INDEX

Aarsleff, Hans, 35
Addison, Joseph, 6, 19, 20, 23, 25, 78, 115
Adorno, Theodor, 124
Akenside, Mark, 60
Pleasures of the Imagination, 7, 25, 101,
106, 114–19
Arbuckle, James 105
Arendt, Hannah, 125, 159
Aristotle, 15, 50, 51, 65, 85, 96, 100, 155,
161
arts, 18, 43–4, 46, 47–9, 99
association of ideas, 59–61, 149
authors, 95–7, 98–9
see also poets

Boyson, Rowan, xi, 7
Brooke, Christopher, 89–90, 91–2
Browne, Thomas, 93
Bunyan, John, 19
Burke, Edmund, 154
Burnet, James, Lord Monboddo, 29, 40–1
Burton, Robert, 93
Butler, Joseph, 80, 82–3, 84, 86
Butterfield, Herbert, 98
Calvinism, 80
Campbell, George, 9, 61, 140, 145
The Philosophy of Rhetoric, 85–6, 147–8
Carboni, Pierre, xi, 8–9, 121
Carey, Daniel, 911
Caron, Philippe, 127
Cassirer, Ernst, 90
Cavendish, Charles, 63
Chandler, James, 123
Chinese, 38, 40
Clare, John, 121
class distinction, 107–8
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, 26, 149, 155, 164,
167
Collier, Jeremy, 136
comedy, 18, 97, 98, 99 103
common sense, 114
compassion, see pity
Condillac, Etienne Bonnot de, 13, 29, 30–1,
33–7, 38–9
Essay on the Origin of Human Knowledge,
11–12
Connell, Phillip, xi, 6
Coryat, Thomas, 96
Cowley, Abraham, 24, 25, 26, 65
Cowper, William, 101
Crane, R. S., 142–3

Copyright

Balinese, the, 59
ballads, 122, 124
Lyrical Ballads, 148, 149
Preface, 25, 125, 140, 146, 149–50
bards, 52, 146–7
Batteux, Abbé, 128
Bayle, Pierre, 106–7, 118, 119
Beattie, James, 29, 39–40, 41
The Minstrel, 121
Theory of Language, 32
belief, 144–5
belles lettres, 8–9, 45, 55, 127–30, 140
Smith on, 17, 44, 53, 127, 128, 137
benevolence, 80, 81, 82 86, 111–12, 130
Bennington, Geoff, 31
Berkeley, George, 101
Berry, Christopher, xi, 6
Bible, 12, 35
Blacklock, Thomas, 130
Blair, Hugh, 12, 15, 29, 32, 37, 54, 59, 123,
124, 128, 142
blank verse, 25

– 201 –

202

The Poetic Enlightenment: Poetry and Human Science, 1650–1820

Crawford, Robert, 17
creativity, 8, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 52, 54, 57,
102
Critical Review, 17
criticism, 15–19, 97, 98
literary, 4, 142, 147, 151–2
Davenant and Hobbes, 64–74
Johnson, 15–27
Pope, 24, 50
cultural relativism, 91

fanaticism, 154, 155–6, 160, 163, 164–5
Ferguson, Adam, 2, 9, 12, 145, 146–7
An Essay on the History of Civil Society, 5,
13, 44–57, 140, 146
Fielding, Henry
Tom Jones, 17
Fish, Stanley, 54
Fohrmann, Jürgen, 47
French Académie, 127
French language, 35
French Revolution, 9, 153–4, 155, 158, 165

Damrosch, Leo, 106
Davenant, William, 63–74, 99
Gondibert, 6, 64–74
de Man, Paul, 31
de Staël, Mme, 46, 55
Denina, Carlo, 46
Derrida, Jacques, 31, 37
dialogue, 5, 7, 89–90, 95–6, 99, 101–2, 103
Dick, Alexander, 3, 149
Diderot, Denis, 13, 37
Dix, Robin, 118
Donne, John, 23, 26
drama, 22, 50, 70–1, 96, 99–100, 102–3,
136
see also tragedy
Dryden, John, 22, 24, 26, 99
Don Sebastian, 93–4
Dubos, Jean–Baptiste, 79, 83
duelling, 72, 111, 112
Duncan, Ian, 121–2, 125, 144, 152

Gassendi, Pierre, 63
Geertz, Clifford, 59
genius, 49–50, 145, 152, 154
genre, 123
Gerard, Alexander, 17, 20
gesture (language of action), 11–12, 33–4,
35, 41
Goldsmith, Oliver, 26
government, 16
see also politics
grammar, 39, 44, 48, 52, 147
Grant, Alexander, 129
Gray, Thomas, 26
`Elegy in a Country Churchyard’, 22, 24
`Sonnet on the Death of Richard West’,
151
Greek, 35, 38, 40, 41–2, 43, 48
Griffiths, Ralph, 17
Gusdorf, Georges, 1

Edinburgh Society, 17
Edwards, Thomas, 110
empiricism, 15, 21, 32
English language, 40, 99
Enlightenment, 1, 6, 12–13, 91, 121–5, 127,
139
historiography, 3, 122–5
Scottish, 5–6, 8, 9, 37–42, 81, 87, 121–5,
127, 138, 139–42
ennui, 79
enthusiasm, 9, 112–13, 118, 124, 125, 133,
154–5, 158, 165–6
Epicureanism, 75, 77, 81, 90, 162–3, 166–7
epistemology, 3, 4, 31
Esprit, Jacques, 77
ethics, 106–8
ethnography, 59

Hadot, Pierre, 91
Harris, James, 29, 41
Hermes, 39
Three Treatises, 101–2
Hegel, G. W. F., 167
Herder, Johann Gottfried, 12, 56, 154
Hickey, Alison, 159
historicism, 3–4, 5, 41, 55
history, 44–7, 57, 59
Enlightenment, 3, 122–5
Hobbes, Thomas, 6, 60, 63–74, 106
Answer to Gondibert, 64, 66–71
Human Nature, 77, 82
Leviathan, 63, 64, 66, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74,
112
frontispiece, 69, 70, 73
Hölderlin, F., 8

Copyright

Index
Home, John, 130
Homer, 15, 50, 51, 94, 123
Horace, 50, 90, 94–5, 96, 100
Horkheimer, Max, 124
Howell, W. S., 128
Hudson, Nicholas, xi, 4, 12
Hughes, Peter, 3
human nature / humanity / humankind,
1–3, 7–9, 41–2, 61, 146, 147–8,
149–50
and language, 98–101, 103
and morality, 153–6, 157–9, 161
see also ‘science of man’
humanism, 9, 66
Hume, David, 22, 60–1, 75, 83, 148
Of the Standard of Taste, 15, 19
Of Tragedy, 83
Treatise of Human Nature, 9, 141–2,
143–6, 149
Hutcheson, Francis, 79, 80, 83, 105, 130
Essay of the Nature and Conduct ..., 81
An Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas
of Beauty and Virtue, 129, 143–5

203

‘Apocalyptic Tone’, 165–6
The Conflict of the Faculties, 156
The Contest of the Faculties, 160–1, 165
Critique of Judgement, 153–4
Klein, Lawrence, 94
knowledge, 1, 122, 141–2, 160–1
and literature, 57
poetry, 3–5, 9, 11–13, 18–19, 35, 122,
136, 140
La Rochefoucauld, 77, 96, 106
La Volpa, Anthony, 163
Langan, Celeste, 162
language, 2, 3, 4, 147–52, 162
of action, 11–12, 33–4, 35, 37–8, 41
common, 140
and literature, 56
origin and development, 12–13, 29–40,
59–60
philosophical, 30–3, 37, 103, 144
and pleasure, 148, 149
and poetry, 23–6, 31, 33, 35–7, 41,
98–9, 148–52
prosody, 4–5, 29–42
sound, 147
see also oratory; rhetoric; speech
languages, 30, 34–5, 38, 39, 40–2
ancient, 13, 40, 59
Latin, 35, 38, 40, 41–2, 43, 48, 63
Law, William, 136
Leavis, F. R., 27
letters see belles-lettres; literature
Lifschitz, Avi, xi, 4
literature, 3, 4, 5, 8–9, 146–7, 149, 152
historiography, 44–7, 55–7, 98
Romantic, 51, 140–1
school for, 44–57
see also belles-lettres; criticism, literary;
drama; poetry
Locke, John, 21–2, 31, 83, 91, 97
Essay Concerning Human Understanding,
116, 118
Lowth, Robert, 11, 12
Lucretius, 76–7, 78, 87, 133
Lupton, Christina, 3
Luther, Martin, 154, 163
luxury, 114

Copyright

imagination, 2, 3, 7, 25, 64, 67, 129, 143,
150
and morality, 105–19
and sympathy, 59–61

Jaffro, Laurent, 92, 93
Jarvis, Simon, 4
Johnson, Samuel, 4, 15–27
Idler, 18
The Lives of the Most Eminent English
Poets, 16, 23–7
Preface to Shakespeare, 16, 19–22, 23,
25, 26
Rambler, 16–19, 22, 27
Rasselas, 18–19, 26
Jones, Tom, xi, 4–5, 12, 92
Jonson, Ben, 65
Kahn, Victoria, 67
Kames, Henry Home, Lord, 20
Elements of Criticism, 15, 19, 128–9
Essays on the Principles of Morality ...,
83–5
Kant, Immanuel, 8, 9, 125, 153–9, 160–1,
164–6

204

The Poetic Enlightenment: Poetry and Human Science, 1650–1820

Malebranche, Nicolas, 7, 105
Mandeville, Bernard, 7, 78, 81, 106 114
Fable of the Bees, 107–12
Marcus Aurelius, 91, 92, 115
Marsh, Robert, 100, 102
Marx, Karl, 162, 167
Maurer, Christian, xi, 6, 92
Mayer, Roland, 94
McLane, Maureen, xii, 3, 8. 149, 150
Mee, John, 163
melody, 40, 41
metaphor, 31, 59–60
Michaels, Johann David, 12
Millar, Andrew, 128
Milton, John, 19, 25, 26, 130, 137
Paradise Lost, 23, 25, 163
mimesis, 20, 74, 100
misery, 75–9, 81–7
modernity, 1, 2, 13, 122, 146, 152
Monboddo, James Burnett, Lord, 29, 40–1
Monro, Hector, 110
Montaigne, Michel de, 96, 105, 107
Montesquieue, 91
Monthly Review, 17
moral philosophy, 75–6, 79, 80–3, 122, 129,
139–41
morality
Hume on, 83–5
and imagination, 105–19
Kant, 157–8, 161
Wordsworth on, 150–1
Muentzer, Thomas, 154, 163
mysticism, 93, 154, 155, 160, 165–6

passions, 18, 20, 75, 80–7, 131, 133–4, 136,
137–8, 144–5, 159
Peacock, Thomas Love, 122, 123
Pell, John, 63
Perkins, David, 47
philosophy, 27, 44, 61, 68, 94–5, 119,
140–4, 160–1
empiricism, 15, 31, 32
language, 30–3, 37, 103, 144
and poetry, 2–3, 6, 65, 89–91, 95–8,
102–3, 132, 155, 165–7
role, 97
see also moral philosophy; Stoicism
pity, 6, 75–87
Plato, 97, 102, 132, 155, 156, 160, 161,
164–5
pleasure, 20, 27, 43, 103, 143
in language, 148, 149
and others’ misery, 75–9, 81–3, 85–7
Pocock, John, 55, 154
poetology, 8, 123–4, 125
poetry, 7–10
bardic, 146
and Enlightenment, 121–5
function /rôle, 3, 45–7, 66, 137
genre, 21
heroic, 65–9, 74
and knowledge, 3–5, 9, 11–13, 18–19,
35, 122, 136, 140
language, 23–6, 31, 33, 35–7, 41, 51–3,
98–9, 146–52
lyric, 18
and morality, 87
and nature, 2, 6–7, 131–8
origin, 12
and philosophy, 2–3, 6, 65, 89–91, 95–8,
102–3, 132, 155, 165–7
power, 22
rules, 12, 36, 49–52, 54, 57, 123
and science of man, 139–51, 166
and self-hood, 93–5
and social self, 5–7, 59–61
see also prosody
poets, 2, 18–19, 51–5, 123, 144–5
bards, 52, 146–7
Shaftesbury on, 89, 93–5, 96, 98–9, 119
politeness, 101,108–11
political economy, 139, 143

Copyright
nature, 2, 23, 67, 112, 116–17, 131–4,
135–6, 138, 166
Needler, Henry, 101
neo-classicism, 6, 12, 15, 27, 57, 64, 102
Newton, Isaac, 1, 131
novels, 17
oratory, 50, 52–4, 56, 147
Oriental style, 38
originality, 22, 24, 26, 48, 53
Ossian poems, 59, 121, 130, 147
Packham, Catherine, xii, 9, 121, 125
Parker, Fred, 106

Index
politics 46–7, 97, 134–5
and fanaticism, 156–9, 165
and power, 64–5, 67–9, 71–4
see also Revolution
Pope, Alexander, 18, 23, 26, 65, 106
An Essay on Criticism, 24, 50
The Rape of the Lock, 22
Prince, Michael, 114
Prior, Mathew, 25, 105
Probyn, Clive, 101
prophecy, 156
prosody, 4–5, 29–42
prostitution, 109, 110
psychology, 4, 27, 75–6, 80–1, 83, 85–6,
108
Pythagoras, 160
Rancière, Jacques, 3
reason, 3, 91, 153, 155
and belief, 143–5
religion, 66–7, 97, 98
Revolution, French 9, 153–4, 155, 158, 165
rhetoric, 50, 52, 57, 60, 64, 67, 73–4, 102,
140–3, 148–51
rhyme, 25, 99
rhythm, 40
Rollin, Charles, 127, 128
Romanticism, 4, 8, 9, 51, 122, 123, 140–1
Rousseau, Jean Jacques, 11, 12, 13, 31, 85
Rowe, Nicholas, 25, 27, 99
rules, literary, 4, 13, 16, 17–18, 19, 31
for poetry 12, 36, 49–52, 54, 57

205

self, 93–5, 166
-correction, 93–8
-division, 89–92, 93, 95, 96–7
-interest / love, 75, 78–84, 87
-preservation, 108
social, 5–7, 59–61, 90–3
selfish hypothesis, 6, 75–6, 79, 80, 83, 84,
85, 87, 96
selfishness, 80–1, 85, 86, 100, 112
sensibility, 150–1
Shaftesbury, Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd
Earl, 7, 60–1, 80, 81, 89–103, 106,
111–14, 137–8
Askemata, 92, 93
The Characteristics, 91, 95, 98, 112–13,
131–3, 138
Inquiry Concerning Virtue and Merit,
90, 138
The Moralists, 133–4
Second Characters, 99–100
Soliloquy, or Advice to an Author, 95–8,
101, 113–14
Shakespeare, William, 17
Johnson on, 16, 19–22, 23, 25, 26
Sheffield, John (Lord Mulgrave), 89
Shelley, Percy, 123, 124
Sheridan, Thomas, 33
Simpson, David, 163
Siskin, Clifford, 122, 125, 149
Skinner, Quentin, 6, 64
Smith, Adam, 2, 8, 9, 43–4, 61, 83, 130, 143
Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles Lettres, 17,
53, 127, 128, 142, 148–9, 152
The Theory of Moral Sentiments, 32, 130,
137, 138
Wealth of Nations, 139, 142
social life, 2, 8, 75
social nature / sociability, 5–6, 30, 61, 81–2,
85–7, 98–9, 103, 113, 151
social self, 5–7, 59–61, 90–3
society, 54–5, 60, 61, 65, 84, 108–10,
123–4, 149, 150
stages of development, 146
Socrates, 96, 97, 98
Sparta, 55
specialization, 2, 3, 9, 90, 95–6, 125, 140,
142, 147, 150–2
Spectator, 17, 23, 78, 118

Copyright

satire, 18, 97–8, 101, 109–10
savages, 2, 8, 49, 59, 123
scepticism, 4, 15, 17, 19, 23, 66, 106, 114,
145
Schlegel, Friedrich, 55
Schlosser, J. G., 160, 165
science
and literature, 3, 27
‘science of man’, 1–3, 7–9, 60, 125, 129, 130,
137, 138, 141–51
and poetry, 139–51, 166
Scott, Walter, 122, 124–5
Scottish Enlightenment, 5–6, 8, 9, 37–42,
81, 87, 121–5, 127, 138, 139–42
secrecy, 160–1

206

The Poetic Enlightenment: Poetry and Human Science, 1650–1820

speech, 2, 5, 11–12, 34, 35–6, 38, 128
accent, 32, 33, 34, 35, 38, 40
oratory, 50, 52–4, 56, 147
St Clair, William, 123
Stewart, Dugald, 43–4, 128
Stewart, Robert, 129
Stirling, James, 130
Stoicism, 7, 80, 87, 89–92, 95, 99, 102, 167
neo–, 94
style, 19, 36–8, 99–100, 151
sublimity, 25, 115, 142
Swift, Jonathan, 91
Swift, Simon, xii, 9–10, 121, 124, 125
sympathy, 6, 61, 83, 84, 85–7, 137–8, 154,
158
taste, 6, 15, 17, 19–20, 23, 43–4, 89, 113,
128, 142
theatre, 35, 82, 136
Thompson, E. P., 124
Thomson, James, 127, 129–38
The Seasons, 8–9, 22, 23, 27, 130–8
Tilmouth, Christopher, xii, 7, 60, 61
Tindal, Matthew, 101
Toscano, Alberto, 159
tragedy, 20, 75, 78–9, 82–3, 85–7
Trapp, Joseph
Lectures on Poetry, 78–9
Turnbull, George, 82, 85

Uhlig, Stefan, xii, 5, 12
unities, classical, 17, 20, 148
utopianism, 155–7, 165, 166
Valenza, Robin, 3
Vico, G. B., 2, 3
virtue, 55, 80 82, 91, 108–9, 110–11,
114–16, 133, 134, 138
civic, 46, 65, 66
Waller, Edmund, 24
Warner, William, 122, 125
Warton, Joseph, 15
Warton, Thomas
History of English Poetry, 47, 60
Wellek, René, 15, 27, 47
Wood, Robert, 121–2, 124
Wordsworth, William, 4, 8, 51, 53, 149 –52,
154–7, 165–6
‘Essay on Morals’, 150
The Excursion, 166, 167
Preface, 157
‘The Ruined Cottage’, 153, 155, 157,
159–60, 161–4, 167
‘The Solitary’, 166
Lyrical Ballads, 148, 149
‘Essay, Supplementary to the Preface’,
52
Preface, 25, 125, 140, 146, 149–50
Prelude, 9, 139–40, 155

Copyright
writing, 3, 4, 31, 44, 98, 142, 145