –s /pʊt/ put /ri:d/ read /raɪd/ rode /rɪŋ/ rang /raɪz/ rose /rʌn/ ran /seɪ/ said /si:/ saw /peɪd/ /pʊt/ /red/ /roud/ /ræŋ/ /rouz/ /ræn/ /sed/ /sɔ:/ paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen /peɪd/ /pʊt/ /red/ /'rɪdn/ /rʌŋ/ /'rɪzən/ /rʌn/ /sed/ /si:n/ A plati A pune A citi A calari A suna A se ridica.000) customer and won a prize. Adam scored in the (99) percentile. 3. 3. 5. 9. (7/4) Where will you spend ? 8. That was her (10) phone call today. 14. 1. Woo was born on the (2) of October. 5/2 _ May second). 15.Change the cardinal number in parentheses to the appropriate ordinal number. The old woman died on her (100) birthday. 7. Mr.. Christmas Day is always on the (25) . (12/24) Christmas Eve is . Who’s the (5) boy in line? 8. (2/16/1999) He died on . (10/12) He’ll arrive on . (11/11) The party will be . Mr. 6. 11. 12.

-s read Ride. ʃɒn/ shone /ʃɒt/ /ʃoud/ /ʃʌt/ /sæŋ/ /sæŋk/ /sæt/ /slept/ shot shown shut sung sunk sat slept /ʃoun.a alerga A spune A vedea A vinde A trimite A stabili A scutura Read. a rasari A fugi. -s Trecut put Participiu trecut put read ridden Participiu prezent putting reading riding Prezent continuu (he/she/it) Is putting Is reading Is riding A pune A citi A calari A suna A se ridica.Sell –s Send –s Set –s Shake –s Shine –s Shoot –s Show –s Shut –s Sing –s Sink –s Sit –s Sleep –s /sel/ sold /send/ sent /set/ set /ʃeɪk/ shook /ʃaɪn/ shone /ʃu:t/ shot /ʃou/ showed /ʃʌt/ shut /sɪŋ/ sang /sɪŋk/ sank /sɪt/ sat /sli:p/ slept /sould/ /sent/ /set/ /ʃʊk/ sold sent set shaken /sould/ /sent/ /set/ /'ʃeɪkən/ A vinde A trimite A stabili A scutura /ʃoun. -s rode . ʃɒn/ A straluci /ʃɒt/ /ʃoun/ /ʃʌt/ /sʌŋ/ /sʌŋk/ /sæt/ /slept/ A trage cu arma A arata A inchide A canta A se scufunda A sta (jos) A dormi Complectati cu formele ce lipsesc: Iinfinitiv To put To read To ride Prezent simplu Put.

in restul cazurilor se pronunta fie T fie D Timpul trecut simplu se foloseste pentru a exprima actiuni terminate.moved 3. in general se adauga ED la finalul formei de infinitiv a verbului/ prima forma to learn . daca verbul se termina in c. pentru verbe regulate : se adauga “ed” la finalul verbului si se obtine forma a doua a verbului.se pronunta ID daca verbul de baza se termina in T sau D.copied 4. .A straluci A trage cu arma A arata A inchide A canta A se scufunda A sta (jos) A dormi The past simple tense(Trecutul simplu regulat) Trecutul simplu se formeaza in modul urmator: 1. daca verbul se termina in e – e se taie + ED to move-.picnicked 5. daca verbul se termina in consoana precedata de vocala accentuata(accentul cade pe ultima silaba). 2. identica cu forma a treia(participiul trecut). Ortografia (ED) 1. daca verbul se termina in y precedat de consoana . Aceasta forma este aceeasi la toate persoanele. Perioada de timp in care se incadreaza actiunea este trecuta. pentru verbele neregulate trecutul simplu il reprezinta forma a doua data in tabele. se dubleaza consoana finala +ED to prefer .learned 2. incheiate. y devine I si se adauga ED to copy -. ic se adauga K +ED to picnic.preferred ED. Se invata pe de rost.

Imi pare rau dar alaltaieri nu am avut timp sa vorbesc cu d-na Peterson. It We You They I You He She Did leave yesterday? It We You They Exercises: Transformati de la present Simple la Past Simple: 1. They go to the seaside every summer. 5.? I You He arrived late at the meeting. la zi. The news reports on this TV station are very updated. de ultima ora. 2. (regular verb) She It We came back late. My neighbour works in the Ministry of Tourism 3.Se foloseste cu expresii sau locutiuni adverbiale de timp ce arata o perioada de timp terminata: last… week/ month Yesterday Two weeks ago . I want to buy a DVD unit for my computer. . TV station-post de televiziune) Traduceti : 1. 4. We have to participate in the meeting today 2.(updated=actualizat.. (irregular verb) You They I You He She didn't go to New York last week.etc In 1976 Afirmativ Subiect +verb+ed(verbe regulate) Sau Subiect +forma a 2-a verb(din tabele-verbe neregulate) Negativ: Subiect+ did+ not+ infinitiv scurt verb+… Did+ not= didn’t Interogativ : Did+ subiect+ verb la infinitiv scurt+…. Ieri directorul a cumparat un calculator si o imprimanta pentru biroul nostru.

Doamna Wellington era in sufragerie cand a sunat telefonul. Acum doua saptamani am fost foarte ocupati cu negocierile pentru noul contract cu partenerii nostri francezi. Jonny a sarbatorit ziua de nastere cu prietenii si familia lui.(living room=sugragerie) 2.(to type= a dactilografia) . Secretara a dactilografiat scrisoarea si a transmis-o prin fax. Luna trecuta nu a plouat in Bucuresti dar a plouat in Brasov. (to celebrate= a sarbatori) 3. Anul trecut am vizitat New York-ul cu prietenii mei si am vazut Statuia Libertatii.3. 4. Traduceti si scrieti formele lor negative si interogative: 1. 5. Anul trecut domnul Popescu a fost directorul general al acelei firme. 6. 4. Seful meu a scris o carte despre noile metode de management si marketing.

They spoke to her.Pronumele personal in cazul dativ si acuzativ Pronumele personal in cazul nominativ se foloseste doar pe post de subiect. at..noi You =voua. They met him at the airport. We wrote the new words instead of him. In celelalte cazuri folosim forma pronumelor pentru cazul dativ sau acuzativ(aceeasi) Pronume personal in cazul nominativ in cazul dativ. …ele/ei Pronumele personale in cazul acuzativ sunt insotite de obicei de prepozitii: with. …. …. …. 3. She went shopping with them. …voi Them =lor. 6. 4. Exercises: Traduceti : 1. 5. I listened to it . …tine Him=lui. 2.…el Her=ei. for. …ea It=ei/lui. Pronumele posesiv si adjectivul posesiv Adjectivul posesiv My Your His Her Its Our Your Their Exercise: Pronumele posesiv Mine Yours His Hers Ours Yours Theirs . She gave you the letter.acuzativ I = eu You =tu He=el She =ea It=el/ea We=noi You=voi They =ei/ele Me =mie. 7. under.mine You=tie. …ea/el Us =noua. She gave it to me. near.

Cartea aceasta este a mea. 5. The company is theirs. Cea mai buna lucrare a fost a ta. 2. Joe este un prieten de-al nostru. Past continuous tense (trecutul continuu) Arata o actiune in desfasurare intr-un anumit moment din trecut. a functiona). This briefcase is mine. These files are yours. It is her responsibility. 3. The accounts are yours. It is his office. nu a ei. Se formeaza cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to be(la trecut: was/ were) + Verb+ing Afirmativ : Subiect+ was/were+ verb+ing+… Negativ: Subiect+ was/were+not+ verb+ing+… Interogativ : . The responsibility is hers. The advantage is ours. Locul acela de parcare este al lor.Il pot folosi pe al tau? 7. 1. Cumpara masina mea daca nu-ti place a lui. This is their company. This is its component part. 4. Those are your accounts. 6. Mobilul meu nu functioneaza(to work= a munci.Traduceti : This is my briefcase. This is our advantage. These are your files. Vreau sa stiu daca ideea asta a fost a ta sau a lui. The office is his.

My neighbour was washing his car when I went out. . 2. I was driving the car when the policeman asked me to stop. They were watching TV when I called them. Chris was looking for Jane when he came here.Subiect+ was/were+ verb+ing+… Example: He was driving He wasn’t driving. The assistant was printing a document when the phone rang. 6. Was he driving? Wasn’t he driving? Where was he driving? Exercise : Conjugati 2 verbe la trecut continuu Exercises: Scrieti formele interogative. 4. 3. 5. He was speaking on the phone when I entered the office. negative si interogativ-negative pentru urmatoarele propozitii: 1.

Ploua mult cand ai sosit. A plouat mult anul trecut. 8. Teddy m-a ajutat. 6. It was raining when I arrived at the hotel. Ma uitam la TV. 5. 9. He was working on the computer when I went to his place. 10. Traduceti folosind Past Simple sau Past Continuous. 4. She was telling you something important when I interrupted her. 9. 7. VIPS President =presedinte Vice president= vice-presedinte Prime minister= prim ministru Minister of Tourism= Ministrul Comertului Minister of Education= Ministrul Educatiei Minister of Comerce and Industry= Ministrul Comertului si Industriei Minister of Difence= Ministrul apararii Minister of Internal Affairs= Ministrul Afacerilor interne Minister of Foreign Affairs= Ministrul Afacerilor externe Minister of Agriculture= Ministrul Agriculturii Minister of Labour and Social Protection=Ministrul Muncii si Protectiei Sociale .7. Vorbeam cu contabilul (atunci) 3.(to take off=a decola) 10. Trimiteai un e-mail cand ea a intrat in birou. 1. The plane was taking off when we arrived at the airport. Am vorbit cu contabilul 2. Ai trimis un e-mail cu 5 minute in urma. M-am uitat la TV. 8. Teddy ma ajuta.

frumos la infatisare Dull=morocanos Boring=plictisitor Stupid=prost Indecent=indecent Sick/ill=bolnav Selfish=egoist Superficial=superficial Ugly=urat . instruit Shortcomings =defecte Stubborb=incapatanat Timid=timid Envious=invidios Gelous=gelos Lazy=lenes Absent-minded= uituc. neatent Greedy=lacom Revengeful=razbunator Lier=mincinos Rude=obraznic Lonely=singuratic Dishonest=necinstit Inconsistent=inconsecvent Discret=discret Reliable=de incredere Kind=amabil Funny=amuzant Tidy=ordonat Friendly/sociable=prietenos Forgiving=iertator Understanding=intelegator Generous=generos Consistent=consecvent Self-motivated=auto-motivat Decent=decent Organized=organizat Good-looking=aratos.Minister of Culture= Ministrul Culturii Minister of Health= Ministrul Sanatatii Minister of Reform= Ministrul Reformei Minister of European Integration=Ministrul Integrarii Europene Minister of State Administration= Ministrul Administratie de Stat Secretary of State=secretar de stat Senator= senator Member of Parliament(MP)=membru al parlamentului Ambassador(His/ Her Excellence)= ambasador /Excelenta sa Concilor /Adviser=consilier Mayer= primar Prefect= prefect Qualities and skills= calitati si abilitati Intellingent=inteligent Clever/smart=destept Hard working=muncitor Patient=rabdator Loyal =loial Persuasive=convingator Determined=hotarat Self possesed=stapan pe sine Ambiltious=ambitios Flexible=flexibil Balanced=echilibrat Healthy=sanatos Rapid/quick=rapid Polite=politicos Courteous=curtenitor Educated= educat .

special skills 4. the relationship of the job with other jobs 6. scrisoare Figure= cifra To weld= a suda Great= mare. the work that must be performed(task by task) 3. It includes: 1. citet Core=miez Left= stanga Right= dreapta Letter= litera. education 2.Exercise: Describe a VIP that you have met before. the objectives of a job 2. other requirements Meant to= menit sa To require= a cere. anecesita To assign= a desemna To perform= a desfasura Task =sarcina. Job specifications (specificatiile/cerintele postului) The job specifications is a written description of the special qualifications required of a worker in a particular job. the necessary skills 5. the responsabilities involved 4. care suporta Wide= lat To mark= a marca Size= marime Legibly= vizibil. the working conditions. indatorire To involve= a implica Specification=specificatie Particular= specific.What are his/her qualities and shortcomings? Wire= sarma To galvanize=a galvaniza Steel= otel Joint= imbinare To braze= alipi cu aliaj tare Upright= vertical Overall= peste tot Whichever= oricare To remove= a indeparta To distinguish= a deosebi Bearing= sustinator. job specification) Job description (fisa postului) The job description is a document which specifies 1. anume To pass a law= a vota o lege To prohibit= a interzice Positions available= Oferte de munca . maret To varnish= a avertiza Yellow= galben Hole= gaura Space= spatiu Strip= banda Ribbon= panglica To emboss= a imprima Jobs related concepts in Human Resources (job analysis. job description. experience 3.

8. 6. I have washed my car today.yet=inca Afirmativ : Subiect+ have/has+ participiul trecut I have built a house. I haven’t met him today Have you typed the whole text yet? He has seen the presentation. Perioada de timp cu care se foloseste este prezenta. 2. We haven’t known about this. Arata de obicei o actiune terminata recent. Saptamana aceasta am vazut filmul Phil tocmai a ajuns la birou. She has seen a film. 7. I-am spus sa coopereze cu compania noastra. 3. Exercise : Traduceti : 1. . 4. eventual subliniaza efectul in prezent al acelei actiuni tocmai terminate. 5. Negativ : Subiect+ have/has+ not+participiul trecut I have not built a house. 4. this week. this month….=Ea a vazut un film.: today. 3. la fel ca past simple. She has come just to talk to you. Interogativ: Subiect+ have/has+ participiul trecut I have built a house.Present perfect simple Se formeaza cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to have+ participiul trecut al verbului de conjugat. Nu te-am mai vazut de mult timp. Am invitat-o deja. She has seen a film. Se traduce prin trecut . He has already sent the e-mails. John has booked tickets for the show. 1. (for a long time) Puneti propozitiile la interogativ si negativ: 1.=Am construit o casa. 5. I have just translated the letter. She has not seen a film. 2. already=deja. just=tocmai.

Jane has typed a lot of letters today. 4. a atribui Load= sarcina To armour= a arma Rated voltage= tensiune nominala %= per cent designed = destinat (aici) the cable is designed= cablul este destinat Present perfect continuous Arata continuitatea. insotit adesea de since si for Since= incepand cu For= pentru Afirmativ : .C. propriu Purpose=scop To apply= a aplica Rated= nominal To express= a exprima To assume= a asuma. pana in momentul prezent. ghidare To exceed= a depasi Appropriate=potrivit.2. He has signed the contract. She has taken the course on management.= curent alternativ Underground= subteran Continuously=continuu Guidance=conducere. caracterul neintrerupt al unei actiuni incepute in trecut. To supply= a furniza Requirement= cerinta Insulation=izolatie Cables=cabluri Operation=functionare Voltage=tensiune Armour=armatura Earth=pamant A.Tradus in general prin prezent. They have learned the vocabulary for today. 5. 3.

John has been reading since ten o’clock 4. Gregory and Dan have been working on the computer for almost 8 hours .Subiect + have/has+been+verb+ing They have been sending letters since this morning. Mary has been answering questions since she entered the office. Past perfect simple Se formeaza cu ajutorul verbului auxiliar to have(had)+ participiul trecut al verbului de conjugat. Interogativ : Have/has +subiect +been+verb+ing? Have they been sending letters since this morning? Exercises : Traduceti si puneti la interogativ si negativ urmatoarele propozitii: 1. Negativ : Subiect + have/has+not+been+verb+ing They have not been sending letters since this morning. Afirmativ : Subiect+ have/has+ participiul trecut . 5. They have been waiting for a long time. Se traduce prin mai mult ca perfect. 3. Arata o actiune terminata inaintea unei alte actiuni terminate. She has been writing for six minutes 2.

2. Ieri dimineata Sam nu se intorsese inca de la Chicago. 4. Interogativ: Subiect+ have/has+ participiul trecut I had built a house. Exercises: Traduceti si scrieti formele interogative. Eu vorbisem deja cu el cand tu ai sunat. She had seen a film. negative si interogativ-negative: 1. 3. She had seen a film. Ei mancasera inainte sa venim noi. Mary nu scrisese mai mult de 3 pagini cand a sunat telefonul. 5. Negativ : Subiect+ have/has+ not+participiul trecut I had not built a house.=Ea vazuse un film.I had built a house before coming here=Construisem o casa inainte sa vin aici. to satisfy= a fi multumit) . She had not seen a film. Joe fusese promovat director de marketing dar el nu era multumit (to promote= a promova.

A telephone conversation:
… (company). Good morning.= Buna dimineata … (company). Good afternoon.= buna ziua … (company). How can I help you?= Cu ce va pot ajuta? I'm afraid you have dialled the wrong number.= Ma tem ca ati format un numar gresit. Who would you like to speak to?= Cu cine doriti sa vorbiti? What does it concern, please?=In legatura cu ce?/ La ce se refera? Would you mind telling me what you're calling about?= Va deranjeaza sa-mi spuneti in legatura cu ce sunati? Hold the line, I'll put you through.= stati pe fir, va fac legatura I'll pass you over to … (department).= va fac legatura la….. … is speaking on another line.=…. Vorbeste pe alta linie … isn't in (yet).= ….nu a venit/ intrat inca … is away on business.= …. Este plecat cu afaceri… … is on holiday (this week).= .. este in vacanta/ concediu saptamana aceasta … is out for lunch.= a iesit sa manance(pranzul) I'm afraid, … is not available at the moment=Mi-e teama ca nu e disponibil in acest moment … will be back any minute= …. Se va intoarce intr-un minut.. I'm sorry, but the line is engaged.= Imi pare rau dar linia este ocupata There's no reply.= Nu raspunde nimeni If you hold the line, I'll try again.= daca nu inchideti , voi incerca din nou Would you like to hold?=Asteptati va rog? Could you try again later / tomorrow?= Puteti reveni mai tarziu/ maine? Can I take a message?= Pot sa iau un mesaj? Would you like to leave a message for …?= Doriti sa lasati un mesaj pentru..? If you give me your phone number, … will call you back.=Daca-mi lasati numarul de telefon, ….va voi suna. Could I have your name, please?= Imi spuneti numele, va rog? Could I help you? / Maybe I can help you?= Va pot ajuta cu ceva? 2. … here. / … speaking. / This is …=poftiti /…vorbeste/ acesta este This is … (company), … (name) speaking. Sorry, I must have dialled the wrong number.= Imi pare rau, cred ca am gresit numarul Could I speak to …, please?= as putea vorbi cu, …, va rog Am I speaking to …?= Vorbesc cu…? Could you put me through to …, please?= Imi puteti face legatura…, va rog It's about …= este legat de/ despre I'm calling about …=sun in legatura cu Could you please tell … I phoned?= Ii puteti spune ….ca am sunat? Could you give … a message, please?= Ii puteti da…. un mesaj va rog? Do you know when … will be back? Will … be in the office tomorrow?

I'll try again later / tomorrow.= Voi reveni mai tarziu/ maine. Daca sunt probleme: My English isn't very good.= Engleza mea nu e prea buna/ Nu vorbesc prea bine engleza. The line is bad.= Linia e rea/ legatura e rea I can hardly hear you.= Deabea te aud. I didn't get that.= Nu am obtinut asta/ N-am prins/inteles asta. Could you speak more slowly, please?= Puteti vorbi mai rar, va rog? Could you speak louder, please?= Could you repeat that, please? Could you spell that, please? Sorry? / Pardon? Departments of a company accounting department / accounts department=contabilitate export department / export team / export sales department= export administrative accounting= contabilitate research and development team= echipa de cercetare si dezvoltare management=conducere import department / import team= import IT department (IT = information technology)= informatica customer service / service team=serviciul clienti marketing=marketing personnel department / staff department / human resources= resurse umane public relations team / public relations department=relatii cu publicul manufacturing department / production department=productie secretary's office=secretariat technical support team=suport tehnic sales department=vanzari

Jobs and functions
Analyst=analist director of boards= director al comitetului director CEO (Chief Executive Officer) Buyer=cumparator purchasing manager= manager aprovizionare treasurer, CFO (Chief Financial Officer)= sef financiar codirector=director adjunct commercial agent=agent comercial assistant (e.g. purchasing assistant)=asistent sales representative=reprezentat de vanzari export sales manager= director de vanzari/ export Economist=economist management board=comitet director accountant=contabil

Conversation : Speaking on the phone This is one of the Oscar Group Offices. In the office there is Mrs. Brown , the secretary. She is typing a letter for her boss. There is also Mr Kerrington, working on some documents at the desk.The phone is ringing. The secretary picks up the receiver and says: - Oscar Group, good morning. - Good morning, this is Mr. Johnson. - Yes, sir, can I hel you? - Can I speak to Mr. Wendall, please? - I’m sorry sir, but Mr. Wendall is not available for the moment. He is engaged in a meeting with some clients. But you can talk to Mr. Kerrington, the manager assistant, or you can leave a message to me for Mr. Wendall. - OK madam. I will leave a message. Please tell him that we will meet on the 24th of November at ten o’clock with the Presdent of the Chambers of Comerce and two of his advisors. We will discuss about the incentives for forein investors in the area. Please remind him to prepare all the papers till then. - Very well Mr. Johnson, I will tell the manager about your message and Mr. Wendall will call you back as soon as possible. - Thank you madam. Have a nice day. - You,too, sir. Good bye.

Engaged= 1.ocupat,angajat, prins 2. logodit Incentives= facilitati, stimulente, avantaje To dial a number= a forma un numar Phone card= cartela telefonica Local call/national call= apel local/ national Fixed phone= telefon fix Mobile phone=telefon mobil Answer the following questions: 1. Who was in the office when the phone called? 2. Who answered the phone? 3. Was the manager, Mr. Wendall, available? Why?

insasi Ourselves=ne/insine.inseva Themselves=se/insisi. Lor le place sa se spele cu apa rece. insati Himself=se/insusi Herself=se/insasi Itself=se/insusi. vorbeam cu mine insumi…. What was the message left for Mr. . Strang bani pentru ca vreau sa-mi cumpar o masina noua. Directorul insusi a semnat invitatiile. Can you spell your name? 2: Take a message for someone: Message for : Department : Person who called: Company: Telephone no. Ma intreb ce as putea sa fac in aceasta situatie. Ai spus ceva? Nu. insene Yourselves=va/insiva.actiunea se reflecta asupra subiectului Pronumele de intarire.4. Sam s-a taiat intr-o bucata de geam 3. 6. How do you introduce yourself in English when you call somebody 6.accentueaza o actiune a subiectului Myself= ma/ insumi. 4. insami Yourself=te/insuti. 5. Wendall? 5. insele Translate: 1.: Message: Person who took the message: Date and time: The reflexive and emphasizing pronoun Pronumele reflexiv si de intarire Pronumele reflexiv. 2. Poarta-te frumos! 7.

specialization Professional activity:year. experience in working with people. CV stands for curriculum vitae (also known as a resumé). often requested by employers.sense of humor…) . position. institution. adaptability. flexibility.company. and much depends on your experience and the area you are working in. position. self-control. 4. other activities Skills:ex(communication skills. company Foreign languages:language level (beginner/elementary/intermediate/upperintermediate. 3. quick learner. Name: Date of birth: Place of birth: Citizenship: Nationality: Marital status: single/ married/engaged Address: Phone number: Education:year. creativity. Curriculum vitae Letters of recommendation Letter of intention Diplomas and qualifications certificates. advanced) Computer knowledge: References:name. Most professionals store their CVs electronically so that they can be updated when necessary. 2.The interview Necessary papers 1. The CV 1. 2. There is considerable debate about the format of CVs. A CV is a summary of your education and work experience. team worker. telephone Hobby:sports. training.

At the end of 2004 I decided to get more practical experience and I started my collaboration with S&T Computers based in London. and in 2003 I was promoted to the position of Sales Consultant. and I would like to take the opportunity to introduce myself to you in view of applying to the position of Coordinator in HR Services. I am 29 years old and I graduated in 2002 The University of Marketing and Management from Boston. fire. as well my knowledge of the American. pe durata While=in timp ce The letter of intention To : HRS Services. please find attached my Curriculum Vitae for further information. German. African and European markets will make our collaboration a very successful one. I remain Yours sincerely. Spain Attn : Mr.Vocabulary: Position=functie. You will also notice that my language skills meet your expectations since I am fluent in English (native). Jennis Baxan . Brendan Lowe Human Resources Director Date : June 30. I heard of the opening that you have for a Coordinator in HR Services and I believe it is an excellent professional opportunity and personal challenge for me. 2008 Dear Mr. I started as sales executives in Vienna. responsible for Central Eastern Europe operations. James Burr from the Marketing Strategies Department. and I understand Greek and Spanish. Resourceful=inventiv. I am sure that my theoretical and practical experience in marketing and sales . post de lucru Reliable= de incredere Enthusiastic=entuziast Determined= hotarat Nature=caracter. In the meantime. working as the assistant of prof. natura During=pe perioada. Lowe. which has sales and distribution operations throughout Europe. French. Madrid. Thank you in advance for your kind reply. Massachusetts. plin de resure To excel= a excela Proof=dovada Valuable=valoros Professional=profesionist My name is Jennifer Baxan. travelling on a regular basis to the European branches of S&T Computers in order to organize training courses for the local personnel. After graduation I moved to Sudan where I joined for two years the Khaortum Institute for Market Studies. I look forward to meeting you in person for a more detailed conversation.

oportunitate In view of|+ verb+ing= in vederea. stimulare Knowledge= cunostinte. cu scopul To graduate= a absolvi To move= a se muta. anticipat Imperativul Modul imperativ e folosit pentru a exprima comenzi.:43-91-432-7531 Email: Jennybaxan@hotmail. interdictii. notiuni. Nu te duce acolo. post liber Challenge= provocare. pe perioada. natura During=in timp ce. post Reliable= de incredere Determined=hotarat Enthusiastic=entuziast Nature= fire. indemnuri… Afirmativ : Go ! Sing! Let’s go! Let’s sing! Do go! Negativ: Don’t go! Don’t sing! Translate: 1. personal Opening= deschidere. informatii Expectations= asteptari To look forward to + verb+ ing= a astepta ciu nerabdare sa … In the meantime= intre timp Please fin attached= va rog sa primiti alaturat… Further information= informatii suplimentare In advance= in avans. plin de resurse To excel= a excela Proof= dovada Valuable= valoros. .com Position=functie. 2. filiala Training course= curs de pregatire Personnel= angajati. de valoare Professional= profesionist Opportunity=ocazie.Te rog vorbeste engleza. Nu vorbi germana.Tel. nu inteleg. replica To be promoted to the position of= a fi promovat pe pozitia de To travel= a calatori On regular basis= in mod regulat. pe durata Meanwhile= intre timp Resourceful= inventiv. ordine. a se misca Practical= practic Theoretical= teoretic Reply= raspuns. caracter. stai aici. frecvent Branch= ramura.

Raspunde la telefon. (cartridge= cartus de imprimanta) 7. Nu cumpara o masina sport. could=as putea. cumpara un jeep . 4. might=s-ar putea Conditional prezent: Afirmativ : Subiect+ auxiliar+vb la infinitv scurt You would play tennis if you wanted. a considera Security= securitate. Dactilografiaza aceasta scrisoare. tradu-o mai intai. 5. Spune-I lui Frank sa vina devreme maine dimineata. Nu uita sa cumperi un cartus de imprimanta cand te intorci. 9. te rog.(sports car=masina sport) Nu trimite documentatia. Vocabulary : Hierarchy= ierarhie Need= nevoie Shelter=adapost High order= de rang superior To consider= a lua in calcul. siguranta Harm= rau. Interogativ: Auxiliar + subiect+verb…? Would you play tennis? Exercises: 1. Adu-mi raportul pe aprilie. nu e gata inca. am nevoie de ea in 10 minute. Negativ : Subiect+ auxiliar+not+vb la infinitv scurt You would not play tennis if you didn’t want. 8. should= ar trebui. Te-as ajuta dar nu am timp= I would help you but I don’t have time. te rog. daunare Avoidance= evitare Common sense= bun simt To accomplish = a realiza.3. 6. a indeplini To achieve= a obtine Achievement= realizare To fulfill= a indeplini Fulfillment= indeplinire To use= a folosi To realize= a realiza Counting devices=instrumente de calcul To count= a numara Frame= rama Perishable materials= materiale perisabile To diminish= a diminua Frame= rama Square root= radacina patrata Cubic root= radacina cubica Switch= comutator Conditional prezent si perfect Would=as. . Nu-I spune directorului despre proiect. 10.

Ti-ar placea sa lucrezi la firma noastra? 3. 7. dar trebuie. 9. Voi ar trebui sa-mi spuneti ce s-a intamplat la sedinta. Ar trebui sa vorbesc cu membri echipei despre ce s-a intamplat.2. N-as vrea sa fac asta . 8. 4. As merge la teatru in seara aceasta. Ei ar putea sa rezerve 2 bilete pentru concert. Ai putea sa-l convingi sa se lase de fumat. 9. Crezi ca s-ar putea sa ploua maine dimineata? 6. Tu ce ai face in aceasta situatie? 7. 6. To maintain= a mentine Marking= marcare Legend= legenda. 8. 5. 4. Tom s-ar putea supara. 3. Directorul ar putea sa participe la negociere. Ai putea sa-l ajuti pe mecanic. Ea ar vrea sa lucreze ca secretara. inscriptie To fill = a umple To consist= a consta Spindle= ax. Joe ar vrea sa invete Italiana. pivot Tape= banda . 10. apoi puneti la interogativ si negativ: 1. Traduceti . 2. Nu mi-ar placea sa lucrez acolo. Am dori sa colaboram cu firma dumneavoastra. 5. Ei ar vrea sa vina la sedinta.

fascicul. cablat (la cablu) stranded (wire) rope= funie din toroane impletite stranded aluminium= wire cablu de aluminiu stranded cable= cablu torsadat Conditional perfect: have+participiul trecut= participiul perfect al verbului Ex: have gone= fi plecat Afirmativ : .brida.carlig.clema Hook=carlig Section= sectiune To superimpose= a imprima Grain= granula Colouring matter= colorant Fabric= tesatura Angle= unghi Sheet= strat. To stretch= a intinde Clamp=1. esec Fault=defect Spark gap= interval de scanteiere Sine wive= unda sinusoidala Full value= valoare maxima Mesh= priza Breakdown= intrerupere Electrode voltage=tensiunea electrodului the capacity of the capacitor= capacitatea condensatorului Toate cordoanele vor fi supuse testului de scanteiere. laminat Veneer= furnir.To spark= a scanteia Below=de mai jos Failure=defect.3. foaie Drawn= tras . strand of a cable/rope =toron de cablu stranded wire= lita stranded=toronat. placaj Felt= pasla Flatwise= pe lat Three phase electric power= curent electric trifazic Mono phase electric power= curent electric monofazic Steel= otel Aluminium=aluminiu Plastic=plastic Strand= fir .2. All cords shall be subjected to spark test. lita sarma.toron (de cablu).

4. Ma intreb ce as fi putut face fara ajutorul tau. 2. dar salariul era prea mic. 6.Subiect+ auxiliar+have+participiul trecut You would have played tennis if you had wanted. 9. Interogativ: Auxiliar + subiect+ participiul trecut…? Would you have played tennis? Would not= wouldn’t Could not= couldn’t Should not=shouldn’t Exercises: 1. Am fi putut sa-l ajutam dar ne-a refuzat. Nu as fi avut timp sa vorbesc cu el pentru ca era tarziu. 8. Ce ai fi facut tu in situatia mea? 3. As fi preferat sa lucrez ca inginer. Ar fi fost mai bine sa vorbim la telefon in loc sa ne intalnim aici. As fi participat la sedinta . 5. As fi putut sa traduc textul dar eram prea obosit. . 10. Negativ : Subiect+ auxiliar+not+ participiul trecut You would not have played tennis if you hadn’t wanted. 7. El ar fi venit sa se intalneasca cu noi dar a fost foarte ocupat. M-as fi dus la teatru aseara dar nu am avut bilete. dar nu am avut timp.

American English Position: In American English the sender's address is usually placed in the top left corner. below the date.BUSINESS LETTERS British English Position: In British English. the sender's address is usually placed in the top right corner of the letter. below the signature. or at the end of the letter. Sender's address below the date: Sender's address below the signature: British English ..

street place area code COUNTRY (in capital letters) . Sender's address below the date: Sender's address below the signature: Recipient's Address in a Business Letter Ms / Miss / Mrs / Mr / Dr .Position: In British English. house number.. below the signature. below the date. American English Position: In American English the sender's address is usually placed in the top left corner.. or at the end of the letter.. the sender's address is usually placed in the top right corner of the letter.

the area code is usually at the same level as the place.In American English. separated by a comma. the recipient's address starts two lines below the sender's address (or two lines below the date if the sender's address isn't placed in the top left corner). Dear Chris Miller . Salutation in a Business Letter If you know the person's name: Dear Ms / Miss / Mrs / Mr / Dr + surname Dear Mr Miller You can also write the person's full name. This way of writing the salutation is very handy if you don't know the gender of the person. leave out the title (Mr/Mrs). American English In American English. In this case. the recipient's address starts on the same line as the date or one line below the date. Position: on the left British English In British English.

Miller: Ms.If you don't know the person's name: There are several possibilities to address people that you don't know by name: Salutation when to use Dear Sir / Dear Sirs male addressee (esp. in British English) Ladies and Gentlemen gender unknown (esp.) in American English. are usually written without full stops (Mr) in British English and with full stops (Mr. Mrs etc. In this case. In American English. in American English) To whom it may concern gender unknown (esp. in British English) Gentlemen male addressee (esp. Dear Mr Miller or Dear Mr Miller. Miss or Mrs? • • • Mrs – to address a married woman Miss – to address an unmarried woman (rarely used now) Ms – to address a woman whose marital status you don't know. also used to address an unmarried woman Note: The abrreviations Mr. in American English) Business partners often call each other by their first names. in American English) Dear Madam female addressee (esp. in American English) Dear Sir or Madam gender unknown (esp. don't use any punctuation mark or use a comma. . write the salutation as follows: Dear Sue Punctuation In British English. use a colon: Dear Mr. in British English) Ladies female addressee (esp.

American English In American English. There are three common methods to distinguish the subject line from the body of the letter: • • • Use "Subject:" or "Re:" Type the subject in bold letters Type the subject in capital letters British English The subject line is usually placed between the salutation and the body of the letter (with a blank line in between). the subject line can also be placed between the recipient's address and the salutation (with a blank line in between). You may want to use one.Subject Line in a Business Letter A subject line is not really necessary. so that the reader immediately knows what your letter is about. however. It is not common to indent the first line of a paragraph. The text is left-justified and a blank line is put after each paragraph. . Body of a Business Letter Capitalise the first word of the text (even if the salutation ends with a comma).

/ Sincerely yours. / Sincerely yours. If you did not use the recipient's name in the salutation. American English Use 'sincerely'. Sincerely. no matter if you used the recipient's name in the salutation or not ('faithfully' is not common in American English).Greeting British English Salutation Dear Ms Wexley Dear Jane Wexley Dear Jane Dear Sir Dear Sirs Dear Madam Dear Sir or Madam Greeting Yours sincerely / Sincerely yours Yours faithfully / Faithfully yours American English Salutation Dear Ms. Salutation . use 'faithfully'.Content • • • first paragraph: introduction and reason for writing following paragraphs: explain your reasons for writing in more detail. Wexley: Dear Jane Wexley: Dear Jane: Gentlemen: Ladies: Ladies and Gentlemen: Greeting Sincerely. last paragraph: summarise your reason for writing again and make clear what you want the recipient to do Greeting in a Business Letter British English If you used the recipient's name in the salutation. use 'sincerely'. provide background information etc. .

Leave 4 blank lines after the greeting (space for the signature) and write the sender's name below that space. use a comma after the greeting. you can either list all enclosed documents separately or just write the word 'Enclosure' below the signature. Request .To whom it may concern: In emails you could also write: • • • Regards Kind regards Best wishes Note: If you end the salutation with a comma or colon. Enclosure in a Business Letter If you wish to enclose documents. don't punctuate the greeting. however. Position: Write the greeting two lines below the last paragraph and left-justify it. If the date is centre-justified. do also centre-justify the greeting. If you didn't punctuate the salutation.

/ Enclosed you will find our offer. … As I see it.We got your address from … Your advertisement has come to our attention. My personal view is that … In my experience … As far as I understand / can see. Please let us know your requirements as soon as possible. Word List on Opinion and Statements Stating your Opinion It seems to me that … In my opinion. We would be grateful if you could deliver as soon as possible. We were told that you produce … We intend to buy … / We are considering the purchase of … We have a steady demand for … We would like to know more about … Could you please send us information about …? Please send us your catalogue/catalog. Offer We are pleased to hear that you are interested in our products. We would like to place the following order: We herewith order the following items: We require the goods urgently. Order Enclosed please find our order.. … I am of the opinion that …/ I take the view that . We look forward to receiving your order. We are pleased to make the following offer: We assure you that your order will be dealt with promptly. I think … That is why I think … I am sure/certain/convinced that … . Please let us know when we can expect the delivery. Enclosed please find our offer. … / From my point of view … As far as I know … / From what I know … I might be wrong but … If I am not mistaken … I believe one can (safely) say … It is claimed that … I must admit that … I cannot deny that … I can imagine that … I think/believe/suppose … Personally. We hereby send you our offer. / Our order is enclosed.

Triplecheck your business letter for bad grammar. Your signature Your name and surname . Sincerely. I have no opinion in this matter. Outlining Facts The fact is that The (main) point is that … This proves that … What it comes down to is that … It is obvious that … It is certain that … One can say that … It is clear that … There is no doubt that … Sample Business Letter Your street address City.) Company name Street address City. Keep your business letter short and formal. __________ Your message here. I am not convinced that … I have read that … I am of mixed opinions (about / on) … I am of mixed opinions about / on this.I am not sure/certain. Use short paragraphs . but … I am not sure.3 to 4 lines each. because I don't know the situation exactly. State Zip Dear Mr. State Zip Date Recipient name and surname Job title (Sales Manager etc.

neplacat tin=staniu. scula. mecanism.montaj.balot. cuplare. typically in a common protective jacket or sheath.mijloc. plan.mecanism . Electrical wire is usually copper because of its excellent conductivity.A cable is one or more wires or optical fibers bound together.ciorchine (de struguri) cable line= linie de cablu bunch=manunchi /manson de cablu cable loop= bucla de cablu unplated=negalvanizat.circuit. but it could be silver. Stranding= rasucire.racordare la retea. incovoia.pas de torsadare a c cable laying= intindere/instalare/pozare a cablului .toronare stranding machine= masina de cablat / de toronat bunch =inmanunchia (a se) bunch=legatura cable lay_up= cablaj bunch=legatura de chei cable lay_up= torsiune a cablului bunch=legatura. but aluminium is sometimes used because it costs less.colac cable lead_in=intrare de cablu bunch=manunchi. Combination cables may contain both electrical wires and optical fibers. curba (a). magazie de parame cable lay= rasucirea in garlin. gold and another materials. The individual wires or fibers inside the jacket may be covered or insulated. expune (a) tool=unealta. derivatie . schema exposed= a expune (unui pericol. indoi (a se) radius= raza power cable=cablu de energie wiring =legare. smaller individual wires are twisted or braided together to produce larger wires that are more flexible than solid wires of similar size. balotare bend= curba . plan.instrument . Bunching small wires before stranding adds the most flexibility.face un nod (a). mijloc. usually tin-which improves the solderability of the bunch-. dispozitiv. A thin coat of a specific material . curbura. proiect. risc).a abandona. Electrical cables may be made flexible by stranding the wires. procedeu. instrument cable tier= parama.schema device= dispozitiv . In this process.cablare. cositor bundling= legare.

However. Power cables may be installed as permanent wiring within buildings. In the case of shielded cables. this type of cable construction means that. mobile tools and machinery. tare . Flexible cables can be divided into two genres: those with conductors stranded in layers inside the cable and those which have bundled/braided rather than layered conductors. At any point where the cable is flexed. .neclintit (de) braided wire= lita. The cable cores are stranded firmly and left relatively long in several layers around the centre and are then enclosed in an extruded tube shaped jacket. piesa/organ de masina. The assembly is used for transmission of electrical power. A power cable is an assembly of two or more electrical conductors. sarma impletita Bundling the conductors and eliminating multi-layers ensures a uniform bend radius for each conductor. a uni cabluri machinery =mecanism.compacta .intari (a se).Lace=tresa . but soon material fatigue can set in and cause permanent deformations. The result is that no single core stays near the inside of the bend to be compressed or near the outside of the bend to be stretched and overall the stresses are much reduced. a rezista la firm= fix. buried in the ground. or exposed. usually held together with an overall sheath. instalatie de exploatat. the inner radius of the cable is compressed and the outer radius stretched as the cable core moves. An outer jacket is still required to prevent the cores untwisting. rigid. because the elasticity of the material is still sufficient. Stranding in layers is significantly easier to produce and is therefore usually offered on the market at low cost. fir impletit. during the bending process. the path of any core moves quickly from the inside to the outside of the cable. Initially. run overhead. this works quite well. the cores are wrapped up with fleece or foils. a functiona la. Flexible power cables are used for portable devices. utilaj(e) to cope with= a se descurca la. masinarie. consolida (a se).

concrete.80. steel (either lattice structures or tubular poles).electrical panels= tablouri electrice An overhead power line is an electric power transmission line suspended by towers or poles. Overhead lines or overhead wires are used to transmit electrical energy to trams. trolleybuses or trains. Some copper cable is still used. The term is normally only used in relation to a cable that has more cores than commonly encountered. Aluminum conductors are used as it has the advantage of better resistivity/weight than copper. Aluminum conductors reinforced with steel (known as ACSR) are primarily used for medium and high voltage lines and may also be used for overhead services to individual customers. A cable comprising three coaxial cables in a single sheath would be considered a multicore. as well as being cheaper. especially at lower voltages. Since the mid-1960s. the insulation has been plastic or polymers exhibiting properties similar to rubber. Technical specification Type : Izolator electric compozit tija/ Composite Suspension insulator – Maira H 24. aluminum. Insulating and jacketing of wires and cables is done by passing them through an extruder.445 Items 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Standard to be applied: Standard Nominal System Voltage: Tensiune Specification Factory data IEC 1109 20 KV 24 KV 50 Hz 3 -55 +50 2500 m Strong:puternica nominala a retelei Highest Voltage of System: Tensiunea maxima de serviciu a retelei Nominal System frequency: Frecventa nominala a sistemului Number of phase of the network: Numar de faze ale retelei Minimum ambient temperature: Temperatura minima Maximum ambient temperature: 55 Temperatura maxima Altitude above sea level: Inaltimea maxima deasupra nivelului marii Radiation of sun: Radiatie Solara . Structures for overhead lines take a variety of shapes depending on the type of line. Towers for support of the lines are made of wood (as-grown or laminated). A multicore cable is a generic term for an electrical cable that has multiple cores.

Cablurile functioneaza pana la tensiuni de 1900 V inclusiv la armatura si pamant si 3300 intre conductoare. . In scopul acestui standard sunt aplicate urmatoarele definitii. The British Standard gives requirements and dimensions for PVC insulated cables. Conductorii din aluminiu cu forme de sector circular sunt alcatuiti din 4 sectoare puse in forma si aranjate conform cu BS 6791. For the purpose of this standard the following definitions apply. Numarul si diametrul nominal al sarmelor pentru conductoarele circulare vor respecta cerintele din tabelul urmator.1 Kg Standardul Britanic indica conditiile si dimensiunile pentru cabluri izolate in PVC. The number and nominal diameter of the wires in shaped stranded and compacted circular copper conductors shall be in acordance to the values given in the appropriate table. The cables operate at voltages up and including 1900 V to armour and earth and 3300 V between conductors.10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Position of installation: Locul instalarii Withstanding voltage with frequency power during 1 minute in dry condition (to earth & between Outdoor: afara 131 KV 85 KV 292 KV 303 KV 70 Micro TT Silicone rubber: Cauciuc Tensiunea de tinere la frecventa industriala in mediu uscat de tinere la frecventa industriala in mediu umed–sub ploaie Lightning impulse Flashover voltage (positive): Tensiunea de tinere la impuls de trasnet(pozitiv) Lightning impulse Flashover voltage (Negative): Tensiunea de tinere la impuls de trasnet(negativ) Thickness of galvanization of metal part: Grosimea galvanizarii partii de metal Fittings: Tip prezoane prindere Kind of material: Material phases): Withstanding voltage with frequency power during 1 minute in wet condition: Tensiunea siliconat Sarcina maxima specificata Leakage distance: Distanta de descarcare a arcului Exceptional Maximum Tensile Strength: Sarcina maxima admisibila (exceptionala) Length: Lungime Weight: Greutate Specified mechanical load: 80 KN 783 mm 97 KN 445 mm 2. Numarul minim de sarme utilizate pentru conductoarele circulare vor fi in conformitate cu BS 6360. The shaped circular solid aluminium conductors consist of four conductor shaped solid conductors laid up together with BS 6791. The minimum number of wires used for the circular conductors shall be in accordance with BS 6360.

The voltage test shall be made at room temperature with a voltage of 500 V. The direction of lay of the armour in cables having up to including seven wires shall be left hand. Dimesiunea maxima a caracterelor va fi de 13 mm. Armatura sarmei consta dintr-un singur strat de sarme de otel galvanizate avand dimensiunea indicata in tabelul urmator. All cords shall be subjected to the spark test.Nu este permisa existenta adeziunii intre strat si manta si izolatie. Grosimea izolatiei va fi determinata de probe reprezentative de mieZ luate nu mai putin de 300 mm de la capatul unei lungimi de fabricatie. The minimum thickness of the bedding shall not fall bellow the value given in the following table. In order to distinguish between 600/1000 cables and cables of higher voltage rating. Masurarea rezistentei izolatiei va fi facuta dupa electrificare cu curent continuu pentru 1 minut la nu mai putin de 500 V The measurement of the resistence of the insulation shall be determined after applying the sample to DC for 1 minute for a power that shall be at least 500V. Pentru a deosebi cablurile cu o tensiune de 6000/1000 V de cablurile cu o tensiune mai mare. Testul de tensiune se va face la temperatura camerei cu o tensiune de 500 V. There shall be no adhesion between the bedding or the sheath and the insulation. Este preferabil ca electrodul sa fie in plasa de sarma astfel incat sa realizeze un contact direct cu conductoarele. Tensiunea electrodului va fi de 6Kv RMS iar capacitatea condensatorului va fi de 35 PF The voltage carried out by the electrode shall be of 6 KV and the capacitor capacity of 35 Pf. Valoarea minima a grosimii stratului nu va scadea sub valorile din urmatorul tabel. Directia stratului armaturii cablurilor din pana la 7 fire va fi spre stanga. primele vor fi marcate cu o hartie de atentionare galbena. The maximum size of the letters shall be of 13 mm. It is advisable that the electrode should be a fine link mesh so that it shall intimate contact with the core. . Wire armour shall consist of a single layer of galvanized steel wires of size indicated in the appropriate table. the first shall be further identified by varnished yellow paper. Toate cordoanele vor fi supuse testului de scanteiere.

To obtain calculation uniformity.2 is used the points at which measurements are made shall not coincide with any embossing. The average measure and the lowest of the measurements shall be recorded for checking compliance with clause 6. The direction of lay is defined as right hand or left hand. In vederea obtinerii uniformitatii in calcule o valoare de 11. a value of 11. . Media masuratorilor si cea mai mica masuratoare vor fi inregistrate pentru verificarea conformitatii cu clauza 6 .5*10-6/C can be taken as a value of the expansion linear coeficient of the galvanized steel wires. The galvanized steel wires shall be of standard tensile strenght grade given in BS4565 unless the purchaser requires a higher tensile strenght grade.2 punctele in care sunt realizate masuratorile nu se vor suprapune peste imprimare. By ageement between the purchaser and the manufacturer a suitable grease may be applied to the centre of the wire. La intelegere intre producator si beneficiar pe sarma centrala poate fi aplicata o gresare corespunzatoare. For steel wires there are no joints except those in the base rod. The resistivity of aluminium wires depends upon its purity and its physical conditions.5*10-6/C poate fi luata ca valoare pentru coeficientul de expansiune liniar al sarmelor de otel galvanizate. Sarmele de otel galvanizate vor fi de gradul de tensiune standard indicat in BS4565 atata timp cat beneficiarul nu cere un grad mai mare. In cazul in care este utilizata tiparirea in conformitate cu 14. When embossing in accordance with 14. Aluminium conductors and aluminium conductors steel reinforced for overhead transmission lines= conductori de aluminiu si conductori de aluminiu cu armatura de otel pentru inii de transmisie aeriene Galvanized steel wire= sarma de otel galvanizat Hard drawn aluminium wire= sarma trefilata de aluminiu Conductorul din aluminiu cu armatura de otel este alcatuit din 7 sau mai multe sarme din otel galvanizate. Rezistivitatea sarmelor de aluminiu depinde de puritatea materialului si de conditiile fizice. The aluminium conductor steel reinforced is made up of seven or more aluminum galvanized steel wires. The measured conductor diameter shall be substracted from the average of the 2 measurements and the difference divided by 2. The coeficient of linear expansionof aluminium wires is to be taken as 23*10-6. In cazul sarmelor de otel imbinarile sunt permise numai in bara de baza. Directia de infasurare a stratului este spre dreapta sau spre stanga. Coeficientul liniar de expensiune al sarmelor de aluminiu se va lui 23*10 –6C.The thickness of the insulation shall be determined by representative core samples taken no more than 300mm from the end of a factory length. Diametrul masurat al conductorului se va scadea din media celor 2 masuratori iar diferenta va fi impartita la 2. probele vor fi luate pe lungimi de conductor cablat. In alternativa in care beneficiarul stabileste in timpul comenzii ca doreste sa faca testele in prezenta unui reprezentant.

Types of flexible cords described in this standard are suitable for use where the combination of ambient temperature and the temperature rise don’t exceed 600C. Grosimea mantalei determinata prin realizarea unui numar de masuratori nu va fi mai mica decat valoarea indicata in tabel 1. The thickness of the sheath determined by making the average of a number of measurements shall be no less than the standard value in table 2. samples of wire shall be taken from lenghts of stranded conductor.. The rated voltage E is the power frequency voltage to earth for which the flexible cords are designed. My presentation is about . Mantaua pentru cordoane cu izolatie de PVC rezistenta la caldura va fi de tipul 4. Izolatia va fi in general conform normei. That's why I'd like to tell you something about it. when the purchaser states at the time of ordering that he desires test to be taken in the presence of hisrepresentatives. Braid twisted twin flexible cords=cordoanele flexibile impletite perechi Standardul britanic da indicatii referitoare la tipul izolatiei.. The british standard gives requirements concerning the type of insulation and the dimension of the insulated cords.. Izolatia va fi aplicata prin extrudare si va fi potrivita strans dar nu va adera la conductor. Tipurile de cordoane descrise in acest standard se vor utiliza unde combinatia dintre temperatura ambianta si cresterea de temperatura nu depasesc 60o C. la dimensiunile cordoanelor. I think everybody has heard about . The vulcanized rubber insulated cords are tinned annealed copper conductors.... Presentations Introduction I want to give you a short presentation about .Alternatively. but hardly anyone knows a lot about it. The insulation shall be applied by extrusion process and shall fit closely on but not adhere to the conductor . Corzile flexibile nu vor fi utilizate la temperaturi de sub 00C decat dupa consultarea producatorului. The sheath for heat resisting PVC insulated cords shall be type four. the manufacturer should be consulted.. The insulation shall mainly be complying to the standard. Cordoanele sunt in principal proiectate in vederea utilizarii lor in conditiile prevazute in regulile pentru echipamentul electric pentru cladiri. I'd like to tell you something about . Determinarea fortei de 1%alungire= determination of stress at 1% elongation Vulvanized rubber –insulated cords=cordoane izolate in cauciuc vulcanizat Cordoanele izolate in cauciuc vulcanizat sunt conductoare cositorite din cupru . The cords are primarily intended for use under the conditions envisaged in the Regulations for the Electrical Equipment of buildings. Tensiunea nominala E este tensiunea putere frecventa de impamantare pentru care cablurile flexibile sunt destinate.. Flexible cords are to be used in ambient temperatures below 00 C. ..

. Hardly anyone knew / knows . At the beginning there was / were . The result of this is that ...? Introducing sub-topics Let me begin by explaining why / how .. Conclusion ... The reason is that . As you can see (in the picture) . here you can see .. Let the pictures speak for themselves...... .. The graphic shows that ......... Many people knew / know . It is a very important day in the history of . As you probably know. was the first to .......... Now.. go back to . This proves that ..... As I already indicated ... Let's (now) find out why / how . It is claimed that .. Let's now move to ..... I'd (just) like to add . You might have seen that already.... .. In other words.. I want to repeat that . One can say that .. Legend has it that ..... hit the idea to ... I have read that ..... The roots of .. ... First / Now I want to talk about .... ... Here is another picture.. Another aspect / point is that ..Did you know that . The next picture shows how ... It's because .. Pictures and graphics Let me use a graphic to explain this. It was / is a very important / special event...... I think the picture perfectly shows how / that . In the next / following picture. . Final thoughts on a sub-topic It was a great success for . you can see . First / Now I want to give you an insight into . began when ...... Maybe you've already heard about . You probably know that ..

1998.. John Smith]. June 16. ex..... John Smith XYZ Bank 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. who said. ex... ex.. ». COMPANY AND ADDRESS. I request that you close the following accounts I have at your branch: TYPE ACCOUNT # [LIST ACCOUNT TYPES AND NUMBERS. should not be forgotten..« That was my presentation on . Wednesday. 1998] [NAME. We should not forget .... . ex. Summing up / Finally it can be said that . . Let me close by quoting . has really impressed me. I hope that one day .... Do you have any questions? Exercise : write a presentation REQUEST BANK TO CLOSE ACCOUNT [DATE... Savings 2342342-234 Checking 2343433-432] [MENTION WHAT SHOULD BE DONE WITH BALANCES. I am now prepared to answer your questions. Kindly prepare a money order in the amount of the balance outstanding for me to pick up on Monday. ex. June 11.. All in all I believe that.] Allow me to thank you in advance for your consideration. Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME..

Wednesday. ex. ex. Anystate 85254] Allow me to thank you in advance. COMPANY AND ADDRESS. Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME. June 11. ABC Supplies] in their investigation of my credit rating be forwarded to me at: [ADDRESS. Jill Jones PowerAccount Software 4321 Second Street Suite 545 Anycity. I kindly request that a copy of all documents you plan to send to [FIRM. Jill Jones] REQUEST BANK FOR COPY OF CREDIT RATING REPORT [DATE. Jill Jones] INQUIRE BANK REGARDING FOREIGN CURRENCY ACCOUNTS [DATE. Sincerely.Sincerely. ex. ex. ex. Wednesday. [YOUR NAME. [YOUR NAME. ABC Supplies] and have listed your bank as a reference. ex. John Smith XYZ Bank 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. We have recently applied for credit at [FIRM. ex. 1998] [NAME. June 11. 1998] . ex. Please me at XXX-XXXX if there are any concerns. John Smith]. ex.

Sterling Pound] accounts. John Smith]. as well as the current rates paid thereon. ex. Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME. ex. As you are aware. ex. $750. ex. to me at: [ADDRESS.[NAME. BANK AND ADDRESS. ex. John Smith XYZ Bank 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. our business has experienced tremendous growth over the past few years. Anystate 85245] Allow me to thank you in advance for your consideration. [YOUR NAME. [EXPLAIN REASONS FOR INCREASE. Jill Jones] REQUEST PERMANENT INCREASE IN CREDIT LIMIT [DATE. COMPANY AND ADDRESS. We are interested in whether your bank offers interest-bearing [CURRENCY. We hereby request that you permanently increase the limit on our credit facility to [REQESTED AMOUNT OF CREDIT LIMIT. ex. Sincerely. ex. John Smith]. Please forward any information regarding the availability of such accounts. Wednesday. and although this is a positive . Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME.000]. ex. June 11. John Smith XYZ Bank 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. ex. ex. 1998] [NAME. Attention: Jill Jones PowerAccount Industries 4312 Third Street Anycity.

000]. Based upon our forecasts. I refer to our recent telephone conversation regarding our company's credit and banking requirements. ex. we anticipate requiring a credit facility of approximately [AMOUNT OF CREDIT FACILITY. Sincerely. BANK AND ADDRESS. Wednesday. Would you kindly provide us with a financing proposal which you believe would satisfy our requirements. Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME. ex. We anxiously await your response. John Smith]. Jill Jones] REQUEST PROPOSAL FOR CREDIT FACILITY [DATE. [YOUR NAME. June 11. our recent financial statements along with our business plan and budget for the forthcoming fiscal year. As you are aware.and desirable trend. ex. $750. Please feel free to call me if you have any questions or comments or if you require any additional information. 1998] [NAME. or if you require additional information. ex. Sincerely. Jill Jones] . ex. we are a growing business with correspondingly increasing capital requirements. we require additional credit in order to allow us to adequately increase production to meet customer demand. [YOUR NAME.] You already have our financial information and related materials. Please feel free to call me if you have any questions or comments. ex. John Smith XYZ Bank 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. We have enclosed for your information. We anxiously await your response.

Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME. 12345678]. We hope that you will enjoy the benefits of a [STATE TERMS $10. 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity.AUTHORIZATION TO BANK TO RELEASE INFORMATION TO FINANCIAL ADVISER [DATE. ex. . ex. and we are certain that these terms will better facilitate doing business together. [ACCOUNT NO. ex. 1998] [NAME. John Smith XYZ Bank 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. June 11. ex.000 maximum 2/10 net 30] account. John Smith XYZ Inc. ex. John Smith]. This document explains in detail how your account will be billed each month. We are happy to inform you that your credit application has been approved. [YOUR NAME. 1998] [NAME. Enclosed. Wednesday.. ACCOUNT You are hereby authorized to release to [NAME OF INDIVIDUAL OR COMPANY] all banking information requested by [him / her / it] relating to our Account No. BANK AND ADDRESS. please find a copy of our credit terms. John Smith]. ex. ex. Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME. ex. Sincerely. June 11. This shall be your good and sufficient authority for so doing. Wednesday. Jill Jones] CUSTOMER CREDIT APPROVAL [DATE. COMPANY AND ADDRESS.

John Smith]. We will. ex. We would therefore respectfully request that you provide us with an additional [ADDITIONAL DELAY PERIOD REQUESTED. Sincerely. June 11. Our technicians are working with the software vendor to address these problems. 1998] [NAME. [EXPLAIN REASON FOR DELAY IN PREPARATION OF STATEMENTS.Feel free to contact me at XXX-XXXX should you have any concerns or questions. Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME. As you are aware. ex. 1998]). ex. [YOUR NAME. Sincerely. however we do not anticipate having this resolved for a few more weeks]. [YOUR NAME. Jill Jones] REQUEST DELAY IN PROVIDING FINANCIAL STATEMENT [DATE. Please feel free to call me if you have any questions. ex. According to the terms of our credit facility. Wednesday. ex. ex. Thank you in advance for your anticipated co-operation. Jill Jones] APPROVAL OF REQUEST TO INCREASE CREDIT LIMIT . John Smith XYZ Bank 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. try to provide you with them earlier. and have been experiencing some difficulties in reconciling accounts. ex. of course. we are required to provide you with our annual financial statements within 90 days following our fiscal year end ([DATE OF YEAR END. sixty (60) days] to provide you with the statements. however we are confident that the delays will not set us back any longer than this. we have recently updated our accounting system software. BANK AND ADDRESS. March 31. ex.

1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. This document explains in detail how your account will be billed each month. We thank you for your credit application and your interest in our [products/services]. As you understand. ex. [YOUR NAME. COMPANY AND ADDRESS. Although we cannot offer you credit terms at this moment. We are happy to inform you that your request to increase your credit limit has been approved. Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME. Jill Jones] CUSTOMER CREDIT REFUSAL [DATE. 1998] [NAME. John Smith]. Wednesday. ex. 1234 First Street Suite 567 Anycity. ex. to maintain reasonable and competitive prices. ex. 1998] [NAME. John Smith]. ex. COMPANY AND ADDRESS. Accordingly. We look forward to doing business with you. Meanwhile. we will be able to accept credit orders from you in the future. Sincerely. please find a detailed copy of our credit terms. Wednesday. ex. June 11. June 11. we are unable to approve many credit applications. We are certain that these terms will better facilitate doing business together. John Smith XYZ Inc. John Smith XYZ Inc.[DATE. ex. may I extend to you a discount of [X]% for cash orders?} . {OFFER INCENTIVE. your new credit limit is $[AMOUNT]. we are certain that. Anystate 85245] Dear [NAME. Enclosed. ex. as we do business together and a favorable history is established.

Sincerely.} It will be a pleasure to do business with you. Due to the nature of international dealings including factors such as distance. ex.{Since you are a busy person. the use of letters of credit has become a very important aspect of international trade. I will automatically review your account in [X] months and gladly offer you credit when we are able to do so. The bank also acts on behalf of the buyer (holder of letter of credit) by ensuring that the supplier will not be paid until the bank receives a confirmation that the goods have been shipped. the bank will be required to cover the full or remaining amount of the purchase. Letters of credit are often used in international transactions to ensure that payment will be received. differing laws in each country and difficulty in knowing each party personally. LC. [YOUR NAME. In the event that the buyer is unable to make payment on the purchase. . Jill Jones] A letter of credit is a letter from a bank guaranteeing that a buyer's payment to a seller will be received on time and for the correct amount.

. New York. effective immediately. 2.SAMPLE IRREVOCABLE LETTER OF CREDIT FOR A NEW YORK CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY FOR INTERNAL IDENTIFICATION PURPOSES ONLY: Applicant Bank Address City State Issue Date Superintendent of Insurance Insurance Department State of New York 25 Beaver Street. We hereby establish this IRREVOCABLE LETTER OF CREDIT in your favor for drawings up to the aggregate amount of United States $ (Amount) . indicating our IRREVOCABLE LETTER OF CREDIT No. for all or any part of this LETTER OF CREDIT upon presentation at our office specified in paragraph one on or before the expiration date or any automatically extended expiration date. . Superintendent: 1. We hereby undertake to promptly honor your sight draft(s) drawn on us. New York 10004 Zip Letter of Credit No. presentable and payable at our office at (Address) and expires with our close of business on (Expiration Date) unless as hereinafter extended. This LETTER OF CREDIT is issued.

4. and is in no way contingent upon condition or qualification. this LETTER OF CREDIT is subject to the 1993 Revision of the Uniform Customs and Practices for Commercial Documentary Credits of the International Chamber of Commerce (Publication No. (Issuing Bank) The letter of recommendation C&A Tours Travelling Agency Calea Victoriei nr . Very truly yours. 5. The obligation of reimbursement with respect thereto. we hereby specifically agree to effect payment if this LETTER OF CREDIT is drawn against within five days after the resumption of business. 500). . or any future expiration date. I am pleased to say that Mrs. unless at least thirty days prior to any expiration date we notify you by registered mail that we elect not to consider this LETTER OF CREDIT renewed for any such additional period. fax 210-4266 To whom it may concern: Letter of recommendation We confirm that Mrs. this undertaking is not subject to any agreement. Unless otherwise expressly stated. It is a condition of this LETTER OF CREDIT that it is deemed to be automatically extended without amendment for one year from the expiration date hereof. (Issuing Bank) under this LETTER OF CREDIT is the individual obligation of Issuing Bank). as well as her comunication abilities and her determination to excel are also proofs that Mrs. Popescu proved to be a reliable team member and a resourceful worker. Victoria Popescu has worked in our agency in the position of secretary between June 2006 and June 2008. If this LETTER OF CREDIT expires during an interruption of business as described in Article 17 of said Publication 500. Popescu is a valuable profesional.210-4263. Popescu is a reliable and hard-working person.45 Bucuresti tel. as well as an enthusiastic and determined nature. Except as expressly stated herein. Her good English and computer skills. During the time period when she was employed in ou company Mrs.3.

a rupe A aduce A construi A arde A arde A cumpara A prinde /bɪ became 'kʌm/ /bɪ 'gɪn/ began /bɪ become 'keɪm/ /bɪ 'gæn/ /bent/ begun bent /bend/ bent /baɪnd/ bound /baɪt/ bit /bli:d/ bled /blou/ blew /breɪk/ broke /brɪŋ/ brought /bɪld/ built /bɜ:rn/ burnt /bɜ:rn/ burned /baɪ/ bought /baʊnd/ bound /bɪt/ /bled/ /blu:/ bitten bled blown /brouk/ broken /brɔ:t/ brought /bɪlt/ built /bɜ:rnt/ burnt /bɜ:rnd/ burned /bɔ:t/ /kɔ:t/ bought caught /kætʃ/ caught /tʃu:z/ chose /kʌm/ came /kɒst/ cost /tʃouz/ chosen /keɪm/ come /kɒst/ cost /'tʃouzən/ A alege /kʌm/ /kɒst/ A veni A costa .July 05 2008 General Manager Adrian Dumintrescu ENGLISH IRREGULAR VERBS WITH PHONETIC TRANSCRIPTION Infinitive Present To Be Am – is – are Beat –s Become –s Begin –s Bend –s Bind –s Bite –s Bleed – s Blow –s Break –s Bring –s Build –s burn–s Burn –s Buy –s Catch.es choose –s Come –s Cost –s /bi:t/ Past Was –were beat /bi:t/ Participle been beaten /'bi:tn/ /bɪ 'kʌm/ /bɪ 'gʌn/ /bent/ /baʊnd/ /'bɪtn/ /bled/ /bloun/ /'broukən/ /brɔ:t/ /bɪlt/ /bɜ:rnt/ /bɜ:rnd/ /bɔ:t/ /kɔ:t/ A fi A bate A deveni A incepe A indoi A lega A musca A sangera A sufla A sparge.

Cut –s Dig –s Do –es draw –s Dream –s Dream –s Drink –s Drive –s Eat –s Fall –s Feed –s Feel –s Fight –s Find –s Fly – flies Forget –s Forgive –s Freeze –s Get –s Get –s Give –s Go -goes Grow –s Hang –s Have –has Hear –s Hide –s /kʌt/ /dɪg/ /du:/ cut dug did /kʌt/ /dʌg/ /dɪd/ /dru:/ cut dug done drawn /kʌt/ /dʌg/ /dʌn/ /drɔ:n/ /dremt/ A taia A sapa A face A desena A visa /drɔ:/ drew /dri:m/ dreamt /dri:m/ dreamed /drɪŋk/ drank /draɪv/ drove /i:t/ /fɔ:l/ /fi:d/ /fi:l/ ate fell fed felt /dremt/ dreamt /dri:md/ dreamed /dræŋk/ drunk /drouv/ driven /eɪt. et/ eaten /fel/ /fed/ /felt/ /fɔ:t/ fallen fed felt fought /dri:md/ A visa /drʌŋk/ A bea /'drɪvən/ A conduce /'i:tn/ /'fɔ:lən/ /fed/ /felt/ /fɔ:t/ /faʊnd/ /floun/ /fər 'gɒtn/ /fər 'gɪvən/ A manca A cadea A se hrani A simti A(se) lupta A gasi A zbura A uita A ierta /faɪt/ fought /faɪnd/ found /flaɪ/ flew /fər 'get/ /fər 'gɪv/ forgot forgave /faʊnd/ found /flu:/ /fər 'gɒt/ /fər 'geɪv/ flown forgotten forgiven /fri:z/ froze /get/ /get/ /gɪv/ got got gave /frouz/ frozen /gɒt/ /gɒt/ got gotten /'frouzən/ A ingheta /gɒt/ /'gɒtn/ /'gɪvən/ /gɒn/ /groun/ /hʌŋ/ /hæd/ /hɜ:rd/ /'hɪdn/ A obtine A obtine A da A merge A creste A atarna A avea A auzi A ascunde /geɪv/ given /went/ gone /gru:/ /hʌŋ/ /hæd/ grown hung had /gou/ went /grou/ Grew /hæŋ/ hung /hæv/ had /hɪər/ heard /haɪd/ hid /hɜ:rd/ heard /hɪd/ hidden .

a rasari A fugi.a alerga A spune A vedea /hould/ held /hɜ:rt/ hurt /ki:p/ kept /nou/ knew /leɪ/ /li:d/ laid led /lɜ:rn/ learnt /lɜ:rn/ learned /li:v/ left /lɜ:rnt/ learnt /lɜ:rnd/ learned /left/ /lent/ /let/ /leɪ/ /lɒst/ left lent let lain lost /lend/ lent /let/ /laɪ/ let lay /lu:z/ lost /meɪk/ made /mi:n/ meant /mi:t/ met /peɪ/ /pʊt/ /ri:d/ paid put read /meɪd/ made /ment/ meant /met/ met /peɪd/ paid /pʊt/ /red/ put read /raɪd/ rode /rɪŋ/ rang /roud/ ridden /ræŋ/ /rouz/ /ræn/ /sed/ /sɔ:/ rung risen run said seen /raɪz/ rose /rʌn/ /seɪ/ /si:/ ran said saw . a permite A se intinde A pierde A face A insemna A intalni A plati A pune A citi A calari A suna A se ridica.Hit –s Hold -s Hurt –s Keep –s Know –s Lay –s Lead –s Learn –s Learn Leave –s Lend –s Let –s Lie –s Lose –s Make –s Mean –s Meet –s Pay –pays Put –s Read –s Ride –s Ring –s Rise –s Run –s Say –says See –s /hɪt/ hit /hɪt/ /held/ /hɜ:rt/ /kept/ /nu:/ /leɪd/ /led/ hit held hurt kept known laid led /hɪt/ /held/ /hɜ:rt/ /kept/ /noun/ /leɪd/ /led/ /lɜ:rnt/ /lɜ:rnd/ /left/ /lent/ /let/ /leɪn/ /lɒst/ /meɪd/ /ment/ /met/ /peɪd/ /pʊt/ /red/ /'rɪdn/ /rʌŋ/ /'rɪzən/ /rʌn/ /sed/ /si:n/ A lovi A tine A rani A tine A sti A intinde A conduce A invata A invata A pleca A da cuimprumut A lasa.

ʃɒn/ /ʃɒt/ /ʃoun/ /ʃʌt/ /sʌŋ/ /sʌŋk/ /sæt/ /slept/ /smelt/ /smeld/ A straluci A trage cu arma A arata A inchide A canta A se scufunda A sta (jos) A dormi A mirosi A mirosi /ʃoun.Sell –s Send –s Set –s Shake –s Shine –s Shoot –s Show –s Shut –s Sing –s Sink –s Sit –s Sleep –s smell–s Smell –s Speak –s Spell –s spell Spend –s Spill –s Spill –s Spit –s Spit split –s Spoil –s Spoil –s Stand –s /sel/ sold /sould/ sold /sent/ /set/ /ʃʊk/ sent set shaken /sould/ /sent/ /set/ A vinde A trimite A stabili /send/ sent /set/ set /ʃeɪk/ shook /ʃaɪn/ shone /ʃu:t/ shot /ʃou/ showed /ʃʌt/ /sɪŋ/ shut sang /'ʃeɪkən/ A scutura /ʃoun. shone ʃɒn/ /ʃɒt/ shot /ʃoud/ shown /ʃʌt/ /sæŋ/ shut sung /sɪŋk/ sank /sɪt/ sat /sæŋk/ sunk /sæt/ sat /sli:p/ slept /smel/ smelt /smel/ smelled /spi:k/ spoke /spel/ spelt /spel/ spelled /spend/ spent /spɪl/ spilt /spɪl/ spilled /spɪt/ spat /spɪt/ spit /splɪt/ split /spoɪl/ spoilt /spoɪl/ spoiled /stænd/ stood /slept/ slept /smelt/ smelt /smeld/ smelled /spouk/ spoken /spelt/ spelt /speld/ spelled /spent/ spent /spɪlt/ spilt /spɪld/ spilled /spæt/ spat /spɪt/ spit /'spoukən/ A vorbi /spelt/ /speld/ /spent/ /spɪlt/ /spɪld/ /spæt/ /spɪt/ /splɪt/ /spoɪlt/ /spoɪld/ /stʊd/ A ortografia A ortografia A petrece A varsa A varsa A scuipa A scuipa A imparti A rasfata A rasfata A sta(in picioare) /splɪt/ split /spoɪlt/ spoilt /spoɪld/ spoiled /stʊd/ stood .

Steal –s Strike –s Swim –s Take –s Teach –es Tear –s Tell –s Think –s Throw –s /sti:l/ stole /straɪk/ struck /swɪm/ swam /teɪk/ took /ti:tʃ/ taught /teər/ tore /tel/ told /stoul/ stolen /strʌk/ struck /swæm/ swum /tʊk/ /tɔ:t/ /tɔr/ taken taught torn /'stoulən/ A fura /strʌk/ /swʌm/ A lovi A inota /'teɪkən/ A lua /tɔ:t/ /tɔrn/ /tould/ /θɔ:t/ /θroun/ /ʌndər 'stʊd/ A preda A rupe A povesti. a spune A gandi A arunca A intelege /tould/ told /θɔ:t/ /θru:/ thought thrown /θɪŋk/ thought /θrou/ threw /ʌndər Understand /ʌndər understood understood –s 'stʊd/ 'stænd/ Wake –s Wear –s Win –s Write /weɪk/ woke /weər/ wore /wɪn/ won /raɪt/ wrote /wouk/ woken /wɔr/ worn /'woukən/ A se trezi /wɔrn/ /wʌn/ /'rɪtn/ A purta A castiga A scrie /wʌn/ won /rout/ written .