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Name:_______________________

Date assigned:______________ Precalculus | Packer Collegiate Institute

Band:________

Advanced Practice with Polar Complex Numbers

(1) (a) If you have a complex number written in polar form, say z1 2(cos 30o i sin 30o ) . What is ( z1 )3 ?

(b) Convert z1 to standard a+bi form. Then actually take the time to multiply z1 by itself three times. Did you get the same answer as above?

(2) Let z2 4 3i . Calculate ( z2 )100 . Express is both in polar form and a+bi form. If you have trouble, look at this footnote.1

Hint. Convert z2 to polar form. Then view (z2)

100

as z2z2z2...z2 (the complex number z2 multiplied by itself a hundred times).

(3) Lets do this generally. If z r (cos i sin ) , what is z n expressed in polar form?

(4) Even though weve been raising complex numbers to positive integers, it turns out our formula that you derived in (3) actually works for all real numbers like n 2 or n 1/ 2 or even n ! (a) Let z3 1 i . Convert that to polar complex form.

(b) Calculate 1 i algebraically. Then check your answer using your calculator.

(c) Calculate

1 i algebraically. Then check your answer using your calculator.