This is some

State ESEA Title I Participation
Information for 2003-04

Elizabeth Dabney, Westat
Rockville, Md.

Prepared for:
U.S. Department of Education
Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development
and
Office of Elementary and Secondary Education

2007

This report was prepared for the U.S. Department of Education under Contract No. EDOOUS-05-000046 with
Westat. Adrienne Hosek served as the contracting officer’s representative. The views expressed herein do not
necessarily represent the positions or policies of the Department of Education.
U.S. Department of Education
Margaret Spellings
Secretary
Office of Planning, Evaluation and
Policy Development
Doug Mesecar
Acting Assistant Secretary
Policy and Program Studies Service
Alan Ginsburg
Director

Office of Elementary and Secondary Education
Kerri Briggs
Acting Assistant Secretary
Student Achievement and School
Accountability Programs
Jackie Jackson
Director

June 2007
This report is in the public domain. Authorization to reproduce it in whole or in part is granted. While permission to
reprint this publication is not necessary, the citation should be: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Planning,
Evaluation and Policy Development and Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, State ESEA Title I
Participation Information for 2003-04, Washington, D.C., 2007.
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Contents
Page
List of Figures...................................................................................................................................... ........v
List of Tables....................................................................................................................... ......................vii
Introduction to the Report..................................................................................................... .......................1
Title I School Information........................................................................................................ ....................2
Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS) and Schoolwide Program (SWP) Schools.............................. ...............3
Districts and Schools Identified for Improvement................................................................................ .........4
Districts.......................................................................................................................................... .5
Schools........................................................................................................................................ ....5
Title I Student Participation................................................................................................ .........................5
Overall Participation Patterns......................................................................................................... .5
Grade-Level Participation.................................................................................... ...........................6
Racial and Ethnic Classification............................................................................................................... ....7
Special Populations Served by Title I............................................................................................. ..............8
Services Supported by Title I............................................................................................... ........................8
Instructional Services.................................................................................................... ..................8
Other Support Services.......................................................................................... .........................8
Title I TAS Staffing Patterns......................................................................................................... ...............9

Page iii

Figures
Page
Figure 1

Title I Grants to LEAs Appropriation Information, 1965-66 Through 2006-07
(In 2005 Constant Dollars)................................................................................... .................2

Figure 2

Number of Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS) and Schoolwide Program (SWP)
Schools, 1993-94 Through 2003-04............................................................. .........................3

Figure 3

Number and Percentage of Title I Schools Identified for Improvement, Corrective Action or
Restructuring, 2003-04 and 2004-05....................................................................... ..............4

Figure 4

Title I Grants to LEAs Program—Total Participation, 1979-80 Through 2003-04................5

Figure 5

Title I Participation, by Grade Span, 2003-04................................................... ....................6

Figure 6

Title I Participants, by Racial and Ethnic Classification, 2003-04............................ .............7

Figure 7

Percentage of Total Title I Participants, by Racial and Ethnic Classification,
1979-80 Through 2003-04.................................................................................................. ...7

Figure 8

Services Provided to Title I TAS Students, 2002-03 and 2003-04........................................ ..8

Figure 9

Title I FTE Teachers and Teacher Aides in TAS Schools, 1979-80 Through 2003-04............9

Figure 10

Title I FTE Staff in TAS Schools, by Classification, 2003-04......................... ......................9

Page v

Tables

Page

Table 1

Number and Percentage of Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS) and Schoolwide
Program (SWP) Schools, by State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04...............10

Table 2

Districts Identified for Improvement, by State or Jurisdiction, 2004-05 (Based on
assessment data in 2003-04).......................................................... .........................11

Table 3

Participating Title I Schools Identified for School Improvement, by State or
Jurisdiction, 2003-04 and 2004-05 (Based on assessment data in 2002-03 and 200304 respectively).................................................................................................. .....12

Table 4

Number and Percentage of Title I Public, Private, and Local Neglected or
Delinquent (N or D) Participants, by State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04. .13

Table 5

Title I Participation, Public, Private, Local Neglected or Delinquent (N or D), and
Total, 1979-80 Through 2003-04....................................................................... .....15

Table 6

Title I Participants, by Grade Span, Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS), Schoolwide
Program (SWP) Schools, Private, Local Neglected or Delinquent (N or D), and
Total, 2002-03 and 2003-04.......................................................... .........................16

Table 7

Number and Percentage of Title I Targeted Assistance School (TAS) and Schoolwide
Program (SWP) Participants, by Racial and Ethnic Classification and State or
Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04............................................... ..........................17

Table 8

Number and Percentage of Title I Participants, by Racial and Ethnic Classification,
1979-80 Through 2003-04.............................................................................. ........19

Table 9

Number and Percentage of Total Public Targeted Assistance School (TAS) and
Schoolwide Program (SWP) Title I Participants with Disabilities, by State or
Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04............................................... ..........................20

Table 10

Number and Percentage of Total Title I Participants with Limited English
Proficiency (LEP), by State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04.........................21

Table 11

Number and Percentage of Total Public Targeted Assistance School (TAS) and
Schoolwide Program (SWP) Title I Participants Classified as Migrant, by State or
Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04............................................... ..........................22

Table 12

Total Title I Participants, by Service Area, in Public Targeted Assistance Schools
(TAS), 2002-03 and 2003-04........................................................................... .......23

Table 13

Title I-Funded Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) TAS Staff, by State or Jurisdiction,
2002-03 and 2003-04................................................................. ............................24

Table 14

Title I Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Teachers and Teacher Aides, 1979-80 Through
2003-04............................................................................................. .....................26

Page vii

Introduction to the Report
The State ESEA1 Title I Participation Summary Report for 2003-04 summarizes the participation data for
the Title I, Part A (Title I), Grants to Local Education Agencies (LEAs) program. This program provides
federal funds to assist eligible school districts and schools in supporting opportunities for at-risk children2 to
acquire the necessary knowledge and skills to meet challenging state content and achievement standards. Title
I serves at-risk children from preschool through high school, including providing supplemental services to
many special populations, including children with disabilities, students with limited English proficiency
(LEP), and migrant children. This program also provides services to eligible children in nonpublic schools and
in local institutions serving neglected or delinquent students and offers other support services, such as family
literacy services.
This report provides Title I participation data for 2003-04, the second year the No Child Left Behind Act of
2001 (NCLB) was implemented. The report also presents comparisons with 2002-03 and previous years that
were covered by prior laws, including the Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994 (IASA). Topics include
districts, schools and students served, the range of instructional and support services provided, Title I
staffing patterns, and schools’ progress toward meeting performance standards, as reported by states on
Parts I and II of the Consolidated State Performance Reports (CSPR). The tables shown in this report
reflect data submitted by the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), and
Puerto Rico. State-by-state tables follow the text. This report supplements the information provided in the
2003-04 No Child Left Behind Annual Report to Congress, also prepared by the U.S. Department of
Education (the Department).
The quality and timeliness of the state-submitted data continue to be an issue. States were required to
submit Part I of the CSPR to the Department in January 2005 and Part II in April 2005; however, not all
states met these deadlines. Wyoming did not submit complete 2003-04 Title I participation figures for Part
II, so the state-level tables at the end of this report show blank cells for this state. In addition, the states
often submitted reports that were incomplete or included apparent errors or inconsistencies. The states were
contacted and asked to verify their data or provide revised data. Four states did not submit revised data and
two states did not provide final verification of their CSPR data. State data that differed dramatically from
previous years and could not be verified were omitted from the data analyses.
The problem of incomplete data is greatest when the CSPR data collection form changes from one year to
the next. There are, however, some instances in which states did not provide required information for items
in which the data collection form remained the same as in the previous year. In order to improve the
submission process in the future, the Department is collaborating with states through tools such as the
Education Data Exchange Network (EDEN) and the EDFacts reporting system.
During the data verification process, states could revise information submitted for 2003-04 as well as
information submitted for earlier years. As a result of these revisions, some of the information shown in this
report for years prior to 2003-04 differs from previously published figures. Additionally, a new table has
been included in this report showing the number of districts identified for improvement.
The 2003-04 achievement results will be reported separately in State Education Indicators With a Focus on
Title I: 2003-04. Refer to the Department’s Web site at
http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/opepd/ppss/reports.html#title.
1

2

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the Improving America’s Schools Act, Pub. L. No.
103-382, 108 Stat. 3518 et seq. (1994). This act was further amended by the No Child Left Behind Act, Pub. L. No. 107-110,
20 U.S.C. § 6301 (2002) (enacted Jan. 8, 2002).
LEAs target the Title I funds they receive to schools with the highest percentages of children from low-income families.
Schools in which poor children make up at least 40 percent of enrollment are eligible to use Title I funds for schoolwide
programs that serve all children in the school. Unless a participating school is operating a schoolwide program, the school
must focus Title I services on children who are failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet state academic standards.

Page 1

Title I School Information
The Title I, Part A, Grants to LEAs program represents the single largest investment in elementary and
secondary education by the federal government, comprising almost half (48 percent) of federal funds
appropriated for this purpose. The program was funded at $11.7 billion in fiscal year (FY) 2003, which
was primarily intended for use during the 2003-04 school year. In constant dollars, funding for the Title I
Grants to LEAs program has risen steadily since the mid-1980s. The rate of increase was larger during the
2001-02 to 2005-06 period
compared to previous years.
Figure 1
(See Figure 1.)
Title I Grants to LEAs Appropriation Information,
1965-66 Through 2006-07
For FY 2003 (primarily for
(In
2005 Constant Dollars)
$ in billions
use in school year 2003-04),
14
Title I funds were allocated
through four funding
12
formulas—Basic Grants
and Concentration Grants,
10
as well as Targeted and
8
Education Finance Incentive
Grants. At $7.1 billion for
6
FY 2003, Basic Grants
4
represented the largest of
the four funding streams.
2
Basic Grants provide funds
for school districts with at
0
1966
1970
1985
1995
2005
70
75
80
85
90
95
00
06
66
least 10 federal formulaYear
eligible children, ages 5-17,
who make up more than
2 percent of a district’s overall enrollment. Concentration Grants amounted to $1.4 billion in FY 2003 and
go to districts in which the number of formula-eligible children exceeds 6,500 or 15 percent of the district
enrollment.
The Targeted Grants formula allocates funds using a weighting system that provides more funding per
formula-eligible child to districts with higher numbers or percentages of these children. To qualify, a district
must have at least 10 formula-eligible children and the number of these children must be at least 5 percent of
the district’s school-age population. For FY 2003, the Targeted Grants program was funded at $1.7 million.
The Education Finance Incentive Grants (EFIG) has the same district eligibility criteria as the Targeted
Grants. In addition, the EFIG incorporates two state-level factors that measure: (1) the state’s effort to
provide financial support for education compared with its relative wealth as measured by its per capita
income (fiscal effort factor); and (2) the degree to which education expenditures among school districts
within a state are equalized (equity factor). This program was funded at $1.5 million for FY 2003.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 2

Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS) and
Schoolwide Program (SWP) Schools

Number of Schools

The Title I Grants to
Figure 2
LEAs program
Number of Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS) and
provided services to
Schoolwide Program (SWP) Schools,
students in more than
1993-94 Through 2003-04
54,000 schools in 2003SWP
60,000
04. Schools in districts
TAS
receiving Title I funds are
eligible for Title I
50,000 3,903 5,050
assistance if their poverty
rate is at least equal to
40,000
14,891 17,317
28,394 30,279
19,372 22,791 25,184 26,513
the districtwide average
or is at least 35 percent.
30,000
48,383
Eligibility, however, does
46,638
not guarantee the receipt
20,000
of funds, and districts
31,076 27,084
31,763
24,798 24,842 24,648 23,980 24,338
may choose to target their
10,000
Title I funds to schools
with higher poverty
0
levels. Also, because
93-94 94-95 95-96 96-97 97-98 98-99 99-00 00-01 01-02 02-03 03-04
Year
districts must serve
Note: State performance report information was not collected for the 1995-96 school year.
schools in rank order by
school poverty rate, some
eligible schools may not receive Title I funds if they are lower in their district’s ranking and all of the
district's Title I funds are used in the higher-poverty schools. The statute provides several options to
districts for measuring school poverty levels, and most districts use the percentage of students eligible for
free or reduced-price lunches as their measure.
Schools may use their Title I funds to serve students in either a targeted assistance or schoolwide program
setting. Targeted assistance schools use Title I funds to serve individual students who are failing or most at
risk of failing to achieve state academic achievement standards and are selected for services based on
multiple, educationally related, objective criteria. Schoolwide program schools must use Title I funds to
improve their educational programs as a whole, and may combine other federal, state, and local funds with
Title I funds to accomplish this purpose. In 2003-04, a school was eligible to operate as a schoolwide
program if its poverty rate was at least 40 percent; the eligibility threshold for a school to operate as a
schoolwide program has been lowered repeatedly over time, from a high of 75 percent prior to 1994-95.
In 2003-04, the 30,279 schoolwide programs represented 55 percent of all Title I schools; this number
has been rising steadily since 1996-97 (See Figure 2). See Table 1 on page 10 for state-by-state counts of
targeted assistance schools and schoolwide programs.
Due in part to the increase in schoolwide programs, the overall number of students counted as Title I
participants also has increased in recent years. In schoolwide programs, all students in the school are Title
I participants; in targeted assistance programs, however, only students selected for receiving specific Title Ifunded services are Title I participants.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 3

Districts and Schools Identified for Improvement
Figure 3
Number and Percentage of Title I Schools Identified for Improvement,
Corrective Action or Restructuring, 2003-04 and 2004-05
100%

80%
Percent of Total

The Title I statute requires
districts to annually review the
progress of each Title I school
to determine whether the school
is making adequate yearly
progress (AYP) toward
enabling its students to meet
state content standards.
Schools that do not make AYP
for two consecutive years are
identified for improvement.3

46,108
(88%)

60%

40%

44,847
(82%)

Schools not
Identified for
Improvement
Schools
Identified for
Improvement

States make AYP
determinations and prepare the
list of identified schools for the
20%
4,905
upcoming school year using the
5,625
9,770
6,266
19%
22%
(18%)
previous year’s assessment
(12%)
0%
results. Assessment data from
2003-04
2004-05
the 2003-04 and 2002-03
Note: The determination of Title I schools identified for improvement in 2003-04 and
school years, therefore, were
2004-05 is based on assessment data from 2002-03 and 2003-04, respectively.
used to identify schools for
improvement in 2004-05. The 2004-05 school year marks the first year schools were identified for
improvement based solely on the new NCLB accountability provisions. These schools had missed AYP both
years since 2002-03, the year states began measuring AYP as required by NCLB. Figure 3 shows schools
identified for improvement based on missing AYP for two consecutive years, as well as schools in the
corrective action or restructuring phases of school improvement.
Of relevance to the number of schools in improvement, states sometimes make changes to the state
assessments used to determine AYP from one year to the next. These changes can range from changing the
proficiency levels to implementing an entirely new testing program. Additionally, NCLB requires student
testing in grades 3 through 8 and once in grades 10 through 12 starting in 2005-06. By 2003-04, many
states had implemented new testing regimens to comply with the new NCLB testing requirements. All of
these factors contribute to changes in state assessment systems and may impact both the state-level student
proficiency rates and the schools identified for improvement. From 2000-01 to 2001-02, seven states made
changes to their assessments. From 2001-02 to 2002-03, with the implementation of NCLB, this figure
increased to 20 states. From 2002-03 to 2003-04, five states made changes, with two of the five states
revising middle school assessments.4

Districts
3

4

Detailed data on achievement at the state level will be provided in the State Education Indicators With a Focus on Title I:
2003-04 (forthcoming) report. The 2003-04 No Child Left Behind Annual Report to Congress will also present state-level
achievement information.
The State Education Indicators With a Focus on Title I: 2003-04 (forthcoming) report contains information on the number of
states changing their assessments.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 4

States reported on districts identified for improvement for the first time in the 2005 CSPR. Districts were
identified for improvement for the 2004-05 school year based on 2003-04 and 2002-03 assessment results.
Forty-eight states provided counts of these districts. In these states, a total of 1,770 districts were
identified. Seven states indicated that zero districts were identified for improvement and seven other states
had between one and five districts in this category. (See Table 2 on p. 11.)

Schools
States reported that, overall, 9,770 Title I schools (18 percent) were identified for improvement in 200405. This figure includes all schools identified for improvement, corrective action, or restructuring, regardless
of how many years they had been identified. (See Figure 3 and Table 3 on p. 12.) Many states experienced an
increase in the number of schools identified for improvement in 2004-05. Among the schools listed were those
that had missed both years of AYP since the start of NCLB implementation. With the return of the 2003-04
assessment results, states had collected the two years of data needed to identify schools for improvement for
the first time under the NCLB accountability provisions.
NCLB changed how states identified schools for improvement. Under the previous law (IASA), states set
reporting requirements for AYP targets that could be absolute or relative, summarized across subjects and
aggregated for all students at a school. In contrast, NCLB requires more specific criteria for AYP, including
the goal of all students achieving proficiency by 2013-14, as well as accountability for the achievement of
key groups of students. Both IASA and NCLB, however, placed final responsibility for the details of AYP
definitions in the hands of state policymakers. Additionally, each year, a small number of states have not
reported information for this item, so the national totals do not include the same states from year to year.5

Title I Student Participation
Overall Participation
Patterns

Figure 4
Title I Grants to LEAs Program—Total Participation,
1979-80 Through 2003-04

Number of Participants (in millions)
The number of students counted as
18
Title I participants has risen steadily,
16
particularly beginning in 1996-97,
14
when much larger numbers of Title I
12
schools began implementing the
schoolwide program option, whereby
10
all students in the school are Title I
8
participants. Prior to 1996-97, a
6
majority of schools operated targeted
4
assistance programs, whereby only
2
students receiving specific Title I0
funded services were counted as
79 80
80
79
85
90
95
00
Year
Year
participants. In 2003-04, 85 percent of
Note: State performance report information was not collected for the
Title I participants were in schoolwide
1995-96 school year.
programs, 13 percent were in targeted
assistance schools, and the remaining participants were in private schools (1 percent) or local programs for
neglected and delinquent children (1 percent). (See Figure 4 above and Table 4 on pp. 13 and 14.)

The total number of Title I participants was 18.0 million in 2003-04, a 9 percent increase over the 2002-03
5

Every state sets its own definition of AYP, which must be approved by the Department and adhere to the principals of NCLB.
As there is variation in state AYP targets and objectives, state-to-state comparisons must be interpreted with caution.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 5

participation level of 16.5 million students. (See Table 5 on p. 15.)

Grade-Level Participation
Despite increases in the number of
participants in the Title I Grants to LEAs
program, the participation rate by grade
level remained virtually unchanged in
2003-04. As in past years, participation
in TAS, SWP, and private schools was
concentrated in the elementary grades
for 2003-04, with about three-quarters
of participants in pre-kindergarten
through grade 6.

Figure 5
Title I Participation, by Grade Span, 2003-04
Grades 7-9
18%
Grades 4-6
28%

Participation in Part A Neglected or
Delinquent programs6 was concentrated in
the higher grades, with 68 percent of
students in grade seven or above. (See
Table 6 on p. 16.)

6

Grades 10-12
9%
Ungraded
1%
Pre-K
3%

Grades 1-3
32%

Kindergarten
10%

The Part A Neglected or Delinquent program provides services for children living in local institutions for neglected children.
These services are provided by the school district and are to be comparable to the services provided to the students enrolled in
the elementary and secondary schools in the district.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 6

Racial and Ethnic Classification
Minority students accounted for almost
two-thirds of Title I participants in
2003-04. Thirty-five percent of Title I
participants were Hispanic, 25 percent
were black non-Hispanic, and 33 percent
were classified as white, non-Hispanic.
Asian and Pacific Islander students
accounted for 3 percent of participants,
American Indian or Alaska Native
students comprised 2 percent, and other
students represented 1 percent. 7 (See
Figure 6 and Table 7 on pp. 17 and 18.)

Figure 6
Title I Participants, by Racial and Ethnic
Classification, 2003-04

White, nonHispanic
33%

Hispanic
35%

American
Indian
2%
Asian and
Pacific Isl.
3%

Over the past 26 years (since 1979-80),
Other
the proportion of Hispanic students has
1%
Black, nonincreased from 16 to 35 percent of all
Hispanic
Title I participants, while the percentage
25%
of black, non-Hispanic participants has
Percents do not add to 100 due to rounding.
decreased from 31 to 25 percent and the
percentage of white, Non-Hispanic
participants has declined from 53 to 33 percent. Since 2000-01, the reported percentage of Hispanic
students has been approximately equal to the percentage of white, non-Hispanic participants. The 2003-04
school year is the first year more Hispanic than white, non-Hispanic students participated in Title I. The
percentage of participants from other racial and ethnic groups, including American Indian, Alaska Native,
Asian, and Pacific Islander students, remained largely unchanged during this period. (See Figure 7 and Table
8 on p. 19.)

Figure 7
Percentage of Total Title I Participants, by Racial and Ethnic
Classification, 1979-80 Through 2003-04
Percentage of Students

60
50

White, non-Hispanic

40

Black, nonHispanic

30

Hispanic

20

Other Racial and Ethnic Groups: American Indian
and Alaska Native and Asian and Pacific Islander

10
0

90
95
00 04
Year
Year
Note: State performance report information was not collected for the
1995-96 school year.

7

79 80
80
79

85

States can, and do, provide counts of students classified as “other” in their racial and ethnic breakouts despite the fact this
option is not available on the official data collection instrument.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 7

Special Populations Served by Title I
A significant proportion of Title I participants are students from special populations. These children include
students with disabilities, who in 2003-04 represented 12 percent of the Title I participants. For 2003-04, 16
percent of Title I participants were classified as students with limited English proficiency, and 2 percent were
migrant students.
Refer to Tables 9-11 (on pp. 20-22) for detailed, state-by-state special population participation information.

Services Supported by Title I
Instructional and supporting service information is reported only for participants in TAS schools, because
schoolwide programs serve all students and upgrade the entire instructional program in those high-poverty
schools.

Instructional
Services
States report on TAS students
receiving any of five categories
of instructional services with
Title I, Part A funds —reading
or language arts, mathematics,
science, social studies, and
other instructional services.
Among these, the most common
services provided were reading
or language arts and
mathematics. For the 2003-04
reporting year, 83 percent of
TAS participants received
instruction in reading and
52 percent received instruction
in mathematics.8 (See Figure 8
and Table 12 on p. 23.)

Figure 8
Services Provided to Title I TAS Students,
2002-03 and 2003-04
Instructional Services
Reading/
Language Arts

83
79
52
48

Mathematics

13
16
13
13

Science
Social Studies
Other Instructional
Services

2
2

2003-04
2002-03

Supporting Services
Guidance/Counseling/
Social Work

15
12
9
11

Health/Dental
Other Supporting
Services

0

6
5
20

40

60

80

100

Percent

Other Support Services
As in past years, smaller percentages of TAS students received other Title I-funded support services. In
2003-04, 23 percent of students received Title I-supported guidance or counseling or social work, 12 percent
received health or dental services, and 22 percent received support services classified as other, such as
transportation, home visits, nutrition and health education, and speech therapy. (See Figure 8 and Table 12
on p. 23.)

Title I TAS Staffing Patterns
8

Figure 8 and Table 12 do not include data from Illinois, a state which had data that fluctuated widely from the previous year,
raising concerns about validity. Illinois reported that the number of TAS students receiving Title I services increased nearly
600 percent from 2002-03 to 2003-04 for reading services and over 1,000 percent for mathematics.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 8

Teachers accounted for over half
(57 percent) of all Title I full-time
equivalent (FTE) staff in targeted
assistance schools, a percentage
that has risen steadily over the
past four years, while the
percentage of FTE staff who were
teacher aides has declined.
Specifically, the percentage of FTE
staff who were teachers rose from
44 percent in 1999-2000 to 57
percent in 2003-04, and the
percentage who were teacher aides
declined from 41 percent to 31
percent over this same period.
Together, teachers and teacher
aides accounted for 88 percent of
the reported total of 62,556 Title
I staff. Other Title I staff included
administrators (3 percent), support
staff (5 percent), and other staff
(3 percent). (See Figures 9 and 10
and Tables 13 and 14 on pp. 24 and
26.)

Percentage of Reported FTE Staff

Staffing data are only available for schools that operated targeted assistance programs in 2003-04
(45 percent of Title I schools). States were asked to report staffing data for these schools and not those that
operated schoolwide programs, due to the structural differences between the programs. However, these data
may include some district-level staff who work with multiple schools, including schoolwide programs, for
which data are otherwise not available.

60

Figure 9
Title I FTE Teachers and Teacher Aides in
TAS Schools, 1979-80 Through 2003-04

50

Teachers

40
Teacher Aides

30
20
10
0

79
80
79 80

85
85

90
90

95

00

Year
Note: State performance report information was not collected for the
1995-96 school year.

Figure 10
Title I FTE Staff in TAS Schools,
by Classification, 2003-04

Teacher Aides
31%

Support Staff
5%

Teachers
57%

Other Staff
3%
Administrators
3%

Total FTE staff = 62,556
Percents do not add to 100 due to rounding.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 9

Table 1
Number and Percentage of Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS) and Schoolwide Program (SWP) Schools, by
State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04
2002–03
TAS
State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

Number of
Title I Schools
873
299
1,054
813
5,894
558
527
125
172
1,374
1,118
139
408
2,433
799
730
658
888
962
426
381
1,128
2,143
979
561
1,306
647
498
118
268
1,440
533
2,790
1,129
338
2,060
1,235
591
1,888
148
534
347
833
4,823
217
-794
1,018
413
1,109
171
172
1,512
52,374

Number
227
217
465
379
2,691
270
407
74
4
79
227
4
323
1,444
619
605
426
132
154
377
62
679
1,229
750
62
905
520
336
33
241
1,055
188
1,778
271
302
1,045
366
315
1,330
92
53
231
213
540
59
-508
558
67
831
121
0
116
23,980

% of
Total
26
73
44
47
46
48
77
59
2
6
20
3
79
59
77
83
65
15
16
88
16
60
57
77
11
69
80
67
28
90
75
35
64
24
89
51
29
53
70
62
10
67
26
11
27
-64
55
16
75
71
0
8
46

2003-04
TAS

SWP
Number
646
82
589
434
3,203
288
120
51
168
1,295
891
135
85
989
180
125
232
756
808
49
319
449
914
229
499
401
127
162
85
27
385
345
1,012
858
36
1,015
869
276
558
56
481
116
620
4,283
158
-286
460
346
278
50
172
1,396
28,394

% of
Total
74
27
56
53
54
52
23
41
98
94
80
97
21
41
23
17
35
85
84
12
84
40
43
23
89
31
20
33
72
10
25
65
36
76
11
49
71
47
30
38
90
33
74
89
73
-36
45
84
25
29
100
92
54

Number of
Title I Schools
874
304
1,098
823
6,184
582
499
102
171
1,426
1,134
204
384
2,311
790
713
664
898
945
457
380
1,163
3,113
980
686
1,270
679
493
119
271
1,440
539
3,018
1,154
365
2,099
1,235
593
1,869
132
553
340
906
5,061
217
217
830
978
409
1,108
170
172
1,495
54,617

Number
204
211
474
356
2,735
258
363
44
7
77
209
34
290
1,299
606
584
420
116
154
400
62
702
1,901
742
58
883
525
323
33
242
1,055
180
1,965
271
326
1,076
352
267
1,298
76
49
217
185
452
59
120
512
480
58
803
120
0
105
24,338

% of
Total
23
69
43
43
44
44
73
43
4
5
18
17
76
56
77
82
63
13
16
88
16
60
61
76
8
70
77
66
28
89
73
33
65
23
89
51
29
45
69
58
9
64
20
9
27
55
62
49
14
72
71
0
7
45

SWP
% of
Total
77
31
57
57
56
56
27
57
96
95
82
83
24
44
23
18
37
87
84
12
84
40
39
24
92
30
23
34
72
11
27
67
35
77
11
49
71
55
31
42
91
36
80
91
73
45
38
51
86
28
29
100
93
55

Number
670
93
624
467
3,449
324
136
58
164
1,349
925
170
94
1,012
184
129
244
782
791
57
318
461
1,212
238
628
387
154
170
86
29
385
359
1,053
883
39
1,023
883
326
571
56
504
123
721
4,609
158
97
318
498
351
305
50
172
1,390
30,279

Note: The Bureau of Indian Affairs does not have any TAS schools. Vermont did not provide information on the number of Title I schools for 2002-03.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 10

Table 2
Districts Identified for Improvement, by State or Jurisdiction, 2004-05 (Based on assessment data in
2003-04)
State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

Number in Improvement
0
31
74
0
142
57
39
0

67
12

44
248
23
9
7
53
2
0
9
148
0
17
36
0
55
4
9
15
28
0
60
41
13
49
22
15
174
3
67
5
25
2
21
6
80
29
27
1
1


1,770

† Not applicable. The District of Columbia, Hawaii, the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Puerto Rico are both an SEA and LEA.
Note:
2003-04 was the first year for which district improvement information was collected on the CSPR.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 11

Table 3
Participating Title I Schools Identified for School Improvement, by State or Jurisdiction, 2003-04 and
2004-05 (Based on assessment data in 2002-03 and 2003-04 respectively)
2003-04 (based on 2002-03 test results)
State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

Total
Number
873
299
1,054
813
5,894
558
527
125
172
1,374
1,118
139
408
2,433
799
730
658
888
962
426
381
1,128
2,143
979
561
1,306
647
498
118
268
1,440
533
2,790
1,129
338
2,060
1,235
591
1,888
148
534
347
833
4,823
217
-794
1,018
413
1,109
171
172
1,512
52,374

Number in
Improvement
46
64
220
272
1,205
80
12
12
14
42
533
84
43
577
97
11
30
25
58
7
102
208
352
38
7
30
40
6
27
6
234
96
526
36
23
191
46
7
298
24
90
32
55
9
6
4
44
51
7
52
0
47
140
6,266

Percent in
Improvement
5
21
21
33
20
14
2
10
8
0
48
60
11
24
12
2
5
3
6
2
27
18
16
4
1
2
6
1
23
2
16
18
19
3
7
9
4
1
16
16
17
9
7
*
3
-6
5
2
5
0
27
9
12

2004-05 (based on 2003-04 test results)
Total
Number
874
304
1,098
823
6,184
582
499
102
171
1,426
1,134
204
384
2,311
790
713
664
898
945
457
380
1,163
3,113
980
686
1,270
679
493
119
271
1,440
539
3,018
1,154
365
2,099
1,235
593
1,869
132
553
340
906
5,061
217
217
830
978
409
1,108
170
172
1,495
54,617

Number in
Improvement
79
125
135
203
1,618
87
93
18
75
965
285
84
28
660
77
13
21
135
64
20
115
288
511
48
71
132
68
9
49
27
368
121
508
159
21
304
111
24
323
39
207
59
128
199
16
16
111
156
37
35
7
120
598
9,770

Percent in
Improvement
9
41
12
25
26
15
19
18
44
68
25
41
7
29
10
2
3
15
7
4
30
25
16
5
10
10
10
2
41
10
26
22
17
14
6
14
9
4
17
30
37
17
14
4
7
7
13
16
9
3
4
70
40
18

* Less than 0.5 percent.
Note:
The information shown in this table should be viewed with caution, as states may have made changes to the assessments in
place or assessment levels reported from one year to the next. Vermont did not provide information on the number of Title I
schools for 2002-03.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 12

Table 4
Number and Percentage of Title I Public, Private, and Local Neglected or Delinquent (N or D) Participants, by
State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04
Public TAS
State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

2002-03
21,738
6,797
49,229
31,000
618,783
13,680
36,242
4,545
487
7,336
18,171
91
16,790
88,230
54,084
26,118
19,421
16,749
24,504
17,840
8,320
46,690
162,362
59,691
8,281
48,362
17,439
11,287
3,156
10,633
97,529
11,250
340,590
25,117
8,410
55,667
30,561
21,993
121,307

% of Total
7
34
11
18
20
11
36
13
1
1
3
*
36
16
44
40
20
5
6
68
6
19
28
44
3
26
42
22
5
58
33
8
46
6
42
11
11
16
26

--

--

5,021
6,656
22,147
38,511
10,735

2
26
7
2
14

--

--

32,140
39,925
28,148
54,000
660
0
18,937
2,417,360

19
17
21
33
25
0
4
15

2003-04
21,952
11,367
54,792
13,449
629,229
16,681
34,080
3,761
2,230
6,598
18,093
2,677
18,368
145,257
53,432
24,619
18,932
12,825
15,794
18,565
7,801
47,310
115,137
59,131
6,087
60,153
18,207
11,148
2,363
10,860
101,220
10,528
328,279
25,407
9,087
57,260
24,035
22,614
113,540
5,022
3,426
7,133
25,241
44,883
10,822
4,934
34,423
39,200
5,811
48,646
725
0
19,276
2,402,410

Public SWP
% of Total
7
46
14
8
19
12
32
10
3
1
3
2
41
22
42
37
19
4
4
72
5
17
19
42
2
30
38
20
3
55
33
7
40
6
46
11
8
16
25
15
1
25
7
2
14
16
19
15
6
27
26
0
4
13

2002-03
289,113
12,880
380,585
142,277
2,395,867
110,456
61,101
28,060
64,736
907,566
620,105
81,223
29,563
443,583
63,278
35,037
72,136
311,614
347,648
8,068
138,554
188,264
408,368
71,234
284,616
128,316
23,170
35,901
59,997
7,588
191,457
122,830
363,567
367,643
10,710
431,139
248,065
114,600
321,709

% of Total
92
65
88
81
78
88
61
83
97
99
97
100
63
82
52
54
75
94
91
31
92
78
71
52
97
69
56
70
94
41
65
90
49
93
54
88
89
83
69

--

--

253,933
18,237
287,805
2,211,585
65,188

98
71
91
97
86

--

--

137,026
199,801
106,917
106,244
1,889
47,229
474,876
13,833,354

80
83
79
64
71
100
92
84

2003-04
296,758
13,481
343,022
156,852
2,586,816
125,209
68,118
33,029
65,951
1,016,688
617,637
107,477
26,142
518,859
68,848
37,910
78,828
324,755
365,876
6,998
145,924
220,345
493,060
75,563
308,257
130,023
28,419
40,733
64,830
8,580
195,520
129,966
440,991
387,953
10,278
443,477
263,092
114,965
315,065
28,789
269,447
20,525
306,896
2,803,010
67,803
25,888
145,784
213,600
84,044
127,268
2,033
48,443
486,731
15,306,556

% of Total
92
54
85
91
79
87
65
87
93
98
97
97
58
77
54
57
78
95
94
27
93
80
81
53
97
65
60
73
96
44
64
91
54
94
52
88
91
83
70
85
98
73
91
98
86
83
81
84
93
71
74
100
92
85

Table 4 continues on the next page

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 13

Table 4 (continued)
Number and Percentage of Title I Public, Private, and Local Neglected or Delinquent (N or D) Participants, by
State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04

State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian
Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

2002-03
1,114
4
1,446
630
19,340
567
1,181
866
1,046
1,048
296
97
9,263
2,557
1,608
2,210
1,100
6,195
347
1,947
5,200
2,242
4,973
1,229
3,078
526
1,074
70
171
6,604
900
31,672
219
326
1,196
210
1,204
22,138
-162
466
4,535
12,124
260
-655
1,211
437
4,491
14
0
22,817
183,066

Private
% of
Total
2003-04
*
863
*
5
*
2,662
*
660
1
17,920
*
1,229
1
1,700
3
775
2
2,616
*
3,756
*
1,269
*
320
*
137
2
9,392
2
2,236
2
1,425
2
2,367
*
1,885
2
6,653
1
316
1
1,983
2
5,120
*
233
4
5,422
*
2,627
2
3,180
1
680
2
1,185
*
38
1
151
2
4,769
1
742
4
37,885
*
82
2
352
*
1,309
*
221
1
1,115
5
18,381
-180
*
136
2
223
1
664
1
15,570
*
212
-104
*
-1
1,331
*
272
3
4,021
1
-0
4
1

0
22,243
188,617

% of
Total
*
*
1
*
1
1
2
2
4
*
*
*
*
1
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
2
*
4
1
2
1
2
*
1
2
1
5
*
2
*
*
1
4
1
*
1
*
1
*
*
-1
*
2
--

2002-03
1,468
95
2,134
1,097
41,640
714
1,447
284
625
2,000
2,780
0
727
2,194
2,028
2,321
2,000
932
3,894
149
1,506
2,194
-112
786
5,302
364
2,803
526
54
1,120
1,653
11,143
782
393
1,231
736
551
3,840
-310
395
2,664
9,216
0
-1,500
609
256
160
99

0
4
1

0
457
119,291

Local N or D
% of
Total
2003-04
*
2,250
*
55
0
3,366
1
2,332
1
20,362
1
1,460
1
1,579
1
425
1
8
*
5,999
*
2,089
0
0
2
198
-*
2
2,352
4
2,265
2
1,354
*
1,174
1
2,658
1
74
1
1,340
1
1,469
-1,599
*
1,512
*
834
3
6,783
1
300
5
2,540
1
327
*
40
*
2,515
1
982
1
13,447
*
1,340
2
177
*
1,569
*
675
*
474
1
3,846
-1
*
549
2
414
1
4,524
*
6,314
*
0
-237
1
804
*
1,602
*
441
*
178
4
-0
0
1

0
410
107,243

Total
% of
Total
1
*
1
1
1
1
1
1
*
1
*
0
*
-2
3
1
*
1
*
1
1
*
1
*
3
1
5
*
*
1
1
2
*
1
*
*
*
1
*
*
1
1
*
*
1
*
1
*
*
--

2002-03
313,433
19,776
433,394
175,004
3,075,630
125,417
99,971
33,755
66,894
916,902
642,104
81,610
47,177
543,270
121,947
65,084
95,767
330,395
382,241
26,404
150,327
242,348
572,972
136,010
294,912
185,058
41,499
51,065
63,749
18,446
296,710
136,633
746,972
393,761
19,839
489,233
279,572
138,348
468,994
-259,426
25,754
317,151
2,271,436
76,183
-171,321
241,546
135,758
164,895
2,662

2003-04
321,823
24,908
403,842
173,293
3,254,327
144,579
105,477
37,990
70,805
1,033,041
639,088
110,474
44,845
673,508
126,868
66,219
101,481
340,639
390,981
25,953
157,048
274,244
610,029
141,628
317,805
200,139
47,606
55,606
67,558
19,631
304,024
142,218
820,602
414,782
19,894
503,615
288,023
139,168
450,832
33,992
273,558
28,295
337,325
2,869,777
78,837
31,163
181,011
255,733
90,568
180,113
2,758

%
Change
3
26
*
*
6
15
6
13
6
13
*
35
*
24
4
2
6
3
2
*
4
13
6
4
8
8
15
9
6
6
2
4
10
5
*
3
3
1
*
-5
10
6
26
3
-6
6
*
9
4

0
0
1

47,229
517,087
16,553,071

48,443
528,660
18,004,826

3
2
9

* Less than 0.5 percent.
Note:
Percents (across) may not add to 100 due to rounding. Rhode Island and Vermont did not provide this information for 2002-03. Private school data
for Virginia for 2003-04 are not included in this table. Wyoming did not provide this information for 2003-04. The Bureau of Indian Affairs does not
have any TAS schools.
TAS = Targeted assistance schools
SWP = Schoolwide program schools

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 14

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003–04

Table 5
Title I Participation, Public, Private, Local Neglected or Delinquent (N or D), and Total, 1979-80 Through 2003-04
Year
1979-1980
1980-1981
1981-1982
1982-1983
1983-1984
1984-1985
1985-1986
1986-1987
1987-1988
1988-1989
1989-1990
1990-1991
1991-1992
1992-1993
1993-1994
1994-1995
1995-1996+

1996-1997
1997-1998
1998-1999
1999-2000
2000-2001
2001-2002
2002-2003
2003-2004

Percent
Change

Public
4,973,708
4,862,308
4,434,447
4,270,424
4,381,975
4,528,177
4,611,948
4,594,761
4,808,030
4,777,643
5,014,617
5,252,141
5,594,718
6,042,849
6,198,095
6,392,372

Public TAS
3,994,509
3,319,244
3,101,515
2,834,313
2,413,118
2,537,654
2,417,360
2,402,410

Percent
Change
-17
-7
-9
-15
5
-5
-1

Public SWP
7,088,756
9,087,839
10,032,960
11,280,092
12,316,664
12,918,633
13,833,354
15,306,556

-2
-9
-4
3
3
2
*
5
-1
5
5
7
8
3
3

Private
189,114
213,499
184,084
177,210
190,660
184,532
127,922
137,900
136,618
137,656
151,948
157,360
163,329
171,239
177,243
172,982

73
12
6
7
4
5
5
9

167,590
188,194
197,356
183,894
201,572
195,556
183,066
188,617

Percent
Change

Local
N or D

Percent
Change

13
-14
-4
8
-3
-31
8
-1
1
10
4
4
5
4
-2

131,574
161,255
138,069
145,572
182,398
178,942
106,467

23
-14
5
25
-2
-41

Total
5,162,822
5,075,807
4,618,531
4,447,634
4,572,635
4,712,709
4,739,870
4,732,661
4,944,648
5,046,873
5,327,820
5,547,570
5,903,619
6,396,486
6,554,280
6,671,821

-3
12
5
-7
10
-3
-6
3

113,719
114,978
95,045
120,554
116,440
121,330
119,291
107,243

7
1
-17
27
-3
4
-2
-10

11,364,574
12,710,255
13,426,876
14,418,853
15,047,794
15,773,173
16,553,071
18,004,826

Percent
Change
-2
-9
-4
3
3
1
0
4
2
6
4
6
8
2
2

Percent
Change
28
10
12
9
5
7
11

70
12
6
7
4
5
5
9

* Less than 0.5 percent.
+ No state performance report information was collected for the 1995-96 school year.
Note:

There were two major changes to the reporting form since 1979-80. In 1998-99, states were required to provide separate counts of the number of Local N or D participants. With
the advent of public targeted assistance schools (TAS) and schoolwide program (SWP) schools, the Department required states to provide separate TAS and SWP counts of
public participants starting in 1996-97.
Percents (across) may not add to 100 due to rounding. For 1997-98, two states were unable to provide participation information broken out by TAS and SWP. For 1998-99 and
1999-2000, Missouri was the only state unable to provide this information. For these states, all of their participants are reported in the overall totals but not in the public TAS and
SWP breakouts. Not all states provided information on Local N or D for all years.

Page 16

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003–04

Table 6
Title I Participants by Grade Span, Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS), Schoolwide Program (SWP) Schools, Private, Local Neglected or
Delinquent (N or D), and Total, 2002-03 and 2003-04
Public TAS

Grade Level
2002-03
Pre-K
Kindergarten
Grades 1-3
Grades 4-6
Grades 7-9
Grades 10-12
Ungraded
Total
2003-04
Pre-K
Kindergarten
Grades 1-3
Grades 4-6
Grades 7-9
Grades 10-12
Ungraded
Total

Public SWP

Number

% of
Public
TAS

% of
Total

23,263
185,729
903,471
630,693
397,212
224,814
47,447
2,412,629

1
8
38
26
17
9
2
100

19,680
172,870
854,151
619,533
438,756
241,401
56,484
2,402,875

1
7
36
26
18
10
2
100

Number

% of
Public
SWP

% of
Total

6
11
17
13
14
17
32
15

381,587
1,433,446
4,412,946
3,975,812
2,393,244
1,093,603
96,001
13,786,639

2
9
29
26
16
7
1
100

4
10
15
12
13
15
33
13

432,312
1,567,817
4,740,842
4,324,094
2,822,722
1,309,003
109,766
15,306,556

3
10
31
28
18
9
1
100

* Less than 0.5 percent.
Note:

Private

Percents (across) may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Local N or D

Total

Number

% of
Local
N or D

% of
Total

Number

1
1
1
1
1
*
1
1

2,824
3,241
13,763
18,803
37,324
27,824
2,532
106,311

3
3
13
18
36
27
2
100

1
*
*
*
1
2
2
1

410,292
1,637,199
5,402,345
4,679,916
2,851,280
1,352,448
147,713
16,481,193

2
9
30
26
16
8
1
100

1
1
1
1
1
*
1
1

727
2,209
10,006
15,500
37,824
32,752
4,689
103,707

1
2
10
15
36
32
5
100

*
*
*
*
1
2
3
1

456,492
1,757,834
5,682,080
5,017,084
3,324,725
1,590,745
172,065
18,001,025

3
10
32
28
18
9
1
100

Number

% of
Private

% of
Total

93
88
82
85
84
81
65
84

2,618
14,783
72,165
54,608
23,500
6,207
1,733
175,614

1
8
38
29
13
3
1
100

95
89
83
86
85
82
64
85

3,773
14,938
77,081
57,957
25,423
7,589
1,126
187,887

2
8
41
31
14
4
1
100

%
Overall

Page 16

Table 7
Number and Percentage of Title I Targeted Assistance School (TAS) and Schoolwide Program (SWP) Participants, by
Racial and Ethnic Classification and State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04

State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

Black, non-Hispanic
% of
2002-03
Total
2003-04
160,701
51
165,521
832
4
1,249
25,951
6
22,284
55,483
36
61,903
297,202
11
323,657
6,494
9
13,956
30,931
32
33,208
13,084
40
14,638
57,263
87
47,142
341,292
35
339,250
315,759
51
309,404
1,671
2
2,412
356
1
478
237,262
44
238,106
33,023
29
34,576
6,084
9
6,593
14,983
16
15,023
41,741
13
41,265
226,264
65
226,242
829
3
815
96,540
66
99,981
53,653
23
59,153
294,836
52
260,039
26,836
20
29,818
152,128
54
189,067
60,690
34
62,896
410
1
459
7,897
17
7,799
8,622
14
8,101
562
3
723
98,501
36
108,288
2,892
2
2,973
217,959
31
258,910
155,086
39
159,926
313
2
444
175,324
37
182,039
39,826
14
40,380
7,442
6
1,785
195,370
44
180,999
--6,545
141,323
57
151,342
503
2
442
131,995
36
130,786
340,673
15
464,005
1,503
2
1,543
--520
90,760
53
92,520
21,632
9
23,011
5,621
4
4,518
62,405
38
67,290

--

--

--

0
0
4,258,507

0
0
27

0
0
4,494,024

% of
Total
51
5
6
32
10
9
32
40
87
33
52
2
1
42
28
10
15
12
58
3
65
22
43
21
60
33
1
15
12
4
36
2
32
39
2
36
14
1
42
19
51
2
39
16
2
2
52
9
5
37

--

0
0
25

2002-03
6,063
537
251,571
7,927
1,743,088
36,947
34,945
3,200
6,681
242,205
51,103
2,199
10,250
167,283
10,917
6,868
21,181
5,081
6,460
285
14,445
65,809
38,617
12,473
3,118
6,235
1,100
9,441
34,691
1,367
105,687
81,150
207,119
37,270
432
18,353
27,278
29,164
49,441

--

7,492
616
9,585
1,325,573
19,207

-13,633
65,871
372
22,735

--

0
444,316
5,267,381

Hispanic
% of
Total
2003-04
2
7,078
3
607
58
234,126
5
12,468
62
2,089,748
53
80,441
36
37,203
10
3,690
10
5,821
25
264,101
8
58,595
3
3,109
18
10,675
31
172,384
10
11,653
11
8,129
23
22,475
2
6,219
2
6,806
1
593
10
16,582
28
82,319
7
38,469
10
14,545
1
3,494
4
8,754
3
1,275
20
11,732
55
37,866
7
1,359
39
115,099
61
86,559
30
251,371
9
40,545
2
529
4
20,109
10
28,797
22
32,356
11
55,225
-16,279
3
10,555
2
616
3
12,473
59
1,667,761
26
20,037
-280
8
15,540
27
70,779
*
376
14
29,024

--

--

0
100
33

0
464,189
6,190,815

% of
Total
2
2
58
6
65
55
36
10
11
26
10
3
24
30
10
12
23
2
2
2
11
31
6
10
1
5
3
23
56
7
39
62
31
10
3
4
10
25
13
48
4
2
4
59
26
1
9
28
*
16

--

0
100
35

2002-03
140,334
6,213
101,859
88,808
488,760
23,547
27,945
15,734
532
364,040
228,207
10,681
45,661
127,275
69,464
48,958
51,105
274,279
106,859
24,265
32,182
99,066
221,630
67,932
125,425
108,790
26,631
27,273
16,115
16,938
56,947
24,834
233,019
173,715
13,548
277,479
143,978
86,210
183,054

--

98,529
14,846
217,600
548,039
48,115

-62,119
126,331
128,906
68,653

--

0
1,347
5,493,777

White, non-Hispanic
% of
Total
2003-04
45
143,190
31
7,392
24
93,015
58
118,597
17
515,628
34
47,380
29
28,219
48
17,657
1
590
37
374,935
37
220,902
13
15,191
79
31,768
24
146,639
61
71,216
75
48,787
56
53,930
85
281,579
31
152,563
92
24,007
22
33,526
42
109,780
39
292,142
52
71,575
44
119,229
61
117,086
66
32,432
58
29,772
26
17,279
88
16,857
21
61,464
19
26,465
34
241,204
44
184,440
68
13,084
58
280,863
52
149,055
65
86,749
42
178,774
-9,117
39
131,165
57
17,251
60
189,616
24
669,537
65
49,498
-29,720
36
64,775
52
131,822
95
85,057
42
73,127

--

--

0
0
34

0
190
5,905,836

% of
Total
44
29
23
61
16
32
27
48
1
37
37
14
72
26
58
74
55
85
39
93
22
41
48
51
38
61
70
57
26
86
21
19
30
45
66
56
52
66
42
27
44
61
57
24
64
96
36
52
94
40

--

0
0
33

Table 7 continues on the next page.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 17

Table 7 (continued)
Number and Percentage of Title I Targeted Assistance School (TAS) and Schoolwide Program (SWP) Participants by
Racial and Ethnic Classification and State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04

State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

Asian and Pacific Islander
% of
% of
Tota
Tota
2002-03
l
2003-04
l
2,312
1
1,787
1
708
4
754
3
5,236
1
4,646
1
1,295
1
1,838
1
222,441
8
241,828
7
1,276
2
2,998
2
2,029
2
2,515
2
486
1
676
2
1,526
2
668
1
13,170
1
13,560
1
8,066
1
8,624
1
57,022
70
76,016
69
185
*
353
1
7,665
1
8,914
2
574
1
624
1
1,841
3
1,253
2
2,335
3
2,311
2
1,596
*
2,093
1
3,815
1
4,494
1
319
1
338
1
3,088
2
3,035
2
15,569
7
17,200
6
8,776
2
8,023
1
15,037
11
14,773
11
1,778
1
1,912
1
1,552
1
2,161
1
350
1
336
1
693
1
758
1
2,088
3
2,219
3
283
1
296
2
9,057
3
11,029
4
822
1
941
1
33,232
5
44,772
6
5,379
1
5,483
1
154
1
148
1
3,353
1
3,789
1
2,162
1
3,259
1
5,535
4
5,830
4
12,493
3
12,028
3
--1,817
5
1,904
1
1,919
1
176
1
175
1
2,028
1
2,277
1
29,794
1
38,749
1
3,222
4
3,043
4
--422
1
4,493
3
4,728
3
17,059
7
19,277
8
310
*
238
*
7,457
5
7,415
4

Am. Indian and Alaska Native
% of
% of
Tota
Tota
2002-03
l
2003-04
l
3,603
1
3,810
1
11,851
59
15,427
61
45,264
11
43,366
11
647
*
1,129
1
24,270
1
26,051
1
1,306
2
2,361
2
269
*
361
*
101
*
129
*
31
*
25
*
3,054
*
3,239
*
775
*
746
*
450
1
631
1
1,100
2
1,044
2
1,203
*
743
*
216
*
214
*
628
1
755
1
1,762
2
1,785
2
509
*
515
*
2,818
1
2,903
1
143
1
200
1
619
*
601
*
857
*
980
*
6,872
1
6,610
1
8,647
7
9,735
7
0
*
545
*
589
*
721
*
12,112
30
12,041
26
1,868
4
1,880
4
1,622
3
1,684
3
57
*
59
*
574
*
634
*
23,088
17
23,556
17
4,000
1
5,060
1
11,917
3
12,192
3
5,392
27
5,512
28
847
*
897
*
64,518
23
65,424
23
3,999
3
4,141
3
620
*
484
*
--217
1
874
*
927
*
9,799
38
9,811
35
1,806
*
443
*
6,017
*
7,841
*
2,513
3
3,573
5
--115
*
395
*
360
*
10,647
4
10,844
4
89
*
107
*
3,701
2
3,958
2

2002-03
164
0
793
0
32,579
0
1,400
0
28
23,416
10,445
9,291
0
0
0
705
194
0
0
563
0
0
0
0
359
0
0
0
0
31
355
0
0
9,393
0
0
864
0
0

-0
0
0
0
0

-942
0
0
0

Other
% of
Tota
l
2003-04
*
437
*
0
*
6,172
*
0
1
37,053
0
0
1
1,318
0
0
0
0
2
28,077
2
0
11
12,795
0
0
*
0
*
3,997
1
702
*
2,449
*
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
*
2,526
0
0
*
0
*
0
*
0
0
0
*
0
0
330
*
226
*
0
*
0
2
10,774
0
0
*
14,349
*
0
*
0
*
1,095
-0
*
2,943
0
0
*
0
0
0
*
0
-0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Total
% of
Tota
l
*
*
2
*
1
0
1
0
*
3
*
12
*
*
3
1
2
*
*
*
0
0
*
0
*
0
*
0
*
2
*
*
0
3
*
3
*
0
*
*
1
0
0
0
*
*
*
0
*
*

2002-03
313,177
20,141
430,674
154,160
2,808,340
69,570
97,519
32,605
66,061
987,177
614,355
81,314
57,552
540,688
114,194
65,084
91,560
323,206
346,216
26,404
146,874
234,954
570,731
130,925
282,808
177,856
40,603
47,172
63,138
19,238
271,121
132,786
695,329
392,760
19,839
475,356
278,626
132,350
440,978
-250,122
25,940
363,014
2,250,096
74,560
-172,342
241,540
135,298
164,951

2003-04
321,823
25,429
403,609
195,935
3,233,965
147,136
102,824
36,790
54,246
1,023,162
598,271
110,154
44,318
566,786
122,280
66,219
97,973
331,671
393,008
25,953
153,725
269,432
607,809
140,446
314,247
191,618
46,543
51,941
67,149
19,624
296,740
140,494
801,317
413,360
19,717
502,046
286,915
130,861
428,605
33,975
298,851
28,295
335,595
2,847,893
77,694
31,057
177,923
255,733
90,296
180,814

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

0
0
521,741

0
0
3

0
0
594,342

0
0
3

47,229
0
331,268

100
0
2

48,443
0
344,829

100
0
2

0
484
92,006

0
*
1

0
932
126,175

0
*
1

47,229
446,147
15,964,680

48,443
465,311
17,656,021

* Less than 0.5 percent.
Note: Percents (across) may not add to 100 due to rounding. The total number of participants shown in this table does not equal the total figure reported in Table 6
because the totals shown in Table 6 are based on data reported in the by-grade section of the CSPR. In some states, the total number of participants reported by
racial and ethnic classification differs from the total number reported by grade. For example, for 2003-04, Arizona reported a total of 403,842 students by grade
and a total of 403,609 students by racial and ethnic classification.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 18

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003–04
Page 19

Table 8
Number and Percentage of Title I Participants, by Racial and Ethnic Classification, 1979-80 Through 2003-04

Year
1979-1980
1980-1981
1981-1982
1982-1983
1983-1984
1984-1985
1985-1986
1986-1987
1987-1988
1988-1989
1989-1990
1990-1991
1991-1992
1992-1993
1993-1994
1994-1995
1995-1996+

1996-1997
1997-1998
1998-1999
1999-2000
2000-2001
2001-2002
2002-2003
2003-2004

Native
American,
Asian, and
Other
173,685
186,120
131,789
138,721
188,138
174,870
192,984
199,585
226,491
227,938
244,177
256,746
288,353
314,162
300,640
312,665
Am. Indian
and Alaskan
Native
201,407
270,164
286,478
298,445
309,207
332,513
331,268
344,829

% of
Total
4
4
4
4
5
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5

% of
Total
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

Asian
and
Pacific
Islander
351,513
391,634
413,349
494,397
435,871
488,873
521,741
594,342

% of
Total
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

Other
32,708
131,276
110,958
138,753
121,375
112,312
92,006
126,175

% of
Total
*
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Black,
nonHispanic
1,371,304
1,299,725
1,002,116
1,040,510
1,122,407
1,252,817
1,319,907
1,301,106
1,367,197
1,368,893
1,445,326
1,487,977
1,590,927
1,682,765
1,705,518
1,712,631

% of
Total
31
31
31
31
30
30
29
29
29
28
29
29
29
28
28
27

3,098,362
3,571,637
3,681,781
3,911,668
4,023,856
4,142,798
4,258,507
4,494,024

28
29
28
28
27
27
27
25

Hispanic
702,940
859,108
582,408
730,699
924,517
898,994
1,106,902
1,144,865
1,231,874
1,275,526
1,359,025
1,439,549
1,608,146
1,823,057
1,923,354
2,103,346

% of
Total
16
20
18
22
24
22
25
25
26
27
27
28
29
31
32
33

White,
nonHispanic
2,324,433
2,049,795
1,699,030
1,558,123
1,747,691
1,962,436
2,089,988
2,054,588
2,121,428
2,165,591
2,162,953
2,183,894
2,316,446
2,412,572
2,464,649
2,466,949

% of
Total
53
49
52
47
46
48
46
46
45
45
44
43
42
41
40
39

Total Racial
and Ethnic
4,398,677
4,208,628
3,283,554
3,329,332
3,794,615
4,114,247
4,516,797
4,500,559
4,720,499
4,810,010
4,967,304
5,111,420
5,515,519
5,918,394
6,093,521
6,282,926

3,378,972
3,651,617
4,016,656
4,295,845
4,808,990
5,241,402
5,267,381
6,190,815

31
30
30
30
33
34
33
35

3,986,285
4,339,246
4,676,136
4,999,045
5,058,361
5,216,951
5,493,777
5,905,836

36
35
35
35
34
34
34
33

11,049,247
12,355,574
13,185,358
14,138,153
14,757,660
15,534,849
15,964,680
17,656,021

* Less than 0.5 percent.
+ No state performance report information was collected for the 1995-96 school year.
Note:

Percents (across) may not add to 100 due to rounding. The total number of participants shown in this table does not equal the total figure reported in Table 6 because the totals shown
in Table 6 are based on data reported in the by-grade section of the CSPR. In some states, the total number of participants reported by racial and ethnic classification differs from the
total number reported by grade. For example, for 2003-04, Arizona reported a total of 403,842 students by grade and a total of 403,609 students by racial and ethnic classification.

Table 9
Number and Percentage of Total Public Targeted Assistance School (TAS) and Schoolwide
Program (SWP) Title I Participants with Disabilities, by State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04

State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total
Note:

Total Public
SWP + TAS
Participants
310,851
19,677
429,814
173,277
3,014,650
124,136
97,343
32,605
65,223
914,902
638,276
81,314
46,353
531,813
117,362
61,155
91,557
328,363
372,152
25,908
146,874
234,954
570,730
130,925
292,897
176,678
40,609
47,188
63,153
18,221
288,986
134,080
704,157
392,760
19,120
486,806
278,626
136,593
443,016
-258,954
24,893
309,952
2,250,096
75,923
-169,166
239,726
135,065
160,244
-47,229
493,813
16,248,165

2002-03
Total Students
with
Disabilities,
TAS + SWP
43,474
2,514
41,190
1,702
283,149
8,557
9,703
4,442
7,530
140,993
84,432
10,324
5,002
58,493
17,381
6,618
8,934
47,864
48,935
3,106
12,040
40,425
49,239
25,354
21,651
20,667
4,666
6,261
7,468
2,256
22,406
21,429
133,602
62,783
4,181
72,579
41,351
18,485
13,465
-41,272
5,408
43,758
298,210
7,765
-23,469
26,668
14,571
20,815
-7,662
44,590
1,948,839

Percent
of Total
14
13
10
1
9
7
10
14
12
15
13
13
11
11
15
11
10
15
13
12
8
17
9
19
7
12
11
13
12
12
8
16
19
16
22
15
15
14
3
-16
22
14
13
10
-14
11
11
13
-16
9
12

Total Public
SWP + TAS
Participants
318,710
24,848
397,814
170,301
3,216,045
141,890
102,198
36,790
68,181
1,023,286
635,730
110,154
44,510
664,116
122,280
62,529
97,760
337,580
381,670
25,563
153,725
267,655
608,197
134,694
314,344
190,176
46,626
51,881
67,193
19,440
296,740
140,494
769,270
413,360
19,365
500,737
287,127
137,579
428,605
33,811
272,873
27,658
332,137
2,847,893
78,625
30,822
180,207
252,800
89,855
175,914
-48,443
506,007
17,706,208

2003-04
Total Students
with
Disabilities,
TAS + SWP
45,654
3,674
47,436
2,815
308,749
17,661
12,407
4,258
9,151
164,082
87,977
13,736
4,842
50,311
21,047
6,921
11,066
48,942
53,816
3,971
17,633
50,642
91,595
22,500
29,518
28,091
5,841
6,845
8,218
2,266
22,762
21,711
104,165
67,165
4,089
76,680
42,403
19,354
49,586
6,241
27,913
5,166
48,742
355,764
10,218
4,564
28,675
30,540
17,802
23,148
-8,174
52,059
2,208,586

Percent
of Total
14
15
12
2
10
12
12
12
13
16
14
12
11
8
17
11
11
14
14
16
11
19
15
17
9
15
13
13
12
12
8
15
14
16
21
15
15
14
12
18
10
19
15
12
13
15
16
12
20
13
-17
10
12

In this table, the figures include TAS and SWP students combined, as a small number of states were unable to provide this
information separately. In 2002-03, Rhode Island, Vermont and Wyoming were unable to provide this information. In 2003-04,
Wyoming was unable to provide this information. Therefore, this table does not include participants from these states in the
total calculations.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 20

Table 10
Number and Percentage of Total Title I Participants with Limited English Proficiency (LEP), by
State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04
2002-03
Total Title I
Students with
LEP
5,006
6,716
138,803
5,938
1,136,677
15,388
11,853
1,678
5,400
114,380
29,129
7,718
6,500
65,338
5,082
5,085
11,358
3,891
5,196
428
9,321
25,211
11,938
26,866
1,093
4,698
5,229
6,001
22,902
968
21,308
42,640
105,760
29,809
724
11,370
23,067
26,202
20,282
-3,837
2,236
7,160
524,267
16,411
-9,000
43,524
111
13,082
-24,939
4,821
2,626,341

2003-04
Total Title I
Students with
LEP
5,714
8,988
134,585
9,424
1,280,732
45,947
14,388
2,048
4,603
115,582
29,039
11,614
8,101
55,194
6,816
4,978
12,808
4,674
7,783
736
8,104
34,993
38,457
27,214
2,466
17,563
4,421
7,701
25,509
1,062
18,309
37,887
124,487
31,698
1,281
13,448
24,051
28,437
21,506
6,688
6,478
3,379
8,340
562,925
16,814
575
13,651
47,593
215
14,697
-26,001
4,684
2,944,388

Total Title I
Percent
Total Title I
Percent
State
Participants+
of Total
Participants+
of Total
Alabama
313,433
2
321,823
2
Alaska
19,776
34
24,908
36
Arizona
433,394
32
403,842
33
Arkansas
175,004
3
173,293
5
California
3,075,630
37
3,254,327
39
Colorado
125,417
12
144,579
32
Connecticut
99,971
12
105,477
14
Delaware
33,755
5
37,990
5
District of Columbia
66,894
8
70,805
7
Florida
916,902
12
1,033,041
11
Georgia
642,104
5
639,088
5
Hawaii
81,610
9
110,474
11
Idaho
47,177
14
44,845
18
Illinois
543,270
12
673,508
8
Indiana
121,947
4
126,868
5
Iowa
65,084
8
66,219
8
Kansas
95,767
12
101,481
13
Kentucky
330,395
1
340,639
1
Louisiana
382,241
1
390,981
2
Maine
26,404
2
25,953
3
Maryland
150,327
6
157,048
5
Massachusetts
242,348
10
274,244
13
Michigan
572,972
2
610,029
6
Minnesota
136,010
20
141,628
19
Mississippi
294,912
*
317,805
1
Missouri
185,058
3
200,139
9
Montana
41,499
13
47,606
9
Nebraska
51,065
12
55,606
14
Nevada
63,749
36
67,558
38
New Hampshire
18,446
5
19,631
5
New Jersey
296,710
7
304,024
6
New Mexico
136,633
31
142,218
27
New York
746,972
14
820,602
15
North Carolina
393,761
8
414,782
8
North Dakota
19,839
4
19,894
6
Ohio
489,233
2
503,615
3
Oklahoma
279,572
8
288,023
8
Oregon
138,348
19
139,168
20
Pennsylvania
468,994
4
450,832
5
Rhode Island
--33,992
20
South Carolina
259,426
1
273,558
2
South Dakota
25,754
9
28,295
12
Tennessee
317,151
2
337,325
2
Texas
2,271,436
23
2,869,777
20
Utah
76,183
22
78,837
21
Vermont
--31,163
2
Virginia
171,321
5
181,011
8
Washington
241,546
18
255,733
19
West Virginia
135,758
*
90,568
*
Wisconsin
164,895
8
180,113
8
Wyoming
----Bureau of Indian Affairs
47,229
53
48,443
54
Puerto Rico
517,087
1
528,660
1
Total
16,550,409
16
18,002,068
16
* Less than 0.5 percent.
+ The Total Title I figure used in this table includes the figures reported for TAS, SWP, Private, and Local N or D combined.
Note:
In 2002-03, Rhode Island, Vermont and Wyoming were unable to provide this information. In 2003-04, Wyoming was unable to
provide this information. Therefore, this table does not include participants from these states in the total calculations. In some
states, the counts of limited English proficient students may include Private and Local Neglected or Delinquent (N or D)
students.
TAS = Targeted assistance schools
SWP = Schoolwide program schools

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 21

Table 11
Number and Percentage of Total Public Targeted Assistance School (TAS) and Schoolwide
Program (SWP) Title I Participants Classified as Migrant, by State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and
2003-04

State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

Total Public
SWP + TAS
Participants
310,851
19,677
429,814
173,277
3,014,650
124,136
97,343
32,605
65,223
914,902
638,276
81,314
46,353
531,813
117,362
61,155
91,557
328,363
372,152
25,908
146,874
234,954
570,730
130,925
292,897
176,678
40,609
47,188
63,153
18,221
288,986
134,080
704,157
392,760
-486,806
278,626
136,593
443,016
-258,954
24,893
309,952
2,250,096
75,923
-169,166
239,726
135,065
160,244
--493,813
16,181,816

2002-03
Number of
Migrant
students
4,214
3,788
10,259
3,451
156,683
1,728
1,942
169
771
30,150
7,101
1,156
3,800
2,459
873
1,689
4,832
5,797
3,407
1,410
93
1,056
2,776
1,640
614
879
124
2,188
217
20
4,463
2,155
6,159
8,217
-858
2,469
10,029
1,288
-422
335
442
22,662
1,928
-318
22,200
51
602
--11,665
351,549

Percent
of Total
1
19
2
2
5
1
2
1
1
3
1
1
8
*
1
3
5
2
1
5
*
*
*
1
*
*
*
5
*
*
2
2
1
2
-*
1
7
*
-*
1
*
1
3
-*
9
*
*
--2
2

Total Public
SWP + TAS
Participants
318,710
24,848
397,814
170,301
3,216,045
141,890
102,198
36,790
68,181
1,023,286
635,730
110,154
--122,280
62,529
97,760
337,580
381,670
25,563
153,725
267,655
608,197
134,694
314,344
190,176
46,626
51,881
67,193
19,440
-140,494
769,270
413,360
19,365
500,737
287,127
137,579
428,605
33,811
272,873
27,658
332,137
2,847,893
78,625
30,822
180,207
252,800
89,855
175,914
--506,007
16,652,399

2003-04
Number of
Migrant
students
3,268
4,723
10,510
5,341
163,475
5,522
1,181
150
433
31,932
7,332
951
--958
1,710
4,075
5,336
3,653
712
164
1,158
1,480
1,268
1,367
2,761
111
3,905
316
61
-1,906
1,116
8,275
100
977
2,258
9,702
2,376
1
524
288
629
26,253
1,661
218
420
44,813
86
541
--11,790
377,787

Percent
of Total
1
19
3
3
5
4
1
*
1
3
1
1
--1
3
4
2
1
3
*
*
*
1
*
1
*
8
*
*
-1
*
2
1
*
1
7
1
*
*
1
*
1
2
1
*
18
*
*
--2
2

* Less than 0.5 percent.
Note:
In this table, the figures include TAS and SWP students combined, as a small number of states were unable to provide this
information separately. The totals shown here do not reflect data from all states. In 2002-03, North Dakota, Rhode Island,
Vermont, Wyoming and the Bureau of Indian Affairs were unable to provide this information. In 2003-04, Idaho, Illinois, New
Jersey, Wyoming and the Bureau of Indian Affairs were unable to provide this information.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 22

Table 12
Total Title I Participants, by Service Area, in Public Targeted Assistance Schools (TAS), 2002-03
and 2003-04
2002-03

Service Area

Number

2003-04

Percent of
All Public
TAS Title I
Participant
s Served

Number

Percent of
All Public
TAS Title I
Participants
Served

Instructional Services
Reading/Language Arts
Mathematics
Science
Social Studies
Other Instructional Services*

1,865,626
1,131,728
380,314
307,682
46,362

Total Instructional Services
(Duplicated Count)

3,731,712

Supporting Services
Guidance/Counseling/Social
Work
Health/Dental
Other Supporting Services**
Total Supporting Services
(Duplicated Count)
Unduplicated Public TAS
Participant Count
Note:

289,957
254,624
127,012

79
48
16
13
2

1,864,668
1,177,477
299,365
286,490
50,824

83
52
13
13
2

3,678,824

12
11
5

343,274
196,258
139,767

671,593

679,299

2,367,471

2,256,428

15
9
6

The total instructional and supporting service figures shown in this table represent duplicated counts in that a single student
may receive more than one of the services. The public TAS participant count is unduplicated in that it represents the actual
number of public TAS students. For this count, each student is counted only once.

*

Other instructional services include preschool/early childhood, tutoring, vocational, reading recovery, English as a Second Language
(ESL)/bilingual, special education, gifted and talented education, technology, and study skills, among others.

**

Other supporting services include transportation, nutrition, speech therapy, parenting, home visits, social skills, self-esteem building,
health education, among others.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 23

Table 13
Title I-Funded Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) TAS Staff, by State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04
Teachers
State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Puerto Rico
Total

2002-03
327.4
74.6
1,229.5
353.0
1,496.0
622.5
415.3
178.1
1.3
-283.9
1.0
251.0
2,876.7
687.1
1,162.4
442.0
172.0
273.3
337.5
156.5
1,044.9
654.4
1,191.0
172.0
1,595.0
361.2
298.4
27.6
222.1
2,284.0
204.6
7,998.0
617.2
415.0
1,665.0
442.8
222.9
2,494.4
-112.6
272.0
431.4
3,399.0
178.0
-1,054.3
486.6
211.6
1,086.9
-0
140.0
40,624.0

2003-04
337.2
105.0
861.0
838.0
1,653.4
545.2
431.6
100.6
5.0
130.0
425.0
13.0
342.3
1,623.3
818.0
985.0
573.7
193.0
180.0
415.7
105.0
1,024.0
-748.4
92.8
1,700.0
423.0
291.1
23.0
207.6
2,029.7
191.4
4,987.0
772.0
428.0
1,666.0
453.6
256.4
2,274.8
102.2
89.6
237.7
350.7
2,841.0
187.0
155.9
1,687.4
483.7
152.4
1,197.0
-0
146.0
35,880.4

Teacher Aides
%
Change
3
41
-30
137
11
-12
4
-44
285
-50
1,200
36
-44
19
-15
30
12
-34
23
-33
-2
--37
-46
7
17
-2
-17
-7
-11
-6
-38
25
3
0
2
15
-9
--20
-13
-19
-16
5
-60
-1
-28
10
-0
4
-12

2002-03
114.1
90.0
850.8
-2,889.0
192.3
417.2
214.2
1.0
-56.4
1.0
319.0
1,099.0
906.2
172.0
305.6
194.0
263.1
658.8
121.2
440.5
2,865.1
1,564.0
207.0
594.0
355.4
177.4
23.8
264.5
598.7
114.8
386.0
273.9
154.0
291.0
137.5
477.2
1,049.4
-34.8
137.6
422.4
881.0
697.0
-406.1
713.7
11.3
404.1
-0
10.0
22,557.1

2003-04
108.7
88.0
621.0
285.0
3,701.2
258.6
300.2
55.8
2.0
122.7
204.0
47.0
642.7
665.6
842.9
94.3
359.1
152.0
178.1
698.1
112.0
369.0
-1,108.5
116.6
642.0
336.1
103.6
19.8
304.3
323.7
135.5
216.0
436.9
159.0
274.0
112.4
561.6
983.8
24.2
15.5
109.2
355.3
886.0
820.0
69.0
532.0
630.2
11.3
365.5
-0
13.0
19,573.0

%
Change
-5
-2
-27
-28
34
-28
-74
100
-262
4,600
101
-39
-7
-45
18
-22
-32
6
-8
-16
--29
-44
8
-5
-42
-17
15
-46
18
-44
60
3
-6
-18
18
-6
--55
-21
-16
1
18
-31
-12
0
-10
-0
30
-13

Table 13 continues on the next page

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 24

Table 13 (continued)
Title I-Funded Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) TAS Staff, by State or Jurisdiction, 2002-03 and 2003-04
Administrators
Support Staff
Other Staff
Total+
2003%
2003%
2003%
State
2002-03
04
Change
2002-03
04
Change
2002-03
04
Change
2002-03
2003-04
Alabama
20.4
17.0
-17
89.3
19.0
-79
22.2
37.0
67
573.4
518.9
Alaska
10.3
15.0
46
16.3
37.0
127
6.3
0.0
-100
197.5
245.0
Arizona
109.6
64.0
-42
390.5
163.0
-58
40.5
39.0
-4
2,620.9
1,748.0
Arkansas
7.0
9.0
29
0.0
0.0
0
5.0
24.0
380
365.0
1,156.0
California
148.9
138.2
-7
728.0
714.7
-2
94.0
116.4
24
5,355.9
6,323.9
Colorado
119.3
171.0
43
54.1
171.2
216
0.0
0.0
0
988.2
1,146.0
Connecticut
56.2
44.2
-21
41.8
37.7
-10
132.9
105.9
-20
1,063.4
919.6
Delaware
10.4
1.9
-82
10.6
10.6
0
12.9
20.4
58
426.2
189.3
District of Columbia
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
1.0
-2.3
8.0
Florida
-15.2
--15.1
--44.0
--327.0
Georgia
14.9
0.0
-100
119.5
64.0
-46
0.0
0.0
0
474.7
693.0
Hawaii
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
1.0
-0.0
0.0
0
2.0
61.0
Idaho
17.3
41.8
142
60.0
32.9
-45
0.0
19.0
-647.3
1,078.7
Illinois
218.3
108.1
-50
238.3
70.7
-70
187.6
75.8
-60
4,619.9
2,543.5
Indiana
50.3
77.1
53
76.2
48.0
-37
28.7
32.0
0
1,748.5
1,818.0
Iowa
0.0
0.0
0
31.6
19.5
-38
0.0
0.0
0
1,366.0
1,098.8
Kansas
11.6
12.4
7
5.3
18.0
240
12.2
89.9
637
776.7
1,053.1
Kentucky
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
0.0
0
0.0
0.0
0
366.0
345.0
Louisiana
24.4
31.1
27
64.4
43.2
-33
16.0
31.8
99
641.2
464.2
Maine
22.3
22.6
1
2.0
6.0
0
6.9
0.0
-100
1,027.5
1,142.4
Maryland
2.7
11.0
307
7.7
18.0
134
9.4
18.0
91
297.5
264.0
Massachusetts
51.8
52.0
0
19.5
44.0
126
59.1
63.0
7
1,615.8
1,552.0
Michigan
38.0
--61.8
--0.0
--3,619.3
-Minnesota
103.0
47.2
-54
56.0
29.5
-47
223.0
24.9
-89
3,137.0
1,958.5
Mississippi
17.0
136.0
700
55.0
161.2
193
0.0
70.3
-451.0
576.9
Missouri
13.0
14.0
8
38.0
47.0
24
7.0
7.0
0
2,247.0
2,410.0
Montana
12.6
18.0
43
43.5
65.8
51
8.1
8.0
-1
780.8
850.9
Nebraska
9.7
11.0
13
4.8
5.5
15
1.9
5.9
211
492.2
417.1
Nevada
0.3
1.4
367
1.0
0.9
-10
0.0
0.6
0
52.7
45.7
New Hampshire
30.1
27.2
-10
32.6
9.5
-71
38.5
6.8
-82
587.8
555.4
New Jersey
111.4
85.7
-23
113.8
54.0
-53
0.0
87.4
-3,107.9
2,580.5
New Mexico
5.2
6.0
15
16.1
36.5
127
0.0
0.0
0
340.7
369.4
New York
610.0
143.0
-77
240.0
410.0
71
1,309.0
436.0
-67 10,543.0
6,192.0
North Carolina
37.2
35.0
-6
44.3
57.5
30
29.0
34.8
20
1,001.6
1,336.2
North Dakota
23.0
27.0
17
0.0
10.0
-24.0
15.0
-38
616.0
639.0
Ohio
59.0
76.0
29
15.0
11.0
-27
11.0
16.0
45
2,041.0
2,043.0
Oklahoma
17.0
17.7
4
27.8
22.6
-19
17.5
20.4
17
642.6
626.7
Oregon
21.3
21.5
1
22.5
30.0
33
7.6
8.8
16
751.5
878.3
Pennsylvania
97.2
99.6
2
138.2
196.7
42
20.1
26.6
32
3,799.3
3,581.5
Rhode Island
-7.8
--4.3
--13.1
--151.6
South Carolina
3.7
1.5
-59
4.2
3.8
-10
2.0
2.0
0
157.3
112.4
South Dakota
22.5
4.9
-78
44.8
1.4
-97
0.0
3.0
-476.9
356.2
Tennessee
40.7
31.8
-22
24.4
17.2
-30
26.5
20.8
-22
945.4
775.8
Texas
247.0
209.0
-15
523.0
367.0
-30
175.0
175.0
0
5,225.0
4,478.0
Utah
9.0
15.0
67
40.0
35.0
-13
0.0
14.0
-924.0
1,071.0
Vermont
-17.0
--3.4
--9.3
--254.6
Virginia
54.5
42.5
-22
79.3
56.0
-29
22.0
38.1
73
1,616.2
2,356.0
Washington
28.6
21.5
-25
64.4
20.2
-69
6.2
12.3
98
1,299.5
1,167.9
West Virginia
14.5
8.5
-41
5.4
4.9
-9
18.1
2.0
-89
260.9
179.1
Wisconsin
40.1
44.1
10
47.5
60.6
28
20.7
12.4
-40
1,599.3
1,679.6
Wyoming
-----------Bureau of Indian Affairs
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0.0
0.0
Puerto Rico
3.0
3.0
0
49.0
55.0
12
0.0
0.0
0
202.0
217.0
Total
2,564.3 2,004.5
-22
3,747.5 3,310.1
-12
2,600.9 1,787.7
-31 72,093.8
62,555.7
* Less than 0.5 percent.
FTE = Full-time equivalent
+ The figures in this total column include the FTE staff reported by the states in all five staffing categories: administrators, teachers,
teacher aides, support staff, and other.
Note:
Other staff include parent coordinator/liaison, vehicle operator, reading specialist, translator, tutor, nurse, social worker, among
others. The Bureau of Indian Affairs does not have any targeted assistance (TAS) schools. In 2002-03, Florida, Rhode Island,
Vermont, and Wyoming were unable to provide this information. In 2003-04, Michigan and Wyoming were unable to provide
this information.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 25

Table 14
Title I Full-Time Equivalent (FTE) Teachers and Teacher Aides, 1979-80 Through 2003-04
Teachers
Year
1979-1980
1980-1981
1981-1982
1982-1983
1983-1984
1984-1985
1985-1986
1986-1987
1987-1988
1988-1989
1989-1990
1990-1991
1991-1992
1992-1993
1993-1994
1994-1995
1995-1996+
1996-1997**
1997-1998
1998-1999
1999-2000
2000-2001
2001-2002
2002-2003
2003-2004

Teacher Aides

Number
77,782
80,078
74,786
68,590
68,627
72,797
69,014
64,143
65,668
68,149
68,554
71,109
77,344
82,294
85,565
85,288

Percent of
Total Staff
40
43
45
46
46
46
45
46
46
45
46
45
45
45
45
45

Number
86,826
80,938
67,536
58,093
57,479
61,380
59,058
55,530
56,078
60,544
61,282
65,232
69,806
74,342
77,811
77,811

Percent of
Total Staff
45
44
40
39
38
39
39
39
39
40
41
41
41
41
40
41

Number of
Total Staff
194,403
185,925
167,748
149,220
150,277
158,967
151,936
140,691
143,675
150,816
149,275
158,270
171,830
182,496
192,165
189,528

60,959
60,567
45,661
42,223
41,552
38,827
40,624
35,880

46
48
48
44
44
53
56
57

52,182
47,267
34,308
38,798
36,561
25,383
22,557
19,573

39
38
36
41
39
34
31
31

132,322
125,989
95,104
95,502
93,977
73,578
72,094
62,556

+ No State Performance Report information was collected for the 1995-96 school year.
** Starting with this reporting year, states were asked to report information for only Targeted Assistance (TAS) schools. In 1996-97, the
information submitted by the states was nearly equally divided between those states which submitted information for TAS schools only
and those which submitted information for TAS and schoolwide (SWP) combined. By the 1998-99 reporting year, all states indicated
that the reported data was for TAS schools only.
Note: In 2002-03, Florida, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wyoming did not submit counts of TAS FTE staff. In 2003-04, Wyoming did not
submit counts of TAS FTE staff.

State ESEA Title I Participation Information for 2003-04

Page 26