rasa preparation

-AMIT NAPHADE KUPIPAKVA- RASAYANA INTRODUCTION : The preceptors of Indian rasa shastra were initially indulged very much in the achivement of a disease free and decay free body ( deha veda) and the conversion of a lower metal to a higher metal i.e. a metal having higher economic value (loha veda ) simultaneously . but later their attempts in the field of deva veda became dominant. Since the necessity of the removal of elements was the primary concern .acharyas showed their keen intrest on the by products of veda karmas for therauptic purposes . Acharyas found mercury and few other metalsminerals are very useful. They observed that some toxic and harmful effects are likely to be produced in the body if such metalsminerals are such.hence to minimize or to remove sodhana, marana, gandhakajarana etc. gandhaka(sulphur) is considered as an essential element for various purposes of mercury such as murchana,jarana etc.. It is also claimed in different texts that mercury does not become therauptically useful unless in cinerated with sulphur (bali jarana ) in different ratios . As rasa shasthra developed, the methods of effective preparation of drugs are also developed because of as time goes on the human community suffered due to the lot of elements Kupipakva method is developed mainly for gandhaka jarana in which sulphur is added with mercury in different proportions and burns it with the help of fire in glass bottle(kupi). The aim was to produce strong bond structure between the molecules of mercury and the sulphur, to combat the strong and chronic diseases . As time and requirements increased our acharyas and vaidyas Invented new experiments by adding some metals ( eg, gold, silver, copper, tin) and non-metals ( like haritala, manahshila ) in

the kupipakva method. Due to the miraculous and dramatic effects in the dreadful & chronic elements, kupipakva – rasayanas got lot of name & fame. And thus the streams of practicing kupipakva rasayanas gradually increased. Definition:· It means the medicine which is prepared by treating or cooking mercury and other medicines on fire is known as “Kupipakva-Rasayana”. Mercury & other medicinal substances are treated on fire in a specially formed glass bottle which in Rasa-shastra texts is known as “Kupi”. Hence the preparation is called as Kupipakwa. · Medicines which are prepared with mercury as one of the main ingrediant, in a glass bottle (kupi) in valukayantra are called as kupipakva Rasayana. · Kupipakva method is developed mainly for gandhakajarana in which sulphur is added with mercury in different proportions and burns it with the help of fire in glass bottle. According to Ayurveda Prakash, murcchana and jarana may be used as synonyms but which is true only in the context of gandhakajarana. · Pure parada or Ashta sanskarita parada & gandhaka are grinded in a mortor & pestle to make them into an amalgam which is black in colour & known as kajjali. This kajjali is then triturated with said different herbs juices & is treated with the heat (Agni) by the help of kupi (glass bottle). For the heating gradual increasing of heat is necessary like mild, moderate & more. Depending upon the ingredients & paka kala, the colour varies like Red (sindoora) & white (karpoora) etc. · The entity „Rasayanshastra‟ has two special words „Rasa‟ & „Ayana‟. Rasa means mercury & Ayana means a way or path. Hence all mercury containing medicines are called as a Rasayana. Mercurial medicines cures the diseases, increases strength, immunity (oja), intellect (medha) & stablizes the life, hence called as Rasayana. IMPORTANCE OF KUPIPAKVA RASAYANA:· In kupipakva method, mercury with or without sulphur is converted in the suitable compound even without being reduced to ashes. Through this process, mercury gets potentially upgraded and enhances its curative power; in other words, the potency and efficacy of mercury increases in proportion to the amount of sulphur burnt in the jarana process. · Kupipakva rasayanas are consider more beneficial than other medicines due to the specially designed preparational methods. · Due to the lot of heat processing all, ingredients becomes free from their blemishes.

· In Rasasashtra their are many preparation mentioned for the therapeutic use. For eg.. Parpati, Kupipakva, pottali, Bhasma etc. for these preparations, the does is very less & also it has no taste. But its efficacy is more & acts very fast. All kupipakva – rasayanas are very Uksha, Tikasha, Laghu, Ruksha. That‟s why its action is faster than other mercurial preparations. · Jarana of equal quality of sulphur with mercury cures the diseases. Double quantity Jarita parada cure the Rajayakshma (T.B). triguna jarita prada is very useful for kaminidarpanashana means it increases the semem (sukra) quantity. Chaturguna jarita parada increases the fairness of skin & also increases the intellectual power of brain. By taking this mercury one can understand all shastra (sciences). Panchaguna gandhak jarita parada gives siddhi & shadguna gandhaka jarita parada is conqueror of all diseases & gives immortality (means stops untimely death due to the diseases). · Kupipakva rasaushadhis are magnificent in the main stream of ayurvedic medicaments that are frequently used for dreadful diseases. · Global Health Problem:Now a days, due to the sedentary life style many kapha predominant ailments like Hypertension, Diabetes, Atherosclerosis, Hypothyroidism, Impotency, Asthama, Amavata & many mores are causing the global Health problems. In these kapha predominant ailments no mercurial preparation is effective as kupipakva rasa due to their ushna, tikshna, laghu etc, properties. Historical Aspect of Kupipakva Rasayana Vidhi:

In 13A.D. Shri Yashodara Bhatta has mentioned Rasa-sindoora preparation under the heading of “Udayabhaskara Rasa” in his text: Rasaprakash sudhakar” (R.P.S 3/10-14). Here itself he has also mentioned „Ghanasar-Rasa‟ as a name of “Rasa-Karpoor” with the preparation & its pharmacological properties.

Shri Yashodara Bhatta has used kachaghati (kupi/bottle) & sikata-yantra in the preparation of these above medicines. Shri Anantadev Soori of 15th century A.D. has described “Rasaparthiva-Rtasa” for the same preparation in his book „Rasa-Chintamani‟. This preparation is also mentioned in textbooks of 16th century A.D. like Rasakoumudi & Rasakalpayoga & of 17th century A.D. Ayurveda Prakasha as Sindoornama Rasa i.e. Sindoora like Rasa (Red cloloured) or sindoora name like rasa.

Rasapushpa. Rasendramangala has described shadguna (six time) Balijarana in mercury by the help of Loha-crucible.  Advent of kachkupi (glass bottle) & valuka-yantra:- . Before availability of glass in our country somebody might be prepared Iron-kupi. . They do not produce any hazardous symptoms in the body when used internally. Types of Kupipakva-Rasa Vidhi:According to the use of suphur. eg. Rasa-hridaya Tantra has a reference of valuka-yantra but the he might have not used kachkupi (glass bottle) for prepartion of Rasasindoora or Gasndhaka Jarana. Rasakarpoora. Treaties dating back to this period does not have any reference of kachkupi.  Sindoora kalpa are developed in a process of Gandhaka (Bali) Jarana. To make mercury useful for curing purpose (therapeutic purpose) shadguna bali jarana is done. the process is divided into two groups as follow: 1. In this process a specific ratio of parada & gandhaka i.  The formulations of Nirgandha type. Inspite of that “MUSHA” are said. Sagandha – (Preparation with sulphur) 2.  Invention of glass took place outside of India.e. “Andha-Musha (Blind Crucible) & Tushagni is used for paka (Cooking) or Tula-yantra is used & paka is done in valukayantra.e. Due to the unavailability of kachakupi Bhagawata Govinda padacharyaji used „Andhamusha‟ (blind/close type of crucible).Rasavada started use of kachkupi in 10th century. is converted into sindoora at a specifics temperature (approximately 270 °C)  Gandhaka jarna is first of all seen in Rasahridayatantra of 9th century A. Nirgandha – (Preparation without sulphur)  Sagandha . Rasastaranagini has many preparatioal variants of Rasa-sindoora. where mercury is converted in the murcchita state by adding other drugs. Makarshwaja & swarnavanga etc.type of kupipakva rasaushadhis are more common & popular in practice as they are easy in preparation and safe to use. (MUSHA=CRUCIBLE) .D.These textbooks prepared kupipakva kalpa in Mud/Earthen musha i. . are not so sommon and should be used with care as they may produce some harmful effects. Later on this process is blossomed completely as „Kupipakva Rasa Vidhi‟ in furthur treaties.We start getting references of valuka yantra since 9th century.

1.  Some more discussion on the above types. thses medicines are available at both parts i. Nirdhuma  Sagandha Kalpa: These are furthur divided as follows 1. Talasindoora 4. Talachandrodaya etc. Mercury + Sulphur + Nonmetals + Gold – eg. . Tala-lagna 2.e. Rasakarpoora.e. Rasa-sindoora. Sagandha type of Kupipakva rasaushadhis are again sub-divided_into three :. Urdhwalagna 1.It means the medicine is found at the neck of the bottle i. Mercury + sulphur + Non-metals . neck of the bottle & the bottom eg. Antaradhuma – Talastha 2.(Nirmana Bheda) 1. Mallasindoora 2. Gaslastha/ Kanthastha:. Rasasindoora. Tikashna Agni) at the bottom of glass bottle to prepare the compound.g. Mallasindoora. 2. Mercury + Sulphur . Bahiradhuma – Kanthastha 3.g.e. Talalagna-Rasas:. Sameerapannaga & Rasasindoora. 3. Ubhayastha:.i. Tamrasindoora.g. Nirganadha kapla:.these medicines are available at the bottom of the bottle eg. only the necessity is to give mild. Poorna-chandrodaya. upper portin of the bottle e. Sugamsindoora.( eg. On the basis of presence of fumes during the process.g. madhyam. Rasakarpoora & Rasapushpa ) Ø These medicines are also classified according to their availability in specific part of bottle. Harisharanananda)- Rasavada has divided all kupipakvas into two main types1.e. Poorna-chasndrosaya. Rajatasindoora 3.e. Talastha/Adhastha:. Mercury + Sulphur + Metals . This is known as „Talalagna.(Ref: Kupipakva-Rasa nirman vigyan – Vd.e. moderate & more heat ( mruda.These are the rasa which need not evaporation & condensation. Manikya Rasa.

Rasa. Abhraka. elements (moulika) & compound (yougika) are added & evaporated. Along this some changes also occurs in compund (yogika) drugs. INSTRUMENTS. Somala as a natural nonmetals. some elements (moulika) gets converted into compound (youngika). Manashila (As2s2) are added as a compound form. to get medicine. UPAKARANAS i. Later on it evaporated in granule form. This preparation has mercury & Lead (Naga). Rasa-sindoora.These are also of two types – A. mercury. Tala-sindoora. Sameerapanga-rasa. Kupi-stands b. (These rasas are prepared on mild & moderate heat).In this prepartion – metals. etc. B. b. Urdhwalagna – Rasa:. Pyrometer  Miscellaneous: a. at the neck of the bottom. Bhrashtri/Bhatti/Hearth/Furance d.e. Darchikana. Type 2nd Talagana:. Eg. khalwa-yantra b.It contains all the drugs which are in compound (yougika) form. Eg. Type 1st –Urdhwalagna:. Type 2nd –Urdhwalagna:.Talalagna Rasa are of 3types according to the ingredients:a. 3rd agnikumara-rasa. It has mercury as a natural metal & Gandhaka. suphur & Somal (As2O3) etc are added as a element (moulika) forms & Haritala (As2s3). Type 3rd Talalagna:. Hingula. Eg. Cinnabar(Hgs) Harital (AS2S3).g.In this type only one metal is converted into copound (yougika) by the help of any non-metal (Adhatu) or gas. 2. It has Rasasindoora. etc. Kach-kupi (Glass bottle) b. It also contains compounds like Abhraka Bhasma. non-metals. YANTRAS. APPARATUS & MATERIAL REQUIRED FOR THE PREPARATION OF KUPIPAKVA-RASA:  Place for preparation: Important instruments: a. all compound drugs.eg. 2nd Agnikumara-rasa. Rasakarpoora.These are the preparation in which natural metals & non-metal converted into compounds & some metal & non-metals added directly as compound – form. 1 st Agnikumara. Valuka-yantra & Valuka c. Loha etc. E. After trituration & Agni-paka in kupi. & Tamara. 2 natural metals & sulphur as a non-metal. In this type of preparation. c.These are the preparations which are added by metals & non-metals in their natural forms to produce new compound by the influence of Agni. Type 1st Talalagna:. Different size trays & spatulas .

Clay (multani–mitti) – Wrapping material. But should have all requirements which are required for the preparation of Rasa. Brick-cork e.e should have enough number of windows & gate. Wooden-rod/ wooden piece h. Match-Box f.. Minerals. The room/place should be away from the residential areas. Sulphur.  Furnace is not to be built in open space. Drugs – Mercury. For night it must have Light system. First Aid Box(Containing important medicines) i. Knife g.   It is better to built the room to near by the water reservoir or water-store. the heat will not be provided sufficiently. electrical supply. IMPORTANT INSTRUMENTS/APPARATUS:a. Kerosene g.  Must have the Light system. b. So that the smoke & heat of the furnace does not cause any trouble to the Worker/Maker or Observer. Kupi (Bottle):- . Iron-Rod d. Metals etc. coal etc & extra bags of sand. Because kupipakva rasayana preparations requires 2-3days & nights. coal etc) h.c. Observation-Book Place for preparation of Kupipakva Rasayana: The room in which the furnace (Bhatti) is to be built should be enough high & must have proper ventilation i. otherwise rain in rainy season & scorching sunlight in summer will cause trouble during the preparation & with winds flowing. Copper coin or Copper foil f. herbs – c. d. Firing-material (wood. Water e. Air-tight bottles  Material: a.  The room should be sufficient roomy or should have sufficient place to store fire material like wood.

in spite of that. If heat is increased yet to some more extent in such circumstances the rasa will stick above the level of 5 inches. And also some chances to leak the volatile material from the bottle. Ayurveda pralash describes it made out of clay and coated with clay & cloth for kupipakva . slippery surface. also known as sikatayantra.In earthen crucible (Mrunmusha) the chances of breaking or tearing are more. . Generally the fumes of sulphur & Navasadar are responsible for braking of the bottle.The bottom of the bottle should be flat or dome shaped (convex).  The neck of the bottle should not be long:.  Advantage of glass-bottle: The most important advantage of glass-bottle is. Do not take the bottle having concave bottom-surface. The height of the glass-bottle should be approximately 12-13 inches. but in due course. Valukayantra:· Valukayantra. . Even after the development of the technique of kachakupi (glass bottle) preparation. Generally valukayantra made-up of iron (bucket shaped) is used for Kupipakva formulations however. This is not possible in any another material bottle. .A Beer bottle is a good choice. . they get very beautiful & smooth. economical factor & its inertness towards different components of mercurial medicines.  Rasataragini refers to the glass-coated earthen vessel for the preparation of Rasapushpa. easy handing. the earthen crucible. its sticks at that height of 3-4 inches from the bottom of the bottle. the rasas which prepared in glass-bottle.(Ref : kupipakva rasa nirman vigyan) While preparing kupipakva rasa a thing we came to know that the prepared medicine does not stick at very high in bottle neck. . But. copper bowl and damaruyantra were very much in use for the preparation of medicines like kupipakva. If bottle neck is unnecessary lengthy.Iron kupi gets reacted with sulphur & leaves thin layers of iron.Breaking of glass-bottle to collect the medicine is also very easy & convenient. b. sulphur & navasadar are definitely to accumulate in the lumen & occlude the passage resulting in the tearing of the bottle. the use of glass bottle became more frequent due to its availability. sulphur & Navasadar(NH4CL) will definitely stuck to the more upper level. is the apparatus to provide heat to kupi.

With this surrounding open space AgniJwalla (Flames of Agni) will give constant & equal heat to all parts of valukayantra. · This valuka yantra is used for gandhakjarana. · The Iron bucket/pot should occupy totally the diameter of furnace with open space of approximately 1 Angula (2cm) surrounding it equally.e. Otherwise this sand will spoil the inner medicine (kajjali). · We can fill the Iron-bucket with sand. to achieve the better results and to avoid the loss of fuel. . As big Iron bucket is taken. Now kajjali is poured up to 1/3rd part of the bottle. · Accordint to R. i. Mrudu.e. Pour a sand in that iron bucket up to the height of 2 inches. · In case of mud-pot tie a iron wire surrounding to the mouth of mud-pot to prevent the tearing or breaking of the pot. · For how much time one should heat the bottle? When a dried grass placed on the heated sand starts getting burnt up to that time we have to heat it. · Valukayantra is filled with sand(valuka) and it is called Lavanayantra when filled with lavana (Salt). kupipakva rasa nirmana & parada golaka paka.R. And it also allows to escape the smoke or fumes from the furnace. · Ayurveda prakash describes valukayantra having a small hole covered with mica sheet at its bottom for kupipakva processes. care should be taken to seal the mouth of the bottle with a cork or paper. a sufficient space of 2 inches be remain vacant surrounding to the bottle. · Now the bottle is placed in the bucket & the vacant part is filled with sand up to the neck of the bottle (up to the 2 inches below of the bottle-mouth).methods. · The Iron bucket shape pot should be 12 inches in height & width should be enough. So that after placing the kupi in it. in valuka yantra. The purpose of filling sand or lavana in Valukayantra is to provide a constant temperature and also to provide support to the kupi. · Now this valuka yantra is placed on furnace and gradually increasing Agni (heat) is given i. perhaps to increase the temperature at a faster rate. Lavana or Bhasma (Ashes). The size of valukayantra should be selected in comparison to kupi. to prevent the entry of sand in the mouth of bottle. · The bottle should be at the center of Iron-bucket (valuka Yantra) · While pouring the sand. Madhyam & TivraAgni. almost of equal height.S 9/33-36:A beer bottle is taken & coated by 7 layers of clay & mud of 1 finger width & is allowed to dry.

bottle. neither it requires wood as fluel nor it produces a lot of fumes & dirt. . Second reason is there may be the chance to enter thje sand through the tears of glass.It is better to procure the sand from river-bank.The sand particles size should be moderate & having same size of particles. If bottle will be open upto 2-3 inches at the upper side. It is eco-friendly also. then it better to insert iron rods in that furnace while constructing. to be utilized upto the maximum extent than compared to general furnace which not have iron-rod meshwork inside it. so that eventually if the valuka yantra is broken & sand is wasted. Also store the extra sand bags in the Room. . Any type of temperature pattern for any short duration could easily be maintained through it. The meshwork formed due to the iron rods enables the heat. The more entry of air in the mouth of furnace.· Valuka (Sand) for Valukayantra:. you need not run at the eleventh hour for searching the new sand. Never fill the sand up to the neck and in this condition if bottle will break by some reason. in some emergency conditions. For maximum burning of wood pieces air is very necessary. This iron-rod mesh enables the more entry of air in the mouth of furnace. Muffle furnace checks the fluctuation of temperature. if filled upto the neck. It may spoil the medicine. it is very easy to pull out. (O2). Furnace (Bhrashtri): Muffle Furnace: As a heating device for Kupipakva muffle furnaces are very much convenient in various aspects. . C. that is generated by burning small wood pieces. . Upto which level we should fill the sand in sand bucket or valuka – yantra? Fill the sand around the glass-bottle upto 2 – 3 inches below the neck of the bottle.Sand from seas-beach is not allowed. The wood pieces. Wood Furnace: ( furnace in which fuel is wood) If we are using the furnace in which we will use wood as a fuel. then it is very difficult to pull out the bottle outside. . It is easy to burn firewood over the mesh of rods.The sand should not be very fine nor having big sized stones. burns on the mesh easily & produce more heat than the furnace where wood is place in the mouth of furnace on the ground.Same sand is useful for 3-4 times.

the electric flow can be controlled leading to change in heat generated.800°C. Gas Furnace: In this furnace the temperature depends upon the flow of fuel-gas to the furnace. Mineral Coal Furnace: Production of heat in the coal furnace is very high. temperature goes to upto 700 . is also must. . Secondly gas furnace then mineral coal furnace & then wood furnace are convenient. And due to the constant & sufficient heat the kupipakva rasa will also become pakva without any problem. So that by opening & closing or adjusting the valve we can control the heat. a valve arrangement at the mouth of furnace is must. Once we knew these things & temperature at which various kupipakva – rasas are prepared. According to convenience Electric Furnace is most useful than other furnace. at place where the coals are burning. For this furnace outlet for the smoke will goes outside & heat is provided to the valukayantra in proper manner. by controlling the air-entry inside it.It saves the more consumption of wood. then we have to just insert the kupi in furnace & adjust the temperature accordingly that rasa. If flow is more the heat production inside the furnace will be more. And also the prior knowledge of at various indicated (1-2-3-4) of the regulator how much electric flow is going inside & producing how many heat. It is wise to know prior hand that how much temperature can be generated in this furnace. With the help of regulator having numbers 1-2-3-4. d. Pyrometer: The meter or instrument which measures the temperature is known as pyrometer. Electric Furnace: In Electric Furnace the production of heat is depends upon the flow of electricity. Measuring the temperature at different stages during the kupipakva-rasa preparation is must for the standardization & convenience. In order to control the entry of air in the mouth of this furnace. The rasa will prepare automatically without any feat of breakage of bottle. Baluka-Yantra is to be inserted in this furnace as such its half part should be inside the lumen of furnace. If proper ventilation ( supply of oxygen) will be there.

Pyrometer which can be inserted directly in the fire flames of the furnace. b) Kupi-Stand: After the wrapping clay & cloth on the glass-bottle. For the quick & proper drying of layers of clay & cloth. It starts evapouration & stick to the throat of the bottle. kupi-stand is necessary. it should be very fine. To administer for therapeutic purpose. .275 °C. Bhavana of “Kumari-Swarasa” is necessary. In the absence of kupi-stand we can put that bottles inverted on the plane surface for drying the layers. to prepare proper medicine. When compound (or rasa) is prepared. MISCELLANEOUS – INSTRUMENTS & APPARATUS: a) Khalwa – Yantra: Khalwa Yantra is necessary to prepare Kajjali (Powder) of required drugs for kupipakva rasayana. It is very much mandatory to control heat in kupipakva rasa preparation. The second one are small in size & can be inserted in the sand upto the bottom of the valukayantra. otherwise fumes will come out in large quantity blocking bottle mouth & leading to the brakage of bottle.275 °C. Rasavaidya should know the different temperature levels for the preparation of different kupipakva-rasas. it is must drying of that layer. which covers this pyrometer). And also after the completion of kupipakva-rasayana medicine. (it is better to keep this pyrometer in the iron canal. That‟s why mardana (pounding) in khalwa-yantra is necessary. Eg: Rasa-Sindoora forms the compound at 260°C and if and if heat / temperature exceed ti 270°C . we will get that rasa in thick layer (like scale) form & some rasa in granules form. Eg: To prepare Malla-Sindoora. This shows temperature of sand.Pyrometers are of Two Types: 1. Then & then only we should wrap another layer (total 7 layers). remember not to exceed heat than 270°C . It shows the temperature of Agni in furnace. 2. It is also useful & required for trituration (Bhavana) of kajjali by means of different herbal juices. Every Rasa-vaidya must know the temperature pattern and heat regulation. So care must be taken to reduce the temperature when mouth of bottle occluded. These pyrometers are made up of different – different metal alloy. Prior to heating procedure in valuka yantra proper mixing of drugs in khalwa yantra is must for better result & to get maximum quantity of medicine.

it is must to relieve the obstruction by means of hot iron-rod (shalaka)by inserting it in the mouth of bottle frequently. It is a right time to apply mudrana (Sealing of the mouth of bottle) by the cork and clay. from inside the bottle. . the whitish fumes will be come out from the mouth of bottle. d) Iron-Rod (Loha – Shalaka): While heating the medicine / kajjali in bottle. f) Knife: Ø After removing the kacha-kupi from the Valuka-yantra. copper foil should be kept on the mouth of bottle. it confirms that now the mercury is evaporating. thus the sulphur and other kshara are burnt and the obstruction is relieved. Ø To avoid this. These are the fumes of Mercury. Ø For the sake of convenience the length of rod should be 3 foot (36 inches). Ø Sometime it is also useful to break the bottle to remove the collected medicine. wooden-rod is required for hamering the bottle to slip the layers of pakva rasa from the bottle.c) Different sized trays & spatula are also required for the drying process of kajjali after each trituration (Bhavana). different size of spatula are also required. Prior to filling the kajjali in bottle it should be properly dried. the mouth of glass-bottle can get obstructed with the condensed fumes of Sulphur & Navasadara (Ammonium Chloride). Ø The grip of the rod should be made up of wood and the rod should be slender at the end. Ø The rod is heated & then inserted into the mouth of bottle. g) Wodden-Rod or Wooden-Piece: Ø After removing the layers of day-cloths and breaking of the bottle. To fill trhe kajjali in bottle. h) Airtight bottles/Containers: Ø After collection of the pakva-rasa from the bottle. After removing if white coloured spot will be there on that copper Foil. it should be preserve and store in the airtight bottle. the blue Flames will be stopped. This obstruction or occlusion may cause the breakage of bottle. e) Copper coin or copper foils: Ø After complete burning of the sulphur. Ø To test that whether these are Fumes of Mercury. After this. Knife is recquired to remove the closely adherent layers of clay and cloth.

Do not take very old pieces of cloths.g Kumari swarasa. Ø Most of the Kupipakva-rasa needs trituration i. to save the time. Mud & Saindhava are described for coating on glass bottle.RASA a) Drugs and Bhavana Dravyas: Mercury for Kupipakva – Method: Mercury for Kupipakva Method: inspite of hingulottha parade. Ø It is also better to use plane “Multani-Mitti” with water for the clay. It is better to add some powder of cowdung and Horse stool with the clay (or earth) to provide more strength. Ø Many rasavaidyas use smooth cotton inspite of cloth with „Multani-Mitti‟ and applies it only once as it is stout enough. if added in this method. Ø Clay should be sticky and not contains any stones or foreign material. Ø Every ingredient should be purified (Shodhita) prior to Kupipakva-vidhi. . Before going to prepare Kupipakva-rasa Collection and Purification of all ingredients should be done. Raktakurpasa pushpa Swarasa etc b) Clay & Cloth: [Wrapping Material] Ø Ayurveda Prakash describes saindhava & anaskriti for coating khadiya clay. Khatika. it is increases the rasayana property & also it gives veryt quick result.Ø If airtight container is not used.e. Bubhukshita parade. Unpurified (Ashodhita) ingredients may cause some severe adverse effect. Ø The pieces of cloths should be enough long and wide to cover the whole bottle at a time. Ø To wet the multani-mitti and pieces of cloths water is required.. it increases the rasayana property more than vishesha shodhita parade Ø The main ingredients of kupipakva-rasayanas are Mercury and Sulphur. some reactions of the atmospheric gases may be occur on the prepared medicine. Vatakura-swarasa. c) Water: Ø For different purposes eg. Bhavana of various herbal drugs prior to paka process. MATERIAL REQUIRED FOR KUPIPAKVA . Nimbu-swarasa. if Vishesha shodhita parade is used. whereas in Rasendracintamani. e.

The Firewood should be properly dried otherwise it will produce unnecessary smoke in the furnace and also supply less heat than requirement. Ø This previous records and observations are very much useful for future drug preparations. Gas: Fuel gas is useful for Gas Furnace. Sometimes during the handeling the apparatus burns or scalds may occur to the worker or vaidya. storage should be enough useful for coal-furnace. some toxic fumes of sulphur. it is also important to keep a big reservoir of water aside the room as a preventive care to avoid burn accidents. d) Firing Material: Fire – Wood: It is better to use dry wood pieces of “Babbula” (Acacia Arabica). To treat this some medicaments should be present with us. g) Observation – Book: Ø Observations increase the knowledge of person. if occur. e) Match box and Kerosene: This material is required during the process of breaking of bottle. To give three Agni approximately 5 mana (≈ 200 kg) Firewood is needed. Electricity or Power Supply: For Electric – Furnace. Arsenic trioxide (Somal). Ø Most important is to note the temperature in different stages. may cause some adverse effects. if inhaled.Ø During the heating process in furnace. Preheating Phase : It includes . Procedure ( Method of Preparation): Kupipakva – rasayana procedure can divide into three phases: 1. Manashila etc. The thickness of firewood should be approximately equal to the circumference of human forearm storage of enough firewood is necessary to avoid further problem. Babbula wood produces more constant heat. Water is also required for Mudra (sealing) preparation. [see the point – breaking of bottle]. during the cleaning of the mouth with the iron-rod. of each procedure. Harital. Coal: Mineral coals are useful. f) First Aid Box: In kupipakva-rasayana vidhi most of the work is related to the heat/Agni. Ø This record is also useful for to write the quantity of different drugs taken & obtained final medicine. It is better to keep Record from the Starting of the preparation to the end. Also.

. Heating procedure and temperature pattern. Second one is in which foils of metals (like Gold. Heating phase :It includes a. 3. prior to kupipakva vidhi. Precautions f. Ø There are two types of Amalgamation: Ø 1. After proper amalgamation of metal and mercury. Black coloured powder known as Kajjali. It also change in amalgamation. Kajjali Preparation and Trituration b. Observations c. Post-heating Phase:It includes a. Breaking of bottle b. Ø Whenever we want to add sulphur in mercury it should be added before adding others non-metals like „somal‟ etc. Ø We can not get any medicine without proper pounding (Mardana) of all ingredients. Tin etc in Mercury. prior filling the bottle. Paka-pariksha e. Mudrana (Sealing ) Procedure. b. 2. Ø For preparation of Kupipakva – rasayana.a. Storage Pre – Heating Phase: a) Kajjali – Preparation and Trituration: Ø Mixing of Mercury with Suphur – Pounding of Mercury and Sulphur gives a Fine. it should be add porior to adding Sulphur. Coating of bottle (Kapadmitti) c. then we should add sulphur to prepare Kajjali. Silver. Cleaning of mouth of bottle d. Filling of raw material in bottle. Ø But in case of adding metals like Gold. Tin) are added and pounded with mercury. Test of prepared medicine c. it is must to prepare Kajjali of given ingredients. First Procedure is in which metals are melted by means of heat and added to the mercury.

Ø Ayurveda Prakash describes saindhava and Ayaskriti and coating Khadiya clay(Ayu. Ø After bhavana.1/194) whereas in Rasendra Chintamani. put second layer Ø Another cotton strip smeared with clay should be placed in cross direction to previous strip from the bottom to the mouth of the bottle. Many times bhavana dravyas gives good colour to the prepared medicine i. e. . smeared with clay. smooth and so also to make sure that no free space or air bubble is present in between the bottle and strips. Pra. then it should be dried in sun. (R. Ø The cloth piece/the strip should be lengthy enough to cover both sides upto bottles mouth. (swarasa – bhavana) Ø Bhavana should be given as per that particular reference of text.C.g. Wet Kajjali may cause burst of bottle. should be placed downward from its bottom.But in these two procedure first procedure is more effective and convenient After Kajjali preparation Navasadar etc minerals should be added as requirement. b) Coating of Kupi with clay and cloth: [ KAPAD – MITTI] Ø Rasaratnasamucchaya describes the method of coating of Kupi with clay and cloth in detail.S.R.2/18).e. Vatankura swarasa bhavana for Rasasindoora. the texts of rasashastras describe total SEVEN layers of coating of clay and cloth on kachakapi to make it strong and heat resistant. Kumari swarasa bhavana for Mallasindoora. Ø Precautions:1. trituration of diff herbal juices is required. 9/33-35). Ø Likewise. Ø The bottle should be placed upside down in a rod stand keep a thin layer of clay at the bottom of Kupi and then a single piece of cotton strip. If thin bottle is taken then 10 times wrapping is require. Mud and Saindhava are described for coating on glass bottle (R. final product. Ø Press these coating by hand to made it plane. Trituration or Bhavana: Before subjecting the heat to Kajjali. Khatika. Ø After proper drying of the first layer. Ø What is the importance of Trituration ? it reduces the combination of drugs to fine powder and also removes some blemishes if any before paka. Kajjali should be dried before filling it in the bottle.

Don‟t apply more clay repeatedly. it would be not enough stout. It will save the bursting of bottle. Coating should not be done upto the mouth of bottle. 4. Wet or damp kajjali may break the bottle. Ø But if wrapping is not done at the upper side of mouth. It will increase unnecessary weight of bottle.75 inches. 5. it is not very clear in which amount the raw material should be filled in. Ø Only dry kajjali should be filled.2. in case of obstruction. Ø Because if both parts of the bottle that bottom & mouth are enough stout due to the wrapping. Don‟t apply all 7 layers at a time. If coating is not done as above. Coating should be done very carefully to avoid. it will spill out & the medicine will be waste. bottle may burst in case of obstruction of mouth. The thinkness of 7 layers should be approximately 0. Ø Only 1/3rd part or less than it volume of the bottle be filled with kajjali & remaining space should be kept vacant. Ø However. than the mouth region of bottle.5 . Is it is necessary to coat the hole bottle? Ø It is not necessary to coat the hole bottle. Simultaneously done coating of 7 layers is not stout enough. 6. Ø If more kajjali is filled. practically 1/3rd (400 gms) filling of kupi is found best for better results and also to avoid any sort of miss happening during the procedure. it may cause burse of glass-bottle due to the unequal surfaces of bottle. In this condition. HEATING PHASE: a) Temperature Pattern: . Further complications during heating procedure in valukayantra. c) Filling of Raw-Material in the bottle: Ø Though there is description of different amounts of ingredients to be filled in kupi without describing the capacity of bottle in different texts of rasasastra. 3.0. Because here quantity of heat is much more. bottle may gets only tears from the mouth. Ø Hence stouting should enough at the bottom of bottle. It is sufficient to coat the bottle upto below 2-3 angulas (approximately 4 – 5 cm) of the mouth.

the mouth of bottle should be closed by means of cork. 3. Madhyam-Agni: The temperature at which the kajjali remains boiling & smoke starts coming out fast and then flames starts to come out.e. For this purpose 200-250°C temperature is useful.650°C. Ø Thin bottle required some less heat simple black coloured bottle required more heat and red coloured stout bottle can tolerate more heat.650°C) should be given for different periods. Ø In wood – Furnace. At the end of the preparation a high temperature is to be provided. Before this stage when then flames of sulphur subsides. Till the flames are subsided totally temperature should be maintain as madhyamagni. Ø Temperature / Heat to be given is divided into three phases: 1. different periods i. we have to provide all the three ranges of temperature for longer duration where as for the preparations of Rasakarpura.Ø After placing Kupi in the center of Valuka-Yantra / Furnace. it is better to use dry wood pieces of “Babbula” (Acacia Arabica). coal or electricity according to the convenience. Mrudu-Agni: The temperature at which kajjali remains in melted condition & „Paka‟ is in process. the bottle will be melt away or medicine will burn or evaporated so one must be careful for giving Agni. from many hours to days are described for different temperature ranges of kupipakva methods.wood. Ø Necessity dependent upon ingredients and their percentage in the formulation. 2. This is a temp. Accourding to the need of formulations. Rasapushpa and Swarnavanga. the formation of compound medicine (Yougika) occurs on this temperature. Electric furnace is also used successfully. sublimation. Madhyam-Agni(250°C 450°C) & Tivra-Agni(450°C . temperature ranges of mrudu & madhyama for shorter duration are sufficient. Ø From time to time variations are seen in the form of Agnmi i. A major plus point in electric furnace is that the heat can be easily regulated & also there is no neeed to used valukayantra in this furnace. of 450°C . . for example: in Shadagunajarana of gandhaka (incineration of mercury with 6 times sulphur). Ø In the classics of rasashastra.e. This is a temp of 250 to 450-500°C. Gradual temperature pattern of Mrudu-Agni (250°C).e. If it is not given properly the medicine will be apakwa and if it exceeds over required temperature. Tivra-agni: The temperature at which Rasasindoora (or formed compound) accumulated at the throat of the bottle by Urdhwapatana i.

Ø As the medicine gets on cooked and flame starts declining. Ø If flames continues to bur. Don’t disturb the medicine at the bottom: One thing must be borne in the mind. madhyama and tivra within 2 -3 hrs. heated iron rod insert in the bottle be burn with a blue flames at the mouth of bottle otherwise the bule flame will not bunt. not to disturb/move the medicine at the bottom frequently while inserting the iron-rod only throat is to be cleared. This will stop the spilling. Ø After 12 hours when fumes (smoke) starts coming out of the bottle excessively. after the fire is lit. b) Cleansing the mouth of Bottle: When total sulphur/Gandhaka is burnt out and flame stops coming. The (blue) flames generally keeps on burning for 12 hours. later on it depends into the neck of bottle. So the heated iron rod is carefully kept on being inserted in the throat of bottle. If temperature will increase suddenly the Kajjali will spill out of the bottle. valuka-yantra starts becoming hot and the fumes of sulphur starts coming out of the bottle. After 6 hours when sulphur started melting. c) Determination of proper paka – [ paka Pariksha ] . First the flame is seen at the opening of mouth of the bottle. increase the temperature gradually. Due to the frequently disturbing the talastha medicine it will not prepared properly. little fumes are seen coming out of bottle. within 15 -20 into the sand and will be waste. increase the temperature gradually so that the medicine will prepared on time. NH4CL etc) is added in the kajjali then kshara with sulphur fumes keeps on obstructing the throat completely the bottle can burst out or blast. This frequent cleansing of bottle will reduce the percentage of kshara and medicine will be prepared quickly and properly. Ø If care is not taken to dothis immediately. just increase the temperature. If Kshara (eg.Observational Action/Procedure: Ø Give the Agni in a sequence of mrudu. then the hot iron-rod is being inserted at very half hour to clean the throat of bottle. Ø If kajjali starts spilling out. then immediately pull out some firewood from the furnace and insert the iron-rod in the bottle.

Pakalakshana For Nirdhuma Kupipakva-rasas: Appearance of flames in the grass stick placed on the surface of valukayantra and other different pakalakshana should be observed very carefully during the nirdhuma kupipakva-rasas like Rasakarpura. If temperature is not provided in sufficient quantity. halfripen state & the stuck medicine at the bottle-neck will also be difficult to take out. mercury gets evaporated. If a cold iron-rod (shalaka) is inserted in the bottle smoke should not stick to the rod. Don‟t look inside the bottle repeatedly as it is harmful to eyes. Rasapusha etc.Ø To determine the samyaka paka of prepared compound (Yougika) insert the rod into the bottle and take out and smell it immediately. consider that the medicine is well prepared. copper foil test is also useful. If smell of sulphur will not comes. After complete evaporation of sulphur. Ø When the paka is being taking place don‟t disturb the compound by insertion of irod-rod. It is most important test. These are the particles of mercury. we will get a whitish spot on that foil after 2 – 3 minutes. It should be seen that some mercury particles are coming out. If Navasadara (Ammonium Chloride) or any Kshard is added. This test will confirm the properly prepared medicine. the medicine will remain at the bottom in Apakwa i.e. If torch light is thrown inside the mouth of bottle. When darkness is created around the bottle & the bottom is seen it should be red in colour (like a red colour of Dawn). it will lead to evaporation of mercury. it evaporates with white-fumes. Inhalation of fumes during the process should also be avoided to restrict the harmful effect in the body. Copper Foil Test: For determination of proper paka. When mercury gets evaporated. In this condition if we will put the copper foil on the mouth of bottle. 3. Because the kshara starts coming upside with smoke. Others Pariksha for Paka-Lakshana: Flame must be stoped coming out of the mouth of the bottle. keep on cleansing the throat of the bottle with the start of smoke itself. 2. . These are the same test to confirm the paka of Kupipakva-Rasa: e) Important Precautions: 1.

4. temperature of valukayantra should be increased gradually. Fluctuation of temperature in valukayantra should be avoided. f) Sealing of mouth: (Mudra & Kupimukha Mudrana) (Application of Daat / Cork) Ø Process of closing the mouth of the bottle is called as mudra. Ø After getting above Paka-Lakshna, it is immediately require to apply the seal the mouth of bottle. Otherwise valuable mercury & other drugs will get evaporated & goes outside. It will lead to wastage of valuable medicine & time also. Ø When the sulphur is totally burnt, smokes stops coming out & a red coloured hue is observed at the bottom of bottle, a piece (cork) of brick or chalk is covered with a cloth which is smeared with lime & honey is fit in the mouth. Ø Sometime, if due to some smoke remaining inside the bottle the cork is forced out one should not afraid. After half an hour insert the brick cork again. After inserting it a cloth smeared with lime & honey is wrapped around the mouth to proper sealing. Another material for sealing: Ø On appearance of Paka Lakshana, the mouth of the bottle should plugged by a piece of brick or clay and sealed with mixture of jaggery and lime if requied. Ø Sealing of the mouth of bottle with copper foil is also described in Rasaratnasamucchaya (R.R.S.15/11-16) Ø Brick cork covered by the cloth smeared with multani mitti is also useful. g) How to prepare Cock / Daat: It is prepared of a chalk piece or brick piece by rubbing it slowly on the surface. It should be of enough length. So that one inch of it is inserted inside the bottle & remaining round shaped part remains outside the bottle. h) After sealing, the sand around the neck of the bottle should be removed to facilitate the deposition of final product at the upper side of bottle. Also pull out the bottle from sand upto 2 – 4 inches after sealing, to prevent heating at the upper side of bottle. After Mudra / Sealing the agni should be Mudru (mild) for near about ½ - 1 hour. Then increase the heat gradually. Lastly the Agni should be Tivra for another 12- 36 hours to prepapre the final product.

Precautions: After sealing if the sand around the neck region not removed, the condensation of fumes will not occur inside the neck region of bottle. Hence to get condensed drug it is also useful to pull out the bottle from sand upto approximately 2 – 4 inches, after sealing. After giving Tivra-Agni lastly, the Yantra should be cooled selfly. For that we should wait for another 24 hours – 36 hours.

Post Heating Phase:
i) Removing of the bottle: After self cooling of Valuka-Yantra, remove the sand around the bottle, upto the bottom. Now pull out the bottle by holding firmly. Valuka removed from the yantra should be stored properly for further use. Cleaning of furnace by removing ash from it & repairing if any damage, is also important. j) Breaking of Kupi: Ø Covering / Coating of bottle should be scraped off by a knife, & then clean the bottle surface by the cloth. Now we can see the position of stucked final product. Ø According to the position of final product, i.e. one fingerbelow the lower border in cvase of Urdhvastha formulation, one finger above from the upper border in case of Talastha formulation, a thick thread soaked in kerosene, should be tied and burnt. After complete burning of thread, the heated portion of bottle should be covered with a wet cloth. (After hearing the breaking sound remove the wet cloth). This immediately breaks the bottle spherically in a very sharp manner and the final product should be separated by harming with a piece of wood. Ø While breaking the bottle it should be kept in a big tray. After breaking the bottle if some smoke will come from inside, care should be taken, not to inhale it as it may causes Kasa & Shwasa. Ø A tabular structured stucked medicine should be remove carefully. Along with the medicine if there is nay blackish material is also stucked to the bottle, remove it separately & keep aside. Add this blackish material in Kajjali, for the next same drug preparation. Ø We will also get some useless ash of sulphur at the bottom. Ø If the ash is sufficient heavy in weight, it is then having some particles of mercury. Due to the unsufficient agni/heat some Bluish-Blackish ash (Bhasma) remains inside the bottom. We can add this bhasma in the Kajjali, if we will prepare same medicine next time. Ø If Kajjali is added with Gold, a black coloured bhasma will remain inside at the bottom. Wash it in the way told in case of Suvarna Bhasma & prepare a bhasma from it or with the help of acid purify it & covert into gold.

k) Test for prepared medicine: When it is laborious excessively to scrap the prepared Kupipakva-Rasa, which does not separate easily & does not separate at once, is considered as a apakva ( half-ripened) medicine. When the rasa separates from the wall of bottle, very easily it is considered as a properly prepared medicine. L) Adverse effects of Apakva/Unripened Rasayana It includes excessive salivation (praseka), gingivitis & Lossness of Teeth et. M) Way to prepare Apakva Rasayana to Pakya stage: Apakva rasayana should be added with equal quantity of sulphur & made into Kajjali. This Kajjali then again subjected to heat upto 24 hours in Kachkupi in Valukayantra. This reheating with sulphur, will change the medicine from apakva stage to pakva stage. This process will save the valuable prepared medicine. Doubts & Answers: Whether is there any time limitation for the completion or preparation of Kupipakva – Rasayanas? It means gradually increasing Mrudu, Madhyam & Tivra Agni for three/four/five days are advised to prepare Kupi-Pakva Rasayana Kalpa. But those who keeps on harping to abide the above advice are now proved wrong. Ø Now this time limitation is not required in this new era of science. Now a days everything is advanced. New instruments i.e.modern furnaces does not need that much of time. Ø In old age the instruments were different, now a days instruments has changed. Situation has changed. Ø Today the furnaces are changed, pots are changed, method of giving temperature is also changed, in this condition the time requirement will definitely change. It does not need that much of long time of 4 – 5 days. Some vaidyas take doubt that Kupipakva-Kalpa prepared in short time will not be so effect as much as which are prepared according to shastra’s advice. But it is not correct? Ans: Why because the time needed to prepare Kupipakva-Kalpa is depending solely on heat provided. It temperature is given properly, the formed compound is getting evaporated & at the site of its condensation the temperature is enough less, rasa get accumulated & get formed there, in proper & less time.

Prawal (coral).Because – After preparation of this drug it looks like red Colour or Sindoora.Is there any difference in properties of early prepared & late prepared Kupipakva Kalpas? Ans: If the structure (Chemical & physical) of prepared compound is same. Likewise in another kalpas also. Rasa Sindoora: Why it is called as Sindoora ? . if temperature is given very high their compound will be separated. (Sindoora is red in colour. this type of knowledge will get by the experience & proper study. due to the very high temperature formed compound may break. during their evaporation. Discontinue it & again start it. And also should not continue the medicine more than 4 – 6 days. 1 Ratti = 120 mg 1 tula = 10 gms 1 Masha = 1 gm 1 Pala = ( 40 gms) 1. At which temperature the compound will form & at which temperature it may break. Kupupakva – Rasa & Prakruti (Constitution) of Patient: Except Swana Vanga remaining all kupipakva rasas are more suitable for Vata & Kapha Prakriti people & less suitable for pitta prakriti people. in some Kupipakva Kalpas like Rasakarpoor. Vanshalochana as a vehicle. Hence solemn study of chemistry & solemn study of temperature pattern is must for every rasa vaidya. That‟s why many kupipakwa rasayanas are also called as „Sindoora‟ . if Tivra-Agni is given? Ans: Yes. (Rasayan Shastra) Is there any breaking takes place of Kupipaka compound. We should give the medicine with shita virya drugs like Mukta.e. This is a well known principle of chemistry. i. the ingredients should be used only after purification. SOME IMPORTANT “KUPIPAKWA – RASAYANAS” IMP Note: In all Kupipakwa – Rasayana preparation. This care will prevent the adverse effect in pitta prakriti people. then there will be no change in properties of early & late prepared kalpas. If we want to give any Kupipakva Rasa to patient having pitta prakriti in pitta predominance & hot season. darchikana. shodhana process.

Honey or Gingiber Juice Action On Indications Shwasa. prameha. Sulphur – 10 tula 4. & all disorders Dose & Anupana Action On Indications 36–48 hours ¼ . Aloe – Vera Trituration Dose & Anupana Dosha – Kapha Dushya – Rasa Places – Lungs & other Kapha predominant Places Upadamsha(syphilis). Place – Lungs. Mamsa. Blood Disorder. Kasa. Heart Bronchi.5 tula 2. Indications Dosha – Kapha Dushya – Rasa. Unmada. Malla Sindoora: Method: I Contents Heating Time 1. Parada – 16 Tula 2. Rasakarpoor–10 tula 5. Gandhak – 10 tula 4. Stomach etc. Pippali & Honey or according to disease. Parada – 10 tula 3. Mercury – 10 tula 3. Skin Disorders. 2. Rakta. Paralysis. Aloe-Vera trituration Agni Matra Dose & Anupana (120 – 240 gms) With Abraka Bhasma. Vataroga.½ Ratti (36 – 60 mg BD) with Pipalli & Honey Dosha – Kapha Dushya – Rasa Places – Lungs & other Kapha predominant Places Method: II Contents Heating Time 1. do not use the Rasa .Contents 1.½ Ratti .5 tula 2. Somala . Four day & nights 1 – 2 Ratti Precaution: In pitta predominant prakriti ( constituent) & pitta predominant kasa & pitta predominant other diseases. Sannipata.. Aloe – Vera Trituration 36 – 48 hours ¼ . Bronchial Asthama Osteoarthritis (36 – 60 mg BD) with Ghee. Somala . Hysteria.Sindoora. Kapha Predominant places. Aamavata. Gandhak – 96 tula 3.

Kanthamala .Blood disorders .H 5. shita virya dravyas for 5 – 7 days after every 15 days course of Malla – Sindoora.Parada-10 Tula 3. B.Cough .Kshaya(TB) . discard the medicine immediately.Athero Sclerosis . Shila – Sindoora: Ingrediants 1.Manashila – 5 tula 2.Obesity . 3.Precaution: If anyone want to give this medicine more than 15 days.Vishaghna (Anti-allergic) .Kumari – Bhavana Heating-time 48 Hrs Dose 1-2 Ratti(120 – 240 Mg) Gingibarjuice Honey Ghee Action on Dosha-kapha.Epilepsy Note: Useful in Any Hypertrophied condition eg.Jantughna (Antibiotics) 4.Haritala-5tula 2. one should prescribe pravala etc.Skin – diseases .P. Manikya Rasa .Astama Dushya – Rakta .Kustha . redness of eyes & inflammation of eyes. Tala Sindoora Ingrediants 1.Vishamjwara .Vatarakta .Gandhaka-10 Tula 4.Jantughna (Antimicrobia) .Skin disorders .Parada-10tula 3. Dose 1 – 2 Ratti (120-240mg) With Honey Action on Dosha – Kapha Indications . Kumari – Bhavana Heating-time 60 Hrs.Upadansha Mamsa&Rakta . If.Gandhak – 10 tula 4. Asthama . Kapha-vata DushyaIndications . after giving this medicine. patient suffer from burning sensation.

Dourbalya (Weakness) . Milk – cream. Cough . Stomach. Navasadar – 4 tula should not need Tikshnagni] . Sameer-Pannaga Rasa: Ingrediants 1. Cough & Fever In Kshaya ( TB ) . 7. Honey.Parada–8 tula 2. Dasha – pitta. Nerves. Misri.1 Ratti (60-120 mg) with Butter. Action on DoshaKapha&Vata Dushya – Rasa Rakta Mamsa Places – Liver.Vanga – 5tula 2. Manashil – 8 tula 4.Skin Diseases. Reproductive System. Lungs. Somal – 10 tula Heating-time 50-60 hrs Dose ½ . Kumari – Bhavana Heating-time 60 Hrs.Parada – 5tula 3.Osteoarthritis .Ingrediants 1.Swaphadosha . . Shwasa .2 Ratti (60 mg–240 mg) BID / TID with Action on Dosha Kapha Kapha – Vata Dushya – Rasa Indications Pneumonia Osteoarthritis Unmade Dose Action on Indications 4. Gandhak – 8 tula 3. Doshya – Rakta. Dose ½ . Gandhak – 10 tula 3. Mamsa Places-Urinary System. Dhatu-kshinata . Rajayaksma 6.Acts as Aphrodiasic (Vajeekarana) . Increase vitality .Kalami – 1 Tula Shora Heatingtime 24 Hrs. Swarna – Vanga ( “MASK – MRUGANK”) Ingrediants 1. Betal leaf Juice. Diabeties . Shukrastambhak . Vata. Butter Misri.Naga – 8 tula 5.Gandhak – 5 tula 5.Swasa . Prameha . [for this preparation 2 – 3 Ratti (240 – 360 mg) With Honey. Parada – 10 tula 2. Urinary Systems Indications .

Hatirala – 10 tula Bhavana – Tulasi Swarasa or Kumari Swarasa for 3 days Gingiber Juice + Honey Rakta Kasa Shwasa Jwara Betal leaf Juice +Honey Mamsa Places Vasa swarasa Yashimadhu Chest. Dosha – Rakta. Liver. Indications Dosha – Vata & Chronic syphilis. Vishamjwara . Abhrak Bhasma 1 part 5. Hingula – 1 tula Heating-time 30 hrs Mrudu Madhyama Dose 1 – 2 Ratti (120 -240 mg) with rubbing in Action on Pitta. Stomoch. Spleen. Blood Vessels. Suvarna Bhasma – 1 part 8. Brain. Nerves. Pipasa Sthana. Manahshil–10 tula 5. Heating-time 2 Prahara ( 6 hours) Mandagni (Mild Heat) It is collected at a base of bottle (Talastha) Dose 1-1 ½ Ratti (120 – 180 mg) with Gingiber – Juice. Astamurti Rasa Ingrediants 1. Nerves. Misri Pippali+ Honey Or Diseasewise Action on Indications Dosha – all three 2nd stage of Doshas Dushya – all dhatus Places. Paralysis Skin diseases Facial Paralysis 8. Gandhak – 6 tula 3. Mostly acts on all parts of body sannipata & Kshaya Amavata Dhanurvata Urustambha Panguvata All types of shula (pains) Gulma Prameha Udar – Roga Ashmari Bhagandar Vidradhi Pandu. Aconitum – 1 part Ferox (Bacchanag) 10.4. Skin.kamala 9. Loha Bhasma – 1 part 6. Lungs. Parada – 1 part 2. Mamsa. Gandhak – 1 part 3. Nerve Centre.stomach Liver. Swarna Bhupati Rasa: Ingrediants 1.Bhavana Hamsaraja Juice 12 hrs. Kidney (vrukka) Virya Sthana. Tamra Bhasma 2 part 4. Kanta Loha Bhasma – 1 part 7. Chronic Spleen. Rajata Bhasma – 1 part 9. Parada – 1 tula 2.

Rakta. Manshila – 5 tula 6.Suvarna–6 masha foils 11. with Honey or Ghee Pitta Kapha Dushya – Rasa Raktadi all dhatus Approximately ½ Ratti 35 hours (60 mg) with Honey.1 Ratti Dosha – Vata B. Gandhaka – 5 tula 3. Mamsa.D. Aamaja – Sula. Kasa. Heart Sannipataja Kshaya Sanyas(Coma) Apsmar Mutraghata (Retention of Urine) Kidney(Vrakka) Kalay Khanja Apatanak Apatantraka Vatavyadhi Replasing fever 10.1 tula 6. Raskarpoora– 5 tula Bhavana Kumari Swarasa 11. Spatika – 1 tula 10. Parada – 4 tula 2.4. Dushya-Rasa. Somala – 5 tula 4. Parada – 5 tula 2. Hingula – 8 tula 3. Panchasuta Rasa: Ingrediants 1. Vyadhiharana Rasa Ingrediants 1. Haritala – 5 tula 5. Harital – 6 masha 7. Somal . Manshila – 1 tula 5. Agni – Matra Dose 52 hrs Action on Indications New & chronic Firanga & Sandhivata Kustha Nasa-Varna Nadi – Varna Due to the effect of Firanga ½ . Gingiber Juice.D. Places: Sushumna. Places – Lungs. Rasakarpoor – 9 tula 8. Majja. Rajata . Nadichakras Nerves Tendons Lungs. Mudrasang – 6 Masha 9.I. Large intestine. Tulasi Juice. Pleura. Rasakarpoor– 8 tula Agni – Matra Dose Action on Dosha-Kapha. Rasasindoor – 6 tula 6.I.6 masha foils Tikshana Agni gingiber Juice + Asthi. Honey B. Pleurisy. Somala – 5 tula 4. . Dushta Vatavikara. Gandhaka – 4 tula 5. Indications Shwasa.

Bhavana – 3 by bid/Tid. Parada – 20 Tola 2.Parada – 8 parts 3. Main function is Kaphashoshak Hriday-uttejaka 12. Bardrinarayana Sastri) Contents 1. Gandhaka Tola 3. Suvamamakshika satva – 5 Tola 14.Oligospermia . Parada – 10 tula 2.Rasakarpoor–10 tula 5. Sahastrara.1 part 2. Tripur-Bhairav Rasa: Ingrediants 1. Rasendra sara sangraha) Contents 1.Chandrodaya Rasa (Ref. Nerves Sannipata. Spatika – 5 Tula 13.Oligospermia . Purnachandrodayarasa:. Duodenum.Bhavana – .All sexual disorders – 2000 Agni Dose & Anupana ¼ -1 Ratti Two times a day With Milk a day With milk cream  Agni – Matra Two days ( 36 days) Dose ½ Ratti Two days a day with ghee Action on Indications Upadanshajanya Vikaras Action on Indications     Hitdourbalya Oligospermia azoospermia Weakness of organs All sexual disorders . Abhraka Satra – 5 Tola 5.Raktakarpasa flowers Agni 24 Hrs 06Hr-mild 06Hrmoderate 06HrDose & Action on Anupana ½ -2Ratti with .Suvarna foils .Best Rasayan .(Specific) (Ref.Balya .Brumhana Indications Early ejaculation .Ghee .Gandhaka – 16 parts . Gandhaka – 10 tula 3.Milk & Vajeekaran .Honey .All diseases . Vd.Butter . Navsadar – 1 tula 6. Hingula – 10 tula 4. Makardhwaja:.Vayasthapaka . Suvarna Bhasma – 21/2 Tola 4.

Sarvagasundara Rasa:.Balya .Milk .Parada -1 pala 2.Atisara .With proper vehicle cures all diseases 15.Vayasthapaka .Best Rasayan .Gold foild -4 part 2.Kshaya (T.B) .Aantroshosha (Intestinal T.With proper vehicle cures all diseases 16.Honey . Rasatarangini) Contents 1.Gandhaka -1 pala Trituration for 7 days with .Betal leaf Juice & Vajeekaran .Bhumyamlki & Hastishundi juices 17.Brumhana .Incurable cough .Balya .Hingulotha -8 parts 3.Butter .Udara .Medhavardhak .B) .(Ref.Jwara . Kumari swarasa High 06HrAfter Mudra .Prameha .Hridady pritijanana .Betal leaf Juice .Kamavardhak Indications .Ghee .Agni vardhaka .(Rasatarangini) Contents Agni Dose & Anupana Action on Indications Agni 24 Hrs (mild Heat) Dose & Anupana Action on .Sexual disorder Indications .Sexual disorder .. Siddhamakardhwaja: (Rasatarangini):Contents 1. Rasa Pushpa 2nd :.Gandhaka -16 parts Agni 24 Hrs Dose & Action on Anupana ½ -2Ratti with .Medhavardhak .Varnya .

7.looks like “Rasamanikya” DIFFERENT KUPIPAKVA RASAS IN DIFFERENT RASASHASTRA TEXT Name Text 1. Makardhwaja --. Agnikumar Rasa – 2 Vaidya Chintamani 4. Agnikumar Rasa – 3 Vaidya Chintamani 5. After mardana . Sameerpanaga --. Anangasundar Rasa Rasendrasara Sangraha 9. After mardan-Red Talastha.For Firanga ¼ Ratti . Swarnavanga --.Gandhaka -5 Tala 3.White small granules 2. Kasisa .Black & Bright 8.Black.1. For Virechana Karma – 2 ½ Ratti .Redish 5. Swarnasindoora --. Ardhanarinateshwara Rasa Ratnakar Aushadhyoga .White granules like fine needle shape octangualr 3. Arkanaleshwara Rasa Yogmaharnava 12.Parada -5 Tola 2.Agsta Sampraday Granth 8. Rasa-Karpoora (Hg cl2) --. Hard. Amruteshwara Rasa Basavarajeeyam (Telugu) 10. Agnikumar Rasa – 4 Rasaraja sundar 6. Rasasindoora ---Redish 4. Agnikumar Rasa . Mallasindoora --.Gold like yellowish-redish. Amir Rasa Siddha Bhaishyajya Manimala 11.Virechaka .Urdhvastha – Black &Bright.Krimihara . Agnikumar Rasa – 1 Rasa Ratna Pradipika 3.Visuchika Note: Should not use for long time. Agadeshwara Rasa Rasendrakalpadruma 2.5 Tola 06 Hrs ½ -2 ½ Ratti. Rasa-Pushpa (calomel) --. Agnikumar Rasa – 5 Ratnakar Aushadhayoga 7. light.Before mardana = Aamra pravalapatra like (like new leaves of mango) 6. Colors of the some important Kupipakwa-Rasayanas: 1.

Kalagni Rudra Rasa Vaidya Chintamani 30. Kaminikama Bhanjana Rasa Chikitsa Ratnabharan 28. Kalpataru Rasa Ratnakar Aushadhyoga 20. Kasahara Rasa Rasachandanshu 31. Kamalasan Rasa Laghu Vaidyachintamani 27. Chintamani Rasa Rasaratna samuchaya 41. Khechari Gutika Rasaprakash Sudhakara 36. Chanda martanda Rasa Vyasa sampradaya Grantha 40. Chandabhairava Rasa Vaidyachintamani 38.13. Chardyantaka Rasa Yogaratnakara . Kanakasindura Rasa Yogaratnakara 18. Kamdeva Rasa Rasadipika 25. Ashtavakra Rasa Bhaishyajya Ratnavali 14. Upadansha Davanala Rasa Nutan Kalpasamghraha 16. Kusthankusha Rasa Rasakamdhenu 33. Kushthari Rasa Rasakamdhenu 34. Kamalapranuta Rasa Rasachandanshu 26. Kameshwari Rasa Rasaratna Manimala 29. Kapha Vidhwansa Rasa Rasayan Samghrah 19. Kasturi Rasa Rasakamdhenu 22. Khageshwara Rasa Rasaratna sammucchyaya 35. Chandrodaya Rasa Rasakaumudi 39. Kalyan Bhairava Rasa Vaidyachintamani 21. Kantavallabha Rasa Vaidyachintamani 24. Kantasindura Rasa Agastya Prokta Grantha 23. Kanakagiri Rasa Rasavatara Dwitiya 17. Udayabhaskara Rasa Nighantu Ratnakar 15. Chaitanya Bhairava Rasa Rasendrasara Sanghraha 43. Grahanighna Rasa Rasa avatara 37. Kusthagajakesari Rasa Rasakakaliya 32. Chudamani Rasa Rasarajashankara 42.

Trivikrama Rasa – 2 Vaidyachintamani 70.1 Rasayanasangraha 66. Talaka Rasayana Rasayana sanghraha 53. Talkeshwara Rasa . Jwarankusha Rasa Rasarajsundara 47.2 Rasayana sanghraha 55. Talkeshwara Rasa – 6 Rasakamdhenu 59. Talasindoora – 5 Yogamaharnava 65. Tamreshwara Rasa Rasa rajsundar 51. Trinetra Rasa . Talkeshwara (Tarkeshwar) Rasaratnakara 60. Trisanghatta Rasa Rasakamdhenu 71. Talsindoora – 2 Ratnakar Aushadhsangraha 62. Jwaramattebhakesari Rasa Todarananda 46. Talkeshwara Rasa – 4 Rasendrakalpadruma 57. Tripurbhairavarasa Rasendrasara Sanghraha 68. Daradeshwara Rasa Rasakamdhenu . Trivikrama Rasa – 1 Rasaratnasamucchayaya 69. Jwarari Rasa Rasa avatara (2nd ) 48. Tamrabhairava Rasa 2nd Rasa avatara (2nd ) 50. Trinetra Rasa – 2 Rasaratnasammucchyaya 67. Trailokya chudamani Rasa Rasakamdhenu 72.44. Tamrabhairava Rasa Rasa avatara (2nd ) 49. Talkeshwara Rasa – 5 Rasayana sanghraha 58. Daradasindura Rasa Rasayana Sanghraha 74. Talasindoora – 4 Brihatyoga tarangini 64. Jirnajwarahara Rasa Rasakovida 45. Tamrasindoora Vyasa sampradaya Text 52. Talsindoora (Manikya Rasa) Nutanakalpa 61. Trailokya Mohanarasa Rasapradipa 73. Talsindoora – 3 Siddha Bhaishyajya Manimala 63. Talkeshwara Rasa – 3 Rasayana sanghraha 56. Talkeshwara Rasa – 1 Rasachintamani 54.

Panchabalarasa Rasarajashankara 84. Pralayanal Rasa Vaidyachintamani . Peetamruganka Rasa Rasachandanshu 94. Purnabhraka Rasa Vaidyachintamani 98. Pandudalana Rasa Rasa avatara 88. Pittabhanjana Rasa Vaidyachintamani 92. Pramadebhankusha Rasa Brihat Yoga Tarangini 101. Naracha Rasa Vaidyachintamani 81. Piyushaghana Rasa Rasadipika 95. Purnachandrodaya Siddhasampradaya 96. Paradadivati Ratnakar Aushadhyoga 90. Panchanana Rasa Rasaavatara 86.75. Panibaddha Rasa Vaidyachintamani 87. Nailisindoora (Kupipakwa Rasa Nirman Vigyana) 83. Pramehasetu Rasa Rasachintamani 102. Narsimha Rasa Rasayanasangraha 80. Pratap Tapana Rasa Rasrajasundara 99. Pandhaloha Bhupati Rasa Rasayana Sanghraha 85. Pandusudana Rasa Rasaprakashasudhakara 89. Pramehari Rasa Rasaratnasamucchayaya 105. Pashupatastra Rasa Rasayanasangraha 91. Drishtaprabhava Rasa Rasalankara 76. Nidhishwara Rasa Rasasagar 82. Pramehantaka Rasa Vaidyachintamani 104. Pittantaka Rasa Vaidyachintamani 93. Purnachandrodaya Rasa Vaidyachintamani 97. Pratigya Vachaka Rasa rasaprakashsudhakara 100. Nagasindoora Rasayanasangraha 79. Navagraha Rasa – 2 Ratnakar Aushadhayoga 78. Navagraha Rasa – 1 Rasamaumudi 77. Pramehahara Rasa Vasavarajiya 103.

Bhaskarotkirti Rasa Rasarajasiromani 117. Manthanbhairava Rasa Chikitsakramkalpavalli 129. Manikya Rasa – 3 Rasayanasangraha . Mallasindoora – 2 Rasayanasara 132. Bhaskara Rasa – 2 Rasaprakashsudhakara 119. Bhaskara Rasa – 1 Rasavatara 118. Manikya Rasa – 2 Rasachandanshu. Pralakalagnirudra Rasa Rasayanasanghraha 107. Mallasindoora – 1 Rasayanasangraha 131. Baddhatalaka Vyasasampradaya 112. Praneshwara Rasa – 1 Vaidyachintamani 108. Madankamdeva Rasa – 3 Brihadyogatarangini 125. Manikya Rasa – 1 Rasarajsundar 135. Bhairava Rasa Rasarajshankara 121. Madanodaya Rasa Rasamanjiri 127. Bramharakshasa Rasa Rasakaumudi 116. Madanakusharasa Rasakamdhenu 126. Bhutnath Rasa Rasadipika 120. Praneshwara Rasa – 2 Rasarajashankhar 109. Manobhairava Rasa Vaidyachintamani 128. Madankamdeva Rasa – 1 Rasendrakalpadrum 123. Fanipati Rasa Vasava rajiya 110. Baddhadarada Vyasasampraddya 113. Manmatha Rasa Rasaratnasamucchyaya 130.106. Mahabhairava Rasa Vaidyachintamani 134. 136. Baddhamayah Vyasasampradaya 114. Madankamdeva Rasa – 2 Vasamruta 124. Makaradhwaja Rasa Rasratnakar (Rasayankhanda) 122. Baddhamaha Rasa Vyasasampradaya 115. Mallasindoora – 3 Rasayanasara 133. Fanibhushana Rasa Vaidyachintamani 111.

Meghanada Rasa – 1 Todarananda 149. Ratneshwara Rasa Rasayanasangraha 154. Rasarakshasa Rasa Rasasangrahasiddhanta 158. Yogi Rasa Ratnakara Aushadhayoga 153. Rasarajeshwara Rasa Laghuvaidyachintamani 157. Yogavahaka Rasa Rasadipika 152. Mritasanjeevana Rasa Ratnakara ` Aushadhayoga 145. Rasasindoora – 3 Rasendrasarasangraha . Rasarakshasa Rasa – 3 Rasakamdhenu 160. Mrutothapana Rasa Rasarajashankara 148. Mruganka Rasa – 2 Rasendrasara Sangraha 142. Rasakarpoor – 1 Rasakamdhenu 161. Muktamriganka Rasa Rasapaddhati 140. Rasakarpoor – 4 Rasakamdhenu 164. Mruganka Rasa – 1 Sharangadhara sambita 141. Meghanada Rasa – 2 Rasavatara 150. Rasakarpoor – 5 Nutanvidhi 165. Mritasanjeevana Rasa – 3 Vasavarajiyam 147. Rasakarpoor – 3 Rasakamdhenu 163. Muktagarbhapotali Rasa Rasarajashankara 139. Mritasanjeevana Rasa – 2 Rasaratnamanimala 146. Rasakarpoor – 2 Rasakamdhenu 162. Mruganka Rasa – 3 Rasakamdhenu 143. Ravitandava Rasa – 2 Rasayanasangraha 156. Rasasindoora – 2 Ratnakar Aoushadhayoga 167. Ravitndava Rasa Rasendrasarasangraha 155. Yakshmakshatru Rasa Rasayanasangraha 151.137. Mruganka Rasa – 4 Ratnakara Aushadhayoga 144. Manikya Rasa – 4 Rasayanasangraha 138. Rasasindoora Nighantu Ratnakara 166. Rasarakshasa Rasa – 2 Rasaratnasamucchyaya 159.

Rasendra Rasa Vaidyachintamani 173. Vatashulahara Rasa Chikitsakramkalpavalli 191. Vatavidwansa Rasa Rasendrasara Sangraha 189. Lankeshwara Rasa Rasarajasundara 176. Vangeshwara Rasa – 2 Rasarajsundar 182. Vataraktashoshi Rasa Rasaratnamanimala 188. Lokeshwara Rasa Vaidyachintamani 180. Vajradhara Rasa Rasayansangraha 185. Varishoshan Rasa Rasendrasarasangraha 193. Vasantaraj Rasa Rasapuddhati 186. Vangeshwara Rasa – 3 Rasayanasangraha 183.168. Vijaysindoora Rasakamdhenu 198. Vijaybhairava Rasa Vaidyachitamani 197. Rasabhraka Rasa Raschintamani 171. Vatavyadhigajankush Rasa Rasakamdhenu 190. Laharitaranga Rasa Rasarajasundar 178. Vanhisiddha Rasa Yogamaharnava 187. Rasendramangala Rasa Rasakamdhenu 172. Vangeshwara Rasa Nighanturatnakara 181. Vatari Rasa Ratnakara Aoushadhyoga 192. Rasasindoora – 4 Nighanturatnakara 169. Varisagara Rasa Yogamharnava 194. Raupyaraja Rasa Brihatyogatarangini 175. Vijaychooda Rasa Rasendrakalpadruma 196. Vidaran Narsimha Rasa Rasarajashankara . Vikralavaktra Bhairava Rasa Rsakamdhenu 195. Rasasindoora – 5 Ratnakar Aoushadhyoga 170. Vajraghand Rasa Rasakamdhenu 184. Lalitnath Rasa Rasakamdhenu 177. Rasarajeshwara Rasa Vaidyachintamani 174. Laxmivilas Rasa Rasakamdhenu 179.

Sannipatadavanala Rasa Ratnakar Aoushadhayoga 228. Shilasindoora – 3 Yogamaharnava 214. Vedavidya Rasa Vasavarajiya 206. Shilasindoora – 2 Rasayanasara 213. Vranamardana Rasa Rasaratnamanimala 209. Sanjeevana Rasa Vasavarajiyam 224. Shrinkhalavatanashana Rasa Vasavarajiyam 220. Vishamari Rasa Rasakamdhenu 205. Sandhivatari Rasa Vasavarajiyam 226. Sannipata kalanala Rasa Rasendrakalpadruma 227. Vranavavanal Rasa Ratnakar Aoushadhayoga 210. Vidyavagishwara Rasa Vasavarajiya 201. Sankocha Rasa Rasavatara 223. Shitabhanji Rasa – 3 Rasendrasarasangraha 219.199. Vishwamurti Rasa Rasachintamani 202. Vidyavallabha Rasa Rasachintamani 200. Shitabhanji Rasa Rasakumhenu 217. Shitajwala Rasa Ratnakar Aoushadayoga 216. Vishamantaka Rasa Todarananda 204. Sameerapannaga Rasa Rasachandanshu . Satwashekhara Rasa Todarananda 225. Vishamajwara Rasa Rasayanasangraha 203. Shilasindoora – 4 Ratnakar Aoushadayoga 215. Sharabheshwara Rasa Vaidyachintamani 211. Shanmukha Rasa Rasakoumudi 222. Vyadhiharana Rasa Rasayanasangraha 208. Sannipatabhairava Rasa Sharangadhara 229. Vaikrantabaddha Rasa Todarananda 207. Shitabhanji Rasa – 2 Rasakamdhenu 218. Shwitrari Rasa Rasaratnasamucchaya 221. Shilasindoora Rasayanasara 212.

Sarvasundara Rasa Rasaprakashsudhakara 233. Sutaraja Rasa Rasavatara 250. Sarvangasundara Rasa – 3 Rasakamadhenu 236. Sarveshwara Rasa Brihad Yogatarangini 239. Sudhanidhi Rasa Vasavarajiya 243. Swacchandanayaka Rasa Rasachintamani 256. Swacchandanayaka Rasa – 3 Rasaratnakara 258. Hatkakhya Rasa Laghuvaidyachintamani . Siddhasuta Rasa Bhaishyajyaratnavali 241. Suvarnasindoora Ratnakara Aoushadhayoga 247. Somnathi Tamra – 2 Rasachudamani 254. Suvarnabhupati Rasa Nighantu Ratnakara 244. Somnathi Tamra Rasachudamani 253.230. Suchikabharana Rasa – 2 Rasarajashankar 249. Suvarnavanga Kupipakwa Rasa Nirmana Vigyam 245. Sutendra Rasa Rasaratnasamucchaya 251. Suvarnarajavangeshwar Rasayanasangraha 246. Swacchandanayaka Rasa – 2 Nighanturatnakara 257. Sarvangasundara Rasa – 4 Vasavarajiya 237. Sarvangasundara Rasa – 2 Rasendrasarasangraha 235. Sthoulyagajakesari 255. Sarvajwarari Rasa Rasavatara (2nd ) 231. Suchikabharana Rasa Ratnakara Aoushadhayoga 248. Hargourisrushta Rasa Rasaratnakara 259. Suryashekhara Rasa Rasachintamani 252. Sarvangasundara Rasa Rasakamadhenu 234. Sarvalokashraya Rasa Rasaratnasamuchaya 232. Saraswata Rasa Rasakamadhenu 240. Sarveshwara Rasa Rasakamadhenu 238. Harrudra Rasa Nighanturatnakara 260. Sudarshana Rasa Todarananda 242.

Odourless Texture .Odourless Texture .Redish (Raktavarna) Smell/Odour .7% w/w Maximum 87.05% w/w Mercury .8% w/w Mercury Minimum 82.Absent 2.Fine powder Taste _ Tasteless Quantitative Free Sulphur . RASA – SINDOORA (Rasatarangini) Physical – properties Colour .Tasteless Quantitative Free Sulphur Minimum 1.2% w/w Gold . Hemaprabha Rasa Rasavatara 262.Nil Sulphur . Kshayantaka Rasa Todarananda Analytical Table 1.Odourless .2% w/w Maximum 13.261.Maximum 86.1% w/w Ash quantity Nil 3.Fine powder Taste .0% w/w Minimum 72. SAMIRPANNAGARASA (Ayurvediya Aushadhigunadhurmashastry) Physical properties Colour .Maximum 14.Redish(Raktavarna) Odour .9% w/w Sulphur Minimum 13.0% w/w Minimum 11.Yellowish – Redish Odour . Makardhwaja (Ref – Bhaishyajya Ratnavali) Physical Property Colour .4% w/w Maximum 9.

30% w/w 5.55% w/w Sodium as Na Only Traces .6% w/w Cloride as Cl Maximum 24.0% w/w Maximum 19.Texture .3% w/w Maximum 74.Tasteless Quantitative Free Sulphur Minimum 1.3% w/w Sulphur Maximum 20. Maroon Odour Odourless Texture Fine powder Taste Tasteless Quantitative Free Sulphur Maximum 3.4% w/w Maximum 3.Fine powder Taste .36% w/w Sulphur Maximum 19.50% w/w 4.28% w/w Maximum 32.2% w/w Arsenic Minimum 30.01% w/w Arsenic as Maximum 14. MALLA SINDOORA (Siddhabheshaj Manimala) Physical Properties Colour Redish.03% w/w Mercury Minimum 12.68% w/w Mercury Maximum 52. RASA – KARPOORA (Rasatarangini) Physical Properties Colour White (Shweta) Texture Fine powder Taste Tasteless Quantitative Free Sulphur Nil Sulphur Nil Mercury Minimum 64.

63% w/w Loss after heating Maximum 97.Tasteless Quantitative Free Sulphur Nil Sulphur Minimum 12.9% w/w 7.Yellow like Gold Odour .9% w/w Maximum 35.2% w/w Mercury Maximum 1.4% w/w Tin as SnO2 Minimum 63.16% w/w Solubility in Acid Maximum 0.Very smooth Taste . SWARNA VANGA(Rasatarangini) Physical Properties Colour .7% w/w Maximum 64.6.Very light Texture .870% w/w Chloride as Cl Maximum 21. RASA PUSHPA (Rasatarangini) Physical properties Colour White (Shwet) Odour Odourless Texture Fine powder Taste Tasteless Quantitative Free Sulphur Nil Sulphur Nil Mercury HgO Maximum 91.0% w/w Tin as SnS2 Minimum 33. 1994) .73% w/w Iron as Fe3O2 Minimum 0.45% w/w Maximum 80.49% w/w Standardisation of kupipakwa Rasayana by Adopting Metallographic Technique with special Reference to Makaradhwaja (Sachitra Ayurved June.721% w/w Maximum 11.

It also provides information regarding the quality of metallic drug (specially bhasma) prepared by different methods as well as the effect of the changes in the processing parameters. Wax 10. Arsenic etc. are not used to frequently as herbal drugs. 20. . No parameter has been established till now to check the impurity of final product. Acryllic Hardener 3. Silvet cloth 8. Acryllic powder 2. Grease. For such study the metallic particles to be mounted in self hardening acrylic base and then careful polishing to obtain scratch free surface of products. Lead. Preparation of Samples: Generally the drug is used in powdered form. But due to presence of toxic materials like mercury. Mounting material 6.Abstract: Kupipakwa Rasayanas are famous and prestingious drugs in the field of Ayurveda. therefore it is necessary to make it into block form for the it is necessary to make it into block form for the examination of metals and its structure under metallurgical microscope. Introduction: It is an advancement in the field of Ayurveda to study the structure of metallic preparation as already indicated by adopting metallographic technique. Emeric paper No. The metallographic technique is helpful in the identification of constituents of final product into maximum extent. Metallic ring 4. Materials and Methods: 1.10. Metallurgical light Microscope. Glass slide 5. Kerosin Oil 9. 30 and 40 7. Now it is clear that the presence of free metals and certain compounds create problems if they were not property prepared through Ayurvedic methods. It helps in the study of microstructure of the preparation and also helps in the identification of compound formed during the preparation.

5 gm of weighted sample of Makardhwaja in powder form and was mixed with 1 gm of Acryllic powderin a mortar. Subsequently it was further on 20. the mounted sample was at first rubbed on course emeric paper No. Hence. The metallic ring was filled by mixed powder and acryllic hardener was poured drop by drop. The presence of grease on the glass slide and the inner surface of ring prevents formation of bond between the acrylic material and contact surface. with menthanol to remove the wax and oil etc. The sample surface of the mount could not be polished finally upto desired seratch free level. Since the Makardhwaja was very soft in nature. till the required height of block was achieved after about 15 minutes the pallet was taken out by gentle it out of the ring. . it also helps in easy ejection of the sample from the ring. by usual method. Polishing of Blocks: Prepared blocks were rubbed on emeric paper graded No. After a few seconds the vacant space was again filled by plane Acryllic powder and the acrylic hardener was also added. 20. the sample was ready for microscopial study. It facilitated the grinding and polishing of drug particles which were in very fine size. Finally after washing with water all the samples were rubbed on silver cloth very carefully and applying very light pressure because the material was soft in nature and could seratch on block if the pressure was slight more. and thus. Method of Mounting: A metallic ring of 10 mm height and 10 mm in diameter was internally coated with grease and kept on a glass slide which was also coated by a thin layer of grease. final polishing was done by using a clean solution of paraffin in kerosin oil on silver cloth.10 to cut and reveal the inner surface of the drug particle.The drug was mounted on the surface of self hardening acrylic powder in the cylindrical shape block of 1x1 cm in height and diameter. The polished surface were washed. 30 and 40 respectivelly make it plane.10. Before changing the polishing process from corser size of finer size paper the samples were cleaned with water and cotton and the direction of polishing was changed by 90°. The liquid reacts with powder and forms a plastic mass which binds the powdered drug and gets converted into a pallet by self hardening. 0. 30 and 40 respectively.

Plane Light 2. Colour Contrast light And were studied at different magnification as follows: The microstructural features of the Makardhwaja and Rasa Sindura prepared by two different techniques described earlier by Rasa classic and also compared the Makardhawaja purchased from market. black precipitate converts into red HgS. Microscopic Study of the Mounted Sample: Polished sample were fixed on a glass slide with the help of plasticine and leveled by slight pressure under the leveler. The lense was focused on the surface of the sample and the structure of product stydied at different magnifications.e. under objective lense. But no Ayurvedic reference is available to use this compound for therapeyitic purpose. when hydrogen sulphide passes through a solution of mercuric chloride. Hgs (Red). This compound also exists in nature as cinnabar mineral associated with other rocks and minerals. The chemical method of preparation of red variety of Hgs may be demonstrated by the following reaction.e. Discussion: Makardhwaja prepared by Ayurvedic method is chemically the compound of mercury and sulphur i. The Ayurvedic approach to the manufacture of red mercuric sulphide seems to be high temperature reaction between mercury and sulphur but since mercury is nan-metallic liquid it is almost impossible or difficult task to mix mercury and sulphur intimately. In this particular cause the more advanced Litz microscope was used to study the microstructure under colour contrast and polarized light. The samples were examined in polished condition in 1. (HgCl2 )L + (H2S)G – (HgS)S + 2(HCL)L i. the mounted slide was placed on the platform. the ancient . Polarised Light 3. The total surface area of the mounted sample was studied minutely by moving the slide in X and Y directions with the help of movable screw fixed to the platform. However.Metallurgical Microscope In the microscope the study of microstructure is done under reflected light instead of illuminated light as in biological microscope. Rasasindura and Hingula which are effective medicine for Rasayana and many other therapentic effects. However its use in Ayrvedic medicine is found in the form of mdkardhwaja.

On the basis of metallographic study it can be said that it is the best parameter for standardization of drug and also identification of impurities. Das et. Rath et al. References: 1. The metallographic microstructure study of makardhwaraja particles shows the formation of coloumnar grains. The Au – S phase diagram shows that these are also immisible both in liquid as well as in soild state. Dr. MD (Ayu) Thesis 1991 IMS. IMS. Dr.scholats of Ayurveda have mentioned a very innovative and effective approach. As seen from Au-Hg phase diagram which shows both the elements mix readily at room temperature to form a series of compounds generally known as amalgam. BHU . the compound HgS (Red) is formed in the absence of oxygen because at last stage the sulphur byrns on the mouth of bottle and when the bottle is corked and heated at 500° to 600°C. Ram Nagar.al MD(Ayu) thesis 1990. Thus there is the possibility to form a sulphide compound only in the product. The detailed procedure of manufacture of Makardhwaja as per Ayurvedic mehod has been described earlier which mentioned the use of a number of herbal drugs for the sodhan and the bhavana of this products. BHU Rasashastra 3. 2. When sulphur powder triturated with mixture of amalgam of elemental mercury they readily interact to form black sulphide of Mercury (HgS) at room temperature. New Delhi. Kehl – Principles of Metallographic Laboratory Practice. Eurasia Publishing House (Pvt) Ltd. to solve this problem by first forming an amalgam of Gold and Mercury. Here the idea behind to add gold before adding sulphur is that the mercury gets divided into fine states which helps to expose the maximum surface are in amalgam state for reaction with sulphur. probably because of this the red Mercuric sulphide made by this technique is non-toxic for the body where as the use of Mercuric sulphide red made by other chemical technique has adverse effects. Result: Thus the metallographic study to help in identification of purity of drug and microstructural analysis. It may be concluded that gold acts as a media for the desired chemical reaction between Mercury and Sulphur during trituration due to the effect of amalgamation it get converted to very fine fleks and remains in the bottom residue of kupi and it does not go to the sublimed compound. In preparation of Makardhwaja. The absence of gold is confirmed by the chemical well as spectral analysis.

00 44.3.50 30.00 29. Dr.00 26. Dr.00 46.P.00 37.6/162-167) Company Baidyanath Chirayu Dabur Dhanwantri Dhootpapeshwar Dindayal Gurkul Kashmir Kottakkal Manil Sandu Sdm Uma Zandu Presentation 2.95-100) .5gm 1gm 10gm 10gm 5gm 2gm 5gm 100gm 5gm Rs. Rasa-sindura: (R.00 2. Svarnavanga: (Rasamritam.00 210.4. MD (Ayu) Thesis 1991 IMS.D Thesis 1993 IMS. Nagaraju et al Ph.00 35.00 12. BHU 6.00 83. BHU 5. SOME CLASSICAL KUPIPAKVA RASAYANA AVAILABLE IN THE MARKET WITH PRICE LIST 1. BHU.5gm 5gm 2gm 2. 38.5gm 3gm 2. Dr.00 50. Anand et al.00 32. Varanasi. Prajapati MD Thesis 1994 IMS.00 80.T.

5gm 3gm 5gm 5gm 5gm 2.00 41.Company Baidyanath Chirayu Dabur Dhootpapeshwar Dindayal Gurkul Kashmir Uma Zandu Presentation 2.00 61.00 35.00 Dhootpa peshwar Dindaya 2.5gm 10gm 100gm 5gm Rs. 00 65.5gm 500gm 11 Chirayu 10gm Dabur 1gm 58.00 45. 36. Sameera pannagarasa: (Ayurvea Aushadhigunadharma shastra) Company Baidyanath Chirayu Dhootpapeshwar Dindayal Gurkul Kashmir Sandu Sdm Uma Zandu Presentation 2. 00 Baidyan ath 1gm 4.0 0 Rs.00 30.00 3.00 52.P.00 63. 49.00 50.5gm 5gm 10gm 2gm 5gm 100gm 5gm Rs.00 88.00 50.00 33.00 50. .00 12.5gm 3gm 5gm 2.00 150.00 37. Siddha makaradhwaja: (R.P. P.00 37.T) Compa ny Prese ntatio n 500gm 19 0.00 155.

R.5gm 1gm 20gm 10gm Rs.00 70. 237-238) Company Baidyanath Chirayu Dabur Dhootpapeshwar Dindayal Gurkul Sandu Shariji Presentation 2.00 .00 90.00 67. 2.5gm 55.00 283.5gm 5gm 40gm 10gm 2. Vyadhiharana Rasa (Vaidya Chintamani): Company Baidyanath Presentation Rs.0 0 5.l Gurkul Kashmir Zandu 1gm 2gm 0.0 0 19 0.00 109. Makaradhawaja: (B.00 60.0 0 17 0. 154.Vajikaranadhikara.0 0 13 5.P.0 0 14 5.00 5.00 50.P.

00 50. M.00 280.00 Researches in “KUPIPAKVA – RASAYANAS” .00 28. Baghel. P.00 34.00 200.00 25. 00 7. Poornachandrodaya: (Basavarajiyam) Comp any Baidya nath 2gm Zandu 40.5gm 5gm 2.P. Malla-Sindoora: (S.5.Bidar ( Karnataka ) Presentation Rs. 31.00 30. 2.Swadeshi Uma Zandu 10gm 100gm 2gm 20.00 80.5gm 5gm 2gm 1gm 1gm 10gm 100gm 2gm 58.00 32.37) Present ation 500gm Rs.B. Jamnagar LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 1.00 35.M.00 82. BD .00 6.M. 00 Company Baidyanath Chirayu Dabur Dhanwantri Dhootpapeshwar Dindayal Gurkul Kashmir Uma Zandu Ref: “Researches in Ayurveda” – 2005 Dr. S.

HR .Kolkata ( West Bengal ) 6.BHU ( Varanasi.)( Maharastra ) 18.2. ND .Patna ( Bihar ) 19. MY . BE .Jamnagar ( Gujrata ) 10. CHANDRODAYA RASA UD-38 Sharma S. CA .Puri ( Orrisa ) 21.Nashik ( Maharashtra ) 15. CHANDAMARITA CHANDOORAM JM-476 Dr. BU .Bellary ( Karnataka ) 3. BG . KP .Lucknow ( UP ) 13. JP . HY . Harwalkar R.Hyderabad ( A. PA . PU .Belgaum ( Karnataka ) 4.P ) 7.Udaipur ( Rajasthan ) 1.Koppa ( Karnataka ) 12. NG . GANDHAKA – JARANA BU-2821 Singh A. Col.P ) 9. PT . NS .P – 1987 Chandrodaya Rasa Kalpana evam aska Mrityunjaya Prabhavee Adhyayan 3. UP ) 5.S.Jaipur (NIA) Rajasthana 11. HP .Mysora ( Karnataka ) 14.Nanded ( Maharastra ) 16. UD . JM . NA .K – 1996 Study on the role of Gandhaka Jarana in relation to mercury & its preparation Rasa Sindoora. LK .Nagpur ( Maharastra ) 17.Nagpur (Shri Ayu. – 1998 Chandramrit Rasa Nirmana evam Kasaghna Gunadharma Kaprayogika Adhyayan.J – 1976 Chandamarita Chandooram preparation & Its use on skin disease (L-756) NS-32 Thakur P. .Patiala ( Punjab ) 20.Haridwar ( Uttaranchala ) 8.Paprola ( H. 2.

BU-2822 Prajapati P.K – 1994 Study on Makardhwaja BU-250 Chinta Sri Durga – 2000 Study of chemical experimental & Immunological effect of Makardhwaja.P – 1976 Malla Sindoora ka Vivechanatmaka Adhyayana.S – 1974 Studies on Malla – Sindoora.4. Thesis) Study on Makardhwaja JM-2310 Pattagiri B – A Pharmaceutical & Toxicity Study of Makardhwaja Prepared by Ashtasanskarit Parada.C – 1967 Malla Sindoora (with study on shwasa & eosinophillia)(L-357) JM – 520 Valdoria Rashik N – 1991 A comparative study of three claimed Swashahara Yogas. K – 1998 (Ph. 5. 6. GANDHAKA – SINDOORA TR-312 Boban K Alex – 1990 Anticancer property of Gandhak Sindoora. J – 1993 A Comparative Study on Malla Sindoora prepared by two different methods in relation to its effect on Sandhivata (L-2078) JP – 135 Bandel Bharti – 2000 Tamaka Shwasa mein Malla Sindoora evam Yashtimadhu ka Chikitsatmaka Adhyayana.D. MANIKYA RASA BU – 232 Prasad D V V R – 1993 Standardisation of Manikya Rasa . JM – 455 Patel P. Dhattura moola twak swarasa bhavita kajjali & Malla Sindoora) JM – 527 Gaur. (Tamra bhasma. CA – 5 Dhanani p – 1982 A study of the clinical profile of tropical pulmonary eosinophilia & its treatment with Malla Sindoora. MALLA SINDOORA BU-202 Sawhney H. 7. MAKARDHWAJA BU-234 Prajapati P. NS – 2002 Khiyani Rajkumar – 1995 Malla Sindoora Nirmana Evam uska Pakshaghata par prayogik Adhyayana. UD – 10 Upadhyaya R. PU – 37 Mohanti S M – 1987 Role of Malla Sindoora on Vatika Kasa (Tropical pulmonary eosinophillia). HR – 14 Meena Rani – 1996 Chemical Study of Malla Sindoora and its Toxic Effect. PT – 20 Singh J – 1979 Malla Sindoora ka Nirmana aur Amavata par Adhyayana.

s. RASA – PUSHPA JM – 558 Nawakar Shailesh – 2001 Standardisation of Rasa Pushpa & its pharmaco-chemical study w.K – 1993 Clinical & Experimental evaluation of Manikya Rasa with Bakuchi Oil (Psoralia corylifolia) in the treatment of Vicharchika (Atopic dermatitis) JM – 533 Inamdar M. Thesis) JM -475 Patel A. 9.K 1996 Rajat Sindoora ka nirmana evam prabhavatmaka adhyayana gridhrasi evam visvachi Roga ke pariprekshya mein. RAJAT SINDOORA JP – 344 Jain A. JM – 471 Somanandan G – 1974 Arkapatra Swarasa Bhavita Rasa Sindoora in Tamak Shwasa (L – 52) JM – 483 Khair G D – 1978 Comparative study of Arkadala Choorna Alone & along with kajjali & rasa sindoora on shwasa ( L – 840 ) .r to its anti microbial activity (L – 2637) 11. R to Toxicity.R to vicharchika ( L – 1386 ) JP – 306 Agniras R. S.P – 1991 Study on Rasa Karpoora (Standardisation & Evaluation of Toxicity & Antibacterial Activity) BU – 2820 Rao Prabhakar G – 1995 Study on Rasakarpoora (Ph. P – 2000 Standardisation of Manikya Rasa (Tala Sindoora) & its pharmaco clinical study W.s. (L-2574) 8.S. HR – 7 Kuldeep k – 1992 Chemical & Bacteriologic Studies on Rasa – Sindoora. S – 1975 Rasa Karpoora Nirmana (L-684) JM – 494 Yerishwamy H – 1984 The Preparation of Rasa Karpoora & its efficacy in skin disorders W.CA – 63 Samantha U. K – 1985 Rasa Karpoora Kalpa Vigyana (Ashta – Sanskarita evam Hingulottha Paradase Rasa Karpoora) 10.r to their Chemical & Toxicity Study on Rasa – Sindoora BU – 2821 Singh A.D. RASA – SINDOORA BE – 16 Sashibhusan – 2002 Preparation & physico chemical analysis of Shadguna balijarita Rasa Sindoora & its clinical efficacy on Tamak shwasa with three different adjuvant. BU – 253 Ramsagar – 2002 A comparative Study of Hingula & Rasa Sindoora w. K – 1996 Study on role of Gandhaka jarana in relation to mercury & its preparation Rasa Sindoora. RASAKARPOORA BU – 227 Rao G.

r to shvitraghna yoga ( L – 1785 ) JM – 515 Gandhi D B – 1990 A comparative study of Hypotensive formula alone & along with Rasa Sindoora ( L – 1787 ) JM – 517 Wavare Ramesh – 1990 An experimental & Clinical study of oral contraceptive w. ( L – 1514 ) JM – 502 Vaghasia Dhiraj – 1986 Supatha – pakva shadguna balijarita Rasa sindoora ka Vrishya Prabhava ( L – 1511 ).s. PT – 13 Mandgil S – 1978 Rasa Sindoora nirman evam adhyayana. PT – 38 Surjeevan Kumar – 1985 Shuddha Ashta Sanskarita Parada Se Rasa Sindoora nirman evam tamak shwasa par adhyayan.s. 12. NS – 48 Hattimare Kishor – 2003 Rasa Sindoora nirman evam Tamak Shvasa par aturalayin adhyayana .r to its toxicity.r to its preparation time & its clinical efficacy in kshudra kushta.s.r to vrishya yoga in male sexual problems ( L – 1752 ) JM – 513 Agarwal Umeshkumar – 1990 The augmenting effect of Rasa Sindoora w. JP – 346 Pramanik T K – 1996 Vividha Vidhi Vinirmita Rasa Sindoora ka nirmana tmaka va tulnatmaka evam Nadi-dourbalya par prabhavatmaka adhyayana.s. (L – 2734) JM – 2302 Sharma H S – 1986 Standardization of Rasa Sindoora in relation to paka-kala & agni. JM – 512 Sharma Pavan Kumar – 1989 The augmenting effect of Rasa Sindoora (Ashta sanskarita) w.JM – 496 Badha H Jaishree – 1985 A study of Rasa Sindoora with varying proportions of Sulphur. UD – 56 Sharma S K – 1993 Ashta sanskarita evam Hingulottha parade dwara Rasa Sindoora nirman evam Tulnatmaka adhyayana. SAMMEER PANNAGA RASA .s. ( L – 1464 ) JM – 498 Bhatt sudha – 1986 “Shukra shatani chasoote” Ke pariprekshya mein samaguna Rasa – Sindoora evam Atmagypta beeja churna ka tulnatmaka adhyayan ( L – 1514 ) JM – 501 Swayam Prakash – 1986 A comparative study of Rasa – Sindoora evam w.r to augmenting property of Rasa Sindoora ( L – 1776 ) JM – 559 Dasondi M – 2002 A comparative pharmaco chemical study of Rasa sindoora (Samaguna & shadguna bali jarita ) w. TR – 413 Sanjeev Kumar L B – 1990 Clinical Study in the management of Dushta-vrana with Rasa Sindoora internally & Rasa Karpoora dhoopan externally.

s. NS – 30 Ramteke V M – 1997 Sameera Pannaga Rasa Nirmana Evam Gridhrasi Vyadhi ke Pariprekshya mein uske guna-karmon ka Aturalayein Adhyayana. 15. PT – 12 Jagdish Raj – 1978 Sameera Pannaga Rasa Nirmana Evam Amavata par adhayayana. PT – 45 Krishna B – 1987 Shila Sindoora nirmana evam tamaka – shwasa par adhyayana. SHILA – SINDOORA BE – 18 Madhuridevi R – 2003 Preparation & Physico chemical analysis of Shila Sindoora & its clinical efficacy on Tamak Shwasa. .G – Sindoora Kalpana ( L – 229 ).r to Rheumatoid Arthritis. Chemical and experimental study. LK – 13 Tewari Vamdeva – 1979 The effect of Sameera Pannaga Rasa on Amavata w. 14.r to its pharmaceutical. HY – 104 Rao Ramana – 1995 Study effect of Sameera Pannag Rasa in treatment of Tamak Shwasa. K – 1992 Soma Sindoora ka Bhaishayajyakeeya nirman evam tamashasa par prabhavatmaka adhyayan. LK – 40 Khare H P – 1984 To evaluate the effect of Sammera Pannaga Rasa with Earanda Taila on Amavata. 13. SOMA SINDOORA UD – 53 Shudhanshu S. (Rheumatoid Arthritis) A clinical & Classical Study. NA – 67 Nikam Mishra – 2000 To study the effect of Samira Pannaga Rasa in Tamaka Swasa Vegavastha.s. SINDOORA KALPANA JM – 406 Shreedharan N – 1958 Sindoora Kalpana ( L – 9 ).r to tropical pulmonary eosinophillia.s. JM – 2305 Joshi (MS) Chetana A study on Shila Sindoora w. JM – 442 Goradia D D – 1967 Sameera Pannaga Rasa Bhaishajika evam prayogika adhyayana ( L – 348 ) LK – 6 Kansal Y M – 1978 The effect of Sameer Pannaga Rasa on Vatika Kasa w.BU – 239 Raviprakash – 1996 – study on Sameera Pannaga Rasa w.r to its toxicity & its clinical efficacy in eosinophillia. JM – 436 Shukla A. UD – 50 Javale K E – 1992 Sameera Pannaga Rasa Nirmana Evam Shvasa Roga par Prabhavatmaka Adhyayana.s.

HR – 43 Pandey Sanjay – 2001 Preparation & Physico chemical study of Swarna – Vanga.P – 1999 Swarna Vanga ka nirmanatmaka evam Vajeekarana ke pariprekshya me prabhavatmaka adhyayana. PT – 16 Sundar Lal – 1976 Tamra-Sindoora nirman evam Tamaka Shwasa par adhyayana. JP – 355 Sharma R. JP – 47 Pareeka R K – 1981 Madhumeha evam Swarna Vanga (Nidan – Chikitsa tmaka adhyayana). K – 1993 Tala Sindoora rasa nirmana evam Tamak-Shwasa par prayogika aturalayein adhyayana.16.r to its Toxicity. JM – 422 Rath S P – 1961 Swarna – Vanga. BU – 2816 Sharma Gyane Shwara – 1992 Studies on Swarna – Vanga w. L – 2004 Analytical Study of Svarna – Vanga & its therapeutic efficacy on Oligozoospermid. 17. NS – 15 Pendse V. TALA – SINDOORA BG – 104 Honawad Chandrashekar – Pharmaceutico analytical Study of Tala – Sindoora w. JM – 453 Pathak Nityananda – 1969 Tala Sindoora Shwaso roga par ek adhyayana ( L – 453 ). NS – 3 Papadkar A W – 1981 Swarna Vanga nirmana Vishleshanatmaka adhyayana evam madhymeha par prayoga: EK prayogika adhyayana.s. (Rasa Tarangini 17/26-29) . TAMRA – SINDOORA JP – 334 Bhatnagar (MS) P – 1992 Antar – Dhooma evam Bahir-dhoom Tamra Sindoora Kalpana evam Apasmara roga par prabhavatmaka adhyayana. BU – 215 Sharma G – 1984 Pharmacological and Experimental study on Swarna – Vanga w.s. PT – 14 Ramkrishna – 1978 Swarna Vanga ka nirmana evam prameha par adhyayana.s. SWARNA – VANGA BE – 29 Vijendra P. JM – 303 Sharma G.r to effect on Genitourinary System. this Kupiakva method is used for the preparation of Tamrabhasma. L – 1983 Tala Sindoora Kalpana. Rajata Bhasma etc. Discussion Ø Besides the preparation of rasaoushadhis. 18.r to its toxicity and Testicular regeneration property.

Harisharanananda Vigyan 2. after complete one jarana. The descriptions about kupipakva method & many formulations prepared with different constituents and techniques are scattered in various texts. different ingredients are filled in kupi in the form of pallet.ZHA.Dr. Rasa Ratna Samucchaya .S. 1/191) for example. many specific methods are described. V. rasasindoora itself is used as an ingredient for the preparation of some formulations. (Ayurved Pra. Conclusion: Kupipakva Rasaushadhis are magnificent in the main stream of ayurvedic medicaments that are frequently used for dreadful diseases. Bhartiya Rasashastra . tin etc. Rasatantrasara Va .Dr. apart fro mercury along with minerals and also used as ingredient. (Dr.Hindi Vyakhya Gulraj Shastri Sampadita 4. should also be done by kupipakva method as it is very easy and beneficial.C.G. Kupipakva Rasayana Nirman . lead. Indradeva Tripathi 3. copper.Vd. 15/11-18) Ø For “shadgunajarana” described in Ayurveda Prakash. or Rasa Sindoora prepared with samaguna.Desai 6. (R. Bibliography 1. Varanasi) Ø For the preparation of kupipakva rasa. 12/19-22) Ø For the preparation of “Sarvalokeshrayarasa”. Ø To enhance the therapeutic quality of the drug. Ø For the preparations of “Mritsanjeevanirasa” the liquids of differenht herbs are added in the kupi during the process of heating (R. Mulashankar Dwivedi 7. Ø When bhasmas of metals/minerals are added as an ingredient then in most of the cases it is desired to get the final product Talastha. Rasatarangini . Parada Vigyaniyam .Hindi Vyakhya Dr.R.Pandit Kashinath Shastri Sampadita 5. silver. equal amount of (samagund) of sulphur should be mixed in mercury in different steps.Ø On the basis of works & experiences we are of the opinion that even the incineration (bhasmikaranam) of metals like gold.BHU. Sulphur should again converted into free mercury by sublimation (patina) and then it should be processed further in the same manner repeatedly till the completion of shadgunajarana. next amount of sulphur should be added.S. Ayurveda Prakash .B.R.

Feb – April 2005 15.C.Yashodhara Bhatta Vyakhyakar – Siddhinandana Misra 19. Kalada.Siddhinandana Mishra 11.June 1994.Vd. Researches in Ayurveda . Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra . Nagpur.Dr. Ayurved Sara Sangraha .S.Nishteshwar & Dr.T. 9.Vd. Bhavan.Baidyanath Prakashan.Zha 12. Kupi (Bottle) 9 b. 8. Application of standardized . Furnaces 12 d. N.K.C. Aryavaidyan Magazine . Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra .Dr.Dr. Upakaranas and Material required for Preparation 8 Place for Preparation 8 Important Instruments and Apparatus a. Parameters of quality . Rasayogasagara . Jamnagar. Sachitra Ayurved Magazine . Valukayantra 10 c.R. Hariprapanna Sharma 20. INDEX COMPILATION .A. Stedmans Dictionary.Siddha Prayoga Sangraha .S. Ayurvediya Rasa Shastra .B. 17.Baghel. 10.Dr.P. Aoushadhi Gunadharma Shastra. Gangadhar Shastra Gune.C. 16. Vijayawada. 14. Pyrometer 14 Miscellaneous Instruments and Apparatus .KUPIPAKVA RASAYANA Ø Introduction 1 Ø Definition 2 Ø Importance 3 Ø Historical aspect 4 Ø Types 5 Ø Yantras. Rasa Prakash Sudhakar .Vidyanath 13. New Delhi Assessment of ayurved & Siddha Drugs 18.Dr. Namburi Hanumanthrao.Krishna Gopal Ayu.

Match Box and Kerosene 18 f. Coating of Kupi 20 c. Firing Material 18 e. Observation-Book 18 Procedure (Method of Preparation) 19 Pre-heating Phase a. Khalwa Yantra 15 b. Wrapping Material 17 c. Wooden-Rod 16 h.a. First Aid Box 18 g. Airtight bottles 16 Material Required 17 a. Knife 16 g. Drugs and Bhavana Dravyas 17 b. Kupi stand 15 c. Water 17 d. Kajjali preparation & Trituration 19 b. Filling of Raw material in the bottle 22 Heating Phase 22 § Temperature pattern 22 Observational Action/Procedure 23 § Cleansing the mouth of bottle 24 § Determination of proper paka (Paka-Pariksha) 24 § Important precautions 25 § Sealing of Mouth (Mudrana) 26 § Cork (Daat) 26 Post-Heating Phase 27 § Removing of the bottle 27 . Trays 15 d. Copper foils/Coin 16 f. Iron-rod (Loha-Shalaka) 15 e.

T. P. for Sindura Group 58 Ø Analytical Specification of Sindura (Table) (C.S) 64 Ø Some Classical Kupipakva Rasayana available in the market 65 Ø Researches in Kupipakva – Rasayanas 68 Ø Discussion & Conclusion 75 Ø Bibliography 76  => Do you also want a homepage for free? Then click here! <= . S.R.A.C.§ Breaking of the bottle 27 § Test for prepared medicine 28 § Adverse effect of apakva-rasa 28 § Way to prepare apakva-rasayana to pakva stage 28 Ø Doubts & Answers 29 Ø Some important Kupipakva-rasayanas & Indications 31 Ø Colors of some important rasas 40 Ø Kupipakva-rasas in different Rasashastra Texts 41 Ø Analytical Table 50 Ø Standardisation – Metallographic Technique 53 Ø N.

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