Okanagan Energy Sustainability Ideas

By George Wiseman, written February 2011 On 12-Jan-11, at 3:30 PM, Natalie Webb wrote: Dear George and Tenaj, We will be starting to interview this up-coming Monday for the Sustainability book we are writing as part of a Service Canada environmental youth employment program. Our sections are Home, Work Play, with subsections such as Air, Water, Land, Transportation, food, clothing, products, furniture, electronics. How about a section for Energy? We are looking for innovative tips and practical solutions that we all can implement to contribute to a greener future. I know that you two are an excellent resource that would be great to be a part of this book. Would you be interested in sharing any ideas? If so, will you please take a look at your January schedule and let me know when you can be interviewed between the hours of 9 and 3:30 during the week? There will be a release form that includes a contact information that ensures that any contributors will have final say before their input is included in the book. Also, do you know any green experts who might also want to be in the book? Thank you very much, Natalie Webb Sustainability Innovator Sustainable Choices/ONE George Wisemanʼs contribution PO Box 21017 Penticton, BC V2A 8K8 250-492-7400 www.eagle-research.com/contact George is 52 years old

I (George Wiseman) am an inventor of a spectrum of energy efficiency technologies, since 1984. I consult with clients worldwide, to help them implement technologies that reduce the amount of fuel needed and/or to develop/implement means to gather energy from their local environment. Examples of my achievements are: 1. Several means to substantially reduce fuel consumption (and pollution) of vehicles, while maintaining full power and performance. Examples are my Carburetor Enhancer Method, HyCO 2A, HyCO 2DT, HyZor Technology and various Combustion Enhancement Interface Technologies (CEIT) like the Electronic Fuel Injection Enhancer (EFIE), MAP Enhancer(s), Electronic Diverter (ED) and true Deceleration Fuel Shutoff technologies.

2. The worldʼs most efficient and practical electrolyzer (split water into hydrogen and oxygen) technology, with several developed applications that businesses and people can use to reduce energy expenses. 3. Simple, inexpensive technique to ʻstoreʼ excess power into the utility Grid; instead of having large batteries. 4. Simple, inexpensive battery charger that will recharge batteries normally left for dead. In addition to my repertoire of innovations, my recommendations below promote energy efficiency, security, environmental compatibility and independence from outside influences. Fuel costs will continue to rise, so the more fuel the Okanagan can create from itʼs local resources is that much less weʼll be dependent on outside influences (over which we have no control) and that much more we can help over-all environmental and economic sustainability.

1. Bio-Fuel Bio-Fuel is easy to make as small (home) projects or large (municipal) projects. 1a. Alcohol. The Okanagan has huge alcohol potential in just the waste products of agriculture. Massive amounts of fruit are discarded as sub-standard and/or spoiled and/or not even picked from the bushes/vines/trees (whole orchards are sometimes not harvested because of owner illness, etc.). The various fruit processing industries (like wine-making) have byproducts that can be used to make fuel-alcohol, animal feed and compost. The expertise to do this already exists in the Valley, with courses taught in the Okanagan College. Alcohol can be used directly in vehicles designed to use it. Alcohol can be added (about 5%) to gasoline and diesel with minimal side effects. Alcohol can be used to make bio-diesel (see below). Alcohol can also be electrolyzed to produce hydrogen and carbon dioxide; thus alcohol could be a storage ʻfuelʼ for a hydrogen powered home or vehicle. This technique could also provide hydrogen supplementation (for better combustion) for gasoline or diesel vehicles. 1b. Bio-Diesel. The making of Bio-Diesel requires alcohol, lye (NaOH) and bio-oil (from vegetable or animal waste). All these ingredients are locally available. Vegetable oil is easiest to acquire from local restaurants (who currently PAY to have it taken away). Alcohol can be made from various waste as already described. Lye can be made from wood ashes (as it was during the pioneer days). There are lots of sources for wood to burn, including yearly trimmings from orchards. Enough Bio-Diesel could be produced in this manner to fuel all the municipal busses, including school busses. Bio-Diesel is 100% compatible in existing diesel powered engines with zero modification.

1c. Bio-Gas

Bio-Gas is largely a mixture of Natural Gas and carbon monoxide. It can be created with anaerobic digestion of almost any bio-mass. Such bio-digesters are easy to build and are being used world-wide (in China, they have been used for decades). The heating value of bio-gas can be enhanced with the addition of small amounts of hydrogen, which is easily produced in various ways, such as the electrolysis of urine, since the sewage would already be used in the digester. Most cities have centralized sewage facilities. It would be a simple matter to convert them from the current aerobic technology (which wastes carbon as carbon dioxide) to anaerobic, thus maximizing the volume of Bio-Gas production. Currently, in most of North America, the small amount of Bio-Gas that is produced in waste facilities is just burned off into the air (not even used to power a generator to make electricity like they do in Europe). The solids that come out of the bio-digester are an excellent fertilizer for non-human consumption crops and/or fruit orchards Bio-Gas can be pressurized and used in city vehicles (converted to run on Natural Gas) and/or be used to power generators (to feed electricity into the Grid) and/or be put into the municipal Natural Gas pipelines to help heat local buildings and homes (reducing the need for outside Natural Gas). Another type of Bio-Gas is ʻwood-gasʼ http://www.woodgasifiers.com/ You can make a combustible gas out of nearly anything that can be pyrolyzed. 1d. Garbage There are several fuel from garbage technologies. One example is pyrolysis, where a feedstock (which can be nearly any kind of biomass or garbage, including plastics and used tires) is heated (in an oxygen-depleted chamber) to over 500°F, producing a mixture of combustible gas and liquid. After the feedstock is ʻtreatedʼ, the resulting char has many uses, including fertilizer. Metal can be separated and recycled. The bio-mass can (should) go into a digester to make Bio-Gas. Most cities waste a huge volume of potential energy by using garbage as landfill. Landfill sites are always an issue for cities to deal with; pyrolysis, along with a digester, a good recycle and composting program can substantially reduce the need for a landfill site while providing the city with needed energy. Of course, individuals can build home units too, making them more energy self-sufficient and reducing the demand on the cityʼs ʻgarbageʼ removal system.
Pyrolysis with microwaves. Roger R. Ruan, Dept. of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering, 1390 Eckles Ave., St. Paul, Minneapolis, 55108 PH 612-625-1710 ruanx001@umn.edu

1e. Bio-Mass Lots of businesses and cities simply burn bio-mass to drive steam generators. The ashes can be used to make lye for Bio-Diesel production and the waste of that makes excellent fertilizer.

2. Solar Energy

. the Okanagan has significant Solar power potential.80 per kWh they generate and feed into the Grid. There are several technologies that use turbines mounted right in the river flow. There are several dams on the rivers that could generate power (as well as their current use of controlling lake water levels). putting money into the economy and ultimately will reduce the need for energy from foreign sources. There are many technologies available for gathering solar heat to use for heating domestic water. which allow the fish to swim right through them with no injury. sharing a Grid with dams in the Kootenays. because of thermal currents it would create. I can think of a couple of designs of fish ladders and even a fish pump that would work to help them get to their spawning grounds. Although. Micro-generation power plants help create a diversified electrical Grid. after watching the salmon run. This type of system can be mounted in a river (under the gravel so it is invisible). In fact. Ontario has implemented a program that pays people $0. 3. simple techniques (like ammonia and salt)… hot water can be used to create ʻcoldʼ for air conditioning and refrigeration. The hotter and/or colder the weather gets. 3b. This is particularly helpful in the summer to offset the huge load that air-conditioners have on the electrical Grid. 3d. I would suggest the Okanagan implement a similar project. Iʼd say that they should be upgraded to allow the salmon easier means to bypass them. These projects can be done on a home basis and/or as municipal projects. This MicroFit program essentially ʻrentsʼ the roofs of homes to install solar photovoltaic panels. It is putting a lot of people to work (as installers). 2b. Further. Okanagan Hydro-Power could be expanded in several ways. the more electricity such a power-plant can generate. at the same time as promoting local energy security. There is a technology that uses the difference in temperature between water and air (or solar heated water and cooling by evaporation) to create electricity. changing the temperature of one liter of water by one degree Celsius is 4. a municipal reservoir or a lake and will operate with minimal environmental impact (burns NO fuel). environmental and economic sustainability. There are many mountain streams that can be dammed (as the beavers used to do) and used to generate electricity. One example is my ʻFlapperʼ design. To give an idea of the power potential. the technology is cost effective even on a household size. consider this: Dropping a liter of water 10 meters (the height of a typical dam) develops a potential kinetic energy of 98 joules. A diversified Grid reduces the need (and energy losses) of transmitting energy over long distances. This can reduce heating costs by 30%. 3c. 2a. This type of power generation works well in summer heat and winter cold.As Canadaʼs only desert and having few cloudy days. 3a.184 joules of potential heat energy (> than 42 times the energy) and the water STAYS IN THE LAKE. Reduces the extent of power outages and reduces the need to upgrade the existing power lines. Hydro Energy Penticton has it's own electrical utility. AND there are several technologies that can use the energy in hot water to create electricity. using decades old. lake eco-systems could be enhanced as nutrients are brought up from the depths.

it would help prevent the runoff surge (into lakes and rivers) that happens when cities pave over greenery (that would normally trap and hold the water). The initial price is hefty but worth every penny and getting less expensive every day. 5. Grey water can be implemented in homes. Even homes that are considered well insulated are currently wasting as much as 50% of their heating and cooling energy for the want of some simple upgrades (like R50 on their hot water tanks or insulating in spaces that are often ʻforgottenʼ and/or missed because installers/builders donʼt realize the importance or pay attention). new building codes would include grey water standards. when energy efficiency technology is used to do the same work (or standard of living) with less energy. 5e. The Okanagan has reasonably high mountains and has major powerlines that go over those mountains. They are easily dimmable and remotely controllable. . is reasonably priced and simply hasnʼt been used because the energy monopolies have suppressed it. simple and inexpensive technology that seriously saves energy. They use half the energy of florescent and do not contain mercury gasses (extremely poisonous).This LTPC technology is over 100 years old. Insulation is an effective. This is the amount of energy that is NOT needed to be created. 5c. Properly installed they will last the lifetime of a home (no changing bulbs or landfill). also reduces the carbon-footprint of power generation. would be an effective solution. 5b. This allows not only an energy storage ʻdensityʼ (lots in one place) but allows insulation to be much more effective because the temperature (of the heat storage) remains low. to maintain our standard of living. called NegaWatts. Today. businesses and industry. LED lighting LEDs use only 15% of the energy of incandescent bulbs to produce the same light. Eutectic Materials The use of eutectics to ʻstoreʼ heat and cold is vastly underutilized. The advantage is that you can put vast amounts of heat energy into a material without changing itʼs temperature. Grey water Grey water technology is being used around the world to reuse water that would normally be wastedʼ. Water Gathering and saving If every home and business both gathered rainwater and then used it for grey water. Ideally. my ʻFlapperʼ design. Here are a couple of NegaWatt technologies… 5a. People know of it (boring) and are NOT using it to itʼs potential. This eliminates the need for more (or larger) powerplants. Energy Efficiency Amory Lovins of Rocky Mountain Institute coined a new word several years ago. This would cut back on fresh water that the city needs to provide AND cut back on the volume of water the city needs to treat in the sewage plant. Large wind generators could be set up on higher mountains and feed electricity directly into the main energy Grid. there is enough general expertise in the population to implement this type of technology (the reverse of heat pumps) in both homes and as municipal projects. When combined with gray water systems and/or nonpotable irrigation runoff gathering would also reduce fresh water consumption. Again. 4. Wind Energy Wind energy potential increases with height. used as a VAWT. 5d.

If you wish to get a hold of the co-ordinator. You will be seeing your copy in the mail shortly.com Hello George. 2011 2:17:08 AM PDT To: George Wiseman wiseman@eagle-research.pdf of our completed book. you can contact her at XXXXX If you would like to contact me. preventing most power outages.builditsolar. I apologize for the long delay.com> Subject: RE: Sustainable Choices Handbook Date: April 24. Thank you for your contribution Alyshia Olsen . Deb Thorneycroft. Literally Quads of power could be saved if Capacitive Transformers were to replace the ubiquitous Inductive Transformers. my work e-mail XXXXX I hope your trip is going well.com/Projects/Cooling/passive_cooling.5f. Please know that our program is now over. The CAL is effectively a high efficiency capacitive step-down transformer. We really appreciate that you are putting it up and helping to spread the word. Iʼve developed a technology that I call Capacitive Power Supply (CPS) or Capacitive Amperage Limiting (CAL) depending on the application. Capacitive Transformers donʼt have heat and noise losses and they limit amperage if powerlines short out.htm May the blessings be George Wiseman From: Sustainable Choices <sustainable_choices@hotmail. Capacitive Transformers are easy to modify in place to fit any particular power requirement. Additional Links: http://www. and that you like the result of our work. but I have attached the .

South Okanagan Sustainability Local Solutions of the Global Revolution Katelyn Cole Carmen McAnulty Alyshia Olsen Samir Rodriguez Brennon Synnuck Mark Wall Natalie Webb Okanagan Network for the Environment .

BC Canada The Government of Canada has contributed funding to this initiative. Okanagan Network for the Environment Society www. Carmen McAnulty. and Jennifer & Nicholas Vincent Inside pages Enviro100%recycled paper Printed in eco friendly ink Cover 10% recycled paper Printed in Penticton. theonesociety. Brennon Synnuck.Copyright © 2011 The Okanagan Network for the Environment Society Cover design. layout and editing: Alyshia Olsen Layout.ca . editing: Deb Thorneycroft Photos: Aja Jackson.

T able of Contents Food Energy Commodities Water Land Transportation Recycling Miscellaneous Glossary 3 12 25 35 41 52 59 71 81 .

this is . national. regional and at local levels and by individuals. action must be taken at all levels.e. The economy and development must not deplete the natural resource base and fertile soil . We must think globally and act locally. i. for example: • • • • • • Climate change Pollution Dead zones in our oceans Decline of the tropical forests Decline of our natural resources Species loss While these problems are global in scale. continental. through its wasteful and inefficient use of natural resources is not sustainable and has the potential. if left unchecked.Introduction Current human activity. Problems are emerging on a global scale. worldwide. to inflict permanent damage to the capacity of the Earth to support future societies and plant and animal life.

We cannot continue as we are doing now. The link between economic growth and increased environmental pressure must broken. Everyday activity counts. Sustainable and regenerative development considerations should be taken into account in every policy and action. This book would not have been possible without your support. There are options and choices that have to be made. We have done our best to include all tips. Deb Thorneycroft Sustainable Choices Coordinator 2 ." This book is full of local tips to help us live more sustainably and I encourage you to read it.particularly important for the South Okanagan. Dale R. Director. but some duplicates have been omitted. These changes require a systematic and comprehensive approach: • • • • Sustainable and regenerative development is a process. We individuals must act. Fundamental changes in our lifestyles are required. Improving the quality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of the Earth’s supporting eco-systems" is based on the recognition that "we have not inherited the earth from our parents but borrowed it from our children. Our lifestyle will create the heritage of generations to come.Ag. Bonke P. Environment and Sustainability Programs Thank you to all who graciously shared their time and wisdom with our youth.

Debbie Oviatt Pasta Factory Restaurant & Lounge purchases produce from local farmers when available. The seafood is certified Oceanwise. and produce that has travelled further in a week than you will in a year. have little nutritional value. 3 . It is no coincidence that eating food grown close to home is as good for your body as it is for the environment. but when? Lester Brown Food Okanagan residents have the good fortune to live in a bountiful region filled with a colourful diet of numerous nutritional possibilities. fun way to support our health. Processed ‘junk’ foods laden with chemicals.The archeological records of earlier civilizations indicate that more often than not it was food shortages that led to their downfall. and the wine list is predominantly from local wineries. The question is not whether the food bubble will burst. local economy and the environment. Food appears to be the weak link for our global civilization as well. Hosting a 100 Mile style dinner is a great way to bring everyone together and show that eating locally can be delicious. Our Farmer and Community Markets area convenient.

They use just one traditional oven. seasonally and locally. Eleanor Summer of South Okanagan Women In Need Society preserves and dries food. Michael Pollan Cindi Tomochko tries to eat organically. 4 . and prefers to buy fair trade. which includes a bread garden style menu cooked with no grill or deep fat fryer. Okanagan College cafeterias are implementing a sustainable kitchen.FOOD Why don't we pay more attention to who our farmers are? We would never be as careless choosing an auto mechanic or babysitter as we are about who grows our food. and some crock pots. The Child Development Centre has a nutritional education program for children.

and they take their leftovers to the Soupeteria. The Child Development Centre has a garden. Fresh Healthy Cafe. Reduce transportation energy by growing your own food. Staff bring their lunches to work at South Okanagan Immigrant and Community Services. and grows their own food such as peas. Local fruits and vegetables are used as much as possible. 5 . soak the seeds and leave the jar tilted mouth-down to drain. Just cover the mouth of the jar with cheesecloth. as leftovers are often forgotten about and left to spoil.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Glenn Marcoux buys local when seasonably available. Andrew Jakubeit grows his own herbs. and edible flowers. carrots. Cam Hooper keeps fresh. healthy greens in his diet all year by sprouting beans and seeds in jars in the cupboard. Within days your sprouts will be alive and growing. Brenda Wall has a few tips for reducing food waste in your kitchen. and grows some of the food for his cafe. He would like to see people go back to gardening and growing their own fruits and vegetables. Always check expiration dates and avoid buying food that you will not finish in time. Also try to avoid making a lot of extra food. Rinse in varying cycles according to what you are sprouting. Kathryn McCourt The Ooknakane Friendship Centre has a traditional cooking program for youth.

A field trip to the gleaners in Oliver should be added to school curriculum as an aid to teaching students about the plentiful crops . She dries food to preserve it. and can be fed kitchen scraps that may otherwise go in the garbage. necessary step towards localsustainability. Marliene Otto makes her own pasta.in their backyard. and likes to eat raw foods. and grows her own sprouts. organic eggs. and donates to local charities Brigid Kemp only buys fair trade. Sabina Notz Buying local is a fantastic. Sue Kirschmann 6 . the city may respond if the interest in backyard chickens grows. Schools can help. She suggests to eat brown rice as you receive more product for less money. local ingredients is beneficial for both your family and the environment. and brings her own food to events to ensure she does not have to purchase them on the spot. Journey to Successful Employment offers a cooking program and buys local produce. They provide healthy. Take it one further while bringing your family closer. backyard chickens may be an option. Cooking at home with fresh. While not everyone has the capacity to become a farmer. however.and unfortunate waste .FOOD CIBC holds food bank drives. chickens are only legal outside of city limits. unfortunately. organize a day trip to one of the Okanagan’s u-Pick sites. organic food. At least a year of Home Economics should be necessary for both genders.

sauces.earthaja.all from scratch. energy and the well-being of our earth. salad dressings. These seasonings are fantastic on popcorn. including soups. Classes have been taking place at the Okanagan Falls Parks and Recreation Centre since the summer of 2010 and at the Leir House as part of the Shatford Centre’s “Spirit Festival”. All of Aja’s vegan classes are now gluten free. no sugar and only the finest organic mineral sea salt. bean dishes.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Aja Jackson’s cooking classes are open to everyone willing to learn how to use fresh foods to improve health. Classes also accommodate people with food intolerances. healthy kitchen. dips. and even cookies. Aja loves to share her knowledge of delicious cooking in a friendly. desserts and more . They always wrap up the class eating together as a group. textures and aromas of using “real” food. They include no MSG. Aja was also a vendor at the Downtown Penticton Association Market and the Penticton Farmer’s Market where she sold her organic popcorn and culinary seasonings that are made all natural. In the summer and fall of 2010. sauces and soups. Students have learned to make soups.ca 7 . For more information. visit www. roasted veggies. Aja incorporates fresh local herbs and demonstrates the incredible flavours. pasta dishes.

White Clinic Associates has an employee lunch room. They sell Cannery brewed beer. Dan Bouchard minimizes waste through his diet. If a customer is allergic to gluten. Norm Rempel grows his own food. Burger 55 will allow them to bring in a gluten-free bun and will build a burger on it. Burger 55 buys local vegetables. Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea sells fair trade coffee beans from Cherry Hill in Kelowna. and develop mechanisms to inform farm owners and operators about environmentally safe practices. Tim Lang Dan Braithwait has been growing tomatoes and cucumbers in his yard since he moved to Summerland from Calgary three years ago. Hilma Labelle of South Okanagan Community and Immigrant Society.FOOD The Penticton Indian Band has a community garden. and organic coffee drinks. Diet is now the single biggest factor in causing premature death. he 8 . Even in Sub Saharan Africa. They offer Happy Planet natural beverages. He recommends adapting your diet to what grows locally. The Penticton Lakeside Resort serves herbs grown in their on-site organic garden. We need to work with current guidelines regarding agricultural farm waste. and have veggie burgers. and is looking to purchase local beef as well. five percent of the population is obese.

eggs and produce. While fresh produce may seem the best choice. meanwhile. Shirley Ducharme buys local milk. She has given up eating tomatoes and cucumbers when locally grown ones are not available. and meat from Fraser Valley. organic produce whenever possible. Dandelions are great for salad. 9 .000km – or four to ten trips to Vancouver. In some foods. essentially locking in nutrients. Certified Organic coffee is roasted in Summerland. They offer breakfast and lunch prepared fresh using local. up to 60% of nutritional value is lost after seven days of harvesting. and they also offer organic imports and food from local groceries. and makes soups from scratch.500 to 4. Mindy Rollins loves the idea of private and corporate land being shared for food growing. He drinks local beer from Cannery Brewing. Laurel Burnham only eats what is available in season. Sam Verigin grows a variety of food and also freezes food to preserve it. The produce is flash-frozen within hours of picking. The Bench Artisan Food Market has focused on sustainable practices since they opened six years ago. the frozen items at the grocery store are often better for you.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy buys Healthy Harvest Local Vegetable Bins when he can. and tea. from farm to plate. Their FairTrade. is 2. fresh vegetation is picked prior to full ripeness for shipping purposes. It seems that we are losing too much of our agricultural land to wine production. Barley and Grapes sells organic wines and beers. Consider this: fresh isn’t exactly that. The average distance travelled for food in North America.

including a fruit tree which he harvests from. and difficult to avoid over-packaged. imported food on your break. I also put carrot and beet tops over the cache of vegetables to help me know when I have dug down to the top of them so I am less likely to cut into the vegetables with my spade. Pocket gophers sometimes find a pit before I dig it and they seemespecially fond of carrots. I dig up another pit. It's easy to spend over a hundred dollars a month on lunch. potatoes. Jim Bryan If you are looking for a way to save money as well as the environment. consider packing your own lunch. When ready for more. and parsnips mixed together in a pit. By spending a few minutes the night before you can build a healthy. I space the pits wide apart within our garden area. We find that the root crops keep quite well in the pits until March.FOOD When growing root crops in our garden about 1000ft above the Okanagan Valley floor (1100ft elevation). I try to make the pit deep enough that the one month supplies just below the frostline of frozen soil and find that one foot is usually adequate for this. I mound up the soil dug from the pit over the top to insulate the vegetables and to mark the location of the pit. In order to make it harder for the gopher to find another pit. After that some of them begin to sprout. beets. We then keep the vegetables for a month in our fridge while eating them. Stephen grows his own food. organic meal in a re-usable glass container. The best place to store your food is in your friend’s stomach. Stephen Joyce 10 . I dig several pits to hold about a one month supply of carrots. I store the root crops surplus to our summer and fall consumption in pits that I dig in the garden in mid to late October.

Cucumbers. Pears. Tomatoes. Nectarines. Peppers. Pears. Green Onions. and the carbon dioxide released from the burning of trees for agricultural use also add to the already overpolluted atmosphere. With millions of people starving globally.000 to 20. we only end up with one consumable kilogram of chicken or beef. Zucchini August: Apples. 11 . Squash October: Apples. A plant based diet requires one eighth of the fossil fuel need to support a meat based diet. Onions. Going vegetarian minimizes the use of pesticides. Chinese proverb Vegetarianism goes far beyond animal rights. and they require much more liquid than a grain crop. Blueberries. Green Beans. Peaches. However. A large amount of methane is released from the unnatural number of cattle. Cantaloupe. why is 70% of the grain grown feeding animals? For every five to ten kilograms of grain. The next best time is now. Peaches. Tomatoes September: Apples. if you cannot stand the thought of giving up bacon. Nectarines. As the temperature – and our population – rises. farming machinery and transportation. Corn. Peas. Pumpkins.000 litres of water. Onions. growth hormones. Radishes. Extra animals to water means less for the rest of us. water becomes an increasing issue. Even reducing one half a kilo of beef a week from your diet will save between 10. Squash The best time to plant a tree was twenty years ago. Lettuce. Plums.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Seasonal Foods June: Cherries July: Apricots. a meatless diet is significantly more sustainable. it is not an either-or issue. Cherries.

000 hours of annual daylight. and make money while asleep on windy nights. as we arequickly realizing. the infrastructure to maintain the system is not. Henrik Tikkanen Energy Green. they will never forget us. While electricity in our area is hydro generated. our current lifestyles are 12 . and so fairly green. every home in Penticton could benefit from a roof of solar panels. and we often have a strong enough breeze to generate electricity from a windmill. enabling consumers to sell back to the grid what they don’t use.Because we don't think about future generations. To wean ourselves off of oil and maintain our energy dependant lifestyles will require multiple sources of energy. and many of them are viable options in the South Okanagan. renewable alternatives to fossil fuels are plentiful. Bi-directional meters are available free of charge from Fortis. Of course. With almost 2.

and lots of courage . Any intelligent fool can make things bigger. so using less energy. is as crucial towards sustainability as is an eco-friendly alternative. Albert Einstein It was only a short time ago.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy not sustainable. that we fell into our energy addiction and started on the path to ruin. Let’s not squander this moment. We had best face facts: we really have no choice. to think through our present course. Albert Bates 13 . It is also a wonderful opportunity to do a lot better. Peak oil is an opportunity to pause. and more violent. It takes a touch of genius .to move in the opposite direction. two centuries at most. and to adjust to a saner path for the future. wisely. more complex.

In one day. They also control their heat levels. and before leaving her apartment and turns off the lights and appliances when not in use.ENERGy Judy Sentes turns lights off to save energy. we empty close to 5. Lights in the courtyard of the Child Development building are on timers and adjusted for the seasons. we would drain it in about 15 seconds. She also uses a toaster oven rather than a large conventional oven for baking and grilling. which translates into a staggering 1000 barrels per second! Picture an Olympic sized swimming pool of oil.500 such swimming pools. Peter Tertzakian Cindi Tomochko turns the heat down before bed. and they have skylights in the Child Development building so that they don’t have to use electric lighting during spring and summer. Glenn Marcoux uses energy efficient light bulbs. 14 . mankind’s thirst for oil will have crossed the milestone rate of 86 million barrels per day. Sometime in 2006.

John Patterson switched from halogen bulbs to fluorescent ones. Anna Nielson at Polka Dot Purse Consignment encourages the use of a heat pump. Ministry of Environment uses green technologies in building design and servicing. Peak oil is a turning point in history of unparalleled magnitude. and large windows allow lots of natural daylight in. Colin Campbell Solar panels on the roof of Hostelling International Penticton provide 40% of the hot water heat used in the building. and uses heat from lighting to warm the building. such as solar electricity and low energy servicing. They are also installing solar panels on the roof. so there is less need for cooling. 15 . Specs Optical.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy BC Parks. At Dr. John Patterson suggests using a four stroke. and they turn the lights off at night. Tanya Hogg says the heating system is programmed to 15 degrees outside of business hours. or an electric lawn mower. The hospital has thermal blinds for offices that receive a lot of sun. Penticton General Hospital is replacing the old fluorescent light bulbs with new compact florescent lights. for never before has a resource as critical as oil become headed into decline from a natural depletion without sight of a better substitute. They have also upgraded all of their lighting to high-efficiency light bulbs. he uses the windows and drapes to regulate room temperatures.

Today. changing the temperature of one litre of water by one degree Celsius is 4. putting money into the economy and ultimately will reduce the need for energy from foreign sources. To give an idea of the power potential. these 'by-products' can be used to make fuel: alcohol.184 joules of potential heat energy and the water stays in the lake. or added at about 5% to gasoline and diesel with minimal side effects. This LTPC technology is over 100 years old. This type of power generation works well in summer heat and winter cold. This MicroFit program essentially ʻrentsʼ the roofs of homes to install solar photovoltaic panels. there is enough general expertise in the population to implement it. It is putting a lot of people to work as installers. the Okanagan has significant Solar power potential. is reasonably priced and simply has not been used because the energy monopolies have suppressed it. consider this: dropping a litre of water 10 meters (the height of a typical dam) develops a potential kinetic energy of 98 joules. The hotter or colder the weather gets. Ontario has implemented a program that pays people $0.80 per kWh they generate and feed into the Grid. There is a technology that uses the difference in temperature between water and air to create electricity. I would suggest the Okanagan implement a similar project. Alcohol can be used directly in vehicles designed to use it. Massive amounts of fruit are discarded as sub-standard or spoiled.ENERGy As Canadaʼs only desert and having few cloudy days. with courses taught in the Okanagan College. The knowledge to do this already exists in the Valley. George Wiseman of Eagle Research 16 . The Okanagan has huge alcohol potential in just the waste products of agriculture. the more electricity such a power-plant can generate.

2005 Marliene Otto turns off the power bar connected to appliances to save energy. She also suggests using thermal curtains. Asian newspaper May 4. the air conditioner is used less heavily and during the winter. In the summer. the world was consuming 4 billion barrels of oil per year and the average discovery was around 30 billion. Keep the lights off when it isn’t necessary to have them on. Today. Niguel Synnuck Edgar Chavarieuses fluorescent light bulbs. machine dries them for ten minutes. The office lights and computers are turned off at night. Fifty years ago. and suggests people buy a battery powered LED for going to the bathroom at night. She also washes her clothing in cold water. so you don’t have to turn on the other lights. She keeps lights off when they are not needed. She has reduced her dependency on hydro-electricity by reducing her bulbs to energy efficient ones. Brigid Kemp no longer has a TV. and uses a timer for all electric appliances. employees wear sweaters. we consume 30 billion barrels per year and the discovery rate is approaching 4 billion barrels of crude per year. Capri Insurance office has tint-treated windows that reflect heat. He opens and closes the drapes to regulate the temperature of his home. and then hang dries them to save energy.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy The Gym uses energy-efficient lights. Vitamin King is in the process of updating all their fluorescent light bulbs to more eco-friendly ones. Air conditioning is kept off in warmer temperatures at 17 .

If it were to happen soon. Their office thermostat is programmed to cool at night. and use low watt light bulbs. it is made predominantly from recyclable aluminum. Clearly the timing of the global peak is crucial. opting to wear sweaters instead. Have your electronics on timers. Oil has become the world’s foremost energy resource.ENERGy the Friendship Centre. remaining in your home. The staff also try to use computers that consume the least amount of energy. tuck your curtain onto the window sill. and they turn off lights at night. They think there should be a by-law to force people to install proper lighting. There is no ready substitute and 18 . they use energy efficient lighting. It is a certified Energy Star product. or when the office is bright with sunlight. Karina Chambers If you have room-by-room baseboard heating. and turn all of your lights and heat off at night. They also turn the lights off when they are not there. Not only does it weigh just 3 pounds and only use 85 watts. the Mac mini. Jennifer and Nicholas Vincent of Little Green Book Penticton and Area Women’s Centre keep the heat turned down in the winter. the heat will rise and be absorbed by the curtain. and energy efficient light bulbs have been installed. Looking to upgrade your computer and downgrade your energy usage? Consider purchasing the most efficient desktop computer. Meiklejohn Architects has a small water heater. Regardless. the consequences would be devastating. Rather than seeping out of cracks.

Mike MacDonald suggests we burn calories. it saves energy and.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy decades will be required to wean societies from it. and has a new furnace. J. The Penticton Lakeside Resort uses open-loop geothermal for heating and cooling. whether we like it or not. We will be compelled to conduct the activities of daily life on a smaller scale. The scale of all human enterprises will contract with the energy supply. The salient fact about life in the decades ahead is that it will become increasingly and intensely local and smaller in scale. Mike Schybriak uses energy-saving light bulbs. It will do so steadily and by degrees as the amount of available cheap energy decreases and the global contest for it becomes more intense. Richard Heinberg Tim Ericson recommends people conserve energy. offsets carbon equal to 700 new trees per household. Jason Martin reminds people that LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) screens use less electricity. not fossil fuels. and the only intelligent course of action is to prepare for it. 19 . Kunstler YMCA-YWCA Jumpstart shuts off their computers when they are not being used. Terry Magnus urges people to install geo-thermal for their heating system. Peak oil could therefore constitute the greatest economic challenge since the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. The heating and air conditioning is computer-automated. as well as using auto-off.

and simplicity. and have been declining ever since. Their goal is to eventually switch the entire store lighting over. They've also switched some of their store lighting over to LED which only uses 9 watts per light bulb. you will also appreciate that they are not as hot to touch. Every night. if every Canadian household replaced only one incandescent bulb with a CFL.000 vehicles off the road. he turns lights out at home and then counts how many are left on. and a natural gas fireplace instead of a wood burning one. Skaha Sound has tinted windows in the store to conserve energy. it would be the equivalent to taking 66. He keeps his heat temperature down.ENERGy Energy-efficient light bulbs. energy usage. Michael Pearce believes in turning off lights. and has an energy efficient heat pump. He has efficient double-pane windows installed at home. While it may seem to be a small switch. and last eight times longer. and Michael would like to see more by-laws to require private property owners to install proper lighting or have certain light operation times. Street light initiatives have been undertaken that can provide the same amount of light with less energy. They have also taken the initiative to switch their stage lighting to LED lights. but when. 20 . Fox News April 28. also known as CFLs (compact fluorescent lights) are a popular choice for many reasons: life span.000 watts to 75. As a consumer. which has decreased their watt usage from 1. the International Energy Association released that we did in fact peak in worldwide oil production in 2006. Matt Rands Energy experts no longer debate about whether Hubert’s peak will occur. 2006 In January 2011.

and meters are being installed to monitor energy consumption and cost rates. Her windows are covered with plastic films to reduce air drafts. Michael Pearce’s hot water tank is right under the faucet to reduce space requirements. would like to see table grapes grown in the area. between 4 and 8 at night. Try to avoid the high consumption window.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy The Penticton Waste Water Treatment Plant is researching ways to capture excess potential energy. Lindsay Stainer of McCoy recommends that all businesses use programmable thermostats. and shorten the distance the hot water has to travel. 21 . which is warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Barry Watson changed the Marketplace IGA light bulbs to environmentally friendly ones. The benefits are twofold: not only are you charged less outside of these times. but you will be putting less of a strain on the electrical grid. She unplugs appliances and lights when they are not being used. owners of Accent Chocolates. The Golden Sands uses eco-friendly light bulbs. Shirley Ducharme uses energy efficient lights. and energy-efficient light bulbs. Eva and Len Poloskey. and the necessity of artificial heating methods. and has an energy-efficient furnace. Voth Photography’s studio is in a shared building on the second floor.

The most powerful energy resource we have avaliable to us is the creative intelligence of the people. Try to keep electronics turned off that are not used frequently. The employees dress up for warmth rather than turning up the heat. don’t fluctuate them. At his home. Fluorescent lighting is installed at Astral Radio. and the computers are set to sleep mode. His swimming 22 . Jon has upgraded to energy efficient appliances. and uses an eorder system which requires no paper. and energy saver mode on their computers. they shut down the computers and turn down their heat. Sutton . Barley and Grapes installed motion detector lights. keep your thermostats at the same temperature. Jon Ferebee turns the lights off in the building. At night. light bulbs. and avoids using the dryer for laundry when clothes can be hung out. Also. David Flemming inventer of TEQ’s Finn Larsen. heat pump and insulation. Spa Tranquila has an efficient water heater. with solar heated water and air conditioning. while keeping on electronics that are being used frequently. had the first solar house in Terrace. closes off the cooler section in the winter. Mary Belcher tries to turn off electricity when things like lights are not being used. of Larsen Agencies.Power 1 Realty uses CFL light bulbs.ENERGy Photography by Chris’ Chris Cornett has a high-efficiency washing machine at home. and use a blanket to keep warm instead of raising the heat.

the Shatford Centre has been making a conscious effort to be sustainable. Aja Jackson has lived in the South Okanagan for 14 years and loves the summers . She thinks solar power should be subsidized for power and heating.500 worth of lighting with greener alternatives such as 'intelligent' lighting. they will receive funding to replace $5. They have been approved for the FortisBC Flip program. the windows face south for optimal sun exposure. Accent Living sells electric fireplaces and wood stoves. Sam has passive solar heating in her building. During their reconstruction. Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens turns off lights when not in use. and open the windows after the sun has set to let in the gorgeous summer air. they limit the use of florescent lighting and take advantage of natural light. and sealing the openings of windows.They also have plans to implement weather stripping.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy pool is heated with a solar blanket. to prevent hot air leakage. These are sustainable options for heating our homes as wood is a renewable resource. Having qualified.the hotter the better! There is no air conditioning unit of any kind in Aja’s home. especially in regards to energy. For now. 23 . for example. and electricity can be generated by solar or wind power. She reads instead of watching television. they have removed half of the tubing from within the fluorescent panels. just close the drapes and windows during the day. and does not use air conditioning. Sam Verigin is considering installing wind energy generation on her property. It’s simple to reduce energy and keep the house cool. She uses a wood stove for heating purposes.

Johanna and Henk Saaltink built a passive solar house . Turning off appliances that are not in use can save up to 40% of a product's energy consumption. as well as energy efficient appliances. The use of solar energy has not been opened up because the oil industry does not own the sun. Ralph Nader In the late seventies. 24 . Save electricity by turning lights off during the day and when you are not in the room.ENERGy Penticton Visitors Centre employees wear warm fleece clothing in the winter. He also has efficient heat pumps installed at home. Make a habit of unplugging anything that you would otherwise just flick off. Bill Barisoff has a system where the heat is turned down automatically. He has fluorescent bulbs installed at home.heat pump and heat sink included.

Gandhi Commodities There has been an influx of eco-friendly products within recent years. this category will still be full of suggestions you can adopt. and buys their chemical products in bulk. and others in the future. not those designed for one-time-use. Some of these will save you money now. Businesses have begun to see the necessity of environmentalism. 25 . Dave Hehr of Midas Auto Service Experts uses reusable rags. Vitamin King uses.There is a sufficiency in the world for man's need but not for man's greed. as well as supplies. Vote with your wallet! However. cleaning supplies and reusable bags. biodegradable cleaners. and much of this is because of consumer pressure. The Marketplace IGA sells environmentally friendly and biodegradable products such as paper. if you don’t have a lot of spare dollars to cast. Mohandas K. Niguel Synnuck uses re-usable dishes. natural.

Pamela buys local. owner of Sweets 4 My Sweetie. At Sweets 4 My Sweetie. Wendy Dion suggests choosing products that are not wrapped individually in cardboard and plastic. It is a free trade company and the proceeds go back to the people of Ecuador to support 400 families. Dorie Wright crochets beautiful reusable totes from plastic shopping bags. Mother Teresa Pamela Patterson. She also uses natural cleaning products like vinegar and tea tree oil. Pamela Patterson buys bulk to reduce packaging. I feel angry when I see people throwing away things we could use. sells candy jars to customers. which is a natural antiseptic.COMMODITIES Inka’s World sells handmade clothes made from llama wool. At home. 26 . Liz Wilson's goal is to reduce their paper use at the Penticton Fire and Rescue Hall.

"Not only does bottled water lead to unbelievable pollution— with old bottles lying all over the place— but plastic has chemicals in it. and their plastic bags are biodegradable. The hospital replaced old plastic. Tiki Shores Penticton General Hospital delivers food on reusable plastic trays lined with paper. sanitation-intensive bed pans with ones from VernaCare . individual servings rather than bulk reduces waste. The wipes that they use also biodegrade and dissolve after they are shredded. They are a paper pulp product. Are you voluntarily paying more for a litre of water than for one of gas? Bottled water is a luxury that taxes your wallet.com to get your own. and planet. They sell eco-friendly clothes. Greyback Construction's Administrative/Marketing Assistant Deborah Stewart orders eco-friendly paper products for the office and envi-customizer binders that contain no PVC.pvcfreebinder. a 100% green product that effectively prevents winter slips and falls. They have also reduced coffee grounds and filters by purchasing a select service coffee machine. Check out www. Deborah Stewart uses Eco Traction. and are choosing paper cups over Styrofoam.” Health Canada states that “quality standards for bottled water and tap water 27 . Athletes World sells cloth bags.com for more info on this product. Visit www.ecotraction.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy We continuously educate our staff on environmental concerns. and biodegradable. Penticton Visitors Centre sells Oliver harvested honey as a local Shriner fundraiser.

and upcycled leather. Theirs are made of corn. Go beyond fabric bags. cotton canvas. And if the pounds of left over plastic does not concern you. they are created from a variety of earth-friendly fibres such as coffee bean bags. fabric swatches.com. who uses eco-friendly. By the end of the day. Michael Paseska of Fibonacci Roastery & Cafe. does not use plastic to-go cups. especially from thrift stores. She also makes her own products. Penticton School of Hair employs Lou Johnson of Apex Cleaning Solutions. natural floor cleaner. instead of buying them from stores. consider the gas that was required to transport it here. the chemicals will either be absorbed by your body or flushed down into our water system. organic.” Some bottled water is even nothing more than a different municipality's tap water. 24/7 Convenience Store uses biodegradable bags and napkins made out of 100% recycled materials. soaps. and fair trade. One-of-a-kind pieces. Sustainability can be stylish! Subway will soon be replacing their plastic bags with ones that are biodegradable. go natural. The Gym uses biodegradable cups. take a look at Felicity Mayhew’s bags and totes at loveallhands. including gifts. use discretion when buying personal care products by choosing environmentally friendly make-up. linen.COMMODITIES are similar. 28 . and perfumes. Wendy Dion Cindi Tomochko tries to buy locally as much as possible.

amber teething necklaces and stain remover. Recycling and purchasing products made with recycled materials will conserve resources and the environment. and especially to avoid disposable plates and cups. Jeremy Poole uses eco-friendly dryer cloths with plantbased softeners. natural pacifiers. bath & diapering care. remanufactured. Buying records second hand is a great way to keep them out of the landfill. They also sell ecofriendly products such as toys. Elaine Burnie. reused. This includes recycled. they can be enjoyed for years to come. Tiger Alley sells second hand and vintage clothes.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Mike of Mike’s Pawnbrokers sells all recycled products. reconstructed leathers and reconstructed clothes. Veronica Crumback reminds us to always look for products with the least amount of packaging. 29 . Recycling. is a cycle in which a material is manufactured. blankets and clothes for new born to size seven. The Recycling Counsel of British Columbia on the Recycling symbol. Remember Vinyl Records Angel Babies Kids Shoppe helps promote recycling by offering a consignment section of gently used toys. used. instead of those containing animal products. and on and on… In order to truly recycle you have to “close the loop” it makes sense to become part of the cycle by buying back what we recycle. as its name infers. bamboo wash clothes. used again.

united Garment Workers tagged clothing. Scott Buchanan buys as little plastic as possible. 30 . An employee stated. They use green products exclusively.” Mott Welsh & Associates employees buy biodegradable soap. such as milk and honey in glass. “I would love to see lower prices on green products.E. and all-natural cleaning products.COMMODITIES Les Olson of Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea says. Hazel Carter. Brigid Kemp believes in the use of natural products. Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea used wooden cutlery. They use second hand props.A.” He adds that he bought eco-containers for the shop. and introduced them to a different way of shopping. Eco-friendly cleaning supplies can be just as. but the cost just killed him. as well as microfiber cloths that are rinsed instead of disposed. effective than those harmful to the environment. Hands in Motion handles household and commercial cleaning.. but had to stop as he received complaints from the customers. those made from recycled materials. “younie [the owner] made second hand clothes okay for people in Penticton. A subdivision of P. Journey to Successful Employment buys locally. Vintage and Vogue sells vintage clothes and stocks lots of Canada made.C. She has abstained from bleach for thirty years. if not more.

She would like to see a permanent community market site. her kitty litter is organic. Desmond and Bonnie use eco-friendly products. She uses fabric bags when grocery shopping. in their Taco Time store. Judy Sentes buys local products. WINGS. Items of lower quality are used to make a variety of products. and more. Shirley Ducharme buys local. Laurel Burnham encourages community markets. and other accessories. Such things include: clothes of all styles. furniture. She uses the least intrusive. They are attempting to divert as much waste as possible from the landfill. Top quality things bought to the thrift store. home décor. At work with BPWood. for example: re-usable shopping bags. natural products. not harsh ones. jewellery. Laura Saunders tries to buy as locally as possible. purse liners. Dan Bouchard promotes the sale of wood products with environmental certification such as PEFC and FSC. only things they cannot recycle go there now. are re-sold in the shop. They have cut back on the use of plastic commodities. for both genders. Wendy Dion suggests choosing products that are not wrapped individually in cardboard and plastic. and children’s toys. shoes. as it promotes local buying. highly safe.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Capri Insurance calendars are printed on recycled paper. The UPS Store uses environmental pencils and pens 31 .

other natural products. Sean and Melissa McHugh of First Strike also support the community by buying local food and products. Treena Blake uses and sells allnatural products including those from Natural Concepts. Recently. Okanagan Cosmetology Institute students use natural hair. pesticides and permanent markers. they can have chronic side effects.COMMODITIES made from 100% recycled materials. nail and skin care products. At Euphoria Day Spa. and product lines made in Vancouver. Rose of Wild Rose Cottage notes that the store’s product shippers use bio-degradable and recyclable packing peanuts. Peaches Lingerie limits their use of plastic bags. While not highly toxic. Benjamin Moore Paints sells VOC-free and non-oil based paints. VOCs can damage both our health and that of our planet. With significant vapour pressures. Volatile organic compounds are in a range of products including paints. Spa Tranquila sells formaldehyde free nail polish. Mary Belcher has been buying more local produce. a Kelowna based company. Owner Jackie Kromm doesn’t bring plastic utensils to work. True Colors. an organic facial care line. All of Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens’ soaps and cleaning 32 .

however they are 2.5 times more expensive. John buys some of the liquor sold in his store from local producers. John uses them at Last Call. they are 2.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy agents are green. Aveda believes in sustainability and being responsible for their environmental impact.5 times as much more healthy for the environment. the rest of it comes from Vancouver which is provincial. especially retail should use/sell bio-degradable bags. and no synthetic dyes. they are organic. 33 . Jenna Morton of Heiress Salon & Boutique uses natural products that are ammonia-free. eco-friendly line of products called SpaRitual. contain natural colors. They use non-endangered and renewable herbs. Businesses should take the initiative to only sell non-harmful products. Featuring natural and organic products. Heiress Salon & Boutique sells Aveda products. He buys as many products as possible from local producers. and other natural products. Not only are they cutting edge environmental products. John Vassalaki thinks businesses. South Okanagan Naturopathic Clinic provides natural medicine. and their stylists use these items on their clientele. Melt Day Spa carries a vegan.

more experts but more problems more medicines but less healthiness. but have less real communication. but short on quality.COMMODITIES Paradox of Our Age We have bigger houses but smaller families. more conveniences but less time.tall men but short characters. It is a time when there is much in the window. more knowledge but less judgement. but nothing in the room. steep profits but shallow relationships. We built computers to hold more copies than ever. but have trouble crossing the street to meet our neighbour. These are times fast foods but slow digestion. We have become long on quantity. We have more degrees but less sense. 14th Dalai Lama 34 . We’ve been all the way to the moon and back.

shower with a friend. not abuse. water is an ongoing concern in the South Okanagan. Also. Regardless of the limited supply. and has installed a low flow toilet. As plentiful as it may seem when it flows freely from our taps. Shower every second day. when washing veggies. Marliene Otto has a Santeiva water purification system. less than 1% of our world’s water is fresh.It’s quite a simple theory. Repair all your leaky faucets. Edgar Chavarie Kathryn McCourt from Hands On Gardening suggests turning the water off while brushing your teeth or shaving. yet will result in a large one for our planet. Also. World aquifers are being drained at an alarming rate. Most of the contributions in this category require only a small change in your life. The glass starts full and ends empty and the faster you drink it the quicker it’s gone. and one that any beer drinker understands. run the water into a 35 . She times her showers to keep them short. Colin Campbell Water With annual precipitation levels of less than 350mm . water is a life-giving resource that deserves our conscientious use.

If you are a painter. as the time allows the chlorine to evaporate. is one way to educate kids on the importance of water conservation. Yvonne Goldberg of YGO Art Gallery Andrew Jakubeit of Groove Yard uses cold water only. In the yard. eco-friendly way. Rather than rinsing your brushes off in the sink. and never does half-loads of dishes. consider reducing the chemicals you let flow down the drain. fill a jar with water and wash them in that. Capri Insurance does not buy bottled water because their office has a filtration system. a children’s book written and illustrated by Elaine. and uses a reducer valve on his shower head to save water.WATER container and use it to water plants. And consider using stale pet water for plants. “The Water Hogs”. John Patterson put a brick in the toilet to displace water. and sinks. The Child Development Centre teaches children how to deal with ice in a proper. and only water after sundown to avoid evaporation. By encouraging the children and piquing their interest. be sure to water the lawn only when you feel no moisture until three inches deep in the soil. 36 . the adults will begin to implement green practices as well. Only when their dishwashers are full do they run them. The Pasta Factory has installed automatic toilets. Elaine Trackl believes the best environmental strategy is to help the kids teach the parents. urinals. They utilize aerators on the faucets in their kitchen to reduce water usage by 25%. Store the water for safer disposal.

The irrigation for the Penticton Lakeside Resort is drawn from their own well. It has been discov37 . what goes in must come out. At the Okanagan Wellness Centre. Yvonne Goldberg of YGO Art Gallery A warmer conservation idea for showering is to utilize a ‘shower coach’. and keeps the water at room temperature. Jennifer Vincent of Little Green Book The Penticton and Area Women’s Centre has bought a giant water jug instead of many little ones. including a simple hour glass. it is easy to collect during storms. Keeping your eye on the time will help you shower more efficiently. This can be in the form of any waterproof timer. Rain water is fresh and purified naturally. unfortunately. They should be turned off to save water. Nora Hunt-Haft tells us that all the doctors and message therapists use Laundrypure technology to clean their towels and linens eliminating the need for detergent and fabric softener. Aaron Goodwin notices that ice machines are often left running water twenty-four hours a day. saving water in the process. Only turn it back on when you are ready to rinse off. If you can manage without taking pills for contraception or menopause. Most people don’t think much of their medication beyond when they have to take it. you will be doing the local fish a huge favour. and this includes hormones.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy After briefly getting wet in the shower. turn the faucet off for a few minutes while you soap up. Challenge yourself and your family to get the shortest time possible. By placing a barrel outside.

bath. On the Penticton Okanagan College campus.WATER ered that the hormones that enter our water system have the ability to affect the gender of aquatic life. I only wash my hair. and shower twice per week. prior to letting the water flow into our lakes and streams. Finn Larsen of Larsen Agencies BC Parks. there is a newly installed water refilling station that is widely used by students. Ministry of Environment wash facilities with pressure treated water. Wendy Dion Don’t use water between the peak times (4-8 pm). 38 . Cindi Tomochko I would like to see the city and regional district place filtration systems on all ground water dispatch systems. to the extent that some fish species in the affected body of water can become exclusively female.

Similkameen (RDOS). hosted by the Ministry of Forests. There are many organizations that can assist you: the Regional District of the Okanagan. the Puncture Vine. Compare this to the older models. you can reduce your water consumption for next to nothing. or 39 .SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy It’s always going to be difficult to come up with sustainable ways to support our unsustainable lifestyle. at 13 litres.000 litres of water a year! And as of October 2011.C. For all new toilet installations to be 4. He takes short showers. Nick McDonald from Stuart Alson Dominion says we should reuse ground water for flushing toilets. Simply fill a jug or jars with water. Many citizens have mentioned that they have switched to a high efficiency toilet.8 litres per flush. Charles Wyman Our water channels and resources are slowly being choked out by invasive weeds that will soon dominate the area if not controlled. only run it when you have a full load. Learn about. and has installed the low flow toilets in his home. John Vassilaki conserves water. He only waters his lawn 2-3 times a week. it will be mandatory in B. Wendy Dion If you use a dishwasher. the yellow Flag Iris. Michael Pearce has low flow valves that have been installed in his faucets. Invasive Plant Council of BC (IPC BC). He has converted his toilets to low/highflow variable toilets. and help eradicate. While saving up for your low flow unit. and others. Report-aWeed is a handy tool to alert professionals to your property. these people are saving around 30. and the Invasive Alien Plant Program (IAPP).

He has low-flow shower heads installed at his home. which uses less water during non-peak times. in your toilet's tank. as well as water preservation. more complex. She uses mostly cold water. Jon Ferebee has his underground irrigation set on a timer. Alyssa Smith suggests people conserve water by watching for leaky toilets.WATER place a brick. She gets her water from a well on her property. and more violent. He does not leave water running. Albert Einstein 40 . It takes a touch of genius .and lots of courage . Any intelligent fool can make things bigger. By the process of displacement. it will require less water per flush to fill it. Wahnese recycles rain water to irrigate her plants. and so has valve restrictors on her faucets. Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens does not keep the water running while brushing her teeth. She is concerned with aquifer preservation. Bill Barisoff has underground sprinkling installed.to move in the opposite direction. and takes showers that are only a few minutes long. Sam Verigin is on a septic tank system.

Native American Proverb Land The South Okanagan and Similkameen area is known as a unique place in Canada. providing places for recreation and tourist attractions. Our ecosystems are so much more than something beautiful to look at. fragmented or degraded natural areas. pollination. and recharging water supplies. Nature provides many benefits and services to humans – including filtering. unfortunately. It is Canada’ only pocket desert – with a rich array of wildlife and habitats that are not found many other places. Many of our wildlife and natural areas are in trouble because of human activity. it is also known as a region that is one of the most at risk in Canada. Some of the natural areas of concern in the South Okanagan and Similkameen areas are: 41 .We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors. as well as storing carbon. purifying air. flood control. Development of subdivisions. storing. we borrow it from our children. intensive agriculture and other human activities have destroyed.

We have less than 15% of the natural riparian areas left along the Okanagan River. Grasslands and shrub-steppe – what makes the Okanagan the true “wild west” – the rolling hillsides and benches of bunchgrass and shrubs such as antelope-brush and sagebrush. enhance and restore them. Landowners that have important natural areas on their properties can protect. There are many sustainable choices to make that will help to conserve nature. marshes and swamps – they are rare in our pocket desert landscape to start with – and we have lost over 85 % of them due to in-filling. and they help to store. ditching. Sometimes this involves just leaving them be. filter and recharge water supplies. mariposa lilies and cactus dot the hillsides. Riparian areas. lakes and other waterways. planting or invasive weed control. Stewardship groups help landowners with understanding more about the natural values on their lands and how to care for them. shading and cooling water and people on hot days. draining or dredging. If you have natural features on your property that are in need of help – learn more about how to enhance or restore those areas with plantings of appropriate native vegetation.LAND Wetlands – ponds. We have lost considerable tracts of grasslands. They are important for many species of wildlife. 42 .the band of green vegetation along streams. Grasslands are one of the most unique types of habitat in the province – covering only about 1% of BC. other times it may require a bit of fencing. rivers. Also important for wildlife. often with little investment.

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy · Land trusts and stewardship groups can accept donations of land, or establish protective covenants with landowners to conserve natural areas on your property into the future, no matter who owns it. If livestock on your property are impacting wetlands or riparian areas, consider fencing them out and creating either alternative watering sources or single point access areas to water. Small lot owners can reduce water use, and enhance wildlife habitat by planting native dry-land plants. Nest boxes for owls, bluebirds and other bird species are also an easy way to help wildlife. Developers can increase their property values by directing their development away from sensitive natural areas, clustering, and conserving natural parklands and wildlife corridors. Residents can also encourage decision makers to protect and conserve our important natural areas, through directing development to appropriate areas, retaining wildlife corridors, creating natural parklands, and through using Best Management Practices in their own public works. Help conservation organizations conserve the environment. Donate and support their good work. Learn more about the incredible natural areas of the South Okanagan Similkameen, the groups and individuals that are working to conserve Canada’s only pocket desert at www.soscp.org Bryn White South Okanagan-Similkameen Conservation Program 43

LAND Smith & Co will be installing a 100% filtration system to avoid plastic water bottles. Marliene Otto composts and uses leaves to re-mineralize the soil. She gardens. Lint, hair and pet fur can be put safely in the compost. In the spring, you can place these items out into the trees and birds will ‘reuse’ them as nest material. Kim Denis White Clinic Associates has indoor plants. You cannot have well humans on a sick planet. Thomas Berry Foreign vegetation requires extra water and care. Find what grows naturally in our area, a semi-arid climate, to make your backyard bloom.. They have a composting box at the Child Development Centre building to reduce organic waste. The Urban Agriculture Association is a new network dedicated to helping Penticton citizens grow and source food locally. Kathryn McCourt has some tips for gardening in any yard-space. Lettuce and tomatoes can be grown in planters on balconies. Other veggies can also be grown in flower beds along the border of your yard. Also try to plant thirsty plants with shade protection at hours of peak sun, and plant close together for self-shading. This tip is perfect for anyone with a puppy in their life: a doggy-door composter. It is a simple, effective way to clear your lawn of dog feces without sending it to the landfill. Purchase a plastic garbage bin, cut the bottom out, and puncture 44

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy holes around the sides to allow moisture to seep in. Dig a hole in your back yard that will fit the bin into up to the lip. Buy a septic starter and set it in the bottom of the bin. When cleaning up your pet’s waste, simply put it in the hole, add a bit of dirt, and close the lid. After the hole has been filled, remove the garbage bin, rinse it off and repeat the process! By the time the second one has been filled, the compost of the first can be used as fertilizer in your flower garden only. It is not recommended for your vegetable garden. BC Parks, Ministry of Environment builds permeable parking spaces with space in between the bricks so grass can grow and water can travel down to the ground and to the water table. Pesticides are not very environmentally-friendly – and they are unnecessary, too. Harness the co-operative elements of nature in the form of companion planting. While solutions for almost any weed and pest can be found online, here are three examples to give you some inspiration. Are slugs bothering you? Place some pennies around the threatened crop to deter them; they dislike the copper residue. If you have plans to plant tomatoes, put them beside basil or borage to repel worms and attract bees. Carnations deter many hungry insects. Wendy Dion Okanagan College cafeterias are working towards using no Styrofoam products, and eliminating other throwaway containers, to reduce the amount of garbage leaving the site. The kitchens compost their food waste, and some campuses are looking at purchasing their food from local organic farms.


Cam Baughen 46 . Blend the browns and greens. Set the food waste at bottom. and add water as necessary. The kind of worm you can use varies. which produce carbon. This reduces the smell and the number of fruit flies. their feces are full of bacteria. The RDOS holds workshops about composting. add materials that produce smells – such as ammonia or methane – to attract bugs.” Backyard Compost is done with bacteria microbes. while trying to promote and educate about recycling in the community. then add a layer of dry newspaper. chipping or on site re-use. Modern agriculture is the use of land to convert petroleum into food. Albert Bartlett Picture This puts any edges left over from a frame into the wood chipper. The insects help break down the food.LAND The Penticton campus has a garden landscaped with indigenous species. The Campbell Mountain Landfill recycles what they can. which produce nitrogen. you require a good mix of greens. and browns. For more information. contact them. To this. Remember that the compost is like a living organism. aerate. “There is certain limits to what we can recycle based on costs so we are looking at what we can direct towards composting. dry leaves or finished outdoor compost. Phairaohs Hair Studio composts the waste hair. Another option is worm composting. as landfill dirt for garden use.

Bill used to make his own apple juice. If grass is important for your dream yard. Greenery in the home or office are more than just aesthetically pleasing. special blend of seeds. Return what is taken from the Earth. The Golden Sands keeps indoor plants. An organic. they require no maintenance or irrigation. Ask for the best native.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Brigid Kemp composts all of her food waste. NASA has reported that indoor plants are able to remove up to 87% of air impurities within one day. invest in Eco-Lawn. Bill Barisoff has a garden in which he grows his own vegetables. droughtresistant choice at your closest garden centre. it requires 75% less water than a traditional lawn! 47 . Aside from only needing to be cut once a month. Of course. John Patterson of Sirius Science and Nature thinks population regulations should be put in place so that the land’s carrying capacity is not exceeded. Lisa Grey-Dreaper. Planning to landscape your home in the future? Lay down pebbles instead of grass. it is drought resistant. Penticton and Area Women’s Centre keeps indoor plants. He suggests that you do not cut your lawn every week. we only have one planet. rocks are little fun to play and sunbathe on. She recognizes that the environment is everything. Eco-lawn grass is perfect for Penticton residents. manager of Hostelling International Penticton. thinks the downtown desperately needs a composting site for business’ food waste.

Ensure a regular fertilizing routine – at least once a week with a mild solution. Aja shares her 10 foot climbing yellow beans and bush beans with 2 of her 4 48 . or without. Aja Jackson’s backyard has been transformed into an organic vegetable and flower paradisegarden. It works on both grass and concrete. Jennifer Vincent Mott Welsh & Associates employees maintain indoor plants. switch to water exclusively. He tries to be as green as possible. soil. Start the composting process by pouring equal parts nitrogen and water over it for one week. The Penticton Lakeside Resort composts organic material. As an added bonus. pick up a straw bale. Norm Rempel composts. the straw bale will be composted enough to become a planting medium the year after.LAND Looking for a simple solution for a raised bed garden? To try this technique. Consider xeriscaping in your yard. By the beginning of the third week you can start planting with. this will cool it down so your vegetation does not burn. During week two.

Aja’s believes in sustainability: support local farmers.Dry them. In the spring Aja seeds her own garden with heirloom seeds. Chris Halford likes to grow veggies in planters on his patio. store them. kale and carrots in a variety of her recipes: gratin. then uses it to grow her own food. No GMO here. Capri Insurance employees maintain indoor plants. Aja Jackson only uses a push mower and a rake to keep her grass happy. muffins and more.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy cats who rush to the patch every morning from July until October. it’s quiet and it works. It’s great exercise. 49 . eat in season as much as possible and reduce noise. year after year. Do you want to lose weight? Mow with a push mower. Aja’s garden sustains her in the summer and fall and in the winter she enjoys her squash. Glenn Marcoux’s fruit and vegetable waste is composted. and plant them. Collin Little encourages people to plant some trees. label them. He also buys fruit in bulk from local orchards to can or dry for winter. He doesn’t let a lack of garden space keep him from growing his own organic food. Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens composts. it gives shade and shelter. tomatoes. As an avid organic gardener. fritters. passed down to her from her gardener father and from her own garden. and to think green. soup. Nick McDonald encourages construction companies to build rammed earth buildings. air and water pollution. pancakes.

LAND John Vassilaki composts the food waste from restaurants. Shirley Ducharme conserves habitats. For items you wish to keep such as bird fountains. Xeriscaping gardens have been installed in Jon Ferebee’s home. Sam Verigin respectfully minds the birds.She takes garbage to the dump and sorts it properly. fruits and vegetables by providing a safe. Take a quick look around your backyard: do you see any sources of standing water? Anything unnecessary that will hold the rainwater should be removed. She recom50 . especially with the beautiful dirt you can buy there. This will suffice. He throws trash in the garbage can instead of littering. With confirmed cases of the West Nile virus in the South Okanagan. pesticide-free environment. butterflies and insects that pollinate our flowers. Shirley Ducharme rakes up leaves at Vaseux lake to prevent fires from burning out of control. Rose of Wild Rose Cottage is impressed with the Penticton landfill. Johanna and Henk Saaltink have decided to share one small car. They like to keep lots of bright and cheery plants in Accent Chocolates. be sure to stir up the contents every few days. A friend who was visiting her from Alberta said he would have bought some if he wasn’t flying home. and enjoy the fresh air they provide. this attracts the insects. and keeps plants to help sequester carbon. mosquitoes are even more of a nuisance.

On the benefits of composting: adding organic matter enriches whatever type of soil you have. as many alien plants can do catastrophic damage to our local climate. we need to respect and appreciate Mother Nature. Sam has adopted 7km of Highway 97 . Highway adoption goes beyond supporting the community and improving road aesthetics. as well as widespread gleaning. and is conscientious of the ani- mal’s well-being. She says that agriculture such as wheat and tobacco used to be grown in the Okanagan Valley. Sam Verigin would like to see people learning more about their environment and the surrounding species. Restaurants can use indoor gardening to grow their own herbs. Eliminating weeds is crucial. is very educated in dealing with invasive species. Litter pick-up and recycling has obvious environmental benefits. any individual that is the age of majority may participate. 51 .SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy mends working with nature. and would like to see grain crops resurrected here. She does not use any pesticides. garden sharing and community nut trees. They sell hydroponic gardening systems for growing indoors without any soil. not against. Promote forest fire awareness! Laurel Burnham gardens. Sam lives on 11 acres and keeps as close to the land as possible. A less known task included is invasive species reporting. Kim Moody has everything you need for year-round gardening at Better Than Nature South. and is less wasted bags going to the land fill. Laurel would also like to see more greenhouses being used again. Visit the government website to apply.

Marliene Otto bikes and buses instead of driving places. when they picture oil. An average mid sized vehicle releases half a kilo of carbon dioxide for every kilometre and a half you travel.5 kilograms of carbon dioxide. Every litre of gas releases 2. Over 70% of the crude oil that is excavated in Canada is burned in engines. they picture oil. carbon dioxide and other gases are put directly into the upper atmosphere. Consider your next vacation exploring what our own backyard has to offer. Sue Kirschmann 52 . Guy Mc Pherson T ransportation When people think climate change. they assume vehicles.The problem is not that the road to Hell is paved with good intentions it’s that the road to Hell is paved. Flying is responsible for 6-10% of global warming. Our province is called ‘Beautiful British Columbia’ for a reason.

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Ride your bicycle to work instead of driving. For a $20 deposit. it uses twice as much gas. Norm Rempel rides his bicycle as much as possible. He drives a small car. While idling your car. On top of that. To save on gas. walk everywhere. instead of driving. He bikes two to three times a week when he is able. Karina Chambers Calvin of Meiklejohn Architects drives a hybrid and he encourages people to walk or bike to work as much as they can. David Oosterveld of Jumpstart suggests people leave the car at home and walk or bike to work. don’t idle your car. half of the staff could walk to work. Andrew Jakubeit went from two vehicles down to one. Walk to work. Some BC Parks. the college has implemented a bike lending program. and sometimes walks. Okanagan College is building an undersized parking lot to encourage alternate forms of transportation. Starr Elwood Suzanne Fry walks to the bank. students can ride a bike 53 . Ministry of the Environment park facilities operators currently drive electric vehicles or use pedal bikes with tailors hitched to them to move equipment around. and promote mass transit by designing class timetables around the bus schedule.

which will lead to improved services. Bike racks have been installed at the Child Development Centre so that employees can bike to work. and would like to see improvement of transportation systems. and use it whenever possible. walks or bikes to work. They also buy bus passes for some clients. Okanagan College is working with the City of Penticton and the Rotary Club to build more bike paths to connect the city. and recently bought smaller. Dan Braithwait biked between Penticton and Summerland all summer for work. and take the bus instead of driving.TRANSPORTATION for the semester. Cindi Tomochko economizes car travel by planning all errands for the same trip. Devins rides his bike to work when the weather is good. Greyback Construction is in the process of getting their first carbon footprint assessment. Take the time to learn the routes of the local transit system. Liz Wilson. 54 . Niguel Synnuck walks everywhere. when within a similar area. Some campuses provide lockers for storage of bikes when they are not being used. G. The more people that use the bus. more fuel efficient trucks to reduce emissions. the more funding they will receive. an employee at the Fire Hall.

Laurel does not drive. Jarrod Dunham of Dunham Taylor walks to work. Dave Hehr sold his old truck and bought a newer one to reduce his carbon emissions. and more for Kelowna. She would like to see a city bicycle program. and take turns driving. Also. a bus to Westbank. a city pedi-cab program. try to fill all the seats in your car when travelling long distances. at other times. She would like to see free bus passes. During the warmer months. to encourage young adults not to get a car. One day a week. The Arc Program uses hybrid company cars. pick up hitch-hikers. Arrange to ride to work with co-workers.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Good Sky of Journey to Successful Employment wants to see more bus accessibility for work. Rob McLaren suggests carpooling as a useful tool against excess carbon emissions. Mary Belcher tries to walk around town instead of driving. You are part of the solution by taking transit. Mariah Machniak of Trim Tax walks to work when she can. she takes advantage of car-pooling. and more cars being taken off of the road. and encourages others to do the same. 55 . Laurel Burnham recognizes that people can bicycle or walk anywhere in Penticton. Les Poloskey rides his motorcycle to work instead of driving a car.

TRANSPORTATION The Shatford Centre is considering the development of a community compost site. Wahnese Antonioni-Stevens walks to work. your destination. you do not have to wait very long. There is a direct correlation between the weight of a car and its energy consumption. For public transportation. 56 . where they do not have money to waste. Any citizen would have the opportunity to drop off their compostable waste after attending a short training session. wants to see bus service from Penticton to Summerland. Johanna and Henk Saaltink Finn Larsen. In England. The Government can help the transition by basing the annual fee on the weight of the car. use mini-busses like they do in many other parts of the world. and bikes to the store. In winter he uses only one small vehicle . John Vassilaki thinks a better bus system is needed. it helped to keep the cars small. take a small car. and for a dollar you can join the other passengers afterwhich you are let off at. or very near to. of Larsen Agencies.

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Imagine Penticton Economic Development Services supports the development of sustainable building practices and initiated an economic investment zone strategy to encourage development that incorporates environmental development alternates in the community. As part of this program an environmental checklist has been developed that provides new development and existing business with incentives to adopt a greener approach to development in the community. The application process is available online at the City of Penticton. Imagine Penticton’s mandate is to attract, enhance and retain businesses in Penticton. Their website promotes and encourages local companies to think green and its attraction strategy is seeking businesses that contribute to a greener economy. In 2011 the organization is targeting green technology companies and Imagine Penticton is working with valley EDO’s through a Foreign Direct Investment attraction strategy to target united Kingdom green technology companies to build relationships, emigrate and invest in the region. This program follows a leading edge Metabridge program with Silicon Valley in the uSA. The manufacturing and industrial sector in the City of Penticton includes a number of innovate leading edge green manufacturers examples of the type of businesses includes Slimline manufacturing (evaporation of tailings ponds, environmental clean-up), Structurlam Products Ltd a leading edge producer of (beetle kill), natural wood fibre for the construction industry. McCoy Ltd. a company that produces trailers for the wind energy industry and a number of high-tech firms that are developing new software and wireless technology.



In 2009 the City of Penticton agreed to support the south Okanagan Regional Growth Strategy (RGS) this program is a long term commitment to manage growth in the south Okanagan of the Regional District Okanagan-Similkameen (RDOS). The RGS expresses a vision for the south Okanagan that is rooted in sustainability, often defined as, “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The program supports a 20 year vision of the region and has a number of goals: 1. Economy: promote sustainable economic diversification 2. Environment: ensure the health of ecosystems 3. Governance: foster inclusive and accountable governance 4. Human Settlement: strengthen rural and urban community identity 5. Infrastructure: maximize the efficient use of infrastructure 6. Social: create safe, culturally diverse and healthy communities Further, The City of Penticton is currently introducing a climate action plan to reduce green house emissions. The details of this program are still in the early stage of development. David Arsenaul


All things are possible once enough people realize that everything is at stake. Norman Cousins

Reciting the 3 R's is as natural as the ABCs. unfortunately, many people still consider recycling to begin - and end - with paper and bottles in the blue bin. This is a great step that almost every contributor suggested; however, it is easy to get creative with your reusing and recycling. This chapter is dedicated to all the items you may have never realized could avoid the landfill. Consider this: in Brazil’s largest landfill, Jardim Gramacho, workers removed 200 tons of recyclable material a day. Penticton and Area Women’s Centre staff photocopy on both sides of a sheet of paper, and recycle paper, plastics and metal. The left over soap bottles are given to Canadian Food for Children at the Penticton Lakeside Resort. They also have on-site recycling. Capri Insurance employees take turns bringing home the office recycling, and ICBC recycles licence plates. 59

Penticton General Hospital has recycling program. including the paper and plastic packages on syringes. They donate mannequin heads to the Cancer Society. Then.RECyCLING Mott Welsh & Associates employees shred and recycle paper. Not many people know this. Smith & Co has a recycled tire floor patio. Brigid Kemp recycles. The Penticton Fire and Rescue Hall recycles batteries. Currently. He would like to see more recycling bins installed in town. Penticton Accounting Centre employees keep a blue box under their desk to collect paper. and drug containers. needles. Penticton School of Hair recycles bottles and cans. They also recycle the oil containers. stationary. Donn Doe. but you can actually get paid for your oil. paper. and their metals. John Holmes recycles. They reuses magazines. Athletes World uses recycled boxes. She is concerned about the rumour that we will soon be unable to recycle colored glass. Donn also sorts and recycles 60 . Greyback Construction's Purchasing and Warehouse Manager. recycles their oil. and resell or give away old equipment. Penticton Accounting Centre would like to see the building they rent develop a recycling program for their offices. and cardboard. one of them drives up to the land fill to drop it off.

and installs picnic tables with concrete bases and cedar composite tops. Not only is plastic a commodity we must phase out. etc. Penticton General Hospital is choosing digital over paper for medical information. cardboard. She owns technologies that have been out-dated that she still uses. Ministry of Environment campgrounds have recycling bins. Ministry of Environment aims to balance recreation with conservation. these bags need to be washed regularly to avoid e-coli bacteria build-up. patients charts. BC Parks. and medical literature. so that she is not wasting valuable resources. A canvas bag will last significantly longer in the rinse cycle than a plastic one. for recycling. Deborah Stewart sorts all her plastic. Greyback Construction sorts and recycles all of their paper for pick up. installs bird proof garbage bins. While any reusable bag is a great improvement over disposable ones. 61 . They recycle their toner/ink cartridges as well. provides education of behaviour with signage. and especially emphasizes remembering to recycle your paper and paper towel rolls.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy wood. Their used oil filters are picked up to be re-used as well. Cindi Tomochko uses the fabric shopping bags while shopping. cardboard. Wendy Dion would like to remind people to pick the cloth bags over their plastic counterparts. and metals. They also give back their cardboard boxes to delivery companies to be re-used. BC Parks.

) for North American institutions of higher education. They build skids for local orchards and fill orders for The Foundry. Greyback Construction keeps files digitally to reduce paper use. They also rely on donations of old.RECyCLING Sweets 4 My Sweetie's Pamela Patterson re-uses her candy containers The Penticton and District Society for Community Living provides part-time employment to people with developmental disabilities through programs that also benefit the environment. damaged or found bikes that they repair and re-sell. Some of the more experienced workers also do bike repairs and tune-ups. They save hundreds of bikes from the land-fill each year. Okanagan College utilizes an online sustainability checklist (S. T. One of their clubs is CIFE. Any scraps too small to build with are saved for firewood. They also built the picnic tables along the Channel Parkway. Sustainability concepts are taught in the Okanagan College curriculum. where they rely on donations of salvaged wood. R. Picture This recycles things such as paper and cardboard. and they are building community partnerships to help share their knowledge and expertise. 62 . Jim Clarke is in charge of the bike shop. or salvage for parts. The Okanagan College is also collecting bottles for a drive for a fund to build a school in Africa. A. for students interested in free enterprise and corporate sustainability. Sherri Leochko heads the wood shop.

SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy If you’re still using single-charge ‘disposable batteries’. and other various devices at EWaste. E-Waste workers retrieve electronics from the landfill monthly. Barbara Olsen The Golden Sands Motel recycles. they could save space by dropping off old computers. and computers. televisions. the eye doctors then travel to third world countries and distributes them to those in need. Store them together in a small jar or container and. Gary Schakel 63 . Older electronics are petalized and smelted down into their precious metal components. instead. or Staples. bring them all together where they can be safely disposed. Rona. don’t throw them away. At WINGS. Most families have outdated electronics abandoned in their home. Cheryl. As well as offering a free-drop off location. Eleanor Summer would like to see a better way to drop off used items on the curb for re-use by others. White Clinic Associates recycles. tubing. such as copper wiring. use call2recycle. and uses both sides of sheets of paper. they would like to be able to recycle things that they used to be able to. Did you know even your old prescription glasses can be recycled? Waterfront Eyecare has a drop box.ca to find the location closest to you. once in a while. Some examples are: Canadian Tire. The glasses are shipped to Burnaby and picked up by World Vision. Newer devices and those that work are sold whole or in parts. hosted by Lion’s Club International. which circulates them to optometrists.

V. and cell phone to an electronic recycling depot. James Proteau of Hands on Handyman Services recycles metal by bringing it to Action Steel Sales.C. Laura Saunders re-uses plastic and garbage bags. and not all of them are proper for use in other projects. They recycle at the airport.A. He took an old T. 64 . Save-On-Foods provides a Bottle and Can Deposit service. Construction can lead to a lot of excess parts.’s environmental initiatives is Waste Knot. towels and linens to use for scrap material. Scott Buchanan recycles whatever he can. Brenda Hallworth Amanda Graf saves all her old clothes. Burger 55 recycles boxes and bags. and recycles computers at the Bottle Depot. She also ties scraps of fabric together to make recycled yarn. She uses them as rags and patches. Manulife recycles paper.. Midas encourages people to recycle old parts: plastic.E. and takes bottles to the Bottle Depot. Theresa Sekora would like to see people recycling whatever they can. their purpose is sorting through the landfill and reusing the scavenged wood.RECyCLING yet another of P. or to sew into new clothes.

and recycle plastic and metal in the bins at the back of the office. Trim Tax recycles newspaper. The Child Development Centre teaches children the value of recycling. a few sheets can be perfect for protecting tables and carpets. The South Okanagan Immigrant and Community Services re-uses newspapers. and as kindling in a wood stove. office supplies and ink cartridges. batteries. and all electronics that no longer work. Larger organizations have many displays they see as temporary. 65 . Newspapers can be used beyond the birdcage. The Jumpstart Program recycles paper and plastic. wrapping presents. do everyone –including the environment – a big favor by taking them off their hands for your own use. phones. and reuses their binders. They use the Paper Shuffle recycling service. David Korinetz reuses packaging and display materials in his business. Journey to Successful Employment recycles. engine oil and scrap metal. they work well for packing items. Meiklejohn Architects uses old rug samples as door mats. tires. If you are an artist or have crafty children.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy cardboard. anti-freeze. as a small business. He receives recycled shipping containers from Hooked on Books as well as book display stands from the local Coles and Save on Foods. Red Tuque Books.

even her students bring in and utilize old materials. broken stone tiles and plates. They also donate their bottles to the school bottle drive. Elaine gives to elementary schools for crafts. Some include half tubes of paint. A bit of imagination will lead you to creative uses for your ‘waste’ also. The Phairaohs Hair Studio recycles paper. Dawn Doyle of Polka Dot Consignment encourages businesses to set up recycling bins for receipts not taken by customers. and wood. Specs Optical they recycle all of their paper after shredding it. Niki also teaches classes. Both Niki Hylins’ art. At Dr. One of the most creative ways to repurpose materials is for creative arts. and cans. she donates instead of disposing them. dead and mis-cut keys. cardboard. and to the local college for use in their interior design programs.RECyCLING When Elaine Track of Skyview Blinds has outdated fabric swatches. and broken locks to Action Steel for recycling. picture frames. 66 . Dale Fleming at Lockworks sends all of his scrap metal. and her studio. 24/7 Convenience Store has a recycle bin outside. cardboard and plastic. bring back life to discarded and donated material. water bottles. The Marketplace IGA recycles their paper.

Vitamin King takes advantage of the downtown recycling program. Edward Ecclestone has been crafting affordable housing for birds. Benjamin Moore Paints participates in the old paint drop-off program at the Bottle Depot. If 67 . They recycle all of their paper in the blue bin at Shadowfax Communications. The Care Closet Thrift Store recycles used clothes.A.C. She would like to see blue box recycling of vinyl. Paper Shuffle is a non-profit recycling program used by many companies in the Okanagan Valley. Inside a wood shop at the back of the P. A fine example of ‘another man’s treasure’. he builds the birdhouses using the cast-off waste wood from P&E Lumber and various cabinet shops.. and recycle all supplement bottles. plastic and metal.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Andrew Jakubeit of The Groove Yard recycles. Elaine Burnie tells us that vinyl records can be recycled in either Kelowna or Surrey. True Colors.E. building. The Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea shop recycles all plastic and cardboard. Jarrod of Dunham Taylor recycles used and shredded paper. and recycles paper. Suzanne Fry of Global Securities Corporation recycles as much as possible.

Ken Mountford uses chopped down trees from orchards and yards for woodwork. They also save and re-use buttons. The Shatford Centre is a building that has recycling at its heart. plastic and metal. metal. scrap paper to make their own notepads. don’t smash your guitars – recycle them! Have extra wool ends? Consider making hats and redistribute them to the less fortunate. and the winter clothes get sent to Northern Canada. Make sure to recycle paper from copiers and printers. and ornaments which make great. Wild Rose Cottage recycles. and even ceiling panels. For example. 68 . the whole community saved it in the vote. glass. The Arc Program suggests having recycling bins in the hall for each kind of material. toys. Terry Terbasket tells us that at The Footprints Centre they use discarded. Okanagan Cosmetology Institute recycles cardboard. William Leggott of Classic Guitar’s suggests. As it is being rebuilt. they are reusing every material they can: wood. personal gifts. the summer clothes get sent to Africa. and make rags out of sheets.RECyCLING they cannot be sold in the store. He makes crafts. the front doors of the building are made from repurposed wood salvaged from the demolition of the old one.

Peaches Lingerie donates gently used bras to WINGS. on Barnes between Dawson & Warren. and anti-freeze. Penticton Computer Teach-Ease participates in Encorp Return-It Electronic recycling program. The Heart and Stroke Foundation picks up their waste batteries.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy April Cameron finds and utilizes recycled bike parts to fix up her bike. oil.’s waste fluids. They recycling everything from peanuts and corrugated packing material. Nick McDonald suggests that wood needs to be recycled whenever possible. Action Steel. Summit Trailer Ltd deposits waste metal at the metal recycler. elastic 69 . while Kal-Tire removes their old tires. leftover cloth is turned into kitchen aprons and emergency kits for young mothers at the Pen Hi Daycare. picks up Summit Trailer Ltd. Joey Cyr wants to see recycling bins everywhere. juice tins and milk cartons are used in the process of candle making. and re-uses things when they are reusable. Owner Jackie Kromm recycles cans at home. to paper boxes. Jon Ferebee of Astral Radio retrofitted his house. and at her work place. He takes old. The students of the Penticton Alternate School utilize recycled materials for their craft and shop projects. EnviroWest Inc. For example. The UPS Store employees use both sides of the sheet prior to recycling. un-used things to thrift stores in town.

and toner cartridges. Penticton Visitors Centre uses both sides of the paper. Sam Verigin says recycling is so easy! Many people can benefit in a community that chooses to sell or give away items that are no longer wanted or needed.” Looking to recycle something a bit more complex than a piece of paper? Hoping to adopt a lightly used piece of furniture or technology? The Craigslist of the environment. find the Penticton chapter online. Mindy Rollins would like to see improvements made to our existing recycling methods. to take back to the depot for 70 . yet still can serve a purpose. tractors and ATV's. and re-uses old books to save trees. Freecycle connects people that would like to donate items with those that need something. The frames are re-used and old fabric is used to extend and tie new materials together. Laurel Burnham is an adamant recycler.RECyCLING bands. or even convert a couch into a love-seat if you're moving into a smaller space. Gary Lee at Town and Country Upholstery has been repairing and re-upholstering furniture since 1972. Don't buy new when used will do. keeping it fresh and fashionable. or as a half-sheet scrap writing pad. He can also replace springs in cushions and re-upholster seats for motorcycles. and give recyclables to street people. The Stewart Thomas Group recycles toner. Shirley Ducharme recycles.

and the world we want to see. While every chapter contains innovative ideas. and repairs them. South Okanagan Sustainability is not simply a book for the environment. As such. it is a reflection of how Pentictonites live. Jane Carlzon Miscellaneous With life's complexity. it is impossible to assign neat categories to every aspect of it.An individual without information cannot take responsibility. many of the tips presented under miscellaneous surprised us in a great way and defied assimilation. Barry Watson would like everyone to switch from plastic bags to biodegradable ones. 71 . Les Olson of Pacific Brimm Coffee and Tea keeps older appliances. An individual with information cannot help but take responsibility. we noticed this with many of the contributions we received. Capri Insurance employees bring their lunches in reusable plastic and glass containers.

Materials and Resources. builders. Developed in the U. A third-party evaluation is conducted to determine the height of a building's green rank. They hire local trades people. all projects have prerequisites to qualify at all. Aside from four different levels. gift certificates and signage in town at Print Factory. and trains them to be employed locally. cork floors. They encourage employees to bring a ceramic mug to their coffee shop. from Certified to Platinum. 72 . which is calculated in categories.S. and Water Efficiency. The level is decided by a point total. Journey to Successful Employment employs citizens. Indoor Environmental Quality. Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED) has expanded to include 30 countries – Canada included. Sustainable Sites. These may include Energy and Atmosphere. Burger 55 prints company t-shirts in town at ECM. vinegar.MISCELLANEOuS Marliene Otto has trained her cat to use the instead of a litter box. In '98. and green carpet tiles made from nylon and rubber. Meiklejohn Architects creates eco-construct building designs and apply for LEED status on the buildings they work on. The Child Development Centre supports locals and a sustainable economy through local maintenance. and baking soda around the house instead of harsh chemical cleaners. They print stickers. modular carpeting. The Meiklejohn Architects office is sustainably built with a wood frame. and advertising locally for staffing needs. She uses salt. as of 2003.

are decomposable.E.C.A. to be considerate of people with allergies. has implemented a Give and Take Room in their office. and a water filtration Company. and does this with hand lotion as well. They can be made from recycled paper. and disinfecting wipes. and wash them at home. Brenda Hallworth Penticton and Area Women’s Centre staff use reusable cups. Open to anyone. She uses up any toothpaste before throwing it out. While plastic bags are being phased out. Just a few of these include steel-toed boots. James Proteau Terry of Smith & Co also owns two sustainability companies . and stores it in a lidded container so the toothpaste stays moist.Geothermal Heating & Cooling. At home. paper bags still have their merits. They try to limit the resources they utilize. and stand up nicely. Penticton School of Hair students bring their own dishes from home to reuse. 73 . The televisions in Tiki Shores are being replaced with sets manufactured using recycled materials that use less electricity.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Taco Time hires locals. pots. South Okanagan Women In Need Society tries to use electronic forms for documents instead of paper. They wipe down surfaces with water. the room has become filled with a variety of treasures. P. Debra Webb cuts open toothpaste tubes when they are fully squeezed.

What follows is only a few examples of many. The 7. from the government. The Centre of Excellence has numerous qualities that make it an environmental benchmark for future Canadian developments. Net Zero energy status A hot water system powered by solar A green roof Ground source cooling and heat pump Lightweight construction The use of wood from trees killed by the pine-beetle Architecture designed to limit the necessity of preservatives and adhesives Much of the materials used in construction were locally sourced A ‘petri dish’ on the rooftop for the purpose of experimentation 74 . Aside from educational programs. the Okanagan College and donors. It was designed to meet the strict environmental standards set out by the Living Building Challenge. the Living Building will be a hub for research and development by numerous organizations. giving them access to more than just extra classrooms: the facility itself is an example of many of the cutting-edge.MISCELLANEOuS A combined $27. all with sustainability in mind.6 million. ecologically-focused technologies they will study.085 m2 building will house over eight hundred new students. involving students. was put into the construction of the aptly named Centre of Excellence.

due to planned obsolescence. waste-diversion jobs created. SOWINS developed the Wisdom and Energy program to bring together our older and younger citizens. The Golden Sands uses cloth towels. use initiatives and the competitive spirit to motivate your team to be the most sustainable. Employees at Penticton School of Hair carefully track and consolidate garbage into one main bag and throw out only one of those daily (2 only on particularly busy days). Dave Anderson Mott Welsh & Associates employees use washable cloth dish towels. An example of one possible challenge: which team’s garbage cans are the least full after two weeks? Debbie Oviatt. It is an original "Myshala" masterpiece. and purses. The 3 R's on the wall of the school were created and painted by a student who felt they needed a constant reminder to make sure they were doing as much as they could.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy Eleanor Summer sees a problem with electronics being treated nowadays as throw away products. Organize ‘Green Teams’ in your office. bags. Eleanor Summer would like to see better wet-waste pick up and management methods implemented. They will be sewing products such as pet beds. and the development of a re-store for others to bring in their old materials for re-use. collars. 75 . She would love to see this changed. and they are quite proud of her efforts. The Penticton Alternate School has a unique reminder to be green.

MISCELLANEOuS Being developed by Jennifer and Nicholas Vincent. Encouraging businesses to be green. only to toss them later. Consider instead setting up a draw. the corporate side allows them to promote their projects and benchmark their competition. We can’t keep using our resources at the same rate. Look out for the site’s beta launch in mid 2011. because standards matter. Education is important as it helps us to make informed decisions in the future. Michael Pearce would like to see research programs to look into the efficiency of consumer products. He buys local as much as possible. The consumers are able to share their personal steps and celebrate those of their friends. Little Green Book is a social networking site with an environmental twist. making the benefits twofold. Many companies use posters and displays in advertising. Norm Rempel uses fabric bags. Little Green Book helps break the barriers between the businesses and their buyers by education and awareness of sustainable developments. as well as environmental education at the school level. Hilma LaBelle of South Okanagan Immigrant & Community Services believes that newcomers to Canada may lack community knowledge of what to do with finished products. Starr Elwood uses reusable bags for her grocery shopping. Customers can even be asked to donate cans of food to enter. such as old chemical bottles and recycling in general. Its all about choices. and in the same fashion we are if we want to have any for future use. 76 . The government needs to instil strong policies. Set standards.

and they have qualified for the FortisBC FLIP program. Millie Williams would like to see new city counsellors because it would promote a new. the proceeds go to support the World Wildlife Fund . younger point of view. McCoy encourages every business to have an environmental co-ordinator that will gauge their sustainability level. Vanessa Ash of Vitamin Kings informs us that they encourage and help teach customers about their practices. They wash cloth towels with cold water. Lyndsay encourages everyone to get an annual heat. Andrew buys and shops locally when he can. from chair track lights all the way to door exit signs. This gives them funding to switch to eco-friendly lighting. power and water assessment for their business.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy for example: watering restrictions. Coles Bookstore charges five cents for plastic bags. more sustainable economy. which keep heat in during the winter and out during the summer. 77 . as it would lead to a stronger. Suzanne Fry uses fabric bags. Andrew Jakubeit uses fabric bags 95% of the time while shopping. The salon and the classroom have R-rated Levelors blinds. and they use small space heaters. Penticton School of Hair just bought and installed a new efficient gas hot water tank. The School already uses energy efficient light bulbs. She would also like for wages to be increased. They also use biodegradable and paper bags. and give them tailored information on how to be more green.

O. naturopathy. Shirley Ducharme uses fabric bags. First Strike Training Centre makes sustainable choices by encouraging healthy living and teaching.B. these bags need to 78 . and think differently of others as well as the community as a whole. John Vassilaki thinks areas under development need to be properly utilized. Wendy Dion would like to remind people to pick the cloth bags over their plastic counterparts. Also. Not only is plastic a commodity we must phase out. They share locations with another business to cut down on power and water usage. Photography by Chris’ owner. The Sutton-Power 1 Realty office is going digital to reduce paper waste. Astral Radio hires locally when possible. he hires locals. Janette and Andrea of Spa Tranquila like how holistic Penticton is.y. and encouraging students to be sustainable themselves. All photography is now done digitally due to enhanced technology within the industry. While any reusable bag is a great improvement over disposable ones. cities should be self-sustainable. doesn’t use color lab chemicals anymore. and reiki. They also volunteer for green and sustainable events when possible. in terms of recycling. Chris Cornett.MISCELLANEOuS Allen Paul suggests people B. – bring your own bag.He thinks people have to change their attitudes. To support this.

eliminating the need for chemicals. they use re-usable bags. A canvas bag will last significantly longer in the rinse cycle than a plastic one. Okanagan Cosmetology Institute uses reusable cups and dishes. the L. Sam Verigin informs all of the tenants that visit her business. Bill Barisoff is enthusiastic about any small positive changes: he re-uses wherever possible. education is the key. They offer local job placements. Marketing material is smaller sizes. They teach health-related subjects to both youth and adults at Footprints to Technology.I.F. and they hire local printers that are going green in their choices of printing and paper. Bill also thinks we need to teach others. being pill-free. he does some canning with his wife.E system can treat hundreds of conditions. Heart & Soul’s business revolves around biofeedback and electromagnetic therapy. By speaking directly to the cells. Adorning the walls of The Bench Artisan Food Market 79 . Bill recognizes that if everyone does a little bit. Something Special B&B. This form of therapy is all-natural and. it becomes a lot all together. a very green form of healing.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy be washed regularly to avoid bacteria build-up. Voth Photography makes sustainable choices by printing less and providing clients photos on CDs or DVDs that are archival. about her environmental precedents. They use digital cameras for taking photographs.

and buy what you can from thrift stores. Everything from advertising to billing has a paper-free alternative thanks to the huge popularity of the internet. 80 . lowering the use of paper significantly. Use fabric bags while shopping. C4Wise. as well as other artisans.MISCELLANEOuS you will find local artist’s works featured and for sale. a web design business for artists. Their entire business is digitally based. including paintings and photographs. focuses on the ‘reduce’ that comes before ‘recycle’.

and benefit from. After removing it from the atmosphere. It isn’t complicated. the sequestering of CO2 goes beyond reducing the damage we do.Glossary The environmental movement has grown to such an extent that it has developed its own jargon. just read through the terms below and you will soon be fluent in eco-linguistics. Companion gardening A pesticide and chemical-free way to control pests. To fully contribute to. it is the attempt to reverse it. Carbon sequestering Also referred to as carbon capture and storage. There are many processes being developed to accomplish this. and others have found their way into everyday conversation. you may want to brush up on the language. Some of these are highly unique. the carbon is typically reinjected underground. the green whispers that are permeating the community. pro81 . one of which includes artificial trees that absorb carbon dioxide at an accelerated rate. Welcome to Sustainability 101.

is an ancient tradition that ensured no food item would be wasted. As of 2007.GLOSSARy mote pollination. can be used once more. it only measures greenhouse gas emission. it becomes a nutrient-rich soil that acts as a perfect. the collection of leftover crops. but separate measurement. energy consumption and eating habits. for all to live as the average Canadian. as it includes how many Earths it would require for the entire population to live at the same level. with each aggregation providing different results. it is typically done 82 . Gleaning With all of the beautiful vegetation that decomposes on the sidewalks of Penticton every summer. While it can be a multi-step process. is the 'carbon footprint'. beside the one that is being affected. Gleaning. While also beneficial. By inputting a variety of information on things such as your choice of transportation. excluding land and water considerations. Compost A centuries-old technique to dispose of organic matter that. organic fertilizer. It is accomplished by planting different crops close to one another. it is clear many of us are unfamiliar with this term. A similar. with time. and encourage nutrient uptake. composting is simply the harnessing of the natural decomposition process. A common example is planting vegetation disliked by the pest bothering you. you will receive a number in 'global acres'. The internet is a great resource in discovering tried-and-true combinations. This calculation can be an eyeopener. we would need 4.3 Earths to sustain everyone. In modern times. Ecological footprint Many calculators have emerged on the internet that can assess your 'ecological footprint'. As the waste is broken down by micro-organisms or composting worms.

irrigation is not as general as 'the watering of plants'. and is a more natural home for birds than wooden houses. and potentially damaging. others. The benefits can go beyond planting vegetation. Invasive alien species This sci-fi-esque term actually pertains to the often annoying. and this includes space. With proper support. plant and animal life that is not native to the area.SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy after an area has been commercially harvested. Some greenery flourishes here as a great advantage to us. unfortunately. Pick away before it rots away! Green roof Also known as a “living roof ”. and it is no longer profitable to collect what remains. destroy the local environment to survive. your ceiling can easily double as the base of your garden expansion. moderates temperature. it makes use of precious rainwater. Educate yourself on the hazardous species in the South Okanagan and report sightings through the Invasive Alien Plant Program's Report-A-Weed. Removing these nuisances is not always simply a matter of pulling the roots from the ground. and the like. Recycling water is a great step towards sustainability. Grey water While you may not wish to drink dish water. especially with Penticton's dry climate. and as irrigation for vegetation. An aspect of sustainability is getting the most out of local resources. It refers specifically to the artificial addition 83 . your plants won't mind! Grey water is 'waste water' that is left over from laundry. this term may be self-explanatory. Irrigation A gardening term. bathing. Grey water can be used in your toilet's water tank.

cells. Solar panels are made up of photovoltaic. The origin of its title give insight into its purpose: it is a portmanteau of “permanent agriculture” and “permanent culture”. involve the minimal amount of effort and resources. Due to water scarcity in the Okanagan. the buyer is then required to purchase a replacement prematurely. Permaculture is an approach to the designing of ecological systems. By designing an item to break down in a given amount of time. Disposable does not mean biodegradable. 'rammed earth' can also be used to describe a style of building also. it is developed to be stable. typically by use of solar panels and cells. and excess waste. and be as efficient as possible. Planned obsolescence is an economic boost for a manufacturer. By accounting for the relationship between all parts of the system. or solar. a sustainable choice would be to avoid doing this as much as possible. Environmentalism comes into play with the consideration of resource use. Planned Obsolescence It may be more than just nostalgia that causes people to claim products were made better 'back in the day'. It is the scientific term to describe the method of collecting electricity from the sun. Permaculture A crucial aspect of sustainability is the proper use of land. many of these fated products are made of hard to recycle materials such as plastic. With the influx of environ84 . at the expense of both the consumer and the environment. Photovoltaics Consider this a fancy way to discuss solar energy. beyond what is provided by rain. transportation fuel. Rammed earth usually a technique.GLOSSARy of water to the soil.

However. is a community-led response to the pressures of climate change. We must break our addiction to oil and be able to provide for ourselves on a local scale. it is one every South Okanagan resident should understand. it becomes immediately clear that water preservation should be one of our home's greater concerns.. fossil fuel depletion and increasingly. this perfectly reflects the reality that every aspect of our lives is tied into our environment. A semi-arid climate (or 'sub-humid zone') is one that receives little precipitation.. Transition Town Transition Towns are communities that have signed up to become part of a positive. also. this old method has found popularity once more. We must unite as a community . sustainability-focused movement..SOuTH OKANAGAN SuSTAINABILITIy mental concern.org: “A Transition Initiative . a home made this way is durable and temperate. this term may seem too broad for our purposes. By knowing this. Sustainability Defined as “the capacity to endure”.” As of 2011. We must find balance in returning to our roots and taking advantage of our technological discoveries.a Sustainable South Okanagan. and living within the means.. A rammed earth building is constructed with the raw materials of the earth. To be truly sustainable. chalk and gravel. understanding of our climate is essential to taking care. Penticton and Kelowna have both begun devel85 . From TransitionNetwork. of our local environment. and the reverse is true. such as dirt. economic contraction. though still enough to avoid desert classification. Semi-arid While not a sustainable term per se. Aside from its sustainable assets. our lifestyles cannot require multiple planets to be destroyed.

The truth is. The key difference is that the resulting products tend to be of a higher quality. this is where the number 350 has come from. action can still be taken to reduce this number. upcycling involves the use of waste materials. CO2 is necessary for vegetation to breathe and maintain comfortable temperatures. also known as xerogardening. or of greater environmental value. refers to a landscape design that involves as little irrigation as possible. 86 . Nature knows what it is doing. Xeriscaping The importance of this term is high within the South Okanagan. 350 With all of this climate change talk. a safe amount of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere was determined to be 350. we have reached 388 parts per million. Xeriscaping. carbon dioxide is getting a pretty bad reputation. The issue arises when we forgo moderation.GLOSSARy oping Transition Town initiatives! Upcycle Much like recycling. Measured in parts per million. and focuses on planting succulent – water-retaining – plants. This tends to include a system that efficiently utilizes rain water. As of 2010. Fortunately.

she's always searching to capture the beauty in simplicity. 87 . She likes music. She plans to travel in the near future. Carmen McAnulty was born in Kelowna. Facebook . tattoos. BC a mere 20 years ago. and the environment. She leaves Sustainable Choices very self aware and motivated. excited and eager to see what her future brings. Carmen's heart lies in singing. firstly to Thailand to visit her Father. piercings. A self proclaimed passionista. She also intends to study towards becoming a Sterile Instruments Technician.. Constantly excercising her love for photography. song writing and dancing.Katelyn Cole is a purebred Nova Scotian maritimer.. and volunteer at orphanages in the surrounding area.

he worked all Columbia. Some time later. in South America. With a love of art. sustainable: with farms. For three years. and appreciates being in this great. Sustainable Choices has prepared her for her own literature project . and into Alberta.C. cows and even some homes without electricity. as well as the written language. so Cartagena to the little towns that are Samir and his siblings moved to Venesuela. Samir loves to work out. Aside from the valuable environmental wisdom. he went from the city of over the world. snowy land. if you liked the looks of the cover or the voice of the glossary. Aspiring to be an artist. 88 . Samir. his sister. she has done a variety of jobs ranging from a mural painting to t-shirt and web design. It His mom married a man from was there that they became permanent residents of Canada. B. then the united States. contact her at a_olsen@live.ca Samir Rodriguez was born in Canada.a novel. and his mother moved to Penticton and bought a home near Skaha.Alyshia Olsen grew up in Penticton. Alyshia is seeking freelance work.

” He enjoyed learning the behind the scenes regarding our governments and their efforts in respect to sustainability and environmentalism. Brennon appreciated getting involved and connected to the community. has helped to develop the South Okanagan Sustainability book along with the other “Sustainability Innovators. It was very enlightening and enriching for him to get insight into individual citizen's needs and wants.Brennon Synnuck. a 20 year old political activist. He hugs trees. Mark Wall was born and raised in Penticton. as well as networking with the politicians themselves. He once helped a frog across the street. And music. Loud music. In the woods. He loves Summer. He loves trees. In Summer. And green stuff. 89 . With the trees. Brennon is hoping this insight into the community will help him in his desired future career in politics.

She is interested in sustainability minded enterprises. Natalie likes living in harmony with the earth's seasons and eating wholesome. 90 .Natalie Webb has a honours bachelors degree in Economics and English Language and Literature. organic. healthy foods. She hopes to work as a press secretary for a business that includes sustainability as part of their business plan. and the connection of information about advancements in environmental preservation development.

and various Penticton waiting rooms.Thank you to our sponsors your contributions have enabled us to print two hundred additional books. public libray. . A copy of South Okanagan Sustainability is being donated to every South Okanagan School.





Turn your thermostat down to 20 degrees Celsius during the day and to 17 degrees Celsius at night to save as much as 15 per cent on the heating part of your energy bill. crawlspace. Avoid heating non-insulated spaces such as a garage. Automate. It will automatically save energy at night and when you're away from home.Some tips from FortisBC Heat only the rooms you use. and make it easy. or lower the room thermostat for baseboards. Buy a programmable thermostat to make setting temperatures easy. Lower your thermostat. Try getting comfortable by putting on a sweater or slippers instead of turning up the thermostat. Avoid heating unused rooms by closing doors and warm air supply registers. . attic or storage shed.

use task-appropriate lighting. use caulking to seal gaps and holes around non-opening windows. Try using timers and motion sensors for outdoor lighting. Don't crowd your furnace or boiler! Leave space and air around it. install a door sweep on the bottom edge. Get a caulking gun. Instead of illuminating an entire room. Turn off lights when not in use. cleaning products and aerosols well away. Close the fireplace chimney damper between fires to keep warm air in during the winter and out during the summer. Lighting can account for up to 10% of the energy consumption in your home. use weatherstripping to seal around door openings and windows. use the right type of light for the job. Ensure yours is clean. To stop drafts under the door. you can caulk between the doorframe and the wall. Make sure there are no combustible materials stored nearby. If your exterior entrance door is drafty. A dirty furnace filter delivers less air. One of the best ways to conserve energy is to simply turn off lights when not in use or when you leave the room. Keep your furnace clean. electrical outlets and openings around water pipes and vents. Keep things like bleach.Heat can escape from unlikely places. such as reading lamps. .

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