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Name:_______________________

Date assigned:______________ Precalculus | Packer Collegiate Institute

Band:________

Complex Roots

Warm Up: 1. Draw a perfect nonagon:

2. Solve: (a) Solve x3 1 (b) Solve x5 1

(c) Use your calculator. Let z

(d) Use your calculator. [Split this up among your group] Let a 0.309 0.951i . Find a 5 : Let b 0.809 0.588i . Find b5 : Let c 0.809 0.588i . Find c 5 : Let d 0.309 0.951i . Find d 5 : Also, find out how far each of these complex numbers are from the origin. distance of a : distance of b : distance of c : distance of d :

1 3 i . Find z 3 : 2 2

1 3 Let w i . Find w3 : 2 2
Also, find out how far each of these complex numbers are from the origin. distance of z : distance of w :

Section 1: Graphing Roots of Unity (e) We know that x 1 is a solution to x3 1 . However we have discovered two more. Plot them carefully on the complex plane. (a) We know that x 1 is one solution to x5 1 . However we have discovered four more. Plot them carefully on the complex plane.

Whoa!!! Seriously? DO YOU SEE WHAT I SEE? If you do, try to plot all the solutions to x8 1 in the complex plane.

Write out what some of these solutions are, exactly:

Section 2: From Visualizing to Algebra The solutions to x3 1 are visualized below. Write down each of the solutions exactly in complex polar form:

Solution 1:

Solution 2:

Solution 3:

The solutions to x5 1 are visualized below. Write down each of the solutions exactly in complex polar form:

Solution 1: Solution 2: Solution 3: Solution 4: Solution 5:

Section 3: A perfect nonagon If I asked you to give the me coordinates of a regular nonagon in the regular coordinate plane, you might have hesitated. A NONAGON??? However, solve x9 1 , and use your answers to give me coordinates of a regular nonagon